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Paul Lowinger papers

Ms. Coll. 635

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Lowinger, Paul, 1923-
Title:
Paul Lowinger papers
Date [inclusive]:
1951-1986
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 635
Extent:
25 boxes
Language:
English
Abstract:
Paul Lowinger was a psychiatrist and founder of the Institute of Social Medicine and Community Health. His papers comprise 25 boxes of material including correspondence; writings; papers relating to organizations with which Lowinger was professionally affiliated; printed materials from other organizations; health legislation; legal records; and materials published by others in magazines, newspapers, professional journals, and independently. The collection spans a considerable portion of Lowinger’s life, but the material is primarily concentrated in the late 1960s and early 1970s and is largely concerned with Lowinger’s work as a psychiatrist and activist, with significant portions devoted to his work with the Vietnam peace movement, the civil rights movement, prison reform, and the American Psychiatric Association.
Cite as:
Paul Lowinger papers, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Paul Lowinger was born in Chicago in 1923. After serving in World War II, Lowinger resumed his education, earning his M.D. from the State University of Iowa in 1949. After working for the U.S. Public Health Service for a short period of time, he moved to the Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit, where he worked in the Department of Psychiatry and at the Lafayette Clinic. He became a Diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology in 1956.

In the 1960s, Lowinger became involved in a variety of liberal movements, and this period of his life comprises the bulk of the collection. As a doctor and an activist, Lowinger focused his activities on medical issues, but within medicine his work was quite diverse. One of his notable affiliations was with the American Psychiatric Association (APA), and especially the Radical Caucus of the APA.

The Radical Caucus was a group of left-wing psychiatrists who were members of the APA and sought to apply a new social consciousness to the psychiatric profession. They were interested in patients' rights and social justice, and they charged that professional psychiatry, as it was, served to stabilize society by supporting the ruling classes. Their thinking was that because psychiatrists and especially those working in institutions such as schools, hospitals, and prisons focused on making daily life an easier and more pleasant experience for their patients, the psychiatrists were essentially supporting the systems that made up daily life. But if it turned out that it was society, and not these patients, that were disturbed, then seeking to change them to fit society made the psychiatrists, depending on the case, racist, sexist, violent, regressive, and oppressive.

The Radical Caucus operated primarily within the APA, and spent much of its energy attempting to promote its program within that body. Most of its activities were centered around the APA’s annual meetings, where it would meet over a few sessions to discuss psychiatric issues of interest and to protest various APA actions. Radical Caucus members would distribute pamphlets to the rest of the convention, and on occasions the group staged a “takeover” of a session. They also wrote letters and submitted them to publications, especially the APA’s newspaper, Psychiatric News. Correspondence suggests that Psychiatric News was welcoming of these articles, and apparently the APA largely viewed the Radical Caucus as a small and harmless organization, in contrast to the American Medical Association’s more unfriendly response to similar organizations.

Lowinger’s concern for the psychiatric profession led him to other activities as well. He attended the Fifth World Conference of Psychiatry in Mexico City in 1971 as a representative of the Radical Caucus, and the collection includes manuscripts of two articles he wrote, titled Radical Psychiatry and Radicals in Psychiatry.

Lowinger was also involved in the civil rights movement from a medical perspective. He was a member of Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR), and a member and national chairman of the Medical Committee for Human Rights (MCHR). As a member of MCHR he participated in the Selma to Montgomery March, and he was also present for many marches in Washington, D.C. in the 1960s and early 1970s. In addition to the civil rights and anti-war issues that spawned these marches, Lowinger was also interested in public health during the marches, and the collection includes information about the medics and clinics that served these events. Most papers pertaining to MCHR are part of a separate collection of MCHR papers, but those papers that were written by or addressed to Lowinger are part of this collection. There is also a file on PSR, which was involved in many of the same issues.

In the early 1970s Lowinger became interested in prison reform, and in 1974 he moved to San Francisco and began teaching at the University of California. Both in Detroit and San Francisco he worked on prisons, and the collection includes several court cases that he was either a party to or simply took an interest in. Files pertaining to prisons and the APA, as well as a few others, continue into the 1980s, but starting in the mid-1970s the collection becomes more sketchy. There is no material pertaining to his later career and retirement, which occurred in 1992.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Lowinger, Paul. "Bio." Web Site of Paul Lowinger. 30 Jan. 2007 http://www.lowingerpaul.com/bio.html.

Scope and Contents

The Paul Lowinger Papers came to the University of Pennsylvania from Walter J. Lear’s Institute of Social Medicine and Community Health. The collection comprises 25 boxes of material including correspondence; writings; papers relating to organizations Lowinger was professionally affiliated with; printed materials from other organizations; health legislation; legal records; and materials published by others in magazines, newspapers, professional journals, and independently. The collection spans a considerable portion of Lowinger’s life, but the material is primarily concentrated in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The collection is largely concerned with Lowinger’s work as a psychiatrist and activist, with significant portions devoted to his work with the Vietnam peace movement, the civil rights movement, prison reform, and the American Psychiatric Association.

The correspondence series contains Lowinger’s letters and is divided into two sub-series, "General" and "Publishing." The "General" sub-series contains correspondence with a variety of friends and acquaintances, mostly other members of the health profession. They mostly are concerned with issues of mental health and health activism. The "Publishing" sub-series contains letters that Lowinger exchanged with editors and publishers concerning his work, as well as drafts in various stages of revision.

The "Professional Affiliations" series reveals Lowinger’s awareness of his role as a psychiatrist and the role of psychiatry in the world. The series contains all printed materials, letters, articles, and notes relating to organizations with which Lowinger was closely involved. An important exception is the Medical Committee For Human Rights (MCHR), which forms a separate collection within the Institute of Social Medicine and Community Health Archive at the University of Pennsylvania. Even without the MCHR papers, this series captures Lowinger’s concern for racial equality and social justice, as well as his work questioning the for-profit culture of mainstream medicine. The bulk of the series relates to Lowinger’s work with the Radical Caucus of the American Psychiatric Association and with Physicians for Social Responsibility.

The "Writings" series also illustrates Lowinger’s social awareness as a psychiatrist. The series contains notes, drafts, and final versions of several of Lowinger’s publications relating to the role that psychiatrists play in healing or further damaging individuals under their care. Lowinger was also a prolific writer of letters to the editor, commenting on issues ranging from medicine in Nazi Germany to medical care during civil rights and peace marches.

The "Organizational Printed Materials" series contains papers of organizations in which Lowinger was not personally involved, but that worked in areas of concern to him. These range from other professional associations, such as the American Medical Association, to activist groups such as the Physicians Forum and the Radical Student Union, as well as government agencies in New York and Detroit. The series is primarily composed of mailings, newsletters, and other publications.

The "Health Legislation and Policy" series, however, provides a separate series for some government actions. This series contains copies of bills introduced into the U.S. Congress and state legislative bodies, as well as excerpts from the records of these bodies.

The "Court Cases" series contains legal papers from several notable court cases that Lowinger was involved with or found interesting. The majority of them involve prison reform and the rights of prisoners and one, Kaimowitz vs. Department of Health, was an important case in which Lowinger and MCHR prevented the state of Michigan from carrying out experimental brain surgery on prisoners.

The "Writings by Others" series contains a variety of printed materials collected by Lowinger that are significant in their own right and not because of the organization that published them. This series is divided into several subseries, including articles and talks by individuals, magazines, professional journals, and newspapers (both entire issues and single articles).

Finally there is a "Miscellaneous series," which includes unidentifiable printed materials and also a collection of notes that Lowinger kept for himself.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2007

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Christopher Segal

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Walter J. Lear Institute of Social Medicine and Community Health, 2005.

Electronic Guide

The creation of the electronic guide for this collection was made possible through a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project. The finding aid was entered into the Archivists' Toolkit by Garrett Boos.

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts, American--20th century
  • Writings (document genre)
Personal Name(s)
  • Lear, Walter J., (Walter Jay), 1923-2010
Subject(s)
  • American Psychiatric Association
  • Civil rights--United States
  • Medical Committee for Human Rights (U.S.)
  • Physicians for Social Responsibility (U.S.)
  • Prisons -- Law and legislation -- United States
  • Social psychiatry -- United States

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Collection Inventory

I.  Correspondence, 1958-1982. 2.5 boxes.

Series Description

Arranged in two sub-series; General and Publishing. Each sub-series arranged alphabetically by correspondent and then chronologically. Includes letters to and from Paul Lowinger, both personal and professional, as well as letters and draft articles sent back and forth between Lowinger and his publishers.

A.  General, 1958-1992. 1.5 boxes.

Box Folder

A-American.

1 1

Americans-Av.

1 2

B-Bl.

1 3

Bo-Bura.

1 4

Burlage-Burt.

1 5

C.

1 6

D.

1 7

E-F.

1 8

G-Gl.

1 9

Go-Gy.

1 10

Ha.

1 11

He-I.

1 12

J.

1 13

K.

1 14

La-Les.

1 15

Leven, Tom, 1967-1971.

1 16

Levy, Howard, 1969-1970.

1 17

Ley-Ly.

1 18

M.

1 19

N.

2 20

O-Po.

2 21

Prisoners' Legal Services of Oregon, 1982.

2 22

Ps-Py.

2 23

Ra-Rad.

2 24

Ran-Ry.

2 25

Sa-Sh.

2 26

Si-Su.

2 27

T.

2 28

U-V.

2 29

W.

2 30

Y-Z.

2 31

Miscellaneous.

2 32-33

B.  Publishing, 1967-1974. 1.5 boxes.

Box Folder

Letters to the Editor.

2 44

A.

2 34

B.

2 35

C.

2 36

D.

2 37

E-F.

2 38

G.

2 39

Ha.

2 40

He-Hu.

2 41

I-J.

2 42

K-La.

2 43

Lev-Lz.

2 45

M.

3 46

N.

3 47

O.

3 48

Pantheon, 1968-1972.

3 49

Pe-Py.

3 50

Q-R.

3 51

S-T.

3 52

U-V.

3 53

W-X.

3 54

Y-Z.

3 55

Miscellaneous.

3 56

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II.  Writings, 1955-1991. 2.5 boxes.

Series Description

Arranged alphabetically. Contains manuscripts and published articles by Lowinger, as well as the published versions of his letters to the editor.

Box Folder

A-D.

3 57

E.

3 58

Healers in a Sick Society, Drafts, 1968-1970.

3 59

Healers in a Sick Society, Notes and Planning, 1969-1972.

3 60

Health and Human Rights, Drafts, undated.

3 61

Health and Human Rights, Notes and Planning, undated.

3 62

Her-J.

4 63

Letters to the Editor, 1965-1991.

4 64

M.

4 65

N-Pe.

4 66

Press releases, 1969.

4 67

The "Psychosurgery" of John Doe, 1979.

4 68-73

Ps-Radical Caucus.

5 74

Radical Psychiatry, 1970.

5 75

Radicals in Psychiatry, 1970-1971, undated.

5 76-77

Radicals in Psychiatry (Fifth World Congress of Psychiatry), undated.

5 78

Re-Z.

5 79

Miscellaneous.

5 80

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III.  Professional Affiliations, 1962-1980. 2 boxes.

Series Description

Arranged alphabetically. Contains papers relating to organizations of which Lowinger was a member, most significantly the American Psychiatric Association, the Radical Caucus of the American Psychiatric Association, the Council of Health Organizations, and Physicians for Social Responsibility, as well as others. Materials include meeting minutes, printed materials, correspondence, publicity, and other records.

Box Folder

American Psychiatric Association, 1968-1971.

5 81

American Psychiatric Association, 1971-1980, undated.

6 82-85

American Psychiatric Association, Radical Caucus, 1969-1980.

6 86-90

American Psychiatric Association, Radical Caucus, undated.

7 91

Council of Health Organizations, 1969-1971, undated.

7 92

Fifth World Congress of Psychiatry, 1970-1971.

7 93

Panel Discussion, 1966.

7 94

Physicians for Social Responsibility: Administration, 1963-1969, undated.

7 95

Physicians for Social Responsibility: Correspondence, 1964-1969.

7 96

Physicians for Social Responsibility: Publications, 1962-1969, undated.

7 97

Physicians for Social Responsibility: Terre des Hommes, 1966-1967.

7 98

Miscellaneous, 1965-1968, undated.

7 99

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IV.  Organizational Printed Materials, 1944-1966, undated. 4 boxes.

Scope and Contents note

Arranged alphabetically. Contains printed materials such as newsletters, announcements, and solicitations from organizations that Lowinger was not closely involved with.

Box Folder

About Face, undated.

8 100

Ad Hoc Committee on Alternatives to War, 1964.

8 101

Ad Hoc Committee for U.S.-Cuba Relations, undated.

8 102

Ad Hoc Committee for Social Action, undated.

8 103

AFL-CIO, Drug & Hospital Union, Local 1199, 1971.

8 104

American Civil Liberties Union, 1964-1972.

8 105

American Medical Association, 1972-1974.

8 106

American Medical Association, 1968-1972.

8 107

American Medical Association, Center for Health Services Research and Development, 1971.

8 108

American Nurses' Association, 1965.

8 109

American Orthopsychiatric Association, 1971.

8 110

American Physician Scientists Association, undated.

8 111

American Psychologists for Social Action, 1969.

8 112

American Public Health Association, 1969-1986.

8 113

Ann Arbor Free People's Clinic, undated.

8 114

Arbours Association, 1974.

8 115

Association for the Advancement of Psychotherapy, 1970.

8 116

Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease, 1967.

8 117

Behavioral Sciences Tape Library, 1973.

8 118

Black Lung Association, undated.

8 119

Black Panthers, 1971.

8 120

Black Psychiatrists of America, 1969.

8 121

Blue Cross of Michigan, 1973.

8 122

Blue Shield of Michigan, 1973-1974.

8 123

Board of Missions of the Methodist Church, undated.

8 124

Boston Women's Health Care Collective, 1971.

8 125

California Council for Health Plan Alternatives, 1972.

8 126

California Health Action Coalition, 1978, undated.

8 127

Center for the Study and Reduction of Violence, 1973.

8 128

Chicago Board of Health, 1966.

8 129

Coalition on National Priorities and Military Policy, 1969.

8 130

Commission on Drug Safety, 1964.

8 131

Committee of Concerned Asian Scholars at Stanford, undated.

8 132

Committee for Concerned Psychiatrists, 1972.

8 133

Committee to Free Eddie Sanchez, undated.

8 134

Committee for Free Speech in the Helping Professions, undated.

8 135

Committee for National Health Insurance, 1970-1973.

9 136

Committee of Responsibility to Save War-Burned and War-Injured Vietnamese Children, 1967-1969, undated.

9 137

Community Psychological Resources Institute, undated.

9 138

Comprehensive Health Planning Council of Southeastern Michigan, 1972-1973.

9 139

Coordinating Committee of Human Rights and Psychiatric Oppression, 1973.

9 140

Congress of Scientists on Survival, 1964.

9 141

Consumer Health Institute, 1973.

9 142

Council for the Advancement of the Psychological Professions and Sciences, 1973.

9 143

Council of Health Organizations, undated.

9 144

Council of medical Staffs, 1972-1973.

9 145

Detroit, City of, 1969.

9 146

Detroit Committee to End the War in Vietnam, undated.

9 147

Detriot-Macomb Hospital Association, 1973.

9 148

Detroit Medical Society, 1968.

9 149

Detroit Office of Civil Defense, undated.

9 150

Detroit Student Health Organization, 1970.

9 151

Doctor Sretten Due Process Defense Committee, 1973.

9 152

Farrall Instruments, undated.

9 153

FDA Papers, 1967.

9 154

Federation of American Scientists, 1974.

9 155

Fergus Falls State Hospital, 1972.

9 156

German Democratic Republic, Verlag Zeit im Bild, 1971.

9 157

Group Without a Name (Psychiatric Research Society), 1970.

9 158

Health Insurance Institute, 1972-1974.

9 159

Health Newsletter, 1973.

9 160

Health Policy Advisory Center, 1969-1973.

9 161

Health Research Group, undated.

9 162

Hearing Aide Free Community Medical Clinic, undated.

9 163

Homophile Action League, undated.

9 164

Humanitarians, undated.

9 165

Institute of Biology and Medicine, 1968.

9 166

Institute of Society, Ethics, and the Life Sciences, 1974.

9 167

Inter-University Committee for Debate on Foreign Policy, 1965.

9 168

Just Economics, 1973.

9 169

Kameny for Congress, undated.

9 170

Kiplinger Washington Letter, 1966.

9 171

Lincoln Hospital, undated.

9 172

Lincoln Hospital Collective, 1974.

9 173

Lincoln Hospital Mental Workers Association, undated.

9 174

Martin Sostre Defense Committee, 1973.

9 175

Medical Association for the Prevention of War, 1972-1973, undated.

9 176

Medical Committee for Human Rights, 1968-1978, undated.

10 177

Medical and Nursing Students for Detroit General Hospital, 1971.

10 178

Mental Health Advocacy Association, 1971.

10 179

Merck & Co., undated.

10 180

Michigan, Department of Mental Health, 1970.

10 181

Michigan Epilepsy Association, 1966.

10 182

Michigan, Office of Comprehensive Health Planning, 1971.

10 183

Michigan Psychiatric Society, 1972.

10 184

National Center for Health Statistics, 1965.

10 185

National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, 1969.

10 186

National Consumer Health Committee, 1972.

10 187

National Consumer Health Rights Coalition, 1971, undated.

10 188

National Dental Association, 1972.

10 189

National Free Clinic Council, 1973.

10 190

National Health Action Conference, 1972.

10 191

National Institute of Mental Health, 1971, undated.

10 192

National Legal Program on Health Problems of the Poor (UCLA), 1971-1972.

10 193

National Medical Association, 1970-1972.

10 194

National Peace Action Coalition, 1971.

10 195

National Service Center for Health Science Studies, undated.

10 196

National Sex and Drug Forum (U.S), undated.

10 197

National Urban League, undated.

10 198

Network Against Psychiatric Assault, undated.

10 199

University of California, Los Angeles, Neuropsychiatric Institute, 1974.

10 200

New Detroit, Inc., 1974.

10 201

New York Ad Hoc Committee Against Catastrophic Illness Insurance, undated.

10 202

New York City, Department of Health, 1965.

10 203

Northwestern University, Center for Urban Affairs, 1970.

10 204

Northwestern University, Medical School, 1971.

10 205

Office of Equal Health Opportunity, undated.

10 206

Pacific Studies Center, undated.

10 207

People's Medical Center, 1972.

10 208

People's Peace Treaty, undated.

10 209

Physician's Forum, 1966-1974.

10 210

Prisoners' Health Project, 1978.

11 211

Progressive Labor Party, undated.

11 212

Psychologists for Social Action, 1971-1973.

11 213

Radical Education Project, 1967-1969.

11 214

Radical Student Union, 1969.

11 215

Social Welfare Workers Movement (Cleveland, Ohio), undated.

11 216

Southern Christian Leadership Conference, undated.

11 217

The Stuart Company, 1966.

11 218

Student American Medical Association, undated.

11 219

Student Association for the Study of Hallucinogens, Inc., 1973.

11 220

Student Council of Wayne State University School of Medicine, 1970.

11 221

Student Health Organization of Detroit, 1969-1970.

11 222

Transitional Living Corporation, undated.

11 223

United Defense Against Repression, 1974.

11 224

United States, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1964-1977, undated.

11 225

Universities Committee on the Problems of War and Peace, undated.

11 226

U.S. Out of Central America, 1983.

11 227

Vietnam Veterans Against the War, 1971.

11 228

Wayne State University, 1972-1973.

11 229

Women's Liberation, undated.

11 230

Workers' Defense Committee, undated.

11 231

World Psychiatric Association, 1971.

11 232

WSP Nuclear Waste Committee, 1974, undated.

11 233

Yale-New Haven Hospital, undated.

11 234

Miscellaneous, 1965-1974, undated.

11 235

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V.  Health Legislation and Policy, 1969-1977. 3 folders.

Series Description

Arranged chronologically. Contains federal and state legislation and legislative records.

Box Folder

Federal, 1969-1977.

12 236-237

State, 1972-1973.

12 238

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VI.  Court Cases, 1973-1982, undated. 3.5 boxes.

Series Description

Arranged alphabetically. Contains copies of court proceedings of cases that Lowinger was interested or involved in.

Box Folder

Donald B. Rinsley vs. Louis Frydman, 1974.

12 239

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Petition and Complaint, 1973.

12 240

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Order to Show Cause, 1973.

12 241

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Motion for Declaratory Relief, 1973.

12 242

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Proceedings, 1973.

12 243-246

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Proceedings, 1973.

13 243-246

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Proceedings, 1973.

14 261-266

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Plaintiff Brief, undated.

14 267-268

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Defendant Brief, 1973.

14 269

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Amicus Curiae American Orthopsychiatric Association, undated.

14 270-271

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Plaintiff Proposed Findings of Fact, 1973.

15 272

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Defendant Proposed Findings of Fact, 1973.

15 273

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Statement of Facts, undated.

15 274

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Correspondence, 1972-1973.

15 275

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Publicity, 1973.

15 276

Gabe Kaimowitz et al. vs. Department of Mental Health for the State of Michigan: Miscellaneous, undated.

15 277

Hoptowit v. Ray, undated.

15 278

James Boyd Mackey vs. California Department of Corrections, et al., 1973.

15 279

John Doe and Mary Doe vs. Michigan Department of Mental of Health, undated.

15 280

Ruiz vs. Estelle, 1979.

15 281-282

Stone vs. San Francisco, 1978-1981.

15 283

Tom Capps vs. Victor Atiyeh, 1980-1982.

15 284

Wyatt vs. United States, 1972.

15 285

Miscellaneous, undated.

15 286

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VII.  Writings by Others, 1916-1987, undated. 9.5 boxes.

Series Description

Arranged in four sub-series; Articles and Talks, Magazines, Professional Journals, and Newspapers. Each sub-series arranged alphabetically. Contains published materials authored by individuals other than Lowinger and also publications other than organization’s newsletters.

A.  Articles and Talks, 1950-1987. 4 boxes.

Box Folder

A.

16 287

Ba.

16 288

Be-Br.

16 289

C.

16 290

Da-Demb.

16 291

DeMontrice, Bruce, undated.

16 292

Den-Deu.

16 293

DeVise, Pierre, 1969.

16 294

Di-Du.

16 295

E.

16 296

Fa-Fein, Oliver, 1964-1969.

16 297

Fein, Rashi, undated.

16 298

Fi-Fy.

16 299

Ga-Gel.

17 300

Ger-Gl.

17 301

Go.

17 302

Gr-Gu.

17 303

Ha-Hi.

17 304

Ho-Hy.

17 305

I.

17 306

J-K.

17 307

Kennedy, Edward, 1974.

17 308

Kennedy, Jane, 1970-1973, undated.

17 309-311

Kenny-Kz.

18 312

La-Let.

18 313

Levin, Tom, 1967-1971.

18 314

Levy-Ly.

18 315

M.

18 316

N.

18 317

O-P.

18 318

Q-R.

18 319

Sa-Sch.

18 320

Sci-Sk.

19 321

Sl.

19 322

Sm-Sz.

19 323

T-V.

19 324

W-Z.

19 325

Miscellaneous.

19 326-328

B.  Magazines, 1960-1980. 1 boxes.

Box Folder

The Atlantic Monthly, 1973.

19 329

B.

19 330

Catalyst, 1980.

19 331

Congressional Record, 1965.

20 332

Detroit Medical News, 1964-1973.

20 333

E.

20 334

F.

20 335

I.

20 336

Liberation, 1966-1969.

20 337

M.

20 338

The New Republic, 1967-1971.

20 340

Newsweek, 1969.

20 341

The Progressive, 1963-1977.

20 342

Ramparts, 1974.

20 343

Reality, 1973.

20 344

Saturday Review, 1960.

20 345

Science, 1969.

20 346

Scientific American, 1964.

20 347

Scientist and Citizen, 1967.

20 348

Time: The Weekly News Magazine, 1971-1978.

20 349

V.

20 350

Womankind, undated.

20 351

C.  Professional Journals, 1916-1981. 3 boxes.

Box Folder

A-C.

20 353

Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 1972.

21 354-355

D.

21 356

E-G.

21 357

H-Journal of the American Medical Association.

21 358

Journal of Legal Medicine-Jz.

21 359

K- Medical Opinion.

21 360

Medical World News, 1966-1974.

21 361

Michigan Medicine, 1970-1972.

21 362

Modern Medicine, 1967-1971.

22 363

The New England Journal of Medicine, 1968-1975.

22 364

The New Physician, 1969-1971.

22 365

P-Q.

22 366

R.

22 367

Science, 1968-1975.

23 368

The Sciences, 1970.

23 369

Social Policy, 1971.

23 370

World Journal of Psychosynthesis, 1972.

23 371

D.  Newspapers, 1964-1969. 3 boxes.

Box Folder

AMA News, 1964-1969.

23 372

American Medical News, 1971-1983.

23 373

An-Az.

23 374

B.

23 375

Da-Des.

23 376

Detroit Free Press, 1965-1974, undated.

23 377

Detroit News, 1964-1974.

23 378

E.

23 379

Free Student, undated.

23 380

Freedom, 1974.

23 381

G-Go.

23 382

Guardian, 1968-1981.

23 383

H.

23 384

I.

23 385

J.

23 386

K.

23 387

Los Angeles Free Press, 1971-1972.

24 388

Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, 1973-1976.

24 389

Los Angeles Times, 1976.

24 390

Ma-Mac.

24 391

Medical, 1968.

24 392

Medical Tribune, 1965-1976, undated.

24 393-394

Mi.

24 395

The National Catholic Reporter, 1970.

24 396

The National Observer, 1974.

24 197

New American Movement, 1973.

24 398

The New York Review, 1970-1973.

24 399

The New York Times, 1964-1974, undated.

24 400

News Notes, 1972.

24 401

P.

24 402

R.

25 403

S.

25 404

Transition, 1974.

25 405

Village Voice, 1972.

25 406

Wall Street Journal, 1969-1974.

25 407

The Washington Daily News, 1971.

25 408

Washington Post, 1964-1974.

25 409

Miscellaneous.

25 410

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VIII.  Miscellaneous, undated. 2 folders.

Series Description

Contains unidentifiable items, including a number of Lowinger’s handwritten notes.

Box Folder

Personal, Lowinger Notes.

25 411

General Miscellaneous.

25 412

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