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Office of the Provost Records. Charles C. Harrison Administration

UPA 6.2H

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center
Creator:
University of Pennsylvania. Office of the Provost.
Title:
Office of the Provost Records. Charles C. Harrison Administration
Date [bulk]:
1891-1927
Date [inclusive]:
1854-1943
Call Number:
UPA 6.2H
Extent:
5.5 Cubic feet
Language:
English
ABSTRACT:
Charles Custis Harrison was Provost at the University of Pennsylvania 1894-1910, a time of expansive growth for the University, especially in the number of buildings added to the campus. Using his extensive personal contacts from his business and political associates, Harrison raised funds (making large contributions himself) for dormitories as well as Houston Hall, the University Museum, the Medical Laboratory, the Law, Engineering, and Dental School buildings from the wealthy of Philadelphia society. The Charles Custis Harrison Files of the Office of the Provost Records document his activities as Provost of the University of Pennsylvania and as Vice President and President of the Board of Directors of the University Museum. This collection though part of the Office of the Provost Records, includes material from almost all aspects of Harrison's career with the University of Pennsylvania.
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Biography/History

Charles Custis Harrison was born in Philadelphia on May 3, 1844, the son of George Leib and Sarah Ann (Waples) Harrison. His early education was at the private school of Miss Tatham on Pine Street in Philadelphia and the parish school of St. Luke's Episcopal Church before entering Episcopal Academy. He received the Bachelor of Arts in 1862, the Masters of Arts in 1865, and an honorary LL.D. in 1911 from the University of Pennsylvania. As the co-owner of a very profitable sugar refinery, he became a Trustee of the University in 1876 and continued in this capacity until his death in 1929. In 1894, at the urging of his colleagues, he became the Provost of the University. His years as Provost, 1894-1910, were a time of expansive growth for the University, especially in the number of buildings added to the campus. Using his extensive personal contacts from his business and political associates, Harrison raised funds (making large contributions himself) for dormitories as well as Houston Hall, the University Museum, the Medical Laboratory, the Law, Engineering, and Dental School buildings from the wealthy of Philadelphia society. After stepping down as Provost, he continued his involvement with the University as the Vice President and later, President, of the Board of the Managers of the University Museum (1911-1929). During this period, joint expeditions with the British Museum were planned and carried out and many works of art were procured for the Museum. Harrison won the Philadelphia Award in the year 1924. He died in Philadelphia on February 12, 1929. He married Ellen Nixon Waln in 1870.

Scope and Contents

The Charles Custis Harrison Files of the Office of the Provost Records document his activities as Provost of the University of Pennsylvania and as Vice President and President of the Board of Directors of the University Museum. This collection though part of the Office of the Provost Records, includes material from almost all aspects of Harrison's career with the University of Pennsylvania. It will aid research in the history of the University Museum, University fundraising, and the development of the university in the United States.

The Charles Custis Harrison Papers contain outgoing correspondence from his years as Provost of the University of Pennsylvania (1894-1911). The correspondence relates to his job duties as Provost: budgetary, program development, building construction, and faculty hiring. Frequent correspondents include William Draper Lewis, Edward W. Mumford, Charles H. Frazier, J. Hartley Merrick, Josiah Harmar Penniman, and William Otto Miller. There is a collection of letters sent to him from a variety of leaders in the field of education, philanthropy and the University on the occasion of his retirement.

The collection also includes correspondence concerning the formative years of the University Museum of Archæology and Anthropology and its academic arm - the Department of Archæology and Palæology. There are copies of the minutes of the Board of Managers of the Museum as well as correspondence with key figures, such as Sara Y. Stevenson, Clarence H. Clark, E.W. Clark, John Henry Haynes, H.V. Hilprecht, Morris Jastrow, Jr. Typescript copies of the Museum's first excavation project at Nippur in present day Iraq complement the correspondence. In addition to these early records, the collection contains correspondence about the museum's management and collections in the 1920s during Harrison's final years as President of the Board of Managers.

Information on Harrison and his family can be found in the personal and family papers series. It includes newspaper clippings and some correspondence concerning the business career of Charles Custis as well as some of the family's interest in the arts, such as his purchase of "Breaking Home Ties" by Thomas Hovenden (and includes a photograph of the artist painting the picture). There is a small amount of material relating to Harrison's wife Ellen Nixon Waln and her interest in history and the Colonial Dames.

Researchers should note that more records regarding Harrison's term as Provost of the University can be found in the Archives General Collection (UPA 3).

ARRANGEMENT

The Charles Custis Harrison files of the Office of the Provost are organized into eight series. They are University of Pennsylvania (1892 - 1929); University Museum of Archæology and Anthropology (1891 - 1927); Fundraising records (1887 - 1926), Speeches (1895 - 1926), Memoirs (1925), Memorabilia (1892 - 1910), Personal papers (1858 -1929), Family papers (1854 - 1943). All series are arranged alphabetically by topic and then chronologically.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center,  March 2000

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kaiyi Chen, revised by J.M. Duffin

Revision Description

 July 2006, 2008

Access Restrictions

Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Centers.

PROVENANCE

The collection is formed from the gifts of George L. Harrison, son of Charles Custis, 1936 - 1952, and George Harrison Talbot and the family of Margaret Harrison Robbins, 2010. Part of the University Museum of Archæology and Anthropology series was previously classified as the records of the University Museum (UPB 65.1, Box 3).

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • National Society of the Colonial Dames of America.
  • University of Pennsylvania. -- General subdivision--Administration.;
  • University of Pennsylvania. -- General subdivision--Buildings.;
  • University of Pennsylvania. -- General subdivision--Curricula.;
  • University of Pennsylvania. -- General subdivision--Faculty.;
  • University of Pennsylvania. -- General subdivision--Finance.;
  • University of Pennsylvania. University Museum.
  • Washington Memorial Chapel (Valley Forge, Pa.).
Geographic Name(s)
  • Nippur (Extinct city)
Personal Name(s)
  • Clark, Clarence H., (Clarence Howard), 1833-1906
  • Clark, Edward W., 1828-1904
  • Fisher, Clarence Stanley, 1876-1941
  • Frazier, Charles H., (Charles Harrison), 1870-1936
  • Gordon, G. B., (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Harrison, Charles Custis, 1844-1929
  • Harrison, Ellen N., (Ellen Nixon), 1846-1922
  • Haynes, John Henry, 1849-1910
  • Hilprecht, H. V., (Hermann Vollrat), 1859-1925
  • Hovenden, Thomas, 1840-1895
  • Jastrow, Morris, 1861-1921
  • Lewis, William Draper, 1867-1949
  • Merrick, J. Hartley, (James Hartley), 1869-1946
  • Miller, William Otto, 1877-1931
  • Mumford, Edward W., (Edward Warloch), 1868-1941
  • Penniman, Josiah Harmar, 1868-1941
  • Peters, John P., (John Punnett), 1851-1921
  • Stevenson, Sara Yorke, 1847-1921
Subject(s)
  • College buildings--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia.

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Collection Inventory

University of Pennsylvania.

Letterpress books.
Box Folder

December 1899-December 1901.

1 1

December 1901-October 1903.

1 2

October 1903-November 1904.

1 3

October 1904-November 1905.

1 4

November 1905-July 1906.

1 5

July 1906-October 1907.

1 6

October 1907-November 1907.

1 7

November 1907-March 1910.

1 8

March 1910-September 1911.

1 9
General correspondence.
Box Folder

1899-1900.

1 10

1902-1903.

1 11

1904.

1 12

1905.

1 13

1906.

1 14

1907.

1 15

1908-1910.

1 16

1921.

2 1

1922.

2 2

1922.

2 3

1923.

2 4

1928-1929.

2 5

n.d.

2 6
Subject files.
Box Folder

Alumni clubs and organizations, 1901-1908.

2 7

Astronomical Observatory, 1894 1903.

2 8

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1906.

2 9

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1907.

2 10

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1907-1908.

2 11

Department of Hygiene, 1892 1904.

2 12

The Dormitory System (publication), 1895.

2 13

George Leib Harrison Foundation, 1895-1897.

2 14

George Leib Harrison Foundation, history, 1906.

2 15

German Department, 1894-1897.

2 16

Law School Cornerstone Laying, 1899-1900.

7 1

Library Committee, 1892-1897.

2 17

Library Committee, 1898-1907.

2 18

Physical Laboratories, 1893-1899.

2 19

Prizes, 1895-1896.

2 20

Psychology Department, 1891-1907.

2 21
Retirement as Provost, 1910-1911 (vol. 1).
Box Folder

A-C.

7 2

D-F.

7 3

G-I.

7 4

J-L.

7 5

M-N.

7 6

O-R.

7 7

S.

7 8

T-Z, Index.

7 9
Retirement as Provost, 1910-1911 (vol. 2).
Newspaper clippings.
Box Folder

(1).

7 10

(2).

7 11

(3).

7 12
Correspondence.
Box Folder

(1).

7 13

(2).

7 14
Box Folder

Scholarships, 1893-1904.

2 22

Scholarships, Hideyo Noguchi, 1903.

2 23

Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1893-1899.

2 24

Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1900-1906.

2 25
Scrapbooks of news items relating to Harrison.
Box Folder

Includes honorary degree news for Theodore Roosevelt and Kaiser Wilhelm, 1905.

8 1

General, 1905-1907.

5 36

University Museum of Archæology and Anthropology.

Department of Archæology and Palæontology.
Box Folder

1891-1894.

2 26

1894.

2 27

1895.

2 28

1896-1897.

2 29

1898-1899.

2 30

1900-1901.

2 31

1902-1904.

3 1

1905-1908.

3 2
Hilprecht Peters Controversy.
Box Folder

(1), 1905.

3 3

(2), 1905.

3 4
Committee to Investigate.
Box Folder

Correspondence and reports, 1905.

6 1

Transcript, pp. 1-76.

6 2

Transcript, pp. 77-135.

6 3

Transcript, pp. 106-117.

6 4

Transcript, pp. 136-163.

6 5

Transcript, pp. 165-178.

6 6

Transcript, pp. 179-221.

6 7

Transcript, pp. 179-221 (copy 2).

6 8

Transcript, pp. 222-335.

6 9

Transcript, pp. 222-335 (copy 2).

6 10

Transcript, pp. 336-552.

6 11

Transcript, pp. 336-552 (copy 2).

6 12

Transcript, pp. 336-552 (copy 3).

6 13
Nippur Expedition Reports.
Box Folder

1893.

3 5

1894.

3 6

1895.

3 7

1895-1896.

3 8
Museum.
Box Folder

1911-1916.

3 9

"Sundry 'papers' concerning Museum troubles", 1914-1917.

3 10

1917-1920.

3 11

1921.

3 12

1922.

3 13

1923.

3 14

1923.

3 15

1924.

3 16

1924.

3 17

1925.

3 18

1925.

3 19

1926.

3 20

1926.

3 21

1927.

3 22

1927.

3 23

1927.

3 24

n.d.

3 25

Letterpress book, May 1912-November 1919.

4 1

Letterpress book, November 1919-December 1924.

4 2

Museum building plans, 1895 1922.

4 3
Board of Managers Minutes (copies).
Box Folder

1895-1900.

4 4

1901.

4 5

1902.

4 6

1903.

4 7

1904.

4 8

1905.

4 9

1906.

4 10

1907.

4 11

1908.

4 12

Fundraising records.

Subscription ledgers.
Box Folder

1897-1901.

4 13

No. 2, 1897-1907.

4 14

No. 3, 1907-1906.

4 15
Subscription books.
Box Folder

Dining Hall, 1895.

4 16
General fund/endowment.
Box Folder

1892-1895.

4 16

1896-1900.

4 17

1900-1902.

4 18

1903-1911.

4 19
Five-year pledges.
Box Folder

1897.

4 20

1898.

4 21

1902-1903.

4 22
Box Folder

Increase in salary fund, 1916.

4 23

New dormitories, 1903-1904.

5 1

New Law School building, 1899.

5 2

New Medical Laboratories, 1898.

5 3

New Engineering Departments, 1901-1906.

5 4

School of Architecture equipment, 1897.

5 5

University Library, 1887-1888.

5 6

University Publication Fund, 1907.

5 7
University Museum of Archæology and Anthropology.
Box Folder

$250 pledges, 1911-1921.

5 8

$500 pledges, 1912-1926.

5 9

$1,000 pledges, 1912-1926.

5 10

$5,000 and above pledges, 1911-1926.

5 11

$100,000 pledges, 1924-1927.

5 12
Box Folder

Loose correspondence and papers from books, 1896-1900.

5 13

Loose reports from books, 1908.

5 14

Speeches.

Box Folder

1895-1900.

5 15

1901-1912.

5 16

Memoirs.

Box Folder

1925.

5 17

Memorabilia.

Box Folder

Dinner of the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania to Provost Harrison, menu, 1906.

5 18

Dinner of the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania to Provost Harrison, program, 1906.

5 19
Dinner by the Committee of the Babylonian Exploration Fund to the Rev. John P. Peters, 1892.
5 21
Box Folder

Graduate Department for Women Formal Opening, program, 1892.

5 20

History the University of Pennsylvania during the administration of Charles C. Harrison, 1910.

5 22

"The Minute of the Board of Trustees upon Mr. Harrison's Resignation and Other References...", special bound book of reprints, 1910.

5 23a

Personal Papers.

Correspondence.
Box Folder

Latta, William J., 1886-1895.

5 24

Memorials regarding Harrison's death, 1929.

5 25
Scrapbook of correspondence, photographs and newspaper clippings.
Box Folder

Scrapbook pages, 1885-1894.

8 2
Loose items.
Box Folder

Clippings.

8 3

Student notes, letters, 1858-1892.

8 4

Letters, tableau vivant instructions, 1892-1893.

8 5

Letters, interior photograph of house (Locust Street), photograph of William Penn grave, 1892-1894.

8 6
Box Folder

Washington Memorial Chapel, Valley Forge, 1921-1926.

5 26
Student work, University of Pennsylvania.
Box Folder

Accounts of expenses for clothing, 1860-1861.

5 27

Student papers and reports, 1858-1862.

5 28

Family Papers.

Ellen Nixon Waln Harrison.
Correspondence.
Box Folder

Burk, Jesse Y., 1891-1900.

5 29

Campus grounds, 1902-1906.

5 30

Gordon, George B., regarding Lenape Club, c. 1907.

5 31

Harrison, Charles C.; University of Pennsylvania; Mount Vernon, 1894, 1909-1911.

7 15

Houston Club, University of Pennsylvania, 1905.

5 32

Hughes, Charles E., 1910.

5 33

Society of Colonial Dames and Independence Hall, 1894-1895.

7 16
George L. Harrison.
Box Folder

Promissory notes, 1854-1866.

5 34

Recollections of father Charles C. Harrison, 1942-1943.

5 35