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Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records

MC 27

Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records

MC 27

Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records

MC 27

Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records

MC 27

Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records

MC 27

Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records

MC 27

Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records

MC 27

Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records

MC 27

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Creator:
Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass School of Nursing.
Title:
Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records
Date [inclusive]:
1939-1987
Call Number:
MC 27
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection consists of two parts: records of the alumnae association in the period of Mercy Hospital and records of the organization under its present name. It complements the Mercy-Douglass Hospital records (MC 78) in that the latter are exclusively hospital and school records organically created before the hospital closed in 1973. The alumnae association collection contains historical accounts of the hospital and the school as prepared by the alumni, minutes of alumni meetings, programs of various kinds of activities the association sponsored, newsletters, correspondence, clippings, and material the association collected of other organizations.
Cite as:
Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Title:
Alumni Association of Philadelphia General Hospital Training School For Nurses photographs
Date [inclusive]:
1885-1977
Call Number:
MC 13A
Extent:
19.2 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection contains photographs related to Philadelphia General Hospital. Images includes people, activities, buildings, and equipment, ranging in date from the early 1900s through the 1970s.
Cite as:
Alumni Association of Philadelphia General Hospital Training School for Nurses Collection, Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Creator:
Lankenau Hospital School of Nursing.
Title:
Lankenau Hospital School of Nursing records
Date [inclusive]:
1871-1992
Call Number:
MC 98
Extent:
52.5 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection chronicles the long history of one of Philadelphia's most respected diploma schools of nursing, that of the Lankenau Hospital. It contains records which span the entire life of the school, from its inception in 1899 (at Lankenau's institutional predecessor, the German Hospital) to its eventual close in May of 1992.
Cite as:
Lankenau Hospital School of Nursing records, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Creator:
Mercy-Douglass Hospital.
Title:
Mercy-Douglass Hospital records
Date [inclusive]:
1896-1977
Call Number:
MC 78
Extent:
26 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Mercy-Douglass Hospital was an African-American hospital and the first black nurse training school in in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It existed from 1895-1960. This collection contains the institutional records of Mercy-Douglass, along with over 200 photographs of the hospital and nursing school.
Cite as:
Mercy-Douglass Hospital records, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Title:
Muhlenberg Hospital School of Nursing collection
Date [bulk]:
1912-1915
Date [inclusive]:
1912-1972
Call Number:
MC 212
Extent:
0.917 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Muhlenberg Hospital Nurses Training School, New Jersey, was created in 1894. This collection consists of photographs and other memorabilia relating to Muhlenberg nurses in the early part of the 20th century. Of particular interest is a series of photographs depicting nurses playing baseball.
Cite as:
Muhlenberg Hospital School of Nursing collection, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Title:
Philadelphia General Hospital (PGH) Training School for Nurses Miscellaneous Collection
Date [inclusive]:
1918-2006
Call Number:
MC 210
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This artificial collection contains miscellaneous small donations related to the Philadelphia General Hospital School of Nursing. They were primarily given by alumni over a period of many years, but some items are of unknown provenance. This collection may include artifacts, publications, personal papers, photographs, and records related to the PGH Training School for Nurses.
Cite as:
Philadelphia General Hospital (PGH) Training School for Nurses miscellaneous collection, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Creator:
Presbyterian School of Nursing.
Title:
Presbyterian School of Nursing records
Date [inclusive]:
1871-1988
Call Number:
MC 35
Extent:
152 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection documents the founding, flourishing and eventual closing of the Presbyterian School of Nursing, a hospital-based nursing school in Philadelphia. The hospital itself was founded in 1871 under the sponsorship of the Presbyterian Church. Its nurse training program was begun in 1889. The collection's strength is the relative completeness of student records, good documentation of the school's curricula and teaching materials. The supportive role both the Ladies Aid Society and the Alumni Association played in the growth of the School are evident in these records.
Cite as:
Presbyterian School of Nursing records, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Creator:
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing. Development Office.
Title:
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Development Office records
Date [inclusive]:
1963-2000
Call Number:
MC 146
Extent:
3.2 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection contains some of the records of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Development Office. Also included are a set of photographs showing School of Nursing activities and events.
Cite as:
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Development Office records, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
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Biography/History

The Mercy-Douglass Hospital was formed in 1948 from the joining of two Philadelphia hospitals which served a predominantly African-American patient population: the Frederick Douglass Memorial Hospital and the Mercy Hospital. Originally, the Frederick Douglass Hospital and School for Nursing was founded by Dr. Nathan F. Mossell in an effort to create an institution where African-American physicians and nurses could have equal opportunity to train and practice. Prior to this conceptualization, it was a common occurrence that African-American medical school graduates would be denied intern positions in Philadelphia hospitals, which were presided by white administrators and medical professionals. Similarly, it was difficult for young African-American women to formally enroll in institutions that would provide quality nursing training. Therefore, in a bid for equality, the Frederick Douglass Hospital opened on October 31, 1895 at 15th and Lombard Streets in South Philadelphia. By its second year of operation (1896), Frederick Douglass Hospital had five students enrolled in the nurse training program. The curriculum for the nursing students prescribed attendance at 3-4 lectures per week given by the hospital’s medical staff, a course in massaging, and a course in “invalid cooking”. Later, due to dissent within the Frederick Douglass Hospital regarding the limited opportunities for younger physicians to gain practical and surgical experience, a group of physicians sought to organize a newer, more “progressive” hospital.

Thus, Dr. Eugene T. Henson and his colleagues opened the Mercy Hospital and School for Nurses on February 12, 1907 at 17th and Fitzwater Streets in South Philadelphia. The Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County granted a charter of operation to the Mercy Hospital and School for Nurses on April 2, 1907. The curriculum for the nursing students consisted of a series of lectures given by the director of nursing and attending nursing staff of the hospital. The first class of nurses, seven students in total, graduated in 1909. In 1917 the length of the nurse training program was extended to three years. In 1919, the Mercy Hospital relocated to 50th Street and Woodland Avenue in Southwest Philadelphia. By 1931 the School for Nurses charged students an entry fee of $50 and distributed an allowance (termed “pin money”) of $5 per month to the students. By 1941 the cost of entering the School for Nurses had increased to $125 and “probationers” who had successfully completed six months of the curriculum were awarded caps. Capping exercises were held for those who had proven themselves capable in mind, spirit, and body to follow the profession of nursing.

However, due to recurrent financial difficulties, and consequently a growing deficiency in supplies, equipment, and facility quality in both the Frederick Douglass Hospital and the Mercy Hospital, the two institutions agreed to merge into the Mercy-Douglass Hospital and School for Nurses, which opened on March 11, 1948. In addition to hopes for better economic forecasts through shared facilities, equipment, and staff, the joining of the two hospitals represented a united front in promoting the ideal that a teaching hospital could be established where both African-American and white medical interns and nurses could receive quality training.

Prior to the merger, there existed an alumnae organization for the nurses who were trained in Mercy Hospital, named the Mercy Hospital Alumni Association. Even before the hospitals had officially joined, the nurses from these two institutions anticipated the union of their hospitals and organized the Alumnae Association of the School of Nursing of Mercy-Douglass Hospital on December 1, 1918. After the two hospitals merged in 1948 to form the Mercy-Douglass Hospital and School for Nurses (later renamed the School of Nursing), the alumni association was renamed the Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing. The alumnae association met monthly, with the exception of July and August, to carry out its functions and activities. As early as November of 1948, meetings, events, and organizational duties of the Alumnae Association were managed by executive officers in the positions of President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, and Corresponding Secretary.

Also in 1948, the Association was subdivided into the following committees: Scholarship, Entertainment, Membership, Sickness/Births, Donation Day, Home-Coming, and the Drive Committee. Each committee was led by a member of the Association who served as a committee chairman. Notably, the Alumnae Association maintained a scholarship fund from which members of the Association could borrow money for educational purposes. Those who withdrew from the fund would later be sent a bill for the amount borrowed to be repaid with interest; this fund was managed by the Scholarship Committee. The Entertainment Committee was responsible for organizing regular social events for all members of the Alumnae Association, in order to foster a sense of community among the members. The Membership Committee recorded the activities of individual members in regard to their duties to the Association, namely notices of new members who joined the organization and whether current members had paid their dues. The Sickness/Births committee would regularly announce any known reports of members who had fallen ill or given birth to children within the past month, sending flowers and cards to convey the best wishes of the Alumnae Association; acknowledgements of recent marriages were also often noted in the communications of the Sickness/Births committee. The Home-Coming and Donation Day Committees primarily planned for their respective annual events, the Home-Coming formal for all Alumnae Association members and the Donation Day for alumnae seeking to contribute monetarily to the Association. Finally, the Drive Committee was responsible for reaching out to all members of the Alumnae Association to recruit help in organizing, staffing, or donating to fundraising drives for the Mercy-Douglass Hospital.

The copy of the Constitution and Bylaws for the Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing enclosed in this collection was last revised in 1959. Article I of the document describes the organization’s name, purpose, and functions; Article II delineates the types of membership available within the organization, the methods of application, and the terms of membership forfeiture; Article III describes the rules regulating membership joining fees and dues; Article IV describes the types of meetings, meeting notices, an outline of a typical meeting agenda, and the rules governing the process of voting; Article V describes each of the individual Executive Board officer positions and duties; Article VI describes the powers and responsibilities of the Executive Board as a whole, as well as the rules governing Executive Board meetings; Article VII lists the committees and their duties; Article VIII describes the rules governing the process of officer elections; Article IX describes the rules governing the process of amending the Constitution and Bylaws; and Article X describes the Parliamentary Authority in place during meetings, as described in Roberts Rules of Order Revised. By 1959, the Alumnae Association had developed into a sophisticated, well-organized democratic body. Their executive board had expanded to include the following positions: President, First Vice President, Second Vice President, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, Financial Secretary, Treasurer, and Chaplain. Meanwhile, the Association committees had expanded to include: Program (organizing a document detailing the agenda for meetings), Membership (now responsible only for the recruitment of new members and aiding in the processing of applications), Sunshine (previously the Sickness/Birth Committee), Scholarship, Nominating (to aid in elections), Auditing (a division of the previous Membership Committee devoted only to managing individual members’ accounts and rights of membership), By-laws (to review, study, and revise Bylaws as needed), and Homecoming. Above all, the Alumnae Association had successfully grown into an organization capable of fulfilling its ultimate purpose -- fostering high standards of professional nursing and promoting a cooperative and friendly spirit among graduates of the Mercy-Douglass School of Nursing.

The Mercy-Douglass School of Nursing graduated its last class of seven students in June 1960. Since its inception, the Mercy-Douglass School of Nursing had successfully trained and graduated 520 students, but due to financial difficulties, the school could not remain in operation. However, the Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing, Inc. survived and thrived beyond the closings of the School of Nursing and the Mercy-Douglass Hospital, which shuttered its doors in July of 1973.

Biography/History

Originally called the Alice Fisher Alumnae Club after the founder of the Philadelphia General Hospital's Training School for Nurses, the Alumnae Association of the Philadelphia General Hospital was formed on January 1893 by 130 graduates of the training school. A house was rented at 804 Pine Street to be used for Club meetings. There, graduates of PGH could get together for social occasions or simply to rest. One of the first large undertakings of the group was the compilation of the Alice Fisher Memorial Home Fund on May 1909, to commemorate the twenty-fifth anniversary of Alice Fisher's death. Donations were solicited through a form letter sent out to graduates. This fund was to be used for the care of sick or needy graduate nurses.

In 1911, the Alice Fisher Alumnae Club became incorporated as the Nurses Alumnae Association of the Philadelphia General Hospital. The official charter is dated July 12, 1912. The purpose of the organization: "to advance the standing and interests of the graduates of the Training School for Nurses of the Philadelphia General Hospital to extend aid to those in trouble or sickness, to promote social intercourse and good fellowship among its members, and to raise the standard of nursing to the highest plane" (see Charter and By-laws, 1972).

Both the Alice Fisher Memorial Fund and the Estell Pettit Lank (class of 1909) Legacy have contributed to the Association's caring of sick graduates. By 1972, the Association was working in conjuncture with PGH to provide for alumnae. The hospital had set aside a suite of three rooms for alumnae hospitalization, provided that the Alumnae Association pay for the furniture in the room. Any member was eligible for service, with applications for admission made to the Professional Service Director of the Hospital through the Director of Nursing. The maximum stay was thirty days. Finally, the Association provided scholarships to needy nursing students.

In 1977, the Philadelphia General Hospital was closed. Today, the Alumnae Association still works on preserving the memory of the organization through reunions, written histories, and events such as the annual procession to Alice Fisher's grave.

Biography/History

The Lankenau Hospital began its long existence in 1860, when the German Hospital of the City of Philadelphia was incorporated. The hospital did not open its doors to the public until 1866, as its original building was commandeered by the United States government for use in treating wounded Civil War soldiers during the years 1862-1866. With the entrance of the United States into the war in Europe in 1917, the Board of Trustees decided to change the name of the hospital to honor one its founders and major benefactors, businessman John D. Lankenau. Relocated twice in its history, the German/Lankenau Hospital became a local landmark in its facilities at Girard and Corinthian Avenues in North Philadelphia before moving in December 1953 to a new building situated on land carved out of the Overbrook golf course. This modern, tailor-made physical plant allowed the hospital to expand and grow better than it had been able to in the congested North Philadelphia neighborhood.

The year 1884 was marked by an event of considerable significance in the history of the Lankenau Hospital organization. One of the reasons the German Hospital had been formed was to provide German-speaking emigres with quality hospital care in surroundings where their mother tongue was spoken. Close ties were maintained with Germany, and medical advances made there were often put into practice by the doctors at the German Hospital. Thus, in 1884, aware of the need for better "nursing" care, seven Lutheran Deaconesses who were trained at the Kaiserswerth in Germany answered the call to modernize German Hospital's practices.

Though the number of Deaconesses at the German Hospital grew to thirty-six by 1899, the Board of Trustees of the hospital felt that it would be wise to establish a training school for nurses so that future needs could be met more easily. Thus the Training School of the German Hospital of the City of Philadelphia came into being in 1899, with an enrollment of five students. This diploma program, initially two years in length, was soon extended to three years-- the length which was maintained until 1968, when the program was slightly abbreviated to thirty-two months. Sister Magdalene von Bracht (one of the original seven Deaconesses), who was the directing sister of the German Hospital, became the de facto director of the fledgling training school. In 1909, however, Sister Marie Koeneke was named Superintendent of Nursing, as the school had become more formalized and was in need of someone who could devote full attention to its day-to-day operations. Sister Marie served in that position for twenty-four years, until 1933. Her impact on the course and direction taken by the school was profound, for it was during this period that the school became more of what we would consider "modern." The same year of Sister Marie's appointment, the first full-time nursing instructor in the state of Pennsylvania was hired by the German Hospital. Ida F. Giles, who was also a member of the infant Pennsylvania State Board of Examiners for the Registration of Nurses, played an important role in shaping the development of the nursing school. In 1919, the duties of the director had grown to the point that a full-time Assistant Director, Edith Bube, was added to the staff.

Though there were only five students at the school of nursing during its first year of operation, enrollment soon began to climb as the school established its reputation. Twenty years after its opening, enrollment was hovering around twenty-five students per class. The number remained steady at about thirty per class until the late 1940s when a surge in interest drove the number of enrolled students to new heights. As student interest increased and the field of nursing instruction progressed, more spacious and modern teaching facilities were needed. Thus, a Nursing Education Building attached to the main hospital was built in 1965, providing students with state-of-the-art laboratories and classrooms. Peak enrollment at the school was reached sometime in the late 1960s/early 1970s when there were as many as seventy-five students in a graduating class. The number of matriculants began to decline in the following years, especially in the decade of the 1980s, as college and university-based nursing schools began to make their ascent. Although the Lankenau Hospital School of Nursing affiliated with Eastern College in suburban Philadelphia in 1981, giving its students access to college-based natural science programs, still the number of students declined, resulting in the decision to close the program with the graduation of the class of 1992.

The history of the Lankenau Hospital School of Nursing would not be complete without mention of two other entities: the School of Practical Nursing and the Nurses' Alumnae Association. To meet the ever-increasing need for quality nursing care, the Lankenau Hospital opened a school for the training of licensed practical nurses in 1967. The School of Practical Nursing, which offered a one-year program, closed finally in 1979, after having graduated 151 LPNs. An abortive attempt to establish an alumnae association at the German Hospital in 1906 was followed by success in 1909. The Nurses' Alumnae Association has operated continuously for many decades since its second inception - its monthly publication, The Chronicle, affords a glimpse at the many activities of the association. It was very active in promoting nursing education by providing scholarships and supporting extracurricular activities.

Biography/History

In the late 19th century, healthcare revolutionaries, Dr. Nathan F. Mossell and Dr. Eugene T. Hinson, worked to overcome the ill treatment of African Americans by establishing a healthcare system that served to adequately train African American health professionals, and fairly provide treatment to patients. Dr. Mossell founded the Douglass hospital in 1895 to create opportunities for African-American “physicians and young women desirous of nurse training.” A decade after the establishment of Douglass Hospital, talks began amongst Dr. Hinson and other community members regarding the development of an additional institution “where the young physicians might have the greater opportunity for development.” In 1907, Dr. Hinson, together with a supporting community, inaugurated Mercy Hospital, and eventually appropriated state aid for its operations. However, not long after beginning operations, in 1931, both Mercy and Douglass Hospitals faced deep throes of a financial crisis. In 1938, first talks of a merger between Mercy and Douglass Hospitals were initiated. A decline hospital administrators’ morale stimulated thought on whether merging Mercy and Douglass Hospitals’ clinical and administrative efforts would result in better health care related services for the African-American community. Following the establishment of Mercy Hospital’s Reorganization Committee in 1940, committee members presented strong points in support of the merger between Douglass and Mercy hospitals. The hospitals were merged in March 1948, with Dr. Wilbur B. Strickland, a former army hospital administrator, serving as the first Medical Director of Mercy-Douglass Hospital. Consequently, the merger resolved the problems experienced by both hospitals in 1948.

Dr. Nathan F. Mossell, the first African American to graduate in medicine from the University of Pennsylvania, met with African American doctors and a small group of Philadelphia citizens on June 25, 1895, and conceived the idea “of a hospital where [African American] physicians might have an equal opportunity to practice, where [African American] patients could be cared for, and where [African American] nurses might be taught the art of healing the sick.” The Frederick Douglass Hospital and School for Nurses opened its doors for service on October 31st, 1895, in “a private three story dwelling” at 1512 Lombard Street. Dr. Eugene T. Hinson, a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania Medical School’s class of 1898, joined the Douglass Hospital staff in 1898, with the aligned objective to create opportunities for “[African American] physicians and young women desirous of nurse training.” Before attending medical school in 1894, Dr. Hinson spent two years teaching, first at Gravity Hill in Maryland, and then the Institute for Colored Youth in Philadelphia. After graduating from medical school in 1989, Dr. Hinson was refused entry into the University, Philadelphia General and the Presbyterian Hospitals internship programs, “even though [he] was an honor student, a taxpayer and a Presbyterian.” Nonetheless, Dr. Hinson’s professional shortcomings stimulated spirit behind the Episcopal Divinity School’s proposal for Douglass staff to acquire their site at 50th Street and Woodland Avenue as one of the properties during the hospital’s expansion. Douglass hospital continued to grow, and in 1908, acquired two more properties at 1522-34 Lombard Street. Dr. Hinson became a member of the Douglass board in 1900, and held his tenure as a board member for five consecutive years. A decade after its opening, Douglass hospital set up new departments, and increased its patient number, year by year. In 1909, the Board of Managers at the Douglass Hospital decided that its financial condition was good, and constructed a $100,000 building at 1532 Lombard Street. Despite Douglass Hospital’s financial progress, in around 1920, the hospital’s failure to meet basic requirements resulted in Douglass Hospital’s de-recognition by the Philadelphia Federation of Charities. Furthermore, in 1927, Douglass Hospital lost its endorsement for nurse training. However, in the latter part of the year, Douglass Hospital still erected a new nursing, despite not meeting regulatory standards. Two years later, in 1929, Douglass Hospital had also been dropped from the state’s accredited list recognizing training schools for nurses, and was only “conditionally approved by the American College of Surgeons with respect to meeting the minimum requirements of a Class-A hospital.” In the 1930s, Douglass Hospital faced deep financial challenges that constrained their ability to provide affordable healthcare services. The hospital had to decide, after several years of operation in financial deficit, to “curtail the treatment of free patients.” The first few years of the 1940s showed more promise for Douglass Hospital’s future. Following Dr. Douglass Stubbs appointment as Medical Director of Douglass Hospital in 1942, Douglass Hospital was re-endorsed by the American College of Surgeons, and newly endorsed for preceptor resident training. Furthermore, in 1942, the Community Chest of Philadelphia acknowledged Douglass Hospital for attempting to cooperate with the proposed Merger with Mercy Hospital, and permitted the institution, on June 1st, to join the Chest to receive its first annual grant. However, Douglass Hospital’s progress was short-lived as the hospital failed to meet basic requirements set by the Pennsylvania State Board of Medical Education and Licensure, which subsequently removed the hospital from the list of approved institutions for interne training. In 1948, the Douglass building no longer served of purpose since the merger of Mercy and Douglass Hospital - the Douglass Hospital’s building closed, and operations remained at Mercy Hospital’s site.

In 1905, Dr. Hinson left the board of Directors at Douglass Hospital, and, with the help of other community figures, began laying plans for “a new “progressive” hospital” that would “provide young physicians with a greater opportunity for development than what was offered at Douglass under Dr. Mossell.” On December 1905, a group of Douglass physicians met to reorganize a new progressive hospital, and acquired a private dwelling on the Northwest corner of 17th and Fitzwater Streets. In 1907, Mercy Hospital opened its doors for service, and, within the first few months of operation, appropriated state aid. In 1908, there was a significant shortage in Mercy hospital’s inventory of medical supplies. Furthermore, the hospital’s financial conditions made it impossible for administrators to pay hospital employees, and meet other capital-related financial obligations. In 1912, Mercy Hospital set to expand operations, and was approached by the Episcopal Divinity School at 50th Street and Woodland Avenue regarding the possibility of using their site as a new location for Mercy Hospital. Mercy Hospital purchased the west Philadelphia building in 1919 for $130,000, expanded the Nursing School, and established an Interne Training Program. The Mercy Douglass Board of Managers made an attempt to increase the community’s awareness of Mercy Hospital by instituting a series of community based lectures on health and sanitation in various churches. While Mercy Hospital experienced financial difficulties in the 1930s, it solicited funding from the Rosenwald fund through a success fundraising campaign, which made it possible for the hospital to construct a new modern home for nurses. By 1931, Mercy’s Hospital’s Nursing School had increased student enrollment to forty. In 1940, Mercy Hospital established a reorganization committee that presented strong arguments in favor of a merger with Douglass Hospital. Mercy Hospital initially rejected the proposed merger in interest of harmony. The board of Directors took another vote on March 1941, and repudiated the merger on the grounds of avoiding a “divided” and uncooperative environment. Dr. Henry M.Minton, who led Mercy Hospital as the Superintendent, resigned after twenty five years of service. The hospital’s reorganization committee decided to abolish the office of Superintendent, and divided the affairs of the hospital into a Business Administrator and Medical Director. In 1946, Mercy Hospital received a $50,000 gift from Mr. Lessing Rosenwald “to tide it [Mercy Hospital] over its difficulties.” Following the merger of Mercy and Douglass Hospitals, Mercy Hospital’s site remained operational, and housed the merged institution.

The first talks of a merger between Mercy and Douglass Hospitals were initiated in 1938, in attempt to find a solution towards fulfilling the large financial obligations of both Mercy and Douglass Hospitals. Doctors Russell F. Minton, Douglass Stubbs, and Arthur H. Thomas embarked on acountrywide tour to visit seventy hospitals largely controlled by African Americans. They concluded the medical situation of African Americans in Philadelphia at the time was by far the worst of all cities visited, with the exception of New York. The reorganization committee at Mercy Hospital in 1940 argued in favor of the merger suggesting that it would ease financial constraints, and provide the opportunity for physicians and patients to experience better healthcare related services. In 1941, the benefits of a merger between Mercy and Douglass hospitals became evident to both African American and White communities, who fully understood Mercy and Douglass Hospitals as institutions that provided opportunities for African American physicians and nurses. In 1946, a joint committee representing Mercy and Douglass Hospitals, as well as the Community Chest was established to investigate the idea of a merger. In July 1946, Dr. Eugene Hinson, one of the original founders of Mercy, was against the idea of a merger, and asked that the merger attempt be dropped. However, in 1947, the joint committee published their findings on the idea of a merger, and recommended Mercy and Douglass Hospitals merge to avoid financial instability, and eventually, closure. Mercy and Douglass Hospitals merged in March 1948, and was named the Mercy-Douglass Hospital. In addition to the merger, a group of notable physicians from teaching institutions were invited to aid the hospital in developing an adequate training program for residents, which led to Mercy-Douglass’ affiliation with the Children’s Hospital for pediatric training, Temple and Jefferson in radiology, and the University of Pennsylvania in surgery. The merger subsequently resolved the problems experienced by both hospitals. The school recessed from 1957 to 1958, reconvened for 1959, and then graduated its last class in 1960. Arrangements were made, however, to provide clinical training experiences for students from the Tuskeegee Institute School of Nursing and other schools which continued intermittently until the Mercy-Douglass Hospital closed in 1973.

References: Minton, R. F. "The History of Mercy-Douglass Hospital." Journal of the National Medical Association 43.3 (1951): 153-59.

Rudwick, Elliot M. "A Brief History of Mercy-Douglass Hospital in Philadelphia." The Journal of Negro Education 20.1 (1951): 50-66.

Biography/History

Muhlenberg Hospital opened in 1881 with twenty beds. After two minor expansions and the installation of electric and plumbing systems, the Muhlenberg Hospital Nurses Training School was established in 1894 as a two-year program. In 1896, the first class of two students graduated, and a Nurses Home building was completed. In 1903 the hospital moved to its present location at Park Avenue and Randolph Road in Plainfield, New Jersey. At this time the hospital had a capacity of sixty beds. The Alumnae Association was organized in 1905.

The hospital continued to grow throughout the 20th century. In 1986, Muhlenberg Hospital changed its name to Muhlenberg Regional Medical Center. In 1998, the hospital merged with John F. Kennedy Medical Center as part of Solaris Health System, but ten years later, the Muhlenberg location’s acute care facility was closed. Muhlenberg Regional Medical Center currently offers a satellite emergency department and a small number of outpatient services as Solaris Healthcare System’s JFK Medical Center – Muhlenberg Campus. The School of Nursing was transferred to JFK Medical Center in Edison, N.J., and continues to educate nurses through a cooperative nursing program with UNION County College in Cranford, N.J.

Biography/History

In 1871, the Reverend Ephaim D. Saunders, D.D. contributed two and a half acres of his property at 39th Street and Powelton Avenue to the Philadelphia Presbyterian Alliance for the purpose of establishing a hospital. The Presbyterian Hospital in Philadelphia was incorporated on March 25, 1871, under a charter approved by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, to be established and maintained by the Presbyterian Church. The first two objects of the corporation were stated to be 1) To provide medical and surgical aid and nursing for the sick and disabled, either in the wards of the Hospital or at their own homes, and 2) To provide the instructions and consolations of religion according to the doctrines and forms of the Presbyterian Church, for those who are under the care of the institution.

The Trustees held their first meeting on April 3, 1871. The task of raising funds for equipment and maintenance was considerably lightened by a $300,000 endowment given by John A. Brown, Esq. On July 1, 1872, Presbyterian Hospital was opened for patients with John A. E. Walk as Superintendent and Mrs. Anna M. Knisell as Matron. The Superintendent worked in conjunction with the Matron to insure that the patients were receiving proper care and treatment from the nurses. While the annual reports of this time make no references to the nurses engaged to care for the patients, it is probable that women were employed for this service as needed and were supervised by doctors, the attending Medical Officer, the Superintendent, and the Matron.

In 1874, the out-patients' department was begun with two physicians and two surgeons on duty. A Men's Surgical Ward was built and opened the following year, beginning a fairly long period of structural expansion. Through the efforts of the Ladies' Aid Society, the Women's Surgical Ward was erected and opened in 1878. Mr. Walk, Superintendent since the opening of the hospital, died in 1888. Dr. William P. Cochrane succeeded him and this brought about change in the hospital administration. By September of 1889, the collaborated efforts of Miss Caroline L. Farnum and the Ladies' Aid Society resulted in the establishment of the Training School for Nurses. Miss Farnum was appointed Directress of Nurses.

In 1891, the first graduating class of eight students received diplomas. As the new superintendent, Miss Alice Brownlee changed the role of the superintendent by no longer giving the majority of the lectures as her predecessor, Miss Farnum, had done. However, she continued to work in the ward. Lectures to the nursing students were allocated to the staff physicians who held lectures only once a week. By this time, an Administration Building opened, and two wards were added to the hospital. One year later, the Richardson Home for Convalescents at Devon was completed and opened. Miss Lucy Walker, the Reverend Charles, and Mrs. Dickey organized the personnel of the Home.

Brownlee resigned as Directress of Nurses in 1892, and Miss Walker succeeded. Miss Walker had recently graduated from St. Bartholomew's Hospital in London, England, during the Nightingale reforms movement. She brought the British training influence to the Presbyterian Hospital Training School. Upon acceptance of the superintendent position, Walker established a few of her own conditions; she would conduct administrative work only and would not assist physicians or work in the wards. During Walker's leadership, requirements for admission into the Training School and the curriculum were revised. The new curriculum included Massage and Electricity and a course in dietetics under a trained dietician. The length of the training program was also extended to three years. Walker participated in several pioneer nursing and administrative organizations such as the Society of Superintendents and the Alumni Association of the Presbyterian Hospital Training School.

When Walker resigned in 1895, her assistant, Miss Caroline Isabella Milne, succeeded. Milne maintained the position of superintendent for fifteen years. Similar to Miss Walker in disposition and sternness, Milne continued Walker's goals of redefining nursing and nursing education. Miss Milne had participated in the Spanish-American War effort in 1898 and she was involved in the amalgamation of nursing alumnae associations.

In 1899, a Nurses' Home was erected and completed to provide more adequate residence for the increasing number of nurses. To keep up with the changing times, the curriculum was occasionally supplemented with external training such as the Preston Retreat, which was a two-month training program in obstetrics. Miss Milne established a gynecology course in 1902 and, three years later, the Presbyterian Hospital opened a maternity service providing the student nurses with home-based obstetrics experience. A "probationary course" was established in which the student nurses had to be trained in basic nursing skills before being allowed to work in the wards.

In 1918, the Training School enlarged to accommodate the need for more nurses in war service and to care for the victims of the influenza epidemic. To accomplish this, Milne accelerated the nursing curriculum to two years and she helped supervise the Army School of Nursing at Camp Dix for a short period. By this time there were 89 students enrolled and two full-time instructors. The State Board of Nurses, established in 1918, gave its approval of the Presbyterian Hospital Training School.

In 1920, Milne retired and returned to her place of birth in Scotland. Mrs. Mary Close Eden filled the superintendent position and remained in this station for sixteen years. Much like her predecessor, Eden continued to revise the curriculum and to maintain strict organization. The student nurses kept twelve-hour clinical workdays and stringent dress and behavior codes. Under her direction, staff physicians continued to provide the lectures and student nurses filled hospital staff positions. Along with pioneering early courses in psychiatric nursing, Eden established an affiliation with the Pennsylvania Hospital for Mental and Nervous Diseases (now known as the Institute of the Pennsylvania Hospital). In 1928, an addition to the Nurses' Home was completed to accommodate the increasing number of nurses.

Miss Helen Leader succeeded Eden as director of nurses at Presbyterian Hospital and of the Presbyterian Hospital Training School upon Eden's retirement in 1936. Being the first director of the Training School to hold a college degree, Leader advocated the pursuit of higher education and affiliated the Training School with Hood College of Maryland. This latter affiliation was short-lived, however, due to the demands of World War II and other factors. A shortage of nurses resulted from the war effort and the demands of the home front. Miss Leader responded to the wartime need by supporting the Presbyterian Hospital Training School's involvement with the federal government's Cadet Nurse Corps Program.

Following Leader's death in 1952, Mary Ellen Brown was appointed director. A third position, director of nursing education, was created due to the expansion of the nursing service department and reorganization of the administrative structure. Brown's responsibilities were mainly administrative. She worked closely with Miss Dorothy Richards, the director of nursing education, who became the next director of the Training School in 1966.

Prior to her appointment as the director of the Training School, Richards had already had a long list of accomplishments at the Training School. In 1953, she established an affiliation with the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia to broaden the nurses' clinical experience in pediatrics. In 1955, she helped to secure the contract with the University of Pennsylvania to provide basic science courses and continued to work in order to allow nursing students to acquire transferable college credits from the University. Richards also increased the number of faculty to include clinical instructors and reduced the number of instruction hours given by physicians.

In 1965 the Presbyterian-University of Pennsylvania Medical Center was established, but the Training School remained a separate entity. The training school later changed its name to the Presbyterian School of Nursing of the Presbyterian-University of Pennsylvania Medical Center. In 1966, the Presbyterian School of Nursing separated from the Presbyterian Hospital Service. This, in effect, made Richards director of the Presbyterian School of Nursing. With this separation, students no longer had to meet the hospital's nursing service needs, and the faculty became responsible for all student instruction in both clinical assignments as well as classroom instruction. This restructuring ended the ambiguous position of nursing students in hospital administration and nursing education and emphasized the latter's importance. The nursing education curriculum gradually changed to become more similar to collegiate or associate degree programs.

Richards ended the Presbyterian School of Nursing's affiliation with the University of Pennsylvania and joined with La Salle University in 1973. She advocated such a change so that nursing students would have gained the opportunity to earn baccalaureate degrees for courses in science, English, and social studies. The Presbyterian School of Nursing also collaborated with the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania to bring the students closer to their home base for clinical work.

Upon Richards' retirement in 1977, Mrs. Doris Earle Zell Wardell served as the director of the Presbyterian School of Nursing. In 1978, Wardell resigned and Florence Crawford took over the reins. In her short tenure, Crawford maintained traditional student activities as well as individual student and faculty counseling. The following year, 1979, Mary Ann Morgan took over the directorship.

Morgan's five-year administration effected curriculum revisions which incorporated concepts of the nursing process, human growth and development, and health and wellness. This revision paralleled the expansion of health concerns in the rest of the country. The school's instruction in liberal arts and sciences moved from La Salle University to Beaver College. Upon Morgan's resignation in 1984, Mrs. Josephine Cantone became director.

During the next three years, a remedial program was established to meet the needs of traditional and non-traditional nursing students. Due to the expanding job market for women and the impact of the Women's Rights Movement of the 1960's, less women were entering the nursing field. Rather than lowering the schools' admission standards, and thereby compromising the school's academic reputation, a proposal was made that the school consider phasing out. Faculty recognized the need for this phase-out process and the idea was accepted. The last class of the Presbyterian School of Nursing was graduated in 1987.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of various photographs documenting life at PGH’s School of Nursing, and ranging in date between 1885 and 1977. Included in this collection are photos of various individuals involved with the PGH school of nursing, such as students, graduates, doctors, and patients, as well as notable chief nurses like Roberta West. Additionally, there are photographs of Florence Nightingale, and other prominent individuals who visited the school. The collection also includes photographs of PGH’s various facilities, such as the Old Blockley Hospital and nursing student residences, as well as equipment used by nursing students and doctors at PGH. There are also several photographs of activities and special occasions related to the PGH Training School for Nurses, including photos of classes, graduation ceremonies, funerals, galas and other special events.

Scope and Contents

Donated by the Lankenau Hospital School of Nursing, the collection includes records from the hospital, school of practical nursing, school of nursing, and the Nurses' Alumnae Association. Administrative files, student records, publications, artifacts, and a large number of photographs combine to provide a well-rounded view of the school throughout its many years of operation.

Scope and Contents

This collection was donated by the Alumnae Association of the Mercy-Douglass Hospital which took care of the hospital records after the hospital closed down in 1973. The collection consists mainly of records of Mercy-Douglass Hospital and its two predecessors, records of the school of nursing (predominantly its student files), and some 200 photographs related to both hospital and school. The collection provides important documentation of the black experience in nursing. The records of the alumnae association has been kept separately under MC 27.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of documents and photographs relating to the Muhlenberg Hospital School of Nursing. It is primarily comprised of photographs of nurses from about 1912-1915. These photographs, some of which were removed from a scrapbook, show nurses participating in various activities, such as a "Nurses vs. Doctors" baseball game. The photographs are accompanied by an assortment of memorabilia. These items include a certificate and a pin previously belonging to Adele Krooks Kirkgard, class of 1922. Also included is a copy of a 1961 memorial book entitled "Muhlenberg Nurses Through the Years, 1896-1961," which features historical information on the school.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bethany Myers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bethany Myers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers

Sponsor

This collection was processed with funds provided by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission as part of the Nursing History Processing and Cataloging Project.

Sponsor

This collection was processed with funds provided by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission as part of the Nursing History Processing and Cataloging Project.

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Access Restrictions

Series 6 is restricted.

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Access Restrictions

Series 4 is restricted.

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of the Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of the Alumni Association of Philadelphia General Hospital Training School for Nurses.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Nancy Snyder, Janice A. Bagnall, and Jane M. Kurz.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of the Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass School of Nursing.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Jodi Cantone and I. Donald Snook.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Doris R. Schwartz.

Processing Information note

Folders are identified by accession number.

Processing Information note

This collection is unprocessed. A preliminary inventory is given here. Please contact the Center for more information.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

See also: MC 78, Mercy-Douglass Hospital records.

Related Archival Materials note

See also: MC 5A, Philadelphia General Hospital School of Nursing Records; MC 71, Alumni Association of the Training School for Nurses of Philadelphia General Hospital collection; MC 72, Philadelphia General Hospital collection; and MC 210, Philadelphia General Hospital miscellaneous collection.

You can view the collection on our Philadelphia General Hospital Photo Collection site.

Records of the Training School for Nurses, Philadelphia General Hospital (PGH) can also be located at the Philadelphia City Archives. These materials primarily relate to activities from 1990's - 2005.

Related Archival Materials note

See also: MC 27, Alumnae Assocation of the Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing records.

Related Archival Materials note

The Muhlenberg Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Association Papers, 1904-2000, are held at the Plainfield Public Library, Local History Department, 800 Park Avenue, Plainfield, NJ 07060.

Related Archival Materials note

See also: MC 5A, Philadelphia General Hospital School of Nursing Records; MC 13A, Alumni Association of Philadelphia General Hospital Training School For Nurses photographs; MC 71, Alumni Association of the Training School for Nurses of Philadelphia General Hospital collection; MC 72, Philadelphia General Hospital School of Nursing Student Files collection.

You can view the collection on our Philadelphia General Hospital Photo Collection site.

Records of the Training School for Nurses, Philadelphia General Hospital (PGH) can also be located at the Philadelphia City Archives. These materials primarily relate to activities from 1990's - 2005.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass School of Nursing.
  • Mercy-Douglass Hospital.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Administrative records
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
Subject(s)
  • African American nurses
  • Nursing schools.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Alumni Association of the Training School for Nurses of Philadelphia General Hospital.
  • Philadelphia General Hospital.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
Subject(s)
  • Nursing schools.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Lankenau Hospital School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Hospital records
  • Photographs
  • School records
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
Subject(s)
  • Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919.
  • Nursing schools.
  • Nursing students

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass School of Nursing.
  • Mercy-Douglass Hospital.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Hospital records
  • Photographs
  • School records
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
Subject(s)
  • African American nurses
  • Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919.
  • Nursing schools.
  • Nursing students

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Muhlenberg Hospital School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
  • Postcards
Geographic Name(s)
  • Plainfield (N.J.)
Subject(s)
  • Baseball.
  • Nursing schools.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Alumni Association of Philadelphia General Hospital.
  • Alumni Association of the Training School for Nurses of Philadelphia General Hospital.
  • Philadelphia General Hospital.
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
Subject(s)
  • Nursing schools.
  • Nursing.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Presbyterian School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Administrative records
  • Hospital records
  • Photographs
  • School records
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
Subject(s)
  • Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919.
  • Nursing schools.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
Personal Name(s)
  • Lynch, Theresa I., 1896-1994
  • Schwartz, Doris R., 1915-1999
Subject(s)
  • Nursing schools.

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Key to Collection

Letters indicate inserted photographs: p. 2a is the photograph between p. 2 and p. 3.

Decimals indicate duplicate photographs: p. 2.1 is the duplicate of p. 2, p. 2a.1 is the duplicate of p. 2a.

Photographs marked as oversized are located in the oversized boxes listed at the end of this finding aid, ordered by date.

Collection Inventory

Series 1.  Mercy Hospital Alumnae Association, 1948-1949.

Scope and Contents note

This series includes one file of meeting minutes prior to the merger of Douglass Memorial and Mercy Hospital.

Box Folder

Minutes, 1948-1949.

1 1

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Series 2.  Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing, 1939-1987.

Scope and Contents note

Included in this series are documentation of the history of Mercy-Douglass school of nursing and the alumnae association (1918-1973), also the constitution and by-laws (1959). In this series are programs of home-coming for the Philadelphia and other state chapters; newspaper clippings concerning the activities of the hospital and school of nursing; and the study "Career Achievements for Graduates" (1909-1960).

Box Folder

Constitution and bylaws, 1959.

1 1

History of Mercy-Douglass Hospital and School of Nursing, 1948-1973.

1 2

History of the Alumnae Association of Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing (2 copies), undated.

1 3

Minutes, 1950-1978.

1 4

Annual Reunion, agenda, with financial reports, 1978-1985.

1 5

Annual Reunion, agenda, Recognition Lunches, financial reports, 1989, 2001-2005.

1 6

Annual Reunion, agenda, Recognition Lunches, financial reports, 2006-2012.

1 7

Budgets, 1981-1982.

1 8

Correspondence, 1951-1983.

1 9

Home-coming programs, for Philadelphia and other Chapters, 1940-1982.

1 10

Reunion programs, Mercy-Douglass Hospital Family.

Box Folder

1981.

1 11

1987 (2 copies) and 1996.

1 12

Memoria and death notices, 1957-1983.

1 13

Membership list, 1969-1980.

1 14

Miscellaneous, 1939-1984.

1 15

Newsletters, 1966.

2 16

Newsletters, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, March 2009, June 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013.

2 17

Black doctors, 1966-1983.

2 18

Cancer Detection Center, 1964.

2 19

News Clippings.

Box Folder

Closing of the hospital (MDH), 1970-1973.

2 20

Edna Gray and accident, 1963.

2 21

Miscellaneous, Hospital, School of Nursing and Alumnae Association.

2 22
Oversize

Mary E. Mahoney, First Graduate Nurse, AFPO Magazine Section, September 24, 1954.

9
Box Folder

Nursing Care Facility, Mercy-Douglass Human Service, 1974-1977.

2 23

Philadelphia Tribune and Kingsessing News, 1964-1969.

2 24

Study - "Career Achievements for Graduates, 1909-1960".

2 25-26

Yearbooks: "Invictus" 1953, "Ibis" 1954 (see MC 78 Box 3 for another copy of the 1953 yearbook).

2 27

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Series 3.  Other Organizations, 1941-1985.

Scope and Contents note

In this series are files of people with whom the Alumnae Association has had contact. It documents a study of Negro nurses done by the Local Association of Colored Graduate Nurses of Philadelphia and Vicinity (1946) and includes programs and newsletters from the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (1941-1949).

Delta Chapter of Chi Eta Phi Sorority, Inc.

Box Folder

Nurse of the Year, 1982.

2 1

Health and Welfare Council, Inc.

Box Folder

"Chronic Illness: Problems of Professional Education", after 1946.

2 2

Medical Society of Eastern Pennsylvania.

Box Folder

Mercy-Douglass Lectureship, 1982-1985.

2 3

National Conference of Hospital Administrators.

Box Folder

Questions for round table discussion, 1946.

2 4

Local Association of Colored Graduate Nurses of Philadelphia and Vicinity.

Box Folder

Survey of Negro Nurses in Philadelphia, summary, 1946.

2 5

National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, Inc.

Box Folder

Programs and newsletter, 1941-1949.

2 6

Pennsylvania State Nurses Association.

Box Folder

Bylaws for District Association No. 1, after 1951.

2 7

Wayne State University, School of Nursing, Scholarship Fund, Dorothy L. Bailey, 1966.

2 8

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Series 4.  Photographs, 1949-1982.

Scope and Contents note

There are 598 photographs in this series depicting special events, such as the naming of the new nurse’s home for L.G. Warlick (1956); reunions; alumnae meetings and home-comings. It includes photographs from Grace Manning Green’s scrapbook (Class of 1930).

Box Photo

Group photo at special banquet. Some names included., October 15, 1949.

3 1

November 1954.

Box Photo

Alumnae Association viewing new MDH facility, November 1954.

3 2

Miscellaneous others, November 1954.

3 3-5

Naming of the new nurses home for Lula G. Warlick, October 13, 1956.

Box Photo

Lula G. Warlick and unidentified woman, October 13, 1956.

3 6

Lula G. Warlick with name plaque, October 13, 1956.

3 7

Presentation with Lula G. Warlick standing left, October 13, 1956.

3 8

Presentation with Lula G. Warlick standing left, October 13, 1956.

3 8a

Miscellaneous others, October 13, 1956.

3 9-12
Box Photo

Ross House, October 26, 1957.

3 13-14

New York Chapter, 1961.

3 15-25

Gala Reunion, 1962.

3 26-33

Gala Reunion, photo with two postcards, 1963.

3 33

Homecoming, 1964.

3 34-37

Nursing Alumnae Dinner, 1964.

3 38-43

Special Event, 1965.

3 44-57

Picnic at Miss Bradford's Lincoln, Pennsylvania house, June 1966.

Box Photo

Miscellaneous, June 1966.

3 58-60

Mr. Sharp at picnic, June 1966.

3 61
Box Photo

Alumnae Associating meeting at the Benjamin Franklin Hotel, 1966.

3 62-64

Homecoming Celebration, 1966.

Box Photo

Planning committee during celebration.

3 65

Class of 1938 receiving cup for most members present.

3 66

Miscellaneous others.

3 67-72
Box Photo

Special Event Reception, 1966.

3 73-75

Special Gathering, November 1967.

4 76-79

Mrs. Marie Crawford Cawanns, October 1968.

4 80

Presentation of Miss Warlick's Portrait, October 1968.

4 81-85

Homecoming, Benjamin Franklin Hotel, 1968.

Box Photo

Homecoming Committee, 1968.

4 86

Homecoming speaker, unidentified, 1968.

4 87

Homecoming speaker, unidentified, 1968.

4 87a

Class of 1938 at Homecoming, 1968.

4 88

Class of 1938 at Homecoming, 1968.

4 89

Miscellaneous others, 1968.

4 90-100
Box Photo

Smitty Boat, 1969.

4 101

New York Reunion, 1969.

Box Photo

Alma Fleming and Connie Hill, 1969.

4 102

Deloris Smith, Ella Williams, and Emily Ragland, 1969.

4 103

Alan Green, Judy Brewer, Rubie Holloway, Deloris Brewer, 1969.

4 104

Lucille Mitchell, Lu Holloway, Ann Parker, Daisy Bell, and Sara Williams, 1969.

4 105

Hazel Mosley, 1969.

4 106

Hazel Mosley and unidentified others, 1969.

4 107

Marion Sessoms, Marie Hamilton, Elizabeth Sharp, 1969.

4 108

Two oldest nurses present receive corsages, 1969.

4 109

Two oldest nurses present receive corsages, 1969.

4 109a

Mary S. Henderson, 1969.

4 110

Mary S. Henderson, 1969.

4 110a

Class of 1938 receiving prize for most members present, 1969.

4 111

Bradford-Henderson Manning, 1969.

4 112

Shirley Nolley, Thelma Bourke, Margaret Patterson, and Marion Morton, 1969.

4 113

The Hotel, 1969.

4 114-118

Miscellaneous others, 1969.

4 119-129

The Bus Trip, 1969.

4 130-132
Box Photo

June Meeting, 1970.

4 133-142

September Alumnae Meeting at the Valentine home in Bridgeton, New Jersey, 1970.

4 143-151

Miss Flora Brown and Mrs. Margie McDonald at Homecoming, October 1970.

4 152

Ella Calbert-Morton and friends visit sick classmate, Edith H. Haynes, 1974.

4 153

Ms. Morton, Mrs. Bennet, and G. Manning Green, 1974.

4 154

G. Manning Green, 1974.

4 155

Ms. Morton with classmate, Ransom, and husband, Washington, 1974.

4 156

G. Manning Green in the car, 1974.

4 157

Mercy-Douglass Cruise, August 1974.

Box Photo

Miscellaneous People, August 1974.

4 158-160

Picture of tugboat with postcard of the cruise ship, the Queen Anna Maria, August 1974.

4 161
Box Photo

Reunion at Tamiment, October 1976.

5 162-181

Reunion formal photograph, 1977.

5 182

Jack Frost Mountain, October 1979.

5 183-184

Alumnae Reunion, Pocono Hershey Resort, 1979.

5 185-226

Christmas, at Elizabeth Sharp's daughter's house, 1979.

5 227-239

Christmas, 1980.

5 240-262

Mercy-Douglass Hospital Nurses Reunion, 1980.

5 263

Class of 1946 at the 1980 Homecoming, 1980.

5 264

Ski Weekend, February 1981.

6 265-298

Family Reunion, October 10, 1981.

Box Photo

Formal Group Photo, 8x10, October 10, 1981.

6 299

Formal Group Photo, 5x7, October 10, 1981.

6 299a

Formal Group Photo, 8x10, October 10, 1981.

6 300

Formal Group Photo, 5x7, October 10, 1981.

6 300a

Banquet, formal pictures, October 10, 1981.

6 301-316

Banquet, informal pictures, October 10, 1981.

6 317-340

Checking-in, October 10, 1981.

6 341-383

Miscellaneous People, October 10, 1981.

6 384-423

Miscellaneous Others, October 10, 1981.

6 424-455

G. Musley, M. Hamilton, and B. Green visit Miss Ethol at the Bradford home, 1982.

Box Photo

The visit, 1982.

6 456-458

Miss Ethol, 1982.

6 459-461a

Miscellaneous.

People.
Box Photo

4 unidentified girls.

7 462

Miss Lula G. Warwick, undated.

7 463

Miss Lula G. Warwick Memoriam.

7 464

Group photo, formal, unidentified.

7 465

Miss Hamush Baker Manus and unidentified others.

7 466

Mrs. Valentine (sister of Miss Morton) and son.

7 467

Group photo, informal, unidentified.

7 468

H. Alexander, G. Perry, and G. Green getting ready for a swim.

7 469

4 unidentified adults.

7 470

Ruth W. Jackson on top of the Cadillac, Maine Mountain.

7 471

Zanthia D. Conway and Vlenaetha McCaslin (wearing Junior nurses cape).

7 472

Delores Brewer.

7 473

Delores Brewer.

7 474

M. Morton and her brother, Plummer, 1974.

7 475

Dr. and Dorothy Ferguson, Christmas 1977.

7 476

Elsie Thomas' 100th birthday at Notre Dame Home for the Aged. She died June, 1980., May 30th, 1978.

7 477

Unidentified Group at Banquet.

7 478

Lela Bethel, 1992.

7 479

Lela Bethel, 1992.

7 479a

Unidentified Members of Alumnae Association at formal affair.

7 480

Group photo, formal, color.

7 481
Activities.
Box Photo

Special dinner, 1950s(?).

7 482-485

Alumni Members presenting a check for $500 in memory of Dr. Eugene T. Hinson.

7 486

Alumni Members presenting a check for $500 in memory of Dr. Eugene T. Hinson, members identified.

7 486a

Members of Alumnae Association present electrocardiograph to MDH.

7 487

Members of Alumnae Association present electrocardiograph to MDH.

7 487a

Fortune telling (?).

7 488

Carnival.

7 489

Card game.

7 490

Special banquet, 1950s(?).

7 491-492b

Special event, 1970s.

7 493-502

Picnic.

7 503-509

Special function, some people identified, 1980.

7 510-515

Unidentified.

7 516-536
Grace Manning Green, Class of 1930, photographs from her scrapbook.
Box Photo

Individual student nurse photos, 1929-1930.

7 537-543

Group student nurse photos.

7 544-550

Classroom photo (part of Class of 1930), 1929.

7 551

Class, 1930.

7 552

Student nurse, holding two newborn infants, undated.

7 553

Student nurse holding two toddlers, undated.

7 554

Individual photos, graduate nurse, 1930s.

7 555-566

Group photo, graduate nurses, 1930s; Social get-together, 1929-1980.

7 567-568

Friend's photo.

7 569-573

Group photos.

7 574-592

Alumni Meeting, group photo, undated.

7 593-595

Hospital, dietary kitchen, group of employees, undated.

7 596

Hospital, dietary kitchen, chef and assistant, 1930s.

7 597

Portrait, J.N. Kirton, December 25, 1932.

7 598

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Series 5.  Artifacts.

Scope and Contents note

This contains two (2) small souvenir glass vases from the hospital family reunion (1987).

Box

Two small souvenir glass vases inscribed with the words "Mercy-Douglass Hospital Family Reunion, October 3, 1987".

8

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Series 6.  Ephemera, 1896-1962.

Scope and Contents note

This series includes scrapbooks, announcements for a benefit concert (1896), and a poster for the School of Nursing basketball game (1951).

Oversize Folder

Scrapbook, Grace Manning Green, Class of 1930.

9 1

Scrapbook, Hospital and School of Nursing Functions and Activities, 1930-1962.

9 2

Poster, Basketball, "Harlem Hospital Nurses vs. Mercy-Douglass Nurses", Saturday, February 10, 1951.

9 3

Announcement, Concert for Douglass Memorial Hospital and Training School, February 26, 1896.

9 4

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

People, Pre-1900.

Box Photo

George Childs, circa 1880.

1 1

Anthony Drexel, circa 1880.

1 2

Edith A. Horner, circa 1884.

1 3
Oversize

Standing, left to right: Mr. Prudel (Steward), Mrs. Andrews, Miss Kate Kirwin, Mrs. Burrows, Mrs. Van Dimmel, and Mr. Mousinger (druggist). Seated: Dr. Lanner, Miss Alice Fisher, Dr. Wilson, and Dr. Daggert. Taken in front of the dispensary, May 1885.

3a
Box Photo

Womans-Outwards Barber Shop, circa 1890.

1 4

Patients from Nursing Department with Staff and Mothers, circa 1890.

1 5

Group of Inmates of the Insane Department, circa 1890.

1 6

Alice Fisher, Publicity Shot, circa 1884.

1 7
Oversize

Graduating Class of 1886: Josephine Osborne, Jane Boyd, Anna Large, Lizzie Wright, Jennie Dalziel, Emma Graham, Mary Lewis, Katie McCabs, Mary McCarthy, Elizabeth Keller, Jane Jones, Lydia Groff, Luella O. York, Louise Youmans, Delia O'Connell, Mary Patton, Mary Miller, Sadie Roberts, Jane Plummer, Edith Amsden, Ida Potts, and Ivy Schaffer.

7a
Box Photo

Alice Fisher, Edith Horner, Graduation, circa 1886.

1 7b

Alice Fisher, Oil Painting Portrait, circa 1888.

1 8

Roberta M. West, Class of 1886, circa 1888.

1 9

Roberta M. West, First Graduating Class, circa 1888.

1 10

Marion E. Smith, Class 1886, circa 1888.

1 11

Fifteen Nurses in Reception Room of Nurses Residence in Front of the Alice Fisher Painting.

1 12
Oversize

Jennie Lyone Williams Foorhees, at Old Blockley for graduation, 1889.

12a
Box Photo

Ten Females Wearing a Variety of Uniforms. Empty chair signifies Alice Fisher's death, circa 1888.

1 13

Student Nurse, circa 1885.

1 14

Neila Harned, Class of 1887, circa 1887.

1 15

Marguerite Fox, Class of 1888, circa 1888.

1 16

PGH Nurse, Studio Photograph, circa 1885.

1 17

PGH Nurse, Studio Photograph, circa 1885.

1 18

PGH Nurse, Studio Photograph, circa 1885.

1 19

Jane Dalziel-McKelway, Studio Photograph, circa 1890.

1 20

Nurse, Studio Photograph, circa 1887.

1 21

Amandena J. Berkemer, Class of 1888, circa 1888.

1 22

Nurse, Studio Photograph, circa 1885.

1 23

Nurse, Studio Photograph, circa 1885.

1 24

Marion Smith and Roberta West, Tea in Marion Smith Quarters, circa 1888.

1 25

Edith Horner, circa 1888.

1 25a

Group of 9 Nurses Including Helen S. Whitaker, Class of 1890 and Augusta Smith, Class of 1889, circa 1890.

1 26

Three Graduate Nurses: Grace Kinney, Susan Hearle, Unidentified, circa 1890.

1 27

Grace Kinney, Class of 1890, circa 1890.

2 28

Three Female Children and Three Male Children, circa 1890.

2 29

Helen Whitaker and Anna Danenhower and Unidentified Personnel, circa 1890.

2 30

Group, circa 1890.

2 31
Oversize

Group photograph of resident physicians in front of Old Blockley, circa 1880s.

31a
Box Photo

Residents: Dr. Taylor, Dr. Alexander, Dr. Hunt, Dr. Bitting and Dr. Rabinovitch, circa 1890.

2 32

Group of Physicians, Patient, Nurse and Attendant, Eye Operation, circa 1890.

2 33

Physician, Nurse and Male Patients, circa 1890.

2 34

Amandena J. Berkemer and Six Unidentified Personnel, circa 1890.

2 35
Oversize

Graduation class on the front porch of Home #1, circa 1890.

35a
Box Photo

Miss Fisher and Miss Ingram Making Surgical Dressings.

2 36

Lynda Whiton, assistant to Marion Smith, circa 1890.

2 37

Graduate Nurse, circa 1890.

2 38

Graduate Nurse, circa 1890.

2 39

Graduate Nurse, circa 1890.

2 40

Female, circa 1890.

2 41

Three Females, Two Graduates and One Student Nurse, circa 1890.

2 42

Four Females, One Graduate, and Three Student Nurses, circa 1890.

2 43

Student Nurse and Student Nurse Wearing Single Frill, circa 1890.

2 44

Susan Truscott, Class of 1891, circa 1891.

2 45

Polly, circa 1890.

2 46

Jeannie Perrine, Class of 1889, circa 1890.

2 47

Amandena J. Berkemer, Class of 1888, November 28, 1891.

2 48

Laura Lindsey, Class of 1893, circa 1893.

2 49

Female, circa 1890.

2 50

S. Lillian Clayton, Meril M. Albee, Minnie W. Watson, Martha Campbell, Class of 1896, circa 1896.

3 51

Marie Jensen, Class 1896, circa 1896.

3 52

Lena M. Banzhof, Dr. Keefer Seated at Table, Graduate Nurse and two Males, circa 1895.

3 53
Oversize

One of the Gold Medal Winners of the Class of 1899 Posed in White Uniform. Either Anna M. Rindlaub or Mary Anna Moran, 1899.

53a

Unidentified Student Nurse Assisting Intern with a Hot, Wet Dressing at Patient's Bedside While the Chief of Service Looks on, 1898-1899.

53b

Unidentified Group of Graduate Nurses in Graduation Procession, They are Wearing All White Uniforms a Change From Previous Tradition of Nurses Wearing the Uniforms of Their Schools Which Were Not All White, June 1899.

53c

Philadelphia General Hospital Nurses' Residence, circa 1898.

53

Two Unidentified Nurses with Babies, Charles Bumstead, MD, and One Unidentified Graduate Nurse on the Sun Porch of Maternity Ward of Philadelphia General Hospital, circa 1898.

53e

Eight Unidentified Student Nurses in Uniform, July 1899.

53

Unidentified Graduation Procession, Probably Class of 1899.

53g

Four Unidentified Nurses and Two Unidentified Physicians Having a Tea Party on the Sun Porch, circa 1898.

53h
Box Photo

Four Physicians, circa 1898.

3 54

Dr. John Leo Sagerson, May 21, 1898.

3 55

Dr. John Leo Sagerson, circa 1899.

3 56

Martha Clemens, Class of 1889, circa 1889.

3 57

Four People on Walkway, circa 1890.

3 58

Working Female Aide, circa 1890.

3 59

Chandler Scheetz, circa 1890.

3 60

PGH Graduate Wearing a Double Frill, circa 1890.

3 61

Nurses in Front of old TB Building, Dressed in Isolation Garb, circa 1898.

3 62

PGH Patient, Wilhelmina in a Wheelchair, circa 1890.

3 63

Five Males, circa 1890.

3 64

Two Nurses, Three Children, One Female, circa 1895.

3 65

Four Mannequins, 2 Adult Females and Two Infants, circa 1895.

3 66

Two Females, circa 1890.

3 67

Nurse, circa 1890.

3 68

Group of Children and Student Nurse, circa 1890.

3 69

Nurse and Two Young Patients, circa 1890.

3 70

Female, circa 1890.

3 71

Female Patients, circa 1890.

3 72

Florence Nightingale, circa 1890.

3 73

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Activities and Buildings, pre-1900s.

Box Photo

Autopsies in Dissecting Room: Dr. Chas Walter, Unidentified Dr. Jamison, Dr. William T. Sharpless, Dr. Chas K. Mill, Dr. McCoy, Unidentified, Dr. William Osler, Dr. Thomas Ashton, Unidentified, Dr. August Eshner, Female M.D., circa 1888.

4 74

Thirteen Nurses, circa 1888.

4 75

Dr. Ketchem, Dr. McFarland, Dr. Walter, Dr. Carlin, Dr. Stengel, Dr. Humphrey, Nurse Mary Berridge '89 and Nurse Minnie Johnson '90, circa 1890.

4 76

Student Nurse, Physician and Two Female Patients, circa 1890.

4 77

House of Employment and Alms House, 10th and Spruce Streets in Philadelphia, circa 1767.

4 78

Old Blockley, circa 1834.

4 79

Reproduction "Blockley Alms House", circa 1857.

4 80

Corridor of Men's Medical Department, circa 1888.

4 81

Sullivan the Cook, Mrs. Smith the Housekeeper and Two Kitchen Aids, circa 1888.

4 82

Liberty St. in Front of Women's Surgical Wards, circa 1888.

4 83

Women's Outwards, circa 1888.

4 84

Nursing Staff: Eva Pennewill-Jamerson '94, Weighing Infant; Caroline E. Boehringer '96, Holding Infant; Linda A. Thomas '96, Holding Tray; Marguerite Lewis-Beden '96, Holding Infant; Emma Sharp-Williams, '96, Holding Infant, circa 1895.

4 85

Building- Maternity Pavilion, circa 1890.

4 86

PGH-Nurses Residence, circa 1895.

4 87

Unidentified Groups, circa 1890.

4 88

Street in Front of Women's Nervous Dept, circa 1890.

4 89
Oversize

Front View of Nurses' Home #1, Philadelphia General Hospital, May 2, 1896.

89a
Box Photo

PGH- Administration, circa 1899.

4 90
Oversize

Sketch of Nurses Home #1, 34th and Curie Avenue, 1899.

90a

Nurses Home #1, 1899.

90b

Nurses Home #1, Facing 34th Street. Residence Was Completed in 1893, Accommodated 120 Nurses on Three Floors with 4th Floor Being Central Dormitory and Attic Space, circa 1893-1904.

90c

Nurses Home, Side View, circa 1893-1904.

90

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People, 1900-1910.

Related Archival Materials note

See also Box 44, Photo Album circa 1900.

Box Photo

Female, circa 1900.

5 91

Female, circa 1900.

5 92

Three Females, circa 1900.

5 93

Two Females and Child in Wheelchair with Child and Attendant Seated on Bench in the Background, circa 1890.

5 94

Female, circa 1900.

5 95

Dr. Floyd S. Clark, Dr. Nile, Dr.Frank Roger Keefer, circa 1900.

5 96

Lydia Whiton, Class of 1890, Assistant Director, Marion Smith, Director, circa 1900.

5 97
Oversize

Blockley Medical Society, Group of Physicians, 1902.

97a

Group of Nurses at Philadelphia Hospital for Contagious Diseases, top row: Mary Greenwood, '89; Marian Darr, '89; and Jennie L. Williams. Lower row: Sarah Scott; Marion E. Smith (Director); Martha Elliott; and Lillian McCleavey. Also: Winona Brown; Mary Crawford; Ida Forsythe; Alice Guerard; Amy Kurtz; Marian Patterson; and Kathryn Taylor, circa 1900.

97b
Box Photo

Graduation photograph. Row 1: Ethel Nedeau, '04; Marion Neadeau, '04. Row 2: Sarah R. Newton, '02 (Gold Medal Winner); Katherine G. Hatch, '97 (instructor); Miss Hayes (instructor); Miss Pennewell (instructor); Eliza Quinton, '99 (instructor); Susie J. Baker,'01 (Gold Medal Winner for 1901, instructor). Row 4: Catherine Gillespie, '02. 24 other Students, unidentified., May 2, 1902.

5 98
Oversize

Graduation photograph. Row 1: Ethel Neadeau, '04; Marion Neadeau, '04. Row 2: Sarah R. Newton, '02 (Gold Medal Winner); Katherine G. Hatch, '97 (instructor); Miss Hayes (instructor); Miss Pennewell (instructor); Eliza Quinton, '99 (instructor); Susie J. Baker, '01 (Gold Medal Winner for 1901, instructor). Row 4: Catherine Gillespie, '02. 24 other Students, unidentified., May 2, 1902.

98.1

Graduation photograph. Row 1: Ethel Neadeau, '04; Marion Neadeau, '04. Row 2: Sarah R. Newton, '02 (Gold Medal Winner); Katherine G. Hatch, '97 (instructor); Miss Hayes (instructor); Miss Pennewell (instructor); Eliza Quinton, '99 (instructor); Susie J. Baker, '01 (Gold Medal Winner for 1901, instructor). Row 4: Catherine Gillespie, '02. 24 other Students, unidentified., May 2, 1902.

98.2

Graduation photograph. Row 1: Ethel Neadeau, '04; Marion Neadeau, '04. Row 2: Sarah R. Newton, '02 (Gold Medal Winner); Katherine G. Hatch, '97 (instructor); Miss Hayes (instructor); Miss Pennewell (instructor); Eliza Quinton, '99 (instructor); Susie J. Baker, '01 (Gold Medal Winner for 1901, instructor). Row 4: Catherine Gillespie, '02. 24 other Students, unidentified., May 2, 1902.

98.3

Group of Unidentified Nurses at Graduation, May 2, 1902.

98b

Group of Unidentified Nurses at Graduation, May 2, 1902.

98c

Group of Unidentified Nurses at Graduation, May 2, 1902.

98c.1
Box Photo

Female, circa 1900.

5 99

Twelve African-American Boys and Five Nurses, circa 1902.

5 100

Student Nurse, circa 1902.

5 101

Old Municipal Hospital, circa 1900.

5 102

Two Females, circa 1900.

5 103

Female, circa 1900.

5 104

Female, circa 1900.

5 104.1

Six Females, circa 1900.

5 105

Six Females, circa 1900.

5 105.1

Four Patients and Two Attendants, circa 1904.

5 105.2

Female, circa 1900.

5 106

Four Females, circa 1900.

5 107

Female, "Laura", circa 1900.

5 107a

Student Nurse, circa 1900.

5 108

Graduate Nurse, circa 1900.

5 109

Female, circa 1900.

5 110

Four Females, circa 1900.

5 111

Unidentified Graduate Nurse-Double Frill, Nurse, Four Student Nurses in Isolation Uniform, circa 1900.

5 112

Graduate Nurse, circa 1900.

5 113

Two Females: One Child and One Adult, circa 1904.

5 114

One Female and Two Males, circa 1904.

5 115

Group of Attendants and Child Patients, circa 1904.

5 116

Nurse and Group of Children, circa 1903.

5 117

Student Nurse and Child, circa 1904.

5 118

Student Nurse, Marie G. Ridgly '04, circa 1904.

5 119
Oversize

Unidentified Groups of Nurses at Graduation, July 6, 1905.

119a

Graduation, Sarah Krewson is in Row 2, July 6, 1905.

119b
Box Photo

Three Nurses, Physician and Two Infants, circa 1904.

6 120

Nurse, Physician and Two Child Patients, circa 1904.

6 121

Young Patient, circa 1904.

6 122

Nurse, Physician and Four Child Patients, circa 1904.

6 123

Nurse, Physician and Four Child Patients, circa 1904.

6 123.1

Nurse, Attendant and Children, circa 1904.

6 124

Student Nurse and Group of Children Patients, circa 1904.

6 125

Two Nurses and Four Children Patients, circa 1904.

6 126

Nurse and Two Young Patients, circa 1904.

6 127

Classes 1903-04, Nurses at PGH, Group Picture, circa 1904.

6 128

Nurse and Two Youngsters, circa 1903.

6 129

Student Nurse, circa 1904.

6 130

Student Nurse, circa 1904.

6 130.1

Student Nurse, circa 1904.

6 130.2

Group of Seven individuals: Four Student Nurses, Graduate Nurse and Two Interns, circa 1900.

6 131

Three Student Nurses, circa 1903.

6 132

Nurse and Patients, circa 1900.

6 133

Two Student Nurses and Three Young Female Patients, circa 1904.

6 134

Special Group of Students and Graduates, Margaret F. Donahue, Chief Nurse, 1903-1910, People Involved in Class 1904-05-06, circa 1904.

6 135

Female Graduate Nurse, circa 1900.

6 136

Graduate Nurse, circa 1900.

6 137

Graduate Nurse, circa 1900.

6 138

Four Physicians and "Daddy Owen"-Thomas J. Owens, circa 1900.

6 139

Young Patient, burn victim, circa 1900.

6 140

Two Nurses, circa 1900.

6 141

Two Nurses, circa 1900.

6 141.1
Oversize

Graduation Portrait, c.1903-1910. Row 1: Standing Center with Spray of Flowers is Margaret Donahoe, Director of Nursing 1903-1910, circa 1906.

141a

Graduating Class of 1906. Center, Holding Flowers is Margaret Donahoe, Director of Nursing, 1903-1910, circa 1906.

141b

Graduating Class of 1907. Center, Holding Flowers is Margaret Donahoe, Director of Nursing, 1903-1910, circa 1907.

141c

Graduation Portrait, c.1903-1910. Center, Holding Flowers is Margaret Donahoe, Director of Nursing, 1903-1910, circa 1903-1910.

141

Unidentified Class Group with Their Instructors, circa 1908-1909.

141e
Box Photo

PGH Laboratory Staff, circa 1906.

6 142

PGH Barber shop, Patients and Staff, circa 1906.

6 143

Male, circa 1906.

6 144

Dr. George Foster (of Illinois), Resident Physician at PGH 1908 also Resident Pathologist at PGH 1907, circa 1907.

6 145
Oversize

Resident Physicians at Philadelphia Hospital. Row 1: Israel Mayers, Resident Physician, 1907-1909; Joseph Samuel Cohen, Resident Physician, 1907; and George Beltz, Resident Physician, 1907. Row 2: Benjamin Robinson, Resident Physician, 1906; John Thomas Aydelotte, Resident Physician, 1906; Leonard Davis Frescoln, Assistant Chief Resident Physician, 1906-1910; Henry Sykes, Chief Resident Physician, 1905-1914; Charles Joseph Swalm, Resident Physician, 1906; Henry Carl Richter, Resident Physician, 1906; and William Stephens Shields, Resident Physician, 1907-1908. Row 3: Edward Richard Flatley, Dental Resident, 1907; Samuel Ellis, Resident Physician, 1907; John Joseph Reddy, Resident Physician, 1907-1908; Ward Boleyn MacCaffry, Resident Physician, 1906; and George Burgess Foster, Resident Pathologist, 1907 and Resident Physician, 1908; Jessie M. Peterson Janjigian (female), Resident Physician, 1907-1908; Thomas J. Leary, Resident Physician, 1907; James DeWitt Kerr, Resident Physician, 1907; and Howard Bayard Erdman, Resident Physician, 1907. Row 4: Charles Tomlinson King, Resident Physician, 1906; Frank Bennett Baird, Resident Physician, 1907; Royal Reynolds, Resident Physician, 1907-1908; David Nathaniel Husik, Resident Physician, 1907; Mohr; James Allen Jackson, Resident Pathologist Intern, 1906-1908; and Charles Stanley Aitken, Resident Physician, 1907-1908, circa 1907.

145a
Box Photo

Walter Bowers, M.D., Three Patients and One Nurse, Treatments in Leg Ulcer Clinic, circa 1908.

6 146

Dr. George Foster, circa 1908.

6 147
Oversize

Informal Group of Nurses, at Center with Black Band is Margaret Donahoe, Director of Nurses, circa 1913.

147a

Unidentified Group of Nurses Posed in Front of Side Entrance of Nurses Residence, circa 1913.

147b
Box Photo

Althea M. Taylor (Allie) '09, circa 1909.

6 148

Graduate Nurse in Double Frill, circa 1904.

6 148a

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Activities, 1900-1920.

Related Archival Materials note

See also Box 44, Photo Album circa 1900.

Box Photo

Nurse, Doctor and Patient, circa 1900.

7 149

Dr. Chalmers DaCosta-Operating Surgeon. Also Three Nurses, Seven Seated Interns, Two Assistants to Dr. Chalmers and Numerous Medical Students, Dr. DaCosta Operating and Teaching, circa 1900.

7 150

Alice Fisher's Grave, circa 1900.

7 151

Easter Procession to Alice Fisher's Grave, circa 1900.

7 152

Annual Procession-Pilgrimage at Easter Time to Alice Fisher's Grave. Marion Smith and Miss Whiting Lead the Procession., circa 1900.

7 153

Marion E. Smith, Class of 1886, Lydia Whiton, Class of 1890, March to Alice Fisher's Grave at Woodlands Cemetery, Easter Sunday 1902.

7 153a

Dr. George E. Pfahler, Nellie McAvoy '02, "Patient," Nurse "Friend", play Acting-receiving Ward, circa 1902.

7 154

Anna Ingram, PGH '02 and Five Physicians, circa 1903.

7 155

Nellie McAvoy '02, Female, Dr. George E. Pfahler, Play Acting "Receiving Ward" at PGH, circa 1902.

7 156

Dr. Nathan Stouffer, Resident in 1902; Graduate Nurse Anna Ingraham PGH '02; Jennie Fisher, PGH '02; Dr. George Pfahler; Unidentified, circa 1903.

7 157

Graduate Nurse-Laura Miller, PGH Class of 1894, Dr. Eliz Picket, Lovelace, Graduate Women Medical 1895, Resident PGH 1895, 1902, Dr. Anne Augustus Heintze, Graduate Women Medical, 1903, Resident PGH 1904, circa 1904.

7 158

Philadelphia Hospital Ambulance with Two Horses, circa 1904.

7 159

Marian Neadeau '04, with Five Nurses and Twenty-three Patients (Children and Babies), circa 1904.

7 160

Ida Snelling, PGH '02, Annabelle Guernsey, PGH '02, Mary Jackson, PGH '02, One Nurse and Professor E. C. Montgomery, Dr. George Pike, Dr. Leo Pfahler, circa 1902.

7 161
Oversize

Two Doctors with "Willie," a Neuropatient, circa 1906-1910.

161a

Willie in Men's Nervous Department, circa 1906-1910.

161b

Willie in Men's Nervous Department, circa 1906-1910.

161c

Cheering Group of Females at Doctors' Ball Game, circa 1906-1910.

161

Mary, a Runner for Miss Donahoe (Director of Nurses, 1903-1910), circa 1906-1910.

161e

Four Unidentified Residents or Interns, circa 1900s.

161

Dr. Sykes, Chief Resident, 1906-1914.

161g

Housemother, circa 1900s.

161h

Miss Donahoe with Graduate Nurse Staff, 1910.

161i

Seven Student Nurses, 1908.

161j

Miss Donahoe with Ten Pediatric Patients, circa 1903-1910.

161k

Miss Guthrie, Miss Donahoe, and Miss Rennyson, circa 1903-1910.

161l

Ten Students and Three Graduate Nurses, circa 1900s.

161m

Miss Murphy and Students and Infants, circa 1906 or later.

161n

Students and Infants, circa 1906 or later.

161o

Students, circa 1906 or later.

161p

Miss Teirjags and Miss Griffin (Class of 1905), circa 1906 or later.

161q

Students, circa 1906 or later.

161r

Miss Murphy and Students, circa 1906 or later.

161s

Miss Murphy and Students, circa 1906 or later.

161t
Box Photo

Student Nurse "Miss Campbell", Patient "Annabelle", May 26, 1915.

7 162

Two Student Nurses, circa 1900.

7 162a
Oversize

Dr. Walter Bowers, circa 1906-1907.

162b

Father Grant, Catholic Priest Assigned to PGH, circa 1906-1907.

162c

Reverend Heaton, Minister at PGH, circa 1906-1907.

162

Unidentified Graduate and Student Nurses with Male Interns and Doctors at Fairmount Park, circa 1906-1907.

162e

Unidentified Group, circa 1906-1907.

162

Unidentified Group of Nurses and Doctors, circa 1906-1907.

162g

Greenhouse on Grounds of Blockley, circa 1906-1907.

162h

Nellie Rennyson, RN (She was also Chief Nurse, 1910-1914), circa 1906-1907.

162i

Alice Fisher Grave Site at Woodlands Cemetery, circa 1906-1907.

162j
Box Photo

Patient and Staff Resting in Lounge Chairs in the Sun, circa 1910.

7 163

Three Graduate Nurses Wearing Double Frills, circa 1910.

7 164

Staff and Patients, PGH- A view of the Physical Therapy room, circa 1920.

7 165

Staff and Patients, PGH- A view of the Physical Therapy room, circa 1920.

7 165.1

Staff and Patients, circa 1920.

7 166

Staff and Patients, circa 1920.

7 167

Doctor, Three Nurses and One Patient, circa 1920.

7 168

Staff and Patients, circa 1920.

7 169

Staff and Patients, circa 1920.

7 170

Two Males, Patients, Doctor, Nurse, PGH Student, circa 1921.

7 171

PGH Workshop of the Lab, Staff, circa 1921.

7 172

Staff and Patients, circa 1921.

7 173

Staff and Patients, Circus Day at PGH, circa 1921.

7 174

Staff and Patients, Circus Day at PGH, circa 1921.

7 175

Unidentified: Two Males and One Female, circa 1921.

7 175.a

Staff and Patients, Circus Day at PGH, circa 1921.

7 176

Staff and Patients, Circus Day at PGH, circa 1921.

7 176a

Doctor, Nurse, and Patient, Prenatal Clinic, circa 1921.

7 177

Staff and Patient, Prenatal Clinic, circa 1921.

7 178

Doctors: G.B. Carnett, Operator; W.G. Turnbull, Medical Director; Howell, Assistant to Carnett; Culban, Chief of Radiology. Intern Doctors: Grace Robertson, Laogey, and Bennet. Nurses: Elsie Nicola, Chief Nurse of O.R.; S.L. Clayton, Supervisor of Nursing; D. Rooney, Class of 1925; E. Miller, Class of 1925; V. West O.R. Supervisor; Mr. Smith in Charge of Electric Machine; Mr. Weatherwax, Director of Radiology; and Mildred Hug, Anaesthsiologist. Surgical Procedure in old Surgical Amphitheatre, circa 1924.

7 179

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Buildings, 1900-1929.

Box Photo

Reproduction of Painting-1840, Philadelphia Alms House-1840, circa 1840.

8 180
Oversize

Philadelphia Hospital, Isolation Building and Laundry, circa 1890-1910.

180a

Philadelphia Hospital, Isolation Building and Laundry, circa 1890-1910.

180b

Old Clinic Surgery Gallery. Dr. La Place is Surgeon in Striped Apron, Two Unidentified Nurses in Attendance, circa 1900.

180c
Box Photo

A Flower Garden-Philadelphia General Hospital, circa 1900.

8 181

Classroom-School of Nursing, circa 1900.

8 181a

Three Men, circa 1900.

8 181b

Exterior of Pavilion Building, circa 1900.

8 181c

Exterior of Building, circa 1900.

8 181

Two Student Nurses in Front of PGH Building, circa 1900.

8 182

Four Males, circa 1902.

8 183

Grounds of Philadelphia General Hospital, circa 1900.

8 184

Males in Pharmacy, PGH Pharmacy, circa 1900.

8 185

Males in Pharmacy, PGH Pharmacy, circa 1900.

8 186

Males in Kitchen, PGH Kitchen, circa 1900.

8 187

Males in Kitchen, PGH Kitchen, circa 1900.

8 188
Oversize

Old Men's Nervous Building, circa 1906-1910.

188a

Two Unidentified Student Nurses Standing in Doorway of Men's Nervous Building, circa 1906-1910.

188b

Commercial Museum and Part of Old Blockley and Vintage Avenue, circa 1910.

188c
Box Photo

Doctor's Home (left) and Nurse's residence (right), circa 1922.

8 189

Courtyard at Blockley, circa 1900.

8 190

Blockley PGH, circa 1900.

8 191

34th and Pine, circa 1900.

8 192

Several Nurses and Patients, circa 1900.

8 193

Administration Building at Blockley, circa 1900.

8 194

Nurses and Pediatric Patients, circa 1900.

8 195

A Woman's Ward with Six Nurses, circa 1900.

8 196

Buildings at PGH, circa 1900.

8 197

Unknown PGH Nurse Preparing a Clysis, circa 1900.

8 198

Old Blockley Pavilion Buildings, 34th and Vintage (Then Curie and now Civic Center Boulevard) Avenue, circa 1900.

8 198a

Old Blockley Pavilion Buildings, circa 1901.

8 198b

Greenhouse and Garden with Fountain at Philadelphia General Hospital, circa 1901.

8 198c
Oversize

Bird's Eye View of Philadelphia General Hospital, April 30, 1902.

198

Professor J. Chalmers De Costa Clinic with De Costa Standing Center with Rubber Gloves, Demonstrating Teaching of Surgery, April 19, 1902.

198e

Early View of Old Blockley. This was the 3rd and Final Location of the Philadelphia General Hospital, circa 1835.

198
Box Photo

Six Males, circa 1902.

8 199
Oversize

Men's Nervous Ward, circa 1906-1907.

199a

Insane Department Pavilion Buildings and Male Yard used for Exercising and Walking Male Patients, circa 1906.

199b

Insane Department Pavilion Buildings and Male Yard used for Exercising and Walking Male Patients, circa 1906.

199c

Administration Building, Old Blockley, circa 1906.

199

Philadelphia General Hospital Nurses' Residence Home #1, circa 1906.

199e

Philadelphia General's Children's Department, Housed Here at 34th Street from 1904-1928, circa 1906.

199

Side View of Nurses' Residence Homes #1, circa 1906.

199g

Bird's Eye View of Philadelphia General Hospital, circa 1906.

199h

View of 34th Street and Old Blockley, circa 1906.

199i

Early PGH Ambulance with Two Unidentified Interns, circa 1906.

199j

Gray Walls and Pavilion Buildings of Old Blockley as Seen from Vintage Avenue, circa 1906.

199k

Glass Houses for Tuberculosis Patients, circa 1906.

199l

Left--Brick Building which Housed Women's Tuberculosis Center. Right--Pathology Building circa 1906 where William Osler, MD did Autopsies and Taught. Building was Restored in 1940 as the Osler Memorial Building, then Destroyed in 1977-1978 by the University of Pennsylvania to Make Room for New Building Project, circa 1906.

199m

Patient Pete Malone Opening Door of Men's Nervous Pavilion Building, circa 1906.

199n

Interior of Glass House used for Tuberculosis Patients, circa 1906-1907.

199o

Women's Outward, circa 1906-1907.

199p

Hospital area, circa 1906-1907.

199q

Backgate of Old Blockley, circa 1906-1907.

199r

Administration Buildings with Columns Facing Commercial Museum, circa 1906-1907.

199s

Horse-Drawn PGH Ambulance with Attendant, circa 1906.

199t

Courtyard of Old Blockley Showing the Greenhouses, Outdoor Pavilion, and Pavilion Buildings, circa 1906.

199u
Box Photo

Three Student Nurses, circa 1910.

8 200

Two Student Nurses, circa 1910.

8 201

Three Males, circa 1890.

8 202

Three Males, circa 1912.

8 203

Nurse's Residence, circa 1910.

8 204

Building of Old PGH, circa 1910.

8 205

Female, August 29,1912.

8 206

Doctors and Nurses, November, 1913.

8 207

Pavilion Building, circa 1832.

8 208

Six Males, circa 1915.

8 209

Female in Street Clothes, November 7, 1915.

8 210

A "Pavilion" Building of old PGH, circa 1915.

8 211

American Red Cross House (W.W.I.) at PGH, circa 1919.

8 212

Room for Nurses in Home #2, circa 1918.

8 213

Record Photo of Nurses Home #3, circa 1919.

8 214

Nurse in Doorway of Isolation Building, circa 1915.

8 215

Nurses, circa 1917.

8 216

Females in Uniform Without Cap, circa 1918.

8 217

Four Females, circa 1918.

8 218

PGH Nurse and Male Physician, circa 1920.

8 219

Original Pencil Sketch of Old Blockley Men's Medical and Surgical Clinic, Artist Unknown, circa 1920.

8 220

Pencil Sketch of Gates at PGH, circa 1920.

8 221

Reproduction of Architects Sketch of Proposed Plan of Buildings, circa 1922.

9 222

Admission Building of PGH, circa 1920.

9 223

Photo of Admission Building, circa 1920.

9 224

PGH-Interior of a Surgical Ward, circa 1920.

9 225

Nursing Staff, circa 1920.

9 226

PGH-Nurses Home #2, circa 1920.

9 227

Gardeners, circa 1920.

9 228

Staff, circa 1920.

9 229

Conference Room, Biochemistry Dept, the Laboratories of PGH, circa 1920.

9 230

Laboratories, PGH, circa 1920.

9 231

Recreation Yard for Patients, circa 1920.

9 232

PGH Dining room -Women's Psych Department, circa 1920.

9 233

PGH Corridor in Women's Psych Department, circa 1920.

9 234

PGH Police and Fireman's Ward, circa 1920.

9 235

PGH Metabolic Ward Used To House Diabetic Patients, circa 1920.

9 236

PGH Women's Tuberculosis Building, circa 1920.

9 237

PGH "Service Building," for Pre-clinical Students, circa 1920.

9 238

Library in Physicians' Residence, circa 1920.

9 239

PGH Physician' Residence, circa 1920.

9 240

Building for Women at Byberry, circa 1921.

9 241

PGH Byberry Corridor in Women's Department, circa 1921.

9 242

[no Photograph].

9 243

[no Photograph].

9 244

[no Photograph].

9 245

[no Photograph].

9 246

[no Photograph].

9 247

[no Photograph].

9 248

[no Photograph].

9 249

[no Photograph].

9 250

[no Photograph].

9 251

[no Photograph].

9 252

[no Photograph].

9 253

[no Photograph].

9 254

Group of Five Males and Two Female Clerks, circa 1921.

9 255

Philadelphia Hospital 1767-1834 at Tenth and Eleventh and Spruce and Pine Streets, circa 1921.

9 256

Reproduction Photo of Alms House, Fourth and Union Street, circa 1921.

9 257

PGH Administration Building, circa 1921.

9 258

PGH Administration Building, circa 1921.

9 259

PGH Nurses Home #2, circa 1921.

9 260

PGH Library of the Labs, Librarian, circa 1921.

9 261

PGH Nurses Residence 1 and 3, circa 1924.

9 262

Intern's Residence at PGH, circa 1924.

9 264

Doctor's Residence and Nurses Residences Homes #1 and #2, circa 1925.

9 264a

Rebuilding of PGH Women's Medical Building, circa 1920.

9 265

PGH Children's Hospital, circa 1920.

9 266

Rebuilding of PGH Women's Surgical Building, circa 1925.

9 267

Maternity Building, Newly Built, circa 1920.

9 268

Newly Built Administration Building, circa 1920.

9 269
Oversize

Philadelphia Inquirer Photo of Completed New PGH Buildings, November 27, 1927.

269a

Public Ledger Photo of Completed New PGH Buildings, November 20, 1927.

269b
Box Photo

Doctors' Residence, Nurses' Residence, circa 1929.

9 270

Newly Built Operating Room at PGH, circa 1920.

9 271

Return to Top »

Equipment and People, 1900-1918.

Box Photo

Two Males, circa 1902.

10 272

Four Males, circa 1906.

10 273

Five Males Sitting in a Horse Drawn Patrol Wagon, circa 1910.

10 274

Two Males Probably Army Personnel, circa 1917.

10 275

Army Personnel at a Loading Platform, circa 1917.

10 276

(Blue Willow Clinic) Metabolic Diet Tray, circa 1920.

10 277

1920 Motorambulance with Driver, Student Nurse and Intern, circa 1920.

10 278

Graduate Nurses, Nine with Double Frill, circa 1904.

10 279

A Graduate Nurse Procession at PGH, circa 1910.

10 280

Marian E. Smith, Class of 1886, circa 1910.

10 281

Graduate Nurse, circa 1910.

10 282

Two Females, circa 1910.

10 283

Male, circa 1910.

10 284

Female, circa 1910.

10 285

Female, circa 1910.

10 286

Dr. Thompson, Dr. Leroy Wilkes, circa 1910.

10 287

Dr. Morris Hershfield Boerner, Dr. Samuel Newton Key, Dr. James Allen Jackson, circa 1910.

10 288

Sheddie Usher, M.D., William David Barry, M.D., circa 1910.

10 289

Resident Physicians Carroll Royer Baker, M.D. and Herbert Tuthill, M.D., circa 1910.

10 290

Dr. Frederick P. Henry, circa 1910.

10 291

John Blair Deaver, M.D., circa 1910.

10 292

Young Patient, circa 1910.

10 293

Nurses and Young Patients, circa 1910.

10 294

Nurses and Young Patients, circa 1910.

10 294.1

Group of Children, Two Graduate Nurses, Student Nurse, Female, Male Physician, circa 1910.

10 295

Group of Children, Two Graduate Nurses, Student Nurse, Female, Male Physician, circa 1910.

10 296

Group of Children Patients, circa 1910.

10 297

Ten Student Nurses, circa 1910.

10 298

Two Nurses, circa 1910.

10 299

Student Nurse, circa 1910.

10 300

Graduate Nurse, circa 1910.

10 301

Student Nurse, circa 1910.

10 302

Nurse, circa 1910.

10 303

Marie Long '11, circa 1911.

10 304

Young Boy, circa 1911.

10 305

Four Males, June 1912.

11 306

Ten Male Employees, circa 1912.

11 307

Three Female Nurses in Double Frills and Two Interns Wearing White Jackets, circa 1912.

11 308

Jessie Leidbecker '12, circa 1912.

11 309

Two Unidentified Nurses, circa 1912.

11 310

One Graduate Nurse in Double Frill Wearing a Sweater and One Graduate Nurse in Isolation Wearing a Cap, circa 1912.

11 311

One Graduate Nurse and One Female Companion, circa 1912.

11 312

Two Student Nurse's on Lawn Near Nurses Residence, circa 1912.

11 313

Two Nurses and One Physician, circa 1912.

11 314

Group of Eleven Students Nurses, July 2, 1912.

11 315

Dr. Stephen Mitterling, circa 1912.

11 316

Intern Holding a Baby, circa 1912.

11 317

Two Nurses, circa 1912.

11 318

Four Student Nurses, circa 1912.

11 319

Two Student Nurses, circa 1912.

11 320

One Nurse in Isolation Cap and Gown, circa 1912.

11 321

Two Nurses, circa 1912.

11 322

One Student Nurse and One Female, circa 1912.

11 323

Nurse, circa 1912.

11 324

Nurse, circa 1912.

11 324.1

Nurse, circa 1912.

11 325

Female, circa 1912.

11 326

Nurse and Four Young Children, circa 1912.

11 327

Six Student Nurses, circa 1912.

11 328

Unidentified: Five Patients, Two Female Attendants, Two Student Nurses and One Physician, Christmas 1912.

11 329

Dr. Smith on Walk of PGH Grounds, circa 1912.

11 330

Graduate Nurse and Five Patients, circa 1913.

11 331

Nurse and Four Patients, circa 1913.

11 332

Nurse and Four Patients, circa 1913.

11 333

Group of Five Men and Nine Women, March 1913.

11 334
Oversize

Three Student Nurses, Intern, Patient (young girl), Wards of PGH at Christmas, December 28, 1913.

334a

Three Student Nurses (one who is Louise C Klein, Class of 1915), circa 1913.

334b
Box Photo

Males, circa 1914.

11 335

Five Nurses, circa 1914.

11 336

Student Nurse and Two Pediatric Patients, circa 1914.

11 337

Student Nurse Mary Farrell '16, and Three Male Children, circa 1914.

11 338

Allie M. Taylor, '09, circa 1914.

11 339

Four Student Nurses, circa 1914.

11 340

Three Student Nurses, circa 1914.

11 341

One Student Nurse and Several Patients, circa 1914.

11 342

Out Ward Inhabitants, Oct 30, 1914.

11 343
Oversize

Graduation Photo, Nellie Rennyson, Chief Nurse 1910-1914, number 2 in Row 4, circa 1910-1914.

343a

Graduation Photo, Center with Flowers is Nellie Rennyson, Chief Nurse, circa 1910-1914.

343b

Graduation Photo, circa 1910-1914.

343c

Group Photograph (identified on back), circa 1914-1916.

343

Graduation with S. Lillian Clayton, Director of Nurses, 1915-1930 in Row 2, circa 1915.

343e
Box Photo

Ann Barry '15, circa 1915.

11 344

Female, circa 1915.

12 345
Oversize

Student Nurse, Ward Duty, March 1915.

345a

Three Nurses, circa 1915.

345b

Graduate Nurse, circa 1915.

345c

Student Nurse, circa 1915.

345

Two Student Nurses, Aide, Two Children Patients, circa 1915.

345e

Three Student Nurses, Graduate Nurse (on swing), circa 1915.

435
Box Photo

Two Women and a Child, circa 1915.

12 346

Male Patient, circa 1915.

12 347

Male in Wheelchair, circa 1915.

12 348

Two Females in Street Clothes, circa 1915.

12 349

Five Females and One Male in Street Clothes, circa 1915.

12 350

One Female with Infant and One Physician, circa 1915.

12 351

Male Standing on his Head on an Uprooted Tree, circa 1915.

12 352

Male Standing with Cane and Two People Sitting on Bench, circa 1915.

12 353

Male in Street Clothes, May 14, 1915.

12 354

Male in Street Clothes, circa 1915.

12 355

Male Employee, circa 1915.

12 356

Two Male Physicians and Three Females in Street Clothes, circa 1915.

12 357

Two Student Nurses and Two Male Physicians, circa 1915.

12 358

Male Physician on Steps of PGH Building, circa 1915.

12 359

Male Physician, circa 1915.

12 360

Male Physician and PGH Student Nurse, circa 1915.

12 361

Male in Street Clothes, circa 1915.

12 362

Male Physician, circa 1915.

12 363

Male Physician, circa 1915.

12 364

Male Physician, circa 1915.

12 364.1

Male Physician, PGH Student Nurse and Female Staff Member, circa 1915.

12 365

Male Physician, PGH Student Nurse and Female Staff Member, circa 1915.

12 365.1

Male Physician and PGH Student Nurse in OR dress, circa 1915.

12 366

Physician and Graduate Nurse, circa 1915.

12 367

Four Nurses, Physician, Child and Infant, circa 1915.

12 368

Male Straddling Kneeling Female, Social Activity, circa 1915.

12 369

Four Females and Male, Social Gathering, circa 1915.

12 370

Male, circa 1915.

12 371

Seven Females in Street Clothes Carrying Hats, circa 1915.

12 372

Three Student Nurses, circa 1915.

12 373

Two Graduate Nurses, circa 1915.

12 374

Nine Isolation Garbed Nurses, Male Physician, Child, circa 1915.

12 375

Unidentified Female in Street Clothes, circa 1915.

12 376

Unidentified Female in Street Clothes, circa 1915.

12 376.1

Four Student Nurses Wearing Single Frills, circa 1915.

12 377

Student Nurse, circa 1915.

12 378

Student Nurse in Uniform, Note: Single Frill, circa 1915.

12 379

Two Student Nurses Wearing Single Frill, circa 1915.

12 380

Two Student Nurses Wearing Single Frill, circa 1915.

12 381

Two Student Nurses Wearing Single Frill, circa 1915.

12 381.1

Three Males and One Female, circa 1915.

12 382

Female, circa 1915.

12 383

Alice Engard and Helen in Street Clothes, March 14, 1915.

12 384

May Meredith '10, with Seven Children, circa 1915.

12 385

Four Student Nurses and One Female in White Uniform, circa 1915.

12 386

Three Nurses and Two Infants, circa 1915.

12 387

One Graduate Nurse and Three Student Nurses, circa 1915.

12 388

Graduate Nurse, circa 1915.

12 389

Student Nurse Ann Horton '17, with Eight Children, March 13, 1915.

12 390

Nurse with Three Youngsters, circa 1915.

12 391

Graduate Nurse and Three Small Boys, circa 1915.

12 391.1

Nurse and Six Children Patients, circa 1915.

12 392

Two Student Nurses, June 26, 1915.

12 393

Graduate Nurse Naomi Willis, PGH '15, June 26, 1915.

12 394

Graduate Nurse Naomi Willis, PGH '15, June 26, 1915.

12 394.1

Two Graduate Nurses, circa 1915.

12 395

One affiliating Nurse, circa 1916.

13 396

Three Nurses, March 14, 1916.

13 397

Student Nurses Mary Farrell '16, Jennie Ambler '18, Anna Horton '17, Helen Swoyer '17, circa 1916.

13 398
Oversize

Graduation, May 25, 1917.

398a

Five Student Nurses, March 24, 1917.

398

Patient, Two Visitors, Birthday Celebration, circa 1917.

398e

Four Children, circa 1918.

398

Four Soldiers, Nurse, circa 1917.

398g
Box Photo

Edith Weller, (Edith Mair?), Class of 1910, March 3, 1917.

13 399

Female, circa 1917.

13 400

Male and Female, November 25, 1917.

13 401

Two Student Nurses, circa 1917.

13 402

Two Females and Two Males, circa 1918.

13 403

Two Females in Street Clothes, July 20, 1918.

13 404

Seven Adults, Three Females Wearing Double Frills and Two Wearing Single Frills With Two Males, circa 1918.

13 405

Student Nurse, Child Patient and Male Intern, Patient in Pediatric Playground, September 28, 1918.

13 406

Five Student Nurses, March 24, 1917.

13 407

Five Student Nurses, Two Seated on a Wheel Barrel, circa 1917.

13 408

Two Student Nurses and One Female Employee, circa 1917.

13 409

Two Student Nurses and One Female Patient, circa 1917.

13 410

Sixteen Student Nurses, circa 1917.

13 411

Two Nurses Wearing OR caps and Some Type of Scrub Dress Uniform, circa 1918.

13 412

RN Wearing Double Frill, circa 1918.

13 413

Two Student Nurses, circa 1918.

13 414
Oversize

S. Lillian Clayton, Class of 1896, Portrait Sitting, circa 1918.

414a
Box Photo

Six Unidentified Females and One Male, circa 1918.

13 415

Soldier, circa 1914.

13 416

Student Nurse Holding Two Babies, circa 1918.

13 417

Graduate Nurse and Student Nurse Holding Baby, September 28, 1918.

13 418

Two Nurses with Four Babies, circa 1918.

13 419

Three Student Nurses, circa 1918.

13 420

Return to Top »

People, 1919-1930.

Related Archival Materials note

See also Box 43, Photo Album, 1916-1930.

Oversize

Graduation, Class of 1919, May 1919.

420a
Box Photo

Female in Street Clothes, circa 1919.

14 421

Student Nurse with Young Baby, circa 1919.

14 422

Four Nurses, circa 1919.

14 423

Group of Four Females and One Male in Street Clothes, circa 1919.

14 424

Seven Student Nurses in Single Frills, One Student Nurse in Stiff Bandcap and One Female in Street Clothes, circa 1919.

14 425

Two Student Nurses, circa 1919.

14 426

Nurse, circa 1919.

14 427
Oversize

Graduation, Class of 1920. Row 1, #8 is S. Lillian Clayton, Chief Nurse 1915-1930, Row 1 #7 is Helen Louise Stark, Gold Medal Graduate for 1920, May 1920.

427a
Box Photo

Three Physicians in Uniform and One Male in Street Clothes, circa 1920.

14 428

Male Physician, circa 1920.

14 429

Male, circa 1920.

14 430

Male Physician, circa 1920.

14 431

Female, circa 1920.

14 432

Seven Females in Bathing Suits, Trip to the Shore, circa 1920.

14 433

Two Nurses and Four Children, circa 1920.

14 434

Nurse with Eight Children, circa 1920.

14 435

Dr. Chas S. Aitken, Graduate University of Pennsylvania Class of 1906, Resident M.D.- PGH 1908, Assistant Physician-TB-PGH 1920, Appointed Physician to TB-PGH 1921, circa 1920.

14 436

Graduate Nurse Rebecca Fisher, PGH 1915 and Dr. Walter Gray Emler, circa 1922.

14 437
Oversize

Mary E. Norcross, Instructor in Sciences Leading Discussion with Student Nurses, circa 1923.

437a

Graduation Photo. Row 1, #5 is S. Lillian Clayton, Row 1 #6 is Marie M. Davis, Gold Medal Winner for 1923, circa 1923.

437b

Graduation Photo. Row 1 #5 is S. Lillian Clayton, Row 1 #6 is Emily B. Kimple, Gold Medal Winner for 1924. Row 2 #9 is Hilda Baumgartner and Row 4 #2 is Anna J. Haines, circa 1924.

437c

Graduation Photo. Row 1 #5 is Ruth E. Rives, Gold Medal Winner for 1925, Row 1 #6 is S. Lillian Clayton, circa 1925.

437
Box Photo

Dr. James Waller Dunn, circa 1926.

14 438

Dr. James Waller Dunn, circa 1926.

14 438.1

Lillian S. Clayton, Class of 1886, Director of Nursing and Education 1915-1930, Working at Her Desk, circa 1920.

14 439

Lillian S. Clayton, Class of 1886, Director of Nursing and Education 1915-1930, Reviewing 2nd Edition of PGH Procedures in Nursing, circa 1927.

14 440

Three Females and One Male, circa 1925.

14 441
Oversize

Graduation Photo. Row 1 #5 is S. Lillian Clayton, Row 1 #6 is Aghaunie S. Appassian, Gold Medal Winner for 1927. Row 4 #10 is Pauline Baumgartner, circa 1927.

441a

Return to Top »

Activities, Buildings, Equipment and People, 1930s.

Box Photo

Circus Day at PGH, Ringling Bros for PGH and University of Pennsylvania Patients, circa 1930.

15 442

Funeral of S. Lillian Clayton, May 2, 1930.

15 442a

Funeral of S. Lillian Clayton, May 2, 1930.

15 442b

Funeral of S. Lillian Clayton, May 2, 1930.

15 442c

Funeral of S. Lillian Clayton, May 2, 1930.

15 442
Oversize

Funeral of S. Lillian Clayton: 1st Row Behind Casket is Mayor and Mrs. Mackey; 2nd Row is Dr. and Mrs. H. Cairns; 3rd Row is Mr. McAllistair; 4th row, Dr. Turn Bull; 5th Row on Right is Dr. Robert Hunter, May 2, 1930.

442e

Part of Funeral Procession: All staff that could be spared from duty were present for the funeral procession, May 2, 1930.

442

Procession through University of Pennsylvania Hamilton Walk to Woodlands: 1st Row Behind Casket is Mayor and Mrs. Mackey; 2nd Row is Dr. and Mrs. H. Cairns; 3rd Row is Mr. McAllistair; 4th row, Dr. Turn Bull; 5th Row on Right is Dr. Robert Hunter, May 2, 1930.

442g

Funeral Procession: 4th Row from Casket with Head Turned is Miriam Butler; 6th Row is Loretta M. Johnson, Class of 1922 and Bessie Dock, Class of 1919, May 2, 1930.

442h

Funeral of S. Lillian Clayton, May 2, 1930.

442i

Funeral of S. Lillian Clayton, May 2, 1930.

442j

Easter Procession to Graves of Alice Fisher and S. Lillian Clayton, Easter 1934.

442k

Easter Procession to Graves of Alice Fisher and S. Lillian Clayton. Center Next to Priest is Loretta M. Johnson, Class of 1922; Next is Saran Bell, Class of 1916; Next with Umbrella is Maggie Griffin, Class of 1905; Then Sara Mallon and Mary Kehoe, Student Nurses of the Class of 1935, Easter 1934.

442l
Box Photo

Doll Exhibition, Philadelphia on Parade Medical Section, May 9-18, 1935.

15 443
Oversize

Kathryn Tucker, Founder of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing in 1935, circa 1935.

443a
Box Photo

RN Sara Esther Mallon-PGH '35, and Three Preclinical Students and One Capped Student, Teaching Demonstration, circa 1936.

15 444
Oversize

Martha Heller, Class of 1938, Serving Breakfast to Night Nurse, circa 1936-1938.

444a

Class Lecture: Row 1, Seated Against Wall, is Frances Emison, Class of 1939; Row 2, Seated on End is Virginia Buck, Class of 1939; Row 3, Seated on End, is Miriam V. Fowler, Class of 1939; Standing at Blackboard is Charlotte Skooglund, RN, Associate Director of Nursing Education, circa 1936-1937.

444b

Unknown Student Nurse Using Semi-Isolation Technique in a Teaching Unit for Infant Care, circa 1930s.

444c
Box Photo

PGH School of Nursing Graduating Class of 1939, May 1939.

15 445

Seven Student in Public Home Uniform, circa 1937.

15 446

Dietitians: Chief Dietitian, Elizabeth Miller; Assistant, Margaret Mason; Special Diets, Margaret Richert; Metabolic Diets, Annette Guest; Assistant, La Vonne Rector; Infirmary Diets, Margaret Little, circa 1930.

15 447

Roofs of Men's Surgical-1940, circa 1940.

15 448

Memorial to Nurses, Clay Model Done by R. Tait McKenzie, circa 1940.

15 449

Class of 1930, Graduating Picture, circa 1930.

15 450

Katherine Tucker, Nursing Leader in the 1930's, circa 1935.

15 451

Katherine Tucker, RN, circa 1935.

15 452

Priscilla Krupp and Helen Dopsovic '39, In Street Clothes, circa 1936.

15 453

Helen L. Ankeny '39, Marcy Coleman '39 and Helen Dopsovic '39, Group of "Probies", circa 1936.

15 454

Katherine Fritz '39, circa 1936.

15 455

Hospital Guard and Helen L. Ankeny, Class of 1939, circa 1936.

15 456

Marcy Coleman '39, circa 1936.

15 457

Marcy Coleman, Helen Dopsovic, Anne Laessig, Helen L. Ankeny and Dorothy Radcliff, circa 1936.

15 458

Helen L. Ankeny, Helen Dopsovic and Anne Laessig, Class of 1939, circa 1936.

15 459

Hospital Guard and Marcy Coleman, Class of 1939, circa 1936.

15 460

Helen Dopsovic, Helen L.Ankeny and Dorothy Radcliff, '39, circa 1936.

15 461

Priscilla Krupp and Dorothy Radcliff, '39, circa 1936.

15 462

Helen Ankeny '39, Priscilla Krupp '39, Bernice Gorski '39, Helen Dopsovic '39, Kathyrn Fritz '39, Dorothy Radcliff '39, Marcy Coleman '39, circa 1936.

15 463

Helen Ankeny '39, Priscilla Krupp '39, circa 1936.

15 464

Marcy Coleman, Guard, Helen Ankeny, Anne Laessig, Helen Dopsovic, circa 1936.

15 465

Virginia Cornelious '37, circa 1937.

15 466

Four Females, circa 1930.

15 467

Female with Baby, circa 1930.

15 468

Two Females, circa 1930.

15 469

Group, 1930.

15 470

Three Adults and Four Children, circa 1930.

15 471

Return to Top »

Buildings and People, 1940.

Box Photo

Equipment: Isolation set-up, circa 1940.

16 472

Dr. William Turnball, Director of PGH, April 1940.

16 473
Oversize

Front Gates to the Administration Building, Showing Fountain and Plaques, circa 1940s.

473a

Jeannette George Wilson, Class of 1942, Swimming at a Lake, circa 1940s.

473b

Graduation Photo: Row 1, #4 is Betty Jane Carl, Gold Medal Winner for 1942; #5 Loretta M. Johnson, Class of 1922, Gold Medal Winner in 1922; Row 3, #1 Rita M. Fenwick, May 1942.

473c

Doors of the Women's Medical Ward Floor #2, Christmas 1946.

473

Doors of the Women's Medical Ward Floor #2, Christmas 1946.

473d.1

Doors of the Women's Medical Ward, Christmas 1946.

473e

Doors of the Women's Medical Ward, Christmas 1946.

473e.1

Christmas Day at Blockley: Left-Gloria Gallo, Class of 1945; Jeanette George Wilson, Class of 1942; Unidentified; Dr. Kramer, Chief of Medicine; Three Girl Scouts; Unidentified; Dr. Kramer's Son, December 25, 1946.

473

Christmas Day at Blockley: Left-Gloria Gallo, Class of 1945; Jeanette George Wilson, Class of 1942; Unidentified; Dr. Kramer, Chief of Medicine; Three Girl Scouts; Unidentified; Dr. Kramer's Son, December 25, 1946.

473f.1

Student Nurses and a Patient in the Women's Medical Ward, December 25, 1946.

473g

Gloria Gallo '45, Unidentified, and Jeannette George Wilson '42 in the Women's Medical Ward, December 25, 1946.

473h

Marion Hammond '29, Margaret Sanderson '36, and Louise Harrold in the Lobby of the Psychiatric Building, Christmas Day, circa 1949-1950.

473i

Unknown Student Nurse Preparing to Pour Medications, circa 1940.

473j
Box Photo

Fifty Males and Females Intern of PGH in 1947, circa 1947.

16 474

Stephanie A. Stachniewicz, Class of 1947, circa 1944.

16 475

February Section, Class of 1944, Pose for Yearbook Picture, February 1942.

16 476

Loretta M. Johnson '22, Director of Nursing 1930-1949, circa 1940.

16 477
Oversize

Reproduction of Painting, "Oster at Old Blockley", circa 1940.

477a

Poster of Clara Barton, Volunteer Nurse During the Civil War, circa 1940.

477b

Poster of Jane Delano, circa 1940.

477c

Poster of Fabiola who Established the First Public Hospital in Rome in 390 AD, circa 1940.

477

Poster of Elizabeth Fedde who Established Lutheran Deaconess Homes and Hospitals in the U.S., circa 1940.

477e

Poster of Helen Scott Hay, Chief Nurse of the American Red Cross in Paris, circa 1941.

477

Poster of Madam Louise le Gras who Organized Country-wide Nursing Service in France, Beginning of the Daughters of Charity, circa 1941.

477g

Poster of Florence Nightingale During the Crimean War, circa 1941.

477h

Poster of Isabel Hampton Robb, 1st President of the Association Alumnae of the United States and Canada--forerunner of the American Nurses Association, circa 1941.

477i

Poster of Linda Richards in Japan with Japanese Women and a Baby, circa 1941.

477j

Poster of Mother Seton, Founder of the Sisters of Charity, circa 1941.

477k

Poster of Mary A. Snively, 1st President of the Canadian Nurse Association, circa 1941.

477l

Poster of Lillian D. Wald, 1st President of the National Organization for Public Health (N.O.P.H.), circa 1941.

477m

Poster Depicting Capping Exercise as it was in the 1940-50s, circa 1940-50s.

477m
Box Photo

American Red Cross Volunteers - Gray Ladies, May 1942.

16 478

E. Taylor and I. M. Stewart, Prominent Nursing Leaders 1920-1940, circa 1940.

16 479

Eileen Daffy, Jeanne Simpson, Eleanor Snoke and Jean Gerhard, Student Nurses Cadet Corps (PGH Students Class of 1945), circa 1945.

16 480

Eileen Daffy, Jean Gerhard, Jeanne Simpson and Eleanor Snoke, Student Nurses Cadet Corps (PGH Students Class of 1945), circa 1945.

16 481

Eleanor Snoke, Eileen Daffy, Jean Gerhard and Jeanne Simpson, Student Nurses Cadet Corps, circa 1944.

16 482

Eileen Daffy and Eleanor Snoke, Student Nurses Cadet Corps, circa 1944.

16 483

Eleanor Snoke, Eileen Daffy, Jean Gerhard and Jeanne Simpson, Student Nurses Cadet Corps, circa 1944.

16 484

Eleanor Snoke, Eileen Daffy, Jean Gerhard and Jeanne Simpson, Student Nurses Cadet Corps, circa 1944.

16 485

Loretta M. Johnson, Class of 1922, Director of Nursing 1930-1949, circa 1940.

16 486

Loretta M. Johnson, Class of 1922, a Negative, circa 1940.

16 487

Loretta M. Johnson, Class of 1922, Director of Nursing 1930-1949, circa 1940.

16 488

Doctor, circa 1940.

16 489

Josephine Manor '46 and Unknown Doctor, circa 1945.

16 490

Dr. Samuel Silver, Dr. Harry Koppel (Aspirating the Patient's hip) and Student Nurse Dorothy Hearing '50, Assisting, circa 1949.

16 491

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Activities, 1940.

Box Photo

Donation of Radio with Ear Plugs: Dr. William Turnball, Medical Director; Hilda Baumgartner, RN; Supervisor of Men's Surgical and Others, circa 1940.

17 492

Donation of Radio with Ear Plugs: Dr. William Turnball, Medical Director; Hilda Baumgartner, RN; Supervisor of Men's Surgical and Others, circa 1940.

17 492.1
Oversize

PGH Alumnae Association Banquet, Penn Athletic Club, April 14, 1941.

492a
Box Photo

PGH Graduating Class of 1943, May 1943.

17 493

PGH Graduating Class of 1943, May 1943.

17 493.1

May Queen and her Court, May Day 1945 at PGH, May 1945.

17 494

May Queen and her Court, May 1945.

17 495

Donation of New Radio: Dr. Manges, Police and Fireman's Surgical and Tillie Pensack, RN, circa 1947.

17 496

Informal Dance, circa 1947.

17 497

Graduating Ceremony at Irvine Auditorium, May 1947.

17 498

Graduation Photo, May 1947.

17 499

Nancy Scholes Student Nurse '51 and Madeline Fay Graduate '47, Pouring Medications, circa 1948.

17 500

Nancy Scholes Student Nurse '51 and Madeline Fay Graduate '47, Pouring Medications, circa 1948.

17 500.1

Nancy Scholes Student '51 and Madeline Fay Graduate '47, Pouring Medications, circa 1948.

17 500.2

Louise Wenstrup '48, Dorothy Shadell '48, Recreation, circa 1948.

17 501

National Republican Convention 1948: Four Student Nurses from HUP, Four Students from PGH, Ethel Sutton '49 and Patricia Malloy '48, 1948.

17 502

Planting of the Ivy at PGH for the Graduating Class, circa 1949.

17 503

Graduate Nurse Sarah Bell '16 and Student Nurse; Capping of the Student, circa 1949.

17 504

Capping for Class of 1951, circa 1949.

17 505

Student and Graduating Group of Nurses Observing Planting of the Ivy, Spring of 1949, 1949.

17 506

Kathryn Davis Class of 1951, Pinning on her Cap, circa 1949.

17 507

Professional Adjustments Class for Senior Students, circa 1949.

17 508

Senior Class Sponsored "Spaghetti dinner", circa 1949.

17 509

Students Swimming, circa 1949.

17 510

Dr. William Weiss, Dr. Donald Sass and Student Nurse and Patient, circa 1949.

17 511

Formal Tea, circa 1949.

17 512

Hand Written Letter to Dr. Hunter by Dr. Clara M. Hammond McGuigan; Stating She had Served at PGH from August 1, 1887 thru November 1, 1888, November 1949.

17 513

Hand Written Letter to Dr. Hunter by Dr. Clara M. Hammond McGuigan Stating she had served at PGH from August 1, 1887 thru November 1, 1888, November 1949.

17 513.1

Student, Edith Nunan, Librarian; Checking Book out of the Library, circa 1949.

17 514

Dietetics Class, circa 1949.

17 515

Capping Exercise and the Candle Ceremony, Class of 1951, February 1949.

17 516

Dorothy Abbott '50 and Thomas McBride, M.D.; Senior Formal, circa 1949.

17 517

Public Health Nurse on a Patient Visit, circa 1940.

17 517a

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Equipment, 1940.

Box Photo

Transfusion set on Towel, circa 1947.

18 518

Urinary Bladder Irrigating and Drainage Set, circa 1947.

18 519

Sterile Tray for Catheterization, circa 1947.

18 520

Catheters (Plain, Mushroom, Metal, Foley), Teaching Tray, circa 1947.

18 521

Standard Enema Tray, circa 1947.

18 522

Diet Tray With Various Plates and Utensils, circa 1947.

18 523

Apparatus for Tidal Drainage of Urinary Bladder, circa 1947.

18 524

Rectal Exam Tray with Equipment, circa 1947.

18 525

Eye Irrigation Tray with Necessary Equipment, circa 1947.

18 526

Vaginal Exam Tray with Equipment, circa 1947.

18 527

Standard Ear, Nose and Throat Irrigating Tray, circa 1947.

18 528

Hot Wet Compress Tray, circa 1947.

18 529

Intravenous Set (on Towel), rubber intravenous set, circa 1947.

18 530

Hypodermodysis Set, circa 1947.

18 531

Simple Medication Tray, circa 1947.

18 532

Gastric and Gall Bladder Drainage Tubes, circa 1947.

18 533

Linen Restraints, circa 1947.

18 534

Pediculosis Tray, circa 1947.

18 535

Tray with Equipment for Venous Aspiration, circa 1947.

18 536

Apparatus for Tidal Drainage of Urinary Bladder Metal Stand, circa 1947.

18 537

Tracheotomy Tray, circa 1947.

18 538

Hypodermic Tray, circa 1947.

18 539

Tray for Aspiration of Vein, circa 1947.

18 540

Anaesthesia Tray, circa 1947.

18 541

Oral Thermometer Tray, circa 1947.

18 542

Special Eye Tray and Elbow Restraint for Baby, circa 1947.

18 543

Tray for Cold Compresses, circa 1947.

18 544

Tray for Bathing of Patient, circa 1947.

18 545

Tray and Demonstration of Thoracentesis, circa 1947.

18 546

Tray for Tube Passing, circa 1947.

18 547

Tray for Gastric Gauge, circa 1947.

18 548

Tray for Mouth Care- Multiple Patients, circa 1947.

18 549

Rectal Thermometer Tray, circa 1947.

18 550

Display of Gastro-Intestinal Tubes, circa 1947.

18 551

Demonstration of Bathing Techniques, circa 1947.

18 552

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Activities, 1950.

Box Photo

Alexandria Comko '50, Now is A. Comko Chauss Kindling, circa 1950.

19 553

Alexandria Comko '50, Now is A. Comko Chauss Kindling, circa 1950.

19 553.1

Tennis Player, circa 1950.

19 554

Student Government Mass Meeting, circa 1950.

19 555

Patients and RN Receive a New TV, circa 1950.

19 556

Dr. Lucches, Presenting a TV to Police and Fireman Ward, circa 1950.

19 557

Student Nurses Gathered in a Classmates Room, circa 1950.

19 558

Class of 1950 Preclinical Students with Instructor, circa 1950.

19 559

Doris Hurnyak Gansz, Marie Spinelli, Mildred Luab, Anna S. Hoover, Beulah Stubblebine, Social Gathering, circa 1950.

19 560

Student Nurse Gathering in Tea Room-Old Nurses Home, circa 1950.

19 560.1

Graduation Photo, May 1950.

19 561

Unknown Student Nurse and Child, circa 1950.

19 562
Oversize

Portrait of Mary Alice McLaughlin, Class of 1930 and Director of the School of Nursing and Nursing Service from 1950-1954, circa 1950.

562a

Portrait of Mary Alice McLaughlin, Class of 1930 and Director of the School of Nursing and Nursing Service from 1950-1954, circa 1950.

562b

Blood Transfusion in the Pediatric Department, performed by Dr. George Starkweather and Nurse Justine Gutzler Delviscio, Class of 1946 on an Unidentified Patient, circa 1950.

562c
Box Photo

Teaching-Student Nurse Group from Sturdy Memorial Hospital School of Nursing, Massachusetts, circa 1950.

19 563

Teaching-Student Nurse Group from Sturdy Memorial Hospital School of Nursing, Massachusetts, circa 1950.

19 564

Teaching-Student Nurse Group from Sturdy Memorial Hospital School of Nursing, Massachusetts, circa 1950.

19 565

Teaching-Student Nurse Group from Sturdy Memorial Hospital School of Nursing, Massachusetts, circa 1950.

19 566

Group of Nurses, Student Nurses and Patients, circa 1950.

19 567

Graduate Nurse and Student Nurse, circa 1950.

19 568

Student Nurse and Physician, Eye clinic, circa 1950.

19 569

Nurse and Infant in Delivery Room, circa 1950.

19 570

Physician, Nurse and Infant, Crede Method Being Used on Newborn Baby, June 7, 1950.

19 571

Student Nurse Valerie Ryan '51, Physician and Patient and Graduating Nurse Helen Love '48, Changing Tracheostomy Tube, circa 1950.

19 572

Student Nurse, Intern and Patient, circa 1950.

19 574

Student Nurse and Intern, circa 1950.

19 575

Student Nurses at Student Government Tea, circa 1950.

19 576

Group of Student Nurses, Graduate Nurses and Alumni Members, Informal Tea, circa 1950.

19 577

Group of Student Nurses, Prayer in the Protestant, Chapel, circa 1950.

19 578

Group of Student Nurses, Prayer in the Synagogue, circa 1950.

19 579

Group of Student Nurses, Quiet Meditation, circa 1950.

19 580

Group of Student Nurses, Mass in the Catholic Chapel, circa 1950.

19 581

Student Nurses, circa 1950.

19 582

Student Nurses, circa 1950.

19 583

Two Nurses in Mask and Gown in OR Scrub Room of PGH, circa 1950.

19 584

OR Group of Six Nurses and Doctors, circa 1950.

19 585

Graduate Nurse and Student Nurse, circa 1950.

19 586

Two Student Nurses and Gloria Squadrito '51, Sitting on Bed, circa 1950.

19 586.a

Student Nurse Nancy Scholes '51, Intern and Patient, circa 1951.

20 587

Library demonstration, circa 1951.

20 588

Phyllis Spahr '49, Lecturing to Affiliating Students at PGH, circa 1951.

20 589

Phyllis Spahr and Student Nurse, circa 1951.

20 590

Nursing Care Classroom, Phyllis Spahr '49 and Four Student Nurses, a Nursing Technique Class Practices and Demonstration, circa 1951.

20 591
Oversize

Ella W. Allison '36, Florence Donofrio Baker '46, Margaret C. Sanderson '36, Nancy Scholes '51, and Louise Harrold (seated), circa 1951-1952.

591a
Box Photo

Mary Crowhurst '52 and Two Student Nurses, circa 1952.

20 592

Student Nurse-PGH, Charting at Nurses Station, circa 1952.

20 593

Mary Crowhurst '52 and Two Student Nurses, circa 1952.

20 594

Neil Palladino, M.D. and Mary Crowhurst '52, circa 1952.

20 595

Dental Intern and Student Nurse, Dental Care, circa 1952.

20 596

Edith Nunan, Mary Crowhurst, Class of 1952, circa 1952.

20 597

Mary Crowhurst '52, Dr. Neil Palladino, Unidentified Male and Two Student Nurses, circa 1952.

20 598

Mary Crowhurst '52, Dr. Neil Palladino, Two Student Nurses and Male, circa 1952.

20 599

Mary Crowhurst '52 and Two Student Nurses, circa 1952.

20 600

Mary Crowhurst '52, Dr. Neil Palladino, and Two Student Nurses, circa 1952.

20 601

Dr. Neil Palladino, Mary Crowhurst '52, One Male and Two Females, circa 1952.

20 602

Mary Crowhurst '52 and Two Student Nurses, circa 1952.

20 603

Jane Hartman '54, Making Hospital a Bed, circa 1954.

20 604

Classroom Teaching to the Class of 1954: Jane Hartman; Joan Conrad; Priscilla Cornelius; Catherine Corrigan; Katherine Farley; and Patricia Gedrys, circa 1952.

20 605

Lab Demonstration: Jacqueline Dugan '54; RN Alexandria Comko '50; and Jane Hartman '54, circa 1952.

20 606

Three Physicians and Nurse, Surgery, circa 1952.

20 607

Surgical Nursing Class: Marian Miller '54; Kathleen Ferguson '54; Alexandria Comko '50; and R. Patricia Muscalus '54, circa 1954.

20 608

Bedside Teaching: Marian Miller '54; Kathleen Ferguson '54; Alexandria Comko '50; and R. Patricia Muscalus '54, circa 1954.

20 609

Capping Ceremony: Ellen Allison '36, Associate Director of Nursing Education; Mary A. McLaughlin '30, Director of School of Nursing and Nursing Service; and Group of Student Nurses, circa 1952.

20 610

Teaching Use of Mrs. Chase Procedure-Eye Irrigation: Two Unidentified Student Nurses; Alexandria Comko Chauss '50; Student Nurse Marilyn Miller '54; and Student Nurse Mary Elizabeth Lucchessi '54, circa 1950.

20 611

Teaching Use of Mrs. Chase Procedure-eye Irrigation: Two Unidentified Student Nurses; Alexandria Comko Chauss '50; Student Nurse Marilyn Miller '54; and Student Nurse Mary Elizabeth Lucchessi '54, circa 1950.

20 612

Learning to Prepare and Administer Hypodermic to Mrs. Chase: Student Nurse; Alexandria Comko Chauss '50; and Marilyn Miller '54, circa 1950.

20 613

Resident Exam of TB Patient: Student Nurse, Patient and Dr. Robert Sass, circa 1952.

20 614

Bedside Care: Student Nurse, Physician, and Patient, circa 1952.

20 615

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Activities, 1953.

Box Photo

Demonstration Teaching of the Wangansteen Apparatus: Student Nurse Marian Miller '54; Alexandria Comko '50; Student Nurse Kathleen Ferguson '54; Student Nurse Patricia Muscalus '54, circa 1953.

21 616

Children and Two Student Nurses, Playtime at Day Care, circa 1953.

21 617

Group, circa 1953.

21 618

Group, circa 1953.

21 619

Group at Playtime, circa 1953.

21 620

Group of Two Student Nurses and Children at Playtime, circa 1953.

21 621

Group of Children and Three Adults, circa 1953.

21 622

Surgical Team, Operation, circa 1953.

21 623

Scrub Nurse and Physician, Surgery, circa 1953.

21 624

Student Nurse Jane Hartman '54, with Child Patient, circa 1953.

21 625

Group of Four Physicians and One Nurse, Surgery, circa 1953.

21 626

Male and Female Physical Therapists, Patient and Student Nurse Marion Miller '54, Therapy Session, circa 1953.

21 627

Student Nurse Marion Miller '54, Class in Patient Rehabilitation, circa 1953.

21 628

Student Nurse Demonstrating Back Rub to Preclinical Students, circa 1953.

21 629

Surgical Department-Clinical Teaching: Student Nurse, Joan E. Szafran '58; Student Nurse, Eileen A. Lynn '58; Graduate Nurse Instructor, Helen Bobus; Emily Stahlgren '58, circa 1953.

21 630

Group Photograph of Patients and Staff, The Circus Comes to Blockley, Ringling Bros - Barnum and Bailey, circa 1953.

21 631

Three Student Nurses, One RN, Santa Claus and Six Pediatric Patients, Christmas on Pediatrics, circa 1953.

21 632

Return to Top »

Activities, 1954.

Box Photo

Group of Student Nurses during Meal Time, circa 1954.

22 633

Group of Student Nurses during Meal Time, circa 1954.

22 634

Individuals in Group Photo, Student Government Mass Meeting, circa 1954.

22 635

Student Government Mass Meeting, circa 1954.

22 636

Jane Hartman '54, Jewel Hunt '54, Sunday Night Supper, circa 1954.