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Learned collection on German-language theater

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Ms. Coll. 638

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Learned, Marion Dexter, 1857-1917
Title:
Learned collection on German-language theater
Date [bulk]:
1873-1895
Date [inclusive]:
1832-1898
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 638
Extent:
35 boxes (+ 2 map drawers)
Language:
German
Language note:
In German with some English.
Abstract:
Comprises material relating to the production of German-language plays in Philadelphia, predominantly in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Material includes printed and manuscript plays with annotations, which served as prompt books; manuscript scenarios; lists of props, as well as a few actual props; role books; librettos; musical scores; playbills; and selected issues of German-language theater newspapers published in Philadelphia. Also includes a catalog of the Theater-Leihbibliothek, handwritten by Theodor Bloch, owner of the lending library.
Cite as:
Learned collection on German-language theater, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Biography/History

German-Language Theater in Philadelphia: A Historical Sketch

In the period between 1830 and 1930, 5.9 million German immigrants arrived in the United States, comprising 15.7% of all immigrants arriving.[1] One might, further, speak of a "mid-nineteenth century character" of this German immigration: about one-third of German immigrants over those one hundred years arrived between 1850 and 1869, during which time German immigrants constituted fully 35% of the total number of immigrants arriving.[2] On the other hand, more German immigrants arrived in the 1880s––about 1.4 million––than during any other decade.[3] The highest peaks of annual German immigration during the period were reached in 1854 and 1882.[4]

German emigration to the United States famously began in Pennsylvania, with Francis Daniel Pastorius leading a group of German Mennonites and Quakers in the founding of Germantown, near Philadelphia, in 1683. The Middle Atlantic region in general, and particularly Pennsylvania, remained a favored destination of German settlement in the eighteenth century. In the nineteenth century, the focus of German settlement shifted westward and broadened significantly, with areas of settlement expanding into Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin, as well as Michigan, Minnesota, Iowa, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, and Arkansas. There were also significant settlements in Louisiana, Texas, Colorado, California, and Washington.[5] But even with this shift, in 1880, Philadelphia, which was at that time the second largest city in the United States, had a German-born population of 55,769––considerably larger, in absolute terms, than the German-born populations of either Cincinnati or Milwaukee, and slightly larger than that of St. Louis. Only New York and Chicago had larger populations of German-born immigrants.[6] German-born Philadelphians made up 6.6% of the city's total population. Considering the German-born in combination with those who were the children of German immigrants, one can speak of Philadelphians of 'German stock' as amounting to 16.2% of the city's population in 1880. (Only the Irish made up a larger immigrant group in Philadelphia at that time.)[7]

Faced with the dilemmas of assimilation, German Americans in the second half of the nineteenth century debated the future of the 'German element' in American culture.[8] Love of the arts, especially music and theater, had long been a strong aspect of German social life, and so it was often through the expression of these cultural interests that German-American life distinguished itself. In the––perhaps filio-pietistic––formulation of the eminent German-American scholar Albert Bernhardt Faust: "The social influence of the German element in the United States consists in the emphasis laid upon the cultivation of those arts and habits which divert from the narrow path of selfish interest or material gain, and which elevate, ennoble, and increase the joy of living."[9] As was the case for other immigrant groups in the nineteenth century, and for American life in general, German-American life was much bound up with participation in voluntary associations, known in German as Vereine.[10] Philadelphia was by some measures in the forefront of German cultural expression in this regard. The first German-American singing society in the country, the Männerchor, was founded in Philadelphia on 15 December 1835. The Turngemeinde Philadelphia, formally organized on 15 May 1849, was the fourth in a succession of such  Turnvereine, or gymnastic associations, that had begun to form in the United States in 1848.[11] Both types of  Vereine were reminiscent of traditional communal life in Germany.

The support of German-language theater on a long-term basis was an often elusive goal for enterprising German-American community members in the mid to late nineteenth century. A German theater director and immigrant from Hamburg, Heinrich Börnstein, when undertaking to establish a German theater in St. Louis in 1858––what eventually opened the following fall as the St. Louis Opernhaus––tried to kindle enthusiasm for the new project among his compatriots by reminding them that, back in Germany, even a city with a population of only 12-15,000 inhabitants would usually have a theater of above-average quality, and that cities of 30-50,000 would, as a matter of course, boast a good, well-established theater presenting both operas and plays. Speculating that there were some 60,000 German-speaking residents of St. Louis, Börnstein asserted that one should be able to reckon at least 5%, or 3,000, of them as regular once-a-week theater-goers––and, if such were the case, then a good German theater was a realizable goal: "wir haben von Anfang an das feste Vertrauen gehabt, dass die deutsche Bevölkerung von St. Louis ihr eigenes deutsches Theater haben und erhalten könne, und in diesem Vertrauen haben wir gehandelt" (we were convinced from the beginning that the German population of St. Louis could have and maintain its own German theater, and we have acted in this conviction).[12]

By 1880, if not before, Philadelphia presumably had the critical mass of culturally engaged German speakers that Börnstein was talking about. Early efforts to provide some kind of ongoing German-language theatrical performances in Philadelphia were the work of Vereine who joined together to strive for this goal. German plays had been performed on American stages in English translation beginning as early as 1795, with a production of Lessing's  Minna von Barnhelm in Charleston, South Carolina, and Schiller's  Die Räuber, in New York, followed up by "a veritable flood of German plays descending upon the American stage" by the popular German playwright August von Kotzebue. But 1830 is the landmark year in which the first documented performances were given in the German language––in the Washington Theater on Old York Road, in Philadelphia, by a company of actors calling themselves the German Amateur Theatrical Society.[13]

A fairly continuous history of German-language performances in Philadelphia begins in 1840, with the formation of the Deutsche Unterhaltungsverein, which set as its mission the "Pflege der dramatischen Kunst" (the fostering of the dramatic arts), and gave several performances over the next year or two.[14] In May 1848, another amateur troop, under the direction of W. Herrmann and W. Deetz, gave performances that were evidently of good quality but poorly attended, judging by the lament in the pages of the Philadelphia newspaper Freie Presse, on 31 May. The writer conveys a sense of a strong German cultural life in Philadelphia in that era, while expressing disappointment that the degree of interest shown in the fledgling theater falls so far short of high-minded expectations brought from the German homeland:

Hier, wo das deutsche Leben mehr überwiegend als vielleicht in irgend einer Stadt vorherrscht, sollte man meinen, könnte nichts erwünschter kommen, als die schönen Abendunterhaltungen eines guten Theaters, das man in Deutschland in der kleinsten Provinzial-Stadt für eine gewisse Zeit im Jahre ganz bestimmt findet. Die Schauspieler spielen im allgemeinen gut und einige davon leisten wirklich Auszergewöhnliches. Wenn solch eine Gesellschaft vor leeren Bänken spielen muss, dann muss man an dem allgemeinen Sinn für gediegene Unterhaltung unter den Deutschen verzweifeln.

(Here, where German life predominates perhaps more than in any other city, one would think that nothing could be as desirable as the fine evening entertainment provided by a good theater, something that one finds without fail in even the smallest provincial city in Germany for a certain period in the year. The actors generally give a good performance, and a few of them can really be credited with extraordinary achievements. When a company like this has to play to empty seats, then one must begin to despair of the basic sense for quality entertainment among the Germans.)[15]

Around this time, various amateur theater associations (Liebhaber-Theater) performed sporadically, with greater or lesser success, at several venues in Philadelphia, including Franklin-Halle, on Sixth Street between Arch and Race, and the Arch Street Hall, near the Arch Street Theater (at Sixth Street). The lack of a suitable building was a hindrance. The repertoire sometimes left much to be desired, with the comedies of Kotzebue predominating at first.[16]

In C. F. Huch's account of German theater in Philadelphia, he views as welcome progress the opening in August 1855 of a "proper German theater with daily performances," under the competent direction of Wilhelm Böttner. That troop performed at first in the Melodeon, on Chestnut Street above Sixth, and later Böttner arranged to rent the City Museum, on Callowhill Street below Fifth, a church that had been renovated for use as a theater.[17] In the 1856-1857 season, Böttner and Bruno Berndt were joint directors, and in summer to fall 1857, Böttner and Serges. After Böttner left Philadelphia for New Orleans at the end of 1857, the German theater was reopened for another season in August 1858, under the joint direction of Meaubert and Josue. The City Museum was proving inadequate as a venue, and there was a plan at the beginning of 1859 to have a proper theater built, but the current performances were so unprofitable that the plan was dropped. Performances continued to be given in the same venue in 1859, under Josue's direction.[18]

Huch reports that plays performed in the years from 1855 to 1859 included the following authors and titles: Raimund ( Der Verschwender;  Der Alpenkönig), Nestroy (  Till Eulenspiegel;  Einen Jux will er sich machen;  Der böse Geist Lumpazivavagabundus;  Zu ebener Erde und erster Stock), Kleist (  Käthchen von Heilbronn), Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer (  Der Glöckner von Notre Dame;  Hinko), Louis Schneider (  Kean;  Die eiserne Maske), August von Kotzebue (  Der Wirrwarr;  Menschenhass und Reue), Roderich Benedix (  Die drei Junggesellen), Gustav Freytag (  Die Journalisten), Friedrich Adami (  Königin Margot und die Hugenotten), Pius Alexander Wolff (  Preciosa), August Weirauch (  Wenn Leute Geld haben), Carl Elmar (  Unter der Erde), and Friedrich Kaiser (  Stadt und Land). Every season's program included a number of plays from Schiller (  Wilhelm Tell;  Die Räuber;  Maria Stuart;  Kabale und Liebe;  Die Verschwörung des Fiesco zu Genua), and one or more plays (in translation) from Shakespeare (  Hamlet;  Othello;  Viel Lärm um Nichts). A total of 177 plays were performed in the years 1855 and 1856 together, and 121 in 1859 alone.[19]

In 1859, the 100th anniversary of Schiller's birth, on 10 November, was celebrated by offering performances of his plays Kabale und Liebe and  Wilhelm Tell, on the 10th and the 11th. (The performance of plays by Schiller in November in honor of his birthday was a recurring custom in the German-language theater in Philadelphia throughout the coming decades.) Attendance was good for those performances but so poor for the rest of the year that the theater was closed down by the management in January 1860, only to re-open again some days later at the initiative of the actors. The actors valiantly carried on with performances but suffered under the same hindrances that German theater companies had battled for years: "lack of competent direction, of a well suited building, and of sufficient financial means to maintain the theater."[20]

In 1858 the Turngemeinde Philadelphia purchased a building on N. Third Street and then, in 1860, the adjacent property and, beginning in June of that year, theatrical performances alternating with concerts were offered in what was known as Turner-Halle, for two periods during the year, as a summer and a winter theater.[21]

With the battle of Fort Sumter in April 1861––the beginning of the American Civil War––the German theater entered another period of uncertainty. Actors were also among those who joined the military.[22] During the Civil War era, modest undertakings provided for performances at various venues, including Turner-Halle; Hermann-Halle, on Coates Street (later known as Fairmount Avenue) above Second Street; Vollmer and Born's Aktien-Bierhalle, on Third Street; and, in summer, Engel and Wolf's Farm. Notable success was achieved by Gustav Ostermann, the son-in-law of Wilhelm Böttner, who directed a theater troop in Hermann-Halle, from November 1862 to March 1863, under the name Odeon. After that, Ostermann joined his efforts with those of A. Scherzer, who had been leading a different troop at the Melodeon on Callowhill Street, and they continued productions at the latter venue through the summer.[23]

The Callowhill Street Theater opened in August 1863 under the direction of August W. Rabe and Nettelbladt, who decided not long afterwards that they lacked enough support to succeed. By the end of September, G. Töpfer and Th. Hanel had taken over the management and, under the name Stadttheater, performances continued to be given at that venue until spring 1864.[24] (The Callowhill Street Theater later burned down, in 1868, and Concordia-Halle, also a venue for theatrical performances and concerts, was built on the same site.)[25]

In April 1864, a German-language performance of Hamlet was given at the Academy of Music in honor of the three-hundredth anniversary of Shakespeare's birth. Opera companies from Germany also made periodic guest appearances at either the Academy of Music or at the Chestnut Street Theater in 1863 to 1865, 1867, and 1869.[26]

In fall 1864 previous venues for German theater were put to use again under new rubrics: the Volkstheater, co-directed by Serges and Reicher, operated in Hermann-Halle, from September to October; and the Vestvali-Lund-Theater, under the direction of Ivan C. Michels, opened in September at the former Stadttheater, or Melodeon (Callowhill Street), and continued to give performances through April 1865. With the close of that season, there was no stable venue offering German theater for some months.[27]

In 1866 German-language plays were offered in Klumpp's Turner-Halle and in Heinrich Hornung's Kensington-Halle (the latter located at the corner of Second Street and Germantown Avenue), but the productions were apparently of modest aim and middling quality.[28] Higher standards were met in guest performances at the Callowhill Street Theater by acting troops visiting from German theaters in New York, in 1866 and 1867. An open air theater opened in summer 1867 under the name Kensington-Volksgarten-Theater (at Third Street and Germantown Avenue), run by C. Klein and under the direction of J. Riedel.[29]

At the beginning of 1868, Hornung also took over management of Turner-Halle, and for a period of months presided over productions at the two venues, before deciding to consolidate his efforts in more challenging productions at Turner-Halle, where in August 1868 productions began with William Gerlach as superintendent, Martin Hagemann as director, and Theodor Schaumberg as music director.[30] (German-language performances continued to be offered in Turner-Halle under various rubrics throughout the 1870s.)

At this time, focused efforts were again made to develop a plan for securing a building as a permanent home for a German theater. A stock company with that aim had been chartered back in 1859, but for whatever reasons did not accomplish its goal. In 1867, at the meeting of an honorary committee related to the tenth annual Sängerfest (singing festival), a special committee was formed whose aim, again, was to found a stock company, for the purpose of financing not only the acquisition of a property for the theater but also the steady engagement of an acting troop and the ongoing costs.[31] Such a stock company was indeed incorporated, under the name "The German Theater of Philadelphia," on 18 March 1868, with Theodore A. Demmé as president and Charles Borm as treasurer. In 1870, the stock company purchased three houses on the northwest corner of Seventh Street and Vine. However, the financial arrangements did not go as planned, and the ultimate outcome was that after several years the houses had to be sold far below the purchase price, and the shareholders lost all of their investment.[32]

In the interim when the dealings of the stock company were still being worked out, attempts were made to establish a provisional German theater offering performances on a steady basis. From November 1869 to February 1870, a troop of actors performed at a location on the northeast corner of Franklin and Coates Street (the latter later known as Fairmount Avenue; the site, several years later, of Robert Tagg's Maennerchor Hall). The artistic director was Karl von Jendersky, the director ( Regisseur) Heinrich Döbelin, and the music director Heinrich Greim. After financial failure, a new attempt, and then a fire, performances were moved to Concordia-Halle (the new building at the site of the former Callowhill Street Theater). During the summer of 1870, Scherzer undertook improvements to the stage in Concordia-Halle and, in the fall, opened the hall as the Philadelphia Stadt-Theater, with Eduard Härting directing plays and Theodor Schaumberg as Kapellmeister. Since that venue was also rented for balls, German-language plays were offered with some interruptions.[33]

After only occasional performances there in 1871, German-language plays were again performed in Concordia-Halle for significant stretches in 1872 to 1874, sometimes under the rubric of Stadt-Theater. Heinrich Maret directed productions there in February and in April 1872; in March he had moved his troop to a theater that he had rented on N. Seventh Street. In December 1872, the Stadt-Theater in Concordia-Halle opened under the general direction of Rudolf Beckier, with J.W. Jost as music director. The Stadt-Theater continued in the fall of 1873 with Moritz Hahn as both general director and director of plays ( Regisseur), and Simon Hassler as music director. In the early months of 1874 there was a series of Sunday performances.[34]

From early 1871 until January 1874, German-language plays were also performed in Turner-Halle on a regular basis, under the directorship of Georg Brandt. The plays included: Wallensteins Lager and  Wilhelm Tell, by Schiller;  Othello, by Shakespeare;  Nacht und Morgen, by Birch-Pfeiffer;  Die Karlsschüler and  Unser Prinz Friedrich, by Heinrich Laube;  Inspektor Bräsig, by Theodor Gassmann and J. Krüger;  Der Meineidbauer, by Ludwig Anzengruber;  Die Schöppenstädter, by Rudolf Kneisel;  Washington, der Befreier Nordamerikas, by Georg Schönfeldt; and  Die Spitzenkönigin, by Hugo Müller and Adolph L'Arronge. After Brandt's departure, the Turngemeinde undertook its own productions of German-language plays in Turner-Halle, from April to August 1874, with L. Holfelder and Alexander Varena serving as directors, and F. Losse conducting the orchestra.[35]

In September 1874, the management of Turner-Halle was assumed by Henry Oberkirsch and Gottlob Hammer, with L. Holfelder continuing in the capacity of director and Theodor Schaumberg becoming music director once again (as he had been earlier). Oberkirsch and Hammer led the productions in Turner-Halle until 1877, when Holfelder and August Schmidt took over.[36]

The further path on which Hammer and Oberkirsch embarked proved to be a kind of watershed in the history of German-language theater in Philadelphia. In August 1877 they leased Ladner's Military Hall, at 528-532 N. Third Street (near the intersection with Spring Garden), and began to produce performances there under the name Germania Theater.[37] A theater newspaper, Die Bühne, containing the Germania's official program, began to appear on 19 April 1878.[38] Around April 1881, the hall underwent a major renovation and was rebuilt as a proper theater. It reopened in its new garb in September 1881.[39] At what became its permanent site, Germania Theater remained in existence for over 17 years, until early 1895.

Gottlob Hammer served as the first general director of the theater. Aside from his role in the theater, Hammer was a businessman dealing in Rhine wines. He was from Reutlingen, in the state of Württemberg, Germany, and had emigrated to the United States in 1865. His partner in the founding of Germania Theater, Henry Oberkirsch, served as the music director. Oberkirsch was also a music teacher and freelance conductor.[40] Heinrich Maret served as the first director of plays ( Regisseur). Hammer and Oberkirsch jointly led the theater until spring 1882.

Germania Theater employed a resident troop of actors and actresses for each season, and there would also be a number of guest appearances by additional actors and actresses during the season. Performances were held nearly every day of the week. An advertisement that Hammer ran in the Philadelphia Tageblatt pithily conveyed the theater's raison d'être: "Jeden Abend deutsche Theater-Vorstellung von einem guten Künstler-Personal" (A German theatrical performance every evening, by a fine staff of artists).[41] As had been the custom earlier, Sunday performances were often billed under the rubric "Sacred Concert," in a nod to conservative or nativist sentiment that frowned upon the operation of the theater on the Christian Sabbath. However, in some years, laws passed in Philadelphia kept the theater closed on Sundays.[42]



Throughout the years of its existence Germania Theater continued to publish its own newspaper, as the official theater program. At first (as mentioned above) titled  Die Bühne, it was called  Germania Theater Zeitung for a number of years from 1882 on; after 1890 the masthead simply displayed the name of the theater.[43] The newspaper was usually a four-sided publication issued several times a week, carrying numerous advertisements of local businesses. In addition to the theater's program of plays, operas, and operettas, the paper included announcements about lectures, club meetings, balls, and festivals. In its first incarnation as  Die Bühne, it also had a varied content beyond these basics, including news items (often theater-related news in the widest sense), anecdotes, jokes, and poems. Initially, in 1878, the paper was printed in batches of 3,000 copies, and it was handed out to patrons at performances, between acts.[44] According to a message in the first issue from the editors/publishers, Oberkirsch and Wolf, the paper was also mailed free of charge to subscribers. They aspired for it to be viewed as an "Unterhaltungsblatt" (entertainment publication) that readers would save for a while, rather than just toss aside––a cut above "gewöhnliche Anzeigezettel" (ordinary announcement flyers). Although the paper was otherwise in German, it carried, in the publisher's box, the English-language boast: "The best Advertising Medium in the City and Suburbs." Later on, in fall 1882, under the editorship of Adolph Stein, an English-language message with a different slant began to appear in the publisher's box: "Guaranteed circulation 30,000 copies per month."

After the tenure of Hammer and Oberkirsch, Alexander Kost took the helm of the theater. A comic actor who had previously performed in Chicago, Kost joined Germania's cast in 1878, and in the 1879-1880 season was responsible for directing farces and operettas (with another director responsible for dramas and comedies). In 1881 and early 1882, he was director at the newly opened Concordia Operetten-Theater, run by Robert Tagg. Kost directed Germania Theater from late 1882 until spring 1885, and then moved to Concordia-Halle, where he headed a troop under the name Thalia Theater, which seems to have been run on a model comparable to the Germania, for the season from fall 1885 to spring 1886.[45]

Meanwhile Alexander Wurster had taken over the directorship of Germania Theater in fall 1885, and he led the theater until spring 1891. Wurster had wide experience in German theater in the United States. He had previously directed the New Chicago Theater (in Chicago), which closed in 1878; and had also been active in St. Louis, directing Sunday performances for one season at the Olympic Theater, in 1876 to 1877; and for a regular season at the Apollo Theater in 1881 to 1882.[46] As the new director, Wurster addressed a message to the theater's "Freunde und Gönner" (friends and patrons) in the 24 October 1885 issue of Germania Theater Zeitung. While expressing his gratitude for what he optimistically characterizes as attendance increasing with each day ("den von Tag zu Tag sich steigernden Besuch"), he dubs his new post a 'difficult undertaking' ("schwierigen Unternehmen"), and is concerned to elicit continuing support. He introduces himself as a director with an artistic mission––"fortwährend bestrebt, dem geehrten kunstsinnigen Deutschthum dieser Stadt nur wirklich gediegene Vorstellungen zu bieten, kurz in dem Germania-Theater eine Bühne zu schaffen, würdig der deutschen Kunst und dem Deutschthum Philadelphia's zur Ehre und zum Vergnügen" (constantly striving to offer the venerable, art-loving German public of this city only sterling-quality performances, in short to create in Germania Theater a stage worthy of German art and of Philadelphia’s German constituency, to its honor and for its amusement).[47]

That week the theater was offering performances every day from Monday through Saturday, with three plays featured: Die Anna-Lise, by Hermann Hersch, a drama (  Schauspiel); and two comedies (  Lustspiele),  Die Anti-Xantippe, oder: Krieg der Frauen, by Rudolf Kneisel, and  Das Stiftungsfest, by Gustav von Moser. The program is fairly representative:  Die Anna-Lise was something of a perennial favorite; and Kneisel and Moser were two of the most consistently represented authors on the theater's program over the years.

Huch characterizes Wurster's tenure in glowing terms as "in künstlerischer Beziehung höchst erfolgreich" (highly successful in an artistic sense).[48] A souvenir program issued by Germania Theater in April 1890, commemorating five seasons, 1885-1890, under Wurster's management, records that a total of 1,000 performances were given, averaging about 200 performances of 69 different plays each year, during a theater season that ran from September to April. The repertoire during those years included a total of 257 plays by 108 different authors. The genres most represented were: Posse,  Lustspiel,  Schauspiel,  Volksstück, and  Schwank. Farces (  Possen) and comedies (  Lustspiele) typically accounted for nearly half of the repertoire. The authors with the greatest representation of works were Gustav von Moser (17 titles) and Wilhelm Mannstädt (16 titles). Other authors with considerable representation (from 8 to 13 titles) were: Eduard Jacobson, Rudolph Kneisel, Franz von Schönthan, Adolph L'Arronge, Heinrich Wilken, Leon Treptow, and Friedrich Schiller.[49]

Following Wurster's departure in 1891, the Germania had several directors in quick succession––Georg Heinemann, Adolf Binkert, and Jos. E. Metzger––and descended increasingly into financial difficulties and managerial disarray, until it finally closed around March 1895. The last extant theater newspaper, dated for the week beginning 28 February 1895, advertises performances for Tuesday 5 March through Saturday 9 March. For that week the featured plays were Hermann Sudermann's Die Ehre, and Schiller's  Die Räuber.[50]

Despite the relatively long life of Germania Theater, and its embodiment of impressive energies and talent, as with all things that eventually pass away, it was vulnerable to being viewed in retrospect as having fallen short. Writing in 1926, the Lutheran pastor Georg von Bosse, who had emigrated to the United States from Germany in 1889, recalled the nineteenth-century history of German theater in Philadelphia as little more than a blank page strewn with ineffectual marks: "Das deutsche Theater ist wie in anderen Städten so auch in Philadelphia stets ein Schmerzenskind gewesen. Manche Anläufe zu einem ständigen deutschen Theater sind gemacht und keiner war erfolgreich" (As in other cities, German theater in Philadelphia has always been a child of misery. Some attempts at a permanent German theater have been made, but none was successful).[51]

By the time that Bosse was writing, yet another substantial enterprise had come and gone. Following the demise of Germania Theater, performances of German-language plays in Philadelphia were again held at various venues, such as Maennerchor Hall or the Arch Street Theater. The wish to have a more permanent venue once again resurfaced and money was raised to purchase a building at Franklin Street and Girard Avenue, which was then rebuilt, and opened in 1905 as the Deutsche Theater, or German Theatre, under the directorship of Max Hanisch, a German-speaking immigrant from St. Petersburg via Germany.[52] Ushered into life, as Bosse notes, with "schönen Hoffnungen" (fine hopes), that new German theater remained in existence for only about five or six years. In 1911 it was replaced by a Yiddish theater called the American; and after 1921 it was known as the Astor––a moving picture house.[53]

A Biographical Sketch of Theodor Bloch

(born Prussia, November 1832; died after 1900)

Most of the theater rehearsal materials contained in Series I of the Learned Collection comprise items that belonged to Theodor Bloch, a German immigrant who was active in German-language theater in Philadelphia from approximately the mid 1860s until at least 1895.[54] Bloch appears as an actor in the casts of some plays in the period from 1873 to 1879.[55] Later, he continued to be closely associated with the theater company of Germania Theater. Various souvenir programs of Germania Theater reflecting the theater seasons from fall 1885 to spring 1891 indicate that during this time Bloch served steadily as prompter ( Souffleur) through four theater seasons: 1887-1888, 1888-1889, 1889-1890 and 1890-1891. On 28 April 1887, a special extra performance ("Große Extra-Vorstellung") of the play  Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit, by C. A. Paul, at Germania Theater, is advertised on a playbill as having been arranged by Bloch in celebration of his 25th anniversary in the theater ("arrangirt von Theodor Bloch zur Feier seiner 25jährigen Bühnenwirksamkeit"). Further insight about Bloch's contributions to the theater is provided by the souvenir program produced in commemoration of Germania Theater's seasons from fall 1885 to spring 1890. Bloch is credited as having compiled the cumulative information about the theater’s repertoire contained in the program, and is said to have been keeping detailed records about the theater for 25 years.[56]

Many items in Series I, including published copies of plays that have been annotated as prompt books, as well as role books (actors' scripts), are labeled as the property of Theodor Bloch. Evidence from some of the files indicates that Bloch began systematically assembling theater rehearsal materials, and taking responsibility for them, with a view to later use, as early as 1873. By fall 1880 he had organized his collection of materials into a formal theater lending library, and began to advertise his operation in the theater newspaper of Germania Theater. Bloch's advertisement for his library appears regularly in the newspaper from that time on, and it appears in the last extant issue of the newspaper, in February 1895.[57] The Learned Collection contains a catalog for Bloch's library, dated by him 1886, which provides a detailed inventory and describes lending conditions.[58]

Bloch's home and business address was 442 N. Fourth Street, Philadelphia, more or less around the block from Germania Theater, at 528-532 N. Third Street. Aside from his involvement in the theater, Bloch was a businessman who ran a gold and silver refining business. Advertisements for his business––in which he seeks to purchase old gold and silver––can be found in the newspapers of Germania Theater from the first issue on.

Records about Theodor Bloch's household at 442 N. Fourth Street were found in the United States census of 1870, 1880, and 1900. His birthplace is given as Prussia. In the 1880 census the birthplace of both his mother and his father is said to be Prussia as well. The census of 1900 gives his date of birth as November 1832, and the year of his emigration as 1861. The passenger lists at Castle Garden show that a "Theo. Block," aged 29, arrived on the ship Bremen on 20 August 1861. (In the census of 1900, the last name is also spelled "Block.") His occupation is given as merchant, and his last place of residence Berlin. A date of death could not be found.

According to the census records, Bloch was married to Marie (or Mary) Bloch, who was born in September 1840 in Austria, and emigrated to the United States in 1855. She and Theodor married around 1865 (at the census of 1900, they had been married 35 years).

Based on the census records, it appears that Theodor and Marie Bloch did not have any children of their own but may have, in some capacity, raised and cared for Henry Frank and Matilda Frank, who both also participated in the German theater. In the census of 1870, two children, Henry and Matilda, aged 15 and 10, respectively, are listed as part of the Bloch household, with no other family name given. However, in the census of 1880, the two young people are listed as Henry Frank and Matilda Frank, aged 24 and 19, respectively, as part of a separate household headed by Henry Frank, at the same house number as Bloch, 442 N. Fourth Street. In that census an Emma Frank, aged 21, is also listed as part of the Frank household. Henry (or Heinrich) Frank appears in casts of plays beginning around 1873, and Mathilda ("Tilly") Frank beginning in 1878.[59] Henry Frank edited the newspaper of Germania Theater from 1885 to 1892, and was also an editor and publisher in a more general capacity in Philadelphia, with a branch office in Sea Isle City, N.J. He was the author of the book Das heutige Philadelphia, published in 1885.[60]

It is possible that Theodor Bloch made a trip back to Germany around or preceding the summer of 1873, and that he may have taken the opportunity then to acquire plays for use in the theater in Philadelphia. The summer of 1873 is a date of seeming significance in the context of the theater rehearsal materials of Series I. The earliest documentation of specific performances in Philadelphia is provided by some clippings of newspaper advertisements for performances of plays in Turner-Halle from 1873 to 1875. The earliest of such clippings, which are found pasted to the inside front covers of some published copies of plays, is dated 13 August 1873.[61] One might juxtapose this circumstance with some evidence from within the collection that Bloch may have traveled back to Germany after his original emigration. First, a playbill from the Residenz-Theater in Berlin, dated 2 June 1873, advertising a performance of Die alten Junggesellen, a German translation of the French play  Les vieux garçons, by Victorien Sardou, was found pasted to the inside front cover of a published copy of  Die Tage der Erkenntniss––a German version, by Forster, of the same play by Sardou––which was labeled on its cover as the property of Bloch (the title is also listed in the 1886 catalog of Bloch's theater lending library). It is possible that Bloch himself attended the performance of the play in Berlin and saved the playbill.[62] Second, the name Theodor Bloch is recorded on a form contained in a published copy of Arthur Müller's  Die Hexe von Leonberg, documenting that Bloch paid a fee of 15 Thaler for purchase of the book, which is an edition sold especially for the stages, with the publication date 1870 (the form itself is not dated).[63] It is interesting that one finds an immigration record at Castle Garden in 1873 that fits Bloch's profile: a Theodor Bloch, merchant, aged 41, arrived on the ship Silesia on 10 July 1873, with his origin given as "USA," indicating that he was an immigrant already established in the United States.[64]

The circumstantial evidence suggesting that Bloch may have made a trip back to Germany around 1873 remains inconclusive. However, it can be said that, for whatever reason, his activities in producing and/or saving rehearsal materials for further use, as documented within the collection, appear to begin in earnest around August 1873.

After the closing of Germania Theater, around March 1895, there is no direct evidence of Bloch's possible continuing activities in connection with German-language theater. However, theater rehearsal materials from his lending library were evidently used to prepare performances of two plays at Harmonie Hall in December 1897.[65]

A Biographical Note on Marion Dexter Learned (1857-1917)

Marion Dexter Learned was born near Dover, Delaware, of parents of English and Welsh heritage. After graduating from Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, he served for four years as the chair of ancient and modern languages at Dickinson Seminary in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. He went on to pursue graduate work in German at Johns Hopkins University, and in the course of his studies visited Germany for the first time in 1885, when he studied for several months at the University of Leipzig. He received a Ph.D. in German from Johns Hopkins in 1887, and subsequently taught there, eventually reaching the rank of associate professor of German. In 1895, Learned moved to the University of Pennsylvania, where he became professor of Germanic Languages and Literatures and also served as the department's first chair. German-American cultural intersections were a major area of Learned's scholarly interest. His publications included, for example, The Pennsylvania German Dialect (1889),  "Anfänge der deutschen Kultur in Amerika" (1893),  The German American Turner Lyric (1897), and  The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius (1908). He gave academic addresses on such topics such as  "German Influence in America" (Baltimore, 1892-1893),  "German as a Culture Element in American Education" (Cincinnati, 1898) and  "The Turner as Champions of American Liberty" (Allegheny, Pa., circa 1900). Learned was the founder, in 1897, of the monograph series  Americana Germanica, and later, of the related  German American Annals, both devoted to the comparative study of the historical, literary, linguistic, and other cultural relations of Germany and America. Among his many other accomplishments and honors, Learned was the organizer of the Association of Teachers of German in Pennsylvania; served as president of the National German-American Teachers Alliance (  Nationaler Deutsch-Amerikanischer Lehrerbund), from 1899 to 1901; and helped to found the German-American Historical Society, in 1901.

It is not known whether Professor Learned was personally acquainted with Theodor Bloch, or exactly how he came to acquire the items that today comprise the Learned Collection on German-Language Theater. It is interesting to note that Learned arrived in Philadelphia at just around the time that Germania Theater finally closed. Given Learned's scholarly interests, it seems likely that he would have had personal contact with some members of the German theater milieu in Philadelphia.



Endnotes (Biography/History)

[1] Frederick C. Luebke, "Patterns of German Settlement in the U.S. and Brazil," in Germans in the New World. Essays in the History of Immigration (Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1990), by Luebke, 95, Table 1. Luebke's data are derived from:  U. S. Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970 (Washington, DC, 1975), 106. These statistics do not include German-speaking immigrants from nations other than Germany.

[2] John A. Hawgood, The Tragedy of German-America. The Germans in the United States of America during the Nineteenth Century––and After (New York: Putnam's, 1940), 58.

[3] Luebke, 95, Table 1. In the 1880s, Germans constituted 27.5% of total immigration.

[4] The peaks were 215,009 and 250,630, respectively. U. S. Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics, 106.

[5] Günter Moltmann, "The Pattern of German Emigration to the United States in the Nineteenth Century," in America and the Germans. An Assessment of a Three-Hundred-Year History, ed. Frank Trommler and Joseph McVeigh (Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1985), 21.

[6] In 1880, the German-born populations of Cincinnati and Milwaukee numbered 46,157 and 31,483; that of St. Louis, 54,901; and those of New York and Chicago, 163,482 and 75,205, respectively. (The figure for New York does not include Brooklyn, which at that time had not yet been incorporated into Greater New York and, as the third largest American city, had a German-born population comparable to that of Philadelphia, at 55,339.) U.S. Census Office, Tenth Census of the United States, June 1, 1880, Volume 1:  Statistics of the Population at the Tenth Census (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1883), 538-539.

[7] Immigrants of Irish stock made up 27% of the city's population. Russell A. Kazal, "Becoming 'Old Stock': The Waning of German-American Identity in Philadelphia, 1900-1930" (Ph. D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1998), 99, Table 1.1. Kazal's source for the table is, in turn: Theodore Hershberg, Alan N. Burstein, Eugene P. Ericksen, Stephanie W. Greenberg and William L. Yancey, "A Tale of Three Cities: Blacks, Immigrants, and Opportunity in Philadelphia, 1850-1880, 1930, 1970," in Philadelphia. Work, Space, Family, and Group Experience in the Nineteenth Century, ed. Theodore Hershberg (New York: Oxford UP, 1981), 465, Table 1. Kazal published an abridged version of his dissertation as:  Becoming Old Stock: The Paradox of German-American Identity (Princeton: Princeton UP, 2004).

[8] Kathleen Neils Conzen, "German-Americans and the Invention of Ethnicity," in America and the Germans, 133-135. Conzen argues that by "reacting to the assimilation norms held out to them by American society" and striving for a sense of group cohesiveness, German Americans "helped also to invent ethnicity itself as a category within American society" (133).

[9] Albert Bernhardt Faust, The German Element in the United States (New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1969; reprint of the revised edition published by the Steuben Society, 1927), Volume 2, 250-251.

[10] Kazal, 60-61.

[11] Lesley Ann Kawaguchi, The Making of Philadelphia's German-America: Ethnic Group and Community Development, 1830-1883 (Ph. D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1983), 270, 277. The very first  Turnverein was founded in Cincinnati.

[12] Anzeiger des Westens, August 28, 1858. Qtd. in Alfred Henry Nolle,  The German Drama on the St. Louis Stage (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1917;  Americana Germanica No. 32), 26-27. Börnstein was at that time the editor of the  Anzeiger, a St. Louis newspaper. All translations from the German are my own.

[13] Hermann E. Rothfuss, "The Beginnings of the German-American Stage," German Quarterly 24.2 (March 1951): 94.

[14] C. F. Huch, "Das deutsche Theater in Philadelphia vor dem Bürgerkriege," Mitteilungen des Deutschen Pionier-Vereins von Philadelphia 6 (1907): 13-27; here: 13. The article was the first in a three-part series by Huch in  Mitteilungen, followed by: "Das deutsche Theater in Philadelphia während des Bürgerkrieges," 7 (1908): 10-20; and "Das deutsche Theater in Philadelphia seit dem Bürgerkriege," 8 (1908): 14-29. My narrative from this point will closely follow Huch, with citations using the author's last name and the abbreviated titles: "Vor dem Bürgerkriege," "Während des Bürgerkrieges," and "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," respectively.

[15] Qtd. in Huch, "Vor dem Bürgerkriege." 13-14.

[16] Huch, "Vor dem Bürgerkriege," 15-18.

[17] Huch, "Vor dem Bürgerkriege," 19. On the two venues, see Irvin R. Glazer, Philadelphia Theatres, A-Z. A Comprehensive, Descriptive Record of 813 Theatres Constructed Since 1724 (New York: Greenwood Press, 1986): the Melodeon, 167; and City Museum, 86-87.

[18] Huch, "Vor dem Bürgerkriege," 19-22.

[19] Huch, "Vor dem Bürgerkriege," 19-23. Huch does not specify the total number of plays for 1858. The works listed are just a sampling from those named by Huch as performed more than twice, or as noteworthy productions. In many cases, Huch gives only the titles.

[20] Huch, "Vor dem Bürgerkriege," 23.

[21] Huch, "Vor dem Bürgerkriege," 24. Huch identifies the building originally bought by the Turngemeinde as "Marshalls-Institut." According to playbills and clippings of newspaper advertisements for Turner-Halle held in the Learned Collection (dated 1873-1881), the address was 444 & 446 N. Third Street. (See, for instance, playbills 1875-1879, folder 688.)

[22] Huch, "Vor dem Bürgerkriege," 24.

[23] Huch, "Während des Bürgerkrieges," 13-15. One notes in Huch's account that the Melodeon––previously mentioned as a venue on Chestnut above Sixth––at this point is being used as a name for a venue on Callowhill Street; see note 25, below.

[24] Huch, "Während des Bürgerkrieges," 15.

[25] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 22. The "Callowhill-Straszen-Theater" to which Huch makes repeated reference is apparently a rubric for performances being held at the site originally called the City Museum, located (as mentioned above) on Callowhill Street 'below Fifth.' The address of the successor venue, Concordia-Halle, was 417-427 Callowhill Street (see playbill of 1874, folder 676); that is also the address given for Concordia Operetten-Theater, which opened there in 1881 (see librettos, box 33). Glazer's account of City Museum confirms this assumption: "When [the site] reopened after the 1868 fire, it offered plays, vaudeville and German Drama. Its new name was the Concordia" (86-87). One of the alternate names that Glazer gives for the site is "Melodeon"; his compendium makes no reference to the name "Callowhill Street Theater."

[26] Huch, "Während des Bürgerkrieges," 16-17; "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 15.

[27] Huch, "Während des Bürgerkrieges," 18-19; "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 14.

[28] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 14.

[29] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 16.

[30] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 16. Musical scores authored by Theodor Schaumberg can be found in the Learned Collection––folders 655 (for the play Bruder Liederlich) and 662-664 (for  Die Afrikanerin)––as well as handwritten role books (actors' scripts) and handwritten transcriptions of plays that are stamped with his name. In the latter category is a handwritten copy of Roderich Benedix's one-act comedy  Nein, signed and dated by Schaumberg 21 February 1868 (folder 44).

[31] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 18-19.

[32] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 20-21.

[33] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 21-23.

[34] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 24-25.

[35] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 25-26. Concerning German-language theater in Turner Halle during this period, a number of performances are documented by newspaper clippings in the Learned Collection (with titles in addition to the ones named by Huch); see Appendix 2: List of Newspaper Advertisements for Performances in Turner-Halle, 1873-1875, following the last series of the collection inventory of this register.

[36] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 27. Concerning the history of the German theater from 1877 on, Huch gives only a brief overview, while referring the reader to an article ("eine Geschichte der hiesigen deutschen Bühne") published on 2 July 1905 in the Philadelphia newspaper Die Neue Welt, by Siegfried Remak, who served for many years as the ticket agent of Germania Theater. I was unfortunately unable to consult that article before completing the writing of this register. My narrative about Germania Theater is based to a great extent on the holdings of the Learned Collection.

[37] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 27. See also the entry for "Germania Theatre," in Glazer, 125. Huch does not give a street address for the site. Glazer gives the street number as "520-530." Playbills and theater newspapers held in the Learned Collection all give the address as 528-532 N. Third Street. Earlier items, in 1878 to 1880, also describe the building as "früher Ladner's Military Hall." (See, for instance, theater newspapers for 1878, folder 690.)

[38] See folder 690 for the newspaper's first issue.

[39] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 27. Huch states the theater closed for reconstruction in "April 1880." Extant issues of theater newspapers suggest the closing was likely in April 1881.

[40] The details about Gottlob Hammer's origins and emigration can be gleaned from a biographical sketch of his son, also named Gottlob Hammer, found in Hervorragende und fortschrittliche Deutsch-Amerikaner von Philadelphia Pennsylvania und Umgegend (Philadelphia: German Daily Gazette Publishing Co., 1906; unpaginated). The professional activities of Oberkirsch are reflected in the advertisements that he ran in the Germania's newspaper,  Die Bühne, beginning with the first issue. The paper also carries advertisements for Hammer's wine business. (See folder 690.)

[41] 18 December 1877.

[42] The theater was forced to close on Sundays during the season 1887-1888 for the first time in 15 years ("seit 15 Jahren das erste Mal"), according to a souvenir program for that season. In the souvenir program for the season 1890-1891, it is again noted that the theater had remained closed on Sundays, and that this had been the case for four years ("wie bereits seit 4 Jahren"), that is, throughout the intervening period. The souvenir programs are held at the German Society of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, call numbers AG 720.2 and AG 720.4, respectively.

[43] For an overview of the Learned Collection's holdings of the newspapers of Germania Theater, see the Index to Theater Newspapers in the indices at the end of this register.

[44] Stated in an advertisement for the theater in Philadelphia Tageblatt, 30 April 1878.

[45] The Thalia Theater also issued its own newspaper carrying the program (folder 711).

[46] Nolle, 53, 56. See also a small news item about Wurster and the closing of the Chicago theater in the Germania's newspaper, 19 April 1878, under "Theater-Neuigkeiten" (folder 690).

[47] See folder 704.

[48] Huch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 27. In 1893 to 1896, Wurster led another German theater in St. Louis, which, despite his evident talent as a director, faltered financially; Nolle, 65.

[49] Germania Theater, souvenir program, 1885-1890, held at the German Society of Pennsylvania, call number AG 720.3.

[50] Hoch, "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 27. For the theater newspaper, see folder 710. Hoch states that the theater closed on the 1 February 1895––evidently the closing was later than that. Rehearsal materials for Die Ehre bear names of cast members as advertised in the newspaper (see folders 573-578). The performances of that play were scheduled for 5 and 6 March.

[51] Georg von Bosse, Philadelphia und sein Deutschtum. Ein Gedenkblatt von Ausstellungsjahr 1926 (Philadelphia: Graf & Breuninger, 1926), 130. Bosse initially settled in Egg Harbor City, N.J. After several moves, he arrived in Philadelphia in 1905.

[52] The holdings at the German Society of Pennsylvania related to the Deutsche Theater at Franklin Street and Girard Avenue include a commemorative booklet issued in March 1909, in honor of Hanisch's 25th anniversary in his career as an actor (call number AG 715.4), and a collection of theater programs.

[53] Bosse, 130. Glazer, entry on the German Theatre, 125; and on the Astor Theatre, 62.

[54] Huch notes Bloch's name among the members of a theater troop in summer 1866; "Seit dem Bürgerkriege," 15. Huch speculates that Bloch was a prompter at that time.

[55] See, for instance, the cast listing in a clipping of a newspaper advertisement for a performance of Carl Elmar's Ein jüdischer Dienstbote in August 1873, pasted to inside front cover of the published copy (folder 100); and a playbill for a performance of Arthur Müller's  Die Hexe von Leonberg in September 1879 (folder 678).

[56] The compiler is given as: "Theodor Bloch, der sich seit 25 Jahren mit der Statistik des hiesigen Deutschen Theaters eingehend beschäftigt"; Germania Theater, souvenir program, 1885-1890, held at the German Society of Pennsylvania, call number AG 720.3. Three other souvenir programs held at the German Society are for seasons 1886-1887, 1887-1888, and 1890-1891 (call numbers AG 720.1, AG 720.2, and AG 720.4, respectively). Bloch is also credited as the compiler of the 1890-1891 program. For the playbill of 1887, see Learned Collection, folder 683. On Bloch as prompter, see also an item of uncertain date that appears to be a draft of a speech about the prompter Bloch, apparently recited by one of the actors before or after a performance (miscellaneous unidentified items, folder 629).

[57] The advertisement, which retains a similar form over the years, recommends the theater lending library ( Theater-Leihbibliothek) to theater directors, amateur theaters, and associations (  Vereinen), boasting an extensive selection of "Possen, Schau- und Lustspielen mit den dazu gehörigen Rollen, unter den billigsten Bedingungen" (farces, dramas and comedies, with accompanying role books, under the cheapest terms). See the first advertisements, in folder 692, and the last in folder 710.

[58] See Series III, box 34.

[59] Cast lists usually only give "Herr Frank" and "Fräulein Frank"; their full names appear when benefit performances are dedicated to them––for Heinrich Frank in July 1878 (newspaper, folder 690) and for Mathilde, or Tilly, Frank in January and June 1879 (playbills, folder 678).

[60] An advertisement for the book is found in the newspaper for Thalia Theater, which was also edited by Frank; see the issue for the week ending 6 March 1886, folder 711.

[61] See Appendix 2: List of Newspaper Advertisements for Performances in Turner Halle, 1873-1875, following the last series of the collection inventory in this register.

[62] For the playbill, which has been restored, see folder 722. It is missing one fragment, which remains pasted to the inside front cover of Bloch's copy of Die Tage der Erkenntnis. The book was among the ones separated from the manuscript collection for cataloging in Rare Books.

[63] See folder 347. The materials in the file were evidently used for a performance in Philadelphia in July 1875 (documented by a playbill, folder 688).

[64] In the summary data accessible in the online database at www.castlegarden.org (as accessed 9 June 2007), the first name Theodor is (mis)spelled as “Thodor.”

[65] See the files for Hugo Müller's Im Wartesalon erster Klasse (folders 370-371), and Feodor Wehl's  Ein modernes Verhängniss (folders 595-596); and the theater newspaper of Harmonie Hall advertising the performances (folder 699).

Scope and Contents

The Learned Collection on German-Language Theater comprises material relating to the production and performance of German-language plays in Philadelphia, primarily in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The collection might be thought of in terms of two broad categories: materials directly used by theater companies for rehearsal and performance of works; and printed materials designed for the benefit of audiences and to promote performances.

The core of the materials in the first category are to be found in Series I, Theater Rehearsal Materials, including the following types of items: published copies of plays (or, occasionally, handwritten transcriptions) that have been annotated as prompt books; handwritten scenarios; handwritten role books (actors' scripts); and, in scattered instances, props (limited to written items––letters, written orders, statements––that were called for in the script). The materials of Series I date from approximately 1832 to 1897. They represent a total of 168 titles of German plays by 100 authors (including three authors who appear only as co-authors; one work was published anonymously). In some cases the collection includes musical scores associated with that work (Series IV). The extant musical scores are usually handwritten; in a few instances, a published booklet of music is included. Eleven composers are represented (and one unidentified composer), including two composers (Theodor Schaumberg and C. Harry Lauer) who were active in the local Philadelphia milieu as music directors.

The majority of the materials in Series I are associated with performances in Philadelphia from around 1873 to 1895, predominantly (although not exclusively) at Germania Theater, at 528-532 N. Third Street, which operated from August 1877 until around March 1895.[1] By far most of the items comprise the surviving inventory of the theater lending library of Theodor Bloch, a German immigrant to Philadelphia who was active in German-language theater in the city during this period.[2] The use of the materials for performances can usually be inferred from the evidence of annotations. In some cases the materials can be correlated to specific performances that are documented by playbills and theater newspapers in the collection. In other cases, the time period when they were most likely used has been inferred through consideration of the cast(s) reflected in annotations (the names of cast members are often written on the role books and/or noted on the page listing characters in the published copy). In a few instances, contemporary participants in German-language theater actually signed and dated materials that they produced or used.[3] Performances were generally able to be confirmed only from the 1870s on. However, it is possible that in some cases handwritten items originated even earlier, and original cast-member names are either no longer in evidence or could not be dated.[4]

The majority of the titles found in Series I are by authors who were popular on nineteenth-century German stages but whose works today are mostly forgotten, or who would primarily be studied under the rubric of 'popular' or 'commercial' theater. The five authors represented by the most titles are Gustav von Moser, Emil Pohl, Hermann Salingré, Louis Schneider, and Friedrich Kaiser (each with between 7 and 9 titles). Rudolf Kneisel, Arthur Müller, Julius Rosen, and Feodor Wehl are represented by four titles each. Five women authors are included: Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer; Hedwig Dohm; Amalie, Princess of Saxony; Therese von Megerle; and Betty Young. (Only Birch-Pfeiffer is represented by more than one title.) The collection contains materials for some titles that are so obscure today that copies of the text are difficult to find, and in a few instances the title (whether it is represented by a published copy of the play, a handwritten transcription, or perhaps only role books) might be unique in the realm of cataloged items.

A significant number of the titles are translations and/or adaptations from works in other languages, especially French, but a few in other languages. In the German-American context, Megerles's Onkel Tom, based on Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel  Uncle Tom's Cabin, is perhaps worthy of mention; playbills and a theater newspaper are included. In the context of a selection of authors in which there are only a handful with a claim to any kind of canonical status––Johann Nestroy, with  Einen Jux will er sich machen, or Hermann Suderman, with  Die Ehre––it is fascinating to find Friedrich Schiller represented here only as an adapter, with his fairy-tale drama  Turandot, Prinzessin von China, based on the Italian play  Turandot, by Carlo Gozzi. (As can be seen by a glance at the indices to the collection's playbills and theater newspapers, found at the end of this register, Schiller's standard and well-loved works, including  Wilhelm Tell,  Die Räuber, and  Maria Stuart, were also produced regularly on the German-language stage in Philadelphia, although they are not represented in Series I.)

In the cataloging of these titles, the adapters have been regarded as the primary author, and every effort was made to trace both the author and the title of the original source (the complete information could not always be found). In two instances, the title constitutes an unattributed German translation of a French work, and since the translator could not be identified, the work has been placed under the name of the author of the French source (Bernard-Valville; Michel Carré). One work has been cataloged according to its title because the author could not be identified ( Die lebendig todten Eheleute).

A significant aspect of the selection of plays represented in Series I is that 50 of the 168 titles are works designed to be performed with music. (Musical scores––not necessarily complete––are included for only 20 works.)

Considered by genre, the selection of works is weighted toward comic genres, with over one hundred works designated as Lustspiel (comedy),  Posse (farce),  Schwank (comical story), or  Komödie (or: Comödie; comedy). Following is an overview of the distribution of titles according to genre:

50 Lustspiel

34 Posse

17 Schwank

14 Schauspiel

11 Volksstück or Volks-Schauspiel

7 Drama

4 Lebensbild

4 Liederspiel

3 Trauerspiel

2 Märchen

5 Charakterbild (Characterbild)

4 Genrebild

3 Oper / Operette

2 Dramatisches Gedicht

8 Miscellaneous genre designations (dramatisches Gemälde; Melodrama; Scene; dramatisches Spiel; Scherzspiel; Weihnachts-Komödie; Zeitgemälde; dramatische Anecdote)

While most of the theater rehearsal materials appear to come from Theodor Bloch's lending library, it is interesting to note that the extant items apparently represent only a fraction of the original library. The collection includes a catalog that Bloch compiled for his library in 1886 (the lone item constituting Series III). The catalog contains a 39-page long, mostly single-spaced, handwritten list of titles that Bloch held at that time––perhaps 1,000 titles or more.



One needs to consider that some published books (all containing one or more plays) have been separated from the Manuscript Collection in order to be cataloged as Rare Books. In all cases, the books in this category contained no significant annotations and were not associated with any theater rehearsal materials. The books that have been separated in this way during the present processing (others may have been separated from the collection at an earlier point) number approximately 75. Nearly half of those books are accounted for by a partial set of the collected plays of August von Kotzebue––34 of the 50 volumes contained in:  Theater (Wien: Lechner, 1830-1833). A quick perusal indicates that the titles represented by these books are indeed listed in Bloch's catalog, although the catalog does not list every single title in the volumes that contain multiple plays. In addition, a number of the books are labeled as the property of Bloch. It seems a reasonable assumption that most, if not all, of the books belonged to him. With that in mind, it appears that Bloch may have listed many titles in his catalog even if he owned only a published copy of the play. Even if role books may have existed for these additional titles, the lack of annotations in the published copies suggests that the materials were never actually used to prepare a performance. Overall then, one might speculate that the extant items in Series I are more representative than it might at first appear. If they seem to represent perhaps only 15% of the original library, they might nevertheless represent a higher proportion of the items in the library that were actually connected with a performance in Bloch's milieu.

The materials of the second category mentioned at the outset of this discussion––namely, items designed for the benefit of audiences and to promote performances––include: librettos (Series II), playbills (Series V), oversized (poster-format) playbills (Series VII.C), and theater newspapers (Series VI), as well as a handful of newspaper clippings of advertisements for performances, from the general German-language press of Philadelphia.[5] The materials in this category are mostly concentrated in the period 1878 to 1894, with scattered items dating to as early as 1873 and to as late as 1898. Almost all of these materials pertain specifically to Philadelphia, although a few items relate to performances in other cities in the United States (New York City; Newark, N.J.; Sea Isle City, N.J.; and Kansas City, Mo.); and one playbill is from Berlin, Germany. The few items that pertain to performances in cities other than Philadelphia all appear to have had some relationship to individuals who participated in German-language theater in Philadelphia. (For instance, a theater newspaper from Newark records performances by cast members who routinely performed in Philadelphia during the period; a playbill from New York City records a performance that was evidently prepared using items borrowed from Bloch's library; and the single playbill from Germany was possibly saved by Bloch during a visit to Germany––he, at any rate, pasted it to the inside front cover of the published copy of the play held in his library.)

The theater rehearsal materials of Series I include a small subset of materials––17 files––that deserve special mention, since they seem to share certain qualities that set them apart in the context of the collection on the whole.[6] First, the works in question are, on the whole, significantly older, representing, in effect, an earlier generation of authors in comparison to the mid-to-late nineteenth century authors who predominate in the collection. The materials themselves are all written on a heavier-weight and higher quality paper that has an unusual look in comparison to most other handwritten items in the collection, and the style of German handwriting ( Kurrentschrift) also tends to a more intricate look typical of older samples. These items appear to have been produced before 1870. The files consist entirely of handwritten items, without the inclusion of a published copy of the play as a prompt book, as is more commonly the case among the materials that can be directly related to Theodor Bloch's lending library. The items in any given file form a uniform set, seemingly written out in the same hand. Some of the files might be linked based on the handwriting. In some cases the items are accompanied by a paper sleeve, and sometimes the sleeve is secured with a red wax seal. Among the several files that include a seal with a discernible impression, four share a seal with an identical design, while a fifth file has a seal that seems to bear a coat of arms. It seems unlikely that the materials in these 17 files originated in the German-American theater milieu; rather, they may have been produced in a German-speaking milieu in Europe, perhaps on a noble estate where private performances were given. It should be noted that two of these titles are listed in Theodor Bloch's catalog: Karl Töpfer,  Nehmt ein Exempel dran; and Oswald,  Die Theaterprobe. On that basis, one might speculate that Bloch acquired the items fortuitously from a source outside of his usual milieu. There is no direct evidence to support this hypothesis. None of the items is marked by Bloch in any way, and the annotations on the items do not include any references that were able to be identified as linking them to the German theater milieu of Philadelphia.



Appendices and Indices

Following the last series in the collection inventory is a series of appendices and indices that gather together information about various materials in the collection.

Appendices 1 to 3, mentioned in the notes to the discussion above, give overviews, respectively, of the theater venues represented; of the handful of scattered newspaper clippings that document additional performances; and of a certain grouping of theater rehearsal materials judged to be possibly older and of a provenance different from the late-nineteenth-century German-American milieus generally represented in the collection.

The three indices that follow the appendices convey detailed information about the performances represented in the playbills and theater newspapers contained in the collection. The Index to Playbills and the  Index to Theater Newspapers, organized according to theater name, and then chronologically, constitute a supplement to the general inventory list for Series V and VI; they provide an itemized listing of all the playbills and theater newspaper issues, respectively. Finally, the  Author/Title Index to Playbills and Theater Newspapers has been compiled in order to enable the location of materials within the collection of playbills and theater newspapers related to specific authors and works of interest. This index also includes a separate section for composers known to have been responsible for the music accompanying plays represented in the collection (as advertised in the playbills and theater newspapers).



Endnotes (Scope and Contents)

[1] For an overview of the theaters represented in the collection, see Appendix 1: List of Theater Venues Represented in the Learned Collection, in the appendices following the last series in the collection inventory.

[2] See the "Biographical Sketch of Theodor Bloch," in the Biography/History note, above.

[3] Additional confirmation of specific performances could well be drawn from the general German-language press of the period. Theater advertisements were carried, for instance, in the Philadelphia Tageblatt, the  Philadelphia Demokrat,  Die Freie Presse, and  Die Neue Welt. A scholarly work useful in this regard is the Ph.D. thesis of Orlando Faulkland Lewis, "Performances of German Drama in Philadelphia 1842-1898, as advertised in 'Philadelphia Demokrat'; 2,966 titles, 19,270 performances" (handwritten manuscript, University of Pennsylvania, 1900).

[4] Huch's series of articles on German theater in Philadelphia, cited above (in the "Historical Sketch on German-Language Theater in Philadelphia," in the Biography/History note) gives listings of actors and actresses from as early as the 1850s.

[5] There is no separate series for clippings. These clippings are almost exclusively found pasted to the inside covers of published copies of plays that belonged to Theodor Bloch’s theater lending library, and so are found randomly throughout Series I. They document performances given in Turner Halle, Philadelphia, just prior to the period covered by the collection's playbills and theater newspapers. For an overview, see Appendix 2: List of Newspaper Advertisements for Performances in Turner Halle, 1873-1875, in the appendices following the last series in the collection inventory. A single stand-alone newspaper clipping from  Philadelphia Tageblatt, dated 8 November 1878, has been integrated with the theater newspapers (Series VI).

[6] For a list of these files, see Appendix 3: List of Theater Rehearsal Materials of an Unknown Milieu, in the appendices following the last series in the collection inventory.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2007

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Violet Lutz

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Marion Dexter Learned, 1917 [?]

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Librettos
  • Manuscripts, American--19th century
  • Manuscripts, German--19th century
  • Playbills
  • Prompt books
  • Scores
  • Scripts
Subject(s)
  • Drama, German--19th century
  • Performing arts
  • Theater
  • Theater--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--19th century

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Other Finding Aids

For a complete list of the 168 plays and 10 librettos found in the collection, do the following title search in Franklin: Learned Collection on German-Language Theater.

Collection Inventory

I.  Theater Rehearsal Materials. 32 boxes.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by author, then by title of work.

Series Description

This series comprises materials used by theater companies in preparing performances of plays. Many of these materials are marked in some way as belonging to Theodor Bloch, who ran a theater lending library in Philadelphia. The materials generally fall into several major categories that have been ordered in the following sequence:

1. Published edition (printed copy) of the play, usually bearing handwritten annotations, for use as a prompt book. In some cases the file contains, instead, a handwritten copy of the complete text.

2. Handwritten scenario

3. List of props. Notes about props are often found on the scenario, or somewhere in the copy of the text, but occasionally there is a separate list.

4. Props. Some files contain fictional handwritten 'letters,' or other handwritten documents, that are called for in the script, to be held or read by a character at a certain point in the action.

5. Role books (actors' scripts). Handwritten booklets containing an individual role, with cues.

Occasionally, handwritten notes that seem to be about the props, stage set, or costumes are to be found on the outside or inside covers of role books. In many cases the names of actors or actresses who played the role are noted on the front of role books (sometimes several different casts over time can be discerned; in other cases earlier names have been erased).

Materials for two unidentified plays are found at the end of Series I (folders 625-628); and three miscellaneous unidentified items (folder 629): a draft of a rhymed speech about the prompter Theodor Bloch; a poem or rhymed speech referring to a story of infanticide; and song lyrics, including the line “Mein Schatz is a Jäger.”

Oversized role books and scenarios are found in series VII.A.



Individual cataloging records for the files of each title (author as main entry) have been entered into Worldcat; these records can also be accessed through Franklin, the online catalog of the University of Pennsylvania (http://www.franklin.library.upenn.edu).

Box Folder

Adami -- Anzengruber.

1 1-17

Bahn -- Belly.

2 18-36

Benedix -- Bernard-Valville.

3 37-54

Birch-Pfeiffer -- Blum.

4 55-73

Blumenthal -- Contessa.

5 74-90

Deinhardstein -- Feldmann.

6 91-108

Friedrich -- Görner ( Aschenbrödel).

7 109-129

Görner ( In Pyrmont) -- Hahn.

8 130-153

Halm -- Homburg.

9 154-172

Hopf -- Jacobson.

10 173-192

Jahn -- Kaiser ( Etwas Kleines).

11 193-217

Kaiser ( Jagd-Abenteuer) -- Karl.

12 218-234

Kneisel.

13 235-252

Kotzebue -- L'Arronge ( Doctor Klaus).

14 253-262

L'Arronge ( Mein Leopold) -- Lindau.

15 263-281

Lortzing -- Mallachow and Elsner.

16 282-294

Megerle -- Moser ( Der Bibliothekar).

17 295-316

Moser ( Eine Frau, die in Paris war) -- Moser and Drost.

18 317-338

Moser and L'Arronge -- Müller, A. ( Die Hexe von Leonberg).

19 339-354

Müller, A. (Johannisfeuer) -- Müller von Königswinter.

20 355-373

Nestroy -- Pless.

21 374-390

Pohl ( Die alte Schachtel --  Die Schulreiterin).

22 391-414

Pohl (Seine Dritte) -- Räder.

23 415-434

Raupach -- Roger.

24 435-452

Rosen.

25 453-476

Salingré ( Berliner Kinder --  Pech-Schulze).

26 477-495

Salingré (Ein verlornes Mädchen) -- Salingré and Jacobson.

27 496-516

Saul -- Schneider ( Die Memoiren des Teufels).

28 517-539

Schneider ( Die schöne Müllerin) -- Schönthan.

29 540-559

Schröder -- Sudermann.

30 560-578

Tenelli -- Wichert ( Das eiserne Kreuz).

31 579-604

Wichert ( Ein Schritt vom Wege) -- Young.

32 605-624

Unidentified materials.

32 625-629

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II.  Librettos. 10 folders.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by author, then by title of work.

Series Description

This series comprises librettos of operas or operettas (as well as one work described in the subtitle as "Posse mit Gesang"), published in connection with performances. The librettos usually include the names of the theater's top personnel (owner, director, artistic director, music director), and often the cast members for a specific performance. They also carry advertisements.

Like the theater rehearsal materials in Series I, these items have been individually cataloged; please see the records in Franklin for additional details.

Box Folder

Braun, Karl Johann Ritter von Braunthal. Das Nachtlager in Granada (music by Conradin Kreutzer). Concordia Operetten-Theater, Philadelphia, 1881.

33 630

Friedrich, W. Martha (music by Friedrich von Flotow). Concordia Operetten-Theater, Philadelphia, 1881.

33 631

Haffner, C. (Carl), and Richard Genée. Die Fledermaus (music by Johann Strauss). Concordia Operetten-Theater, Philadelphia, 1881.

33 632

Hopp, Julius. Blaubart (music by Jacques Offenbach). Concordia Operetten-Theater, Philadelphia, 1881.

33 633

Hopp, Julius. Die Prinzessin von Trapezunt (music by Jacques Offenbach). Concordia Operetten-Theater, Philadelphia, circa 1881.

33 634

Italiener, H. Der Rattenfänger von Hameln (music by Adolph Neuendorff). Germania Theater, New York City, circa 1880-1886.

33 635

Mannstädt, Wilhelm. Der tolle Wenzel (music by Paul Sentz). Germania Theater, Philadelphia, circa 1888.

33 636

Die Regimentstochter (music by Gaetano Donizetti). Author of the German libretto unknown (original French libretto by Jean-François-Alfred Bayard and Henri Saint-Georges). Germania Theater, Philadelphia, circa 1881.

33 637

Treumann, Karl. Pariser Leben! (music by Jacques Offenbach). Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1893.

33 638

Zell, F. Fatinitza (music by Franz von Suppé). Concordia Operetten-Theater, Philadelphia, 1881.

33 639

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III.  Catalog of Theodor Bloch's Theater Lending Library, Philadelphia. 1 volume.

Box
Catalog of Theodor Bloch's Theater Lending Library, Philadelphia, January 1886.
Description

Handwritten catalog created by Bloch, in a hard-covered notebook, of rehearsal materials available in his theater lending library located at 442 N. Fourth Street, Philadelphia. Title label pasted to front cover reads: "Catalog von Theater-Stücken, Rollen und Musikalien, welche in der Theater-Leih-Bibliothek von Theodor Bloch enthalten und zu verleihen sind." Includes, at the front, two pages of text clarifying lending conditions. Works in the catalog are listed by title, and are grouped in the following categories: plays without music; plays with music; children's theater; operetta; opera - texts. For each title the following information is noted: genre (e.g. Posse, Lustspiel); number of acts; author; number of male roles; number of female roles; and number of children's roles [?].



The majority of the files of materials found in Series I (theater rehearsal materials) and Series IV (musical scores) in the Learned Collection are in some way labeled as having belonged to Theodor Bloch and/or to his theater lending library. When such evidence is present, it has been noted in catalog records in Franklin; 134 of the 168 records contain such mentions, and those files can be located by doing a combined search for title (Learned Collection) and the general keywords: Theodor Bloch.

34

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IV.  Musical Scores. 1 box.

Arrangment

Arranged alphabetically by composer, then by title of work.

Note

With only one exception, musical scores are associated with plays for which theater rehearsal materials can be found in Series I; the location of those related materials is indicated. In the catalog records for the plays in Franklin, the presence of music has been noted, and the records are also accessible by composer name. One file of oversized musical scores is found in series VII.B.

Box Folder

Bial, Rudolf. Music for Die alte Schachtel (play by Emil Pohl), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 391-397.

35 640-641

Bial, Rudolf. Music for Die Maurer von Berlin (play by Emil Pohl), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 406-412.

35 642

Bial, Rudolf. Music for Mein Leopold (play by Adolph L'Arronge), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 263-267.

35 643

Brahms, Johannes [?]. Possibly from Die schöne Magelone, opus 33, no. 13, undated. Two versions of a musical score for stanzas three and four of Ludwig Tieck's poem "Geliebter, wo zaudert" contained in his story  Liebesgeschichte der schönen Magelone und des Grafen Peter von Provence, the text that was the basis for Brahms's  Die schöne Magelone.

35 644

Conradi, August. Music for Der Budiker und sein Kind (play by Hermann Salingré and Eduard Jacobson), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 509-516.

35 645

Conradi, August. Music for Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle (play by Rudolf Kneisel), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 235-240.

35 646-648

Conradi, August. Music for Robert und Bertram (play by Gustav Räder), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 430-434.

35 649-650

Conradi, August. Music for Das Volk wie es weint und lacht (by O.F. Berg and David Kalisch), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 50-53.

35 651-652

Conradi, August. Music for Werther und Lotte, oder: Nachtwächters Erdenwallen (play by Georg Belly), undated.  See also oversized scores in Folder 719; and theater rehearsal materials in Folders 35-36.

35 653

Conradi, August, and Theodor Schaumberg. Music for Bruder Liederlich (play by Emil Pohl), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 398-405.

35 654-655

Gumbert, Ferdinand. Music for Die Lieder des Musikanten (play by Rudolf Kneisel), April 1894, undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 241-244.

35 656-657

Hauptner, Thuiskon. Music for Berliner Kinder (play by Hermann Salingré), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 477-487.

35 658-660

Hauptner, Thuiskon, and Max Telle [?]. Music for Singvögelchen (play by Eduard Jacobson), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 191-192.

35 661

Hauptner, Thuiskon, and Theodor Schaumberg. Music for Die Afrikanerin (play by Eduard Jacobson), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 184-190.

35 662-664

Lang, Adolf. Music for Eine Nacht in Berlin (play by Albert Hopf), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 173-179.

35 665-667

Lang, Adolf. Music for Pech-Schulze (by Hermann Salingré), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 488-495.

35 668-669

Lauer, C. Harry. Music for Die rothe Liesel (play by Betty Young), circa 1878-1879.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 619-624.

35 670

Music for Das Lorle (play by August Wilhelm Hesse), undated. Composer unknown.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 168-169.

35 671

Müller, Adolf. Music for Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Ober-Oesterreich (play by Friedrich Kaiser), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 225-228.

35 672

Müller, Adolf. Music for Therese Krones (play by Carl Haffner), undated.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 143-144.

35 673

Schmidt, Hermann. Music for Kurmärker und Picarde (play by Louis Schneider), 25 January 1878.  See also theater rehearsal materials in Folders 535-536.

35 674

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V.  Playbills. 15 folders.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by name of theater, then chronologically.

Note

Oversized playbills are found in series VII.C. and VII.D.

For a detailed listing of the individual playbills, including information about the performances announced, see the Index to Playbills  in the indices at the end of this register.

Box Folder

Aurora Dramatic Circle, Café Logeling, New York City, 1889.

36 675

"The Bijou" at Petersen's Hotel, Sea Isle City, N.J., undated.

36 675

Deutsches Stadt-Theater, Concordia Halle, Philadelphia, 1874.

36 676

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1878.

36 677

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1879.

36 678

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1880.

36 679

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1882-1883.

36 680

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1884.

36 681

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1885-1886.

36 682

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1887.

36 683

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1889.

36 684

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1890-1891.

36 685

Maennerchor Hall, Philadelphia, 1886.

36 686

Stadt-Theater, Philadelphia, 1877.

36 686

Thalia Theater, 1886.

36 687

Turner-Halle, Philadelphia, 1875-1876, 1879.

36 688

Unidentified playbill, 1896. "Theatralische Abend-Unterhaltung"; no location given (features the Philadelphia actor Fritz Weilenbeck).

36 689

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VI.  Theater Newspapers. 22 folders.

Note

Some newspapers that, due to their fragile condition, have been restored and/or laid flat, have been grouped at the end of the series as "oversized" (subseries C).

For an itemized listing of the extant issues of theater newspapers, including information about the performances advertised, see the Index to Theater Newspapers  in the indices at the end of this register.

A.  Newspapers of Germania Theater, Philadelphia.

Drawer Folder

Germania Theater, Die Bühne, April 1878 - March 1879. Includes a miscellaneous newspaper clipping,  Philadelphia Tageblatt, 8 November 1878.

35 690

Germania Theater, Die Bühne, March - August 1880.

35 691

Germania Theater, Die Bühne, October - December 1880.

35 692

Germania Theater, Die Bühne, January - February 1881.

35 693

Germania Theater, Die Bühne, March - November 1881.

35 694

Germania Theater Zeitung, March 1883 - February 1884.

35 695

Germania Theater Zeitung, December 1887-March 1888.

35 696

Germania Theater Zeitung, March - October 1890.

35 697

Germania Theater, February 1891 - February 1893.

35 698

B.  Newspapers of Other Theaters.

Drawer Folder

Harmonie Hall, Philadelphia: Harmonie Programme, season 1893-1894.

35 699

Harmonie Hall, Philadelphia: Harmonie Program, season 1897-1898.

35 699

New Park Theatre, Philadelphia, season 1890-1891, vol. 2, no. 4, performances 6-11 October 1890.

35 700

Saenger-Halle, Belmont Avenue, Newark, N.J., 17-24 November 1889.

35 701

Turner Halle, Philadelphia: Die Bühne, Theater-Programm, 22-27 May 1881.

35 702

C.  Oversized Theater Newspapers (laid flat).

Drawer Folder

Germania Theater, Philadelphia: Die Bühne, 1878-1879, 1882.

35 703

Germania Theater, Philadelphia: Germania Theater Zeitung, 1884-1886.

35 704

Germania Theater, Philadelphia: Germania Theater Zeitung, 1887.

35 705

Germania Theater, Philadelphia: Germania Theater Zeitung, 1888 - February 1889.

35 706

Germania Theater, Philadelphia: Germania Theater Zeitung, March 1889, March - April 1890.

35 707

Germania Theater, Philadelphia: Germania Theater, December 1890 - November 1891.

35 708

Germania Theater, Philadelphia: Germania Theater, 1892-1893.

35 709

Germania Theater, Philadelphia: Germania Theater, January 1894.

35 710

Germania Theater, Philadelphia: Germania Theatre, November 1894 - February 1895.

35 710

Thalia Theater, Philadelphia: Programme, season 1885-1886.

35 711

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VII.  Oversized Materials (other than newspapers). 1 map drawer.

A.  Oversized Theater Rehearsal Materials.

Drawer Folder

Amalie, Princess of Saxony. Der Verlobungsring: role book and scenario, undated.  See also related items in Folders 12-14.

36 712-713

Bernard-Valville, François. Die hölzerne Uhr: scenario, undated.  See also related items in Folder 54.

36 714

Clauren, Heinrich. Der Abend im Posthaus: two scenarios (two different versions), undated.  See also related items in Folders 85-88.

36 715

Friedrich, W. Dornen und Lorbeer: two role books, undated.  See also related items in Folders 109-112.

36 716

Jünger, Johann Friedrich. Die Komödie aus dem Stegreif: scenario, undated.  See also related items in Folders 202-203.

36 717

Mels, August. Junge Leiden: role book, undated.  See also related items in Folders 308-310.

36 718

B.  Oversized Musical Score.

Drawer Folder

Conradi, August. Music for Werther und Lotte (by George Belly): "Auftrittslied," "Nachtwächterlied," undated.  See also scores in Folder 653; and theater rehearsal materials in Folders 35-36.

36 719

C.  Oversized Playbills.

Drawer Folder
Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1879-1883.
Contents

* 28-29 January [1879] (21" x 9")

* 6 November 1879 (26" x 10")

* 3 March [1881] (26" x 10")

* 3-7 November 1881 (26" x 10")

* 10 May 1883 (26" x 10")

* 1 January [1884] (16-1/2" x 6-1/2"; two copies)

36 720
Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1887-1888.
Contents

* 28 April 1887 (26" x 10"; four copies)

* 19-21 September [1887] (26" x 10")

* 3-5 November [1887] (26" x 10")

* 10-15 February [1888] (26" x 10")

36 721
Other theaters.
Contents

* Residenz-Theater (Blumenstr. 9 und Wallner-Theaterstr. 16), Berlin, 2 June 1873. Originally pasted to the inside front cover of a copy of the play belonging to Theodor Bloch. (16-1/2" x 14")

* Turner Halle, Philadelphia, 16 September 1875 (13" x 10")

* Turner Halle, Philadelphia, 8 June 1876 (20" x 13"; two copies)

* Maennerchor Hall, Philadelphia, 26-28 April [circa 1878] (23" x 8-3/4")

* Concordia Operetten-Theater, Philadelphia, 14-17 Jan. [1882] (26" x 10")

* Stadt-Theater, Kump's Hall, Kansas City, 4 March 1883 (26" x 10")

* Thalia Theater, Philadelphia, 22-24 March 1886 (26" x 10")

* Thalia Theater, Philadelphia, 28 March 1886 (26" x 10")

36 722

D.  Extra-Large Oversized Playbills and Posters.

Drawer Folder

Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 4-9 March [1889] (25-1/2" x 18-1/2"; three copies), 1889.

36 723
Germania Theater, Philadelphia, 1890.
Contents

* 11-15 April 1890 (25-1/2" x 18-1/2"; two copies)

* 10-11 November 1890 (25-1/2" x 18-1/2")

* 8-15 April [1891] (25-1/2" x 18-1/2")

36 724

[Germania Theater, Philadelphia]. Poster advertising Fräul. Martha Wedemeyer as Eliza in Uncle Tom's Cabin, circa December 1880 (36-3/4" x 15-1/2").

36 725

Unidentified poster (43-1/2" x 30-1/2"), undated. Drawing in black and aqua, possibly depicting a scene from a play. “Ledger Print Phila.” appears in lower left. See Dietrich poster shelves.

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Appendix 1: List of Theater Venues Represented in the Learned Collection.

Theater Venues in Philadelphia

* Concordia-Halle, 417-427 Callowhill Street

Built in 1868-1869, on the site of another theatrical venue that had burned down. The site was originally known as the City Museum. In the 1870s Concordia-Halle was the venue for German-language theater productions under the rubric Deutsches Stadt-Theater (playbill, folder 676) or  Stadt-Theater (playbill, folder 686).

In December 1880, the Concordia Operetten-Theater opened in this hall, managed through 1881 by Robert Tagg (librettos, box 33).

From around fall 1885 to spring 1886 Thalia Theater operated at the same location under the directorship of Alexander Kost (playbills, folders 687, 722; theater newspapers, folder 711).



* Concordia Operetten-Theater –– see under: Concordia-Halle

* Deutsches Stadt-Theater –– see under: Concordia-Halle.

* Dramatic Hall, 509 S. Fifth Street

A performance of a German-language play at this location is advertised in the Turner Halle theater newspaper of May 1881 (folder 702).



* Germania Theater, 528-532 N. Third Street (near the intersection with Spring Garden)

Opened on this site around fall 1877, in Ladner's Miliary Hall, which was built in 1857 and operated by the brothers Fritz and Louis Ladner. The hall was leased by Gottlob Hammer and Henry Oberkirsch as a venue for Germania Theater beginning in August 1877. In 1881, it was rebuilt as a permanent home for Germania Theater, which continued in operation until approximately March 1895. The majority of the materials in the collection relate to this theater (playbills, folders 677-685, 720-721; theater newspapers, folders 690-698, 703-710).



* Harmonie Hall, 525-533 N. Eleventh Street (corner of Brandywine)

German-language theater productions at this location are advertised in theater newspapers dating from 1893 to 1898 (folder 699).



* Ladner’s Military Hall –– see under: Germania Theater

* Maennerchor Hall (also: Maennerchor Garden), northeast corner of Franklin Street and Fairmount Avenue

Operated by Robert Tagg beginning in November 1876. The collection contains playbills from German-language theater productions at this location dating from circa 1878 (folder 722) and from 1886 (folder 686).



* New Park Theatre, corner of Broad Street and Fairmount Avenue

A theater newspaper in the collection related to this venue dates from the 1890-1891 season (folder 700).



* Stadt-Theater –– see under: Concordia-Halle

* Thalia Theater –– see under: Concordia-Halle

* Turner Halle, 444 & 446 N. Third Street (between Willow and Noble)

Established by the Turngemeinde Philadelphia in 1858 to 1860. German-language theater productions were given at this venue under rubrics such as Deutsches Theater in der Turner-Halle and  Turner-Halle Theater. Pertinent materials in the collection date from 1873 to 1881 (playbills, folders 688, 702; theater newspaper, folder 702; see also  Appendix 2: List of Newspaper Advertisements for Performances in Turner Halle, 1873-1875).





Theater Venues Outside of Philadelphia

* Aurora Dramatic Circle, Café Logeling, 237 E. 57th Street, New York, N.Y. (playbill, folder 675)

* The Bijou, Petersen’s Hotel, corner of Landis and Fritz Street, Sea Isle City, N.J. (playbill, folder 675)

* Germania Theater, 145-147 East 14th Street (between Third Avenue and Irving Place; Tammany Hall), New York, N.Y.

Founded by Adolf Neuendorff in 1872; operated at this location until 1881 (libretto, folder 635)



* Residenz-Theater, Blumenstraße 9 und Wallner-Theaterstraße 16, Berlin, Germany (playbill, folder 722)



* Saenger-Halle, Belmont Avenue, Newark, N.J. (theater newspaper, folder 701)

* Stadt-Theater, Kump’s Hall, Main and Tenth Street, Kansas City, Mo. (playbill, folder 722)

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Appendix 2: List of Newspaper Advertisements for Performances in Turner Halle, 1873-1875.

Arrangement and Description

Clippings of newspaper advertisements for the following performances, listed in chronological order, are located in files for theater rehearsal materials in Series I. In each case, the clipping is pasted to the inside front cover of a published copy of the play that was used as a prompt book. With respect to documentation of specific performances in Philadelphia in which the rehearsal materials were used, these clippings, many of which are dated in 1873, supplement the collection's playbills and theater newspapers, which date from no earlier than 1874.

Folder

13 August 1873, Deutsches Sommer-Theater, Turnerhalle: performance of Ein jüdischer Dienstbote, by Carl Elmar.

100

29 August 1873, Turnerhalle Sommer-Theater: performance of Die Pfarrersköchin, by O. F. Berg.

46

16 September 1873, Turnerhalle Sommer-Theater: performance of Maria und Magdalena, by Paul Lindau.

271

23 September 1873, Turnerhalle Sommer-Theater: performance of Die Mönche, by M. Tenelli.

579

6 October 1873, Turnerhalle Sommer-Theater: performance of Eine Zeitungsente, by Rudolf Kneisel.

249

16 October 1873, Turnerhalle Sommer-Theater: performance of Johannisfeuer, oder: Der Gemskönig, by Arthur Müller.

355

10 November 1873, Turnerhalle Sommer-Theater: performance of Ein freier Mann, by Julius Rosen.

466

17 November 1873, Turnerhalle-Theater: performance of Washington, der Befreier Nord-Amerika’s, by Georg Schönfeldt.

546

25 December 1873, Turnerhalle-Theater: performance of Eine Nacht in Berlin, by Albert Hopf.

173

4 May 1874, Deutsches Theater in der Turner-Halle: performance of Berliner Kinder, by Hermann Salingré.

477

2 June 1874, Deutsches Theater in der Turner-Halle: performance of Die Tochter Belial's, by Rudolf Kneisel.

245

17 July 1874, Deutsches Theater in der Turner-Halle: performance of Zwei Tage aus dem Leben eines Fürsten, by Johann Ludwig Deinhardstein.

93

13 October 1875, Deutsches Theater in der Turner-Halle: performance of Junge Leiden, by August Mels.

308

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Appendix 3: List of Theater Rehearsal Materials of an Unknown Milieu.

Arrangement and Description

The following theater rehearsal materials are highlighted because they may possibly be of a provenance different from that of the other materials in the collection (see Scope and Contents note, above). Based on their appearance, the materials were probably created before 1870. They are listed alphabetically by author of the work to be performed, with unidentified works at the end.

Folder

Amalie, Princess of Saxony, Der Verlobungsring, undated.

12-14, 712-713

Bernard-Valville, François, Die hölzerne Uhr, undated.

54, 714

Blum, Carl, Die Mäntel, undated.

72-73

Castelli, Ignaz Franz, Fünf sind zwei, oder: Domestikenstreiche, undated.

82-83

Castelli, Ignaz Franz, Klimpern gehört zum Handwerk, undated.

84

Clauren, Heinrich, Der Abend im Posthaus, undated.

85-88, 715

Contessa, Karl Wilhelm Salice, Das Räthsel, undated.

89-90

Deinhardstein, Johann Ludwig, Das Bild der Danae, 1837 [?].

91-92

Feldmann, Leopold, Das Portrait der Geliebten, undated.

107-108

Houwald, Ernst von, Der Geburtstag der Mutter, undated.

180-181

Jünger, Johann Friedrich, Die Komödie aus dem Stegreif, undated.

202-203, 717

Kurländer, Franz August von, Der Todte in Verlegenheit, undated.

254-256

Lafontaine, August Heinrich Julius, Die Prüfung der Treue, oder: Die Irrungen, undated.

257

Oswald, Die Theaterprobe, undated.

381-383

Töpfer, Karl Friedrich Gustav, Nehmt ein Exempel dran!, 1837.

585-587

Unidentified two-act play, undated. Characters: Geheimrath, Angelika, Peter von Platz, Baron Siegmund, Paul, Kellner/Husar.

625-627

Unidentified one-act play, undated. 17 scenes. Characters: Der Oberst, Auguste, Anton, Neumann.

628

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Index to Playbills: Chronological Listing.

Arrangement and Description

The following listing of playbills in the collection is organized first by theater name, in alphabetical order. Within each grouping, the playbills are then listed chronologically, with each entry detailing the titles of plays, operas, or operettas advertised (the holdings include one copy of each playbill, unless multiple copies are noted). The playbills also sometimes announce a musical program or give additional information about performances, all the details of which could not be included here.

In addition to listing the work(s) featured on the playbill, this index also includes, at the end of the entry, any additional works that are advertised only briefly, often as "In preparation." Those abbreviated announcements sometimes include such information as the guest appearance of a certain actor or actress, or the dedication of the performance as a benefit for a particular person, although often only the title of the work appears.

In cases of works that are advertised by title only, the author's name has been supplied in brackets, if it could be determined with reasonable certainty.

In the case of works that are adaptations, the author and title of the source work have been included to whatever extent that information could be determined.

Following is an overview of the distribution of playbills among the theaters represented:

1. Aurora Dramatic Circle, Café Logeling, New York, N.Y. (one playbill)

2. The Bijou, Petersen's Hotel, Sea Isle City, N.J. (one playbill)

3. Concordia Operetten-Theater, Philadelphia, Pa. (one oversized playbill)––see also under Librettos, series II, box 33

4. Deutsches Stadt-Theater, Concordia Halle, Philadelphia, Pa. (one playbill)

5. Germania Theater, Philadelphia, Pa. (42 playbills and 14 oversized playbills)

6. Maennerchor Hall, Philadelphia, Pa. (one playbill and one oversized playbill)

7. Residenz-Theater, Berlin, Germany (one oversized playbill)

8. Stadt-Theater, Philadelphia, Pa. (one playbill)

9. Stadt-Theater, Kump’s Hall, Kansas City, Mo. (one oversized playbill)

10. Thalia Theater, Philadelphia, Pa. (three playbills and two oversized playbills)

11. Turner-Halle, Philadelphia, Pa. (four playbills and two oversized playbills)

12. Unidentified (one playbill)



Aurora Dramatic Circle, Café Logeling (New York, N.Y.).

Folder
Aurora Dramatic Circle playbill.
4 May 1889

Gute Nacht [by Rudolf Hahn]



675

The Bijou, Petersen’s Hotel (Sea Isle City, N.J.).

Folder
The Bijou playbill.
undated

"To-Night at the Bijou (Petersen’s Hotel)" (playbill is mostly in English)

*  Wie man Landluft geniesst [by C. A. Görner]

*  Barber and Banker (in English) [author unknown]



675

Concordia Operetten-Theater (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Folder
Concordia Operetten-Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
14-17 January [1882]

* Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Adolf Lang

Also advertised:

*  Die Großherzogin von Geroldstein [presumably the comic opera composed by Jacques Offenbach, with German text by Julius Hopp, based on the original French libretto Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein, by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy]

Also listed as "in preparation":

*  Olivette [composer/author unknown]

*  Pariser Leben [presumably the operetta composed by Jacques Offenbach, with German text by Karl Treumann, based on the original French libretto  La vie parisienne, by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy]

*  Der Waffenschmied [presumably the comic opera by Albert Lortzing]



722

Deutsches Stadt-Theater, Concordia Halle (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Folder
Deutsches Stadt-Theater playbill.
22 March 1874

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die (heiligen) lustigen Vagabunden, by Gustav Räder, with music by August Conradi



676

Germania Theater (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Germania Theater playbills: 1878.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill.
21 February 1878

* Die Afrikanerin, by Eduard Jacobson, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

677
Germania Theater playbill.
14 March 1878

* Die schöne Galathée, operetta composed by Franz von Suppé, with libretto by Poly Henrion

Also advertised:

*  Ein Wechsel, by F. Wolterich [=F. Woltereck]

*  Die Wacht am Rhein, by Oscar Elsner

677
Germania Theater playbill (six copies).
31 March - 1 April 1878

* Königin Margot und die Hugenotten, by Friedrich Adami [based on the French novel  La reine Margot by Alexandre Dumas (père)]

677
Germania Theater playbill (two copies).
4 April 1878

Die Bettlerin von Marienberg [=  Die Bettlerin], by Julius Meissner [based on a play in French by Michel Masson]

677
Germania Theater playbill (bears handwritten emendations).
5 September 1878

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen, by Arthur Müller

677
Germania Theater playbill.
7 November 1878

* Luftschlösser, oder: Viel Vergnügen, by Heinrich Wilken

677

Germania Theater playbills: 1879.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill.
2 January 1879

* Onkel Tom's Hütte [=  Onkel Tom], by Therese von Megerle, based on the novel  Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

678
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 21" x 9").
28-29 January [1879]

* Die eiserne Maske, by L. Schneider [based on the French play  L'homme au masque de fer by Auguste Jean François Arnould and Narcisse Fournier]

Also advertised:

*  Die drei Langhänse [by Fritz Reuter]

720
Germania Theater playbill (three copies).
24-28 May 1879

* Citronen (Lemons), by Julius Rosen

Also advertised:

*  Bruder Liederlich, by Emil Pohl, with music by August Conradi

*  Singvögelchen [by Eduard Jacobson, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner]

*  Der Sohn der Wildniss [by Friedrich Halm]

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Die Karlsschüler [by Heinrich Laube]

678
Germania Theater playbill (four copies).
19 June 1879

* Maria und Magdalena, by Paul Lindau

678
Germania Theater playbill (two copies).
28 August - 1 September 1879

* Maria Stuart, by Friedrich Schiller

*  Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit, by C. A. Paul

678
Germania Theater playbill (eight copies).
4-6 September 1879

* Die Hexe von Leonberg, by Arthur Müller

678
Germania Theater playbill (three copies).
20-23 September 1879

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich [by Friedrich Kaiser]

678
Germania Theater playbill playbill (two copies).
6 November 1879

* Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Adolf Lang

678
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
6 November 1879

* Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Adolf Lang

720
Germania Theater playbill (three copies).
27 November 1879

* Mariette und Jeanetton, oder: Die Heirath vor der Trommel, by W. Friedrich, based on a work in French by Alexandre Dumas (père)

Also advertised:

*  Aschenbrödel, oder: Der gläserne Pantoffel, by C. A. Görner

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Philippine Welser [possibly the play by Oskar von Redwitz]

678
Germania Theater playbill (two copies).
11 December 1879

* Ein Engel, by Julius Rosen

678
Germania Theater playbill (three copies).
13-17 December [1879]

* Die alte Schachtel, by Emil Pohl, based on a play of the same title by O. F. Berg

Also advertised:

*  Der Glöckner von Notre Dame [presumably the play by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer based on the French novel  Notre-Dame de Paris by Victor Hugo]

678

Germania Theater playbills: 1880.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (eight copies).
5 Feburary 1880

* Die Bettlerin von Marienberg [=  Die Bettlerin], [by Julius Meissner, based on a play in French] by Michel Masson

679
Germania Theater playbill (eleven copies).
11 March 1880

* Wenn man im Dunkeln küßt (A Kiss in the Dark), by Carl Mallachow and Oskar Elsner

679
Germania Theater playbill.
13-15 March 1880

* Berliner Kinder, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Wohlthätige Frauen [by Adolph L'Arronge]

679
Germania Theater playbill (four copies).
18 March 1880

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen, by Arthur Müller

679
Germania Theater playbill (six copies).
27-28 April [1880]

* Ein jüdischer Dienstbote, by Carl Elmar

Also advertised:

*  Wohlthätige Frauen, by Adolph L'Arronge

679
Germania Theater playbill (two copies).
15 August 1880

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit, by C. A. Paul

679
Germania Theater playbill (oversized poster, 36-3/4" x 15-1/2").
circa December 1880

* Uncle Tom's Cabin, color image of the character "Eliza" played by "Fräul. Martha Wedemeyer," with banner: "Rial & Draper's / Ideal"

Presumably dates from the performance of  Onkel Tom's Hütte (=  Onkel Tom, by Therese von Megerle, based on the novel  Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe) on 9-10 December 1880 at Germania Theater––see Germania theater newspaper,  Die Bühne, 1880, no. 76, folder 692.

725

Germania Theater playbills: 1881.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
3 March [1881]

* Die Bettlerin von Marienberg, [by Julius Meissner, based on a play in French] by Michel Masson

720
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
3-7 November 1881

* Die Dame mit den Camelien, [by L. von Alvensleben, based on the French novel  La dame aux camélias] by Alexandre Dumas (fils)

*  Der Jongleur, oder: Die Kunstreiter von Berlin und Leipzig, by Emil Pohl

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Pikante Enthüllungen [presumably the play by Emil Artur]

*  Die Zigeuner [author unknown]

*  500,000 Teufel [author unknown]

720

Germania Theater playbill: 1882.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (four copies).
8-10 April [1882]

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich, by Friedrich Kaiser

Also advertised:

*  Die Näherin [possibly the play by Ludwig Held with music by Carl Millöcker]

*  Krethi und Plethi, by David Kalisch

680

Germania Theater playbills: 1883.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (seven copies).
10 May 1883

* Unsere Frauen [by Gustav von Moser and Franz von Schönthan]

680
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
10 May 1883

* Unsere Frauen, by Gustav von Moser and Franz von Schönthan

720
Germania Theater playbill (8 copies).
9-11 November 1883

* Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott, by Arthur Müller

Also advertised:

*  Der Verschwender, by Ferdinand Raimund

*  500,000 Teufel [author unknown]

680
Germania Theater playbill (five copies).
6 December 1883

* Der Bibliothekar, by Gustav von Moser

680
Germania Theater playbill (three copies).
23 December [1883]

* Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Adolf Lang

Also advertised:

*  Lumpaci Vagabundus, oder: Das liederliche Kleeblatt [=  Der böse Geist Lumpazivavagabundus, by Johann Nestroy]

*  Die schöne Klosterbäuerin, oder: Der Meuchelmord auf dem Friedhofe, by Franz Prüller

680

Germania Theater playbills: 1884.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 16-1/2" x 6-1/2; two copies).
1 January [1884]

* Die Pariser Bluthochzeit, oder: Die Schreckensherrschaft in der Bartholomäus Nacht [=  Königin Margot und die Hugenotten], by Friedrich Adami based on the French novel  La reine Margot by Alexandre Dumas (père)

720
Germania Theater playbill (nine copies).
27 January 1884

* Die Bettlerin von Marienberg [=  Die Bettlerin], [by Julius Meissner, based on a play in French] by Michel Masson

681
Germania Theater playbill (eight copies).
30 January [1884]

* Eine Nacht in Berlin, oder: Onkel Bergemann, by Albert Hopf, with music by Adolf Lang

681
Germania Theater playbill.
5 October [1884]

* Die beiden Reichenmüller, by Anton Anno, with music by G. Bätz

Also advertised:

*  Die Geheimnisse von Philadelphia [author unknown]

Also listed as "in preparation":

*  Apfelröschen [by Heinrich Wilken and Oskar Justinus]

*  Ein Gottesurtheil [author unknown]

*  Schützliesel[possibly:  Schützen-Lies’l, by Leon Treptow]

*  Herzensfritz [presumably:  Mein Herzensfritz, by Wilhelm Mannstädt and Heinrich Wilken]

*  Des Schulmeisters Töchterlein [by Krüger]

*  Liebhabereien [presumably the play by Emil Pohl]

*  Geierwally [presumably an adaptation of the novel  Die Geier-Wally by Wilhelmine von Hillern]

*  Lumpenmüller's Lieschen [author unknown]

681
Germania Theater playbill (three copies).
30 November [1884]

* Das Volk wie es weint und lacht, by O. F. Berg and David Kalisch, with music by August Conradi

Also advertised:

*  Wilhelm Tell [by Friedrich Schiller]

681

Germania Theater playbill: 1885.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (three copies).
5-6 April [1885]

* Die Afrikanerin, by Eduard Jacobson, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

Also advertised:

*  Der Rattenfänger von Hameln, by C. A. Görner, based on the history of the town of Hameln by Friedrich Sprenger and a chronical by Ehrick, with music by Ernst Catenhusen

682

Germania Theater playbills: 1886.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (three copies).
6-10 March [1886]

* Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Adolf Lang

Also advertised:

*  Die alte Jungfer, by Roderich Benedix

682

Germania Theater playbills: 1887.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (on cardboard, with color image).
18 February 1887

* Maria und Magdalena, by Paul Lindau

683
Germania Theater playbill (two copies, one orange and one yellow).
28 April 1887

(a) - One of two small-format playbills bearing same date; includes an image of scene from the play but no cast listing.

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit, by C. A. Paul

683
Germania Theater playbill (four copies).
28 April 1887

(b) - One of two small-format playbills bearing the same date; includes cast listing

*  Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit, by C. A. Paul

683
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10"; four copies).
28 April 1887

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit, by C. A. Paul

721
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
19-21 September [1887]

* Doctor Klaus, by Adolph L'Arronge

721
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
3-5 November [1887]

* Gaston, der Mann mit der eisernen Maske [=  Die eiserne Maske], by L. Schneider based on the French play  L'homme au masque de fer by Auguste Jean François Arnould and Narcisse Fournier

Also advertised:

*  Wilhelm Tell, by Friedrich Schiller

721

Germania Theater playbill: 1888.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
10-15 February [1888]

* Das Volk wie es weint und lacht, by O. F. Berg and David Kalisch, with music by August Conradi

Also advertised:

*  Die goldene Spinne [by Franz von Schönthan]

*  Die Regimentstochter [by Carl Blum]

*  Das Mädel ohne Geld [by Eduard Jacobson]

721

Germania Theater playbills: 1889.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 25-1/2" x 18-1/2"; 3 copies).
4-9 March [1889]

* Unter der Erde, oder: Arbeit bringt Segen, by Carl Elmar, with music by Franz von Suppé

*  Cora, die Tochter des Pflanzers [=  Cora, das Kind des Pflanzers], by Paul Victor Wichmann [based on the French play  Cora, ou: L'esclavage, by Jules Barbier]

Also advertised:

*  Eine Ehe von heute, by Victorien Sardou, translated from the French by Heinrich Laube

723
Germania Theater playbill (four copies).
6 March 1889

(a) - One of the two playbills bearing the same date; features plot summary

*  Cora, die Tochter des Pflanzers [=  Cora, das Kind des Pflanzers], by Paul Victor Wichmann [based on the French play  Cora, ou: L'esclavage, by Jules Barbier]

684
Germania Theater playbill (six copies).
6 March 1889

(b) - One of the two playbills bearing the same date

* Cora, die Tochter des Pflanzers [=  Cora, das Kind des Pflanzers], by Paul Victor Wichmann [based on the French play  Cora, ou: L'esclavage, by Jules Barbier]

684

Germania Theater playbills: 1890.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (two copies).
5 March 1890

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen, oder: Der alte Dessauer und sein Fähnrich, by Arthur Müller

685
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 25-1/2" x 18-1/2"; two copies).
11-15 April 1890

* Raub der Sabinerinnen (A Night Off), by Franz and Paul von Schönthan

*  Die Dame mit den Camelien, [by L. von Alvensleben, based on the French novel  La dame aux camélias] by Alexandre Dumas (fils)

Also advertised:

*  Die Spitzenkönigin [by Hugo Müller and Adolph L'Arronge]

*  Die Ehre [by Hermann Sudermann]

724
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 25-1/2" x 18-1/2").
10-11 November 1890

* Turandot, Prinzessin von China, by Friedrich Schiller

Also advertised:

*  Nervös, by Gustav von Moser and Otto Girndt

724

Germania Theater playbills: 1891.

Folder
Germania Theater playbill (two copies).
8 April 1891

* Die Tochter der Hölle, oder: Mensch bezahle deine Schulden [=  Die Tochter Belial's], by Rudolf Kneisel

685
Germania Theater playbill (oversized, 25-1/2" x 18-1/2").
8-15 April [1891]

* Die Tochter der Hölle, oder: Mensch bezahle deine Schulden [=  Die Tochter Belial's], by Rudolf Kneisel

*  Comtesse Helene, by J. B. Schweitzer and Hermann Salingré, with music by Rudolf Bial

Also advertised:

*  Krieg im Frieden [by Gustav von Moser and Franz von Schönthan]

724
Germania Theater playbill.
circa 28 November 1891

* Berliner Kinder, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

685

Maennerchor Hall (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Folder
Deutsches Theater, Maennerchor Halle playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
26-28 April [circa 1878]

* Citronen, by Julius Rosen

Also advertised:

*  Luftschlösser [author unknown; there are at least two plays by this title, one by Wilhelm Mannstädt and A. Weller, and the other by Heinrich Wilken]

722
Maennerchor Halle playbill (in English and German).
28 March 1886

* Ein sehr delicater Auftrag, by Edward Bloch [=Eduard Bloch], based on the French play  Chez une petite dame [author of the original French play unknown]

686

Residenz-Theater (Berlin, Germany).

Folder
Residenz-Theater playbill (oversized, 16-1/2" x 14").
2 June 1873

* Die alten Junggesellen, [based on the French play  Les vieux garçons] by Victorien Sardou [translator unknown]

722

Stadt-Theater (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Folder
Stadt-Theater playbill.
14 January 1877

(date according to handwritten annotation)

* Königin Margot und die Hugenotten, by Friedrich Adami [based on the French novel  La reine Margot by Alexandre Dumas (père)]

686

Stadt-Theater, Kump's Hall (Kansas City, Mo.).

Folder
Stadt-Theater (Kump's Halle) playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
4 March 1883

* Das Haus Rothschild, oder: Wie man den Grundstein zu Millionen legt, by Adolph Reich

722

Thalia Theater (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Folder
Thalia Theater playbill (two copies).
17 March 1886

* Das Volk wie es weint und lacht, by O. F. Berg and David Kalisch, with music by August Conradi

687
Thalia Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
22-24 March 1886

* Berliner Kinder, oder: Was sich die Kaserne erzählt, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

Also advertised:

*  Catharina Howard [possibly:  Katharina Howard, by Eduard Jerrmann]

722
Thalia Theater playbill (fragment of the oversize playbill above; two copies).
[22-24 March 1886]

* Berliner Kinder, oder: Was sich die Kaserne erzählt, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

687
Thalia Theater playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
28 March 1886

* Lucretia Borgia, by Alexander Preuss based on the French play  Lucrèce Borgia by Victor Hugo

722
Thalia Theater playbill (eight copies).
Week of 1 April [1886]

* Lucretia Borgia [by Alexander Preuss based on the French play  Lucrèce Borgia by Victor Hugo]

Also advertised:

*  Pech-Schulze [by Hermann Salingré, with music by Adolf Lang]

687
Thalia Theater playbill (six copies).
[circa 1886]

* Der Glöckner von Notre Dame, by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer based on the French novel  Notre-Dame de Paris by Victor Hugo

687

Turner Halle (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Folder
Sommer-Theater in der Turner-Halle playbill.
29 July 1875

* Die Hexe von Leonberg, by Arthur Müller

688
Deutsches Theater in der Turner Halle playbill (oversized, 26" x 10").
16 September 1875

* Sternenjungfrau, oder: Der letzte Mensch! by Carl Haffner, with music by Theodor Schaumberg (music director for the Turner-Halle Theater)

722
Deutsches Theater in der Turner Halle playbill (oversized, 26" x 10"; two copies).
8 June 1876

* Robert und Bertram, by Gustav Räder, with music by August Conradi

722
Turner Halle Theater play bill (fourteen copies).
5-6 December [1876]

* Eine feste Burg ist unser Gott [=  Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott], by Arthur Müller

Also advertised:

*  Herr Mengler, oder: Endlich hat er es doch gut gemacht [by Albin von Meddlhammer]

688
Turner Halle Theater playbill.
14 December 1876

Therese Krones, by Carl Haffner, with music by Adolf Müller

688
Turner-Halle playbill.
13 February 1879

* Die Sternenjungfrau, oder: Der letzte Mensch, by Carl Haffner

688

Unidentified playbill.

Folder
"Theatralische Abend-Unterhaltung" (unidentified theater).
23 October 1896

* Die Tante aus Schwaben, by Feodor von Wehl

*  Li Hong Joe, der Rattenkönig [author unknown]

*  Das Schwert des Damokles, by Gustav Heinrich Gans von und zu Putlitz

689

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Index to Theater Newspapers: Chronological Listing.

Arrangement and Description

The organization of the following listing of theater newspapers is comparable to that of the above Index to Playbills––the items are grouped first by theater name, in alphabetical order, and then listed chronologically, with each entry detailing the plays, operas, or operettas announced in that issue. (The holdings include one copy of each issue, unless multiple copies are noted.)

Dates primarily reflect the way the newspaper issue is dated; it was not possible to include the exact date(s) of performance of the individual works advertised.

The announcements for the featured works in any given issue typically give a full cast listing. As in the Index to Playbills, this index also includes, at the end of the entry, works that are advertised only briefly, often as "In preparation." Those abbreviated announcements sometimes include such information as the guest appearance of a certain actor or actress, or the dedication of the performance as a benefit for a particular person, although often only the title of the work appears.

In cases of works that are advertised by title only, the author's name has been supplied in brackets, if it could be determined with reasonable certainty.

In the case of works that are adaptations, the author and title of the source work have been included to whatever extent that information could be determined.

Please note that the details given in this index about the content of theater newspapers concern only the theatrical performances advertised. Other types of content, including announcements of concerts, festivals, and other events, could not be taken into account here. The newspapers also usually give information about the theater management, and carry numerous business advertisements.

Following is an overview of the distribution of newspapers among theaters represented, and of masthead changes:

1. Germania Theater, Philadelphia, Pa. (102 issues)

* April 1878–April 1881; November 1881:  Die Bühne

* May 1882–October 1885; April 1886-October 1890:  Germania Theater Zeitung

* December 1890–January 1894:  Germania Theater

* November 1894–1895:  Germania Theatre

2. Harmonie Hall, Philadelphia, Pa. (two issues)

* season 1893-1894:  Harmonie Programme

* season 1897-1898:  Harmonie Program

3. New Park Theatre, Philadelphia, Pa. (one issue)

* season 1890-1891:  New Park Theatre Programme (one issue)



4. Saenger-Halle, Newark, N.J. (one issue)

* 17 November 1889

Note: Saenger-Halle appears to have been an out-of-town venue for Sunday performances of the theater company that otherwise performed at Germania Theater in Philadelphia.

5. Thalia Theater, Philadelphia, Pa. (five issues)

* December 1885–March 1886:  Thalia Theater Programme

6. Turner-Halle, Philadelphia, Pa. (one issue)

* 22-27 May 1881:  Die Bühne. Theater-Programm

Note: Turner-Halle appears to have functioned as a temporary venue in Philadelphia for the theater company that otherwise performed at Germania Theater.

Germania Theater (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Germania Theater newspapers: 1878.

Folder
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 1.
19 April 1878

* Torpedoes, oder: Ein Staats-Geheimnis! by J. B. von Schweitzer and Hermann Salingré

*  Citronen (Lemons), by Julius Rosen

*  Die Schleichhändler, by Ernst Raupach

690
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 2.
26 April 1878

* Die Tochter der Harfenistin, by Rudolf Kneisel and Eduard Jacobson, with music by Gustav Michaelis

*  Der Glöckner von Notre Dame, by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer based on the French novel  Notre-Dame de Paris by Victor Hugo

*  Strauß und Lanner, by Anton Langer

690
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 6.
24 May 1878

* Der Viehhändler aus Ober-Österreich, oder: Stadt und Land [=  Stadt und Land], by Friedrich Kaiser

*  Faust, by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

*  Pauvrette, W. Lautz

703
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 9.
14 June 1878

* East Lynne [translation and dramatic adaptation of the English novel by Mrs. Henry Wood; translator/adapter unknown]

*  Schloß Greiffenstein, oder: Der Sammtschuh, by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer

*  Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabund, by Gustav Räder

703
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 11.
28 June 1878

* Lockere Zeisige! by O. F. Berg and Eduard Jacobson

*  Citronen (Lemons), by Julius Rosen

*  Der Verschwender, by Ferdinand Raimund

690
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 12.
5 July 1878

* Das Milchmädchen aus Schöneberg, by Wilhelm Mannstädt

*  Die beiden Waisen [translation of the French play  Les deux orphelines, by Adolphe d’Ennery and Eugène Cormon]

*  Die alte Schachtel, by Emil Pohl [based on a play of the same title by O. F. Berg]

690
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 19.
23 August 1878

* Die Rose von Bacharach, by Theodor Gassmann

*  Die Anna-Liese, oder: Der alten Dessauer Jugendliebe [=  Die Anna-Lise], by Hermann Hersch

*  Die Mönche, oder: Das Geheimniss eines Nonnenklosters, by M. Tenelli

690
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 20.
30 August 1878

* Theater-Schülerin, oder: Verfehlter Beruf, by Emil Pohl, with music by Heinrich Wilhelm

*  Die Hexe von Leonberg, by Arthur Müller

*  Die Verschwörung der Frauen, by Arthur Müller

703
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 25.
4 October 1878

* Eine Nacht in Berlin, by Albert Hopf

*  Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit, by C. A. Paul (B. Scheiden)

*  Der Maurer von Ronquerolles, oder: Die Memoiren des Teufels [=  Die Memoiren des Teufels], by L. Schneider, based on the French play  Les mémoires du diable, by Etienne Arago and Paul Vermond (pseudonym of Eugène Guinot)

703
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 26 (two copies).
11 October 1878

* Gewonnene Herzen, by Hugo Müller

*  Frauenkampf, by Olfers based on the French play  Bataille de dames by Eugène Scribe and Ernest LeGouvé

*  Eine silberne Hochzeit, oder: Das Jubel-Paar, by M. Bauermeister

*  O diese Weiber, by Emil Pohl

703
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 28 (three copies).
25 October 1878

* Deborah, by S. H. Mosenthal

*  Eine Nacht in Berlin, by Albert Hopf

*  Aschenbrödel, by C. A. Görner

690
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 29.
1 November 1878

* Rose Michel, by Victorien Sardou [original in French; translator/adapter unknown]

*  Singvögelchen, operetta by Eduard Jacobson, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

*  Ein freier Mann, by Julius Rosen

690
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 30.
8 November 1878

* Die Schillerlocke, oder: Gräfin Male [=  Der Budiker und sein Kind], by Hermann Salingré and Eduard Jacobson

*  Einen Jux will er sich machen, by Johann Nestroy

*  Maria Stuart, by Friedrich Schiller

703
Philadelphia Tageblatt – miscellaneous newspaper clipping (not a theater newspaper); contains an ad for that day's performance at Germania Theater.
8 November 1878

* Luftschlösser, oder Viel Vergnügen [by Heinrich Wilken]

690
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 31.
15 November 1878

* Die rothe Liesel, by Betty Young, with music by Lauer

*  Dorf und Stadt, oder: Das Lorle vom Schwarzwald, by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer, based on the stories (Dorfgeschichten) of Berthold Auerbach

*  Mein Leopold (My Son), by Adolph L'Arronge, with music by Rudolf Bial

690
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 33.
29 November 1878

* Othello, der Mohr von Venedig, by Shakespeare [translator unknown]

*  Schuster-Pluster, oder: Wenn Leute Geld haben! [=  Wenn Leute Geld haben!], by August Weirauch, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

*  Der jüdische Dienstbote [=  Ein jüdischer Dienstbote], by Carl Elmar

Also advertised:

*  Hasemann's Töchter [by Adolph L'Arronge]

703

Germania Theater newspapers: 1879.

Folder
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 45 (one complete and one fragmentary copy).
21 February 1879

* Washington, Befreier Nord-Amerikas, by Georg Schönfeldt

*  Die rothe Liesel, by Betty Young

*  Der Stumme von Manchester, by Fr. Rainer

Also advertised:

*  Der Hypochonder, oder: Unsere Stadtväter (Our Alderman), by Gustav von Moser

*  Uriel Acosta, by Karl Gutzkow

*  Heidemann und Sohn, by Hugo Müller

703
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, vol. 1, no. 48 (two copies).
14 March 1879

* Doctor Klaus, by Adolph L'Arronge

*  Mathilde, ein Weib wie es sein soll, by Roderich Benedix

*  Ihrer Majestät Schiff Pinafore, oder: Die Seemannsbraut, comic opera by W. S. Gilbert, with music by Sir Arthur Sullivan (title of original:  H. M. S. Pinafore), translated by Biedermann

Also advertised:

*  Uriel Acosta, by Karl Gutzkow

690

Germania Theater newspapers: 1880.

Folder
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 1 (two copies).
16-22 March 1880

* Englisch, oder: Banquier Ippelberger aus Leipzig, by C. A. Görner

*  Wiener in Berlin, by Karl von Holtei

*  Die Verschwörung der Frauen, by Arthur Müller

*  Harun al Raschid und seine Schwiegermutter, by Gustav von Moser

691
Germania Theater (three copies).
15-19 May 1880

* Die Sternenjungfrau, oder: Der letzte Mensch, by Carl Haffner

*  Schuster-Pluster, oder: Wenn Leute Geld haben! [=  Wenn Leute Geld haben!], by August Weirauch

*  Das böse Fräulein [by Rudolf Kneisel]

691
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 13 (three copies).
29-31 May 1880

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Ober-Österreich, by Friedrich Kaiser

691
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 19.
19-24 June 1880

* Eine Nacht in Berlin, by Albert Hopf

Also advertised:

*  Blinde Kuh, by Rudolf Kneisel

691
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 27 (three copies).
25 July 1880

* Licht, mehr Licht! oder: Die Tochter der Hölle [=  Die Tochter Belial's], by Rudolf Kneisel

691
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 30.
15 August 1880

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit, by C. A. Paul

691
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 50 (four copies).
9-11 October 1880

* Der Budiker und sein Kind, by Hermann Salingré and Eduard Jacobson

Also advertised:

*  Faust, by Johann Wolgang von Goethe

*  Quecksilber [by Leon Treptow]

691
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 60 (three copies).
2-4 November 1880

* Citronen (Lemons), by Julius Rosen

Also advertised:

*  Durchgegangene Weiber, by Alois Berla

692
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 68 (two copies).
20-25 November 1880

* Das Volk wie es weint und lacht, by O. F. Berg and David Kalisch, with music by August Conradi

Also advertised:

*  Der Löwe des Tages [presumably the play by Heinrich Wilken, with music by Carl Millöcker]

*  Der Sohn auf Reisen [presumably the play by Leopold Feldmann]

*  Lumpacivagabundus [=  Der böse Geist Lumpazivavagabundus, by Johann Nestroy]

692
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 71 (two copies).
27 November - 2 December 1880

* Aschenbrödel, oder: Der gläserne Pantoffel, by C. A. Görner

Also advertised:

*  Unter dem Gaslicht (Under the Gaslight), by Wolff [presumably a German adaptation of the American play  Under the Gaslight, by Augustin Daly]

*  Die Fremden, oder: Der Heimathschein, by Roderich Benedix

692
Germania Theater, Die Bühne 1880, no. 76 (four copies).
9-15 December 1880

* Onkel Tom's Hütte [=  Onkel Tom], by Therese von Megerle, based on the novel  Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

Also advertised:

*  Die Spitzenkönigin, by Hugo Müller [and Adolph L'Arronge]

*  Narciss, by Albert Emil Brachvogel

692

Germania Theater newspapers: 1881.

Folder
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881, no. 4 (two copies).
8-13 January 1881

* Berliner Kinder, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

Also advertised:

*  Die zweite Frau, by Blumenreich [possibly: Paul Blumenreich]

*  Christ und Jude [possibly the play of this title by Adolph Reich; the title is also the same as that of the first part of Arthur Müller's  Die Hexe von Leonberg]

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Die beiden Reichenmüller, by Anton Anno

*  Blitzmädel [by Carl Costa]

693
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881, no. 12.
29 January - 3 February 1881

* Robert und Bertram, by Gustav Räder

Also advertised:

*  Die Dame mit den Camelien (Camille) [by L. von Alvensleben, based on the French novel  La dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas (fils)]

*  Die Reise durch Philadelphia in 24 Stunden, by William Schoppe; described as a local farce written especially for Germania Theater

*  Blitzmädel [by Carl Costa]

693
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881, no. 13 (four copies).
3-5 February 1881

* Die Dame mit den Camelien [by L. von Alvensleben, based on the French novel  La dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas (fils)]

Also advertised:

*  Die Reise durch Philadelphia in 24 Stunden, by William Schoppe; described as a local farce written especially for Germania Theater

693
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881, no. 18 (two copies).
15-17 February 1881

* Die Dame mit den Camelien (Camille), [by L. von Alvensleben, based on the French novel  La dame aux camélias] by Alexandre Dumas (fils)

Also advertised:

*  Sarah Bernhardt, by Paul Löbel (the author was also an actor in the play, appearing from Concordia Theater, Baltimore)

*  Heinrich Heine [=  Junge Leiden], by A. Mels

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Verfehlter Beruf [by Emil Pohl]

*  Die drei Junggesellen [by Roderich Benedix]

693
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881, no. 25 (three copies).
3-7 March 1881

* Die Bettlerin von Marienberg [=  Die Bettlerin], [by Julius Meissner, based on a play in French] by Michel Masson

Also advertised:

*  Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich, by Friedrich Kaiser

694
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881, no. 26 (two copies).
4-10 March 1881

* Stadt und land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich, by Friedrich Kaiser

Also advertised:

*  Hinko, oder: König und Freiknecht [presumably Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer's play  Hinko, based on the novel  Der Freiknecht by Ludwig Storch]

694
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881, no. 31 (in purple).
17-24 March 1881

* Cora, die Tochter des Pflanzers [=  Cora, das Kind des Pflanzers], by Paul Victor Wichmann [based on the French play  Cora, ou: L'esclavage, by Jules Barbier]

Also advertised:

*  Ein geadelter Kaufmann [presumably the play by C. A. Görner]

*  Der Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle [=  Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle], by Rudolf Kneisel

694
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881, no. 34.
24-28 March 1881

* Der Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle [=  Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle], by Rudolf Kneisel

Also advertised:

*  Der Verschwender, by Nestroy [sic] [the author name is presumably an error; the play is a well known work by Ferdinand Raimund]

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Hamlet [by Shakespeare; translator unknown]

*  Eine vornehme Ehe [most likely the play by Heinrich Laube, based on a French work by Octave Feuillet]

694
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881, no. 40.
7-11 April 1881

* Die Schuld einer Frau, by Emil Neumann [based on the French play  Le supplice d’une femme, by Alexandre Dumas (fils) in collaboration with Emile de Girardin]

*  Das Lorle, oder: Ein Berliner im Schwarzwald, by August Wilhelm Hesse

Also advertised:

*  Das Mädchen vom Dorfe, oder: Baron, Bauer und Handwerker [by Johann Krüger]

694
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881-1882, no. 20 (two copies).
3-7 November 1881

* Die Dame mit den Camelien,[by L. von Alvensleben, based on the French novel  La dame aux camélias] by Alexandre Dumas (fils)

Also advertised:

*  Der Jongleur, by Emil Pohl

694

Germania Theater newspapers: 1882.

Folder
Germania Theater, Die Bühne, 1881-1882, no. 79.
5-7 May 1882

* Emilia Galotti, by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

*  Die Tochter der Hölle [=  Die Tochter Belial's], by Rudolf Kneisel

703

Germania Theater newspapers: 1883.

Folder
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1882-83, no. 34.
weeking ending 3 March 1883

* Die beiden Reichenmüller, by Anton Anno

695
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1882-83, no. 44.
week ending 12 May 1883

* Unsere Frauen, by Gustav von Moser and Franz von Schönthan

695
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1882-83, 8th week (two copies).
4-11 November 1883

* Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott, by Arthur Müller

695
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1882-83, 11th week.
25 November - 1 December 1883

* Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott, by Arthur Müller

695
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1882-83, 13th week (three copies).
9-15 December 1883

* Gaston, der Mann mit der eisernen Maske [=  Die eiserne Maske], by L. Schneider based on the French play  L'homme au masque de fer by Auguste Jean François Arnould and Narcisse Fournier

Also advertised:

*  Bruder Liederlich, by Emil Pohl

695
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1882-83, 15th week (two copies).
23-29 December 1883

* Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Adolf Lang

695

Germania Theater newspapers: 1884.

Folder
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1883-1884, 16th week (two copies).
30 December 1883 - 6 January 1884

* Die Pariser Bluthochzeit, oder: Die Schreckensherrschaft in der Bartholomäus Nacht [=  Königin Margot und die Hugenotten], by Friedrich Adami based on the French novel  La reine Margot by Alexandre Dumas (père)

695
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1883-1884, 20th week (four copies).
27 January - 2 February 1884

* Eine Nacht in Berlin, oder: Onkel Bergemann, by Albert Hopf, with music by Adolf Lang

695
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1883-1884, vol. 3, 16th week.
29 November - 6 December 1884

* Das Volk wie es weint und lacht, by O. F. Berg and David Kalisch, with music from August Conradi

Also advertised:

*  Wilhelm Tell, by Friedrich Schiller

704

Germania Theater newspapers: 1885.

Folder
Germania Theater Zeitung, 29th week (two copies).
4-12 April 1885

(a) - First of two different issues bearing the date 4-12 April 1885

* Die Afrikanerin, by Eduard Jacobson, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

704
Germania Theater Zeitung, vol. 3, 29th week (two copies of the first page only).
4-12 April 1885

(b) - Second of two different issues bearing the date 4-12 April 1885

* Berliner Kinder, oder: Was sich die Kaserne erzählt, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

704
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1885-1886.
week ending 24 October 1885

* Die Anna-Liese [=Die Anna-Lise], by Hermann Hersch

Also advertised:

*  Die Anti-Xantippe, oder: Krieg den Frauen, by Rudolf Kneisel

*  Das Stiftungsfest, by Gustav von Moser

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Der Registrator auf Reisen, by Adolph L’Arronge

*  Die goldene Spinne, by Franz von Schönthan

*  Der Salon-Tyroler, by Gustav von Moser

*  Frau Director Striese (sequel to  Der Raub der Sabinerinnen), by Franz and Paul von Schönthan

*  Sidonie, oder: Fromont Jr. und Riesler Sr. [translation of the French play  Fromont jeune et Risler aîné, by Alphonse Daudet and Adolphe Belot, an adaptation of the novel of the same title by Daudet]

*  Der Schwabenstreich [by Franz von Schönthan]

704

Germania Theater newspapers: 1886.

Folder
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1885-1886.
week ending 24 April 1886

* Die Tochter der Hölle [=  Die Tochter Belial's], Rudolf Kneisel

Also advertised:

*  Der Bibliothekar (The Private Secretary), by Gustav von Moser

*  Harun al Raschid und seine Schwiegermutter, by Gustav von Moser

*  Griseldis, das Köhlerkind [by Friedrich Halm]

704
Germania Theater Zeitung, no. 29.
weeking ending 18 December 1886

* Die Anna-Lise, by Hermann Hersch

Also advertised:

*  Handwerk hat goldenen Boden[by Wilhelm Mannstädt]

*  Der Stabstrompeter [by Wilhelm Mannstädt]

704

Germania Theater newspapers: 1887.

Folder
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1886-1887, no. 37.
week ending 19 February 1887

* Maria und Magdalena, by Paul Lindau

Also advertised:

*  Unsere Sclaven, by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch

*  Die schöne Ungarin [by Wilhelm Mannstädt und A. Weller, with music by Gustav Steffens]

705
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1886-1887, no. 39.
week ending 12 March 1887

* Robert und Bertram, by Gustav Räder

Also advertised:

*  Ein berühmter Rechtsfall [translation of the French play  Une cause célèbre, by Adolphe d'Ennery and Eugène Cormon]

*  Romeo und Julie, by Shakespeare (title of original:  Romeo and Juliet) [translator unknown]

705
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1886-1887, no. 40.
week ending 19 March 1887

* Ein Tropfen Gift, by Oscar Blumenthal

Also advertised:

*  Fedora [translation of the French play  Fédora, by Victorien Sardou]

705
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1886-1887, no. 43 (two copies).
week ending 30 April 1887

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit, by C. A. Paul

Also advertised:

*  Mensch ärgere dich nicht! [by Leon Treptow]; performance tentatively scheduled at the Thalia Theater

705
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1887-1888, no. 2.
week ending 24 September 1887

* Doctor Klaus, by Adolph L'Arronge Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Der Stabstrompeter [by Wilhelm Mannstädt]

*  Die Sternschnuppe [by Gustav von Moser and Otto Girndt]

*  Unser Doctor [by Leon Treptow and Louis Herrmann]

*  Die große Unbekannte [by Rudolf Kneisel]

*  Der deutsche Michel [by Louis Nötel]

*  Kyritz-Pyritz, by Heinrich Wilken and Oskar Justinus

705
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1887-1888, no. 13 (two copies).
week ending 5 November 1887

* Gaston, der Mann mit der eisernen Maske [=  Die eiserne Maske], by L. Schneider based on the French play  L'homme au masque de fer by Auguste Jean François Arnould and Narcisse Fournier

Also advertised:

*  Die beiden Reichenmüller, by Anton Anno Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Wilhelm Tell, by Friedrich Schiller

705
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1887-1888, no. 15.
week ending 12 November 1887

* Die Beiden Reichenmüller, by Anton Anno

Also advertised:

*  Kyritz-Pyritz, by Heinrich Wilken and Oskar Justinus

*  Wilhelm Tell, by Friedrich Schiller

*  Der Stabstrompeter [by Wilhelm Mannstädt]

705
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1887-1888, no. 16 (two copies).
week ending 19 November 1887

* Berliner Kinder, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

Also advertised:

*  Deborah, by S. H. Mosenthal

*  Der Stabstrompeter [by Wilhelm Mannstädt]

*  Wilhelm Tell, by Friedrich Schiller

705
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1887-1888, no. 18.
week ending 3 December 1887

* Reif-Reifling, by Gustav von Moser

Also advertised:

*  Ehrliche Arbeit, by Heinrich Wilken

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Jane Eyre, die Waise von Lowood [by Heinrich Wilken, based on the novel  Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë]

*  Der Wald-Teufel, by Wilhelm Mannstädt with music by Gustav Steffens

*  Ihre Familie, by Julius Stinde and Georg Engels [based on stories by Stinde]

696

Germania Theater newspapers: 1888.

Folder
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1887-88, no. 25.
week ending 21 January 1888

* Mein Leopold, by Adolph L'Arronge, with music by Rudolf Bial

Also advertised:

*  Spottvögel, by Wilhelm Mannstädt, with music by Gustav Steffens

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Richard III [by Shakespeare; translator unknown]

*  Der tolle Wenzel, by Wilhelm Mannstädt

*  200,000 [sic] Mark Belohnung [=  20,000 Mark Belohnung, by Leon Treptow]

706
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1887-88, no. 30.
week ending 25 February 1888

* Das Volk wie es weint und lacht, by O. F. Berg and David Kalisch, with music by August Conradi

Also advertised:

*  Der tolle Wenzel, by Wilhelm Mannstädt

*  Der Pfarrer von Kirchfeld, by Ludwig Anzengruber

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  20,000 Mark Belohnung [by Leon Treptow], with music by Paul Sentz

*  Anna, zu Dir ist mein liebster Gang [by Julius Braun]

706
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1887-88, no. 32.
week ending 10 March 1888

* Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich [=  Stadt und Land], by Friedrich Kaiser

Also advertised:

*  Die Regimentstochter [by Carl Blum]

*  Die lustigen Weiber von Kyritz-Pyritz [=  Kyritz-Pyritz], by Heinrich Wilken and Oskar Justinus

*  Die Seemannsbraut, oder: Ihre Familie [=  Ihre Familie by Julius Stinde and Georg Engels, based on stories by Stinde about the family Buchholz]

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  20,000 Mark Belohnung [by Leon Treptow, with music by Paul Sentz]

*  Der Trompeter von Säckingen [presumably the opera composed by Victor Ernst Nessler based, on the epic poem of the same title by Joseph Victor von Scheffel]

*  Goldener Boden [by Wilhelm Mannstädt]

696
Germania Theater Zeitung, season 1888/1889 (two copies).
week ending 20 October 1888

* Unsere Frauen, by Gustav von Moser and Franz von Schönthan

Also advertised:

*  Der Salon-Tyroler, by Gustav von Moser

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Othello, by Shakespeare [translator unknown]

Also advertised as "tentatively scheduled":

*  Fiesco, oder: Die Verschwörung zu Genua, by Friedrich Schiller

706

Germania Theater newspapers: 1889.

Folder
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1888/1889 (three copies).
week ending 5 January 1889

* Onkel Bergemann's Abenteuer in der Residenz [=  Eine Nacht in Berlin], by Albert Hopf, with music by Adolf Lang

Also advertised:

*  Höhere Töchter, by Wilhelm Mannstädt

*  Schmerle's Geheimniss, by Rudolf Kneisel

*  Othello, der Mohr von Venedig [by Shakespeare; translator unknown]

706
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1888/1889 (three copies).
week ending 9 February 1889

(a) - The first of two different issues bearing the date 9 February 1889 (coming performances dated 4-9 February).

* Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle, by Rudolf Kneisel

Also advertised:

*  Der Veilchenfresser, by Gustav von Moser

706
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1888/1889.
week ending 9 February 1889

(b) - The second of two different issues bearing the date 9 February 1889 (coming performances dated 7-13 February).

* Der Veilchenfresser, by Gustav von Moser

Also advertised:

*  Der Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle [=  Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle], by Rudolf Kneisel

*  Der Heirath vor der Trommel, oder: Die beiden Regimentstöchter [possibly:  Mariette und Jeanetton, oder: Die Heirath vor der Trommel, by W. Friedrich, based on a work in French by Alexandre Dumas (père)]

*  Gewonnene Herzen, by Hugo Müller

706
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1888/1889 (two copies).
week ending 2 March 1889

(a) - The first of two different issues bearing the date 2 March 1889 (coming performances dated 25 February - 2 March).

* Robert und Bertram, by Gustav Räder

Also advertised:

*  Preciosa, by Pius Alexander Wolff

*  Schmerle's Geheimniss, by Rudolf Kneisel

707
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1888/1889 (two copies).
week ending 2 March 1889

(b) - The second of two different issues bearing the date 2 March 1889 (coming performances are dated 28 February - 6 March).

* Robert und Bertram, by Gustav Räder

Also advertised:

*  Schmerle's Geheimniss, by Rudolf Kneisel

*  Unter der Erde, oder: Arbeit bringt Segen, by Carl Elmar

*  Cora, die Tochter des Pflanzers [=  Cora, das Kind des Pflanzers], by Paul Victor Wichmann [based on the French play  Cora, ou: L'esclavage, by Jules Barbier]

707
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1888/1889.
week ending 9 March 1889

(a) - The first of two different issues of the newspaper bearing the date 9 March 1889.

* Robert und Bertram, by Gustav Räder

Also advertised:

*  Gewonnene Herzen, by Hugo Müller

*  Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré

*  Der weiße Rabe, oder: Ein ehrlicher Makler, by Leon Treptow

707
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1888/1889 (three copies).
week ending 9 March 1889

(b) - The second of two different issues bearing the date 9 March 1889.

* Cora, die Tochter des Pflanzers [=  Cora, das Kind des Pflanzers], by Paul Victor Wichmann [based on the French play  Cora, ou: L'esclavage, by Jules Barbier]

Also advertised:

*  Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabunden, by Gustav Räder

*  Gewonnene Herzen, by Hugo Müller

*  Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré

*  Der weiße Rabe, oder: Ein ehrlicher Makler, by Leon Treptow

707
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1888/1889 (three copies).
week ending 16 March 1889

* Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Adolf Lang

Also advertised:

*  Der weiße Rabe, oder: Ein ehrlicher Makler, by Leon Treptow

*  Kabale und Liebe, by Friedrich Schiller

Also advertised as "tentatively scheduled":

*  Eine moderne Ehe [author unknown]

*  Die Grille, by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer [based on the story "Le grillon" by George Sand]

707

Germania Theater newspapers: 1890.

Folder
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1889/1890 (two copies).
week ending 8 March 1890

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen, oder: Der alte Dessauer und sein Fähnrich, by Arthur Müller

Also advertised:

*  Die Lachtaube [by Eduard Jacobson]

*  Die zärtlichen Verwandten, by Roderich Benedix

*  Die Braut von Messina, oder: Die feindlichen Brüder, by Friedrich Schiller

*  Die wilde Jagd [by Ludwig Fulda]

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Großstädtisch, by J. B. von Schweitzer

697
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1889/1890.
week ending 22 March 1890

* Großstädtisch, by J. B. von Schweitzer

Also advertised:

*  Die relegierten Studenten, by Roderich Benedix

*  Leuchtkugeln [by Wilhelm Mannstädt]

*  Ein geadelter Kaufmann [presumably the play by C. A. Görner]

*  Die zärtlichen Verwandten, by Roderich Benedix

*  Die große Glocke, by Oscar Blumenthal

*  Die Lachtaube [by Eduard Jacobson]

*  Philippine Welser [possibly the play by Oskar von Redwitz]

707
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1889/1890 (three copies).
week ending 12 April 1890

* Der Raub der Sabinerinnen, by Franz and Paul von Schönthan

*  Die Dame mit den Camelien (Camille), [by L. von Alvensleben, based on the French novel  La dame aux camélias] by Alexandre Dumas (fils)

Also advertised:

*  Die Spitzenkönigin [by Hugo Müller and Adolph L'Arronge]

*  Unser Otto [by Wilhelm Mannstädt]

*  Die Ehre, by Hermann Sudermann

707
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1889/1890 (three copies).
week ending 4 October 1890

* Therese Krones, by Carl Haffner, with music by Adolf Müller

Also advertised:

*  Sein Steckenpferd, by Leon Treptow

697
Germania Theater Zeitung, 1889/1890.
week ending 20 December 1890

* Ein Tropfen Gift, by Oscar Blumenthal

Also advertised:

*  Daniela, by Felix Philippi

*  Goldene Berge [by Heinrich Wilken and Eduard Jacobson]

*  Ferreol [translation by R. Schelcher of the French play  Andrea Férreol, by Victorien Sardou]

*  Engelmann's Rache [presumably the play by W. Büller and O. Voges]

*  Halbe Dichter [presumably the play by Julius Rosen]

Also advertised as "tentatively scheduled":

*  Der Weltumsegler wider Willen, by Gustav Räder

*  Verfehlter Beruf [by Emil Pohl]

*  Die Schule des Lebens, oder: Die Königstochter als Bettlerin [by Ernst Raupach]

708

Germania Theater newspapers: 1891.

Folder
Germania Theater, 1890/1891.
week ending 21 February 1891

* Die beiden Reichenmüller, by Anton Anno

Also advertised:

*  Der Rattenfänger von Hameln [by Braun]

*  Böse Zungen, by Heinrich Laube

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Die Haubenlerche, by Ernst von Wildenbruch

*  Sodom's Ende, by Hermann Sudermann

*  Der Schatten, by Paul Lindau

*  Flotte Weiber [by Leon Treptow]

698
Germania Theater, 1890/1891.
week ending 11 April 1891

* Die Tochter der Hölle, oder: Mensch bezahle deine Schulden [=  Die Tochter Belial's], by Rudolf Kneisel

Also advertised:

*  Comtesse Helene [by J. B. Schweitzer and Hermann Salingré, with music by Rudolf Bial]

*  Krieg im Frieden, by Gustav von Moser and Franz von Schönthan

*  Die Leibrente, by Gustav von Moser

*  Sodom's Ende, by Hermann Sudermann

708
Germania Theater, 1890/1891.
week ending 25 April 1891

* Sodom's Ende, by Hermann Sudermann

*  Heine's junge Leiden [=  Junge Leiden], by A. Mels

Also advertised:

*  Nemesis, oder: Eine Civil-Ehe [by Adolph Reich]

708
Germania Theater, 1891/1892.
week ending 10 October 1891

* Er muß auf's Land, by W. Friedrich

*  Wenn man im Dunkeln küßt, by Carl Mallachow and Oskar Elsner

Also advertised:

*  Die Maurer von Berlin, by Emil Pohl [with music by Rudolf Bial]

698
Germania Theater (half-page fragment).
[circa week ending 17 October 1891]

* Wenn man im Dunkeln küßt, by Carl Mallachow and Oskar Elsner

Also advertised:

*  Die Maurer von Berlin, by Emil Pohl [with music by Rudolf Bial]

*  Die beiden Balletmädchen, oder: Ihre Familie [=  Ihre Familie], by Julius Stinde and Georg Engels [based on stories by Stinde about the family Buchholz]

*  Gräfin Lea, by Paul Lindau

698
Germania Theater, 1891/1892 (two copies and an extra second page).
week ending 7 November 1891

(a) - The first of two different issues bearing the date 7 November 1891 (coming performances dated 2-7 November).

* Einer von unsere Leut', by David Kalisch and O. F. Berg

*  Unsere Frauen, by Gustav von Moser and Franz von Schönthan

Also advertised:

*  Der Raub der Sabinerinnen, by Franz and Paul von Schönthan

*  Der rechte Schlüssel, by Francis Stahl

708
Germania Theater, 1891/1892 (includes two copies of variant second page).
week ending 7 November 1891

(b) - The second of two different issues bearing the date 7 November 1891 (coming performances dated 9-14 November).

* Der rechte Schlüssel, by Francis Stahl

*  Die Maurer von Berlin, by Emil Pohl, with music by Rudolf Bial.

Also advertised:

*  Die Verschwörung des Fiesco zu Genua, by Friedrich Schiller

*  Eine leichte Person, by Anton Bittner

708
Germania Theater, 1891/1892 (two copies).
week ending 28 November 1891

* Ein delikater Auftrag [=  Ein sehr delikater Auftrag], by Eduard Bloch

*  Das Schwert des Damokles, by Gustav Heinrich Gans von und zu Putlitz

*  Der bengalische Tiger, by Otto Randolf [based on the French Un tigre du Bengale by Édouard Brisebarre and M. Marc-Michel]

*  Berliner Kinder, by Hermann Salingré, with music by Thuiskon Hauptner

Also advertised:

*  Der schwarze Schleier [presumably the play by Oscar Blumenthal]

*  Das Mädel vom Dorf [=  Das Mädchen vom Dorfe, by Johann Krüger]

*  Der Goldbauer [presumably the play by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer]

*  Entspector Bräsig [=  Inspektor Bräsig] [most likely the adaptation by Theodor Gassmann and Johann Krüger of the Low-German novel  Ut mine stomtid by Fritz Reuter]

708

Germania Theater newspapers: 1892.

Folder
Germania Theater, 1891/1892.
week ending 6 February 1892

* Narciss, by Albert Emil Brachvogel

*  Die Räuber, by Friedrich Schiller

Also advertised:

*  Hamlet [by Shakespeare; translator unknown]

*  Trotzköpfchen [by Oscar Blumenthal]

*  Der Hüttenbesitzer [most likely a translation/adaptation of the French novel and play Le maître de forges by Georges Ohnet]

709
Germania Theater, 1891/1892 (two copies).
week ending 27 February 1892

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen, by Arthur Müller

Also advertised:

*  Drei Paar Schuhe [presumably the play by Karl Görlitz, with music by Carl Millöcker]

*  Die Salon-Tyrolerin, by Gustav von Moser

*  Pension Schöller, by Carl Laufs

709
Germania Theater, 1891/1892.
week ending 12 March 1892

* Maria und Magdalena, by Paul Lindau

Also advertised:

*  's Lorle [author unknown: possibly  Das Lorle, by August Wilhelm Hesse, or  Dorf und Stadt, by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer]

*  Wohlthätige Frauen [by Adolph L'Arronge]

*  Die Schuld einer Frau [by Emil Neumann, based on the French play  Le supplice d'une femme, by Alexandre Dumas (fils) in collaboration with Emile de Girardin]

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Nora, Nora, by Henrik Ibsen (title of the Norwegian original:  Et Dukkehjem; English:  A Doll's House) [translator unknown]

709
Germania Theater, 1891/1892.
week ending 16 April 1892

* Die Nixe, by Friedrich Gustav Triesch

*  Der Ehemann vor der Thür, by Victorien Sardou

[title of the original French play: La Papillonne; translator unknown – possibly August Förster, whose translation of that work was published as Flattersucht]

*  Die schöne Galathée [operetta composed by Franz von Suppé, presumably with libretto by Poly Henrion]

*  Die Tochter der Hölle [=  Die Tochter Belial's], by Rudolf Kneisel

Also advertised:

*  Unsere Don Juans, by Leon Treptow

*  Flotte Weiber [by Leon Treptow]

*  Papageno [presumably the play by Rudolf Kneisel]

698
Germania Theater [1891/1892] (fragment, second page only).
[circa April-May 1892]

* Die schöne Galathée, operetta composed by Franz von Suppé [presumably with libretto by Poly Henrion]

*  Mein neuer Hut [by Max Bernstein]

*  Die Verlobung bei der Laterne, operetta by Jacques Offenbach [original French libretto,  Le mariage aux lanternes, by Michel Carré und Léon Battu; translator unknown]

698
Germania Theater, [1892/1893] no. 1.
week beginning 21 September 1892

* Schuldig! by Richard Voss

*  Der Bibliothekar (Private Secretary), by Gustav von Moser

Also advertised:

*  Mein Herzensfritz, by Wilhelm Mannstädt and Heinrich Wilken

709
Germania Theater, [1892/1893] no. 9.
week beginning 24 October 1892

* Der Wald-Teufel, by Wilhelm Mannstädt, with music by Gustav Steffens

*  Die beiden Reichenmüller, by Anton Anno

Also advertised:

*  Der Störenfried, by Roderich Benedix

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Die Quizows [presumably:  Die Quitzows, by Ernst von Wildenbruch]

* Der Dorfbarbier [by Paul Weidmann and Joseph Weidmann, with music by Johann Schenk]

*  Der Soldatenfreund [author unknown]

*  Satisfaktion [possibly the play by Alexander Baron von Roberts]

*  Orpheus in der Unterwelt [presumably the opera composed by Jacques Offenbach, with German libretto by Ludwig Kalisch, based on the original French libretto  Orphée aux enfers, by Hector Jonathan Crémieux

698

Germania Theater newspapers: 1893.

Folder
Germania Theater, [1892/1893] no. 28.
week beginning 1 February 1893

* Schützen-Lies'l, by Leon Treptow, with music by Gustav Steffens

*  Die Waise aus Lowood, by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer, based on the novel Jane Eyre by Currer Bell [pseudonym of Charlotte Brontë]

*  Die Anna-Liese [=  Die Anna-Lise], by Hermann Hersch

698
Germania Theater, [1892/1893] no. 37 (two copies).
week beginning 3 April 1893

* Gewonnene Herzen, by Hugo Müller, with music by Rudolf Bial

*  Philippine Welser, by Oskar von Redwitz

*  Eine Nacht in der Residenz [=  Eine Nacht in Berlin], by Albert Hopf, with music by Adolf Lang

*  Die Waise aus Lowood, by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer, based on the novel  Jane Eyre by Currer Bell [pseudonym of Charlotte Brontë]

*  Deborah, by S. H. Mosenthal

Also advertised:

*  Die Karls-Schüler [=  Die Karlsschüler, by Heinrich Laube]

709

Germania Theater newspapers: 1894.

Folder
Germania Theater, [1893/1894] no. 14 (two copies and one incomplete version, sides two and three only).
week beginning 11 January 1894

* Stadt-Wahlen, oder: Roderich Heller [=  Roderich Heller], by Franz von Schönthan

*  Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabunden, by Gustav Räder

*  Luftschlösser, by Wilhelm Mannstädt and A. Weller, with music by [Adolf?] Mohr

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Der Geigenmacher von Mittenwald [presumably the play by Ludwig Ganghofer and Hans Neuert]

*  Der Hüttenbesitzer [most likely a translation/adaptation of the French novel and play  Le maître de forges by Georges Ohnet]

710
Germania Theater, [1893/1894] no. 15.
week beginning 18 January 1894

* Lorbeerbaum und Bettelstab, oder: Drei Winter eines deutschen Dichters, by Karl von Holtei

*  Luftschlösser, by Wilhelm Mannstädt and A. Weller, with music by [Adolf?] Mohr

*  Der Viehhändler aus Ober-Österreich [=  Stadt und Land], by Friedrich Kaiser

*  Der Glöckner von Notre Dame, by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer based on the French novel  Notre-Dame de Paris by Victor Hugo

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  Geigenmacher von Mittenwald [presumably the play by Ludwig Ganghofer and Hans Neuert]

*  Der Hüttenbesitzer [most likely a translation/adaptation of the French novel and play  Le maître de forges by Georges Ohnet]

*  Dolores [author unknown]

710
Germania Theatre, [1894/1895] no. 7.
week beginning 8 November 1894

* Grünhörner (Greenhorns), by Hans Dobers (member of Germania Theater), with music by Max Gabriel

*  Die Gustel von Blasewitz, by Sigmund Schlesinger

*  Unter vier Augen, by Ludwig Fulda

710
Germania Theatre, [1894/1895] no. 9.
week beginning 22 November 1894

* Grünhörner (Greenhorns), by Hans Dobers (member of Germania Theater), with music by Max Gabriel

Also advertised as "in preparation":

*  König Krause [presumably the play by Julius Keller and Louis Herrmann]

710

Germania Theater newspapers: 1895.

Folder
Germania Theatre, [1894/1895] no. 23.
week beginning 28 February 1895

* Die Ehre, by Hermann Sudermann

Also advertised:

*  Die Räuber, by Friedrich Schiller

*  Die Geheimnisse von Philadelphia [author unknown]

710

Harmonie Hall (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Folder
Harmonie Programme, season 1893-1894.
3 December 1893

* Wie man Landluft geniesst, by C. A. Görner

699
Harmonie Program, season 1897-1898.
26 December 1897 - 1 January 1898

* Im Wartesalon erster Klasse, by Hugo Müller

*  Ein modernes Verhängniss, by Feodor von Wehl

699

New Park Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Note

This newspaper is generally in English, with performance announcements and cast listings given in both English and German.

Folder
Programme, New Park Theatre, season 1890-1891, vol. II, no. 4.
6-11 October 1890

* Die Ehre, by Hermann Sudermann

*  Der Fall Clemenceau, by Armand d'Artois and Alexandre Dumas (fils) [translation of the French play  L'affaire Clémenceau by d'Artrois, based on the novel of the same title by Dumas; translator possibly: R. Schelcher]

700

Saenger-Halle (Newark, N.J.).

Folder
Saenger-Halle, Belmont Avenue, newspaper.
17 November 1889

* Griseldis!, oder: Mannesstolz und Frauenliebe, by Friedrich Halm

*  Die schöne Ungarin, by Wilhelm Mannstädt und A. Weller

701

Thalia Theater (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Folder
Thalia Theater Programme, season 1885-86.
week ending 12 December 1885

* Der Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle [=  Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle], by Rudolf Kneisel

711
Thalia Theater Programme, season 1885-86 (two copies).
week ending 6 March 1886

* Die Pariser Bluthochzeit [=  Königin Margot und die Hugenotten], by Friedrich Adami based on the French novel  La reine Margot by Alexandre Dumas (père)

711
Thalia Theater Programme, season 1885-86 (two copies, in yellow and orange).
week ending 20 March 1886

* Das Volk wie es weint und lacht, by O. F. Berg and Davild Kalisch, with music from August Conradi

Also advertised:

*  Die Pariser Bluthochzeit [=  Königin Margot und die Hugenotten], by Friedrich Adami based on the French novel  La reine Margot by Alexandre Dumas (père)

*  Frisch, gesund und meschugge [by Adolph L'Arronge]

711
Thalia Theater Programme, season 1885-86.
week ending 27 March 1886

(a) - The first of two different issues bearing the date 27 March 1886.

* Lucretia Borgia, by Alexander Preuss based on the French play Lucrèce Borgia by Victor Hugo

Also advertised:

*  Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré

711
Thalia Theater Programme, season 1885-86 (four copies of the first page only).
week ending 27 March 1886

(b) - The second of two different issues bearing the date 27 March 1886.

* Pech-Schulze, by Hermann Salingré, with music by August Conradi.

Note: The printed edition of the play indicates that the accompanying music is by A. Lang, not by Conradi.

711

Turner-Halle (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Folder
Die Bühne. Turner Halle Theatre-Programm.
22-27 May 1881

* Doctor Klaus, by Adolph L'Arronge; performance in Männerchor-Halle

*  Die schöne Müllerin, by L. Schneider; performance in Turner-Halle

*  Der Bombardier im Feuer, by Sauer; performance in Turner Halle

Also advertised:

*  Der schwarze Peter, by C. A. Görner; performance in Dramatic Hall

*  Eine Parthie 66, oder: Wem gehört die Frau, by W. Friedrich; performance in Dramatic Hall, Thalia Theater-Club

*  Eine verfolgte Unschuld, by Emil Pohl and Lange, with music by August Conradi.

Note: Printed editions of the latter play give Pohl as the sole author.

702

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Author/Title Index to Playbills and Theater Newspapers.

Arrangement and Description

This index is arranged alphabetically by author name, then by title of work. Playbills that carry announcements for performances of a given work are then listed chronologically, followed by theater newspapers related to that work, also listed chronologically. Playbills and theater newspapers pertain to Germania Theater, Philadelphia, unless otherwise specified. This index and the following two indices to the playbills and theater newspapers comprise three interrelated parts:



1. Alphabetical index by author of play, then by title



2. Alphabetical index by title of play, for plays of unidentified authorship



3. Alphabetical listing of composers of music for plays, with cross-reference to the author name under which the listing for the play can be found



In the case of works that are translations and/or adaptations, the author of the source work, if known, has been included in this index, with a cross-reference to the main entry under the name of the translator or adapter. If the name of the translator or adapter could not be determined, and only the name of the author of the source work is known, then the author of the source work has been used for the main entry for the German play, with a note about the original work from which the play was translated.



Please keep in mind that not all works represented in the collection are included in this manual index but only the ones mentioned in the playbills and newspapers. For works that are represented solely by theater rehearsal materials (Series I) or by librettos (Series II), the catalog records that have been created for those files in Franklin, the library's catalog, are accessible both by author or composer name and by title of the work to be performed.



Note

The symbol [R] following the title of a play indicates that the Learned Collection also contains theater rehearsal materials for that play, in Series I.

Folder

Adami, Friedrich:  Königin Margot und die Hugenotten[R].

Sometimes performed under the title  Die Pariser Bluthochzeit; based on the French novel  La reine Margot by Alexandre Dumas (père).

--

* Königin Margot und die Hugenotten: playbill, Stadt-Theater, 14 January 1877.

686

* Königin Margot und die Hugenotten: playbill, 31 March - 1 April 1878.

677

* Königin Margot und die Hugenotten: playbill (oversized), 1 January [1884].

720

* Königin Margot und die Hugenotten: newspaper, 30 December 1883 - 6 January 1884, season 1883-1884, 16th week.

695

* Königin Margot und die Hugenotten: newspaper, Thalia Theater, 6 March 1886.

711

* Königin Margot und die Hugenotten: newspaper, Thalia Theater, 20 March 1886.

711

Albini (pseudonym)--see under: Meddlhammer, Albin von.

--

Alvensleben, L. von (Ludwig):  Die Dame mit den Camelien [R].

Based on the novel  La dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas (fils).

--

* Die Dame mit den Camelien: playbill (oversized), 3-7 November 1881.

720

* Die Dame mit den Camelien: playbill (oversized), 11-15 April 1890.

724

* Die Dame mit den Camelien: newspaper, 1881, no. 12, 29 January - 3 February.

693

* Die Dame mit den Camelien: newspaper, 1881, no. 13, 3-5 February.

693

* Die Dame mit den Camelien: newspaper, 1881, no. 18, 15-17 February.

693

* Die Dame mit den Camelien: newspaper, season 1881-1882, no. 20, 3-7 November 1881.

694

Anno, Anton:  Die beiden Reichenmüller [R].

--

* Die beiden Reichenmüller: playbill, 5 October [1884], with music by G. Bätz.

681

* Die beiden Reichenmüller: newspaper, 8-13 January 1881, no. 4.

693

* Die beiden Reichenmüller: newspaper, 3 March 1883, season 1882-1883, no. 34.

695

* Die beiden Reichenmüller: newspaper, 5 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 13.

705

* Die beiden Reichenmüller: newspaper, 12 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 15.

705

* Die beiden Reichenmüller: newspaper, 21 February 1891.

698

* Die beiden Reichenmüller: newspaper, 24 October 1892, no. 9.

698

Anzengruber, Ludwig:  Der Pfarrer von Kirchfeld [R].

--

* Der Pfarrer von Kirchfeld: newspaper, 25 February 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 30.

706

Arago, Etienne:  Les mémoires du diable--see: Schneider, L. (Louis),  Die Memoiren des Teufels.

--

Arnould, M. (Auguste Jean François):  L'homme au masque de fer--see: Schneider, L. (Louis),  Die eiserne Maske.

--

Arter, Emil (pseudonym for M. A. Reitler):  Pikante Enthüllungen.

--

* Pikante Enthüllungen: playbill (oversized), 3-7 November 1881.

720

Artois, Armand d' :  Der Fall Clemenceau.

German translation (possibly: R. Schelcher) of D'Artois's play  L'affaire Clemenceau, based on the novel of the same title by Alexandre Dumas (fils).

--

* Der Fall Clemenceau: newspaper, New Park Theatre, season 1890-1891, vol. II, no. 4.

700

Auerbach, Berthold,  Dorfgeschichten (stories)--see: Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte,  Dorf und Stadt.

--

Barbier, Jules:  Cora, ou: L'esclavage--see: Wichmann, Paul Victor von Sebog und Glenz,  Cora, das Kind des Planzers.

--

Battu, Léon:  Le mariage aux lanternes--see under: Carré, Michel.

--

Bauermeister, M.:  Eine silberne Hochzeit, oder: Das Jubel-Paar.

--

* Eine silberne Hochzeit, oder: Das Jubel-Paar: newspaper, 11 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 26.

703

Belot, Adolphe:  Fromont jeune et Risler aîné--see under: Daudet, Alphonse.

--

Benedix, Roderich:  Die alte Jungfer [R].

--

* Die alte Jungfer: playbill, 6-10 March [1886].

682

Benedix, Roderich:  Die drei Junggesellen.

--

* Die drei Junggesellen: newspaper, 1881, no. 18, 15-17 February.

693

Benedix, Roderich:  Die Fremden.

--

* Die Fremden: newspaper, 1880, no. 71, 27 November - 2 December.

692

Benedix, Roderich:  Mathilde, ein Weib wie es sein soll.

--

* Mathilde, ein Weib wie es sein soll: newspaper, 14 March 1879, vol. 1, no. 48.

690

Benedix, Roderich:  Die relegierten Studenten.

--

* Die relegierten Studenten: newspaper, 22 March 1890.

707

Benedix, Roderich:  Der Störenfried.

--

* Der Störenfried: newspaper, 24 October 1892, no. 9.

698

Benedix, Roderich:  Die zärtlichen Verwandten.

--

* Die zärtlichen Verwandten: newspaper, 8 March 1890.

697

* Die zärtlichen Verwandten: newspaper, 22 March 1890.

707

Berg, O. F. (pseudonym of Ottokar Franz Ebersberg):  Die alte Schachtel--see: Pohl, Emil,  Die alte Schachtel.

--

Berg, O. F. (pseudonym of Ottokar Franz Ebersberg):  Einer von unsere Leut'--see under: Kalisch, David.

--

Berg, O. F. (pseudonym of Ottokar Franz Ebersberg):  Lockere Zeisige!.

Co-authored by Eduard Jacobson.

--

* Lockere Zeisige!: newspaper, 28 June 1878, vol. 1, no. 11.

690

Berg, O. F. (pseudonym of Ottokar Franz Ebersberg):  Das Volk wie es weint und lockt [R].

Co-authored by David Kalisch, with music by August Conradi.

--

* Das Volk wie es weint und lockt: playbill, 30 November [1884].

681

* Das Volk wie es weint und lockt: playbill (oversized), 10-15 February [1888].

721

* Das Volk wie es weint und lockt: playbill, Thalia Theater, 17 March 1886.

687

* Das Volk wie es weint und lockt: newspaper, 1880, no. 68, 20-25 November.

692

* Das Volk wie es weint und lockt: newspaper, 29 November - 6 December 1884, vol. 3, 11th week.

704

* Das Volk wie es weint und lockt: newspaper, 25 February 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 30.

706

* Das Volk wie es weint und lockt: newspaper, Thalia Theater, 20 March 1886.

711

Berla, Alois:  Durchgegangene Weiber.

--

* Durchgegangene Weiber: newspaper, 1880, no. 60, 2-4 November.

692

Bernstein, Max:  Mein neuer Hut.

--

* Mein neuer Hut: newspaper, circa April-May 1892.

698

Biedermann:  Ihrer Majestät Schiff Pinafore.

Translation of  H. M. S. Pinafore by W.S. Gilbert, with music by Arthur Sullivan.

--

* Ihrer Majestät Schiff Pinafore: newspaper, 14 March 1879, vol. 1, no. 48.

690

Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte:  Dorf und Stadt.

Based on the  Dorfgeschichten of Berthold Auerbach.

--

* Dorf und Stadt: newspaper, 15 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 31.

690

Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte:  Der Glöckner von Notre Dame [R].

Based on Victor Hugo's novel  Notre-Dame de Paris.

--

* Der Glöckner von Notre Dame: playbill, 13-17 December [1879].

678

* Der Glöckner von Notre Dame: playbill, Thalia Theater, [circa 1886].

687

* Der Glöckner von Notre Dame: newspaper, 26 April 1878, vol. 1, no. 2.

690

* Der Glöckner von Notre Dame: newspaper, 18 January 1894, no. 15.

710

Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte:  Der Goldbauer.

--

* Der Goldbauer: newspaper, 28 November 1891.

708

Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte:  Die Grille.

Based George Sand's story "Le grillon".

--

* Die Grille: newspaper, 16 March 1889.

707

Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte:  Hinko.

Based on the novel  Der Freiknecht by Ludwig Storch.

--

* Hinko: newspaper, 1881, no. 26, 4-10 March.

694

Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte:  Schloß Greiffenstein, oder: Der Sammtschuh.

--

* Schloß Greiffenstein, oder: Der Sammtschuh: newspaper 14 June 1878, vol. 1, no. 9.

703

Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte:  Die Waise aus Lowood.

Based on the novel  Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë (published under the pseudonym Currer Bell).

--

* Die Waise aus Lowood: newspaper, 1 February 1893, no. 28.

698

* Die Waise aus Lowood: newspaper, 3 April 1893, no. 37.

709

Bittner, Anton:  Eine leichte Person.

--

* Eine leichte Person: newspaper, 7 November 1891 (b).

708

Bloch, Eduard:  Ein sehr delikater Auftrag [R].

Based on the French play  Chez une petite dame [author of the original French play unknown].

--

* Ein sehr delikater Auftrag: playbill, 28 March 1886, Maennerchor Hall.

686

* Ein sehr delikater Auftrag: newspaper, 28 November 1891.

708

Blum, Carl:  Die Regimentstochter.

--

* Die Regimentstochter: playbill (oversized), 10-15 February [1888].

721

* Die Regimentstochter: newspaper,10 March 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 32.

696

Blumenreich, [Paul?]:  Die zweite Frau.

--

* Die zweite Frau: newspaper, 1881, no. 4, 8-13 January.

693

Blumenthal, Oscar:  Die große Glocke.

--

* Die große Glocke: newspaper, 22 March 1890.

707

Blumenthal, Oscar:  Der schwarze Schleier.

--

* Der schwarze Schleier: newspaper, 28 November 1891.

708

Blumenthal, Oscar:  Ein Tropfen Gift [R].

--

* Ein Tropfen Gift: newspaper, 19 March 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 40.

705

* Ein Tropfen Gift: newspaper, 20 December 1890.

708

Blumenthal, Oscar:  Trotzköpfchen.

--

* Trotzköpfchen: newspaper, 6 February 1892.

709

Brachvogel, Albert Emil:  Narciss.

--

* Narciss : newspaper, 1880, no. 76, 9-15 December.

692

* Narciss : newspaper, 6 February 1892.

709

Braun:  Der Rattenfänger von Hameln.

--

* Der Rattenfänger von Hameln: newspaper, 21 February 1891.

698

Braun, Julius:  Anna, zu Dir ist mein liebster Gang.

--

* Anna, zu Dir ist mein liebster Gang: newspaper, 25 February 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 30.

706

Brisebarre, Edouard:  Un tigre du Bengale--see: Randolf, Otto,  Der bengalische Tiger.

--

Brontë, Charlotte:  Jane Eyre (novel)--see: Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte,  Die Waise aus Lowood; and: Wilken, Heinrich,  Die Waise von Lowood.

--

Büller, W.:  Engelmann's Rache.

Co-authored by O. Voges.

--

* Engelmann's Rache: newspaper, 20 December 1890.

708

Carré, Michel:  Die Verlobung bei der Laterne [R].

German translation of  Le mariage aux lanternes (translator unknown).

--

* Die Verlobung bei der Laterne: newspaper, circa April-May 1892.

698

Cormon, Eugène:  Une cause célèbre--see under: Ennery, Adolphe d'.

--

Cormon, Eugène:  Les deux orphelines--see under: Ennery, Adolphe d'.

--

Costa, Carl [pseudonym of Karl Kostia]:  Blitzmädel.

--

* Blitzmädel: newspaper, 1881, no. 4, 8-13 January.

693

* Blitzmädel: newspaper, 1881, no. 12, 29 January - 3 February.

693

Crémieux, Hector Jonathan:  Orphée aux enfers--see: Kalisch, Ludwig,  Orpheus in der Unterwelt.

--

Daly, Augustin:  Under the Gaslight--see: Wolff,  Unter dem Gaslicht.

--

Daudet, Alphonse:  Sidonie, oder: Fromont Jr. und Riesler Sr.

German translation (translator unknown) of  Fromont jeune et Risler aîné, an adaptation of Daudet's novel of the same title, co-authored by Daudet and Adolphe Belot.

--

* Sidonie, oder: Fromont Jr. und Riesler Sr.: newspaper, 24 October 1885.

704

Dobers, Hans (member of Germania Theater, Philadelphia):  Grünhörner.

--

* Grünhörner: newspaper, 8 November 1894, no. 7.

710

* Grünhörner: newspaper, 22 November 1894, no. 9.

710

Dumas, Alexandre (père):  La reine Margot (novel)--see: Adami, Friedrich,  Königin Margot und die Hugenotten; see also: Friedrich, W.,  Mariette und Jeanetton, oder: Die Heirath vor der Trommel (adaptation of an unidentified work by Dumas).

--

Dumas, Alexandre (fils):  L'affaire Clémenceau (novel)--see under: Artois, Armand d'.

--

Dumas, Alexandre (fils):  La dame aux camélias (novel)--see: Alvensleben, L. von (Ludwig),  Die Dame mit den Camelien.

--

Dumas, Alexandre (fils):  Le supplice d'une femme--see: Neumann, Emil,  Die Schuld einer Frau.

--

Ebersberg, Ottokar Franz--see under pseudonym: Berg, O. F.

--

Elmar, Carl:  Ein jüdischer Dienstbote [R].

--

* Ein jüdischer Dienstbote: playbill, 27-28 April [1880].

679

* Ein jüdischer Dienstbote: newspaper, 29 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 33.

703

Elmar, Carl:  Unter der Erde, oder: Arbeit bringt Segen.

--

* Unter der Erde, oder: Arbeit bringt Segen: playbill (oversized), 4-9 March [1889].

723

* Unter der Erde, oder: Arbeit bringt Segen: newspaper, 2 March 1889 (b).

707

Elsner, Oskar:  Die Wacht am Rhein [R].

--

* Die Wacht am Rhein: playbill, 14 March 1878.

677

Elsner, Oskar:  Wenn man im Dunkeln küßt--see under: Mallachow, Carl.

--

Engels, Georg:  Ihre Familie--see under: Stinde, Julius.

--

Ennery, Adolph d':  Ein berühmter Rechtsfall

German translation of d'Ennery's  Une cause célèbre, co-authored by Eugène Cormon (translator unknown).

--

* Ein berühmter Rechtsfall: newspaper, 12 March 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 39.

705

Ennery, Adolph d':  Die beiden Waisen.

German translation of d'Ennery's  Les deux orphelines, co-authored by Eugène Cormon, based on a novel of the same title by d'Ennery (translator unknown).

--

* Die beiden Waisen: newspaper, 5 July 1878, vol. 1, no. 12.

690

Feuillet, Octave:  Le mariage dans le monde--see: Laube, Heinrich,  Eine vornehme Ehe.

--

Feldmann, Leopold:  Der Sohn auf Reisen.

--

* Der Sohn auf Reisen: newspaper, 1880, no. 68, 20-25 November.

692

Fournier, N. (Narcisse):  L'homme au masque de fer--see: Schneider, L. (Louis),  Die eiserne Maske.

--

Friedrich, W.:  Er muß auf's Land.

--

* Er muß auf's Land: newspaper, 10 October 1891.

698

Friedrich, W.:  Mariette und Jeanetton, oder: Die Heirath vor der Trommel.

Based on an unidentified work by Alexandre Dumas (père).

--

* Mariette und Jeanetton, oder: Die Heirath vor der Trommel: playbill, 27 November 1879.

678

* Mariette und Jeanetton, oder: Die Heirath vor der Trommel: newspaper, 9 February 1889 (b).

706

Friedrich, W.:  Eine Parthie 66, oder: Wem gehört die Frau.

--

* Eine Parthie 66, oder: Wem gehört die Frau: newspaper, Turner Halle, 22-27 May 1881.

702

Fulda, Ludwig:  Unter vier Augen.

--

* Unter vier Augen: newspaper, 8 November 1894, no. 7.

710

Fulda, Ludwig:  Die wilde Jagd.

--

* Die wilde Jagd: newspaper, 8 March 1890.

697

Ganghofer, Ludwig:  Der Geigenmacher von Mittenwald.

Co-authored by Hans Neuert.

--

* Der Geigenmacher von Mittenwald: newspaper, 11 January 1894, no. 14.

710

* Der Geigenmacher von Mittenwald: newspaper, 18 January 1894, no. 15.

710

Gassmann, Theodor:  Inspektor Bräsig.

Co-authored by J. Krüger; dramatic adaptation of the Low-German novel Ut mine stomtid by Fritz Reuter.

--

* Inspektor Bräsig: newspaper, 28 November 1891.

708

Gassmann, Theodor:  Die Rose von Bacharach.

--

* Die Rose von Bacharach: newspaper, 23 August 1878, vol. 1, no. 19.

690

Gilbert, W. S. (William Schwenck):  H. M. S. Pinafore--see: Biedermann,  Ihrer Majestät Schiff Pinafore, oder: Die Seemanns Braut.

--

Girardin, Emil de:  Le supplice d'une femme--see: Neumann, Emil,  Die Schuld einer Frau.

--

Girndt, Otto:  Nervös--see under: Moser, Gustav von.

--

Girndt, Otto:  Die Sternschnuppe--see under: Moser, Gustav von.

--

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von:  Faust.

--

* Faust: newspaper, 24 May 1878, vol. 1, no. 6.

703

* Faust: newspaper, 1880, no. 50, 9-11 October.

692

Görlitz, Karl:  Drei paar Schuhe.

--

* Drei paar Schuhe : newspaper, 27 February 1892.

709

Görner, C. A. (Carl August):  Aschenbrödel, oder: Der gläserne Pantoffel [R].

--

* Aschenbrödel, oder: Der gläserne Pantoffel : playbill, 27 November 1879.

678

* Aschenbrödel, oder: Der gläserne Pantoffel : newspaper, 25 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 28.

690

* Aschenbrödel, oder: Der gläserne Pantoffel : newspaper, 1880, no. 71, 27 November - 2 December.

692

Görner, C. A. (Carl August):  Englisch.

--

* Englisch: newspaper, 1880, no. 1, 16-22 March.

691

Görner, C. A. (Carl August):  Ein geadelter Kaufmann.

--

* Ein geadelter Kaufmann: newspaper, 1881, no. 31, 17-24 March.

694

* Ein geadelter Kaufmann: newspaper, 22 March 1890.

707

Görner, C. A. (Carl August):  Der Rattenfänger von Hameln

Based on the history of the town of Hameln by Friedrich Sprenger and a chronical by Ehrick, with music by Ernst Catenhusen.

--

* Der Rattenfänger von Hameln: playbill, 5-6 April [1885].

682

Görner, C. A. (Carl August):  Der schwarze Peter.

--

* Der schwarze Peter: newspaper, Turner Halle, 22-27 May 1881.

702

Görner, C. A. (Carl August):  Wie man Landluft geniesst [R].

--

* Wie man Landluft geniesst: playbill, "To-Night at the Bijou (Petersen's Hotel)," undated.

675

* Wie man Landluft geniesst: newspaper, Harmonie Hall, season 1893-1894.

699

Guinot, Eugène:  Les mémoires du diable--see: Schneider, L. (Louis),  Die Memoiren des Teufels.

--

Gutzkow, Karl:  Uriel Acosta.

--

* Uriel Acosta : newspaper, 21 February 1879, vol. 1, no. 45.

703

* Uriel Acosta : newspaper, 14 March 1879, vol. 1, no. 48.

690

Haffner, C. (Carl):  Die Sternenjungfrau [R].

--

* Die Sternenjungfrau: playbill (oversized), Deutsches Theater in der Turner Halle, 16 September 1875.

722

* Die Sternenjungfrau: playbill, Turner-Halle, 13 February 1879.

688

* Die Sternenjungfrau: newspaper, 15-19 May 1880.

691

Haffner, C. (Carl):  Therese Krones [R]

With music by Adolf Müller.

--

* Therese Krones: playbill, Turner Halle Theater, 14 December 1876.

688

* Therese Krones: newspaper, 4 October 1890.

697

Hahn, Rudolf:  Gute Nacht [R].

--

* Gute Nacht: playbill, Aurora Dramatic Circle, Café Logeling, 4 May 1889.

675

Halévy, Ludovic:  Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein--see: Hopp, Julius,  Die Großherzogin von Geroldstein.

--

Halm, Friedrich:  Griseldis.

--

* Griseldis: newspaper, 24 April 1886.

704

* Griseldis: newspaper, Saenger-Halle, 17 November 1889.

701

Halm, Friedrich:  Der Sohn der Wildnis [R].

--

* Der Sohn der Wildnis: playbill, 24-28 May 1879.

678

Held, Ludwig:  Die Näherin.

--

* Die Näherin: playbill, 8-10 April [1882].

680

Henrion, Poly:  Die schöne Galathée.

Operetta composed by Franz von Suppé.

--

* Die schöne Galathée: playbill, 14 March 1878.

677

* Die schöne Galathée: newspaper, 16 April 1892.

698

* Die schöne Galathée: newspaper, circa April-May 1892.

698

Herrmann, Louis:  König Krause--see under: Keller, Julius.

--

Herrmann, Louis:  Unser Doktor--see under: Treptow, Leon.

--

Hersch, Hermann:  Die Anna-Lise [R].

--

* Die Anna-Lise: newspaper, 23 August 1878, vol. 1, no. 19.

690

* Die Anna-Lise: newspaper, 24 October 1885.

704

* Die Anna-Lise: newspaper, 18 December 1886, no. 29.

704

* Die Anna-Lise: newspaper, 1 February 1893, no. 28.

698

Hesse, August Wilhelm:  Das Lorle, oder: Ein Berliner im Schwarzwald [R].

--

* Das Lorle, oder: Ein Berliner im Schwarzwald: newspaper, 1881, no. 40, 7-11 April.

694

* Das Lorle, oder: Ein Berliner im Schwarzwald: newspaper, 12 March 1892 [whether the advertised title  's Lorle refers to Hesse's play is uncertain].

709

Hillern, Wilhelmine von:  Geierwally

Dramatic adaptation of Hillern's novel  Die Geier-Wally (adapter unknown).

--

* Geierwally: playbill, 5 October [1884].

681

Holtei, Karl von:  Lorbeerbaum und Bettelstab.

--

* Lorbeerbaum und Bettelstab: newspaper, 18 January 1894, no. 15.

710

Holtei, Karl von:  Wiener in Berlin.

--

* Wiener in Berlin: newspaper, 1880, no. 1, 16-22 March.

691

Hopf, Albert:  Eine Nacht in Berlin [R].

With music by Adolf Lang.

--

* Eine Nacht in Berlin: playbill, 30 January [1884].

681

* Eine Nacht in Berlin: newspaper, 4 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 25.

703

* Eine Nacht in Berlin: newspaper, 25 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 28.

690

* Eine Nacht in Berlin: newspaper, 1880, no. 19, 19-24 June.

691

* Eine Nacht in Berlin: newspaper, 27 January - 2 February 1884, season 1883-1884, 20th week.

695

* Eine Nacht in Berlin: newspaper, 5 January 1889.

706

* Eine Nacht in Berlin: newspaper, 3 April 1893, no. 37.

709

Hopp, Julius:  Die Großherzogin von Geroldstein.

Operetta composed by Jacques Offenbach; Hopp's libretto based on the original French libretto  Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein, by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy.

--

* Die Großherzogin von Geroldstein: playbill (oversized), Concordia Operetten-Theater, 14-17 January [1882].

722

Hugo, Victor:  Lucrèce Borgia--see: Preuss, Alexander,  Lucretia Borgia.

--

Hugo, Victor:  Notre-Dame de Paris (novel)--see: Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte,  Der Glöckner von Notre Dame.

--

Ibsen, Henrik:  Nora, Nora.

German translation (translator unknown) of  Et Dukkehjem (English:  A Doll’s House).

--

* Nora, Nora: newspaper, 12 March 1892.

709

Jacobson, Eduard:  Die Afrikanerin.[R]

With music by Thuiskon Hauptner.

--

* Die Afrikanerin: playbill, 21 February 1878.

677

* Die Afrikanerin: playbill, 5-6 April [1885].

682

* Die Afrikanerin: newspaper, 4-12 April 1885 (a), vol. 3, 29th week.

704

Jacobson, Eduard:  Der Budiker und sein Kind [R]--see under: Salingré, Hermann.

--

Jacobson, Eduard:  Goldene Berge--see under: Wilken, Heinrich.

--

Jacobson, Eduard:  Die Lachtaube.

--

* Die Lachtaube: newspaper, 8 March 1890.

697

* Die Lachtaube: newspaper, 22 March 1890.

707

Jacobson, Eduard:  Lockere Zeisige!--see under: Berg, O. F.

--

Jacobson, Eduard:  Das Mädel ohne Geld.

--

* Das Mädel ohne Geld: playbill (oversized), 10-15 February [1888].

721

Jacobson, Eduard:  Singvögelchen [R].

With music by Thuiskon Hauptner.

--

* Singvögelchen: playbill, 24-28 May 1879.

678

* Singvögelchen: newspaper, 1 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 29.

690

Jacobson, Eduard:  Die Tochter der Harfenistin--see under: Kneisel, Rudolf.

--

Jerrmann, Eduard:  Katharina Howard [R].

--

* Katharina Howard: playbill (oversized), Thalia Theater, 22-24 March 1886.

722

Justinus, Oscar:  Apfelröschen--see under: Wilken, Heinrich.

--

Justinus, Oscar:  Kyritz-Pyritz--see under: Wilken, Heinrich.

--

Kaiser, Friedrich:  Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich [R].

--

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich: playbill, 20-23 September 1879.

678

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich: playbill, 8-10 April [1882].

680

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich: newspaper, 24 May 1878, vol. 1, no. 6.

703

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich: newspaper, 1880, no. 13, 29-31 May.

691

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich: newspaper, 1881, no. 25, 3-7 March.

694

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich: newspaper, 1881, no. 26, 4-10 March.

694

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich: newspaper, 10 March 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 32.

696

* Stadt und Land, oder: Der Viehhändler aus Oberösterreich: newspaper, 18 January 1894, no. 15.

710

Kalisch, David:  Einer von unsere Leut'.

Co-authored by O. F. Berg.

--

* Einer von unsere Leut': newspaper, 7 November 1891 (a).

708

Kalisch, David:  Krethi und Plethi.

--

* Krethi und Plethi: playbill, 8-10 April [1882].

680

Kalisch, David:  Das Volk wie es weint und lacht [R]--see under: Berg, O. F.

--

Kalisch, Ludwig:  Orpheus in der Unterwelt [R].

Operetta composed by Jacques Offenbach; Kalisch's libretto ased on the original French libretto Orphée aux enfers.

--

* Orpheus in der Unterwelt: newspaper, 24 October 1892, no. 9.

698

Karl, Engelbert:  Das Mädel ohne Geld.

--

* Das Mädel ohne Geld: playbill (oversized), 10-15 February [1888].

721

Keller, Julius:  König Krause.

Co-authored by Louis Herrmann.

--

* König Krause: newspaper, 22 November 1894, no. 9.

710

Kneisel, Rudolf:  Die Anti-Xantippe, oder Krieg den Frauen.

--

* Die Anti-Xantippe, oder Krieg den Frauen: newspaper, 24 October 1885.

704

Kneisel, Rudolf:  Blinde Kuh.

--

* Blinde Kuh: newspaper, 1880, no. 19, 19-24 June.

691

Kneisel, Rudolf:  Das böse Fräulein.

--

* Das böse Fräulein: newspaper, 15-19 May 1880.

691

Kneisel, Rudolf:  Die große Unbekannte.

--

* Die große Unbekannte: newspaper, 24 September 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 2.

705

Kneisel, Rudolf:  Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle [R].

Often performed under the title  Der Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle.

--

* Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle: newspaper, 1881, no. 31, 17-24 March.

694

* Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle: newspaper, 1881, no. 34, 24-28 March.

694

* Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle: newspaper, 9 February 1889 (a).

706

* Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle: newspaper, 9 February 1889 (b).

706

* Der Herr Stadtmusikus und seine Kapelle: newspaper, Thalia Theater, 12 December 1885.

711

Kneisel, Rudolf:  Papageno.

--

* Papageno: newspaper, 16 April 1892.

698

Kneisel, Rudolf:  Schmerle's Geheimniss.

--

* Schmerle's Geheimniss: newspaper, 5 January 1889.

706

* Schmerle's Geheimniss: newspaper, 2 March 1889 (a).

707

* Schmerle's Geheimniss: newspaper, 2 March 1889 (b).

707

Kneisel, Rudolf:  Die Tochter Belial's [R].

Often performed under the title Die Tochter der Hölle.

--

* Die Tochter Belial's: playbill, 8 April 1891.

685

* Die Tochter Belial's: playbill (oversized), 8-15 April [1891].

724

* Die Tochter Belial's: newspaper, 1880, no. 27, 25 July.

691

* Die Tochter Belial's: newspaper, 5-7 May 1882, season 1881-1882, no. 79.

703

* Die Tochter Belial's: newspaper, 24 April 1886.

704

* Die Tochter Belial's: newspaper, 11 April 1891.

708

* Die Tochter Belial's: newspaper, 16 April 1892.

698

Kneisel, Rudolf:  Die Tochter der Harfenistin.

Co-authored by Eduard Jacobson.

--

* Die Tochter der Harfenistin: newspaper, 26 April 1878, vol. 1, no. 2.

690

Krüger, Johann:  Inspektor Bräsig--see under: Gassmann, Theodor.

--

Krüger, Johann:  Das Mädchen vom Dorfe.

--

* Das Mädchen vom Dorfe: newspaper, 1881, no. 40, 7-11 April.

694

* Das Mädchen vom Dorfe: newspaper, 28 November 1891.

708

Krüger, [Johann?]:  Des Schulmeisters Töchterlein.

--

* Des Schulmeisters Töchterlein: playbill, 5 October [1884].

681

Langer, Anton:  Strauß und Lanner.

--

* Strauß und Lanner: newspaper, 26 April 1878, vol. 1, no. 2.

690

L'Arronge, Adolph:  Doctor Klaus [R].

--

* Doctor Klaus: playbill (oversized), 19-21 September [1887].

721

* Doctor Klaus: newspaper, 14 March 1879, vol. 1, no. 48.

690

* Doctor Klaus: newspaper, 24 September 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 2.

705

* Doctor Klaus: newspaper, Turner Halle, 22-27 May 1881.

702

L'Arronge, Adolph:  Frisch, gesund und meschugge.

--

* Frisch, gesund und meschugge: newspaper, Thalia Theater, 20 March 1886.

711

L'Arronge, Adolph:  Hasemann's Töchter.

--

* Hasemann's Töchter: newspaper, 29 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 33.

703

L'Arronge, Adolph:  Mein Leopold [R].

With music by Rudolf Bial.

--

* Mein Leopold: newspaper, 15 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 31.

690

* Mein Leopold: newspaper, 21 January 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 25.

706

L'Arronge, Adolph:  Der Registrator auf Reisen.

--

* Der Registrator auf Reisen: newspaper, 24 October 1885.

704

L'Arronge, Adolph:  Die Spitzenkönigin--see under: Müller, Hugo.

--

L'Arronge, Adolph:  Wohlthätige Frauen.

--

* Wohlthätige Frauen: playbill, 13-15 March 1880.

679

* Wohlthätige Frauen: playbill, 27-28 April [1880].

679

* Wohlthätige Frauen: newspaper, 12 March 1892.

709

Laube, Heinrich:  Böse Zungen.

--

* Böse Zungen: newspaper, 21 February 1891.

698

Laube, Heinrich:  Eine Ehe von heute.

German translation of an unidentified French play by Victorien Sardou.

--

* Eine Ehe von heute: playbill (oversized), 4-9 March [1889].

723

Laube, Heinrich:  Die Karlsschüler.

--

* Die Karlsschüler: playbill, 24-28 May 1879.

678

* Die Karlsschüler: newspaper, 3 April 1893, no. 37.

709

Laube, Heinrich:  Eine vornehme Ehe.

Based on a play (perhaps  Le Mariage dans le monde) by Octave Feuillet.

--

* Eine vornehme Ehe: newspaper, 1881, no. 34, 24-28 March.

694

Laufs, Carl:  Pension Schöller.

--

* Pension Schöller: newspaper, 27 February 1892.

709

Lautz, W.:  Pauvrette.

--

* Pauvrette: newspaper, 24 May 1878, vol. 1, no. 6.

703

Legouvé, Ernest:  Bataille de dames--see: Olfers,  Frauenkampf.

--

Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim:  Emilia Galotti.

--

* Emilia Galotti: newspaper, 5-7 May 1882, season 1881-1882, no. 79.

703

Lindau, Paul:  Gräfin Lea.

--

* Gräfin Lea: newspaper, circa 17 October 1891.

698

Lindau, Paul:  Maria und Magdalena [R].

--

* Maria und Magdalena: playbill, 19 June 1879.

678

* Maria und Magdalena: playbill, 18 February 1887.

683

* Maria und Magdalena: newspaper, 19 February 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 37.

705

* Maria und Magdalena: newspaper, 12 March 1892.

709

Lindau, Paul:  Der Schatten.

--

* Der Schatten: newspaper, 21 February 1891.

698

Löbel, Paul:  Sarah Bernhardt.

--

* Sarah Bernhardt: newspaper, 1881, no. 18, 15-17 February.

693

Lortzing, Albert (librettist as well as composer):  Der Waffenschmied.

--

* Der Waffenschmied: playbill (oversized), Concordia Operetten-Theater, 14-17 January [1882].

722

Mallachow, Carl:  Wenn man im Dunkeln küßt [R]. Co-authored by Oskar Elsner.

--

* Wenn man im Dunkeln küßt: playbill, 11 March 1880.

679

* Wenn man im Dunkeln küßt: newspaper, 10 October 1891.

698

* Wenn man im Dunkeln küßt: newspaper, circa 17 October 1891.

698

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Goldener Boden.

--

* Goldener Boden: newspaper,10 March 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 32.

696

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Handwerk hat goldenen Boden.

--

* Handwerk hat goldenen Boden: newspaper, 18 December 1886, no. 29.

704

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Höhere Töchter.

--

* Höhere Töchter: newspaper, 5 January 1889.

706

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Leuchtkugeln.

--

* Leuchtkugeln: newspaper, 22 March 1890.

707

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Luftschlösser.

Co-authored by A. Weller.

--

* Luftschlösser: newspaper, 11 January 1894, no. 14.

710

* Luftschlösser: newspaper, 18 January 1894, no. 15.

710

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Mein Herzensfritz.

Co-authored by Heinrich Wilken.

--

* Mein Herzensfritz: playbill, 5 October [1884].

681

* Mein Herzensfritz: newspaper, 21 September 1892, no. 1.

709

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Das Milchmädchen aus Schöneberg.

--

* Das Milchmädchen aus Schöneberg: newspaper, 5 July 1878, vol. 1, no. 12.

690

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Die schöne Ungarin.

Co-authored by A. Weller; with music by Gustav Steffens.

--

* Die schöne Ungarin: newspaper, 19 February 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 37.

705

* Die schöne Ungarin: newspaper, Saenger-Halle, 17 November 1889.

701

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Spottvögel.

With music by Gustav Steffens.

--

* Spottvögel: newspaper, 21 January 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 25.

706

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Der Stabstrompeter .

--

* Der Stabstrompeter : newspaper, 18 December 1886, no. 29.

704

* Der Stabstrompeter : newspaper, 24 September 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 2.

705

* Der Stabstrompeter : newspaper, 12 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 15.

705

* Der Stabstrompeter : newspaper, 19 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 16.

705

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Der tolle Wenzel.

--

* Der tolle Wenzel : newspaper, 21 January 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 25.

706

* Der tolle Wenzel : newspaper, 25 February 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 30.

706

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Unser Otto.

--

* Unser Otto: newspaper, 12 April 1890.

707

Mannstädt, Wilhelm:  Der Wald-Teufel.

With music by Gustav Steffens.

--

Der Wald-Teufel: newspaper, 3 December 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 18.

696

Der Wald-Teufel: newspaper, 24 October 1892, no. 9.

698

Marc-Michel, M.:  Un tigre du Bengale--see: Randolf, Otto,  Der bengalische Tiger.

--

Masson, Michel--see: Meissner, Julius,  Die Bettlerin (German-language adaptation of an unidentified French work by Masson).

--

Meddlhammer, Albin (published under the pseudonym: Albini):  Herr Mengler, oder: Endlich hat er es doch gut gemacht .

--

* Herr Mengler, oder: Endlich hat er es doch gut gemacht : playbill, Turner Halle Theater, 5-6 December [1876].

688

Megerle, Therese von:  Onkel Tom [R].

Performed under the title  Onkel Tom's Hütte; based on the novel  Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe.

--

* Onkel Tom's Hütte: playbill, 2 January 1879.

678

* Onkel Tom's Hütte: playbill/poster (oversized), circa December 1880.

725

* Onkel Tom's Hütte: newspaper, 1880, no. 76, 9-15 December.

692

Meilhac, Henri:  Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein--see: Hopp, Julius,  Die Großherzogin von Geroldstein.

--

Meilhac, Henri:  La vie parisienne--see: Treumann, Karl,  Pariser Leben.

--

Meissner, Julius:  Die Bettlerin [R].

Performed under the title  Die Bettlerin von Marienberg.

--

* Die Bettlerin von Marienberg: playbill, 4 April 1878.

677

* Die Bettlerin von Marienberg: playbill, 5 February 1879.

679

* Die Bettlerin von Marienberg: playbill (oversized), 3 March [1881].

720

* Die Bettlerin von Marienberg: playbill, 27 January 1884.

681

* Die Bettlerin von Marienberg: newspaper, 1881, no. 25, 3-7 March.

694

Mels, A. (August):  Junge Leiden [R].

Also known as Heine’s  Junge Leiden).

--

* Junge Leiden: newspaper, 1881, no. 18, 15-17 February.

693

* Junge Leiden: newspaper, 25 April 1891.

708

Mosenthal, S. H. (Salomon Hermann):  Deborah.

--

* Deborah: newspaper, 25 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 28.

690

* Deborah: newspaper, 19 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 16.

705

* Deborah: newspaper, 3 April 1893, no. 37.

709

Moser, Gustav von:  Der Bibliothekar [R].

--

* Der Bibliothekar: playbill, 6 December 1883.

680

* Der Bibliothekar: newspaper, 24 April 1886.

704

* Der Bibliothekar: newspaper, 21 September 1892, no. 1.

709

Moser, Gustav von:  Harun al Raschid.

Performed under the title  Harun al Raschid und seine Schwiegermutter.

--

* Harun al Raschid: newspaper, 1880, no. 1, 16-22 March.

691

* Harun al Raschid: newspaper, 24 April 1886.

704

Moser, Gustav von:  Der Hypochonder, oder: Unsere Stadtväter.

--

* Der Hypochonder, oder: Unsere Stadtväter: newspaper, 21 February 1879, vol. 1, no. 45.

703

Moser, Gustav von:  Krieg im Frieden.

Co-authored by Franz von Schönthan.

--

* Krieg im Frieden: playbill (oversized), 8-15 April [1891].

724

* Krieg im Frieden: newspaper, 11 April 1891.

708

Moser, Gustav von:  Die Leibrente.

--

* Die Leibrente: newspaper, 11 April 1891.

708

Moser, Gustav von:  Nervös.

Co-authored by Otto Girndt.

--

* Nervös: playbill (oversized), 10-11 November 1890.

724

Moser, Gustav von:  Reif-Reifling [R].

--

* Reif-Reifling: newspaper, 3 December 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 18.

696

Moser, Gustav von:  Der Salon-Tyroler.

--

* Der Salon-Tyroler: newspaper, 24 October 1885.

704

* Der Salon-Tyroler: newspaper, 20 October 1888.

706

* Der Salon-Tyroler: newspaper, 27 February 1892.

709

Moser, Gustav von:  Die Sternschnuppe.

Co-authored by Otto Girndt.

--

* Die Sternschnuppe: newspaper, 24 September 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 2.

705

Moser, Gustav von:  Das Stiftungsfest [R].

--

* Das Stiftungsfest: newspaper, 24 October 1885.

704

Moser, Gustav von:  Unsere Frauen [R].

Co-authored by Franz von Schönthan.

--

* Unsere Frauen: playbill, 10 May 1883.

680

* Unsere Frauen: playbill (oversized), 10 May 1883.

720

* Unsere Frauen: newspaper, 12 May 1883, season 1882-1883, no. 44.

695

* Unsere Frauen: newspaper, 20 October 1888.

706

* Unsere Frauen: newspaper, 7 November 1891 (a).

708

Moser, Gustav von:  Der Veilchenfresser.

--

* Der Veilchenfresser: newspaper, 9 February 1889 (a).

706

* Der Veilchenfresser: newspaper, 9 February 1889 (b).

706

Müller, Arthur:  Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott.

--

* Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott: playbill, Turner Halle Theater, 5-6 December [1876].

688

* Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott: playbill, 9-11 November 1883.

680

* Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott: newspaper, 4-11 November 1883, season 1883-1884, 8th week.

695

* Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott: newspaper, 25 November - 1 December 1883, season 1883-1884, 11th week.

695

Müller, Arthur:  Die Hexe von Leonberg [R].

--

* Die Hexe von Leonberg: playbill, Sommer-Theater in der Turner-Halle, 29 July 1875.

688

* Die Hexe von Leonberg: playbill, 4-6 September 1879.

678

* Die Hexe von Leonberg: newspaper, 30 August 1878, vol. 1, no. 20.

703

Müller, Arthur:  Die Verschwörung der Frauen [R].

--

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen: playbill, 5 September 1878.

677

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen: playbill, 18 March 1880.

679

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen: playbill, 5 March 1890.

685

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen: newspaper, 30 August 1878, vol. 1, no. 20.

703

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen: newspaper, 1880, no. 1, 16-22 March.

691

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen: newspaper, 8 March 1890.

697

* Die Verschwörung der Frauen: newspaper, 27 February 1892.

709

Müller, Hugo:  Gewonnene Herzen [R].

--

* Gewonnene Herzen: newspaper, 11 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 26.

703

* Gewonnene Herzen: newspaper, 9 February 1889 (b).

706

* Gewonnene Herzen: newspaper, 9 March 1889 (a).

707

* Gewonnene Herzen: newspaper, 9 March 1889 (b).

707

* Gewonnene Herzen: newspaper, 3 April 1893, no. 37.

709

Müller, Hugo:  Heidemann und Sohn.

--

* Heidemann und Sohn: newspaper, 21 February 1879, vol. 1, no. 45.

703

Müller, Hugo:  Im Wartesalon erster Klasse [R].

--

* Im Wartesalon erster Klasse: newspaper, Harmonie Hall, season 1897-1898.

699

Müller, Hugo:  Die Spitzenkönigin.

Co-authored by Adolph L'Arronge.

--

* Die Spitzenkönigin: playbill (oversized), 11-15 April 1890.

724

* Die Spitzenkönigin: newspaper, 1880, no. 76, 9-15 December.

692

* Die Spitzenkönigin: newspaper, 12 April 1890.

707

Nestroy, Johann:  Der böse Geist Lumpazivavagabundus.

--

* Der böse Geist Lumpazivavagabundus: playbill, 23 December [1883].

680

* Der böse Geist Lumpazivavagabundus: newspaper, 1880, no. 68, 20-25 November.

692

Nestroy, Johann:  Einen Jux will er sich machen [R].

--

* Einen Jux will er sich machen: newspaper, 8 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 30.

703

Neuert, Hans:  Der Geigenmacher von Mittenwald--see under: Ganghofer, Ludwig.

--

Neumann, Emil:  Die Schuld einer Frau.

Based on  Le supplice d'une femme, by Alexandre Dumas (fils) in collaboration with Emile de Girardin.

--

* Die Schuld einer Frau: newspaper, 1881, no. 40, 7-11 April.

694

* Die Schuld einer Frau: newspaper, 12 March 1892.

709

Nötel, Louis:  Der deutsche Michel.

--

* Der deutsche Michel: newspaper, 24 September 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 2.

705

Ohnet, Georges:  Der Hüttenbesitzer.

German translation (translator unknown) of Ohnet's  Le maître de forges.

--

* Der Hüttenbesitzer: newspaper, 6 February 1892.

709

* Der Hüttenbesitzer: newspaper, 11 January 1894, no. 14.

710

* Der Hüttenbesitzer: newspaper, 18 January 1894, no. 15.

710

Olfers:  Frauenkampf [R].

Based on  Bataille de dames by Eugène Scribe and Ernest LeGouvé.

--

* Frauenkampf: newspaper, 11 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 26.

703

Paul, C. A.:  Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit [R].

--

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit: playbill, 28 August - 1 September 1879.

678

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit: playbill, 15 August 1880.

679

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit: playbill, 28 April 1887 (a).

683

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit: playbill, 28 April 1887 (b).

683

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit: playbill (oversized), 28 April 1887.

721

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit: newspaper, 4 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 25.

703

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit: newspaper, 1880, no. 30, 15 August.

691

* Der Bucklige, oder: Die Macht der Arbeit: newspaper, 30 April 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 43.

705

Philippi, Felix:  Daniela.

--

* Daniela: newspaper, 20 December 1890.

708

Pohl, Emil:  Die alte Schachtel [R].

Based on a play of the same title by O. F. Berg; with music by Rudolf Bial.

--

* Die alte Schachtel: playbill, 13-17 December [1879].

678

* Die alte Schachtel: newspaper, 5 July 1878, vol. 1, no. 12.

690

Pohl, Emil:  Bruder Liederlich [R].

With music by August Conradi.

--

* Bruder Liederlich: playbill, 24-28 May 1879.

678

* Bruder Liederlich: newspaper, 9-15 December 1883, season 1883-1884, 13th week.

695

Pohl, Emil:  Der Jongleur.

--

* Der Jongleur: playbill (oversized), 3-7 November 1881.

720

* Der Jongleur: newspaper, season 1881-1882, no. 20, 3-7 November 1881.

694

Pohl, Emil:  Liebhabereien.

--

* Liebhabereien: playbill, 5 October [1884].

681

Pohl, Emil:  Die Maurer von Berlin [R].

With music by Rudolf Bial.

--

* Die Maurer von Berlin: newspaper, 10 October 1891.

698

* Die Maurer von Berlin: newspaper, circa 17 October 1891.

698

* Die Maurer von Berlin: newspaper, 7 November 1891 (b).

708

Pohl, Emil:  O diese Weiber.

--

* O diese Weiber: newspaper, 11 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 26.

703

Pohl, Emil:  Theater-Schülerin, oder: Verfehlter Beruf--see under:  Verfehlter Beruf, below.

--

Pohl, Emil:  Verfehlter Beruf.

With music by Heinrich Wilhelm.

--

* Verfehlter Beruf: newspaper, 30 August 1878, vol. 1, no. 20.

703

* Verfehlter Beruf: newspaper, 1881, no. 18, 15-17 February.

693

* Verfehlter Beruf: newspaper, 20 December 1890.

708

Pohl, Emil:  Eine verfolgte Unschuld [R].

With music by August Conradi.

--

* Eine verfolgte Unschuld: newspaper, Turner Halle, 22-27 May 1881.

702

Preuss, Alexander:  Lucretia Borgia [R].

Based on Victor Hugo's play  Lucrèce Borgia.

--

* Lucretia Borgia: playbill (oversized), Thalia Theater, 28 March 1886.

722

* Lucretia Borgia: playbill, Thalia Theater, week of 1 April [1886].

687

* Lucretia Borgia: newspaper, Thalia Theater, 27 March 1886 (a).

711

Prüller, Franz:  Die schöne Klosterbäuerin, oder: Der Meuchelmord auf dem Friedhofe.

--

* Die schöne Klosterbäuerin, oder: Der Meuchelmord auf dem Friedhofe: playbill, 23 December [1883].

680

Putlitz, Gustav Heinrich Gans, Edler Herr von und zu:  Das Schwert des Damokles.

--

* Das Schwert des Damokles: playbill, "Theatralische Abend-Unterhaltung" [theater unidentified], 23 October 1896.

689

* Das Schwert des Damokles: newspaper, 28 November 1891.

708

Räder, Gustav:  Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden [R].

--

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: playbill, Deutsches Stadt-Theater, Concordia Halle 22 March 1874.

676

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: playbill (oversized), Deutsches Theater in der Turner Halle, 8 June 1876.

722

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: newspaper 14 June 1878, vol. 1, no. 9.

703

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: newspaper, 1881, no. 12, 29 January - 3 February.

693

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: newspaper, 12 March 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 39.

705

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: newspaper, 2 March 1889 (a).

707

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: newspaper, 2 March 1889 (b).

707

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: newspaper, 9 March 1889 (a).

707

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: newspaper, 9 March 1889 (b).

707

* Robert und Bertram, oder: Die lustigen Vagabonden: newspaper, 11 January 1894, no. 14.

710

Räder, Gustav:  Der Weltumsegler wider Willen.

--

* Der Weltumsegler wider Willen: newspaper, 20 December 1890.

708

Raimund, Ferdinand:  Der Verschwender.

--

* Der Verschwender: playbill, 9-11 November 1883.

680

* Der Verschwender: newspaper, 28 June 1878, vol. 1, no. 11.

690

* Der Verschwender: newspaper, 1881, no. 34, 24-28 March.

694

Rainer, Fr.:  Der Stumme von Manchester.

--

* Der Stumme von Manchester: newspaper, 21 February 1879, vol. 1, no. 45.

703

Randolf, Otto:  Der bengalische Tiger.

Based on the French play  Un tigre du Bengale by Édouard Brisebarre and M. Marc-Michel.

--

* Der bengalische Tiger: newspaper, 28 November 1891.

708

Raupach, Ernst Benjamin Salomon:  Die Schleichhändler .

--

* Die Schleichhändler : newspaper, 19 April 1878, vol. 1, no. 1.

690

Raupach, Ernst Benjamin Salomon:  Die Schüle des Lebens.

--

* Die Schüle des Lebens: newspaper, 20 December 1890.

708

Redwitz, Oskar von:  Philippine Welser .

--

* Philippine Welser : playbill, 27 November 1879.

678

* Philippine Welser : newspaper, 22 March 1890.

707

* Philippine Welser : newspaper, 3 April 1893, no. 37.

709

Reich, Adolph:  Christ und Jude.

--

* Christ und Jude : newspaper, 1881, no. 4, 8-13 January.

693

Reich, Adolph:  Nemesis, oder: Eine Civil-Ehe.

--

* Nemesis, oder: Eine Civil-Ehe: newspaper, 25 April 1891.

708

Reich, Adolph:  Rothschild [R].

--

* Rothschild: playbill (oversized), Stadt-Theater, Kump's Halle, Kansas City, 4 March 1883.

722

Reitler, M. A.--see under: Arter, Emil.

--

Reuter, Fritz:  Die drei Langhänse.

--

* Die drei Langhänse: playbill (oversized), 28-29 January [1879].

720

Reuter, Fritz:  Ut mine stomtid (novel)--see: Gassmann, Theodor,  Inspektor Bräsig.

--

Roberts, Alexander, Baron von:  Satisfaktion.

--

* Satisfaktion: newspaper, 24 October 1892, no. 9.

698

Rosen, Julius:  Citronen [R].

--

* Citronen: playbill, 24-28 May 1879.

678

* Citronen: playbill (oversized), Deutsches Theater, Maennerchor Hall, 26-28 April [circa 1878].

722

* Citronen: newspaper, 19 April 1878, vol. 1, no. 1.

690

* Citronen: newspaper, 28 June 1878, vol. 1, no. 11.

690

* Citronen: newspaper, 1880, no. 60, 2-4 November.

692

Rosen, Julius:  Ein Engel [R].

--

* Ein Engel: playbill, 11 December 1879.

678

Rosen, Julius:  Ein freier Mann [R].

--

* Ein freier Mann: newspaper, 1 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 29.

690

Rosen, Julius:  Halbe Dichter.

--

* Halbe Dichter: newspaper, 20 December 1890.

708

Sacher-Masoch, Leopold, Ritter von:  Unsere Sclaven.

--

* Unsere Sclaven: newspaper, 19 February 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 37.

705

Salingré, Hermann:  Berliner Kinder [R].

With music by Thuiskon Hauptner.

--

* Berliner Kinder: playbill, 13-15 March 1880.

679

* Berliner Kinder: playbill (oversized), Thalia Theater, 22-24 March 1886.

722

* Berliner Kinder: playbill, 22-24 March 1886 (fragment of the oversized playbill above).

687

* Berliner Kinder: playbill, circa 28 November 1891.

685

* Berliner Kinder: newspaper, 1881, no. 4, 8-13 January.

693

* Berliner Kinder: newspaper, 4-12 April 1885 (b), vol. 3, 29th week.

704

* Berliner Kinder: newspaper, 19 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 16.

705

* Berliner Kinder: newspaper, 28 November 1891.

708

Salingré, Hermann:  Der Budiker und sein Kind [R].

Co-authored by Eduard Jacobson.

--

* Der Budiker und sein Kind: newspaper, 8 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 30.

703

* Der Budiker und sein Kind: newspaper, 1880, no. 50, 9-11 October.

692

Salingré, Hermann:  Comtesse Helene--see under: Schweitzer, J. B. von.

--

Salingré, Hermann:  Pech-Schulze [R].

With music by Adolf Lang.

--

* Pech-Schulze: playbill, 6 November 1879.

678

* Pech-Schulze: playbill (oversized), 6 November 1879.

720

* Pech-Schulze: playbill (oversized), Concordia Operetten-Theater, 14-17 January [1882].

722

* Pech-Schulze: playbill, 23 December [1883].

680

* Pech-Schulze: playbill, 6-10 March [1886].

682

* Pech-Schulze: playbill, Thalia Theater, week of 1 April [1886].

687

* Pech-Schulze: newspaper, 23-29 December 1883, season 1883-1884, 15th week.

695

* Pech-Schulze: newspaper, 9 March 1889 (a).

707

* Pech-Schulze: newspaper, 9 March 1889 (b).

707

* Pech-Schulze: newspaper, 16 March 1889.

707

* Pech-Schulze: newspaper, Thalia Theater, 27 March 1886 (a).

711

* Pech-Schulze: newspaper, Thalia Theater, 27 March 1886 (b).

711

Salingré, Hermann:  Torpedoes, oder: Ein Staats-Geheimnis!

Co-authored by J. B. von Schweitzer.

--

* Torpedoes, oder: Ein Staats-Geheimnis!: newspaper, 19 April 1878, vol. 1, no. 1.

690

Sand, George: "Le grillon" (story)--see: Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte,  Die Grille.

--

Sardou, Victorien:  Die alten Junggesellen.

German translation of  Les vieux garçons (translator unknown).

--

* Die alten Junggesellen: playbill (oversized), Residenz-Theater, Berlin, 2 June 1873.

722

Sardou, Victorien:  Andrea Férreol--see: Schelcher, R.,  Férreol.

--

Sardou, Victorien:  Der Ehemann vor der Thür.

German translation of  Papillonne (translator unknown).

--

* Der Ehemann vor der Thür: newspaper, 16 April 1892.

698

Sardou, Victorien:  Fedora.

German translation of  Fédora (translator unknown).

--

* Fedora: newspaper, 19 March 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 40.

705

Sardou, Victorien:  Rose Michel.

German translation of an unidentified French play by Sardou (translator unknown).

--

* Rose Michel: newspaper, 1 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 29.

690

Sardou, Victorien--see also: Laube, Heinrich,  Eine Ehe von heute (translation of an unidentified play by Sardou).

--

Sauer:  Der Bombardier im Feuer.

--

* Der Bombardier im Feuer: newspaper, Turner Halle, 22-27 May 1881.

702

Scheffel, Joseph Viktor von:  Der Trompeter von Säkkingen [or "Säckingen"] (epic poem)--the basis for the opera of the same title composed by Victor Ernst Nessler.

--

* Der Trompeter von Säkkingen: newspaper, 10 March 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 32.

696

Scheiden, B.--see: Paul, C. A.

--

Schelcher, R.:  Der Fall Clemenceau--see: Artois, Armand d',  L'affaire Clémenceau.

--

Schelcher, R.:  Ferreol.

German translation of the French play  Andrea Férreol, by Victorien Sardou.

--

* Ferreol: newspaper, 20 December 1890.

708

Schiller, Friedrich:  Die Braut von Messina, oder: Die feindlichen Brüder.

--

* Die Braut von Messina, oder: Die feindlichen Brüder: newspaper, 8 March 1890.

697

Schiller, Friedrich:  Kabale und Liebe.

--

* Kabale und Liebe: newspaper, 16 March 1889.

707

Schiller, Friedrich:  Maria Stuart.

--

* Maria Stuart: playbill, 28 August - 1 September 1879.

678

* Maria Stuart: newspaper, 8 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 30.

703

Schiller, Friedrich:  Die Räuber.

--

* Die Räuber: newspaper, 6 February 1892.

709

* Die Räuber: newspaper, 28 February 1895, no. 23.

710

Schiller, Friedrich:  Turandot, Prinzessin von China [R].

--

* Turandot, Prinzessin von China: playbill (oversized), 10-11 November 1890.

724

Schiller, Friedrich:  Die Verschwörung des Fiesco zu Genua.

--

* Die Verschwörung des Fiesco zu Genua: newspaper, 20 October 1888.

706

* Die Verschwörung des Fiesco zu Genua: newspaper, 7 November 1891 (b).

708

Schiller, Friedrich:  Wilhelm Tell.

--

* Wilhelm Tell: playbill, 30 November [1884].

681

* Wilhelm Tell: playbill (oversized), 3-5 November [1887].

721

* Wilhelm Tell: newspaper, 29 November - 6 December 1884, vol. 3, 11th week.

704

* Wilhelm Tell: newspaper, 5 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 13.

705

* Wilhelm Tell: newspaper, 12 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 15.

705

* Wilhelm Tell: newspaper, 19 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 16.

705

Schlesinger, Sigmund:  Die Gustel von Blasewitz [R].

--

* Die Gustel von Blasewitz: newspaper, 8 November 1894, no. 7.

710

Schneider, L. (Louis):  Die eiserne Maske [R].

Sometimes performed under the title  Gaston, der Mann mit der eisernen Maske; based on the French play  L'homme au masque de fer by Auguste Jean François Arnould and Narcisse Fournier.

--

* Die eiserne Maske: playbill (oversized), 28-29 January [1879].

720

* Die eiserne Maske: playbill (oversized), 3-5 November [1887].

721

* Die eiserne Maske: newspaper, 9-15 December 1883, season 1883-1884, 13th week.

695

* Die eiserne Maske: newspaper, 5 November 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 13.

705

Schneider, L. (Louis):  Die Memoiren des Teufels [R].

Based on the French play  Les mémoires du diable by Etienne Arago and Paul Vermond (Eugène Guinot).

--

* Die Memoiren des Teufels: newspaper, 4 October 1878, vol. 1, no. 25.

703

Schneider, L. (Louis):  Die schöne Müllerin [R].

--

* Die schöne Müllerin: newspaper, Turner Halle, 22-27 May 1881.

702

Schönfeldt, Georg:  Washington, Befreier Nord-Amerikas [R].

--

* Washington, Befreier Nord-Amerikas: newspaper, 21 February 1879, vol. 1, no. 45.

703

Schönthan, Franz von:  Frau Director Striese.

Sequel to  Der Raub der Sabinerinnen; co-authored by Paul von Schönthan.

--

* Frau Director Striese: newspaper, 24 October 1885.

704

Schönthan, Franz von:  Die goldene Spinne.

--

* Die goldene Spinne: playbill (oversized), 10-15 February [1888].

721

* Die goldene Spinne: newspaper, 24 October 1885.

704

Schönthan, Franz von:  Krieg im Frieden--see under: Moser, Gustav von.

--

Schönthan, Franz von:  Der Raub der Sabinerinnen. [R]

Co-authored by Paul von Schönthan.

--

* Der Raub der Sabinerinnen: playbill (oversized), 11-15 April 1890.

724

* Der Raub der Sabinerinnen: newspaper, 12 April 1890.

707

* Der Raub der Sabinerinnen: newspaper, 7 November 1891 (a).

708

Schönthan, Franz von:  Roderich Heller.

--

* Roderich Heller: newspaper, 11 January 1894, no. 14.

710

Schönthan, Franz von:  Der Schwabenstreich.

--

* Der Schwabenstreich: newspaper, 24 October 1885.

704

Schönthan, Franz von:  Unsere Frauen [R]--see under: Moser, Gustav von.

--

Schönthan, Paul von:  Frau Director Striese--see under: Schönthan, Franz von.

--

Schönthan, Paul von:  Der Raub der Sabinerinnen [R]--see under: Schönthan, Franz von.

--

Schoppe, William:  Die Reise durch Philadelphia in 24 Stunden.

--

* Die Reise durch Philadelphia in 24 Stunden: newspaper, 1881, no. 12, 29 January - 3 February.

693

* Die Reise durch Philadelphia in 24 Stunden: newspaper, 1881, no. 13, 3-5 February.

693

Schweitzer, J. B. von:  Comtesse Helene.

Co-authored by Hermann Salingré); with music by Rudolf Bial.

--

Comtesse Helene: playbill (oversized), 8-15 April [1891].

724

Comtesse Helene: newspaper, 11 April 1891.

708

Schweitzer, J. B. von:  Großstädtisch [R].

--

* Großstädtisch: newspaper, 8 March 1890.

697

* Großstädtisch: newspaper, 22 March 1890.

707

Schweitzer, J. B. von:  Torpedoes--see under: Salingré, Hermann.

--

Scribe, Eugène:  Bataille de dames--see: Olfers,  Frauenkampf .

--

Shakespeare, William:  Hamlet

In German translation.

--

* Hamlet: newspaper, 1881, no. 34, 24-28 March.

694

* Hamlet: newspaper, 6 February 1892.

709

Shakespeare, William:  Othello, der Mohr von Venedig.

German translation of  Othello.

--

* Othello, der Mohr von Venedig: newspaper, 29 November 1878, vol. 1, no. 33.

703

* Othello, der Mohr von Venedig: newspaper, 20 October 1888.

706

* Othello, der Mohr von Venedig: newspaper, 5 January 1889.

706

Shakespeare, William:  Richard III.

In German translation.

--

* Richard III: newspaper, 21 January 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 25.

706

Shakespeare, William:  Romeo und Julie.

German translation of  Romeo and Juliet.

--

* Romeo und Julie: newspaper, 12 March 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 39.

705

Stahl, Francis:  Der rechte Schlüssel.

--

* Der rechte Schlüssel: newspaper, 7 November 1891 (a).

708

* Der rechte Schlüssel : newspaper, 7 November 1891 (b).

708

Stinde, Julius:  Ihre Familie.

Co-authored by Georg Engels; based on stories by Stinde about the family Buchholz.

--

* Ihre Familie: newspaper, 3 December 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 18.

696

* Ihre Familie: newspaper, 10 March 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 32.

696

* Ihre Familie: newspaper, circa 17 October 1891.

698

Storch, Ludwig:  Der Freiknecht (novel)--see: Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte,  Hinko.

--

Stowe, Harriet Beecher:  Uncle Tom's Cabin (novel)--see: Megerle, Therese von,  Onkel Tom.

--

Sudermann, Hermann:  Die Ehre [R].

--

* Die Ehre: playbill (oversized), 11-15 April 1890.

724

* Die Ehre: newspaper, 12 April 1890.

707

* Die Ehre: newspaper, New Park Theatre, season 1890-1891, vol. II, no. 4.

700

* Die Ehre: newspaper, 28 February 1895, no. 23.

710

Sudermann, Hermann:  Sodoms Ende.

--

* Sodoms Ende: newspaper, 21 February 1891.

698

* Sodoms Ende: newspaper, 11 April 1891.

708

* Sodoms Ende: newspaper, 25 April 1891.

708

Tenelli, M.:  Die Mönche [R].

--

* Die Mönche: newspaper, 23 August 1878, vol. 1, no. 19.

690

Treptow, Leon:  Flotte Weiber.

--

* Flotte Weiber: newspaper, 21 February 1891.

698

* Flotte Weiber: newspaper, 16 April 1892.

698

Treptow, Leon:  Mensch ärgere dich nicht!.

--

* Mensch ärgere dich nicht!: newspaper, 30 April 1887, season 1886-1887, no. 43.

705

Treptow, Leon:  Quecksilber.

--

* Quecksilber: newspaper, 1880, no. 50, 9-11 October.

692

Treptow, Leon:  Schützen-Lies'l

With music by Gustav Steffens.

--

* Schützen-Lies'l: playbill, 5 October [1884].

681

* Schützen-Lies'l: newspaper, 1 February 1893, no. 28.

698

Treptow, Leon:  Sein Steckenpferd.

--

* Sein Steckenpferd: newspaper, 4 October 1890.

697

Treptow, Leon:  Unser Doktor.

Co-authored by Louis Herrmann.

--

* Unser Doktor: newspaper, 24 September 1887, season 1887-1888, no. 2.

705

Treptow, Leon:  Unsere Don Juans.

--

* Unsere Don Juans: newspaper, 16 April 1892.

698

Treptow, Leon:  Der weiße Rabe, oder: Ein ehrlicher Makler.

--

* Der weiße Rabe, oder: Ein ehrlicher Makler: newspaper, 9 March 1889 (a).

707

* Der weiße Rabe, oder: Ein ehrlicher Makler: newspaper, 9 March 1889 (b).

707

* Der weiße Rabe, oder: Ein ehrlicher Makler: newspaper, 16 March 1889.

707

Treptow, Leon:  20,000 Mark Belohnung.

With music by Paul Sentz.

--

* 20,000 Mark Belohnung: newspaper, 21 January 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 25.

706

* 20,000 Mark Belohnung: newspaper, 25 February 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 30.

706

* 20,000 Mark Belohnung: newspaper, 10 March 1888, season 1887-1888, no. 32.

696

Treumann, Karl:  Pariser Leben.

Based on the original French libretto  La vie parisienne, by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy, for the operetta composed by Jacques Offenbach.

--

* Pariser Leben: playbill (oversized), Concordia Operetten-Theater, 14-17 January [1882].

722

Triesch, Friedrich Gustav:  Die Nixe.

--

* Die Nixe: newspaper, 16 April 1892.

698