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Joseph Reider Collection

ARC MS 31

Joseph Reider Collection

ARC MS 31

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies
Creator:
Reider, Joseph, 1884-1960
Title:
Joseph Reider Collection
Date [inclusive]:
1913-1959
Call Number:
ARC MS 31
Extent:
8.5 Linear feet (7 containers)
Language:
Multiple languages
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies
Creator:
Margolis, Max Léopold, 1866-1932
Title:
Max Leopold Margolis Collection
Date [bulk]:
1894-1932
Date [inclusive]:
1891-1932
Call Number:
ARC MS 6
Extent:
23 linear feet (14 document boxes)
Language:
Multiple languages
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Joseph Reider was born in the province of Volhynia, Russia, in 1886. In his correspondence with Dropsie College president Abraham Neuman, Dr. Reider expressed some uncertainty about his exact date of birth, and referred to his Polish passport for confirmation of the year.

To quote from the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia (1943), Reider "studied at the University of Gottingen, Germany before coming to the United States in 1904. Here he received his A. B. degree from the College of the City of New York in 1910, and his Ph.D. degree from Dropsie College in 1913. Immediately after being awarded his degree by Dropsie College, Reider was made professor of Biblical philology at the college and was also appointed librarian." He retained both these posts until his retirement in 1959.

He lectured on a variety of topics at Dropsie College. For example, in the 1945-1946 academic year he offered courses in Hebrew Grammar, the Book of Job, and the Aramaic papyri of Assuan and Elephantine. This collection includes some of his notes for each of these courses and others, including Hebrew Bibliography.

Dr. Reider contributed numerous reviews and articles to both Hebrew- and English-language periodicals and encyclopedias, and also served on the publication committee of the Jewish Publication Society (JPS). His monographs include his Ph.D. thesis, Prolegomena to a Greek-Hebrew and Hebrew-Greek Index to Aquila, published by Dropsie College in 1916, and a translation with commentary of  The Book of Wisdom, published in 1957 by Harper & Brothers for Dropsie College, as part of its Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha Series. According to one biographical statement, he also published a translation and commentary on the Sibylline Oracles.

He extensively edited Deuteronomy with Commentary, originally submitted to the Jewish Publication Society by Dr. H. Hirschfeld, published by the JPS in 1937 under Dr. Reider's name. He also wrote a book on the life and influence of Samuel David Luzzatto. He proposed this work to the JPS in 1942 and submitted the manuscript for review in 1945, but it was never published.

He was a member of the American Oriental Society, the American Society of Biblical Literature, and the American Library Association. He also served on the Publication Committee of the Jewish Publication Society of America.

Dr. Reider married Anna Farstej. They had two children, Raphael Benjamin and Emanuel T. Reider. At the time of his death on November 29, 1960, Dr. Reider was also survived by grandchildren.

Biography/History

Max Leopold Margolis was born Mordechai Yom Tov Margolis in the village of Merecz in the Russian province of Vilna (now Lithuania) on October 15, 1866. Mordechai Yom Tov was named after the famous rabbi Yom Tov Lippman Heller, from whom he descended on his father Isaac Margolis' side. His mother's name was Hinde Bernstein. He had one brother named Elias, and four sisters: Anna, Lena, Bertha and Ida. Anna eventually married a man named Ginsberg. After her death, Ginsberg re-married Anna's sister Lena. Bertha married into the Barnett family; Ida Margolis never married.

Margolis received his early Jewish education from his father who was a rabbi. Margolis began studying secular subjects such as mathematics with his self-taught father and also received additional training in Russian and other subjects from a local priest in Merecz. Margolis' thirst for knowledge of all kinds was not easily exhausted. According to information told to Alexander Marx by Margolis' brother Elias, Margolis tried unsuccessfully to run away from his small village in search of wider horizons. Realizing the intellectual limitations the confines of Merecz imposed on his son, Margolis' father sent him to live at the home of his maternal grandfather David Bernstein in Berlin sometime after his thirteenth birthday. In Berlin, Margolis studied at the Leibniz Gymnasium, where he received a thorough grounding in Greek and Latin. Margolis was consistently the top student in Greek and graduated with distinction in 1885. While in Berlin, Margolis' family emigrated to America. Margolis did not re-join them, however, until 1889, two years after the death of Margolis' father, who had found work as the rabbi of the Kalvarier Schul in New York.

Margolis began his graduate studies at Columbia College in New York in 1889, received his M.A degree in 1890, and only one year later in 1891 successfully completed his Ph.D., the first to be awarded in the Oriental Department. Writing in Latin, which apparently was stronger than his English at the time, Margolis submitted a text-critical study of Rashi's commentary on tractate Eruvin of the Talmud, under the supervision of Richard Gottheil.

Following his graduation, Margolis remained at Columbia for one year as a University Fellow in Semitic Languages. Shortly thereafter, Margolis lectured at the Glenmore School for Culture and Sciences, in Keene, New Hampshire and also lectured at the summer school run by Felix Adler, the founder of the Ethical Culture Society, at Plymouth, Massachusetts. From 1893 until 1898, Margolis taught Hebrew and Semitic languages at the Hebrew Union College, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Margolis was hired by Isaac Mayer Wise, the founder and president of the college (the center of reform Judaism in America at that time), and enjoyed a warm relationship with him. Perhaps attracted by the possibilities of a broader university environment, Margolis departed HUC in 1899 for the University of California in Berkeley where he assumed the position of assistant professor of Semitics. One year later, Margolis was awarded an associate professorship.

It was during his stay in California, that Margolis met his future wife, Evelyn Kate Aronson, of San Francisco. They were married on June 20, 1906. Evelyn Aronson was a gifted, cultured woman who came from a prominent family. Among her descendants on her mother's side was Barry Goldwater. They had three children, Catherine, and the twins, Philip, and Max, Jr. Max, Jr. died of a stomach ailment during the family's visit to Palestine in 1924 where Margolis had come as the Annual Professor at the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem. Margolis' grief was profound; after returning to the United States he was said to have visited his son's grave every Shabbat for the rest of life, even in intemperate weather.

Margolis had left Berkeley shortly before his marriage to return to Cincinnati where he had been recruited by HUC's new president, Kaufmann Kohler. From September 1905 to March 1907, Margolis held the position of Professor of Hebrew Exegesis at the Hebrew Union College. Unfortunately, the return to Cincinnati did not prove felicitous. Margolis left HUC within two years due to personality conflicts with the new president. They also differed substantively on a number of important issues such as the nature of the curriculum, Margolis' desire for an unfettered teaching hand, and his political outlook. After leaving HUC, Margolis spent one year abroad in Europe from 1907 into 1908, visiting Berlin, Belgium and Holland and several of Europe's famous libraries. During his stay, Margolis attended a Zionist Congress at The Hague. Margolis was an ardent supporter of the Zionist cause, and his outspoken stance appears to have been among the factors that contributed to his turbulent departure from HUC.

Margolis returned to the United States in 1908 to accept the position of secretary of the editorial board for the Jewish Publication Society's proposed new translation of the Hebrew Bible into English. Margolis eventually became editor-in-chief of this complex undertaking, which was finally published in 1917. On March 28, 1909, Margolis was unanimously elected by the Board of Governors of the newly created Dropsie College in Philadelphia to the position of Professor of Biblical Philology. Margolis remained on the faculty of Dropsie College until his death in 1932.

Margolis' years at Dropsie were marked by intense activity. In addition to his regular teaching load, his various administrative responsibilities as Secretary of the Faculty, his outside endeavors such as the Bible translation, and his numerous popularly and scholarly publications, Margolis devoted himself to the task of reconstructing an authentic textual witness to the Greek translation of the Book of Joshua. The work represented Margolis' crowning scholarly achievement and a major contribution to the emerging field of textual criticism of the Septuagint and its relation to the original Hebrew text.

Margolis actively participated in several other spheres of public life. He played a prominent role in the developing field of Semitic studies in America. From 1914 to 1921, Margolis served as the editor of the Journal of Biblical Literature and was elected president of the Society of Biblical Literature for the year 1923. Margolis also was one of the editors of the  Journal of the American Oriental Society from 1922 until 1932. Margolis was one of the pioneering figures in the history of critical Jewish Biblical Studies in North America; at the time of his death, he was memorialized as "the foremost authority on the Hebrew biblical literature in America" and called "the dean of Hebrew scholars."

Margolis also sought to promote Jewish education among all segments of the Jewish population. He wrote dozens of popular articles discussing various issues of his day as well as several book-length studies designed for the general public. He collaborated with his friend Alexander Marx to write a concise history of the Jewish people, published by the Jewish Publication Society and authored several works about the Hebrew Bible also intended for a popular audience.

Margolis was a curious figure in the history of religious reform in America. He advocated the introduction of dogmatic principles in to Jewish life in America as a way of invigorating Jewish religious existence not defined by allegiance to rabbinic tradition. He was said to have lived in a kosher home and attended synagogue every Shabbat, though he was also known to have taken the train to get there. Margolis is not easily classified among the miscellany of expressions of Jewish identity in America in the beginning of the twentieth century. If Margolis felt real affiliation with the doctrines and tendencies of any one movement, nonetheless, it was probably with the possibilities he imagined in political Zionism. Margolis was committed first to the Jewish people, their history and life, guided by the principles of reason. He was outspoken and circumspect, an enlightened, cautious man who held strong views after much reflection.

Margolis died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Philadelphia at 3:00 p.m., Saturday April 2, 1932 at the age of 65. Services were held in the Dropsie College building. A future president of Dropsie College, Rabbi Abraham Neuman of the Mikveh Israel congregation, presided. He was buried in the Mt. Sinai cemetery.

Institutional Affiliations

American Academy for Jewish Research (fellow)

American Philosophical Society (member)

American Jewish Historical Society (council, member)

American Oriental Society (member)

American School of Oriental Research (Annual Professor, 1924-25)

Associated Talmud Torahs (member of the board of directors)

Columbia University (Ph.D., University Fellow)

Dropsie College (Professor of Biblical Philology, Secretary of the Faculty)

Hebrew High School [established 1923] (chairman)

Hebrew Union College (Assistant Professor of Hebrew and Biblical Exegesis;

Hebrew University of Jerusalem (visiting lecturer, 1924-25)

Jewish Publication Society (editor-in-chief of the 1917 Bible Translation; member of the publication committee).

Journal of the American Oriental Society (editor)

Journal of Biblical Literature (editor)

Oriental Club of Philadelphia (member)

Palestine Oriental Society (President, 1925)

"Pharisees" [a club?] (member)

Russian-American Hebrew Association (secretary)

Society of Biblical Literature (President)

University of California, Berkeley (assistant, associate professor of Semitic Languages and Literatures, acting head of department of Semitics)

Biographical/Historical Note

A comprehensive, revised and annotated bibliography of Margolis' writings can be found in Leonard Greenspoon's Max Margolis: A Scholar's Scholar (Atlanta: Scholar's Press, 1987), pp. 135-178.

The vast majority of the biographical information about Margolis used in the writing of this finding aid is based on Greenspoon's work. Greenspoon closely examined parts of this collection (and related material in the Adler collection) before it was processed.

Several standard reference sources were consulted (in addition to Greenspoon's work, Margolis' own writings, and of course the materials forming the current collection): the Encyclopedia Judaica;  Universal Jewish Encyclopedia;  Dictionary of American Biography, and the additional sources cited there.

Scope and Contents

Bulk dates

The majority of the collection is undated, but appears to have been created during Dr. Reider's tenure on the faculty of Dropsie College (1913-1959). There is much material concerning his doctoral thesis on Aquila, accepted in 1913. Those notes written in German may relate to his studies at Gottingen University, prior to his emigration to the United States in 1904.

Contents

The bulk of this material consists of Dr. Reider's lecture notes for the courses which he taught at Dropsie College, and notes for various publications which he either wrote or planned to write.

The materials relating to his work on Aquila are the perhaps most voluminous group on a single subject, followed by his notes on Hebrew grammar. The great majority of these notes were written on 3 x 5" index cards, or paper slips of similar dimensions. Most of the notes were written in ink, but many were written in pencil. Virtually all of it is written in a small hand, suited to the dimensions of the paper, which may limit its legibility.

Other materials include typescripts of articles by Reider and other authors, some unidentified, as well as a small amount of correspondence, printed ephemera, and a few facsimiles (probably incomplete). In addition, numerous ephemeral publications authored by Dr. Reider were transferred to this collection from the Dropsie College Pamphlet Collection. Many of these were taken directly from copies of The Jewish Quarterly Review, published by the College. The only offprint originally found among his papers is the title "Etymological Studies in Biblical Hebrew."

Condition

Much of this material is in poor condition, having been created using acidic papers and improperly stored for many years. The index cards and paper slips, particularly the latter, are brittle and often discolored with their own acidity. Also, many items have been damaged by the residue of decomposed rubber bands and rusted metal clips. In removing these harmful materials, some brittle items were unavoidably torn. There is evidence of some mold on those cards which touched the original metal drawer dividers.

Arrangement

The notes were carefully shifted from metal drawers to acid-free boxes in 1992. It became clear at that time that some of this material was no longer in the original order. The current arrangement of the collection reflects the preliminary-level processing which was done in 1996. The goals of this processing were to remove harmful materials (such as rusted clips), organize the material into series, restore some of the lost order to the English-language materials, and produce a preliminary finding aid.

In Boxes 3-6, blank 3 x 5" guide cards were used to separate the numerous sets of notes which had formerly been bundled together by rubber bands or paper clips. Most of these notes are in the order in which they were found, but some sets of notes have been reorganized to restore them to their presumed original context (for example, two bundles of notes concerning Zacuto were reunited.) Most, but not all, of these sets of notes are prefaced by a "title page"; that is, the group begins with a card or slip bearing only the title of the work.

Titles of note-sets in English are listed in the finding aid just as they appear on the card. Descriptive titles and additional notations which have been given by the processor appear in brackets. The most commonly assigned description is: ["Miscellaneous notes"]. This indicates the presence of additional material without titles or written in languages other than English. A high percentage of the latter material may prove to be out of order. Items found among the note sets which are larger than the 3 x 5" format were removed and placed in folders.

The folders in Box 1 are arranged alphabetically by topic. Those in Box 2 comprise a combination of items removed from the note-sets due to their larger format, and legal-size materials. The folders in Box 7 are arranged alphabetically by title.

Processor's Note

Professor George Foot Moore once remarked: "It requires more scholarship to make a good index than to write a book that is indexed." This quotation is one of the many collected by Dr. Reider, perhaps for use in his own writings and lectures. It underscores the preliminary nature of the present finding aid, which is intended to serve only as a temporary guide to the collection until it can be more completely inventoried.

Scope and Contents

The Margolis collection spans the years 1891-1932, with the bulk of the collection dating from after 1894.

The vast majority of the collection relates to Margolis' various professional activities. Virtually no private papers (i.e., papers of a strictly personal nature) are to be found, although there are various clippings about him collected at the time of his death and what may be a photograph of his wife Evelyn. The collection does provide a convenient guide to Margolis' many literary efforts, including handwritten as well as typescript drafts of his articles, clippings or photostats of virtually all of his popular publications, and reprints of some of his published scholarly writings. There is correspondence relating to Margolis' involvement with the Society for Biblical Literature and thus Semitic studies in the United States and his role in the publication of the Journal of Biblical Literature. Margolis received letters from many of the prominent figures of this discipline, such as Richard Gottheil, Paul Haupt, Morris Jastrow, James Montgomery, and Charles Torrey.

A large part of this collection is composed of Margolis' many scholarly notes, recorded on index cards, and his drafts and notes for his most important scholarly writings: his reconstruction of the Greek translation of the book of Joshua and his efforts as editor-in-chief of the Jewish Publication Society's new translation of the entire Hebrew Bible into English in 1917; the five volume bound typescript of his history of the Jewish people written in collaboration with Alexander Marx; Margolis' important unpublished study in typescript of Andreas Masius' commentary on the Greek book of Joshua, many additional fragmentary manuscripts, and reprints of publications. A bound scrapbook, including a copy of Margolis' dissertation and other writings and correspondence pasted on or inserted between the pages of the volume, is also found in the collection.

List of Correspondents

Cyrus Adler, Nathan Adler, Herman Bernstein, Leo M. Brown, Emily Solis Cohen, Walter Blumenthal, Albert T. Clay, Wiollaim H. Cobb, George Dobsevage, A.M. Dockery, Winfred Nichols Donovan, W. Drugulin, Immanuel Due, James P. Duncan, Jacob Edelstein, Harry Ettelson, Gustav Foch, Jacob Freudenheim, Edward Goodspeed, Richard Gottheil, Frederck G. Grant, Kenneth Sylvan Guthrie, F. C. Harding, Paul Haupt, H. Hyvernat, Henry Hurwitz, M. Hyamson, Morris Jastrow, L.A. Kalbach, Charles Foster Kent, G. Kreysing, Joseph Kyle, Frank Lewis, John Meighan, Simon Miller, Hinckley G. Mitchell, James Montgomery, George F. Moore, Warren Moulton, Lewis Bayles Paton, John P. Peters, Waldo S. Pratt, A. Rahlfs, Samuel H. Ranck, Lois A. Reed, George L. Robinson, William G. Rockwell, James Hardy Ropes, Henry A. Sanders, George Schick, Nathaniel Schmidt, William G. Seiple, Charles Fremont Sitterly, Louise Pettibone Smith, Wallace N. Stearne, Louis Sulzbach, Charles Torrey, Tuttle and Co., J. Walsh, William Hays Ward, Leroy Waterman, Edward Arthur Wicher, G. G. Wilder, George Frederick Wright, W. Carleton Wood

Scope and Contents

The Margolis collection was processed in stages, as the project Archivist, Judith Robins, identified and segregated fragments of the Margolis collection found scattered throughout the Institution's archives. Most of the papers, even sixty years after his death, and even as they were found scattered, still bore some of the organizing principles of their creator.

The majority of the processing occurred during the preliminary stages. For example, many of Margolis' drafts and notes were typed on or taped to onion paper, which over the years had become creased and/or curled. Each leaf of this kind was flattened as possible and groups of these pages as they were identified and processed were placed in acid-free containers. Of some tedium was the re-location and physical processing of Margolis' voluminous index/note cards. Hazardous materials (metal clips, etc.) were removed, and colored, index-card sized dividers were inserted to represent the divisions the clips had formerly marked. Nearly 8 LF were re-located for temporary storage. An extremely tentative arrangement was created for the cards, essentially following the order of the boxes in which they were found. To consult the cards, staff assistance should be requested.

An important discovery was made in the collection prior to its processing by a scholar of the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible (the Septuagint), Emanuel Tov of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Dr. Tov recently identified a negative photostatic copy of the never published fifth fascicle of Margolis' published edition of The Book of Joshua in Greek which had been presumed lost. Dr. Tov, in conjunction with the Annenberg Research Institute, has since published this volume (Monograph Series, Annenberg Research Institute, 1992). The (original) photostatic copy is currently found in this collection's  Literary Productions series. Details pertaining to the history and discovery of the fifth part are found in Tov's preface to the recently published volume.

Separated Materials

The original 3 volume bound typescript (and one three volume duplicate) of Margolis' collaborative history of the Jewish people, written with Alexander Marx, can be found in the Archives, shelved with this collection. Alongside these volumes is a typescript of Margolis' "Hebrew Accents" written for the Jewish Encylopedia and one bound volume of the typescript of Margolis' "The Theological Aspect of Reformed Judaism."

Clippings and photostats of Margolis' published articles have been re-located to over-sized storage in the archives room.

Index/note cards (see above, processing) have been housed, for the time being, in an unused catalog card cabinet in the basement of the building (B-2, Room A).

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies,  July 1996

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies,  January 1993

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Judith A. Robins, with the assistance of Dr. Robert Kraft.

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Arthur Kiron, Manuscripts Curator and Assistant Archivist.

Revision Description

 March 30, 2016

Revision Description

 April 2016

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

In March, 1991, Emanuel Reider, son of Dr. Joseph Reider, donated this collection of his father's papers to the Annenberg Research Institute, successor institution to Dropsie College, which later became the Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Dropsie College Archives, Faculty records

Cyrus Adler Collection (MS 26)

Related Collections

Cyrus Adler Collection; Sabato Morais Papers.

Separated Materials note

One item was removed from the collection. This is a bronze figurine, 3.5" high, similar to Egyptian funerary figures, "Utashbis." The figurine has been transferred to the Library's artifact collection.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning..
  • Jewish Publication Society of America.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Writings (documents)
Personal Name(s)
  • Lilien, Ephraim Mose, 1874-1925
  • Luzzatto, Samuel David, 1800-1865
Subject(s)
  • Jews--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning..
  • Jewish Publication Society of America.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts (documents)
  • Notebooks
  • Publications (documents)
  • Scrapbooks
Subject(s)
  • Jews--Study and teaching

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Other Finding Aids note

For an earlier version of this finding aid, see http://www.library.upenn.edu/cajs/reider.html

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Unidentified negative photo-facsimile of a Greek manuscript, with one sheet of Hebrew notes in pencil (both items in poor condition).

1 1

MS. about Greek versions of Aquila; ink on lined paper.

1 2

MS. translations from Greek into Hebrew (presumed to be Aquila).

1 3

MS. translations from Greek into Hebrew (presumed to be Aquila).

1 4

MS. translations from Greek into Hebrew (presumed to be Aquila).

1 5

Carbon copy of MS. for Prolegomena on lined pages 1-200.

1 6

Carbon copy of Prolegomena on lined pages 201-398.

1 7

Negative facsimile of MS. for Prolegomena, pages 1-2, 281-284, 397-398, with envelope and receipt from James J. Cogan Photostats (1962).

1 8

Typescript: "Aquila and his Bible Translation" by Joseph Reider, Dropsie College, Philadelphia.

1 9

Title on original envelope: "Resume of Aquila Studies for Lecture." Various MS. notes in Hebrew and English.

1 10

Typescript: "Biblical Criticism in the Light of Modern Archaeology".

1 11

"Etymological Studies in Biblical Hebrew" by Joseph Reider. Typescript and one copy of the offprint. ( See also: Box 3-B).

1 12

Clippings of reviews of Deuteronomy with Commentary, in English, German, and Arabic.

1 13

Hebrew typescript: "The Greek Translation of the Bible" (2 copies).

1 14

Typescript: "Hebrew Historiography" by Joseph Reider, Dropsie College (2 copies), with letter from Harry M. Orlinsky.

1 15

MS. essay on Hebrew literature.

1 16

Title on original envelope: "Inner Greek Errors." Various notes in Hebrew and English. ( See also: Box 2, FF 14 and Box 3-D).

1 17

Typescript: "Isaiah 57.8" by Joseph Reider, Dropsie College. (2 copies) ( See also: Box 3-B and Box 6-C).

1 18

MS. notes for a history of Jewish Bible exegesis.

1 19

Typescript: "The Place of Jewish Learning in Modern Hebrew Literature" by Joseph Reider, Dropsie College.

1 20

Black and white photograph. Group portrait. (Believed to be the members of the Publication Committee of the Jewish Publication Society.).

1 21

Minutes of a meeting of a Sub-Committee of the Publication Committee For the Revision of the J. P. S. Translation, October 31, 1949, and Proposed Changes in the J. P. S. English Version of 2 Samuel 15-17. ( See also: Box 3-A).

1 22

Various MS. notes in Greek and English (presumed to be about Book of Joshua.).

1 23

Photo-facsimiles of Hebrew and Greek (presumed to be collations of Joshua.)( See also: Box 4-C).

1 24

Hebrew typescript: "Ephraim Mose Lilien, an Artistic Evaluation" by Joseph Reider (copy 1).

1 25

Ephraim Mose Lilien (copy 2).

1 26

Ephraim Mose Lilien (copy 3).

1 27

Hebrew typescript: "Shadal [Samuel David Luzzatto] as a Liturgical Poet" by Joseph Reider.

1 28

Typed MS. of "Samuel David Luzzatto, Life and Works" by Joseph Reider, Philadelphia, 1945 (pages not numbered), 1945.

1 29

Typed MS. of "Samuel David Luzzatto, Life and Works" (pages 1-159).

1 30

Typed MS. of "Samuel David Luzzatto, Life and Works" (pages 160-319).

1 31

Typed MS. of "Samuel David Luzzatto, Life and Works" (pages 320-412).

1 32

Notes and correspondence concerning the unpublished MS. of Reider's book about Samuel David Luzzatto. ( See also: Box 1, FF 28-32, Box 3-C and Box 5-F).

1 33

Title on original envelope: "Sketches in Hebrew". Various MS. notes in Hebrew.

1 34

Typescript: "The Original Title of the Book of Maccabees", with letter from the Journal of Biblical Literature (1949.).

1 35

Typescript: "The Book of Nahum". ( See also: Box 6-B).

1 36

Typescript: "The New Ornament of Jewish Books" by Joseph Reider, with English and Hebrew ephemera. ( See also: Box 3-D, Box 6-B, and Box 7, FF 23).

1 37

Hebrew typescript: "The Biblia of the Poor" by Joseph Reider. Concerns the depiction in art of Biblical figures. ( See also: Box 1, FF 39 and Box 3-D).

1 38

Hebrew typescript: "The Biblia of Raphael" by Joseph Reider. Concerns Raphael's works depicting Biblical figures. (See also: Box 1, FF 38 and Box 3-D).

1 39

Typescript: "The Traditional View concerning the Age and Authorship of the Psalter" by Joseph Reider (2 copies), with Synopsis. ( See also: Box 3-D).

1 40

Hebrew typescript: "RASHI as a commentator of the Bible" by Joseph Reider.

1 41

Typescript: "The Bearing of the Ugaritic Texts on the Scriptures" by Joseph Reider.

1 42

Title on envelope: "Ugaritic Texts & Scriptures". MS notes in Hebrew.

1 43

Hebrew typescript: "Biblical double letters in the light of Ugaritic inscriptions" by Joseph Reider. ( See also: Box 1, FF 41-43, and Box 3-B).

1 44

MS. notes on "The Book of Wisdom".

1 45

Typescript: "Book of Wisdom Commentary", pages 1-119.

1 46

Typescript: "Book of Wisdom", pages 120-246. ( See also: Box 1, FF 45-46, and Box 6-C).

1 47

Miscellaneous correspondence.

1 48

Miscellaneous notes.

1 49

Miscellaneous quotations and anecdotes.

1 50

Miscellaneous ephemera.

1 51

Notebook (possibly not by Reider).

1 52

Typescript: memorial tribute to Cyrus Adler on the tenth anniversary of his death (possibly not by Reider. See also: Box 7, FF 31), 1950.

1 53

Typescript: memorial tribute to Benzion Halper (possibly not by Reider), 1924.

1 54

Hebrew typescript: "Hunger and Thirst for God" by Mr. [Derer ?] (3 copies).

1 55

Letter to Reider from Heinrich Margulies, thanking him for sending a copy of his work on Amos, enclosed with two items about Amos authored by Margulies (all in German).

1 56

Copy of Solomon Rosonsky's proposal to the American Council of Learned Societies for a work on Cantillation in the Hebrew Bible, citing Dr. Reider as a reference. ( See also: Box 2, FF 17 and 18, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 13, 18, 21 and 30).

1 57

Typescript: "The Prophet of Loneliness" by Ronald Youngblood. Submitted to Dr. Reider for his class in The Book of Jeremiah, May 1959. ( See also: Box 3-C).

1 59

Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English removed from Box 3-A.

2 1

Notes on shoes, etc. removed from Box 3-C.

2 2

Notes on music, orientalism & occidentalism, etc., removed from Box 3-D.

2 3

Notes on the ghetto, etc., removed from Box 3-E.

2 4

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 3-F.

2 5

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 3-F.

2 6

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 3-F.

2 7

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 3-F.

2 8

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 4-C.

2 9

Miscellaneous notes and ephemera removed from Box 4-D.

2 10

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 5-A.

2 11

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 5-B.

2 12

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 5-E.

2 13

Inner Greek Errors. ( See also: Box 1, FF 17, and Box 3-D).

2 14

Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew.

2 15

Typescript: Symmachusstudien 111: Symmachus under Der Midrach (Possibly by Rahlfs).

2 16

Untitled MS. on the characteristics of Jewish music, with negative facsimiles of musical notations and portrait of Gershom Mendez Seixas.

2 17

Typescript: "Jewish Music in Pennsylvania in the Eighteenth Century". Signed "J. Reider" at upper right. ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 2 FF 17, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 13, 18, 21 and 30).

2 18
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

Arabic as Illustrative of Hebrew

Waw Consecutive

Apposition in Hebrew

Rationalization and Stratification of the Old Testament

A Critique of the JPS Version of Scriptures ( See also: Box 1, FF 21 and 22)

Failure of the Septuagint

The Hebrew Original of Hegesippus

Synedrion in the Septuagint

The Sword Prophecy in Ezekiel 21

Song of Moses Deut. Ch. 32

Job

Extracting sense out of Prov. 20.25

Difficult word in Ezek. 16.36

Extraordinary word in Deut. 33.3 and Isa. 1.5

Exposition of Ps. 49

Reduplicated Roots as a Source of Error in the Bible

Lack of Acquaintance with the Literature

Emphasis on the Subject in Hebrew and its Effect on the Consecutio Temporum

Anticipative Prolepsic Construction in the Scriptures

Some Methods in the Hebrization of Hellenistic Greek

[Notes on Prophets]

The Genius of the Hebrew Language

Neo-Hebrew Excrescences

Subject for Thesis: The Ahikar Version of the Elephantine Papyri

The Letter of Aristeas to Philocrates

Canaanite Inscriptions

Miscellaneous notes on Aramaic

Aramaic Papyri of Assuan and Elephantine

3 3-A
[Miscellaneous Notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

[Sections] 5-14

[Sections] 16-19

"The Ugaritic Texts and their Bearing on the Bible" by Joseph Reider

"Biliteralism in the Light of the Ugaritic Texts" by Joseph Reider

"Meletemata Ugaritica" by Joseph Reider ( See also: Box 1, FF 42-44)

"Isaiah 57.8" by Joseph Reider ( See also: Box 1, FF 18 and Box 6-C)

"Etymological Studies in Biblical Hebrew" by Joseph Reider ( See also: Box 1, FF 12)

3 3-B
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

[Literary Quotations]

From Syria, XVIII (1937)

Notes on Ras Shamra Texts

Vetus Testamentum, II (1952)

[Bibliographic citations]

On S. D. Luzzatto ( See also: Box 1, FF 28-33 and Box 5-F)

Introduction to the Book of Jeremiah

Contents of Book of Jeremiah ( See also: Box 1, FF 58)

Ideal of Feminine Beauty

The Equivalence of Wine, Woman and Song in Arabic

The Parties Hontenses in Semitic Languages ( See also: Box 2, FF 2)

[Notes on women's clothing]

Shoes ( See also: Box 2, FF 2)

[Notes on rings]

Nails

The Beard

[Notes on Christianity]

[Notes on Faith]

Recent Discoveries of Jewish Interest [Archaeological]

Concerning Pasek [Pesach]

Legendary and Tribal History, Judah & Israel, Nationalism & its Decay

The Significance of Yod in the Scriptures

Scripture Emendations

Oriental Poetry

Words with Antithetical Meanings

Yom Kippur

Sacrifices of the Hebrews

Sacrifices in the Old Testament

Priests and Levites [Role in sacrifices]

3 3-C
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

The Origin of Music According to the Bible

Modern Jewish Music

Secular Currents in Synagogue Music, by Joseph Reider ( See also: Box 7, FF 30)

Bibliography of Jewish Music

Orientalism and Occidentalism [Art, Architecture, Music] ( See also: Box 2, FF 3)

Hebrew Characters in the Paintings of Great Masters ( See also: Box 1, FF 38 and 39)

[Notes on Christian Church Art]

Art in the Synagogue

Jewish Art in Eastern Europe

Jewish Engravings

Judeophobia among Artists

[Notes on Dropsie College]

Jews and Western Civilization: A New Estimate of the Effect of European Civilization upon the Jew

Paraphrasis of the Bible into Rhyme

Notes on the Age and Authorship of the Psalter ( See also: Box 1, FF 40)

Notes on Jewish Bible exegesis ( See also: Box 1, FF 19)

Introduction to Biblical Criticism

Inner Greek Errors ( See also: Box 1, FF 17 and Box 2, FF 14)

New Ornament of Jewish Books ( See also: Box 1, FF 37, Box 6-B, and Box 7, FF 23)

3 3-D
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

Orthodoxy and Reform

The Jewish Soul

The Nemesis/Revenge of Judaism on Nationalism

The Jewish Scholar

The Case of the Teacher versus the Preacher

Ghetto ( See also: Box 2, FF 4)

Profanation of Jewish Scholarship

Jews and Judaism

The Synagogue and its Decay / What Ails the Synagogue

American Judaism

The Scriptures in Synagogue and Home

The Bible as Folk Literature

Bible Critics

The Riddle of Ezekiel's Abnormal Style

Inadequacy of Interpretation

Leviticus

Book of Psalms

Commentary on Book of Proverbs

Fresh Light on the Age of the Book of Job

Fresh Light on Job 36.27-33

Comments on Job

The Book of Chronicles

Languages Used by Jews in Study, Speech and Writing

King and Rabbi

3 3-E
Miscellaneous.
Scope and Contents note

History of Hebrew Grammar

I. Orthography and Phonology

Vowel Signs

Syllable Formation

Christian Hebrew Grammarians

A Course in Hebrew Grammar

Pres-Masoretic Hebrew

Morphology of the Hebrew Noun

II. Morphology or Etymology GKC, Part II, pp. 99 ff

III. Hebrew Syntax

Notes for Freehof Festschrift [Palestine]

Homiletical

Mezuzah

Sharret: Honorary Degree

Palestine under Ptolomys

Jews in Egypt Outside of Alexandria & The Few Greek Cities

Egyptian War--Near Revolt

Jews & Selucids

[Onias or Oniads] and Tobias

Succession to Alexander

Syria & Palestine / Selucids vs Macabees

Cultural Relations of Jews and Turks with Special reference to Egypt

Palestine in Hellenistic Period

Deification of living men before Alexander

High Priesthood

3 3-F

[Miscellaneous notes in Greek].

4 4-A

[Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew].

4 4-B
[Miscellaneous notes in English, Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

A Survey of Hebrew Literature

Palestine Exploration

The Book of Joshua (See also: Box 1, FF 23 and 24)

Masora

Versions

Septuagint

Bible Editions

The Clarendon Bible

Church Fathers

Jewish Commentaries to the Scriptures

Hellenism

Sects

Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha

Book Tobit

Judith

Introductions to the Talmud

Mishna MSS.

Translations of the Talmud

Commentaries on the Mishna

Commentaries on the Talmud Babli

Grammars of the Talmud

On Attempts at a Talmudic Concordance

Midrashim

Codes and Compendia

Responsa

Takkanot

Secular Poetry

Abraham Ibn Hasdai

Grammar & Exegesis

Synonyms

Mysticism & Kabbala

Karaitica

Books of Travel

Cyclopedias

4 4-C
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and Greek].
Scope and Contents note

Music in Bible

Music in Talmud

[Notes on Solomon de Rossi of Mantua]

Hazzanim

Musical Terminology in Abraham Ibn Ezra / Abraham Ibn Hiyya

The Old Testament in Music

Jewish Composers in the Service of the Church

Christian Composers in the Service of the Synagogue

Congregational Singing

Hassidic Music

Music among Hassidim

Badhan

Women Singing

Wedding Music

Whistling

Dances

Musical Instruments

The Jew in the Thicket

Musical Freaks

[Notes on music of various nationalities]

The Organ in the Synagogue

Musical Names among Jews

[Miscellaneous notes in English]

Comment. to Megil. Abiathar

[Miscellaneous notes on Jews of Tortosa]

Jewish Courts

Marriage

Women

Economic Conditions

Jewish Community

Education

Moral Conditions

Domestic Life

Jew as Royal Official

Jews, services under Church jurisdiction

Lecture material: Jews in Europe after the World War I

4 4-D
[Miscellaneous notes in English, Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

No divisions.

4 4-E
[Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Multiple divisions.

4 4-F
[Notes translating Greek into Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

No divisions.

5 5-A
[Notes translating Greek into Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

No divisions.

5 5-B
[Notes translating Greek into Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Divisions labeled : A, B, D, E, F, G, H, I.

5 5-C
[Notes translating Greek into Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Divisions labeled: K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, X.

5 5-D
[Miscellaneous notes in English, Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Multiple divisions.

5 5-E
[Miscellaneous notes in English, German and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

S. D. Luzzatto (See also: Box 1, FF 28-33 and Box 3-C)

5. Die Konsonanten-schrift

6. Schriftrichtung, Wortabteilung

7. Ansatze zur Vokal-schrift

8. Die Vokalzeichen

Poetical

Prose

11. Phonetische Vorbemerkungen

12. Der Lautbestand

13. Die Silbe

14. der Akzent

Chapter 1

[Sections] 4-13

[Sections] 16, 17, 19, 21, 22

[Sections] 24-28, 30, 32-34, 39

[Sections] 40-66, 45, 51, 56-66, 57, 59

[Sections] 63, 64, 66

Jeremiah, The prophet zukerngtsbild [?]

Textual criticism

Translations

Exercises for [illegible]

Commentaries

Hebrew Grammar, history of

Luther's Version

Puncta Extraordinaria

Punctuation

Pronunciation of Hebrew

Hebrew Grammar, Modern (accidence and syntax)

Hebrew Grammar, Modern (accidence)

Aussprache des Hebr.

II. Lantlehre

Hebraische Sprachlehre

Vorwort

Reading Charts

Saadya

I. Schriftlehre

Aussprache des Hew.

Transcription of Hebrew

5 5-F
[Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Multiple divisions

6 6-A
[Miscellaneous].
Scope and Contents note

Hebrew Bibliography

Chapters in Hebrew Bibliography

Hebrew Script

Colophon

Great Literary Discoveries

The Forging Fraternity

Incunabula

Women Printers

Format

Hebrew Books Printed in America

Rarities

Hebrew Collections and their Migration

Cairo Genizah

The Fate of Hebrew Books

The Auto da Fe of Books: It is easier to destroy books than to contravert them

The Cost of Books

Purloining of Books

Biblical Libraries

Great Hebrew Libraries (Private)

[Notes on academic libraries in England]

[Notes on libraries in France]

[Notes on libraries in Germany, Austria and Poland]

[Notes on libraries in Israel]

Hebrew Bibliography, Cont.

[Notes on libraries in the United States, including Dropsie College]

Catalogs

Florid Titles in Hebrew

Hebrew Bibliographers

Hebrew Books in Miniature

Bible Illustration

Figured Massorah

Illustrations in Haggadahs

Christian Illustrations of Books on Judaism

Motives [Illustrative motifs] ( See also: Box 1, FF 37, Box 3-D, and Box 7, FF 23)

Burning of Books

Commentary on Nahum ( See also: Box 1, FF 36)

Comments on the Book of Micah

Haggai

Zechariah 1-8

Zephaniah

Commentary on Habakkuk

Isserlein

Moses Mendelssohn

Abraham Geiger

Zacharias Frankel

Rabbinical Conferences

[Notes on Zacuto]

[Notes on Sopheric Halacha]

6 6-B
[Miscellaneous].
Scope and Contents note

[Miscellaneous notes in English and Hebrew]

Theology and Philosophy

The Book of Wisdom

1. Introduction

3. Text

4. Language

5. Authorship

6. Date of Composition

8. Theology and Philosophy

9. Relation to Wisdom Literature

10. Rabbinic Sources (See also: Box 1, FF 45-47)

[Section] 2

[Section] 3

Commentary

Commentary on Minor Prophets

Introduction to the Book of Isaiah ( See also: Box 1, FF 18 and Box 3-B)

Commentary on Deutero-Isaiah, Ch. 40-66

Commentary on Ezekiel

Immanuel Velikovsky, Worlds in Collision NY, 1950

6 6-C

Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew, on rectangular strips of paper and folded sheets.

6 6-D

Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew, on rectangular strips of paper and folded sheets.

6 6-E

Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew, on rectangular strips of paper and folded sheets.

6 6-F

Athenaeum Subject Index to Periodicals (Review).

7 1

Biblical Literature (JQR roundup reviews).

7 2

Bibliography of the Works of Max L. Margolis.

7 3

Brooklyn Museum Aramaic Papyri (Review).

7 4

Brunes Flavius Josephus (Review).

7 5

Cassutos Commentary on Exodus (Review).

7 6

Catalogue of Samaritan Manuscripts (Review).

7 7

The Date of Ezekiel.

7 8

Dropsie College Library.

7 9

Encyclopedia of Jewish Knowledge (Review).

7 10

Etymology of Hebrew Mul or Mol and its Bearing on Tmol and Etmol.

7 11

Itbain Hebrew and Aramaic.

7 12

Jewish and Arabic Music (Review) ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 18, 21 and 30).

7 13

Jews in Medieval Art ( See also: Box 1, FF 38 and 39).

7 14

Kaminkas Marcus Aurelius (Review).

7 15

The Lachish Letters.

7 16

Miscellanea Hebraica.

7 17

Modern Renaissance of Jewish Music (Review) ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 13, 21 and 30).

7 18

The Name Ashur in the Initials of a Difficult Phrase in the Bible.

7 19

Negative Tendencies in Modern Hebrew Literature.

7 20

A New Exponent of the Hebrew Chant ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 13, 18 and 30).

7 21

A New Lexicon to the Old Testament (Review).

7 22

Non-Jewish Motives in the Ornament of Early Hebrew Books ( See also: Box 1, FF 37, Box 3-D, and Box 6-B).

7 23

Note on the Dura Synagogue Inscription.

7 24

On MSHTY in the Qumran Scrolls (Review and response).

7 25

The Present State of Textual Criticism of the Old Testament.

7 26

Recent Biblical Literature (JQR roundup reviews).

7 27

Remarks on Drivers Textual Problems.

7 28

The Scheide Biblical Papyri (Review).

7 29

Secular Currents in the Synogogal Chant in America ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 3-D, Box 4-D and Box 7, FF 13,18 and 21).

7 30

Selected Bibliography of Cyrus Adler ( See also: Box 1, FF 53).

7 31

Studies on Josephus (Review).

7 32

The Text of the Old Testament.

7 33

Collection Inventory

Series I. Correspondence.

A. Dropsie College.

Scope and Contents note

A. Dropsie College (DC): miscellaneous correspondence received by Margolis while teaching at Dropsie College, relating to his work at DC, the Jewish Quarterly Review, and the Jewish Publication Society.

Box Folder

Finding Aid.

1 1

Dropsie College (miscellaneous).

1 2

Jewish Publication Society (miscellaneous).

1 3

B. Society for Biblical Literature/Journal of Biblical Literature (SBL/JBL).

Scope and Contents note

B. Society for Biblical Literature/Journal of Biblical Literature (SBL/JBL): includes correspondence, mostly dealing with Margolis' role as president of the SBL or in relation to his work as editor of the Journal of Biblical Literature. Arranged alphabetically, with miscellaneous notices and annotated galleys of articles submitted for publication at the end.

Box Folder

SBL/JBL (A-F).

1 4

SBL/JBL (G-L).

1 5

SBL/JBL (M).

1 6

SBL/JBL (N-S).

1 7

SBL/JBL (T).

1 8

SBL/JBL (U-Z).

1 9

SBL/JBL (printed notices).

1 10

Series II. Literary Productions.

Series Description

Series II. Literary Productions: includes drafts and notes relating to Margolis' life's work to identify the different recensions and to reconstruct the most reliable textual version of the Greek translation of the Hebrew book of Joshua; bound volumes of facsimiles of different manuscripts and selected printed additions of the book of Joshua in Greek; various unpublished writings and notes pertaining to the publication of the 1917 Jewish Publication Society translation of the Hebrew Bible into English, including a two-volume bound typescript of Margolis' notes on the translation, which was privately distributed; drafts of many of Margolis' unpublished and published writings, including typescripts dealing with Aramaic Grammar; the bound typescript of his unpublished work on Andreas Masius, his notebooks and dissertation, and reprints of some of his published writings; approximately 8 LF of index cards composed entirely of Margolis' copious, meticulously organized research notes on various topics of interest as well as notes on ancient Greek (vocabulary, concordance-like references, definitions, grammatical notes). This group may include index cards not belonging to Margolis. Such cards, apparently written in a different hand, are found in the last few drawers where this series is housed.

Box Folder

Greek Joshua.

2 1

Greek Joshua.

2 2

Greek Joshua.

2 3

Greek Joshua.

2 4

Greek Joshua.

2 5

Greek Joshua.

2 6

Greek Joshua.

2 7

Greek Joshua.

2 8

Greek Joshua.

3 1

Greek Joshua.

3 2

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 3

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 4

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 5

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 6

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 7

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 8

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 9

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 10

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 11

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 12

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 13

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 14

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 15

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 16

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 17

Greek Joshua (one large, bound volume, with a black cover, of notes and writings of the Greek book of Joshua in Margolis' hand; five additional legal-sized bound volumes).

4 1

Greek Joshua (notes).

5 1

Greek Joshua (copy of Margolis' fifth fascicle of the Greek Book of Joshua in published by the Monograph Series of the Annenberg Research Institute, 1992, with preface of Emanuel Tov (see description above)).

5 2

Greek Joshua (photostat-negative of Margolis' Greek Joshua).

5 3

Greek Joshua (photostat-negative of Margolis' Greek Joshua).

5 4

Greek Joshua (photostat-negative of Margolis' Greek Joshua).

5 5

Greek Joshua (Margolis' photostatic copies of manuscript leaves of the Greek Book of Joshua).

5 6
Greek Joshua (Margolis' photostatic copies of manuscript leaves of the Greek Book of Joshua).
Existence and Location of Copies note

An additional 30 bound volumes of photostatic copies of printed works and manuscripts of the Greek Book of Joshua from various libraries around the world acquired by Margolis are also shelved with the rest of this collection.

5 7

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 1

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 2

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 3

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 4

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 5

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 6

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 7

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 8

Miscellaneous notes on the Bible.

6 9

Two bound volumes of Margolis' privately distributed typescript of notes for the Jewish Publication Society's 1917 translation of the Hebrew Bible into English.

7

Typescript, "On the Composition of the Book of Jeremiah".

8 1

Typescript, "On the Composition of the Book of Jeremiah".

8 2

Typescript, "The Targum".

8 3

Manuscript, "Babylonian Aramaic Grammar (folder 1 of 3)".

8 4

Manuscript, "Babylonian Aramaic Grammar (folder 2 of 3)".

8 5

Manuscript, "Babylonian Aramaic Grammar (folder 3 of 3)".

8 6

One bound volume of Margolis' unpublished typescript on Andreas Masius' commentary on the Greek Book of Joshua and one folder of related correspondence.

9
Various bound notebooks and writings of Margolis.
Scope and Contents note

10 small notebooks: including Margolis' various copy books of inscriptions in Akkadian, transcriptions of Coptic; Hebrew Biblical quotations.

1 Bound volume of pasted quotations from the Hebrew Bible with commentary, apparently copied from Die Urgeschichte der Menscheit an der Anfang der Weltgeschichte.

1 bound scrapbook which includes a copy of Margolis' dissertation submitted to Columbia College in 1891, dedicated to his father; several loose letters inserted between the pages, as well as other letters pasted on to the pages; various reprints of published works and reviews by Margolis, also pasted on to the pages of the volume.

2 bound scrapbooks of notes and quotations from the Talmud.

10

Manuscript, "Theological Aspect of Reformed Judaism", including newsclippings (reviews) and letters of response to Margolis for sent copies. (The bound typescript is located on the shelf).

11 1

Manuscript, Historical lecture.

11 2

Manuscript, Lecture on the Sabbath.

11 3

Manuscript, "Ad kadmon le-nusah ha-tanakh" me'at Mordecai Yom Tov Margoliot (Margolis).

11 4

Manuscript, "Social message of the Hebrew Prophets" with notes and related correspondence.

11 5

Miscellaneous manuscripts of lectures, articles.

11 6

Typescript: "Essenes".

11 7

Typescripts of miscellaneous articles.

11 8

Typescripts of miscellaneous articles.

11 9

Typescripts of miscellaneous articles.

11 10

Miscellaneous reprints.

11 11

Miscellaneous reprints.

11 12

Miscellaneous reprints.

11 13

Series III. Miscellaneous.

Series Description

Series III. Miscellaneous: Includes three bound notebooks from Margolis' days at the Hebrew Union College, containing the examinations (1894-1896) of various students in different subjects (Bible, Syriac, grammar, etc.); two bound manuscripts on the Biblical books of Jeremiah and Proverbs; miscellaneous writings, clippings and memoria, various pages of notes, fragments, and fragmentary writings of Margolis, including a translation into English from Greek of approximately half of the "Letter of Aristeas" and a fragment of a text of the Talmud copied in Margolis' hand.

Box Folder

One fragmentary, annotated galley and related notes for the 1917 JPS Bible translation.

12 1

"Notes on Jeremiah" by Max Margolis, 1896.

12 2

"Notes on Proverbs" by Max Margolis, 1896.

12 3

Fragmentary notes and notecards dealing with the Greek Bible.

12 4

Notes on the Greek Bible (Genesis) [58 pages].

12 5

Annotated galley of George Barton's "Higher Archeology and the Verdict of Criticism" for publication in the Journal of Biblical Literature.

12 6

Miscellaneous fragmentary typescripts dealing with the Bible, Rashi, etc.

12 7

Clippings on the occasion of Max Margolis' death; clipping (obituary) for Evelyn Margolis; photo (Evelyn Margolis?).

12 8

Miscellaneous clippings.

12 9

Clippings arranged in scrapbook form, apparently by Margolis.

12 10

Miscellaneous printed materials and clippings kept by Margolis, by or about him.

12 11

Miscellaneous typescripts and notes (fragmentary).

12 12

Translation into English from Greek of approximately half of the "Letter of Aristeas".

12 13

Copy of a (unidentified) Talmudic text in Margolis' hand.

12 14

Margolis' "Tables of Hebrew Grammar" (printed).

12 15

3 bound, legal-sized notebooks containing the examinations of various students of Margolis at Hebrew Union College, 1894-1896.

13

One loose-leaf notebook subdivided by various topics (apparently belonging to Margolis); the binder of the loose-leaf notebook; one bound collection of occasional sermons/notes (not in the hand of Margolis?) which appears to have been composed by a rabbi.

14

Joseph Reider Collection

ARC MS 31

Joseph Reider Collection

ARC MS 31

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies
Creator:
Reider, Joseph, 1884-1960
Title:
Joseph Reider Collection
Date [inclusive]:
1913-1959
Call Number:
ARC MS 31
Extent:
8.5 Linear feet (7 containers)
Language:
Multiple languages
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies
Creator:
Margolis, Max Léopold, 1866-1932
Title:
Max Leopold Margolis Collection
Date [bulk]:
1894-1932
Date [inclusive]:
1891-1932
Call Number:
ARC MS 6
Extent:
23 linear feet (14 document boxes)
Language:
Multiple languages
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

Joseph Reider was born in the province of Volhynia, Russia, in 1886. In his correspondence with Dropsie College president Abraham Neuman, Dr. Reider expressed some uncertainty about his exact date of birth, and referred to his Polish passport for confirmation of the year.

To quote from the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia (1943), Reider "studied at the University of Gottingen, Germany before coming to the United States in 1904. Here he received his A. B. degree from the College of the City of New York in 1910, and his Ph.D. degree from Dropsie College in 1913. Immediately after being awarded his degree by Dropsie College, Reider was made professor of Biblical philology at the college and was also appointed librarian." He retained both these posts until his retirement in 1959.

He lectured on a variety of topics at Dropsie College. For example, in the 1945-1946 academic year he offered courses in Hebrew Grammar, the Book of Job, and the Aramaic papyri of Assuan and Elephantine. This collection includes some of his notes for each of these courses and others, including Hebrew Bibliography.

Dr. Reider contributed numerous reviews and articles to both Hebrew- and English-language periodicals and encyclopedias, and also served on the publication committee of the Jewish Publication Society (JPS). His monographs include his Ph.D. thesis, Prolegomena to a Greek-Hebrew and Hebrew-Greek Index to Aquila, published by Dropsie College in 1916, and a translation with commentary of  The Book of Wisdom, published in 1957 by Harper & Brothers for Dropsie College, as part of its Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha Series. According to one biographical statement, he also published a translation and commentary on the Sibylline Oracles.

He extensively edited Deuteronomy with Commentary, originally submitted to the Jewish Publication Society by Dr. H. Hirschfeld, published by the JPS in 1937 under Dr. Reider's name. He also wrote a book on the life and influence of Samuel David Luzzatto. He proposed this work to the JPS in 1942 and submitted the manuscript for review in 1945, but it was never published.

He was a member of the American Oriental Society, the American Society of Biblical Literature, and the American Library Association. He also served on the Publication Committee of the Jewish Publication Society of America.

Dr. Reider married Anna Farstej. They had two children, Raphael Benjamin and Emanuel T. Reider. At the time of his death on November 29, 1960, Dr. Reider was also survived by grandchildren.

Biography/History

Max Leopold Margolis was born Mordechai Yom Tov Margolis in the village of Merecz in the Russian province of Vilna (now Lithuania) on October 15, 1866. Mordechai Yom Tov was named after the famous rabbi Yom Tov Lippman Heller, from whom he descended on his father Isaac Margolis' side. His mother's name was Hinde Bernstein. He had one brother named Elias, and four sisters: Anna, Lena, Bertha and Ida. Anna eventually married a man named Ginsberg. After her death, Ginsberg re-married Anna's sister Lena. Bertha married into the Barnett family; Ida Margolis never married.

Margolis received his early Jewish education from his father who was a rabbi. Margolis began studying secular subjects such as mathematics with his self-taught father and also received additional training in Russian and other subjects from a local priest in Merecz. Margolis' thirst for knowledge of all kinds was not easily exhausted. According to information told to Alexander Marx by Margolis' brother Elias, Margolis tried unsuccessfully to run away from his small village in search of wider horizons. Realizing the intellectual limitations the confines of Merecz imposed on his son, Margolis' father sent him to live at the home of his maternal grandfather David Bernstein in Berlin sometime after his thirteenth birthday. In Berlin, Margolis studied at the Leibniz Gymnasium, where he received a thorough grounding in Greek and Latin. Margolis was consistently the top student in Greek and graduated with distinction in 1885. While in Berlin, Margolis' family emigrated to America. Margolis did not re-join them, however, until 1889, two years after the death of Margolis' father, who had found work as the rabbi of the Kalvarier Schul in New York.

Margolis began his graduate studies at Columbia College in New York in 1889, received his M.A degree in 1890, and only one year later in 1891 successfully completed his Ph.D., the first to be awarded in the Oriental Department. Writing in Latin, which apparently was stronger than his English at the time, Margolis submitted a text-critical study of Rashi's commentary on tractate Eruvin of the Talmud, under the supervision of Richard Gottheil.

Following his graduation, Margolis remained at Columbia for one year as a University Fellow in Semitic Languages. Shortly thereafter, Margolis lectured at the Glenmore School for Culture and Sciences, in Keene, New Hampshire and also lectured at the summer school run by Felix Adler, the founder of the Ethical Culture Society, at Plymouth, Massachusetts. From 1893 until 1898, Margolis taught Hebrew and Semitic languages at the Hebrew Union College, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Margolis was hired by Isaac Mayer Wise, the founder and president of the college (the center of reform Judaism in America at that time), and enjoyed a warm relationship with him. Perhaps attracted by the possibilities of a broader university environment, Margolis departed HUC in 1899 for the University of California in Berkeley where he assumed the position of assistant professor of Semitics. One year later, Margolis was awarded an associate professorship.

It was during his stay in California, that Margolis met his future wife, Evelyn Kate Aronson, of San Francisco. They were married on June 20, 1906. Evelyn Aronson was a gifted, cultured woman who came from a prominent family. Among her descendants on her mother's side was Barry Goldwater. They had three children, Catherine, and the twins, Philip, and Max, Jr. Max, Jr. died of a stomach ailment during the family's visit to Palestine in 1924 where Margolis had come as the Annual Professor at the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem. Margolis' grief was profound; after returning to the United States he was said to have visited his son's grave every Shabbat for the rest of life, even in intemperate weather.

Margolis had left Berkeley shortly before his marriage to return to Cincinnati where he had been recruited by HUC's new president, Kaufmann Kohler. From September 1905 to March 1907, Margolis held the position of Professor of Hebrew Exegesis at the Hebrew Union College. Unfortunately, the return to Cincinnati did not prove felicitous. Margolis left HUC within two years due to personality conflicts with the new president. They also differed substantively on a number of important issues such as the nature of the curriculum, Margolis' desire for an unfettered teaching hand, and his political outlook. After leaving HUC, Margolis spent one year abroad in Europe from 1907 into 1908, visiting Berlin, Belgium and Holland and several of Europe's famous libraries. During his stay, Margolis attended a Zionist Congress at The Hague. Margolis was an ardent supporter of the Zionist cause, and his outspoken stance appears to have been among the factors that contributed to his turbulent departure from HUC.

Margolis returned to the United States in 1908 to accept the position of secretary of the editorial board for the Jewish Publication Society's proposed new translation of the Hebrew Bible into English. Margolis eventually became editor-in-chief of this complex undertaking, which was finally published in 1917. On March 28, 1909, Margolis was unanimously elected by the Board of Governors of the newly created Dropsie College in Philadelphia to the position of Professor of Biblical Philology. Margolis remained on the faculty of Dropsie College until his death in 1932.

Margolis' years at Dropsie were marked by intense activity. In addition to his regular teaching load, his various administrative responsibilities as Secretary of the Faculty, his outside endeavors such as the Bible translation, and his numerous popularly and scholarly publications, Margolis devoted himself to the task of reconstructing an authentic textual witness to the Greek translation of the Book of Joshua. The work represented Margolis' crowning scholarly achievement and a major contribution to the emerging field of textual criticism of the Septuagint and its relation to the original Hebrew text.

Margolis actively participated in several other spheres of public life. He played a prominent role in the developing field of Semitic studies in America. From 1914 to 1921, Margolis served as the editor of the Journal of Biblical Literature and was elected president of the Society of Biblical Literature for the year 1923. Margolis also was one of the editors of the  Journal of the American Oriental Society from 1922 until 1932. Margolis was one of the pioneering figures in the history of critical Jewish Biblical Studies in North America; at the time of his death, he was memorialized as "the foremost authority on the Hebrew biblical literature in America" and called "the dean of Hebrew scholars."

Margolis also sought to promote Jewish education among all segments of the Jewish population. He wrote dozens of popular articles discussing various issues of his day as well as several book-length studies designed for the general public. He collaborated with his friend Alexander Marx to write a concise history of the Jewish people, published by the Jewish Publication Society and authored several works about the Hebrew Bible also intended for a popular audience.

Margolis was a curious figure in the history of religious reform in America. He advocated the introduction of dogmatic principles in to Jewish life in America as a way of invigorating Jewish religious existence not defined by allegiance to rabbinic tradition. He was said to have lived in a kosher home and attended synagogue every Shabbat, though he was also known to have taken the train to get there. Margolis is not easily classified among the miscellany of expressions of Jewish identity in America in the beginning of the twentieth century. If Margolis felt real affiliation with the doctrines and tendencies of any one movement, nonetheless, it was probably with the possibilities he imagined in political Zionism. Margolis was committed first to the Jewish people, their history and life, guided by the principles of reason. He was outspoken and circumspect, an enlightened, cautious man who held strong views after much reflection.

Margolis died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Philadelphia at 3:00 p.m., Saturday April 2, 1932 at the age of 65. Services were held in the Dropsie College building. A future president of Dropsie College, Rabbi Abraham Neuman of the Mikveh Israel congregation, presided. He was buried in the Mt. Sinai cemetery.

Institutional Affiliations

American Academy for Jewish Research (fellow)

American Philosophical Society (member)

American Jewish Historical Society (council, member)

American Oriental Society (member)

American School of Oriental Research (Annual Professor, 1924-25)

Associated Talmud Torahs (member of the board of directors)

Columbia University (Ph.D., University Fellow)

Dropsie College (Professor of Biblical Philology, Secretary of the Faculty)

Hebrew High School [established 1923] (chairman)

Hebrew Union College (Assistant Professor of Hebrew and Biblical Exegesis;

Hebrew University of Jerusalem (visiting lecturer, 1924-25)

Jewish Publication Society (editor-in-chief of the 1917 Bible Translation; member of the publication committee).

Journal of the American Oriental Society (editor)

Journal of Biblical Literature (editor)

Oriental Club of Philadelphia (member)

Palestine Oriental Society (President, 1925)

"Pharisees" [a club?] (member)

Russian-American Hebrew Association (secretary)

Society of Biblical Literature (President)

University of California, Berkeley (assistant, associate professor of Semitic Languages and Literatures, acting head of department of Semitics)

Biographical/Historical Note

A comprehensive, revised and annotated bibliography of Margolis' writings can be found in Leonard Greenspoon's Max Margolis: A Scholar's Scholar (Atlanta: Scholar's Press, 1987), pp. 135-178.

The vast majority of the biographical information about Margolis used in the writing of this finding aid is based on Greenspoon's work. Greenspoon closely examined parts of this collection (and related material in the Adler collection) before it was processed.

Several standard reference sources were consulted (in addition to Greenspoon's work, Margolis' own writings, and of course the materials forming the current collection): the Encyclopedia Judaica;  Universal Jewish Encyclopedia;  Dictionary of American Biography, and the additional sources cited there.

Scope and Contents

Bulk dates

The majority of the collection is undated, but appears to have been created during Dr. Reider's tenure on the faculty of Dropsie College (1913-1959). There is much material concerning his doctoral thesis on Aquila, accepted in 1913. Those notes written in German may relate to his studies at Gottingen University, prior to his emigration to the United States in 1904.

Contents

The bulk of this material consists of Dr. Reider's lecture notes for the courses which he taught at Dropsie College, and notes for various publications which he either wrote or planned to write.

The materials relating to his work on Aquila are the perhaps most voluminous group on a single subject, followed by his notes on Hebrew grammar. The great majority of these notes were written on 3 x 5" index cards, or paper slips of similar dimensions. Most of the notes were written in ink, but many were written in pencil. Virtually all of it is written in a small hand, suited to the dimensions of the paper, which may limit its legibility.

Other materials include typescripts of articles by Reider and other authors, some unidentified, as well as a small amount of correspondence, printed ephemera, and a few facsimiles (probably incomplete). In addition, numerous ephemeral publications authored by Dr. Reider were transferred to this collection from the Dropsie College Pamphlet Collection. Many of these were taken directly from copies of The Jewish Quarterly Review, published by the College. The only offprint originally found among his papers is the title "Etymological Studies in Biblical Hebrew."

Condition

Much of this material is in poor condition, having been created using acidic papers and improperly stored for many years. The index cards and paper slips, particularly the latter, are brittle and often discolored with their own acidity. Also, many items have been damaged by the residue of decomposed rubber bands and rusted metal clips. In removing these harmful materials, some brittle items were unavoidably torn. There is evidence of some mold on those cards which touched the original metal drawer dividers.

Arrangement

The notes were carefully shifted from metal drawers to acid-free boxes in 1992. It became clear at that time that some of this material was no longer in the original order. The current arrangement of the collection reflects the preliminary-level processing which was done in 1996. The goals of this processing were to remove harmful materials (such as rusted clips), organize the material into series, restore some of the lost order to the English-language materials, and produce a preliminary finding aid.

In Boxes 3-6, blank 3 x 5" guide cards were used to separate the numerous sets of notes which had formerly been bundled together by rubber bands or paper clips. Most of these notes are in the order in which they were found, but some sets of notes have been reorganized to restore them to their presumed original context (for example, two bundles of notes concerning Zacuto were reunited.) Most, but not all, of these sets of notes are prefaced by a "title page"; that is, the group begins with a card or slip bearing only the title of the work.

Titles of note-sets in English are listed in the finding aid just as they appear on the card. Descriptive titles and additional notations which have been given by the processor appear in brackets. The most commonly assigned description is: ["Miscellaneous notes"]. This indicates the presence of additional material without titles or written in languages other than English. A high percentage of the latter material may prove to be out of order. Items found among the note sets which are larger than the 3 x 5" format were removed and placed in folders.

The folders in Box 1 are arranged alphabetically by topic. Those in Box 2 comprise a combination of items removed from the note-sets due to their larger format, and legal-size materials. The folders in Box 7 are arranged alphabetically by title.

Processor's Note

Professor George Foot Moore once remarked: "It requires more scholarship to make a good index than to write a book that is indexed." This quotation is one of the many collected by Dr. Reider, perhaps for use in his own writings and lectures. It underscores the preliminary nature of the present finding aid, which is intended to serve only as a temporary guide to the collection until it can be more completely inventoried.

Scope and Contents

The Margolis collection spans the years 1891-1932, with the bulk of the collection dating from after 1894.

The vast majority of the collection relates to Margolis' various professional activities. Virtually no private papers (i.e., papers of a strictly personal nature) are to be found, although there are various clippings about him collected at the time of his death and what may be a photograph of his wife Evelyn. The collection does provide a convenient guide to Margolis' many literary efforts, including handwritten as well as typescript drafts of his articles, clippings or photostats of virtually all of his popular publications, and reprints of some of his published scholarly writings. There is correspondence relating to Margolis' involvement with the Society for Biblical Literature and thus Semitic studies in the United States and his role in the publication of the Journal of Biblical Literature. Margolis received letters from many of the prominent figures of this discipline, such as Richard Gottheil, Paul Haupt, Morris Jastrow, James Montgomery, and Charles Torrey.

A large part of this collection is composed of Margolis' many scholarly notes, recorded on index cards, and his drafts and notes for his most important scholarly writings: his reconstruction of the Greek translation of the book of Joshua and his efforts as editor-in-chief of the Jewish Publication Society's new translation of the entire Hebrew Bible into English in 1917; the five volume bound typescript of his history of the Jewish people written in collaboration with Alexander Marx; Margolis' important unpublished study in typescript of Andreas Masius' commentary on the Greek book of Joshua, many additional fragmentary manuscripts, and reprints of publications. A bound scrapbook, including a copy of Margolis' dissertation and other writings and correspondence pasted on or inserted between the pages of the volume, is also found in the collection.

List of Correspondents

Cyrus Adler, Nathan Adler, Herman Bernstein, Leo M. Brown, Emily Solis Cohen, Walter Blumenthal, Albert T. Clay, Wiollaim H. Cobb, George Dobsevage, A.M. Dockery, Winfred Nichols Donovan, W. Drugulin, Immanuel Due, James P. Duncan, Jacob Edelstein, Harry Ettelson, Gustav Foch, Jacob Freudenheim, Edward Goodspeed, Richard Gottheil, Frederck G. Grant, Kenneth Sylvan Guthrie, F. C. Harding, Paul Haupt, H. Hyvernat, Henry Hurwitz, M. Hyamson, Morris Jastrow, L.A. Kalbach, Charles Foster Kent, G. Kreysing, Joseph Kyle, Frank Lewis, John Meighan, Simon Miller, Hinckley G. Mitchell, James Montgomery, George F. Moore, Warren Moulton, Lewis Bayles Paton, John P. Peters, Waldo S. Pratt, A. Rahlfs, Samuel H. Ranck, Lois A. Reed, George L. Robinson, William G. Rockwell, James Hardy Ropes, Henry A. Sanders, George Schick, Nathaniel Schmidt, William G. Seiple, Charles Fremont Sitterly, Louise Pettibone Smith, Wallace N. Stearne, Louis Sulzbach, Charles Torrey, Tuttle and Co., J. Walsh, William Hays Ward, Leroy Waterman, Edward Arthur Wicher, G. G. Wilder, George Frederick Wright, W. Carleton Wood

Scope and Contents

The Margolis collection was processed in stages, as the project Archivist, Judith Robins, identified and segregated fragments of the Margolis collection found scattered throughout the Institution's archives. Most of the papers, even sixty years after his death, and even as they were found scattered, still bore some of the organizing principles of their creator.

The majority of the processing occurred during the preliminary stages. For example, many of Margolis' drafts and notes were typed on or taped to onion paper, which over the years had become creased and/or curled. Each leaf of this kind was flattened as possible and groups of these pages as they were identified and processed were placed in acid-free containers. Of some tedium was the re-location and physical processing of Margolis' voluminous index/note cards. Hazardous materials (metal clips, etc.) were removed, and colored, index-card sized dividers were inserted to represent the divisions the clips had formerly marked. Nearly 8 LF were re-located for temporary storage. An extremely tentative arrangement was created for the cards, essentially following the order of the boxes in which they were found. To consult the cards, staff assistance should be requested.

An important discovery was made in the collection prior to its processing by a scholar of the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible (the Septuagint), Emanuel Tov of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Dr. Tov recently identified a negative photostatic copy of the never published fifth fascicle of Margolis' published edition of The Book of Joshua in Greek which had been presumed lost. Dr. Tov, in conjunction with the Annenberg Research Institute, has since published this volume (Monograph Series, Annenberg Research Institute, 1992). The (original) photostatic copy is currently found in this collection's  Literary Productions series. Details pertaining to the history and discovery of the fifth part are found in Tov's preface to the recently published volume.

Separated Materials

The original 3 volume bound typescript (and one three volume duplicate) of Margolis' collaborative history of the Jewish people, written with Alexander Marx, can be found in the Archives, shelved with this collection. Alongside these volumes is a typescript of Margolis' "Hebrew Accents" written for the Jewish Encylopedia and one bound volume of the typescript of Margolis' "The Theological Aspect of Reformed Judaism."

Clippings and photostats of Margolis' published articles have been re-located to over-sized storage in the archives room.

Index/note cards (see above, processing) have been housed, for the time being, in an unused catalog card cabinet in the basement of the building (B-2, Room A).

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies,  July 1996

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies,  January 1993

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Judith A. Robins, with the assistance of Dr. Robert Kraft.

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Arthur Kiron, Manuscripts Curator and Assistant Archivist.

Revision Description

 March 30, 2016

Revision Description

 April 2016

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

In March, 1991, Emanuel Reider, son of Dr. Joseph Reider, donated this collection of his father's papers to the Annenberg Research Institute, successor institution to Dropsie College, which later became the Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Dropsie College Archives, Faculty records

Cyrus Adler Collection (MS 26)

Related Collections

Cyrus Adler Collection; Sabato Morais Papers.

Separated Materials note

One item was removed from the collection. This is a bronze figurine, 3.5" high, similar to Egyptian funerary figures, "Utashbis." The figurine has been transferred to the Library's artifact collection.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning..
  • Jewish Publication Society of America.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Writings (documents)
Personal Name(s)
  • Lilien, Ephraim Mose, 1874-1925
  • Luzzatto, Samuel David, 1800-1865
Subject(s)
  • Jews--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning..
  • Jewish Publication Society of America.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts (documents)
  • Notebooks
  • Publications (documents)
  • Scrapbooks
Subject(s)
  • Jews--Study and teaching

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Other Finding Aids note

For an earlier version of this finding aid, see http://www.library.upenn.edu/cajs/reider.html

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Unidentified negative photo-facsimile of a Greek manuscript, with one sheet of Hebrew notes in pencil (both items in poor condition).

1 1

MS. about Greek versions of Aquila; ink on lined paper.

1 2

MS. translations from Greek into Hebrew (presumed to be Aquila).

1 3

MS. translations from Greek into Hebrew (presumed to be Aquila).

1 4

MS. translations from Greek into Hebrew (presumed to be Aquila).

1 5

Carbon copy of MS. for Prolegomena on lined pages 1-200.

1 6

Carbon copy of Prolegomena on lined pages 201-398.

1 7

Negative facsimile of MS. for Prolegomena, pages 1-2, 281-284, 397-398, with envelope and receipt from James J. Cogan Photostats (1962).

1 8

Typescript: "Aquila and his Bible Translation" by Joseph Reider, Dropsie College, Philadelphia.

1 9

Title on original envelope: "Resume of Aquila Studies for Lecture." Various MS. notes in Hebrew and English.

1 10

Typescript: "Biblical Criticism in the Light of Modern Archaeology".

1 11

"Etymological Studies in Biblical Hebrew" by Joseph Reider. Typescript and one copy of the offprint. ( See also: Box 3-B).

1 12

Clippings of reviews of Deuteronomy with Commentary, in English, German, and Arabic.

1 13

Hebrew typescript: "The Greek Translation of the Bible" (2 copies).

1 14

Typescript: "Hebrew Historiography" by Joseph Reider, Dropsie College (2 copies), with letter from Harry M. Orlinsky.

1 15

MS. essay on Hebrew literature.

1 16

Title on original envelope: "Inner Greek Errors." Various notes in Hebrew and English. ( See also: Box 2, FF 14 and Box 3-D).

1 17

Typescript: "Isaiah 57.8" by Joseph Reider, Dropsie College. (2 copies) ( See also: Box 3-B and Box 6-C).

1 18

MS. notes for a history of Jewish Bible exegesis.

1 19

Typescript: "The Place of Jewish Learning in Modern Hebrew Literature" by Joseph Reider, Dropsie College.

1 20

Black and white photograph. Group portrait. (Believed to be the members of the Publication Committee of the Jewish Publication Society.).

1 21

Minutes of a meeting of a Sub-Committee of the Publication Committee For the Revision of the J. P. S. Translation, October 31, 1949, and Proposed Changes in the J. P. S. English Version of 2 Samuel 15-17. ( See also: Box 3-A).

1 22

Various MS. notes in Greek and English (presumed to be about Book of Joshua.).

1 23

Photo-facsimiles of Hebrew and Greek (presumed to be collations of Joshua.)( See also: Box 4-C).

1 24

Hebrew typescript: "Ephraim Mose Lilien, an Artistic Evaluation" by Joseph Reider (copy 1).

1 25

Ephraim Mose Lilien (copy 2).

1 26

Ephraim Mose Lilien (copy 3).

1 27

Hebrew typescript: "Shadal [Samuel David Luzzatto] as a Liturgical Poet" by Joseph Reider.

1 28

Typed MS. of "Samuel David Luzzatto, Life and Works" by Joseph Reider, Philadelphia, 1945 (pages not numbered), 1945.

1 29

Typed MS. of "Samuel David Luzzatto, Life and Works" (pages 1-159).

1 30

Typed MS. of "Samuel David Luzzatto, Life and Works" (pages 160-319).

1 31

Typed MS. of "Samuel David Luzzatto, Life and Works" (pages 320-412).

1 32

Notes and correspondence concerning the unpublished MS. of Reider's book about Samuel David Luzzatto. ( See also: Box 1, FF 28-32, Box 3-C and Box 5-F).

1 33

Title on original envelope: "Sketches in Hebrew". Various MS. notes in Hebrew.

1 34

Typescript: "The Original Title of the Book of Maccabees", with letter from the Journal of Biblical Literature (1949.).

1 35

Typescript: "The Book of Nahum". ( See also: Box 6-B).

1 36

Typescript: "The New Ornament of Jewish Books" by Joseph Reider, with English and Hebrew ephemera. ( See also: Box 3-D, Box 6-B, and Box 7, FF 23).

1 37

Hebrew typescript: "The Biblia of the Poor" by Joseph Reider. Concerns the depiction in art of Biblical figures. ( See also: Box 1, FF 39 and Box 3-D).

1 38

Hebrew typescript: "The Biblia of Raphael" by Joseph Reider. Concerns Raphael's works depicting Biblical figures. (See also: Box 1, FF 38 and Box 3-D).

1 39

Typescript: "The Traditional View concerning the Age and Authorship of the Psalter" by Joseph Reider (2 copies), with Synopsis. ( See also: Box 3-D).

1 40

Hebrew typescript: "RASHI as a commentator of the Bible" by Joseph Reider.

1 41

Typescript: "The Bearing of the Ugaritic Texts on the Scriptures" by Joseph Reider.

1 42

Title on envelope: "Ugaritic Texts & Scriptures". MS notes in Hebrew.

1 43

Hebrew typescript: "Biblical double letters in the light of Ugaritic inscriptions" by Joseph Reider. ( See also: Box 1, FF 41-43, and Box 3-B).

1 44

MS. notes on "The Book of Wisdom".

1 45

Typescript: "Book of Wisdom Commentary", pages 1-119.

1 46

Typescript: "Book of Wisdom", pages 120-246. ( See also: Box 1, FF 45-46, and Box 6-C).

1 47

Miscellaneous correspondence.

1 48

Miscellaneous notes.

1 49

Miscellaneous quotations and anecdotes.

1 50

Miscellaneous ephemera.

1 51

Notebook (possibly not by Reider).

1 52

Typescript: memorial tribute to Cyrus Adler on the tenth anniversary of his death (possibly not by Reider. See also: Box 7, FF 31), 1950.

1 53

Typescript: memorial tribute to Benzion Halper (possibly not by Reider), 1924.

1 54

Hebrew typescript: "Hunger and Thirst for God" by Mr. [Derer ?] (3 copies).

1 55

Letter to Reider from Heinrich Margulies, thanking him for sending a copy of his work on Amos, enclosed with two items about Amos authored by Margulies (all in German).

1 56

Copy of Solomon Rosonsky's proposal to the American Council of Learned Societies for a work on Cantillation in the Hebrew Bible, citing Dr. Reider as a reference. ( See also: Box 2, FF 17 and 18, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 13, 18, 21 and 30).

1 57

Typescript: "The Prophet of Loneliness" by Ronald Youngblood. Submitted to Dr. Reider for his class in The Book of Jeremiah, May 1959. ( See also: Box 3-C).

1 59

Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English removed from Box 3-A.

2 1

Notes on shoes, etc. removed from Box 3-C.

2 2

Notes on music, orientalism & occidentalism, etc., removed from Box 3-D.

2 3

Notes on the ghetto, etc., removed from Box 3-E.

2 4

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 3-F.

2 5

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 3-F.

2 6

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 3-F.

2 7

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 3-F.

2 8

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 4-C.

2 9

Miscellaneous notes and ephemera removed from Box 4-D.

2 10

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 5-A.

2 11

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 5-B.

2 12

Miscellaneous notes removed from Box 5-E.

2 13

Inner Greek Errors. ( See also: Box 1, FF 17, and Box 3-D).

2 14

Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew.

2 15

Typescript: Symmachusstudien 111: Symmachus under Der Midrach (Possibly by Rahlfs).

2 16

Untitled MS. on the characteristics of Jewish music, with negative facsimiles of musical notations and portrait of Gershom Mendez Seixas.

2 17

Typescript: "Jewish Music in Pennsylvania in the Eighteenth Century". Signed "J. Reider" at upper right. ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 2 FF 17, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 13, 18, 21 and 30).

2 18
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

Arabic as Illustrative of Hebrew

Waw Consecutive

Apposition in Hebrew

Rationalization and Stratification of the Old Testament

A Critique of the JPS Version of Scriptures ( See also: Box 1, FF 21 and 22)

Failure of the Septuagint

The Hebrew Original of Hegesippus

Synedrion in the Septuagint

The Sword Prophecy in Ezekiel 21

Song of Moses Deut. Ch. 32

Job

Extracting sense out of Prov. 20.25

Difficult word in Ezek. 16.36

Extraordinary word in Deut. 33.3 and Isa. 1.5

Exposition of Ps. 49

Reduplicated Roots as a Source of Error in the Bible

Lack of Acquaintance with the Literature

Emphasis on the Subject in Hebrew and its Effect on the Consecutio Temporum

Anticipative Prolepsic Construction in the Scriptures

Some Methods in the Hebrization of Hellenistic Greek

[Notes on Prophets]

The Genius of the Hebrew Language

Neo-Hebrew Excrescences

Subject for Thesis: The Ahikar Version of the Elephantine Papyri

The Letter of Aristeas to Philocrates

Canaanite Inscriptions

Miscellaneous notes on Aramaic

Aramaic Papyri of Assuan and Elephantine

3 3-A
[Miscellaneous Notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

[Sections] 5-14

[Sections] 16-19

"The Ugaritic Texts and their Bearing on the Bible" by Joseph Reider

"Biliteralism in the Light of the Ugaritic Texts" by Joseph Reider

"Meletemata Ugaritica" by Joseph Reider ( See also: Box 1, FF 42-44)

"Isaiah 57.8" by Joseph Reider ( See also: Box 1, FF 18 and Box 6-C)

"Etymological Studies in Biblical Hebrew" by Joseph Reider ( See also: Box 1, FF 12)

3 3-B
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

[Literary Quotations]

From Syria, XVIII (1937)

Notes on Ras Shamra Texts

Vetus Testamentum, II (1952)

[Bibliographic citations]

On S. D. Luzzatto ( See also: Box 1, FF 28-33 and Box 5-F)

Introduction to the Book of Jeremiah

Contents of Book of Jeremiah ( See also: Box 1, FF 58)

Ideal of Feminine Beauty

The Equivalence of Wine, Woman and Song in Arabic

The Parties Hontenses in Semitic Languages ( See also: Box 2, FF 2)

[Notes on women's clothing]

Shoes ( See also: Box 2, FF 2)

[Notes on rings]

Nails

The Beard

[Notes on Christianity]

[Notes on Faith]

Recent Discoveries of Jewish Interest [Archaeological]

Concerning Pasek [Pesach]

Legendary and Tribal History, Judah & Israel, Nationalism & its Decay

The Significance of Yod in the Scriptures

Scripture Emendations

Oriental Poetry

Words with Antithetical Meanings

Yom Kippur

Sacrifices of the Hebrews

Sacrifices in the Old Testament

Priests and Levites [Role in sacrifices]

3 3-C
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

The Origin of Music According to the Bible

Modern Jewish Music

Secular Currents in Synagogue Music, by Joseph Reider ( See also: Box 7, FF 30)

Bibliography of Jewish Music

Orientalism and Occidentalism [Art, Architecture, Music] ( See also: Box 2, FF 3)

Hebrew Characters in the Paintings of Great Masters ( See also: Box 1, FF 38 and 39)

[Notes on Christian Church Art]

Art in the Synagogue

Jewish Art in Eastern Europe

Jewish Engravings

Judeophobia among Artists

[Notes on Dropsie College]

Jews and Western Civilization: A New Estimate of the Effect of European Civilization upon the Jew

Paraphrasis of the Bible into Rhyme

Notes on the Age and Authorship of the Psalter ( See also: Box 1, FF 40)

Notes on Jewish Bible exegesis ( See also: Box 1, FF 19)

Introduction to Biblical Criticism

Inner Greek Errors ( See also: Box 1, FF 17 and Box 2, FF 14)

New Ornament of Jewish Books ( See also: Box 1, FF 37, Box 6-B, and Box 7, FF 23)

3 3-D
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and English].
Scope and Contents note

Orthodoxy and Reform

The Jewish Soul

The Nemesis/Revenge of Judaism on Nationalism

The Jewish Scholar

The Case of the Teacher versus the Preacher

Ghetto ( See also: Box 2, FF 4)

Profanation of Jewish Scholarship

Jews and Judaism

The Synagogue and its Decay / What Ails the Synagogue

American Judaism

The Scriptures in Synagogue and Home

The Bible as Folk Literature

Bible Critics

The Riddle of Ezekiel's Abnormal Style

Inadequacy of Interpretation

Leviticus

Book of Psalms

Commentary on Book of Proverbs

Fresh Light on the Age of the Book of Job

Fresh Light on Job 36.27-33

Comments on Job

The Book of Chronicles

Languages Used by Jews in Study, Speech and Writing

King and Rabbi

3 3-E
Miscellaneous.
Scope and Contents note

History of Hebrew Grammar

I. Orthography and Phonology

Vowel Signs

Syllable Formation

Christian Hebrew Grammarians

A Course in Hebrew Grammar

Pres-Masoretic Hebrew

Morphology of the Hebrew Noun

II. Morphology or Etymology GKC, Part II, pp. 99 ff

III. Hebrew Syntax

Notes for Freehof Festschrift [Palestine]

Homiletical

Mezuzah

Sharret: Honorary Degree

Palestine under Ptolomys

Jews in Egypt Outside of Alexandria & The Few Greek Cities

Egyptian War--Near Revolt

Jews & Selucids

[Onias or Oniads] and Tobias

Succession to Alexander

Syria & Palestine / Selucids vs Macabees

Cultural Relations of Jews and Turks with Special reference to Egypt

Palestine in Hellenistic Period

Deification of living men before Alexander

High Priesthood

3 3-F

[Miscellaneous notes in Greek].

4 4-A

[Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew].

4 4-B
[Miscellaneous notes in English, Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

A Survey of Hebrew Literature

Palestine Exploration

The Book of Joshua (See also: Box 1, FF 23 and 24)

Masora

Versions

Septuagint

Bible Editions

The Clarendon Bible

Church Fathers

Jewish Commentaries to the Scriptures

Hellenism

Sects

Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha

Book Tobit

Judith

Introductions to the Talmud

Mishna MSS.

Translations of the Talmud

Commentaries on the Mishna

Commentaries on the Talmud Babli

Grammars of the Talmud

On Attempts at a Talmudic Concordance

Midrashim

Codes and Compendia

Responsa

Takkanot

Secular Poetry

Abraham Ibn Hasdai

Grammar & Exegesis

Synonyms

Mysticism & Kabbala

Karaitica

Books of Travel

Cyclopedias

4 4-C
[Miscellaneous notes in Hebrew and Greek].
Scope and Contents note

Music in Bible

Music in Talmud

[Notes on Solomon de Rossi of Mantua]

Hazzanim

Musical Terminology in Abraham Ibn Ezra / Abraham Ibn Hiyya

The Old Testament in Music

Jewish Composers in the Service of the Church

Christian Composers in the Service of the Synagogue

Congregational Singing

Hassidic Music

Music among Hassidim

Badhan

Women Singing

Wedding Music

Whistling

Dances

Musical Instruments

The Jew in the Thicket

Musical Freaks

[Notes on music of various nationalities]

The Organ in the Synagogue

Musical Names among Jews

[Miscellaneous notes in English]

Comment. to Megil. Abiathar

[Miscellaneous notes on Jews of Tortosa]

Jewish Courts

Marriage

Women

Economic Conditions

Jewish Community

Education

Moral Conditions

Domestic Life

Jew as Royal Official

Jews, services under Church jurisdiction

Lecture material: Jews in Europe after the World War I

4 4-D
[Miscellaneous notes in English, Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

No divisions.

4 4-E
[Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Multiple divisions.

4 4-F
[Notes translating Greek into Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

No divisions.

5 5-A
[Notes translating Greek into Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

No divisions.

5 5-B
[Notes translating Greek into Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Divisions labeled : A, B, D, E, F, G, H, I.

5 5-C
[Notes translating Greek into Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Divisions labeled: K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, X.

5 5-D
[Miscellaneous notes in English, Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Multiple divisions.

5 5-E
[Miscellaneous notes in English, German and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

S. D. Luzzatto (See also: Box 1, FF 28-33 and Box 3-C)

5. Die Konsonanten-schrift

6. Schriftrichtung, Wortabteilung

7. Ansatze zur Vokal-schrift

8. Die Vokalzeichen

Poetical

Prose

11. Phonetische Vorbemerkungen

12. Der Lautbestand

13. Die Silbe

14. der Akzent

Chapter 1

[Sections] 4-13

[Sections] 16, 17, 19, 21, 22

[Sections] 24-28, 30, 32-34, 39

[Sections] 40-66, 45, 51, 56-66, 57, 59

[Sections] 63, 64, 66

Jeremiah, The prophet zukerngtsbild [?]

Textual criticism

Translations

Exercises for [illegible]

Commentaries

Hebrew Grammar, history of

Luther's Version

Puncta Extraordinaria

Punctuation

Pronunciation of Hebrew

Hebrew Grammar, Modern (accidence and syntax)

Hebrew Grammar, Modern (accidence)

Aussprache des Hebr.

II. Lantlehre

Hebraische Sprachlehre

Vorwort

Reading Charts

Saadya

I. Schriftlehre

Aussprache des Hew.

Transcription of Hebrew

5 5-F
[Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew].
Scope and Contents note

Multiple divisions

6 6-A
[Miscellaneous].
Scope and Contents note

Hebrew Bibliography

Chapters in Hebrew Bibliography

Hebrew Script

Colophon

Great Literary Discoveries

The Forging Fraternity

Incunabula

Women Printers

Format

Hebrew Books Printed in America

Rarities

Hebrew Collections and their Migration

Cairo Genizah

The Fate of Hebrew Books

The Auto da Fe of Books: It is easier to destroy books than to contravert them

The Cost of Books

Purloining of Books

Biblical Libraries

Great Hebrew Libraries (Private)

[Notes on academic libraries in England]

[Notes on libraries in France]

[Notes on libraries in Germany, Austria and Poland]

[Notes on libraries in Israel]

Hebrew Bibliography, Cont.

[Notes on libraries in the United States, including Dropsie College]

Catalogs

Florid Titles in Hebrew

Hebrew Bibliographers

Hebrew Books in Miniature

Bible Illustration

Figured Massorah

Illustrations in Haggadahs

Christian Illustrations of Books on Judaism

Motives [Illustrative motifs] ( See also: Box 1, FF 37, Box 3-D, and Box 7, FF 23)

Burning of Books

Commentary on Nahum ( See also: Box 1, FF 36)

Comments on the Book of Micah

Haggai

Zechariah 1-8

Zephaniah

Commentary on Habakkuk

Isserlein

Moses Mendelssohn

Abraham Geiger

Zacharias Frankel

Rabbinical Conferences

[Notes on Zacuto]

[Notes on Sopheric Halacha]

6 6-B
[Miscellaneous].
Scope and Contents note

[Miscellaneous notes in English and Hebrew]

Theology and Philosophy

The Book of Wisdom

1. Introduction

3. Text

4. Language

5. Authorship

6. Date of Composition

8. Theology and Philosophy

9. Relation to Wisdom Literature

10. Rabbinic Sources (See also: Box 1, FF 45-47)

[Section] 2

[Section] 3

Commentary

Commentary on Minor Prophets

Introduction to the Book of Isaiah ( See also: Box 1, FF 18 and Box 3-B)

Commentary on Deutero-Isaiah, Ch. 40-66

Commentary on Ezekiel

Immanuel Velikovsky, Worlds in Collision NY, 1950

6 6-C

Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew, on rectangular strips of paper and folded sheets.

6 6-D

Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew, on rectangular strips of paper and folded sheets.

6 6-E

Miscellaneous notes in Greek and Hebrew, on rectangular strips of paper and folded sheets.

6 6-F

Athenaeum Subject Index to Periodicals (Review).

7 1

Biblical Literature (JQR roundup reviews).

7 2

Bibliography of the Works of Max L. Margolis.

7 3

Brooklyn Museum Aramaic Papyri (Review).

7 4

Brunes Flavius Josephus (Review).

7 5

Cassutos Commentary on Exodus (Review).

7 6

Catalogue of Samaritan Manuscripts (Review).

7 7

The Date of Ezekiel.

7 8

Dropsie College Library.

7 9

Encyclopedia of Jewish Knowledge (Review).

7 10

Etymology of Hebrew Mul or Mol and its Bearing on Tmol and Etmol.

7 11

Itbain Hebrew and Aramaic.

7 12

Jewish and Arabic Music (Review) ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 18, 21 and 30).

7 13

Jews in Medieval Art ( See also: Box 1, FF 38 and 39).

7 14

Kaminkas Marcus Aurelius (Review).

7 15

The Lachish Letters.

7 16

Miscellanea Hebraica.

7 17

Modern Renaissance of Jewish Music (Review) ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 13, 21 and 30).

7 18

The Name Ashur in the Initials of a Difficult Phrase in the Bible.

7 19

Negative Tendencies in Modern Hebrew Literature.

7 20

A New Exponent of the Hebrew Chant ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 3-D, Box 4-D, and Box 7, FF 13, 18 and 30).

7 21

A New Lexicon to the Old Testament (Review).

7 22

Non-Jewish Motives in the Ornament of Early Hebrew Books ( See also: Box 1, FF 37, Box 3-D, and Box 6-B).

7 23

Note on the Dura Synagogue Inscription.

7 24

On MSHTY in the Qumran Scrolls (Review and response).

7 25

The Present State of Textual Criticism of the Old Testament.

7 26

Recent Biblical Literature (JQR roundup reviews).

7 27

Remarks on Drivers Textual Problems.

7 28

The Scheide Biblical Papyri (Review).

7 29

Secular Currents in the Synogogal Chant in America ( See also: Box 1, FF 57, Box 3-D, Box 4-D and Box 7, FF 13,18 and 21).

7 30

Selected Bibliography of Cyrus Adler ( See also: Box 1, FF 53).

7 31

Studies on Josephus (Review).

7 32

The Text of the Old Testament.

7 33

Collection Inventory

Series I. Correspondence.

A. Dropsie College.

Scope and Contents note

A. Dropsie College (DC): miscellaneous correspondence received by Margolis while teaching at Dropsie College, relating to his work at DC, the Jewish Quarterly Review, and the Jewish Publication Society.

Box Folder

Finding Aid.

1 1

Dropsie College (miscellaneous).

1 2

Jewish Publication Society (miscellaneous).

1 3

B. Society for Biblical Literature/Journal of Biblical Literature (SBL/JBL).

Scope and Contents note

B. Society for Biblical Literature/Journal of Biblical Literature (SBL/JBL): includes correspondence, mostly dealing with Margolis' role as president of the SBL or in relation to his work as editor of the Journal of Biblical Literature. Arranged alphabetically, with miscellaneous notices and annotated galleys of articles submitted for publication at the end.

Box Folder

SBL/JBL (A-F).

1 4

SBL/JBL (G-L).

1 5

SBL/JBL (M).

1 6

SBL/JBL (N-S).

1 7

SBL/JBL (T).

1 8

SBL/JBL (U-Z).

1 9

SBL/JBL (printed notices).

1 10

Series II. Literary Productions.

Series Description

Series II. Literary Productions: includes drafts and notes relating to Margolis' life's work to identify the different recensions and to reconstruct the most reliable textual version of the Greek translation of the Hebrew book of Joshua; bound volumes of facsimiles of different manuscripts and selected printed additions of the book of Joshua in Greek; various unpublished writings and notes pertaining to the publication of the 1917 Jewish Publication Society translation of the Hebrew Bible into English, including a two-volume bound typescript of Margolis' notes on the translation, which was privately distributed; drafts of many of Margolis' unpublished and published writings, including typescripts dealing with Aramaic Grammar; the bound typescript of his unpublished work on Andreas Masius, his notebooks and dissertation, and reprints of some of his published writings; approximately 8 LF of index cards composed entirely of Margolis' copious, meticulously organized research notes on various topics of interest as well as notes on ancient Greek (vocabulary, concordance-like references, definitions, grammatical notes). This group may include index cards not belonging to Margolis. Such cards, apparently written in a different hand, are found in the last few drawers where this series is housed.

Box Folder

Greek Joshua.

2 1

Greek Joshua.

2 2

Greek Joshua.

2 3

Greek Joshua.

2 4

Greek Joshua.

2 5

Greek Joshua.

2 6

Greek Joshua.

2 7

Greek Joshua.

2 8

Greek Joshua.

3 1

Greek Joshua.

3 2

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 3

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 4

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 5

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 6

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 7

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 8

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 9

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 10

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 11

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 12

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 13

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 14

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 15

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 16

Greek Joshua (notes).

3 17

Greek Joshua (one large, bound volume, with a black cover, of notes and writings of the Greek book of Joshua in Margolis' hand; five additional legal-sized bound volumes).

4 1

Greek Joshua (notes).

5 1

Greek Joshua (copy of Margolis' fifth fascicle of the Greek Book of Joshua in published by the Monograph Series of the Annenberg Research Institute, 1992, with preface of Emanuel Tov (see description above)).

5 2

Greek Joshua (photostat-negative of Margolis' Greek Joshua).

5 3

Greek Joshua (photostat-negative of Margolis' Greek Joshua).

5 4

Greek Joshua (photostat-negative of Margolis' Greek Joshua).

5 5

Greek Joshua (Margolis' photostatic copies of manuscript leaves of the Greek Book of Joshua).

5 6
Greek Joshua (Margolis' photostatic copies of manuscript leaves of the Greek Book of Joshua).
Existence and Location of Copies note

An additional 30 bound volumes of photostatic copies of printed works and manuscripts of the Greek Book of Joshua from various libraries around the world acquired by Margolis are also shelved with the rest of this collection.

5 7

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 1

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 2

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 3

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 4

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 5

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 6

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 7

JPS Bible Translation (notes).

6 8

Miscellaneous notes on the Bible.

6 9

Two bound volumes of Margolis' privately distributed typescript of notes for the Jewish Publication Society's 1917 translation of the Hebrew Bible into English.

7

Typescript, "On the Composition of the Book of Jeremiah".

8 1

Typescript, "On the Composition of the Book of Jeremiah".

8 2

Typescript, "The Targum".

8 3

Manuscript, "Babylonian Aramaic Grammar (folder 1 of 3)".

8 4

Manuscript, "Babylonian Aramaic Grammar (folder 2 of 3)".

8 5

Manuscript, "Babylonian Aramaic Grammar (folder 3 of 3)".

8 6

One bound volume of Margolis' unpublished typescript on Andreas Masius' commentary on the Greek Book of Joshua and one folder of related correspondence.

9
Various bound notebooks and writings of Margolis.
Scope and Contents note

10 small notebooks: including Margolis' various copy books of inscriptions in Akkadian, transcriptions of Coptic; Hebrew Biblical quotations.

1 Bound volume of pasted quotations from the Hebrew Bible with commentary, apparently copied from Die Urgeschichte der Menscheit an der Anfang der Weltgeschichte.

1 bound scrapbook which includes a copy of Margolis' dissertation submitted to Columbia College in 1891, dedicated to his father; several loose letters inserted between the pages, as well as other letters pasted on to the pages; various reprints of published works and reviews by Margolis, also pasted on to the pages of the volume.

2 bound scrapbooks of notes and quotations from the Talmud.

10

Manuscript, "Theological Aspect of Reformed Judaism", including newsclippings (reviews) and letters of response to Margolis for sent copies. (The bound typescript is located on the shelf).

11 1

Manuscript, Historical lecture.

11 2

Manuscript, Lecture on the Sabbath.

11 3

Manuscript, "Ad kadmon le-nusah ha-tanakh" me'at Mordecai Yom Tov Margoliot (Margolis).

11 4

Manuscript, "Social message of the Hebrew Prophets" with notes and related correspondence.

11 5

Miscellaneous manuscripts of lectures, articles.

11 6

Typescript: "Essenes".

11 7

Typescripts of miscellaneous articles.

11 8

Typescripts of miscellaneous articles.

11 9

Typescripts of miscellaneous articles.

11 10

Miscellaneous reprints.

11 11

Miscellaneous reprints.

11 12

Miscellaneous reprints.

11 13

Series III. Miscellaneous.

Series Description

Series III. Miscellaneous: Includes three bound notebooks from Margolis' days at the Hebrew Union College, containing the examinations (1894-1896) of various students in different subjects (Bible, Syriac, grammar, etc.); two bound manuscripts on the Biblical books of Jeremiah and Proverbs; miscellaneous writings, clippings and memoria, various pages of notes, fragments, and fragmentary writings of Margolis, including a translation into English from Greek of approximately half of the "Letter of Aristeas" and a fragment of a text of the Talmud copied in Margolis' hand.

Box Folder

One fragmentary, annotated galley and related notes for the 1917 JPS Bible translation.

12 1

"Notes on Jeremiah" by Max Margolis, 1896.

12 2

"Notes on Proverbs" by Max Margolis, 1896.

12 3

Fragmentary notes and notecards dealing with the Greek Bible.

12 4

Notes on the Greek Bible (Genesis) [58 pages].

12 5

Annotated galley of George Barton's "Higher Archeology and the Verdict of Criticism" for publication in the Journal of Biblical Literature.

12 6

Miscellaneous fragmentary typescripts dealing with the Bible, Rashi, etc.

12 7

Clippings on the occasion of Max Margolis' death; clipping (obituary) for Evelyn Margolis; photo (Evelyn Margolis?).

12 8

Miscellaneous clippings.

12 9

Clippings arranged in scrapbook form, apparently by Margolis.

12 10

Miscellaneous printed materials and clippings kept by Margolis, by or about him.

12 11

Miscellaneous typescripts and notes (fragmentary).

12 12

Translation into English from Greek of approximately half of the "Letter of Aristeas".

12 13

Copy of a (unidentified) Talmudic text in Margolis' hand.

12 14

Margolis' "Tables of Hebrew Grammar" (printed).

12 15

3 bound, legal-sized notebooks containing the examinations of various students of Margolis at Hebrew Union College, 1894-1896.

13

One loose-leaf notebook subdivided by various topics (apparently belonging to Margolis); the binder of the loose-leaf notebook; one bound collection of occasional sermons/notes (not in the hand of Margolis?) which appears to have been composed by a rabbi.

14