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Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech British Honduras (Belize) expeditions

1151

Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech British Honduras (Belize) expeditions

1151

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
Title:
Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech British Honduras (Belize) expeditions
Date [bulk]:
1949-1953
Date [inclusive]:
1949-1972
Call Number:
1151
Extent:
1.2 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Benque Viejo (Xunantunich), Cahal Pech expedition, conducted by Dr. Linton Satterthwaite, was an extension of his expedition to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize). It was conceived as a "Housemound Project" and continued for two seasons from 1950 to 1953. The area of Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech contained seventeen structures and five stelae for investigation. Much of the collection relates to the Ball Court and East Plaza sites, as well as Structure A6 first and A6 second. The expedition produced objects and numerous photographs of the area. The Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech expedition records consist of twenty-nine folders in three archival boxes. Materials relate to the proposal for the expedition, preliminary data, budget and financial records, maps, notebooks, field notes, diaries, bag study sheets, progress and summary reports, press and publication materials, and photographs.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Banque Viejo, Cahal Pech British Honduras (Belize) expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
Title:
Caracol, Belize expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1950-1953
Date [inclusive]:
1948-1973
Call Number:
1109
Extent:
8 Linear feet (The records are contained in sixteen archival boxes, six of which contain photographs, three small file boxes of card records, and some oversized drawings)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Linton Satterthwaite, a professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania and Curator of the American Section of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, conducted three trips to Caracol, Belize in the 1950s to investigate a previously unknown site of Maya culture. While his primary interest was in Maya inscriptions and chronology, his journeys to Caracol yielded artifacts for the Museum, including twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3. The Caracol expedition collection consists of 16 boxes of correspondence, field notes and notes on individual stela, altars, and stones, glyph decipherment and chronology data, information for publication, and photographs and drawings including contact sheets and photographs from Caracol, Benque Viejo, and Cayo X. Satterthwaite organized and catalogued the photographs according to the type of film used, field numbers, and monument number. The collection also contains three file boxes of card notes to the photographs and a few pieces of oversized material. Satterthwaite's "The Monuments and Inscriptions of Caracol, Belize" with co-author Carl Beetz, was published after his death. The publication materials relate to his instructions and notes for publication and Beetz' collection of Satterthwaite's monument notes for the book.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Caracol, Belize expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Linton Satterthwaite, Jr., associated with the University Museum for more than 30 years, was born in Trenton, New Jersey and educated in the public schools. After graduation from Trenton High School, Satterthwaite flew in World War I as a cadet and flying officer for the Royal Air Force. His education continued after the War and he attained his BA from Yale University in 1920. Satterthwaite supported himself as a reporter from 1920 to 1923 while attending law school. He practiced law briefly but enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania in 1929 to study Anthropology. Satterthwaite participated in expeditions in the Texas Panhandle, West Virginia, and Guatemala as an archaeological assistant from 1929 to 1931.

In 1932, Satterthwaite was named Assistant Director for the expedition in Piedras Negras, Guatemala, becoming Field Director in 1933. He continued as Director until 1939. Satterthwaite was awarded his Ph.D.in Anthropology in 1943 then continued to pursue his area of major interest, Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. He served as project epigrapher in Tikal, Guatemala which investigated the carved inscriptions on Maya monuments.

Investigation into a possible expedition to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize) began in 1949 with a proposal submitted in 1950. Satterthwaite headed three sessions in Caracol from 1950 to 1958. His work at Cahal Pech, Benque Viejo, and other sites in Western Belize occurred in the same time period. While concentrating on hieroglyphics and chronology in Caracol, this expedition also produced twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3 for the Museum's collection. The Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech expedition was conceived as a "Housemound Project" and lasted for two seasons. The trips yielded objects and photographs from the seventeen structures and five stelae in the area. Satterthwaite also explored other possible nearby sites in British Honduras and purchased or received gifts of items for the Museum's collection.

In 1955, Satterthwaite became Curator of the American Section of the Penn Museum and a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania. As Curator, Satterthwaite accomplished a systematic locational guide and inventory of the collections from the new world.

Satterthwaite published his findings from 1930 to 1962 in the Museum Bulletin as well as American Anthropologist, Science, American Antiquity, Scientific American, and Archaeology. In 1947, his work titled, "Concepts and Structures of Maya Calendrical Arithmetics" was published by the Museum and the Philadelphia Anthropological Society. He presented papers at scholarly meetings among them, "Moon Ages and the Maya Inscriptions: the Problem of their Seven-day Range of Deviation from Calculated Mean Ages", at the Proceedings of the 29th International Congress of Americanists in 1951.

Satterthwaite retired from the Museum as Curator and Professor Emeritus in 1969 but worked on the data from Caracol and Benque Viejo during his retirement. He died on March 11, 1978 having made significant contributions to the intricate study of Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. His volume on the Caracol expedition, "The Monuments and Inscriptions of Caracol, Belize", co-authored by Carl Beetz, was published after his death.

Biography/History

Linton Satterthwaite, Jr., associated with the University Museum for more than 30 years, was born in Trenton, New Jersey and educated in the public schools. After graduation from Trenton High School, Satterthwaite flew in World War I as a cadet and flying officer for the Royal Air Force. His education continued after the War and he attained his BA from Yale University in 1920. Satterthwaite supported himself as a reporter from 1920 to 1923 while attending law school. He practiced law briefly but enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania in 1929 to study Anthropology. Satterthwaite participated in expeditions in the Texas Panhandle, West Virginia, and Guatemala as an archaeological assistant from 1929 to 1931.

In 1932, Satterthwaite was named Assistant Director for the expedition in Piedras Negras Guatemala, becoming Field Director in 1933. He continued as Director until 1939. Satterthwaite was awarded his Ph.D.in Anthropology in 1943 then continued to pursue his area of major interest, Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. He served as project epigrapher in Tikal, Guatemala which investigated the carved inscriptions on Maya monuments.

Investigation into a possible expedition to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize) began in 1949 with a proposal being submitted in 1950. Satterthwaite headed three sessions in Caracol from 1950 to 1953. While concentrating on hieroglyphics and chronology in this previously unknown center of Maya culture, Satterthwaite's expedition also produced twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3 for the Museum's collection.

In 1955, Satterthwaite became Curator of the American Section of the Penn Museum and a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania. As Curator, Satterthwaite accomplished a systematic locational guide and inventory of the collections from the new world.

Satterthwaite published his findings from 1930 to 1962 in the Museum Bulletin as well as American Anthropologist, Science, American Antiquity, Scientific American, and Archaeology. In 1947, his work titled, "Concepts and Structures of Maya Calendrical Arithmetics" was published by the Museum and the Philadelphia Anthropological Society. Dr. Satterthwaite presented papers at scholarly meetings including, "Moon Ages and the Maya Inscriptions: the Problem of their Seven-day Range of Deviation from Calculated Mean Ages" at the Proceedings of the 29th International Congress of Americanists in 1951.

Satterthwaite retired from the Museum as Curator and Professor Emeritus in 1969. He died on March 11, 1978 having made significant contributions to the intricate study of Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. His volume on the Caracol expedition, co-authored by Carl Beetz, was published after his death.

Scope and Contents

The Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech expedition, conducted by Dr. Linton Satterthwaite, investigated an additional area of Maya ruins in British Honduras (Belize) during the same time period as the expedition to Caracol. Like the Caracol expedition, the Bengue Viejo, Cahal Pech study was proposed in 1949 and begun in 1950. It was conceived as a "Housemound Project" and continued for two seasons. The area contained seventeen structures and five stelae for investigation. Much of the collection relates to the Ball Court and East Plaza sites, as well as Structure A6 first and A6 second. The expedition produced objects and numerous photographs of the area for the Museum.

The Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech expedition records consist of twenty-nine folders in three archival boxes. The first series of the collection, Expedition Materials, begins with the proposal for the expedition and preliminary data, followed by budget and financial records, notebooks, field notes, diaries, bag study sheets, progress and summary reports. The remaining series are devoted to Publication data and photographs, and Maps and press coverage.

The project proposal is supported by geographical data and a checklist of mound sites with several hand-drawn maps. There is investigative data on adjacent sites, soil drainage, and mound diagrams. Linton Satterthwaite's "Notebooks" are in fragile conditiion and date from 1950 and 1951. The fieldnotes are accompanied by technical data such as transverse measurement sheets, level readings, and designations. The Benque Viejo field notes include several pages of cross-section and long-section material. Measurement sheets and work sheets along with drawings, dimensions, and frame estimates are also present. Cayo X notes feature transverse measurement sheets, level readings, and designations. Working maps of the Cayo X area are folded and in fragile condition.

The second series dealing with Publication data and photographs relate almost exclusively to the A-6 structure in Benque Viejo. Some communication with the museum is present with the data. There are 43 fragile pages of type-written text with subheadings: Architectural Sequences-Nomenclature; Descriptive list of Numbered Units; Access to the buildings-Stairways; Structure A-second; Structure A6-second: Reconstructed plan and Basic Elevations; Stucco-as material; Stucco Decoration of Upper Zone-General Remarks; Stucco details; Areas A8-1; A8-2; and B-9; Band B; and doorways.

The photograph portion of the series begins with the Field Catalogues from the expedition. The photographs are identified by number, location, date, and description. All from 1950, the list contains "series V", "series K" and "series P", of various sizes. Many of the photographs were originally mounted on paper with staples and have roll and print numbers. The staples were removed whenever possible. Some smaller photos were placed in acid-free envelopes. A group of miscellaneous photographs from Benque Viejo and Cahal Pech originally were stapled to a thin paper backing. The staples were removed whenever possible. A hand-made album titled "Benque Viejo, Selected Photos" remains intact despite stapling. Another dual photo mounted on heavier paper with notes by Dr. Satterthwaite was left as-is. A drawing of Structure A6-second using a portion of a photo to construct a composite of the reconstructed East facade also remains as Satterthwaite made it. The remaining photos depict Cayo X, Baking Pot, and the native peoples. The Maps series contains a combination of commercial and hand-drawn maps, some issued by the government of British Honduras. The geography, rainfall, geological divisions, vegetation, lights and lighthouses, and alienated land in British Honduras are highlighted. A hand-drawn map labeled as a "copy print of F.D. plan 215" is folded and brittle and may need conservation assessment. Another map shows part of the "Cayo District showing License Areas nos. 29/43 and 1/44." There is also an Archaeological Map of the Maya Area. A group of miscellaneous drawings and maps, some oversized, is on heavy paper and folded into smaller size. There are hand-written directions about scale, suggesting that the data was in process for publication. The press coverage in the final series includes articles from the University Bulletin, Archaeology Newsletter, and Archaeology with coverage of the important finds by The Carribean Quarterly, The Daily Clarion, British Honduras Monthly Magazine, Caldwell Press (N.J.), and the Monthly Bulletin (British Honduras).

Scope and Contents

Linton Satterthwaite, Jr., associated with the University Museum for more than 30 years, was born in Trenton, New Jersey and educated in the public schools. After graduation from Trenton High School, Satterthwaite flew in World War I as a cadet and flying officer for the Royal Air Force. His education continued after the War and he attained his BA from Yale University in 1920. Satterthwaite supported himself as a reporter from 1920 to 1923 while attending law school. He practiced law briefly but enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania in 1929 to study Anthropology. Satterthwaite participated in expeditions in the Texas Panhandle, West Virginia, and Guatemala as an archaeological assistant from 1929 to 1931.

In 1932, Satterthwaite was named Assistant Director for the expedition in Piedras Negras Guatemala, becoming Field Director in 1933. He continued as Director until 1939. Satterthwaite was awarded his Ph.D.in Anthropology in 1943 then continued to pursue his area of major interest, Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. He served as project epigrapher in Tikal, Guatemala which investigated the carved inscriptions on Maya monuments.

Investigation into a possible expedition to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize) began in 1949 with a proposal being submitted in 1950. Satterthwaite headed three sessions in Caracol from 1950 to 1958. While concentrating on Satterthwaite's major interest in hieroglyphics and chronology in this previously unknown center of Maya culture, the expedition also produced twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3 for the Museum's collection. Satterthwaite was accompanied on the trip by architect Paul Beidler and Horace Willcox, a graduate student in Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania.

Linton Satterthwaite worked and re-worked his data painstakingly. The collection reflects this in the numerous notes and changes suggested in his hand on different copies of similar documents. Similarly, the data is developed through charts and tables. The data that Dr. Satterthwaite reviewed for publication purposes bear his notes for textual, artistic and graphic excellence. Satterthwaite's notes for publication were compiled by Carl Beetz who co-authored "The Monuments and Description of Caracol, Belize", published after Linton Satterthwaite's death.

The collection consists of 10 archival boxes of administrative and financial records and correspondence, field notes and drawings, six archival boxes of photographs, contact sheets, and photographic catalogues (including photographs by Reuben Goldberg), three file boxes of card indexes to the photographs, and some oversized drawings. Satterthwaite organized and catalogued the photographs according to the type of film used, field number, and monument number.

In processing the collection, numerous thermofax records were reproduced on acid free paper. Several drawings were marked for possible conservation needs due to being folded or rolled. Many photos contained the remnants of tape or were taped together. The weight of the contact photos have resulted in the rippling of both the paper and photos. Staples were removed whenever possible. Original order was maintained for the drawings related to specific monuments.

The first two archival boxes contain administrative and financial records and correspondence filed alphabetically. The first box,(A to H), includes ten folders of financial statements, accounts, and freight information along with correspondence with the Government of Belize concerning the expedition. Satterthwaite's correspondence with District Commissioner A. Hamilton Anderson, Paul Beidler, and Leocadio E. Hopun, the Commission Agent for the expedition, are in this box. Box two of this group has nineteen folders(K to W)containing communication with Museum personnel including Froelich Rainey, J. Alden Mason, and Alfred Kidder II. Among the financial data are time sheets for workers, canceled checks, traveling expenses and budget estimates. Miscellaneous correspondence related to business matters are present with the financial data.

The Field notes and notebooks series contains the written records of the finds. Much of this data is accompanied by hand-written notes and drawings by Satterthwaite and later review of the data by Carl Beetz. These drawings were maintained in their original places. In addition to information on glyph classification and decipherment, there is information on "Individual reads of blocks of initial and lunar series in relation to Stela 15" and "Eliminations via Goodman's tun-ending table", and a paper, "The Initial Series of St.15, Caracol as Example of 'Deciphering' Damaged Inscriptions". A chart deals with "Tzolkin dates and year position numbers." The Field catalogues hold hand-written notes by Dr. Satterthwaite and include both field and museum numbers. Additional written material includes nine folders of information related to the Temple of the Wooden Lintel, the "Cluster Monuments" and "A" and "B" monuments. Satterthwaite's information on the naming and dating of the giant glyph altars accompanies the field notes and notebooks. Satterthwaite's analyses refer often to dedicatory dates and "Proskouriakoff Style Dates (SD)."

The series, Notes for Publication, has materials related to the individual stela and altars, often date reconstruction, glyph classification and chronology decipherment. Drawings are usually included however many are folded and have been marked for conservation assessment. The publication notes include, "Drawings for Publication"; "Miscellaneous Publication Notes"; and "Giant Glyph Altar Papers."

Linton Satterthwaite's photographic file catalogue is housed in three small file boxes. The three by five cards contain valuable details to locate pictures from the series. The cards contain notes about the shot, the people, and the events("first use of new lumber"),the placement of lighting, and the time of day the photograph was taken. All the cards are dated and include the roll number and print number. In addition to the stelae and altars, there are divisions for Aguada 5; Benque Viejo; Technics 1951; People; and Miscellaneous. The dividers for "Country" and "Moving monuments" do not have cards corresponding to these titles.

The photograph series begins with a group of contact sheets. The two inch by three inch photographs are mounted six to a page. The pages have rippled from the weight of the photographs and storage issues. Some conservation may be needed. There are seven books that serve as guides to the photographs including those taken by Reuben Goldberg, the Museum photographer. The photographs are designated by size and the type of film used; S(mall), L(arge), V(erachrome), K(odachrome), P(antachrome). The 1953 photographs are designated either series X or series K followed by the number of the print.

Almost all of the major stelae, altars, stones and monuments have been photographed, some from all angles. Stela four photographs are marked "from the Goldberg negatives" with the negative number. Some of these photographs are fragile, damaged, or have marks from tape. Several large, folded drawings, "from Goldberg", have condition issues. There are a group of publicity photographs of the monuments being delivered to the Museum. In addition to photographs from Caracol, there are photographs from Bienque Viejo and Cayo X. Satterthwaite grouped some oversize drawings with the photographs. They have been folded into much smaller units and might need to be assessed for conservation and placed with the oversize materials.

The Plans and Drawings which Satterthwaite maintained separately from the notes are located in Box 13. They begin with six small, unlabeled photographs in an envelope. Eight by ten drawing photographs depict the slate stela fragments for Stela 4 and Stone Group 46 and 50. The plans show the area and placement of bones and fragments. A composite longitudinal section of the approximate position of tomb 2 is included with the plans. Another drawing, enlarged, shows the location of Stela 20 in relation to Stone 61 and Stela 2. A large diagram of the site has been marked for possible conservation assessment due to surface cracking and ripped edges.

Oversized materials, stored separately, include an original 1967 drawing by Virginia Greene of the front of Stela 5 which has been folded and is ripped. A note from "L.S." indicates that the drawing has been "inked and photo'd" in September 1967. Additional oversized material includes three drawings of Stela 4, front and Stela 4, reconstructed view. Four drawings of Stela 14, front view and three drawings of Stela 5 are represented. All have negative numbers.

.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  December, 2009

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  10/30/09

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

Revision Description

 3/1/12

Revision Description

 2/23/12

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Field notes
  • Maps
  • Photographs
  • Site plans
Geographic Name(s)
  • Belize
  • Cahal Pech site (Belize)
  • Caracol site (Belize)
Personal Name(s)
  • Anderson, A. Hamilton
  • Beidler, Paul H., 1906-1998
  • Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
Subject(s)
  • Belize antiquities

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Field notes
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Belize
  • Caracol site (Belize)
Personal Name(s)
  • Goldberg, Reuben, 1937-1960
  • Proskouriakoff, Tatiana, 1909-1985
  • Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
  • Wilcox, Horace B.
Subject(s)
  • Archaeological expeditions
  • Belize antiquities

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Collection Inventory

Expedition Materials, 1949-1953.

Box

Preliminary Data 1949-1953 (1 of 2).

1

Preliminary Data 1949-1953 (2 of 2).

1

Accounts, Budget 1951-1953.

1

Satterthwaite Notebooks 1950-1951.

1

Cayo X Notes 1950.

1

Benque Viejo Fieldnotes 1950-1953 (1 of 2).

1

Benque Viejo Fieldnotes 1950-1953 (2 of 2).

1

Bag Study Sheets, Catalogue 1950.

1

Progress Reports, memos, field diaries 1950-1952.

1

Benque Viejo Logs, additional sites 1951.

1

PU-Mu.1151.  Publication data, photographs, 1950-1970.

Box

Communication (Cahal Pech) 1966.

2

Structure A6, Notes from Linton Satterthwaite 1970.

2

Structure A6, Publication materials 1966-1970.

2

Benque Viejo manuscript material, publications 1966-1970.

2

Benque Viejo field photograph catalogue 1950 (1 of 3).

2

Benque Viejo field photograph catalogue 1950 (2 of 3).

2

Benque Viejo field photograph catalogue 1950 (3 of 3).

2

1950 Slides negative list.

2

1950 photographs (1 of 3).

2

1950 photographs (2 of 3).

2

1950 photographs (3 of 3).

2

1950 Miscellaneous photographs.

2

1950 Photo checklists.

2

Maps, press coverage, 1949-1966.

Box

Press coverage, publications 1950-1954.

3

Site Maps 1950-1953.

3

Miscellaneous Drawings, maps 1970.

3

Collection Inventory

Administrative and financial records and correspondence.

Box

Accounts (1949-1950).

1

Anderson, A. Hamilton 1951-1956 (1 of 2).

1

Anderson, A. Hamilton 1956-1967 (2 of 2).

1

Beidler, Paul, 1950-1952.

1

Belize Estate and Produce Co., 1950-1953.

1

Caracol-Anderson visit 1938.

1

Financial statements 1950-1951.

1

Freight 1951-1953.

1

Government 1949-1953.

1

Hopun, Leocadio E., 1950-1958.

1

Kidder II, Alfred, 1950-1953.

2

Madeira, Percy C., 1951-1952.

2

Mason, J. Alden, 1950-1951.

2

Melhado, Henry, 1950-1953.

2

Miscellaneous-Business 1950-1953 (1 of 3).

2

Miscellaneous-Correspondence 1950-1956 (2 of 3).

2

Miscellaneous-Memos, Reports 1950-1951 (3 of 3).

2

Opinions and Advice 1949-1951.

2

Palacio, J.O., 1972-1973.

2

Personnel 1950.

2

Schmidt, Peter J., 1970-1973.

2

Sylvestre, Louis M., 1950-1953.

2

Who's Who-People, 1951-1953.

2

Willcox, Horace (1 of 2), 1947-1951.

2

Willcox, Horace-Field Notes (2 of 2), 1951-1952.

2

Equipment, Packing and Financial 1951 (1 of 3).

2

Equipment, Packing and Financial 1950-1953 (2 of 3).

2

Equipment, Packing and Financial 1951-1953 (3 of 3).

2

1109.  Field Notes and notebooks.

Box

Object Catalogue-Pottery 1953 only.

3

Caracol object catalogue 1953 (1 of 2).

3

Caracol object catalogue 1953 (2 of 2).

3

Bag and study sheets 1950-1953.

3

Ca20, Ca36, Bur.1 and 2 1953.

3

Field catalogue 1950-1951 (1 of 2).

3

Field catalogue 1950-1951 (2 of 2).

3

Bur. 2 and 3, Final Text 1951-1953.

3

Obsolete material 1951-1953.

3

B-1, Bur.2 1951-1953.

4

Map data 1951-1954 (1 of 2).

4

Map data 1951-1954 (2 of 2).

4

Map tracings/plans Group A and B 1951-1953.

4

Epstein Notebooks 1953 (1 of 2).

4

Epstein Map notes 1953 (2 of 2).

4

Book 2, Notes for G.G. altars 1951-1953 (1 of 2).

4

Book 2, Notes for G.G. altars 1951-1953 (2 of 2).

4

F-1,lists, data on readings 1951-1953 (1 of 2).

5

F-1 lists, data on readings 1951-1953 (2 of 2).

5

Data on various stelae 1951-1953.

5

Stela, Altar drawings, set "X" 1951-1953.

5

Data on readings 5 1951-1953 (1 of 2).

5

Data on readings 5 1951-1953 (2 of 2).

5

Contact sheets 1950 (1 of 3).

5

Contact sheets 1950 (2 of 3).

5

Contact sheets 1950 (3 of 3).

5

Unclassified stones 1951-1953.

5

Photograph lists Stelae 1950-1951.

5

Stelae Inscriptions/Goldberg photograph lists 1950-1951.

5

Photo books 1 to 3, 1950.

5

Photo catalogues 1 and 2, 1951.

5

Photo notebooks "K" and "X" series 1953.

5

Photo enlargements Stelae 16,17,18, Altar 10 1953-1954.

6

Data on readings 1952-1955 (1 of 2).

6

Data on readings 1952-1955 (2 of 2).

6

Drawings, lists stelae and altars 1964-1967 (1 of 2).

6

Drawings, lists stelae and altars 1964-1967 (2 of 2).

6

Field photo enlargement lists 1955.

6

Chronology tables 1964-1972.

6

Control notes 1972.

6

Data on Stelae, Altars 1951-1955 (1 of 2).

6

Data on Stelae, Altars 1952-1956 (2 of 2).

6

Drawings, monuments and pottery 1951-1954.

6

Bulletins and articles 1951-1967.

Notes for publication, 1950-1972.

Box

Stelae 15 and 21.

10

Stela 4.

10

Stone group 46, 46-50.

10

Stela 2 and 11.

10

Altar 13 and Stela 6-Glyphs.

10

Altar 12.

10

Altar 10.

10

Stela 8.

10

Stela 19.

10

Stela 3.

10

Stela 4.

10

Stela 6.

10

Stelae 9 and 10.

10

Stela 14, drawing connections.

10

Stela 16, front.

10

Drawings for photocopying.

10

Miscellaneous publication notes.

10

Giant glyph altar papers.

10

Photographic file catalogue, 1950-1953.

Box

Photo catalogue cards (1 of 3).

file 1

Photo catalogue cards (2 of 3).

file 2

Photo catalogue cards (3 of 3).

file 3

Photographs.

Box

Stela 1.

11

Stela 2.

11

Stela 3 front (1 of 4).

11

Stela 3 back (2 of 4).

11

Stela 3 back (3 of 4).

11

Stela 3 top/cast (4 of 4).

11

Stela 4.

11

Stela 5 details (1 of 5).

11

Stela 5 details (2 of 5).

11

Stela 5 fragments (3 of 5).

11

Stela 5 overall view (4 of 5).

11

Stela 5 recreation (5 of 5).

11

Stela 6 (1 of 2).

11

Stela 6 (2 of 2).

11

Stela 15.

12

Stela 16 back (1 of 5).

12

Stela 16 back (2 of 5).

12

Stela 16 front (3 of 5).

12

Stela 16 front (4 of 5).

12

Stela 16 front (5 of 5).

12

Stela 17 fragments (1 of 3).

12

Stela 17 fragments (2 of 3).

12

Stela 17 overall view (3 of 3).

12

Stela 19.

12

Stela 18.

12

Stela 20.

12

Stela 21.

12

Altar 1.

12

Altar 2.

12

Altar 3.

12

Altar 4.

13

Altar 5.

13

Altar 6.

13

Altar 7.

13

Altar 10.

13

Altar 12 (1 of 2).

13

Altar 12 (2 of 2).

13

Altar 13.

13

Altar 14.

13

Altar 15.

13

Altar 17.

13

Altar 19.

13

Stone 8.

13

Stone 28.

13

Stone group 46.

13

Stone 56.

13

Stone 60.

13

Structure A-6.

13

Structure C-4.

13

Miscellaneous prints.

13

Removal of stones.

13

Caracol camp and personnel.

13

"L" series contacts (1 of 3). pages 1 to 33.

13

"L" series contacts (2 of 3). pages 34 to 67.

13

"L" series contacts (3 of 3). pages 67 to 87.

13

"S" series contacts (1 of 4). 5.S.1 to 13.S.12.

14

"S" series contacts (2 of 4). 14.S.1 to 21.S.12.

14

"S" series contacts (3 of 4). 22.S.1 to 44.S.6.

14

"S" series contacts (4 of 4). 44.S.7 to 60.S.12.

14

"L" series prints (1 of 3). Rolls 1 to 5.

14

"L" series prints (2 of 3). Rolls 6 to 10.

14

"L" series prints (3 of 3). Rolls 11 to 13.

14

"S" series prints (1 of 3). Rolls 7 to 24.

14

"S" series prints (2 of 3). Rolls 29 to 38.

14

"S" series prints (3 of 3). Rolls 44 to 60.

14

"V" series prints (1 of 2). Rolls 8 to 19.

14

"V" series prints (2 of 2). Rolls 8 to 19.

14

Stela 6 front (1 of 2).

15

Stela 6 front (2 of 2).

15

Stela 6 fragments.

15

Stela 7.

15

Stela 8.

15

Stela 9.

15

Stela 10 (1 of 2).

15

Stela 10 (2 of 2).

15

Stela 11 (1 of 2).

15

Stela 11 (2 of 2).

15

Stela 13 (1 of 2).

15

Stela 13 (2 of 2).

15

Stela 14 overall view.

15

Stela 14 details (1 of 4).

15

Stela 14 details (2 of 4).

15

Stela 14 details (3 of 4).

15

Steal 14 details (4 of 4).

15

"X" series prints (1 of 4). X.1.1 to X.15.6.

16

"X" series prints (2 of 4). X.15.7 to X.28.11.

16

"X" series prints (3 of 4). X.28.12 to C 37.

16

"X" series prints (4 of 4). C38 to CU142.

16

Benque Viejo drawings 1970. Structure A6.

16

Benque Viejo prints (1 of 12). Series "P" roll 3.

16

Benque Viejo prints (2 of 12). "V"12 roll 1.

16

Benque Viejo prints (3 of 12). Series "V" roll 21.

16

Benque Viejo prints (4 of 12). Series "V" roll 24.

16

Benque Viejo prints (5 of 12). Series "V" roll 32.

16

Benque Viejo prints (6 of 12). Series "V" roll 35.

16

Benque Viejo prints (7 of 12). Series "V" rolls 37 and 38.

16

Benque Viejo prints (8 of 12). Series "V" roll 39.

16

Benque Viejo prints (9 of 12). Series "V" roll 40.

16

Benque Viejo prints (10 of 12). Series "V" roll 42.

16

Benque Viejo prints (11 of 12). No roll numbers.

16

Benque Viejo prints (12 of 12). Miscellaneous site photographs.

16

Cayo X prints. Series "V" roll 28.

16

Plans and drawings.

Box
13

Oversize materials.

Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech British Honduras (Belize) expeditions

1151

Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech British Honduras (Belize) expeditions

1151

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
Title:
Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech British Honduras (Belize) expeditions
Date [bulk]:
1949-1953
Date [inclusive]:
1949-1972
Call Number:
1151
Extent:
1.2 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Benque Viejo (Xunantunich), Cahal Pech expedition, conducted by Dr. Linton Satterthwaite, was an extension of his expedition to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize). It was conceived as a "Housemound Project" and continued for two seasons from 1950 to 1953. The area of Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech contained seventeen structures and five stelae for investigation. Much of the collection relates to the Ball Court and East Plaza sites, as well as Structure A6 first and A6 second. The expedition produced objects and numerous photographs of the area. The Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech expedition records consist of twenty-nine folders in three archival boxes. Materials relate to the proposal for the expedition, preliminary data, budget and financial records, maps, notebooks, field notes, diaries, bag study sheets, progress and summary reports, press and publication materials, and photographs.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Banque Viejo, Cahal Pech British Honduras (Belize) expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
Title:
Caracol, Belize expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1950-1953
Date [inclusive]:
1948-1973
Call Number:
1109
Extent:
8 Linear feet (The records are contained in sixteen archival boxes, six of which contain photographs, three small file boxes of card records, and some oversized drawings)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Linton Satterthwaite, a professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania and Curator of the American Section of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, conducted three trips to Caracol, Belize in the 1950s to investigate a previously unknown site of Maya culture. While his primary interest was in Maya inscriptions and chronology, his journeys to Caracol yielded artifacts for the Museum, including twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3. The Caracol expedition collection consists of 16 boxes of correspondence, field notes and notes on individual stela, altars, and stones, glyph decipherment and chronology data, information for publication, and photographs and drawings including contact sheets and photographs from Caracol, Benque Viejo, and Cayo X. Satterthwaite organized and catalogued the photographs according to the type of film used, field numbers, and monument number. The collection also contains three file boxes of card notes to the photographs and a few pieces of oversized material. Satterthwaite's "The Monuments and Inscriptions of Caracol, Belize" with co-author Carl Beetz, was published after his death. The publication materials relate to his instructions and notes for publication and Beetz' collection of Satterthwaite's monument notes for the book.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Caracol, Belize expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Linton Satterthwaite, Jr., associated with the University Museum for more than 30 years, was born in Trenton, New Jersey and educated in the public schools. After graduation from Trenton High School, Satterthwaite flew in World War I as a cadet and flying officer for the Royal Air Force. His education continued after the War and he attained his BA from Yale University in 1920. Satterthwaite supported himself as a reporter from 1920 to 1923 while attending law school. He practiced law briefly but enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania in 1929 to study Anthropology. Satterthwaite participated in expeditions in the Texas Panhandle, West Virginia, and Guatemala as an archaeological assistant from 1929 to 1931.

In 1932, Satterthwaite was named Assistant Director for the expedition in Piedras Negras, Guatemala, becoming Field Director in 1933. He continued as Director until 1939. Satterthwaite was awarded his Ph.D.in Anthropology in 1943 then continued to pursue his area of major interest, Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. He served as project epigrapher in Tikal, Guatemala which investigated the carved inscriptions on Maya monuments.

Investigation into a possible expedition to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize) began in 1949 with a proposal submitted in 1950. Satterthwaite headed three sessions in Caracol from 1950 to 1958. His work at Cahal Pech, Benque Viejo, and other sites in Western Belize occurred in the same time period. While concentrating on hieroglyphics and chronology in Caracol, this expedition also produced twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3 for the Museum's collection. The Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech expedition was conceived as a "Housemound Project" and lasted for two seasons. The trips yielded objects and photographs from the seventeen structures and five stelae in the area. Satterthwaite also explored other possible nearby sites in British Honduras and purchased or received gifts of items for the Museum's collection.

In 1955, Satterthwaite became Curator of the American Section of the Penn Museum and a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania. As Curator, Satterthwaite accomplished a systematic locational guide and inventory of the collections from the new world.

Satterthwaite published his findings from 1930 to 1962 in the Museum Bulletin as well as American Anthropologist, Science, American Antiquity, Scientific American, and Archaeology. In 1947, his work titled, "Concepts and Structures of Maya Calendrical Arithmetics" was published by the Museum and the Philadelphia Anthropological Society. He presented papers at scholarly meetings among them, "Moon Ages and the Maya Inscriptions: the Problem of their Seven-day Range of Deviation from Calculated Mean Ages", at the Proceedings of the 29th International Congress of Americanists in 1951.

Satterthwaite retired from the Museum as Curator and Professor Emeritus in 1969 but worked on the data from Caracol and Benque Viejo during his retirement. He died on March 11, 1978 having made significant contributions to the intricate study of Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. His volume on the Caracol expedition, "The Monuments and Inscriptions of Caracol, Belize", co-authored by Carl Beetz, was published after his death.

Biography/History

Linton Satterthwaite, Jr., associated with the University Museum for more than 30 years, was born in Trenton, New Jersey and educated in the public schools. After graduation from Trenton High School, Satterthwaite flew in World War I as a cadet and flying officer for the Royal Air Force. His education continued after the War and he attained his BA from Yale University in 1920. Satterthwaite supported himself as a reporter from 1920 to 1923 while attending law school. He practiced law briefly but enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania in 1929 to study Anthropology. Satterthwaite participated in expeditions in the Texas Panhandle, West Virginia, and Guatemala as an archaeological assistant from 1929 to 1931.

In 1932, Satterthwaite was named Assistant Director for the expedition in Piedras Negras Guatemala, becoming Field Director in 1933. He continued as Director until 1939. Satterthwaite was awarded his Ph.D.in Anthropology in 1943 then continued to pursue his area of major interest, Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. He served as project epigrapher in Tikal, Guatemala which investigated the carved inscriptions on Maya monuments.

Investigation into a possible expedition to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize) began in 1949 with a proposal being submitted in 1950. Satterthwaite headed three sessions in Caracol from 1950 to 1953. While concentrating on hieroglyphics and chronology in this previously unknown center of Maya culture, Satterthwaite's expedition also produced twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3 for the Museum's collection.

In 1955, Satterthwaite became Curator of the American Section of the Penn Museum and a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania. As Curator, Satterthwaite accomplished a systematic locational guide and inventory of the collections from the new world.

Satterthwaite published his findings from 1930 to 1962 in the Museum Bulletin as well as American Anthropologist, Science, American Antiquity, Scientific American, and Archaeology. In 1947, his work titled, "Concepts and Structures of Maya Calendrical Arithmetics" was published by the Museum and the Philadelphia Anthropological Society. Dr. Satterthwaite presented papers at scholarly meetings including, "Moon Ages and the Maya Inscriptions: the Problem of their Seven-day Range of Deviation from Calculated Mean Ages" at the Proceedings of the 29th International Congress of Americanists in 1951.

Satterthwaite retired from the Museum as Curator and Professor Emeritus in 1969. He died on March 11, 1978 having made significant contributions to the intricate study of Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. His volume on the Caracol expedition, co-authored by Carl Beetz, was published after his death.

Scope and Contents

The Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech expedition, conducted by Dr. Linton Satterthwaite, investigated an additional area of Maya ruins in British Honduras (Belize) during the same time period as the expedition to Caracol. Like the Caracol expedition, the Bengue Viejo, Cahal Pech study was proposed in 1949 and begun in 1950. It was conceived as a "Housemound Project" and continued for two seasons. The area contained seventeen structures and five stelae for investigation. Much of the collection relates to the Ball Court and East Plaza sites, as well as Structure A6 first and A6 second. The expedition produced objects and numerous photographs of the area for the Museum.

The Benque Viejo, Cahal Pech expedition records consist of twenty-nine folders in three archival boxes. The first series of the collection, Expedition Materials, begins with the proposal for the expedition and preliminary data, followed by budget and financial records, notebooks, field notes, diaries, bag study sheets, progress and summary reports. The remaining series are devoted to Publication data and photographs, and Maps and press coverage.

The project proposal is supported by geographical data and a checklist of mound sites with several hand-drawn maps. There is investigative data on adjacent sites, soil drainage, and mound diagrams. Linton Satterthwaite's "Notebooks" are in fragile conditiion and date from 1950 and 1951. The fieldnotes are accompanied by technical data such as transverse measurement sheets, level readings, and designations. The Benque Viejo field notes include several pages of cross-section and long-section material. Measurement sheets and work sheets along with drawings, dimensions, and frame estimates are also present. Cayo X notes feature transverse measurement sheets, level readings, and designations. Working maps of the Cayo X area are folded and in fragile condition.

The second series dealing with Publication data and photographs relate almost exclusively to the A-6 structure in Benque Viejo. Some communication with the museum is present with the data. There are 43 fragile pages of type-written text with subheadings: Architectural Sequences-Nomenclature; Descriptive list of Numbered Units; Access to the buildings-Stairways; Structure A-second; Structure A6-second: Reconstructed plan and Basic Elevations; Stucco-as material; Stucco Decoration of Upper Zone-General Remarks; Stucco details; Areas A8-1; A8-2; and B-9; Band B; and doorways.

The photograph portion of the series begins with the Field Catalogues from the expedition. The photographs are identified by number, location, date, and description. All from 1950, the list contains "series V", "series K" and "series P", of various sizes. Many of the photographs were originally mounted on paper with staples and have roll and print numbers. The staples were removed whenever possible. Some smaller photos were placed in acid-free envelopes. A group of miscellaneous photographs from Benque Viejo and Cahal Pech originally were stapled to a thin paper backing. The staples were removed whenever possible. A hand-made album titled "Benque Viejo, Selected Photos" remains intact despite stapling. Another dual photo mounted on heavier paper with notes by Dr. Satterthwaite was left as-is. A drawing of Structure A6-second using a portion of a photo to construct a composite of the reconstructed East facade also remains as Satterthwaite made it. The remaining photos depict Cayo X, Baking Pot, and the native peoples. The Maps series contains a combination of commercial and hand-drawn maps, some issued by the government of British Honduras. The geography, rainfall, geological divisions, vegetation, lights and lighthouses, and alienated land in British Honduras are highlighted. A hand-drawn map labeled as a "copy print of F.D. plan 215" is folded and brittle and may need conservation assessment. Another map shows part of the "Cayo District showing License Areas nos. 29/43 and 1/44." There is also an Archaeological Map of the Maya Area. A group of miscellaneous drawings and maps, some oversized, is on heavy paper and folded into smaller size. There are hand-written directions about scale, suggesting that the data was in process for publication. The press coverage in the final series includes articles from the University Bulletin, Archaeology Newsletter, and Archaeology with coverage of the important finds by The Carribean Quarterly, The Daily Clarion, British Honduras Monthly Magazine, Caldwell Press (N.J.), and the Monthly Bulletin (British Honduras).

Scope and Contents

Linton Satterthwaite, Jr., associated with the University Museum for more than 30 years, was born in Trenton, New Jersey and educated in the public schools. After graduation from Trenton High School, Satterthwaite flew in World War I as a cadet and flying officer for the Royal Air Force. His education continued after the War and he attained his BA from Yale University in 1920. Satterthwaite supported himself as a reporter from 1920 to 1923 while attending law school. He practiced law briefly but enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania in 1929 to study Anthropology. Satterthwaite participated in expeditions in the Texas Panhandle, West Virginia, and Guatemala as an archaeological assistant from 1929 to 1931.

In 1932, Satterthwaite was named Assistant Director for the expedition in Piedras Negras Guatemala, becoming Field Director in 1933. He continued as Director until 1939. Satterthwaite was awarded his Ph.D.in Anthropology in 1943 then continued to pursue his area of major interest, Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. He served as project epigrapher in Tikal, Guatemala which investigated the carved inscriptions on Maya monuments.

Investigation into a possible expedition to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize) began in 1949 with a proposal being submitted in 1950. Satterthwaite headed three sessions in Caracol from 1950 to 1958. While concentrating on Satterthwaite's major interest in hieroglyphics and chronology in this previously unknown center of Maya culture, the expedition also produced twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3 for the Museum's collection. Satterthwaite was accompanied on the trip by architect Paul Beidler and Horace Willcox, a graduate student in Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania.

Linton Satterthwaite worked and re-worked his data painstakingly. The collection reflects this in the numerous notes and changes suggested in his hand on different copies of similar documents. Similarly, the data is developed through charts and tables. The data that Dr. Satterthwaite reviewed for publication purposes bear his notes for textual, artistic and graphic excellence. Satterthwaite's notes for publication were compiled by Carl Beetz who co-authored "The Monuments and Description of Caracol, Belize", published after Linton Satterthwaite's death.

The collection consists of 10 archival boxes of administrative and financial records and correspondence, field notes and drawings, six archival boxes of photographs, contact sheets, and photographic catalogues (including photographs by Reuben Goldberg), three file boxes of card indexes to the photographs, and some oversized drawings. Satterthwaite organized and catalogued the photographs according to the type of film used, field number, and monument number.

In processing the collection, numerous thermofax records were reproduced on acid free paper. Several drawings were marked for possible conservation needs due to being folded or rolled. Many photos contained the remnants of tape or were taped together. The weight of the contact photos have resulted in the rippling of both the paper and photos. Staples were removed whenever possible. Original order was maintained for the drawings related to specific monuments.

The first two archival boxes contain administrative and financial records and correspondence filed alphabetically. The first box,(A to H), includes ten folders of financial statements, accounts, and freight information along with correspondence with the Government of Belize concerning the expedition. Satterthwaite's correspondence with District Commissioner A. Hamilton Anderson, Paul Beidler, and Leocadio E. Hopun, the Commission Agent for the expedition, are in this box. Box two of this group has nineteen folders(K to W)containing communication with Museum personnel including Froelich Rainey, J. Alden Mason, and Alfred Kidder II. Among the financial data are time sheets for workers, canceled checks, traveling expenses and budget estimates. Miscellaneous correspondence related to business matters are present with the financial data.

The Field notes and notebooks series contains the written records of the finds. Much of this data is accompanied by hand-written notes and drawings by Satterthwaite and later review of the data by Carl Beetz. These drawings were maintained in their original places. In addition to information on glyph classification and decipherment, there is information on "Individual reads of blocks of initial and lunar series in relation to Stela 15" and "Eliminations via Goodman's tun-ending table", and a paper, "The Initial Series of St.15, Caracol as Example of 'Deciphering' Damaged Inscriptions". A chart deals with "Tzolkin dates and year position numbers." The Field catalogues hold hand-written notes by Dr. Satterthwaite and include both field and museum numbers. Additional written material includes nine folders of information related to the Temple of the Wooden Lintel, the "Cluster Monuments" and "A" and "B" monuments. Satterthwaite's information on the naming and dating of the giant glyph altars accompanies the field notes and notebooks. Satterthwaite's analyses refer often to dedicatory dates and "Proskouriakoff Style Dates (SD)."

The series, Notes for Publication, has materials related to the individual stela and altars, often date reconstruction, glyph classification and chronology decipherment. Drawings are usually included however many are folded and have been marked for conservation assessment. The publication notes include, "Drawings for Publication"; "Miscellaneous Publication Notes"; and "Giant Glyph Altar Papers."

Linton Satterthwaite's photographic file catalogue is housed in three small file boxes. The three by five cards contain valuable details to locate pictures from the series. The cards contain notes about the shot, the people, and the events("first use of new lumber"),the placement of lighting, and the time of day the photograph was taken. All the cards are dated and include the roll number and print number. In addition to the stelae and altars, there are divisions for Aguada 5; Benque Viejo; Technics 1951; People; and Miscellaneous. The dividers for "Country" and "Moving monuments" do not have cards corresponding to these titles.

The photograph series begins with a group of contact sheets. The two inch by three inch photographs are mounted six to a page. The pages have rippled from the weight of the photographs and storage issues. Some conservation may be needed. There are seven books that serve as guides to the photographs including those taken by Reuben Goldberg, the Museum photographer. The photographs are designated by size and the type of film used; S(mall), L(arge), V(erachrome), K(odachrome), P(antachrome). The 1953 photographs are designated either series X or series K followed by the number of the print.

Almost all of the major stelae, altars, stones and monuments have been photographed, some from all angles. Stela four photographs are marked "from the Goldberg negatives" with the negative number. Some of these photographs are fragile, damaged, or have marks from tape. Several large, folded drawings, "from Goldberg", have condition issues. There are a group of publicity photographs of the monuments being delivered to the Museum. In addition to photographs from Caracol, there are photographs from Bienque Viejo and Cayo X. Satterthwaite grouped some oversize drawings with the photographs. They have been folded into much smaller units and might need to be assessed for conservation and placed with the oversize materials.

The Plans and Drawings which Satterthwaite maintained separately from the notes are located in Box 13. They begin with six small, unlabeled photographs in an envelope. Eight by ten drawing photographs depict the slate stela fragments for Stela 4 and Stone Group 46 and 50. The plans show the area and placement of bones and fragments. A composite longitudinal section of the approximate position of tomb 2 is included with the plans. Another drawing, enlarged, shows the location of Stela 20 in relation to Stone 61 and Stela 2. A large diagram of the site has been marked for possible conservation assessment due to surface cracking and ripped edges.

Oversized materials, stored separately, include an original 1967 drawing by Virginia Greene of the front of Stela 5 which has been folded and is ripped. A note from "L.S." indicates that the drawing has been "inked and photo'd" in September 1967. Additional oversized material includes three drawings of Stela 4, front and Stela 4, reconstructed view. Four drawings of Stela 14, front view and three drawings of Stela 5 are represented. All have negative numbers.

.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  December, 2009

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  10/30/09

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

Revision Description

 3/1/12

Revision Description

 2/23/12

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Field notes
  • Maps
  • Photographs
  • Site plans
Geographic Name(s)
  • Belize
  • Cahal Pech site (Belize)
  • Caracol site (Belize)
Personal Name(s)
  • Anderson, A. Hamilton
  • Beidler, Paul H., 1906-1998
  • Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
Subject(s)
  • Belize antiquities

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Field notes
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Belize
  • Caracol site (Belize)
Personal Name(s)
  • Goldberg, Reuben, 1937-1960
  • Proskouriakoff, Tatiana, 1909-1985
  • Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
  • Wilcox, Horace B.
Subject(s)
  • Archaeological expeditions
  • Belize antiquities

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Collection Inventory

Expedition Materials, 1949-1953.

Box

Preliminary Data 1949-1953 (1 of 2).

1

Preliminary Data 1949-1953 (2 of 2).

1

Accounts, Budget 1951-1953.

1

Satterthwaite Notebooks 1950-1951.

1

Cayo X Notes 1950.

1

Benque Viejo Fieldnotes 1950-1953 (1 of 2).

1

Benque Viejo Fieldnotes 1950-1953 (2 of 2).

1

Bag Study Sheets, Catalogue 1950.

1

Progress Reports, memos, field diaries 1950-1952.

1

Benque Viejo Logs, additional sites 1951.

1

PU-Mu.1151.  Publication data, photographs, 1950-1970.

Box

Communication (Cahal Pech) 1966.

2

Structure A6, Notes from Linton Satterthwaite 1970.

2

Structure A6, Publication materials 1966-1970.

2

Benque Viejo manuscript material, publications 1966-1970.

2

Benque Viejo field photograph catalogue 1950 (1 of 3).

2

Benque Viejo field photograph catalogue 1950 (2 of 3).

2

Benque Viejo field photograph catalogue 1950 (3 of 3).

2

1950 Slides negative list.

2

1950 photographs (1 of 3).

2

1950 photographs (2 of 3).

2

1950 photographs (3 of 3).

2

1950 Miscellaneous photographs.

2

1950 Photo checklists.

2

Maps, press coverage, 1949-1966.

Box

Press coverage, publications 1950-1954.

3

Site Maps 1950-1953.

3

Miscellaneous Drawings, maps 1970.

3

Collection Inventory

Administrative and financial records and correspondence.

Box

Accounts (1949-1950).

1

Anderson, A. Hamilton 1951-1956 (1 of 2).

1

Anderson, A. Hamilton 1956-1967 (2 of 2).

1

Beidler, Paul, 1950-1952.

1

Belize Estate and Produce Co., 1950-1953.

1

Caracol-Anderson visit 1938.

1

Financial statements 1950-1951.

1

Freight 1951-1953.

1

Government 1949-1953.

1

Hopun, Leocadio E., 1950-1958.

1

Kidder II, Alfred, 1950-1953.

2

Madeira, Percy C., 1951-1952.

2

Mason, J. Alden, 1950-1951.

2

Melhado, Henry, 1950-1953.

2

Miscellaneous-Business 1950-1953 (1 of 3).

2

Miscellaneous-Correspondence 1950-1956 (2 of 3).

2

Miscellaneous-Memos, Reports 1950-1951 (3 of 3).

2

Opinions and Advice 1949-1951.

2

Palacio, J.O., 1972-1973.

2

Personnel 1950.

2

Schmidt, Peter J., 1970-1973.

2

Sylvestre, Louis M., 1950-1953.

2

Who's Who-People, 1951-1953.

2

Willcox, Horace (1 of 2), 1947-1951.

2

Willcox, Horace-Field Notes (2 of 2), 1951-1952.

2

Equipment, Packing and Financial 1951 (1 of 3).

2

Equipment, Packing and Financial 1950-1953 (2 of 3).

2

Equipment, Packing and Financial 1951-1953 (3 of 3).

2

1109.  Field Notes and notebooks.

Box

Object Catalogue-Pottery 1953 only.

3

Caracol object catalogue 1953 (1 of 2).

3

Caracol object catalogue 1953 (2 of 2).

3

Bag and study sheets 1950-1953.

3

Ca20, Ca36, Bur.1 and 2 1953.

3

Field catalogue 1950-1951 (1 of 2).

3

Field catalogue 1950-1951 (2 of 2).

3

Bur. 2 and 3, Final Text 1951-1953.

3

Obsolete material 1951-1953.

3

B-1, Bur.2 1951-1953.

4

Map data 1951-1954 (1 of 2).

4

Map data 1951-1954 (2 of 2).

4

Map tracings/plans Group A and B 1951-1953.

4

Epstein Notebooks 1953 (1 of 2).

4

Epstein Map notes 1953 (2 of 2).

4

Book 2, Notes for G.G. altars 1951-1953 (1 of 2).

4

Book 2, Notes for G.G. altars 1951-1953 (2 of 2).

4

F-1,lists, data on readings 1951-1953 (1 of 2).

5

F-1 lists, data on readings 1951-1953 (2 of 2).

5

Data on various stelae 1951-1953.

5

Stela, Altar drawings, set "X" 1951-1953.

5

Data on readings 5 1951-1953 (1 of 2).

5

Data on readings 5 1951-1953 (2 of 2).

5

Contact sheets 1950 (1 of 3).

5

Contact sheets 1950 (2 of 3).

5

Contact sheets 1950 (3 of 3).

5

Unclassified stones 1951-1953.

5

Photograph lists Stelae 1950-1951.

5

Stelae Inscriptions/Goldberg photograph lists 1950-1951.

5

Photo books 1 to 3, 1950.

5

Photo catalogues 1 and 2, 1951.

5

Photo notebooks "K" and "X" series 1953.

5

Photo enlargements Stelae 16,17,18, Altar 10 1953-1954.

6

Data on readings 1952-1955 (1 of 2).

6

Data on readings 1952-1955 (2 of 2).

6

Drawings, lists stelae and altars 1964-1967 (1 of 2).

6

Drawings, lists stelae and altars 1964-1967 (2 of 2).

6

Field photo enlargement lists 1955.

6

Chronology tables 1964-1972.

6

Control notes 1972.

6

Data on Stelae, Altars 1951-1955 (1 of 2).

6

Data on Stelae, Altars 1952-1956 (2 of 2).

6

Drawings, monuments and pottery 1951-1954.

6

Bulletins and articles 1951-1967.

Notes for publication, 1950-1972.

Box

Stelae 15 and 21.

10

Stela 4.

10

Stone group 46, 46-50.

10

Stela 2 and 11.

10

Altar 13 and Stela 6-Glyphs.

10

Altar 12.

10

Altar 10.

10

Stela 8.

10

Stela 19.

10

Stela 3.

10

Stela 4.

10

Stela 6.

10

Stelae 9 and 10.

10

Stela 14, drawing connections.

10

Stela 16, front.

10

Drawings for photocopying.

10

Miscellaneous publication notes.

10

Giant glyph altar papers.

10

Photographic file catalogue, 1950-1953.

Box

Photo catalogue cards (1 of 3).

file 1

Photo catalogue cards (2 of 3).

file 2

Photo catalogue cards (3 of 3).

file 3

Photographs.

Box

Stela 1.

11

Stela 2.

11

Stela 3 front (1 of 4).

11

Stela 3 back (2 of 4).

11

Stela 3 back (3 of 4).

11

Stela 3 top/cast (4 of 4).

11

Stela 4.

11

Stela 5 details (1 of 5).

11

Stela 5 details (2 of 5).

11

Stela 5 fragments (3 of 5).

11

Stela 5 overall view (4 of 5).

11

Stela 5 recreation (5 of 5).

11

Stela 6 (1 of 2).

11

Stela 6 (2 of 2).

11

Stela 15.

12

Stela 16 back (1 of 5).

12

Stela 16 back (2 of 5).

12

Stela 16 front (3 of 5).

12

Stela 16 front (4 of 5).

12

Stela 16 front (5 of 5).

12

Stela 17 fragments (1 of 3).

12

Stela 17 fragments (2 of 3).

12

Stela 17 overall view (3 of 3).

12

Stela 19.

12

Stela 18.

12

Stela 20.

12

Stela 21.

12

Altar 1.

12

Altar 2.

12

Altar 3.

12

Altar 4.

13

Altar 5.

13

Altar 6.

13

Altar 7.

13

Altar 10.

13

Altar 12 (1 of 2).

13

Altar 12 (2 of 2).

13

Altar 13.

13

Altar 14.

13

Altar 15.

13

Altar 17.

13

Altar 19.

13

Stone 8.

13

Stone 28.

13

Stone group 46.

13

Stone 56.

13

Stone 60.

13

Structure A-6.

13

Structure C-4.

13

Miscellaneous prints.

13

Removal of stones.

13

Caracol camp and personnel.

13

"L" series contacts (1 of 3). pages 1 to 33.

13

"L" series contacts (2 of 3). pages 34 to 67.

13

"L" series contacts (3 of 3). pages 67 to 87.

13

"S" series contacts (1 of 4). 5.S.1 to 13.S.12.

14

"S" series contacts (2 of 4). 14.S.1 to 21.S.12.

14

"S" series contacts (3 of 4). 22.S.1 to 44.S.6.

14

"S" series contacts (4 of 4). 44.S.7 to 60.S.12.

14

"L" series prints (1 of 3). Rolls 1 to 5.

14

"L" series prints (2 of 3). Rolls 6 to 10.

14

"L" series prints (3 of 3). Rolls 11 to 13.

14

"S" series prints (1 of 3). Rolls 7 to 24.

14

"S" series prints (2 of 3). Rolls 29 to 38.

14

"S" series prints (3 of 3). Rolls 44 to 60.

14

"V" series prints (1 of 2). Rolls 8 to 19.

14

"V" series prints (2 of 2). Rolls 8 to 19.

14

Stela 6 front (1 of 2).

15

Stela 6 front (2 of 2).

15

Stela 6 fragments.

15

Stela 7.

15

Stela 8.

15

Stela 9.

15

Stela 10 (1 of 2).

15

Stela 10 (2 of 2).

15

Stela 11 (1 of 2).

15

Stela 11 (2 of 2).

15

Stela 13 (1 of 2).

15

Stela 13 (2 of 2).

15

Stela 14 overall view.

15

Stela 14 details (1 of 4).

15

Stela 14 details (2 of 4).

15

Stela 14 details (3 of 4).

15

Steal 14 details (4 of 4).

15

"X" series prints (1 of 4). X.1.1 to X.15.6.

16

"X" series prints (2 of 4). X.15.7 to X.28.11.

16

"X" series prints (3 of 4). X.28.12 to C 37.

16

"X" series prints (4 of 4). C38 to CU142.

16

Benque Viejo drawings 1970. Structure A6.

16

Benque Viejo prints (1 of 12). Series "P" roll 3.

16

Benque Viejo prints (2 of 12). "V"12 roll 1.

16

Benque Viejo prints (3 of 12). Series "V" roll 21.

16

Benque Viejo prints (4 of 12). Series "V" roll 24.

16

Benque Viejo prints (5 of 12). Series "V" roll 32.

16

Benque Viejo prints (6 of 12). Series "V" roll 35.

16

Benque Viejo prints (7 of 12). Series "V" rolls 37 and 38.

16

Benque Viejo prints (8 of 12). Series "V" roll 39.

16

Benque Viejo prints (9 of 12). Series "V" roll 40.

16

Benque Viejo prints (10 of 12). Series "V" roll 42.

16

Benque Viejo prints (11 of 12). No roll numbers.

16

Benque Viejo prints (12 of 12). Miscellaneous site photographs.

16

Cayo X prints. Series "V" roll 28.

16

Plans and drawings.

Box
13

Oversize materials.