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American Section

0044

American Section

0044

American Section

0044

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Title:
American Section
Date [bulk]:
1898-1960
Date [inclusive]:
1826-1995
Call Number:
0044
Extent:
16 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The American Section was one of the first to evolve during the early development of the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. The University Archaeological Association established in 1887 and later, the American Exploration Society, established in 1892, exhibited several small collections in College Hall before the building campaign for the museum began. Charles Abbott was the first curator of the section succeeded by Henry C. Mercer and then Stewart Culin who was also named Director in 1899. Each succeeding curator was responsible for adding collections, many of them representing their own expeditions in the United States, Alaska, Mexico, Central America and South America. Records in the files are dated from 1826 through the 1980s. The transfer of materials to the Archives took place piecemeal and without a central organization. The current re-processing placed the files into three series, Deaccessions and Loans, Collectors and Collections and Exhibits.
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
Title:
William C. Farabee American Section records
Date [bulk]:
1912-1925
Date [inclusive]:
1912-1936
Call Number:
0079
Extent:
0.2 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
William Curtis Farabee was a Harvard educated geneticist and ethnologist who served the Penn Museum as a researcher and curator. During his expeditions to South America, he detailed the cultural diversity of the Arawak and Carib peoples. Farabee's time as curator of the American Section of the museum resulted in five folders of correspondence and notes dating mostly from 1915 to 1925.
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
Title:
William C. Farabee expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1911-1923
Date [inclusive]:
1906-1924, 1926, 1955, 1983, undated
Call Number:
1120
Extent:
5.3 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
William C. Farabee (1865-1925) was a physical and cultural anthropologist, archaeologist, and cartographer who devoted most of his life’s work to documenting and interpreting the native cultures of South America, principally the Arawak and Carib peoples of the Amazon basin and the native peoples of the Andes. He also conducted archaeological studies at Marajo Island, Brazil, and at several other locations, including Peru and Ecuador. The collection consists of 5.3 linear feet of textual and photographic documentation related principally to the Amazon expedition of the University of Pennsylvania Museum, 1913-1916, and also to the Andean expedition of 1922-1923.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. William C. Farabee expedition records. Penn Museum Atchives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Biography/History

The American Section was one of he first sectiions of the new Museum, originally titled the "Museum of American Archaeology." Preliminary steps were taken in 1886 with the appointment of Daniel Garrison Brinton as Professor of American Linguistics and Archaeology within the Religious Studies Department of the University. In 1888 Brinton organized the University Archaeological Association, a group of scholars and laymen interested in archaeology and ethnology. Brinton materials available include correspondence in the early Director's files, offprints of his pioneering articles in American Indian linguistics, and filed in the curatorial section, a portion of his "Walum Olum", a purportedly Native American epic he edited, with annotations in an unknown hand. Before his death in 1899, he saw the Museum firmly established in American archaeology and anthropology. A large file of letters concerning a memoir on Brinton being prepared by Stewart Culin can be found at the Brooklyn Museum. Brinton also willed his library of 20,000 rare volumes, including 16th century dictionaries, to the new Museum to form the core of the present Anthropology Library.

The Museum was officially established in November 1889, with Charles C. Abbott appointed its first curator, several small collections being brought together in College Hall. Abbott, after earning a medical degree, had served as a field archaeologist for Frederic Ward Putnam of the Peabody Museum and then had earned his own national reputation for publishing claims that crude stone tools found on and nearby his Trenton farm were of the same great antiquity as those claimed for early man in Europe. On his appointment Abbott turned over the burden of proof to Ernest Volk, who supplied the Museum with collections over the next 22 years. The Abbott papers consist entirely of incoming correspondence, which he soon began to number in red pencil chronologically, plus several reports to the Archaeological Association (the 1890 one lists not only American but also many sources of early collections represented). These reports contain the only description of excavations by Abbott, his son Richard, and fellow amateur archaeologist Henry C. Mercer during Abbott's brief tenure (1889-1893). A listing of Delaware Valley sites, undated and possibly by Abbott, and one of American Indian artifacts received during the 1890's are also filed with Abbott's curatorial papers. During his tenure a variety of small local excavations were undertaken in the eastern United States. Francis C. Macauley, a member of the Association donated his large collection of eastern American archaeology. The American Section curatorial files also contain an 1890 catalog of the Warren Moorehead collection which was apparently not acquired by the Museum.

After a major effort failed to obtain Franz Boas as Curator, in late 1893, Abbott was replaced by his friend Mercer, who agreed to serve without salary. Mercer, who later was to establish a nationally known tile works and pioneered the study of American folk culture, spent most of his brief tenure in the field conducting numerous small-scale excavations on Museum grants in attempts to establish great human antiquity, whether in Yucatan or Tennessee. For this reason his records are treated under Expeditions, and his papers are listed in the North America and Central America finding aids. Essential background on Mercer can be found in Mason's 1956 biographical article in the Pennsylvania Archaeologist, while the bulk of his papers are held by the Bucks County Historical Society. During this time Stewart Culin, who had been named the Museum's Director in 1892 to represent it at the Madrid exposition, acquired important American collections not only from expeditions to Key Marco in Florida and Pachacamac in Peru but also Guatemala, Venezuela, and Ecuadorian objects from the Chicago Columbian Exposition in 1893; the very large and valuable Hazzard/Hearst collection of Utah and Colorado prehistoric perishable antiquities (put together by the Wetherill brothers, discoverers of Mesa Verde, and others and divided with the Hearst Museum at Berkeley); the pan-American Lamborn collection; an early treasure of ceremonial objects excavated in the Chira Valley, Peru, by S. M. Scott; and a remarkable variety of ethnological and archaeological objects collected in North America by Major Horatio Rust, whose 1895 catalog survives.

Stewart Culin, who replaced Mercer in 1899, had been a founding member and secretary of the Archaeological Association and was a good friend of Daniel Brinton's. He already managed the growing Asian and general ethnology collections and had been titled "Director" since 1892. The Board of Managers retained control of budget and policy and abolished Culin's title in 1899. Culin left in 1903. Nevertheless in less than five years he managed to greatly expand the American collections, most notably by the proceeds from his own expeditions sponsored by John Wanamaker throughout the western reservations in 1900 and 1901 and a short buying trip to Zuni in early 1902. In addition to direct purchases he made acquisitions from major dealers such as C. F. Newcombe in the Northwest and Thomas Keam in Arizona, represented in correspondence and packing lists. The actual object slips are filed with field record files, while Culin's account of the 1900 trip can be found in the 1901 Bulletin of the Free Museum of Science and Art and a bound 1901 account is available with photographs at the Brooklyn Museum. Other important collections added were that of Thomas Donaldson, painter George Catlin's executor and a key official in the 1890 Indian section of the Eleventh U.S. Census, including a number of Catlin pieces; the Dickeson collection, a bequest of an early amateur archaeologist in the Natchez, Mississippi area; western Mexican archaeology and ethnology from explorer Carl Lumholtz; and the large Poinsett-Keating Mexican archaeological collection originally donated about 1830 to the American Philosophical Society by the first U.S. Ambassador to Mexico and an associate. Items of special interest include the original proof sheets and photographs used in the 1890 Census acquired from Donaldson's son; 1840's plans of sites in the lower Mississippi region in the Dickeson papers; and a handful of letters by famous artist Thomas Eakins, who painted Frank Hamilton Cushing in the outfit of a Zuni chief for the Museum (painting now at the Gilcrease Institute in Tulsa, outfit at the Brooklyn Museum), Mrs. William Frishmuth, donator of a worldwide collection of musical instruments to the Museum (painting now in the Philadelphia Museum of Art); and a lost portrait of Stewart Culin. The Culin curatorial files contain miscellaneous routine correspondence, including a file on casts made from the Peabody, Smithsonian and Cologne Museums and a set of vouchers for 1901-1902 donations to the American Prehistoric Fund. A large ledger recording exchanges begun by Mercer but continued by Culin is in the Exchanges and Loans series (a few leaves in Culin's hand are in a Mercer folder), and Culin's 1900 and 1901 reports are filed with the rest of those from the American Section, in addition to one box of papers in the Director's files. Culin' major interest was in games worldwide, in which he worked with Frank Hamilton Cushing, and he published the definitive work on Native American games in 1907; a large collection of these are both at Penn and at Brooklyn.

With Culin's departure, the size of the collections demanded a swift replacement. The choice would almost certainly have fallen on William Farabee, a Harvard student of Sara Yorke Stevenson's old friend Dr. Putnam, but Farabee declined in favor of a Harvard instructorship. Eventually the decision was made to temporarily combine the American and General Ethnology Sections under William Furness as curator,(see East Asia finding aid) while George B. Gordon, another Putnam student who had worked for the Peabody on Honduran excavations, was hired as Assistant Curator. Furness resigned in November 1904, with Gordon then appointed Curator of the Section of American Archaeology and in 1905 Curator of General Ethnology. He held these responsibilities even after his 1910 appointment as the Museum's first true Director, until 1913. Documents on his curatorship are mostly in the Director's files and letterbooks (the latter not beginning until February 1905) and in the American Section reports, which are very detailed for 1903-1910 and less so for 1910-1913 (latter in Director's reports. Actual curatorial files include a detailed catalog and correspondence on a large and valuable North American ethnological collection offered by the Fred Harvey Company to the Museum but not purchased; a 1904 evaluation by Gordon of the collections of the New York Academy of Sciences; and a set of memos on objects acquired during the curatorship. Information on the 1905 and 1907 collection trips taken by Gordon to Alaska has been filed with field records. It should also be mentioned that systematic anthropological instruction in the University began at Gordon's instigation by 1906, with the establishment of Harrison Fellowships to bring in Assistant Curators able to finish graduate degrees and serve as instructors after 1907.

By early 1907 Gordon had met George G. Heye, wealthy New York financier and Indian collector. It appears that very soon after arrangements were made, culminating in Heye's support, for the acquisition of the Plimpton basket collection in return for duplicates collected on the Alaska trip (April 5). A major exchange of specimens was arranged in early 1908. A regular system of Gordon communicating information on collections available to Heye soon developed. By September 1908 Heye had agreed with Gordon to place his already enormous collections in the Museum, had accepted board membership, a vice-presidency, and chairmanship of the American Committee, and agreed to pay the salary of his assistant George Pepper to serve as assistant curator in the Section. These terms were ratified by the Board October 20. Pepper started work in January 1909, and served as acting curator in Gordon's absence February to early May as the Heye Collection was gradually unpacked. J. Alden Mason joined the Section as photographer and assistant at this time and with Edward Sapir, a Harrison Fellow, undertook an archaeological and ethnological reconnaissance to the Ute reservations in Utah in the summer (see North America finding aid). Meanwhile Pepper moved the large Talbot Hyde loan collection of Southwest Archaeology here from the American Museum of Natural History. William Orchard, who had been at the Museum of Natural History, was the second assistant taken on at Heye's expense in November 1909 in charge of mending, conservation and preparation of models for display (replacing Mason who was pursuing his doctoral studies).

The Heye Collection officially opened February 12, 1910, soon after Gordon became Director. Frank Speck was sent at Heye's expense to collect among the Penobscot in the spring, and Mark R. Harrington was furnished Museum authorization while collecting for Heye among the Shawnee, Kiowa, Miami, Iowa, Sac and Fox, and Delaware in Oklahoma in the summer (see Expeditions). At the start of 1911 Pepper's title was changed to acting curator and his salary made nominal for one year as he was now spending most of his time with Heye in New York, and Harrington was hired as assistant curator, with collection expenses still Heye's. He and Speck continued a wide variety of trips for Heye, as did Wilson Wallis, Orchard, and Gerda Sebbelov (the Osage).

William Farabee returned to contact with the Museum when offered the leadership of the Amazon Expedition in 1912, which he initially refused but eventually accepted in 1913, along with the curatorship. By the time he returned from his work in South America in 1916, major changes had occurred in the Section. George Heye withdrew his collections starting in May 1916 to form the nucleus of his own Museum of the American Indian in New York. Orchard had resigned in May 1915 and Harrington in January 1916, both of them continuing to work for Heye; Pepper's association had ended in January 1912. Bruce Merwin was hired as an assistant in July 1915 but spent 1917-1918 in military service before resigning. Pepper, Orchard and Harrington materials consist of correspondence in the Director's files plus a valuable 1912-1914 Harrington letterbook comprised mostly of Indian informants’ and dealers’ letters to him during his period of research in Oklahoma (he and Merwin published Journal articles, and Harrington also a monograph in Anthropological Publications). A 1911-1914 American Committee letterbook is also of great interest. Orchard's fieldwork of this period was later used to write the standard references on Native American beadwork and quillwork. Records of the Heye years include extensive Heye-Gordon correspondence, numerous photographs of specimens, several field reports by Speck, Wallis, etc.(Expeditions), and many lists of shipments coming in 1908-1916 and of complex exchanges with the Museum during these years and in 1917-1919. Heye later co-sponsored Gregory Mason's work for the museum in Colombia in the 1920's, and Theodoor deBooy left his employ for a Venezuelan Museum expedition.

Farabee served as Acting Director in 1917 in addition to the curatorship, although he was absent on military and diplomatic service 1918-1920. He made another major South American trip for the Museum in 1922-1923 to Peru and Chile. However severe illness effectively ended his job performance after his return, and his duties were undertaken by H. U. Hall in 1924-1925 until Farabee's death from anemia. The Archives contains relatively little documentation from Farabee: correspondence in the Director's files (1911-1925), extensive photographs both from the expeditions and before his curatorship, and three folders of curatorial correspondence divided geographically. He also published The Central Arawaks and The Central Caribs through the Museum on his expeditions and a variety of Journal articles. It appears however that besides the expeditions most major acquisitions were actually arranged by Gordon, who during 1903-1927 made the American Section holdings the largest in the Museum. Important examples include North American basket collections from H. K. Deisher, Mrs. Richard Waln Meirs, W. K. Jewett, Plimpton, Mrs. Edward Bok, and Grace Nicholson; Plains collections from Mrs. Archibald Barklie (Armstrong), J. H. McLaughlin, M. A. Thomson, J. L. Brennan, and P. H. Ray; Guatemalan expeditions by Robert Burkitt and Alaskan by Louis Shotridge and Van Valin (S. E. Alaska); Eskimo objects from Captain George Comer, Captain Bernard, and Henry Bryant; Mesoamerican pottery from the Stearns and von der Leith; Valley of Mexico pottery excavated by Franz Boas; a prehistoric Pueblo basket of very rare type and antiquity from Zeller; and Northwest Coast objects from George Emmons. Gordon also sold the Museum a set of choice objects from his own collection in 1915.

Louis Shotridge, a Tlingit Indian, met George Byron Gordon in Southeast Alaska in 1905. He came to the Museum in 1912 to aid in work on the Heye Collection. In 1915, Shotridge began regular shipments of extremely valuable Tlingit ceremonial objects to the Museum (see North America/Alaska finding aid). He was appointed an assistant curator in 1922. One folder of shipments and memos from his tenure is in the curatorial files. Don Whistler, a member of the Sac and Fox tribe, filled in as assistant to Shotridge from 1925-1926.

John Alden Mason was then hired from the Field Museum of Natural History, and his tenure (1926-1955) is well-documented, including a large professional correspondence with geographical subdivisions, offerings of collections (also geographically organized), in-house memos, a set of notebooks (1922-1952), lecture notes and bibliographies, and a long-term file on his lifelong interest in American rock art. Mason made 22 expeditions of varying scope during his active curatorship and his scholarly and field activities completely encompassed the Americas. Materials on his pre-1926 activities include the 1909 expedition for the Museum, 1913 Great Slave notes later published by Yale, 1914 Puerto Rican work for Columbia, Tepecano linguistics in west Mexico, and Santa Marta excavations for the Field Museum in Colombia. The bulk of Mason's correspondence and his linguistic fieldnotes were transferred to the American Philosophical Society on his death, and his library was sold to Southern Illinois University during his lifetime. He remained active as Emeritus Curator up to his death in 1967.

In addition to Shotridge, who spent about all of his 1922-1932 tenure in the field, Mason was assisted by Harriet Wardle, who had been curator of the Academy of Natural Sciences' Clarence Moore Collection (Southeast archaeology). Wardle came to the Museum after Moore, amid great controversy, transferred his objects to the Heye Foundation in 1929. Her curatorial records consist of a large alphabetical file of correspondence (she retired in 1948 but was active long after), while extensive research on Peruvian textiles can be found under "South America" and other work under the Key Marco Expedition and Stephens Collection.

Collections added during the Mason years include the remarkable gold objects from Cocle, Panama; objects from the Piedras Negras expeditions; Shotridge's Northwest Coast collections; the vast Academy of Natural Sciences collections including the pre-1879 Haldeman and the large Gottschall Collections, originally loaned but then acquired in exchange; Frank Speck collections from eastern Canada; the large and meticulously documented Osborne (Guatemalan textiles) and Stephens (North American ethnographic) collections; various Colombian and Panamanian gold collection and Mayer Brazilian, Broad Costa Rican, and Monday Mexican archaeological collections; jade Northwest Coast objects from Emmons.

Important research associates working with Mason include (for the most part files with "Expeditions"): Edgar Howard (1929-1943) (see Early Man files), a specialist in early man in the Americas; Mary Butler Lewis (1932-1970) (one folder of correspondence); and Frederica DeLaguna (see Alaska). John Corning worked as an assistant (1941-1943) in the Section on Cocle and his own Georgia expedition. J. Louis Giddings, an Arctic archaeologist, began as a research associate (1950-1951) and then was assistant curator (1951-1956) with correspondence in the Director's files. A major source for these years is the set of monthly American Section reports (1941-1948) written by Mason with appendices usually by Howard, Wardle, and Satterthwaite.

Linton Satterthwaite began association with the Museum as Mason's assistant on the Piedras Negras expedition in 1930 and became assistant curator in 1933, eventually becoming associate curator in 1948 and Mason's successor in 1955. In addition to a large alphabetical correspondence including such other prominent scholars as Sylvanus Morley, Herbert Spinden and J. Eric Thompson, "special", "routine", and "home" correspondence, a large series of notebooks documents Satterthwaite's long-term interest in Maya and other Mesoamerican calendrics and writing systems. Other files include lecture and class notes, bibliographies, curatorial business, exhibit designs, etc. Satterthwaite's archaeological work at Caracol and Benque Viejo in Belize and Piedras Negras and Tikal in Guatemala is described in the finding aid "Central America".

The next curatorial files of significance are those for Alfred Kidder II; although he did not hold a curatorship until 1867-1972. In his position as associate director after 1950 he had considerable involvement in American work due to his active interest in South American Archaeology. For this reason several folders of correspondence have been placed in the curatorial section. Kidder files are also in the Director’s files or in his estate. Also in this era are the papers of Frances Eyman (Witthoft), who began as an assistant in the Section in 1948, followed by an assistant curatorship and the first Keeper of American collections from 1964 to her death in 1969. Her files consist of alphabetical correspondence, exhibit labels, and research notes showing her active interest in increasing documentation and understanding of the North American objects in the Museum. These are the most recent files with significant holdings in the American Curatorial series, as the relevant papers of William Coe (Assistant Curator 1959-1964, Associate Curator 1964-1969, Curator of Middle American Archaeology 1969-1972, and Curator of the American Section 1972-1987); Robert Sharer (Assistant Curator 1972-1974, Associate Curator 1974-1984, Curator 1985-present); Ruben Reina (Assistant Curator 1959-1962, Associate Curator 1962-1967, Curator of the Latin American Ethnology 1967-1991); Anthony Wallace (Assistant and Curator of North American Ethnology 1961-1988); and John Witthoft (Research Associate 1966-1970, Associate Curator of North American Ethnology 1970-1981, Consulting Curator 1982-1986) remain in the offices of the individuals. All have joint appointments in the Anthropology Department. Also further Eyman files as well as those of later Keepers Albina de Meio (1969-1974), Claudia Medoff (1974-1982) and Pamela Hearne (1982-date) are retained in the office of the American Section. No record except for an Expedition article and a resume in the Director's files appear to exist for Thomas Greaves, Assistant Curator of South American Ethnology, 1969-1973. Records for John Cotter (Associate Curator of American Historical Archaeology, 1972-1973) have been placed with the Historical Archaeology Section. Since 1982 Professors Reina, Wallace, and Witthoft have been titled "consulting" curators and Frederica DeLaguna has been Honorary Curator of North American Ethnology.

Biography/History

The American Section was established at the beginning of the Museum, with the original museum name being the "Museum of American Archaeology." Preliminary steps were taken in 1886 with the appointment of Daniel Garrison Brinton as Professor of American Linguistics and Archaeology within the Religious Studies Department of the University. In 1888 Brinton organized the University Archaeological Association, a group of scholars and laymen interested in archaeology and ethnology. The Museum was officially established in November 1889, with Charles C. Abbott appointed its first curator, several small collections being brought together in College Hall.

Stewart Culin was also present at the start of the museum, serving as Director and Curator of the Department of Ethnology. He greatly expanded the holdings of the museum. Culin left for the Brooklyn Museum in 1907.

With Culin's departure, the size of the collections demanded a swift replacement. The choice would almost certainly have fallen on William Farabee, a Harvard student of Sara Yorke Stevenson's old friend Dr. Putnam, but Farabee declined in favor of a Harvard instructorship.

William Farabee returned to the Museum when offered the leadership of the Amazon Expedition in 1912, which he initially refused but eventually accepted in 1913, along with the curatorship. Farabee served as Acting Director in 1917 in addition to the curatorship.

During World War I Farabee was a captain in the Intelligence Corps of the U.S. Army and was personally selected by President Woodrow Wilson as chief ethnographer of the American Peace Commission negotiating the Treaty of Versailles. He was charged with drawing up the cultural maps of the world. In 1921, President Warren Harding sent him as a special diplomatic envoy to Peru.

William Curtis Farabee was born in Spartansburg, Pennsylvania in 1865. He achieved his B.A. from Waynesburg College then attended Harvard University, receiving his Ph.D. in 1903. Farabee was only the second student to attain a degree in Physical Anthropology at Harvard. He studied under William E. Castle. His dissertation dealt with digital (finger) malformations in humans, confirming the work of geneticist Gregor Mendel in the previous century.

Farabee's passions were genetics and the ethnology of indigenous people. He visited South America in three expeditions, traveling to remote areas in the Amazon basin. He often was the first man of European background seen by the native population. Farabee recorded the cultural diversity of the people and obtained objects for the Penn Museum collection.

Farabee detailed his findings in books; The Central Arawaks and The Central Caribs.

William Curtis Farabee succombed at the age of 60 to a recurring bout with dysentery contracted in the jungle.

Biography/History

William Curtis Farabee was born February 7, 1865, near Sparta, Washington County, Pa. He studied at California State Normal School from 1885 to 1887, before attending Waynesburg College, Pa., where he received his B.A. He was a teacher and public school principal following his graduation. In 1897 he married Sylvia Manilla Holdren of Athens, Ohio.

Farabee attended Harvard University, studying physical anthropology under William C. Castle. He was also a student of anthropologist Frederic Ward Putnam. He received his Ph.D. in 1903, only the second student at Harvard to be awarded a degree in his field. His dissertation dealt with digital malformations in humans, and was reputedly the first successful attempt to apply Mendelian principles of genetics to human subjects. He taught anthropology at Harvard from 1903 to 1913. His early work, in addition to genetic research, included field work in archaeology in the Tennessee and Ohio valleys, the American Southwest, and Iceland (1901- 1905). He led the J. DeMilhau Ethnological Expedition to South America from 1906 to 1909 (Harvard University), exploring the rainforest of Peru east of the Andes.

In 1907 Dr. Farabee was offered a position at the University of Pennsylvania Museum as curator of the Department American Archaeology and Ethnology after the departure of Stewart Cullin, but he declined, accepting instead a post as instructor at Harvard.

Farabee was subsequently offered a position as leader of the South American Expedition of the University of Pennsylvania Museum by director George Byron Gordon in 1912, which he also declined. Gordon then asked explorer Algot Lange to lead the expedition. Lange completed much preparatory work, but was replaced when Farabee accepted the position in 1913, in addition to the museum curatorship, which he held until 1917. Lange was then sent as special envoy to Brazil to prepare local authorities for the expedition, but bad feelings between Lange and the museum persisted, and his relationship to the expedition and the museum was terminated.

The task of the South American, or Amazon expedition, was to record the cultures of indigenous peoples in the Amazon basin, threatened by incursions of the developing rubber trade. It was also assigned to conduct archaeological investigations in the region whose prehistory was virtually unknown. During the Amazon expedition Farabee spent three years (1913-1916) exploring and documenting the little-known Arawak and Carib tribes of the Amazon basin in Brazil, British Guiana and eastern Peru. His field notes document bodily measurements, material culture, languages, and myths and customs of the local peoples. His travel companions included a Scotsman, John W. Ogilvie, an adventurer and trader who had lived for fourteen years among the Wapisiana, and physician Franklin H. Church, who departed the team early for health reasons. Farabee also spent some time excavating archaeological sites on the island of Marajo at the mouth of the Amazon, where he recovered a large collection of ceramics. He documented several prehistoric cave sites north of the river, as well as petroglyphs along the expedition route. He was able to record a great deal of new cartographic information concerning the Amazon basin. In some cases, he was the first person of European origin to be seen by natives, although some of his assertions in this respect were later challenged. In addition to his field notes, Farabee sent back to the museum a significant collection of native artifacts, as well as drawings and photographs.

Artifacts from the Amazon expedition were exhibited at the University Museum in 1917 (again in 1927). The same year Farabee was the recipient of the Elisha Kent Medal from the Philadelphia Geographical Society. He also received a gold medal from the Explorers Club of New York.

Farabee served in the Intelligence Corps of the U.S. Army during World War I, and was selected by President Wilson to be chief ethnographer of the American Peace Commission during the Versailles Treaty negotiations. He was responsible for drawing up a series of cultural maps of the world. In 1921, President Harding sent him as special diplomatic envoy to Peru. There he was decorated with the Order of the Sun, and became an honorary member of the University of San Marcos, Lima. From 1921-1922 he was president of the American Anthropological Association.

Farabee returned to South America in 1922, exploring the Andean regions of Nasca, Pisco, Tambo Colorado and Arequipa, collecting pottery and textile artifacts. He also made ethnological observations concerning the Quechua Indians. This expedition was cut short when he contracted dysentery, or pernicious anemia, which required him to remove for a time to Chile, where he studied the Araucanian Indians, and eventually to return to the United States. Despite heroic efforts at a cure, he succumbed to recurring illness on June 24, 1925.

Dr. Farabee was the author of several scholarly books and articles related to his anthropological studies. His most important monographs are The Central Arawaks (1918),  Indian Tribes of Eastern Peru (1922), and  The Central Caribs (1924). Farabee published an account of the Amazon expedition: “A Pioneer in Amazonia: The Narrative of a Journey from Manaos to Georgetown” in  The Bulletin of the Geographical Society of Philadelphia, vol. XV, no. 2 (April 1917). About half of Farabee’s ethnological data remained unpublished at his death. By his own estimate, he had enough data to generate an additional volume on ethnology and another of archaeology.

Scope and Contents

American Section files were unarranged when transferred to the Archives. Curatorial files have been subdivided into "curatorial" proper as a sub-series (arranged, in general, "chronologically" by holders of assistant curatorships); an "exchanges, loans, deaccessions and thefts" sub-series grouping documents on the movements of American objects (to be used in connection with the records of the Registrar's Office, established in 1929); an "inventories" sub-series containing various topical and other lists of objects in the American collections; a "collectors and collections" sub-series arranged alphabetically by the name of the donor or seller or title of collection; and a "general administration" sub-series encompassing index cards, exhibit labels, various American Section reports starting with Mercer, documents on American topics with no discernible connection, miscellaneous financial transactions, etc. Research files by curators Eyman and Wardle have been placed in their curatorial files, while correspondence with non-Museum scholars using the collection for which there is no original note material (Helen Palmatary on Brazilian archaeology and Marius Barbeau on slate carving have been included in "general administration." Ernestine Singer's work on netting is now a separate collection in the American Section.

Reprocessing of the collection began in the spring of 2015. The general series were maintained with the exception of the inventories which were evaluated and placed in more appropriate series such as exhibits, personal papers, general administration, etc..

Scope and Contents

William Curtis Farabee, a Harvard educated geneticist and ethnologist served the Penn Museum as a researcher and curator. During his expeditions to South America, he detailed the cultural diversity of the Arawak and Carib peoples.

This collection marks his time as a curator of the American Section. It consists of five folders of correspondence and notes divided into North American, Meso American and South American curatorial business, mainly questions on the value of collections or objects and offers of sale.

Scope and Contents

The William C. Farabee expedition records consist of 5.3 linear feet of textual and photographic material related to the South American, or Amazon expedition (1913-1916) and the Andean expedition (1922-1923), of the University of Pennsylvania Museum. The bulk of the collection, at least 4.1 linear feet, concerns the Amazon expedition. The collection consists of correspondence, diaries, field notes, drawings, photographs, publishing information, talks, and various administrative documents. The bulk of the Amazon material concerns anthropological data relating to various tribes of the Amazon basin in Brazil, British Guiana, and eastern Peru. The native peoples documented belong to the Arawak and Carib linguistic families. Data include somatology, linguistics, notes on material culture, folklore, music and myths. Farabee also recorded cartographic and other practical information during his expedition, including notes on flora and fauna. The Amazon expedition records include archaeological notes related to excavations on the island of Marajo and other nearby prehistoric sites. The Andean expedition records contain both ethnological and archaeological material.

The Amazon expedition collection is divided into series by type: correspondence, diaries, field notes, administrative documents, publications and talks. The Andean expedition consists of one series. The photograph series contains material from the Amazon expedition, Andean expedition, as well as the Harvard DeMilhau expedition to Peru in 1906-1909. Three boxes containing notes on index cards complement the folders in the main collection. The index cards are referenced in the finding aid after their related folders by box number only, but they can be easily searched after the following order:

Box 6: Diaries, Native tribes arranged alphabetically, Archaeology, Flora and fauna, Somatology, Administrative files and bibliographies, Notes for talks and public presentations

Box 7: Carib vocabularies

Box 8: Arawak vocabularies, John Rowe notes on Andean collection, Archaeological notes on Manabi, Ecuador and Peruvian pottery

Documents are principally in English, but there are several files, usually data collected from other scholars, in Portuguese, Spanish, French and German. Spellings of indigenous tribes vary; the spellings used in this finding aid are those used by Farabee.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  5/27/15

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  12/3/2015

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  2016

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bryce Little/Jody Rodgers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bryce Little Jody Rodgers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by James R. DeWalt

Revision Description

 April 2016

Access Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items of these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Processing Information note

This collection was originally processed in 1983. At that time, numerous processor notes were appended to the collection. These have been retained where they contain useful information, although some notes may be misleading. Farabee’s field notebooks were numbered and arranged by him, and this order has been retained. Additional notes on index cards intended to complement the notebooks were often numbered by Farabee to correspond to the field notebooks. Other unnumbered notebooks had been given a letter designation by a later researcher; these have not been used in the present collection arrangement as they have no relation to the original collection.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

See also the Algot Lange papers (PU-Mu. 1119) for biographical/historical information related to Lange in the finding aid. See also the John W. Ogilvie papers (PU-Mu.1121).

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)
  • Abbott, Charles C., 1843-1919
  • Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899
  • Bruckner, Geraldine M., b. 1901-d. 1982
  • Coe, William R. , 1926-2009
  • Culin, Stewart, 1858-1929
  • Dyson, Robert H., 1927-
  • Eyman, Frances, 1921-1949
  • Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Kidder, Alfred Vincent, 1885-1963
  • King, Mary Elizabeth, b. 1929
  • Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967
  • Mercer, Henry C., 1856-1930
  • Pepper, William, 1843-1898
  • Possehl, , Gregory L., Dr., b. 1941
  • Rainey, Froelich, Director of the University Museum
  • Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
  • Shotridge, Louis
  • Stevenson, Sara Yorke, 1847-1921
Subject(s)
  • Exhibits
  • Hazzard-Hearst collection
  • Julsrud collection
  • Osbourne collection

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
Personal Name(s)
  • Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
  • Culin, Stewart, 1858-1929
  • Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
Subject(s)
  • Arawak Indians
  • Carib Indians
  • Ethnology

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Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)
  • Amazon River region
  • Andean region
  • Brazil
  • British Guiana
  • Manabi (Ecuador)
  • Marajo Island (Brazil)
  • Nazca (Peru)
  • Pisco (Peru)
Personal Name(s)
  • Church, Franklin H. (Franklin Higby), 1880-
  • Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Lange, Algot, 1884-
  • Ogilvie, John W.
Subject(s)
  • Arawak Indians
  • Carib Indians
  • Mundurucu Indians
  • Pottery--Peru
  • Quechua Indians
  • Waiwai Indians
  • Wapisiana Indians

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Collection Inventory

Collectors and Collections, 1870-1962.

Box

Absinck & Co. Ecuadorian Gold (Pablo Sanchez).

1

Aguirre. Porfirio- Mexican bells.

1

Allen, Frederick W.(Dr. Federico Freund).

1

Allice, T. H-Northwest Coast collection purchase, 1908-1916.

1

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP)— Annotated list-Loan to UM.

1

ANSP- Original list of Academy Numbers.

1

ANSP- Miscellaneous list.

1

ANSP-Label (Lewis and Clark).

1

ANSP-Mason information re: S. S. Haldeman.

1

ANSP-Object cards with ANSP numbers and collectors (Greenland, Siam, others) (1 of 2).

1

ANSP-Object cards with ANSP numbers and collectors(Greenland, Siam, other?) (2 of 2).

1

ANSP-Miscellaneous catalogue numbers.

1

ANSP-Lists and original loan receipts (1 of 2).

1

ANSP-Lists and original loan receipts (2 of 2).

1

ANSP-1870s catalogue, miscellaneous section storage info.

2

ANSP-Wardle list, n.d.

2

ANSP-Object lists-Eastern U.S.

2

ANSP-Object lists-FL,GA,KY,TN,Ind,Ill.

2

ANSP-Object lists-mixed U.S. locales (1 of 2).

2

ANSP-Object lists-mixed U.S. locales (2 of 2).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Collection, Eyman correspondence.

2

ANSP-Gottschall, Original Catalogues.

2

ANSP-Gottschall Catalogue, "Typical Collection No. 1” (copy).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Catalogue, "Typical Collection No. 2” (copy).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Catalogue, "Typical Collection No. 3” (copy).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Collection-object lists.

2

Antique Gallery-Iroquois sash 1916.

2

Apache, Antonio 1907-1909.

2

Apache baskets-shelf and sale lists, n.d.

2

Arthur, Leland M.

2

Balch, Edwin S. Eskimo figures.

2

Balch, Edwin S. Peary collection.

2

Ball, Sallie L.

2

Barrington, Inez B.

2

Bellaire (Bella), Mrs. M.G.

2

Bernard, Capt. Joseph- Correspondence 1914-1919; specimen list.

3

Bernardi, Susie R.-Nome, Alaska.

3

Berthoud, E. L.-Colorado stone tools, 1890.

3

Bevoir, Bernard 1934.

3

Birney, Hoffman.

3

Blatchford, Col. R,M, 1916.

3

Boas, Franz-(Valley of Mexico) pottery catalogue, ca. 1913 (1 of 2).

3

Boas, Franz-(Valley of Mexico) pottery catalogue, ca. 1913 (2 of 2).

3

Bok, Mrs. Edward (Mary Louise Curtis Bok).

3

Boyer, Mr. and Mrs. Charles E.

3

Brennan, Mrs. J. L- Pine Ridge Collections (Plains), 1907-1908.

3

Broad, Jennie-Costa Rica collections, 1938-1948.

3

Brock, J. W.-Dat-So-La-Lee baskets, ca. 1914.

3

Brock, Mrs. John W.

3

Brown, Anna van der Veer-Pueblo Pottery, 1913.

3

Brown, Katherine L.

3

Brown, W. Norman Dr.

3

Brummer, Joseph.

3

Bryant, Henry G. North Greenland.

3

Burbank, Elbridge A.

3

Butler, Mary.

3

Bye, Arthur Edwin-Mexican figurine collection, 1934 (33-28- ).

3

Charlie Black Wolf-beaded moccasins.

3

Cadwalader, Charles Greenland.

3

Carson, Mrs. Hampton L.

3

Caruthers, C.H.

3

Cary, Mrs. Ebenezer.

3

Chapman, S.H.

3

Church, W.H.

3

Clark, Fannie Wayne.

3

Clarke, Louis C.

3

Cleveland, Dr. A.C.

3

Cochran, Mrs. Travis.

3

Collins, Mae E.

3

Collins, Thomas J.-Middle and South American collections.

3

Colton, Harold S.

3

Comer, George Plaster casts c. 1900.

3

Cooper, Emily M. Fletcher.

3

Cope, Edward D.-skull collection 1892.

3

Copper River Collection ca. 1905 Point Pierce.

4

Corson, E. F. 1910-1911.

4

Costa Rican Government.

4

Cortissoz, Ernesto.

4

Craige, John H.

4

Crane, Mrs. Theron I.

4

Cresson, Dr.

4

Crolliers, Samuel.

4

Crosby, E.O.

4

Culver, Everett, M.

4

Cushing, Frank Hamilton, and Mrs. F. H. Cushing- objects.

4

daCunha, Joao Alves.

4

Daland, Dr. Judson 1926.

4

Deane, Frederick B.

4

Dechert, Robert.

4

DeGuerrero, E. A. P., Nicaragua Collection, 1890-1900.

4

Deisher, H. K.-correspondence re: baskets, 1905-1918.

4

Deisher, H. K.-price list and catalogue of baskets.

4

Deisher, H. K.-collection lists.

4

Deisher, H. K. (original object description, ? catalog).

4

DeLaguna, Fredericka 1957, 1971 Yukon.

4

Dickeson, M. W.-collection, [correspondence, notes and article draft (bio)], 1899-1900.

4

Dimoski, Lee 1918.

4

Dingee, R.T.

4

Donaldson, Thomas C.-correspondence, catalogue of collection, and object tags (1 of 2).

4

Donaldson, Thomas C.-correspondence, catalogue of collection, object tags (2 of 2).

4

Downing, Dorothea.

4

Dozier, Thomas S.

4

Drexel, Lucy W.-Quirigua casts, 1893-1900.

4

Duff, U. Francis.

5

Dunlap. James P.

5

Durham, John S.

5

Ealy, A.E.

5

Easton, Morton W.

5

Edwards, Mrs. H.B.(?).

5

Eells, M.

5

Egberts, William H.

5

Elkinton, Edward.

5

Ellis, F.E. Dr.

5

Ely, Gertrude Miss.

5

Emley, Frank.

5

Emmons, G. T.-correspondence re: collections and Tahltan Indians publication, 1906-1912.

5

Emmons, G. T.-correspondence re: collections, 1915-1938.

5

Emmons, G. T.-correspondence and notes re: jade collections, 1940-1943.

5

Emmons, E.T.? British Columbia object list.

5

Erickson, Donald 1971.

5

Ettrup, Mrs. (Maria Rose gift).

5

Ferguson, Mrs. H.B. (Dr.).

5

Fernandez, Mauro R.

5

Fernberger, Samuel W.

5

Ferrer, Dr. Adolfo.

5

Fleischer, Janet Gallery.

5

Foley, Joseph P.

5

Ford, Henry T.

5

Frazier, Mrs. William West, Jr.

5

Freeman, Samuel T. & Co.

5

Furness, Horace Howard, shell amulet, 1890 – F. H. Cushing letter.

5

Gardiner, Edward Carey.

5

Garrisaon, H.D.

5

Gay, Mr.

5

Gentry, Juanita.

5

Giddings, Dr. J.L. 1956 Norton Sound.

5

Gist, Frank E.

5

Gomez. O.A.

5

Gordon, G. B.-collection invoices, payments, and correspondence with dealers, 1905-1914.

5

Gordon, G. B.-collection lists, 1908, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1926, 1927.

5

Gordon, G.B. 1911 purchase (Wah-ta-Waso robe).

5

Granger, Henry Gregory.

5

Granger, Caroline Gibbons.

6

Gratacos-Panama Gold, Mason correspondence regarding, 1940 (1 of 2).

6

Gratacos-Panama Gold, (Mason correspondence regarding, 1940) (2 of 2).

6

Gratacos-Panama Gold, Mason correspondence regarding, 1941-1947.

6

Grimley, Solomon K.

6

Hanna, Mrs. Edith Tripp.

6

Hare, Hobart A.

6

Harper, Thomas-(stone implements exchange with Culin) 1899-1902.

6

Hart, Dr. Charles.

6

Harvey, Fred- Indian Collections- correspondence,1904-1907 (not obtained).

6

Harvey, Fred-Indian Collections, annotated catalogs (not obtained) (1 of 2).

6

Harvey, Fred-Indian Collections-annotated catalogues-(not obtained (2 of 2).

6

Haury, E.W.

6

Hayes, Joseph.

6

Hazeltine, Dr. John W.

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-correspondence.

6

Hazzard catalogue, 1892-McLoyd–Graham Collection.

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-packing list (see note first page).

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Columbian Exposition inventory, 1893 (list by Hector Alliot?).

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Cushing notes with cover letter, 1895 (1 0f 2).

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Cushing notes with cover letter, 1895 (2 of 2).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Howard index ? (Satterthwaite note, 1956).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-list of objects given to Berkeley, 1901.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-notes on object provenience, ca. 1890.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Southwest mummies and associated pieces.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-misc. tags and notes.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre's reproduction of Wetherill catalog.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre list-objects without original numbers.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre's write-up on McLoyd-Graham Collection (1 of 3).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre's write-up on McLoyd-Graham Collection (2 of 3).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre's write-up on McLoyd-Graham Collection (3 of 3).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Dr. Robert Harris correspondence on corn, 1896.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Osborne correspondence regarding processing, 1964.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-resin analysis of S.E. Utah objects, 1941.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Sharrock's index of data.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Sharrock's "The Hazzard Collection" from Archives for American Archaeology (1 of 2).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Sharrock's "The Hazzard Collection" from Archives for American Archaeology (2 of 2).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Sharrock correspondence.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection.

8

Heiner Collection (Bartlett).

8

Heinrichs, J.H.

8

Henao, Jose T.-(Chibcha gold acquisition) 1920.

8

Henderson, Helen Miss.

8

Henkels, Stan. V.

8

Henry, Josephine deM.

8

Hering, Walter E.

8

Hewitt, H.N.B.

8

Heyman, Margaret M.

8

Hinchman, Margaretta S.

8

Hodge, F. Webb.

8

Hopkins, C.E. Dr.

8

Hoster, George E.

8

Howell, Edward J.H.

8

Huber, Helen Miss.

8

Indian Exhibits Company, 1907.

8

Isaacs, J. L. purchases, 1917.

8

Jewett Collection, 1918.

8

Johnson, Frank M., Collection-Punta Rassa Florida.

8

Johnson, Frederick see: Speck, Frank-lists of collections.

8

Johnson, H. L.-Midwest collection, 1892.

8

Jones, Francis D.-notes re: Chitimacha Indian basket, 1904.

8

Jones, Dr. Joseph.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Di Peso, Charles, 1955-56.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Hapgood, Charles, 1955-56.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Russell, William, 1953-54.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Young, Arthur, 1955.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Exhibit Labels.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Hapgood Reports, 1-10.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Hapgood Reports, 1-10, Revised.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Notes and Data.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Data Supplied by Hapgood.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Publications (Acambaro Complex).

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Photos-Acambaro Complex (From Mr. Young) (1 of 2).

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Photos-Acambaro Complex (From Mr. Young) (2 of 2).

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Comics, by Animal Type.

9

Julsrud, W. Collection-Comics, Miscellaneous.

9

Kalebdjian, Aztec "Paris" collection, 1920.

9

Kalebdjian, list of Colombian gold collection.

9

Kelley, Matthew-Iowa medical weasel, Jan. 1930.

9

Kensinger Collection Cashinahua Indians-Peru.

9

Kercher, Mrs. D. E-plants used by Colorado Indians, 1894.

9

Kesler, C. W.-North Carolina collection, 1893.

9

Kilburn, Mrs. Sarah-Peruvian cup, 1943.

9

Kircheirer-Northwest Coast collection via Benham Ind. Trading Co., 1905.

9

Ladd, Mrs. Westray, Collection-general North American.

9

Ladd, Mrs. Westray-Navajo blanket, 1936.

9

Lamborn, Robert-Pan-American collection.

9

Lamborn Collection-Register.

9

Landsberg, Frederick see: Wanamaker Expedition.

9

Larsen, Helge.

9

Lathbury, Col. Benjamin B., Collection, 1922.

9

Laubach, Chas.-notes and maps, Pennsylvania.

9

Lavayen-Jererro Indian heads, 1904.

9

Leidy, Joseph-Cape Henlopen material.

9

Lemal, D. J.-Mexican bronzes, 1930.

9

Lenders, E. W.-exchange/purchase, 1912.

9

Lex, Francis P.-Sioux collection, 1916.

9

Lines, Jorge-correspondence re: Costa Rican Pottery, 1934.

9

Lippincott Collections-West Virginia, 1937 & 1951.

9

Lippincott Collection Catalogue 1939.

9

Lipton, Celia 1964 (shoes).

9

Ludwig, Walter K.-North Carolina collection.

9

Lumholtz, Carl correspondence re: Mexican collection, with American Museum of Natural History.

10

Macauley, Capt. C. N. B.-correspondence re: Southwest collection, 1890-1895.

10

Macauley, Mary Yorke, Collection, 1902.

10

Madara, Guy 1917.

10

Madeira, Percy C. donation- Guatemala, Mexico 1933.

10

Maratta, H. G.-Arizona sandstone charms, 1902.

10

Marshall, John-Omaha bow and arrow, 1920.

10

Martin, George C.-Texas Coastal Collection, 1930.

10

Martin, T. P.-Southwest/Taos game (?).

10

Marye, William, Collection, 1943.

10

Mayer, John Collection-Santarem, Tapajos pottery (1 of 2).

10

Mayer, John Collection-Santarem, Tapajos pottery (2 of 2).

10

McCall-Puno Peruvian silver, 1826.

10

McIlhenny, James (through Selina)-baskets, 1920.

10

McIlhenny, Sara Avery-Chitimacha baskets, correspondence, 1905.

10

McCune, John B.-Illinois Collection, 1882.

10

McLaughlin, J. H.-buffalo robes, 1911 (South Dakota dealer).

10

McNeely, R. K.-Utah Cliff-Dweller artifacts, 1895.

10

Mecker, Louis-Sioux hoop, exchange with Lenders,1901-1902, with notes.

10

Meirs, Mrs. Richard Waln-Washo baskets (1 of 2).

10

Meirs, Mrs. Richard Waln-Washo baskets (2 of 2).

10

Meirs- data on basket-maker Dat-so-la-lee and acquisition, 1938.

10

Merritt, J. S. F., Collection.

10

Metcalfe-Northwest Coast (Tlingit) mountain sheep horn spoon, donation, 1965.

10

Miller, Sarah Wistar, Collection, 1899.

10

Mitchell, S. D.-Wisconsin copper, 1889-1890, with Abbott-Putnam correspondence.

10

Monday, H. A., Collection-Mexico (1 of 2).

11

Monday, H.A., Collection- Mexico (2 of 2).

11

Monski, John-Vera Cruz figurines, 1938.

11

Mooney, James-notes on Southwestern sherds, pre-1903.

11

Moore, Charles C., Collection- Wyoming Shoshone, 1918.

11

Moore, Clarence B., Collection-correspondence.

11

Moore, Clarence B., Collection-re: sale to Heye Foundation, 1929.

11

Moorehead, Warren Collection Catalogue 1890.

11

Moorehead, W. K.-Johnson Expedition, 1920.

11

Moreland-sherd collection, 1968.

11

Morris, John-Haida copper, 1894.

11

Morris, Lydia T.

11

Murray, Ernest-Crow collection, 1926 (1 of 2).

11

Murray, Ernest-Crow collection, 1926 (2 of 2).

11

Nelson, Nels C.

11

Newell, William B., Collection, 1942.

11

Nicholson, Grace, Indian Collection-correspondence with Gordon.

11

Niederlein, Gustave-Honduran items correspondence, 1898.

11

Nisbet, Verner-Catawba pipes, 1901.

11

Nuila, H. M.-Honduran alabaster vase, 1915.

11

Numismatic and Antiquarian Society, Philadelphia, Catalogue 1894, 1955.

11

Oldach, Mrs. Carl A.-Mexican collection correspondence.

11

Osborne, L. de J., Collection-Guatemala correspondence, 1933-1945 (1 of 3).

11

Osborne, L. de J. Collection-Guatemala correspondence (2 of 3).

11

Osborne, L. de J. Collection-Guatemala correspondence (3 of 3).

11

Osborne, L. de J. Collection of textiles, 1933 (1 of 3).

12

Osborne, L. de J. Collection of textiles 1933 (2 of 3).

12

Osborne, L. de J. Collection of textiles 1933 (3 of 3).

12

Osborne, L. de J.-Archaeological Collection 1942.

12

Osterheld, Hattie-Chiriqui pottery, 1913.

12

Outhette Venezuelan Collection, 1926.

12

Overton, Clough, Southwest Collection— correspondence re: sale of, 1902.

12

Parsons, Ella, Collection.

12

Patton, John W., Collection-correspondence.

12

Paxson, Henry D.-stone implements.

12

Peale, Franklin-Stone Implements.

12

Pearce, J. E., Collection-Texas, 1930.

12

Pearsall, Mrs. M. C.-Northwest Coast specimens, 1905.

12

Peirce, John-totem poles, 1930.

12

Pepper, William-Mexico, 1891-1894.

12

Pepper, William-Mexico 1894.

12

Pepper, William-North Dakota Sioux, 1891-1895.

12

Perez, Albert-Costa Rica gold, 1919.

12

Petrie, Elizabeth Lauder-Aztec obsidian, 1897.

12

Petroff Collection-Northwest Coast, 1884, 1894.

12

Philadelphia Art Galleries-purchases by J. A. Mason, 1927.

12

Plimpton Basket Collection-Newell-Gordon correspondence, 1906-1918.

12

Poinsett Gold Collection (Gordon letter, 1918).

12

Porter, Major F. Johnston- "Inca" gold vessels, 1925.

12

Post, Fred-Shoshone (Washakie) pipe and pouch, Culin correspondence, 1898.

12

Potts, Mrs. Francis-Chilkat blanket, c. 1922.

12

Price Basket Collection, 1947.

12

Prince William Sound Correspondence 1943-1966.

12

Pusey, Mrs. A. Edith-Winnebago club, 1962.

12

Putnam, F. W.-Columbian pottery presented by Peabody Museum, 1894.

12

Quelch, J. J. -British Guiana Collection.

12

Quinton, Amelia S.

12

Rafinesque "Walum Olum" -correspondence (Vogelin, Lilly, Mason).

12

Rainey, Froelich G. 1937.

12

Ray, P. H.-catalogue, 1907.

12

Ray, P. H., Collection-correspondence, 1907-1908.

12

Reagan, William-Pennsylvania Indian objects, 1950.

12

Reath, B.B.-Polk County hematite paint stone, 1897.

12

Rhoads, Samuel- beaver teeth, 1900.

12

Rhodes, E. M. & Co.-correspondence re: Northwest Coast objects, 1905-1907.

12

Rindge, Fred Hamilton, Collection, 1929.

12

Roberts, Miss Francis A.-Patagonian Tehuelches rhea robe, 1931.

12

Robinson, Mrs. M. D.-Tahoe basket, 1948.

12

Roddy, T. R.-correspondence, 1904-1907.

12

Rogers, Fred-Hupa Indian costume.

12

Rosenbach, A. S. W, Collection-Jivaro heads, 1930.

12

Rust Collection.

12

Samuels, W.D. 1905 purchase.

12

Saportas, Mrs. G. A.-Navajo blanket, 1940.

13

Scott Collection- Peru, 1894 see also: Expedition Records-South America-H. N. Wardle, Box 18, Fol. 1.

13

Sheeler, Charles-Aztec head.

13

Schoen-feather cape.

13

Shumway, Helen and A. A., Collection, 191620.

13

Sloan, C. G. & Co.-Gordon purchases from, 1916.

13

Smith, Harlan I., Collection, 1891.

13

Smith, Horace J., collection, 1897.

13

Smoltz Mesoamerican Collection, 1958.

13

Spiegelberg, Willi-Apache shields and clubs, 1917.

13

Stardley, J. E- Gordon correspondence, 1906.

13

Starr, George, Collection, 1903-1906 (and Henry Voth) (1 of 2).

13

Starr, George, Collection, 1903-1906 (and Henry Voth) (2 of 2).

13

Starr, Laura-Gift, Gulf of California image, n.d.

13

Stearns Collection-Chiriqui, Panama, 1918.

13

Steiner, Roland-Georgia Indians, 1900-1902 (1 of 2).

13

Steiner, Roland-Georgia Indians, 1900-1902 (2 of 2).

13

Stevenson, Sara Yorke-"Sitting Bull" Collection.

13

Sutton, W. S. (dealer)-Eskimo & Northwest Coast, 1914-1915.

13

Swayne, G. H., 1893 (through C. C. Abbott).

13

Tabasco celts.

13

Thatcher, Edward P. 1962.

13

Thompson, A. H., Southwest Collection, 1901.

13

Thompson, Mrs. Mary Abbott-Plains Collection, 1916.

13

Totem Poles-Correspondence.

13

Totem Poles-Restoration.

13

Totem Poles-Attempted Sale.

13

Tumen, Mrs. Henry-carvings.

13

Twitchell, A.H. purchase 1907.

13

Vaillant, George-Peruvian Collection, informal, Bruckner list of.

13

Valentine, L. G- Honduras Collection, 1914.

13

Van Valin Collection correspondence 1957.

13

Van Valin, Ethyl B. Port Barrow 1961-1962.

13

Velasco, Costa Rican jade 1898.

13

Venezuelan Government Gift, 1893-1894.

13

Verrill, A. Hyatt-Central and South American Collections, 1926-1929.

13

Volke, Ernest- correspondence concerning.

13

Von der Lieth, T. R.-Chiriqui pottery, 1916-1918.

14

Voy, C. D. Collection see: Administrative Record- Oceanian Section.

14

Wainwright, Mrs. T. F. D.-Plains shirt, 1962.

14

Walde-Waldegg, Herman Von, 1936-1947.

14

Wanamaker, John-Gordon store purchases, 1906.

14

War Eagle (Chief)-drum, Wolf Clan Oklahoma, 1930.

14

Watmough, Miss Marjorie-Indian costume, 1912.

14

Watts, William, Collection.

14

Weaver, P. Lyle, Collection, 1912.

14

Weight, A.B.-Sioux Collection, 1894.

14

Weiss and Schmidt-Rio Negro Collection, 1906.

14

Wetherill-Navajo objects, correspondence, 1904.

14

Wheeler, Mrs. Walter S.-Eskimo carving.

14

Wheeler, Dr. and Mrs. E.P. 1962.

14

White, Edward, Collection, 1913.

14

Whitman, E. S.-Lacandon bark shirt, Mexico, 1958.

14

Wicker Collection-Costa Rica, 1918.

14

Wiestling, G.L. Collection 1905.

14

Wilcox, Ida C. Collection 1922.

14

Wilcox, James Collection 1927.

14

Wilkins, Paul R. & Samuel H., 1942, 1951.

14

Wilkinson, J. L.-South American silver, 1911.

14

Willard, Mrs. De Forest-Navajo blankets, 1934.

14

Willard, F. P., Collection, 1923.

14

Wilson, J. Lapsley-Gift, 1924.

14

Wise, John- textile and lienzo, 1941, 1944.

14

Wood, Edward-Birchbark Collection.

14

Wood, H. C- Penobscot ? Birchbark Canoe, 1898.

15

Wood, Mrs Randolph-Totem Pole, 1896.

14

Woolworth, Mrs. E. G.-Blankets, 1924.

14

Worth, John G.-Blanket Collection, 1917-1926.

14

Worth, John G., Hopi Vases Collection 1943.

14

Wright, Harry B.-Bequest.

14

Wright, Harry B.-Pan-American Collection.

14

Wright, Mrs. Minturn T.

14

Wyman, Walter, Collection (dealer).

14

Zeller— "Cliff-Dweller" Basket correspondence, 1905-1907 and commentary, 1920-1921.

14

Zingg, Robert M.-Notes on Huichol Indians, Pt. I (UM Acc. #38-23- ) (1 of 3).

14

Zingg, Robert M.-Notes on Huichol Indians, Pt. II (UM Acc. #38-23- ) (2 of 3).

14

Zingg, Robert M.-Notes on Huichol Indians, Pt. III (UM Acc. #38-23- ) (3 of 3).

14

Deacessions and Loans, 1949-1986.

Box

Culin Object Exchange List n.d.

15

Peru and Chiriqui object loan 1892 (Culin and Clay agreement).

15

Mercer and Culin Exchange Catalogue 1894-1900.

15

Russian Exchange 1892.

15

Culin-Giglioli Exchanges 1894-1902.

15

Berlin, A.F. Collection 1897-1904.

15

Exchange-Wanamaker Expedition Pomo objects with Field Columbian Museum.

15

Wanamaker Expedition Exchange with Field Columbian Museum 1901 (1 of 2).

15

Wanamaker Expedition Exchange with Field columbian Museum 1901(2 of 2).

15

Field Columbian Museum Fossils, sale and exchange of 1894-1901, 1902.

15

Commercial Museum Exchanges, Correspondence 1901.

15

F. Starr Spear-Throwers for Cushing reproductions 1901.

15

Pachacamac Specimens to Chicago Field Museum, List 1901, 1905.

15

Partial Biddle Collection return 1902.

15

E.W. Lenders Exchange 1908.

15

E.W. Lenders Exchange 1912.

15

E.W. Lenders Exchange 1917.

15

Kiowa Material to J. Mooney 1917.

15

Object receipts 1916, 1920.

15

Marejo Pottery-Santa Merta Material Exchange with Chicago Field Museum, information 1926, 1931.

15

Loan of Southwestern Pottery to Laboratory for Anthropology-University of New Mexico 1932.

15

Pennsylvania State Museum Deaccessions 1932.

15

List of Objects for Distribution to Members 1935.

15

Mason Alpha Correspondence re: exchanges and loans 1934-1952 (1 of 2).

15

Mason Alpha Correspondence re: exchanges and loans 1934-1952 (2 of 2).

15

Hallowell, A.J. 1940.

15

Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe 1938.

15

Wardle List of Objects Placed in Education Department 1934.

15

Wardle Loan List 1941.

15

Southwest Pottery loan to Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe 1941.

15

Downtown Gallery Loan 1942.

15

T. Hamilton Correspondence with Mason 1944.

15

American Philosophical Society 1943.

15

Information on stolen Mexican gold objects 1949.

15

Tyler School of Art, Temple University 1949.

15

Smithsonian Institution (Mason) n.d.

15

Exchange of Museum Slide for Haitian Objects (Kurt A. Fischer).

15

Exchange Iroquois Masks for New York Pottery.

15

West Virginia Archaeological Society 1950.

15

Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences 1952.

15

Miscellaneous Loans 1952-1956.

15

American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) Phototgraphic Loan 1953-1954.

15

List (Incomplete) of Catlin Specimens on Loan to New Jersey State Museum 1956.

15

Eyman Papers re: Denver Art Museum Exchange 1954.

15

Piedras Negras Exchange 1938-1956.

16

Chief Halftown (Channel 6) 1956.

16

Danish National Museum 1956.

16

Museum of Primitive Art 1956, 1962, 1966.

16

Loan to Koninklijk Instituut Voor De Tropen 1956.

16

Denver Art Exchange Correspondence, Eyman-Cann 1956-1957.

16

Denver Exchange Correspondence, Eyman-Cann 1957-1959.

16

Denver Exchange Correspondence, Eyman-Cann-Stroller 1958.

16

Denver Art Exchange Eyman-Husserick-Feder Correspondence 1959-1963.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1957-1958.

16

Pennsylvania State Museum Exchange-Eyman 1958.

16

Memo on Loans 1959.

16

Chicago Natural History Museum 1959.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1959.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1960.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1961.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1962-1963.

16

Hazzard-Hecrut Glen Canyon Loan to Salt Lake Art Center 1963-1964.

16

Davenport Museum of Art 1964.

16

Loan to Lowie Museum. Berkeley-Eyman 1964-1966.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1964.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1965-1970.

16

Keokuk Catlin Loan to Denver Art Museum 1966.

16

Gimbels 1966.

16

Amon Carter Museum-Catlin loan.

17

Vancouver Art Museum 1967.

17

Peale House Loan 1967.

17

Museo Nacional de Antropologia 1966.

17

Sale of Catlin and King Paintings 1971.

17

Loans for Casting 1971-1972.

17

Indian Paintings (American) Sale of, 1971 (1 of 2).

17

Indian Paintings (American),Sale of, 1971 (2 of 2).

17

Amon Carter Museum 1972.

17

Catlin Restoration, Siegl and Ewers.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1973, 1975-1977.

17

Flint Institute of Arts 1975.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1979.

17

Coach Leather Museum 1980.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1980-1981.

17

Natural History Museum of L.A. County 1981, 1986.

17

Dallas School District 1981-1983.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1982-1983.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1984.

17

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art 1985-1986.

17

Sale Listings 1961.

17

Gifts (1969 + undated).

17

Loan for Restoration (Guatemala) 1974.

17

Exhibits, 1930-1995.

Box

Central American Gold-drawings (n.d.).

17

"Peru: Past and Present" 1944.

17

"Middle and South American Gold" 1950.

17

"Art of the Ancient Maya" 1958.

17

"Basket Exhibit" object list (n.d.).

17

"War and Peace"-proposed Maya exhibit 1970s.

17

"Guatemalan Textiles" 1970-1971.

17

"Caribbean Splendors" 1972.

17

Eastern Indian Exhibit Proposal 1975 ("Native Americans: Variety and Change").

17

"American Indian Life: 1776-1976" 1976 (Bicentennial Exhibit).

17

"American Indian Life" 1976-1978.

18

"Masks, Tents, Totems and Talismans" 1979.

18

"Shadow Catcher: E.S. Curtis Photographs" 1980.

18

"The Lenape: Wanderers in Their Own Land" 1982-1983 (1 of 2).

18

"The Lenape: Wanderers in their Own Land" 1982-1983 (2 of 2).

18

"Man and Animals: Living, Working, Changing Together" 1984-1985.

18

"Silent Language of Guatemalan Textiles" 1985.

18

"Living in Balance: The Universe of the Hopi, Zuni, Navajo and Apache" 1995 (1 of 2).

18

"Living in Balance: The Universe of the Hopi, Zuni, Navajo and Apache" 1995 (2 of 2).

18

Education Department-Mobile Guides-Object lists (n.d.).

18

Miscellaneous Exhibit Checklists 1954-1969.

18

American Galleries-Children's Quiz Cards (n.d.).

19

Labels for Maya Exhibit (1930s ?).

19

Eskimo Exhibition lists 1931.

19

Eskimo Hall (>1951) (1 of 2).

19

Eskimo Hall (>1951) (2 of 2).

19

Okvik Eskimo Archaeology exhibit case 1953.

19

Hall of Man 1956.

19

North American Exhibition Hall (1956- ) (1 of 2), 1930-1995.

19

North American Exhibition Hall (1956- ) (2 of 2).

19

North American Exhibition Hall-labels/distribtion maps (n.d.) ( 1 of 2).

19

North American Exhibition Hall-labels/distribution maps (n.d.) (2 of 2).

19

North American Exhibit Hall drawings (n.d.).

19

North American Culture Hall (1956-1961) Eskimo labels/Rainey text.

20

North American Archaeology ( -1956) (1 of 2).

20

North American Archaeology ( -1956) (2 of 2).

20

North American Ethnology (c. 1956) Drawings.

20

.

20

West Coast Hall (1941-1951) Drawings.

20

North American Indian Hall ( -Spr. 1951) Drawings.

20

Woodland Indians Original labels (n.d.).

20

Delaware Indians Archaeology (PA Week 1950-1951) Labels.

20

Pennsylvania Rock Dwellers Excavation Labels (n.d.).

20

Southwest Gallery (1956-1962).

20

Southwest Gallery-Anasazi (1956-1962) (1 of 2).

20

Southwest Gallery-Anasazi (1956-1962) (2 of 2).

20

Old South American Archaeology Hall ( -9/1958).

21

South American Ethnology (1940s-1950s).

21

South American Gallery ( -1950) Labels/drawings.

21

South American Archaeology Storage diagrams (> 1954).

21

Peruvian Hall Exhibit case layout (n.d.).

21

South American Gold Exhibit case contents (n.d.).

21

Early Man Exhibit-Witthoft (c.1959).

21

North American Indian Archaeology and Ethnology Hall ( -1966).

21

North American Indian-exhibit lists/drawings.

21

General North American labels (n.d.).

21

North American Indian Art labels (1959) (1 of 3).

21

North American Indian Art ( -9/1969) (2 of 3).

21

North American Indian Art ( -9/1969) (3 of 3).

21

Meso American Labels (n.d.).

21

Meso American Drawings ( -1960s)).

21

Central American Gold Artifacts- drawings (n.d.).

21

Miscellaneaous Dismantled Displays-Middle American Hall-drawings.

21

South American Archaeology Hall ( -8/1971).

22

Central and South American Exhibit Maps.

22

Southwest Gallery ( -1975).

22

Southwest Gallery Case lists ( -1975) (1 of 2).

22

Southwest Gallery Case lists ( -1975) (2 of 2).

22

Caddo Indians-Oklahoma Labels (n.d.) (1 of 2).

22

Caddo Indians-Oklahoma Labels (n.d.) (2 of 2).

22

Northwest Coast Labels/text (1970s).

22

Northwest Coast Drawings/objects (1970s).

22

Objects in Special Displays in the Building- 1962,1967,1972.

22

Collection Inventory

Correspondence and notes, 1912-1936.

Box

North American curatorial.

1

Meso American curatorial.

1

South American curatorial (1 of 3).

1

South American curatorial (2 of 3).

1

South American curatorial (3 of 3).

1

Notes on ethnology and migration in the New World.

1

Collection Inventory

Amazon expedition correspondence, 1911-1923.

Scope and Contents note

The Amazon expedition correspondence relates to the earliest efforts of the University of Pennsylvania Museum to mount an expedition to South America, through follow-up and scholarly activity after the expedition. Early documents include communications with Algot Lange, the original leader of the project. Once Farabee takes charge, the correspondence reflects the relationship between him and museum director George Byron Gordon, Franklin H. Church, and to some extent John W. Ogilvie. The series contains not only formal correspondence, but also documentation relating to travel, equipment, and other preparations. Included also are reports and depositions by expedition team members regarding various incidents and situations encountered, and newspaper clippings covering the expedition. Later correspondence relates to scholarly challenges to some of Farabee’s claims, and also to his interest in the palm nut oil business in Brazil.

Box

1911.

1

January-June 1912.

1

July-December 1912.

1

January-March 1913.

1

April-May 1913.

1

June 1913.

1

July-September 1913.

1

October-December 1913.

1

January-May 1914.

1

June 1914.

1

July-September 1914.

2

October-December 1914.

2

January-July 1915.

2

October-December 1915.

2

1916.

2

1917-1918.

2

Roth controversy 1916-1923.

2

Pickerell/Nut oil business 1917, 1921.

2

Amazon expedition diaries, 1913-1916.

Scope and Contents note

The Amazon expedition diaries series contains travel diaries and one travel account. They do not cover the entire progress of the expedition, but highlight certain passages. The Marajo excavations are well represented. Some of the notebooks were labeled as field notes by a later processor, but they are described as diaries by Farabee. Some of the diary text, typewritten as index entries, have been filed in Box 6. It should be noted that throughout the field notes series, brief dated entries recording the progress of the expedition may be encountered.

Box

Itinerary and selected diary entries 1913-1914.

2

Boa Vista and British Guiana June 5, 1913-November 15, 1913.

2

Dadanawa through Taruna November 20, 1913-January 7, 1914 [card file].

6

Peru: Para-Iquitos and return July 19-October 14, 1914.

2

Expedition account July 1914-.

2

Marajo November 7-17, 1914.

2

Marajo November 20-December 19, 1914.

2

Tapajos June 20-September 24, 1915.

2

Marajo November 4-December 20, 1915.

2

Marajo December 30, 1915-January 19, 1916.

2

Maraca January 23-March 11, 1916 [card file].

6

Amazon expedition field notes, (undated).

Scope and Contents note

The field notes series is contained in two filing systems. The first are notebooks referring to various Arawak and Carib peoples, and numbered by Farabee, who refers to these numbers in numerous places throughout his notes. Books 10 and 12 are missing. The second section contains notebooks and subjects not numbered, although some were later given letter labels by a processor. These letters are not followed in the present arrangement. The series contains not only notes taken by Farabee himself, but also research notes gathered from other scholars. Almost none of the field notes are dated. A large portion of the data in this series concerns vocabulary lists, most on index cards in separate boxes, but others included among the notebooks devoted to native peoples. Any topic in this series may be found among the numbered notebooks, the notebooks and documents not numbered, and the index card collection. The order maintained in the filing aid list is an attempt to make some sense out of this system, but thorough research will require consulting all areas of the series.

Box

Book 1: Wapisiana, Waiwai, Taruma.

3

Wapisiana [card file].

6

Book 2: British Guiana, Wapisiana, Atoirads, Taruma, rock carvings.

3

Atorois [card file].

6

Taruma [card file].

6

Book 3: Parikutu, Diow.

3

Diau (Diow) [card file].

6

Book 4: Munduruco vocabulary.

3

Book 5: Macusi.

3

Book 6: Mundurucu (1).

3

Mundurucu (relates to Book 6) [card file].

6

Book 7: Mundurucu (2).

3

Book 8: Mundurucu (3).

3

Book 9: Apiaca, Cashinua.

3

Apiaca [card file].

6

Book 11: Jamamadi, Ipurinas, Purus.

3

Ipurina [card file].

6

Azumara (Zapara and Prokotos, notes for missing Book 12) [card file].

6

Book 13: Macusi measurements.

3

Book 14: Ipurina, Nawasima.

3

Ipurina [card file].

6

Book 15: Katyana, Purus, Jamamadi.

3

Katyana [card file].

6

Jamamadi [card file].

6

Book 16: Jahuas, Pevas.

3

Jahuas (Yahus) [card file].

6

Book 17: Paikipiranga.

3

Pakipirango [card file].

6

Book 18: [evidently British Guiana, Wapisiana, Atteroi, Taruma].

3

Book 19: Maues.

4

Maues [card file].

6

Book 20: Waiwai (1).

4

Mapidian (relates to Book 20) [card file].

6

Parikutu (relates to Book 20) [card file].

6

Book 21: Waiwai (2).

4

Waiwai (relates mostly to Book 21) [card file].

6

Book 22: Macusi text - urn burial.

4

Macusi [card file].

6

Book 23: Maraca et al.

4

Book 24: Purus.

4

Aparai (Apalai) [card file].

6

Araucanian.

4

Tupi (Guarani) [card file].

6

Upper Purus river groups.

4

Other tribes (Atorais, Amaripas, "White Indians") [card file].

6

Anthropogeography [card file].

6

Archaeology [card file].

6

Archaeology - Marajo [card file].

6

Somatology - Taruma and Mapidian hand and foot tracings.

4

Somatology and archaeology [card file].

6

Somatology - body measurements [card file].

6

Conebo pottery making.

4

Waiwai drawings.

4

Taruma, Ataroi, Waiwai petroglyphs/Somatology - hand and foot tracings.

4

Stone carvings along river courses.

4

Cats cradles, textiles.

4

Notes on language, numbers, music.

4

Report on Apalaiis by Unkle - specimens and vocabulary.

4

Macusi vocabulary - Koch's mistakes.

4

Carib vocabularies - Waiwai [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Macusi [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Kumayena [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Chikena [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Urukuana [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Porokoto [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Azumara [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Diau [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Jivaro [card file].

7

Arawak vocabularies - Wapisiana [card file].

8

Arawak vocabularies - Taruma [card file].

8

Arawak vocabularies - Mapidian [card file].

8

Mundurucu folktales.

4

Flora and fauna [card file].

6

River crossing calculations [card file].

6

Astronomical observations and calculations 1913-1914.

4

Wapisiana and Macusi collections sent from Boa Vista.

4

Archaeological and ethnological collections - original lists.

4

General notes [card file].

6

Amazon expedition administrative, 1913, 1917-1918, 1926, 1955, 1983, undated.

Scope and Contents note

The administrative series contains documents relating to general information gathered in preparation for the expedition and later organization of files and other documentation. Bibliographies, lists of photographic negatives and other practical information are included, some pertaining to Farabee’s business interests. A proposal (1918) for an expedition to the Central and South American coasts, although not properly belonging to the Amazon expedition, is filed here, as well as a brief autobiographical sketch, written by Farabee himself.

Box

Farabee autobiographical sketch circa 1917.

5

Notebook of practical information compiled for Farabee 1913.

5

Information re contents and location of field notebooks 1926, 1955, 1983.

5

Catalogue of negatives.

5

Proposal for exploration of Central and South American coast 1918.

5

Names and addresses [card file].

6

Bibliographic collections [card file].

6

Bibliographies [card file].

6

South American business [card file].

6

Amazon expedition publications and talks, 1915-1916, 1924.

Scope and Contents note

The publications and talks series contains notes and drafts of manuscripts in preparation for several publications, both articles written about the expedition, and two books by Farabee: The Central Arawaks (1918), and  The Central Caribs (1924), including a file of illustrations. Notes for talks given before various groups are included on index cards in Box 6.

Box

"The Amazon Expedition" by G.B. Gordon (abstract Museum Journal VI:I, 1915).

5

Drafts of reports and lectures (most for article Museum Journal VII:4, 1916).

5

Outline for The Central Arawaks (1918) and  The Central Caribs (1924).

5

The Central Caribs (1924) drafts of physical measurements.

5

The Central Caribs (1924) illustrations.

5

Notes for talks [card file].

6

Andean expedition, 1920-1923, undated.

Scope and Contents note

The Andean expedition contains all of the topics described in the Amazon expedition in one series: correspondence, field notes, archaeological notes, talks and administrative files. The field notes for southern Peru contain some brief diary entries from October 1922. Among the index card collection are archaeological notes from Manabi, Ecuador, and a file containing notes and drawings of Peruvian pottery.

Box

Correspondence 1920-1923.

5

Field notes - Nazca and Pisco grave lot list 1922.

5

Field notes - Arequipa, Pisco, Puntillos, with diary October 16-25, 1922.

5

Field notes - Manibi, Ecuador archaeological notes [card file].

8

Field notes - Peruvian pottery notes and drawings [card file].

8

Notes on the Bolivian and Peruvian Puna and its inhabitants.

5

Quechua folk music talk.

5

Administrative - museum catalogue number list of Sabandia, Arequipa, Peru objects.

5

Administrative - receipts 1922-1923.

5

Administrative - Rowe notes on Farabee Andean collection [card file] 1956.

8

Photographs, 1906-1923.

Scope and Contents note

The photograph series contains photographic prints principally from the Amazon expedition (1913-1916), but also from the Andean expedition (1922-1923) and from the Harvard University DeMilhau expedition to Peru (1906-1909). Farabee used both glass slide and nitrate film. The photographs are arranged by expedition and subject, mostly tribal affiliations. Some of the photographs in this series are by John W. Ogilvie. There is a catalogue of negatives for the Amazon expedition in the Amazon expedition administrative series. The catalogue is indexed alphabetically by detailed subject, with photograph numbers.

Box

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - general.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Apalaii.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Ataroi.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Diau.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Macusi.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Mapidian.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - petroglyphs.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Taruma.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Waiwai.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Waiwe.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Wapisiana.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Dutch Guiana - Kumayena.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Dutch Guiana - Urukuena.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - general.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Apiaca.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Azumara.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Cayapo.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Chikena, Katawain.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Jamamadi.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Marajo Island (Lago Grande do Adjudante, Territory of Amaga).

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Mundurucu.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Paikipitanga.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Tonayena.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Zapara.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Peru - Campa.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Peru - Conebo (Ucayli River).

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Peru - Shipibo.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Peru - Yahua.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - unidentified.

SA 9

Andean expedition - excavations and ruins.

SA 9

Peru, Bolivia and Cuba - people and places.

SA 9

J. DeMilhau expedition to Peru, 1906-1909 (Harvard University).

SA 9

American Section

0044

American Section

0044

American Section

0044

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Title:
American Section
Date [bulk]:
1898-1960
Date [inclusive]:
1826-1995
Call Number:
0044
Extent:
16 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The American Section was one of the first to evolve during the early development of the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. The University Archaeological Association established in 1887 and later, the American Exploration Society, established in 1892, exhibited several small collections in College Hall before the building campaign for the museum began. Charles Abbott was the first curator of the section succeeded by Henry C. Mercer and then Stewart Culin who was also named Director in 1899. Each succeeding curator was responsible for adding collections, many of them representing their own expeditions in the United States, Alaska, Mexico, Central America and South America. Records in the files are dated from 1826 through the 1980s. The transfer of materials to the Archives took place piecemeal and without a central organization. The current re-processing placed the files into three series, Deaccessions and Loans, Collectors and Collections and Exhibits.
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
Title:
William C. Farabee American Section records
Date [bulk]:
1912-1925
Date [inclusive]:
1912-1936
Call Number:
0079
Extent:
0.2 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
William Curtis Farabee was a Harvard educated geneticist and ethnologist who served the Penn Museum as a researcher and curator. During his expeditions to South America, he detailed the cultural diversity of the Arawak and Carib peoples. Farabee's time as curator of the American Section of the museum resulted in five folders of correspondence and notes dating mostly from 1915 to 1925.
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
Title:
William C. Farabee expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1911-1923
Date [inclusive]:
1906-1924, 1926, 1955, 1983, undated
Call Number:
1120
Extent:
5.3 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
William C. Farabee (1865-1925) was a physical and cultural anthropologist, archaeologist, and cartographer who devoted most of his life’s work to documenting and interpreting the native cultures of South America, principally the Arawak and Carib peoples of the Amazon basin and the native peoples of the Andes. He also conducted archaeological studies at Marajo Island, Brazil, and at several other locations, including Peru and Ecuador. The collection consists of 5.3 linear feet of textual and photographic documentation related principally to the Amazon expedition of the University of Pennsylvania Museum, 1913-1916, and also to the Andean expedition of 1922-1923.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. William C. Farabee expedition records. Penn Museum Atchives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Biography/History

The American Section was one of he first sectiions of the new Museum, originally titled the "Museum of American Archaeology." Preliminary steps were taken in 1886 with the appointment of Daniel Garrison Brinton as Professor of American Linguistics and Archaeology within the Religious Studies Department of the University. In 1888 Brinton organized the University Archaeological Association, a group of scholars and laymen interested in archaeology and ethnology. Brinton materials available include correspondence in the early Director's files, offprints of his pioneering articles in American Indian linguistics, and filed in the curatorial section, a portion of his "Walum Olum", a purportedly Native American epic he edited, with annotations in an unknown hand. Before his death in 1899, he saw the Museum firmly established in American archaeology and anthropology. A large file of letters concerning a memoir on Brinton being prepared by Stewart Culin can be found at the Brooklyn Museum. Brinton also willed his library of 20,000 rare volumes, including 16th century dictionaries, to the new Museum to form the core of the present Anthropology Library.

The Museum was officially established in November 1889, with Charles C. Abbott appointed its first curator, several small collections being brought together in College Hall. Abbott, after earning a medical degree, had served as a field archaeologist for Frederic Ward Putnam of the Peabody Museum and then had earned his own national reputation for publishing claims that crude stone tools found on and nearby his Trenton farm were of the same great antiquity as those claimed for early man in Europe. On his appointment Abbott turned over the burden of proof to Ernest Volk, who supplied the Museum with collections over the next 22 years. The Abbott papers consist entirely of incoming correspondence, which he soon began to number in red pencil chronologically, plus several reports to the Archaeological Association (the 1890 one lists not only American but also many sources of early collections represented). These reports contain the only description of excavations by Abbott, his son Richard, and fellow amateur archaeologist Henry C. Mercer during Abbott's brief tenure (1889-1893). A listing of Delaware Valley sites, undated and possibly by Abbott, and one of American Indian artifacts received during the 1890's are also filed with Abbott's curatorial papers. During his tenure a variety of small local excavations were undertaken in the eastern United States. Francis C. Macauley, a member of the Association donated his large collection of eastern American archaeology. The American Section curatorial files also contain an 1890 catalog of the Warren Moorehead collection which was apparently not acquired by the Museum.

After a major effort failed to obtain Franz Boas as Curator, in late 1893, Abbott was replaced by his friend Mercer, who agreed to serve without salary. Mercer, who later was to establish a nationally known tile works and pioneered the study of American folk culture, spent most of his brief tenure in the field conducting numerous small-scale excavations on Museum grants in attempts to establish great human antiquity, whether in Yucatan or Tennessee. For this reason his records are treated under Expeditions, and his papers are listed in the North America and Central America finding aids. Essential background on Mercer can be found in Mason's 1956 biographical article in the Pennsylvania Archaeologist, while the bulk of his papers are held by the Bucks County Historical Society. During this time Stewart Culin, who had been named the Museum's Director in 1892 to represent it at the Madrid exposition, acquired important American collections not only from expeditions to Key Marco in Florida and Pachacamac in Peru but also Guatemala, Venezuela, and Ecuadorian objects from the Chicago Columbian Exposition in 1893; the very large and valuable Hazzard/Hearst collection of Utah and Colorado prehistoric perishable antiquities (put together by the Wetherill brothers, discoverers of Mesa Verde, and others and divided with the Hearst Museum at Berkeley); the pan-American Lamborn collection; an early treasure of ceremonial objects excavated in the Chira Valley, Peru, by S. M. Scott; and a remarkable variety of ethnological and archaeological objects collected in North America by Major Horatio Rust, whose 1895 catalog survives.

Stewart Culin, who replaced Mercer in 1899, had been a founding member and secretary of the Archaeological Association and was a good friend of Daniel Brinton's. He already managed the growing Asian and general ethnology collections and had been titled "Director" since 1892. The Board of Managers retained control of budget and policy and abolished Culin's title in 1899. Culin left in 1903. Nevertheless in less than five years he managed to greatly expand the American collections, most notably by the proceeds from his own expeditions sponsored by John Wanamaker throughout the western reservations in 1900 and 1901 and a short buying trip to Zuni in early 1902. In addition to direct purchases he made acquisitions from major dealers such as C. F. Newcombe in the Northwest and Thomas Keam in Arizona, represented in correspondence and packing lists. The actual object slips are filed with field record files, while Culin's account of the 1900 trip can be found in the 1901 Bulletin of the Free Museum of Science and Art and a bound 1901 account is available with photographs at the Brooklyn Museum. Other important collections added were that of Thomas Donaldson, painter George Catlin's executor and a key official in the 1890 Indian section of the Eleventh U.S. Census, including a number of Catlin pieces; the Dickeson collection, a bequest of an early amateur archaeologist in the Natchez, Mississippi area; western Mexican archaeology and ethnology from explorer Carl Lumholtz; and the large Poinsett-Keating Mexican archaeological collection originally donated about 1830 to the American Philosophical Society by the first U.S. Ambassador to Mexico and an associate. Items of special interest include the original proof sheets and photographs used in the 1890 Census acquired from Donaldson's son; 1840's plans of sites in the lower Mississippi region in the Dickeson papers; and a handful of letters by famous artist Thomas Eakins, who painted Frank Hamilton Cushing in the outfit of a Zuni chief for the Museum (painting now at the Gilcrease Institute in Tulsa, outfit at the Brooklyn Museum), Mrs. William Frishmuth, donator of a worldwide collection of musical instruments to the Museum (painting now in the Philadelphia Museum of Art); and a lost portrait of Stewart Culin. The Culin curatorial files contain miscellaneous routine correspondence, including a file on casts made from the Peabody, Smithsonian and Cologne Museums and a set of vouchers for 1901-1902 donations to the American Prehistoric Fund. A large ledger recording exchanges begun by Mercer but continued by Culin is in the Exchanges and Loans series (a few leaves in Culin's hand are in a Mercer folder), and Culin's 1900 and 1901 reports are filed with the rest of those from the American Section, in addition to one box of papers in the Director's files. Culin' major interest was in games worldwide, in which he worked with Frank Hamilton Cushing, and he published the definitive work on Native American games in 1907; a large collection of these are both at Penn and at Brooklyn.

With Culin's departure, the size of the collections demanded a swift replacement. The choice would almost certainly have fallen on William Farabee, a Harvard student of Sara Yorke Stevenson's old friend Dr. Putnam, but Farabee declined in favor of a Harvard instructorship. Eventually the decision was made to temporarily combine the American and General Ethnology Sections under William Furness as curator,(see East Asia finding aid) while George B. Gordon, another Putnam student who had worked for the Peabody on Honduran excavations, was hired as Assistant Curator. Furness resigned in November 1904, with Gordon then appointed Curator of the Section of American Archaeology and in 1905 Curator of General Ethnology. He held these responsibilities even after his 1910 appointment as the Museum's first true Director, until 1913. Documents on his curatorship are mostly in the Director's files and letterbooks (the latter not beginning until February 1905) and in the American Section reports, which are very detailed for 1903-1910 and less so for 1910-1913 (latter in Director's reports. Actual curatorial files include a detailed catalog and correspondence on a large and valuable North American ethnological collection offered by the Fred Harvey Company to the Museum but not purchased; a 1904 evaluation by Gordon of the collections of the New York Academy of Sciences; and a set of memos on objects acquired during the curatorship. Information on the 1905 and 1907 collection trips taken by Gordon to Alaska has been filed with field records. It should also be mentioned that systematic anthropological instruction in the University began at Gordon's instigation by 1906, with the establishment of Harrison Fellowships to bring in Assistant Curators able to finish graduate degrees and serve as instructors after 1907.

By early 1907 Gordon had met George G. Heye, wealthy New York financier and Indian collector. It appears that very soon after arrangements were made, culminating in Heye's support, for the acquisition of the Plimpton basket collection in return for duplicates collected on the Alaska trip (April 5). A major exchange of specimens was arranged in early 1908. A regular system of Gordon communicating information on collections available to Heye soon developed. By September 1908 Heye had agreed with Gordon to place his already enormous collections in the Museum, had accepted board membership, a vice-presidency, and chairmanship of the American Committee, and agreed to pay the salary of his assistant George Pepper to serve as assistant curator in the Section. These terms were ratified by the Board October 20. Pepper started work in January 1909, and served as acting curator in Gordon's absence February to early May as the Heye Collection was gradually unpacked. J. Alden Mason joined the Section as photographer and assistant at this time and with Edward Sapir, a Harrison Fellow, undertook an archaeological and ethnological reconnaissance to the Ute reservations in Utah in the summer (see North America finding aid). Meanwhile Pepper moved the large Talbot Hyde loan collection of Southwest Archaeology here from the American Museum of Natural History. William Orchard, who had been at the Museum of Natural History, was the second assistant taken on at Heye's expense in November 1909 in charge of mending, conservation and preparation of models for display (replacing Mason who was pursuing his doctoral studies).

The Heye Collection officially opened February 12, 1910, soon after Gordon became Director. Frank Speck was sent at Heye's expense to collect among the Penobscot in the spring, and Mark R. Harrington was furnished Museum authorization while collecting for Heye among the Shawnee, Kiowa, Miami, Iowa, Sac and Fox, and Delaware in Oklahoma in the summer (see Expeditions). At the start of 1911 Pepper's title was changed to acting curator and his salary made nominal for one year as he was now spending most of his time with Heye in New York, and Harrington was hired as assistant curator, with collection expenses still Heye's. He and Speck continued a wide variety of trips for Heye, as did Wilson Wallis, Orchard, and Gerda Sebbelov (the Osage).

William Farabee returned to contact with the Museum when offered the leadership of the Amazon Expedition in 1912, which he initially refused but eventually accepted in 1913, along with the curatorship. By the time he returned from his work in South America in 1916, major changes had occurred in the Section. George Heye withdrew his collections starting in May 1916 to form the nucleus of his own Museum of the American Indian in New York. Orchard had resigned in May 1915 and Harrington in January 1916, both of them continuing to work for Heye; Pepper's association had ended in January 1912. Bruce Merwin was hired as an assistant in July 1915 but spent 1917-1918 in military service before resigning. Pepper, Orchard and Harrington materials consist of correspondence in the Director's files plus a valuable 1912-1914 Harrington letterbook comprised mostly of Indian informants’ and dealers’ letters to him during his period of research in Oklahoma (he and Merwin published Journal articles, and Harrington also a monograph in Anthropological Publications). A 1911-1914 American Committee letterbook is also of great interest. Orchard's fieldwork of this period was later used to write the standard references on Native American beadwork and quillwork. Records of the Heye years include extensive Heye-Gordon correspondence, numerous photographs of specimens, several field reports by Speck, Wallis, etc.(Expeditions), and many lists of shipments coming in 1908-1916 and of complex exchanges with the Museum during these years and in 1917-1919. Heye later co-sponsored Gregory Mason's work for the museum in Colombia in the 1920's, and Theodoor deBooy left his employ for a Venezuelan Museum expedition.

Farabee served as Acting Director in 1917 in addition to the curatorship, although he was absent on military and diplomatic service 1918-1920. He made another major South American trip for the Museum in 1922-1923 to Peru and Chile. However severe illness effectively ended his job performance after his return, and his duties were undertaken by H. U. Hall in 1924-1925 until Farabee's death from anemia. The Archives contains relatively little documentation from Farabee: correspondence in the Director's files (1911-1925), extensive photographs both from the expeditions and before his curatorship, and three folders of curatorial correspondence divided geographically. He also published The Central Arawaks and The Central Caribs through the Museum on his expeditions and a variety of Journal articles. It appears however that besides the expeditions most major acquisitions were actually arranged by Gordon, who during 1903-1927 made the American Section holdings the largest in the Museum. Important examples include North American basket collections from H. K. Deisher, Mrs. Richard Waln Meirs, W. K. Jewett, Plimpton, Mrs. Edward Bok, and Grace Nicholson; Plains collections from Mrs. Archibald Barklie (Armstrong), J. H. McLaughlin, M. A. Thomson, J. L. Brennan, and P. H. Ray; Guatemalan expeditions by Robert Burkitt and Alaskan by Louis Shotridge and Van Valin (S. E. Alaska); Eskimo objects from Captain George Comer, Captain Bernard, and Henry Bryant; Mesoamerican pottery from the Stearns and von der Leith; Valley of Mexico pottery excavated by Franz Boas; a prehistoric Pueblo basket of very rare type and antiquity from Zeller; and Northwest Coast objects from George Emmons. Gordon also sold the Museum a set of choice objects from his own collection in 1915.

Louis Shotridge, a Tlingit Indian, met George Byron Gordon in Southeast Alaska in 1905. He came to the Museum in 1912 to aid in work on the Heye Collection. In 1915, Shotridge began regular shipments of extremely valuable Tlingit ceremonial objects to the Museum (see North America/Alaska finding aid). He was appointed an assistant curator in 1922. One folder of shipments and memos from his tenure is in the curatorial files. Don Whistler, a member of the Sac and Fox tribe, filled in as assistant to Shotridge from 1925-1926.

John Alden Mason was then hired from the Field Museum of Natural History, and his tenure (1926-1955) is well-documented, including a large professional correspondence with geographical subdivisions, offerings of collections (also geographically organized), in-house memos, a set of notebooks (1922-1952), lecture notes and bibliographies, and a long-term file on his lifelong interest in American rock art. Mason made 22 expeditions of varying scope during his active curatorship and his scholarly and field activities completely encompassed the Americas. Materials on his pre-1926 activities include the 1909 expedition for the Museum, 1913 Great Slave notes later published by Yale, 1914 Puerto Rican work for Columbia, Tepecano linguistics in west Mexico, and Santa Marta excavations for the Field Museum in Colombia. The bulk of Mason's correspondence and his linguistic fieldnotes were transferred to the American Philosophical Society on his death, and his library was sold to Southern Illinois University during his lifetime. He remained active as Emeritus Curator up to his death in 1967.

In addition to Shotridge, who spent about all of his 1922-1932 tenure in the field, Mason was assisted by Harriet Wardle, who had been curator of the Academy of Natural Sciences' Clarence Moore Collection (Southeast archaeology). Wardle came to the Museum after Moore, amid great controversy, transferred his objects to the Heye Foundation in 1929. Her curatorial records consist of a large alphabetical file of correspondence (she retired in 1948 but was active long after), while extensive research on Peruvian textiles can be found under "South America" and other work under the Key Marco Expedition and Stephens Collection.

Collections added during the Mason years include the remarkable gold objects from Cocle, Panama; objects from the Piedras Negras expeditions; Shotridge's Northwest Coast collections; the vast Academy of Natural Sciences collections including the pre-1879 Haldeman and the large Gottschall Collections, originally loaned but then acquired in exchange; Frank Speck collections from eastern Canada; the large and meticulously documented Osborne (Guatemalan textiles) and Stephens (North American ethnographic) collections; various Colombian and Panamanian gold collection and Mayer Brazilian, Broad Costa Rican, and Monday Mexican archaeological collections; jade Northwest Coast objects from Emmons.

Important research associates working with Mason include (for the most part files with "Expeditions"): Edgar Howard (1929-1943) (see Early Man files), a specialist in early man in the Americas; Mary Butler Lewis (1932-1970) (one folder of correspondence); and Frederica DeLaguna (see Alaska). John Corning worked as an assistant (1941-1943) in the Section on Cocle and his own Georgia expedition. J. Louis Giddings, an Arctic archaeologist, began as a research associate (1950-1951) and then was assistant curator (1951-1956) with correspondence in the Director's files. A major source for these years is the set of monthly American Section reports (1941-1948) written by Mason with appendices usually by Howard, Wardle, and Satterthwaite.

Linton Satterthwaite began association with the Museum as Mason's assistant on the Piedras Negras expedition in 1930 and became assistant curator in 1933, eventually becoming associate curator in 1948 and Mason's successor in 1955. In addition to a large alphabetical correspondence including such other prominent scholars as Sylvanus Morley, Herbert Spinden and J. Eric Thompson, "special", "routine", and "home" correspondence, a large series of notebooks documents Satterthwaite's long-term interest in Maya and other Mesoamerican calendrics and writing systems. Other files include lecture and class notes, bibliographies, curatorial business, exhibit designs, etc. Satterthwaite's archaeological work at Caracol and Benque Viejo in Belize and Piedras Negras and Tikal in Guatemala is described in the finding aid "Central America".

The next curatorial files of significance are those for Alfred Kidder II; although he did not hold a curatorship until 1867-1972. In his position as associate director after 1950 he had considerable involvement in American work due to his active interest in South American Archaeology. For this reason several folders of correspondence have been placed in the curatorial section. Kidder files are also in the Director’s files or in his estate. Also in this era are the papers of Frances Eyman (Witthoft), who began as an assistant in the Section in 1948, followed by an assistant curatorship and the first Keeper of American collections from 1964 to her death in 1969. Her files consist of alphabetical correspondence, exhibit labels, and research notes showing her active interest in increasing documentation and understanding of the North American objects in the Museum. These are the most recent files with significant holdings in the American Curatorial series, as the relevant papers of William Coe (Assistant Curator 1959-1964, Associate Curator 1964-1969, Curator of Middle American Archaeology 1969-1972, and Curator of the American Section 1972-1987); Robert Sharer (Assistant Curator 1972-1974, Associate Curator 1974-1984, Curator 1985-present); Ruben Reina (Assistant Curator 1959-1962, Associate Curator 1962-1967, Curator of the Latin American Ethnology 1967-1991); Anthony Wallace (Assistant and Curator of North American Ethnology 1961-1988); and John Witthoft (Research Associate 1966-1970, Associate Curator of North American Ethnology 1970-1981, Consulting Curator 1982-1986) remain in the offices of the individuals. All have joint appointments in the Anthropology Department. Also further Eyman files as well as those of later Keepers Albina de Meio (1969-1974), Claudia Medoff (1974-1982) and Pamela Hearne (1982-date) are retained in the office of the American Section. No record except for an Expedition article and a resume in the Director's files appear to exist for Thomas Greaves, Assistant Curator of South American Ethnology, 1969-1973. Records for John Cotter (Associate Curator of American Historical Archaeology, 1972-1973) have been placed with the Historical Archaeology Section. Since 1982 Professors Reina, Wallace, and Witthoft have been titled "consulting" curators and Frederica DeLaguna has been Honorary Curator of North American Ethnology.

Biography/History

The American Section was established at the beginning of the Museum, with the original museum name being the "Museum of American Archaeology." Preliminary steps were taken in 1886 with the appointment of Daniel Garrison Brinton as Professor of American Linguistics and Archaeology within the Religious Studies Department of the University. In 1888 Brinton organized the University Archaeological Association, a group of scholars and laymen interested in archaeology and ethnology. The Museum was officially established in November 1889, with Charles C. Abbott appointed its first curator, several small collections being brought together in College Hall.

Stewart Culin was also present at the start of the museum, serving as Director and Curator of the Department of Ethnology. He greatly expanded the holdings of the museum. Culin left for the Brooklyn Museum in 1907.

With Culin's departure, the size of the collections demanded a swift replacement. The choice would almost certainly have fallen on William Farabee, a Harvard student of Sara Yorke Stevenson's old friend Dr. Putnam, but Farabee declined in favor of a Harvard instructorship.

William Farabee returned to the Museum when offered the leadership of the Amazon Expedition in 1912, which he initially refused but eventually accepted in 1913, along with the curatorship. Farabee served as Acting Director in 1917 in addition to the curatorship.

During World War I Farabee was a captain in the Intelligence Corps of the U.S. Army and was personally selected by President Woodrow Wilson as chief ethnographer of the American Peace Commission negotiating the Treaty of Versailles. He was charged with drawing up the cultural maps of the world. In 1921, President Warren Harding sent him as a special diplomatic envoy to Peru.

William Curtis Farabee was born in Spartansburg, Pennsylvania in 1865. He achieved his B.A. from Waynesburg College then attended Harvard University, receiving his Ph.D. in 1903. Farabee was only the second student to attain a degree in Physical Anthropology at Harvard. He studied under William E. Castle. His dissertation dealt with digital (finger) malformations in humans, confirming the work of geneticist Gregor Mendel in the previous century.

Farabee's passions were genetics and the ethnology of indigenous people. He visited South America in three expeditions, traveling to remote areas in the Amazon basin. He often was the first man of European background seen by the native population. Farabee recorded the cultural diversity of the people and obtained objects for the Penn Museum collection.

Farabee detailed his findings in books; The Central Arawaks and The Central Caribs.

William Curtis Farabee succombed at the age of 60 to a recurring bout with dysentery contracted in the jungle.

Biography/History

William Curtis Farabee was born February 7, 1865, near Sparta, Washington County, Pa. He studied at California State Normal School from 1885 to 1887, before attending Waynesburg College, Pa., where he received his B.A. He was a teacher and public school principal following his graduation. In 1897 he married Sylvia Manilla Holdren of Athens, Ohio.

Farabee attended Harvard University, studying physical anthropology under William C. Castle. He was also a student of anthropologist Frederic Ward Putnam. He received his Ph.D. in 1903, only the second student at Harvard to be awarded a degree in his field. His dissertation dealt with digital malformations in humans, and was reputedly the first successful attempt to apply Mendelian principles of genetics to human subjects. He taught anthropology at Harvard from 1903 to 1913. His early work, in addition to genetic research, included field work in archaeology in the Tennessee and Ohio valleys, the American Southwest, and Iceland (1901- 1905). He led the J. DeMilhau Ethnological Expedition to South America from 1906 to 1909 (Harvard University), exploring the rainforest of Peru east of the Andes.

In 1907 Dr. Farabee was offered a position at the University of Pennsylvania Museum as curator of the Department American Archaeology and Ethnology after the departure of Stewart Cullin, but he declined, accepting instead a post as instructor at Harvard.

Farabee was subsequently offered a position as leader of the South American Expedition of the University of Pennsylvania Museum by director George Byron Gordon in 1912, which he also declined. Gordon then asked explorer Algot Lange to lead the expedition. Lange completed much preparatory work, but was replaced when Farabee accepted the position in 1913, in addition to the museum curatorship, which he held until 1917. Lange was then sent as special envoy to Brazil to prepare local authorities for the expedition, but bad feelings between Lange and the museum persisted, and his relationship to the expedition and the museum was terminated.

The task of the South American, or Amazon expedition, was to record the cultures of indigenous peoples in the Amazon basin, threatened by incursions of the developing rubber trade. It was also assigned to conduct archaeological investigations in the region whose prehistory was virtually unknown. During the Amazon expedition Farabee spent three years (1913-1916) exploring and documenting the little-known Arawak and Carib tribes of the Amazon basin in Brazil, British Guiana and eastern Peru. His field notes document bodily measurements, material culture, languages, and myths and customs of the local peoples. His travel companions included a Scotsman, John W. Ogilvie, an adventurer and trader who had lived for fourteen years among the Wapisiana, and physician Franklin H. Church, who departed the team early for health reasons. Farabee also spent some time excavating archaeological sites on the island of Marajo at the mouth of the Amazon, where he recovered a large collection of ceramics. He documented several prehistoric cave sites north of the river, as well as petroglyphs along the expedition route. He was able to record a great deal of new cartographic information concerning the Amazon basin. In some cases, he was the first person of European origin to be seen by natives, although some of his assertions in this respect were later challenged. In addition to his field notes, Farabee sent back to the museum a significant collection of native artifacts, as well as drawings and photographs.

Artifacts from the Amazon expedition were exhibited at the University Museum in 1917 (again in 1927). The same year Farabee was the recipient of the Elisha Kent Medal from the Philadelphia Geographical Society. He also received a gold medal from the Explorers Club of New York.

Farabee served in the Intelligence Corps of the U.S. Army during World War I, and was selected by President Wilson to be chief ethnographer of the American Peace Commission during the Versailles Treaty negotiations. He was responsible for drawing up a series of cultural maps of the world. In 1921, President Harding sent him as special diplomatic envoy to Peru. There he was decorated with the Order of the Sun, and became an honorary member of the University of San Marcos, Lima. From 1921-1922 he was president of the American Anthropological Association.

Farabee returned to South America in 1922, exploring the Andean regions of Nasca, Pisco, Tambo Colorado and Arequipa, collecting pottery and textile artifacts. He also made ethnological observations concerning the Quechua Indians. This expedition was cut short when he contracted dysentery, or pernicious anemia, which required him to remove for a time to Chile, where he studied the Araucanian Indians, and eventually to return to the United States. Despite heroic efforts at a cure, he succumbed to recurring illness on June 24, 1925.

Dr. Farabee was the author of several scholarly books and articles related to his anthropological studies. His most important monographs are The Central Arawaks (1918),  Indian Tribes of Eastern Peru (1922), and  The Central Caribs (1924). Farabee published an account of the Amazon expedition: “A Pioneer in Amazonia: The Narrative of a Journey from Manaos to Georgetown” in  The Bulletin of the Geographical Society of Philadelphia, vol. XV, no. 2 (April 1917). About half of Farabee’s ethnological data remained unpublished at his death. By his own estimate, he had enough data to generate an additional volume on ethnology and another of archaeology.

Scope and Contents

American Section files were unarranged when transferred to the Archives. Curatorial files have been subdivided into "curatorial" proper as a sub-series (arranged, in general, "chronologically" by holders of assistant curatorships); an "exchanges, loans, deaccessions and thefts" sub-series grouping documents on the movements of American objects (to be used in connection with the records of the Registrar's Office, established in 1929); an "inventories" sub-series containing various topical and other lists of objects in the American collections; a "collectors and collections" sub-series arranged alphabetically by the name of the donor or seller or title of collection; and a "general administration" sub-series encompassing index cards, exhibit labels, various American Section reports starting with Mercer, documents on American topics with no discernible connection, miscellaneous financial transactions, etc. Research files by curators Eyman and Wardle have been placed in their curatorial files, while correspondence with non-Museum scholars using the collection for which there is no original note material (Helen Palmatary on Brazilian archaeology and Marius Barbeau on slate carving have been included in "general administration." Ernestine Singer's work on netting is now a separate collection in the American Section.

Reprocessing of the collection began in the spring of 2015. The general series were maintained with the exception of the inventories which were evaluated and placed in more appropriate series such as exhibits, personal papers, general administration, etc..

Scope and Contents

William Curtis Farabee, a Harvard educated geneticist and ethnologist served the Penn Museum as a researcher and curator. During his expeditions to South America, he detailed the cultural diversity of the Arawak and Carib peoples.

This collection marks his time as a curator of the American Section. It consists of five folders of correspondence and notes divided into North American, Meso American and South American curatorial business, mainly questions on the value of collections or objects and offers of sale.

Scope and Contents

The William C. Farabee expedition records consist of 5.3 linear feet of textual and photographic material related to the South American, or Amazon expedition (1913-1916) and the Andean expedition (1922-1923), of the University of Pennsylvania Museum. The bulk of the collection, at least 4.1 linear feet, concerns the Amazon expedition. The collection consists of correspondence, diaries, field notes, drawings, photographs, publishing information, talks, and various administrative documents. The bulk of the Amazon material concerns anthropological data relating to various tribes of the Amazon basin in Brazil, British Guiana, and eastern Peru. The native peoples documented belong to the Arawak and Carib linguistic families. Data include somatology, linguistics, notes on material culture, folklore, music and myths. Farabee also recorded cartographic and other practical information during his expedition, including notes on flora and fauna. The Amazon expedition records include archaeological notes related to excavations on the island of Marajo and other nearby prehistoric sites. The Andean expedition records contain both ethnological and archaeological material.

The Amazon expedition collection is divided into series by type: correspondence, diaries, field notes, administrative documents, publications and talks. The Andean expedition consists of one series. The photograph series contains material from the Amazon expedition, Andean expedition, as well as the Harvard DeMilhau expedition to Peru in 1906-1909. Three boxes containing notes on index cards complement the folders in the main collection. The index cards are referenced in the finding aid after their related folders by box number only, but they can be easily searched after the following order:

Box 6: Diaries, Native tribes arranged alphabetically, Archaeology, Flora and fauna, Somatology, Administrative files and bibliographies, Notes for talks and public presentations

Box 7: Carib vocabularies

Box 8: Arawak vocabularies, John Rowe notes on Andean collection, Archaeological notes on Manabi, Ecuador and Peruvian pottery

Documents are principally in English, but there are several files, usually data collected from other scholars, in Portuguese, Spanish, French and German. Spellings of indigenous tribes vary; the spellings used in this finding aid are those used by Farabee.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  5/27/15

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  12/3/2015

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  2016

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bryce Little/Jody Rodgers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bryce Little Jody Rodgers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by James R. DeWalt

Revision Description

 April 2016

Access Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items of these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Processing Information note

This collection was originally processed in 1983. At that time, numerous processor notes were appended to the collection. These have been retained where they contain useful information, although some notes may be misleading. Farabee’s field notebooks were numbered and arranged by him, and this order has been retained. Additional notes on index cards intended to complement the notebooks were often numbered by Farabee to correspond to the field notebooks. Other unnumbered notebooks had been given a letter designation by a later researcher; these have not been used in the present collection arrangement as they have no relation to the original collection.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

See also the Algot Lange papers (PU-Mu. 1119) for biographical/historical information related to Lange in the finding aid. See also the John W. Ogilvie papers (PU-Mu.1121).

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)
  • Abbott, Charles C., 1843-1919
  • Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899
  • Bruckner, Geraldine M., b. 1901-d. 1982
  • Coe, William R. , 1926-2009
  • Culin, Stewart, 1858-1929
  • Dyson, Robert H., 1927-
  • Eyman, Frances, 1921-1949
  • Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Kidder, Alfred Vincent, 1885-1963
  • King, Mary Elizabeth, b. 1929
  • Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967
  • Mercer, Henry C., 1856-1930
  • Pepper, William, 1843-1898
  • Possehl, , Gregory L., Dr., b. 1941
  • Rainey, Froelich, Director of the University Museum
  • Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
  • Shotridge, Louis
  • Stevenson, Sara Yorke, 1847-1921
Subject(s)
  • Exhibits
  • Hazzard-Hearst collection
  • Julsrud collection
  • Osbourne collection

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
Personal Name(s)
  • Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
  • Culin, Stewart, 1858-1929
  • Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
Subject(s)
  • Arawak Indians
  • Carib Indians
  • Ethnology

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)
  • Amazon River region
  • Andean region
  • Brazil
  • British Guiana
  • Manabi (Ecuador)
  • Marajo Island (Brazil)
  • Nazca (Peru)
  • Pisco (Peru)
Personal Name(s)
  • Church, Franklin H. (Franklin Higby), 1880-
  • Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Lange, Algot, 1884-
  • Ogilvie, John W.
Subject(s)
  • Arawak Indians
  • Carib Indians
  • Mundurucu Indians
  • Pottery--Peru
  • Quechua Indians
  • Waiwai Indians
  • Wapisiana Indians

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Collectors and Collections, 1870-1962.

Box

Absinck & Co. Ecuadorian Gold (Pablo Sanchez).

1

Aguirre. Porfirio- Mexican bells.

1

Allen, Frederick W.(Dr. Federico Freund).

1

Allice, T. H-Northwest Coast collection purchase, 1908-1916.

1

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP)— Annotated list-Loan to UM.

1

ANSP- Original list of Academy Numbers.

1

ANSP- Miscellaneous list.

1

ANSP-Label (Lewis and Clark).

1

ANSP-Mason information re: S. S. Haldeman.

1

ANSP-Object cards with ANSP numbers and collectors (Greenland, Siam, others) (1 of 2).

1

ANSP-Object cards with ANSP numbers and collectors(Greenland, Siam, other?) (2 of 2).

1

ANSP-Miscellaneous catalogue numbers.

1

ANSP-Lists and original loan receipts (1 of 2).

1

ANSP-Lists and original loan receipts (2 of 2).

1

ANSP-1870s catalogue, miscellaneous section storage info.

2

ANSP-Wardle list, n.d.

2

ANSP-Object lists-Eastern U.S.

2

ANSP-Object lists-FL,GA,KY,TN,Ind,Ill.

2

ANSP-Object lists-mixed U.S. locales (1 of 2).

2

ANSP-Object lists-mixed U.S. locales (2 of 2).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Collection, Eyman correspondence.

2

ANSP-Gottschall, Original Catalogues.

2

ANSP-Gottschall Catalogue, "Typical Collection No. 1” (copy).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Catalogue, "Typical Collection No. 2” (copy).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Catalogue, "Typical Collection No. 3” (copy).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Collection-object lists.

2

Antique Gallery-Iroquois sash 1916.

2

Apache, Antonio 1907-1909.

2

Apache baskets-shelf and sale lists, n.d.

2

Arthur, Leland M.

2

Balch, Edwin S. Eskimo figures.

2

Balch, Edwin S. Peary collection.

2

Ball, Sallie L.

2

Barrington, Inez B.

2

Bellaire (Bella), Mrs. M.G.

2

Bernard, Capt. Joseph- Correspondence 1914-1919; specimen list.

3

Bernardi, Susie R.-Nome, Alaska.

3

Berthoud, E. L.-Colorado stone tools, 1890.

3

Bevoir, Bernard 1934.

3

Birney, Hoffman.

3

Blatchford, Col. R,M, 1916.

3

Boas, Franz-(Valley of Mexico) pottery catalogue, ca. 1913 (1 of 2).

3

Boas, Franz-(Valley of Mexico) pottery catalogue, ca. 1913 (2 of 2).

3

Bok, Mrs. Edward (Mary Louise Curtis Bok).

3

Boyer, Mr. and Mrs. Charles E.

3

Brennan, Mrs. J. L- Pine Ridge Collections (Plains), 1907-1908.

3

Broad, Jennie-Costa Rica collections, 1938-1948.

3

Brock, J. W.-Dat-So-La-Lee baskets, ca. 1914.

3

Brock, Mrs. John W.

3

Brown, Anna van der Veer-Pueblo Pottery, 1913.

3

Brown, Katherine L.

3

Brown, W. Norman Dr.

3

Brummer, Joseph.

3

Bryant, Henry G. North Greenland.

3

Burbank, Elbridge A.

3

Butler, Mary.

3

Bye, Arthur Edwin-Mexican figurine collection, 1934 (33-28- ).

3

Charlie Black Wolf-beaded moccasins.

3

Cadwalader, Charles Greenland.

3

Carson, Mrs. Hampton L.

3

Caruthers, C.H.

3

Cary, Mrs. Ebenezer.

3

Chapman, S.H.

3

Church, W.H.

3

Clark, Fannie Wayne.

3

Clarke, Louis C.

3

Cleveland, Dr. A.C.

3

Cochran, Mrs. Travis.

3

Collins, Mae E.

3

Collins, Thomas J.-Middle and South American collections.

3

Colton, Harold S.

3

Comer, George Plaster casts c. 1900.

3

Cooper, Emily M. Fletcher.

3

Cope, Edward D.-skull collection 1892.

3

Copper River Collection ca. 1905 Point Pierce.

4

Corson, E. F. 1910-1911.

4

Costa Rican Government.

4

Cortissoz, Ernesto.

4

Craige, John H.

4

Crane, Mrs. Theron I.

4

Cresson, Dr.

4

Crolliers, Samuel.

4

Crosby, E.O.

4

Culver, Everett, M.

4

Cushing, Frank Hamilton, and Mrs. F. H. Cushing- objects.

4

daCunha, Joao Alves.

4

Daland, Dr. Judson 1926.

4

Deane, Frederick B.

4

Dechert, Robert.

4

DeGuerrero, E. A. P., Nicaragua Collection, 1890-1900.

4

Deisher, H. K.-correspondence re: baskets, 1905-1918.

4

Deisher, H. K.-price list and catalogue of baskets.

4

Deisher, H. K.-collection lists.

4

Deisher, H. K. (original object description, ? catalog).

4

DeLaguna, Fredericka 1957, 1971 Yukon.

4

Dickeson, M. W.-collection, [correspondence, notes and article draft (bio)], 1899-1900.

4

Dimoski, Lee 1918.

4

Dingee, R.T.

4

Donaldson, Thomas C.-correspondence, catalogue of collection, and object tags (1 of 2).

4

Donaldson, Thomas C.-correspondence, catalogue of collection, object tags (2 of 2).

4

Downing, Dorothea.

4

Dozier, Thomas S.

4

Drexel, Lucy W.-Quirigua casts, 1893-1900.

4

Duff, U. Francis.

5

Dunlap. James P.

5

Durham, John S.

5

Ealy, A.E.

5

Easton, Morton W.

5

Edwards, Mrs. H.B.(?).

5

Eells, M.

5

Egberts, William H.

5

Elkinton, Edward.

5

Ellis, F.E. Dr.

5

Ely, Gertrude Miss.

5

Emley, Frank.

5

Emmons, G. T.-correspondence re: collections and Tahltan Indians publication, 1906-1912.

5

Emmons, G. T.-correspondence re: collections, 1915-1938.

5

Emmons, G. T.-correspondence and notes re: jade collections, 1940-1943.

5

Emmons, E.T.? British Columbia object list.

5

Erickson, Donald 1971.

5

Ettrup, Mrs. (Maria Rose gift).

5

Ferguson, Mrs. H.B. (Dr.).

5

Fernandez, Mauro R.

5

Fernberger, Samuel W.

5

Ferrer, Dr. Adolfo.

5

Fleischer, Janet Gallery.

5

Foley, Joseph P.

5

Ford, Henry T.

5

Frazier, Mrs. William West, Jr.

5

Freeman, Samuel T. & Co.

5

Furness, Horace Howard, shell amulet, 1890 – F. H. Cushing letter.

5

Gardiner, Edward Carey.

5

Garrisaon, H.D.

5

Gay, Mr.

5

Gentry, Juanita.

5

Giddings, Dr. J.L. 1956 Norton Sound.

5

Gist, Frank E.

5

Gomez. O.A.

5

Gordon, G. B.-collection invoices, payments, and correspondence with dealers, 1905-1914.

5

Gordon, G. B.-collection lists, 1908, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1926, 1927.

5

Gordon, G.B. 1911 purchase (Wah-ta-Waso robe).

5

Granger, Henry Gregory.

5

Granger, Caroline Gibbons.

6

Gratacos-Panama Gold, Mason correspondence regarding, 1940 (1 of 2).

6

Gratacos-Panama Gold, (Mason correspondence regarding, 1940) (2 of 2).

6

Gratacos-Panama Gold, Mason correspondence regarding, 1941-1947.

6

Grimley, Solomon K.

6

Hanna, Mrs. Edith Tripp.

6

Hare, Hobart A.

6

Harper, Thomas-(stone implements exchange with Culin) 1899-1902.

6

Hart, Dr. Charles.

6

Harvey, Fred- Indian Collections- correspondence,1904-1907 (not obtained).

6

Harvey, Fred-Indian Collections, annotated catalogs (not obtained) (1 of 2).

6

Harvey, Fred-Indian Collections-annotated catalogues-(not obtained (2 of 2).

6

Haury, E.W.

6

Hayes, Joseph.

6

Hazeltine, Dr. John W.

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-correspondence.

6

Hazzard catalogue, 1892-McLoyd–Graham Collection.

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-packing list (see note first page).

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Columbian Exposition inventory, 1893 (list by Hector Alliot?).

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Cushing notes with cover letter, 1895 (1 0f 2).

6

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Cushing notes with cover letter, 1895 (2 of 2).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Howard index ? (Satterthwaite note, 1956).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-list of objects given to Berkeley, 1901.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-notes on object provenience, ca. 1890.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Southwest mummies and associated pieces.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-misc. tags and notes.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre's reproduction of Wetherill catalog.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre list-objects without original numbers.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre's write-up on McLoyd-Graham Collection (1 of 3).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre's write-up on McLoyd-Graham Collection (2 of 3).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Barre's write-up on McLoyd-Graham Collection (3 of 3).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Dr. Robert Harris correspondence on corn, 1896.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-C. Osborne correspondence regarding processing, 1964.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-resin analysis of S.E. Utah objects, 1941.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Sharrock's index of data.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Sharrock's "The Hazzard Collection" from Archives for American Archaeology (1 of 2).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Sharrock's "The Hazzard Collection" from Archives for American Archaeology (2 of 2).

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection-Sharrock correspondence.

7

Hazzard/Hearst Collection.

8

Heiner Collection (Bartlett).

8

Heinrichs, J.H.

8

Henao, Jose T.-(Chibcha gold acquisition) 1920.

8

Henderson, Helen Miss.

8

Henkels, Stan. V.

8

Henry, Josephine deM.

8

Hering, Walter E.

8

Hewitt, H.N.B.

8

Heyman, Margaret M.

8

Hinchman, Margaretta S.

8

Hodge, F. Webb.

8

Hopkins, C.E. Dr.

8

Hoster, George E.

8

Howell, Edward J.H.

8

Huber, Helen Miss.

8

Indian Exhibits Company, 1907.

8

Isaacs, J. L. purchases, 1917.

8

Jewett Collection, 1918.

8

Johnson, Frank M., Collection-Punta Rassa Florida.

8

Johnson, Frederick see: Speck, Frank-lists of collections.

8

Johnson, H. L.-Midwest collection, 1892.

8

Jones, Francis D.-notes re: Chitimacha Indian basket, 1904.

8

Jones, Dr. Joseph.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Di Peso, Charles, 1955-56.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Hapgood, Charles, 1955-56.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Russell, William, 1953-54.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Young, Arthur, 1955.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Exhibit Labels.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Hapgood Reports, 1-10.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Hapgood Reports, 1-10, Revised.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Notes and Data.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Data Supplied by Hapgood.

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Publications (Acambaro Complex).

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Photos-Acambaro Complex (From Mr. Young) (1 of 2).

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Photos-Acambaro Complex (From Mr. Young) (2 of 2).

8

Julsrud, W. Collection-Comics, by Animal Type.

9

Julsrud, W. Collection-Comics, Miscellaneous.

9

Kalebdjian, Aztec "Paris" collection, 1920.

9

Kalebdjian, list of Colombian gold collection.

9

Kelley, Matthew-Iowa medical weasel, Jan. 1930.

9

Kensinger Collection Cashinahua Indians-Peru.

9

Kercher, Mrs. D. E-plants used by Colorado Indians, 1894.

9

Kesler, C. W.-North Carolina collection, 1893.

9

Kilburn, Mrs. Sarah-Peruvian cup, 1943.

9

Kircheirer-Northwest Coast collection via Benham Ind. Trading Co., 1905.

9

Ladd, Mrs. Westray, Collection-general North American.

9

Ladd, Mrs. Westray-Navajo blanket, 1936.

9

Lamborn, Robert-Pan-American collection.

9

Lamborn Collection-Register.

9

Landsberg, Frederick see: Wanamaker Expedition.

9

Larsen, Helge.

9

Lathbury, Col. Benjamin B., Collection, 1922.

9

Laubach, Chas.-notes and maps, Pennsylvania.

9

Lavayen-Jererro Indian heads, 1904.

9

Leidy, Joseph-Cape Henlopen material.

9

Lemal, D. J.-Mexican bronzes, 1930.

9

Lenders, E. W.-exchange/purchase, 1912.

9

Lex, Francis P.-Sioux collection, 1916.

9

Lines, Jorge-correspondence re: Costa Rican Pottery, 1934.

9

Lippincott Collections-West Virginia, 1937 & 1951.

9

Lippincott Collection Catalogue 1939.

9

Lipton, Celia 1964 (shoes).

9

Ludwig, Walter K.-North Carolina collection.

9

Lumholtz, Carl correspondence re: Mexican collection, with American Museum of Natural History.

10

Macauley, Capt. C. N. B.-correspondence re: Southwest collection, 1890-1895.

10

Macauley, Mary Yorke, Collection, 1902.

10

Madara, Guy 1917.

10

Madeira, Percy C. donation- Guatemala, Mexico 1933.

10

Maratta, H. G.-Arizona sandstone charms, 1902.

10

Marshall, John-Omaha bow and arrow, 1920.

10

Martin, George C.-Texas Coastal Collection, 1930.

10

Martin, T. P.-Southwest/Taos game (?).

10

Marye, William, Collection, 1943.

10

Mayer, John Collection-Santarem, Tapajos pottery (1 of 2).

10

Mayer, John Collection-Santarem, Tapajos pottery (2 of 2).

10

McCall-Puno Peruvian silver, 1826.

10

McIlhenny, James (through Selina)-baskets, 1920.

10

McIlhenny, Sara Avery-Chitimacha baskets, correspondence, 1905.

10

McCune, John B.-Illinois Collection, 1882.

10

McLaughlin, J. H.-buffalo robes, 1911 (South Dakota dealer).

10

McNeely, R. K.-Utah Cliff-Dweller artifacts, 1895.

10

Mecker, Louis-Sioux hoop, exchange with Lenders,1901-1902, with notes.

10

Meirs, Mrs. Richard Waln-Washo baskets (1 of 2).

10

Meirs, Mrs. Richard Waln-Washo baskets (2 of 2).

10

Meirs- data on basket-maker Dat-so-la-lee and acquisition, 1938.

10

Merritt, J. S. F., Collection.

10

Metcalfe-Northwest Coast (Tlingit) mountain sheep horn spoon, donation, 1965.

10

Miller, Sarah Wistar, Collection, 1899.

10

Mitchell, S. D.-Wisconsin copper, 1889-1890, with Abbott-Putnam correspondence.

10

Monday, H. A., Collection-Mexico (1 of 2).

11

Monday, H.A., Collection- Mexico (2 of 2).

11

Monski, John-Vera Cruz figurines, 1938.

11

Mooney, James-notes on Southwestern sherds, pre-1903.

11

Moore, Charles C., Collection- Wyoming Shoshone, 1918.

11

Moore, Clarence B., Collection-correspondence.

11

Moore, Clarence B., Collection-re: sale to Heye Foundation, 1929.

11

Moorehead, Warren Collection Catalogue 1890.

11

Moorehead, W. K.-Johnson Expedition, 1920.

11

Moreland-sherd collection, 1968.

11

Morris, John-Haida copper, 1894.

11

Morris, Lydia T.

11

Murray, Ernest-Crow collection, 1926 (1 of 2).

11

Murray, Ernest-Crow collection, 1926 (2 of 2).

11

Nelson, Nels C.

11

Newell, William B., Collection, 1942.

11

Nicholson, Grace, Indian Collection-correspondence with Gordon.

11

Niederlein, Gustave-Honduran items correspondence, 1898.

11

Nisbet, Verner-Catawba pipes, 1901.

11

Nuila, H. M.-Honduran alabaster vase, 1915.

11

Numismatic and Antiquarian Society, Philadelphia, Catalogue 1894, 1955.

11

Oldach, Mrs. Carl A.-Mexican collection correspondence.

11

Osborne, L. de J., Collection-Guatemala correspondence, 1933-1945 (1 of 3).

11

Osborne, L. de J. Collection-Guatemala correspondence (2 of 3).

11

Osborne, L. de J. Collection-Guatemala correspondence (3 of 3).

11

Osborne, L. de J. Collection of textiles, 1933 (1 of 3).

12

Osborne, L. de J. Collection of textiles 1933 (2 of 3).

12

Osborne, L. de J. Collection of textiles 1933 (3 of 3).

12

Osborne, L. de J.-Archaeological Collection 1942.

12

Osterheld, Hattie-Chiriqui pottery, 1913.

12

Outhette Venezuelan Collection, 1926.

12

Overton, Clough, Southwest Collection— correspondence re: sale of, 1902.

12

Parsons, Ella, Collection.

12

Patton, John W., Collection-correspondence.

12

Paxson, Henry D.-stone implements.

12

Peale, Franklin-Stone Implements.

12

Pearce, J. E., Collection-Texas, 1930.

12

Pearsall, Mrs. M. C.-Northwest Coast specimens, 1905.

12

Peirce, John-totem poles, 1930.

12

Pepper, William-Mexico, 1891-1894.

12

Pepper, William-Mexico 1894.

12

Pepper, William-North Dakota Sioux, 1891-1895.

12

Perez, Albert-Costa Rica gold, 1919.

12

Petrie, Elizabeth Lauder-Aztec obsidian, 1897.

12

Petroff Collection-Northwest Coast, 1884, 1894.

12

Philadelphia Art Galleries-purchases by J. A. Mason, 1927.

12

Plimpton Basket Collection-Newell-Gordon correspondence, 1906-1918.

12

Poinsett Gold Collection (Gordon letter, 1918).

12

Porter, Major F. Johnston- "Inca" gold vessels, 1925.

12

Post, Fred-Shoshone (Washakie) pipe and pouch, Culin correspondence, 1898.

12

Potts, Mrs. Francis-Chilkat blanket, c. 1922.

12

Price Basket Collection, 1947.

12

Prince William Sound Correspondence 1943-1966.

12

Pusey, Mrs. A. Edith-Winnebago club, 1962.

12

Putnam, F. W.-Columbian pottery presented by Peabody Museum, 1894.

12

Quelch, J. J. -British Guiana Collection.

12

Quinton, Amelia S.

12

Rafinesque "Walum Olum" -correspondence (Vogelin, Lilly, Mason).

12

Rainey, Froelich G. 1937.

12

Ray, P. H.-catalogue, 1907.

12

Ray, P. H., Collection-correspondence, 1907-1908.

12

Reagan, William-Pennsylvania Indian objects, 1950.

12

Reath, B.B.-Polk County hematite paint stone, 1897.

12

Rhoads, Samuel- beaver teeth, 1900.

12

Rhodes, E. M. & Co.-correspondence re: Northwest Coast objects, 1905-1907.

12

Rindge, Fred Hamilton, Collection, 1929.

12

Roberts, Miss Francis A.-Patagonian Tehuelches rhea robe, 1931.

12

Robinson, Mrs. M. D.-Tahoe basket, 1948.

12

Roddy, T. R.-correspondence, 1904-1907.

12

Rogers, Fred-Hupa Indian costume.

12

Rosenbach, A. S. W, Collection-Jivaro heads, 1930.

12

Rust Collection.

12

Samuels, W.D. 1905 purchase.

12

Saportas, Mrs. G. A.-Navajo blanket, 1940.

13

Scott Collection- Peru, 1894 see also: Expedition Records-South America-H. N. Wardle, Box 18, Fol. 1.

13

Sheeler, Charles-Aztec head.

13

Schoen-feather cape.

13

Shumway, Helen and A. A., Collection, 191620.

13

Sloan, C. G. & Co.-Gordon purchases from, 1916.

13

Smith, Harlan I., Collection, 1891.

13

Smith, Horace J., collection, 1897.

13

Smoltz Mesoamerican Collection, 1958.

13

Spiegelberg, Willi-Apache shields and clubs, 1917.

13

Stardley, J. E- Gordon correspondence, 1906.

13

Starr, George, Collection, 1903-1906 (and Henry Voth) (1 of 2).

13

Starr, George, Collection, 1903-1906 (and Henry Voth) (2 of 2).

13

Starr, Laura-Gift, Gulf of California image, n.d.

13

Stearns Collection-Chiriqui, Panama, 1918.

13

Steiner, Roland-Georgia Indians, 1900-1902 (1 of 2).

13

Steiner, Roland-Georgia Indians, 1900-1902 (2 of 2).

13

Stevenson, Sara Yorke-"Sitting Bull" Collection.

13

Sutton, W. S. (dealer)-Eskimo & Northwest Coast, 1914-1915.

13

Swayne, G. H., 1893 (through C. C. Abbott).

13

Tabasco celts.

13

Thatcher, Edward P. 1962.

13

Thompson, A. H., Southwest Collection, 1901.

13

Thompson, Mrs. Mary Abbott-Plains Collection, 1916.

13

Totem Poles-Correspondence.

13

Totem Poles-Restoration.

13

Totem Poles-Attempted Sale.

13

Tumen, Mrs. Henry-carvings.

13

Twitchell, A.H. purchase 1907.

13

Vaillant, George-Peruvian Collection, informal, Bruckner list of.

13

Valentine, L. G- Honduras Collection, 1914.

13

Van Valin Collection correspondence 1957.

13

Van Valin, Ethyl B. Port Barrow 1961-1962.

13

Velasco, Costa Rican jade 1898.

13

Venezuelan Government Gift, 1893-1894.

13

Verrill, A. Hyatt-Central and South American Collections, 1926-1929.

13

Volke, Ernest- correspondence concerning.

13

Von der Lieth, T. R.-Chiriqui pottery, 1916-1918.

14

Voy, C. D. Collection see: Administrative Record- Oceanian Section.

14

Wainwright, Mrs. T. F. D.-Plains shirt, 1962.

14

Walde-Waldegg, Herman Von, 1936-1947.

14

Wanamaker, John-Gordon store purchases, 1906.

14

War Eagle (Chief)-drum, Wolf Clan Oklahoma, 1930.

14

Watmough, Miss Marjorie-Indian costume, 1912.

14

Watts, William, Collection.

14

Weaver, P. Lyle, Collection, 1912.

14

Weight, A.B.-Sioux Collection, 1894.

14

Weiss and Schmidt-Rio Negro Collection, 1906.

14

Wetherill-Navajo objects, correspondence, 1904.

14

Wheeler, Mrs. Walter S.-Eskimo carving.

14

Wheeler, Dr. and Mrs. E.P. 1962.

14

White, Edward, Collection, 1913.

14

Whitman, E. S.-Lacandon bark shirt, Mexico, 1958.

14

Wicker Collection-Costa Rica, 1918.

14

Wiestling, G.L. Collection 1905.

14

Wilcox, Ida C. Collection 1922.

14

Wilcox, James Collection 1927.

14

Wilkins, Paul R. & Samuel H., 1942, 1951.

14

Wilkinson, J. L.-South American silver, 1911.

14

Willard, Mrs. De Forest-Navajo blankets, 1934.

14

Willard, F. P., Collection, 1923.

14

Wilson, J. Lapsley-Gift, 1924.

14

Wise, John- textile and lienzo, 1941, 1944.

14

Wood, Edward-Birchbark Collection.

14

Wood, H. C- Penobscot ? Birchbark Canoe, 1898.

15

Wood, Mrs Randolph-Totem Pole, 1896.

14

Woolworth, Mrs. E. G.-Blankets, 1924.

14

Worth, John G.-Blanket Collection, 1917-1926.

14

Worth, John G., Hopi Vases Collection 1943.

14

Wright, Harry B.-Bequest.

14

Wright, Harry B.-Pan-American Collection.

14

Wright, Mrs. Minturn T.

14

Wyman, Walter, Collection (dealer).

14

Zeller— "Cliff-Dweller" Basket correspondence, 1905-1907 and commentary, 1920-1921.

14

Zingg, Robert M.-Notes on Huichol Indians, Pt. I (UM Acc. #38-23- ) (1 of 3).

14

Zingg, Robert M.-Notes on Huichol Indians, Pt. II (UM Acc. #38-23- ) (2 of 3).

14

Zingg, Robert M.-Notes on Huichol Indians, Pt. III (UM Acc. #38-23- ) (3 of 3).

14

Deacessions and Loans, 1949-1986.

Box

Culin Object Exchange List n.d.

15

Peru and Chiriqui object loan 1892 (Culin and Clay agreement).

15

Mercer and Culin Exchange Catalogue 1894-1900.

15

Russian Exchange 1892.

15

Culin-Giglioli Exchanges 1894-1902.

15

Berlin, A.F. Collection 1897-1904.

15

Exchange-Wanamaker Expedition Pomo objects with Field Columbian Museum.

15

Wanamaker Expedition Exchange with Field Columbian Museum 1901 (1 of 2).

15

Wanamaker Expedition Exchange with Field columbian Museum 1901(2 of 2).

15

Field Columbian Museum Fossils, sale and exchange of 1894-1901, 1902.

15

Commercial Museum Exchanges, Correspondence 1901.

15

F. Starr Spear-Throwers for Cushing reproductions 1901.

15

Pachacamac Specimens to Chicago Field Museum, List 1901, 1905.

15

Partial Biddle Collection return 1902.

15

E.W. Lenders Exchange 1908.

15

E.W. Lenders Exchange 1912.

15

E.W. Lenders Exchange 1917.

15

Kiowa Material to J. Mooney 1917.

15

Object receipts 1916, 1920.

15

Marejo Pottery-Santa Merta Material Exchange with Chicago Field Museum, information 1926, 1931.

15

Loan of Southwestern Pottery to Laboratory for Anthropology-University of New Mexico 1932.

15

Pennsylvania State Museum Deaccessions 1932.

15

List of Objects for Distribution to Members 1935.

15

Mason Alpha Correspondence re: exchanges and loans 1934-1952 (1 of 2).

15

Mason Alpha Correspondence re: exchanges and loans 1934-1952 (2 of 2).

15

Hallowell, A.J. 1940.

15

Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe 1938.

15

Wardle List of Objects Placed in Education Department 1934.

15

Wardle Loan List 1941.

15

Southwest Pottery loan to Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe 1941.

15

Downtown Gallery Loan 1942.

15

T. Hamilton Correspondence with Mason 1944.

15

American Philosophical Society 1943.

15

Information on stolen Mexican gold objects 1949.

15

Tyler School of Art, Temple University 1949.

15

Smithsonian Institution (Mason) n.d.

15

Exchange of Museum Slide for Haitian Objects (Kurt A. Fischer).

15

Exchange Iroquois Masks for New York Pottery.

15

West Virginia Archaeological Society 1950.

15

Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences 1952.

15

Miscellaneous Loans 1952-1956.

15

American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) Phototgraphic Loan 1953-1954.

15

List (Incomplete) of Catlin Specimens on Loan to New Jersey State Museum 1956.

15

Eyman Papers re: Denver Art Museum Exchange 1954.

15

Piedras Negras Exchange 1938-1956.

16

Chief Halftown (Channel 6) 1956.

16

Danish National Museum 1956.

16

Museum of Primitive Art 1956, 1962, 1966.

16

Loan to Koninklijk Instituut Voor De Tropen 1956.

16

Denver Art Exchange Correspondence, Eyman-Cann 1956-1957.

16

Denver Exchange Correspondence, Eyman-Cann 1957-1959.

16

Denver Exchange Correspondence, Eyman-Cann-Stroller 1958.

16

Denver Art Exchange Eyman-Husserick-Feder Correspondence 1959-1963.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1957-1958.

16

Pennsylvania State Museum Exchange-Eyman 1958.

16

Memo on Loans 1959.

16

Chicago Natural History Museum 1959.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1959.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1960.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1961.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1962-1963.

16

Hazzard-Hecrut Glen Canyon Loan to Salt Lake Art Center 1963-1964.

16

Davenport Museum of Art 1964.

16

Loan to Lowie Museum. Berkeley-Eyman 1964-1966.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1964.

16

Miscellaneous Loans 1965-1970.

16

Keokuk Catlin Loan to Denver Art Museum 1966.

16

Gimbels 1966.

16

Amon Carter Museum-Catlin loan.

17

Vancouver Art Museum 1967.

17

Peale House Loan 1967.

17

Museo Nacional de Antropologia 1966.

17

Sale of Catlin and King Paintings 1971.

17

Loans for Casting 1971-1972.

17

Indian Paintings (American) Sale of, 1971 (1 of 2).

17

Indian Paintings (American),Sale of, 1971 (2 of 2).

17

Amon Carter Museum 1972.

17

Catlin Restoration, Siegl and Ewers.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1973, 1975-1977.

17

Flint Institute of Arts 1975.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1979.

17

Coach Leather Museum 1980.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1980-1981.

17

Natural History Museum of L.A. County 1981, 1986.

17

Dallas School District 1981-1983.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1982-1983.

17

Miscellaneous Loans 1984.

17

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art 1985-1986.

17

Sale Listings 1961.

17

Gifts (1969 + undated).

17

Loan for Restoration (Guatemala) 1974.

17

Exhibits, 1930-1995.

Box

Central American Gold-drawings (n.d.).

17

"Peru: Past and Present" 1944.

17

"Middle and South American Gold" 1950.

17

"Art of the Ancient Maya" 1958.

17

"Basket Exhibit" object list (n.d.).

17

"War and Peace"-proposed Maya exhibit 1970s.

17

"Guatemalan Textiles" 1970-1971.

17

"Caribbean Splendors" 1972.

17

Eastern Indian Exhibit Proposal 1975 ("Native Americans: Variety and Change").

17

"American Indian Life: 1776-1976" 1976 (Bicentennial Exhibit).

17

"American Indian Life" 1976-1978.

18

"Masks, Tents, Totems and Talismans" 1979.

18

"Shadow Catcher: E.S. Curtis Photographs" 1980.

18

"The Lenape: Wanderers in Their Own Land" 1982-1983 (1 of 2).

18

"The Lenape: Wanderers in their Own Land" 1982-1983 (2 of 2).

18

"Man and Animals: Living, Working, Changing Together" 1984-1985.

18

"Silent Language of Guatemalan Textiles" 1985.

18

"Living in Balance: The Universe of the Hopi, Zuni, Navajo and Apache" 1995 (1 of 2).

18

"Living in Balance: The Universe of the Hopi, Zuni, Navajo and Apache" 1995 (2 of 2).

18

Education Department-Mobile Guides-Object lists (n.d.).

18

Miscellaneous Exhibit Checklists 1954-1969.

18

American Galleries-Children's Quiz Cards (n.d.).

19

Labels for Maya Exhibit (1930s ?).

19

Eskimo Exhibition lists 1931.

19

Eskimo Hall (>1951) (1 of 2).

19

Eskimo Hall (>1951) (2 of 2).

19

Okvik Eskimo Archaeology exhibit case 1953.

19

Hall of Man 1956.

19

North American Exhibition Hall (1956- ) (1 of 2), 1930-1995.

19

North American Exhibition Hall (1956- ) (2 of 2).

19

North American Exhibition Hall-labels/distribtion maps (n.d.) ( 1 of 2).

19

North American Exhibition Hall-labels/distribution maps (n.d.) (2 of 2).

19

North American Exhibit Hall drawings (n.d.).

19

North American Culture Hall (1956-1961) Eskimo labels/Rainey text.

20

North American Archaeology ( -1956) (1 of 2).

20

North American Archaeology ( -1956) (2 of 2).

20

North American Ethnology (c. 1956) Drawings.

20

.

20

West Coast Hall (1941-1951) Drawings.

20

North American Indian Hall ( -Spr. 1951) Drawings.

20

Woodland Indians Original labels (n.d.).

20

Delaware Indians Archaeology (PA Week 1950-1951) Labels.

20

Pennsylvania Rock Dwellers Excavation Labels (n.d.).

20

Southwest Gallery (1956-1962).

20

Southwest Gallery-Anasazi (1956-1962) (1 of 2).

20

Southwest Gallery-Anasazi (1956-1962) (2 of 2).

20

Old South American Archaeology Hall ( -9/1958).

21

South American Ethnology (1940s-1950s).

21

South American Gallery ( -1950) Labels/drawings.

21

South American Archaeology Storage diagrams (> 1954).

21

Peruvian Hall Exhibit case layout (n.d.).

21

South American Gold Exhibit case contents (n.d.).

21

Early Man Exhibit-Witthoft (c.1959).

21

North American Indian Archaeology and Ethnology Hall ( -1966).

21

North American Indian-exhibit lists/drawings.

21

General North American labels (n.d.).

21

North American Indian Art labels (1959) (1 of 3).

21

North American Indian Art ( -9/1969) (2 of 3).

21

North American Indian Art ( -9/1969) (3 of 3).

21

Meso American Labels (n.d.).

21

Meso American Drawings ( -1960s)).

21

Central American Gold Artifacts- drawings (n.d.).

21

Miscellaneaous Dismantled Displays-Middle American Hall-drawings.

21

South American Archaeology Hall ( -8/1971).

22

Central and South American Exhibit Maps.

22

Southwest Gallery ( -1975).

22

Southwest Gallery Case lists ( -1975) (1 of 2).

22

Southwest Gallery Case lists ( -1975) (2 of 2).

22

Caddo Indians-Oklahoma Labels (n.d.) (1 of 2).

22

Caddo Indians-Oklahoma Labels (n.d.) (2 of 2).

22

Northwest Coast Labels/text (1970s).

22

Northwest Coast Drawings/objects (1970s).

22

Objects in Special Displays in the Building- 1962,1967,1972.

22

Collection Inventory

Correspondence and notes, 1912-1936.

Box

North American curatorial.

1

Meso American curatorial.

1

South American curatorial (1 of 3).

1

South American curatorial (2 of 3).

1

South American curatorial (3 of 3).

1

Notes on ethnology and migration in the New World.

1

Collection Inventory

Amazon expedition correspondence, 1911-1923.

Scope and Contents note

The Amazon expedition correspondence relates to the earliest efforts of the University of Pennsylvania Museum to mount an expedition to South America, through follow-up and scholarly activity after the expedition. Early documents include communications with Algot Lange, the original leader of the project. Once Farabee takes charge, the correspondence reflects the relationship between him and museum director George Byron Gordon, Franklin H. Church, and to some extent John W. Ogilvie. The series contains not only formal correspondence, but also documentation relating to travel, equipment, and other preparations. Included also are reports and depositions by expedition team members regarding various incidents and situations encountered, and newspaper clippings covering the expedition. Later correspondence relates to scholarly challenges to some of Farabee’s claims, and also to his interest in the palm nut oil business in Brazil.

Box

1911.

1

January-June 1912.

1

July-December 1912.

1

January-March 1913.

1

April-May 1913.

1

June 1913.

1

July-September 1913.

1

October-December 1913.

1

January-May 1914.

1

June 1914.

1

July-September 1914.

2

October-December 1914.

2

January-July 1915.

2

October-December 1915.

2

1916.

2

1917-1918.

2

Roth controversy 1916-1923.

2

Pickerell/Nut oil business 1917, 1921.

2

Amazon expedition diaries, 1913-1916.

Scope and Contents note

The Amazon expedition diaries series contains travel diaries and one travel account. They do not cover the entire progress of the expedition, but highlight certain passages. The Marajo excavations are well represented. Some of the notebooks were labeled as field notes by a later processor, but they are described as diaries by Farabee. Some of the diary text, typewritten as index entries, have been filed in Box 6. It should be noted that throughout the field notes series, brief dated entries recording the progress of the expedition may be encountered.

Box

Itinerary and selected diary entries 1913-1914.

2

Boa Vista and British Guiana June 5, 1913-November 15, 1913.

2

Dadanawa through Taruna November 20, 1913-January 7, 1914 [card file].

6

Peru: Para-Iquitos and return July 19-October 14, 1914.

2

Expedition account July 1914-.

2

Marajo November 7-17, 1914.

2

Marajo November 20-December 19, 1914.

2

Tapajos June 20-September 24, 1915.

2

Marajo November 4-December 20, 1915.

2

Marajo December 30, 1915-January 19, 1916.

2

Maraca January 23-March 11, 1916 [card file].

6

Amazon expedition field notes, (undated).

Scope and Contents note

The field notes series is contained in two filing systems. The first are notebooks referring to various Arawak and Carib peoples, and numbered by Farabee, who refers to these numbers in numerous places throughout his notes. Books 10 and 12 are missing. The second section contains notebooks and subjects not numbered, although some were later given letter labels by a processor. These letters are not followed in the present arrangement. The series contains not only notes taken by Farabee himself, but also research notes gathered from other scholars. Almost none of the field notes are dated. A large portion of the data in this series concerns vocabulary lists, most on index cards in separate boxes, but others included among the notebooks devoted to native peoples. Any topic in this series may be found among the numbered notebooks, the notebooks and documents not numbered, and the index card collection. The order maintained in the filing aid list is an attempt to make some sense out of this system, but thorough research will require consulting all areas of the series.

Box

Book 1: Wapisiana, Waiwai, Taruma.

3

Wapisiana [card file].

6

Book 2: British Guiana, Wapisiana, Atoirads, Taruma, rock carvings.

3

Atorois [card file].

6

Taruma [card file].

6

Book 3: Parikutu, Diow.

3

Diau (Diow) [card file].

6

Book 4: Munduruco vocabulary.

3

Book 5: Macusi.

3

Book 6: Mundurucu (1).

3

Mundurucu (relates to Book 6) [card file].

6

Book 7: Mundurucu (2).

3

Book 8: Mundurucu (3).

3

Book 9: Apiaca, Cashinua.

3

Apiaca [card file].

6

Book 11: Jamamadi, Ipurinas, Purus.

3

Ipurina [card file].

6

Azumara (Zapara and Prokotos, notes for missing Book 12) [card file].

6

Book 13: Macusi measurements.

3

Book 14: Ipurina, Nawasima.

3

Ipurina [card file].

6

Book 15: Katyana, Purus, Jamamadi.

3

Katyana [card file].

6

Jamamadi [card file].

6

Book 16: Jahuas, Pevas.

3

Jahuas (Yahus) [card file].

6

Book 17: Paikipiranga.

3

Pakipirango [card file].

6

Book 18: [evidently British Guiana, Wapisiana, Atteroi, Taruma].

3

Book 19: Maues.

4

Maues [card file].

6

Book 20: Waiwai (1).

4

Mapidian (relates to Book 20) [card file].

6

Parikutu (relates to Book 20) [card file].

6

Book 21: Waiwai (2).

4

Waiwai (relates mostly to Book 21) [card file].

6

Book 22: Macusi text - urn burial.

4

Macusi [card file].

6

Book 23: Maraca et al.

4

Book 24: Purus.

4

Aparai (Apalai) [card file].

6

Araucanian.

4

Tupi (Guarani) [card file].

6

Upper Purus river groups.

4

Other tribes (Atorais, Amaripas, "White Indians") [card file].

6

Anthropogeography [card file].

6

Archaeology [card file].

6

Archaeology - Marajo [card file].

6

Somatology - Taruma and Mapidian hand and foot tracings.

4

Somatology and archaeology [card file].

6

Somatology - body measurements [card file].

6

Conebo pottery making.

4

Waiwai drawings.

4

Taruma, Ataroi, Waiwai petroglyphs/Somatology - hand and foot tracings.

4

Stone carvings along river courses.

4

Cats cradles, textiles.

4

Notes on language, numbers, music.

4

Report on Apalaiis by Unkle - specimens and vocabulary.

4

Macusi vocabulary - Koch's mistakes.

4

Carib vocabularies - Waiwai [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Macusi [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Kumayena [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Chikena [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Urukuana [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Porokoto [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Azumara [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Diau [card file].

7

Carib vocabularies - Jivaro [card file].

7

Arawak vocabularies - Wapisiana [card file].

8

Arawak vocabularies - Taruma [card file].

8

Arawak vocabularies - Mapidian [card file].

8

Mundurucu folktales.

4

Flora and fauna [card file].

6

River crossing calculations [card file].

6

Astronomical observations and calculations 1913-1914.

4

Wapisiana and Macusi collections sent from Boa Vista.

4

Archaeological and ethnological collections - original lists.

4

General notes [card file].

6

Amazon expedition administrative, 1913, 1917-1918, 1926, 1955, 1983, undated.

Scope and Contents note

The administrative series contains documents relating to general information gathered in preparation for the expedition and later organization of files and other documentation. Bibliographies, lists of photographic negatives and other practical information are included, some pertaining to Farabee’s business interests. A proposal (1918) for an expedition to the Central and South American coasts, although not properly belonging to the Amazon expedition, is filed here, as well as a brief autobiographical sketch, written by Farabee himself.

Box

Farabee autobiographical sketch circa 1917.

5

Notebook of practical information compiled for Farabee 1913.

5

Information re contents and location of field notebooks 1926, 1955, 1983.

5

Catalogue of negatives.

5

Proposal for exploration of Central and South American coast 1918.

5

Names and addresses [card file].

6

Bibliographic collections [card file].

6

Bibliographies [card file].

6

South American business [card file].

6

Amazon expedition publications and talks, 1915-1916, 1924.

Scope and Contents note

The publications and talks series contains notes and drafts of manuscripts in preparation for several publications, both articles written about the expedition, and two books by Farabee: The Central Arawaks (1918), and  The Central Caribs (1924), including a file of illustrations. Notes for talks given before various groups are included on index cards in Box 6.

Box

"The Amazon Expedition" by G.B. Gordon (abstract Museum Journal VI:I, 1915).

5

Drafts of reports and lectures (most for article Museum Journal VII:4, 1916).

5

Outline for The Central Arawaks (1918) and  The Central Caribs (1924).

5

The Central Caribs (1924) drafts of physical measurements.

5

The Central Caribs (1924) illustrations.

5

Notes for talks [card file].

6

Andean expedition, 1920-1923, undated.

Scope and Contents note

The Andean expedition contains all of the topics described in the Amazon expedition in one series: correspondence, field notes, archaeological notes, talks and administrative files. The field notes for southern Peru contain some brief diary entries from October 1922. Among the index card collection are archaeological notes from Manabi, Ecuador, and a file containing notes and drawings of Peruvian pottery.

Box

Correspondence 1920-1923.

5

Field notes - Nazca and Pisco grave lot list 1922.

5

Field notes - Arequipa, Pisco, Puntillos, with diary October 16-25, 1922.

5

Field notes - Manibi, Ecuador archaeological notes [card file].

8

Field notes - Peruvian pottery notes and drawings [card file].

8

Notes on the Bolivian and Peruvian Puna and its inhabitants.

5

Quechua folk music talk.

5

Administrative - museum catalogue number list of Sabandia, Arequipa, Peru objects.

5

Administrative - receipts 1922-1923.

5

Administrative - Rowe notes on Farabee Andean collection [card file] 1956.

8

Photographs, 1906-1923.

Scope and Contents note

The photograph series contains photographic prints principally from the Amazon expedition (1913-1916), but also from the Andean expedition (1922-1923) and from the Harvard University DeMilhau expedition to Peru (1906-1909). Farabee used both glass slide and nitrate film. The photographs are arranged by expedition and subject, mostly tribal affiliations. Some of the photographs in this series are by John W. Ogilvie. There is a catalogue of negatives for the Amazon expedition in the Amazon expedition administrative series. The catalogue is indexed alphabetically by detailed subject, with photograph numbers.

Box

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - general.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Apalaii.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Ataroi.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Diau.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Macusi.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Mapidian.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - petroglyphs.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Taruma.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Waiwai.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Waiwe.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - British Guiana - Wapisiana.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Dutch Guiana - Kumayena.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Dutch Guiana - Urukuena.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - general.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Apiaca.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Azumara.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Cayapo.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Chikena, Katawain.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Jamamadi.

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Marajo Island (Lago Grande do Adjudante, Territory of Amaga).

SA 8

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Mundurucu.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Paikipitanga.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Tonayena.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Brazil - Zapara.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Peru - Campa.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Peru - Conebo (Ucayli River).

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Peru - Shipibo.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - Peru - Yahua.

SA 9

Amazon expedition - unidentified.

SA 9

Andean expedition - excavations and ruins.

SA 9

Peru, Bolivia and Cuba - people and places.

SA 9

J. DeMilhau expedition to Peru, 1906-1909 (Harvard University).

SA 9

American Section

0044

American Section

0044

American Section

0044

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Title:
American Section
Date [bulk]:
1898-1960
Date [inclusive]:
1826-1995
Call Number:
0044
Extent:
16 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The American Section was one of the first to evolve during the early development of the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. The University Archaeological Association established in 1887 and later, the American Exploration Society, established in 1892, exhibited several small collections in College Hall before the building campaign for the museum began. Charles Abbott was the first curator of the section succeeded by Henry C. Mercer and then Stewart Culin who was also named Director in 1899. Each succeeding curator was responsible for adding collections, many of them representing their own expeditions in the United States, Alaska, Mexico, Central America and South America. Records in the files are dated from 1826 through the 1980s. The transfer of materials to the Archives took place piecemeal and without a central organization. The current re-processing placed the files into three series, Deaccessions and Loans, Collectors and Collections and Exhibits.
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
Title:
William C. Farabee American Section records
Date [bulk]:
1912-1925
Date [inclusive]:
1912-1936
Call Number:
0079
Extent:
0.2 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
William Curtis Farabee was a Harvard educated geneticist and ethnologist who served the Penn Museum as a researcher and curator. During his expeditions to South America, he detailed the cultural diversity of the Arawak and Carib peoples. Farabee's time as curator of the American Section of the museum resulted in five folders of correspondence and notes dating mostly from 1915 to 1925.
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
Title:
William C. Farabee expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1911-1923
Date [inclusive]:
1906-1924, 1926, 1955, 1983, undated
Call Number:
1120
Extent:
5.3 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
William C. Farabee (1865-1925) was a physical and cultural anthropologist, archaeologist, and cartographer who devoted most of his life’s work to documenting and interpreting the native cultures of South America, principally the Arawak and Carib peoples of the Amazon basin and the native peoples of the Andes. He also conducted archaeological studies at Marajo Island, Brazil, and at several other locations, including Peru and Ecuador. The collection consists of 5.3 linear feet of textual and photographic documentation related principally to the Amazon expedition of the University of Pennsylvania Museum, 1913-1916, and also to the Andean expedition of 1922-1923.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. William C. Farabee expedition records. Penn Museum Atchives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Biography/History

The American Section was one of he first sectiions of the new Museum, originally titled the "Museum of American Archaeology." Preliminary steps were taken in 1886 with the appointment of Daniel Garrison Brinton as Professor of American Linguistics and Archaeology within the Religious Studies Department of the University. In 1888 Brinton organized the University Archaeological Association, a group of scholars and laymen interested in archaeology and ethnology. Brinton materials available include correspondence in the early Director's files, offprints of his pioneering articles in American Indian linguistics, and filed in the curatorial section, a portion of his "Walum Olum", a purportedly Native American epic he edited, with annotations in an unknown hand. Before his death in 1899, he saw the Museum firmly established in American archaeology and anthropology. A large file of letters concerning a memoir on Brinton being prepared by Stewart Culin can be found at the Brooklyn Museum. Brinton also willed his library of 20,000 rare volumes, including 16th century dictionaries, to the new Museum to form the core of the present Anthropology Library.

The Museum was officially established in November 1889, with Charles C. Abbott appointed its first curator, several small collections being brought together in College Hall. Abbott, after earning a medical degree, had served as a field archaeologist for Frederic Ward Putnam of the Peabody Museum and then had earned his own national reputation for publishing claims that crude stone tools found on and nearby his Trenton farm were of the same great antiquity as those claimed for early man in Europe. On his appointment Abbott turned over the burden of proof to Ernest Volk, who supplied the Museum with collections over the next 22 years. The Abbott papers consist entirely of incoming correspondence, which he soon began to number in red pencil chronologically, plus several reports to the Archaeological Association (the 1890 one lists not only American but also many sources of early collections represented). These reports contain the only description of excavations by Abbott, his son Richard, and fellow amateur archaeologist Henry C. Mercer during Abbott's brief tenure (1889-1893). A listing of Delaware Valley sites, undated and possibly by Abbott, and one of American Indian artifacts received during the 1890's are also filed with Abbott's curatorial papers. During his tenure a variety of small local excavations were undertaken in the eastern United States. Francis C. Macauley, a member of the Association donated his large collection of eastern American archaeology. The American Section curatorial files also contain an 1890 catalog of the Warren Moorehead collection which was apparently not acquired by the Museum.

After a major effort failed to obtain Franz Boas as Curator, in late 1893, Abbott was replaced by his friend Mercer, who agreed to serve without salary. Mercer, who later was to establish a nationally known tile works and pioneered the study of American folk culture, spent most of his brief tenure in the field conducting numerous small-scale excavations on Museum grants in attempts to establish great human antiquity, whether in Yucatan or Tennessee. For this reason his records are treated under Expeditions, and his papers are listed in the North America and Central America finding aids. Essential background on Mercer can be found in Mason's 1956 biographical article in the Pennsylvania Archaeologist, while the bulk of his papers are held by the Bucks County Historical Society. During this time Stewart Culin, who had been named the Museum's Director in 1892 to represent it at the Madrid exposition, acquired important American collections not only from expeditions to Key Marco in Florida and Pachacamac in Peru but also Guatemala, Venezuela, and Ecuadorian objects from the Chicago Columbian Exposition in 1893; the very large and valuable Hazzard/Hearst collection of Utah and Colorado prehistoric perishable antiquities (put together by the Wetherill brothers, discoverers of Mesa Verde, and others and divided with the Hearst Museum at Berkeley); the pan-American Lamborn collection; an early treasure of ceremonial objects excavated in the Chira Valley, Peru, by S. M. Scott; and a remarkable variety of ethnological and archaeological objects collected in North America by Major Horatio Rust, whose 1895 catalog survives.

Stewart Culin, who replaced Mercer in 1899, had been a founding member and secretary of the Archaeological Association and was a good friend of Daniel Brinton's. He already managed the growing Asian and general ethnology collections and had been titled "Director" since 1892. The Board of Managers retained control of budget and policy and abolished Culin's title in 1899. Culin left in 1903. Nevertheless in less than five years he managed to greatly expand the American collections, most notably by the proceeds from his own expeditions sponsored by John Wanamaker throughout the western reservations in 1900 and 1901 and a short buying trip to Zuni in early 1902. In addition to direct purchases he made acquisitions from major dealers such as C. F. Newcombe in the Northwest and Thomas Keam in Arizona, represented in correspondence and packing lists. The actual object slips are filed with field record files, while Culin's account of the 1900 trip can be found in the 1901 Bulletin of the Free Museum of Science and Art and a bound 1901 account is available with photographs at the Brooklyn Museum. Other important collections added were that of Thomas Donaldson, painter George Catlin's executor and a key official in the 1890 Indian section of the Eleventh U.S. Census, including a number of Catlin pieces; the Dickeson collection, a bequest of an early amateur archaeologist in the Natchez, Mississippi area; western Mexican archaeology and ethnology from explorer Carl Lumholtz; and the large Poinsett-Keating Mexican archaeological collection originally donated about 1830 to the American Philosophical Society by the first U.S. Ambassador to Mexico and an associate. Items of special interest include the original proof sheets and photographs used in the 1890 Census acquired from Donaldson's son; 1840's plans of sites in the lower Mississippi region in the Dickeson papers; and a handful of letters by famous artist Thomas Eakins, who painted Frank Hamilton Cushing in the outfit of a Zuni chief for the Museum (painting now at the Gilcrease Institute in Tulsa, outfit at the Brooklyn Museum), Mrs. William Frishmuth, donator of a worldwide collection of musical instruments to the Museum (painting now in the Philadelphia Museum of Art); and a lost portrait of Stewart Culin. The Culin curatorial files contain miscellaneous routine correspondence, including a file on casts made from the Peabody, Smithsonian and Cologne Museums and a set of vouchers for 1901-1902 donations to the American Prehistoric Fund. A large ledger recording exchanges begun by Mercer but continued by Culin is in the Exchanges and Loans series (a few leaves in Culin's hand are in a Mercer folder), and Culin's 1900 and 1901 reports are filed with the rest of those from the American Section, in addition to one box of papers in the Director's files. Culin' major interest was in games worldwide, in which he worked with Frank Hamilton Cushing, and he published the definitive work on Native American games in 1907; a large collection of these are both at Penn and at Brooklyn.

With Culin's departure, the size of the collections demanded a swift replacement. The choice would almost certainly have fallen on William Farabee, a Harvard student of Sara Yorke Stevenson's old friend Dr. Putnam, but Farabee declined in favor of a Harvard instructorship. Eventually the decision was made to temporarily combine the American and General Ethnology Sections under William Furness as curator,(see East Asia finding aid) while George B. Gordon, another Putnam student who had worked for the Peabody on Honduran excavations, was hired as Assistant Curator. Furness resigned in November 1904, with Gordon then appointed Curator of the Section of American Archaeology and in 1905 Curator of General Ethnology. He held these responsibilities even after his 1910 appointment as the Museum's first true Director, until 1913. Documents on his curatorship are mostly in the Director's files and letterbooks (the latter not beginning until February 1905) and in the American Section reports, which are very detailed for 1903-1910 and less so for 1910-1913 (latter in Director's reports. Actual curatorial files include a detailed catalog and correspondence on a large and valuable North American ethnological collection offered by the Fred Harvey Company to the Museum but not purchased; a 1904 evaluation by Gordon of the collections of the New York Academy of Sciences; and a set of memos on objects acquired during the curatorship. Information on the 1905 and 1907 collection trips taken by Gordon to Alaska has been filed with field records. It should also be mentioned that systematic anthropological instruction in the University began at Gordon's instigation by 1906, with the establishment of Harrison Fellowships to bring in Assistant Curators able to finish graduate degrees and serve as instructors after 1907.

By early 1907 Gordon had met George G. Heye, wealthy New York financier and Indian collector. It appears that very soon after arrangements were made, culminating in Heye's support, for the acquisition of the Plimpton basket collection in return for duplicates collected on the Alaska trip (April 5). A major exchange of specimens was arranged in early 1908. A regular system of Gordon communicating information on collections available to Heye soon developed. By September 1908 Heye had agreed with Gordon to place his already enormous collections in the Museum, had accepted board membership, a vice-presidency, and chairmanship of the American Committee, and agreed to pay the salary of his assistant George Pepper to serve as assistant curator in the Section. These terms were ratified by the Board October 20. Pepper started work in January 1909, and served as acting curator in Gordon's absence February to early May as the Heye Collection was gradually unpacked. J. Alden Mason joined the Section as photographer and assistant at this time and with Edward Sapir, a Harrison Fellow, undertook an archaeological and ethnological reconnaissance to the Ute reservations in Utah in the summer (see North America finding aid). Meanwhile Pepper moved the large Talbot Hyde loan collection of Southwest Archaeology here from the American Museum of Natural History. William Orchard, who had been at the Museum of Natural History, was the second assistant taken on at Heye's expense in November 1909 in charge of mending, conservation and preparation of models for display (replacing Mason who was pursuing his doctoral studies).

The Heye Collection officially opened February 12, 1910, soon after Gordon became Director. Frank Speck was sent at Heye's expense to collect among the Penobscot in the spring, and Mark R. Harrington was furnished Museum authorization while collecting for Heye among the Shawnee, Kiowa, Miami, Iowa, Sac and Fox, and Delaware in Oklahoma in the summer (see Expeditions). At the start of 1911 Pepper's title was changed to acting curator and his salary made nominal for one year as he was now spending most of his time with Heye in New York, and Harrington was hired as assistant curator, with collection expenses still Heye's. He and Speck continued a wide variety of trips for Heye, as did Wilson Wallis, Orchard, and Gerda Sebbelov (the Osage).

William Farabee returned to contact with the Museum when offered the leadership of the Amazon Expedition in 1912, which he initially refused but eventually accepted in 1913, along with the curatorship. By the time he returned from his work in South America in 1916, major changes had occurred in the Section. George Heye withdrew his collections starting in May 1916 to form the nucleus of his own Museum of the American Indian in New York. Orchard had resigned in May 1915 and Harrington in January 1916, both of them continuing to work for Heye; Pepper's association had ended in January 1912. Bruce Merwin was hired as an assistant in July 1915 but spent 1917-1918 in military service before resigning. Pepper, Orchard and Harrington materials consist of correspondence in the Director's files plus a valuable 1912-1914 Harrington letterbook comprised mostly of Indian informants’ and dealers’ letters to him during his period of research in Oklahoma (he and Merwin published Journal articles, and Harrington also a monograph in Anthropological Publications). A 1911-1914 American Committee letterbook is also of great interest. Orchard's fieldwork of this period was later used to write the standard references on Native American beadwork and quillwork. Records of the Heye years include extensive Heye-Gordon correspondence, numerous photographs of specimens, several field reports by Speck, Wallis, etc.(Expeditions), and many lists of shipments coming in 1908-1916 and of complex exchanges with the Museum during these years and in 1917-1919. Heye later co-sponsored Gregory Mason's work for the museum in Colombia in the 1920's, and Theodoor deBooy left his employ for a Venezuelan Museum expedition.

Farabee served as Acting Director in 1917 in addition to the curatorship, although he was absent on military and diplomatic service 1918-1920. He made another major South American trip for the Museum in 1922-1923 to Peru and Chile. However severe illness effectively ended his job performance after his return, and his duties were undertaken by H. U. Hall in 1924-1925 until Farabee's death from anemia. The Archives contains relatively little documentation from Farabee: correspondence in the Director's files (1911-1925), extensive photographs both from the expeditions and before his curatorship, and three folders of curatorial correspondence divided geographically. He also published The Central Arawaks and The Central Caribs through the Museum on his expeditions and a variety of Journal articles. It appears however that besides the expeditions most major acquisitions were actually arranged by Gordon, who during 1903-1927 made the American Section holdings the largest in the Museum. Important examples include North American basket collections from H. K. Deisher, Mrs. Richard Waln Meirs, W. K. Jewett, Plimpton, Mrs. Edward Bok, and Grace Nicholson; Plains collections from Mrs. Archibald Barklie (Armstrong), J. H. McLaughlin, M. A. Thomson, J. L. Brennan, and P. H. Ray; Guatemalan expeditions by Robert Burkitt and Alaskan by Louis Shotridge and Van Valin (S. E. Alaska); Eskimo objects from Captain George Comer, Captain Bernard, and Henry Bryant; Mesoamerican pottery from the Stearns and von der Leith; Valley of Mexico pottery excavated by Franz Boas; a prehistoric Pueblo basket of very rare type and antiquity from Zeller; and Northwest Coast objects from George Emmons. Gordon also sold the Museum a set of choice objects from his own collection in 1915.

Louis Shotridge, a Tlingit Indian, met George Byron Gordon in Southeast Alaska in 1905. He came to the Museum in 1912 to aid in work on the Heye Collection. In 1915, Shotridge began regular shipments of extremely valuable Tlingit ceremonial objects to the Museum (see North America/Alaska finding aid). He was appointed an assistant curator in 1922. One folder of shipments and memos from his tenure is in the curatorial files. Don Whistler, a member of the Sac and Fox tribe, filled in as assistant to Shotridge from 1925-1926.

John Alden Mason was then hired from the Field Museum of Natural History, and his tenure (1926-1955) is well-documented, including a large professional correspondence with geographical subdivisions, offerings of collections (also geographically organized), in-house memos, a set of notebooks (1922-1952), lecture notes and bibliographies, and a long-term file on his lifelong interest in American rock art. Mason made 22 expeditions of varying scope during his active curatorship and his scholarly and field activities completely encompassed the Americas. Materials on his pre-1926 activities include the 1909 expedition for the Museum, 1913 Great Slave notes later published by Yale, 1914 Puerto Rican work for Columbia, Tepecano linguistics in west Mexico, and Santa Marta excavations for the Field Museum in Colombia. The bulk of Mason's correspondence and his linguistic fieldnotes were transferred to the American Philosophical Society on his death, and his library was sold to Southern Illinois University during his lifetime. He remained active as Emeritus Curator up to his death in 1967.

In addition to Shotridge, who spent about all of his 1922-1932 tenure in the field, Mason was assisted by Harriet Wardle, who had been curator of the Academy of Natural Sciences' Clarence Moore Collection (Southeast archaeology). Wardle came to the Museum after Moore, amid great controversy, transferred his objects to the Heye Foundation in 1929. Her curatorial records consist of a large alphabetical file of correspondence (she retired in 1948 but was active long after), while extensive research on Peruvian textiles can be found under "South America" and other work under the Key Marco Expedition and Stephens Collection.

Collections added during the Mason years include the remarkable gold objects from Cocle, Panama; objects from the Piedras Negras expeditions; Shotridge's Northwest Coast collections; the vast Academy of Natural Sciences collections including the pre-1879 Haldeman and the large Gottschall Collections, originally loaned but then acquired in exchange; Frank Speck collections from eastern Canada; the large and meticulously documented Osborne (Guatemalan textiles) and Stephens (North American ethnographic) collections; various Colombian and Panamanian gold collection and Mayer Brazilian, Broad Costa Rican, and Monday Mexican archaeological collections; jade Northwest Coast objects from Emmons.

Important research associates working with Mason include (for the most part files with "Expeditions"): Edgar Howard (1929-1943) (see Early Man files), a specialist in early man in the Americas; Mary Butler Lewis (1932-1970) (one folder of correspondence); and Frederica DeLaguna (see Alaska). John Corning worked as an assistant (1941-1943) in the Section on Cocle and his own Georgia expedition. J. Louis Giddings, an Arctic archaeologist, began as a research associate (1950-1951) and then was assistant curator (1951-1956) with correspondence in the Director's files. A major source for these years is the set of monthly American Section reports (1941-1948) written by Mason with appendices usually by Howard, Wardle, and Satterthwaite.

Linton Satterthwaite began association with the Museum as Mason's assistant on the Piedras Negras expedition in 1930 and became assistant curator in 1933, eventually becoming associate curator in 1948 and Mason's successor in 1955. In addition to a large alphabetical correspondence including such other prominent scholars as Sylvanus Morley, Herbert Spinden and J. Eric Thompson, "special", "routine", and "home" correspondence, a large series of notebooks documents Satterthwaite's long-term interest in Maya and other Mesoamerican calendrics and writing systems. Other files include lecture and class notes, bibliographies, curatorial business, exhibit designs, etc. Satterthwaite's archaeological work at Caracol and Benque Viejo in Belize and Piedras Negras and Tikal in Guatemala is described in the finding aid "Central America".

The next curatorial files of significance are those for Alfred Kidder II; although he did not hold a curatorship until 1867-1972. In his position as associate director after 1950 he had considerable involvement in American work due to his active interest in South American Archaeology. For this reason several folders of correspondence have been placed in the curatorial section. Kidder files are also in the Director’s files or in his estate. Also in this era are the papers of Frances Eyman (Witthoft), who began as an assistant in the Section in 1948, followed by an assistant curatorship and the first Keeper of American collections from 1964 to her death in 1969. Her files consist of alphabetical correspondence, exhibit labels, and research notes showing her active interest in increasing documentation and understanding of the North American objects in the Museum. These are the most recent files with significant holdings in the American Curatorial series, as the relevant papers of William Coe (Assistant Curator 1959-1964, Associate Curator 1964-1969, Curator of Middle American Archaeology 1969-1972, and Curator of the American Section 1972-1987); Robert Sharer (Assistant Curator 1972-1974, Associate Curator 1974-1984, Curator 1985-present); Ruben Reina (Assistant Curator 1959-1962, Associate Curator 1962-1967, Curator of the Latin American Ethnology 1967-1991); Anthony Wallace (Assistant and Curator of North American Ethnology 1961-1988); and John Witthoft (Research Associate 1966-1970, Associate Curator of North American Ethnology 1970-1981, Consulting Curator 1982-1986) remain in the offices of the individuals. All have joint appointments in the Anthropology Department. Also further Eyman files as well as those of later Keepers Albina de Meio (1969-1974), Claudia Medoff (1974-1982) and Pamela Hearne (1982-date) are retained in the office of the American Section. No record except for an Expedition article and a resume in the Director's files appear to exist for Thomas Greaves, Assistant Curator of South American Ethnology, 1969-1973. Records for John Cotter (Associate Curator of American Historical Archaeology, 1972-1973) have been placed with the Historical Archaeology Section. Since 1982 Professors Reina, Wallace, and Witthoft have been titled "consulting" curators and Frederica DeLaguna has been Honorary Curator of North American Ethnology.

Biography/History

The American Section was established at the beginning of the Museum, with the original museum name being the "Museum of American Archaeology." Preliminary steps were taken in 1886 with the appointment of Daniel Garrison Brinton as Professor of American Linguistics and Archaeology within the Religious Studies Department of the University. In 1888 Brinton organized the University Archaeological Association, a group of scholars and laymen interested in archaeology and ethnology. The Museum was officially established in November 1889, with Charles C. Abbott appointed its first curator, several small collections being brought together in College Hall.

Stewart Culin was also present at the start of the museum, serving as Director and Curator of the Department of Ethnology. He greatly expanded the holdings of the museum. Culin left for the Brooklyn Museum in 1907.

With Culin's departure, the size of the collections demanded a swift replacement. The choice would almost certainly have fallen on William Farabee, a Harvard student of Sara Yorke Stevenson's old friend Dr. Putnam, but Farabee declined in favor of a Harvard instructorship.

William Farabee returned to the Museum when offered the leadership of the Amazon Expedition in 1912, which he initially refused but eventually accepted in 1913, along with the curatorship. Farabee served as Acting Director in 1917 in addition to the curatorship.

During World War I Farabee was a captain in the Intelligence Corps of the U.S. Army and was personally selected by President Woodrow Wilson as chief ethnographer of the American Peace Commission negotiating the Treaty of Versailles. He was charged with drawing up the cultural maps of the world. In 1921, President Warren Harding sent him as a special diplomatic envoy to Peru.

William Curtis Farabee was born in Spartansburg, Pennsylvania in 1865. He achieved his B.A. from Waynesburg College then attended Harvard University, receiving his Ph.D. in 1903. Farabee was only the second student to attain a degree in Physical Anthropology at Harvard. He studied under William E. Castle. His dissertation dealt with digital (finger) malformations in humans, confirming the work of geneticist Gregor Mendel in the previous century.

Farabee's passions were genetics and the ethnology of indigenous people. He visited South America in three expeditions, traveling to remote areas in the Amazon basin. He often was the first man of European background seen by the native population. Farabee recorded the cultural diversity of the people and obtained objects for the Penn Museum collection.

Farabee detailed his findings in books; The Central Arawaks and The Central Caribs.

William Curtis Farabee succombed at the age of 60 to a recurring bout with dysentery contracted in the jungle.

Biography/History

William Curtis Farabee was born February 7, 1865, near Sparta, Washington County, Pa. He studied at California State Normal School from 1885 to 1887, before attending Waynesburg College, Pa., where he received his B.A. He was a teacher and public school principal following his graduation. In 1897 he married Sylvia Manilla Holdren of Athens, Ohio.

Farabee attended Harvard University, studying physical anthropology under William C. Castle. He was also a student of anthropologist Frederic Ward Putnam. He received his Ph.D. in 1903, only the second student at Harvard to be awarded a degree in his field. His dissertation dealt with digital malformations in humans, and was reputedly the first successful attempt to apply Mendelian principles of genetics to human subjects. He taught anthropology at Harvard from 1903 to 1913. His early work, in addition to genetic research, included field work in archaeology in the Tennessee and Ohio valleys, the American Southwest, and Iceland (1901- 1905). He led the J. DeMilhau Ethnological Expedition to South America from 1906 to 1909 (Harvard University), exploring the rainforest of Peru east of the Andes.

In 1907 Dr. Farabee was offered a position at the University of Pennsylvania Museum as curator of the Department American Archaeology and Ethnology after the departure of Stewart Cullin, but he declined, accepting instead a post as instructor at Harvard.

Farabee was subsequently offered a position as leader of the South American Expedition of the University of Pennsylvania Museum by director George Byron Gordon in 1912, which he also declined. Gordon then asked explorer Algot Lange to lead the expedition. Lange completed much preparatory work, but was replaced when Farabee accepted the position in 1913, in addition to the museum curatorship, which he held until 1917. Lange was then sent as special envoy to Brazil to prepare local authorities for the expedition, but bad feelings between Lange and the museum persisted, and his relationship to the expedition and the museum was terminated.

The task of the South American, or Amazon expedition, was to record the cultures of indigenous peoples in the Amazon basin, threatened by incursions of the developing rubber trade. It was also assigned to conduct archaeological investigations in the region whose prehistory was virtually unknown. During the Amazon expedition Farabee spent three years (1913-1916) exploring and documenting the little-known Arawak and Carib tribes of the Amazon basin in Brazil, British Guiana and eastern Peru. His field notes document bodily measurements, material culture, languages, and myths and customs of the local peoples. His travel companions included a Scotsman, John W. Ogilvie, an adventurer and trader who had lived for fourteen years among the Wapisiana, and physician Franklin H. Church, who departed the team early for health reasons. Farabee also spent some time excavating archaeological sites on the island of Marajo at the mouth of the Amazon, where he recovered a large collection of ceramics. He documented several prehistoric cave sites north of the river, as well as petroglyphs along the expedition route. He was able to record a great deal of new cartographic information concerning the Amazon basin. In some cases, he was the first person of European origin to be seen by natives, although some of his assertions in this respect were later challenged. In addition to his field notes, Farabee sent back to the museum a significant collection of native artifacts, as well as drawings and photographs.

Artifacts from the Amazon expedition were exhibited at the University Museum in 1917 (again in 1927). The same year Farabee was the recipient of the Elisha Kent Medal from the Philadelphia Geographical Society. He also received a gold medal from the Explorers Club of New York.

Farabee served in the Intelligence Corps of the U.S. Army during World War I, and was selected by President Wilson to be chief ethnographer of the American Peace Commission during the Versailles Treaty negotiations. He was responsible for drawing up a series of cultural maps of the world. In 1921, President Harding sent him as special diplomatic envoy to Peru. There he was decorated with the Order of the Sun, and became an honorary member of the University of San Marcos, Lima. From 1921-1922 he was president of the American Anthropological Association.

Farabee returned to South America in 1922, exploring the Andean regions of Nasca, Pisco, Tambo Colorado and Arequipa, collecting pottery and textile artifacts. He also made ethnological observations concerning the Quechua Indians. This expedition was cut short when he contracted dysentery, or pernicious anemia, which required him to remove for a time to Chile, where he studied the Araucanian Indians, and eventually to return to the United States. Despite heroic efforts at a cure, he succumbed to recurring illness on June 24, 1925.

Dr. Farabee was the author of several scholarly books and articles related to his anthropological studies. His most important monographs are The Central Arawaks (1918),  Indian Tribes of Eastern Peru (1922), and  The Central Caribs (1924). Farabee published an account of the Amazon expedition: “A Pioneer in Amazonia: The Narrative of a Journey from Manaos to Georgetown” in  The Bulletin of the Geographical Society of Philadelphia, vol. XV, no. 2 (April 1917). About half of Farabee’s ethnological data remained unpublished at his death. By his own estimate, he had enough data to generate an additional volume on ethnology and another of archaeology.

Scope and Contents

American Section files were unarranged when transferred to the Archives. Curatorial files have been subdivided into "curatorial" proper as a sub-series (arranged, in general, "chronologically" by holders of assistant curatorships); an "exchanges, loans, deaccessions and thefts" sub-series grouping documents on the movements of American objects (to be used in connection with the records of the Registrar's Office, established in 1929); an "inventories" sub-series containing various topical and other lists of objects in the American collections; a "collectors and collections" sub-series arranged alphabetically by the name of the donor or seller or title of collection; and a "general administration" sub-series encompassing index cards, exhibit labels, various American Section reports starting with Mercer, documents on American topics with no discernible connection, miscellaneous financial transactions, etc. Research files by curators Eyman and Wardle have been placed in their curatorial files, while correspondence with non-Museum scholars using the collection for which there is no original note material (Helen Palmatary on Brazilian archaeology and Marius Barbeau on slate carving have been included in "general administration." Ernestine Singer's work on netting is now a separate collection in the American Section.

Reprocessing of the collection began in the spring of 2015. The general series were maintained with the exception of the inventories which were evaluated and placed in more appropriate series such as exhibits, personal papers, general administration, etc..

Scope and Contents

William Curtis Farabee, a Harvard educated geneticist and ethnologist served the Penn Museum as a researcher and curator. During his expeditions to South America, he detailed the cultural diversity of the Arawak and Carib peoples.

This collection marks his time as a curator of the American Section. It consists of five folders of correspondence and notes divided into North American, Meso American and South American curatorial business, mainly questions on the value of collections or objects and offers of sale.

Scope and Contents

The William C. Farabee expedition records consist of 5.3 linear feet of textual and photographic material related to the South American, or Amazon expedition (1913-1916) and the Andean expedition (1922-1923), of the University of Pennsylvania Museum. The bulk of the collection, at least 4.1 linear feet, concerns the Amazon expedition. The collection consists of correspondence, diaries, field notes, drawings, photographs, publishing information, talks, and various administrative documents. The bulk of the Amazon material concerns anthropological data relating to various tribes of the Amazon basin in Brazil, British Guiana, and eastern Peru. The native peoples documented belong to the Arawak and Carib linguistic families. Data include somatology, linguistics, notes on material culture, folklore, music and myths. Farabee also recorded cartographic and other practical information during his expedition, including notes on flora and fauna. The Amazon expedition records include archaeological notes related to excavations on the island of Marajo and other nearby prehistoric sites. The Andean expedition records contain both ethnological and archaeological material.

The Amazon expedition collection is divided into series by type: correspondence, diaries, field notes, administrative documents, publications and talks. The Andean expedition consists of one series. The photograph series contains material from the Amazon expedition, Andean expedition, as well as the Harvard DeMilhau expedition to Peru in 1906-1909. Three boxes containing notes on index cards complement the folders in the main collection. The index cards are referenced in the finding aid after their related folders by box number only, but they can be easily searched after the following order:

Box 6: Diaries, Native tribes arranged alphabetically, Archaeology, Flora and fauna, Somatology, Administrative files and bibliographies, Notes for talks and public presentations

Box 7: Carib vocabularies

Box 8: Arawak vocabularies, John Rowe notes on Andean collection, Archaeological notes on Manabi, Ecuador and Peruvian pottery

Documents are principally in English, but there are several files, usually data collected from other scholars, in Portuguese, Spanish, French and German. Spellings of indigenous tribes vary; the spellings used in this finding aid are those used by Farabee.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  5/27/15

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  12/3/2015

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  2016

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bryce Little/Jody Rodgers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bryce Little Jody Rodgers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by James R. DeWalt

Revision Description

 April 2016

Access Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items of these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Processing Information note

This collection was originally processed in 1983. At that time, numerous processor notes were appended to the collection. These have been retained where they contain useful information, although some notes may be misleading. Farabee’s field notebooks were numbered and arranged by him, and this order has been retained. Additional notes on index cards intended to complement the notebooks were often numbered by Farabee to correspond to the field notebooks. Other unnumbered notebooks had been given a letter designation by a later researcher; these have not been used in the present collection arrangement as they have no relation to the original collection.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

See also the Algot Lange papers (PU-Mu. 1119) for biographical/historical information related to Lange in the finding aid. See also the John W. Ogilvie papers (PU-Mu.1121).

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)
  • Abbott, Charles C., 1843-1919
  • Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899
  • Bruckner, Geraldine M., b. 1901-d. 1982
  • Coe, William R. , 1926-2009
  • Culin, Stewart, 1858-1929
  • Dyson, Robert H., 1927-
  • Eyman, Frances, 1921-1949
  • Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Kidder, Alfred Vincent, 1885-1963
  • King, Mary Elizabeth, b. 1929
  • Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967
  • Mercer, Henry C., 1856-1930
  • Pepper, William, 1843-1898
  • Possehl, , Gregory L., Dr., b. 1941
  • Rainey, Froelich, Director of the University Museum
  • Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
  • Shotridge, Louis
  • Stevenson, Sara Yorke, 1847-1921
Subject(s)
  • Exhibits
  • Hazzard-Hearst collection
  • Julsrud collection
  • Osbourne collection

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
Personal Name(s)
  • Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
  • Culin, Stewart, 1858-1929
  • Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
Subject(s)
  • Arawak Indians
  • Carib Indians
  • Ethnology

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Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)
  • Amazon River region
  • Andean region
  • Brazil
  • British Guiana
  • Manabi (Ecuador)
  • Marajo Island (Brazil)
  • Nazca (Peru)
  • Pisco (Peru)
Personal Name(s)
  • Church, Franklin H. (Franklin Higby), 1880-
  • Farabee, William Curtis, b. 1865-d. 1925
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Lange, Algot, 1884-
  • Ogilvie, John W.
Subject(s)
  • Arawak Indians
  • Carib Indians
  • Mundurucu Indians
  • Pottery--Peru
  • Quechua Indians
  • Waiwai Indians
  • Wapisiana Indians

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Collection Inventory

Collectors and Collections, 1870-1962.

Box

Absinck & Co. Ecuadorian Gold (Pablo Sanchez).

1

Aguirre. Porfirio- Mexican bells.

1

Allen, Frederick W.(Dr. Federico Freund).

1

Allice, T. H-Northwest Coast collection purchase, 1908-1916.

1

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP)— Annotated list-Loan to UM.

1

ANSP- Original list of Academy Numbers.

1

ANSP- Miscellaneous list.

1

ANSP-Label (Lewis and Clark).

1

ANSP-Mason information re: S. S. Haldeman.

1

ANSP-Object cards with ANSP numbers and collectors (Greenland, Siam, others) (1 of 2).

1

ANSP-Object cards with ANSP numbers and collectors(Greenland, Siam, other?) (2 of 2).

1

ANSP-Miscellaneous catalogue numbers.

1

ANSP-Lists and original loan receipts (1 of 2).

1

ANSP-Lists and original loan receipts (2 of 2).

1

ANSP-1870s catalogue, miscellaneous section storage info.

2

ANSP-Wardle list, n.d.

2

ANSP-Object lists-Eastern U.S.

2

ANSP-Object lists-FL,GA,KY,TN,Ind,Ill.

2

ANSP-Object lists-mixed U.S. locales (1 of 2).

2

ANSP-Object lists-mixed U.S. locales (2 of 2).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Collection, Eyman correspondence.

2

ANSP-Gottschall, Original Catalogues.

2

ANSP-Gottschall Catalogue, "Typical Collection No. 1” (copy).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Catalogue, "Typical Collection No. 2” (copy).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Catalogue, "Typical Collection No. 3” (copy).

2

ANSP-Gottschall Collection-object lists.

2

Antique Gallery-Iroquois sash 1916.

2

Apache, Antonio 1907-1909.

2

Apache baskets-shelf and sale lists, n.d.

2

Arthur, Leland M.

2

Balch, Edwin S. Eskimo figures.

2

Balch, Edwin S. Peary collection.

2

Ball, Sallie L.

2

Barrington, Inez B.

2

Bellaire (Bella), Mrs. M.G.

2

Bernard, Capt. Joseph- Correspondence 1914-1919; specimen list.

3

Bernardi, Susie R.-Nome, Alaska.

3

Berthoud, E. L.-Colorado stone tools, 1890.

3

Bevoir, Bernard 1934.

3

Birney, Hoffman.

3

Blatchford, Col. R,M, 1916.

3

Boas, Franz-(Valley of Mexico) pottery catalogue, ca. 1913 (1 of 2).

3

Boas, Franz-(Valley of Mexico) pottery catalogue, ca. 1913 (2 of 2).

3

Bok, Mrs. Edward (Mary Louise Curtis Bok).

3

Boyer, Mr. and Mrs. Charles E.

3

Brennan, Mrs. J. L- Pine Ridge Collections (Plains), 1907-1908.

3

Broad, Jennie-Costa Rica collections, 1938-1948.

3

Brock, J. W.-Dat-So-La-Lee baskets, ca. 1914.

3

Brock, Mrs. John W.

3

Brown, Anna van der Veer-Pueblo Pottery, 1913.

3

Brown, Katherine L.

3

Brown, W. Norman Dr.

3

Brummer, Joseph.

3

Bryant, Henry G. North Greenland.

3

Burbank, Elbridge A.

3

Butler, Mary.

3

Bye, Arthur Edwin-Mexican figurine collection, 1934 (33-28- ).

3

Charlie Black Wolf-beaded moccasins.

3

Cadwalader, Charles Greenland.

3

Carson, Mrs. Hampton L.

3

Caruthers, C.H.

3

Cary, Mrs. Ebenezer.

3

Chapman, S.H.

3

Church, W.H.

3

Clark, Fannie Wayne.

3

Clarke, Louis C.

3

Cleveland, Dr. A.C.

3

Cochran, Mrs. Travis.

3

Collins, Mae E.

3

Collins, Thomas J.-Middle and South American collections.

3

Colton, Harold S.

3

Comer, George Plaster casts c. 1900.

3

Cooper, Emily M. Fletcher.

3

Cope, Edward D.-skull collection 1892.

3

Copper River Collection ca. 1905 Point Pierce.

4

Corson, E. F. 1910-1911.

4

Costa Rican Government.

4

Cortissoz, Ernesto.

4