University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids

Navigation Aids

University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids
Search Finding Aids
 

Sidebar

hide/display content
Information and Contacts
hide/display content
Contents for this Finding Aid
Expand all
Collapse all
Expand all
Collapse all
Expand all
Collapse all

Main Content

George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums

Ms. Coll. 1121

George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums

Ms. Coll. 1121

George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums

Ms. Coll. 1121

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Norris, George William, 1875-1965
Title:
George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums
Date [inclusive]:
1875-1963
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1121
Extent:
0.8 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
George William Norris (1975-1963) was a professor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and chief of Medical Service at the Pennsylvania Hospital. After a successful career and a period of overseas service with the Medical Corps during the first World War, Norris retired to a country house in northeast Pennsylvania. There, Norris was able to dedicate himself to his greatest interests: photography and family history. This collection contains four scrapbooks (1875-1963) compiled by Norris which feature many photographic portraits of Norris family members and landscapes of the Pennsylvania countryside. The scrapbooks also contain background information about Norris’ family and one scrapbook is filled with some of George Norris’ correspondence, certificates of membership to philanthropic and academic societies, and other papers. This collection also includes a short account of a 1963 Christmas trip to Guatemala.
Cite as:
George W. Norris scrapbooks, 1875-1963, Ms. Coll. 1121, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Scull, Howard Myers, 1913-1944
Title:
Howard Myers Scull papers
Date [bulk]:
1936-1944
Date [inclusive]:
1896-2015
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1208
Extent:
1.2 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Howard Myers Scull was a flight surgeon with the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. He died in a plane crash on July 4, 1944. This collection documents his early life and education, his World War II service, and the way in which his family mourned his death. Researchers will find photographs, correspondence, diaries, and official documents relating to Scull's education at Lafayette College and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, his military career (including training and service in England), and his death.
Cite as:
Howard Myers Scull papers, 1896-2015 (bulk: 1936-1944), Ms. Coll. 1208, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Reichert, Katharine, E
Title:
Katharine E. Reichert photograph albums, scrapbooks, and papers
Date [bulk]:
1951-1953
Date [inclusive]:
1934-1979
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1212
Extent:
1.33 linear feet (7 boxes)
Language:
English
Language Note:
The bulk of the material is in English, but some materials are in Japanese.
Abstract:
Katharine "Kay" E. Reichert was an Air Force nurse who served with the Far East Air Force in Japan during the Korean War. After her return to the United States, Reichert earned her B.S. in Nursing Education from the University of Pennsylvania and then her M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. The bulk of this collection is comprised of photo albums and scrapbooks documenting daily life and excursions to destinations around Japan. Also included are official and personal papers and ephemera, yearbooks from Reichert's studies at the University of Pennsylvania, and artifacts such as medical bag and equipment, military insignias and honors, and door signs.
Cite as:
Katharine E. Reichert photograph albums, scrapbooks, and papers, 1934-1979 (bulk: 1951-1953), Ms. Coll. 1212, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

George William Norris (1975-1963) was a professor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and chief of Medical Service at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Born in Philadelphia, Norris’ mother was Viennese and his father descended from a long line of socially prominent Quakers. Norris attended George F. Martin’s School before enrolling at the University of Pennsylvania, where he dedicated most of his academic efforts to the study of physics and earned his bachelor’s degree. In 1899, Norris received his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania, and began a two year residence at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Norris then served as a professor of medicine at the University until he joined the Medical Reserve Corps of the Army in 1911. During World War I, Norris served in England and France for about two years and retired as a Colonel. In 1920, Norris received a citation as Senior Medical Consultant in the Toul Sector from General Pershing for his “exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous services.” After the war, Norris returned to teaching and a position at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Over the course of his career, Norris contributed dozens of articles to medical journals and published three books. Norris was also an active member of many organizations including the Association of American Physicians, the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, the American Philosophical Society, the Academy of Natural Sciences, and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, as well as serving as a trustee of the Mutual Assurance Company. When George Norris retired in 1931, he moved to Woodbourne, his family’s country estate in northeast Pennsylvania, where he had the opportunity to pursue his passion for landscape photography. In 1956, at age eighty-one, Norris married Annie Bradford Hays. Norris passed away in 1963.

Biography/History

Howard Myers Scull was born July 25, 1913 in Alexandria, Virginia, the son of Benjamin A. and Cordelia Myers Scull. He had two older siblings, Fred and Mary. He graduated from Easton High School in 1931 and went on to attend Lafayette College, where he was a member of the Theta Xi Fraternity. After graduating from Lafayette in 1935, he attended the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, where he was a member of the Alpha Kappa Kappa Fraternity and the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC). He spent two years as an intern at Presbyterian Hospital after graduating medical school and was awarded a fellowship with the Mayo Clinic, but chose to enter the Army instead in July 1941.

Following preliminary training, 1st Lieutenant Scull was transferred to the Air Corps and became a flight surgeon overseeing the care of aviation personnel. He served in the 322nd Bombardment Group, assigned to the 3rd Bomb Wing. In February 1943, Scull was sent overseas as a Captain, traveling through Brazil and Africa before arriving in England towards the end of March 1943, where he was senior medical officer overseeing ten doctors, a small hospital and two dispensaries. The 322nd Bombardment Groups was stationed at the RAF Andrews Field in Essex from 1943 to September 1944. According to a letter Scull wrote on April 15, 1943, flight surgeons were forbidden from combat flights, but he did fly over enemy territory at least once on August 19, 1943. In addition to his duties as flight surgeon, Scull also attended courses, including a psychiatry course with special reference to handling mental casualties as a result of combat operations. In September 1943, Scull was promoted to Major and became base surgeon with complete responsibility for the health and all sanitary ramifications of the station and its satellites (approximately 5000 men and officers) as well as the supervision of twelve doctors, and two dentists. He died in a plane accident when the plane he was on, a Martin B-26C, crashed on Cronk ny Arrey Laa on the Isle of Man on July 4, 1944.

Biography/History

Katharine “Kay” E. Reichert (1927-2015) was an Arnold, Pennsylvania native, Air Force nurse, educator, and doctor. After graduating from the Allegheny Valley School of Nursing, she worked as a staff nurse at the Western Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute and the clinic at the University of Pittsburgh before enlisting in the Air Force Nurse Corps in 1950. Reichert was stationed at Maxwell Field in Alabama and Camp Stoneman in California before being sent overseas for service in the Far Eastern Theater. She served in Japan between 1951 and 1953 during the Korean War at both the Johnson and Shiroi Air Base Hospitals. During her service, she attained the rank of first lieutenant. The majority of the photographs in this collection were taken during her time on Johnson or Shiroi Air Base or while traveling to attractions throughout Japan.

After her return to the States, Reichert earned a B.S. in Nursing Education from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing in 1956. She continued her studies at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, with help from the GI Bill and earned her M.D. in 1961. She completed her internship at Mary Hitchcock Medical Center in Hanover, New Hampshire and completed her residency at the Maine Medical Center in Portland, Maine. She then practiced rural family medicine in Lyme, New Hampshire from 1963 to 1966 before moving on to the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, where she was a student health physician for sixteen years. After her time at the University of Massachusetts, she served as the director of health services at Hampshire College for seven years. Reichert was also a pioneer in the development of the nurse practitioner movement in Massachusetts, where she taught nurses how to become nurse practitioners and published the book Primary Care of Young Adults in 1976.

Scope and Contents

George William Norris composed four scrapbooks of photographs, letters and certificates ranging in date from 1875 to 1963, and wrote a short account of a 1963 Christmas trip to Guatemala. A medical professional, Norris was also dedicated to several hobbies including photography and genealogical history.

Norris’ account of his holiday in Guatemala was written in 1964, a year after the trip took place. The thirty-six typewritten pages read like a travel journal; though not formal, the narrative gives a relatively complete and detailed account of his vacation.

Norris titled two albums "Photographs," which largely feature Norris’ family members and the various properties they owned in and around Philadelphia. Norris added some notes and background information to these albums, as well as snapshots of Philadelphia landmarks and a few photographs from his time as a student at the University of Pennsylvania. Photos and color postcards from Norris’ travels to the Caribbean and Austrian Tirol can be found in volume two of ‘Photographs.’

The volume Norris titled ‘Recollections: People, Places, Events’ contains a variety of documents including many letters from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania thanking Norris for donations of antique objects and documents (bulk: 1956-1963). This scrapbook also contains photographs (1894-1956, with undated materials) of Norris’ family members and others, documents relating to The Green Tree Mutual Assurance Company, of which Norris was a chairman (1954-1963), a military citation granted under General Pershing for Norris’ service in the first World War (1920) and various certificates of membership to philanthropic and academic societies. A limited amount of personal and professional correspondence is also included.

A final scrapbook holds more travel photographs (including images from Italy, Spain, Germany and Trinidad), family portraits taken by Norris, and interior photos of the family’s estate in Susquehanna County, PA. A large portion of this album features clippings of black and white photographs taken by Norris (mostly showing the rural landscapes of Pennsylvania) which are printed on glossy magazine paper and seem to have been featured in a publication.

Scope and Contents

The Howard Myers Scull papers consist of three series: early life and education, World War II service, and post death documents and research.

Series I contains certificates, photographs, correspondence, and a yearbook from his early life and tenure in college and medical school. Photographs portray Scull from childhood to his service in the United States Army Air Corps, as well as Scull's parents, siblings, and his nieces. Also included are Scull's diaries from his time in medical school at the University of Pennsylvania (1936 to 1939) with brief entries about his classes, social outings, and family events. Researchers will find references to quality of classes and lectures, diagnoses in clinic, results of autopsies, and studying. Scull mentions family throughout his diary, in particular visits to his brother Fred and his sister-in-law Ella. In 2015, Scull's niece transcribed the entirety of his diary entries into a single volume (located in Box 2, folder 3).

Series II consists primarily of Scull's correspondence from his time as a flight surgeon stationed in England during World War II. The bulk of Scull's correspondence is to or from his brother Fred and sister-in-law Ella about family matters; social news; his training in Virginia, Georgia, Texas, Alabama, and Florida; and his service in England. Scull's niece transcribed this correspondence and collected it into a single volume in 2014 (located in box 2, folder 5). The letters provide a glimpse into family dynamics, family health concerns, homesickness, the loss of men from his unit, and Scull's relationships with women, especially Jane Price, his fiancée who married another man just months before Scull's death. This series also includes certificates and documentation of Scull's status and promotions in the Army between 1939 and 1944, with a report personally written by Scull detailing the activities of his Medical Detachment. Original copies of his personal financial records, will, insurance documents, and a pilot log book are also included.

Series III consists entirely of materials dated after Scull's death on July 4, 1944. It includes official War Department correspondence, as well as personal letters of condolence and documents related to Scull's effects and estate. Additionally, there are clippings of Scull's obituary from various newspapers, photographs of his tombstone, and research conducted between 2009 and 2015 regarding the cause and details of the airplane crash.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of photo albums and scrapbooks, official and personal papers and ephemera, yearbooks, and artifacts.

Series I is comprised of a number of photograph albums and scrapbooks primarily chronicling life on Johnson (now Iruma) and Shiroi (now Shimofusa) Air Bases in Japan and in other locales Reichert traveled to while stationed there. Photos mostly depict friends, co-workers, scenery/surroundings, and social gatherings, but there are some photographs documenting hospitals, her work as a nurse, and Japan's post World War II recovery. Scrapbooks include additional travel photographs, as well as other ephemera such as brochures, napkins, maps, cards, postcards, and programs. Some ephemeral materials found in the scrapbooks are entirely in Japanese.

Series II includes newspaper clippings, certificates of service and customs declarations, paperwork regarding Reichert’s discharge from service, and ephemera from her time in Japan. It also includes correspondence from Reichert to her parents, William and [Sara] Reichert, and from Austin Pardue, Bishop of Pittsburgh and leader of Reichert's childhood church, to both Reichert and her parents.

Series III is made up of Reichert’s University of Pennsylvania yearbooks. There is one volume of Record from 1956 – her senior year – and volumes of the School of Medicine’s  Scope from 1958, 1960, and 1961, as well as for 1979 when she appears in a list of patrons. The 1956  Record has “University of Pennsylvania Two Hundredth Commencement for the Conferring of Degrees” program laid in at front. The 1960 volume of  Scope has “1960-61 U.M.A. Medical School List Second Year Class” and “1960-61 U.M.A. Medical School List Third Year Class” laid in at front.

Series IV includes a wide variety of artifacts such as an Air Force uniform, signs, dog tags, name tags, medals/ribbons, and patches from Reichert’s time in the Far East Air Force. Also present in this series is a medical bag containing medical equipment.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2015 August 19

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 4

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 24

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Sarah Yerger, Rayna Andrews, and Elsa Varela

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rayna Andrews

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

The bulk of this collection is open for research use. Access to the medical bag (located in box 5) is subject to Kislak curatorial staff review. Please make an appointment to use these materials so that staff will be available.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of George W. Norris, 1964.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Natalie Watkins Scull, 2015

Source of Acquisition

Sold by R & A Petrilla, Booksellers, 2015.

Processing Information note

The photographs from photo albums 1 and 6 (found in box 1, folders 1 and 2) were removed from magnetic albums in order to better preserve the material. The original order of the photographs was maintained.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
  • Mutual Assurance Company for Insuring Houses from Loss by Fire.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Scrapbooks
Subject(s)
  • Families
  • Voyages and travels

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Lafayette College (Easton, Northampton County, Pa.) .
  • United States. Army. Air Corps.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Estate records
  • Photographs
Personal Name(s)
  • Scull, Benjamin A.
  • Scull, Ella Watkins
  • Scull, J. Frederic
Subject(s)
  • Education--Pennsylvania
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medicine, Military
  • World War, 1939-1945--United States

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • United States. Air Force Nurse Corps.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Medical equipment
  • Memorabilia
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
  • School yearbooks
  • Scrapbooks
Subject(s)
  • Japan--Description and travel
  • Korean War, 1950-1953--United States
  • Medicine, Military
  • Nursing
  • Women in medicine
  • Women physicians

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Christmas, 1964, Guatemala C.A., 1964.

1 1

Photographs, volume 1, 1875-1963.

1 2

Photographs, volume 2, 1875-1963.

1 3

Recollections: People, Places, Events, 1875-1962.

2 1

Scrapbook of photographs (original title illegible), undated.

3 1

Collection Inventory

I. Early life and education.

Box Folder

Certificate of baptism, miscellaneous family materials, 1896-1944, 1971.

1 1

Personal correspondence, 1938-1941.

1 2

Lafayette College, educational certificates, 1932-1941.

1 3

Lafayette College, Melange (yearbook), 1934.

1 4

Educational expenses, Lafayette College and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1931-1939.

1 5

Programs not attended, Harvard University School of Medicine and Mayo Clinic Fellowship, 1935-1939.

1 6

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, grades, reserve officer training commission and fraternity certificates, 1935-1941.

1 7

Diary, 1936.

1 8

Diary, 1937.

1 9

Diary, 1939 January.

2 1

Diary, 1939 February-December.

2 2

Diaries 1936-1939 (transcribed), 2015.

2 3

II. World War II service, 1939-1944.

Box Folder

Army Air Corps School of Aviation Medicine, certificate and class photo with name list, 1942.

2 4

Family correspondence, 1941 June-December.

2 6

Family correspondence, 1942 January-June.

2 7

Family correspondence, 1942 July-December.

2 8

Family correspondence, 1943 January-June.

2 9

Family correspondence, 1943 July-December.

3 1

Family correspondence, 1944 January-July.

3 2

Transcription of correspondence of Howard Myers Scull from 1938-1944, 2014.

2 5

Personal Affairs official documentation, including will, financial records, and insurance documents, 1942-1944.

3 3

Pilot log book, 1940 June-1944 June.

3 4

Official documentation of military status and promotion, 1939 June 5-1942 December 2.

3 5

Report of medical detachment, 3d Cavalry, by Scull, 1941 December 18.

3 6

Shipping invoice for Scull's household goods, 1942 April 1.

3 7

III. Post death documents and research, 1944-2015.

Box Folder

Telegram and letters confirming death, 1944 July 15-1945 February 9.

3 8

Burial and grave site photos and letter, 1944 July 4-1945 March 18.

3 9

Condolence letters, 1944 July 7-1945 January 30.

3 10

Letters to Fred and Ella Scull received after Howard Scull's death (transcribed, not original), 1944-1947.

3 13

Obituary and other newspaper clippings, 1944 July 18.

3 11

Letters to the Scull family from Major Glenn Pennington, a friend and fellow flight surgeon who trained and served with Scull, 1944 July 30-1945 September 12.

3 12

Documents settling estate, largely from the United States War Department, 1944 September 25- 1945 August 9.

3 14

Memorial honors, Theta Xi Fraternity and Lafayette College, 1944 November 27.

3 15

Burial documents, 1946 January 25-1949 January 6.

3 16

Research relating to Scull's unit, the crash site, photocopy of official report on the accident (including photographs), photographs of burial markers, and information regarding burial and burial marker, 2009 September 30-2015 March 10.

3 17

Collection Inventory

Series I. Photograph albums and scrapbooks documenting her time in Japan, circa 1934-1973.

Conditions Governing Access note

The scrapbooks (located in box 2, folder 2 and box 3, folder 3) are extremely fragile and researchers are asked to take extra caution when handling the material. Researchers should be aware that the photographs from photo albums 1 and 6 (found in box 1, folders 1 and 2) were removed from magnetic albums in order to better preserve the material. The original order of the photographs was maintained.

Box Folder

Photo album 1 (Japan), 1951-1953.

1 1

Photo album 2 (Japan), 1951-1953.

2 1

Photo album/scrapbook 3 (Japan), 1950-1954 (Bulk, 1952-1953) .

2 2

Scrapbook 4 (Japan), 1952-1953.

3 1

Clippings (originally laid in at back of scrapbook 4), 1953.

3 2

Photo album 5 (Japan and return home), 1953-1954.

3 3

Photo Album 6 (Japan and life in the US), circa 1934-1973.

1 2

Series II. Official and personal papers and ephemera, 1950-1961 (bulk: 1953).

Box Folder

Air Force documents, certificates, and ephemera, 1950, 1953, 1959, 1961.

1 3

Newspaper clippings, 1951, 1953.

1 4

Correspondence with William and [Sara] Reichert (parents), 1951, 1953.

1 5

Bishop Austin Pardue correspondence, 1953-1959.

1 6

Portrait (photograph), 1951.

1 7

Series III. Yearbooks, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1979.

Box Folder

University of Pennsylvania Record, Volume CIV, 1956.

1 8

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1958.

1 9

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1960.

4 1

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1961.

4 2

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1979.

4 3

Series IV. Artifacts.

Box Folder

Name tags, ribbons, patches, dog tags, and door signs, undated.

4 4

Medical bag used during rural family medical practice, circa 1963-1966.

5

Uniform of an Air Force nurse (not necessarily Reichert's), circa 1950s.

6

Medical practice sign for Katharine E. Reichert, M.D., circa 1966-1990.

7

George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums

Ms. Coll. 1121

George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums

Ms. Coll. 1121

George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums

Ms. Coll. 1121

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Norris, George William, 1875-1965
Title:
George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums
Date [inclusive]:
1875-1963
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1121
Extent:
0.8 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
George William Norris (1975-1963) was a professor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and chief of Medical Service at the Pennsylvania Hospital. After a successful career and a period of overseas service with the Medical Corps during the first World War, Norris retired to a country house in northeast Pennsylvania. There, Norris was able to dedicate himself to his greatest interests: photography and family history. This collection contains four scrapbooks (1875-1963) compiled by Norris which feature many photographic portraits of Norris family members and landscapes of the Pennsylvania countryside. The scrapbooks also contain background information about Norris’ family and one scrapbook is filled with some of George Norris’ correspondence, certificates of membership to philanthropic and academic societies, and other papers. This collection also includes a short account of a 1963 Christmas trip to Guatemala.
Cite as:
George W. Norris scrapbooks, 1875-1963, Ms. Coll. 1121, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Scull, Howard Myers, 1913-1944
Title:
Howard Myers Scull papers
Date [bulk]:
1936-1944
Date [inclusive]:
1896-2015
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1208
Extent:
1.2 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Howard Myers Scull was a flight surgeon with the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. He died in a plane crash on July 4, 1944. This collection documents his early life and education, his World War II service, and the way in which his family mourned his death. Researchers will find photographs, correspondence, diaries, and official documents relating to Scull's education at Lafayette College and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, his military career (including training and service in England), and his death.
Cite as:
Howard Myers Scull papers, 1896-2015 (bulk: 1936-1944), Ms. Coll. 1208, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Reichert, Katharine, E
Title:
Katharine E. Reichert photograph albums, scrapbooks, and papers
Date [bulk]:
1951-1953
Date [inclusive]:
1934-1979
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1212
Extent:
1.33 linear feet (7 boxes)
Language:
English
Language Note:
The bulk of the material is in English, but some materials are in Japanese.
Abstract:
Katharine "Kay" E. Reichert was an Air Force nurse who served with the Far East Air Force in Japan during the Korean War. After her return to the United States, Reichert earned her B.S. in Nursing Education from the University of Pennsylvania and then her M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. The bulk of this collection is comprised of photo albums and scrapbooks documenting daily life and excursions to destinations around Japan. Also included are official and personal papers and ephemera, yearbooks from Reichert's studies at the University of Pennsylvania, and artifacts such as medical bag and equipment, military insignias and honors, and door signs.
Cite as:
Katharine E. Reichert photograph albums, scrapbooks, and papers, 1934-1979 (bulk: 1951-1953), Ms. Coll. 1212, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

George William Norris (1975-1963) was a professor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and chief of Medical Service at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Born in Philadelphia, Norris’ mother was Viennese and his father descended from a long line of socially prominent Quakers. Norris attended George F. Martin’s School before enrolling at the University of Pennsylvania, where he dedicated most of his academic efforts to the study of physics and earned his bachelor’s degree. In 1899, Norris received his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania, and began a two year residence at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Norris then served as a professor of medicine at the University until he joined the Medical Reserve Corps of the Army in 1911. During World War I, Norris served in England and France for about two years and retired as a Colonel. In 1920, Norris received a citation as Senior Medical Consultant in the Toul Sector from General Pershing for his “exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous services.” After the war, Norris returned to teaching and a position at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Over the course of his career, Norris contributed dozens of articles to medical journals and published three books. Norris was also an active member of many organizations including the Association of American Physicians, the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, the American Philosophical Society, the Academy of Natural Sciences, and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, as well as serving as a trustee of the Mutual Assurance Company. When George Norris retired in 1931, he moved to Woodbourne, his family’s country estate in northeast Pennsylvania, where he had the opportunity to pursue his passion for landscape photography. In 1956, at age eighty-one, Norris married Annie Bradford Hays. Norris passed away in 1963.

Biography/History

Howard Myers Scull was born July 25, 1913 in Alexandria, Virginia, the son of Benjamin A. and Cordelia Myers Scull. He had two older siblings, Fred and Mary. He graduated from Easton High School in 1931 and went on to attend Lafayette College, where he was a member of the Theta Xi Fraternity. After graduating from Lafayette in 1935, he attended the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, where he was a member of the Alpha Kappa Kappa Fraternity and the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC). He spent two years as an intern at Presbyterian Hospital after graduating medical school and was awarded a fellowship with the Mayo Clinic, but chose to enter the Army instead in July 1941.

Following preliminary training, 1st Lieutenant Scull was transferred to the Air Corps and became a flight surgeon overseeing the care of aviation personnel. He served in the 322nd Bombardment Group, assigned to the 3rd Bomb Wing. In February 1943, Scull was sent overseas as a Captain, traveling through Brazil and Africa before arriving in England towards the end of March 1943, where he was senior medical officer overseeing ten doctors, a small hospital and two dispensaries. The 322nd Bombardment Groups was stationed at the RAF Andrews Field in Essex from 1943 to September 1944. According to a letter Scull wrote on April 15, 1943, flight surgeons were forbidden from combat flights, but he did fly over enemy territory at least once on August 19, 1943. In addition to his duties as flight surgeon, Scull also attended courses, including a psychiatry course with special reference to handling mental casualties as a result of combat operations. In September 1943, Scull was promoted to Major and became base surgeon with complete responsibility for the health and all sanitary ramifications of the station and its satellites (approximately 5000 men and officers) as well as the supervision of twelve doctors, and two dentists. He died in a plane accident when the plane he was on, a Martin B-26C, crashed on Cronk ny Arrey Laa on the Isle of Man on July 4, 1944.

Biography/History

Katharine “Kay” E. Reichert (1927-2015) was an Arnold, Pennsylvania native, Air Force nurse, educator, and doctor. After graduating from the Allegheny Valley School of Nursing, she worked as a staff nurse at the Western Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute and the clinic at the University of Pittsburgh before enlisting in the Air Force Nurse Corps in 1950. Reichert was stationed at Maxwell Field in Alabama and Camp Stoneman in California before being sent overseas for service in the Far Eastern Theater. She served in Japan between 1951 and 1953 during the Korean War at both the Johnson and Shiroi Air Base Hospitals. During her service, she attained the rank of first lieutenant. The majority of the photographs in this collection were taken during her time on Johnson or Shiroi Air Base or while traveling to attractions throughout Japan.

After her return to the States, Reichert earned a B.S. in Nursing Education from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing in 1956. She continued her studies at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, with help from the GI Bill and earned her M.D. in 1961. She completed her internship at Mary Hitchcock Medical Center in Hanover, New Hampshire and completed her residency at the Maine Medical Center in Portland, Maine. She then practiced rural family medicine in Lyme, New Hampshire from 1963 to 1966 before moving on to the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, where she was a student health physician for sixteen years. After her time at the University of Massachusetts, she served as the director of health services at Hampshire College for seven years. Reichert was also a pioneer in the development of the nurse practitioner movement in Massachusetts, where she taught nurses how to become nurse practitioners and published the book Primary Care of Young Adults in 1976.

Scope and Contents

George William Norris composed four scrapbooks of photographs, letters and certificates ranging in date from 1875 to 1963, and wrote a short account of a 1963 Christmas trip to Guatemala. A medical professional, Norris was also dedicated to several hobbies including photography and genealogical history.

Norris’ account of his holiday in Guatemala was written in 1964, a year after the trip took place. The thirty-six typewritten pages read like a travel journal; though not formal, the narrative gives a relatively complete and detailed account of his vacation.

Norris titled two albums "Photographs," which largely feature Norris’ family members and the various properties they owned in and around Philadelphia. Norris added some notes and background information to these albums, as well as snapshots of Philadelphia landmarks and a few photographs from his time as a student at the University of Pennsylvania. Photos and color postcards from Norris’ travels to the Caribbean and Austrian Tirol can be found in volume two of ‘Photographs.’

The volume Norris titled ‘Recollections: People, Places, Events’ contains a variety of documents including many letters from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania thanking Norris for donations of antique objects and documents (bulk: 1956-1963). This scrapbook also contains photographs (1894-1956, with undated materials) of Norris’ family members and others, documents relating to The Green Tree Mutual Assurance Company, of which Norris was a chairman (1954-1963), a military citation granted under General Pershing for Norris’ service in the first World War (1920) and various certificates of membership to philanthropic and academic societies. A limited amount of personal and professional correspondence is also included.

A final scrapbook holds more travel photographs (including images from Italy, Spain, Germany and Trinidad), family portraits taken by Norris, and interior photos of the family’s estate in Susquehanna County, PA. A large portion of this album features clippings of black and white photographs taken by Norris (mostly showing the rural landscapes of Pennsylvania) which are printed on glossy magazine paper and seem to have been featured in a publication.

Scope and Contents

The Howard Myers Scull papers consist of three series: early life and education, World War II service, and post death documents and research.

Series I contains certificates, photographs, correspondence, and a yearbook from his early life and tenure in college and medical school. Photographs portray Scull from childhood to his service in the United States Army Air Corps, as well as Scull's parents, siblings, and his nieces. Also included are Scull's diaries from his time in medical school at the University of Pennsylvania (1936 to 1939) with brief entries about his classes, social outings, and family events. Researchers will find references to quality of classes and lectures, diagnoses in clinic, results of autopsies, and studying. Scull mentions family throughout his diary, in particular visits to his brother Fred and his sister-in-law Ella. In 2015, Scull's niece transcribed the entirety of his diary entries into a single volume (located in Box 2, folder 3).

Series II consists primarily of Scull's correspondence from his time as a flight surgeon stationed in England during World War II. The bulk of Scull's correspondence is to or from his brother Fred and sister-in-law Ella about family matters; social news; his training in Virginia, Georgia, Texas, Alabama, and Florida; and his service in England. Scull's niece transcribed this correspondence and collected it into a single volume in 2014 (located in box 2, folder 5). The letters provide a glimpse into family dynamics, family health concerns, homesickness, the loss of men from his unit, and Scull's relationships with women, especially Jane Price, his fiancée who married another man just months before Scull's death. This series also includes certificates and documentation of Scull's status and promotions in the Army between 1939 and 1944, with a report personally written by Scull detailing the activities of his Medical Detachment. Original copies of his personal financial records, will, insurance documents, and a pilot log book are also included.

Series III consists entirely of materials dated after Scull's death on July 4, 1944. It includes official War Department correspondence, as well as personal letters of condolence and documents related to Scull's effects and estate. Additionally, there are clippings of Scull's obituary from various newspapers, photographs of his tombstone, and research conducted between 2009 and 2015 regarding the cause and details of the airplane crash.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of photo albums and scrapbooks, official and personal papers and ephemera, yearbooks, and artifacts.

Series I is comprised of a number of photograph albums and scrapbooks primarily chronicling life on Johnson (now Iruma) and Shiroi (now Shimofusa) Air Bases in Japan and in other locales Reichert traveled to while stationed there. Photos mostly depict friends, co-workers, scenery/surroundings, and social gatherings, but there are some photographs documenting hospitals, her work as a nurse, and Japan's post World War II recovery. Scrapbooks include additional travel photographs, as well as other ephemera such as brochures, napkins, maps, cards, postcards, and programs. Some ephemeral materials found in the scrapbooks are entirely in Japanese.

Series II includes newspaper clippings, certificates of service and customs declarations, paperwork regarding Reichert’s discharge from service, and ephemera from her time in Japan. It also includes correspondence from Reichert to her parents, William and [Sara] Reichert, and from Austin Pardue, Bishop of Pittsburgh and leader of Reichert's childhood church, to both Reichert and her parents.

Series III is made up of Reichert’s University of Pennsylvania yearbooks. There is one volume of Record from 1956 – her senior year – and volumes of the School of Medicine’s  Scope from 1958, 1960, and 1961, as well as for 1979 when she appears in a list of patrons. The 1956  Record has “University of Pennsylvania Two Hundredth Commencement for the Conferring of Degrees” program laid in at front. The 1960 volume of  Scope has “1960-61 U.M.A. Medical School List Second Year Class” and “1960-61 U.M.A. Medical School List Third Year Class” laid in at front.

Series IV includes a wide variety of artifacts such as an Air Force uniform, signs, dog tags, name tags, medals/ribbons, and patches from Reichert’s time in the Far East Air Force. Also present in this series is a medical bag containing medical equipment.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2015 August 19

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 4

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 24

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Sarah Yerger, Rayna Andrews, and Elsa Varela

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rayna Andrews

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

The bulk of this collection is open for research use. Access to the medical bag (located in box 5) is subject to Kislak curatorial staff review. Please make an appointment to use these materials so that staff will be available.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of George W. Norris, 1964.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Natalie Watkins Scull, 2015

Source of Acquisition

Sold by R & A Petrilla, Booksellers, 2015.

Processing Information note

The photographs from photo albums 1 and 6 (found in box 1, folders 1 and 2) were removed from magnetic albums in order to better preserve the material. The original order of the photographs was maintained.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
  • Mutual Assurance Company for Insuring Houses from Loss by Fire.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Scrapbooks
Subject(s)
  • Families
  • Voyages and travels

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Lafayette College (Easton, Northampton County, Pa.) .
  • United States. Army. Air Corps.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Estate records
  • Photographs
Personal Name(s)
  • Scull, Benjamin A.
  • Scull, Ella Watkins
  • Scull, J. Frederic
Subject(s)
  • Education--Pennsylvania
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medicine, Military
  • World War, 1939-1945--United States

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • United States. Air Force Nurse Corps.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Medical equipment
  • Memorabilia
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
  • School yearbooks
  • Scrapbooks
Subject(s)
  • Japan--Description and travel
  • Korean War, 1950-1953--United States
  • Medicine, Military
  • Nursing
  • Women in medicine
  • Women physicians

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Christmas, 1964, Guatemala C.A., 1964.

1 1

Photographs, volume 1, 1875-1963.

1 2

Photographs, volume 2, 1875-1963.

1 3

Recollections: People, Places, Events, 1875-1962.

2 1

Scrapbook of photographs (original title illegible), undated.

3 1

Collection Inventory

I. Early life and education.

Box Folder

Certificate of baptism, miscellaneous family materials, 1896-1944, 1971.

1 1

Personal correspondence, 1938-1941.

1 2

Lafayette College, educational certificates, 1932-1941.

1 3

Lafayette College, Melange (yearbook), 1934.

1 4

Educational expenses, Lafayette College and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1931-1939.

1 5

Programs not attended, Harvard University School of Medicine and Mayo Clinic Fellowship, 1935-1939.

1 6

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, grades, reserve officer training commission and fraternity certificates, 1935-1941.

1 7

Diary, 1936.

1 8

Diary, 1937.

1 9

Diary, 1939 January.

2 1

Diary, 1939 February-December.

2 2

Diaries 1936-1939 (transcribed), 2015.

2 3

II. World War II service, 1939-1944.

Box Folder

Army Air Corps School of Aviation Medicine, certificate and class photo with name list, 1942.

2 4

Family correspondence, 1941 June-December.

2 6

Family correspondence, 1942 January-June.

2 7

Family correspondence, 1942 July-December.

2 8

Family correspondence, 1943 January-June.

2 9

Family correspondence, 1943 July-December.

3 1

Family correspondence, 1944 January-July.

3 2

Transcription of correspondence of Howard Myers Scull from 1938-1944, 2014.

2 5

Personal Affairs official documentation, including will, financial records, and insurance documents, 1942-1944.

3 3

Pilot log book, 1940 June-1944 June.

3 4

Official documentation of military status and promotion, 1939 June 5-1942 December 2.

3 5

Report of medical detachment, 3d Cavalry, by Scull, 1941 December 18.

3 6

Shipping invoice for Scull's household goods, 1942 April 1.

3 7

III. Post death documents and research, 1944-2015.

Box Folder

Telegram and letters confirming death, 1944 July 15-1945 February 9.

3 8

Burial and grave site photos and letter, 1944 July 4-1945 March 18.

3 9

Condolence letters, 1944 July 7-1945 January 30.

3 10

Letters to Fred and Ella Scull received after Howard Scull's death (transcribed, not original), 1944-1947.

3 13

Obituary and other newspaper clippings, 1944 July 18.

3 11

Letters to the Scull family from Major Glenn Pennington, a friend and fellow flight surgeon who trained and served with Scull, 1944 July 30-1945 September 12.

3 12

Documents settling estate, largely from the United States War Department, 1944 September 25- 1945 August 9.

3 14

Memorial honors, Theta Xi Fraternity and Lafayette College, 1944 November 27.

3 15

Burial documents, 1946 January 25-1949 January 6.

3 16

Research relating to Scull's unit, the crash site, photocopy of official report on the accident (including photographs), photographs of burial markers, and information regarding burial and burial marker, 2009 September 30-2015 March 10.

3 17

Collection Inventory

Series I. Photograph albums and scrapbooks documenting her time in Japan, circa 1934-1973.

Conditions Governing Access note

The scrapbooks (located in box 2, folder 2 and box 3, folder 3) are extremely fragile and researchers are asked to take extra caution when handling the material. Researchers should be aware that the photographs from photo albums 1 and 6 (found in box 1, folders 1 and 2) were removed from magnetic albums in order to better preserve the material. The original order of the photographs was maintained.

Box Folder

Photo album 1 (Japan), 1951-1953.

1 1

Photo album 2 (Japan), 1951-1953.

2 1

Photo album/scrapbook 3 (Japan), 1950-1954 (Bulk, 1952-1953) .

2 2

Scrapbook 4 (Japan), 1952-1953.

3 1

Clippings (originally laid in at back of scrapbook 4), 1953.

3 2

Photo album 5 (Japan and return home), 1953-1954.

3 3

Photo Album 6 (Japan and life in the US), circa 1934-1973.

1 2

Series II. Official and personal papers and ephemera, 1950-1961 (bulk: 1953).

Box Folder

Air Force documents, certificates, and ephemera, 1950, 1953, 1959, 1961.

1 3

Newspaper clippings, 1951, 1953.

1 4

Correspondence with William and [Sara] Reichert (parents), 1951, 1953.

1 5

Bishop Austin Pardue correspondence, 1953-1959.

1 6

Portrait (photograph), 1951.

1 7

Series III. Yearbooks, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1979.

Box Folder

University of Pennsylvania Record, Volume CIV, 1956.

1 8

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1958.

1 9

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1960.

4 1

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1961.

4 2

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1979.

4 3

Series IV. Artifacts.

Box Folder

Name tags, ribbons, patches, dog tags, and door signs, undated.

4 4

Medical bag used during rural family medical practice, circa 1963-1966.

5

Uniform of an Air Force nurse (not necessarily Reichert's), circa 1950s.

6

Medical practice sign for Katharine E. Reichert, M.D., circa 1966-1990.

7

George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums

Ms. Coll. 1121

George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums

Ms. Coll. 1121

George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums

Ms. Coll. 1121

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Norris, George William, 1875-1965
Title:
George W. Norris scrapbooks and photograph albums
Date [inclusive]:
1875-1963
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1121
Extent:
0.8 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
George William Norris (1975-1963) was a professor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and chief of Medical Service at the Pennsylvania Hospital. After a successful career and a period of overseas service with the Medical Corps during the first World War, Norris retired to a country house in northeast Pennsylvania. There, Norris was able to dedicate himself to his greatest interests: photography and family history. This collection contains four scrapbooks (1875-1963) compiled by Norris which feature many photographic portraits of Norris family members and landscapes of the Pennsylvania countryside. The scrapbooks also contain background information about Norris’ family and one scrapbook is filled with some of George Norris’ correspondence, certificates of membership to philanthropic and academic societies, and other papers. This collection also includes a short account of a 1963 Christmas trip to Guatemala.
Cite as:
George W. Norris scrapbooks, 1875-1963, Ms. Coll. 1121, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Scull, Howard Myers, 1913-1944
Title:
Howard Myers Scull papers
Date [bulk]:
1936-1944
Date [inclusive]:
1896-2015
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1208
Extent:
1.2 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Howard Myers Scull was a flight surgeon with the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. He died in a plane crash on July 4, 1944. This collection documents his early life and education, his World War II service, and the way in which his family mourned his death. Researchers will find photographs, correspondence, diaries, and official documents relating to Scull's education at Lafayette College and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, his military career (including training and service in England), and his death.
Cite as:
Howard Myers Scull papers, 1896-2015 (bulk: 1936-1944), Ms. Coll. 1208, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Reichert, Katharine, E
Title:
Katharine E. Reichert photograph albums, scrapbooks, and papers
Date [bulk]:
1951-1953
Date [inclusive]:
1934-1979
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1212
Extent:
1.33 linear feet (7 boxes)
Language:
English
Language Note:
The bulk of the material is in English, but some materials are in Japanese.
Abstract:
Katharine "Kay" E. Reichert was an Air Force nurse who served with the Far East Air Force in Japan during the Korean War. After her return to the United States, Reichert earned her B.S. in Nursing Education from the University of Pennsylvania and then her M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. The bulk of this collection is comprised of photo albums and scrapbooks documenting daily life and excursions to destinations around Japan. Also included are official and personal papers and ephemera, yearbooks from Reichert's studies at the University of Pennsylvania, and artifacts such as medical bag and equipment, military insignias and honors, and door signs.
Cite as:
Katharine E. Reichert photograph albums, scrapbooks, and papers, 1934-1979 (bulk: 1951-1953), Ms. Coll. 1212, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

George William Norris (1975-1963) was a professor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and chief of Medical Service at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Born in Philadelphia, Norris’ mother was Viennese and his father descended from a long line of socially prominent Quakers. Norris attended George F. Martin’s School before enrolling at the University of Pennsylvania, where he dedicated most of his academic efforts to the study of physics and earned his bachelor’s degree. In 1899, Norris received his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania, and began a two year residence at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Norris then served as a professor of medicine at the University until he joined the Medical Reserve Corps of the Army in 1911. During World War I, Norris served in England and France for about two years and retired as a Colonel. In 1920, Norris received a citation as Senior Medical Consultant in the Toul Sector from General Pershing for his “exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous services.” After the war, Norris returned to teaching and a position at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Over the course of his career, Norris contributed dozens of articles to medical journals and published three books. Norris was also an active member of many organizations including the Association of American Physicians, the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, the American Philosophical Society, the Academy of Natural Sciences, and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, as well as serving as a trustee of the Mutual Assurance Company. When George Norris retired in 1931, he moved to Woodbourne, his family’s country estate in northeast Pennsylvania, where he had the opportunity to pursue his passion for landscape photography. In 1956, at age eighty-one, Norris married Annie Bradford Hays. Norris passed away in 1963.

Biography/History

Howard Myers Scull was born July 25, 1913 in Alexandria, Virginia, the son of Benjamin A. and Cordelia Myers Scull. He had two older siblings, Fred and Mary. He graduated from Easton High School in 1931 and went on to attend Lafayette College, where he was a member of the Theta Xi Fraternity. After graduating from Lafayette in 1935, he attended the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, where he was a member of the Alpha Kappa Kappa Fraternity and the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC). He spent two years as an intern at Presbyterian Hospital after graduating medical school and was awarded a fellowship with the Mayo Clinic, but chose to enter the Army instead in July 1941.

Following preliminary training, 1st Lieutenant Scull was transferred to the Air Corps and became a flight surgeon overseeing the care of aviation personnel. He served in the 322nd Bombardment Group, assigned to the 3rd Bomb Wing. In February 1943, Scull was sent overseas as a Captain, traveling through Brazil and Africa before arriving in England towards the end of March 1943, where he was senior medical officer overseeing ten doctors, a small hospital and two dispensaries. The 322nd Bombardment Groups was stationed at the RAF Andrews Field in Essex from 1943 to September 1944. According to a letter Scull wrote on April 15, 1943, flight surgeons were forbidden from combat flights, but he did fly over enemy territory at least once on August 19, 1943. In addition to his duties as flight surgeon, Scull also attended courses, including a psychiatry course with special reference to handling mental casualties as a result of combat operations. In September 1943, Scull was promoted to Major and became base surgeon with complete responsibility for the health and all sanitary ramifications of the station and its satellites (approximately 5000 men and officers) as well as the supervision of twelve doctors, and two dentists. He died in a plane accident when the plane he was on, a Martin B-26C, crashed on Cronk ny Arrey Laa on the Isle of Man on July 4, 1944.

Biography/History

Katharine “Kay” E. Reichert (1927-2015) was an Arnold, Pennsylvania native, Air Force nurse, educator, and doctor. After graduating from the Allegheny Valley School of Nursing, she worked as a staff nurse at the Western Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute and the clinic at the University of Pittsburgh before enlisting in the Air Force Nurse Corps in 1950. Reichert was stationed at Maxwell Field in Alabama and Camp Stoneman in California before being sent overseas for service in the Far Eastern Theater. She served in Japan between 1951 and 1953 during the Korean War at both the Johnson and Shiroi Air Base Hospitals. During her service, she attained the rank of first lieutenant. The majority of the photographs in this collection were taken during her time on Johnson or Shiroi Air Base or while traveling to attractions throughout Japan.

After her return to the States, Reichert earned a B.S. in Nursing Education from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing in 1956. She continued her studies at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, with help from the GI Bill and earned her M.D. in 1961. She completed her internship at Mary Hitchcock Medical Center in Hanover, New Hampshire and completed her residency at the Maine Medical Center in Portland, Maine. She then practiced rural family medicine in Lyme, New Hampshire from 1963 to 1966 before moving on to the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, where she was a student health physician for sixteen years. After her time at the University of Massachusetts, she served as the director of health services at Hampshire College for seven years. Reichert was also a pioneer in the development of the nurse practitioner movement in Massachusetts, where she taught nurses how to become nurse practitioners and published the book Primary Care of Young Adults in 1976.

Scope and Contents

George William Norris composed four scrapbooks of photographs, letters and certificates ranging in date from 1875 to 1963, and wrote a short account of a 1963 Christmas trip to Guatemala. A medical professional, Norris was also dedicated to several hobbies including photography and genealogical history.

Norris’ account of his holiday in Guatemala was written in 1964, a year after the trip took place. The thirty-six typewritten pages read like a travel journal; though not formal, the narrative gives a relatively complete and detailed account of his vacation.

Norris titled two albums "Photographs," which largely feature Norris’ family members and the various properties they owned in and around Philadelphia. Norris added some notes and background information to these albums, as well as snapshots of Philadelphia landmarks and a few photographs from his time as a student at the University of Pennsylvania. Photos and color postcards from Norris’ travels to the Caribbean and Austrian Tirol can be found in volume two of ‘Photographs.’

The volume Norris titled ‘Recollections: People, Places, Events’ contains a variety of documents including many letters from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania thanking Norris for donations of antique objects and documents (bulk: 1956-1963). This scrapbook also contains photographs (1894-1956, with undated materials) of Norris’ family members and others, documents relating to The Green Tree Mutual Assurance Company, of which Norris was a chairman (1954-1963), a military citation granted under General Pershing for Norris’ service in the first World War (1920) and various certificates of membership to philanthropic and academic societies. A limited amount of personal and professional correspondence is also included.

A final scrapbook holds more travel photographs (including images from Italy, Spain, Germany and Trinidad), family portraits taken by Norris, and interior photos of the family’s estate in Susquehanna County, PA. A large portion of this album features clippings of black and white photographs taken by Norris (mostly showing the rural landscapes of Pennsylvania) which are printed on glossy magazine paper and seem to have been featured in a publication.

Scope and Contents

The Howard Myers Scull papers consist of three series: early life and education, World War II service, and post death documents and research.

Series I contains certificates, photographs, correspondence, and a yearbook from his early life and tenure in college and medical school. Photographs portray Scull from childhood to his service in the United States Army Air Corps, as well as Scull's parents, siblings, and his nieces. Also included are Scull's diaries from his time in medical school at the University of Pennsylvania (1936 to 1939) with brief entries about his classes, social outings, and family events. Researchers will find references to quality of classes and lectures, diagnoses in clinic, results of autopsies, and studying. Scull mentions family throughout his diary, in particular visits to his brother Fred and his sister-in-law Ella. In 2015, Scull's niece transcribed the entirety of his diary entries into a single volume (located in Box 2, folder 3).

Series II consists primarily of Scull's correspondence from his time as a flight surgeon stationed in England during World War II. The bulk of Scull's correspondence is to or from his brother Fred and sister-in-law Ella about family matters; social news; his training in Virginia, Georgia, Texas, Alabama, and Florida; and his service in England. Scull's niece transcribed this correspondence and collected it into a single volume in 2014 (located in box 2, folder 5). The letters provide a glimpse into family dynamics, family health concerns, homesickness, the loss of men from his unit, and Scull's relationships with women, especially Jane Price, his fiancée who married another man just months before Scull's death. This series also includes certificates and documentation of Scull's status and promotions in the Army between 1939 and 1944, with a report personally written by Scull detailing the activities of his Medical Detachment. Original copies of his personal financial records, will, insurance documents, and a pilot log book are also included.

Series III consists entirely of materials dated after Scull's death on July 4, 1944. It includes official War Department correspondence, as well as personal letters of condolence and documents related to Scull's effects and estate. Additionally, there are clippings of Scull's obituary from various newspapers, photographs of his tombstone, and research conducted between 2009 and 2015 regarding the cause and details of the airplane crash.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of photo albums and scrapbooks, official and personal papers and ephemera, yearbooks, and artifacts.

Series I is comprised of a number of photograph albums and scrapbooks primarily chronicling life on Johnson (now Iruma) and Shiroi (now Shimofusa) Air Bases in Japan and in other locales Reichert traveled to while stationed there. Photos mostly depict friends, co-workers, scenery/surroundings, and social gatherings, but there are some photographs documenting hospitals, her work as a nurse, and Japan's post World War II recovery. Scrapbooks include additional travel photographs, as well as other ephemera such as brochures, napkins, maps, cards, postcards, and programs. Some ephemeral materials found in the scrapbooks are entirely in Japanese.

Series II includes newspaper clippings, certificates of service and customs declarations, paperwork regarding Reichert’s discharge from service, and ephemera from her time in Japan. It also includes correspondence from Reichert to her parents, William and [Sara] Reichert, and from Austin Pardue, Bishop of Pittsburgh and leader of Reichert's childhood church, to both Reichert and her parents.

Series III is made up of Reichert’s University of Pennsylvania yearbooks. There is one volume of Record from 1956 – her senior year – and volumes of the School of Medicine’s  Scope from 1958, 1960, and 1961, as well as for 1979 when she appears in a list of patrons. The 1956  Record has “University of Pennsylvania Two Hundredth Commencement for the Conferring of Degrees” program laid in at front. The 1960 volume of  Scope has “1960-61 U.M.A. Medical School List Second Year Class” and “1960-61 U.M.A. Medical School List Third Year Class” laid in at front.

Series IV includes a wide variety of artifacts such as an Air Force uniform, signs, dog tags, name tags, medals/ribbons, and patches from Reichert’s time in the Far East Air Force. Also present in this series is a medical bag containing medical equipment.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2015 August 19

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 4

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 24

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Sarah Yerger, Rayna Andrews, and Elsa Varela

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rayna Andrews

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

The bulk of this collection is open for research use. Access to the medical bag (located in box 5) is subject to Kislak curatorial staff review. Please make an appointment to use these materials so that staff will be available.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of George W. Norris, 1964.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Natalie Watkins Scull, 2015

Source of Acquisition

Sold by R & A Petrilla, Booksellers, 2015.

Processing Information note

The photographs from photo albums 1 and 6 (found in box 1, folders 1 and 2) were removed from magnetic albums in order to better preserve the material. The original order of the photographs was maintained.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
  • Mutual Assurance Company for Insuring Houses from Loss by Fire.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Scrapbooks
Subject(s)
  • Families
  • Voyages and travels

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Lafayette College (Easton, Northampton County, Pa.) .
  • United States. Army. Air Corps.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Estate records
  • Photographs
Personal Name(s)
  • Scull, Benjamin A.
  • Scull, Ella Watkins
  • Scull, J. Frederic
Subject(s)
  • Education--Pennsylvania
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medicine, Military
  • World War, 1939-1945--United States

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • United States. Air Force Nurse Corps.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Nursing.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Medical equipment
  • Memorabilia
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
  • School yearbooks
  • Scrapbooks
Subject(s)
  • Japan--Description and travel
  • Korean War, 1950-1953--United States
  • Medicine, Military
  • Nursing
  • Women in medicine
  • Women physicians

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Christmas, 1964, Guatemala C.A., 1964.

1 1

Photographs, volume 1, 1875-1963.

1 2

Photographs, volume 2, 1875-1963.

1 3

Recollections: People, Places, Events, 1875-1962.

2 1

Scrapbook of photographs (original title illegible), undated.

3 1

Collection Inventory

I. Early life and education.

Box Folder

Certificate of baptism, miscellaneous family materials, 1896-1944, 1971.

1 1

Personal correspondence, 1938-1941.

1 2

Lafayette College, educational certificates, 1932-1941.

1 3

Lafayette College, Melange (yearbook), 1934.

1 4

Educational expenses, Lafayette College and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1931-1939.

1 5

Programs not attended, Harvard University School of Medicine and Mayo Clinic Fellowship, 1935-1939.

1 6

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, grades, reserve officer training commission and fraternity certificates, 1935-1941.

1 7

Diary, 1936.

1 8

Diary, 1937.

1 9

Diary, 1939 January.

2 1

Diary, 1939 February-December.

2 2

Diaries 1936-1939 (transcribed), 2015.

2 3

II. World War II service, 1939-1944.

Box Folder

Army Air Corps School of Aviation Medicine, certificate and class photo with name list, 1942.

2 4

Family correspondence, 1941 June-December.

2 6

Family correspondence, 1942 January-June.

2 7

Family correspondence, 1942 July-December.

2 8

Family correspondence, 1943 January-June.

2 9

Family correspondence, 1943 July-December.

3 1

Family correspondence, 1944 January-July.

3 2

Transcription of correspondence of Howard Myers Scull from 1938-1944, 2014.

2 5

Personal Affairs official documentation, including will, financial records, and insurance documents, 1942-1944.

3 3

Pilot log book, 1940 June-1944 June.

3 4

Official documentation of military status and promotion, 1939 June 5-1942 December 2.

3 5

Report of medical detachment, 3d Cavalry, by Scull, 1941 December 18.

3 6

Shipping invoice for Scull's household goods, 1942 April 1.

3 7

III. Post death documents and research, 1944-2015.

Box Folder

Telegram and letters confirming death, 1944 July 15-1945 February 9.

3 8

Burial and grave site photos and letter, 1944 July 4-1945 March 18.

3 9

Condolence letters, 1944 July 7-1945 January 30.

3 10

Letters to Fred and Ella Scull received after Howard Scull's death (transcribed, not original), 1944-1947.

3 13

Obituary and other newspaper clippings, 1944 July 18.

3 11

Letters to the Scull family from Major Glenn Pennington, a friend and fellow flight surgeon who trained and served with Scull, 1944 July 30-1945 September 12.

3 12

Documents settling estate, largely from the United States War Department, 1944 September 25- 1945 August 9.

3 14

Memorial honors, Theta Xi Fraternity and Lafayette College, 1944 November 27.

3 15

Burial documents, 1946 January 25-1949 January 6.

3 16

Research relating to Scull's unit, the crash site, photocopy of official report on the accident (including photographs), photographs of burial markers, and information regarding burial and burial marker, 2009 September 30-2015 March 10.

3 17

Collection Inventory

Series I. Photograph albums and scrapbooks documenting her time in Japan, circa 1934-1973.

Conditions Governing Access note

The scrapbooks (located in box 2, folder 2 and box 3, folder 3) are extremely fragile and researchers are asked to take extra caution when handling the material. Researchers should be aware that the photographs from photo albums 1 and 6 (found in box 1, folders 1 and 2) were removed from magnetic albums in order to better preserve the material. The original order of the photographs was maintained.

Box Folder

Photo album 1 (Japan), 1951-1953.

1 1

Photo album 2 (Japan), 1951-1953.

2 1

Photo album/scrapbook 3 (Japan), 1950-1954 (Bulk, 1952-1953) .

2 2

Scrapbook 4 (Japan), 1952-1953.

3 1

Clippings (originally laid in at back of scrapbook 4), 1953.

3 2

Photo album 5 (Japan and return home), 1953-1954.

3 3

Photo Album 6 (Japan and life in the US), circa 1934-1973.

1 2

Series II. Official and personal papers and ephemera, 1950-1961 (bulk: 1953).

Box Folder

Air Force documents, certificates, and ephemera, 1950, 1953, 1959, 1961.

1 3

Newspaper clippings, 1951, 1953.

1 4

Correspondence with William and [Sara] Reichert (parents), 1951, 1953.

1 5

Bishop Austin Pardue correspondence, 1953-1959.

1 6

Portrait (photograph), 1951.

1 7

Series III. Yearbooks, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1979.

Box Folder

University of Pennsylvania Record, Volume CIV, 1956.

1 8

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1958.

1 9

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1960.

4 1

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1961.

4 2

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Scope, 1979.

4 3

Series IV. Artifacts.

Box Folder

Name tags, ribbons, patches, dog tags, and door signs, undated.

4 4

Medical bag used during rural family medical practice, circa 1963-1966.

5

Uniform of an Air Force nurse (not necessarily Reichert's), circa 1950s.

6

Medical practice sign for Katharine E. Reichert, M.D., circa 1966-1990.

7