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Keith R. DeVries papers

1153

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
DeVries, Keith, 1937-2006
Title:
Keith R. DeVries papers
Date [inclusive]:
1969-2006
Call Number:
1153
Extent:
1 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
Keith R. DeVries (1937-2006) taught Greek and Anatolian archaeology at the University of Pennsylvania from 1969 until his retirement in 2004. His research included Greek fibulae, pottery, and homosexuality. His early field work included excavations at Ischia and Corinth during the 1960's (not included in this collection), but the bulk of his work was at Gordion (Turkey) from 1971 through 2003, where he was also project director from 1974 through 1987. He continued his professional research, especially related to Gordion and Greek homosexuality, until his death in 2006.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Keith R. DeVries papers. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Biography/History

Keith Robert DeVries was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and after graduating from the University of Michigan in 1958 with a degree in English, worked in publishing in New York and Rome for several years. In 1965, he began graduate study in classical archaeology at the University of Pennsylvania where he received his Ph.D. in 1970. During this period he was active in excavations at Ischia (1966-1967) and at Corinth (1968), where he was a regular member (John Williams White Fellow) at the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. The following year he held the Edward Capps fellowship as an associate member. In 1969, he began teaching at Penn, where he offered courses in Anatolian archaeology and in Greek archaeology from the Bronze Age through the classical period.

It was Gordion, the Phrygian capital of King Midas in central Anatolia, that became his life's work. He first went to Gordion in 1971, where he worked under Rodney S. Young, director of excavations since 1950, and was thereafter a staff member of the excavation for more than thirty years. He served as director, following the death of Rodney Young, in 1974–1975, and then between 1977 and 1987. He wrote a series of significant articles which clarified the historical sequence of the site, in addition to his studies of the imported Greek pottery. Most recently, and up until the time of his death, he worked on the implications of the radical revision of the Gordion chronology, which now places the destruction of the Early Phrygian capital at c. 800 B.C.—a century earlier than previously thought. His analysis of both the archaeological record and the literary sources was crucial to this new understanding of the Gordion chronology.

DeVries' dissertation was on Boeotian incised fibulae, and he published several articles on these decorated bronze pins. His careful study of Corinthian Geometric pottery led him ultimately to propose a chronological adjustment for the initial Greek colonization in the central Mediterranean; this important paper appeared in the Corinth Centennial volume. He also published several articles on the assemblage of Greek pottery from Phrygian Gordion. His "Greek Pottery and Gordion Chronology," appeared in The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians: Recent Work at Gordion (2005). He was interested in the interactions between the Greeks and the peoples of Asia Minor, and this was reflected in his article, "The Nearly Other," which examined the depictions of Phrygians and Lydians in Attic vase-painting.

Beginning in the 1980s, he worked for a number of years on a manuscript, "Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy," which included a comprehensive catalogue of homosexual “courting scenes” in Greek vase-painting as well as a very complete list of kalos inscriptions. His study of the images showed, for example, that the largest number of such scenes appears in the years immediately following the establishment of the Athenian democracy, and therefore contemporary vase-painting provided no evidence of the newly established democracy's hostility to pederasty. Although the book was never completed, DeVries shared his manuscript with other scholars, and it played an important role in framing the discussion about these issues. His catalogue, which serves as reminder of Keith's insistence that the full range of the visual evidence had to be considered, has since been published in abridged form in Andrew Lear and Eva Cantarella's Images of Ancient Greek Pederasty (2008).

Several other publications reflect his research on homosexuality and its representation in Greek art. An important article considered anew the representations of the eromenoi in Greek vase-painting, while in another he identified six of the so-called eponymous heroes on the Parthenon frieze as male couples.

He was a consultant for the 1994 reinstallation of the Greek Gallery at the University of Pennsylvania Museum, and he also served as co-director of the Museum's Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum project. A longtime member of the Archaeological Institute of America, he also served on the Managing Committee of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens.

Keith Robert DeVries died of cancer in Philadelphia, on July 16, 2006, at the age of sixty-nine. At the time of his death, he was Associate Curator Emeritus of the Mediterranean Section of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and Associate Professor Emeritus of Classical Studies at the University of Pennsylvania.

This biographical note was adapted in part from the following sources: Brownlee, A.B. (2007) "Keith Robert DeVries (1937-2006)". Classical World, volume 100.4. pp. 445-446. Sams, G. Kenneth (2007) “Keith Devries, 1937-2006”. American Journal of Archaeology, volume 111. pp. 549-501.

Scope and Contents

The textual records of the Keith R. Devries papers consist of approximately one linear foot of professional correspondence, draft articles for publication and notes of talks and presentations written between 1969 and 2006. The records reflect for the most part Devries’ research interests and administrative duties while in residence at the University of Pennsylvania. With the exception of presentation notes, they do not include the records of his work with the Gordion Project from 1973 to 2006 (including Attic import pottery), which are housed in the Gordion Project Archives. Records prior to 1969, including work at Ischia and Corinth during his residence there (1966-1968) are not extant.

Topics included in the papers include research of ancient Greek fibulae, pottery (Corinthian and Attic), and Greek homosexuality as evidenced in sculpture, pottery painting, and kalos inscriptions. A significant portion of the correspondence and draft material deals with research toward the publication of Devries' book "Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy," which occupied him for the most part between 1985 and 1996, and was to include a complete and exhaustive catalogue of homosexual “courting” images, still unpublished at his death. There is also significant correspondence with scholars researching related aspects of Greek homosexuality. Administrative records relate to the American School of Classical Studies in Athens (1984-1986), the Archaeological Institute of America (1972-1974), student advising and teaching (1971-2001), and the University of Pennsylvania Museum (1973-1986).

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  2013

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by James DeWalt and Dan Cavanaugh

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

See also Gordion Project records. DeVries was a member of the project from 1971 to 2006. He was Field Director in 1974 and Project Director from 1975 to 1987.

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Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)
  • Gordion (Extinct city)
Personal Name(s)
  • DeVries, Keith, 1937-2006
Subject(s)
  • Greece--Antiquities
  • Homosexuality--History

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Collection Inventory

Correspondence, 1969-2006.

Scope and Contents note

This series is arranged by subject and correspondent. Correspondent files include items both by and concerning the person referenced. Where significant correspondence deals with published and unpublished articles, it is filed separately under the title of the article. Correspondence dealing with "Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy" includes some general discussion of Greek homosexuality aiming toward the publication of what was to be a comprehensive study. Where individual correspondence with persons discusses the Gordion Project, these have been filed with the Gordion Project records collection.

Box

American School of Classical Studies 1984-1986.

1

"The Amyklaion and Its Throne" 1982-1988.

1

Archaeological Institute of America 1972-1974.

1

Archaeological Institute of America - Von Bothmer Controversy 1973-1974.

1

Binder, Judith 1993.

1

Coldstream, J. N. 2003-2004.

1

Corinth Excavations 1972-1995.

1

Corinth Excavations - Scarab 1973-1976.

1

DeVries Family 1974-1983.

1

"Eighth-Century Corinthian Pottery" 1997-2001.

1

Fibulae Research 1969-1986.

1

Hampe, Roland 1969-1976.

1

"Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy" 1985-1996 (1 of 2).

1

"Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy" 1985-1996 (2 of 2).

1
"Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy" - Catalogue of Images 2004-2006.
Scope and Contents note

Correspondence with Andrew Lear and James Davidson regarding publication of catalogue in forthcoming work by Lear.

1

Homosexuality - Boswell, John E. 1982-1994.

1

Homosexuality - Dorcey, Peter F. 1993-1994.

1

Homosexuality - Flory, Stewart 1990-1992.

1

Homosexuality - Halperin, David 1993-1999.

1

Homosexuality - Kalos Inscriptions 1982-1991.

1

Homosexuality - Kilmer, Martin F. 1990-1992.

1

Homosexuality - Parthenon Frieze/"Eponymous Heroes" 1985-1992.

1

Homosexuality - Roscoe, Will 1994.

1

Homosexuality - Shaw, Brent 1997.

1

Homosexuality - Sutton, Robert F., Jr. 1989.

1

Homosexuality - Williamson, Margaret 1993-1994.

1

Homosexuality - Younger, John 1995.

1

Miscellaneous Correspondence 1973-1998.

1

Museum, University of Pennsylvania 1973-1986.

1

Phillips, Kyle 1986-1989.

1

Pottery Research - Miscellaneous 1970-2006.

1

Publications and Presentations - Miscellaneous 1971-1998.

1

Student Advising 1971-2001.

1

Teaching - Classical Archaeology 1974-2004.

1

Publications and Presentations, 1974-2006.

Scope and Contents note

This series is arranged by title of article or draft publication, or by subject where no title exists. Included are notes to presentations and talks, including talks relating to the Gordion Project (documents and reports of the Gordion Project are filed with the Gordion Project records collection). Only unpublished drafts have been included; a complete bibliography of DeVries’ published works is included in his curriculum vitae in the University of Pennsylvania Archives Biography Collection. The draft text of Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy is incomplete up to page 168, apparently complete from pages 168 to 336. From the nature of the fragments extant it appears that these missing pages were present and may yet be located. The catalogue of images intended to be appended to this work appears to be complete. It should be noted that this work originated as a draft journal article intended to be titled “Courting/Homosexuality Scenes and the Athenian Democracy,” and early correspondence will reference this title.

Box

"The Amyklaion and Its Throne" - 1987 Draft.

1

[Amyklae Talk] 1987.

1

Assyrian Destruction of Gordion? - 1997 Talk.

1

[Attic Pottery/Homosexual Iconography Talk] 1995.

1

Attic Pottery from Gordion - 1994 Talk.

1

Book Reviews - Published 1971-1982.

1

[Dionysos Statue Talk].

1

The Diphrophoroi on the Parthenon Frieze - 1993 Talk.

2

East Greeks and Levantines, Archaic Period - Talk.

2

The 'Eponymous Heroes' on the Parthenon Frieze - 1992 Talk.

2

The Frigid Eremenos? A Re-Examination of Attic Vase Painting - 1991 Talk.

2

From Midas to Alexander - Talk.

2

[Gordion Talks], 1974-2005.

2

[Gordion Talks - Abstracts].

2

[Gordion Talk/Early Excavations].

2

[Gordion/Greek Pottery Talk] 1992.

2

[Gordion/Phrygia Talk].

2

Greco-Persian Anatolia - Talk.

2

Hesiod - Talk.

2

"Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy" - Partial Draft 1992 (1 of 2).

2

"Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy" - Partial Draft 1992 (2 of 2).

2

"Homosexuality and the Athenian Democracy" - 1992 Catalogue.

2

"Homosexuality Scenes and the Athenian Democracy" - 1997 Draft.

2

Near East - Talk.

2

"New Middle Geometric II and Late Geometric Pottery at Corinth" - Draft.

2

"Notes on Workers in the Attic Pottery Industry" - 1979 Draft.

2

"Oral Poets and Fibula Incisers" 1979.

2

The Parthenon Frieze, Greek Sexuality, and Again the Parthenon Frieze - Talk.

2

Phrygian Gordion Before Midas - Talk.

2

Phrygians and Hellenization - Talk.

2

Reports from the Field - A New Look at the Phrygians: Recent Work at Gordion and Beyond -1997 Talk.

2

"Sythians, Cannabis, and Sexual Troubles: A Medical Story from the Ancient World" - Draft.

2

Tholos - Talk.

2

Throne of Midas - 2002 Talk.

2

Graphic Materials 1965-2002.