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Cyrus Adler Papers



Cyrus Adler Papers


This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies
Adler, Cyrus, 1863-1940
Cyrus Adler Papers
Date [bulk]:
Date [inclusive]:
1866-1942, 1907-1939 (bulk).
Call Number:
65 Linear feet (129 boxes)
Cyrus Adler was a prominent Jewish scholar and communal builder. Born in 1863, he had a tremendous role in shaping much of Jewish America by the time of his death in 1940. The collection contains Dr. Adler's business correspondence and personal papers and spans much of his multi-faceted career. It also contains many papers connected to the formation and day-to-day business of the Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning. (See the Biography and Scope and Content Notes for a more detailed description of Adler's life and the collection.)
Cite as:
[Identification of item], in the Cyrus Adler Collection, Library at the Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies, University of Pennsylvania ARC MS 26, [Location within collection].
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Summary Information

University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies
Margolis, Max Léopold, 1866-1932
Max Leopold Margolis Collection
Date [bulk]:
Date [inclusive]:
Call Number:
23 linear feet (14 document boxes)
Multiple languages
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The following, brief sketch of the life of Cyrus Adler is necessarily limited in breadth and depth. It is intended to present only the most salient facts of his background, education and career, with particular reference to this collection of his papers. Some further details are provided in the Scope and Content Note and the Group and Series Descriptions. The researcher may wish to consult the Selected Bibliography for a listing of some of the more prominent, published biographical sources.

Early Life

Dr. Cyrus Adler was born during the Civil War, in Van Buren, Arkansas on September 13, 1863. His father, Samuel Adler, was a Free Mason who ran a general store in Van Buren, and also owned and managed a nearby cotton plantation. In his autobiography, Dr. Adler states that his father's family had come to the United States from Germany between 1830 and 1840, and settled in Arkansas for reasons unknown; he also notes that various relations surnamed Adler and Baer lived in the vicinity. His mother, Sarah (nee Sulzberger) was from Philadelphia. She was the daughter of Leopold and Zirlah (nee Einstein) Sulzberger. Cyrus Adler's two older sisters, Belle and Celia were also born in Van Buren, in 1859 and 1861, respectively.

Van Buren was occupied by the Union army in 1864, but because of Samuel Adler's failing health, the family was permitted to join Mrs. Adler's father in Philadelphia. Their youngest child, Milton, was born there in 1864. Shortly thereafter, the family relocated to New York City, where his father died in 1869. The family then moved back to Philadelphia, where his mother's brother David Sulzberger became their legal guardian.

Dr. Adler's close ties with the Sulzberger family became perhaps the most important formative influences in his life. In his autobiography, Adler states that it was his uncle David who first envisioned for him a life of scholarship and work, in which he would "give myself to the Jewish people as a sort of lay rabbi, with any additional duties that might arise." ( 1, page 12) There is ample testimony to the fulfillment of this vision, for Cyrus Adler was to become "one of the great civil servants in American Jewish history" (  18, page xiii.)

The Sulzberger and Adler families belonged to the Mikveh Israel Synagogue, an important Sephardic congregation in Philadelphia (today known as Congregation Mikveh Israel.) During his youth, Adler took private instruction from the minister of the congregation, Sabato Morais, and later became his friend. He also became acquainted with other influential members of the congregation, and himself served as its President from 1911 to 1916. There were also close ties between this synagogue and the Dropsie College, where Adler was to serve as president for over 30 years.

Education and Early Career

Cyrus Adler was first educated at one of the parochial schools run by the Hebrew Education Society, and then at a public grammar school. Throughout most of his school years he also took private instruction in Hebrew and German. He attended Central High School, graduating in 1879. While still in high school, he did volunteer work in the library of the Young Men's Hebrew Association, where he cataloged the Isaac Leeser Library. He enrolled in the University of Pennsylvania in the fall of 1879, and graduated in 1883.

Because it was expected that he would become a lawyer, Adler spent the summer of 1883 working in the law office of his cousin, Judge Mayer Sulzberger, and studying for the Bar examination. On the basis of this brief legal apprenticeship, Adler was later to become executor of the estates of both Joseph and Mayer Sulzberger, as well as that of his associate Simon Muhr.

But Adler decided not to follow a legal career. Instead, he had hopes of becoming a Biblical archaeologist. He entered the new "Semitic Seminary" of the Johns Hopkins University in the fall of 1883, and became the first of its PhD graduates in 1887. While still enrolled at Johns Hopkins, he also obtained his Master's degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1886. Throughout his later life Adler was to maintain membership in the alumni associations of both universities. In 1930, the University of Pennsylvania awarded him an honorary Doctorate.

Johns Hopkins appointed him Instructor in Semitics, and he taught from 1887 until 1890. While still a student there, be became a close friend and assistant to the head of the Semitics program, Professor Paul Haupt. During his years at Johns Hopkins, he became an active member in a number of scientific organizations (including the American Oriental Society, of which he later became President), and wrote numerous papers for publication. Also during that time he commuted to New York City to teach Biblical Archaeology at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTS), which was led by his friend and mentor, Sabato Morais. Adler was to maintain a close relationship with JTS for the rest of his life.

United States National Museum

In 1888, Adler made the acquaintance of Dr. George B. Goode, Director of the U. S. National Museum, who made him Honorary Curator of the Department of Antiquities. He coordinated the government's exhibit of Biblical archaeology at the Cincinnati Exposition of 1888, an experience which led directly to his work for the World's Columbian Exposition. It was also through his friendship with Dr. Goode that he later came to work for the Smithsonian Institution. Adler retained his affiliation with the Museum throughout his years of work in Baltimore and Washington.

World's Columbian Exposition

In 1890, Adler was appointed Special Commissioner to Turkey, Egypt, Tunis, Algiers and Morocco for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. For the next three years he traveled throughout Europe and the Near East soliciting the participation of those governments in the Exposition, which was held in 1893. He made a point of observing the Jewish communities in every country he visited, meeting many of their leaders. Among them, he became acquainted with important Jewish figures in England, including Israel Zangwill, Israel Abrahams, Joseph Jacobs and Solomon Schechter, with whom he was later to become closely associated.

Smithsonian Institution

As his duties for the Chicago Exposition were ending, Adler was offered a chance to direct what was later to become the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. But his friend George Goode at the National Museum made a counter-offer, and in 1892 Adler became the Librarian of the Smithsonian Institution. In doing so he ended his association with Johns Hopkins University, giving up both his academic and archaeological plans, and embarked on a what was to become a life-long and intensely active career as an administrator of cultural organizations.

Through his work as Librarian, Adler soon became a close friend of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, Samuel P. Langley. He gradually assumed many of Langley's administrative tasks, freeing him to spend time on his aeronautical research. In 1894, he accompanied Langley on the first of several trips to England and Europe. During one of these visits, in 1889, he served as the United States Delegate to the Conference on the International Catalogue of Scientific Literature in London.

In 1905 Adler was promoted to the position of Assistant Secretary, which he held until 1908. This post was one of greater political importance in that era than would be the case today, and Adler made the acquaintance of a number of highly-placed government officials, including President and Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt.

Public and Private Life

From the mid-1880s onward, and particularly the 1890s and early 1900s, Adler became involved in numerous Jewish cultural organizations in Philadelphia and New York City. He was himself instrumental in forming and fostering several of them, including the American Jewish Historical Society, the Jewish Publication Society of America, and a discussion group known as The Wanderers, which later led to the formation of the American Jewish Committee ( AJC), of which he was a trustee. In 1911, with other members of the AJC, he testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee regarding the Kishinev massacre.

He was also a trustee of the Gratz College in Philadelphia. And in 1901, he was asked to head the reorganized Board of Directors of the Jewish Theological Seminary. He personally arranged for Solomon Schechter to succeed Morais as President of the JTS. For the next four years Adler's work for the Seminary took him from Washington D. C. to New York City three days a week. During this time he also served on the editorial board of the Jewish Encyclopedia. Throughout his life, Adler maintained an active membership in these and many other organizations, frequently holding positions of leadership.

In 1905 he married Miss Racie Friedenwald, whom he had first met while he was a student at Johns Hopkins University. They had one daughter, Sarah, born in 1906, who later became Mrs. Wolfe Wolfinsohn.

Dropsie College

In 1908 Adler became President of the newly-formed Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning in Philadelphia. His cousin, Judge Mayer Sulzberger, was executor of the estate of Moses Aaron Dropsie, through whose bequest the College had been founded and in whose honor it was named. Mayer Sulzberger served as a Life Governor of the College until his death in 1923, and acted as its first president during the fledgling years 1905-1908, before students were admitted. It is because Adler began his tenure at the time when the College first opened its doors that he is widely credited as being Dropsie's "first" President.

Dr. Adler was to serve in this position, personally guiding the growth and development of the College in every one of its activities, until his death in 1940. Among his accomplishments, he oversaw the construction of the "new" building in 1912. Perhaps most notably, in 1909 he convinced the Board of the College to take on publication of the English periodical, the Jewish Quarterly Review (  JQR). He became Editor-in-chief of this journal, and, as was his habit, managed all but the most minute details of publication until his death.

Jewish Theological Seminary

Upon the death of Solomon Schechter in 1915, Adler was asked to become the "temporary" president of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. With the blessing of the Board of Dropsie College, he served in this capacity until 1924, when his title was altered simply to President, a position he held until his death. Among his achievements at JTS, Adler oversaw the financing and construction of its "new" buildings in 1929-1930. It would appear that he administered the Seminary in much the same, meticulous, hands-on manner as he did the Dropsie College ( 18, page xvi.)

Literary Works

Throughout his life, Adler wrote on a wide variety of subjects. These ranged from Oriental philology and archaeology to comparative religion, bibliography, and American Jewish history. In addition to articles written for scientific journals, he was a contributor to the Jewish Encyclopedia, the  Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, the  Dictionary of American Biography and others, as well as those publications which he edited, including the  Jewish American Year Book, the  Jewish Quarterly Review, and the publications of the American Jewish Historical Society. He wrote several monographs, including the  Catalog of the Leeser Library,  Memorandum on the Western Wall, and his autobiography,   I Have Considered the Days. Coleman and Reider's bibliography of Adler's printed works, published in 1933, lists 583 items (5.) It may be appropriate to mention here that he was also a prompt, exacting, and in some instances voluminous correspondent with his family, friends and colleagues.

Civic Leadership

While serving as President of both the Dropsie College and the Jewish Theological Seminary, Adler also helped to lead a large number of civic institutions, Jewish cultural organizations, and scientific and educational societies. The following list mentions only those which might be considered highlights of his career, and is not meant to be in any way comprehensive. Rather, these are some of the organizations to which he gave the greatest proportion of his time and energies.

Mention has already been made of Adler's involvement in a number of important Jewish cultural institutions. In addition to those, he was particularly active in the Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, and the United Synagogue of America. He also founded and led the short-lived Philadelphia Kehilla, served as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Free Library of Philadelphia from 1915 until 1939, and on the Philadelphia Board of Public Education from 1921 to 1925.

From the beginning of World War I onward, Adler became a tireless worker for charitable fund-raising efforts, notably on behalf of the American Jewish Relief Committee. He was largely responsible for creating what later became the Jewish Welfare Board, and was on the Council of the Jewish Agency for Palestine. He also served as the Delegate of the American Jewish Committee to the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. And as World War II approached, and then began, he was active in an even wider array of organizations formed to deal specifically with that crisis.

The volume of work which he accomplished, and the level of detail at which he habitually worked, reveals a humbling order of dedication. After a lengthy illness, Cyrus Adler died at the age of 76, on April 7, 1940. It seems providential that his extremely valuable autobiography, I Have Considered the Days, was largely complete in 1939; it was published in 1941.

Short List of Affiliations

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

American Academy for Jewish Research

American Jewish Committee (Founder, President 1929-1940)

American Jewish Historical Society (Founder, Secretary 1892-1898, President 1898-1922)

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (Board)

American Jewish Relief Committee (Campaign Chairman)

American Oriental Society (President)

American Philological Association

American Philosophical Society (Councillor 1927-1930, 1932-1936)

Anthropological Society of Washington

Archaeological Institute of America

Boy Scouts of America (Executive Board)

Committee of Fifteen

Cosmos Club, Washington, D.C.

Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning (President 1908-1940)

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia (Education Group Chairman)

Free Library of Philadelphia (President of Board 1925-1939)

Gratz College (Trustee)

Hebrew Union College (Honorary D.H.L., 1925)

Hebrew University (Board of Directors)

International Catalogue of Scientific Literature (Delegate, 1898)

Jewish Agency for Palestine (Co-chairman of Council)

The Jewish Encyclopedia (Editorial Board)

The Jewish Quarterly Review (Editor 1910-1940)

Jewish Publication Society of America (Founder, Trustee, Chairman of Publication Committee, Editor of The American Jewish Yearbook, Founder of the Hebrew Press)

Jewish Theological Seminary of America (President of Board 1902-1905, President 1915-1940)

Jewish Welfare Board (Founder)

Johns Hopkins University (PhD 1887, Instructor and Associate Professor of Semitics 1887-1892; University Club)

"Look Out" Scholarship Fund

Mikveh Israel Synagogue (President 1911-1916)

Oriental Club of Philadelphia

Pennsylvania, University of (BA 1883, MA 1886, Honorary D. Litt. 1930; Alumni Association)

Philadelphia Board of Public Education (1921-1925)

Philadelphia Kehilla (Founder, President 1911-1914)

Philobiblon Club, Philadelphia

Philosophical Society of Washington

Smithsonian Institution (Librarian 1892-1905; Assistant Secretary 1905-1908)

Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis

United States National Museum (Honorary and Assistant Curator of Oriental Antiquities, Archaeology, and Historic Religions, ca. 1888-1908)

United Synagogue of America (Founder, President 1914-1918)

Washington Academy of Sciences

World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago (Special Commissioner 1890-1893)

Selected Bibliography

(Note: Footnotes throughout this finding aid refer to the sources below, listing the source in bold print and the page number.)

Secondary Sources

1. Adler, Cyrus. I Have Considered the Days. New York: Burning Bush Press, 1941.

2. Adler, Cyrus. Lectures, Selected Papers, Addresses: Collected and published by his colleagues and friends on the occasion of his seventieth birthday September 13, 1933. Philadelphia: privately printed, 1933.

3. American Jewish Year Book. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America. Volume I, 1899-1900 and Volume II, 1900-1901.

4. Ashton, Dianne. The Philadelphia Group: A Guide to Archival and Bibliographic Collections. Philadelphia: Center for American and Jewish History, 1993.

5. Coleman, Edward and Joseph Reider. A Bibliography of the Writings and Addresses of Cyrus Adler, 1882-1933. Philadelphia, privately printed, 1933.

6. Dalin, David G. Cyrus Adler and the Rescue of Jewish Refugee Scholars. American Jewish History, Vol. 78, No. 3, pp. 351-362.

7. Davis, Moshe. "The Human Record: Cyrus Adler at the Peace Conference, 1919" in Essays in American Jewish History, with a forward by Nelson Glueck. Cincinnati: American Jewish Archives, 1958.

8. Dobkowski, Michael N., ed. Jewish American Voluntary Organizations. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.

9. Gaustad, Edwin S. Response. American Jewish History, Vol. 78, No. 3, pp. 395-398.

10. Kohut, George Alexander. "The Contribution of Cyrus Adler to American Jewish History", in Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, Volume 33. Baltimore: American Jewish Historical Society, 1934.

11. Morais, Henry Samuel. The Jews of Philadelphia: Their History from the Earliest Settlements to the Present Time. Philadelphia: The Levytype Company, 1894.

12. Parzen, Herbert. Architects of Conservative Judaism. New York: Jonathan David, 1964.

13. Neuman, Abraham. Cyrus Adler: A Biographical Sketch. New York: The American Jewish Committee, 1940; reprint, New York: American Jewish Year Book, 5701.

14. Neuman, Abraham. Cyrus Adler: A Biographical Sketch. New York: American Jewish Committee, 1942.

15. Neuman, Abraham. Obituary Notice: Cyrus Adler (1863-1940). Reprinted from the Year Book of the American Philosophical Society, 1940.

16. Reich, Nathaniel J. Review of Abraham Neuman's book Cyrus Adler, A Biographical Sketch. Journal of Jewish Bibliography, January-April, 1943, pp. 51-52.

17. Robinson, Ira. Cyrus Adler and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America: Image and Reality. American Jewish History, Vol. 78, No. 3, pp. 363-381.

18. Robinson, Ira, ed. Cyrus Adler: Selected Letters, 2 vols. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1985.

19. Rosenfeldt, Henry H. This Thing of Giving. New York; Plymouth Press, 1924.

20. Sarna, Jonathan D. Cyrus Adler and the Development of the American Jewish Culture: The "Scholar-Doer" as a Jewish Communal Leader. American Jewish History, Vol. 78, No. 3, pp. 382-394.

21. Sarna, Jonathan D. JPS: The Americanization of Jewish Culture. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1989.

22. Stern, Malcolm H., Comp. Americans of Jewish Descent: A Compendium of Genealogy. Cincinnati: Hebrew College Press, 1960.

23. Stern, Malcolm H., Comp. First American Jewish Families: 600 Genealogies, 1654-1988, Third Edition. Baltimore: Ottenheim Publishers, Inc., 1991.


24. Encyclopedia Judaica. Jerusalem, Keter Publishing House, Ltd., Volume I, pages 272-273.

25. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York, Funk and Wagnalls Company, 1907, Volume 1, page 193.

26. Universal Jewish Encyclopedia. New York, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Inc., 1939-1943, Volume 1, pages 88-89.

Primary Sources

27. The Cyrus Adler Papers (MS 26). Library of the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania.

28. The Mayer Sulzberger Collection (MS 25). Library of the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania.

29. Minutes of the Board of Governors, 1905-1940. Dropsie College Archives (DC 1 A). Library of the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania.


Max Leopold Margolis was born Mordechai Yom Tov Margolis in the village of Merecz in the Russian province of Vilna (now Lithuania) on October 15, 1866. Mordechai Yom Tov was named after the famous rabbi Yom Tov Lippman Heller, from whom he descended on his father Isaac Margolis' side. His mother's name was Hinde Bernstein. He had one brother named Elias, and four sisters: Anna, Lena, Bertha and Ida. Anna eventually married a man named Ginsberg. After her death, Ginsberg re-married Anna's sister Lena. Bertha married into the Barnett family; Ida Margolis never married.

Margolis received his early Jewish education from his father who was a rabbi. Margolis began studying secular subjects such as mathematics with his self-taught father and also received additional training in Russian and other subjects from a local priest in Merecz. Margolis' thirst for knowledge of all kinds was not easily exhausted. According to information told to Alexander Marx by Margolis' brother Elias, Margolis tried unsuccessfully to run away from his small village in search of wider horizons. Realizing the intellectual limitations the confines of Merecz imposed on his son, Margolis' father sent him to live at the home of his maternal grandfather David Bernstein in Berlin sometime after his thirteenth birthday. In Berlin, Margolis studied at the Leibniz Gymnasium, where he received a thorough grounding in Greek and Latin. Margolis was consistently the top student in Greek and graduated with distinction in 1885. While in Berlin, Margolis' family emigrated to America. Margolis did not re-join them, however, until 1889, two years after the death of Margolis' father, who had found work as the rabbi of the Kalvarier Schul in New York.

Margolis began his graduate studies at Columbia College in New York in 1889, received his M.A degree in 1890, and only one year later in 1891 successfully completed his Ph.D., the first to be awarded in the Oriental Department. Writing in Latin, which apparently was stronger than his English at the time, Margolis submitted a text-critical study of Rashi's commentary on tractate Eruvin of the Talmud, under the supervision of Richard Gottheil.

Following his graduation, Margolis remained at Columbia for one year as a University Fellow in Semitic Languages. Shortly thereafter, Margolis lectured at the Glenmore School for Culture and Sciences, in Keene, New Hampshire and also lectured at the summer school run by Felix Adler, the founder of the Ethical Culture Society, at Plymouth, Massachusetts. From 1893 until 1898, Margolis taught Hebrew and Semitic languages at the Hebrew Union College, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Margolis was hired by Isaac Mayer Wise, the founder and president of the college (the center of reform Judaism in America at that time), and enjoyed a warm relationship with him. Perhaps attracted by the possibilities of a broader university environment, Margolis departed HUC in 1899 for the University of California in Berkeley where he assumed the position of assistant professor of Semitics. One year later, Margolis was awarded an associate professorship.

It was during his stay in California, that Margolis met his future wife, Evelyn Kate Aronson, of San Francisco. They were married on June 20, 1906. Evelyn Aronson was a gifted, cultured woman who came from a prominent family. Among her descendants on her mother's side was Barry Goldwater. They had three children, Catherine, and the twins, Philip, and Max, Jr. Max, Jr. died of a stomach ailment during the family's visit to Palestine in 1924 where Margolis had come as the Annual Professor at the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem. Margolis' grief was profound; after returning to the United States he was said to have visited his son's grave every Shabbat for the rest of life, even in intemperate weather.

Margolis had left Berkeley shortly before his marriage to return to Cincinnati where he had been recruited by HUC's new president, Kaufmann Kohler. From September 1905 to March 1907, Margolis held the position of Professor of Hebrew Exegesis at the Hebrew Union College. Unfortunately, the return to Cincinnati did not prove felicitous. Margolis left HUC within two years due to personality conflicts with the new president. They also differed substantively on a number of important issues such as the nature of the curriculum, Margolis' desire for an unfettered teaching hand, and his political outlook. After leaving HUC, Margolis spent one year abroad in Europe from 1907 into 1908, visiting Berlin, Belgium and Holland and several of Europe's famous libraries. During his stay, Margolis attended a Zionist Congress at The Hague. Margolis was an ardent supporter of the Zionist cause, and his outspoken stance appears to have been among the factors that contributed to his turbulent departure from HUC.

Margolis returned to the United States in 1908 to accept the position of secretary of the editorial board for the Jewish Publication Society's proposed new translation of the Hebrew Bible into English. Margolis eventually became editor-in-chief of this complex undertaking, which was finally published in 1917. On March 28, 1909, Margolis was unanimously elected by the Board of Governors of the newly created Dropsie College in Philadelphia to the position of Professor of Biblical Philology. Margolis remained on the faculty of Dropsie College until his death in 1932.

Margolis' years at Dropsie were marked by intense activity. In addition to his regular teaching load, his various administrative responsibilities as Secretary of the Faculty, his outside endeavors such as the Bible translation, and his numerous popularly and scholarly publications, Margolis devoted himself to the task of reconstructing an authentic textual witness to the Greek translation of the Book of Joshua. The work represented Margolis' crowning scholarly achievement and a major contribution to the emerging field of textual criticism of the Septuagint and its relation to the original Hebrew text.

Margolis actively participated in several other spheres of public life. He played a prominent role in the developing field of Semitic studies in America. From 1914 to 1921, Margolis served as the editor of the Journal of Biblical Literature and was elected president of the Society of Biblical Literature for the year 1923. Margolis also was one of the editors of the  Journal of the American Oriental Society from 1922 until 1932. Margolis was one of the pioneering figures in the history of critical Jewish Biblical Studies in North America; at the time of his death, he was memorialized as "the foremost authority on the Hebrew biblical literature in America" and called "the dean of Hebrew scholars."

Margolis also sought to promote Jewish education among all segments of the Jewish population. He wrote dozens of popular articles discussing various issues of his day as well as several book-length studies designed for the general public. He collaborated with his friend Alexander Marx to write a concise history of the Jewish people, published by the Jewish Publication Society and authored several works about the Hebrew Bible also intended for a popular audience.

Margolis was a curious figure in the history of religious reform in America. He advocated the introduction of dogmatic principles in to Jewish life in America as a way of invigorating Jewish religious existence not defined by allegiance to rabbinic tradition. He was said to have lived in a kosher home and attended synagogue every Shabbat, though he was also known to have taken the train to get there. Margolis is not easily classified among the miscellany of expressions of Jewish identity in America in the beginning of the twentieth century. If Margolis felt real affiliation with the doctrines and tendencies of any one movement, nonetheless, it was probably with the possibilities he imagined in political Zionism. Margolis was committed first to the Jewish people, their history and life, guided by the principles of reason. He was outspoken and circumspect, an enlightened, cautious man who held strong views after much reflection.

Margolis died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Philadelphia at 3:00 p.m., Saturday April 2, 1932 at the age of 65. Services were held in the Dropsie College building. A future president of Dropsie College, Rabbi Abraham Neuman of the Mikveh Israel congregation, presided. He was buried in the Mt. Sinai cemetery.

Institutional Affiliations

American Academy for Jewish Research (fellow)

American Philosophical Society (member)

American Jewish Historical Society (council, member)

American Oriental Society (member)

American School of Oriental Research (Annual Professor, 1924-25)

Associated Talmud Torahs (member of the board of directors)

Columbia University (Ph.D., University Fellow)

Dropsie College (Professor of Biblical Philology, Secretary of the Faculty)

Hebrew High School [established 1923] (chairman)

Hebrew Union College (Assistant Professor of Hebrew and Biblical Exegesis;

Hebrew University of Jerusalem (visiting lecturer, 1924-25)

Jewish Publication Society (editor-in-chief of the 1917 Bible Translation; member of the publication committee).

Journal of the American Oriental Society (editor)

Journal of Biblical Literature (editor)

Oriental Club of Philadelphia (member)

Palestine Oriental Society (President, 1925)

"Pharisees" [a club?] (member)

Russian-American Hebrew Association (secretary)

Society of Biblical Literature (President)

University of California, Berkeley (assistant, associate professor of Semitic Languages and Literatures, acting head of department of Semitics)

Biographical/Historical Note

A comprehensive, revised and annotated bibliography of Margolis' writings can be found in Leonard Greenspoon's Max Margolis: A Scholar's Scholar (Atlanta: Scholar's Press, 1987), pp. 135-178.

The vast majority of the biographical information about Margolis used in the writing of this finding aid is based on Greenspoon's work. Greenspoon closely examined parts of this collection (and related material in the Adler collection) before it was processed.

Several standard reference sources were consulted (in addition to Greenspoon's work, Margolis' own writings, and of course the materials forming the current collection): the Encyclopedia Judaica;  Universal Jewish Encyclopedia;  Dictionary of American Biography, and the additional sources cited there.

Scope and Contents

The collection ranges in date from 1866 to 1942, with the bulk of it dating from 1907 to 1939. Although the material is divided into two distinct groups, business correspondence and personal papers, this division is somewhat artificial. The Correspondence Group is actually a "hybrid" of Dr. Adler's administrative and personal papers. This mixture reveals something of his own business methods, but speaks much more strongly to the tightly interwoven relationships between the many Jewish cultural institutions which he and his peers served in Philadelphia, and to a lesser extent, in New York City.

The Correspondence constitutes the great majority of the collection, and pertains largely to Dr. Adler's tenure as President of the Dropsie College from 1908 until his death in 1940. Due to the multitude of additional responsibilities which Dr. Adler accepted during those years, this material also includes much that has no direct (but often, indirect) bearing on the work of the College. Several files contain correspondence that pre-dates Adler's presidency of the College, usually with his close colleagues and friends. This Group is arranged in alphabetical order by name or subject; for more information about this arrangement, see the Processor's Note.

The relatively small Personal Papers Group contains the earliest-dated materials, particularly that series relating to the Adler family's ownership of land in Sevier County, Arkansas. This Group also contains an extensive series of notebooks and some other material relating to Dr. Adler's years at Johns Hopkins University (1883-1890), and some materials relating to his career in Washington, D.C. (1892-1908). The Personal Papers Group also contains numerous draft and typescript copies of his published and unpublished literary productions, as well as some certificates and photographs.

A more detailed analysis of the content of the collection follows. This description is organized topically, addressing the Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning, various of Dr. Adler's other activities as represented in the collection, and important lacunae. The researcher is advised to remember that the bulk of the collection itself is not organized topically, but rather alphabetically.

Extensive Files

Most of the alphabetical files in the collection consist of no more than a single folder, and that frequently not a full one. But there are many instances of more extensive correspondence and other, related records. The collection contains two or more file folders of material pertaining to each of the individuals and organizations listed below. Where this material is especially important or extensive, further description is given under the subheadings: Dropsie College, and Significant Activities.

-- Individuals

William Chomsky; Mortimer J. Cohen; Samuel Edelman; Joshua Finkel; Louis Finkelstein; Simon Ginzburg; Elhanan Golomb; Robert Gordis; Solomon Grayzel; Julius Greenstone; Benzion Halper; Jacob Hoschander; Isaac Husik; Leo Jung; Moses Jung; Ephraim Lederer; Abraham J. Levy; Harry S. Linfield; Judah Magnes; Henry Malter; Jacob Mann; Max Leopold Margolis; Alexander Marx; H. Pereira Mendes; James A. Montgomery; Edward I. Nathan; Harry M. Orlinsky; Elias N. Rabinowitz; Nathaniel J. Reich; Joseph Reider; Bernard Revel; A. S. W. Rosenbach; Lessing J. Rosenwald; Frank J. Rubenstein; Abraham I. Schechter; Samuel Schulman; Solomon L. Skoss; members of the Solis-Cohen family; Ephraim A. Speiser; Horace Stern; Nathan I. Stone; Joseph Sulzberger; Mayer Sulzberger; Morris Wolf; Michael Zarchin; Solomon Zeitlin. There are also a number of files for persons surnamed Adler (including some relatives, but not those in Dr. Alder's immediate family.)

-- Organizations

American Academy for Jewish Research; American Council of Learned Societies; The American Hebrew; American Jewish Historical Society; American Jewish Relief Committee; American Schools for Oriental Research; Archaeological Institute of America; Bloch Publishing Company; B'nai Brith; Bureau of Jewish Social Research; Cahan Printing Company; University of Chicago; Columbia University; Committee of Fifteen; Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia; Gustav Fock, Buchhandlung; Gratz College; Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung; The Hebrew Press; Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society; Hebrew Union College; Karl W. Hiersmann, Buchhandlung; Horting and Snader;   The Jewish Exponent;  The Jewish Forum; Jewish Publication Society of America; Jewish Telegraphic Agency; Jewish Theological Seminary of America; Johns Hopkins University; Lehrfeld Printing Company; "Look Out" Scholarship Fund; Macmillan and Company; William Mann Company;  The Menorah Journal; Mikveh Israel Synagogue; Simon Muhr Scholarship Fund; National Committee for Religion and Welfare Recovery; National Conference of Jews and Christians; National Council of Jewish Federations; National Council on Religion in Higher Education; New York Public Library; Oriental Club of Philadelphia; Oxford University Press; Commonwealth of Pennsylvania--Department of Public Instruction, and --State Emergency Relief Board; Pennsylvania State Education Society; University of Pennsylvania; City of Philadelphia--Board of Public Education; Philadelphia Council on Jewish Education; Sesqui-Centennial Exposition; Smithsonian Institution; G. E. Stechert and Company; Talmud Torah; Temple University; United States--Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education; United States--Library of Congress; United States--Post Office; United States--Works Progress Administration; United Synagogue of America; University Club; William Wesley & Son; Wolf Brothers; World Fellowship of Faiths; Yale University; Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association.

The Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning

Those who want information about virtually any aspect of the first thirty years of the College's existence are advised to consult the Adler Papers in addition to the other archival records of that time period. Indeed, in many instances these papers constitute the only record of certain of the College's activities.

The Correspondence Group ranges in scope throughout the years of Adler's presidency, and in several instances materials pre-date his tenure. Of special note, there is some important earlier correspondence with members of the Board of Governors of the College pertaining to Adler's acceptance of the presidency, and discussing the ways in which the newly-formed College should develop. An essential adjunct to this material is the Mayer Sulzberger Manuscript Collection. Together with the archives of the Board of Governors, the Adler and Sulzberger papers give a complete overview of the formation and earliest years of the Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning.

Just as one might expect, there is relatively little material filed directly under the heading "Dropsie College." That material consists of a small amount of miscellaneous correspondence to do with routine College matters, one series relating to the Dedication of the new building in 1912, and another series of the addresses given by Dr. Adler at the annual Founder's Day exercises.

Because Dr. Adler personally attended to the most minute details of day-to-day management, much of this material is quite routine in nature. There are five archival record groups which significantly overlap his files in this regard: the records of the Board of Governors, the voluminous Treasurer's records, the records of the Registrar, those of the JQR, and those of the Library. All of these were found to be separately collected in the Archives of the College. The relationship between each of these groups and the Adler Papers is described in detail below.

Board of Governors (Archives Group DC 1)

Related records in the archives of the Board are the Minutes of meetings (including regular and special reports of the President) and some routine memoranda. Researchers should not overlook Adler's correspondence with individual members of the Board found within his Papers. The Mayer Sulzberger Manuscript Collection provides additional, important correspondence, constituting the records of the first President of the College.

Financial Records (Archives Group DC 5)

Adler's correspondence includes most, if not all of those vendors of goods and services with which (or in many instances, with whom) the College did regular business. These range in variety from musicians to gardeners, coal companies to department stores. Those researchers interested in the JQR should note that a good number of these firms were printers, publishers and stationers. Such files often contain invoices as well as correspondence.

The Correspondence also includes some material concerning bequests received, and investments made by the College. Much more, related material will be found in the Treasurer's archives, which include invoices, memoranda, reports and statements.

The only complete series of records to be removed from the Adler Papers during processing were those pertaining to the first fund-raising campaign: The Friends of Dropsie College. These were transferred to the Development archives (Group DC 8).

Library (Archives Group DC 7)

The first salaried librarian of the College, alumnus Dr. Joseph Reider, held that post from 1913 to 1959. But his title during his first decade in office, "Assistant Librarian," bespoke the fact that it was Dr. Adler who was the actual head of the library. Given Adler's life-long interest in Jewish libraries, and his previous appointment as Librarian of the Smithsonian Institution, it is understandable that he should have put so much of his energy into the library of the College. Indeed, the library acquired many of its most important rare books and manuscripts during Adler's tenure. Some of these were his own gifts, including a collection of fragments from the Cairo Genizah which he purchased during his travels in the early 1890s.

The collection is rich in correspondence with book and periodical publishers, rare book and antiquities dealers (particularly in Germany), shipping agents and individual collectors in the United States and abroad. These files also document the library's acquisition of many private book and manuscript collections, both by purchase and donation.

Related records in the archives of the Library are quarterly and annual reports, the earliest of these having been written by Adler himself, and some later correspondence files. There is some overlap between the archives of the Library and those of the JQR, which is explained below.

Jewish Quarterly Review (Archives Group DC 9)

A significant proportion of this collection concerns the JQR in some way, constituting the majority of the archival record during this time period. Additional financial records can also be found in the  JQR archives.

Established in London in 1888, the JQR was "the only scientific magazine devoted to Jewish subjects in the English Language." (  1, page 279) In 1909, Dr. Adler persuaded the Board of Dropsie College to take over this publication, and he became its chief Editor. For more information, the researcher should consult the Minutes of the Board of Governors.

There are numerous files relating to individual and corporate subscribers and sales agents, including libraries, vendors of books and periodicals, and subscription fulfillment houses. These subscriptions were often in the form of an exchange with other periodical publishers, many of them being Universities (i.e.: the JQR in exchange for another serial title published by that institution and collected by the Dropsie College library.) Frequently these items appear in the "Miscellaneous" files, but correspondence about subscriptions can also be found among many of the more extensive files.

Related files include extensive business correspondence with various printers and publishers, especially Macmillan and Company, the Oxford University Press, and the Hebrew Press. This correspondence often contains Dr. Adler's own detailed printing instructions and corrections. An important lacuna is the lack of related correspondence with the editors of the original London series (1888-1908), Israel Abrahams and Claude Montefiore.

Additional, frequent correspondence concerns Dr. Adler's editorial work. These files include his letters of request that individuals write articles or produce reviews for the journal. They also include critiques of the material submitted for publication; the latter may have been written by Adler himself, or by his assistants, Dr. Margolis and Dr. Zeitlin.

It was Dr. Adler's set policy either to return to the author all original manuscript material submitted to the JQR, or else to destroy it. Therefore, with only a few exceptions, there is virtually no such material in the Adler Papers, nor elsewhere in the archives of the  JQR. The handful of exceptions appear to have been overlooked, rather than to have been retained deliberately. These are described under Removals.

Registrar (Archives Group DC 6)

-- Student Files

Many files relate to prospective and actual students of the Dropsie College. The apparent, original state of the collection makes clear that it was Dr. Adler's practice to include in his own files any material relating to those individuals and their association with the College. The researcher should note that files pertaining to prospective students who did not matriculate have been left undisturbed. However, all material which constitutes the official student record of any individual has been removed and placed in the archives of the Registrar's Office. For more information see Removals.

The majority of the Correspondence files on former students follow a regular pattern. Typically, they include correspondence relating to an alumnus' continued use of the library, contributions of reviews and articles to the JQR, as well as seasonal and birthday greetings to Dr. Adler. In some cases, these files also concern the revision and publication of the student's thesis some years after graduation. Correspondence of a more personal nature is less common, and frequently takes the form of announcements of such events as new jobs, marriages and births. Extensive correspondence with former students is rare in this collection, unless the individual maintained a close friendship with Adler, or an association with the College over a period of years.

-- Faculty Files

Unlike the Student records, the Registrar's archives has no separate files on Faculty members dating from Dr. Adler's tenure. For this reason, Correspondence files relating to actual or prospective members of the faculty have been left undisturbed. Typically, they contain correspondence relating to the faculty member's hire and periodic salary negotiations, memoranda concerning the routine events of the academic year, and correspondence relating to special activities (such as publications, travel abroad, purchases made on behalf of the library, etc.) For the most part, these files do not contain information about students. The files of those faculty members who had administrative as well as academic responsibilities often contain more substantive material about the business of the College.

NOTE: Faculty files and Student files are confidential records, and will be released for research only on a case-by-case basis. The Library reserves the right to refuse such requests, and to limit access to all sensitive materials.

Significant Activities

Cyrus Adler either led or participated in so many scientific and cultural institutions and activities, in addition to his presidency of the Dropsie College, that it is impossible even to provide an outline of them here. The following descriptions, therefore, relate only to those most significant organizations or activities which are represented in some way within these Papers.

The absence of such a description here does not mean that the collection has no related materials. The researcher should also note that such materials are frequently filed under other, perhaps unexpected, alphabetical headings. He or she is strongly advised to consult Adler's correspondence with those other individuals who may have been associated with the activity of interest. (See also: Important Lacunae and Series Descriptions.)

American Jewish Committee (AJC)

In the early 1900s Dr. Adler formed the original group ("the Wanderers") which later became the AJC. As he stated in his autobiography, the AJC "claimed a very considerable part of my active public Jewish life" ( 1, page 246-247). He served on its Executive Committee continuously for the remainder of his life, and from 1929 onward as its President. Dr. Adler represented the AJC at the first meeting of the American Jewish  Congress in December 1918, and was selected to represent the Committee at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. But there is only a single folder in this collection under the direct heading  AJC, containing relatively routine correspondence dated 1935-1939. (See also: American Jewish Congress, and American Jewish Relief Committee.)

American Jewish Congress

There is only one folder under the direct heading of the Congress in these papers, and while it dates from 1917 to 1933, it is quite slim in its contents.

American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS)

Adler is considered the Founder of the AJHS, and served as its President. But the related files in this collection are comparatively slim. Ranging in date from 1911 to 1939, these files include some drafts of his writings and/or addresses, correspondence regarding a monument to Haym Salomon, and meetings of the AJHS which were held at the Dropsie College.

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee ("The Joint")

Adler was an active member of The Joint, and served on its Executive Committee from 1922 to 1940. But there is only one folder directly filed under the heading of The Joint; it consists of meeting minutes from 1920.

American Jewish Relief Committee (AJRC)

The AJRC was the WWI relief arm of the American Jewish Committee. These files constitute by far the largest single series of records in the collection, 6.5 linear feet in volume. Adler was deeply involved in relief work throughout the period of the War and in succeeding years, and led the AJRC's Philadelphia campaigns from 1914 into the 1920's.

The material in this collection primarily consists of the records of two major fund-raising efforts: the Jewish War Relief Campaign (1914-1921; bulk: 1919) and the American Jewish Relief Appeal (1921-1925; bulk: 1922). Most of this material relates specifically to fund-raising activities in the State of Pennsylvania, particularly in Philadelphia, although a few files relate to campaigns in other localities. When the current processing began, it was found that the records of the Appeal were often mingled with those of the  Campaign; this confusion was very probably of recent origin. It has been difficult at best, and in many cases impossible to accurately distinguish between the two sets of records. Files dating from 1922 forward have been assumed to relate solely to the  Appeal.

Chicago Exposition (1893):  See World's Columbian Exposition

Committee of Fifteen

This group was "appointed" by Horace Stern during a meeting at his home on April 28, 1925. Adler himself was one of the fifteen men appointed. Two years later, the Committee advocated creating a new body, the Philadelphia Jewish Education Council.

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia

These files relate to matters concerning the Federation as a body, and its many constituent institutions. The material dates from 1908 to 1940, with the bulk of it dating from 1920 to 1929. It constitutes the second largest single series of records in the collection, comprising over 2.5 linear feet under the direct heading "Federation," and much more if all the related files are taken together. Materials pertaining to the Federation and its administration include some governance documents, minutes of meetings and budgetary statements. The most extensive material in this category relates to Dr. Adler's participation in that department of the Federation known as the "Education Group."

Organizations which appear with some frequency in the Federation files include: the Alliance Israelite, Associated Talmud Torahs, Big Sisters, Blaine Community Centre, Eagleville Sanitarium for Consumptives, Federated Loan Association, Hebrew Literature Society, Hebrew Sheltering Home, Jewish Convalescent Home, Jewish Hospital Association, Jewish Welfare Society, Juvenile Aid Society, Mount Sinai Hospital Association, National Farm School, Neighborhood Centre, Society of the United Hebrew Charities, United Synagogue of America, and the Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association. There is some, but relatively little, correspondence relating to individual applicants for various types of aid.

See also: the Alliance Israelite, Committee of Fifteen, National Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, National Council of Jewish Women, Philadelphia Board of Public Education, Philadelphia Jewish Education Council, Talmud Torahs, United Synagogue, and the Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association.

Free Library of Philadelphia (FLP)

Adler served as a member of the Board of Trustees from roughly 1915 onward, acting as its President from 1925 until his retirement from the Board in 1939. There is only one folder of correspondence in this collection. Although ranging in date from 1914 to 1938, the material is scanty, and pertains only to business conducted between FLP and the Dropsie College.

Gratz College

Adler served as a member of the Board of Gratz College. There was also a long and close relationship between that institution and the Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning. The Adler Papers contain three folders of correspondence relating to Gratz College, dating from 1913 to 1940. While comparatively slim, and lacking information about Adler's early service on the Board, these files appear to be comprehensive regarding his term as president of Dropsie College. (See also: Mikveh Israel Synagogue.)

The Hebrew Press

Adler was instrumental in establishing the Hebrew Press as an arm of the Jewish Publication Society, in large part for the purpose of locally printing the JQR. There is extensive correspondence concerning the Press in this collection, dating from 1922 to 1939. (See also: Jewish Publication Society.)

Jewish Publication Society of America (JPS)

Adler was one of the founders of the JPS. He served as a Trustee and member of the Publication Committee from the formation of JPS in 1888 until his death in 1940, and as Chair of the Publication Committee from 1925 to 1934. He originated The American Jewish Yearbook, and was also instrumental in forwarding the 1917 translation of the Bible. There are two, slim, series of related files in this collection. The three folders in the Correspondence Group date from 1913 to 1939, and largely concern the relationship between JPS and the Dropsie College. The eight (very slight) folders in the Personal Papers Group date from 1887 to 1900, and primarily concern the "Preliminary List of Jewish Soldiers and Sailors who served in the Spanish American War," published in the 1900-1901  Yearbook. (See also: Hebrew Press.)

Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTS)

Considering the importance of Dr. Adler's role in the Seminary's affairs, and the length of his association with the JTS, there is surprisingly little related material in this collection. Only three categories of material are filed under the direct heading JTS: invitations to and programs of events at the Seminary, such as annual commencements; holograph or type-script copies of addresses given by Dr. Adler at various JTS events; and records of the Philadelphia Branch of the Seminary.

All these files together are little more than one linear foot in extent. Related materials will be found filed as Adler himself filed them, under the names of individual correspondents and/or topics. Two important lacunae in the collection are the virtual lack of correspondence with Sabato Morais, Adler's mentor and the founder of the JTS; and the complete lack of any correspondence between Dr. Adler and his colleague and friend, Solomon Schechter, whom he helped to make President of JTS, and whom he succeeded in that office from 1915 onward.

Johns Hopkins University (JHU)

Adler enrolled in the JHU "Semitic Seminary" in 1883, and became "the first person who received a Doctor of Philosophy in Semitics from an American university" in 1887 ( 1, page 64.) JHU appointed him Instructor in Semitic Languages, and he continued his association there until 1892. While still a student, Adler became a close friend of Professor Paul Haupt, and later became his assistant. An important  lacuna in this collection is the complete lack of any correspondence with Dr. Haupt.

The Personal Papers Group contains a number of Adler's academic notebooks on such subjects as Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Ethiopic, and Semitics, mentioned in his autobiography ( 1, page 53.) This group also contains several of the papers and reviews he wrote for various societies and journals while associated with JHU. His diploma is in this collection, as are a large number of receipts from JHU and the University Club.

Mikveh Israel Synagogue (Congregation Mikveh Israel)

Cyrus Adler was affiliated with this influential, Sephardic synagogue from the time his family moved to Philadelphia in 1869, and served as its President from 1911 to 1916. As a youngster he took private lessons with the congregation's minister, Sabato Morais, and later became his friend. The building of the Dropsie College shared the corner of Broad and York Streets with Mikveh Israel and its educational affiliate, Gratz College. There are two folders of related correspondence in the Adler Papers, dating from 1909 to 1940.

Paris Peace Conference (1919): See: American Jewish Committee.

Philadelphia Board of Public Education

Dr. Adler was appointed to the Board in June, 1921, and resigned in 1925. He received numerous congratulatory messages upon this appointment from peers, friends, and well-wishers, including Simon Gratz, Morris Jastrow, and members of the Solis-Cohen family. Organizations frequently represented in these files include the Philadelphia Teachers' Association, Women Teachers' Organization (later Association) of Philadelphia, and the White-Williams Foundation. The material also includes correspondence from individual schools (chiefly invitations to events) and letters from school administrators and teachers.

Separate but related files in this collection include: Edwin C. Broome, Jr., the Citizen's Emergency Committee on Public Education, Committee of Fifteen, Education Aid Society, Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, National Education Association, Philadelphia Jewish Education Council, and Clinton Rogers Woodruff.

Sesqui-Centennial Exposition (Philadelphia)

Adler served as an active member of both the Education and Religion committees of the Exposition. There are five folders of related correspondence, dating from 1923 to 1926, which include various official invitations.

Smithsonian Institution

The 1846 act of Congress which created the Smithsonian Institution provided for a library and museum (later called the United States National Museum.) While a student at Johns Hopkins University, Adler visited the Museum in 1888, and made the acquaintance of the Director, Dr. George Goode. Later that year, Adler prepared the Museum's exhibit of Biblical archaeology at the "Cincinnati Exposition," and in 1890, through this association, he became a special commissioner for the "Chicago Exposition." Afterwards, he was offered the post of Librarian of the Smithsonian Institution, which he held from 1892 until 1905. From 1905 to 1908, he served as Assistant Secretary. While in these posts he became close friends with the Institution's Director, Samuel Langley, and in some regards acted virtually as the administrator of the Smithsonian.

There is one folder pertaining to Samuel Langley and another to the Smithsonian in the Correspondence Group of this collection. The Personal Papers Group contains the damaged draft of a letter from Adler to Langley, and one other folder pertaining to the Smithsonian; this Group also contains various other personal and professional correspondence and receipts dating from Adler's years in Washington, D.C. There is also one file under the direct heading of the United States National Museum in the Personal Papers. (See also: World's Columbian Exposition.)

United States National Museum: See Smithsonian Institution.

United Synagogue of America

Adler was one of the founders of the United Synagogue, and served as its President from 1914 to 1918. There are nine folders of related materials dating from 1915 to 1940, but they are relatively slim. There is a significant gap between 1924 and 1938, although there are some files relating to the addresses which Adler gave at meetings of the Women's League of the organization during those years.

University of Pennsylvania (U of P)

Cyrus Adler earned his Bachelor's degree from the U of P in 1883, and gave the class oration at graduation. While working toward his PhD at the Johns Hopkins University, he also took his Master's degree from the U of P in 1886, and again gave the class oration. He was granted an honorary Doctorate by the University of Pennsylvania in 1930. The collection contains both his Bachelor and Master of Arts diplomas, but no other materials relating to his academic work at the U of P. The files date from 1908 to 1940. For the most part, they comprise two types of materials: those concerning the reciprocal relationships between the U of P and the Dropsie College, and those pertaining to Adler's membership in the U of P alumni association.

World's Columbian Exposition (Chicago, 1893)

In 1890, Adler was appointed by a U. S. Congressional Committee to the post of Commissioner of the World's Columbian Exposition to Turkey, Persia, Egypt, Tunis and Morocco. From 1890 to 1893 he traveled throughout the Near East to solicit the participation of the governments and businessmen of those countries in the Exposition. The only materials in this collection which directly relate to his work for the Exposition are two large certificates, and a number of receipts (primarily from hotels, including Shepheard's in Cairo), which are filed in the Personal Papers Group.

Young Men's & Young Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)

There is roughly one-half linear foot of related material in this collection, primarily concerning the Philadelphia YM/WHA, but including some files on the YM/WHAs in New York City and other towns in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. These files date from 1912 to 1940; the bulk of them date from 1920 to 1927, and much of the material concerns the "new" building at Broad and Pine Streets. (See also: Federation, above; and Leeser Library, below.)


In his autobiography, Adler stated that his "major Jewish duties" were his involvement with the Federation, the Jewish Publication Society, the College, and the Seminary. ( 1, page 329) In addition to the administrative papers of Dropsie College, this collection preserves important materials pertaining to Adler's work for most of the other institutions of which he was a leader. But these files do not in any way form a complete record of his relationship with those organizations (see the Scope and Content Note, above.)

Some surprising gaps also occur in the Adler Papers. Granted that the collection primarily pertains to Dr. Adler's work as President of the Dropsie College, yet there are numerous materials documenting his other, unrelated activities, as well as his relationships with friends and colleagues. So numerous are the inclusions, in fact, that the omissions noted below would appear to be deliberate. Whether such gaps represent an aspect of Dr. Adler's own filing system, or a later removal, cannot now be guessed with any certainty. The researcher is again advised to review Adler's correspondence with all those individuals who shared his interests and responsibilities.

Hebrew Education Society (HES)

Dr. Adler's uncle, David Sulzberger, was active in the HES.

As a youngster Adler attended one of the HES parochial schools in Philadelphia, and later became well acquainted with some of its leaders, including Sabato Morais and Moses Aaron Dropsie. As President of both the Dropsie College and JTS, Adler was also much involved in the Education Group of the Federation and a number of other Jewish educational organizations. But there is no file under the direct heading of the HES. (See also: Isaac Leeser Library, below.)

International Catalog of Scientific Literature

Adler represented the United States at an international conference on the cooperative cataloging of scientific literature, held in London in 1898. He is credited with making an important contribution toward the development of the Catalog. ( 1, pages 219-235) Adler's own copies of this publication have been removed from the Personal Papers Group and placed in the Archives Ephemera collection. (See also: Smithsonian Institution, above.)

Jewish Agency for Palestine

Adler was associated with this organization from its inception, and in 1929 he visited Palestine on behalf of the Agency. There is no file under the direct heading of the Jewish Agency in this collection. However, one file contained information about a variety of Palestinian organizations, many of them educational and charitable institutions, most of which contains material dating from the time of his visit to Palestine on behalf of the Agency in the late 1920s. This file has been divided and new files established for each of these organizations, with cross references in the container list.

Jewish Encyclopedia

This encyclopedia was published in twelve volumes from 1901 to 1906. Dr. Adler served on its editorial Board as head of the Departments of Post-Biblical Antiquities and Jews of America. There is no file for this publication in the collection. However, there is one file on the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, to which Adler contributed in the last years of his life.

Jewish Welfare Board

After the United States entered World War I, Adler called a conference of several organizations, which later became known as The Jewish Welfare Board. Among the achievements of the Board was the creation of the Union Prayerbook for the use of Jewish servicemen. (  1, pages 300-303) This collection has no files under the direct heading of the Board, but a few items of correspondence may be found in the  Federation files.


Although not a member of the Kehillah of New York City, Adler was an admirer of that organization and a close associate of several of its leaders. In his autobiography, he states that he "established a Kehillah in Philadelphia in 1911," and served as its first president until the outbreak of World War I. ( 1, page 292) There is no file in this collection under the direct heading of "Kehillah," but there are a very few items pertaining to that organization scattered throughout the Correspondence.

Isaac Leeser Library

While a student at Central High School, Adler worked as a volunteer to staff the library of the Young Men's Hebrew Association in the evenings. At that time, he cataloged the Isaac Leeser Library, which was "in its day one of the best Hebrew libraries in America," and which had been "deposited" in the YMHA by the executors of Leeser's estate. This catalog was printed in 1883. In 1913, as President of the Dropsie College, Adler "arranged for its [the Leeser Library's] permanent deposit there [at the College]." (1, pages 20-21) This collection has no files under the direct heading of "Leeser," nor does any related material appear in the files pertaining to the YM/WHA, although these are contemporaneous with the transfer of the Library to the College.

Adler and Sulzberger Families

The Adler Papers do not include personal correspondence between himself and the closest members of his family. Nevertheless, the most striking lacuna in the Adler Papers is the virtual lack of correspondence between Cyrus Adler and his older cousin, Mayer Sulzberger. Judge Sulzberger preceded Adler in office as President of the Dropsie College, and worked closely with him as a Governor of the College until his death in 1923.

The bulk of the relevant files in this collection concern the estates of Joseph and Mayer Sulzberger, for both of whom Dr. Adler acted as executor. Much of this material pertains to the contents and posthumous distribution of Mayer Sulzberger's famous library. Fortunately, many of Adler's letters to Mayer are preserved in the Mayer Sulzberger Manuscript Collection. More information concerning Adler's election as President of the College can be found in the archives of the Board of Governors.


There are several important individuals with whom Cyrus Adler had close personal and/or professional contacts, yet for whom there are no files in this collection. These individuals include: members of his immediate family (although there are a few photographs in the Personal Papers), Moses Aaron Dropsie, most members of the Friedenwald family, Paul Haupt, Louis Marshall, Jacob and Mortimer Schiff, and Solomon Schechter.

A number of other individuals are represented in the collection by only one or two items of correspondence directly filed under their names. These include: Morris Jastrow, Sabato Morais, Mayer Sulzberger and other members of that family, and Felix Warburg. The researcher is reminded that additional correspondence with and about certain individuals may be found in other, usually topical, files.

Scope and Contents

The Margolis collection spans the years 1891-1932, with the bulk of the collection dating from after 1894.

The vast majority of the collection relates to Margolis' various professional activities. Virtually no private papers (i.e., papers of a strictly personal nature) are to be found, although there are various clippings about him collected at the time of his death and what may be a photograph of his wife Evelyn. The collection does provide a convenient guide to Margolis' many literary efforts, including handwritten as well as typescript drafts of his articles, clippings or photostats of virtually all of his popular publications, and reprints of some of his published scholarly writings. There is correspondence relating to Margolis' involvement with the Society for Biblical Literature and thus Semitic studies in the United States and his role in the publication of the Journal of Biblical Literature. Margolis received letters from many of the prominent figures of this discipline, such as Richard Gottheil, Paul Haupt, Morris Jastrow, James Montgomery, and Charles Torrey.

A large part of this collection is composed of Margolis' many scholarly notes, recorded on index cards, and his drafts and notes for his most important scholarly writings: his reconstruction of the Greek translation of the book of Joshua and his efforts as editor-in-chief of the Jewish Publication Society's new translation of the entire Hebrew Bible into English in 1917; the five volume bound typescript of his history of the Jewish people written in collaboration with Alexander Marx; Margolis' important unpublished study in typescript of Andreas Masius' commentary on the Greek book of Joshua, many additional fragmentary manuscripts, and reprints of publications. A bound scrapbook, including a copy of Margolis' dissertation and other writings and correspondence pasted on or inserted between the pages of the volume, is also found in the collection.

List of Correspondents

Cyrus Adler, Nathan Adler, Herman Bernstein, Leo M. Brown, Emily Solis Cohen, Walter Blumenthal, Albert T. Clay, Wiollaim H. Cobb, George Dobsevage, A.M. Dockery, Winfred Nichols Donovan, W. Drugulin, Immanuel Due, James P. Duncan, Jacob Edelstein, Harry Ettelson, Gustav Foch, Jacob Freudenheim, Edward Goodspeed, Richard Gottheil, Frederck G. Grant, Kenneth Sylvan Guthrie, F. C. Harding, Paul Haupt, H. Hyvernat, Henry Hurwitz, M. Hyamson, Morris Jastrow, L.A. Kalbach, Charles Foster Kent, G. Kreysing, Joseph Kyle, Frank Lewis, John Meighan, Simon Miller, Hinckley G. Mitchell, James Montgomery, George F. Moore, Warren Moulton, Lewis Bayles Paton, John P. Peters, Waldo S. Pratt, A. Rahlfs, Samuel H. Ranck, Lois A. Reed, George L. Robinson, William G. Rockwell, James Hardy Ropes, Henry A. Sanders, George Schick, Nathaniel Schmidt, William G. Seiple, Charles Fremont Sitterly, Louise Pettibone Smith, Wallace N. Stearne, Louis Sulzbach, Charles Torrey, Tuttle and Co., J. Walsh, William Hays Ward, Leroy Waterman, Edward Arthur Wicher, G. G. Wilder, George Frederick Wright, W. Carleton Wood

Scope and Contents

The Margolis collection was processed in stages, as the project Archivist, Judith Robins, identified and segregated fragments of the Margolis collection found scattered throughout the Institution's archives. Most of the papers, even sixty years after his death, and even as they were found scattered, still bore some of the organizing principles of their creator.

The majority of the processing occurred during the preliminary stages. For example, many of Margolis' drafts and notes were typed on or taped to onion paper, which over the years had become creased and/or curled. Each leaf of this kind was flattened as possible and groups of these pages as they were identified and processed were placed in acid-free containers. Of some tedium was the re-location and physical processing of Margolis' voluminous index/note cards. Hazardous materials (metal clips, etc.) were removed, and colored, index-card sized dividers were inserted to represent the divisions the clips had formerly marked. Nearly 8 LF were re-located for temporary storage. An extremely tentative arrangement was created for the cards, essentially following the order of the boxes in which they were found. To consult the cards, staff assistance should be requested.

An important discovery was made in the collection prior to its processing by a scholar of the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible (the Septuagint), Emanuel Tov of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Dr. Tov recently identified a negative photostatic copy of the never published fifth fascicle of Margolis' published edition of The Book of Joshua in Greek which had been presumed lost. Dr. Tov, in conjunction with the Annenberg Research Institute, has since published this volume (Monograph Series, Annenberg Research Institute, 1992). The (original) photostatic copy is currently found in this collection's  Literary Productions series. Details pertaining to the history and discovery of the fifth part are found in Tov's preface to the recently published volume.

Separated Materials

The original 3 volume bound typescript (and one three volume duplicate) of Margolis' collaborative history of the Jewish people, written with Alexander Marx, can be found in the Archives, shelved with this collection. Alongside these volumes is a typescript of Margolis' "Hebrew Accents" written for the Jewish Encylopedia and one bound volume of the typescript of Margolis' "The Theological Aspect of Reformed Judaism."

Clippings and photostats of Margolis' published articles have been re-located to over-sized storage in the archives room.

Index/note cards (see above, processing) have been housed, for the time being, in an unused catalog card cabinet in the basement of the building (B-2, Room A).


The Cyrus Adler Papers are organized into two groups: I. Correspondence. II. Personal papers.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies,  1994

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies,  January 1993

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Judith Robbins

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Arthur Kiron, Manuscripts Curator and Assistant Archivist.

Revision Description

Revised by Michelle Chesner, 2009 and by Louise Strauss,  2016

Revision Description

 April 2016

Access Restrictions

The Cyrus Adler Collection is open use by appointment for all researchers with a PennCard or other valid ID.

**Note: Faculty files and Student files are confidential records, and will be released for research only on a case-by-case basis. The Library reserves the right to refuse such requests, and to limit access to all sensitive materials.

Also, several files contain manuscripts in fragile condition. Photocopies are available in lieu of the originals.

Processor's note

Before the present work of processing and description began, this collection had been moved at least twice from one building to another, and perhaps more often. In addition, a previous attempt had been made to process the collection. At that time, roughly one half of the material (apparently, randomly selected) was organized alphabetically and placed in new containers. Still, although greatly disturbed, the original order of the material has not been lost. It is clear from the condition of the previously unprocessed materials in the collection that this alphabetical arrangement was Dr. Adler's own, or at least that used by his secretaries over the years (it can be safely assumed, with his approval.)

A good many items bear penciled notes in Dr. Adler's own hand, indicating where he wished them to be filed in this arrangement. Most often, such a notation was added when the appropriate topical file was not self-evident from such information as the signator, letterhead, or addressee. Many of these bear the notation "DC," indicating that this material pertained to the administration of Dropsie College, as opposed to one of his many other organizational commitments.

On the other hand, this collection demonstrates Dr. Adler's penchant for carrying out his many different responsibilities whenever and wherever the need arose. It contains numerous instances of correspondence relating to the affairs of one organization which was written on the letterhead stationary of another. For example, there are letters concerning the JQR which were written on the stationary of the Jewish Theological Seminary, as well as others pertaining to the Seminary but written on Dropsie College letterhead.

This disregard for appearances is striking in a man whose business practices were otherwise highly systematic. It may reveal something of the direct, no-nonsense quality which made Dr. Adler such a sought-after administrator. Unfortunately, this indiscriminate use of letterhead, combined with a tendency to assume that his correspondents would have no doubt as to his meaning, does lead to some confusion. Distinguishing between correspondence concerning the Dropsie College and the Gratz College is particularly difficult.

Despite the confusion that sometimes results for the reader of this correspondence today, it is clear that Dr. Adler tolerated no such confusion among his own affairs. Indeed, the collection is remarkably "clean," containing relatively few files which have no bearing on his work as President of Dropsie College, and virtually no admixtures between the files relating to his multiple responsibilities.

The processor has made two deliberate changes in arrangement. The first change involves those files concerning governmental agencies. Originally, these appear to have been filed under the most commonly used, shortened name of each agency or department. For example, material relating to the Mayor of Philadelphia was filed under "Mayor," and correspondence with the Library of Congress was filed under "Library."

In the present arrangement, all agencies of the city of Philadelphia are filed first under Philadelphia, and then the agency name. Likewise, departments of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania are filed first under Pennsylvania, and then the agency name. Equally, all agencies of the U.S. government are filed first under United States, and then the agency name. For example, material from the office of the Mayor of Philadelphia is now filed under "Philadelphia, City of -- Mayor's Office", and correspondence with the Library of Congress is now filed under "United States -- Library of Congress".

The second change in arrangement involves the deliberate splitting-up of the file relating to Palestine into a number of separate files on various agencies. This was done to give greater access to this material, and cross references between these files are given in the Container List.


The processor wishes to thank the following individuals and institutions for their assistance: Helen Ritter, Archivist of the American Jewish Committee; Denise Gluck, Archivist of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Inc.; Gina Hsin of the American Jewish Historical Society; and Gail Pietrzyk of the University of Pennsylvania Archives. Special thanks are due to Arthur Kiron, Manuscripts Curator/Assistant Archivist of the Katz Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, for his support and encouragement.

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Related Materials

Related Collections

Cyrus Adler Collection; Sabato Morais Papers.


Oversize Materials

Certain materials have been removed from their original context within the collection due to their size, format or condition. Some items have been removed from the files on each of the following organizations: American Jewish Relief Committee; Committee of Fifteen; Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia; Philadelphia Board of Public Education; Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association; news clippings, and various notes and certificates from the Personal Papers Group.

With one exception, all of these removals can be found in boxes 126 through 129. The sole exception is a poster, in Hebrew and English, publicizing the 1922 Philadelphia Campaign of the American Jewish Relief Appeal; this item has been framed and is currently on display in the Archives Room.

The following additional materials have been completely removed from the collection for a variety of reasons, as explained below:

Ephemeral Publications

Copies of pamphlets, published addresses and offprints by Cyrus Adler have been removed and placed in the Archives Ephemera Collection. This Collection contains offprints and other ephemeral publications of individuals associated with the College, either as administrators, alumni or faculty. A number of other ephemeral publications by many authors which at one time belonged to Cyrus Adler, and which may even have been formerly kept in his files, can be found elsewhere in the Library.

Friends of Dropsie College (Archives Group DC 8)

This series of records has been removed in its entirety, and transferred to the archives of the Development department.

Gratz College

One item of correspondence was removed during processing and donated to the archives of Gratz College. This is a three-page letter written by Henry M. Speaker, Principal of Gratz College, to the President and Board of Trustees of the College, dated May 23rd, 1906.

Miscellaneous Manuscript Collections

In accordance with the Library's procedures, individual manuscripts were removed from the Correspondence files during processing, and established as separate Miscellaneous Manuscript Collections. The name and call number of each such collection is listed below.

Most of these manuscripts were incorporated in the Adler Papers during his lifetime, although at least one was clearly added at some time after his death. Some were submissions to the Jewish Quarterly Review. In his capacity as Editor of the  JQR, Cyrus Adler received and personally reviewed hundreds of original manuscripts. While it was the set policy of the  JQR always to return these originals to the authors, it would appear that for reasons unknown, some were retained.

Henry Friedenwald (MM 11)

Jacob Hoschander (MM 14)

Moise Schwab (MM 15)

H. M. Zippel (MM 17)

Joseph Zolin (MM 16)

Ignaz Zollschan (MML 2)


Individual issues of various periodicals appear infrequently throughout the Adler Papers. Whenever such an issue formed part of a title held by the Library, that issue was removed from the collection and added to the general serials collection.

Student Files

As noted above, many of the correspondence files concern students of Dropsie College. Whenever those files contained materials which constituted the individual's official student record, that material was removed during processing and placed in the archives of the Registrar's Office. Such materials include applications for admission, information relating to academic standing, notifications of acceptance or rejection of theses (now more commonly known as dissertations), notification of the conferral of degree, and invitations to graduation ceremonies.

For the most part, these files concern individuals who graduated from the College. There are many others relating to students who, for one reason or another, did not graduate (most frequently due to personal finances.) All those individuals found among Dr. Adler's correspondence files whose student records were removed in this way are listed below.

In a few instances, an entire correspondence file was transferred from the Adler Papers to the Registrar's archives, because it contained nothing other than the official student record. In those instances, no notation is made in the list of removals.

Researchers seeking information about students during Dr. Adler's tenure as President of the College should consult both the Adler Papers and the Registrar's files. They are also advised to be aware that all official student records are considered confidential, and are subject to local, state and Federal laws and regulations. With appropriate credentials, student records can be requested by name from either the Graduated Student Records ((DC 6 D1a) or the Non-Graduated Student Records (DC 6 D1b) in the Dropsie College Archives.

Student records have been removed from the correspondence files of the following individuals. The notation NGS indicates that this name is among the Non-Graduated Student files (Archives Series DC 6 D1b). All others will be found in the files of Graduated Students (DC 6 D1a).

Irving A. Agus (Agushewitz); Nachman Arnoff (NGS); Solomon Barsel (NGS); David Bethlachmy; Philip Birnbaum; Meyer S. Cohen; Mortimer J. Cohen; Zvi Cohen; Charles M. Cooper; Harry Davidowitz; Joseph Diamond; R. S. Faber (NGS); Maxwell Farber (NGS); Isaac Fein; Joshua Finkel; Simon Ginzburg; Elhanan Golomb; Robert Gordis; Solomon Grayzel; Simon Greenberg; Benzion Halper; Abraham Handelman; Sidney Hoenig; Israel Horowitz (NGS); Simon Hurwitz; Moses Jung; Louis Kaplan; Joseph Kaufman; Aharon Kessler; Harry O. H. Levine; Joseph Levitsky; Abraham J. Levy; Leon J. Liebreich; Joseph Medoff; John Meighan; Raphael Melamed; Samuel Nirenstein; Harry Meyer Orlinsky; Diana J. Reisman; Bernard Revel; Paul (Pinchas) Romanoff; Albert A. Ruskin; Charles Lee Russell (NGS); Abraham I. Schechter; Herman M. Schwartz (NGS); Pincus Shub; Zalmen Slesinger (NGS); Solomon L. Skoss; Nathaniel Sorosky (Soroff); Ephraim Speiser; Samuel Sussman; Eleazar I. Szadunski; Zev Vilnay; Pinchos Wechter; Baruch Weitzel; Norman Winestein (NGS); Michael M. Zarchin; Joseph Zeitlin (NGS); Solomon Zeitlin; Frank Zimmerman.

Related materials

It is apparent that Dr. Adler's successor as President of Dropsie College, Dr. Abraham Neuman, continued to add to this collection during his first few years in office. There is every reason to suppose that, just as Adler himself appears to have appropriated some of the files of his predecessor in office (Judge Mayer Sulzberger), so may Dr. Neuman have done with many of Adler's own files. The researcher is advised to consult the Abraham Neuman Papers for related files.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American Jewish Committee.
  • American Jewish Historical Society.
  • American Jewish Relief Committee for Sufferers from the War.
  • Congregation Mikveh Israel (Philadelphia, Pa.).
  • Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning.
  • Federation of Jewish Agencies of Greater Philadelphia.
  • Gratz College (Philadelphia, Pa.).
  • Jewish Publication Society of America.
  • Jewish Theological Seminary of America.
  • Johns Hopkins University..
  • Philadelphia Jewish Education Council..
  • School District of Philadelphia, Pa.. Board of Public Education..
  • Sesqui-Centennial International Exposition. (1926) (Location of Meeting--Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • Smithsonian Institution..
  • United Synagogue of America..
  • University of Pennsylvania..
  • World's Colombian Exposition. (1893) (Location of Meeting--Chicago, Ill.)
  • Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia..
  • Certificates
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts (documents)
  • Notebooks
  • Photographs
Personal Name(s)
  • Chomsky, William, 1897-1977. -- Correspondence
  • Cohen, Mortimer J., (Mortimer Joseph), 1894-1972. -- Correspondence
  • Edelman, Samuel,, b. 1885.
  • Finkel, Joshua, 1904-
  • Finkelstein, Louis, 1895-1991
  • Ginzburg, Simon, 1890-1944.
  • Golomb, Elhanan H., (Elhanan Hirsh), b. 1887.
  • Gordis, Robert, 1908-
  • Grayzel, Solomon, 1896-1980.
  • Greenstone, Julius H., (Julius Hillel), 1873-1955.
  • Halper, B.
  • Husik, Isaac, 1876-1939.
  • Jung, Leo, 1892-1987.
  • Jung, Moses, 1891-1960.
  • Lederer, Ephraim
  • Levy, Abraham J., (Abraham Juda), 1896-1949.
  • Linfield, H. S., (Harry Sebee), 1889-
  • Magnes, Judah Leon, 1877-1948.
  • Mann, Jacob, 1888-1940.
  • Margolis, Max Leopold, 1866-1932. -- Correspondence
  • Marx, Alexander, 1878-1953.
  • Mendes, H. Pereira, (Henry Pereira), 1852-1937.
  • Montgomery, James A., (James Alan), 1866-1949.
  • Nathan, Edward I.
  • Orlinsky, Harry Meyer, 1908-1992
  • Rabinowitz, E. N., (Elias Nathan), b. 1884.
  • Reich, Nathaniel Julius, 1882-1942.
  • Reider, Joseph, 1884-1960.
  • Revel, Bernard, 1885-1940.
  • Rosenbach, A. S. W., (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952.
  • Rosenwald, Lessing J., (Lessing Julius), 1891-1979.
  • Rubenstein, Frank Jay
  • Schechter, Abraham I.
  • Schulman, Samuel, 1864-1955
  • Skoss, Solomon Leon, 1884-1953
  • Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965
  • Stern, Horace, 1878-1969.
  • Stone, Nathan I.
  • Sulzberger, Joseph
  • Sulzberger, Mayer, 1843-1923.
  • Wolf, Morris, b. 1889.
  • Zarchin, Michael M., (Michael Moses), b. 1893.
  • Zeitlin, Solomon, 1886-1976
  • Jews--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning..
  • Jewish Publication Society of America.
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts (documents)
  • Notebooks
  • Publications (documents)
  • Scrapbooks
  • Jews--Study and teaching

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Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Adler Collection Finding Aid.

1 1

Series I: Correspondence, 1935-1942.

Series Description

Correspondence constitutes the lion's share of the Adler Papers. This group is arranged in a single alphabet including personal names, corporate names, and subjects. All files are organized in a strict alphabetical arrangement (Ma before Mc-), and each new letter of the alphabet is begun with one or more files of "Miscellaneous" correspondence. (For example, the file "Miscellaneous A-Ac" precedes the file "Abel, Martin".) These files consist of correspondence with various persons or organizations too slight in extent each to be given a separate folder. The rare presence of photographs and/or picture postcards in any folder is indicated in the container list.

While the Correspondence ranges widely in date, virtually all of the materials in the "Miscellaneous" files date only from the years 1935 to 1942. There is nothing to account for this discrepancy. Materials post-dating Adler's death in 1940 primarily consist of routine correspondence concerning the JQR. It would appear that these later materials were added to Adler's files until his successor in the office of President (Dr. Abraham Neuman) created his own, separate filing system.

Cyrus Adler was a most methodical businessman. The great majority of his own letters were typed, with multiple carbon copies. These copies were routinely filed by name or subject, as appropriate. This rule holds true even for the most confidential correspondence, and it is likely that gaps in the record are due to accident rather than to any form of selective editing on Dr. Adler's part. Occasionally, these files contain his draft notes, or entire holograph copies, as well as variant typed versions of a single document. Drafts and variants rarely exist for memoranda or letters, but occur more frequently for addresses and other planned publications.

-- Topical Files

Most of the correspondence files relate to individuals, while others concern organizations, business firms, activities or topics. Files pertaining to specific topics (for example, Calendar Reform) consist almost entirely of material sent or received through the mail or by telegraph. There are virtually no "vertical files," or collections of what might be called general information about any subject, although many do include such ephemera as brochures, issues of periodical publications, and newspaper clippings.

Dr. Adler did not cross-file carbon copies between individual correspondents and subjects. For example, while there is a file of letters exchanged with Jacob Billikopf, it does not contain every single letter Adler exchanged with him. Many other letters both to and from Mr. Billikopf appear in the various files which represent those subjects, or activities, which were of concern to both men. To take this example a step further, persons wishing to find correspondence between Dr. Adler and Mr. Billikopf pertaining to their work for the Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, or the American Jewish Relief Committee, should consult the files on those topics.

-- Individual Files

Files about individual persons contain both the letters received from that individual (and/or his family) and any drafts or carbon copies made of Adler's own letters to that individual. In addition, many files also contain correspondence to and from others  about that individual. For example, files relating to former students may contain letters from prospective employers requesting confirmation of that student's credentials, while files relating to faculty members may contain letters of recommendation submitted on their behalf, and so on. Also, there are many instances of correspondence with various members of an individual's family after his or her death.

Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: A--AC.

1 2

Abel, Martin S., 1936.

1 3

Abeles, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac, 1937-1938.

1 4

Abingdon Press, 1935-1939.

1 5

Abrahams, Joseph B., 1909-1939.

1 6

Abramowitz, Herman, 1916-1937.

1 7


1 8

Academy for Adult Jewish Education, 1935-1939.

1 9

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 1912, 1923, 1936-1938.

1 10

Miscellaneous Correspondence: AD.

1 11

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Adler.

1 12

Adler, Elkan N., 1916-1936.

1 13

Adler, Joseph, 1924-1936.

1 14

Adler, Max, 1926-1939.

1 15

Miscellaneous Correspondence: AE--AG.

1 16

Aescoly, A. Z., 1932-1939.

1 17

Agushewitz [Agus], Irving A., 1932-1939.

1 18

Miscellaneous Correspondence: AL -- AM, 1935-1939.

1 19

Albright, William F., 1921-1938.

1 20
Allenby--American Council on Education.
Box Folder

Allenby, Edmund Henry, undated, 1928.

2 1

Alliance Israelite Universelle (See also: Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia Boxes 33-38; Alliance Box 120, FF 13; Alliance Schools Box 121, FF 1; and Receipts Box 125, FF 10), 1910-1939.

2 2

Miscellaneous Correspondence: American A--J.

2 3

American Academy for Jewish Research, 1922-1929.

2 4

American Academy for Jewish Research, 1930-1939.

2 5

American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1930-1939.

2 6

American Anthropology Association, 1905.

2 6A

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1905, 1938-1939.

2 6B

American Bar Association, 1937.

2 7

American Council of Learned Societies, 1925-1928.

2 8

American Council of Learned Societies, 1929-1939.

2 9

American Council on Education, 1928-1935.

2 10
American Council on Education--American Jewish Historical Society.
Box Folder

American Council on Education, 1936-1939.

3 1

The American Hebrew, 1908-1919.

3 2

The American Hebrew, 1920-1929.

3 3

The American Hebrew, 1930-1939.

3 4

American Historical Association, 1926-1939.

3 5

American Institute of Architects, 1923-1937.

3 6

The American Israelite, 1910-1938.

3 7

The American Jewish Chronicle, 1939.

3 8

American Jewish Committee, 1935-1939.

3 9

American Jewish Congress, 1917-1933.

3 10

American Jewish Historical Society, 1909-1919.

3 11
American Jewish Historical Society--American Jewish Relief Committee.
Box Folder

American Jewish Historical Society, 1935-1939.

4 1

American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS), undated.

4 2

AJHS--Haym Salomon Monument, 1927-1939.

4 3

AJHS--Meetings held at Dropsie College (See also: Receipts, Box 122, FF 10 and Box 126, FF 5) [American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee: See Joint Distribution Committee Box 57, FF 10], 1911-1924.

4 4

American Jewish Relief Committee (AJRC)--Correspondence: A, 1917.

4 5

AJRC--Correspondence: B, 1917.

4 6

AJRC--Correspondence: C--D, 1917.

4 7

AJRC--Correspondence: E--F, 1917.

4 8

AJRC--Correspondence: G, 1917.

4 9

AJRC--Correspondence: H--J, 1917.

4 10

AJRC--Correspondence: K--L, 1917.

4 11

AJRC--Correspondence: M, 1917.

4 12

AJRC--Correspondence: N--O, 1917.

4 13

AJRC--Correspondence: P--R, 1917.

4 14

AJRC--Correspondence: S, 1917.

4 15

AJRC--Correspondence: T--W, 1917.

4 16

AJRC--Amounts Paid to the Philadelphia Branch, 1915-1917.

4 17
American Jewish Relief Committee, Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC): Contributions.
Box Folder

American Jewish Relief Committee--Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC)--Contributions: A, 1919.

5 1

JWRC--Contributions: B, 1919.

5 2

JWRC--Contributions: C, 1919.

5 3

JWRC--Contributions: D--E, 1919.

5 4

JWRC--Contributions: F, 1919.

5 5

JWRC--Contributions: G, 1919.

5 6

JWRC--Contributions: H, 1919.

5 7

JWRC--Contributions: I--J, 1919.

5 8

JWRC--Contributions: K, 1919.

5 9

JWRC--Contributions: L, 1919.

5 10

JWRC--Contributions: M, 1919.

5 11

JWRC--Contributions: N--O, 1919.

5 12

JWRC--Contributions: P--Q, 1919.

5 13

JWRC--Contributions: R, 1919.

5 14

JWRC--Contributions: S, 1919.

5 15

JWRC--Contributions: T--V, 1919.

5 16

JWRC--Contributions: W, 1919.

5 17

JWRC--Contributions: X--Z, 1919.

5 18
American Jewish Relief Committee, Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC), 1919.
Box Folder

American Jewish Relief Committee--Jewish War Relief Campaign--Letterhead, undated.

6 1

JWRC--Form Letters, 1919.

6 2

JWRC--Memos from New York Office, 1919.

6 3

JWRC--Memos re: Undistributed Cards, 1919.

6 4

JWRC--Correspondence: Cyrus Adler, 1919.

6 5

JWRC--Correspondence: B, 1919.

6 6

JWRC--Correspondence: C, 1919.

6 7

JWRC--Correspondence: D, 1919.

6 8

JWRC--Correspondence: E, 1919.

6 9

JWRC--Correspondence: F, 1919.

6 10

JWRC--Correspondence: G, 1919.

6 11

JWRC--Correspondence: H, 1919.

6 12

JWRC--Correspondence: J--I, 1919.

6 13

JWRC--Correspondence: K, 1919.

6 14

JWRC--Correspondence: L, 1919.

6 15

JWRC--Correspondence: M, 1919.

6 16

JWRC--Correspondence: N--O, 1919.

6 17

JWRC--Correspondence: P--Q, 1919.

6 18

JWRC--Correspondence: R, 1919.

6 19

JWRC--Correspondence: S, 1919.

6 20

JWRC--Correspondence: T, 1919.

6 21

JWRC--Correspondence: U--V, 1919.

6 22

JWRC--Correspondence: W, 1919.

6 23

JWRC--Correspondence: X--Z, 1919.

6 24

JWRC--Instructions to Workers, undated.

6 25

JWRC--Report to the Joint Distribution Committee -- Disbursements from Beginning to October 31, 1919.

6 26

JWRC--Returns, Proceeds, Statements, 1919.

6 27
American Jewish Relief Committee, Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC), 1919.
Box Folder

American Jewish Relief Committee--Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC)--Berks County, Pennsylvania, 1919.

7 1

JWRC--Bucks County, PA, 1919.

7 2

JWRC--Chester County, PA, 1919.

7 3

JWRC--Delaware County, PA, 1919.

7 4

JWRC--Lancaster County, PA, 1919.

7 5

JWRC--Lebanon County, PA, 1919.

7 6

JWRC--Lehigh County, PA, 1919.

7 7

JWRC--Montgomery County, PA, 1919.

7 8

JWRC--Northampton County, PA, 1919.

7 9

JWRC--New York Campaign, 1919.

7 10

JWRC--Other districts and campaigns, 1919.

7 11
American Jewish Relief Committee, Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC).
Box Folder

American Jewish Relief Committee--Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC)--Miscellaneous Lists, 1919.

8 1

JWRC--Dr. Adler's Lists, 1919.

8 2

JWRC--Meeting, September 18, 1919.

8 3

JWRC--Meeting, October 20, 1919.

8 4

JWRC--Meeting, October 24, 1919.

8 5

JWRC--Meeting, October 30, 1919.

8 6

JWRC--Dinner, November 17, 1919: Correspondence, undated.

8 7

JWRC--Dinner, November 17, 1919.

8 8

JWRC--Dinner, November 17, 1919: Mailing Lists.

8 9

JWRC--Dinner, November 17, 1919: Mailing Lists.

8 10

JWRC--Luncheon of Women Workers, November 19, 1919.

8 11
American Jewish Relief Committee, Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC) Advisory Boards and Organization, 1919.
Box Folder

American Jewish Relief Committee--JWRC Advisory Board, 1919.

9 1

JWRC--Correspondence with Physicians, 1919.

9 2

JWRC--Correspondence with Rabbis, 1919.

9 3

JWRC--Speakers Bureau, 1919.

9 4

JWRC--Staff, 1919.

9 5

JWRC--Chairmen and Teams, 1919.

9 6

JWRC--Philadelphia Teams, undated.

9 7

JWRC--Philadelphia District Staff, 1919.

9 8

JWRC--Team Organization, 1919.

9 9

JWRC--Team Organization # 1-10, 1919.

9 10

JWRC--Team Organization # 11-20, 1919.

9 11

JWRC--Team Organization # 21-30, 1919.

9 12

JWRC--Team Organization # 31-40, 1919.

9 13

JWRC--Team Organization # 41-50, 1919.

9 14

JWRC--Women's Division, 1919.

9 15

JWRC--Women's Division Districts, 1919.

9 16
American Jewish Relief Committee, Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC)--Publicity.
Box Folder

American Jewish Relief Committee--Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC)--Publicity: Miscellaneous, 1919.

10 1

JWRC--Local Printed Matter, 1919.

10 2

JWRC--Publicity Requisitions, 1919.

10 3

JWRC--Editors of Philadelphia papers, undated.

10 4

JWRC--Newspaper list for clipping service, undated.

10 5

JWRC--Western Newspaper Union: List, circa 1919.

10 6

JWRC--Western Newspaper Union press releases.

10 7

JWRC--"Dailies" Press Releases, circa 1919.

10 8

JWRC--Morning Exclusives: Philadelphia, circa 1919.

10 9

JWRC--Morning Exclusives outside Philadelphia.

10 10

JWRC--"Evening" Press Releases, circa 1919.

10 11

JWRC--Evening Exclusives: Philadelphia, circa 1919.

10 12

JWRC--"Sunday" Press Releases, 1919.

10 13

JWRC--"Jewish Papers" Press Releases, circa 1919.

10 14

JWRC--New York Office Press Releases, circa 1919.

10 15

JWRC--Miscellaneous Press Releases, circa 1919.

10 16
American Jewish Relief Committee, Jewish War Relief Campaign (JWRC), Publicity Correspondence--American Jewish Relief Appeal (AJRA).
Box Folder

American Jewish Relief Committee--JWRC--Publicity correspondence: Dr. Allis, Easton, 1919.

11 1

JWRC--Publicity: Louis Appelbaum, 1919.

11 2

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: B, 1919.

11 3

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: C, 1919.

11 4

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: D, 1919.

11 5

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: E, 1919.

11 6

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: A. Einstein, 1919.

11 7

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: A. B. Elliot, NY, 1919.

11 8

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: F, 1919.

11 9

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: G, 1919.

11 10

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: Irving G. Goldfarb, 1919.

11 11

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: H--J, 1919.

11 12

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: Roy Huber, 1919.

11 13

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: Harold Israel, 1919.

11 14

JWRC--Publicity Correspondence: K, 1919.

11 15

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: Rabbi Krauskopf, 1919.

11 16

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: L, 1919.

11 17

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: M, 1919.

11 18

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: S. Miller, Pottstown, 1919.

11 19

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: N, 1919.

11 20

JWRC- Publicity correspondence: Eli Orowitz, Chester, 1919.

11 21

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: P, contains photographs, 1919.

11 22

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: R, 1919.

11 23

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: S, 1919.

11 24

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: A. E. Shapiro, Lebanon, 1919.

11 25

JWRC--Publicity correspondence: W, 1919.

11 26

JWRC--Form letters, 1920.

11 27

American Jewish Relief Committee--American Jewish Relief Appeal (AJRA)--Miscellaneous lists, undated.

11 28

AJRA--"List of those present at conference", undated.

11 29

AJRA--Correspondence, 1921.

11 30

AJRA--Correspondence: Jacob Billikopf, 1921.

11 31

AJRA--Correspondence: Teams, 1921.

11 32

AJRA--Organizational Notebook, 1921-1922.

11 33

AJRA--Campaign Committees, 1921-1922.

11 34

AJRA--Publicity (See also: Box 126, FF 2 and Box 128), 1921-1922.

11 35
American Jewish Relief Committee, American Jewish Relief Appeal (AJRA)--Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Delaware and Washington, D.C.
Box Folder

AJRA--Adams County, PA, 1922.

12 1

AJRA--Berks County, PA, 1922.

12 2

AJRA--Bradford County, PA, 1922.

12 3

AJRA--Bucks County, PA, 1922.

12 4

AJRA--Cameron County, PA, 1922.

12 5

AJRA--Chester County, PA, 1922.

12 6

AJRA--Clinton County, PA, 1922.

12 7

AJRA--Columbia County, PA, 1922.

12 8

AJRA--Cumberland County, PA, 1922.

12 9

AJRA--Dauphin County, PA, 1922.

12 10

AJRA--Delaware County, PA, 1922.

12 11

AJRA--Franklin County, PA, 1922.

12 12

AJRA--Juniata County, PA, 1922.

12 13

AJRA--Lackawanna County, PA, 1922.

12 14

AJRA--Montgomery County, PA, 1922.

12 15

AJRA--Baltimore, Maryland Campaign, 1922.

12 16

AJRA--New Jersey Campaign, 1922.

12 17

AJRA--New York Campaign, 1922.

12 18

AJRA--Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Campaign, 1922.

12 19

AJRA--Washington, D.C. Campaign, 1922.

12 20

AJRA--Wilmington, Delaware Campaign (See also: Box 126, FF 1 and Box 128), 1922.

12 21
American Jewish Relief Committee--American Jewish Relief Appeal (AJRA)--Philadelphia District Staff--Correspondence, 1922.
Box Folder

American Jewish Relief Committee, American Jewish Relief Appeal (AJRA), Philadelphia District Staff, 1922.

13 1

AJRA--Philadelphia "Zone 3", undated.

13 2

AJRA--Pledges, 1922 January 8.

13 3

AJRA--Speakers Committee, 1921-1922.

13 4

AJRA--Speakers Committee, 1922.

13 5

AJRA--Team Lists, 1922.

13 6

AJRA--Fiscal Reports (See also: AJRA Ledger Box 127), 1922.

13 7

AJRA--Miscellaneous Office Correspondence, 1922.

13 8

AJRA--Correspondence: A, 1922.

13 9

AJRA--Correspondence: B, 1922.

13 10

AJRA--Correspondence: Jacob Billikopf, 1922.

13 11

AJRA--Correspondence: David A. Brown, 1922.

13 12

AJRA--Correspondence: C, 1922.

13 13
American Jewish Relief Committee, American Jewish Relief Appeal (AJRA), Correspondence: D--H.
Box Folder

AJRA--Correspondence: D, 1922.

14 1

AJRA--Correspondence: E, 1922.

14 2

AJRA--Correspondence: Charles B. Etter, 1922.

14 3

AJRA--Correspondence: F, 1922.

14 4

AJRA--Correspondence: Federation, 1922.

14 5

AJRA--Correspondence: G, 1922.

14 6

AJRA--Correspondence: Benjamin Golder, 1922.

14 7

AJRA--Correspondence: Worthington Gregory, 1922.

14 8

AJRA--Correspondence: Worthington Gregory, 1922.

14 9

AJRA--Correspondence: Worthington Gregory, 1922.

14 10

AJRA--Correspondence: H, 1922.

14 11
American Jewish Relief Committee, American Jewish Relief Appeal (AJRA), Correspondence: I--Rosenfelt.
Box Folder

AJRA--Correspondence: I--J, 1922.

15 1

AJRA--Correspondence: K, 1922.

15 2

AJRA--Correspondence: L, 1922.

15 3

AJRA--Correspondence: Lit Brothers, 1922.

15 4

AJRA--Correspondence: M, 1922.

15 5

AJRA--Correspondence: Judah L. Magnes, 1922.

15 6

AJRA--Correspondence: Jules E. Mastbaum, 1922.

15 7

AJRA--Correspondence: N--O, 1922.

15 8

AJRA--Correspondence: P--Q, 1922.

15 9

AJRA--Correspondence: Pannonia Beneficial Association, 1922.

15 10

AJRA--Correspondence: George Wharton Pepper, 1922.

15 11

AJRA--Correspondence: R, 1922.

15 12

AJRA--Correspondence: Henry H. Rosenfelt, 1922.

15 13
American Jewish Relief Committee, American Jewish Relief Appeal (AJRA) Correspondence: Julius Rosenwald--Z and miscellaneous (1923).
Box Folder

AJRA--Correspondence: Julius Rosenwald, 1922.

16 1

AJRA--Correspondence: Lessing J. Rosenwald (See also: Rosenwald Box 93, FF 16-17), 1922.

16 2

AJRA--Correspondence: S, 1922.

16 3

AJRA--Correspondence: S, 1922.

16 4

AJRA--Correspondence: Joseph Salus, 1922.

16 5

AJRA--Correspondence: Rita Shubin, 1922.

16 6

AJRA--Correspondence: Maurice J. Speiser, 1922.

16 7

AJRA--Correspondence: William C. Sproul, 1922.

16 8

AJRA--Correspondence: Joseph Sulzberger, 1922.

16 9

AJRA--Correspondence: Mayer Sulzberger, 1922.

16 10

AJRA--Correspondence: T, 1922.

16 11

AJRA--Correspondence: U--V, 1922.

16 12

AJRA--Correspondence: W, 1922.

16 13

AJRA--Correspondence: X--Z, 1922.

16 14

AJRA--Miscellaneous correspondence, 1923.

16 15

AJRA--Miscellaneous correspondence, 1923.

16 16
American Jewish Relief Committee, American Jewish Relief Appeal (AJRA) Correspondence and Business matters, 1923-1925.
Box Folder

AJRA--Correspondence: A, 1923.

17 1

AJRA--Correspondence: B, 1923.

17 2

AJRA--Correspondence: C, 1923.

17 3

AJRA--Correspondence: D--E, 1923.

17 4

AJRA--Correspondence: F, 1923.

17 5

AJRA--Correspondence: G, 1923.

17 6

AJRA--Correspondence: H (Contains acrostic poem "Save Them," by John Hagedorn), 1923.

17 7

AJRA--Correspondence: I--J, 1923.

17 8

AJRA--Correspondence: K, 1923.

17 9

AJRA--Correspondence: L, 1923.

17 10

AJRA--Correspondence: M, 1923.

17 11

AJRA--Correspondence: N, 1923.

17 12

AJRA--Correspondence: P, 1923.

17 13

AJRA--Correspondence: R, 1923.

17 14

AJRA--Correspondence: S, 1923.

17 15

AJRA--Correspondence: Joseph Salus, 1923.

17 16

AJRA--Correspondence: U--V, 1923.

17 17

AJRA--Correspondence: W, 1923.

17 18

AJRA--Miscellaneous, 1924.

17 19

AJRA--Staff Salaries, 1924.

17 20

AJRA--Miscellaneous, 1925.

17 21

AJRA--Staff Salaries, 1925.

17 22

AJRA--Correspondence: Harry Polish (See also: Box 126, FF 4), 1925.

17 23
American L--American Schools.
Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: American L--Z.

18 1

American Library Association, 1930-1939.

18 2

American Oriental Society (See also: Box 120, FF 14 and Receipts, Box 122, FF 10), 1923-1930.

18 3

American Palestine Bank, Ltd., Tel Aviv (See also: Palestine, Box 81), 1923-1925.

18 4

American Philosophical Society (See also: Box 128), 1912-1938.

18 5

American Pro-Falasha Committee, 1938-1939.

18 6

American Red Cross, 1927-1932.

18 7

American Red Cross (See also: Russian Red Cross, Box 94, FF 15), 1933-1939.

18 8

American School of Archaeology, Jerusalem, 1929.

18 9

American Schools of Oriental Research in Jerusalem, 1918-1921.

18 10

American Schools of Oriental Research, 1926, 1938.

18 11
American Schools of Oriental Research--Baker and Taylor Co.
Box Folder

American Schools of Oriental Research, 1939.

19 1

Miscellaneous Correspondence: AN.

19 2

Antonius, George, 1936.

19 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: AR--AS, 1935-1941.

19 4

Archaeological Institute of America (See also: AIA, Box 120, FF 15), undated, 1911-1939.

19 5

Arnoldi, Gibson, 1938.

19 6

Associated Hospital Service of Philadelphia, 1939.

19 7

Association of College Presidents of Pennsylvania, 1937-1939.

19 8

Association of Hebrew Authors, Jerusalem, 1925.

19 9

Association of Research Libraries, 1935-1939.

19 10

Miscellaneous Correspondence: AT--AZ, 1936-1939.

19 11

Auburn Theological Seminary, 1917-1939.

19 12

Avukah, 1927, 1935-1939.

19 13

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BA--BAM.

19 14

Bach, Margarethe, 1936.

19 15

Bacher, William, 1909-1914.

19 16

Bains, William, 1910-1932.

19 17

Baker and Taylor Company, 1910-1939.

19 18
Baltimore Hebrew College and Teachers Training School--Bernstein, Herman.
Box Folder

Baltimore Hebrew College and Teachers Training School, 1919-1929, 1939.

20 1

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BAR--BAZ.

20 2

Barack, Nathan, 1936-1937.

20 4

Barnette, Isidore, 1935-1938.

20 3

Baron, Hans, 1938-1939.

20 5

Baron de Hirsch Trade School, New York (See also: Baron de Hirsch, Box 126, FF 12-13), 1919.

20 6

Barton, George, 1911-1939.

20 7

Basnizki, Ludwig, 1938.

20 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BE--BEN.

20 9

Bearsted, Viscount, 1938.

20 10

Behrman's Jewish Book House, New York, 1935-1939.

20 11

Belasco, G. S., 1910-1920.

20 12

Belkin, Samuel, 1935-1937.

20 13

Bell Telephone of Pennsylvania, 1910-1934.

20 14

Congregation Bene Israel, Cincinnati, 1913-1915.

20 15

Ben-Mordechai, Chaim Azriel, 1939.

20 16

Bentwich, Norman, 1910-1939.

20 17

Ben Yehudah, Eliezar, 1913-1930.

20 18

Benzinger, Immanuel, 1916-1921.

20 19

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BER.

20 20

Bernstein, Herman, 1904-1936.

20 21
Berkowitz--Bloch Publishing Company.
Box Folder

Berkowitz, Henry, 1909-1924.

21 1

Bero, Stanley, 1935-1936.

21 2

Besso, Henry, 1935-1938.

21 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BET.

21 4

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BI.

21 5

Bibliographic Planning Committee, 1939.

21 6

Bibliotheca Sacra Company, 1920-1922.

21 7

Bienenfeld, Bernard, 1909-1918.

21 8

Bijur, Nathan, 1906-1930.

21 9

Billikopf, Jacob, 1918-1939.

21 10

The Biram School, undated, 1925-1931.

21 11

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BLA--BLI.

21 12

B. H. Blackwell, Ltd., 1913-1938.

21 13

Blau, Ludwig, 1911-1935.

21 14

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BLO.

21 15

Bloch, Arthur, 1926-1939.

21 16

Bloch, Joshua (See also: New York Public Library, Box 78, FF 1-2 and Bloch Publishing Co., below), 1911-1939.

21 17

Bloch Publishing Company, 1910-1916.

21 18

Bloch Publishing Company, 1917-1919.

21 19
Bloch Publishing Company--Bond Company.
Box Folder

Bloch Publishing Company, 1920.

22 1

Bloch Publishing Company, 1921.

22 2

Bloch Publishing Company, 1922-1923.

22 3

Bloch Publishing Company, 1924-1928.

22 4

Bloch Publishing Company, 1929-1932.

22 5

Bloch Publishing Company, 1933-1935.

22 6

Bloch Publishing Company (See also: Joshua Bloch, Box 21, FF 17), 1936-1939.

22 7

Blondheim, David, 1909-1935.

22 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BLU.

22 9

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BN--BOYS.

22 10

B'nai Brith, 1912-1929.

22 11

B'nai Brith, 1931-1939.

22 12

Boaz, Franz, 1938-1940.

22 13

Bodnick, Benjamin, 1938.

22 14

Bond Company, 1910-1914.

22 15
Box Folder

Bosch, Jose, 1935-1939.

23 1

Boston Public Library, 1936-1939.

23 2

Box, G. H., 1911-1933.

23 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BRA.

23 4

Brachman, Abraham, 1928-1940.

23 5

Brandeis, Louis D., 80th Birthday, 1936.

23 6

Braun, Martin, 1933-1935.

23 7

Brav, Louis, 1927-1940.

23 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BRE--BRI.

23 9

Breasted, James H., Portrait Fund, 1935-1936.

23 10

Bressler, David, 1936.

23 11

Brickner, Barnett, 1935-1937.

23 12

Brith Shalom, 1935.

23 13

The British Museum, 1921-1939.

23 14

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BRO--BRY.

23 15

Broadman Library, 1937.

23 16

Brockett, Paul, 1909-1939.

23 17

Brody, Heinrich, 1911-1933.

23 18

Broome, Edwin C., Jr. (See also: Philadelphia Board of Public Education, Boxes 86-88), 1936-1937.

23 19

Brylawski, Fulton, 1910-1923.

23 20

Bryn Mawr College, 1909-1935.

23 21

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BU--BUG.

23 22

Bucharest, Romania, 1936-1938.

23 23

Buchler, Adolf, 1910-1938.

23 24
Buffalo, New York Public Library--CA.
Box Folder

Buffalo, New York Public Library, 1910-1940.

24 1

Miscellaneous Correspondence: BUR--BY.

24 2

Bureau of Jewish Social Research, 1929.

24 3

Bureau of Jewish Social Research, 1931.

24 4

Bureau of Jewish Social Research, 1932.

24 5

Bureau of Jewish Social Research, 1933.

24 6

Bureau of Jewish Social Research, 1934.

24 7

Bureau of Jewish Social Research, 1935-1936.

24 8

Burling, L. D., 1935.

24 9

Burr, Charles, 1935-1938.

24 10

Burrows, Millar, 1936-1939.

24 11

Butzel, Fred M., 1937.

24 12

Miscellaneous Correspondence: CA.

24 13
Cadman, S. Parkes--Chicago, University of, 1935-1937.
Box Folder

Cadman, S. Parkes (See also: Church and Drama, Box 26, FF 7-8), 1935-1937.

25 1

Cahan Printing Company, 1909.

25 2

Cahan Printing Company, 1910-1911.

25 3

Cahan Printing Company, 1912.

25 4

Cahan Printing Company, 1913.

25 5

Cahan Printing Company, 1914-1915.

25 6

Calendar Reform (See also: League for Safeguarding the Fixity of the Sabbath, Box 60 FF 21), 1931-1936.

25 7

California, University of, Berkley, 1909-1937.

25 8

Cambridge University, 1935-1941.

25 9

Capetown, University of, 1936-1940.

25 10

Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1936-1938.

25 11

Carver, Alice C., 1935.

25 12

Miscellaneous Correspondence: CE.

25 13

Central Conference of American Rabbis, 1914, 1929-1939.

25 14

Central Jewish Institute, New York, 1916-1917.

25 15

Central Relief Committee--Reception for Rabbi Kook and Rabbi Shapiro, March 18, 1924 (Contains gold-leafed metal pin with white and blue cloth ribbon: "Central Relief Reception Committee").

25 16

Miscellaneous Correspondence: CH.

25 17

Chavel, Charles B., 1939-1940.

25 18

Chesney, Harry, 1920-1932.

25 19

Chicago, University of (See also: U. Chicago, Box 120, FF 16), 1910-1938.

25 20
Chigier, Moses--Cohen, Charles J.
Box Folder

Chigier, Moses, 1937-1938.

26 1

China, 1935-1940.

26 2

Chipkin, Israel S., 1934-1938.

26 3

Chomsky, William, 1922-1930.

26 4

Chomsky, William, 1931-1938.

26 5

Chomsky, William--Orders for Kimhi's Grammar, 1933-1939.

26 6

Church and Drama Association (See also: Cadman, Box 25 FF 1), 1927-1929.

26 7

Church and Drama League of America, 1929-1931.

26 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: CI--CL.

26 9

Citizen's Emergency Committee on Public Education, 1938-1939.

26 10

Clearing House for Volunteer Workers, 1933.

26 11

Cleveland, Ohio, 1935-1940.

26 12

Miscellaneous Correspondence: CO--COG.

26 13

Coffee, Randolph, 1908-1917.

26 14

Cogan, Marcus M., 1935.

26 15

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Cohen.

26 16

Cohen, Alfred M., 1913-1939.

26 17

Cohen, Boaz, 1926-1939.

26 18

Cohen, Charles J., 1907-1920.

26 19

Cohen, Charles J., 1921-1928.

26 20
Cohen, Harry A.--Columbia University.
Box Folder

Cohen, Harry A., 1935-1938.

27 1

Cohen, Joshua I.--Library of, 1914-1929.

27 2

Cohen, Mary M., 1909-1911.

27 3

Cohen, Montague, 1910-1919.

27 4

Cohen, Mortimer J., 1925-1939.

27 5

Cohen, Mortimer J.--Orders for Jacob Emden, 1937-1939.

27 6

Cohen, Zvi, 1928-1939.

27 7

Cohen, Zvi--Orders for Halakah, 1937.

27 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Cohn.

27 9

Cohon, Samuel S., 1912-1939.

27 10

Miscellaneous Correspondence: COL.

27 11

College of Jewish Studies, Chicago, 1936-1937.

27 12

College Yeshiva Sfath Emeth, Jerusalem, 1937.

27 13

Colorado, 1935-1941.

27 14

Columbia University, undated, 1908-1919.

27 15

Columbia University, 1920-1929.

27 16

Columbia University (Committee for Concerted Peace Efforts, see: Box 128), 1930-1939.

27 17
COM--Council of National Defense.
Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: COM.

28 1

Committee of Fifteen, 1925.

28 2

Committee of Fifteen, 1926.

28 3

Committee of Fifteen (See also: Committee, Box 128; and Philadelphia Council on Jewish Education, Box 89, FF 6-8), 1927 January-May.

28 4

Committee of Fifteen--Undated Reports.

28 5

Committee on Refugee Jewish Ministers (Congregation Mikveh Israel, see: Mikveh Israel Box 72, FF 7-8), 1938-1939.

28 6

Miscellaneous Correspondence: CON.

28 7

Congregational Publishing Society, 1936-1939.

28 8

XXe Congres International des Orientalistes, 1938.

28 9

Miscellaneous Correspondence: COO--COP.

28 10

Miscellaneous Correspondence: COR--COZ.

28 11

Cornish Brothers, Ltd. (1910-1925) and Cornish & Barber, Ltd. (1935-1939), 1910-1939.

28 12

Council for the Relief of Refugee Rabbis, Jerusalem, 1940.

28 13

Council of Church, Boards of Education, 1935-1937.

28 14

Council of Jewish Youth Organizations, 1936.

28 15

Council of National Defense, 1917-1918.

28 16
CR--Doshisha Theological School.
Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: CR.

29 1

Crane, Charles R., 1931.

29 2

Crowley, The Magazine Man, 1910-1938.

29 3

Crozer Theological Seminary, 1910-1940.

29 4

Miscellaneous Correspondence: CU.

29 5

Miscellaneous Correspondence: DA.

29 6

Daiches, Samuel, 1909-1938.

29 7

Dartmouth College, 1909.

29 8

Davidowitz, Harry S., 1920-1939.

29 9

D'Avigdor-Goldsmid, Sir Osmond, 1939.

29 10

The Day, 1915-1939.

29 11

Miscellaneous Correspondence: DE.

29 12

De Sola, Clarence I., 1918-1919.

29 13

Devine, John, 1937-1941.

29 14

Miscellaneous Correspondence: DI.

29 15

Diamond, Paceli, 1923-1924.

29 16

Diamond, Zalmon N., 1920-1923.

29 17

Dictionary of American Biography, 1927-1937.

29 18

Divinity School of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, 1916.

29 19

Miscellaneous Correspondence: DO.

29 20

Doppelt, Marcus G., 1931.

29 21

Doresh Zion, 1940.

29 22

Doshisha Theological School, Kyoto, 1938-1939.

29 23
DR--Dropsie College, Dedication of the Dropsie College Building.
Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: DR--.

30 1

Dreifus, Jacob S.--Estate of, 1935-1937.

30 2

Drob, Rabbi Max, 1921-1938.

30 3

Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning--Documents concerning establishment of the College, circa 1906.

30 4

Alumni Association of the Dropsie College, 1924-1939.

30 5

Dedication of the new Dropsie College building--Correspondence, 1912.

30 6

Dedication of the new Dropsie College building--List of Invitees, 1912.

30 7

Acceptances of invitations to the Dedication, 1912.

30 8

Acceptances of invitations to the Dedication, 1912.

30 9

Declinations of invitations to the Dedication, 1912.

30 10

Declinations of invitations to the Dedication, 1912.

30 11

Ushers at the Dedication exercises, 1912.

30 12

News clippings about the Dedication, 1912.

30 13

Address of Cyrus Adler at the Dedication of the Dropsie College Building, 1912 March 11.

30 14
Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning--Dropsie College Students' Association.
Box Folder

Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning--Address of President Adler at the First Founder's Day exercises, 1910 March 9.

31 1

Founder's Day address, 1913 March 10.

31 2

Founder's Day address, 1914 March 9.

31 3

Founder's Day address, 1915 March 9.

31 4

Founder's Day address, 1916 March 9.

31 5

Founder's Day address (See also: Box 128), 1917 .

31 6

Founder's Day address, 1918 March 7.

31 7

Founder's Day address, 1920 March 9.

31 8

Founder's Day address--"Moses Aaron Dropsie: An Address given on the One Hundredth Anniversary of his Birth" (See also: Literary Productions, Box 121, FF 23), 1921 March 9.

31 9

Founder's Day address, 1922 March 8.

31 10

Founder's Day address--"The Importance of Oriental Studies", 1923 March 8.

31 11

Founder's Day address, 1924 March 10.

31 12

Founder's Day address, 1925 March 9.

31 13

Founder's Day address, 1926 March 9.

31 14

Founder's Day address, 1927 March 13.

31 15

Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning--Founder's Day address--"Research and Scholarship", 1928 March 11.

31 16

Founder's Day address--"A Critical Edition of the Works of Maimonides" (See also: Maimonides Octocentennial, Box 66, FF 5), 1929 March 6.

31 17

Founder's Day address, 1930 March 9.

31 18

Founder's Day address--"Some Practical Uses of Scholarship", 1931 March 8.

31 19

Founder's Day address, 1934 March 11.

31 20

Founder's Day address, 1937 May 23.

31 21

Founder's Day address, 1938 May 29.

31 22

Dropsie College--Misc. correspondence, 1917-1938.

31 23

Dropsie College Students' Association, 1920-1932.

31 24

Dropsie College Students' Association (See also: Intercollegiate Box 52, FF 14), 1933-1940.

31 25
DU--Elman, Max.
Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: DU.

32 1

Dunner, Josef, 1935-1937.

32 2

Duschinsky, Charles, 1913-1936.

32 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: E--EI.

32 4

Edelman, Samuel, 1912-1915.

32 5

Edelman, Samuel, 1916-1939.

32 6

Edelstein, Ignatz, 1928-1930.

32 7

Edrehi, Isaac C., 1929-1939.

32 8

Educational Aid Society, 1914-1932.

32 9

Efros, Israel, 1931-1939.

32 10

Egan, Thomas J., 1921, 1936.

32 11

Ehrenreich, Ch. L., 1930-1932.

32 12

Eisenberg, Herman E. (contains a photograph), 1918-1938.

32 13

Miscellaneous Correspondence: EL--EN.

32 14

Elbogen, Ismir, 1937-1939.

32 15

Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary, New York, 1915-1937.

32 16

Samuel Elkin, Bookseller, 1910-1935.

32 17

Elman, Max, 1932-1935.

32 18
The Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Scholars--Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia.
Box Folder

The Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Scholars, 1933-1938.

33 1

Encyclopedia Britannica, 1913-1941.

33 2

Encyclopedia Judaica, 1925-1934.

33 3

Engel, Salo, 1938-1939.

33 4

Miscellaneous Correspondence: EP--EX.

33 5

Epstein, J. N., 1912-1935.

33 6

Epstein, Louis M., 1923-1939.

33 7

Etz-Hayim, Jerusalem, 1929, 1939.

33 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: FA.

33 9

Faitlovitch, Jacques, 1927-1938.

33 10

Farbridge, Maurice H., 1916-1937.

33 11

F.W. Faxon Company, 1918-1938.

33 12

Miscellaneous Correspondence: FE--FI.

33 13

Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, 1922-1939.

33 14

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia (See also: National Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, Box 76, FF 5-7), undated, 1908-1911.

33 15
Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--1909-1922.
Box Folder

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Annual Reports (includes two copies of the 1909-1910 report), 1909-1910, 1911-1912.

34 1

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Annual Reports, 1912-1915.

34 2

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Annual Reports, 1916-1919.

34 3

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Correspondence with Jacob Billikopf, 1919-1920.

34 4

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1920.

34 5

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1921 January-May.

34 6

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1921 June-December.

34 7

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Correspondence with Jacob Billikopf, 1921 .

34 8

Federation--Education Group (See also: Box 126, FF 9), 1921.

34 9

Federation, 1922 January-August.

34 10

Federation, 1922 September-December.

34 11

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--1922-1924.

Box Folder

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group, 1922 January-April.

35 1

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group (Contains correspondence to/from Mayer Sulzberger), 1922 May-September.

35 2

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group, 1922 October-December.

35 3

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1923.

35 4

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group, 1923 January-June.

35 5

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group, 1923 July-December.

35 6

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1924 January-July.

35 7

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1924 September-December.

35 8

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Audit, 1924 .

35 9

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--1924-1927.

Box Folder

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group, 1924 .

36 1

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1925 January-May.

36 2

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1925 June-December.

36 3

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group, 1925 .

36 4

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1926 January-March.

36 5

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1926 April-September.

36 6

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1926 October-December.

36 7

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Building Committee, 1926.

36 8

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Report, 1926-1927.

36 9

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--1926-1934.

Box Folder

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group, 1926.

37 1

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1927 January-June.

37 2

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1927 July-December.

37 3

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Building Committee, 1927 .

37 4

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group, 1927 .

37 5

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1928.

37 6

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group, 1929.

37 7

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1931.

37 8

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1932.

37 9

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1933.

37 10

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1934.

37 11
Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--1935-1940.
Box Folder

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1935.

38 1

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1936.

38 2

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1937.

38 3

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Education Group: Survey of Recreational and Educational Institutions, 1937.

38 4

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1938.

38 5

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1939.

38 6

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1940.

38 7

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Jewish Hospital, 1922, 1927-1928.

38 8

Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia--Correspondence with Maurice E. Stern, 1909-1921.

38 9

Federation Campaign, 1919-1928.

38 10

Federation--United Campaign, 1931-1934.

38 11

Federation--United Campaign (See also: Box 126, FF 7 and Box 128), 1936-1940.

38 12
Feigan, Samuel I.--Flexner, Abraham.
Box Folder

Feigan, Samuel I., 1924-1937.

39 1

Fein, Isaac, 1934, 1938.

39 2

Feldman, Abraham J., 1915-1939.

39 3

Finkel, Joshua, 1922-1929.

39 4

Finkel, Joshua, 1930-1933.

39 5

Finkel, Joshua (contains a postcard), 1934-1938.

39 6

Finkelstein, Louis, 1919-1924.

39 7

Finkelstein, Louis, 1925-1929.

39 8

Finkelstein, Louis, 1930-1934.

39 9

Finkelstein, Louis, 1935-1939.

39 10

Fierstein, Moshe, 1928.

39 11

Fledel, Jacob Hirsh, 1928.

39 12

Fleisher, Samuel S., 1910-1927.

39 13

Flexner, Abraham, 1926-1928.

39 14
Flexner, Bernard-Friedenberg, Albert M.
Box Folder

Flexner, Bernard, 1920-1938.

40 1

Flexner, Bernard, 1939.

40 2

Miscellaneous Correspondence: FO.

40 3

Gustav Flock, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1909-1913.

40 4

Gustav Flock, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1914-1919.

40 5

Gustav Flock, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1920-1923.

40 6

Gustav Flock, Buchhandlung, Leipzig (See also: Receipts, Box 125, FF 14), 1924-1931.

40 7

Foundation for Jewish Learning and Education, 1927.

40 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: FRA--FU.

40 9

France, 1919-1938.

40 10

The Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, 1920-1939.

40 11

Fredman, Samuel, 1913-1939.

40 12

The Free Library of Philadelphia, 1914-1938.

40 13

Frey, Nathan L., 1912-1939.

40 14

Friedenberg, Albert M., 1922-1938.

40 15
Friedenwald, Harry--Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Wissenschaft des Judentums, Berlin.
Box Folder

Friedenwald, Harry (See also: Miscellaneous Manuscript Collection # MM 11), 1905-1939.

41 1

Friedman, Edwin (contains a postcard), 1916-1930.

41 2

Friedman, Elisha M., 1917-1936.

41 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GA--GD.

41 4

Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, IL, 1910-1937.

41 5

Gaster, Theodor H., 1939.

41 6

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GE.

41 7

Gehman, Henry, 1921-1938.

41 8

Gelber, N. M. (contains a postcard), 1921-1932.

41 9

Gelbwax (Glebwachs), Abraham H., 1928.

41 10

General Education Board, 1914-1933.

41 11

Germantown Jewish Centre, 1938.

41 12

Gerson, Felix N., 1912,1934-1939.

41 13

Gerstley, Isaac, 1919-1939.

41 14

Gerstley, Louis, 1909-1932.

41 15

Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Wissenschaft des Judentums, Berlin, 1911-1939.

41 16
Geunther, Paul--Globe Indemnity Company.
Box Folder

Paul Geunther, Librarie Orientaliste (See also: Margolis Box 69, FF 10), 1911-1939.

42 1

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GI.

42 2

Gilbert, F. C., 1938.

42 3

Ginsberg, H. L., 1926-1939.

42 4

Ginsberg, Louis, 1909-1939.

42 5

Ginsburg, Michael, 1928-1931.

42 6

Ginsburg, Saul, 1925.

42 7

Ginzberg, Eli, 1930-1939.

42 8

Ginzberg, Uscher, 1910-1913.

42 9

Ginzburg, Simon, 1923-1929.

42 10

Ginzburg, Simon, 1930-1931.

42 11

Ginzburg, Simon, 1932-1939.

42 12

Ginzburg, Simon--Luzzato Acknowledgements, 1931.

42 13

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GL.

42 14

Glaser, Alois (See also: Hugo Glaser and Henry Malter), 1927-1930.

42 15

Glaser, Hugo (See also: Alois Glaser and Henry Malter), 1939.

42 16

Glikson, David, 1928.

42 17

Globe Indemnity Company, 1918-1924.

42 18
GO--Gordon, Hirsch L.
Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GO.

43 1

Goepp, Judith, 1909-1914.

43 2

Golden, S. Herbert, 1926-1936.

43 3

Goldin, Judah I., 1938-1939.

43 4

Goldstein, Israel, 1911-1939.

43 5

Golomb, Elhanan H., 1922-1930.

43 6

Golomb, Elhanan H., 1931-1939.

43 7

Golomb, Elhanan--Campanton Acknowledgements, 1930.

43 8

Gordis, Robert, 1926-1934.

43 9

Gordis, Robert, 1935-1937.

43 10

Gordis, Robert, 1938-1940.

43 11

Gordon, Hirsch L. (contains a postcard), 1918-1933.

43 12
GRA--Greenstone, Julius.
Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GRA.

44 1

Graduate School for Jewish Social Work, 1932-1939.

44 2

Gratz College, 1913-1925.

44 3

Gratz College, 1928-1933.

44 4

Gratz College, 1934-1940.

44 5

Grayzel, Solomon (contains a postcard), 1921-1933.

44 6

Grayzel, Solomon, 1933-1939.

44 7

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GRE.

44 8

Great Palestine Orphan Asylum Diskin, Jerusalem (See also: Palestine, Box 81), 1929.

44 9

Greenberg, Simon, 1929-1939.

44 10

Greengard (Gringardus), Mordechai, 1927-1930.

44 11

Greenstone, Julius, 1908-1911.

44 12

Greenstone, Julius, 1912-1919.

44 13

Greenstone, Julius, 1920-1929.

44 14
Greenstone, Julius--Halper, Benzion.
Box Folder

Greenstone, Julius, 1930-1939.

45 1

Greenup, A. W., 1921-1931.

45 2

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GRI--GRO.

45 3

Grinstein, Hyman, 1939.

45 4

Grossman, Jacob B., 1911-1932.

45 5

Grossman, Louis, 1910-1924.

45 6

Grossman, Vladimir, 1925-1939.

45 7

Grove City College, PA, 1913, 1928.

45 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GRU (contains a postcard).

45 9

Gry, L., 1939.

45 10

Miscellaneous Correspondence: GU.

45 11

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, 1925-1939.

45 12

Gutmann, Franz, 1938-1939.

45 13

Gutmann, Hyman, 1938-1939.

45 14

Miscellaneous Correspondence: HA--HAP.

45 15

Haas, Louis J. (Contains correspondence about Cornerstones), 1916-1929.

45 16

Habana, Universidad de la, Cuba, 1938-1939.

45 17

Hackenberg, William B. (Hagedorn, John: See American Jewish Relief Appeal, Box 17 FF 7), 1909-1917.

45 18

Haissman, Herzel, 1928.

45 19

haLevi Mordeki, Rebekah, 1939.

45 20

Halper, Benzion, 1911-1918.

45 21

Halper, Benzion, 1919-1924, 1927.

Halper, Benzion--Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig.
Box Folder

Halper, Benzion--Genizah Catalog, 1924-1926.

46 1

Halper, Benzion--Death Notices, 1924.

46 2

Halper, Benzion--Memorial Meeting, 1924 May 6.

46 3

Halper Pension Fund subscriptions, 1924-1931.

46 4

Halper, Benzion--Estate and Library, 1924-1925.

46 5

Halper, Howard, 1926-1930.

46 6

Halper, Mrs. Lina, 1924-1930.

46 7

Halper, Mrs. Lina, 1931-1939.

46 8

Hammond Typewriter Company, 1912-1927.

46 9

Handelman, Abraham, 1926-1938.

46 10

Handman, Yeshaya C., 1929.

46 11

Miscellaneous Correspondence: HAR--HAZ.

46 12

Harmon Foundation, Inc., 1922-1932.

46 13

Harofe Haivri: The Hebrew Medical Journal, 1938-1939.

46 14

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1910-1919.

46 15

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1920-1923.

46 16

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1924.

46 17
Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig--The Hebrew Press.
Box Folder

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1925.

47 1

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1926-1927.

47 2

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1928-1930.

47 3

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1931.

47 4

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1932.

47 5

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1933.

47 6

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1934.

47 7

Otto Harrassowitz, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1935, 1938.

47 8

Harris, Bernard, 1918-1927.

47 9

Harris, Zellig S., 1938-1939.

47 10

Harvard Menorah Society, 1917, 1924.

47 11

Harvard University (See also Box 128), 1910-1938.

47 12

Har Zion Temple, Philadelphia, 1924, 1939.

47 13

The Hashiloah, 1913-1925.

47 14

Hassler, Isaac, 1909-1926.

47 15

Hatoren, 1916-1925.

47 16

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Hebrew --.

47 17

The Hebrew College ("Tifereth Israel"), 1932.

47 18

The Hebrew Press, 1922-1927.

47 19

The Hebrew Press, 1928.

47 20

The Hebrew Press, 1929.

47 21
The Hebrew Press--Hebrew University.
Box Folder

The Hebrew Press, 1930.

48 1

The Hebrew Press, 1931.

48 2

The Hebrew Press, 1932.

48 3

The Hebrew Press, 1933.

48 4

The Hebrew Press, 1934.

48 5

The Hebrew Press, 1935-1936.

48 6

The Hebrew Press, 1937.

48 7

The Hebrew Press, 1938-1939.

48 8

Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS), 1912, 1920-1921.

48 9

HIAS, 1923-1930.

48 10

HIAS, 1934-1939.

48 11

Hebrew Sunday School Society of Philadelphia, 1913-1938.

48 12

Hebrew Teachers' College of Jerusalem, 1926-1929.

48 13

Hebrew Union College, undated, 1911-1926.

48 14

Hebrew Union College, 1928-1939.

48 15

Hebrew University, 1920-1939.

48 16
Hebron Yeshiva--Hillel Foundation.
Box Folder

Hebron Yeshiva, 1939.

49 1

Miscellaneous Correspondence: HEI-HEV.

49 2

Heller, Bernard, 1931-1939.

49 3

Heller, Chaim, 1921-1938.

49 4

Heller, Max, 1909-1928.

49 5

Hertz, Joseph H. (Herzl, Theodore: See Box 122, FF 22), 1910-1941.

49 6

Miscellaneous Correspondence: HI.

49 7

Karl W. Hiersmann, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1909-1910.

49 8

Karl W. Hiersmann, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1911-1913.

49 9

Karl W. Hiersmann, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1914-1920.

49 10

Karl W. Hiersmann, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1921-1939.

49 11

Higger, Michael, 1929-1930.

49 12

Higger, Michael, 1931-1934.

49 13

Higger, Michael, 1935-1938.

49 14

Hillel Foundation (See also: Jewish Student Houses, Box 54, FF 3), 1924-1937.

49 15
Hines, Gabriel--Hoschander, Jacob.
Box Folder

Hines, Gabriel (contains a postcard), 1910-1932.

50 1

J.C. Hinrichs'she, Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1911-1929.

50 2

Hirschfeld, Hartwig, 1910-1928.

50 3

Miscellaneous correspondence: HO.

50 4

Hoenig, Sidney B., 1926-1939.

50 5

Hoffman, Charles I., 1909-1939.

50 6

Hoffman, David M., 1938.

50 7

Holm, Frits V., 1909.

50 8

Homberger, Frederic R., 1938.

50 9

Home Visitation Movement (Contains letters from Joseph Krauskopf), 1911.

50 10

Honisch, Rudolph, 1920-1921.

50 11

Hooven Sales Company, 1935-1938.

50 12

Horovitz, Josef, 1909-1913.

50 13

Horting and Snader, Printers, 1913-1921.

50 14

Horting and Snader, Printers, 1922-1939.

50 15

Hoschander, Jacob, 1909-1915.

50 16

Hoschander, Jacob, 1916-1921.

50 17
Hoschander, Jacob--Husik, Isaac.
Box Folder

Hoschander, Jacob, 1922-1926.

51 1

Hoschander, Jacob, 1928-1929.

51 2

Hoschander, Jacob--American Oriental Society; Minute in Memory, 1933.

51 3

Hoschander, Jacob, 1933-1938.

51 4

Hoschander, Jacob--Orders for Esther (See also: Miscellaneous MS Collection #MM 14), 1929-1938.

51 5

William H. Hoskins, Stationers, 1910-1926.

51 6

Houghton Mifflin Company, 1909-1921, 1939.

51 7

Miscellaneous Correspondence: HR--HY.

51 8

Huhner, Leon, 1912-1924, 1939.

51 9

Humanity Guild, Inc., 1939.

51 10

Hurwitz Educational League, 1922-1925.

51 11

Hurwitz, Simon, 1927-1937.

51 12

Hurwitz, Solomon T. H., 1914-1918.

51 13

Husik, Isaac, 1906-1910.

51 14

Husik, Isaac, 1911-1916.

51 15

Husik, Isaac, 1917-1925.

51 16

Husik, Isaac, 1926-1940.

51 17
Hyamson, Moses--Israelitsche Kultusgemeinde, Vienna.
Box Folder

Hyamson, Moses (Contains letters to/from Mayer Sulzberger), 1913-1930.

52 1

Hyamson, Moses, 1931-1939.

52 2

Hyman, Samuel I., 1912-1920.

52 3

Hyvernat, Henri, 1937, 1939.

52 4

Miscellaneous Correspondence: I--IM.

52 5

Igla, Salomon, 1939-1940.

52 6

Illinois, University of, 1912-1939.

52 7

Illoway, Henry, 1912-1931.

52 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: IN--IV.

52 9

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Institut-.

52 10

Institute of International Education, 1919-1931.

52 11

Institute of Social and Religious Research, 1923-1929.

52 12

Insurance--Workman's Compensation (See also: Globe Indemnity, Box 42, FF 18 and Teachers' Annuity, Box 107, FF 8), 1938.

52 13

Intercollegiate Treaty Referendum (See also: Student Association of Dropsie College, Box 31, FF 24-25), 1919.

52 14

Miscellaneous Correspondence: International--.

52 15

International Journal of Apocrypha (contains a postcard), 1912-1922.

52 16

Invitations--Miscellaneous, undated.

52 17

Isis, 1938-1939.

52 18

Israelitsche Kultusgemeinde, Vienna, 1911-1938.

52 19
JA--Jewish Publication Society (JPS).
Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: JA--JI.

53 1

Jacobs, Noah J., 1938-1939.

53 2

Jacobs, Adolf, 1938.

53 3

Janitor, 1936-1937.

53 4

Jaretzki, George, 1939.

53 5

Jastrow, Joe, 1939.

53 6

Jastrow, Morris, 1908.

53 7

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Jewish -- (Organizations).

53 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Jewish -- (Periodicals), 1938-1939.

53 9

The Jewish Advocate, 1911-1939.

53 10

Jewish Chautauqua Society, 1933-1938.

53 11

The Jewish Chronicle, London, 1913-1940.

53 12

The Jewish Criterion, 1915-1928.

53 13

Jewish Education Association (See also: JEA, Box 128), 1939.

53 14

The Jewish Exponent, Philadelphia, 1906-1920.

53 15

The Jewish Exponent, Philadelphia (See also: Box 128), 1921-1941.

53 16

The Jewish Forum, New York, 1918-1924.

53 17

The Jewish Forum, New York, 1925-1929.

53 18

Jewish Foster Home and Orphan Asylum, 1912-1927.

53 19

Jewish Frontier, New York, 1938-1939.

53 20

Jewish Historical Society of England, 1919-1939.

53 21

Jewish Publication Society of America (JPS), undated, 1913-1923.

53 22
Jewish Publication Society of America (JPS)--Jewish Theological Seminary--Addresses.
Box Folder

Jewish Publication Society (JPS), 1925-1936.

54 1

Jewish Publication Society (JPS) (See also: Hebrew Press Boxes 47 and 48 and Correspondence Box 120, FF 18-25), 1937-1939.

54 2

Jewish Student Houses and Associations (See also: Hillel, Box 49, FF 15), 1933-1939.

54 3

Jewish teachers in Philadelphia, 1920.

54 4

Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 1936.

54 5

Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 1937.

54 6

Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 1938.

54 7

Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 1939.

54 8

Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTSA)--Addresses by Cyrus Adler, undated.

54 9

JTSA--Addresses, 1904.

54 10

JTSA--Addresses, 1907.

54 11

JTSA--Addresses, 1909.

54 12

JTSA--Addresses, 1915.

54 13
Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTSA)--Addresses--Rabbinical Assembly.
Box Folder

JTSA--Addresses, 1916.

55 1

JTSA--Addresses, 1917.

55 2

JTSA--Addresses, 1919?.

55 3

JTSA--Addresses, 1920.

55 4

JTSA--Addresses, 1921?.

55 5

JTSA--Addresses, 1922.

55 6

JTSA--Addresses, 1923.

55 7

JTSA--Addresses, 1926.

55 8

JTSA--Addresses, 1927.

55 9

JTSA--Addresses, 1928.

55 10

JTSA--Addresses, 1929.

55 11

JTSA--Addresses, 1930.

55 12

JTSA--Addresses, 1932.

55 13

JTSA--Addresses, 1933.

55 14

JTSA--Addresses, 1934.

55 15

JTSA--Addresses, 1935.

55 16

JTSA--Addresses, 1936?.

55 17

JTSA--Addresses, 1937.

55 18

Jewish Theological Seminary of America--Events, undated, 1910-1916.

55 19

JTSA--Events, 1920-1929.

55 20

JTSA--Events, 1930-1938.

55 21

Jewish Theological Seminary of America--Correspondence, 1936-1938.

55 22

Jewish Theological Seminary--Rabbinical Assembly (See also: Box 126, FF 29), 1937-1939.

55 23
Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTSA)--Philadelphia Branch--(JTSA)--Dropsie College Correspondence.
Box Folder

Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTSA)--Philadelphia Branch, 1909-1918.

56 1

(JTSA)--Philadelphia Branch (See also: Box 126, FF 14), 1920-1924.

56 2

(JTSA)--Philadelphia Branch, 1925-1929.

56 3

(JTSA)--Philadelphia Branch, 1930-1932.

56 4

(JTSA)--Philadelphia Branch, 1933-1934.

56 5

(JTSA)--Philadelphia Branch, 1935-1936.

56 6

(JTSA)--Philadelphia Branch, 1937.

56 7

(JTSA)--Philadelphia Branch, 1938-1939.

56 8

(JTSA)--Dropsie College Correspondence, 1935-1939.

56 9
The Jewish Times, Philadelphia--Jung, Leo.
Box Folder

The Jewish Times, Philadelphia, 1925-1939.

57 1

Jewish War Veterans of the United States, 1939.

57 2

The Jewish World, Philadelphia, 1921-1939.

57 3

Jews College, London, 1909-1935.

57 4

Miscellaneous Correspondence: JO.

57 5

Joffo, David, 1937-1939.

57 6

Johns Hopkins University, undated, 1913-1923.

57 7

Johns Hopkins University (See also: Literary and Notes Series, Boxes 121-124, University Club, Box 113, FF 18, and Diploma, Box 128), 1926-1939.

57 8

Johnson, Mrs. Tallmadge, 1938-1939.

57 9

Joint Distribution Committee--Minutes, undated, 1920.

57 10

Miscellaneous Correspondence: JU.

57 11

Judische Gemeinde zu Berlin, 1912-1938.

57 12

Judischer Verlag, Berlin, 1911-1937.

57 13

Jung, Leo, 1920-1927.

57 14

Jung, Leo, 1928-1939.

57 15
Jung, Moses--J, Kauffman, Verlag, Frankfurt.
Box Folder

Jung, Moses, 1922-1929.

58 1

Jung, Moses (contains a postcard), 1930-1935.

58 2

Jung, Moses, 1936-1940.

58 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: KA--KAM.

58 4

Kabbala Culture Society of America, 1939-1941.

58 5

Kahle, Paul, 1919-1939.

58 6

Kahn, Ludwig W., 1937.

58 7

Kahn, Maurice, 1937.

58 8

Kaminka, Armand (contains a postcard), 1921-1939.

58 9

Miscellaneous Correspondence: KAN--KAU.

58 10

Kaplan, Julius, 1931.

58 11

Kaplan, Louis, 1923-1938.

58 12

Karpf, M. J. and Fay, 1938-1939.

58 13

Kasher, Mendel M., 1927-1932.

58 14

Katz, Solomon, 1932-1938.

58 15

Katzoff, Louis, 1936-1938.

58 16

J. Kauffman, Verlag, Frankfurt, 1925-1936.

58 17
Kaufman, Judah--Kohn, Jacob.
Box Folder

Kaufman, Judah, 1917-1936.

59 1

Kauvar, C. E. Hillel, 1915-1938.

59 2

Miscellaneous Correspondence: KE.

59 3

Keen, William Williams, 1921.

59 4

Kellman, Harry, 1935-1939.

59 5

Keren Kayemeth le Israel (Jewish National Fund), 1925.

59 6

Kessler, Aharon, 1934-1939.

59 7

Miscellaneous Correspondence: KI.

59 8

Kidorf, Solomon, 1938-1939.

59 9

Kinoshita, Tetsutaro, 1931-1937.

59 10

Kirstein, Louis, 1937-1938.

59 11

Kisch, Guido, 1935-1939.

59 12

Miscellaneous Correspondence: KL.

59 13

Klee, Alfred, 1938-1939.

59 14

Klein, Eugene, 1913-1931.

59 15

Klein, Hyman, 1930-1938.

59 16

Klein, Max, 1911-1939.

59 17

C. Klincksieck, Librarie, Paris, 1912-1939.

59 18

Miscellaneous Correspondence: KN.

59 19

Knesseth Israel, Hebron, 1926.

59 20

Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1935-1940.

59 21

Knopf, Flora--Scholarship Fund, 1934-1936.

59 22

Miscellaneous Correspondence: KO.

59 23

Paul Koehler, Buchhandler, Leipzig, 1931-1939.

59 24

Kohn, Eugene, 1915-1935.


Kohn, Jacob, 1912-1935.

59 26
Kohut, Alexander--League of Nations Association, Inc.
Box Folder

Kohut, Alexander (See also: Margolis, Box 69, FF 10), 1935-1937.

60 1

Kotkov, Mrs. Anna, 1922-1925.

60 2

Miscellaneous Correspondence: KR.

60 3

Kraus, A. J. I. (Krauskopf, Joseph: See Box 11, FF 16 and Box 50, FF 10), 1930-1932.

60 4

Krim, Abba I., 1914-1939.

60 5

Miscellaneous Correspondence: KU--KW.

60 6

Kun, Joseph L., 1911-1940.

60 7

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LA--LAN.

60 8

Lamdenman, Moses, 1915-1919.

60 9

Lamm, Hans, 1938.

60 10

Lanard, Alan, 1938.

60 11

Landau, Harold, 1939.

60 12

Langley, Samuel P. (See also: Box 120, FF 12 and 26), 1910-1930.

60 13

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LAR--LAZ.

60 14

LaSalle College, Philadelphia, 1935, 1939.

60 15

Lauterbach, Jacob Z. (Contains letters written to Mayer Sulzberger), 1908-1937.

60 16

Lavin, Lottie, 1938.

60 17

Lazaron, Morris S., 1914-1940.

60 18

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LE--LEG.

60 19

League for Fair Play, Inc., 1937-1939.

60 20

League for Safeguarding the Fixity of the Sabbath (See also: Calendar Reform, Box 25, FF 7), 1929-1931.

60 21

League of Nations Association, Inc. (See also: League, Box 61, FF 1), 1931-1940.

60 22
League of Nations Non-Partisan Association, Inc.--Lenzer, Reuben.
Box Folder

League of Nations Non-Partisan Association, Inc. (See also: League, Box 60, FF 22).

61 1

Leary, Stuart and Company, 1913-1921.

61 2

Lebendiger, Israel, 1915-1928.

61 3

Lederer, Ephraim, 1907-1916.

61 4

Lederer, Ephraim, 1917-1926, 1929.

61 5

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LEH--LEI.

61 6

Lehman, Eugene H., 1909-1915.

61 7

Lehranstalt fur die Wissenschaft des Judentums, Berlin, 1909-1926.

61 8

Lehrfeld Printing Company, Philadelphia, 1918-1928.

61 9

Lehrfeld Printing Co., 1929-1939.

61 10

Leipziger, Henry M., 1910-1917.

61 11

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LEM--LES.

61 12

Lemke and Buechner, New York, 1910-1924.

61 13

Lenzer, Reuben (contains a postcard), 1913-1924.

61 14
Leon, Harry J.--Lewin, Kurt, 1899-1927.
Box Folder

Leon, Harry J., 1927-1939.

62 1

Librarie H. Le Soudier, Paris, 1935-1937.

62 2

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LEV.

62 3

Leveen, J., 1925-1928.

62 4

Levias, Caspar, 1905-1924.

62 5

Levin, Louis H., 1899-1927.

62 6

Levine, Harry O. H., 1935-1938.

62 7

Levinger, Lee J., 1921-1935.

62 8

Levinthal, Bernard Lewis, 1906-1938.

62 9

Levinthal, Israel H. (contains a postcard), 1917-1937.

62 10

Levinthal, Louis E., 1937-1939.

62 11

Levitan, Isidor S., 1919-1921.

62 12

Levitsky, Joseph, 1924-1939.

62 13

Levy, Abraham J., 1926-1939.

62 14

Levy, Abraham J.--Acknowledgements of Rashi, 1932.

62 15

Levy, Howard S., 1915-1939.

62 16

Levy, Louis Edward, 1910-1919.

62 17

Levy, Raphael, 1936-1939.

62 18

Levy, Reuben, 1926-1937.

62 19

Levy, Solomon, 1909-1939.

62 20

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LEW.

62 21

Lewin, Benjamin M., 1927-1935.

62 22

Lewin, Kurt, 1939.

62 23
Lewis, John Frederick--Longmans, Green and Company.
Box Folder

Lewis, John Frederick, 1917-1932.

63 1

Lewy, Ernst, 1936.

63 2

Lewy, Julius, 1934-1939.

63 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LI--LIN.

63 4

The Library Bureau, 1910-1928.

63 5

The Library Company, 1936-1937.

63 6

Lichtigfeld, Adolf, 1936-1938.

63 7

Lieberman, Saul, 1938.

63 8

Lieberman, Tobias, 1935-1936.

63 9

Liebreich, Leon J., 1925-1936.

63 10

Lifschits, Hayim, 1935-1939.

63 11

Linfield, Harry S., 1918-1931.

63 12

Linfield, Harry S., 1932-1939.

63 13

Linguistic Society of America, 1935-1939.

63 14

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LIP--LIV.

63 15

J.B. Lippincott Company, 1911-1939.

63 16

Lit, Jacob D., 1910-1939.

63 17

Lit Brothers, Philadelphia, 1913-1932.

63 18

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LO.

63 19

Loeb, Howard A., 1936-1939.

63 20

Loewe, Herbert, 1922-1939.

63 21

Longmans, Green and Company, 1910-1914.

63 22
"Look Out" Scholarship Fund--MacLehose, Jackson and Company, London.
Box Folder

"Look Out" Scholarship Fund, 1924-1925.

64 1

"Look Out" Scholarship Fund, 1926.

64 2

"Look Out" Scholarship Fund, 1927-1929.

64 3

Loria, Albert (Louisiana Purchase Exposition: See Box 128), 1940.

64 4

Los Angeles Jewish Community Council, 1938.

64 5

Los Angeles Public Library, 1912-1941.

64 6

Miscellaneous Correspondence: LU--LY.

64 7

Lubin, David, 1920-1938.

64 8

Luzac and Company, London, 1910-1941.

64 9

Lyon, David G., 1908-1924.

64 10

Miscellaneous Correspondence: MA--MAN.

64 11

Macht, David Israel, 1918-1930.

64 12

Mack, Julian W., 1909-1936.

64 13

Mackenzie, John A., 1909-1910.

64 14

MacLehose, Jackson and Company, Glasgow, 1910-1925.

64 15
Macmillan and Company, London--Dinner for Judah Magnes.
Box Folder

Macmillan and Company, London, 1908-1914.

65 1

Macmillan and Company, London, 1915-1925.

65 2

Macmillan and Company, London, 1926-1931.

65 3

Macmillan and Company, London, 1932-1939.

65 4

Magnes, Judah L., 1909-1910.

65 5

Magnes, Judah L., 1911-1925.

65 6

Dinner for Judah Magnes (June 3, 1925), 1925.

65 7

Dinner for Judah Magnes (June 3, 1925)--Acceptances.

65 8

Dinner for Judah Magnes (June 3, 1925)--Declinations.

65 9

Dinner for Judah Magnes (November 16, 1927).

65 10

Dinner for Judah Magnes (November 16, 1927)--Acceptances.

65 11
Dinner for Judah Magnes--Malter, Henry.
Box Folder

Dinner for Judah Magnes (November 16, 1927)--Declinations.

66 1

Magnes, Judah L., 1931-1940.

66 2

Mahub, Dowid S., 1935-1940.

66 3

Mailamm Gabrilowitsch Conservatory of Music, Jerusalem, 1938-1939.

66 4

Maimonides Octocentennial (See also: Founder's Day Address, Box 31, FF 17), 1933-1935.

66 5

Malter, Henry, 1908.

66 6

Malter, Henry, 1909.

66 7

Malter, Henry, 1910.

66 8

Malter, Henry, 1911-1913.

66 9

Malter, Henry, 1914-1916.

66 10

Malter, Henry, 1917-1919.

66 11

Malter, Henry (contains a postcard), 1920-1922.

66 12

Malter, Henry, 1923-1925.

66 13
Malter, Henry--Margolis, Max Leopold.
Box Folder

Malter, Henry, 1925-1935.

67 1

Manchester, England, 1936-1940.

67 2

Manifesto of Educators, 1939.

67 3

Mann, Jacob, 1913-1917.

67 4

Mann, Jacob, 1918-1923.

67 5

Mann, Jacob, 1924-1940.

67 6

William Mann Company, Philadelphia, 1909-1913.

67 7

William Mann Co., 1915-1936.

67 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: MAR--MAY.

67 9

M & H Marcus, Verlad, Breslau, 1935-1937.

67 10

Marcus, Jacob R., 1937-1938.

67 11

Marcus, Joseph, 1924-1936.

67 12

Margalith, Aaron M., 1930-1937.

67 13

Margolin, Arnold, 1935.

67 14

Margolis, Max Leopold, undated.

67 15
Margolis, Max Leopold.
Box Folder

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1907.

68 1

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1908.

68 2

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1909.

68 3

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1910.

68 4

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1911.

68 5

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1912-1913.

68 6

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1914.

68 7

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1915.

68 8

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1916.

68 9

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1917.

68 10

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1918.

68 11

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1919.

68 12

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1920.

68 13

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1921.

68 14

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1922.

68 15

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1923.

68 16

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1924.

68 17

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1925-1926.

68 18
Margolis, Max Leopold--Marshack, Joseph.
Box Folder

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1927-1928.

69 1

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1929.

69 2

Margolis, Max Leopold, 1930-1931.

69 3

Margolis, Max L., 1932 January-April.

69 4

Margolis, Max L.--Memorial Meeting, 1932 May 9.

69 5

Margolis, Max L.--Memorial Addresses, 1932 May 9.

69 6

Margolis, Max L., 1932 May-December.

69 7

Margolis, Max L., 1933.

69 8

Margolis, Max L., undated, 1934-1939.

69 9

Margolis, Max L.--Kohut-Geunther Agreement (See also: Geunther, Box 42, FF 1 and Kohut, Box 60, FF 1), 1931-1940.

69 10

Marmorstein, A., 1912-1937.

69 11

Marshack, Joseph, 1919-1921.

69 12
Marshall, Florence--Medoff, Leon.
Box Folder

Marshall, Florence--Memorial Fund, 1916-1939.

70 1

Marshall, James, 1935-1939.

70 2

Marx, Alexander, 1925-1928.

70 3

Marx, Alexander, 1929-1938.

70 4

Marywood College, Scranton, PA, 1926-1935.

70 5

Mase', Sadi J., 1937-1940.

70 6

Mastbaum, Jules E. (contains a postcard), 1912-1929.

70 7

Mastbaum Loan System, 1928-1935.

70 8

Matisovicius, Chaimas D., 1927-1929.

70 9

Matt, C. David, 1913-1937.

70 10

Mayer, Stephan, 1935-1936.

70 11

R. Mazin and Company, Booksellers, London, 1916-1930.

70 12

Miscellaneous Correspondence: MC.

70 13

McKinlay, Archibald, 1937-1941.

70 14

Miscellaneous Correspondence: ME--MEQ.

70 15

Medoff, David, 1937-1939.

70 16

Medoff, Joseph, 1908-1937.

70 17

Medoff, Leon, 1919-1937.

70 18
Meighan, John--Meyerson, Max S.
Box Folder

Meighan, John, 1912-1933.

71 1

Melamed, Deborah M. (Mrs. Raphael H. Melamed), 1916-1934.

71 2

Melamed, Raphael H., 1909-1942.

71 3

Mendelsohn, S. Felix, 1908-1923.

71 4

Mendes, H. Pereira, 1908-1913.

71 5

Mendes, H. Pereira, 1914-1929.

71 6

Mendes, H. Pereira, 1930-1937.

71 7

The Menorah Journal, 1915-1927.

71 8

The Menorah Journal, 1928-1939.

71 9

Miscellaneous Correspondence: MER--MEZ.

71 10

Messersmith, George, 1935-1938.

71 11

Messilott Press Agency, 1939.

71 12

Meyerson, Max S., 1936.

71 13
MI--Mohilever, S.
Box Folder

Miscellaneous Correspondence: MI--MIM.

72 1

Michael, Lesla, 1937.

72 2

Michigan State Library, Lansing, MI, 1913-1934.

72 3

Michigan, University of, 1908-1939.

72 4

Middle States Association of College Registrars, 1936-1939.

72 5

Middleton, R. D., 1937-1939.

72 6

Congregation Mikveh Israel, Philadelphia, 1909-1925.

72 7

Congregation Mikveh Israel, Philadelphia, 1935-1940.

72 8

Milano, Attilio, undated, 1939-1940.

72 9

Miller, A. B., 1917-1922.

72 10

Miller, Simon, 1909-1938.

72 11

Milwaukee Public Library, 1935-1941.

72 12

Milwauker Wochenblat, Milwaukee, 1939-1942.

72 13

Miscellaneous Correspondence: MIN--MIZ.

72 14

Minkin, Jacob S., 1936-1938.

72 15

Mishcon, A., 1910-1935.

72 16

Mishkin, Leonard C., 1935.

72 17

Missouri, University of, 1910-1940.

72 18

Mitchell Library, Glasgow, 1921-1942.

72 19

Mittwoch, Eugen, 1935-1938.

72 20

Miscellaneous Correspondence: MO--MOR.

72 21

Mohilever, S., 1938-1939.

72 22
Moisseiff, Leon S.--Morris, Roland S.
Box Folder

Moisseiff, Leon S., 1914-1936.

73 1

Montefiore, Claude G., 1935-1938.

73 2

Montefiore College, England, 1935-1939.

73 3

Montefiore Lodge, England, 1935.

73 4

Montgomery, James A., 1909-1917.

73 5

Montgomery, James A., 1918-1919.

73 6

Montgomery, James A., 1920-1929.

73 7

Montgomery, James A., 1930-1942.

73 8

Moore-Cottrell Subscription Agency, 1917-1939.

73 9

Moore, George Foote, 1906-1932.

73 10

Morais, Sabato (Contains one letter from Morais to Adler, and others collected by Adler), 1886, circa 1929.

73 11

Mordell, Albert, 1934-1939.

73 12

Mordell, Phineas, 1909-1933.

73 13

Morgenstern, Julian, 1916-1938.

73 14

Morris, Roland S., 1917-1939.

73 17
Morris, Hannah and William--Munich, University of.
Box Folder

Morris, Hannah and William--Trust Fund, 1931-1934.

74 1

Miscellaneous Correspondence: MOS--MOY.

74 2

Miscellaneous Correspondence: MU--MY POSTCARD.

74 3

Muhr, Simon--Scholarship Fund, 1896, 1923-1927.

74 4

Muhr, Simon--Scholarship Fund, 1928-1933.

74 5

Muhr, Simon--Scholarship Fund, 1934-1937.

74 6

Muhr, Simon--Scholarship Fund, 1938-1940.

74 7

Munich, University of, 1913-1927.

74 8
Mutual Subscription Agency--National Conference of Jews and Christians.
Box Folder

Mutual Subscription Agency, 1909-1932.

75 1

Miscellaneous Correspondence: NA.

75 2

Nathan, Edward I. (contains a postcard), 1919-1927.

75 3

Nathan, Edward I. (contains a postcard), 1928-1934.

75 4

Nathan, Edward I., 1935-1939.

75 5

Nathan, Marvin, 1910-1935.

75 6

The Nation, New York, 1909-1939.

75 7

Miscellaneous Correspondence: National A-G.

75 8

National Broadcasting Company, Inc., 1936-1939.

75 9

National Committee for Religion and Welfare Recovery, 1934.

75 10

National Committee for Religion and Welfare Recovery, 1935-1936.

75 11

National Committee for Religion and Welfare Recovery (See also: Box 128), 1937-1939.

75 12

National Conference of Jews and Christians, 1927-1931.

75 13

National Conference of Jews and Christians, 1932-1934.

75 14
National Conference of Jews and Christians--National Council of Jewish Women.
Box Folder

National Conference of Jews and Christians, 1935-1937.

76 1

National Conference of Jews and Christians, 1938-1939 May.

76 2

National Conference of Jews and Christians, 1939 June-1940.

76 3

National Conference on College Hygiene, 1936-1937.

76 4

National Conference of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, 1934.

76 5

National Conference of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, 1935-1936.

76 6

National Conference of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds (See also: Box 128 and Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, Boxes 34-38), 1936-1939.

76 7

National Council of Jewish Women, 1912-1936.

76 8
National Council on Religion in Higher Education--Miscellaneous Correspondence: New York--.
Box Folder

National Council on Religion in Higher Education, 1929.

77 A

National Council on Religion in Higher Education, 1930-1937.

77 1

National Education Association, 1909-1933.

77 2

National Farm School, 1928, 1935-1939.

77 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: National H--Z.

77 4

National Institute of Social Sciences, 1915-1935.

77 5

National Jewish Hospital, Denver, 1940.

77 6

National Liberal Immigration League, 1910-1911.

77 7

National Re-Dedication, 1938.

77 8

National Refugee Service, Inc., 1937-1940.

77 9

Miscellaneous Correspondence: NE--NEW.

77 10

Near East Relief, 1920-1928.

77 11

Nemoy, Leon, 1930-1942.

77 12

Neuman, Jacob, 1921-1922.

77 13

Neumann, S., 1914-1915.

77 14

New History Society, 1938.

77 15

Newman, Louis I., 1927-1932.

77 16

Miscellaneous Correspondence: New York--.

77 17
New York Public Library--Oppenheim, Leo.
Box Folder

New York Public Library, 1909-1924.

78 1

New York Public Library, 1925-1940.

78 2

The New York Times, 1911-1938.

78 3

New York University, 1915-1939.

78 4

Miscellaneous Correspondence: NI.

78 5

Nickerson, M. H., 1934.

78 6

Nirenstein, Samuel (contains a postcard), 1923-1942.

78 7

Miscellaneous Correspondence: NO--NY.

78 8

Norman, Edward A., 1936.

78 9

Norman, Powell H., 1913-1921.

78 10

The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, 1934-1939.

78 11

David Nutt, Bookseller, London, 1938-1944.

78 12

Miscellaneous Correspondence: O--OL.

78 13

Obermayer, Leon (contains a postcard), 1910-1939.

78 14

The Official United States Bulletin, 1918-1919.

78 15

Ohio State University, 1913-1939.

78 16

Oklahoma, 1913-1925.

78 17

Miscellaneous Correspondence: OM--OZ.

78 18

Open Court Publishing Company, 1911-1933.

78 19

Oppenheim, Leo, 1939.

78 20
Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT)--Oxford University Press.
Box Folder

Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT), 1924-1935.

79 1

Oriental Club of Philadelphia, undated.

79 2

Oriental Club of Philadelphia, 1910-1919.

79 3

Oriental Club of Philadelphia, 1920-1925.

79 4

Oriental Club of Philadelphia, 1926-1929.

79 5

Oriental Club of Philadelphia, 1930-1940.

79 6

Orlinsky, Harry M. (contains a photo), 1933-1936.

79 7

Orlinsky, Harry M., 1937-1940.

79 8

Owens, Clarence J., 1938-1939.

79 9

Oxford University--Bodleian Library, 1935-1939.

79 10

Oxford University Press, 1909-1912.

79 11

Oxford University Press, 1913 January-June.

79 12

Oxford University Press, 1913 July-December.

79 13

Oxford University Press--JQR proofs, 1913.

79 14
Oxford University Press.
Box Folder

Oxford University Press, 1914.

80 1

Oxford University Press, 1915.

80 2

Oxford University Press, 1916.

80 3

Oxford University Press, 1917.

80 4

Oxford University Press, 1918.

80 5
Oxford University Press--Panama-Pacific International Exposition.
Box Folder

Oxford University Press, 1919.

81 1

Oxford University Press (contains a photo), 1920.

81 2

Oxford University Press, 1921.

81 3

Oxford University Press, 1922.

81 4

Oxford University Press, 1923.

81 5

Oxford University Press, 1924.

81 6

Oxford University Press, 1926-1928.

81 7

Oxford University Press, 1930-1939.

81 8

Miscellaneous Correspondence: PA.

81 9

Pacific School of Religion, 1936-1938.

81 10

Pacifici, A., 1939.

81 11

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Palestine (See also: Box 18, FF 4; Box 44, FF9; Box 90, FF13; Box 91, FF2; Box 107, FF 11; and Box 109, FF3-5).

81 12

Palestine Chamber of Commerce in New York, Inc., undated.

81 13

Palestine Economic Corporation, 1924-1937.

81 14

Palestine Exploration Fund, 1913-1922.

81 15

Palestine Foundation Fund (Karen Hayesod), 1922-1925.

81 16

Palestine Orchestra Fund, 1938.

81 17

Palestine Review, Jerusalem, 1937.

81 18

Palestine Zionist Executive, 1929.

81 19

Panama-Pacific International Exposition, 1914-1920.

81 20
Papish, Pinhass L.--Pennsylvania Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction.
Box Folder

Papish, Pinhass L., 1914.

82 1

Parker and Son, Ltd., Booksellers, Oxford, 1936-1939.

82 2

Parker, Martha E., 1939.

82 3

Parkes, James W., 1935-1940.

82 4

Parzen, Herbert, 1926-1939.

82 5

Patai, Raphael, 1936-1940.

82 6

Miscellaneous Correspondence: PE.

82 7

Peace [World War II], 1939-1940.

82 8

Pierce School of Business Administration, Philadelphia, undated, 1923-1925.

82 9

Peiser, Kurt, 1938-1939.

82 10

Penn, William, 1934-1935.

82 11

The Penn Club, 1913, 1919, 1928.

82 12

Penniman, Josiah H. (See also: University of Pennsylvania, Boxes 85-86), undated, 1916-1920.

82 13

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Pennsylvania--.

82 14

The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1917-1940.

82 15

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Pennsylvania, Commonwealth of--.

82 16

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Committee on Public Safety, 1917-1918.

82 17

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1913-1920.

82 18

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1921-1922.

82 19

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1923-1924.

82 20

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1925-1926.

82 21
Pennsylvania, Commonwealth of--Department of Public Instruction.
Box Folder

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth of--Department of Public Instruction, 1927.

83 1

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1928.

83 2

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1929.

83 3

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1930.

83 4

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1931.

83 5

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1932.

83 6

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1933.

83 7

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1934.

83 8

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1935.

83 9

Pennsylvania, Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1936.

83 10
Pennsylvania, Commonwealth of--Department of Public Instruction--Pennsylvania Museum of Art.
Box Folder

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1937.

84 1

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1938.

84 2

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--Department of Public Instruction, 1939.

84 3

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--State Colleges of Pennsylvania, State College, PA, 1917-1941.

84 4

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--State Emergency Relief Board--Correspondence, 1934.

84 5

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--State Emergency Relief Board--Correspondence, 1935.

84 6

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--State Emergency Relief Board, Forms, 1934.

84 7

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--State Emergency Relief Board, Reports, 1934-1935.

84 8

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--State Emergency Relief Board--Vouchers, 1934-1935.

84 9

Pennsylvania Commonwealth--State Teachers Colleges, 1936-1938.

84 10

Pennsylvania Company for Insurance on Lives and Granting Annuities, 1914-1939.

84 11

Pennsylvania Library Club, 1912-1940.

84 12

Pennsylvania Museum of Art, undated, 1936.

84 13
Pennsylvania State Education Association--Pennsylvania, University of (U of P).
Box Folder

Pennsylvania State Education Association, 1914-1924.

85 1

Pennsylvania State Education Association, 1926-1939.

85 2

Pennsylvania, University of (U of P), undated.

85 3

Pennsylvania, University of (U of P), 1908-1914.

85 4

Pennsylvania, University of (U of P), 1915-1919.

85 5

Pennsylvania, University of (U of P), 1920-1925.

85 6

Pennsylvania, University of (U of P), 1926-1936.

85 7

Pennsylvania, University of (U of P), 1937-1939.

85 8

Pennsylvania, University of (U of P) (See also: Diplomas, Box 128), 1940.

85 9
University of Pennsylvania--Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education.
Box Folder

University of Pennsylvania (U of P)--Alumni Society, 1913-1940.

86 1

University of Pennsylvania (U of P)--Registration Procedure, undated.

86 2

University of Pennsylvania (U of P)--University Museum, undated, 1910-1928.

86 3

University of Pennsylvania (U of P)--University Museum--Orders, 1911-1922.

86 4

University of Pennsylvania--Dropsie College--University Museum Joint Expedition (See also: Speiser, Box 100 FF 16-18), 1931-1933.

86 5

Perlmann, Moses, 1938-1940.

86 6

Perzin, Benjamin L. (contains a postcard), 1937-1938.

86 7

Pfaelzer, Elsie, 1935-1937.

86 8

Pfeiffer, Robert H., 1935-1938.

86 9

Pfeiffer Brothers, Philadelphia, 1912-1916.

86 10

Miscellaneous Correspondence: PH.

86 11

The Pharisees, 1922-1932.

86 12

Philadelphia--City of--Board of Public Education, 1914, 1921 June 1-10.

86 13

Philadelphia--City of--Board of Public Education, 1921 June 10-30.

86 14
Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education.
Box Folder

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1921 July-October.

87 1

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education (See also: Box 126 FF 15), 1921 November-December.

87 2

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1922 January-April.

87 3

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1922 May-September.

87 4

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education (See also: Box 126, FF 16 and Box 128), 1922 October-December.

87 5

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1923 January-February.

87 6

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1923 March-April.

87 7

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1923 May-September.

87 8

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education (See also: Box 126, FF 17 and Box 128), 1923 October-December.

87 9
Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education.
Box Folder

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1924 January-February.

88 1

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1924 March-April.

88 2

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education (Contains information about the school named for Mayer Sulzberger; See also: Box 106, FF 7), 1924 May-September.

88 3

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education (See also: Box 126, FF 18), 1924 October-December.

88 4

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1925 January-February.

88 5

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1925 March.

88 6

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1925 April.

88 7

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1925 May-June.

88 8

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education (See also: Box 126, FF 19 and Box 128), 1925 July-December.

88 9

Philadelphia, City of--Board of Public Education, 1926-1937.

88 10
Philadelphia, City of--Mayor's Office--Pool, David de Sola.
Box Folder

Philadelphia, City of--Mayor's Office, 1915, 1916, 1938.

89 1

Philadelphia, City of--Mayor's Scholarships, 1934-1935.

89 2

Philadelphia, City of--Municipal Court, 1938-1939.

89 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: Philadelphia--.

89 4

Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science, 1916-1927.

89 5

Philadelphia Council on Jewish Education--Organizational Conference, 1927 May-June.

89 6

Philadelphia Council on Jewish Education--Organizational Conference, 1927 July-November.

89 7

Philadelphia Council on Jewish Education--Organizational Conference (See also: Committee of Fifteen, Box 28, FF 2-5), 1928-1929.

89 8

Philadelphia Electric Company, 1909-1934.

89 9

Philadelphia Refugee Resettlement Committee (Contains application of Georg Adler), 1938-1939.

89 10

Philipson, David, 1909-1917.

89 11

Philipson, David, 1918-1934.

89 12

Miscellaneous Correspondence: PI-PL.

89 13

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1927-1939.

89 14

Plezel, Jacob, 1928.

89 15

Miscellaneous Correspondence: PO.

89 16

Podrat, Irving E., 1935.

89 17

Polak, Gersh, 1939.

89 18

Polak, Leon, 1935-1939.

89 19

Polansky, Morris I., 1939.

89 20

A. Pomerantz and Company, Philadelphia, 1918-1941.

89 21

Pool, David de Sola, 1909-1941.

89 22
M. Poppelauer--Q.
Box Folder

M. Poppelauer, Buchhandlung, Berlin, 1911-1926.

90 1

Posner, Arthur, 1923-1934.

90 2

Pottle, Vincent F., 1937-1939.

90 3

Miscellaneous Correspondence: PR.

90 4

Presbyterian Theological Seminary, 1935-1940.

90 5

Prescott, Joseph, 1937.

90 6