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Main Content

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

Agence Havas news reports

Print Coll. 29

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Agence France-presse.
Title:
Agence Havas news reports
Date [bulk]:
1847-1848
Date [inclusive]:
1845-1848
Call Number:
Print Coll. 29
Extent:
0.33 Linear feet (1 box)
Language:
French
Abstract:
The international news agency Agence Havas, ancestor of Agence France-Presse (AFP) Reuters, was founded in 1832 by Charles-Louis Havas (1783-1858), who translated reports from foreign papers and distributed them to Paris and provincial newspapers. This collection consists of 101 lithographed news reports from 1845 to 1848, though most of the reports are from 1847. The reports focus primarily on economic and political news of the time, specific to Spain, Italy, and France.
Cite as:
Agence Havas news reports, 1845-1848 (bulk: 1847-1848), Print Coll. 29, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Guyton de Morveau, Louis-Bernard, 1737-1816
Title:
Annales de chimie letters and documents
Date [inclusive]:
1790-1809
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1263
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Language:
French
Language Note:
Material in French, Italian, and German.
Abstract:
Annales de chimie is a scientific journal that was founded in Paris, France, in 1789 by Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau (1737-1816) and Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794). This collection contains letters, pamphlets and manuscripts relating to Guyton de Morveau and his work as a lead editor of the  Annales de chimie. Documents include foreign language originals, copy texts, or the actual printer's copy.
Cite as:
Annales de chimie letters and documents, 1790-1809, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Belle Époque musical concert and opera programs and periodicals collection
Date [inclusive]:
1897-1914
Call Number:
Print Coll. 30
Extent:
0.2 linear feet (1 box)
Language:
French
Abstract:
The Belle Époque, dating from the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914, is described as a period of optimism, regional peace, economic prosperity, and techonological, scientific, and cultural innovations during the French Third Republic. It is particularly known as an era in which the arts flourished in Paris and other European Francophone centers. This collection contains programs, publications, advertisements and tickets which document classical music and operatic performances at a variety of concert venues and music halls.
Cite as:
Belle Époque musical concert and opera programs and periodicals collection, 1897-1914, Print Collection 30, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Book of recipes for varnishes, lacquers, and dyes
Date [inclusive]:
1835-1855
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1102
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French.
Abstract:
A parchment bound volume spanning from 1835 to 1855 containing handwritten recipes and instructions for varnishes, lacquers, and dyes.
Cite as:
Book of Recipes for Varnishes, Lacquers, and Dyes, 1835-1855, Ms. Coll. 1102, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Brun, Alexandre, active 19th century
Creator:
Thénot, J. P., (Jean Pierre), 1803-1857
Title:
Cahiers de perspective de Alexandre Brun
Date:
1870
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1971
Extent:
2 volumes (+ 1 envelope)
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French.
Abstract:
Two notebooks dated 1870 written in French by Alexandre Brun comprising a treatise on perspective with several figures and drawings.
Cite as:
Ms. Codex 1971, Cahiers de perspective de Alexandre Brun, 1870, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Saint-Saëns, Camille, 1835-1921
Title:
Camille Saint-Saëns letters
Date [inclusive]:
1879-1921
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 76
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet (1 box)
Language:
French
Abstract:
Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (1835–1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era. This collection consists of letters from Camille Saint-Saëns to various correspondents. A great many of the letters are to Princess A. Bibesco. Other addressees include Edouard Dern, Marianne Eissler, Richard Pohl, a Monsieur F. Hueffer, a Monsieur Alboize, Dandelot and Sardou.
Cite as:
Camille Saint-Saëns letters, 1879-1921, Ms. Coll. 76, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Sallard, Claire, -1896
Title:
Claire Sallard notebooks
Date:
circa 1824-1836
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 971
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet (2 boxes)
Language:
French
Language Note:
French
Abstract:
This collection contains 47 notebooks, dating from 1824 to 1836, written by Claire Sallard (circa 1821-1896), which provide examples of the type of education received by prosperous young ladies in France in the 1820s and 1830s. With a focus on the skills of literary form, the notebooks contain short stories, moral speeches, diary entries, and a “cahier de bonne conduite” (a good conduct notebook).
Cite as:
Claire Sallard notebooks, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Compagnie de Commerce de Lorraine.
Title:
Compagnie de Commerce de Lorraine financial records
Date [inclusive]:
1694-1791
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 562
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet (1 box)
Language:
French
Abstract:
Compagnie de Commerce de Lorraine was founded by Duke Leopold of Lorraine in 1724, with Regard d'Aubonne as director general and Claude Regnault among its other directors, and dissolved by the 1760s. One purpose of the company was to protect commerce in the duchy from the French economic crisis precipitated by the inflation and crash of the stock of John Law's Compagnie des Indes. These 31 files include a few printed documents pertaining to the establishment of the Compagnie and numerous account calculations and documents concerning the liquidation of the Compagnie.
Cite as:
Compagnie de Commerce de Lorraine financial records, 1694-1791, Ms. Coll. 562, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Cours de matière medicale par monsieur Alphonse Leroy
Date:
between 1770-1780
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1817
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French.
Abstract:
Volume containing lecture notes in French by an unknown student probably between the years 1770 to 1780. The lecture course in materia medica was taught by Alphonse Vincent Louis Antoine Leroy.
Cite as:
Cours de matière medicale par monsieur Alphonse Leroy, between 1770-1780, Ms. Codex 1817, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Du Rouvenoz et Cie.
Title:
Du Rouvenoz et Cie records
Date [bulk]:
1830-1870
Date [inclusive]:
1792-1891
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 514
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet (1 box)
Language:
French
Abstract:
Collection of various documents, mostly from 1830-1870, relating to a distillery located in Annecy, France.
Cite as:
Du Rouvenoz et Cie records, 1792-1891 (bulk: 1830-1870), Ms. Coll. 514, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Maindron, Ernest, 1838-1908
Title:
Ernest Maindron collection of Académie des Sciences documents and letters
Date [inclusive]:
1838-1891
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 159
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet (1 box)
Language:
French
Abstract:
Documents relating to the Académie des sciences (Paris) in the mid- to late-1800s, including letters to Ernest Maindron from members of the Académie.
Cite as:
Ernest Maindron collection of Académie des Sciences documents and letters, 1838-1891, Ms. Coll. 159, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Labiche, Eugène, 1815-1888
Creator:
Nadar, Félix, 1820-1910
Title:
Eugene Labiche travel diaries, "Voyage en Italie"
Date:
1934 January 26-August 15
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1391
Extent:
1 linear foot (2 boxes)
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French.
Abstract:
Eugène Labiche (1815-1888) was a French comic playwright known for popular and amusing comedies who traveled to Italy in 1834 at the age of 18. He recorded the daily experiences of his journey through the south of France, Italy, and Switzerland in 44 rough notebooks and 2 fair copy notebooks. His friend, Gaspard-Félix Tournachon (1820-1910), more commonly (and much more famously) known as Nadar, helped Labiche make a fair copy of a portion of his travel diary from his notes and provided a few illustrations in the 2 volumes.
Cite as:
Eugene Labiche travel diaries, "Voyage en Italie," 1834 January 26-August 15, Ms. Coll. 1391, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Kane, Florence Bayard, 1868-1943
Title:
Florence Bayard Kane collection of European travel and theater ephemera
Date [bulk]:
1899-1900
Date [inclusive]:
1881-1929
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1007
Extent:
0.25 linear feet (1 box)
Language:
French
Language Note:
Materials in French, English and German.
Abstract:
A collection of playbills and other ephemera of a young lady's travels in Europe, particularly Paris, collected by Florence Bayard Kane, daughter of the prominent Kane family of Philadelphia, primarily between 1899 and 1900.
Cite as:
Florence Bayard Kane collection of European travel and theater ephemera, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Millaud, Albert, 1844-1892
Creator:
Mirecourt, Eugène de, 1812-1880
Creator:
Raspail, F.-V. (François-Vincent), 1794-1878
Creator:
Raymond, Michel
Title:
F.V. Raspail: Sa Vie: Opuscules divers
Date [inclusive]:
1822-1880
Call Number:
FC8.R1848.S822
Extent:
1 volume
General Physical Description note:
13 published pamphlets, 1 manuscript note, 1 poem, and 6 newspaper clippings
Language:
French
Abstract:
François-Vincent Raspail (1794-1878) was a French scientist and politician known for his opposition to the French monarchy and for his scientific work in the fields of histochemistry, cellular theory and the microbial theory of disease. This volume of Opuscules divers, dating from 1822 to 1880, consists of twenty-one items, including pamphlets, notes, and newspaper clippings about François-Vincent Raspail.
Cite as:
F.V. Raspail: Sa Vie: Opuscules divers, 1822-1880, Rare Book & Manuscript Library Print Collections, University of Pennsylvania.
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Torcy, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, marquis de, 1665-1746
Title:
Jean-Baptiste Colbert correspondence with the abbé François Gaultier
Date [inclusive]:
1711-1714
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 579
Extent:
2 boxes
Language:
French
Abstract:
The collection comprises 169 items dating from 1711 to 1714, with one item from 1702. Most of the correspondence consists of letters addressed to or drafts written by the abbé François Gaultier, a French diplomatic agent stationed in London who moved in the circles of the Tory opposition. Of 88 letters by Torcy in the collection, 79 are addressed to Gaultier. Most of these are entirely or partially in cipher. Original keys for coding and decoding are in the collection.
Cite as:
Jean-Baptiste Colbert correspondence with the abbé François Gaultier, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Colbert, Jean-Baptiste, 1619-1683
Title:
Jean-Baptiste Colbert letters to Gabriel de La Reynie
Date [inclusive]:
1667-1678
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 578
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet (1 box)
Language:
French
Abstract:
Jean Baptiste Colbert served as the French minister of finance under King Louis XIV and achieved a reputation for his work of improving French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from bankruptcy. The letters deal with a variety of subjects ranging from trade regulations, licensing, taxes, and imprisonment to simple requests for the expedition of certain orders.
Cite as:
Jean-Baptiste Colbert letters to Gabriel de La Reynie, 1667-1678, Ms. Coll. 578, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Lingaud, Jean-Baptiste, b. 1760
Title:
Jean-Baptiste Lingaud papers
Date [inclusive]:
1775-1824
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 515
Extent:
4 boxes (+ map case drawer)
Language:
French
Abstract:
The collection comprises 492 items dating from 1775 to 1824: among these are letters, municipal documents, police records, trial transcripts, and some of Lingaud’s personal papers. The pre-Revolutionary documents mainly include bureaucratic correspondence between Limoges and the court in Versailles and Paris. After 1792 there emerges a vast number of name lists and secret surveillance records as well as arrest warrants for aristocrats and their sympathizers. Most notable in this part of the collection are letters and documents from the Revolutionary Committee and the Surveillance Committee.
Cite as:
Jean-Baptiste Lingaud papers, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Liqueurs spiritueuses pour la table, ou d'agrément, dout l'aromate ou parfum se prend dans les matières végétables odorantes qui suivent
Date:
circa 1810
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1857
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French.
Abstract:
Oversize volume written in French comprising a treatise on making liquors. The detailed and densely written volume was created by an unknown compiler around 1810.
Cite as:
Liqueurs spiritueuses pour la table, ou d'agrément, dout l'aromate ou parfum se prend dans les matières végétables odorantes qui suivent, circa 1810., Ms. Codex 1857, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Cowette, Demerise, 1877-1853
Title:
Livre de Chanson
Date:
circa 1920-1930
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1849
Extent:
1 volume (+ 11 leaves)
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French. One song in French and English is laid in the volume.
Abstract:
A volume of eighteenth-century French songs from the Acadian region of Kennebec, Maine compiled by Demerise Cowette between the years 1920 to 1930.
Cite as:
Livre de Chanson composé pas Demerise Cowette, circa 1920-1930, Ms. Codex 1849, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Lévis, Pierre-Marc-Gaston, duc de, 1764-1830
Title:
Memoire sur l'Inde: memoire sur l'insurrection de l'Inde angloise, rédigé par le révérand Père Benoît, missionarire à la résidence de Poonah ...
Date:
circa 1806
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1938
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French.
Abstract:
A volume comprising a manuscript portion from volume 2 of Lévis work entitled Les voyages de Kang-Hi, ou nouvelles lettres chinoises. The manuscript was written in French around 1806 and is probably in Lévis hand.
Cite as:
Lévis, Pierre-Marc-Gaston, Memoire sur l'Inde, 1806, Ms. Codex 1938, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Delavault, Herminie, 1824-
Title:
Mes vers by Herminie Delavault
Date [inclusive]:
1840-1879
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 982
Extent:
2 volumes
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French with one libretto translated into French from English.
Abstract:
This collection contains two volumes of poems and ballads titled Mes vers by Herminie Delavault spanning the years 1840 to 1879. Written in French, the works also include verse created for the musical compositions by Delavault's husband Germain-Eugène Delavault (1814-1892). In addition, volume two contains a French translation of John Gay's libretto for Handel's  Acis and Galatea.
Cite as:
Mes vers by Herminie Delavault, 1840-1879, Ms. Coll. 982, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Cazes, J. E.
Title:
Modèles pour le luminaire études & projets pour intérieurs modernes
Date:
circa 1918
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1069
Extent:
1 box (9 folders + 1 oversize folder)
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French.
Abstract:
A portfolio of fifty-three architectural and interior decoration drawings by J. E. Cazes of Vincennes, France.
Cite as:
Modèles pour le luminaire études & projets pour intérieurs modernes, by J. E. Cazes, circa 1918, Ms. Coll. 1069, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
La Peyrère, Isaac de, 1594-1676
Title:
Photostat of Des Juifs élus, rejetés et rappelés, par Isaac de La Peyrère
Date:
before 1987
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1022
Extent:
1 box
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French
Abstract:
Copy of a manuscript work regarding the theological status of the Jewish people.
Cite as:
Photostat of Des Juifs élus, rejetés et rappelés, par Isaac de La Peyrère, before 1987, Ms. Coll. 1022, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Recueil de quelques préparations, galeniques et chimiques: avec quelque recettes utiles et curieuses, pour servir aux pharmaciens, chirurgiens, aux personnes charitables, et aux curieux. Le tout tiré des meilleurs auteurs, taut anciens que modernes, [?] en 1758, augmenté ... corrigé et transcris à Huningue en haute Alsace; relie à Basel en Suisse, chez M. Samuel Haag, dans le courant du mois de Mars 1786
Date:
before 1786
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1780
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French.
Abstract:
An eighteenth century, leather-bound volume with a fish scale pattern spine stamped in gold and a label that reads "recettes diverses." The volume contains a collection of pharmaceutical recipes providing remedies for various ailments on 140 pages. Each page has a black ink double ruled border. A majority of the recipes have explanations for usage and dosage
Cite as:
Recueil de quelques préparations, galeniques et chimiques, before 1789, Ms. Codex 1780, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Sketchbook of architecture
Date [inclusive]:
1827-1843
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1042
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
French
Language Note:
In French.
Abstract:
A sketchbook by an unknown artist containing sketches and drawings of buildings, monuments, and architectural elements around Paris and Northern France spanning from 1827 to 1843.
Cite as:
Sketchbook of Architecture, 1827-1843, Ms. Coll. 1042, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Biography/History

The international news agency Agence Havas, ancestor of Agence France-Presse (AFP) Reuters, was founded in 1832 by Charles-Louis Havas (1783-1858), who translated reports from foreign papers and distributed them to Paris and provincial newspapers. Havas spent the first decade of the 19th century as a trader and supplier of colonial materials (wheat, cotton, sugar and cocoa) to the various Napoleonic armies, a profession that generated significant wealth for him. During this period Havas was also exposed to news reporting for the first time.

By the 1920s, after a difficult stint as a banker and experiencing financial troubles, Havas returned to the reporting business. Through the influence of a long-time mentor, Gabriel-Julien Ouvrard, Havas was hired to work for Ouvrard’s trading company and headed a reporting operation focused on economic and financial news exclusively for Ouvrard’s benefit.

Eventually Havas launched himself fully into his own news translation service, first named the Bureau Havas and culminated in the creation of Agence Havas in 1835. Havas also wrote for various French papers including the Constitutionnel. The business grew through acquisition of other reporting agencies which provided Havas with a strong and broad network of reporting infrastructure. Havas obtained the state’s support of his agency in providing news to state administrative offices throughout the country. Havas began recruiting foreign reporters in Holland, Belgium, Germany and Great-Britain.

By 1840, Havas and his business partner Delaire, produced four news sheets: one of a political nature for the provincial administration, one for the regional papers, one for elected officials summarizing the prior evening’s news, and lastly, one for bankers and businessmen which listed stock prices as well as summaries and excerpts of other papers.

Havas’s significant network of papers and reporting earned him the reputation of heading a monopoly, a charge directly made by Balzac in 1840. Growth of the business continued, and by 1845, Havas had correspondents as far as St. Petersburg. The strength of his reputation enabled him to recruit some of the best reporters of his time, including Bernhard Wolff, the eventual founder of the Berlin-based agency Wolff; and Paul Julius Reuter, founder of Reuters.

Havas was considered a pioneer in innovation in the rapid transmission of the news. Homing pigeons played a significant role delivering stock quotes and war news updates daily from England and Belgium. Havas is believed to have had about 25,000 pigeons. Havas' news was also transmitted through the telegraph and by trains and couriers from all over France to Paris and other European countries. The year Havas retired is also the year he integrated the management of selling ad space into the management of the paper itself; an idea that his two sons would build upon and convert into an advertising monopoly in less than a decade.

Works cited:

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles-Louis_Havas

“La presse au 19ème siècle : un précurseur, Charles Louis Havas," Bernard Vassor http://www.paperblog.fr/1304831/la-presse-au-19-siecle-un-precurseur-charles-louis-havas/

Biography/History

Annales de chimie is a scientific journal that was founded in Paris, France, in 1789 by Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau (1737-1816) and Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794). In 1815, the journal became  Annales de chimie et de physique and was published under that name for over one hundred years. In 1914, "the journal was split up into  Annales de chimie and  Annales de physique," (Ihde, page 273).

Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau was a French chemist who was born in 1737 in Dijon, France. He was educated as a lawyer, but "became interested in chemistry and learned the subject through textbooks and a home laboratory," ( Physics Today). He worked closely with Antoine Lavoisier, known as the "founder of modern chemistry," and they, along with Antoine François de Fourcroy (1755-1809) and Claude Louis Berthollet (1748-1822), are generally considered "the earliest adherents of the new chemistry" (Ihde, page 75). In 1787, this group wrote  Méthode de nomenclature chimique, devising a chemical nomenclature which adopted Latin and Greek words.

According to Ihde, "in 1789, the group around Lavoisier founded the Annales de chimie as a medium for their studies, (page 273) and Guyton de Morveau, along with Lavoisier, served as a lead editor. As the French Revolution raged, Guyton de Morveau applied "science, particularly chemistry, to warfare," (Crosland). He was a member of the Paris Academy of Sciences, was a founding professor of the École Polytechnique (serving as director from 1798 to 1799 and from 1800 to 1804), and was the author of many works, including  Eléments de chimie théorique et pratique and the chemistry section of  Encylopédie Methodique.

Guyton de Morveau married Madame Picardet in 1798. She worked with him to translate scientific works. He died in Paris on January 2, 1816, at the age of 78.

Works cited:

Crosland, Maurice P. "Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau: French Chemist and Educator." Encyclopedia Britannica. (accessed 2017 June 29).

Ihde, Aaron J. The Development of Modern Chemistry. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1984.

Physics Today, " Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau." 2017 January 4 in Today in History (accessed 2017 June 19)

Biography/History

The Belle Époque, dating from the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914, is described as a period of optimism, regional peace, economic prosperity, and techonological, scientific, and cultural innovations during the French Third Republic. It is particularly known as an era in which the arts flourished in Paris and other European Francophone centers. Several masterpieces of music, theater, and visual arts gained recognition in this era. Due to the prosperity of the era, the Parisian bourgeoisie increasingly participated in the activities of the rich, including seeking out performance entertainment. For the less affluent, cabarets, bistros, and music halls rose as popular locations of entertainment.

Biography/History

Born Alexandre Jean Baptiste Brun in Marseille, France on November 3, 1853. Brun studied painting at Ecole des Beux-Arts in Paris. He was a marine painter and created illustrations for encyclopedias and books. Brun married Lucile Dutheil on May 4, 1886. They had three daughters. Brun died in Marseille on November 5, 1941.

Biography/History

Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (1835–1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era. A child-prodigy, he performed in his first concert at the age of ten and began studying at the Conservatoire de Paris at thirteen. His early professional years were spent as an organist in Paris until he began composing, at which point he achieved critical success and eventually became an internationally-known figure.

His best-known works include Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso (1863), the  Second Piano Concerto (1868), the  First Cello Concerto (1872),  Danse macabre (1874), the opera  Samson and Delilah (1877), the  Third Violin Concerto (1880), the  Third ("Organ") Symphony (1886) and  The Carnival of the Animals (1887).

Biography/History

Claire Sallard (circa 1821-1896) was the daughter of a military officer and the great-niece of French composer Nicolas Dalayrac. She spent much of her childhood in Le Mans in France, a part of a prosperous family during the Restoration. She was taught by tutors and was educated in the bourgeois style of the times, with particular focus on becoming a good wife and mother. Her lessons highlighted the ideology of her social class, the established morals, and the accepted position attributed to women in 1820s and 1830s.

On August 21, 1843, at the age of 21, Claire Sallard married Paul Huet (1804-1869), a successful landscape artist. According to the Galerie Michael, he “was a well-known and appreciated artist during his time.” Claire and Paul Huet were the parents of Rene and Edme and, after 1863, lived in Chaville, near Paris. Huet died in 1869. Claire lived until 1896.

Biography/History

Compagnie de Commerce de Lorraine was founded by Duke Leopold of Lorraine in 1724, with Regard d'Aubonne as director general and Claude Regnault among its other directors, and dissolved by the 1760s. One purpose of the company was to protect commerce in the duchy from the French economic crisis precipitated by the inflation and crash of the stock of John Law's Compagnie des Indes.

Biography/History

Distillery located in Annecy, Savoie, France.

Biography/History

Charles Ernest Maindron (1838-1907) was a French historian and archivist. In addition to his thorough studies of the Académie des Sciences, Maindron was a student of graphic and pop art. He is credited as the first to elevate printed advertisements ("affiches illustrées") to the level of art.

Biography/History

Eugène Labiche (1815-1888) was a French comic playwright known for popular and amusing comedies, such as The Italian Straw Hat (Un chapeau de paille d’Italie) (1851), Maman Sabouleux (1852), L’Affaire de la rue de Lourcine (1857), Les Deux Timides (1860), Le Voyage de monsieur Perrichon (1860), La Poudre aux yeux (1861), La Cagnotte (1864), and Les Trente Millions de Gladiator (1875). His father was a prosperous Parisian grocer, who allowed Labiche to take a six and a half month journey to Italy with several of his friends.

In 1834, at the age of 18, Labiche toured Italy, leaving Paris in January and returning to his home in August. Over the course of the trip, he visited Lyon, Avignon, Marseille, the Riviera, and Nice, en route to Italy; Genoa, Livorno, Pisa, Florence, Siena, Rome, Naples, Sicily, Venice, Verona, and Milan, in Italy; and Switzerland, on his way back to France. During his visits to cities, he conscientiously recorded his experiences, including adventures, accommodations, food, museums, culture, social interactions, and history. He traveled with friends (Monsieur Kell, Edouard [last name unknown], and Alphonse Leveaux, in particular) whom he mentions frequently in his diaries. His recordings were transferred from rough notes (44 small paper-bound volumes) into 2 hard bound volumes, some of which was copied by Labiche, and some of which was copied by his friend, Gaspard-Félix Tournachon (1820-1910), more commonly (and much more famously) known as Nadar, and possibly by a third person. It is unclear if Nadar traveled with Labiche or was simply asked to make a fair copy of his notes.

Labiche and Nadar appear to have remained friends throughout their lives. In 1870, Nadar photographed Labiche and in 1880, Nadar described Labiche’s journals as remarkably picturesque and full of observations. In addition to making a fair copy of Labiche’s rough notes, Nadar provided a few illustrations on the fly-leaves and title pages.

Biography/History

Florence Bayard Kane (1868-1943) was born in New Castle to John Kintzing Kane and Mabel Bayard. A member of the prominent Kane family of Pennsylvania, she was a volunteer worker and much-traveled individual who briefly worked as a librarian and manuscript processor. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania, collection 2055). Between 1899 and 1900, Kane traveled in Paris, presumably staying in Mrs. Edward Ferris' home for young ladies abroad. She collected playbills and other ephemera during her stay, and later during other trips to Europe in 1909 and 1914. She was a Quaker who attended the Germantown Friends Meeting. She never married.

Biography/History

François-Vincent Raspail (1794-1878) was a French scientist and politician known for his opposition to the French monarchy and for his scientific work in the fields of histochemistry, cellular theory and the microbial theory of disease. During his life, he was a "tutor, experimental scientist, republican organizer, orator, author, medical practitioner, scientific populizer, presidential candidate, and deputy," (Weiner, page 290).

Raspail was born in Carpentras in January 25, 1794, the son of Joseph and Marie Laty Raspail. He was educated as a theologian, but due to the White Terror of 1816, he fled to Paris where he quickly became involved with the Freemasons and the Carbonari, an Italian secret society. Early in his career, he worked as a teacher while studying botany and chemistry. Some of his scientific accomplishments include discoveries in the studies of cell structure, microbial theory of disease and microscopy. He is also known as the inventor of histochemistry. He was a prolific writer of articles on the sciences, and on specific topics such as botany, chemistry, forensic medicine, microscopic anatomy, paleontology, physiology, and zoology.

In medicine, Raspail was primarily interested in public health, believing that illness and poverty were linked, that medical care was frequently too expensive for the masses, and "that sanitary measures could help prevent disease," (Weiner, page 5). Despite his refusal to obtain a degree in medicine and his arrest for the illegal practice of medicine in 1846, his medical practice was large and prosperous. Moreover, "his books and pamphlets [sold] by the thousands, and throngs of patients [came] to his dispensary for free medicines and advice," (Weiner, page 135). Revolutionary in his social theories and determined that health should be a citizen's right, Raspail believed that society should "provide for the handicapped, infants, the needy aged, widows, orphans and foundlings," (Weiner, page 5). He was a proponent of the use of camphor for its antiseptic and hygeinic qualities and for its usefulness battling contagious diseases.

Raspail rebelled against the French monarchy, and at the beginning of Louis Philippe’s reign in 1830, his involvement in politics, particularly socialist-democratic politics, grew, but "as a democrat and a socialist, restless under discriminating laws, he chafed at the slowness of social reform," (Weiner, page 4). He was imprisoned in 1836 at Sainte-Pelagie, serving time for “alleged political subversion,” (Weiner, page 158) and during his time in prison, he began writing popular science books. Indeed, "in the 1840s, he broadened his objectives and advocated popular and governmental involvement in sanitation and preventative medicince," (Weiner, page 3). Although deeply interested in revolution and dramatic changes in politics, Raspail, "never advocated bloodshed," (Weiner, page 11). Instead, Raspail became known as a "radical orator and publicist who had been prosecuted repeatedly for revolutionary activity," (Weiner, page 135) and his political struggles continued throughout the 1840s. He was arrested as a leader "of the protest march on the Constituent Assembly" (Weiner, page 5) in the attempted revolt of May 15, 1848; and despite his imprisonment, he ran for presidency against Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte in December of 1848. In March 1849, he was again sent to prison where he was held until 1851, when his sentence was changed from imprisonment to exile in Belgium.

After his return in 1862, Raspail was elected “a deputy from 1869 to 1870 and again from 1876 to 1878,” (Ackerknecht, page 340), during the French Third Republic. As a legislator, he was finally able to "promote freedom and health jointly," (Weiner, page 3). Towards the end of his life, Raspail was largely concerned with social medicine, in particular the “fight against epidemic diseases, [and] for prison reform and the like,” (Ackerknecht, page 340). According to Weiner, "his lasting achievement was that he helped create a receptive attitude toward health measures among a wide French audience [and] he accustomed them to the view that health and hygiene, private and public, were but one aspect of their inalienable rights," (page 269). His wife Henriette Adelaïde Troussot ( 1802-1853) and he were the parents of five children; and his four sons, Benjamin, Émile, François and Xavier, were prominent in politics during the French Third Republic, carrying on their father's involment in politics.

Raspail died of pneumonia in Paris on January 7, 1878. More than 100,000 people, including workers and governmental officials, attended his funeral. During his eventful life, he "wrestled with problems of public health and social medicine that to this day have not been solved," (Weiner, page 3).

Biography/History

Jean-Baptiste Colbert, marquis de Torcy (1665-1746), was a French diplomat and minister of foreign affairs (1689-1715) who negotiated some of the most important treaties of the reign of Louis XIV. Trained as a lawyer, he succeeded his father as minister of foreign affairs in 1689. Torcy played a crucial role in the conferences that ended the war of Spanish Succession with the treaties of Utrecht (1713) and Rastatt (1714). Upon the death of Louis XIV in 1715 Torcy lost all political power.

Biography/History

Jean Baptiste Colbert served as the French minister of finance under King Louis XIV and achieved a reputation for his work of improving French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from bankruptcy. He created a favorable balance of trade and increased France's colonial holdings by advocating the policy of mercantilism.

Gabriel Nicolas de La Reynie was selected to fill the new position of Lieutenant-General of the French Police in 1671. The duties of his post were vast, and by the end of his term he managed to transform Paris, improve tremendously urban law enforcement, restructure the Paris Police Force, reduce dueling, and increase state control over prostitution.

Biography/History

Jean-Baptiste Lingaud was born in Limoges in 1760. In 1777 he took up the post of secretary-clerk (secrétaire-greffier) at the Hôtel de Ville in Limoges. In 1780 he was appointed advisor to the King, lieutenant-general, and prosecutor of Limoges (posts he most likely kept until 1789). His tenure as secretary survived a number of mayors, the Revolution in 1789, and the aggressive anti-aristocratic policies of the Jacobins; it even oulived Napoleon’s rule. His links to the police are most likely responsible for providing a number of trial documents and police reports in his collection.

Biography/History

Born Demerise Vaillancourt in Van Buren, Aroostook County, Maine to Damase and Anastasie Duplessis dit Sirois Vaillancourt. She was one of thirteen children. While working as cook at logging camps on the Maine-Canada border, Demerise met Godfrey Cowette. Godfrey, a widower and mill worker, was born in Québec, Canada about 1850, he died in 1935. The couple married on September 23, 1901. They had eight children, five of whom survived. Various spellings appear for the surname of Godfrey Cowette. He was born with the name Godefroi Kaouet. Variants of the name include Cowette, Caouette, Cowett, and Cayouette.

Biography/History

Lévis was the second Duke of Lévis son of the first Duke of Lévis Marshal Francis Gaston. Lévis was an author, economist, politician, peer of France and député to the National Constituent Assembly. During the French Revolution Lévis escaped to England. His mother and two of his sisters were sent to the guillotine. Lévis returned to France following the revolution. He was elected Académie française in 1816.

Biography/History

Born in Noirt, France, Herminie was the daughter of stockbroker Louis-François Vauguyon. She was writing poems from at least the age of seventeen. A ballad entitled "La Fileuse," published in 1889, won critical acclaim. In 1850 Herminie married musician and mathematics teacher Germain-Eugène Delavault. Known as Eugène, he was born in Noirt in 1814. Herminie Delavault supplied verse for Eugène's musical compositions. Eugène was a member of the Conseil général de Duex-Sèvres and president of the Société philharmonique de Niort. He died in 1892. Eugène and Herminie Delavault had no children.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of 101 lithographed news reports from 1845 to 1848, though most of the reports are from 1847. The reports focus primarily on economic and political news of the time, specific to the country in question. Some additional information about cultural and special events is also present, especially in the Paris news series.

The collection is composed of three series, News from Spain (October 24, 1846 to April 28, 1848), News from Italy (September 8, 1848 and August 23 1848) and Paris news (February 18, 1845 to March 5, 1848). The News from Spain and News from Italy series are both uniquely focused on economic and political news of their respective countries. While some ancillary information about other current events appears, it is minor. The Paris news series is broader. In addition to the political and financial reports covering the capital as well as various French regions, there are transcripts of political speeches, short reports on foreign countries (like Spain, Germany, England, Algeria and the United States), reporting of specific industries such as agriculture, and reporting of cultural events such as exhibits at the Louvre.

The Agency Havas became the world’s first true news agency by translating foreign news reports and aggregating them into one publication. Papers cited for the reports on Spain include El Tiempo,  Eco del Comercio,  La Gazetta de Madrid,  Heraldo,  El Clamor Publico,  Fomento de Barcelona, and  L’Español. Papers cited for the reports on Italy include  Patria,  Concordia,  Gazette de Milan and  Il Constitutionale. French papers include  National,  Le Commerce,  L’Epoque,  Le Siècle,  L’Esprit Publique,  La Presse,  Le Journal du Départ,  L’Echo Agricole,  Le Courrier Français, and  Le Constitutionel.

Most of the collection covers 1847, a year of historical significance in and of itself, and leading up to the revolution of 1848. In France, there is coverage of the Chambre des Pairs one of the chambers of government reinstated about twenty-five years after its abolition in 1789, but which was about to be abolished again in 1848. Spain was also undergoing political turmoil at the time and the News from Spain reports provide many mentions of the events related to the Spanish Carlist Wars.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains letters, pamphlets and manuscripts relating to Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau and his work as a lead editor of the Annales de chimie. Documents include foreign language originals, copy texts, or the actual printer's copy. In every case, textual changes can be observed between the manuscript or printed copy texts and the journal appearances (which appear in this collection as photocopies). Throughout the collection, Guyton de Morveau's interest in developing a chemical nomenclature is apparent in that he frequently changed the chemical names in articles to new nomenclature when reprinting from offprints from other journals. This is particularly obvious in "Mémoire sur la phosphate calcaire," located in box 1, folder 1, illustrating the instability of a text which is, at first sight, the same in the two journals. Many of the documents in the collection, which date from 1790 to 1809, are annotated by Guyton de Morveau.

Other pieces relate to the new chemistry, such as the letter from the first German chemist to adopt Lavoisier's chemistry, Sigismund Friedrich Hermbstädt, and a dispute between Lazzaro Spallanzani and Luigi Valentino Brugnatelli over the authorship of a letter on the new chemistry. Chemists of note included in the collection are Henri-Ignace Brechtel (1784-1856), Luigi Valentino Brugnatelli (1761-1818), Louis Donadei, Nocholas B. Halma (1755-1828), Sigismund Friedrich Hermbstädt (1760-1833), Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859), Bernard Germain Lacepdede (1756-1825), Bertrand Pelletier (1761-1797), Jeremias Benjamin Richter (1762-1807), Lazzaro Spallanzani (1729-1799), Johann Bartholomew Trommsdorff (1770-1837), Van der Moeven, Martin Van Marum (1750-1837), Jean-Baptiste Van Mons (1765-1842), and Alessandro Volta (1745-1827). There are also several documents relating to chemistry education, particularly at the Institut d'Erfurt, which was founded by Trommsdorff in 1798, the first pharmaceutical institute in Germany, training prospective pharmacists in botany, zoology, mineralogy, mathematics, and natural philosophy during its thirty-three years of existence.

The collection is arranged chronologically.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains programs, publications, advertisements and tickets which document classical music and operatic performances at a variety of concert venues and music halls in Paris, Geneva, and Brussels. These venues include Chez Simon Fourniez, Église de la Sorbonne, Folies-Bergère, Grand Café Universel, Grand Hôtel de l’Athénée, Grande Salle du Casino de St. Pierre, Grande Salle du Conservatoire, Impresario: Emil Kleemann, Kursaal de Montreux, Musée Rath, Nouveau-Théâtre, le Cabaret du Ciel of Paris, Montmartre, Salle des Agriculteurs, Salle des Fêtes, Salle de la Réformation, Salle de la Société Royale de la Grande Harmonie, Salle du Cirque d’Hiver, Salle Pleyel, Salon de l’Hôtel, Sanatorium de Clairmont-Sur-Sierre, Théâtre de la Ville de Genève, Théâtre du Chatelet, Théâtre du Vaudeville, Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie, Victoria Hall and Waux Hall. The composers represented include Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Wagner, Liszt, Bizet, Saint-Saens, Fauré, Debussy, Dvorak, Charpentier, Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn, Chopin, Bach, Anton Rubinstein, Berlioz, Rameau, Smetana, Glinka and several others. The featured conductors, soloists, and singers include Claude Debussy, Arthur Nikisch, Nicolas Rimsky-Korsakov, Lucien Wurmser, Édouard Risler, Pablo de Sarasate, and Hans Richter. Some of the programs are illustrated with celebrity portraits such as Mme. Réjane, Loïe Fuller of the Folies-Bergère, Mme. Daynes-Grassot, Mlle. Bréval and Mlle. Téclair of the Théâtre National de l’Opéra. Researchers will also find a few advertisements as well as tickets for performances (many of which are not represented in the collection with programs).

This collection also includes five issues of La Scène Théâtrale, Artistique, et Littéraire, two issues of  L’Illustration, La Semaine de Paris, and one issue of  L’Opéra: Journal Quotidien. These periodicals contain musical news and advertisements and, in the case of  L’Illustration, La Semaine de Paris, a list of sporting events, museum or church exhibitions, public events or spectacles, and other things to do in Paris. The issue of  L’Opéra: Journal Quotidien contains two tipped-on photographic celebrity portraits of mezzo-soprano Laure Beauvais and opera singer Hippolyte Mondaud.

Scope and Contents

This volume bound in parchment with a fore-edge flap spans the years from 1835 to 1855 is by an unknown author. The book contains handwritten recipes and instructions for varnishes, lacquers, and dyes. The first leaf of the volume provides names of colors along with patterned squares, possibly indicating background fields. On the verso of this leaf is a list of plant and metallic-based ingredients. Numbered pages one to seventy-seven follow and consist of various recipes for varnishes, lacquers, and dyes with their utilization on objects. Some examples of colors are gold, silver, red, black, and white. There is a table of numerous pastel colors listed with corresponding amounts in ounces and quarts. On the next ten pages are medicinal recipes for dropsy, fevers, and indigestion. An account book at the end of the volume records by year and month amounts received and amounts paid beginning in 1835 and ending in 1855. The last six pages of the volume provides a table of contents. Edges of the paper are speckled with red and green pigment.

Scope and Contents

Two paper-covered notebooks written in French comprising a treatise on perspective housed in a handmade envelope dated 1870. The notebooks were copied from the French work: Traité de perspective pratique pour dessiner d'apres nature by J. P. Thénot. In addition to the text, Brun copied all of the figures and drawings. Brun's pen-and-ink drawings have been adapted to his notebooks and have variations from those printed in Thénot's book.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of letters from Camille Saint-Saëns to various correspondents. It also includes one telegram and several envelopes whose contents are missing. A great many of the letters are to Princess A. Bibesco. Other addressees include Edouard Dern, Marianne Eissler, Richard Pohl, a Monsieur F. Hueffer, a Monsieur Alboize, Dandelot and Sardou. Many of the addressees cannot be identified. One letter is written on the same sheet as an undated letter in German from an unidentified correspondent to "Lieber Freund," possibly Saint-Saëns. The collection includes an undated postcard with a portrait photograph of Saint-Saëns.

Most of the letters are accompanied with English translations.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains 47 notebooks, dating from 1824 to 1836, written by Claire Sallard, as a young woman. The notebooks were a result of her education by a tutor and provide evidence of the type of education received by prosperous young ladies in France in the 1820s and 1830s. With a focus on the skills of literary form, the notebooks contain short stories, moral speeches, diary entries, and a “cahier de bonne conduite” (a good conduct notebook). These notebooks are arranged in chronological order.

While the majority of the material is in the handwriting of Claire Sallard, there is evidence of at least two other contributors: probably a tutor and a relative or a friend.

The earliest pieces are probably in her tutor’s hand, but she seems to have been producing extensive dictations and compositions shortly thereafter. Among the early pieces are a few leaves from a notebook entitled ‘9eme annee de Claire. Cahier de bonne conduit,’ in which she receives points and comments for her behavior. The longer pieces, all in prose, are original compositions based on personal observation and reflection and contain a large amount of autobiographical material. There are several pieces in the form of a journal covering the years of 1833 to 1834, and there is significant material for reconstructing the detail of a bourgeois domestic scene, including descriptions of family visits to relations, the comings-and-goings of servants, jam making, shopping, and playing with siblings. A good number of the later pieces are moral tales bearing titles such as Luxe et Misere,  Las bas blue,  Le sort d’une robe,  La reine detronee,  La vieille fille, and  Les trois mariages.

Throughout these writings, there is an overriding concern for morality, good conduct, and a sweet nature. The writings clearly reflect the tutor’s goals for the education of young Claire Sallard, and although these items are frequently autobiographical, they were never private. Those written by Claire Sallard were at least read, and often commented on, by a tutor, and many were dictated to her, probably by her tutor. Scholars interested in gender studies and the education of women in France during the 19th century will find this collection to be very valuable.

Scope and Contents

The first of two series is chronological and extends from 1694 to 1785. These 31 files include a few printed documents pertaining to the establishment of the Compagnie and numerous account calculations and documents concerning the liquidation of the Compagnie. The names of Claude Regnault, Regard d'Aubonne, and members of the Petitjean and DuBullion families appear frequently. The documents earlier than 1724 include the marriage contract of Claude Regnault and some financial documents concerning him. The second series, consisting of six files, preserves a collection of materials on Regnault's creditors primarily from the 1770s and 1780s labeled "Liasse de renseignement pour compter avec les créanciers de Mr. Regnault." These documents repeatedly refer to the Compagnie.

Scope and Contents

Leather bound volume containing lecture notes in French by an unknown student probably between the years 1770 to 1780. The lecture course in materia medica was taught by Alphonse Vincent Louis Antoine Leroy, a Parisian professor of medicine and physician of obstetrics and pediatrics. The lecture notes comprise studies of acids, air, astringents, earth, electricity, honey, metals, oil, plants, purgatives, and soaps and their effects on the body. There are discussions regarding the body concerning bile, digestion, formation of the body, sweat, and thirst. The numbered pages and the table of contents at the end of the volume appear to be in a different hand. They were probably written by Doctor Bodson of Liège whose inscription is facing the title page: Bodson docteur n Médecine à Liège 1786. "Cours de matie medicate" is stamped on the spine.

Scope and Contents

Collection comprises one book of recipes (35 leaves) for colognes, oils, elixirs, syrups, and cordials and liqueurs such as curacao, vermouth, crème de menthe, and absinthe with entries from 1846 to 1884, as well as papers pasted in associated with Jean Louis du Rouvenoz's participation in the 1860 referendum on the French annexation of Savoie; a booklet of accounts (6 leaves) from 1792 titled "Journal et Grand Livre"; a booklet of chemical preparations (12 leaves) of mercury, chlorine, and sulfur, without dates; a booklet of production records (9 leaves) with entries from 1830 and 1831; and 14 unbound items (16 leaves) including additional recipes, a blank receipt, and a record of the 1842 marriage contract of Françoise Perrard and Pierre Etienne Du Rouvenoz (2 leaves).

Scope and Contents

First item is one large folded leaf, "Etat des indemnités de MM. les membres de l'Académie royale des sciences, pendant le mois d'Avril 1838," containing 67 signatures of members of l'Académie, including Lacroix, Biot, Poinsot, Gay-Lussac, Pelouze, Arago, etc. Second item is one large folded leaf (torn), "Etat de distribution de droits de présence à MM. les membres de l'Académie des sciences...Décembre 1853," containing 64 signatures including Biot, Poinsot, Dupin, Dumas, Becquerel, Payen, etc. Letters to Ernest Maindron from members of l'Académie des sciences are dated 1871-1891, each item is numbered, 1-76.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of 2 fair copy notebooks and 44 rough notebooks, written in French, documenting Eugène Labiche’s 1834 journey through the south of France, Italy, and Switzerland. During the six and a half month journey, Labiche recorded his experiences nearly every day.

The collection is arranged in two series: I. "Voyage en Italie," fair copy and II. Original travel notes. The fair copy was taken from the original travel notes. The first 118 pages of the first volume of the fair copy was written in Labiche’s hand. Nadar commenced copying mid-entry and completed the first volume and began the second. It is possible that a third, unidentified copier, completed the second volume. Nadar added a watercolor decorative title page to the second volume, and there are unsigned sketches and a decorative initial in both volumes that were probably drawn by Nadar.

The original travel notes are written in pencil and are often difficult, but not impossible, to read. Each volume, stitched in its original blue paper wrappers, was numbered by Labiche and was probably written in throughout each day. Entries are written largely in complete sentences, but there is little punctuation in these rough copies (although the fair copies are liberal with multiple exclamation points). They were clearly never intended to be Labiche's final version.

On a daily basis, in both the fair copy and the original travel notes, Labiche recorded the date, when he awoke, and what he did. He frequently included a report on the weather, how well he slept, where he ate, and what he ate. He described transportation, custom points, fellow travelers, street scenes, his accommodations, tourist sites, museums, reading, his health, and occasionally, his encounters with women. When visiting certain museums (such as the Ufizzi and the Pitti Palace), Labiche’s descriptions are extremely detailed, with descriptions of each gallery.

Labiche departed from Paris on January 26 and spent much of February traveling through France making stops in Lyon, Vaucluse, Remoulins, Nimes, Marseille, Toulon, and Nice. He left France from Nice, via a boat to Genoa.

In March, Labiche began his journey in Italy visiting Genoa (where they saw a Mary Magdalene by Titian in the Palazzo Durazzo and he and his friends visited a brothel), Livorno, Pisa (where he visited the leaning tower, the cathedral, and the baptistery), and Florence. They remained in Florence from about March 9 to 15, and a highlight of that visit appears to have been the Ufizzi on March 11, where they saw Michelangelo’s Doni Tondo (Holy Family) and Venus by Titian, which is described in detail (in notebook 44 and the first volume of the fair copy). In addition, Labiche and his friends visited the Duomo, the Laurentian Library, and another brothel. From Florence, they traveled through Sienna before stopping in Rome from mid-March to mid-April. While in Rome, Labiche and friends visited the Forum, St. Peter’s, the Sistine Chapel, the Coliseum, the Trevi fountains, the Borghese gallery, and the catacombs. They also made short trips to the surrounding countryside. The group left Rome on April 13 and arrived in Naples on the 15th, where they climbed Mount Vesuvius and Labiche fell in love with Louise, who he met in a bordello. The group then traveled to Sicily where they remained until the end of May. Labiche and his friends returned to Naples from the end of May until June 12, traveling again through Rome and Florence (visiting the Pitti Palace) before arriving in Venice (riding in gondolas, visiting the theatre, monuments, the Café Florian, and swimming at the beaches. From there, Labiche continued through Italy, visiting Verona and Milan.

Towards the end of July, Labiche was in Switzerland, first at Voltaire’s former home at Ferney, noting the beautiful scenery, and then in Fribourg. By August 15, Labiche had returned to Paris, happy to be home despite his many adventures. These volumes provide a valuable glimpse into travel in the 19th century; the impressions of a young, prosperous French gentleman; and the free and joyous writing of one of France’s beloved playwrights in the years before his fame.

Scope and Contents

Series one contains ephemera of a young lady's visits to Paris between 1899 and 1914, including calendars, a horse racing pamphlet, and information about housing and traveling throughout Europe. This series is arranged chronologically.

Series two demonstrates Miss Kane's love of theater, and contains playbills and libretti, largely collected during her 1899 to 1900 trip to Paris, although some were collected later. This series is arranged chronologically.

Scope and Contents

This volume of Opuscules divers, dating from 1822 to 1880, consists of an incomplete table of contents and twenty items, including pamphlets, notes, and newspaper clippings about François-Vincent Raspail bound together.

There are thirteen published pamphlets containing three biographical sketches; two articles describing Raspail's political qualifications, and two articles about Raspail's library. The last of these articles was published before his library was sold in 1880. Included also are four political speeches and two articles about science written by Raspail.

Of particular note may be a fascimile note written by Raspail in 1848 attached to the first item in the collection. Although much of this note is illegible, it appears that it was written for a speech during Raspail's candidacy for presidency of the French Second Republic in December 1848.

One poem titled "Feu Raspail," was written by Albert Millaud and published in Petite némésis, a collection of poems. Finally, there are six newspaper clippings: one is dated 1874, one is a portrait of Raspail, three were published on the occasion of Raspail's death in 1878, and one is about the sale of his library in 1880.

Scope and Contents

The collection comprises 169 items dating from 1702 to 1714. Most of the correspondence presented in this collection consists of letters addressed to or drafts written by the abbé François Gaultier (d. 1720). Gaultier worked as a French diplomatic agent. He was stationed in London and integrated himself into the circles of the Tory opposition. Gaultier received Torcy’s instructions from Versailles regarding the secret negotiations of the treaties of Utrecht and Rastatt. He then negotiated the terms proposed by Torcy with the English. In total, there are 88 letters written by Torcy. Of those, 79 are directly addressed to Gaultier. Most of these are either entirely or partially in cipher. Original keys for coding and decoding are present in the collection.

While Torcy’s letters comprise the majority of the collection, there are also letters written to Gaultier by other agents associated with the peace negotiation. The most notable items are from the Chevalier de St. George (James Stuart), diplomats Nicolas Le Baillie Le Mesnager and the abbé Melchior de Polignac. There are also three letter books containing Gaultier’s drafts of letters to Torcy, the Chevalier de St. George, Lord Lexington, and the Earl of Stafford. Among other copies of Gaultier’s letters there are two letters that are likely written to Pope Clement XI and one that is written to Cardinal Filippo-Antonio Gualterio. Another notable item is a copy of a letter written by Louis XIV to Queen Anne.

This correspondence reveals Torcy’s attempt to use the Tories’ opposition to the Whig Duke of Marlborough to secure peace with the English crown. Since Marlborough was in command of the British armies, a peace agreement would benefit not only the French, but also the Tories. Thus, Gaultier both received instructions from France, and advised Torcy on the political situation in England.

Scope and Contents

Signed from St. Germain-en-Laye and later on from Versailles, the letters deal with a variety of subjects ranging from trade regulations, licensing, taxes, and imprisonment to simple requests for the expedition of certain orders. The correspondence brings clarity to La Reynie's wide range of responsibilities, since his position entailed not only jurisdiction over the security of the city and its environs but also control of food supply and prices, elections of masters and wardens of the merchant guilds, publishing, printing, and book selling, and reports of surgeons. At the same time La Reynie was in charge of police organization, which he managed to restructure in order to improve its efficiency. It becomes evident from the letters that both Louis XIV and Colbert himself left to the Lieutenant of the Police a high degree of independence in his work. A large part of the correspondence puts Colbert in the role of the King's messenger to La Reynie, often reinforcing the confidence that the two had in each other, while demanding evidence, elimination of privileges, and even imprisonment of certain subjects.

Scope and Contents

The collection comprises 492 items dating from 1775 to 1824 (most likely the year of Lingaud’s death); among these are letters, municipal documents, police records, trial transcripts as well as some of Lingaud’s personal papers. All of these items most likely went through Lingaud, considering his official position.

The pre-Revolutionary documents primarily include bureaucratic correspondence between Limoges and the court in Versailles and Paris. After 1792 there emerges a vast number of name lists and secret surveillance records as well as arrest warrants for the aristocrats and their sympathizers. Most notable in this part of the collection are letters and documents from the ‘Revolutionary Committee’ and the ‘Surveillance Committee’.

Between 1795 and 1800 there exists a consistent correspondence between Lingaud and Jean-Guineau-Dupré, who was the representative for the Haute-Vienne region in the ‘Conseil des Anciens’ and Lingaud’s personal friend. Guineau’s letters to Lingaud provide vivid detail about the ‘Conseil des Anciens’ as well as important events in Paris. In addition, there is a less frequent correspondence between Léonard-Honoré Gay-Vernon, who was the deputy of the ‘Counsel of 500' and the officials of Limoges.

Scope and Contents

Oversize volume written in French comprising a treatise on making liquors. The detailed and densely written volume was created by an unknown compiler around 1810. The collection of recipes included are for making cordials, digestives, elixirs, infusions, liquors, oils, ratafias, and wines. Many of the recipes for making liquors and wines are derived from flowers, fruit, grains, plants, and spices. Introductory and instructional sections concerning coloration, distillation, fermentation, filtration, and infusion are included in the volume. There are many citations of contemporary authors who were experts in their fields of in creating liquors and distillation. A table of contents is on the first leaf of the volume consisting of four main chapters with numerous sub-sections.

Scope and Contents

A marble paper, covered ruled notebook comprising collection of eighteenth century French songs. The song lyrics were transcribed and compiled by Demerise Cowette probably between the years from 1920 to 1930. These early songs date prior to 1759 and were originally brought to the Acadia region by French settlers. In 1759 Acadians were forcibly transported by the English to Louisiana. Some of the Acadians settled in the Kennebec region of Maine. Cowette's knowledge of the lyrics of the songs was probably passed down through her husband, parents, and grandparents. Songs portraying Canadians, love, relationships, and history are included in the volume. There is a table of contents listing the titles or first lines of 109 songs on 139 numbered pages. Laid in the volume are three leaves listing the names and birth dates of twenty-six Vaillancourt family members; two leaves affixed together on the left edge consist of two songs; one typed leaf has a short poem in French and English by Wilfred O. Lajoie. Cowette's name and title of the volume is written on a label affixed to the front cover. R.F.D. 49, North Vassalboro, Maine is written on the inside front cover. There are four leaves of correspondence and one envelope dated 2007 discussing the song book. Two leaves from plants have been laid in the notebook.

Scope and Contents

A slim, hand-sewn, paper volume comprising a manuscript portion from volume 2 of Lévis work entitled Les voyages de Kang-Hi, ou nouvelles lettres chinoises. The manuscript was written in French around 1806 and is probably in Lévis hand. The heading on each leaf reads Suite du Memoire sur l'Inde. The manuscript is Lévis' fictional account of the Maratha rebellion in India relayed through letters of a Chinese man named Kang Hi traveling in Europe in 1910 . Many corrections and note appear throughout the volume. The pages are numbered 1 to 17. Line numbers are written in the left margins. A notation indicating the manuscript is a second draft is on the first page.

Scope and Contents

Comprises two green, leather-bound volumes spanning the years from 1840 to 1879. The first page of volume one is titled Mes vers and the first page of volume two is titled Les grains de sable. Some poems and ballads have quotations by writers following the title. A parenthetical note next to the title indicates the number of lines in the work. Each volume has a table of contents and numbered pages. Volume one contains the earliest poems, beginning in 1840 and ending in 1863. Works in this volume prior to Herminie's marriage are signed Herminie Vauguyon or H. V. There are many marginal notes made by the author and editorial changes in pencil are throughout. There are ballads to friends such as Caroline B. and Camille P. and poems on the occasion of marriages of friends. There is an ode to Victor Hugo on death of his daughter in 1843. Volume two spanning from 1860 to 1879 contains a translation of John Gay's libretto for Handel's  Acis and Galatea with notes by Herminie indicating a well-received performance of the work in June 1870. She notes the city where poems were written when she traveled. Musical compositions written by Herminie's husband Eugène Delavault are noted by the author.

Scope and Contents

An oblong green portfolio with a decorated title piece cut out and pasted on the cover bearing the name E. Cazes. The portfolio contains forty-eight original pencil drawings on translucent or white paper by J. E. Cazes of Vincennes, France. In addition to the drawings are five printed illustrations. The pencil drawings range from 4 x 6 inches to 13 1/2 x 35 1/2 inches. A detailed two-point perspective architectural elevation of a building in Casablanca, Morocco, is signed by Cazes and dated 1918 (Map Drawer 51). Three additional building elevations are in the portfolio. Drawings of interiors include two elaborately drawn rooms, one labeled "chambre & coucher Louis XV pour Madame Auday" and the other signed Casablanca 1918, and three interior decorative wall elevations. Eight drawings of furniture include armoires, chairs, and a bed, and Cazes utilized perspective drawing in some of these illustrations. Decorative lighting, especially chandeliers, are prominent in Cazes works which include seventeen detailed drawings of various decorative light fixtures. Fourteen drawings of interior architectural elements and ornaments are also part of the collection. Lastly, two of the printed illustrations are of chandeliers. One print is a copy of a program signed by Cazes for a performance of "Domino noir," an opera performed at Ville de Casablanca, 19 Mai 1918.

Scope and Contents

Copy of a manuscript work regarding the theological status of the Jewish people. The original manuscript is at the Bibliothèque du château de Chantilly, Ms 191.

Scope and Contents

This leather-bound volume has a fish scale pattern spine stamped in gold with a label that reads "recettes diverses." The volume contains a collection of pharmaceutical recipes providing remedies for various ailments on 140 pages. Each page has a black ink double ruled border. A majority of the recipes have explanations for usage and dosage. Medicinal preparations include elixirs, ointments, pills, plasters, powders, teas, and washes. Prescriptions for maladies such as dizziness, dropsy, dysentery, epilepsy, eye diseases, gonorrhea, hysterical vapors, rheumatism, ringworm, skin sores, seasickness, smallpox, and toothaches are included. Instructional passages appear in the volume such as how to alleviate a difficult labor, how to rescue a drowning person, how to save a person suffocated by vapors, and to aid newborns appearing to be dead. A section with an explanation of the intestines is included. Formulas for toiletries such as tooth powder and shaving cream are in the volume. There are also prescriptions to cure ailments of horses. In a different hand at the end of the volume on seventeen unnumbered pages are formulas for a variety of varnishes, paints, inks, and colors dated 1772. The author's name preceding "en 1758" has been effaced on the title page. There is an alphabetical index at the end of the volume. On the verso of the title page is a hand colored armorial device with the initials H. D. on a shield with a bassoon, a rifle, and a sword. Two animals, most likely dogs, flank the crowned oval shaped device. Written on the verso of the marbled endpaper and scratched in the front cover is H. Penchenier. The signature of A. Penchenier is on the verso of the first endpaper. The title page and leaves at end are in red and black ink.