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Samuel Bernard Hadden Papers

UPT 50 H126

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center
Creator:
Hadden, Samuel Bernard, 1900-1989
Title:
Samuel Bernard Hadden Papers
Date [inclusive]:
1918-1988
Call Number:
UPT 50 H126
Extent:
4 Cubic feet
Language:
English
ABSTRACT:
Samuel Bernard Hadden attended the University of Pennsylvania and received an A.B. in 1922 and M.D.in 1924. Dr. Hadden served in several teaching capacities from 1926 to 1941 at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Department of Neurology. Early in his career Samuel Hadden's main interest was neurology. Gradually he became more interested in the neuro-psychology. Hadden is best known as a pioneer in group psychotherapy. The Samuel Bernard Hadden Papers, 1918-1988, mainly document the professional contributions of Dr. Hadden in the field of psychiatry, and in particular group psychotherapy
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Biography/History

Samuel Bernard Hadden was born in Dunmore, Pennsylvania in 1900. He was educated in the Dunmore public school system and graduated from high school in 1918. He attended the University of Pennsylvania and received an A.B., 1922 and M.D., 1924. He served his internship and residency with the Philadelphia General Hospital. Dr. Hadden served in several teaching capacities from 1926 to 1941 at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Department of Neurology. In 1941 he was appointed Associate Professor, 1941-1947.

Early in his career Samuel Hadden's main interest was neurology. Gradually he became more interested in the neuro-psychology. By 1953 his professional attention turned almost exclusively to mental health. Hadden is best known as a pioneer in group psychotherapy. His interest in group psychotherapy developed as a student working the summer months of 1923 at the White Haven Free Hospital for the Treatment of Poor Consumptives of Philadelphia. His mentors, Dr. Joseph Walsh and Dr. H.R.M. Landis, were students of Dr. Joseph Pratt, who was the first to employ the technique for the treatment of tuberculosis patients. By 1928 Hadden had joined the American Group Psychotherapy Associates. He began using group psychotherapy actively in 1937 when in charge of the combined neurological and psychiatric out patient department at Presbyterian Hospital.

During World War II and the Korean War, Hadden served as consultant to the Army Surgeon General. He wrote extensively on the topic of post-military adjustment and therapy.

In 1949 Hadden joined with other colleagues to argue that alcoholics be treated as sick individuals rather than morally depraved misfits. He played an active role on the Addiction Committee of the Philadelphia County Medical Society until 1987. Hadden also became an advocate for the parental guidance in child development, lecturing extensively and heading the Presbyterian Hospital Parent Guidance Institute. Believing that healthy interaction between child and parent, in addition to rough and tumble play, contributed significantly to mentally healthy adults, Hadden spent much of his career pursuing this point in his work with male homosexuals.

For Hadden, homosexuality was an "experientially determined and treatable condition." His greatest professional interest being group psychotherapy, Hadden was the first psychiatrist to use this method of treatment with exclusive male homosexual groups. Although compassionate in his approach, his professional and personal outlook remained consistent even after homosexuality was taken off the DSMIII list of diseases. Although his views on homosexuality are controversial at best, Hadden was highly respected in his field for his contribution to the development of group psychotherapy.

Hadden served as president of: the American Group Psychotherapy Association, 1949-1950; the International Association for Group Psychotherapy, 1973; the Delaware Valley Group Psychotherapy Society; the Philadelphia Psychiatric Society; and the Philadelphia County Medical Society. In 1971 he received the Strittmatter Award from the Philadelphia County Medical Society.

For a brief period of time Samuel Hadden owned and operated the Medical Dental Educational Recording Company, located on Schoolhouse Lane in Philadelphia. The company produced phonographic recordings primarily on medical topics. The business did not meet with success and produced only a few sound discs.

Dr. Hadden was married on October 18, 1924 to Alice O'Horo. They had three children: Samuel B. III, Michael A., and Alice Marie.

Scope and Contents

The Samuel Bernard Hadden Papers, 1918-1988, n.d. mainly document the professional contributions of Dr. Hadden in the field of Psychiatry, and in particular group psychotherapy. There is a small group of personal papers but these papers generally refer to his education and preparation for his profession.

The professional papers concentrate on Hadden's efforts and dedication to the principles of group psychotherapy. The correspondence, 1945-1988, n.d. is mainly concerned with his publication and research efforts.

There are early papers devoted to his interests in neurology. Topics include: tryparsamine in the treatment of general paralysis, bismuth arsphenamine in the treatment of tabes dorsalis, parkinsonism, neuritis and multiple neuritis for rowing serum therapy, hemophilia, cadium poisoning, poliomyelitis vaccination, and psychosomatic illness.

Although there is some material on post-military therapy dating from his work during World War II, Hadden's recommendations on treating post-military trauma is best seen from his papers dating from his service during the Korean War.

The bulk of the collection illustrates his interest in group psychotherapy and may be seen in papers devoted specifically to this topic, 1942-1981, n.d. as well as in his papers on: addiction, 1950-1987; child development, 1949-1983, n.d.; and homosexuality, 1955-1981, n.d.

Photographs from his college days to his reunion give a fair look at friends and colleagues. There are twelve phonographic records produced by his Medical Dental Educational Recording Company devoted to various medical topics. Oversized certificates and a few books finish out the collection.

ARRANGEMENT

The papers of Samuel Bernard Hadden are arranged in four series. They include personal papers, professional papers, photoprints, books, sound discs, and diplomas/certificates. The professional series is further divided into the following subseries: correspondence, neurological, neuro-psychological, psychological -- mental health, and miscellaneous papers.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center,  1994

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Theresa R. Snyder

Access Restrictions

Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Centers.

PROVENANCE

These papers were donated to the University of Pennsylvania Archives and Records Center by Frank Hadden, the grandson of Samuel Bernard Hadden, March 20, 1991.

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Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)
  • Alcoholism--Psychological aspects.
  • Cadmium--Poisoning.
  • Child development.
  • Group psychotherapy.
  • Hemophilia.
  • Homophobia.
  • Male homosexuality.
  • Neuritis.
  • Parkinson's disease.
  • Poliomyelitis--Vaccination.
  • Psychosexual development.
  • Sex therapy.

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Collection Inventory

PERSONAL.

Box Folder

Autobiographical Essays, n.d.

1 1

Education--University of Pennsylvania, 1918-1924.

1 2

Education--College Courses for Teachers, 1927-1934.

1 3

World War II Ration Cards, 1941-1946.

1 4

Personal Loan, 1943.

1 5

PROFESSIONAL.

Box Folder

Civil Service Exam for Interne, 1924.

1 6

National Board Exam, 1924-1926.

1 7

Licensure, 1926.

1 8

First case as medical doctor, 1926.

1 9

Correspondence, 1945-1946.

1 10

Correspondence, 1954-1955.

1 11

Correspondence, 1956.

1 12

Correspondence, 1957-1958.

1 13

Correspondence, 1959-1960.

1 14

Correspondence, 1961-1967.

1 15

Correspondence, n.d., 1970-1988.

1 16
Neurology.
Box Folder

Wendell Reber Correspondence, 1908-1914.

1 17

"Tryparsamine in the Treatment of General Paralysis", 1926.

1 18

"Bismuth Arsphenamine Sulphonate in the Treatment of Tabes Dorsalis," "Incipient Parkisonism", 1931.

1 19

"Neuritis and Multiple Neuritis for Rowing Serum Therapy", 1932.

1 20

"Treatment of Hemiplegia", 1934.

1 21

"Trans-Cerebral Diathermy on Parkisonism of Chronic Epidemic Encephalitis", 1935.

1 22

"Neurological Symptoms in Posthemorrhagic Secondary Anemia," "Nonspecific Measures in the Management of Neurosyphilis", 1936.

1 23

"The Neuroses-Their Development and Suggestions for their Management", 1938.

1 24

"Neuralgic Headache and Facial Pain", 1940.

1 25

"A Case of Industrial Cadmium Poisoning with Predominating Neurological Symptoms", 1942.

1 26

"Increased Intra-Thoraco-Abdominal Pressure as a Factor in the Paraplegic States," [1950].

1 27

"A Sensitivity Reaction to Poliomyelitis Vaccine", 1958.

1 28

"Objective Symptoms of Spinal Cord Involvement in Pernicious Anemia Removed by Treatment," n.d.

1 29

Neurology Lecture, n.d.

1 30
Neuro-Psychology.
Box Folder

"The Genesis of the Neuroses", 1942.

1 31

"A Health Problem of Prime Importance", 1943.

1 32

Post-Military Therapy, 1946-1947.

1 33
U.S. Army Hospital, Korea.
Box Folder

Orders, 1953.

1 34

Report, 1953.

1 35

Diary, 1953.

1 36

Conferences, 1953.

1 37

Photoprints, 1953.

1 40

Clippings, 1953.

1 38

Ephemera, 1953.

1 39
Mental Health.
Addiction.
Philadelphia County Medical Society Committee.
Box Folder

Minutes, 1981-1984.

1 41

Correspondence, 1967-1983.

1 42

Legal, 1978.

1 43

Directories, 1982 1987.

1 44

Newsletters, 1980-1981.

1 45

Symposiums, 1979-1983.

1 46
Box Folder

"Alcoholism", 1950.

1 47

"Effect of Alcohol on Person and Personality", 1954.

1 48

"Emotional Roots of Sobriety", 1954.

1 49

"People Who Drink", 1957.

1 50

"Denial", 1979.

1 51

"Alcoholism", 1984.

1 52

"Alcoholism and Marriage," n.d.

1 53

Notes, n.d.

1 54
Box Folder

Age and Ageism, n.d.

1 55
Child Development.
Box Folder

Presbyterian Hospital Parent Guidance Institute, 1949-1953.

1 56

"Who is the Kindergarten Child", 1954.

1 57

"Do We Encourage Delinquency", 1958.

1 58

"Child Rearing and Responsibility", 1963.

1 59

"Nature or Nurture", 1983.

1 60

"Congratulations-I hear you're Pregnant," n.d.

1 61
Box Folder

"Ethics," n.d.

1 62

"Exhibitionism".

1 63
Group Psychotherapy.
Box Folder

"Treatment of Neuroses by Class Technic", 1942.

2 1

"The Utilization of a Therapy Group in Teaching Psychotherapy", 1947.

2 2

"Group Therapy in Prisons", 1948.

2 3

"Group Psychotherapy in General Hospitals", 1951.

2 4

"A Group Method of Teaching Psychiatry to Medical Students," "Countertransference in the Group Psychotherapist," "Dynamics and Clinical Applications of Group Psychotherapy", 1953.

2 5

"Group Psychotherapy as an Aid in Training", 1954.

2 6

"Historic Background of Group Psychotherapy," "A Group Method of Teaching Psychiatry to Medical Students", 1955.

2 7

"La Dinamia de la Psicoterpia en Grup", 1956.

2 8

"A Note on the Impact of Group Psychotherapy on Psychiatry", 1957.

2 9

"Dynamics of Group Psychotherapy", 1959.

2 10

"Group Psychotherapy in Medicine", 1960.

2 11

"Training Staff Personnel for Patient Group Work", 1964.

2 12

"The Use of Group Psychotherapy in Psychosomatic Disorders", 1966.

2 13

"Group Psychotherapy as Medical Practice", 1967.

2 14

"Group Psychotherapy: A Superior Method of Treating Larger Numbers of Neurotic Patients," "Treatment of the Neuroses by Class Technic", 1974.

2 15

"A Glimpse of Pioneer in Group Psychotherapy", 1975.

2 16

Sixth International Congress of Group Psychotherapy Program, 1977.

2 17

"Group Psychology in Teaching and a Lesson to be Learned by Disregarding Some Techniques", 1978.

2 18

Joseph H. Pratt, Father of Group Psychotherapy, 1911-1981.

2 19

"Major Forerunners of Group Practice," n.d.

2 20

Third Party Reprints, 1950-1955.

2 21

Third Party Reprints, 1956-1958.

2 22
Homosexuality.
Box Folder

"Trends in Treatment of Homosexuality and Sexual Deviants", 1955.

2 23

"Attitudes Toward and Approaches to the Problem of Homosexuality", 1956.

2 24

"Male Homosexuality: Observations on its Psychogenesis and on its Treatment by Group Psychotherapy", 1964.

2 25

"Treatment of Homosexuals in Groups", 1965.

2 26

"Etiologic Factors in Male Homosexuality", 1966.

2 27

"Newer Treatment Techniques for Homosexuality", 1966.

2 28

"Play and Sexual Adjustment", 1966.

2 29

Group Treatment, 1966.

2 30

Group Treatment, 1967.

2 31

"A Way Out for Homosexuals", 1967.

2 32

"Rehabilitation of Sexually Delinquent", 1969.

2 33

"Group Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Homosexuals", 1971.

2 34

"Treatment of Male Homosexuals in Groups", 1971.

2 35

"Viewpoints: What Outcome Can Be Expected in Psychotherapy of Homosexuals", 1971.

2 36

"Group Psychotherapy with Homosexual Males", 1972.

2 37

"The Problem with Treating Homosexuals", 1975.

2 38

"The Homosexual Group: Formation and Beginnings, 1976.

2 39

"Homosexuality- Its Questioned Classification", 1976.

2 40

Unpublished book manuscript "Homosexuality: An Experientially Determined and Treatable Condition," [1981].

2 41

Unpublished book manuscript, n.d.

2 42

Group Psychotherapy Treatment for Homosexuals, n.d.

2 43

"The Homosexual and the Armed Services," n.d.

2 44

"The Homosexual in Education," n.d.

2 45

"The Problem with Being Homosexual," n.d.

2 46

"Rehabilitation of Sexual Delinquents," n.d.

2 47

"What is Homosexuality?," n.d.

2 48

Notes, n.d.

2 49

Clippings, 1964-1971.

2 50

Third Party Reprints, 1963-1976.

2 51

One, 1956-1957.

2 52

Miscellaneous.

2 53
Box Folder

Hostility, n.d.

2 54

Hypnosis (Herbert Spiegel Reprints), 1960-1970.

3 1

Hypnosis (Other Third Party Reprints), 1974-1975.

3 2

Molecular Psychology notes, n.d.

3 3

Preventative Psychology, n.d., 1961.

3 4

Preventative Psychology, n.d.

3 5

Psychiatry, 1962-1980.

3 6

Public Health, 1981 1982.

3 7

"Negative Side of Debate on 'Resolved That Sterilization of Mentally Unfit is Justifiable and Desirable", 1935.

3 8
Miscellaneous.
Box Folder

Abortion, 1981-1982.

3 9

"Doctor, Do You Treat Sick People?", 1955.

3 10

"Total Justice, Can It Be Attained?", 1956.

3 11

"The Doctor's Diagnosis of Public Relations", 1957.

3 12
Miscellaneous.
Box Folder

Book Reviews, 1966-1972.

3 13

Bibliography, 1958.

3 14

Speeches, 1950.

3 15

Directories, n.d., 1968.

3 16

Philadelphia General Hospital, 1954.

3 17

Certificates (see oversized), n.d., 1918-1985.

3 18

Emeritus Associate Professor Award, 1968.

3 19

Miscellaneous Ephemera (Business card, Eye prescription).

3 20

PHOTOPRINTS.

Box Folder

College Days (see oversized), [1917-1918].

3 21

Friends and Colleagues.

3 22

Philadelphia General Hospital.

3 23

Lantern Slides--Nervous System.

3 24

Loose from album, [1918-1924].

3 25

Reunion Shots, 1974.

3 27

Album, [1918-1924].

3

BOOKS.

Box

Opium Addiction, 1929-1930.

4

Dr. Kirkbride and His Hospital/ Earl D. Bond, M.D. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company), 1946.

4

Their Mothers' Sons/ Edward A. Strecker, M.D. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company), 1946.

4

SOUND DISCS.

Box

Adrenals in Health and Disease / William E. Ehrich, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

Psychoneurosis, Anxiety Reaction Type / O. Spurgeon English, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

Management of Head Injuries / Francis C. Grant, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

Dynamics of Group Psychotherapy / Samuel M. Hadden, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

Group Psychotherapy in General Hospitals / Samuel M. Hadden, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

Origin and Control of Epilepsy / William G. Lennox, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

The Family in the Changing World / William C. Menninger, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

The Silver Cord / Edward A. Strecker, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

Coronary Artery Disease / William D. Stroud, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

Psychosomatic Medicine / Edward Weiss, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

Three Medical Eras / Paul Durdley White, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

Report of a Fifteen Year Experiment on Cancer Control (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).

4

DIPLOMAS, CERTIFICATES (oversize).

Oversize

Dunmore High School Certificate, 1918.

OS 0

University of Pennsylvania -- Medical Doctor Diploma, 1924.

OS 0

Philadelphia General Hospital -- Certificate of Internship, 1926.

OS 0

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction. Bureau of Medical Education and Licensure -- License, 1926.

OS 0

National Board of Medical Examiners of the United States, 1926.

OS 0

American Neurological Association -- Elected Active Member, 1938.

OS 0

United States Selective Service System.

OS 0

American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology Certificate, 1942.

OS 0

American Group Psychotherapy Association -- President, 1948-1949.

OS 0

American Group Psychotherapy Association -- Scroll to Honor, 1949.

OS 0

38th Parallel Medical Society of Korea -- Honorary Membership, 1951.

OS 0

Philadelphia County Medical Society -- 96th President, 1957.

OS 0

American College of Physicians -- Life Member, 1958.

OS 0

Mental Health Association of South Eastern Pennsylvania -- Earl D. Bond Award, 1967.

OS 0

Philadelphia County Medical Society -- Strittmatter Award, 1972.

OS 0