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Miscellaneous 20th Century Community Health photographs

MC 213

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Title:
Miscellaneous 20th Century Community Health photographs
Date [bulk]:
1912-1953
Date [inclusive]:
1903-1980
Call Number:
MC 213
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This photographic collection, likely assembled from previously published sources, shows the activities of various visiting nurse associations around the United States in the first half of the twentieth century. It also contains other images related to public health, along with a series of Korean War photographs.
Cite as:
Miscellaneous 20th Century Community Health photographs, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Scope and Contents

This collection consists of 85 black and white photographic prints. They were assembled and printed by Diane Hamilton circa 1985. Most of the photographs were originally taken between around 1912 to 1953. The bulk of the undated photographs probably date to the 1920s-1940s. Most of the photographs depict the activities of visiting nurses, including patient care, transportation, office buildings, equipment and supplies, public health outreach initiatives, and other related images. Many of the visiting nurses shown here worked for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, Welfare Division. There is also one series depicting military medical care, primarily during the Korean War.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bethany Myers

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Photographs are not original, copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Diane Hamilton, 2010.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Metropolitan Life Insurance Company.
  • Visiting Nurse Association (Cleveland, Ohio).
  • Visiting Nurse Association of Chicago.
  • Visiting Nurse Service (Henry Street Settlement (New York, N.Y.)).
  • Visiting Nurse Service of New York.
  • Visiting Nurse Society of Philadelphia.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
Occupation(s)
  • Public health nursing
Personal Name(s)
  • Hamilton, Diane
Subject(s)
  • Community health nursing
  • Korean War, 1950-1953--Medical care.
  • Nursing--History.
  • Visiting nurses

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General note

Though the prints date from the mid 1980s, the original dates of the photograph, when known, are listed here. Captions written on the image are given in quotation marks. Photo numbers ending in the letter a indicate a duplicate print of the preceding number.

Collection Inventory

Series 1.  Places.

Scope and Contents note

These images are divided into subseries based on the place identified. Most of the photographs are of visiting nurses providing in-home patient care, but there are also depictions of outdoor scenes: notably building exteriors and public health demonstrations.

Baltimore.

Folder
1
Folder Photo

"Baltimore," nurse and patient with a leg injury, undated.

1 1

"Baltimore," group of nurses sitting around a table, undated.

1 2

Group of nurses sitting around a table, undated.

1 2a

Chicago.

Folder
2
Folder Photo

Staff of Nurses of Visiting Nurse Association of Chicago Including School Nurses, group photo, 1909.

2 3

"Chicago," nurse, mother, and infant, post-delivery, undated.

2 4

"Chicago, Illinois," nurse with female patient in wheelchair, undated.

2 5

Cleveland.

Folder
3
Folder Photo

"Cleveland, Nursing for minor injuries," nurse tending a child with a bandaged head, 1913.

3 6

"Cleveland, Nursing for minor injuries," nurse tending a child with a bandaged head, 1913.

3 6a

"Cleveland," nurse tending African American patient, undated.

3 7

"Cleveland," nurse tending African American patient, undated.

3 7a

"Nursing Services Cleveland," nurse with elderly patient, undated.

3 8

"Cleveland," mother, infant, and older child, undated.

3 9

Framingham, MA.

Folder
4
Folder Photo

Framingham Community Health Station, building exterior, undated.

4 10

"Framingham, Mass. Company's first major demonstration conducted with the National Tuberculosis Association to control tuberculosis, then the third leading cause of death," nurses with women and children, 1916-1923.

4 11

"Framingham, Mass. Company's first major demonstration conducted with the National Tuberculosis Association to control tuberculosis, then the third leading cause of death," nurses with women and children, 1916-1923.

4 11a

"Baby Welfare Station, Framingham," infant check up, undated.

4 12

Framingham Children's Health Camp, nurses and children outdoors, undated.

4 13

Clean Milk' Demonstration in Framingham, Massachusetts, 1917.

4 14
Clean Milk' Demonstration in Framingham, Massachusetts, 1917.
4 14a

Thetford Mines, Quebec, Canada.

Folder
6
Folder Photo

"Thetford Mines," road, undated.

6 17

Thetford Mines Maternity Clinic, undated.

6 18

New York City.

Folder
5
Folder Photo

"Henry Street nurse taken in 1903 near St. Peter's Church and Cemetary in the Bronx," nurse in carriage, 1903.

5 15

"Welfare Nursing, NYC, convalescing from typhoid fever," nurse and doctor with patient, undated.

5 16

Other Places.

Folder
7
Folder Photo

"Neu Beeby, St. Louis, MO. 1919 PH course, 1921 married", 1916-1921.

7 19

"Neu Beeby, St. Louis, MO. 1919 PH course, 1921 married", 1916-1921.

7 19a

"Welfare Division Nurses - New Orleans, an Instructive Visit," two nurses getting into car, undated.

7 20

Back is labeled "Baltimore, 1912," but the front is labeled "The Visiting Nurse Society of Philadelphia," nurse with mother and infant, 1912.

7 21

"Providence VNA," group photo, 1912.

7 22

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Series 2.  Individuals.

Scope and Contents note

This series consists of portraits of individuals, with one candid group photo.

Folder
8
Folder Photo

"Miss Carolyn M. Hidden, Field Supervisor, Keystone Territory", undated.

8 23

"Place: Miss Von Miklos' Studio, Nursing Services Pictures" portrait, December 14, 1938.

8 24

"Mrs. Margaret Howard", undated.

8 25

"Jerome Apfel, Accounting Bureau Head, Associated with Nursing Service", undated.

8 26

"Bernadine Stiegal, Group Nursing Consultant", undated.

8 27

"Miss Haupt", undated.

8 28

"Left to Right: Williard, unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, Hegeman, Fiske", undated.

8 29

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Series 3.  Offices, equipment, uniforms, and supplies.

Scope and Contents note

This series' images show the offices of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.'s Welfare Division, along with other office interiors of unknown organizations. There are also photographs of supplies used by visiting nurses and one image showing a public health education exhibit.

Folder
9
Folder Photo

"The Staff for Urinalyses in the Normal School Laboratory During the Medical Examination Campaign." / "Nurses Engages to Canvass and Assist Physicians in Home Examination Work.", undated.

9 30

"Nursing Services Supply Room", undated.

9 31

Office interior with female clerks, undated.

9 32

"Welfare Division, Nursing Services," office interior, undated.

9 33

"Welfare Nursing, Luncheon to Nursing Supervisors. Standing, left to right: Beulah Osborne, Mary Horm, Ruth Waterbury, Marie Houle, Emma Rocque, Irene MacCullough, Monica Moore, Eugenia Atwell, Mary Dickerman, Elizabeth Wood, Carolyn C. Hidden, Hilga Nelson, Vera Warner MacVittie, Maude Steeves, Elizabeth Tennent, Theresa O'Neill, Anna Barr, Emma Habenicht. Seated, left to right: Matilda Johnson, Alice Aherm, Dr. Donald B. Armstrong, Helen LaMalle, Dr. Lee Frankel, Alice Bagley, Minnie Bridges Cunningham", January 27, 1925.

9 34

"Welfare Division, Nursing Service," nurse standing, undated.

9 35

Visiting Nurse offices, coat racks, undated.

9 36

"Uniform and Equipment," table with containers, bag, other supplies, undated.

9 37

"Uniforms and Equipment," full body portrait of visiting nurse, undated.

9 38

"West Division Nursing Services - Uniforms and Equipment," Visiting Nurse Metropolitan Life textile, undated.

9 39

"Convent on exhibit," Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. public health display, infant textiles, February 10, 1926.

9 40

Miss Delano and Staff in her Office. Upper row, left to right: Sarah Addison, Harriet Douglas, Vashti Bartlett, Virginia Ward, Anna Reeves, A. Maury Carter, Lucy Minnigerode, Katrina Hertzer. Lower row, left to right: Helen S. Hay, Clara D. Noyes, Jane A. Delano, Agnes G. Deans, Anna Kerr., undated.

9 41

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Series 4.  Vehicles.

Scope and Contents note

This series contains photographs of nurses and their modes of transportation at unidentified locations. Several of the photographs are duplicates of one nurse and her bicycle. Accompanying those photos is a print of a newspaper clipping about visiting nurses using automobiles.

Folder
10
Folder Photo

Photocopy from newspaper, nurse in automobile, undated.

10 42

Visting nurses, bicycle and automobile (photo collage), undated.

10 43

Visiting nurse on bicycle, isolated from background, undated.

10 44

"Welfare Division Nurse," Visiting nurse on bicycle, undated.

10 45

Visiting nurse on bicycle, undated.

10 45a

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Series 5.  Pamphlets and printed items.

Scope and Contents note

This series consists mainly of photographic prints of pamphlet covers. These pamphlets, posters, and other ephemera were for the most part issued by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., though there are also unrelated informational materals about WWI nursing and the influenza epidemic.

Folder
11
Folder Photo

News clipping, "Ready for the Call": visiting nurses driving autombiles, undated.

11 46

Visting Nurses for Employees, poster, undated.

11 47

A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. poster, undated.

11 48

Your Friend the Nurse, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. poster, undated.

11 49

Welfare Publications, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. poster, undated.

11 50

A War Upon Consumption, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. poster, 1909.

11 51

"A War Upon Consumption first welfare health pamphlet", 1909.

11 51a

The Welfare Division informational sign for Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., undated.

11 52

"Swat the Fly Campaign," From Flies and Filth to Fever to Food poster, 1909.

11 53

Sheet with biographical information, nurse casualities in WWI - Frances Bartlett, Curry Desha Breckenridge, and Ruth V. and Viola E. Lundholm, undated.

11 54

Deaths Registered to Influenza, 1976.

11 55

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Series 6.  Immunizations and other public health campaigns.

Scope and Contents note

This series contains photographs depicting public health initiatives at unidentified locations. Three of the images show diptheria immunization events, and the other two illustrate birth registration and a sanitation campaign.

Folder
12
Folder Photo

"Clean up campaigns", undated.

12 56

"Birth Registration," man, woman, and child, undated.

12 57

"Diptheria," vaccination, nurse and doctor with a woman and two children, 1948.

12 58

"1st Metropolitan diptheria campaign, agency staff often set example by having own children immunized first", 1925.

12 59

"1st Metropolitan diptheria campaign, agency staff often set example by having own children immunized first", 1925.

12 59a

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Series 7.  Military.

Scope and Contents note

These images are divided into two subseries: pre-Korean War and the Korean War. With one exception, they were all copied from published printed sources and are captioned. The unknown patient may not be related to military healthcare.

Pre-Korean War.

Folder
13
Folder Photo

Typical Emergency Hospital - Corey Hill, Brookline, Massachusetts, tents on field, undated.

13 60

A crowded European army hospital, undated.

13 61

Korean War.

Folder
14
Folder Photo

Korean War: The Hospital ship USNS Repose, arriving in Pusan. Soldiers wounded during the fighting were evacuated by air and sea to hospitals in Japan and the United States. While the forces from the Inch'on beachhead advances toward the Han River line, those advancing from the south took the high ground northwest of Yongsan and drove toward a junction with the units in the north., 1950-1953.

14 62

Korean War: Typical terrain of the area near the reservoir, showing the narrow winding road and electric power station where the U.N. forces were delayed until the parachuted bridge was assembled and put in place. On 11 December, after a thirteen-day fight, the U.N. forces broke out of the communist trap and emerged from the hills of northeast Korea onto the plains of Hamhung., 1950-1953.

14 63

Korean War: UNCACK Chief Nurse with Korean women examining American women's uniforms donated to hospitals, August 1952.

14 64

Korean War: Army nurse off duty, 1950-1953.

14 65

Korean War: Casualities of fight for Hill 931 receiving medical attention at an aid station in 2d Division area, 1950-1953.

14 66

Korean War: Casualities of fight for Hill 931 receiving medical attention at an aid station in 2d Division area, 1950-1953.

14 66a

Korean War: Medical aid men dressing wounds at an aid station near base of White Horse., 1950-1953.

14 67

Korean War: Helicopter landing to pick up a wounded soldier for evacuation to a rear area hospital. Container on the side of the helicopter holds the casualty., 1950-1953.

14 68

Korean War: Litter bearers of the 7th Division, moving cautiously over ice and snow, bring in a wounded man, 1950-1953.

14 69

Korean War: A nurse aboard a plane checks her patients during a flight from Korea to southern Japan, 1950-1953.

14 70

Korean War: Liberated American are escorted down the ramp of a C-124 upon arrival in Japan for medical treatment before continuing the trip back to the Unites States, 1950-1953.

14 71

Korean War: Liberated American are escorted down the ramp of a C-124 upon arrival in Japan for medical treatment before continuing the trip back to the Unites States, 1950-1953.

14 71a

Korean? Patient, undated.

14 72

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Series 8.  Other.

Scope and Contents note

This series consists of two images: a photograph of hospital beds, context unknown, and a modern photograph of nurses working at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.

Folder Photo

Clinic interior, beds, undated.

15 73

"Intensive Nursing Care at HUP", undated, 1980s?.

15 74

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