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Thomas Sovereign Gates, Jr. papers

Ms. Coll. 1135

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Gates, Thomas S.
Title:
Thomas Sovereign Gates, Jr. papers
Date [inclusive]:
1902-1987
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1135
Extent:
15.22 linear feet (38 boxes, 7 oversize folders)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Thomas Sovereign Gates, Jr., was a lieutenant commander in the United States Navy during World War II, who went on to serve as the Secretary of the Navy (1957-1959), Secretary of Defense (1959-1961), and Ambassador to China (1976-1977). As a civilian he also pursued a career in investment banking at the Morgan Guaranty Trust Company (later J.P. Morgan & Co.). Gates’ personal papers focus largely on his government service, with a small amount of additional personal items. Included are many military and government documents and correspondence with influential politicians--perhaps most notably with President Dwight D. Eisenhower, under who Gates served as both Secretary of the Navy and Secretary of Defense. The collection also includes many clippings and photographs that have been assembled into a remarkable collection of scrapbooks that bring Gates’ service to life.
Cite as:
Thomas Sovereign Gates, Jr. papers, 1902-1987, Ms. Coll. 1135, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Thomas Sovereign Gates, Jr., was a lieutenant commander in the United States Navy during World War II, who went on to serve as the Secretary of the Navy (1957-1959), Secretary of Defense (1959-1961), and Ambassador to China (1976-1977). As a civilian he also pursued a career in investment banking at the Morgan Guaranty Trust Company (later J.P. Morgan & Co.).

Gates was born on April 10, 1906 in Philadelphia, PA. His father, Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr., is known for being the first president of the University of Pennsylvania, as well as an investment banker. After attending the Chestnut Hill Academy, Gates attended the University of Pennsylvania, graduating with a degree in English in 1928. He followed his father’s footsteps into investment banking, starting out with Drexel and Company, where he became a full partner in 1940.

Following the attacks on Pearl Harbor in 1941, Gates enlisted in the Navy, where he rose to the rank of lieutenant commander and served until the end of World War II. In 1953 he was appointed Under Secretary of the Navy by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, becoming Secretary of the Navy in 1957. In 1959 he joined the Office of the Secretary of Defense as Deputy Secretary, moving shortly after to Secretary of Defense, a position he held until the end of Eisenhower’s term in 1961.

Though serving a short term, Gates made important contributions, introducing a more active management style to the department and helping to modernize the American military in terms of both weaponry and thinking. He is also remembered for his handling of the U-2 controversy, in which American pilot Francis Gary Powers was gunned down by Soviet fighters during a secret reconnaissance mission. Gates, in two controversial moves, urged President Eisenhower to acknowledge responsibility for the flight and, in the wake of subsequent relations with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, issued a world-wide communications alert to the American military.

After serving in the Department of Defense for eight years, Gates returned to investment banking, working for the Morgan Guaranty Trust Company (later J.P. Morgan & Co.). In 1976, President Gerald Ford nominated Gates as Chief of the U.S. Liaison Office in Beijing, just after the death of Chairman Mao Zedong and the end of the Cultural Revolution. Gates was also referred to as the “Ambassador to China,” though, at that time, there were no formal diplomatic relations between the two countries.

Gates’ activities extended far beyond the major positions listed above. He served as chairman of the Advisory Commission on an All-Volunteer Force under President Richard Nixon, and was also a Trustee of the University of Pennsylvania from 1948 to 1983, to mention a few. He died on March 25, 1983.

Scope and Contents

The collection is divided into 10 series, which more or less follow the path of Gates’ career. After a general correspondence series, there are series for his Naval service, as well as his service as Under Secretary and Secretary of the Navy, Deputy Secretary and Secretary of Defense, and Chief of the U.S. Liaison Office in Beijing (also known as “Ambassador to China”). After his military and government papers there follow series for his banking career with the Morgan Guaranty Trust Company (later becoming “J.P. Morgan & Co.”), personal files, and family material. Gates’ remarkable collection of photograph albums and scrapbooks documenting his government service form their own series, followed by a final series of miscellaneous material, which includes his awards and medals, as well as many photographs (some inscribed to Gates) not collected in the scrapbooks or albums. In general, the below series are arranged with the more unique items towards the front, followed by items that are available elsewhere, and otherwise follow alphabetical or chronological within that, when possible.

The General correspondence series includes all correspondence, whether personal or business related, except for a few items that have been kept separate according to the original grouping of the material. These latter include correspondence related to Gates’ time as Ambassador to China, as well as some miscellaneous correspondence about Vietnam, and about his successor as Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara. Researchers are encouraged to check the correspondence of other series as well, since there may be some overlap. The letters date mostly from the 1950s to 1970s and most notably contain ten years’ worth of letters to and from President Dwight D. Eisenhower, under whom Gates served in the Department of Defense. Given the length of his career, however, and the many projects with which Gates was involved, the existing correspondence, which fits into just two boxes (including correspondence from other series), likely represents only a small portion of Gates’ total communications.

The Naval service series documents Gates’ participation as a lieutenant commander during World War II. The most unique documents are the books of handwritten night orders under Admiral C. T. Durgin, plus the code book of naval maneuvers and action report, that provide a window into the life of a naval ship during this time. There is one folder of memoranda from this period, as well as a sampling of official documents relating to Gates’ assignments, training, awards, etc., plus some clippings and miscellaneous items. Gates enlisted in the National Guard prior to joining the Navy, and a single folder relating to his service there is included in this series as well.

Though much of Gates' time as Under Secretary and Secretary of the Navy (from 1953 to 1959) is documented in the scrapbooks and photograph albums, a small amount of items have been collected into a series of loose documents. These include complete runs of daily logs from 1955 to 1959, as well as speeches delivered by Gates (and others), and memoranda from the Office of the Secretary, as well as a few other miscellaneous files--the speeches, perhaps, being the most substantive. Also included is a copy of Gates’ book "The United States Navy: Its Influence On History!"

Gates’ term as Deputy Secretary and Secretary of Defense is likewise featured in many of the scrapbooks, but related loose material is arranged in this series. Items of note include a diary and speeches by Gates, as well as a range of reports. The series also includes items from after Gates’ departure from the Department of Defense, but which relate to his service as Secretary. These include the documents relating to Gates' successor, Robert McNamara, specifically concerning a public disagreement between the two. This is reflected in newspaper clippings as well as letters.

For a brief period from 1976 to 1977, Gates served as Ambassador to China and Chief of the United States Liaison Office in Beijing. Following the original grouping, correspondence from this period has been kept in this series with the rest of the China material. Because of this, there may be some overlap with the general correspondence and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company correspondence. Researchers are encouraged to check these other series as well. Congratulatory letters follow the more substantive correspondence, as well as Gates’ “diary-letters” describing his time there, briefing material on China and other informative material about the country, events memorabilia, clippings, and other miscellaneous items.

In addition to his military and government service, Gates led a long career as a civilian in investment banking, beginning with Drexel and Company and later working with the Morgan Guaranty Trust Company (J.P. Morgan & Co.). Despite working in banking for many years, few items remain from this part of Gates’ life in the collection. There is a small amount of correspondence, some papers relating to a meeting with the Bank of China, and a run of Annual reports. Some correspondence (especially with Ellmore C. Patterson, has been included as per the original grouping with the correspondence in the Chief of the United States Liaison Office in Beijing series, since these letters were received by Gates during that time). Researchers interested in Gates’ banking related communications are encouraged to check that series as well as general correspondence, as there may be some overlap.

The Personal files, while they do include items from Gates’ private life, mostly collects items that did not directly relate to any of Gates’ official positions in the above series. There are few items that are truly personal--it is unclear if this is because Gates was mostly concerned with recording his public life, or because the more personal items were not donated. In any case, the bulk of this series relates to Gates’ activity as a public figure, especially in the period between leaving the Department of Defense and becoming the Ambassador to China. There are transcripts of oral interviews with Gates, speeches, correspondence about the Vietnam War, files from his involvement with the Republican party, as well as miscellaneous memorabilia, holiday greeting cards, etc. There are also many reports and published items kept by Gates. The end of the series contains a run of clippings, sometimes relating to Gates directly, other times simply items that he saved for some other reason.

The Family series includes items relating to his father, Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr., who was the first president of the University of Pennsylvania. Items include correspondence, obituaries, memorial resolutions, and perhaps most interestingly, a collection of letters from famous Americans (such as Franklin D. Roosevelt and Albert Einstein) to the students of the University of Pennsylvania, commissioned by Gates, Sr. in 1935. Included as well are detailed genealogical accounts of branches of Gates’ family, produced in the late 1920s.

One of the most impressive features of the collection are the 37 Photograph albums and scrapbooks documenting in great detail, and often in large format, Gates’ many achievements. In addition to photographs, they include newspaper clippings as well as pieces of correspondence and memorabilia (invitations to events, etc.). They extend all the way from Gates family photographs in 1902, through Gates’ naval service from 1943 on, to the end of Gates’ service in the Department of Defense in 1960. Together they provide a comprehensive overview of Gates’ career that complements the files saved in the above series.

The Memorabilia series contains Gates’ awards, citations, honorary degrees, medals, inscribed photographs, miscellaneous photographs, cartoons, and other gifts and miscellaneous items.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2015 November 4

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Ben Rosen

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Millicent Anne Brengle Gates, 1983, 1985.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Books donated along with the papers in this collection have been catalogued separately and can be viewed in Franklin here:

http://franklin.library.upenn.edu/search.html?q=Gates%20Thomas%20Mrs%20%28donor%29&qt=dla-subject

Scrapbooks from Gates' father, Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr. are also at the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania:

Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr. scrapbooks, Ms. Coll. 1036

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • United States. Department of Defense.
  • United States. Department of the Navy.
  • United States. Navy.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Awards
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Correspondence
  • Interviews
  • Medals
  • Memorabilia
  • Memorandums
  • Military records
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
  • Scrapbooks
  • Speeches
Geographic Name(s)
  • United States--Foreign relations--China
  • United States--History, Military--20th century
  • United States--Politics and government--1901-1953
Personal Name(s)
  • Gates, Thomas Sovereign, Sr., 1873-1948
Subject(s)
  • Ambassadors
  • Banks and Banking
  • Cabinet officers--United States--Biography
  • Diplomacy
  • Families
  • Military
  • Political science
  • United States--History--20th century
  • World War, 1939-1945

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Collection Inventory

I. General correspondence.

Box Folder

Abbott, William, 1962 January 8.

1 1

Anderson, George (Admiral, U.S. Navy), 1982 February 23.

1 1

Anderson, Robert (Secretary of the Treasury), 1961 January 17.

1 1

Armstrong, Frank A., Jr., 1961 January 23.

1 1

Asakai, Takaho [to Anne], January 16th.

1 1

Berckemeyer, Fernando (Ambassador), 1958 September 25.

1 2

Beach, Edward L. (Captain, U.S. Navy), 1960.

1 2

Beale, Howard, 1961 January 25.

1 2

Benson, Ezra (Secretary of Agriculture), 1961 January 18.

1 2

Bridges, Styles, 1959 May 25.

1 2

Brown, George S., 1962 January 4.

1 2

Burger, Warren (U.S. Chief Justice), undated.

1 2

Burke, Arleigh, 1961 January 23.

1 2

Burke, J. Vincent, Jr., 1961 January 16.

1 2

Carter, Jimmy (U.S. President), 1978.

1 3

Dague, Paul (House of Representatives), 1961 January 25.

1 4

Dean, Pat, 1965 January 6.

1 4

Dewey, Thomas E. (New York Governor), 1954 July 2.

1 4

Dungan, Ralph A., 1962 February 7.

1 4

Eisenhower, John D., 1964 June 23.

1 5

Eisenhower, Mamie, 1960 February 2.

1 5

Eisenhower, Milton S.

1 5

Eisenhower, Dwight D. (U.S. President) [includes items relating to Eisenhower's funeral service], 1957-1969.

1 6

Farley, James A., 1957.

1 7

Ford, Gerald R. (U.S. President), 1961-1980.

1 7

Franke, W. B., 1960 May 17.

1 7

Geelhoed, Bruce, 1982 March 12.

1 8

Goodpaster, A. J., 1961 February 8.

1 8

Graham, Philip L., 1959.

1 8

Gruenther, Alfred M., 1959-1960.

1 8

Harkness, Douglas S., 1961 January 13.

1 9

Hershey, Lewis B. (U.S. Lt. General), 1961 January 6.

1 9

Herter, Christian A., 1960-1961.

1 9

Hoegh, Leo A., 1961 January 18.

1 9

Holliott, Peter, 1982 March 4.

1 9

Hoover, Herbert, undated.

1 9

Hoover, J. Edgar, 1957-1961.

1 9

Humphrey, Hubert H., 1964-1968.

1 9

Hsu, Han (Ambassador), 1978.

1 9

Johnson, Courtney (Assistant Secretary of the Army), 1961.

1 10

Johnson, Lyndon B. (U.S. President) [includes photograph of Gates with Johnson, also includes letters from others (including Robert McNamara) kept together], 1963-1968.

1 10

Johnston, Means, Jr.

1 10

Kissinger, Henry A. (U.S. Secretary of State), 1975 August 13.

1 11

Krock, Arthur, 1957-1964.

1 11

Kuter, Laurence S. (U.S. General, Air Force, Commander-in-Chief), 1961 January 10.

1 11

Lincoln, Franklin B., Jr. (Assistant Secretary of Defense), 1961 January 9.

1 12

Livesay, R. Eugene, 1961 June 28.

1 12

Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1960 August 6.

1 12

Lovett, Robert A., 1964 September 22.

1 12

Mackworth-Young, G. W., undated.

1 13

Martin, William McC., Jr., 1961, 1968.

1 13

Mountbatten, Louis "Dickie", undated.

1 13

Mueller, Frederick H. (Secretary of Commerce), 1961 January 13.

1 13

Niskanen, William A. [includes "Defense Management After McNamara"], 1968.

1 14

Norman, Lloyd, 1961 January 17.

1 14

Norstad, Lauris, 1961 January 17.

1 14

Nixon, Richard (U.S. President), 1961-1973.

1 15

Palmer, Charles D. (U.S. Army, General).

1 16

Pearkes, George (Canadian Minister of National Defense), 1960 October 11.

1 16

Peng, Meng-chi (Acting Chief of the General Staff of the Republic of China), 1961 January 16.

1 16

Persons, Wilton B., 1961 January 13.

1 16

Radford, Arthur W., 1957-1960.

1 17

Rhee, Syngman, 1956 September 14.

1 17

Rickover, H. G., 1960-1963.

1 17

Sandys, Duncan, 1958 October 4.

1 18

Schweiker, Richard S., 1976 April 6.

1 18

Scott, Hugh, 1963, 1978.

1 18

Scranton, William W., 1964 August 7.

1 18

Seaton, Fred A., 1961 January 16.

1 18

Selkirk, Lord [?], 1958-1959.

1 18

Smith, Margaret Chase, 1960 December 27.

1 18

Snyder, Murray, 1961 January 5.

1 18

Sproull, Robert L., 1975.

1 18

Stange, Werner A., 1975.

1 18

Stennis, John, 1961-1962.

1 18

Strauss, Franz Josef, 1961.

1 18

Strauss, Lewis L., 1961 January 17.

1 18

Summerfield, Arthur E., 1961.

1 18

Violante, Luigi, 1961 January 30.

1 19

White, Thomas D., 1961 January 17.

1 20

Whitney, George, 1943.

1 20

Winnacker, R. A. (Historian, Office of the Secretary of Defense) [includes copy of speech by Gates and other items], 1961-1963.

1 20

Woodard, C. G. (Ambassador), 1978 September 29.

1 20

Unidentified, 1952-1958, undated.

1 21

II. Naval service, including World War II.

Box Folder

Admiral C. T. Durgin's Night Orders, U.S.S. Tulagi, 1944 June 30-September 15.

1 22

Admiral C. T. Durgin's Night Orders (San Diego to Pacific), 1944 October 12-1945 February 28.

1 23

Admiral C. T. Durgin's Night Orders, Commander Escort Carrier Force in the Pacific, 1945 March 1-May 24.

2 1

Admiral C. T. Durgin's Night Orders, Commander Escort Carrier Force to the Pacific, 1945 May 26-October 27.

2 2

Admiral C. T. Durgin's Night Orders (copies), 1944 June 30-1945 October 27.

2 3

Code books for naval maneuvers in the Mediterranean, undated.

2 4

Action report of Commander Task Group Eighty Eight Point Two for Operation Dragoon, 1944.

2 5

Memoranda, 1942-1945.

2 6

National Guard, 1934, 1942.

2 7

Travel itineraries, 1942-1944.

2 8

Appointments and promotions, 1944.

2 9

Gates' "Officer's Qualification Record Jacket" (official documents about Gates' military qualifications), 1945.

2 10

Naval training certificate, undated.

3 1

Release from active duty, 1945.

3 2

United States Naval Reserve Commander acceptance form, 1948.

3 3

Rosters of officers, 1944.

3 5

Telephone numbers and addresses, undated.

3 6

United States Navy at War: Second Official Report, 1945.

3 7

News map for the Armed Forces, 1944.

3 8

Map of Alexandria, undated.

3 9

U.S.S. Ranger Press News, 1943 March 6.

3 10

The Navy Plan for National Security, undated.

29 1

III. Secretary of the Navy.

Box Folder

Daily Logs, 1955 January-1959 June.

3

4

1-3

11-16

Addresses by the Honorable Thomas S. Gates, Secretary of the Navy [two volumes], 1957-1959.

4

5

4

1

Statement to be delivered before the Subcommittee on the Department of Defense, undated.

5 2

Speeches by others - Statement of Admiral Arleigh Burke, undated.

5 3

Memoranda, 1953-1959.

5 4

Navy and Marine Corps Officers' fitness reports, 1959.

5 5

Personnel list, Office of the Secretary of the Navy, 1958.

5 6

"The Navy's Contingent Farewell to Secretary Gates On His Entry Into the Ivory Tower", undated.

5 7

The United States Navy: It's Influence On History! [book written by Gates], 1958.

5 8

Honorary Cruiser Shipper Certificate, undated.

5 9

Miscellaneous notes, undated.

5 10

IV. Secretary of Defense.

Box Folder

Secretary of Defense nomination, 1959.

5 11

Congratulatory letters, 1959.

5

6

1-12

12-23

Diary, 1959 May-December.

6 13

Speeches, 1959-1960, undated.

6 14

Speeches by others, 1959-1962.

6 15

Memoranda, 1959-1962.

6 16-17

Correspondence of others, 1961.

6 18

Conference on the Eighteen Nation Committee on Disarmament, 1962.

6 19

Reserve Forces Policy Board [binder with information about the board, such as the board's directive and rules of procedure], 1960.

7 1

President Kennedy press conference, 1961.

7 2

McNamara, Robert - letter to Robert McNamara from Gates, 1964.

7 3

McNamara, Robert - Gates' correspondence regarding McNamara, 1963-1964.

7 4

McNamara, Robert - Clippings regarding McNamara, 1964.

7 5

McNamara - Statement of Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara, 1963.

7 6

Dinner in honor of Agustin Olachea Aviles, 1960.

7 7

Roster of Mr. Gates' Secretariat, 1961.

7 8

Phone call records, 1959-1961.

7 9

Miscellaneous reports, 1960-1962, undated.

8 1

Miscellaneous files, 1960, undated.

8 2

Meeting notes, 1959, undated.

8 3

Miscellaneous notes, undated.

8 4

Department of State Bulletin, 1960.

8 5

News releases, 1960.

8 6

"The Secretaries of Defense: A Brief History, 1947-1985", 1985.

8 7

V. Chief of the U.S. Liaison Office in Beijing.

Correspondence.

Box Folder

Bahrami, Ahmad-Ali, 1976 September 20.

8 8

Baldwin, Robert H. B., 1976 .

8 8

Barnett, Robert W., 1976.

8 8

Batzer, M. M., 1976.

8 8

Berding, Andrew, 1976.

8 8

Bodine, William W., Jr., 1977.

8 8

Braden, Joan R., 1976.

8 8

Brengle, Lisa [Mrs. Lawrence J.], 1977.

8 8

Burgess, Roger E., Jr., 1977 .

8 8

Burns, Arthur F., 1976.

8 8

Bush, George, 1977.

8 8

Cary, Freeman H., 1976 July 29.

8 9

Chen, Huang, 1977.

8 9

Cheston, Morris, 1977.

8 9

Claytor, Graham, 1977 November 2.

8 9

Davis, Muriel, 1977.

8 10

Davis, Vincent, 1976.

8 10

Dean, David, 1977.

8 10

Dilks, Peggy [Mrs. John Hyland], 1977.

8 10

Dillon, Douglas, 1976-1977.

8 10

Douglas, James H., 1977.

8 10

Driscoll, Marian F., 1976 May 18.

9 10

Dusen, Lewis H. Van, Jr., 1977.

8 10

Eidenberg, Harvey A., 1977 May 17.

8 11

Emory, Benjamin R., 1977 March 29.

8 11

Far Eastern Economic Review, 1977.

8 12

Fairbank, John K., 1976 August 5.

8 12

Foy, Lewis Wilson, 1976.

8 12

Franke, William Birrell, 1976 .

8 12

French, Robert R., 1976.

8 12

Gayler, Noel, undated.

8 13

George, Thomas, 1976.

8 13

Goodwin, Robert P., 1976.

8 13

Gray, Gordon, 1976 August 6.

8 13

Gray, John D., 1976.

8 13

Hait, Merritt, 1977 March 22.

8 14

Hesburgh, T.M., Rev., 1976.

8 14

Hodgson, James D., 1976-1977.

8 14

Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corp., 1977 May 3.

8 14

Houghton, Amory, 1976.

8 14

Hunt, John, 1977 March 18.

8 14

Kanzler, Robert H., 1977.

8 15

Kauffman, Draper L. [and Peggy], 1976.

8 15

Kistiakowsky, G. B., 1976 November 22.

8 15

Laise, Carol C., 1977.

8 16

Lilley, Sally [Mrs. James], 1976.

8 16

Littlefield, Edmund W., 1976.

8 16

Maher, Richard L., undated.

8 17

McCabe, Thomas B., 1976-1977.

8 17

McCreedy, William W., 1977.

8 17

McFadden, W. Clark, II, 1976 August 23.

8 17

Machold, William F., 1976-1977.

8 17

Maier, Charles S., 1976.

8 17

Mauro, C.T., 1976.

8 17

Meyer, Fleur Cowles, 1977.

8 17

Meyer, John M., Jr., 1976.

8 17

Meyerson, Martin, 1977.

8 17

Miner, Thomas H., 1977.

8 17

Moore, Pamela H., 1977.

8 17

Moose, Richard M., 1976 August 27.

8 17

Morgens, Howard, 1976.

8 17

Moseley, Frederick R., Jr., 1976.

8 17

Motley, Arthur H., 1976-1977.

8 17

Murphy, Robert, 1976-1977.

8 17

Newbold, John L., 1977.

8 18

Niu, Man Chiang, 1976 June 21.

8 18

Norris, William, 1977.

8 18

O'Brien, Leslie ["Lord"], 1976.

8 19

Pacific Far Eastern Territory [regarding Morgan Guaranty Trust relations with China], 1976 March 19.

9 1

Packard, David, 1977.

9 1

Patterson, Ellmore C., 1976-1977.

9 1

Pei-Hsin, Chiao, 1977 January 14.

9 1

Pennsylvania Gazette, 1978.

9 1

Pepper, G. Willing, 1977, undated.

9 1

Poliak, B. H., 1976.

9 1

Polk, Louis, 1976.

9 1

Ponce, Joseph, 1977.

9 1

Porter, Henry H. [and Mary], 1977.

9 1

Portis, Linda, 1977 January 1.

9 1

Preston, Louis T., 1976.

9 1

Pruett, Jakie L., 1977.

9 1

Ragle, Thomas B., 1976-1977.

9 2

Rickett, W. Allyn, 1977 July 6.

9 2

Ring, Jinx, 1976.

9 2

Rocha, J. M. Castro, 1977.

9 2

Rockefeller, David, 1977.

9 2

Rockefeller, Mary, 1976.

9 2

Rockefeller, Nelson, 1976.

9 2

Rodd, Thomas, 1977.

9 2

Rosenwald, Lessing J., 1977 July 1.

9 2

Saltzman, Charles E., 1977.

9 3

Scott, Edgar, 1976.

9 3

Scott, Hope [Mrs. Edgar], 1977.

9 3

Seaman, Irving, 1977.

9 3

Seawell, W. T., 1976 October 7.

9 3

Shawcross, Hartley ["Lord"], 1976.

9 3

Sheaffer, Theodore C., 1977.

9 3

Short, R. Carter N., 1977.

9 3

Shultz, George P., 1976 September 30.

9 3

Simmons, Adele, undated.

9 3

Siu, Annie Chin, 1976.

9 3

Solomon, Richard H., 1976.

9 3

Steenwyk, Marion van, undated.

9 3

Stroud, Margaret, 1976.

9 3

Thayer, Harry, 1977.

9 4

Thomas, Charles S., 1976.

9 4

Thomas, William W., Jr., 1977 May 11.

9 4

Tsien-hsin, Jen, 1978.

9 4

Tschoep, Eduard, 1977.

9 4

Unger, Leonard, 1976.

9 5

Vickers, Harold E. [includes photographs with accompanying information], 1977 July 19.

9 6

Vidigal, Gastao Eduardo de Buena, 1976.

9 6

Vollmer, Alberto, 1977.

9 6

Walker, Diana H., undated.

9 7

Weber, Jane [Mrs. Henry], 1976.

9 7

Youde, Edward, 1976 May.

9 8

Unidentified, 1976-1977.

9 9

Congratulatory letters, 1976.

9 10-31

Reports, Records, Memorabilia, Clippings.

Box Folder

Statement by Nominee, 1976.

9 32

Diary-letters, 1976-1977.

9 33

"People's Republic of China Briefing Book", 1976.

9 34

China Exchange Newsletter, 1976.

10 1

"Sino-Soviet Relations: A Background Paper" by Kenneth Lieberthal, 1977.

10 2

Notebook recording luncheons and events, 1976-1977.

10 3

Invitations, 1976-1977.

10 4

Hua Kuo-Feng toast, 1977.

10 5

Resignation and related correspondence, 1977.

10 6

Humorous poems, undated.

10 7

Memorabilia, undated.

10 8

Map of China, undated.

10 9

Clippings, 1976-1978, undated.

10 10

Clippings not directly related to Gates, 1977-1978, undated.

10 11

Miscellaneous files, 1976, undated.

10 12

VI. Morgan Guaranty Trust Company (J.P. Morgan & Co.).

Box Folder

Correspondence, 1978.

10 13

Bank of China meeting, 1978.

10 14

Annual Reports, 1961-1976.

10

11

1-2

15

VII. Personal files.

Box Folder

Oral interviews (transcript) with Gates conducted by John T. Mason, Jr. of the Oral History Research Office regarding his government service, 1967 August.

11 3

Appointment diaries, 1954-1978.

11

12

4-6

1-4

Daily logs, 1969-1977.

12 5

National War College (Washington, DC) visit, 1973.

12

13

1

6

Correspondence and reports regarding Vietnam, 1965-1970.

13 2

China trip thank you letters, 1978.

13 3

London trip thank you letters, 1978.

13 4

Travel documents, 1978.

13 5

Holiday greeting cards, 1960, undated.

13 6

Memorabilia, 1960, undated.

13 7

Invitations, 1963, undated.

13 8

Event programs, 1955-1977.

13 9

Event memorabilia, 1957-1961, undated.

13 10

Miscellaneous humor, 1960, undated.

14 1

Miscellaneous notes and files, undated.

14 2

Biographies and CVs of Gates, 1983, undated.

14 2a

Katherine C. Brengle estate, 1953-1957.

14 3

Campaign gift laws, 1974-1975.

14 4

"Congress Against the President", 1975.

14 5

Federal City Council, circa 1970s.

14 5a

John Foster Dulles oral history project [transcript of interview with Gates conducted by Richard D. Challener; also includes related correspondence from 1970], 1965, 1970.

14 6

"The Escort Carriers in Action", 1946.

14 7

International Star Class World Championship, 1938.

14 8

"The Kingdom of Prosperity" by Joseph H. Leopold [signed and inscribed to Gates], 1966.

14 9

Reports on volunteer military service, 1979.

14 10

Republican Committee National Security Task Force [correspondence, memoranda, and drafts of reports], 1967-1968.

15 1

National Republican Committee Addresses, 1975.

15 2

"Trip to the Orient" [of Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson], 1954.

15 3

University of Pennsylvania Board of Trustees, 1975.

15 4

University of Pennsylvania Program for the Eighties, 1975.

15 5

United States Ship Thomas S. Gates commissioning, 1987.

15 6

Clippings, 1927-1976, undated.

15

16

7-11

1-10

Clippings about the death of John F. Kennedy (in Post and  Look), 1963.

29 2-3

VIII. Family material.

Box Folder

Collected correspondence of Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr., 1918-1946.

16 11

Letters from President Roosevelt and other Prominent Americans [commissioned by Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr.], 1935.

16 12

Oliver Wendell Holmes poem [found with Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr.'s effects], circa 1948.

16 13

Correspondence regarding Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr. death, 1948.

16 14

Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr. memorial resolutions, 1948.

16 15

Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr. memorial documents, 1948.

16 16

Thomas Sovereign Gates, Sr. obituaries, 1948.

16 17

Genealogy reports and related correspondence, 1927-1929.

16

17

18-20

1

Gates family coat of arms, undated.

29 4

IX. Photograph albums and scrapbooks.

Box

Family photographs, 1902-1939.

32

Gates' Naval Career during the Second World War, 1943 December-1945 January.

22 1

Gates' Navy memorabilia, 1943 September-1946 May.

27 1

Gates' Naval career and miscellaneous, 1945 February-1961 January.

22 2

Miscellaneous pictures from Gates' time as Under Secretary of the Navy, 1953 October-1954 March.

20 1

Scrapbook pertaining to Gates' term as Undersecretary of the Navy, 1953 October-1955 January.

23

Miscellaneous pictures from Gates' time as Under Secretary of the Navy, 1954 February-October.

20 2

Undersecretary of the Navy Gates' trip to China, Korea, Philippines, 1954 May.

24

Miscellaneous pictures from Gates' time as Under Secretary of the Navy, 1954 November-1955 February.

20 3

Inspection of naval bases and ships, 1955 April-October.

20 4

Navy League of the United States 53rd Anniversary Dinner, 1955 October 24.

17 2

Inspections of naval bases and ships, 1955 October-1956 March.

20 5

Memorabilia relating to Gates' term as Undersecretary of the Navy, 1955 February-1956 October.

27 2

Naval ship cruises. Pictures, 1955 June-July.

20 6

Miscellaneous pictures from Gates' time as Under Secretary of the Navy, 1956.

20 7

Gates' Logs of Visit to Seventh Fleet Units. With pictures., 1956 April 16-19.

25 1

Scrapbook, Far East trip, 1956 April 12-May 14.

25 2

Pictures, Inspections of Naval Shipyards, 1956 June-September.

21 1

Scrapbook, Gates' term as Undersecretary of the Navy, 1956 October-1957 March.

26 1

President Eisenhower's Cruise aboard U.S.S. Saratoga, 1957 June 6-7.

21 2

Cruise on U.S.S. Barry and U.S.S.  Des Moines, 1958 June.

21 3

Thomas S. Gates, Jr., Secretary of the Navy, 1959.

36

Commissioning ceremonies for U.S.S. Independence, 1959 January 10.

21 5

Pictures pertaining to Gates' trip to Spain, 1959 April.

21 6

Memorabilia relating to Gates' term as Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1959 June-December.

33

Scrapbook commemorating President Eisenhower's trip to Bonn, West Germany, 1959 August.

21 4

Memorabilia pertaining to Gates' trip to Europe with President Eisenhower, 1959 August-September.

21 7

Thomas S. Gates, Jr., Secretary of Defense. Vol. I., 1959 December-1960 May.

34

Pictures pertaining to Gates' appointment as Secretary of Defense, 1960 January.

26 2

Thomas S. Gates, Jr., Secretary of Defense. Vol. II. [check dates], 1960 January-June.

35

Speeches delivered by Members of the 86th Congress, Second Session, pertaining to Secretary of Defense Thomas S. Gates, 1960 February-December.

17 3-5

Pictures pertaining to Gates' tour of the border area of West Germany, 1960 March.

21 8

Memento of Gates' visit to Berlin, East Germany. Pictures with commentary., 1960 March 24-25.

18 3

Visit to West Germany [two copies], 1960 March 28.

18 1-2

Military Leaders Weapons Demonstration, Philippines - At Sea - Okinawa. Pictures with commentary., 1958 May 18-25.

21 10

XIIth Conference Military Advisers South East Asia Treaty Organizations, 1960 May 25-27.

28 1

Betsy Ross House, Flag Day, 1976 June 14.

21 9

X. Memorabilia.

Box Folder

Awards, Citations, Honorary Degrees, circa 1940s-1970s.

3

18

19

22

28

29

31

4-6

1-3

1-3

5-8

4

Cartoons (of Gates), undated.

19

30

4

1

4

Medals, Ribbons, circa 1950s-1970s.

37-38

19

5

Statuette, bookends, silver box, keys to the city, and other assorted objects, undated.

37-38

19

6-7

5

Photographs, undated.

19

30

2-3

8-9

Inscribed Photographs, circa 1950s-1970s.

19

30

4-6

10

6-7