University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids

Navigation Aids

University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids
Search Finding Aids
 

Main Content

Pythagoras Boyd recipe book for dyes and dyeing

Ms. Codex 1931

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Boyd, Pythagoras, 1842-1913
Title:
Pythagoras Boyd recipe book for dyes and dyeing
Date:
circa 1860-1865
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1931
Extent:
1 volume (+ 2 leaves)
Language:
English
Abstract:
A volume comprised of formulas for dyes and dyeing textiles written by print works chemist Pythagoras Boyd between the years 1860 to 1865.
Cite as:
Pythagoras Boyd recipe book for dyes and dyeing, circa 1860-1865, Ms. Codex 1931, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

Boyd was one of three children born to John and Ellen Bentley Boyd in Clitheroe, Lancashire, England. John Boyd was a color printer. In 1861 Pythagoras worked as a color mixer at a calico print shop, probably Primrose Mill also known as Primrose Works in Clitheroe. In 1877 Boyd along with his wife, children, and his mother, immigrated to North Adams, Massachusetts. In Massachusetts Pythagoras became an analytical chemist in the textile industry working in colored dyes and dyeing. He eventually became manager at Arnold Print Works in North Adams working in printed cloth and calico. In 1872 Boyd married Ann Foster in Lancashire England. The couple had seven children. Boyd became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1887.

Scope and Contents

A parchment covered volume with a brass, clasp closure, and ruled pages is comprised of formulas for dyes and dyeing textiles. The recipes were written by print works chemist Pythagoras Boyd spanning the years from around 1860 to 1865. The volume is enumerated from pages 1 to 471. Boyd recorded formulas of dyes for a multitude of colors and their numerous variants used in calico and textile printing. In addition to colors chemical formulas and solutions for processes in dyeing and types fabrics have also been included. Processes in dying include blotching, padding, rainbow, and setting. Fabrics are also noted along with formulas including, delaine, flannel, and wool. Some dye colors have the notation Primrose followed by a year. This notation probably referred to the Primrose Mill in Clitheroe. Combined recipes throughout the volume have page number notations. These page numbers refer to other recipes within the volume. Written on the flyleaf: P. Boyd, Clitheroe. The name John Bracewell is printed in pencil on the flyleaf. Two leaves laid in the volume: one a small list of page references, two a list chemical items and cost. Pages 314 to 471 are blank.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  June 2018

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Donna Brandolisio

Access Restrictions

This codex is available for research.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Michael Brown Rare Books (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), 2018.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Codices (bound manuscripts)
  • Formularies
  • Manuscripts, English--19th century
  • Recipes
Subject(s)
  • Dyes and dyeing--19th century--Formulae
  • Textile printing--19th century

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Volume

Pythagoras Boyd recipe book for dyes and dyeing, circa 1860-1865.

1