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American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 records

MC 39

American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 records

MC 39

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Creator:
American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses Post No. 412.
Title:
American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 records
Date [inclusive]:
1919-1989
Call Number:
MC 39
Extent:
2.25 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection documents one of the largest and most active American Legion nurses' posts: the Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 of Philadelphia. In its heyday, the Fairchild Post engaged in a multitude of community activities, and enjoyed a large membership base. These files provide a glimpse of the long and eventful history of the Post, beginning in 1919 and continuing to 1989.
Cite as:
American Legion, Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 records, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Title:
Nursing History Small Collections
Date [inclusive]:
1856-2008
Call Number:
Small Collections
Extent:
1.87 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Bates Center's Small Collections are various, unrelated accessions that have been individually assigned collection numbers. Many of the Small Collections consist of a single folder.
Cite as:
Nursing History Small Collections, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

As the American Legion came into being in the years following World War I, a great number of nurses who had served overseas expressed interest in forming their own American Legion posts. Nurses' posts became quite numerous; some of these took names which honored the bravery of American nurses who had been wounded or killed in the line of duty.

One such post, the Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post #412 (hereafter referred to as the "Post"), was named for a graduate of the Pennsylvania Hospital School of Nursing, who was one of the contingent of nurses that accompanied the American Expeditionary Force (AEF). Serving at Base Hospital #10 in France, Fairchild fell prey to a poison gas attack and died soon after, on January 18, 1918. Upon their return to the states, some of the other Base 10 nurses founded Nurses' Post #412 in Philadelphia, and named it in Fairchild's honor.

The first meeting of this post was held at the Frankford Hospital on October 14, 1919. The Post was chartered a year later, on October 15, 1920. Membership grew rapidly from 200 in the first year to 386 in 1926. Meetings of the Post were initially held at various area hospitals. During the 1920s, the Post was headquartered in the Third Regiment Armory, before locating more permanently to the Central YMCA on Arch Street in 1934. For a number of years, the Post met either at the Arch Street YMCA or in the Philadelphia County Council Building.

Unfortunately, many of the Post's pre-1947 records were destroyed in a fire, and thus little information survives for the period from 1931-1947. In 1947, membership was hovering around the upper 300s - it reached a peak of 421 at the end of 1948. It was during this period - the decades of the 1940s and 1950s - that the number of activities sponsored by the Post also reached its height. The Post was very active in the community. During the holiday season, the members demonstrated their generosity by providing food, clothing, and toys to needy families and children. In the winter months, the Post sponsored a student nurse basketball league, which pitted teams from area hospital training schools against one another. League play culminated in a championship in the spring, with the championship trophy provided by the Post. The league, which was begun by members of the Post in 1931, was in existence for fifty years before a lack of interest caused it to fold.

The Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post also provided a number of awards and scholarships. The Elizabeth Weaver Scholarship, in the amount of $250, was awarded to a needy and deserving student attending the school which won the cheerleaders contest (held at the same time as the basketball championship). Each summer, the Post sponsored a high-school-aged boy to go to Keystone Boy's State, a camp-like program run by the American Legion designed to teach Americanism, government, leadership, and the like. At the end of each school year, the Post presented American Legion Awards to two students at the George Thomas Junior High School, one to a boy, one to a girl. These awards and scholarships helped to make the Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post and the American Legion quite prominent in the community.

Remembrance of fallen comrades has traditionally been a very important mission of the Fairchild Post, as well as the American Legion in general. To this end, the Post planned ceremonies to honor them each Memorial Day weekend. The Sunday before Memorial Day, members of the Post would help decorate graves in the Mt. Moriah cemetery, along with members of the William T. Shetzline Post. On Memorial Day itself, the Post would hold memorial services at Pennsylvania Hospital, where there was a tree dedicated to the memory of Helen Fairchild. Armistice Day (Veterans Day) was celebrated by a banquet which was usually well attended.

The last two decades have been a period of decline for the Post. It was on the strength of the WWI veterans that the Post (and the American Legion) was founded, and it was through the combined efforts of veterans from both world wars that the Post reached its summit. Thus, as these members who had been so instrumental to the success of the Post grew older, and became unable to participate as fully in outside activities, the Post began to lose much of its former vigor.

Without a large influx of new veterans, the Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post (and, indeed, the American Legion in general) was forced to scale down its scope of activities. In the 1970s, the number of meetings per year were cut down to six. In 1981, this number was reduced further, to four. The Federal Post building, where the Fairchild Post had been meeting since the 1960s, was sold, and the members of the Post again had to use hospitals and other smaller venues as sites for their meetings. Membership declined in a slow but steady manner, from 303 at the end of 1966 to 102 at the end of 1987.

Scope and Contents

This collection has been organized into five series: Office Files, Members Files, Clippings, Photographs, and a World War I Register of Pennsylvania Nurses. The office files, especially the newsletters and meeting minutes, give a fairly complete description of the organizational makeup of the Post (despite some considerable gaps). In addition, they catalog a number of the activities sponsored by the Post. The members files, on the other hand, paint a more intimate picture of the Post and its members, being made up, as they are, of various personal effects. Clippings and photographs complement these files to provide a well-rounded view of the Post. The final series is a register of nurse military service: in the 1930s, the Post compiled a comprehensive list of nurses who enlisted in WWI in the state of Pennsylvania.

Scope and Contents

Most of the collections included here consist of personal papers, student lecture notes from various nursing schools, and assorted nursing memorabilia and ephemera. Of particular significance are the two letters written by Florence Nightingale (MC 44).

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bethany Myers

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

See also: MC 171, Martha Emily Shaw papers. Shaw was an active member of Helen Fairchild Nurses Post #412 during the interwar period.

Helen Fairchild’s original letters are located at the Army Medical Museum at San Antonio TX.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses Post No. 412.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Administrative records
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
Personal Name(s)
  • Fairchild, Helen, 1884-1918
Subject(s)
  • Nursing.
  • World War, 1914-1918--Medical care

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Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
  • Nursing.

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Collection Inventory

Series 1.  Office Files, 1919-1989.

Scope and Contents note

The series includes Post newsletters from 1947 to 1989, but by no means should this be considered a complete set. The newsletters provided Post members with information on upcoming meetings and other Post events, but also served as a forum for disseminating general information on members, items of interest, etc. During its height, the Fairchild Post sent out 10 to 12 newsletters per year, but this number has decreased in the time since the late sixties. The newsletters were an important tool in reaching all of the members of the Post, since only a fraction attended meetings regularly.

Also contained in this series are Post meeting minutes from a fifteen-year period between 1971 and 1986. Except for 1971, the minutes for each year represent a complete record of the meetings held during the given year. It should be noted, however, that the Post often did not hold regular meetings during the summer months.

The series includes correspondence, both general and related to specific topics, such as awards and scholarships. There are also events files, which contain general information and correspondence pertaining to certain events sponsored by the Post. There are a number of other, smaller items. A financial ledger dating from the 1920s has survived, and provides a somewhat different insight into the workings of the Post. A list of officers, committee members, and convention delegates for the years 1919 to 1966is included, though because of its size (6 feet long, accordionated) it has been placed in a flat file. General information on the American Legion, the Helen Fairchild Nurses Post, and the history of the Post has been collected; these files, however, are much more miscellaneous and fragmentary in nature. Other items in the series include an operations manual for incoming Post adjutants, programs from annual Post banquets, citations garnered by the Post over the years, and membership records of the Post, consisting of 4 by 6 inch information cards, one (or more) for each member.

Newsletters.

Box Folder

1947-1948.

1 1

1965-1967 (not inclusive).

1 2

1973, 1974, 1978, 1980-84, 1985-89.

1 3

Minutes.

Box Folder

September-December 1971.

1 4

1972.

1 5

1973.

1 6

1974.

1 7

1975.

1 8

1976.

1 9

1977.

1 10

1978.

1 11

1979.

1 12

1980.

1 13

1981.

1 14

1982.

1 15

1983.

1 16

1984.

1 17

1985.

1 18

1986.

1 19
FlatFile Folder

List of officers, committee members, convention delegates, 1919-1966.

5 1
Box Folder

Post 412, membership.

1 20

Post 412, financial ledger.

1 21

Post 412, operations manual.

1 22

Events.

Box Folder

Memorial Day, general.

1 23

Memorial Day, correspondence.

1 24

Plaque Dedication, general.

1 25

Plaque Dedication, correspondence.

1 26
Box Folder

Campaign for Fairchild Veterans Administration Medical Center.

1 27

Correspondence.

Box Folder

Post 412, general.

1 28

Elizabeth Weaver Scholarship.

1 29

Keystone Boy's State.

1 30

American Legion Awards.

1 31
Box Folder

Citations.

1 32

American Legion/Helen Fairchild Post, general.

1 33

History, Helen Fairchild Post.

1 34

Programs.

1 35

1927 American Legion Conference (Paris).

1 36

Membership cards: World War I A-P.

3

Membership cards: World War I Q-Z; World War II A-Z.

4

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Series 2.  Members Files, 1910-1985.

Scope and Contents note

This series provides a different look at the members of the Fairchild Post than can be obtained through the office files series. It contains a number of personal effects of Post members, from a journal to poetry to correspondence. In addition, there are a couple of personal documents of former members, such as an RN certificate and a passport certificate issued by the American embassy in London to nurses who were attached to the AEF. Short biographies of individual members are included; these too are useful in studying the history of the Post. In all, though there is less inherent organization in this series (as compared to the first), it is nevertheless valuable in getting a true feel for the rich history of the Post.

Box Folder

Members, general.

2 1

Biographies, individual members.

2 2

Correspondence, Irene Matthews.

2 3
FlatFile Folder

RN certificate, Mary Robinson.

5 1

Passport certificate, Amina Fuhrman.

5 1

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Series 3.  Clippings, 1920-2000.

Scope and Contents note

A very small series consisting of two files, this includes clippings taken from local (Philadelphia and Pennsylvania) newspapers and magazines, the oldest dating from the 1940s. Most pertain directly to the Fairchild Nurses Post and Post-related activities, but a few are more general. This series also includes a memorial certificate from the White House.

Box Folder

Clippings.

2 1

Memorial certificate from the White House, signed by President Clinton.

2 2

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Series 4.  Photographs, 1913-1980.

Scope and Contents note

Most of the photos in this series are of a more informal nature. There are a small number of photographs which relate to the American involvement in World War I, most notably one of Helen Fairchild's gravesite, and another which may have been taken at her funeral. The bulk of the photos, however, pertain to the many activities which the Fairchild Nurses Post either sponsored or was involved in. For instance, there are as number of photos taken at awards ceremonies (especially for the basketball championships), as well as photos taken at other Post functions. There are also quite a few photographs of Post members, particularly from the early days of the Post. These photos provide a unique view of the collection, one which cannot be achieved by the rest of the material alone.

Box Folder

Paris parade, 1918.

2 1

World War I Army Base, related photos.

2 2

Helen Fairchild, funeral? & gravesite.

2 3

Johnstown parade, 1926.

2 4

Paris, Second AEF parade, 1927.

2 5

Graduation, Pennsylvania Hospital.

2 6

Post members.

2 7

Basketball championship awards.

2 8

Awards ceremonies.

2 9

Gravestones, Post members.

2 10

Memorial dedication ceremony.

2 11

Post function.

2 12

Post 412, displays.

2 13

Miscellaneous photos.

2 14

Rolled photographs.

5

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Series 5.  World War I Register of Pennsylvania Nurses, 1941.

Scope and Contents note

This series contains a listing of Pennsylvania nurses who served in World War I, along with their addresses and military histories (as compiled by the Helen Fairchild Nurses Post in the late 1930s). As noted in the introduction to this roster, the listing includes both nurses who graduated from training schools in state, and those who graduated from schools outside of Pennsylvania, but enlisted from Pennsylvania. Over 325 pages long and six years in the making, the roster was designed to be as complete as possible. The Post was aided in this task by the numerous hospitals in the state, as well as such groups as Alumni Associations and various regional nursing associations. The end result, which was complete as of January 25, 1941, was used by Roberta Mayhew West in her History of Nursing in Pennsylvania.

Box Folder

Typescript.

2 1

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Collection Inventory

MC 14.   Radbill, Samuel X., 1901-1987. Samuel X. Radbill papers, 1985-1989. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection includes notes on medical history, reminiscences, the Radbill Lectures, personal notes, and notes on childcare and nursing history.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Personal Name(s)
  • Radbill, Samuel X., 1901-1987
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
1

His Life and Work, 1901-1987: An Appreciation Distributed at the Thirteenth Radbill Lecture, April 20, 1988.

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MC 20.   Gruber, Mildred, 1904-1906. Mildred Gruber lecture notes, 1904-1905. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of two notebooks containing nursing lecture notes. Gruber's training school is unknown, but may be Gowanda State Hospital.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Gruber, Mildred, 1904-1906
Box
1

Lecture notes, 1904-1905.

Lecture notes, 1905.

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MC 21.   Witmer, Laura Strickler, 1934-1947. Laura S. Witmer papers, 1934-1947. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection regards home deliveries in Somerset County, PA, with Witmer assisting Dr. I.C. Miller.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Witmer, Laura Strickler, 1934-1947
Subject(s)
  • Home care services.
Box
1

Patient lists of home deliveries, Somerset County, PA, 1934-1945.

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MC 23.   Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Club of Philadelphia. Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Club of Philadelphia records, 1973-1986. 0.1 Linear feet (5 folders).

Historical Sketch

Freedmen's Hospital was established in 1865 as the Freedmen's Bureau for the "relief of freed men and refugees" by the War Department of the United States. This was due in part to the many freed slaves who migrated to Washington, D.C. following the Civil War. Four years after the hospital's founding, they relocated to the campus of Howard University. The School of Nursing was founded in 1894 as an eighteen-month program which was later expanded two years. In 1909, the length of study was increased to three years. In the early twentieth century, the school affiliated with a number of institutions in the Washington area in addition to Howard, such as the Gallanger Municipal Hospital and the D.C. General Hospital. The hospital phased out the school and graduated its last class in 1973. Howard University opened their baccalaureate school of nursing the following year to replace Freedmen's. Over Freedmen's 79-year period, it graduated 1,700 nurses.

The Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Clubs, based in Washington, D.C., coordinates local clubs around the country. The Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Club of Philadelphia, founded in 1966, was established to promote goodwill among its graduates, to participate in the community health and cultural and educational programs, and to support the scholarship fund of the Freedmen's (and later) the Howard University Federation.

Scope and Contents note

This collection includes five folders of miscellaneous materials that document some of the activities of the Philadelphia club. There is also one publication of oral interviews produced by the national office.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Club of Philadelphia.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Administrative records
Subject(s)
  • African American nurses
Box
1
Philadelphia Club History, 1973.
Scope and Contents note

Copies of historical excerpts, club's purpose, list of charter members, and other activities.

History of school uniform, 1894-1973.

Photographs of presentation of Freedmen's Hospital nurses' painting to Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, 1986.

Postcard of Josephine McMillan's painting (nurse's cap, cape and lamp), 1985.

Book, "The Fifty Year Graduates of Freedmen's Hospital School of Nursing Tell Their Story, 1913-1935", October 1986.

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MC 44.   Nightingale, Florence, 1856-1896. Florence Nightingale letters, 1856-1896. 02 (1 folder).

Biographical/Historical note

Florence Nightingale was born into a British well-connected, upper-class family in May 1820. She entered nursing in 1844 following a “call from God,” rebelling against expectations for a woman of the period. In October 1854 she set out with 38 volunteer nurses to aid the sick and wounded during the Crimean War. She is known for working for better conditions for military hospitals and general conditions for the nursing profession. She died at age 90 in August 1910.

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains two letters and one envelope unrelated to the letters. All three items contain hand and type-written notations concerning gift status and dates for which there is no documentation authentication.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Nightingale, Florence, 1856-1896
Subject(s)
  • Crimean War, 1853-1856--Medical care.
  • Nursing--History.
Box
1
Envelope.
Description

The envelope is addressed by hand to the Rev. T.S. Greene at Claydon Rectory. "To enquire particularly after the Rev. Greene with Florence Nightingale’s anxious and kindest regards 1/5/82." No authentication of handwriting.

Letter from Scutari Barrack Hospital, March 3, 1856.
Description

Personal letter wishing a woman well with her pregnancy and requesting the child, if a boy, be named after her father.

Letter to Major General Thomas Mannsell, October 31, 1896.
Description

This letter concerns conditions surrounding the purchase of Embley, the family home in England.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Mannsell, Thomas, Major General

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MC 45.   Godfrey, Mary Robinson, 1910-1987. Mary Robinson Godfrey papers, 1910-1917. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Biographical/Historical note

Mary Margaret Robinson Godfrey (January 25, 1886- May 28, 1995) was a naval nurse during World War I and was the first Navy nurse to serve aboard ship. She graduated from the Thomas Jefferson Hospital School of Nursing in 1909, and joined the Navy Nurse Corps in 1910. Prior to World War I, Godfrey was stationed in the Philippines and Mare Island. She was also Chief Nurse at the Old Grey's Ferry Naval Home and Hospital. Later she was director of nursing at League Island Navy Hospital. While at League Island that she contracted -- and survived -- the Spanish flu. During the war she was called to be Chief Nurse on board the troop ship the Leviathan. She left the Navy in 1919.

Her obituaries can be found at the following links: http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Z1sPAAAAIBAJ&sjid=-oQDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6486%2C115052 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=pv&GRid=85217739&PIpi=92384902

Scope and Contents note

This small collection includes Godfrey's letter of appointment; a reprint of an article titled "Iodized Catgut: Drying, Sterilizing, and Storing"; and a reprint of a presentation at nurses convention in Cleveland, OH, 1918.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Godfrey, Mary Robinson, 1910-1987
Subject(s)
  • Military nursing
  • World War, 1914-1918--Medical care
Box
1

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MC 46.   Oliner, Jane. Susan Francis collection, 1934-1962. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains biographical information about Susan Francis, RN.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Francis, Susan C., 1934-1987
Box
1

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MC 47.   Heffernan, Bernardine, 1968-1986. Bernardine Heffernan collection, 1968-1986. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

Heffernan was a clinical nurse specialist. This small collection includes correspondence, job specifications, reprints, workshop agenda, application for workshop, and a cassette tape.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Heffernan, Bernardine, 1968-1986
Box
1

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MC 48.   Hoff, Bertha, 1913-1914. Bertha Hoff lecture notes, 1913-1914. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of one notebook, labeled "Nurses Training School." Institution unknown.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Box
1

"Training School" lecture notes in notebook.

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MC 49.   Holman, Lydia, 1888-1960. Lydia Holman papers, 1868-1960. 05 Linear feet (2 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of two folders of correspondence, primarily regarding her work in public health nursing in North Carolina, along with Holman's death certificate.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
  • Public health nursing
Personal Name(s)
  • Holman, Lydia, 1888-1960
Box
1

Correspondence, 1898-1899; summary of her public health nursing work in North Carolina; death certificate, 1960.

Personal correspondence and letters of reference.

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MC 50.   Izcka, Jadwiga, 1939-1960. Jadwiga Izcka papers, 1987. 02 Linear feet (1 folder, 13 leaves).

Scope and Contents note

This is a paper on on preparing nurses for public health work in Poland, 1939-1960.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Geographic Name(s)
  • Poland.
Box
1

Izcka, Jadwiga, 1939-1960. Introduction of Public Health from the Earliest Days of Student Nurses Training at School (Poland).

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MC 50.   Kennedy, Cecile, 1939-1957. Cecile Kennedy collection, 1939-1957. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of nine newspaper clippings on the American Red Cross.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
Subject(s)
  • American Red Cross
Box
1

Newspaper clippings of her American Red Cross Activities.

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MC 52A.   Jones, Elizabeth Kratz, 1899-1946. Elizabeth Kratz Jones papers, 1899-2008. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

These contracts document Jones' military nursing appointments with the US Army Medical Department and the Isthmian Canal Commission.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Contracts
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Jones, Elizabeth Kratz, 1899-1946
Subject(s)
  • Military nursing
Box
1

Appointment papers for military service and Isthmian Canal Commission Nursing.

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MC 53.   Lemley, Alice and Lillie, 1887-1888. Alice Lemley lecture notes, 1887-1888. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

The lecture notes are from the period of Alice Lemley's study at the Philadelphia Hospital Training School for Nurses, 1887-1888. Topics touched upon in the notes include obstetrics, nervous frustration, contagious diseases, and antiseptic use.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Lemley, Alice and Lillie, 1887-1888
Box
1

Lecture notebook.

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MC 54.   JB Lippincott Company. J.B. Lippincott collection, 1871-1878. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

J.B. Lippincott Company, established 1885, was a prominent publishing house in Philadelphia, PA. This collection contains some correspondence related to publication of nursing books.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • JB Lippincott Company.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Box
1

Correspondence for "Handbook on Nursing" 1875, Connecticut Training School for Nurses, New Haven, CT; and "Godey's Lady Book" article on "Lady Nurses" 1871 (photograph copy).

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MC 56.   Newman, Edna Albert, 1924-1936. Edna Albert Newman papers, 1938-1982. 0.1 Linear feet (5 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains lecture notes and examinations from Newman's nursing education, which may have been at Lebanon Hospital in Lebanon, PA.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Lebanon Hospital (Lebanon, Pa.).
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Box
2

Examinations: hygiene and sanitation, anatomy and physiology, diet cooking, pediatric nursing, communicable diseases, obstetrical and gynecological.

Lecture notes; qualification of a nurse; history of nursing; principles of nursing.

Examinations: medical, surgical, pediatric, materia medica, communicable diseases, dietetics, elementary nursing, clinical microscopy and pathology, mental and nervous diseases and public sanitation.

Examination: University of the State of New York; surgical nursing; diet cooking, obstetric and gynecologic nursing; materia medica; hygiene and sanitation; pediatric nursing including communicable diseases and orthopedics.

Lebanon Hospital, case studies and nursing demonstration procedures.

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MC 58.  Nurses for the Future Conference, June 29-30, 1987, June 29-30, 1987. 0.3 Linear feet (2 folders, 1 unfoldered item).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of conference papers.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Nurses for the Future Conference.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Proceedings
Box
2
Original transcript, June 29-30, 1987.
Scope and Contents note

This transcript contains the first day's sessions: “An Analysis of the Effects of Current Initiatives to Attract Quality Undergraduate Nursing Students: Strategies for a Brighter Future,” “Riding the Yoyo: The Work and Worth of Nursing in the 20th Century,” “The Talent Pool in Nursing: A Comparative and Longitudinal Perspective,” “Factors Associated with Cyclical Nursing Shortages A Labor Economist's Analysis of Nursing.”

Original transcript, June 30, 1987.
Scope and Contents note

This transcript contains the second day's sessions: Nursing For College Graduates Panel Discussion: What Happens If..., Strategies for Change

Folder containing conference papers.
Scope and Contents note

This folder contains the following papers: Welcome letter by Claire Fagin, "A Labor Economist's Analysis of Nursing" by Charles R. Link, nursing program statistics, "Recurring Hospital Nurse Shortages: Explanations and Solutions" by Linda H. Aiken and Connie Flynt Mullinix, "The Talent Pool in Nursing, A Comparative and Longitudinal Perspective" by Kenneth C. Green. Nurses for the Future conference: "Strategies for Change," "Nursing for College Graduates" by Donna Diers, "Riding the Yo-yo: The Work and Worth of Nursing in the 20th Century."

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MC 60.   Ritter, Beatrice, 1947-1957. Beatrice Ritter collection, 1947-1957. 06 Linear feet (3 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This collection, assembled by Beatrice Ritter, includes information on Edith Cavell, Florence Nightingale, and European nursing.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Cavell, Edith Louisa
  • Nightingale, Florence, 1856-1896
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
3

Institut Edith Cavell-Marie Depage; Ecole Belge D'Infirmieres Diplomees booklet, 1948; Postcard of hospital facilities; brief outline of Edith Cavell arrest and death.

Florence Nightingale, writing commentary; photograph and postcard of Florence Nightingale and sister Parthenope, 1836.

International Council of Nurses, 50th Anniversary Conference programs - Sweden, 1949.

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MC 61.   Soper, Martha Lenora Collett, 1919-1920. Martha Lenora Collett Soper lecture notes, 1919-1920. 01 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection contains Soper's lecture notes from her time as a nursing student at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Soper, Martha Lenora Collett, 1919-1920
Box
3

Ledger with lecture notes, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP).

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MC 62.   Stern, Beverly Peril, 1955-1960. Beverly Peril Stern papers, 1955-1958. 04 Linear feet (2 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection contains Stern's issued manuals from her time as a student and employed nurse at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, accompanied by a photograph of Stern in uniform.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Manuals (instructional materials)
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Stern, Beverly Peril, 1955-1960

Nursing Arts Procedure Book from the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP); photograph of Peril in probationary student nurses' uniform.

Orientation manual, General Staff Nurse, 1959.

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MC 63.   Todd, C. Edwina, 1947-1953. C. Edwina Todd collection, 1947-1953. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection contains items relating to Navy nursing.

Controlled Access Headings
Subject(s)
  • Military nursing

"Nursing Under Fire," reprint from the Military Surgeon; U.S.S. Consolation (AH-15) booklet, 1951; photograph, Pennsylvania nurses serving aboard U.S.S. Consolation, 1953.

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MC 64.   van der Peet, Roberta. Roberta van der Peet papers, 1989. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains one paper, "The Nightingale Model of Nursing," written by van der Peet.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Nightingale, Florence, 1856-1896
  • van der Peet, Roberta
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
3

"The Nightingale Model of Nursing," address; Mainlaan 74, 5627VG Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

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MC 74.   Overholt, Ella Florence. Ella Florence Overholt papers, 1921-1923. 0.2 Linear feet (11 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains mostly hand-written lecture notes (a few typed pages), both loose and in notebooks, on all aspect of nurses training (e.g., ethics, gymnastics, dietetics, gynecology, lab techniques, operations and operating room techniques, venereal disease, etc). The notes were taken by Overholt as a student from 1921 – 1923 at the Allentown Hospital School of Nursing. There also are senior exam questions in different subjects, and a page of the State Board exam questions for “Medical Nursing and Specialties”, June 8th, 1922.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Allentown Hospital School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Overholt, Ella Florence
Box
3

Small tan flip notebook containing class notes - Ethics?.

Notes on various topics.

Notes on various topics; exercises, dietetics.

Notes on various topics; dietetics, fever nursing, mental diseases, psychoanalysis.

Two pages, front and back, of gynecological notes.

Three pages of notes, labolation techniques.

Four pages, front and back, of operation notes; two pages, front and back, venereal disease notes.

Notes, operating room techniques.

Four pages of notes, venereal diseases.

Notes, miscellaneous.

Senior Exams, May 1921, and Philadelphia Examination, June 8, 1922.

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MC 96.   York, Edith M., 1922-1923. Edith York collection, 1915-1923. 08 Linear feet (4 folders).

Biographical/Historical note

York was Superintendent of Nurses at Hahnemann Hospital, Scranton, PA.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hahnemann Hospital.
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • York, Edith M., 1922-1923
Box
4

Operations seen in training, 1915-1916.

Graduating exercises of the Hahnemann Hospital, Scranton, PA, 1922-1923.

Correspondences; Lecture schedule, 1923.

Rules for graduate nurses, Hahnemann Hospital, Scranton, PA; House rules for nurses and nursing procedures, 1922.

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MC 111.   Shapiro, Judith Newman. Judith Newman Shapiro papers, 1936-1988. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of photos and program of the 1936 graduation of the Jewish Hospital School of Nursing.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Jewish Hospital (Philadelphia, Pa.). Training School for Nurses.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box
4

Program for 43rd Annual Commencement of the Training School for Nurses at the Jewish Hospital of Philadelphia; 3 photographs; note from Susan Shapiro.

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MC 176.   Currier, Hazel Lynn, Russel R.. Hazel Peterson Currier collection, 1938-2005. 05 Linear feet (2 folders).
Scope and Contents note

This small collection includes printed materials collected by Currier, along with one photograph of an American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) meeting from 1938. It also includes an oral history transcript of an interview with Russel Lynn about Currier's life and career, conducted when Currier was 102 years old.

Biographical/Historical note

Hazel Peterson Currier was born November 7, 1903. She attended nursing school at the University of Minnesota, graduating in 1925. She became a nurse anesthetic and was actively involved in professional organizations such as the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) and the Pennsylvania Nurse Anesthetists. She retired in 1970.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Oral histories
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Currier, Hazel
Box
6
Printed materials and artifacts, 1938-2003.

Slide: Photograph of American Association of Nurse Anesthetists banquet, photographed by Geo. E. Marshall Studio, Dallas Texas (produced by CCHA), 2006.

Pins: West Penn School of Nursing Hospital, engraved "Eleanor Ann Lynott 1959"; American Association Nurse Anesthetists.

Pennsylvania Tidings 15, No. 2 [News and Views of Pennsylvania Nurse Anesthetists], with photograph of Ms. Currier during her term as Vice President of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists and candidate for President-elect of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists, August 1965.

Photograph of Helen Featherson, President Elect of AANA [clip from unidentified publication].

Highlights [WellSpan Health, York County [?], Pennsylvania], containing photograph and biographical article, December 1, 2003.

AANA News Bulletin, 36, No. 3. With article on Florence A. McQuillen, fomer AANA executive director, March 1982.

Photograph of Bernice Baum and Florence McQuillen at the National Convention in Chicago [clipping from unidentified publication].

Transcription: oral history interview by Russel Lynn, 2005.

FlatFile Drawer

Photograph of American Association of Nurse Anesthetists banquet, photographed by Geo. E. Marshall Studio, Dallas Texas 1938.

B 5

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MC 181.   Fondes, Tabitha Parker, 1912-1996. Tabitha Fondes papers. 0.4 Linear feet (12 folders).

Biographical/Historical note

Tabitha Parker Fondes was born in Parsonsburg, Maryland. She helped her widowed mother raise four siblings until the age of 23 when she learned about a career in nursing. This information was carried in a newspaper ad – a call for student nurses at the Mercer Hospital in Trenton, New Jersey – that was blowing across a field she was hoeing. Thus began her 50-year career in nursing. Initially, she was involved in private duty nursing.

She met her husband, James Peter Fondes, while in Philadelphia for a nursing convention after World War I. They raised three children during the Depression. After World War II, her son Alex brought home an Army buddy, William Marchant, who became integrated into the family. A writer for the theater, he is responsible for many successful plays and screen plays. In 1975, he dedicated his biography of Noel Coward, “The Privilege of his Company” to Tabitha Parker Fondes.

She spent time with her son Alex, a theatrical researcher, and became a motherly figure to prominent American actors such as Anthony Franciosa, Ben Gazzara, Shelly Winters, Elaine Stritch, and Maureen Stapleton. While living in England her son became friends with Sir Michael Redgrave and his family as well as members of the Queens household. When Tabitha Fondes visited, she had a meeting with the Queen Mother.

Another son, Robert Parker Fondes, is an avid historian and preservationist. He established the Robert Parker Fondes Endowment in Nursing in her memory at Salisbury State University in Maryland. Her son states it was created in “celebration of a life that took a farm girl from Parsonsburg to demanding motherhood in Philadelphia, to some of the most sophisticated and lively circles in the world.” (Information from the “Alumni News” Vol. 11 No.1 Spring 1996, page 3.)

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains records of significant achievements in Fondes' career, notably her New Jersey and Pennsylvania nursing licenses and registration.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Box
4

List of patients since 1915.

Photocopy of acceptance letter, Mercer Hospital Training School, 1912.

Exams at Mercer Hospital Training School, 1912-1915.

Photocopy of acceptance letter, Mercer Hospital Training School, 1912, 1916.

50th Anniverary booklet, Mercer Hospital, 1945.

New Jersey and Pennsylvania State Board registration certificates, 1955-1970.

New Jersey and Pennsylvania State Board certificate of licensure, 1953.

Written report of analysis of Mrs. Fondes' handwriting, 1968.

Congratulatory letters received on the occasion of her 92nd and 93rd birthdays, 1981-1982.

Biographical sketch.

Miscellaneous items.

Photographs, 1912-1971.

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MC 191.   Renz, Dorothy L. Feifer. Dorothy L. Feifer Renz papers, 1953-1957. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

Dorothy L. Feifer Renz annotated this Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Procedure Manual during her time at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) School for Nursing between 1953-1954. It documents Renz's understanding of HUP's nursing curriculum and clinical practice procedures during the midcentury period.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Manuals (instructional materials)
Personal Name(s)
  • Renz, Dorothy L. Feifer
Box
5

Hospital of University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Procedure Manual, Annotated, circa 1954.

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MC 199.   Zwerdling, Michael B. Michael Zwerdling postcard collection, 1907-1916. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection was donated by Michael Zwerdling, a collector of healthcare-related postcards. See donor file for photocopies of other postcards in his personal collection.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Postcards
Subject(s)
  • Nursing.
Box
4

4 postcards.

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MC 200.  Nursing postal stamp collection, 1970-1986. 0.1 Linear feet (4 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains nursing stamps, envelopes, and embossed postal cards.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Postage stamps
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
5

Nursing stamps.

Bloomfield, Dorothy Reese. Nursing stamps, gift by Dorothy Reese Bloomfield. 28 first day covers, 2 Canadian stamps, and signed envelopes by Lucile Petry Leone.

Nursing stamp press releases, remarks, newspaper clippings and other information. Gift by Dorothy Reese Bloomfield.

Vogel, Joan R.  4 stamps, Clara Maass. Gift by Joan R. Vogel.

Alumni Association of the School of Nursing of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. Framed Nursing Stamps. Gift by the Alumnae Association of the Hospital of Pennsylvania.

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MC 201.  Edith Louisa Cavell collection, 1913-1922. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of a photograph and biography of Edith Cavell, with a facsimile of a Luxemburg landscape.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Cavell, Edith Louisa
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
4

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MC 204.   Osborne, Estelle M. Estelle M. Osborne papers, December 13-14, 1954 . 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This folder contains a paper about African American nurses authored by Osborne.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Osborne, Estelle M.
Subject(s)
  • African American nurses
Box
5

"Some Facts, Impressions, and Recommendations, RE Negro Nurses," and a memo regarding the paper, 1954.

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MC 206.   Mahoney, Jean L. Jean L. Mahoney photographs, 1942-1945. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of photographs of Children's Hospital of Pennsylvania nurses.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
Subject(s)
  • Pediatric nursing
Box
5

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MC 208.   Kennedy, Marion Kern. Marion Kern Kennedy papers, 1940. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of a Students' Nursing Practice Record for training completed at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, November 1940.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Personal Name(s)
  • Kennedy, Marion Kern
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box
6

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) Student Nursing Practice Record.

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MC 209.   McNeil, Marjorie E. Snider. Marjorie E. Snider McNeil papers, 1942-2005. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Biographical/Historical note

Marjorie Elizabeth Snider McNeil was born in 1922. She graduated from the University of Michigan School of Nursing in 1943, and joined the Army Nurse Corps the following year. After five weeks of basic training, she was posted to Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis, Missouri. Her war service took her overseas to the 103rd General Hospital Unit in England. After the war she married and moved to Cambridge, Massachussetes, where she worked as an obstetrical nurse. In 1948 the McNeils relocated again, this time to Ann Arbor. She did not resume her nursing work except for a brief period around the time of her father's death in 1964. In the 1970s she entered the kitchenware business and became president of a local store until her retirement in 1989. McNeil died in Vienna, Virginia, in 2005.

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of approximately 200 pages of obstetrics class lecture notes taken by Marjorie E. McNeil, University of Michigan School of Nursing, July - September 1942. The notes are accompanied by a few pages of biographical material prepared by Laurie McNeil.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Michigan School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • McNeil, Marjorie E. Snider
Box
6

Marjorie E. Snider McNeil biography prepared by Laurie E. McNeil (daughter), 2005.

Copy of photograph of Snider, original taken April 1944, 2005.

Photocopy of the notebook's cover.

University of Michigan School of Nursing lecture notes, 1943.

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MC 227.  World War I Materials, 1918-1919. 0.2 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of several letters written by an Army nurse during World War I.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Subject(s)
  • World War, 1914-1918
Box
2014.33.   Mason, Joan D. World War I Letters, 1918-1919.
Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Subject(s)
  • World War, 1914-1918
6

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MC 235.   Ruggere, Christine Stallknecht, Kristin. Museum of Danish Nursing History. 0.2 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

Materials in this collection consist of printed materials regarding the Musuem of Danish Nursing History.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Musuem of Danish Nursing History.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Printed ephemera
Box

Printed Materials.

6

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MC 236.   D'Antonio, Patricia. Nursing Calendar Collection, 1986-1997.

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains 7 calendars of nurses from photographs to fine art.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Printed ephemera
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
  • Women social workers
Subject(s)
  • Military nursing
  • World War, 1939-1945--Medical care
Box
7

Nursing: The Finest Art, 1986.

Vital Signs: Images of Nursing (2 calendars), 1989, 1990.

The Women's Memorial, 1995.

Nurses in Uniform, 1996.

Nurses in Action, 1996.

The Women's Memorial: Honoring Women Pioneers of World War I, 1996.

The Women's Memorial: Honoring American Women in Uniform in World War II, 1997.

RN: Nursing School Pin Collection, 1997.

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MC 197.   Rosenberg, Charles E. St. Mary's Hospital (Troy, N.Y.), c.1920. 0.2 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

This collection was donated by Charles Rosenberger. These photographs are images of the students, teachers, and wards of St. Mary's Hospital in Troy, N.Y.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • St. Mary's Hospital.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box

Photograph album.

EDMO:0001

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MC 198.   Lynaugh, Joan E., Dr., 1935-2011. St. Luke's Hospital of Philadelphia, c. 1900. 1 Items.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Joan Lynaugh.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • St. Luke's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box

Photograph album, 1900.

MSSM:0003

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MC 239.   Short, Peter. Peter Short Photograph Collection. 1 Linear feet (Oversized).

Scope and Contents note

This collection was donated by Peter Short and consists of photographs of critical care nursing in hospital settings.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Subject(s)
  • Hospice Care
Box

11x14" black and white photographs (13) of critical care nursing.

MSOS:0011

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MC 238.   Erikson, Ruth, 1932-1935. Ruth Erikson Meissner papers. 0.5 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of lecture notes from Ruth Erikson (Messiner) while she attended the Phildelphia General Hospital Training School for Nurses (PGH).

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Philadelphia General Hospital.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box
EDMO:0001
Box Folder

Medical Diseases for Nurses, 1931.

1 1

Nursing Procedures, PGH, c. 1931.

1 2

Case Study, Broncho Pneumonia, 1934.

1 3

Graduation photograph.

1 4

Bacteriology notes, 1931.

1 5

Anatomy notes.

1 6

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American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 records

MC 39

American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 records

MC 39

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Creator:
American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses Post No. 412.
Title:
American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 records
Date [inclusive]:
1919-1989
Call Number:
MC 39
Extent:
2.25 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection documents one of the largest and most active American Legion nurses' posts: the Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 of Philadelphia. In its heyday, the Fairchild Post engaged in a multitude of community activities, and enjoyed a large membership base. These files provide a glimpse of the long and eventful history of the Post, beginning in 1919 and continuing to 1989.
Cite as:
American Legion, Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post No. 412 records, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Title:
Nursing History Small Collections
Date [inclusive]:
1856-2008
Call Number:
Small Collections
Extent:
1.87 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Bates Center's Small Collections are various, unrelated accessions that have been individually assigned collection numbers. Many of the Small Collections consist of a single folder.
Cite as:
Nursing History Small Collections, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

As the American Legion came into being in the years following World War I, a great number of nurses who had served overseas expressed interest in forming their own American Legion posts. Nurses' posts became quite numerous; some of these took names which honored the bravery of American nurses who had been wounded or killed in the line of duty.

One such post, the Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post #412 (hereafter referred to as the "Post"), was named for a graduate of the Pennsylvania Hospital School of Nursing, who was one of the contingent of nurses that accompanied the American Expeditionary Force (AEF). Serving at Base Hospital #10 in France, Fairchild fell prey to a poison gas attack and died soon after, on January 18, 1918. Upon their return to the states, some of the other Base 10 nurses founded Nurses' Post #412 in Philadelphia, and named it in Fairchild's honor.

The first meeting of this post was held at the Frankford Hospital on October 14, 1919. The Post was chartered a year later, on October 15, 1920. Membership grew rapidly from 200 in the first year to 386 in 1926. Meetings of the Post were initially held at various area hospitals. During the 1920s, the Post was headquartered in the Third Regiment Armory, before locating more permanently to the Central YMCA on Arch Street in 1934. For a number of years, the Post met either at the Arch Street YMCA or in the Philadelphia County Council Building.

Unfortunately, many of the Post's pre-1947 records were destroyed in a fire, and thus little information survives for the period from 1931-1947. In 1947, membership was hovering around the upper 300s - it reached a peak of 421 at the end of 1948. It was during this period - the decades of the 1940s and 1950s - that the number of activities sponsored by the Post also reached its height. The Post was very active in the community. During the holiday season, the members demonstrated their generosity by providing food, clothing, and toys to needy families and children. In the winter months, the Post sponsored a student nurse basketball league, which pitted teams from area hospital training schools against one another. League play culminated in a championship in the spring, with the championship trophy provided by the Post. The league, which was begun by members of the Post in 1931, was in existence for fifty years before a lack of interest caused it to fold.

The Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post also provided a number of awards and scholarships. The Elizabeth Weaver Scholarship, in the amount of $250, was awarded to a needy and deserving student attending the school which won the cheerleaders contest (held at the same time as the basketball championship). Each summer, the Post sponsored a high-school-aged boy to go to Keystone Boy's State, a camp-like program run by the American Legion designed to teach Americanism, government, leadership, and the like. At the end of each school year, the Post presented American Legion Awards to two students at the George Thomas Junior High School, one to a boy, one to a girl. These awards and scholarships helped to make the Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post and the American Legion quite prominent in the community.

Remembrance of fallen comrades has traditionally been a very important mission of the Fairchild Post, as well as the American Legion in general. To this end, the Post planned ceremonies to honor them each Memorial Day weekend. The Sunday before Memorial Day, members of the Post would help decorate graves in the Mt. Moriah cemetery, along with members of the William T. Shetzline Post. On Memorial Day itself, the Post would hold memorial services at Pennsylvania Hospital, where there was a tree dedicated to the memory of Helen Fairchild. Armistice Day (Veterans Day) was celebrated by a banquet which was usually well attended.

The last two decades have been a period of decline for the Post. It was on the strength of the WWI veterans that the Post (and the American Legion) was founded, and it was through the combined efforts of veterans from both world wars that the Post reached its summit. Thus, as these members who had been so instrumental to the success of the Post grew older, and became unable to participate as fully in outside activities, the Post began to lose much of its former vigor.

Without a large influx of new veterans, the Helen Fairchild Nurses' Post (and, indeed, the American Legion in general) was forced to scale down its scope of activities. In the 1970s, the number of meetings per year were cut down to six. In 1981, this number was reduced further, to four. The Federal Post building, where the Fairchild Post had been meeting since the 1960s, was sold, and the members of the Post again had to use hospitals and other smaller venues as sites for their meetings. Membership declined in a slow but steady manner, from 303 at the end of 1966 to 102 at the end of 1987.

Scope and Contents

This collection has been organized into five series: Office Files, Members Files, Clippings, Photographs, and a World War I Register of Pennsylvania Nurses. The office files, especially the newsletters and meeting minutes, give a fairly complete description of the organizational makeup of the Post (despite some considerable gaps). In addition, they catalog a number of the activities sponsored by the Post. The members files, on the other hand, paint a more intimate picture of the Post and its members, being made up, as they are, of various personal effects. Clippings and photographs complement these files to provide a well-rounded view of the Post. The final series is a register of nurse military service: in the 1930s, the Post compiled a comprehensive list of nurses who enlisted in WWI in the state of Pennsylvania.

Scope and Contents

Most of the collections included here consist of personal papers, student lecture notes from various nursing schools, and assorted nursing memorabilia and ephemera. Of particular significance are the two letters written by Florence Nightingale (MC 44).

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Bethany Myers

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Access Restrictions

This collection is unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

See also: MC 171, Martha Emily Shaw papers. Shaw was an active member of Helen Fairchild Nurses Post #412 during the interwar period.

Helen Fairchild’s original letters are located at the Army Medical Museum at San Antonio TX.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American Legion. Helen Fairchild Nurses Post No. 412.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Administrative records
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
Personal Name(s)
  • Fairchild, Helen, 1884-1918
Subject(s)
  • Nursing.
  • World War, 1914-1918--Medical care

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Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
  • Nursing.

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Collection Inventory

Series 1.  Office Files, 1919-1989.

Scope and Contents note

The series includes Post newsletters from 1947 to 1989, but by no means should this be considered a complete set. The newsletters provided Post members with information on upcoming meetings and other Post events, but also served as a forum for disseminating general information on members, items of interest, etc. During its height, the Fairchild Post sent out 10 to 12 newsletters per year, but this number has decreased in the time since the late sixties. The newsletters were an important tool in reaching all of the members of the Post, since only a fraction attended meetings regularly.

Also contained in this series are Post meeting minutes from a fifteen-year period between 1971 and 1986. Except for 1971, the minutes for each year represent a complete record of the meetings held during the given year. It should be noted, however, that the Post often did not hold regular meetings during the summer months.

The series includes correspondence, both general and related to specific topics, such as awards and scholarships. There are also events files, which contain general information and correspondence pertaining to certain events sponsored by the Post. There are a number of other, smaller items. A financial ledger dating from the 1920s has survived, and provides a somewhat different insight into the workings of the Post. A list of officers, committee members, and convention delegates for the years 1919 to 1966is included, though because of its size (6 feet long, accordionated) it has been placed in a flat file. General information on the American Legion, the Helen Fairchild Nurses Post, and the history of the Post has been collected; these files, however, are much more miscellaneous and fragmentary in nature. Other items in the series include an operations manual for incoming Post adjutants, programs from annual Post banquets, citations garnered by the Post over the years, and membership records of the Post, consisting of 4 by 6 inch information cards, one (or more) for each member.

Newsletters.

Box Folder

1947-1948.

1 1

1965-1967 (not inclusive).

1 2

1973, 1974, 1978, 1980-84, 1985-89.

1 3

Minutes.

Box Folder

September-December 1971.

1 4

1972.

1 5

1973.

1 6

1974.

1 7

1975.

1 8

1976.

1 9

1977.

1 10

1978.

1 11

1979.

1 12

1980.

1 13

1981.

1 14

1982.

1 15

1983.

1 16

1984.

1 17

1985.

1 18

1986.

1 19
FlatFile Folder

List of officers, committee members, convention delegates, 1919-1966.

5 1
Box Folder

Post 412, membership.

1 20

Post 412, financial ledger.

1 21

Post 412, operations manual.

1 22

Events.

Box Folder

Memorial Day, general.

1 23

Memorial Day, correspondence.

1 24

Plaque Dedication, general.

1 25

Plaque Dedication, correspondence.

1 26
Box Folder

Campaign for Fairchild Veterans Administration Medical Center.

1 27

Correspondence.

Box Folder

Post 412, general.

1 28

Elizabeth Weaver Scholarship.

1 29

Keystone Boy's State.

1 30

American Legion Awards.

1 31
Box Folder

Citations.

1 32

American Legion/Helen Fairchild Post, general.

1 33

History, Helen Fairchild Post.

1 34

Programs.

1 35

1927 American Legion Conference (Paris).

1 36

Membership cards: World War I A-P.

3

Membership cards: World War I Q-Z; World War II A-Z.

4

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Series 2.  Members Files, 1910-1985.

Scope and Contents note

This series provides a different look at the members of the Fairchild Post than can be obtained through the office files series. It contains a number of personal effects of Post members, from a journal to poetry to correspondence. In addition, there are a couple of personal documents of former members, such as an RN certificate and a passport certificate issued by the American embassy in London to nurses who were attached to the AEF. Short biographies of individual members are included; these too are useful in studying the history of the Post. In all, though there is less inherent organization in this series (as compared to the first), it is nevertheless valuable in getting a true feel for the rich history of the Post.

Box Folder

Members, general.

2 1

Biographies, individual members.

2 2

Correspondence, Irene Matthews.

2 3
FlatFile Folder

RN certificate, Mary Robinson.

5 1

Passport certificate, Amina Fuhrman.

5 1

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Series 3.  Clippings, 1920-2000.

Scope and Contents note

A very small series consisting of two files, this includes clippings taken from local (Philadelphia and Pennsylvania) newspapers and magazines, the oldest dating from the 1940s. Most pertain directly to the Fairchild Nurses Post and Post-related activities, but a few are more general. This series also includes a memorial certificate from the White House.

Box Folder

Clippings.

2 1

Memorial certificate from the White House, signed by President Clinton.

2 2

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Series 4.  Photographs, 1913-1980.

Scope and Contents note

Most of the photos in this series are of a more informal nature. There are a small number of photographs which relate to the American involvement in World War I, most notably one of Helen Fairchild's gravesite, and another which may have been taken at her funeral. The bulk of the photos, however, pertain to the many activities which the Fairchild Nurses Post either sponsored or was involved in. For instance, there are as number of photos taken at awards ceremonies (especially for the basketball championships), as well as photos taken at other Post functions. There are also quite a few photographs of Post members, particularly from the early days of the Post. These photos provide a unique view of the collection, one which cannot be achieved by the rest of the material alone.

Box Folder

Paris parade, 1918.

2 1

World War I Army Base, related photos.

2 2

Helen Fairchild, funeral? & gravesite.

2 3

Johnstown parade, 1926.

2 4

Paris, Second AEF parade, 1927.

2 5

Graduation, Pennsylvania Hospital.

2 6

Post members.

2 7

Basketball championship awards.

2 8

Awards ceremonies.

2 9

Gravestones, Post members.

2 10

Memorial dedication ceremony.

2 11

Post function.

2 12

Post 412, displays.

2 13

Miscellaneous photos.

2 14

Rolled photographs.

5

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Series 5.  World War I Register of Pennsylvania Nurses, 1941.

Scope and Contents note

This series contains a listing of Pennsylvania nurses who served in World War I, along with their addresses and military histories (as compiled by the Helen Fairchild Nurses Post in the late 1930s). As noted in the introduction to this roster, the listing includes both nurses who graduated from training schools in state, and those who graduated from schools outside of Pennsylvania, but enlisted from Pennsylvania. Over 325 pages long and six years in the making, the roster was designed to be as complete as possible. The Post was aided in this task by the numerous hospitals in the state, as well as such groups as Alumni Associations and various regional nursing associations. The end result, which was complete as of January 25, 1941, was used by Roberta Mayhew West in her History of Nursing in Pennsylvania.

Box Folder

Typescript.

2 1

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Collection Inventory

MC 14.   Radbill, Samuel X., 1901-1987. Samuel X. Radbill papers, 1985-1989. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection includes notes on medical history, reminiscences, the Radbill Lectures, personal notes, and notes on childcare and nursing history.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Personal Name(s)
  • Radbill, Samuel X., 1901-1987
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
1

His Life and Work, 1901-1987: An Appreciation Distributed at the Thirteenth Radbill Lecture, April 20, 1988.

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MC 20.   Gruber, Mildred, 1904-1906. Mildred Gruber lecture notes, 1904-1905. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of two notebooks containing nursing lecture notes. Gruber's training school is unknown, but may be Gowanda State Hospital.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Gruber, Mildred, 1904-1906
Box
1

Lecture notes, 1904-1905.

Lecture notes, 1905.

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MC 21.   Witmer, Laura Strickler, 1934-1947. Laura S. Witmer papers, 1934-1947. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection regards home deliveries in Somerset County, PA, with Witmer assisting Dr. I.C. Miller.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Witmer, Laura Strickler, 1934-1947
Subject(s)
  • Home care services.
Box
1

Patient lists of home deliveries, Somerset County, PA, 1934-1945.

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MC 23.   Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Club of Philadelphia. Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Club of Philadelphia records, 1973-1986. 0.1 Linear feet (5 folders).

Historical Sketch

Freedmen's Hospital was established in 1865 as the Freedmen's Bureau for the "relief of freed men and refugees" by the War Department of the United States. This was due in part to the many freed slaves who migrated to Washington, D.C. following the Civil War. Four years after the hospital's founding, they relocated to the campus of Howard University. The School of Nursing was founded in 1894 as an eighteen-month program which was later expanded two years. In 1909, the length of study was increased to three years. In the early twentieth century, the school affiliated with a number of institutions in the Washington area in addition to Howard, such as the Gallanger Municipal Hospital and the D.C. General Hospital. The hospital phased out the school and graduated its last class in 1973. Howard University opened their baccalaureate school of nursing the following year to replace Freedmen's. Over Freedmen's 79-year period, it graduated 1,700 nurses.

The Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Clubs, based in Washington, D.C., coordinates local clubs around the country. The Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Club of Philadelphia, founded in 1966, was established to promote goodwill among its graduates, to participate in the community health and cultural and educational programs, and to support the scholarship fund of the Freedmen's (and later) the Howard University Federation.

Scope and Contents note

This collection includes five folders of miscellaneous materials that document some of the activities of the Philadelphia club. There is also one publication of oral interviews produced by the national office.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Freedmen's Hospital Nurses Alumni Club of Philadelphia.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Administrative records
Subject(s)
  • African American nurses
Box
1
Philadelphia Club History, 1973.
Scope and Contents note

Copies of historical excerpts, club's purpose, list of charter members, and other activities.

History of school uniform, 1894-1973.

Photographs of presentation of Freedmen's Hospital nurses' painting to Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, 1986.

Postcard of Josephine McMillan's painting (nurse's cap, cape and lamp), 1985.

Book, "The Fifty Year Graduates of Freedmen's Hospital School of Nursing Tell Their Story, 1913-1935", October 1986.

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MC 44.   Nightingale, Florence, 1856-1896. Florence Nightingale letters, 1856-1896. 02 (1 folder).

Biographical/Historical note

Florence Nightingale was born into a British well-connected, upper-class family in May 1820. She entered nursing in 1844 following a “call from God,” rebelling against expectations for a woman of the period. In October 1854 she set out with 38 volunteer nurses to aid the sick and wounded during the Crimean War. She is known for working for better conditions for military hospitals and general conditions for the nursing profession. She died at age 90 in August 1910.

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains two letters and one envelope unrelated to the letters. All three items contain hand and type-written notations concerning gift status and dates for which there is no documentation authentication.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Nightingale, Florence, 1856-1896
Subject(s)
  • Crimean War, 1853-1856--Medical care.
  • Nursing--History.
Box
1
Envelope.
Description

The envelope is addressed by hand to the Rev. T.S. Greene at Claydon Rectory. "To enquire particularly after the Rev. Greene with Florence Nightingale’s anxious and kindest regards 1/5/82." No authentication of handwriting.

Letter from Scutari Barrack Hospital, March 3, 1856.
Description

Personal letter wishing a woman well with her pregnancy and requesting the child, if a boy, be named after her father.

Letter to Major General Thomas Mannsell, October 31, 1896.
Description

This letter concerns conditions surrounding the purchase of Embley, the family home in England.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Mannsell, Thomas, Major General

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MC 45.   Godfrey, Mary Robinson, 1910-1987. Mary Robinson Godfrey papers, 1910-1917. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Biographical/Historical note

Mary Margaret Robinson Godfrey (January 25, 1886- May 28, 1995) was a naval nurse during World War I and was the first Navy nurse to serve aboard ship. She graduated from the Thomas Jefferson Hospital School of Nursing in 1909, and joined the Navy Nurse Corps in 1910. Prior to World War I, Godfrey was stationed in the Philippines and Mare Island. She was also Chief Nurse at the Old Grey's Ferry Naval Home and Hospital. Later she was director of nursing at League Island Navy Hospital. While at League Island that she contracted -- and survived -- the Spanish flu. During the war she was called to be Chief Nurse on board the troop ship the Leviathan. She left the Navy in 1919.

Her obituaries can be found at the following links: http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Z1sPAAAAIBAJ&sjid=-oQDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6486%2C115052 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=pv&GRid=85217739&PIpi=92384902

Scope and Contents note

This small collection includes Godfrey's letter of appointment; a reprint of an article titled "Iodized Catgut: Drying, Sterilizing, and Storing"; and a reprint of a presentation at nurses convention in Cleveland, OH, 1918.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Godfrey, Mary Robinson, 1910-1987
Subject(s)
  • Military nursing
  • World War, 1914-1918--Medical care
Box
1

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MC 46.   Oliner, Jane. Susan Francis collection, 1934-1962. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains biographical information about Susan Francis, RN.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Francis, Susan C., 1934-1987
Box
1

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MC 47.   Heffernan, Bernardine, 1968-1986. Bernardine Heffernan collection, 1968-1986. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

Heffernan was a clinical nurse specialist. This small collection includes correspondence, job specifications, reprints, workshop agenda, application for workshop, and a cassette tape.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Heffernan, Bernardine, 1968-1986
Box
1

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MC 48.   Hoff, Bertha, 1913-1914. Bertha Hoff lecture notes, 1913-1914. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of one notebook, labeled "Nurses Training School." Institution unknown.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Box
1

"Training School" lecture notes in notebook.

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MC 49.   Holman, Lydia, 1888-1960. Lydia Holman papers, 1868-1960. 05 Linear feet (2 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of two folders of correspondence, primarily regarding her work in public health nursing in North Carolina, along with Holman's death certificate.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
  • Public health nursing
Personal Name(s)
  • Holman, Lydia, 1888-1960
Box
1

Correspondence, 1898-1899; summary of her public health nursing work in North Carolina; death certificate, 1960.

Personal correspondence and letters of reference.

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MC 50.   Izcka, Jadwiga, 1939-1960. Jadwiga Izcka papers, 1987. 02 Linear feet (1 folder, 13 leaves).

Scope and Contents note

This is a paper on on preparing nurses for public health work in Poland, 1939-1960.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Geographic Name(s)
  • Poland.
Box
1

Izcka, Jadwiga, 1939-1960. Introduction of Public Health from the Earliest Days of Student Nurses Training at School (Poland).

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MC 50.   Kennedy, Cecile, 1939-1957. Cecile Kennedy collection, 1939-1957. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of nine newspaper clippings on the American Red Cross.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
Subject(s)
  • American Red Cross
Box
1

Newspaper clippings of her American Red Cross Activities.

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MC 52A.   Jones, Elizabeth Kratz, 1899-1946. Elizabeth Kratz Jones papers, 1899-2008. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

These contracts document Jones' military nursing appointments with the US Army Medical Department and the Isthmian Canal Commission.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Contracts
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Jones, Elizabeth Kratz, 1899-1946
Subject(s)
  • Military nursing
Box
1

Appointment papers for military service and Isthmian Canal Commission Nursing.

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MC 53.   Lemley, Alice and Lillie, 1887-1888. Alice Lemley lecture notes, 1887-1888. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

The lecture notes are from the period of Alice Lemley's study at the Philadelphia Hospital Training School for Nurses, 1887-1888. Topics touched upon in the notes include obstetrics, nervous frustration, contagious diseases, and antiseptic use.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Lemley, Alice and Lillie, 1887-1888
Box
1

Lecture notebook.

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MC 54.   JB Lippincott Company. J.B. Lippincott collection, 1871-1878. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

J.B. Lippincott Company, established 1885, was a prominent publishing house in Philadelphia, PA. This collection contains some correspondence related to publication of nursing books.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • JB Lippincott Company.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Box
1

Correspondence for "Handbook on Nursing" 1875, Connecticut Training School for Nurses, New Haven, CT; and "Godey's Lady Book" article on "Lady Nurses" 1871 (photograph copy).

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MC 56.   Newman, Edna Albert, 1924-1936. Edna Albert Newman papers, 1938-1982. 0.1 Linear feet (5 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains lecture notes and examinations from Newman's nursing education, which may have been at Lebanon Hospital in Lebanon, PA.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Lebanon Hospital (Lebanon, Pa.).
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Box
2

Examinations: hygiene and sanitation, anatomy and physiology, diet cooking, pediatric nursing, communicable diseases, obstetrical and gynecological.

Lecture notes; qualification of a nurse; history of nursing; principles of nursing.

Examinations: medical, surgical, pediatric, materia medica, communicable diseases, dietetics, elementary nursing, clinical microscopy and pathology, mental and nervous diseases and public sanitation.

Examination: University of the State of New York; surgical nursing; diet cooking, obstetric and gynecologic nursing; materia medica; hygiene and sanitation; pediatric nursing including communicable diseases and orthopedics.

Lebanon Hospital, case studies and nursing demonstration procedures.

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MC 58.  Nurses for the Future Conference, June 29-30, 1987, June 29-30, 1987. 0.3 Linear feet (2 folders, 1 unfoldered item).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of conference papers.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Nurses for the Future Conference.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Proceedings
Box
2
Original transcript, June 29-30, 1987.
Scope and Contents note

This transcript contains the first day's sessions: “An Analysis of the Effects of Current Initiatives to Attract Quality Undergraduate Nursing Students: Strategies for a Brighter Future,” “Riding the Yoyo: The Work and Worth of Nursing in the 20th Century,” “The Talent Pool in Nursing: A Comparative and Longitudinal Perspective,” “Factors Associated with Cyclical Nursing Shortages A Labor Economist's Analysis of Nursing.”

Original transcript, June 30, 1987.
Scope and Contents note

This transcript contains the second day's sessions: Nursing For College Graduates Panel Discussion: What Happens If..., Strategies for Change

Folder containing conference papers.
Scope and Contents note

This folder contains the following papers: Welcome letter by Claire Fagin, "A Labor Economist's Analysis of Nursing" by Charles R. Link, nursing program statistics, "Recurring Hospital Nurse Shortages: Explanations and Solutions" by Linda H. Aiken and Connie Flynt Mullinix, "The Talent Pool in Nursing, A Comparative and Longitudinal Perspective" by Kenneth C. Green. Nurses for the Future conference: "Strategies for Change," "Nursing for College Graduates" by Donna Diers, "Riding the Yo-yo: The Work and Worth of Nursing in the 20th Century."

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MC 60.   Ritter, Beatrice, 1947-1957. Beatrice Ritter collection, 1947-1957. 06 Linear feet (3 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This collection, assembled by Beatrice Ritter, includes information on Edith Cavell, Florence Nightingale, and European nursing.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Cavell, Edith Louisa
  • Nightingale, Florence, 1856-1896
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
3

Institut Edith Cavell-Marie Depage; Ecole Belge D'Infirmieres Diplomees booklet, 1948; Postcard of hospital facilities; brief outline of Edith Cavell arrest and death.

Florence Nightingale, writing commentary; photograph and postcard of Florence Nightingale and sister Parthenope, 1836.

International Council of Nurses, 50th Anniversary Conference programs - Sweden, 1949.

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MC 61.   Soper, Martha Lenora Collett, 1919-1920. Martha Lenora Collett Soper lecture notes, 1919-1920. 01 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection contains Soper's lecture notes from her time as a nursing student at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Soper, Martha Lenora Collett, 1919-1920
Box
3

Ledger with lecture notes, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP).

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MC 62.   Stern, Beverly Peril, 1955-1960. Beverly Peril Stern papers, 1955-1958. 04 Linear feet (2 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection contains Stern's issued manuals from her time as a student and employed nurse at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, accompanied by a photograph of Stern in uniform.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Manuals (instructional materials)
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Stern, Beverly Peril, 1955-1960

Nursing Arts Procedure Book from the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP); photograph of Peril in probationary student nurses' uniform.

Orientation manual, General Staff Nurse, 1959.

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MC 63.   Todd, C. Edwina, 1947-1953. C. Edwina Todd collection, 1947-1953. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection contains items relating to Navy nursing.

Controlled Access Headings
Subject(s)
  • Military nursing

"Nursing Under Fire," reprint from the Military Surgeon; U.S.S. Consolation (AH-15) booklet, 1951; photograph, Pennsylvania nurses serving aboard U.S.S. Consolation, 1953.

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MC 64.   van der Peet, Roberta. Roberta van der Peet papers, 1989. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains one paper, "The Nightingale Model of Nursing," written by van der Peet.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Nightingale, Florence, 1856-1896
  • van der Peet, Roberta
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
3

"The Nightingale Model of Nursing," address; Mainlaan 74, 5627VG Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

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MC 74.   Overholt, Ella Florence. Ella Florence Overholt papers, 1921-1923. 0.2 Linear feet (11 folders).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains mostly hand-written lecture notes (a few typed pages), both loose and in notebooks, on all aspect of nurses training (e.g., ethics, gymnastics, dietetics, gynecology, lab techniques, operations and operating room techniques, venereal disease, etc). The notes were taken by Overholt as a student from 1921 – 1923 at the Allentown Hospital School of Nursing. There also are senior exam questions in different subjects, and a page of the State Board exam questions for “Medical Nursing and Specialties”, June 8th, 1922.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Allentown Hospital School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Overholt, Ella Florence
Box
3

Small tan flip notebook containing class notes - Ethics?.

Notes on various topics.

Notes on various topics; exercises, dietetics.

Notes on various topics; dietetics, fever nursing, mental diseases, psychoanalysis.

Two pages, front and back, of gynecological notes.

Three pages of notes, labolation techniques.

Four pages, front and back, of operation notes; two pages, front and back, venereal disease notes.

Notes, operating room techniques.

Four pages of notes, venereal diseases.

Notes, miscellaneous.

Senior Exams, May 1921, and Philadelphia Examination, June 8, 1922.

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MC 96.   York, Edith M., 1922-1923. Edith York collection, 1915-1923. 08 Linear feet (4 folders).

Biographical/Historical note

York was Superintendent of Nurses at Hahnemann Hospital, Scranton, PA.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hahnemann Hospital.
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • York, Edith M., 1922-1923
Box
4

Operations seen in training, 1915-1916.

Graduating exercises of the Hahnemann Hospital, Scranton, PA, 1922-1923.

Correspondences; Lecture schedule, 1923.

Rules for graduate nurses, Hahnemann Hospital, Scranton, PA; House rules for nurses and nursing procedures, 1922.

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MC 111.   Shapiro, Judith Newman. Judith Newman Shapiro papers, 1936-1988. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of photos and program of the 1936 graduation of the Jewish Hospital School of Nursing.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Jewish Hospital (Philadelphia, Pa.). Training School for Nurses.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box
4

Program for 43rd Annual Commencement of the Training School for Nurses at the Jewish Hospital of Philadelphia; 3 photographs; note from Susan Shapiro.

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MC 176.   Currier, Hazel Lynn, Russel R.. Hazel Peterson Currier collection, 1938-2005. 05 Linear feet (2 folders).
Scope and Contents note

This small collection includes printed materials collected by Currier, along with one photograph of an American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) meeting from 1938. It also includes an oral history transcript of an interview with Russel Lynn about Currier's life and career, conducted when Currier was 102 years old.

Biographical/Historical note

Hazel Peterson Currier was born November 7, 1903. She attended nursing school at the University of Minnesota, graduating in 1925. She became a nurse anesthetic and was actively involved in professional organizations such as the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) and the Pennsylvania Nurse Anesthetists. She retired in 1970.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Oral histories
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Personal Name(s)
  • Currier, Hazel
Box
6
Printed materials and artifacts, 1938-2003.

Slide: Photograph of American Association of Nurse Anesthetists banquet, photographed by Geo. E. Marshall Studio, Dallas Texas (produced by CCHA), 2006.

Pins: West Penn School of Nursing Hospital, engraved "Eleanor Ann Lynott 1959"; American Association Nurse Anesthetists.

Pennsylvania Tidings 15, No. 2 [News and Views of Pennsylvania Nurse Anesthetists], with photograph of Ms. Currier during her term as Vice President of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists and candidate for President-elect of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists, August 1965.

Photograph of Helen Featherson, President Elect of AANA [clip from unidentified publication].

Highlights [WellSpan Health, York County [?], Pennsylvania], containing photograph and biographical article, December 1, 2003.

AANA News Bulletin, 36, No. 3. With article on Florence A. McQuillen, fomer AANA executive director, March 1982.

Photograph of Bernice Baum and Florence McQuillen at the National Convention in Chicago [clipping from unidentified publication].

Transcription: oral history interview by Russel Lynn, 2005.

FlatFile Drawer

Photograph of American Association of Nurse Anesthetists banquet, photographed by Geo. E. Marshall Studio, Dallas Texas 1938.

B 5

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MC 181.   Fondes, Tabitha Parker, 1912-1996. Tabitha Fondes papers. 0.4 Linear feet (12 folders).

Biographical/Historical note

Tabitha Parker Fondes was born in Parsonsburg, Maryland. She helped her widowed mother raise four siblings until the age of 23 when she learned about a career in nursing. This information was carried in a newspaper ad – a call for student nurses at the Mercer Hospital in Trenton, New Jersey – that was blowing across a field she was hoeing. Thus began her 50-year career in nursing. Initially, she was involved in private duty nursing.

She met her husband, James Peter Fondes, while in Philadelphia for a nursing convention after World War I. They raised three children during the Depression. After World War II, her son Alex brought home an Army buddy, William Marchant, who became integrated into the family. A writer for the theater, he is responsible for many successful plays and screen plays. In 1975, he dedicated his biography of Noel Coward, “The Privilege of his Company” to Tabitha Parker Fondes.

She spent time with her son Alex, a theatrical researcher, and became a motherly figure to prominent American actors such as Anthony Franciosa, Ben Gazzara, Shelly Winters, Elaine Stritch, and Maureen Stapleton. While living in England her son became friends with Sir Michael Redgrave and his family as well as members of the Queens household. When Tabitha Fondes visited, she had a meeting with the Queen Mother.

Another son, Robert Parker Fondes, is an avid historian and preservationist. He established the Robert Parker Fondes Endowment in Nursing in her memory at Salisbury State University in Maryland. Her son states it was created in “celebration of a life that took a farm girl from Parsonsburg to demanding motherhood in Philadelphia, to some of the most sophisticated and lively circles in the world.” (Information from the “Alumni News” Vol. 11 No.1 Spring 1996, page 3.)

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains records of significant achievements in Fondes' career, notably her New Jersey and Pennsylvania nursing licenses and registration.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Personal papers
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Box
4

List of patients since 1915.

Photocopy of acceptance letter, Mercer Hospital Training School, 1912.

Exams at Mercer Hospital Training School, 1912-1915.

Photocopy of acceptance letter, Mercer Hospital Training School, 1912, 1916.

50th Anniverary booklet, Mercer Hospital, 1945.

New Jersey and Pennsylvania State Board registration certificates, 1955-1970.

New Jersey and Pennsylvania State Board certificate of licensure, 1953.

Written report of analysis of Mrs. Fondes' handwriting, 1968.

Congratulatory letters received on the occasion of her 92nd and 93rd birthdays, 1981-1982.

Biographical sketch.

Miscellaneous items.

Photographs, 1912-1971.

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MC 191.   Renz, Dorothy L. Feifer. Dorothy L. Feifer Renz papers, 1953-1957. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

Dorothy L. Feifer Renz annotated this Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Procedure Manual during her time at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) School for Nursing between 1953-1954. It documents Renz's understanding of HUP's nursing curriculum and clinical practice procedures during the midcentury period.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Manuals (instructional materials)
Personal Name(s)
  • Renz, Dorothy L. Feifer
Box
5

Hospital of University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Procedure Manual, Annotated, circa 1954.

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MC 199.   Zwerdling, Michael B. Michael Zwerdling postcard collection, 1907-1916. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection was donated by Michael Zwerdling, a collector of healthcare-related postcards. See donor file for photocopies of other postcards in his personal collection.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Postcards
Subject(s)
  • Nursing.
Box
4

4 postcards.

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MC 200.  Nursing postal stamp collection, 1970-1986. 0.1 Linear feet (4 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains nursing stamps, envelopes, and embossed postal cards.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Postage stamps
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
5

Nursing stamps.

Bloomfield, Dorothy Reese. Nursing stamps, gift by Dorothy Reese Bloomfield. 28 first day covers, 2 Canadian stamps, and signed envelopes by Lucile Petry Leone.

Nursing stamp press releases, remarks, newspaper clippings and other information. Gift by Dorothy Reese Bloomfield.

Vogel, Joan R.  4 stamps, Clara Maass. Gift by Joan R. Vogel.

Alumni Association of the School of Nursing of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. Framed Nursing Stamps. Gift by the Alumnae Association of the Hospital of Pennsylvania.

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MC 201.  Edith Louisa Cavell collection, 1913-1922. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This small collection consists of a photograph and biography of Edith Cavell, with a facsimile of a Luxemburg landscape.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Cavell, Edith Louisa
Subject(s)
  • Nursing--History.
Box
4

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MC 204.   Osborne, Estelle M. Estelle M. Osborne papers, December 13-14, 1954 . 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This folder contains a paper about African American nurses authored by Osborne.

Controlled Access Headings
Personal Name(s)
  • Osborne, Estelle M.
Subject(s)
  • African American nurses
Box
5

"Some Facts, Impressions, and Recommendations, RE Negro Nurses," and a memo regarding the paper, 1954.

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MC 206.   Mahoney, Jean L. Jean L. Mahoney photographs, 1942-1945. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of photographs of Children's Hospital of Pennsylvania nurses.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
Subject(s)
  • Pediatric nursing
Box
5

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MC 208.   Kennedy, Marion Kern. Marion Kern Kennedy papers, 1940. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of a Students' Nursing Practice Record for training completed at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, November 1940.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Personal Name(s)
  • Kennedy, Marion Kern
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box
6

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) Student Nursing Practice Record.

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MC 209.   McNeil, Marjorie E. Snider. Marjorie E. Snider McNeil papers, 1942-2005. 02 Linear feet (1 folder).

Biographical/Historical note

Marjorie Elizabeth Snider McNeil was born in 1922. She graduated from the University of Michigan School of Nursing in 1943, and joined the Army Nurse Corps the following year. After five weeks of basic training, she was posted to Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis, Missouri. Her war service took her overseas to the 103rd General Hospital Unit in England. After the war she married and moved to Cambridge, Massachussetes, where she worked as an obstetrical nurse. In 1948 the McNeils relocated again, this time to Ann Arbor. She did not resume her nursing work except for a brief period around the time of her father's death in 1964. In the 1970s she entered the kitchenware business and became president of a local store until her retirement in 1989. McNeil died in Vienna, Virginia, in 2005.

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of approximately 200 pages of obstetrics class lecture notes taken by Marjorie E. McNeil, University of Michigan School of Nursing, July - September 1942. The notes are accompanied by a few pages of biographical material prepared by Laurie McNeil.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Michigan School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • McNeil, Marjorie E. Snider
Box
6

Marjorie E. Snider McNeil biography prepared by Laurie E. McNeil (daughter), 2005.

Copy of photograph of Snider, original taken April 1944, 2005.

Photocopy of the notebook's cover.

University of Michigan School of Nursing lecture notes, 1943.

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MC 227.  World War I Materials, 1918-1919. 0.2 Linear feet (1 folder).

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of several letters written by an Army nurse during World War I.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Subject(s)
  • World War, 1914-1918
Box
2014.33.   Mason, Joan D. World War I Letters, 1918-1919.
Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Letters (correspondence)
Subject(s)
  • World War, 1914-1918
6

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MC 235.   Ruggere, Christine Stallknecht, Kristin. Museum of Danish Nursing History. 0.2 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

Materials in this collection consist of printed materials regarding the Musuem of Danish Nursing History.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Musuem of Danish Nursing History.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Printed ephemera
Box

Printed Materials.

6

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MC 236.   D'Antonio, Patricia. Nursing Calendar Collection, 1986-1997.

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains 7 calendars of nurses from photographs to fine art.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Printed ephemera
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
  • Women social workers
Subject(s)
  • Military nursing
  • World War, 1939-1945--Medical care
Box
7

Nursing: The Finest Art, 1986.

Vital Signs: Images of Nursing (2 calendars), 1989, 1990.

The Women's Memorial, 1995.

Nurses in Uniform, 1996.

Nurses in Action, 1996.

The Women's Memorial: Honoring Women Pioneers of World War I, 1996.

The Women's Memorial: Honoring American Women in Uniform in World War II, 1997.

RN: Nursing School Pin Collection, 1997.

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MC 197.   Rosenberg, Charles E. St. Mary's Hospital (Troy, N.Y.), c.1920. 0.2 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

This collection was donated by Charles Rosenberger. These photographs are images of the students, teachers, and wards of St. Mary's Hospital in Troy, N.Y.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • St. Mary's Hospital.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box

Photograph album.

EDMO:0001

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MC 198.   Lynaugh, Joan E., Dr., 1935-2011. St. Luke's Hospital of Philadelphia, c. 1900. 1 Items.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Joan Lynaugh.

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • St. Luke's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box

Photograph album, 1900.

MSSM:0003

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MC 239.   Short, Peter. Peter Short Photograph Collection. 1 Linear feet (Oversized).

Scope and Contents note

This collection was donated by Peter Short and consists of photographs of critical care nursing in hospital settings.

Controlled Access Headings
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photographs
Occupation(s)
  • Nurse
Subject(s)
  • Hospice Care
Box

11x14" black and white photographs (13) of critical care nursing.

MSOS:0011

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MC 238.   Erikson, Ruth, 1932-1935. Ruth Erikson Meissner papers. 0.5 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of lecture notes from Ruth Erikson (Messiner) while she attended the Phildelphia General Hospital Training School for Nurses (PGH).

Controlled Access Headings
Corporate Name(s)
  • Philadelphia General Hospital.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Subject(s)
  • Nursing students
Box
EDMO:0001
Box Folder

Medical Diseases for Nurses, 1931.

1 1

Nursing Procedures, PGH, c. 1931.

1 2

Case Study, Broncho Pneumonia, 1934.

1 3

Graduation photograph.

1 4

Bacteriology notes, 1931.

1 5

Anatomy notes.

1 6

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