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Louis Shotridge Collection

0047

Louis Shotridge Collection

0047

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Shotridge, Louis
Title:
Louis Shotridge Collection
Date [inclusive]:
1905-1937
Call Number:
0047
Extent:
1 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
The papers of Louis Shotridge are one of the most extensive groups in the Arctic research collections of the University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives. Shotridge, a Tlingit Indian, was intermittently employed by the museum to make ethnographic collections of Northwest Coast materials between 1903 and 1912. The archives has papers concerning his original research, arranged topically, manuscripts for articles published in The Museum Journal, oral histories, Tlingit language notes, and general ethnographic notes on the Tlingit and other Northwest Coast groups.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Louis Shotridge collection. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Burkitt, Robert James, 1869-1945
Title:
Robert Burkitt expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1913-1930
Date [inclusive]:
1903-1939
Call Number:
1102
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet ()
Language:
English
Container:
2
Abstract:
Robert Burkitt lived and worked in Guatemala for most of his life. A graduate of Harvard University, he first traveled to Central America in 1894 with George Gordon as Gordon's assistant on the Fourth Coban Expedition. Burkitt became enamored with the culture and language of the Maya and never returned to North America. He traveled the countryside, corresponding with Gordon, and collecting items for the Museum under a loosely binding agreement with Gordon and later Horace Jayne. Burkitt's letters and catalogues are rich documents depicting the cultural, linguistic, topological, and historical features of the Guatemala Highlands. Burkitt wrote and worked from the areas of Chama, Chipal, Coban, Senahu, Chiantla, Chocola, and other areas of the Alta Verapaz region. He produced a detailed catalogue of his discoveries accompanied by photgraphs and drawings. Among Burkitt's discoveries is the Ratinixul Vase unearthed in 1923. His work was published in the Museum Journal in 1924 and 1930. Burkitt also wrote about the languages of the Maya, leaving an unfinished grammar and dictionary of the Kekchi language at his death in 1945.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Robert Burkitt excavation records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Biography/History

Louis Situwuka Shotridge, a Tlingit indian of noble birth, was born in Klukwan, near Haines, Alaska in 1882. He is known for being an American art collector and ethnological assistant, an expert on the traditions of his people, the Tlingit nation of southeastern Alaska. His Tlingit name was Stoowukháa, which means "Astute One."

Louis atended the Mission School in Haines where he met is future wife, Florence Dennis. Florence was an accomplished weaver of baskets and displayed her technique at the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in Portland, Oregon in 1905. Louis accompanied his wife to sell artifacts from Klukwan. He sold forty-nine items to George Byron Gordon of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and was hired by Gordon to collect more objects for the museum.

In 1912, Shotridge visited Philadelphia and met Frank Speck who introduced Shotridge to Canadian anthropologist Edward Sapir. Soon, Shotridge was providing essays, information and objects to Sapir also. A meeting with Franz Boas in 1914 in New York resulted in Shotridge's providing him with recordings of the Tlingit language and musicology. This led to Shotridge holding weekly round-table discussions with Boas and other anthropologists at Columbia University.

Shotridge was employed by the Penn Museum for seventeen years as an assistant curator. He was dismissed in 1932 at the height of the Museum's financial crisis.

Louis Shotridge participated in four expeditions, being co-director of the first with his wife, Florence: John Wanamaker Expedition I 1915-1919 John wanamaker Expedition II 1922-1927 Expedition August 1928-May 1929 Expedition 1930-1932

While each expedition included the collection of artifacts the first wanamaker expedition included trips to Northern Chilkoot and Chilkot regions to record Tlingit songs. during the second Wanamaker trip, Shotridge travelled to photograph abandoned and living Tlingit communities. During the third season Louis was an active member of the Alaska Native Brotherhood and helped organize the Grand Camp in Sitka in 1929. The trip was shortened due to the death of his wife and financial concerns at the musuem. He purchased only two objects on this trip, a Kaagwaantaan shark helmet and a wooden tray. Louis returned to install the Museum’s new American Wing in May of 1929. The fourth expedition was shortened due to the Depression and the termination of most museum employees including Shotridge.

Following his return to Sitka Shotridge made his living from fishing, doing odd jobs and selling the occasional artifact. In 1935, he took a job as a government stream guard. His responsibility was to prevent fishing in closed areas, and it was an unpopular duty among Native fishermen.

In 1937, Shotridge was found on the ground near his cabinet in Redoubt Bay, about 16 miles south of Sitka. He had a broken neck and had apparently lain there for several days before a local schoolteacher found him. He was taken to a hospital in Sitka where he died 10 days later. The coroner's jury concluded that Shotridge had fallen from the roof and ruled it an accident. while this is a generally accepted fact, there were rumors that his death was not accidental in the community

Biography/History

Robert James Burkitt, born on January 18, 1869 in Athenry, County Galway, Ireland, was the son of Reverend Thomas Henry Burkitt and Emma Eliza Parsons. At age 14, due to economic conditions, he was sent to live with an aunt in Nova Scotia where he attended Dalhousie College. Burkitt took honors in mathematics there and enrolled at Harvard University to study mining. While he was known as a recluse among the Harvard students, Burkitt developed a friendship with George Byron Gordon based on their shared interests in engineering and their talents in drafting and art. Burkitt received his A.B. from Harvard in 1891.

Burkitt first traveled to Guatemala in 1894 as George Gordon's assistant on the Fourth Copan Expedition. In the five months of the expedition, Gordon instructed Burkitt in the basics of excavation. Gordon returned to Cambridge when the excavation was completed, but it is believed that Burkitt never returned to North America, becoming enamored of the culture and language of the Maya. In his early years in Guatemala, Burkitt visited the Kekchi-speaking Maya who lived in the Alta Verapaz. He wandered the countryside, visiting the Indian villages, learning the different languages and customs of the native people, and following native guides to sacred ruins. Burkitt never established a permanent residence in Guatemala, living with one group of friends or another. He rented an apartment in Guatemala City when business took him there, under his pseudonym, Mr. Brown.

Burkitt maintained a sporadic correspondence with his friend George Gordon who by 1910 was Director of the Free Museum of Science and Art (later renamed The University Museum). Burkitt had attained some recognition for articles on linguistics, "Notes on the Kekchi Language" having been published in American Anthropologist. Burkitt and Gordon entered into an agreement whereby Burkitt would devote a portion of each year to exploring and acquiring artifacts for the Museum for a monthly fee plus expenses. This agreement stood for many years despite attempts to get Burkitt to sign contracts and make changes to his highly eccentric style of work. Burkitt could be critical and prickly in his correspondence especially opinionated about the work of others on the Indian language and changes to his material when published.

Burkitt's letters and his Catalogue never fail to contain information on the folklore, ritual, crafts, and language of the Maya. The collection contains regular correspondence with George Gordon until Gordon's death in 1927. Burkitt then kept the Museum apprised of his exploits through letters to Miss McHugh, the Treasurer. When Horace H.F. Jayne took over as Director, Burkitt communicated with him. In addition to letters and records relating to shipments to the Museum, Burkitt kept extensive catalogue entries for each item accompanied by references to geography and the excavation process connected to their discovery. Photographs depict the sites, stages of excavation, and objects discovered. Many of the pictures are mounted by Burkitt. His own discoveries are accompanied by photographs of items purchased from collectors.

Burkitt discovered The Ratinlixul Vase, recovered in 1923. His works, published in the Museum Journal, included "A Journey in Northern Guatemala" in 1924 and "Excavations at Chocola and Explorations in the Highlands of Western Guatemala" in 1930.

Burkitt's interest in linguistics was ever present. He worked for many years on a grammar and dictionary of the Kekchi language; "investigating grammar in my own way". This work was not completed when he suffered a fatal stroke in 1945. Burkitt's papers were thought to be lost until Elin Danien, then Coordinator of Museum Events, visited Guatemala in 1985. Danien contacted relatives of Kensett Champney, a friend with whom Burkitt lived, and discovered that some early notebooks were indeed still in the family's possession.

Burkitt is buried in the British Cemetery in Guatemala City.

Scope and Contents

The papers of Louis Shotridge are one of the most extensive groups in the Arctic research collections of the University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives. The Archives has papers concerning his original research, arranged topically, manuscripts for articles published in The Museum Journal, oral histories, Tlingit language notes, and general ethnographic notes on the Tlingit and other Northwest Coast groups. Several items in this section are of special interest. A 1919 published map is annotated with Shotridge’s itinerary during one of his travels seeking collections and information. Also a folder of original drawings, attributed to Shotridge, that illustrate house plans and artistic motifs. Finally, an indexed ethnographic card file fills one box. This file contains information on many aspects of native life in southeast Alaska, much of it unpublished. Certain titled sections of the file have no cards; otherwise, the file appears to be relatively complete, with only a few cards obviously missing. The only other noticeable gaps in the research material are a few incomplete article manuscripts.

Scope and Contents

The Robert Burkitt Excavation Records consist of 1.4 linear feet of correspondence, catalogues and reports, photographs, and notes and studies on the collection. The records have been compiled from the material sent to the Museum by Robert Burkitt from his exploration and excavations in Guatemala during the years 1913 through 1939 and the work on the collection by J. Alden Mason. Notes on the collection by William R. Coe comment on Burkitt and the work of Mary Butler, an expert on the pottery of the region. Studies of the collection by students of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania are also included.

The correspondence from Burkitt to the Museum is arranged chronologically. His catalogue and reports contain catalogue numbers that are not chronological but are referenced to his letters. The photographs, numbered from 101 to 326 then 804 to 807 were divided into folders using the numbers. Mason's notes are undated but those from William R.Coe date from 1953. The studies on the collection are from 1977 and 1978. Mason's notes were divided into three folders, a notebook, a chart and chart notes, and notes on Chama. Coe's material was also divided into folders of notes, photographs, and drawings.

The correspondence series reflects Burkitt's tendency to write infrequently, mostly to his friend George Gordon, and with a great attention to detail. Some letters are very long and contain information on his travels in the area. Burkitt included drawings and comments on the existing maps of the areas. Political commentary is sometimes included and Burkitt shows worries about the security of the mail to and from the museum. At times, the letters are lists of objects being sent to the museum, lists of expenses, and shipping information. Communications are written from Coban, Senahu, San Cristobal, Chiantla, Verapaz and the ruins near Chipal. Later letters come from Ciudad Guatemala and Belize.

The letters from the period 1924 to 1926 are sometimes accompanied by responses from George Gordon which have been photocopied from Gordon's collection of letters. (see Letters G.B. Gordon-Burkitt, Special Collections, Bound Volumes, Letterbooks, G.B. Gordon).

A separate folder was created for one correspondence from Robert Burkitt's father, J.H. Burkitt, to the Museum dated 1915. Reverend Burkitt sought information about the whereabouts of his son. The Catalogues and Reports of the Robert Burkitt excavation records contain descriptions of all of the items sent to the Museum from the Guatemala sites. All entries in this folder are hand-written in phonetic English. The notes are in good condition and accompanied by small, exquisite drawings of the items. Divided into three columns on each page, the first column contains the number assigned by the museum, the second, the number of the item assigned by Burkitt in numerical order, and the third a description of the item. The first portion of the catalogue consists mostly of pottery. Burkitt often writes several pages of information about an object or region.

Burkitt's later entries are type-written in the same phonetic style. For these entries, Burkitt makes use of hand-drawn maps of the area showing the arrangement of the mounds and graves in it. He includes rubbings of fragments, carvings, and pots found. Burkitt refers to the number of the photograph in the collection which corresponds to the item of the dig.

The original photographs of Robert Burkitt are contained in envelopes or mounted by Burkitt on heavy paper with notes and encased in mylar. Pictures of the objects are usually mounted. Burkitt meticulously referenced the photos to the text of the catalogue. In addition, the negative numbers are provided on the back of many photographs. The photographs depict the regions of Chocola, Kixpek, Ratinixul, Belize, Quatsoltenango, San Vicente, El Castillo, Alta Verapaz, Aintun, the Sayte River region, Coban, Xolchun, and Kuchumata, among others. In addition to objects found by Burkitt, there are also photographs of items from the Kanter Collection, part of another "private collection in Polo Gordo", and the collection of Henry Kummerfeldt.

Four folders contain photographs related to Burkitt's correspondence with George Gordon in July, October, and November 1913. One folder of these photographs is undated. Material published in the Museum Journal in 1918 and 1930 are contained in a separate folder, with negatives for only a few. The negatives, in envelopes, may reflect a need for conservation assessment.

Notes and Studies on the Collection are contained in eight folders. The material reflects comments and charts by J. Alden Mason and notes from William Coe. Coe's notes notes relate not only to Burkitt but also to Mary Butler, a research associate at the University of Pennsylvania who was an expert on the pottery of the Maya Indians of Guatemala. The mounted drawings of pottery included with this series are believed to be part of Mary Butler's work. Many of the drawings are numbered and are from Chipal and Chama. A separate "analysis" of a "small tubular object"(# 11258) by A.E.Parkinson is also contained with the series on notes and studies.

The series also contains hand-written course notes and papers written by students for the class, "W. Coe Anthropology Class: Studies of Burkitt and Butler". The papers deal with the sites at Tambor, Kixpek, Chama, Chicun, San Pedro Carcha, and an analysis of Mary Butler's excavations and work in Guatemala. Site diagrams are present for the San Pedro Carcha area.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  August 2009

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Eleanor M. King, December, 1982 and Alessandro Pezzati, October, 2007

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

Revision Description

 2/23/12

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts for publication
  • Maps
  • Negatives (photographic)
  • Photographic prints
  • Photographs
Personal Name(s)
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Sapir, Edward, 1889-1939
  • Shotridge, Louis
  • Speck, Frank G., 1881-1950
Subject(s)
  • Anthropological museums and collections
  • Ethnology
  • Ethnology--Indigenous peoples
  • Tlingit art
  • Tlingit Indians

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Correspondence
  • Photographic prints
  • Photographs
Personal Name(s)
  • Burkitt, Robert James, 1869-1945
  • Butler, Mary, 1903-1970
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Subject(s)
  • Archaeological expeditions
  • Archaeology--History
  • Excavations (Archaeology)
  • Maya language

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Bibliography

Mason, J. A., "Louis Shotridge" Expedition, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 11-16

Shotridge, Florence, "The Life of a Chilkat Indian Girl." The Museum Journal 4:3. 1913

Shotridge, Louis, "War Helmets and Clan Hats of the Tlingit Indians." The Museum Journal 10:1-2. 1919.

Shotridge, Louis, "A Visit to the Tsimshian Indians." The Museum Journal 10:1-2,3. 1919.

Shotridge, Louis, "The Bride of Tongass (A Study of the Tlingit Bridal Ceremony)." The Museum Journal 20:2. 1929.

Shotridge, Louis, "The Kaguanton Shark Helmet." The Museum Journal 20:3-4. 1929.

Shotridge, Louis, "How Ats-ha Followed the Hide of His Comrade to the Land of the Yek (A Tlingit Legend)." The Museum Journal 21:3-4. 1930.

Shotridge, Louis, "Keyt-Gooshe 'Killer Whale’s Dorsal Fin' (A Tlingit Dance Baton)." The Museum Journal 10:4. 1919.

Shotridge, Louis, "Ghost of Courageous Adventurer (A Tlingit Legend)." The Museum Journal 11:1. 1920.

Shotridge, Louis, "My Northland Revisited." The Museum Journal 8:2. 1917.

Shotridge, Louis, "Anthropological exploration of Alaska." Science, n.s., XLIX: 1273:491. 1919.

Shotridge, Louis, "Land Otter - Man (A Tlingit Myth)." The Museum Journal 13:1. 1922.

Shotridge, Louis, "The Emblems of the Tlingit Culture." The Museum Journal 19:4. 1928.

Shotridge, Louis, "Tlingit Woman’s Root Basket." The Museum Journal 12:3. 1921.

Shotridge, Louis and Florence Shotridge, "Indians of the Northwest." The Museum Journal 4:3. 1913.

Wanneh, Gewasa, "Situwaka Chief of the Chilkats" Society of American Indians, Quarterly Journal, vol. II, pp. 280-283

Collection Inventory

Correspondence, 1905-1937.

Series Description

Correspondence mostly with Museum Director George B. Gordon, but also to Director Horace H. F. Jayne and Jane McHugh, describing progress of fieldwork and collecting. Also included are expense reports and lists of artifacts purchased. Letters from Gordon to Shotridge until October, 1922 are in the Director’s Office letterpress copybooks; after that date, carbon copies of Museum letters are included in the Shotridge correspondence. Arranged chronologically.

Related Archival Materials note

See Gordon Letterpress books for correspondence from Gordon to Shotridge.

Box

Correspondence (1 of 10), 1905-1909.

1

Correspondence (2 of 10), 1911-1917.

1

Correspondence (3 of 10), 1918.

1

Correspondence (4 of 10), 1919-1923.

1

Correspondence (5 of 10), 1924.

1

Correspondence (6 of 10), 1925.

1

Correspondence (7 of 10), 1926-1927.

1

Correspondence (8 of 10), 1928-1929.

1

Correspondence (9 of 10), 1930-1931.

1

Correspondence (10 of 10), 1932-1937.

1

Financial Records, 1912-1932.

Scope and Contents note

Cancelled checks and vouchers for fieldwork and collecting expenses. Expense reports are found in the Correspondence Series. Arranged chronologically.

Box

Canceled Checks and Vouchers.

1

Curatorial, 1911-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Letters, memoranda, reports, and collection notes relating to miscellaneous curatorial duties performed by Shotridge in the American Section. Also included is work by Shotridge on Museum exhibitions. Arranged topically.

Box

Miscellaneous Correspondence.

1

Exhibit Labels.

1

Note on Root Basket.

1

Miscellaneous, including lists of collections.

1

North American Exhibition-1925 Room AA.

2

North American Exhibition-1925 Room BB-Alaska Eskimo.

2

Manuscripts, 1913-1933.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts of articles published by Shotridge in The Museum Journal, recounting Tlingit myths, expedition narratives, and descriptions and interpretations of artifacts. Also includes some unpublished material and public school lectures. Arranged chronologically.

Box

"Chilkat Dwelling House" and "Smoking or Food Preparing House" 1913.

1

"War Helmets and Clan Hats of the Tlingit Indians" 1919.

1

"The Ghost of Courageous Adventurer" 1920.

1

"Tlingit Woman's Root Basket" 1921.

1

"Land Otter-Man" 1922.

1

"The Emblems of the Tlingit Culture" ( Medoff) 1928.

1

"The Bride of Tongass" 1929.

1

"The Kaguanton Shark Helmet" 1929.

1

"How Ats-ha Followed the Hide of His Comrade to the Land of the Yek" [Fragment] 1930.

1

"Vengeance" 1933.

1

"The Vanishing Nobility of Alaska".

1

Public School Lectures— “First White Man”.

2

Public School Lectures -“Lantern Slides — The American Territory of Alaska — Its Peoples and Its History”.

2

Public School Lectures-“Alaska-The Country and Its People”.

2

Public School Lectures-“Moldy Head-Adventure of ‘Alive in Pond’ in the Salmon World”.

2

Research, 1914-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Includes one notebook of linguistic work prepared by Shotridge for and with Franz Boas, and a box of notes on the ethnography, language, history, genealogy, etc., of the Tlingit. Arranged topically.

Box

Notebook on Tlingit language and grammar, Shotridge work with Franz Boas; includes Tlingit songs and article for The Museum Journal.

1

Ethnographic notes (oversize from card file).

1

Ethnographic notes-Photocopies from the Alaska State Museum Ethnographic notes-Photocopies from the Alaska State Museum.

1

Ethnographic Notes with subject tabs.

2

Shotridge negative sleeves with identifications, 4x5 (nos. 14704–14950, mostly 14704-14792).

2

Shotridge negative sleeves with identifications, 5x7 (nos. 14744–14754).

2
Visual Materials.
Scope and Contents note

Approximately 500 photographs of people and places in Alaska and British Columbia taken by Shotridge in the field, as well as an annotated published map of Southeastern Alaska used by Shotridge, and drawings of houses and decorative motifs made by Shotridge for a Museum Journal article. Maps and drawings stored in oversize flat files, photographic collections stored by type with the negative, lantern slide, or print collections. Two additional drawings and a hand-drawn map are found in the Ethnographic Notes.

Drawer
Drawings of Tlingit houses and decorative motifs, mostly published in "Indians of the Northwest," The Museum Journal Vol IV No. 3 (Philadelphia: September, 1913). Attributed to Louis Shotridge.
P-36
Drawer

Chilkat blanket. .

P-36

Artistic motifs and portrait of Tlingit man. .

P-36

Artistic motifs. .

P-36

Fig. 68, Chilkat dwelling house, floor plan. .

P-36

Fig. 69, Chilkat dwelling house, framework. .

P-36

Fig. 70, Dwelling house, rear wall and framework. Fig. 71, Dwelling house, front wall and framework. .

P-36

Fig. 72, Manufacturing of boards and planks. Fig. 73, Cornice. Fig. 74, Making of corner-post. Unpublished figure, Cornice. .

P-36

Fig. 75, Dwelling house, exterior side wall. Fig. 76, Longitudinal section of dwelling house. .

P-36

Fig. 77, Food preparing house, floor plan. .

P-36

Fig. 78, Food preparing house, transverse section showing construction. Fig. 80, Food preparing house, front wall and framework. .

P-36

Fig. 79, Food preparing house, framework. .

P-36

Fig. 81, Food preparing house, longitudinal section. Fig. 82, Food preparing house, exterior side wall. .

P-36

Published map of Southeastern Alaska annotated with Shotridge’s itinerary. 8002. Alaska, Dixon Entrance to Cape St. Elias (Washington, DC: U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey).

M-58

Photographs (including prints, negatives, and lantern slides).

Scope and Contents note

A list of negatives in this collection is available by request.

Collection Inventory

Correspondence, 1903-1939.

Box

List of letters to Robert Burkitt.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (1 of 10) 1904-1913.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (2 of 10) 1913.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (3 of 10) 1914-1915.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (4 of 10) 1916-1917.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (5 of 10) 1918-1919.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (6 of 10) 1920.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (7 of 10) 1921-1923.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (8 of 10) 1924.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (9 of 10) 1925.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (10 of 10) 1926.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon and Miss McHugh 1927.

1

Robert Burkitt to Miss McHugh 1928-1929.

1

Robert Burkitt to Horace Jayne and Miss McHugh 1930-1932.

1

Robert Burkitt to Horace Jayne and Miss McHugh 1933-1939.

1

Letter of Rev. J.H. Burkitt (father of Robert Burkitt) 1915.

1

Notes and Studies on Collection, 1953-1978.

Box

J. Alden Mason notes (1 of 3) 1953-1978.

4

J. Alden Mason notes (2 of 3).

4

J. Alden Mason notes (3 of 3).

4

William R. Coe Notes on Burkitt and Butler (1 of 3).

4

William R. Coe Notes on Burkitt and Butler ( 2 of 3).

3

William R. Coe Notes on Burkitt and Butler (3 of 3).

Box 3

Kixpek, El Quiche, Guatemala.

The Burkitt Excavations at Chama; A Preliminary Report.

The Robert Burkitt Skeletal collection from Highland Guatemala.

William Coe Anthropology Class Studies of Burkitt and Butler.

Catalogues and Reports, 1913-1930.

Box

Checklist of numbers and provenience.

2

Catalogue numbers 1 to 99 (1 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 100 to 200 (2 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 201 to 331 (3 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 332 to 623 (4 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 624 to 786 (5 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 787 to 803 (6 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 804 to 811 (7 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 812 to 962 (8 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 962 to 1090 (9 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 1091 to 1109 (10 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 1110 to 1115 (11 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 1116 to 1154 (12 of 12).

2

Typed Draft of "Explorations in the Highlands of Western Guatemala".

2

Photographs, 1913-1930.

Box

Photographs 101 to 156 (1 of 8).

2

Photographs 157 to 203 (2 of 8).

2

Photographs 204 to 243 (3 of 8).

2

Photographs 244 to 261 (4 of 8).

2

Photographs 262 to 287 (5 of 8).

2

Photographs 288 to 326 (6 of 8).

2

Photographs 804-1 to 804-24 (7 of 8).

2

Photographs 804-25 to 807 (8 of 8).

2

Miscellaneous and unidentified.

2

Photos relating to letters of Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (1 of 4).

2

Photos relating to letters of Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (2 of 4).

2

Photos relating to letters of Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (3 of 4).

2

Photos relating to letters of Robert Burkitt to George Gordon, undated (4 of 4).

2

Museum Journal.

2

Negatives.

2

Maps and Plans.

Louis Shotridge Collection

0047

Louis Shotridge Collection

0047

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Shotridge, Louis
Title:
Louis Shotridge Collection
Date [inclusive]:
1905-1937
Call Number:
0047
Extent:
1 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
The papers of Louis Shotridge are one of the most extensive groups in the Arctic research collections of the University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives. Shotridge, a Tlingit Indian, was intermittently employed by the museum to make ethnographic collections of Northwest Coast materials between 1903 and 1912. The archives has papers concerning his original research, arranged topically, manuscripts for articles published in The Museum Journal, oral histories, Tlingit language notes, and general ethnographic notes on the Tlingit and other Northwest Coast groups.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Louis Shotridge collection. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Burkitt, Robert James, 1869-1945
Title:
Robert Burkitt expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1913-1930
Date [inclusive]:
1903-1939
Call Number:
1102
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet ()
Language:
English
Container:
2
Abstract:
Robert Burkitt lived and worked in Guatemala for most of his life. A graduate of Harvard University, he first traveled to Central America in 1894 with George Gordon as Gordon's assistant on the Fourth Coban Expedition. Burkitt became enamored with the culture and language of the Maya and never returned to North America. He traveled the countryside, corresponding with Gordon, and collecting items for the Museum under a loosely binding agreement with Gordon and later Horace Jayne. Burkitt's letters and catalogues are rich documents depicting the cultural, linguistic, topological, and historical features of the Guatemala Highlands. Burkitt wrote and worked from the areas of Chama, Chipal, Coban, Senahu, Chiantla, Chocola, and other areas of the Alta Verapaz region. He produced a detailed catalogue of his discoveries accompanied by photgraphs and drawings. Among Burkitt's discoveries is the Ratinixul Vase unearthed in 1923. His work was published in the Museum Journal in 1924 and 1930. Burkitt also wrote about the languages of the Maya, leaving an unfinished grammar and dictionary of the Kekchi language at his death in 1945.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Robert Burkitt excavation records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Biography/History

Louis Situwuka Shotridge, a Tlingit indian of noble birth, was born in Klukwan, near Haines, Alaska in 1882. He is known for being an American art collector and ethnological assistant, an expert on the traditions of his people, the Tlingit nation of southeastern Alaska. His Tlingit name was Stoowukháa, which means "Astute One."

Louis atended the Mission School in Haines where he met is future wife, Florence Dennis. Florence was an accomplished weaver of baskets and displayed her technique at the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in Portland, Oregon in 1905. Louis accompanied his wife to sell artifacts from Klukwan. He sold forty-nine items to George Byron Gordon of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and was hired by Gordon to collect more objects for the museum.

In 1912, Shotridge visited Philadelphia and met Frank Speck who introduced Shotridge to Canadian anthropologist Edward Sapir. Soon, Shotridge was providing essays, information and objects to Sapir also. A meeting with Franz Boas in 1914 in New York resulted in Shotridge's providing him with recordings of the Tlingit language and musicology. This led to Shotridge holding weekly round-table discussions with Boas and other anthropologists at Columbia University.

Shotridge was employed by the Penn Museum for seventeen years as an assistant curator. He was dismissed in 1932 at the height of the Museum's financial crisis.

Louis Shotridge participated in four expeditions, being co-director of the first with his wife, Florence: John Wanamaker Expedition I 1915-1919 John wanamaker Expedition II 1922-1927 Expedition August 1928-May 1929 Expedition 1930-1932

While each expedition included the collection of artifacts the first wanamaker expedition included trips to Northern Chilkoot and Chilkot regions to record Tlingit songs. during the second Wanamaker trip, Shotridge travelled to photograph abandoned and living Tlingit communities. During the third season Louis was an active member of the Alaska Native Brotherhood and helped organize the Grand Camp in Sitka in 1929. The trip was shortened due to the death of his wife and financial concerns at the musuem. He purchased only two objects on this trip, a Kaagwaantaan shark helmet and a wooden tray. Louis returned to install the Museum’s new American Wing in May of 1929. The fourth expedition was shortened due to the Depression and the termination of most museum employees including Shotridge.

Following his return to Sitka Shotridge made his living from fishing, doing odd jobs and selling the occasional artifact. In 1935, he took a job as a government stream guard. His responsibility was to prevent fishing in closed areas, and it was an unpopular duty among Native fishermen.

In 1937, Shotridge was found on the ground near his cabinet in Redoubt Bay, about 16 miles south of Sitka. He had a broken neck and had apparently lain there for several days before a local schoolteacher found him. He was taken to a hospital in Sitka where he died 10 days later. The coroner's jury concluded that Shotridge had fallen from the roof and ruled it an accident. while this is a generally accepted fact, there were rumors that his death was not accidental in the community

Biography/History

Robert James Burkitt, born on January 18, 1869 in Athenry, County Galway, Ireland, was the son of Reverend Thomas Henry Burkitt and Emma Eliza Parsons. At age 14, due to economic conditions, he was sent to live with an aunt in Nova Scotia where he attended Dalhousie College. Burkitt took honors in mathematics there and enrolled at Harvard University to study mining. While he was known as a recluse among the Harvard students, Burkitt developed a friendship with George Byron Gordon based on their shared interests in engineering and their talents in drafting and art. Burkitt received his A.B. from Harvard in 1891.

Burkitt first traveled to Guatemala in 1894 as George Gordon's assistant on the Fourth Copan Expedition. In the five months of the expedition, Gordon instructed Burkitt in the basics of excavation. Gordon returned to Cambridge when the excavation was completed, but it is believed that Burkitt never returned to North America, becoming enamored of the culture and language of the Maya. In his early years in Guatemala, Burkitt visited the Kekchi-speaking Maya who lived in the Alta Verapaz. He wandered the countryside, visiting the Indian villages, learning the different languages and customs of the native people, and following native guides to sacred ruins. Burkitt never established a permanent residence in Guatemala, living with one group of friends or another. He rented an apartment in Guatemala City when business took him there, under his pseudonym, Mr. Brown.

Burkitt maintained a sporadic correspondence with his friend George Gordon who by 1910 was Director of the Free Museum of Science and Art (later renamed The University Museum). Burkitt had attained some recognition for articles on linguistics, "Notes on the Kekchi Language" having been published in American Anthropologist. Burkitt and Gordon entered into an agreement whereby Burkitt would devote a portion of each year to exploring and acquiring artifacts for the Museum for a monthly fee plus expenses. This agreement stood for many years despite attempts to get Burkitt to sign contracts and make changes to his highly eccentric style of work. Burkitt could be critical and prickly in his correspondence especially opinionated about the work of others on the Indian language and changes to his material when published.

Burkitt's letters and his Catalogue never fail to contain information on the folklore, ritual, crafts, and language of the Maya. The collection contains regular correspondence with George Gordon until Gordon's death in 1927. Burkitt then kept the Museum apprised of his exploits through letters to Miss McHugh, the Treasurer. When Horace H.F. Jayne took over as Director, Burkitt communicated with him. In addition to letters and records relating to shipments to the Museum, Burkitt kept extensive catalogue entries for each item accompanied by references to geography and the excavation process connected to their discovery. Photographs depict the sites, stages of excavation, and objects discovered. Many of the pictures are mounted by Burkitt. His own discoveries are accompanied by photographs of items purchased from collectors.

Burkitt discovered The Ratinlixul Vase, recovered in 1923. His works, published in the Museum Journal, included "A Journey in Northern Guatemala" in 1924 and "Excavations at Chocola and Explorations in the Highlands of Western Guatemala" in 1930.

Burkitt's interest in linguistics was ever present. He worked for many years on a grammar and dictionary of the Kekchi language; "investigating grammar in my own way". This work was not completed when he suffered a fatal stroke in 1945. Burkitt's papers were thought to be lost until Elin Danien, then Coordinator of Museum Events, visited Guatemala in 1985. Danien contacted relatives of Kensett Champney, a friend with whom Burkitt lived, and discovered that some early notebooks were indeed still in the family's possession.

Burkitt is buried in the British Cemetery in Guatemala City.

Scope and Contents

The papers of Louis Shotridge are one of the most extensive groups in the Arctic research collections of the University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives. The Archives has papers concerning his original research, arranged topically, manuscripts for articles published in The Museum Journal, oral histories, Tlingit language notes, and general ethnographic notes on the Tlingit and other Northwest Coast groups. Several items in this section are of special interest. A 1919 published map is annotated with Shotridge’s itinerary during one of his travels seeking collections and information. Also a folder of original drawings, attributed to Shotridge, that illustrate house plans and artistic motifs. Finally, an indexed ethnographic card file fills one box. This file contains information on many aspects of native life in southeast Alaska, much of it unpublished. Certain titled sections of the file have no cards; otherwise, the file appears to be relatively complete, with only a few cards obviously missing. The only other noticeable gaps in the research material are a few incomplete article manuscripts.

Scope and Contents

The Robert Burkitt Excavation Records consist of 1.4 linear feet of correspondence, catalogues and reports, photographs, and notes and studies on the collection. The records have been compiled from the material sent to the Museum by Robert Burkitt from his exploration and excavations in Guatemala during the years 1913 through 1939 and the work on the collection by J. Alden Mason. Notes on the collection by William R. Coe comment on Burkitt and the work of Mary Butler, an expert on the pottery of the region. Studies of the collection by students of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania are also included.

The correspondence from Burkitt to the Museum is arranged chronologically. His catalogue and reports contain catalogue numbers that are not chronological but are referenced to his letters. The photographs, numbered from 101 to 326 then 804 to 807 were divided into folders using the numbers. Mason's notes are undated but those from William R.Coe date from 1953. The studies on the collection are from 1977 and 1978. Mason's notes were divided into three folders, a notebook, a chart and chart notes, and notes on Chama. Coe's material was also divided into folders of notes, photographs, and drawings.

The correspondence series reflects Burkitt's tendency to write infrequently, mostly to his friend George Gordon, and with a great attention to detail. Some letters are very long and contain information on his travels in the area. Burkitt included drawings and comments on the existing maps of the areas. Political commentary is sometimes included and Burkitt shows worries about the security of the mail to and from the museum. At times, the letters are lists of objects being sent to the museum, lists of expenses, and shipping information. Communications are written from Coban, Senahu, San Cristobal, Chiantla, Verapaz and the ruins near Chipal. Later letters come from Ciudad Guatemala and Belize.

The letters from the period 1924 to 1926 are sometimes accompanied by responses from George Gordon which have been photocopied from Gordon's collection of letters. (see Letters G.B. Gordon-Burkitt, Special Collections, Bound Volumes, Letterbooks, G.B. Gordon).

A separate folder was created for one correspondence from Robert Burkitt's father, J.H. Burkitt, to the Museum dated 1915. Reverend Burkitt sought information about the whereabouts of his son. The Catalogues and Reports of the Robert Burkitt excavation records contain descriptions of all of the items sent to the Museum from the Guatemala sites. All entries in this folder are hand-written in phonetic English. The notes are in good condition and accompanied by small, exquisite drawings of the items. Divided into three columns on each page, the first column contains the number assigned by the museum, the second, the number of the item assigned by Burkitt in numerical order, and the third a description of the item. The first portion of the catalogue consists mostly of pottery. Burkitt often writes several pages of information about an object or region.

Burkitt's later entries are type-written in the same phonetic style. For these entries, Burkitt makes use of hand-drawn maps of the area showing the arrangement of the mounds and graves in it. He includes rubbings of fragments, carvings, and pots found. Burkitt refers to the number of the photograph in the collection which corresponds to the item of the dig.

The original photographs of Robert Burkitt are contained in envelopes or mounted by Burkitt on heavy paper with notes and encased in mylar. Pictures of the objects are usually mounted. Burkitt meticulously referenced the photos to the text of the catalogue. In addition, the negative numbers are provided on the back of many photographs. The photographs depict the regions of Chocola, Kixpek, Ratinixul, Belize, Quatsoltenango, San Vicente, El Castillo, Alta Verapaz, Aintun, the Sayte River region, Coban, Xolchun, and Kuchumata, among others. In addition to objects found by Burkitt, there are also photographs of items from the Kanter Collection, part of another "private collection in Polo Gordo", and the collection of Henry Kummerfeldt.

Four folders contain photographs related to Burkitt's correspondence with George Gordon in July, October, and November 1913. One folder of these photographs is undated. Material published in the Museum Journal in 1918 and 1930 are contained in a separate folder, with negatives for only a few. The negatives, in envelopes, may reflect a need for conservation assessment.

Notes and Studies on the Collection are contained in eight folders. The material reflects comments and charts by J. Alden Mason and notes from William Coe. Coe's notes notes relate not only to Burkitt but also to Mary Butler, a research associate at the University of Pennsylvania who was an expert on the pottery of the Maya Indians of Guatemala. The mounted drawings of pottery included with this series are believed to be part of Mary Butler's work. Many of the drawings are numbered and are from Chipal and Chama. A separate "analysis" of a "small tubular object"(# 11258) by A.E.Parkinson is also contained with the series on notes and studies.

The series also contains hand-written course notes and papers written by students for the class, "W. Coe Anthropology Class: Studies of Burkitt and Butler". The papers deal with the sites at Tambor, Kixpek, Chama, Chicun, San Pedro Carcha, and an analysis of Mary Butler's excavations and work in Guatemala. Site diagrams are present for the San Pedro Carcha area.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  August 2009

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Eleanor M. King, December, 1982 and Alessandro Pezzati, October, 2007

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

Revision Description

 2/23/12

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts for publication
  • Maps
  • Negatives (photographic)
  • Photographic prints
  • Photographs
Personal Name(s)
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Sapir, Edward, 1889-1939
  • Shotridge, Louis
  • Speck, Frank G., 1881-1950
Subject(s)
  • Anthropological museums and collections
  • Ethnology
  • Ethnology--Indigenous peoples
  • Tlingit art
  • Tlingit Indians

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Correspondence
  • Photographic prints
  • Photographs
Personal Name(s)
  • Burkitt, Robert James, 1869-1945
  • Butler, Mary, 1903-1970
  • Gordon, G. B. (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Subject(s)
  • Archaeological expeditions
  • Archaeology--History
  • Excavations (Archaeology)
  • Maya language

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Bibliography

Mason, J. A., "Louis Shotridge" Expedition, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 11-16

Shotridge, Florence, "The Life of a Chilkat Indian Girl." The Museum Journal 4:3. 1913

Shotridge, Louis, "War Helmets and Clan Hats of the Tlingit Indians." The Museum Journal 10:1-2. 1919.

Shotridge, Louis, "A Visit to the Tsimshian Indians." The Museum Journal 10:1-2,3. 1919.

Shotridge, Louis, "The Bride of Tongass (A Study of the Tlingit Bridal Ceremony)." The Museum Journal 20:2. 1929.

Shotridge, Louis, "The Kaguanton Shark Helmet." The Museum Journal 20:3-4. 1929.

Shotridge, Louis, "How Ats-ha Followed the Hide of His Comrade to the Land of the Yek (A Tlingit Legend)." The Museum Journal 21:3-4. 1930.

Shotridge, Louis, "Keyt-Gooshe 'Killer Whale’s Dorsal Fin' (A Tlingit Dance Baton)." The Museum Journal 10:4. 1919.

Shotridge, Louis, "Ghost of Courageous Adventurer (A Tlingit Legend)." The Museum Journal 11:1. 1920.

Shotridge, Louis, "My Northland Revisited." The Museum Journal 8:2. 1917.

Shotridge, Louis, "Anthropological exploration of Alaska." Science, n.s., XLIX: 1273:491. 1919.

Shotridge, Louis, "Land Otter - Man (A Tlingit Myth)." The Museum Journal 13:1. 1922.

Shotridge, Louis, "The Emblems of the Tlingit Culture." The Museum Journal 19:4. 1928.

Shotridge, Louis, "Tlingit Woman’s Root Basket." The Museum Journal 12:3. 1921.

Shotridge, Louis and Florence Shotridge, "Indians of the Northwest." The Museum Journal 4:3. 1913.

Wanneh, Gewasa, "Situwaka Chief of the Chilkats" Society of American Indians, Quarterly Journal, vol. II, pp. 280-283

Collection Inventory

Correspondence, 1905-1937.

Series Description

Correspondence mostly with Museum Director George B. Gordon, but also to Director Horace H. F. Jayne and Jane McHugh, describing progress of fieldwork and collecting. Also included are expense reports and lists of artifacts purchased. Letters from Gordon to Shotridge until October, 1922 are in the Director’s Office letterpress copybooks; after that date, carbon copies of Museum letters are included in the Shotridge correspondence. Arranged chronologically.

Related Archival Materials note

See Gordon Letterpress books for correspondence from Gordon to Shotridge.

Box

Correspondence (1 of 10), 1905-1909.

1

Correspondence (2 of 10), 1911-1917.

1

Correspondence (3 of 10), 1918.

1

Correspondence (4 of 10), 1919-1923.

1

Correspondence (5 of 10), 1924.

1

Correspondence (6 of 10), 1925.

1

Correspondence (7 of 10), 1926-1927.

1

Correspondence (8 of 10), 1928-1929.

1

Correspondence (9 of 10), 1930-1931.

1

Correspondence (10 of 10), 1932-1937.

1

Financial Records, 1912-1932.

Scope and Contents note

Cancelled checks and vouchers for fieldwork and collecting expenses. Expense reports are found in the Correspondence Series. Arranged chronologically.

Box

Canceled Checks and Vouchers.

1

Curatorial, 1911-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Letters, memoranda, reports, and collection notes relating to miscellaneous curatorial duties performed by Shotridge in the American Section. Also included is work by Shotridge on Museum exhibitions. Arranged topically.

Box

Miscellaneous Correspondence.

1

Exhibit Labels.

1

Note on Root Basket.

1

Miscellaneous, including lists of collections.

1

North American Exhibition-1925 Room AA.

2

North American Exhibition-1925 Room BB-Alaska Eskimo.

2

Manuscripts, 1913-1933.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts of articles published by Shotridge in The Museum Journal, recounting Tlingit myths, expedition narratives, and descriptions and interpretations of artifacts. Also includes some unpublished material and public school lectures. Arranged chronologically.

Box

"Chilkat Dwelling House" and "Smoking or Food Preparing House" 1913.

1

"War Helmets and Clan Hats of the Tlingit Indians" 1919.

1

"The Ghost of Courageous Adventurer" 1920.

1

"Tlingit Woman's Root Basket" 1921.

1

"Land Otter-Man" 1922.

1

"The Emblems of the Tlingit Culture" ( Medoff) 1928.

1

"The Bride of Tongass" 1929.

1

"The Kaguanton Shark Helmet" 1929.

1

"How Ats-ha Followed the Hide of His Comrade to the Land of the Yek" [Fragment] 1930.

1

"Vengeance" 1933.

1

"The Vanishing Nobility of Alaska".

1

Public School Lectures— “First White Man”.

2

Public School Lectures -“Lantern Slides — The American Territory of Alaska — Its Peoples and Its History”.

2

Public School Lectures-“Alaska-The Country and Its People”.

2

Public School Lectures-“Moldy Head-Adventure of ‘Alive in Pond’ in the Salmon World”.

2

Research, 1914-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Includes one notebook of linguistic work prepared by Shotridge for and with Franz Boas, and a box of notes on the ethnography, language, history, genealogy, etc., of the Tlingit. Arranged topically.

Box

Notebook on Tlingit language and grammar, Shotridge work with Franz Boas; includes Tlingit songs and article for The Museum Journal.

1

Ethnographic notes (oversize from card file).

1

Ethnographic notes-Photocopies from the Alaska State Museum Ethnographic notes-Photocopies from the Alaska State Museum.

1

Ethnographic Notes with subject tabs.

2

Shotridge negative sleeves with identifications, 4x5 (nos. 14704–14950, mostly 14704-14792).

2

Shotridge negative sleeves with identifications, 5x7 (nos. 14744–14754).

2
Visual Materials.
Scope and Contents note

Approximately 500 photographs of people and places in Alaska and British Columbia taken by Shotridge in the field, as well as an annotated published map of Southeastern Alaska used by Shotridge, and drawings of houses and decorative motifs made by Shotridge for a Museum Journal article. Maps and drawings stored in oversize flat files, photographic collections stored by type with the negative, lantern slide, or print collections. Two additional drawings and a hand-drawn map are found in the Ethnographic Notes.

Drawer
Drawings of Tlingit houses and decorative motifs, mostly published in "Indians of the Northwest," The Museum Journal Vol IV No. 3 (Philadelphia: September, 1913). Attributed to Louis Shotridge.
P-36
Drawer

Chilkat blanket. .

P-36

Artistic motifs and portrait of Tlingit man. .

P-36

Artistic motifs. .

P-36

Fig. 68, Chilkat dwelling house, floor plan. .

P-36

Fig. 69, Chilkat dwelling house, framework. .

P-36

Fig. 70, Dwelling house, rear wall and framework. Fig. 71, Dwelling house, front wall and framework. .

P-36

Fig. 72, Manufacturing of boards and planks. Fig. 73, Cornice. Fig. 74, Making of corner-post. Unpublished figure, Cornice. .

P-36

Fig. 75, Dwelling house, exterior side wall. Fig. 76, Longitudinal section of dwelling house. .

P-36

Fig. 77, Food preparing house, floor plan. .

P-36

Fig. 78, Food preparing house, transverse section showing construction. Fig. 80, Food preparing house, front wall and framework. .

P-36

Fig. 79, Food preparing house, framework. .

P-36

Fig. 81, Food preparing house, longitudinal section. Fig. 82, Food preparing house, exterior side wall. .

P-36

Published map of Southeastern Alaska annotated with Shotridge’s itinerary. 8002. Alaska, Dixon Entrance to Cape St. Elias (Washington, DC: U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey).

M-58

Photographs (including prints, negatives, and lantern slides).

Scope and Contents note

A list of negatives in this collection is available by request.

Collection Inventory

Correspondence, 1903-1939.

Box

List of letters to Robert Burkitt.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (1 of 10) 1904-1913.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (2 of 10) 1913.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (3 of 10) 1914-1915.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (4 of 10) 1916-1917.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (5 of 10) 1918-1919.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (6 of 10) 1920.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (7 of 10) 1921-1923.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (8 of 10) 1924.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (9 of 10) 1925.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (10 of 10) 1926.

1

Robert Burkitt to George Gordon and Miss McHugh 1927.

1

Robert Burkitt to Miss McHugh 1928-1929.

1

Robert Burkitt to Horace Jayne and Miss McHugh 1930-1932.

1

Robert Burkitt to Horace Jayne and Miss McHugh 1933-1939.

1

Letter of Rev. J.H. Burkitt (father of Robert Burkitt) 1915.

1

Notes and Studies on Collection, 1953-1978.

Box

J. Alden Mason notes (1 of 3) 1953-1978.

4

J. Alden Mason notes (2 of 3).

4

J. Alden Mason notes (3 of 3).

4

William R. Coe Notes on Burkitt and Butler (1 of 3).

4

William R. Coe Notes on Burkitt and Butler ( 2 of 3).

3

William R. Coe Notes on Burkitt and Butler (3 of 3).

Box 3

Kixpek, El Quiche, Guatemala.

The Burkitt Excavations at Chama; A Preliminary Report.

The Robert Burkitt Skeletal collection from Highland Guatemala.

William Coe Anthropology Class Studies of Burkitt and Butler.

Catalogues and Reports, 1913-1930.

Box

Checklist of numbers and provenience.

2

Catalogue numbers 1 to 99 (1 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 100 to 200 (2 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 201 to 331 (3 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 332 to 623 (4 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 624 to 786 (5 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 787 to 803 (6 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 804 to 811 (7 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 812 to 962 (8 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 962 to 1090 (9 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 1091 to 1109 (10 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 1110 to 1115 (11 of 12).

2

Catalogue numbers 1116 to 1154 (12 of 12).

2

Typed Draft of "Explorations in the Highlands of Western Guatemala".

2

Photographs, 1913-1930.

Box

Photographs 101 to 156 (1 of 8).

2

Photographs 157 to 203 (2 of 8).

2

Photographs 204 to 243 (3 of 8).

2

Photographs 244 to 261 (4 of 8).

2

Photographs 262 to 287 (5 of 8).

2

Photographs 288 to 326 (6 of 8).

2

Photographs 804-1 to 804-24 (7 of 8).

2

Photographs 804-25 to 807 (8 of 8).

2

Miscellaneous and unidentified.

2

Photos relating to letters of Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (1 of 4).

2

Photos relating to letters of Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (2 of 4).

2

Photos relating to letters of Robert Burkitt to George Gordon (3 of 4).

2

Photos relating to letters of Robert Burkitt to George Gordon, undated (4 of 4).

2

Museum Journal.

2

Negatives.

2

Maps and Plans.