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David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Greenman, David
Title:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1785
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1866
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The notebook is briefly inscribed by Dr. Edward Cutbush (1772-1843) an officer and surgeon in the United States Navy.
Cite as:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1785, Ms. Codex 1866, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Gillasspy, George, d. 1832
Title:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1797-1798
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1861
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook, kept by George Gillasspy (also "Gillaspy"), records the content of lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1797 and 1798. These lectures touch upon a wide range of topics within materia medica, physiology, pathology and therapeutics, and represent the foundations of late eighteenth century medical education.
Cite as:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1797-1798, Ms. Codex 1861, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Mason, Wellington Smith
Creator:
Muhlenberg, H. H. (Hiester Henry), 1812-1886
Title:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1832, 1894-1895
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1873
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman on hemorrhages, fevers, cardiac disease and nervous disorders. The notes taken by Mason, decades later, document Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on physical diagnosis and Dr. J.K. Mitchell's lectures on symptomatology.
Cite as:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1832, 1894-1895, Ms. Codex 1873, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Murduck, Jonathan
Title:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1802
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1865
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled “A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] at the University of Pennsylvania,” was kept by medical student Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States.
Cite as:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Trevor, Joseph
Title:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1824-1826
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 498
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Physical Facet note:
Written in one hand, attribution from front cover and 1 item laid in. Two leaves laid in. Foliation: [ii], ff. 1-113, pp. 114-119, 15 leaves cut out, 5 ff.
Language:
English
Abstract:
Joseph Trevor was a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. This volume of lecture notes documents a series of lectures taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson (1787-1872) between 1824 and 1826.
Cite as:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1824-1826, Ms. Coll. 498, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Huber, William S., 1865-1909
Title:
William S. Huber student lecture notes
Date [inclusive]:
1885-1888
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1306
Extent:
0.5 linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Dr. William S. Huber (1865-1909) was a dentist in Lebanon, Pennsylvania who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. This collection contains Huber's student lecture notes recorded between February 1885 and March 1888.
Cite as:
William S. Huber student lecture notes, 1885-1888, Ms. Coll. 1306, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Biography/History

Little information about David Greenman is readily available; he attended lectures at the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1785 but did not graduate. Dr. Edward Cutbush, who inscribed this volume, graduated from the University in 1794 and pursued a successful career as an officer and surgeon in the U.S. Navy. An eminent scientist of eighteenth century Philadelphia, Dr. Adam Kuhn (1741-1817) was a professor first of Botany and Materia Medica, and then the Theory and Practice of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania between 1768 and 1797.

Biography/History

George Gillasspy (elsewhere spelled “Gillaspy”) was a medical student, military doctor, and apothecary. Gillasspy served as a surgeon with the Second U.S. Infantry Regiment and on the Frigate U.S.S. United States during the Revolutionary War, at or around the same time that he kept his book of notes on medical lectures. (Indeed, Gillasspy signs his name along with “Surgeon 2d U.S. Regt [illeg] & act.g Surgn Frigate” at the beginning of the second section of the lecture notes, referring to his role as surgeon of the Second Regiment and on the frigate  United States.) Gillasspy also served as a surgeon with the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry from 1806 to 1808, and operated an apothecary shop in Philadelphia with his partner Dr. Joseph Strong. In 1803, Gillasspy and Strong outfitted Meriwether Lewis with $90.69 in medicines for his expedition west. Gillaspy died in 1832 and is buried in Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia. Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and Benjamin Rush (1746-1813) was one of Philadelphia’s foremost physicians in late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Both taught at the University of Pennsylvania for much of their careers.

Sources:

History of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry: From Its Organization, November 17th, 1774 to Its Centennial Anniversary, November 17th, 1874. (Princeton: 1875). URL: https://books.google.com/books?id=va8-AAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Kris Fresonke and Mark David Spence. Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

Biography/History

Hiester H. Muhlenberg (1812-1886) graduated from the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1832, and practiced medicine in Reading, Pennsylvania, before switching his career to finance in 1837. Nathaniel Chapman (1780-1853) was a prominent physician and educator in Philadelphia, who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1801 and began his teaching career at the same institution in 1810. He taught Materia Medica and the theory and practice of medicine. Throughout his career, he remained an influential member of the medical community in Philadelphia until his death in 1853. In addition to his teaching, he founded the Medical Institute of Philadelphia in 1817; founded the Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences (today the  American Journal of Medical Sciences) in 1820; and served as president of the Philadelphia Medical Society, as president of the American Philosophical Society, as fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia (elected in 1807), and as the first president of the American Medical Association (elected in 1848).

Wellington Smith Mason (1865- 1900) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1898. He appears to have practiced medicine in Williamstown, Pennsylvania, but his career was cut short by his death on September 30, 1900, at age 35, from complications from a surgery for appendicitis. Dr. Judson Daland (1860-circa 1937) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1882. Following his graduation, he practiced medicine in Philadelphia. He was a demonstrator and an instructor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania from 1882 until at least 1897. He was also a professor of diseases of the chest at the Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates in Medicine from 1896 to 1897 and a professor of clinical medicine at the same institution from 1897. J.K. (John Kearsley) Mitchell (1859-1917), the son of S. Weir Mitchell, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1883. He began teaching at the University of Pennsylvania in 1886, serving as assistant demonstrator in clinical medicine until 1894, and as lecturer on general symptomatology from 1894 to 1899.

Biography/History

Jonathan Murduck (born circa 1782) was a student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1802, but did not receive his degree until 1811. Between 1803 and 1805, Murduck practiced medicine in Port-au-Prince. Murduck’s financial records, patient records, and memoranda from these voyages are held in the Manuscripts Division of the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan.

Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1813.

Sources: Jonathan Murduck Account Book and Memoranda, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/clementsmss/umich-wcl-M-1890mur?byte=14434455;focusrgn=frontmatter;subview=standard;view=reslist

Biography/History

Joseph Trevor received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1826. He wrote an essay on foreign bodies in the esophagus and test-phagotomy.

Samuel Jackson was born in Philadelphia, March 22, 1787, son of pharmacist David Jackson and Susan Kemper. Although Jackson attended the College of the University of Pennsylvania, he did not complete the courses required to receive a degree but instead began his study of medicine under Dr. James Hutchinson. After Hutchinson’s death, he continued at the offices of Dr. Casper Wistar. Jackson received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1808. After graduation, he briefly took up the drug business left by his father and older brother.

When the War of 1812 broke out, Jackson joined the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry and served with them in operations in the Chesapeake Bay through the war. Jackson sold his pharmaceutical business upon his return in 1815 and began a private medical practice. In 1820, he became president of the Philadelphia Board of Health, and directed its management of the yellow fever epidemic. In 1821, Jackson helped found the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and was appointed its first Professor of Materia Medica. He also served as attending physician at the Philadelphia Almshouse and as instructor of medical chemistry and materia medica at the Medical Institute of Philadelphia, founded by Nathaniel Chapman.

In 1827, Jackson was made assistant to Professor Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania, a post in which Jackson was responsible for teaching physiology. When Chapman's health declined in 1835, Jackson took over as Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and remained in that chair until his retirement in 1863. He would also teach on the wards of Philadelphia Hospital from 1842 to 1845. His medical publications included The Principles of Medicine Founded on the Structure and Functions of the Animal Organism.

Jackson's professional and scholarly memberships included the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and the American Philosophical Society. While in Montreal, Canada, in 1832 investigating an outbreak of Asian cholera on behalf of the Sanitary Board of Councils for Philadelphia, he married the daughter of a British officer. Jackson died in Philadelphia, April 4, 1872.

Information regarding Dr. Samuel Jackson taken in its entirety from Penn Biographies.

Biography/History

Dr. William S. Huber was born in July, 1865, to Dr. William A. (a prominent Lebanon, Pennsylvania, dentist) and Juliana Huber. He was educated at public schools in Lebanon, Pennsylvania and graduated from Lebanon High School. From there, he began his education at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, completing first the course of medicine, and then continuing on to take a full course in dentistry. According to the University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements from the 1886 to 1887 academic year, Huber was a successful student and was among several students "selected for their proficiency in Anatomy to act as Assistant Demonstrators of Anatomy," (page 66).

Following the completion of his studies, he succeeded his father in his dental practice and "built up a large and lucrative practice," (Kirk, page 1019). In 1895, he married A. May Kaler (1866-1901) and they were the parents of William K. (1896-1951) and Charles G. (born in 1898).

In addition to his career as a dentist, Huber served as a member of the board of public schools, as presiding officer of the city council and the select council, and as member of the board of elders of the Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church. He also participated in the Mt. Lebanon Lodge, Weidle Chapter, and Hermit Commandery of the Masons; the Lu Lu Temple in Reading, Pennsylvania; and the Harrisburg Consistory. Huber died of apoplexy on May 25, 1909.

Works cited:

Kirk, Edward C., editor. The Dental Cosmos, Volume 51, 1909 (page 1019).

University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements, 1886-1887, page 66.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The first pages of the volume include some curious annotations by Dr. Edward Cutbush in 1814. Cutbush claims, "These notes have been taken incorrectly from my friends' lectures- I purchased the volume at a public auction. Washington" and a few pages later, "orthography very incorrect." David Greenman’s signature on the title page of the notebook has been scribbled over in ink but is still legible. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The organization of the material in the book is somewhat disjointed, and begins with a brief history of medicine, overview of physiology, discussion of digestion and the qualities of various foods (salt, sugar, milk, etc.), and the means of treating diseases, especially scurvy, by regulation or alteration of the diet. Subsequent sections focus more specifically on medicines and their classifications, especially into the categories of astringents (including “metallic astringents” like iron, lead and zinc), stimulants (including “bitters” like cinchona bark) and sedatives (among which opium is discussed at greatest length). A fairly detailed description of types of tumors, particularly those characteristic of breast cancer, begins on page 128, and a discussion of hysteria follows from page 139 to 148. The medical properties and applications of alkaline substances, soap, errhines (drugs that produce a runny nose) and mercury are subsequently explained, followed by the therapeutic uses of purgatives and blisters. The penultimate section of the book touches upon the topics of plethora (a systemic excess of blood in the body) and complications relating to menstruation, and the final chapter relates to anthelmintics (anti-parasitic medications). At the very end of this book is an alphabetized index of the contents of the notebook, which lists a combination of the names of drugs and medicinal plants, and the medical conditions discussed.

Scope and Contents

This volume of notes is organized into three sections, corresponding to three courses of lectures. The first is titled by Gillasspy, “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Barton, professor in the University of Pennsylvania with Remarks thereon &c,” and dated 1797. These lectures first address classes of medicines, namely astringents, vegetable tonics, metallic tonics, stimulants (seven consecutive lectures discuss the therapeutic properties of opium), emetics, cathartics, “salivating medicines,” and diuretics. Later lectures describe particular medicines, almost all of which are plant based. These profiles typically provide a medicinal plant’s Latin name, common name, native region, effects upon the human body and pharmacological applications.

The next section of the notebook (1797) contains both handwritten notes and printed material. The first page of this portion of the document is a printed cover of a booklet titled “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Institutes of Medicine by Benjamin Rush, M.D.. Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and Clinical Practice in the University of Pennsylvania.” The subsequent handwritten notes on these lectures are interspersed with excerpts of the printed syllabus to which they correspond. These lectures address physiology, pathology and therapeutics, in this order. Within the first topic, Rush briefly presents some basic features and functions of the human body (such as respiration, circulation, sensation, and cognition), before discussing nutrition, digestion and “the secretions and excretions,” and finally outlining the physical differences between men and women, some information about obstetric and gynecological medicine, and what he terms “the stages of life.” The portion of the lecture series on pathology outlines what Rush regards as the four causes of disease -remote, predisposing, occasional and proximate- along with some of the signs of disease. The third and final section of this syllabus, “Therapeutics, OR, of the method of curing diseases,” describes the actions of various types of medicines.

The final section of the book contains notes on “the practice of physic” from lectures delivered by Benjamin Rush in 1798. The first of these lectures relate to the topics of prognosis and diagnosis, “transient symptoms,” and depleting, stimulating and sedative medicines. The rest of the lectures in the volume relate to fevers and their extensive classifications. Along with descriptions of the various febrile “states,” Rush presents the most effective treatments for each. (There is also a short discourse, at the end of this section, on “diseases of the mind”).

The presence of press-printed material in section two, and the closeness of the handwritten text to the spine of the book, suggests that the volume was bound after the notes were taken.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. An inscription provided by William Pepper explains that "this old notebook was found in the basement of Medical Hall, Jan. 1903. It had probably been given to Mr. Wm. H. Salvador [clerk of the Medical Department] in 97 or 98." The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman. This material reviews diseases that fall into four classes--diseases of the heart, diseases of the nervous system, exanthemata or "eruptive fevers," and hemorrhages--providing a description, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and list of causes for each condition. There is a brief, final section on asthma, and there are a few loose sheets of letter paper enclosed in the book, which describe some other diseases, like dropsy. The section on exanthemata includes some information on inoculation and vaccination.

The notes taken by Mason from 1894 to 1895 correspond to two courses. The first, Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on Physical Diagnosis, primarily discusses cardiopulmonary diseases, reviewed through a number of case studies. Lectures seven through fourteen describe the signs and symptoms of various conditions, particularly tuberculosis. The remainder of the lectures, which feature some ink illustrations, address the anatomy of the blood and heart "with reference to diagnosis." The notes on blood mainly address the preparation and examination of microscope slides.

The second set of notes on Symptomatology lectures, given by Dr. J. K. Mitchell, focuses on how to collect and analyze information about a patient's experience of disease. In particular, these lectures address the physiological (sometimes physiognomic) indications of illness and the interpretation of these signs, the sorts of people most susceptible to pulmonary disease, different types of pain and their relationships to particular diseases, and the most effective methods of collecting relevant medical information from patients. By and large, Mason’s lectures lean heavily on illustrative case studies and patient examinations (both clinical and post-mortem), which are typically presented in a fairly detailed, standardized format.

Scope and Contents

This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled "A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] in the University of Pennsylvania," was kept by Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States. The detailed table of contents at the beginning of the notebook lists a number of broad categories into which various medicines are sorted. The primary classes of drugs and medicinal substances noted are astringents, tonics, "Alimentary Matter," stimulants, evacuants (including errhines and sialogogues, drugs that produce a runny nose and salivation, respectively), diuretics, emetics, cathartics, and antithelmintics (anti-parasitic medicines). There is also an opening chapter on milk, which mainly discusses lactation in humans and the properties of milk, and a short final section titled "Materia Nutrentia," which relates to diet, nutrition and the component elements of food (acid, sugar, oil, etc.). The main chapters or sections of the text consist of a passage discussing the general characteristics, properties and applications of this type of medicine, followed by a list of "particular" drugs within the category. The great majority of “particulars” are medicinal plants, though some sections are subdivided into "metallic," "mineral" or "animal" substances (and in some instances, medicinal plants are arranged based on their indigeneity to the United States).

The medicinal substances are usually listed by their Latin names, and discussed in a few paragraphs. For botanical medicines, these descriptions provide the plant’s common and Latin names, native region, pharmaceutical preparation, effects upon the body, therapeutic applications, and sometimes one or two brief case studies indicating its efficacy or inefficacy in treating particular conditions. The three drugs described at greatest length are opium, "Cortex Peruvianus" (Peruvian bark or cinchona) and mercury; the discussion of each of these medicines is organized by the specific diseases they can be used to combat.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains lecture notes on pathology, diagnosis, and treatments, including prescriptions, taken at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School from 1824 to 1826 in courses taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson. The lecture notes include frequent references to Dr. Nathaniel Chapman, a professor to whom Jackson was made assistant in 1827.

A portion of the volume is in question and answer format. For example, under the condition "Asthma," questions such as "What is asthma?," "What are the causes?," etc. are asked and followed by the answers. By page 36, this format changes to a more standard narrative of the lectures.

Lectures addressed bilious pleurisy, peripneumonia rotha, asthma, angina pectoris, pertussis, phthisis pulmonalis, cynanche trachialis, dropsy, atonic dropsy, ascitis, hydrothorax, scrophula, marasmus, hydrocephalus, cynanche laryngea, cynanche tonsillaris, cynanche parotidea (mumps), scarlet fever, measles, variola or small pox, gout, rheumatism, hematuria, hemorrhoides or piles, diseases of the digestive system, drunkenness, exanthemata, diseases of the cutaneous system, erysipelas, diseases of the cerebral system, epilepsy, chronic laryngitis, and hepatitis. All spelling and terms are replicated exactly. Several pages were removed, it appears with a knife. A small number of remedies follow, including a recipe for "Dr. Jackson's cough mixture." A few notes, originally laid into the volume, include a recipe for "sirip de cusineaux."

Scope and Contents

This collection contains Dr. William S. Huber’s lecture notes from his time at the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. There are seven volumes that begin in February of 1885 and end in March of 1888. Several of the volumes overlap in time and seem to have been used for separate classes. The notes themselves include several hand-drawn diagrams. Lectures address Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics, pharmaceuticals, bone fractures, concussions, ulcers, pain and inflammation, and cells, as well as diseases of the blood, the liver, the heart, and the lungs. There seem to be a number of descriptions of plant based remedies in the first, second, and fifth volumes in the collection. Professors include anatomist and surgeon David Hayes Agnew; professor of clinical medicine William Osler; professor of dental pathology, therapeutics, and Materia Medica James Truman; and professor of clinical medicine H.C. Wood.

Most of the volumes are written from front to back; then turned over and written back to front. On one occasion, a quiz is included, but it is unclear if the notes are documenting Huber's studying or the actual quiz. The volume dated October 1887 to January 1888 appears to contain notes from actual medical cases, describing the gender and age of patient, their vocation, their medical condition, history of condition, and, sometimes, recommendations. It is possible that this class was taught by Osler.

Huber's handwriting is fairly difficult to read and it is frequently unclear if the headings of pages are different classes or simply different lectures within classes. None of the volumes have clear titles of courses with the possible exception of the first, dating February of 1885, which seems to be Truman's class on Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics. Folder titles were crafted from the most prominent information on the first few pages of each notebook. It is often unclear who taught the courses. Despite the challenges of reading Huber's handwriting and determining courses or teachers, these volumes provide a glimpse into the type of education a student in medicine and dentistry would have received at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1880s.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 12

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 2

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 November 16

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 9

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 April 10

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 11

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Mrs. W. P. Durfee of Geneva, New York.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of William Pepper.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Dr. William Pepper, 1903

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Benjamin S. Paschell, 1903.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Carmen D. Valentino, 2003.

Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, 2015.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.04 K954.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey MS 610.4 R89.5

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 610.7 C367.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.1 B283.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the American Philoslphical Society:

Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton collection, 1783-1817, Mss.B.B284d

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Benjamin Smith Barton papers, Collection 0034

At the Library Company of Philadelphia:

Rush family papers, 1748-1876

At the University of Pennsylvania, Archives and Records Center

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Benjamin Rush lecture notes, 1783-1810, undated, Ms. Coll. 225

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810-1823, Ms. Coll. 669

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865

Related Archival Materials note

At the Historical Medical Library of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia:

John Kearsley Mitchell correspondence, 1892-1914, MSS 2/263

Nathaniel Chapman papers, circa 1810-1853, collection 10a

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Charles Sellers notes on Nathaniel Chapman lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, Am.13596

John Josiah White notes from Nathaniel Chapman lectures, Am.1880

At the National Library of Medicine:

Notes taken from the lectures of Nathaniel Chapman in the University of Pennsylvania / by Robert M. Tute, 1828, MS B 199

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Student notes on lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1813-1833, Ms. Coll. 226

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Cutbush, Edward, 1772-1843
  • Kuhn, Adam, 1741-1817
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Materia medica--Early works to 1800
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
  • Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Daland, Judson
  • Mitchell, John Kearsley, 1793-1858
Subject(s)
  • Education
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Jackson, Samuel, 1787-1872
Subject(s)
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Formulas, recipes, etc.
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Dental Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Subject(s)
  • Dental students
  • Dentistry
  • Dentistry--Study and teaching
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Collection Inventory

Volume

"Notes taken from Doctor Adam Kuhn's Lectures on Materia Medica, by David Greenman", 1785.

1

Collection Inventory

Volume

Notebook, 1797-1798.

1

Collection Inventory

Notebook, 1832, 1894-1895.

Collection Inventory

Volume

"A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor Materia Medica, Natural History, and Botany in the University of Pennsylvania", 1801.

1

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lecture notes (bound volume).

1 1

Items laid in (recipe for "Sirup de Cusineaux' and other notes), 1825, undated.

1 2

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lectures of James Truman, including "Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics", 1885 February.

1 1

"H.C. Wood", 1886 October-1887 January.

1 2

"Agnew", 1886 November-1887 January.

1 3

"Dr. [Illegible]'s Quiz. Cells", 1886 October-1887 February.

1 4

Plant-based remedies, 1887 February-March.

1 5

"Osler" (case studies), 1887 October-1888 January.

1 6

"Cardiac Stimulants", 1887 November-1888 March.

1 7

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Greenman, David
Title:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1785
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1866
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The notebook is briefly inscribed by Dr. Edward Cutbush (1772-1843) an officer and surgeon in the United States Navy.
Cite as:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1785, Ms. Codex 1866, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Gillasspy, George, d. 1832
Title:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1797-1798
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1861
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook, kept by George Gillasspy (also "Gillaspy"), records the content of lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1797 and 1798. These lectures touch upon a wide range of topics within materia medica, physiology, pathology and therapeutics, and represent the foundations of late eighteenth century medical education.
Cite as:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1797-1798, Ms. Codex 1861, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Mason, Wellington Smith
Creator:
Muhlenberg, H. H. (Hiester Henry), 1812-1886
Title:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1832, 1894-1895
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1873
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman on hemorrhages, fevers, cardiac disease and nervous disorders. The notes taken by Mason, decades later, document Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on physical diagnosis and Dr. J.K. Mitchell's lectures on symptomatology.
Cite as:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1832, 1894-1895, Ms. Codex 1873, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Murduck, Jonathan
Title:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1802
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1865
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled “A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] at the University of Pennsylvania,” was kept by medical student Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States.
Cite as:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Trevor, Joseph
Title:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1824-1826
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 498
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Physical Facet note:
Written in one hand, attribution from front cover and 1 item laid in. Two leaves laid in. Foliation: [ii], ff. 1-113, pp. 114-119, 15 leaves cut out, 5 ff.
Language:
English
Abstract:
Joseph Trevor was a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. This volume of lecture notes documents a series of lectures taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson (1787-1872) between 1824 and 1826.
Cite as:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1824-1826, Ms. Coll. 498, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Huber, William S., 1865-1909
Title:
William S. Huber student lecture notes
Date [inclusive]:
1885-1888
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1306
Extent:
0.5 linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Dr. William S. Huber (1865-1909) was a dentist in Lebanon, Pennsylvania who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. This collection contains Huber's student lecture notes recorded between February 1885 and March 1888.
Cite as:
William S. Huber student lecture notes, 1885-1888, Ms. Coll. 1306, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Little information about David Greenman is readily available; he attended lectures at the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1785 but did not graduate. Dr. Edward Cutbush, who inscribed this volume, graduated from the University in 1794 and pursued a successful career as an officer and surgeon in the U.S. Navy. An eminent scientist of eighteenth century Philadelphia, Dr. Adam Kuhn (1741-1817) was a professor first of Botany and Materia Medica, and then the Theory and Practice of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania between 1768 and 1797.

Biography/History

George Gillasspy (elsewhere spelled “Gillaspy”) was a medical student, military doctor, and apothecary. Gillasspy served as a surgeon with the Second U.S. Infantry Regiment and on the Frigate U.S.S. United States during the Revolutionary War, at or around the same time that he kept his book of notes on medical lectures. (Indeed, Gillasspy signs his name along with “Surgeon 2d U.S. Regt [illeg] & act.g Surgn Frigate” at the beginning of the second section of the lecture notes, referring to his role as surgeon of the Second Regiment and on the frigate  United States.) Gillasspy also served as a surgeon with the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry from 1806 to 1808, and operated an apothecary shop in Philadelphia with his partner Dr. Joseph Strong. In 1803, Gillasspy and Strong outfitted Meriwether Lewis with $90.69 in medicines for his expedition west. Gillaspy died in 1832 and is buried in Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia. Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and Benjamin Rush (1746-1813) was one of Philadelphia’s foremost physicians in late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Both taught at the University of Pennsylvania for much of their careers.

Sources:

History of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry: From Its Organization, November 17th, 1774 to Its Centennial Anniversary, November 17th, 1874. (Princeton: 1875). URL: https://books.google.com/books?id=va8-AAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Kris Fresonke and Mark David Spence. Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

Biography/History

Hiester H. Muhlenberg (1812-1886) graduated from the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1832, and practiced medicine in Reading, Pennsylvania, before switching his career to finance in 1837. Nathaniel Chapman (1780-1853) was a prominent physician and educator in Philadelphia, who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1801 and began his teaching career at the same institution in 1810. He taught Materia Medica and the theory and practice of medicine. Throughout his career, he remained an influential member of the medical community in Philadelphia until his death in 1853. In addition to his teaching, he founded the Medical Institute of Philadelphia in 1817; founded the Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences (today the  American Journal of Medical Sciences) in 1820; and served as president of the Philadelphia Medical Society, as president of the American Philosophical Society, as fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia (elected in 1807), and as the first president of the American Medical Association (elected in 1848).

Wellington Smith Mason (1865- 1900) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1898. He appears to have practiced medicine in Williamstown, Pennsylvania, but his career was cut short by his death on September 30, 1900, at age 35, from complications from a surgery for appendicitis. Dr. Judson Daland (1860-circa 1937) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1882. Following his graduation, he practiced medicine in Philadelphia. He was a demonstrator and an instructor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania from 1882 until at least 1897. He was also a professor of diseases of the chest at the Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates in Medicine from 1896 to 1897 and a professor of clinical medicine at the same institution from 1897. J.K. (John Kearsley) Mitchell (1859-1917), the son of S. Weir Mitchell, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1883. He began teaching at the University of Pennsylvania in 1886, serving as assistant demonstrator in clinical medicine until 1894, and as lecturer on general symptomatology from 1894 to 1899.

Biography/History

Jonathan Murduck (born circa 1782) was a student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1802, but did not receive his degree until 1811. Between 1803 and 1805, Murduck practiced medicine in Port-au-Prince. Murduck’s financial records, patient records, and memoranda from these voyages are held in the Manuscripts Division of the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan.

Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1813.

Sources: Jonathan Murduck Account Book and Memoranda, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/clementsmss/umich-wcl-M-1890mur?byte=14434455;focusrgn=frontmatter;subview=standard;view=reslist

Biography/History

Joseph Trevor received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1826. He wrote an essay on foreign bodies in the esophagus and test-phagotomy.

Samuel Jackson was born in Philadelphia, March 22, 1787, son of pharmacist David Jackson and Susan Kemper. Although Jackson attended the College of the University of Pennsylvania, he did not complete the courses required to receive a degree but instead began his study of medicine under Dr. James Hutchinson. After Hutchinson’s death, he continued at the offices of Dr. Casper Wistar. Jackson received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1808. After graduation, he briefly took up the drug business left by his father and older brother.

When the War of 1812 broke out, Jackson joined the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry and served with them in operations in the Chesapeake Bay through the war. Jackson sold his pharmaceutical business upon his return in 1815 and began a private medical practice. In 1820, he became president of the Philadelphia Board of Health, and directed its management of the yellow fever epidemic. In 1821, Jackson helped found the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and was appointed its first Professor of Materia Medica. He also served as attending physician at the Philadelphia Almshouse and as instructor of medical chemistry and materia medica at the Medical Institute of Philadelphia, founded by Nathaniel Chapman.

In 1827, Jackson was made assistant to Professor Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania, a post in which Jackson was responsible for teaching physiology. When Chapman's health declined in 1835, Jackson took over as Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and remained in that chair until his retirement in 1863. He would also teach on the wards of Philadelphia Hospital from 1842 to 1845. His medical publications included The Principles of Medicine Founded on the Structure and Functions of the Animal Organism.

Jackson's professional and scholarly memberships included the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and the American Philosophical Society. While in Montreal, Canada, in 1832 investigating an outbreak of Asian cholera on behalf of the Sanitary Board of Councils for Philadelphia, he married the daughter of a British officer. Jackson died in Philadelphia, April 4, 1872.

Information regarding Dr. Samuel Jackson taken in its entirety from Penn Biographies.

Biography/History

Dr. William S. Huber was born in July, 1865, to Dr. William A. (a prominent Lebanon, Pennsylvania, dentist) and Juliana Huber. He was educated at public schools in Lebanon, Pennsylvania and graduated from Lebanon High School. From there, he began his education at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, completing first the course of medicine, and then continuing on to take a full course in dentistry. According to the University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements from the 1886 to 1887 academic year, Huber was a successful student and was among several students "selected for their proficiency in Anatomy to act as Assistant Demonstrators of Anatomy," (page 66).

Following the completion of his studies, he succeeded his father in his dental practice and "built up a large and lucrative practice," (Kirk, page 1019). In 1895, he married A. May Kaler (1866-1901) and they were the parents of William K. (1896-1951) and Charles G. (born in 1898).

In addition to his career as a dentist, Huber served as a member of the board of public schools, as presiding officer of the city council and the select council, and as member of the board of elders of the Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church. He also participated in the Mt. Lebanon Lodge, Weidle Chapter, and Hermit Commandery of the Masons; the Lu Lu Temple in Reading, Pennsylvania; and the Harrisburg Consistory. Huber died of apoplexy on May 25, 1909.

Works cited:

Kirk, Edward C., editor. The Dental Cosmos, Volume 51, 1909 (page 1019).

University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements, 1886-1887, page 66.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The first pages of the volume include some curious annotations by Dr. Edward Cutbush in 1814. Cutbush claims, "These notes have been taken incorrectly from my friends' lectures- I purchased the volume at a public auction. Washington" and a few pages later, "orthography very incorrect." David Greenman’s signature on the title page of the notebook has been scribbled over in ink but is still legible. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The organization of the material in the book is somewhat disjointed, and begins with a brief history of medicine, overview of physiology, discussion of digestion and the qualities of various foods (salt, sugar, milk, etc.), and the means of treating diseases, especially scurvy, by regulation or alteration of the diet. Subsequent sections focus more specifically on medicines and their classifications, especially into the categories of astringents (including “metallic astringents” like iron, lead and zinc), stimulants (including “bitters” like cinchona bark) and sedatives (among which opium is discussed at greatest length). A fairly detailed description of types of tumors, particularly those characteristic of breast cancer, begins on page 128, and a discussion of hysteria follows from page 139 to 148. The medical properties and applications of alkaline substances, soap, errhines (drugs that produce a runny nose) and mercury are subsequently explained, followed by the therapeutic uses of purgatives and blisters. The penultimate section of the book touches upon the topics of plethora (a systemic excess of blood in the body) and complications relating to menstruation, and the final chapter relates to anthelmintics (anti-parasitic medications). At the very end of this book is an alphabetized index of the contents of the notebook, which lists a combination of the names of drugs and medicinal plants, and the medical conditions discussed.

Scope and Contents

This volume of notes is organized into three sections, corresponding to three courses of lectures. The first is titled by Gillasspy, “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Barton, professor in the University of Pennsylvania with Remarks thereon &c,” and dated 1797. These lectures first address classes of medicines, namely astringents, vegetable tonics, metallic tonics, stimulants (seven consecutive lectures discuss the therapeutic properties of opium), emetics, cathartics, “salivating medicines,” and diuretics. Later lectures describe particular medicines, almost all of which are plant based. These profiles typically provide a medicinal plant’s Latin name, common name, native region, effects upon the human body and pharmacological applications.

The next section of the notebook (1797) contains both handwritten notes and printed material. The first page of this portion of the document is a printed cover of a booklet titled “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Institutes of Medicine by Benjamin Rush, M.D.. Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and Clinical Practice in the University of Pennsylvania.” The subsequent handwritten notes on these lectures are interspersed with excerpts of the printed syllabus to which they correspond. These lectures address physiology, pathology and therapeutics, in this order. Within the first topic, Rush briefly presents some basic features and functions of the human body (such as respiration, circulation, sensation, and cognition), before discussing nutrition, digestion and “the secretions and excretions,” and finally outlining the physical differences between men and women, some information about obstetric and gynecological medicine, and what he terms “the stages of life.” The portion of the lecture series on pathology outlines what Rush regards as the four causes of disease -remote, predisposing, occasional and proximate- along with some of the signs of disease. The third and final section of this syllabus, “Therapeutics, OR, of the method of curing diseases,” describes the actions of various types of medicines.

The final section of the book contains notes on “the practice of physic” from lectures delivered by Benjamin Rush in 1798. The first of these lectures relate to the topics of prognosis and diagnosis, “transient symptoms,” and depleting, stimulating and sedative medicines. The rest of the lectures in the volume relate to fevers and their extensive classifications. Along with descriptions of the various febrile “states,” Rush presents the most effective treatments for each. (There is also a short discourse, at the end of this section, on “diseases of the mind”).

The presence of press-printed material in section two, and the closeness of the handwritten text to the spine of the book, suggests that the volume was bound after the notes were taken.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. An inscription provided by William Pepper explains that "this old notebook was found in the basement of Medical Hall, Jan. 1903. It had probably been given to Mr. Wm. H. Salvador [clerk of the Medical Department] in 97 or 98." The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman. This material reviews diseases that fall into four classes--diseases of the heart, diseases of the nervous system, exanthemata or "eruptive fevers," and hemorrhages--providing a description, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and list of causes for each condition. There is a brief, final section on asthma, and there are a few loose sheets of letter paper enclosed in the book, which describe some other diseases, like dropsy. The section on exanthemata includes some information on inoculation and vaccination.

The notes taken by Mason from 1894 to 1895 correspond to two courses. The first, Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on Physical Diagnosis, primarily discusses cardiopulmonary diseases, reviewed through a number of case studies. Lectures seven through fourteen describe the signs and symptoms of various conditions, particularly tuberculosis. The remainder of the lectures, which feature some ink illustrations, address the anatomy of the blood and heart "with reference to diagnosis." The notes on blood mainly address the preparation and examination of microscope slides.

The second set of notes on Symptomatology lectures, given by Dr. J. K. Mitchell, focuses on how to collect and analyze information about a patient's experience of disease. In particular, these lectures address the physiological (sometimes physiognomic) indications of illness and the interpretation of these signs, the sorts of people most susceptible to pulmonary disease, different types of pain and their relationships to particular diseases, and the most effective methods of collecting relevant medical information from patients. By and large, Mason’s lectures lean heavily on illustrative case studies and patient examinations (both clinical and post-mortem), which are typically presented in a fairly detailed, standardized format.

Scope and Contents

This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled "A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] in the University of Pennsylvania," was kept by Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States. The detailed table of contents at the beginning of the notebook lists a number of broad categories into which various medicines are sorted. The primary classes of drugs and medicinal substances noted are astringents, tonics, "Alimentary Matter," stimulants, evacuants (including errhines and sialogogues, drugs that produce a runny nose and salivation, respectively), diuretics, emetics, cathartics, and antithelmintics (anti-parasitic medicines). There is also an opening chapter on milk, which mainly discusses lactation in humans and the properties of milk, and a short final section titled "Materia Nutrentia," which relates to diet, nutrition and the component elements of food (acid, sugar, oil, etc.). The main chapters or sections of the text consist of a passage discussing the general characteristics, properties and applications of this type of medicine, followed by a list of "particular" drugs within the category. The great majority of “particulars” are medicinal plants, though some sections are subdivided into "metallic," "mineral" or "animal" substances (and in some instances, medicinal plants are arranged based on their indigeneity to the United States).

The medicinal substances are usually listed by their Latin names, and discussed in a few paragraphs. For botanical medicines, these descriptions provide the plant’s common and Latin names, native region, pharmaceutical preparation, effects upon the body, therapeutic applications, and sometimes one or two brief case studies indicating its efficacy or inefficacy in treating particular conditions. The three drugs described at greatest length are opium, "Cortex Peruvianus" (Peruvian bark or cinchona) and mercury; the discussion of each of these medicines is organized by the specific diseases they can be used to combat.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains lecture notes on pathology, diagnosis, and treatments, including prescriptions, taken at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School from 1824 to 1826 in courses taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson. The lecture notes include frequent references to Dr. Nathaniel Chapman, a professor to whom Jackson was made assistant in 1827.

A portion of the volume is in question and answer format. For example, under the condition "Asthma," questions such as "What is asthma?," "What are the causes?," etc. are asked and followed by the answers. By page 36, this format changes to a more standard narrative of the lectures.

Lectures addressed bilious pleurisy, peripneumonia rotha, asthma, angina pectoris, pertussis, phthisis pulmonalis, cynanche trachialis, dropsy, atonic dropsy, ascitis, hydrothorax, scrophula, marasmus, hydrocephalus, cynanche laryngea, cynanche tonsillaris, cynanche parotidea (mumps), scarlet fever, measles, variola or small pox, gout, rheumatism, hematuria, hemorrhoides or piles, diseases of the digestive system, drunkenness, exanthemata, diseases of the cutaneous system, erysipelas, diseases of the cerebral system, epilepsy, chronic laryngitis, and hepatitis. All spelling and terms are replicated exactly. Several pages were removed, it appears with a knife. A small number of remedies follow, including a recipe for "Dr. Jackson's cough mixture." A few notes, originally laid into the volume, include a recipe for "sirip de cusineaux."

Scope and Contents

This collection contains Dr. William S. Huber’s lecture notes from his time at the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. There are seven volumes that begin in February of 1885 and end in March of 1888. Several of the volumes overlap in time and seem to have been used for separate classes. The notes themselves include several hand-drawn diagrams. Lectures address Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics, pharmaceuticals, bone fractures, concussions, ulcers, pain and inflammation, and cells, as well as diseases of the blood, the liver, the heart, and the lungs. There seem to be a number of descriptions of plant based remedies in the first, second, and fifth volumes in the collection. Professors include anatomist and surgeon David Hayes Agnew; professor of clinical medicine William Osler; professor of dental pathology, therapeutics, and Materia Medica James Truman; and professor of clinical medicine H.C. Wood.

Most of the volumes are written from front to back; then turned over and written back to front. On one occasion, a quiz is included, but it is unclear if the notes are documenting Huber's studying or the actual quiz. The volume dated October 1887 to January 1888 appears to contain notes from actual medical cases, describing the gender and age of patient, their vocation, their medical condition, history of condition, and, sometimes, recommendations. It is possible that this class was taught by Osler.

Huber's handwriting is fairly difficult to read and it is frequently unclear if the headings of pages are different classes or simply different lectures within classes. None of the volumes have clear titles of courses with the possible exception of the first, dating February of 1885, which seems to be Truman's class on Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics. Folder titles were crafted from the most prominent information on the first few pages of each notebook. It is often unclear who taught the courses. Despite the challenges of reading Huber's handwriting and determining courses or teachers, these volumes provide a glimpse into the type of education a student in medicine and dentistry would have received at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1880s.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 12

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 2

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 November 16

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 9

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 April 10

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 11

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Mrs. W. P. Durfee of Geneva, New York.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of William Pepper.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Dr. William Pepper, 1903

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Benjamin S. Paschell, 1903.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Carmen D. Valentino, 2003.

Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, 2015.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.04 K954.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey MS 610.4 R89.5

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 610.7 C367.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.1 B283.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the American Philoslphical Society:

Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton collection, 1783-1817, Mss.B.B284d

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Benjamin Smith Barton papers, Collection 0034

At the Library Company of Philadelphia:

Rush family papers, 1748-1876

At the University of Pennsylvania, Archives and Records Center

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Benjamin Rush lecture notes, 1783-1810, undated, Ms. Coll. 225

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810-1823, Ms. Coll. 669

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865

Related Archival Materials note

At the Historical Medical Library of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia:

John Kearsley Mitchell correspondence, 1892-1914, MSS 2/263

Nathaniel Chapman papers, circa 1810-1853, collection 10a

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Charles Sellers notes on Nathaniel Chapman lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, Am.13596

John Josiah White notes from Nathaniel Chapman lectures, Am.1880

At the National Library of Medicine:

Notes taken from the lectures of Nathaniel Chapman in the University of Pennsylvania / by Robert M. Tute, 1828, MS B 199

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Student notes on lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1813-1833, Ms. Coll. 226

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Cutbush, Edward, 1772-1843
  • Kuhn, Adam, 1741-1817
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Materia medica--Early works to 1800
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
  • Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Daland, Judson
  • Mitchell, John Kearsley, 1793-1858
Subject(s)
  • Education
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Jackson, Samuel, 1787-1872
Subject(s)
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Formulas, recipes, etc.
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Dental Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Subject(s)
  • Dental students
  • Dentistry
  • Dentistry--Study and teaching
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Collection Inventory

Volume

"Notes taken from Doctor Adam Kuhn's Lectures on Materia Medica, by David Greenman", 1785.

1

Collection Inventory

Volume

Notebook, 1797-1798.

1

Collection Inventory

Notebook, 1832, 1894-1895.

Collection Inventory

Volume

"A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor Materia Medica, Natural History, and Botany in the University of Pennsylvania", 1801.

1

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lecture notes (bound volume).

1 1

Items laid in (recipe for "Sirup de Cusineaux' and other notes), 1825, undated.

1 2

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lectures of James Truman, including "Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics", 1885 February.

1 1

"H.C. Wood", 1886 October-1887 January.

1 2

"Agnew", 1886 November-1887 January.

1 3

"Dr. [Illegible]'s Quiz. Cells", 1886 October-1887 February.

1 4

Plant-based remedies, 1887 February-March.

1 5

"Osler" (case studies), 1887 October-1888 January.

1 6

"Cardiac Stimulants", 1887 November-1888 March.

1 7

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Greenman, David
Title:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1785
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1866
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The notebook is briefly inscribed by Dr. Edward Cutbush (1772-1843) an officer and surgeon in the United States Navy.
Cite as:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1785, Ms. Codex 1866, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Gillasspy, George, d. 1832
Title:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1797-1798
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1861
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook, kept by George Gillasspy (also "Gillaspy"), records the content of lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1797 and 1798. These lectures touch upon a wide range of topics within materia medica, physiology, pathology and therapeutics, and represent the foundations of late eighteenth century medical education.
Cite as:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1797-1798, Ms. Codex 1861, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Mason, Wellington Smith
Creator:
Muhlenberg, H. H. (Hiester Henry), 1812-1886
Title:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1832, 1894-1895
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1873
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman on hemorrhages, fevers, cardiac disease and nervous disorders. The notes taken by Mason, decades later, document Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on physical diagnosis and Dr. J.K. Mitchell's lectures on symptomatology.
Cite as:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1832, 1894-1895, Ms. Codex 1873, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Murduck, Jonathan
Title:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1802
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1865
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled “A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] at the University of Pennsylvania,” was kept by medical student Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States.
Cite as:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Trevor, Joseph
Title:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1824-1826
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 498
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Physical Facet note:
Written in one hand, attribution from front cover and 1 item laid in. Two leaves laid in. Foliation: [ii], ff. 1-113, pp. 114-119, 15 leaves cut out, 5 ff.
Language:
English
Abstract:
Joseph Trevor was a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. This volume of lecture notes documents a series of lectures taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson (1787-1872) between 1824 and 1826.
Cite as:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1824-1826, Ms. Coll. 498, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Huber, William S., 1865-1909
Title:
William S. Huber student lecture notes
Date [inclusive]:
1885-1888
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1306
Extent:
0.5 linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Dr. William S. Huber (1865-1909) was a dentist in Lebanon, Pennsylvania who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. This collection contains Huber's student lecture notes recorded between February 1885 and March 1888.
Cite as:
William S. Huber student lecture notes, 1885-1888, Ms. Coll. 1306, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Little information about David Greenman is readily available; he attended lectures at the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1785 but did not graduate. Dr. Edward Cutbush, who inscribed this volume, graduated from the University in 1794 and pursued a successful career as an officer and surgeon in the U.S. Navy. An eminent scientist of eighteenth century Philadelphia, Dr. Adam Kuhn (1741-1817) was a professor first of Botany and Materia Medica, and then the Theory and Practice of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania between 1768 and 1797.

Biography/History

George Gillasspy (elsewhere spelled “Gillaspy”) was a medical student, military doctor, and apothecary. Gillasspy served as a surgeon with the Second U.S. Infantry Regiment and on the Frigate U.S.S. United States during the Revolutionary War, at or around the same time that he kept his book of notes on medical lectures. (Indeed, Gillasspy signs his name along with “Surgeon 2d U.S. Regt [illeg] & act.g Surgn Frigate” at the beginning of the second section of the lecture notes, referring to his role as surgeon of the Second Regiment and on the frigate  United States.) Gillasspy also served as a surgeon with the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry from 1806 to 1808, and operated an apothecary shop in Philadelphia with his partner Dr. Joseph Strong. In 1803, Gillasspy and Strong outfitted Meriwether Lewis with $90.69 in medicines for his expedition west. Gillaspy died in 1832 and is buried in Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia. Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and Benjamin Rush (1746-1813) was one of Philadelphia’s foremost physicians in late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Both taught at the University of Pennsylvania for much of their careers.

Sources:

History of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry: From Its Organization, November 17th, 1774 to Its Centennial Anniversary, November 17th, 1874. (Princeton: 1875). URL: https://books.google.com/books?id=va8-AAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Kris Fresonke and Mark David Spence. Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

Biography/History

Hiester H. Muhlenberg (1812-1886) graduated from the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1832, and practiced medicine in Reading, Pennsylvania, before switching his career to finance in 1837. Nathaniel Chapman (1780-1853) was a prominent physician and educator in Philadelphia, who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1801 and began his teaching career at the same institution in 1810. He taught Materia Medica and the theory and practice of medicine. Throughout his career, he remained an influential member of the medical community in Philadelphia until his death in 1853. In addition to his teaching, he founded the Medical Institute of Philadelphia in 1817; founded the Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences (today the  American Journal of Medical Sciences) in 1820; and served as president of the Philadelphia Medical Society, as president of the American Philosophical Society, as fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia (elected in 1807), and as the first president of the American Medical Association (elected in 1848).

Wellington Smith Mason (1865- 1900) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1898. He appears to have practiced medicine in Williamstown, Pennsylvania, but his career was cut short by his death on September 30, 1900, at age 35, from complications from a surgery for appendicitis. Dr. Judson Daland (1860-circa 1937) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1882. Following his graduation, he practiced medicine in Philadelphia. He was a demonstrator and an instructor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania from 1882 until at least 1897. He was also a professor of diseases of the chest at the Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates in Medicine from 1896 to 1897 and a professor of clinical medicine at the same institution from 1897. J.K. (John Kearsley) Mitchell (1859-1917), the son of S. Weir Mitchell, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1883. He began teaching at the University of Pennsylvania in 1886, serving as assistant demonstrator in clinical medicine until 1894, and as lecturer on general symptomatology from 1894 to 1899.

Biography/History

Jonathan Murduck (born circa 1782) was a student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1802, but did not receive his degree until 1811. Between 1803 and 1805, Murduck practiced medicine in Port-au-Prince. Murduck’s financial records, patient records, and memoranda from these voyages are held in the Manuscripts Division of the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan.

Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1813.

Sources: Jonathan Murduck Account Book and Memoranda, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/clementsmss/umich-wcl-M-1890mur?byte=14434455;focusrgn=frontmatter;subview=standard;view=reslist

Biography/History

Joseph Trevor received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1826. He wrote an essay on foreign bodies in the esophagus and test-phagotomy.

Samuel Jackson was born in Philadelphia, March 22, 1787, son of pharmacist David Jackson and Susan Kemper. Although Jackson attended the College of the University of Pennsylvania, he did not complete the courses required to receive a degree but instead began his study of medicine under Dr. James Hutchinson. After Hutchinson’s death, he continued at the offices of Dr. Casper Wistar. Jackson received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1808. After graduation, he briefly took up the drug business left by his father and older brother.

When the War of 1812 broke out, Jackson joined the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry and served with them in operations in the Chesapeake Bay through the war. Jackson sold his pharmaceutical business upon his return in 1815 and began a private medical practice. In 1820, he became president of the Philadelphia Board of Health, and directed its management of the yellow fever epidemic. In 1821, Jackson helped found the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and was appointed its first Professor of Materia Medica. He also served as attending physician at the Philadelphia Almshouse and as instructor of medical chemistry and materia medica at the Medical Institute of Philadelphia, founded by Nathaniel Chapman.

In 1827, Jackson was made assistant to Professor Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania, a post in which Jackson was responsible for teaching physiology. When Chapman's health declined in 1835, Jackson took over as Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and remained in that chair until his retirement in 1863. He would also teach on the wards of Philadelphia Hospital from 1842 to 1845. His medical publications included The Principles of Medicine Founded on the Structure and Functions of the Animal Organism.

Jackson's professional and scholarly memberships included the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and the American Philosophical Society. While in Montreal, Canada, in 1832 investigating an outbreak of Asian cholera on behalf of the Sanitary Board of Councils for Philadelphia, he married the daughter of a British officer. Jackson died in Philadelphia, April 4, 1872.

Information regarding Dr. Samuel Jackson taken in its entirety from Penn Biographies.

Biography/History

Dr. William S. Huber was born in July, 1865, to Dr. William A. (a prominent Lebanon, Pennsylvania, dentist) and Juliana Huber. He was educated at public schools in Lebanon, Pennsylvania and graduated from Lebanon High School. From there, he began his education at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, completing first the course of medicine, and then continuing on to take a full course in dentistry. According to the University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements from the 1886 to 1887 academic year, Huber was a successful student and was among several students "selected for their proficiency in Anatomy to act as Assistant Demonstrators of Anatomy," (page 66).

Following the completion of his studies, he succeeded his father in his dental practice and "built up a large and lucrative practice," (Kirk, page 1019). In 1895, he married A. May Kaler (1866-1901) and they were the parents of William K. (1896-1951) and Charles G. (born in 1898).

In addition to his career as a dentist, Huber served as a member of the board of public schools, as presiding officer of the city council and the select council, and as member of the board of elders of the Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church. He also participated in the Mt. Lebanon Lodge, Weidle Chapter, and Hermit Commandery of the Masons; the Lu Lu Temple in Reading, Pennsylvania; and the Harrisburg Consistory. Huber died of apoplexy on May 25, 1909.

Works cited:

Kirk, Edward C., editor. The Dental Cosmos, Volume 51, 1909 (page 1019).

University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements, 1886-1887, page 66.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The first pages of the volume include some curious annotations by Dr. Edward Cutbush in 1814. Cutbush claims, "These notes have been taken incorrectly from my friends' lectures- I purchased the volume at a public auction. Washington" and a few pages later, "orthography very incorrect." David Greenman’s signature on the title page of the notebook has been scribbled over in ink but is still legible. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The organization of the material in the book is somewhat disjointed, and begins with a brief history of medicine, overview of physiology, discussion of digestion and the qualities of various foods (salt, sugar, milk, etc.), and the means of treating diseases, especially scurvy, by regulation or alteration of the diet. Subsequent sections focus more specifically on medicines and their classifications, especially into the categories of astringents (including “metallic astringents” like iron, lead and zinc), stimulants (including “bitters” like cinchona bark) and sedatives (among which opium is discussed at greatest length). A fairly detailed description of types of tumors, particularly those characteristic of breast cancer, begins on page 128, and a discussion of hysteria follows from page 139 to 148. The medical properties and applications of alkaline substances, soap, errhines (drugs that produce a runny nose) and mercury are subsequently explained, followed by the therapeutic uses of purgatives and blisters. The penultimate section of the book touches upon the topics of plethora (a systemic excess of blood in the body) and complications relating to menstruation, and the final chapter relates to anthelmintics (anti-parasitic medications). At the very end of this book is an alphabetized index of the contents of the notebook, which lists a combination of the names of drugs and medicinal plants, and the medical conditions discussed.

Scope and Contents

This volume of notes is organized into three sections, corresponding to three courses of lectures. The first is titled by Gillasspy, “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Barton, professor in the University of Pennsylvania with Remarks thereon &c,” and dated 1797. These lectures first address classes of medicines, namely astringents, vegetable tonics, metallic tonics, stimulants (seven consecutive lectures discuss the therapeutic properties of opium), emetics, cathartics, “salivating medicines,” and diuretics. Later lectures describe particular medicines, almost all of which are plant based. These profiles typically provide a medicinal plant’s Latin name, common name, native region, effects upon the human body and pharmacological applications.

The next section of the notebook (1797) contains both handwritten notes and printed material. The first page of this portion of the document is a printed cover of a booklet titled “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Institutes of Medicine by Benjamin Rush, M.D.. Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and Clinical Practice in the University of Pennsylvania.” The subsequent handwritten notes on these lectures are interspersed with excerpts of the printed syllabus to which they correspond. These lectures address physiology, pathology and therapeutics, in this order. Within the first topic, Rush briefly presents some basic features and functions of the human body (such as respiration, circulation, sensation, and cognition), before discussing nutrition, digestion and “the secretions and excretions,” and finally outlining the physical differences between men and women, some information about obstetric and gynecological medicine, and what he terms “the stages of life.” The portion of the lecture series on pathology outlines what Rush regards as the four causes of disease -remote, predisposing, occasional and proximate- along with some of the signs of disease. The third and final section of this syllabus, “Therapeutics, OR, of the method of curing diseases,” describes the actions of various types of medicines.

The final section of the book contains notes on “the practice of physic” from lectures delivered by Benjamin Rush in 1798. The first of these lectures relate to the topics of prognosis and diagnosis, “transient symptoms,” and depleting, stimulating and sedative medicines. The rest of the lectures in the volume relate to fevers and their extensive classifications. Along with descriptions of the various febrile “states,” Rush presents the most effective treatments for each. (There is also a short discourse, at the end of this section, on “diseases of the mind”).

The presence of press-printed material in section two, and the closeness of the handwritten text to the spine of the book, suggests that the volume was bound after the notes were taken.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. An inscription provided by William Pepper explains that "this old notebook was found in the basement of Medical Hall, Jan. 1903. It had probably been given to Mr. Wm. H. Salvador [clerk of the Medical Department] in 97 or 98." The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman. This material reviews diseases that fall into four classes--diseases of the heart, diseases of the nervous system, exanthemata or "eruptive fevers," and hemorrhages--providing a description, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and list of causes for each condition. There is a brief, final section on asthma, and there are a few loose sheets of letter paper enclosed in the book, which describe some other diseases, like dropsy. The section on exanthemata includes some information on inoculation and vaccination.

The notes taken by Mason from 1894 to 1895 correspond to two courses. The first, Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on Physical Diagnosis, primarily discusses cardiopulmonary diseases, reviewed through a number of case studies. Lectures seven through fourteen describe the signs and symptoms of various conditions, particularly tuberculosis. The remainder of the lectures, which feature some ink illustrations, address the anatomy of the blood and heart "with reference to diagnosis." The notes on blood mainly address the preparation and examination of microscope slides.

The second set of notes on Symptomatology lectures, given by Dr. J. K. Mitchell, focuses on how to collect and analyze information about a patient's experience of disease. In particular, these lectures address the physiological (sometimes physiognomic) indications of illness and the interpretation of these signs, the sorts of people most susceptible to pulmonary disease, different types of pain and their relationships to particular diseases, and the most effective methods of collecting relevant medical information from patients. By and large, Mason’s lectures lean heavily on illustrative case studies and patient examinations (both clinical and post-mortem), which are typically presented in a fairly detailed, standardized format.

Scope and Contents

This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled "A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] in the University of Pennsylvania," was kept by Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States. The detailed table of contents at the beginning of the notebook lists a number of broad categories into which various medicines are sorted. The primary classes of drugs and medicinal substances noted are astringents, tonics, "Alimentary Matter," stimulants, evacuants (including errhines and sialogogues, drugs that produce a runny nose and salivation, respectively), diuretics, emetics, cathartics, and antithelmintics (anti-parasitic medicines). There is also an opening chapter on milk, which mainly discusses lactation in humans and the properties of milk, and a short final section titled "Materia Nutrentia," which relates to diet, nutrition and the component elements of food (acid, sugar, oil, etc.). The main chapters or sections of the text consist of a passage discussing the general characteristics, properties and applications of this type of medicine, followed by a list of "particular" drugs within the category. The great majority of “particulars” are medicinal plants, though some sections are subdivided into "metallic," "mineral" or "animal" substances (and in some instances, medicinal plants are arranged based on their indigeneity to the United States).

The medicinal substances are usually listed by their Latin names, and discussed in a few paragraphs. For botanical medicines, these descriptions provide the plant’s common and Latin names, native region, pharmaceutical preparation, effects upon the body, therapeutic applications, and sometimes one or two brief case studies indicating its efficacy or inefficacy in treating particular conditions. The three drugs described at greatest length are opium, "Cortex Peruvianus" (Peruvian bark or cinchona) and mercury; the discussion of each of these medicines is organized by the specific diseases they can be used to combat.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains lecture notes on pathology, diagnosis, and treatments, including prescriptions, taken at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School from 1824 to 1826 in courses taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson. The lecture notes include frequent references to Dr. Nathaniel Chapman, a professor to whom Jackson was made assistant in 1827.

A portion of the volume is in question and answer format. For example, under the condition "Asthma," questions such as "What is asthma?," "What are the causes?," etc. are asked and followed by the answers. By page 36, this format changes to a more standard narrative of the lectures.

Lectures addressed bilious pleurisy, peripneumonia rotha, asthma, angina pectoris, pertussis, phthisis pulmonalis, cynanche trachialis, dropsy, atonic dropsy, ascitis, hydrothorax, scrophula, marasmus, hydrocephalus, cynanche laryngea, cynanche tonsillaris, cynanche parotidea (mumps), scarlet fever, measles, variola or small pox, gout, rheumatism, hematuria, hemorrhoides or piles, diseases of the digestive system, drunkenness, exanthemata, diseases of the cutaneous system, erysipelas, diseases of the cerebral system, epilepsy, chronic laryngitis, and hepatitis. All spelling and terms are replicated exactly. Several pages were removed, it appears with a knife. A small number of remedies follow, including a recipe for "Dr. Jackson's cough mixture." A few notes, originally laid into the volume, include a recipe for "sirip de cusineaux."

Scope and Contents

This collection contains Dr. William S. Huber’s lecture notes from his time at the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. There are seven volumes that begin in February of 1885 and end in March of 1888. Several of the volumes overlap in time and seem to have been used for separate classes. The notes themselves include several hand-drawn diagrams. Lectures address Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics, pharmaceuticals, bone fractures, concussions, ulcers, pain and inflammation, and cells, as well as diseases of the blood, the liver, the heart, and the lungs. There seem to be a number of descriptions of plant based remedies in the first, second, and fifth volumes in the collection. Professors include anatomist and surgeon David Hayes Agnew; professor of clinical medicine William Osler; professor of dental pathology, therapeutics, and Materia Medica James Truman; and professor of clinical medicine H.C. Wood.

Most of the volumes are written from front to back; then turned over and written back to front. On one occasion, a quiz is included, but it is unclear if the notes are documenting Huber's studying or the actual quiz. The volume dated October 1887 to January 1888 appears to contain notes from actual medical cases, describing the gender and age of patient, their vocation, their medical condition, history of condition, and, sometimes, recommendations. It is possible that this class was taught by Osler.

Huber's handwriting is fairly difficult to read and it is frequently unclear if the headings of pages are different classes or simply different lectures within classes. None of the volumes have clear titles of courses with the possible exception of the first, dating February of 1885, which seems to be Truman's class on Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics. Folder titles were crafted from the most prominent information on the first few pages of each notebook. It is often unclear who taught the courses. Despite the challenges of reading Huber's handwriting and determining courses or teachers, these volumes provide a glimpse into the type of education a student in medicine and dentistry would have received at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1880s.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 12

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 2

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 November 16

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 9

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 April 10

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 11

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Mrs. W. P. Durfee of Geneva, New York.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of William Pepper.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Dr. William Pepper, 1903

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Benjamin S. Paschell, 1903.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Carmen D. Valentino, 2003.

Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, 2015.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.04 K954.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey MS 610.4 R89.5

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 610.7 C367.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.1 B283.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the American Philoslphical Society:

Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton collection, 1783-1817, Mss.B.B284d

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Benjamin Smith Barton papers, Collection 0034

At the Library Company of Philadelphia:

Rush family papers, 1748-1876

At the University of Pennsylvania, Archives and Records Center

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Benjamin Rush lecture notes, 1783-1810, undated, Ms. Coll. 225

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810-1823, Ms. Coll. 669

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865

Related Archival Materials note

At the Historical Medical Library of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia:

John Kearsley Mitchell correspondence, 1892-1914, MSS 2/263

Nathaniel Chapman papers, circa 1810-1853, collection 10a

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Charles Sellers notes on Nathaniel Chapman lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, Am.13596

John Josiah White notes from Nathaniel Chapman lectures, Am.1880

At the National Library of Medicine:

Notes taken from the lectures of Nathaniel Chapman in the University of Pennsylvania / by Robert M. Tute, 1828, MS B 199

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Student notes on lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1813-1833, Ms. Coll. 226

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Cutbush, Edward, 1772-1843
  • Kuhn, Adam, 1741-1817
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Materia medica--Early works to 1800
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
  • Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Daland, Judson
  • Mitchell, John Kearsley, 1793-1858
Subject(s)
  • Education
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Jackson, Samuel, 1787-1872
Subject(s)
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Formulas, recipes, etc.
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Dental Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Subject(s)
  • Dental students
  • Dentistry
  • Dentistry--Study and teaching
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Collection Inventory

Volume

"Notes taken from Doctor Adam Kuhn's Lectures on Materia Medica, by David Greenman", 1785.

1

Collection Inventory

Volume

Notebook, 1797-1798.

1

Collection Inventory

Notebook, 1832, 1894-1895.

Collection Inventory

Volume

"A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor Materia Medica, Natural History, and Botany in the University of Pennsylvania", 1801.

1

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lecture notes (bound volume).

1 1

Items laid in (recipe for "Sirup de Cusineaux' and other notes), 1825, undated.

1 2

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lectures of James Truman, including "Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics", 1885 February.

1 1

"H.C. Wood", 1886 October-1887 January.

1 2

"Agnew", 1886 November-1887 January.

1 3

"Dr. [Illegible]'s Quiz. Cells", 1886 October-1887 February.

1 4

Plant-based remedies, 1887 February-March.

1 5

"Osler" (case studies), 1887 October-1888 January.

1 6

"Cardiac Stimulants", 1887 November-1888 March.

1 7

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Greenman, David
Title:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1785
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1866
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The notebook is briefly inscribed by Dr. Edward Cutbush (1772-1843) an officer and surgeon in the United States Navy.
Cite as:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1785, Ms. Codex 1866, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Gillasspy, George, d. 1832
Title:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1797-1798
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1861
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook, kept by George Gillasspy (also "Gillaspy"), records the content of lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1797 and 1798. These lectures touch upon a wide range of topics within materia medica, physiology, pathology and therapeutics, and represent the foundations of late eighteenth century medical education.
Cite as:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1797-1798, Ms. Codex 1861, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Mason, Wellington Smith
Creator:
Muhlenberg, H. H. (Hiester Henry), 1812-1886
Title:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1832, 1894-1895
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1873
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman on hemorrhages, fevers, cardiac disease and nervous disorders. The notes taken by Mason, decades later, document Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on physical diagnosis and Dr. J.K. Mitchell's lectures on symptomatology.
Cite as:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1832, 1894-1895, Ms. Codex 1873, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Murduck, Jonathan
Title:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1802
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1865
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled “A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] at the University of Pennsylvania,” was kept by medical student Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States.
Cite as:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Trevor, Joseph
Title:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1824-1826
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 498
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Physical Facet note:
Written in one hand, attribution from front cover and 1 item laid in. Two leaves laid in. Foliation: [ii], ff. 1-113, pp. 114-119, 15 leaves cut out, 5 ff.
Language:
English
Abstract:
Joseph Trevor was a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. This volume of lecture notes documents a series of lectures taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson (1787-1872) between 1824 and 1826.
Cite as:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1824-1826, Ms. Coll. 498, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Huber, William S., 1865-1909
Title:
William S. Huber student lecture notes
Date [inclusive]:
1885-1888
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1306
Extent:
0.5 linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Dr. William S. Huber (1865-1909) was a dentist in Lebanon, Pennsylvania who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. This collection contains Huber's student lecture notes recorded between February 1885 and March 1888.
Cite as:
William S. Huber student lecture notes, 1885-1888, Ms. Coll. 1306, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Little information about David Greenman is readily available; he attended lectures at the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1785 but did not graduate. Dr. Edward Cutbush, who inscribed this volume, graduated from the University in 1794 and pursued a successful career as an officer and surgeon in the U.S. Navy. An eminent scientist of eighteenth century Philadelphia, Dr. Adam Kuhn (1741-1817) was a professor first of Botany and Materia Medica, and then the Theory and Practice of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania between 1768 and 1797.

Biography/History

George Gillasspy (elsewhere spelled “Gillaspy”) was a medical student, military doctor, and apothecary. Gillasspy served as a surgeon with the Second U.S. Infantry Regiment and on the Frigate U.S.S. United States during the Revolutionary War, at or around the same time that he kept his book of notes on medical lectures. (Indeed, Gillasspy signs his name along with “Surgeon 2d U.S. Regt [illeg] & act.g Surgn Frigate” at the beginning of the second section of the lecture notes, referring to his role as surgeon of the Second Regiment and on the frigate  United States.) Gillasspy also served as a surgeon with the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry from 1806 to 1808, and operated an apothecary shop in Philadelphia with his partner Dr. Joseph Strong. In 1803, Gillasspy and Strong outfitted Meriwether Lewis with $90.69 in medicines for his expedition west. Gillaspy died in 1832 and is buried in Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia. Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and Benjamin Rush (1746-1813) was one of Philadelphia’s foremost physicians in late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Both taught at the University of Pennsylvania for much of their careers.

Sources:

History of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry: From Its Organization, November 17th, 1774 to Its Centennial Anniversary, November 17th, 1874. (Princeton: 1875). URL: https://books.google.com/books?id=va8-AAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Kris Fresonke and Mark David Spence. Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

Biography/History

Hiester H. Muhlenberg (1812-1886) graduated from the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1832, and practiced medicine in Reading, Pennsylvania, before switching his career to finance in 1837. Nathaniel Chapman (1780-1853) was a prominent physician and educator in Philadelphia, who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1801 and began his teaching career at the same institution in 1810. He taught Materia Medica and the theory and practice of medicine. Throughout his career, he remained an influential member of the medical community in Philadelphia until his death in 1853. In addition to his teaching, he founded the Medical Institute of Philadelphia in 1817; founded the Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences (today the  American Journal of Medical Sciences) in 1820; and served as president of the Philadelphia Medical Society, as president of the American Philosophical Society, as fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia (elected in 1807), and as the first president of the American Medical Association (elected in 1848).

Wellington Smith Mason (1865- 1900) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1898. He appears to have practiced medicine in Williamstown, Pennsylvania, but his career was cut short by his death on September 30, 1900, at age 35, from complications from a surgery for appendicitis. Dr. Judson Daland (1860-circa 1937) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1882. Following his graduation, he practiced medicine in Philadelphia. He was a demonstrator and an instructor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania from 1882 until at least 1897. He was also a professor of diseases of the chest at the Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates in Medicine from 1896 to 1897 and a professor of clinical medicine at the same institution from 1897. J.K. (John Kearsley) Mitchell (1859-1917), the son of S. Weir Mitchell, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1883. He began teaching at the University of Pennsylvania in 1886, serving as assistant demonstrator in clinical medicine until 1894, and as lecturer on general symptomatology from 1894 to 1899.

Biography/History

Jonathan Murduck (born circa 1782) was a student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1802, but did not receive his degree until 1811. Between 1803 and 1805, Murduck practiced medicine in Port-au-Prince. Murduck’s financial records, patient records, and memoranda from these voyages are held in the Manuscripts Division of the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan.

Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1813.

Sources: Jonathan Murduck Account Book and Memoranda, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/clementsmss/umich-wcl-M-1890mur?byte=14434455;focusrgn=frontmatter;subview=standard;view=reslist

Biography/History

Joseph Trevor received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1826. He wrote an essay on foreign bodies in the esophagus and test-phagotomy.

Samuel Jackson was born in Philadelphia, March 22, 1787, son of pharmacist David Jackson and Susan Kemper. Although Jackson attended the College of the University of Pennsylvania, he did not complete the courses required to receive a degree but instead began his study of medicine under Dr. James Hutchinson. After Hutchinson’s death, he continued at the offices of Dr. Casper Wistar. Jackson received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1808. After graduation, he briefly took up the drug business left by his father and older brother.

When the War of 1812 broke out, Jackson joined the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry and served with them in operations in the Chesapeake Bay through the war. Jackson sold his pharmaceutical business upon his return in 1815 and began a private medical practice. In 1820, he became president of the Philadelphia Board of Health, and directed its management of the yellow fever epidemic. In 1821, Jackson helped found the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and was appointed its first Professor of Materia Medica. He also served as attending physician at the Philadelphia Almshouse and as instructor of medical chemistry and materia medica at the Medical Institute of Philadelphia, founded by Nathaniel Chapman.

In 1827, Jackson was made assistant to Professor Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania, a post in which Jackson was responsible for teaching physiology. When Chapman's health declined in 1835, Jackson took over as Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and remained in that chair until his retirement in 1863. He would also teach on the wards of Philadelphia Hospital from 1842 to 1845. His medical publications included The Principles of Medicine Founded on the Structure and Functions of the Animal Organism.

Jackson's professional and scholarly memberships included the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and the American Philosophical Society. While in Montreal, Canada, in 1832 investigating an outbreak of Asian cholera on behalf of the Sanitary Board of Councils for Philadelphia, he married the daughter of a British officer. Jackson died in Philadelphia, April 4, 1872.

Information regarding Dr. Samuel Jackson taken in its entirety from Penn Biographies.

Biography/History

Dr. William S. Huber was born in July, 1865, to Dr. William A. (a prominent Lebanon, Pennsylvania, dentist) and Juliana Huber. He was educated at public schools in Lebanon, Pennsylvania and graduated from Lebanon High School. From there, he began his education at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, completing first the course of medicine, and then continuing on to take a full course in dentistry. According to the University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements from the 1886 to 1887 academic year, Huber was a successful student and was among several students "selected for their proficiency in Anatomy to act as Assistant Demonstrators of Anatomy," (page 66).

Following the completion of his studies, he succeeded his father in his dental practice and "built up a large and lucrative practice," (Kirk, page 1019). In 1895, he married A. May Kaler (1866-1901) and they were the parents of William K. (1896-1951) and Charles G. (born in 1898).

In addition to his career as a dentist, Huber served as a member of the board of public schools, as presiding officer of the city council and the select council, and as member of the board of elders of the Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church. He also participated in the Mt. Lebanon Lodge, Weidle Chapter, and Hermit Commandery of the Masons; the Lu Lu Temple in Reading, Pennsylvania; and the Harrisburg Consistory. Huber died of apoplexy on May 25, 1909.

Works cited:

Kirk, Edward C., editor. The Dental Cosmos, Volume 51, 1909 (page 1019).

University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements, 1886-1887, page 66.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The first pages of the volume include some curious annotations by Dr. Edward Cutbush in 1814. Cutbush claims, "These notes have been taken incorrectly from my friends' lectures- I purchased the volume at a public auction. Washington" and a few pages later, "orthography very incorrect." David Greenman’s signature on the title page of the notebook has been scribbled over in ink but is still legible. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The organization of the material in the book is somewhat disjointed, and begins with a brief history of medicine, overview of physiology, discussion of digestion and the qualities of various foods (salt, sugar, milk, etc.), and the means of treating diseases, especially scurvy, by regulation or alteration of the diet. Subsequent sections focus more specifically on medicines and their classifications, especially into the categories of astringents (including “metallic astringents” like iron, lead and zinc), stimulants (including “bitters” like cinchona bark) and sedatives (among which opium is discussed at greatest length). A fairly detailed description of types of tumors, particularly those characteristic of breast cancer, begins on page 128, and a discussion of hysteria follows from page 139 to 148. The medical properties and applications of alkaline substances, soap, errhines (drugs that produce a runny nose) and mercury are subsequently explained, followed by the therapeutic uses of purgatives and blisters. The penultimate section of the book touches upon the topics of plethora (a systemic excess of blood in the body) and complications relating to menstruation, and the final chapter relates to anthelmintics (anti-parasitic medications). At the very end of this book is an alphabetized index of the contents of the notebook, which lists a combination of the names of drugs and medicinal plants, and the medical conditions discussed.

Scope and Contents

This volume of notes is organized into three sections, corresponding to three courses of lectures. The first is titled by Gillasspy, “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Barton, professor in the University of Pennsylvania with Remarks thereon &c,” and dated 1797. These lectures first address classes of medicines, namely astringents, vegetable tonics, metallic tonics, stimulants (seven consecutive lectures discuss the therapeutic properties of opium), emetics, cathartics, “salivating medicines,” and diuretics. Later lectures describe particular medicines, almost all of which are plant based. These profiles typically provide a medicinal plant’s Latin name, common name, native region, effects upon the human body and pharmacological applications.

The next section of the notebook (1797) contains both handwritten notes and printed material. The first page of this portion of the document is a printed cover of a booklet titled “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Institutes of Medicine by Benjamin Rush, M.D.. Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and Clinical Practice in the University of Pennsylvania.” The subsequent handwritten notes on these lectures are interspersed with excerpts of the printed syllabus to which they correspond. These lectures address physiology, pathology and therapeutics, in this order. Within the first topic, Rush briefly presents some basic features and functions of the human body (such as respiration, circulation, sensation, and cognition), before discussing nutrition, digestion and “the secretions and excretions,” and finally outlining the physical differences between men and women, some information about obstetric and gynecological medicine, and what he terms “the stages of life.” The portion of the lecture series on pathology outlines what Rush regards as the four causes of disease -remote, predisposing, occasional and proximate- along with some of the signs of disease. The third and final section of this syllabus, “Therapeutics, OR, of the method of curing diseases,” describes the actions of various types of medicines.

The final section of the book contains notes on “the practice of physic” from lectures delivered by Benjamin Rush in 1798. The first of these lectures relate to the topics of prognosis and diagnosis, “transient symptoms,” and depleting, stimulating and sedative medicines. The rest of the lectures in the volume relate to fevers and their extensive classifications. Along with descriptions of the various febrile “states,” Rush presents the most effective treatments for each. (There is also a short discourse, at the end of this section, on “diseases of the mind”).

The presence of press-printed material in section two, and the closeness of the handwritten text to the spine of the book, suggests that the volume was bound after the notes were taken.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. An inscription provided by William Pepper explains that "this old notebook was found in the basement of Medical Hall, Jan. 1903. It had probably been given to Mr. Wm. H. Salvador [clerk of the Medical Department] in 97 or 98." The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman. This material reviews diseases that fall into four classes--diseases of the heart, diseases of the nervous system, exanthemata or "eruptive fevers," and hemorrhages--providing a description, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and list of causes for each condition. There is a brief, final section on asthma, and there are a few loose sheets of letter paper enclosed in the book, which describe some other diseases, like dropsy. The section on exanthemata includes some information on inoculation and vaccination.

The notes taken by Mason from 1894 to 1895 correspond to two courses. The first, Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on Physical Diagnosis, primarily discusses cardiopulmonary diseases, reviewed through a number of case studies. Lectures seven through fourteen describe the signs and symptoms of various conditions, particularly tuberculosis. The remainder of the lectures, which feature some ink illustrations, address the anatomy of the blood and heart "with reference to diagnosis." The notes on blood mainly address the preparation and examination of microscope slides.

The second set of notes on Symptomatology lectures, given by Dr. J. K. Mitchell, focuses on how to collect and analyze information about a patient's experience of disease. In particular, these lectures address the physiological (sometimes physiognomic) indications of illness and the interpretation of these signs, the sorts of people most susceptible to pulmonary disease, different types of pain and their relationships to particular diseases, and the most effective methods of collecting relevant medical information from patients. By and large, Mason’s lectures lean heavily on illustrative case studies and patient examinations (both clinical and post-mortem), which are typically presented in a fairly detailed, standardized format.

Scope and Contents

This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled "A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] in the University of Pennsylvania," was kept by Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States. The detailed table of contents at the beginning of the notebook lists a number of broad categories into which various medicines are sorted. The primary classes of drugs and medicinal substances noted are astringents, tonics, "Alimentary Matter," stimulants, evacuants (including errhines and sialogogues, drugs that produce a runny nose and salivation, respectively), diuretics, emetics, cathartics, and antithelmintics (anti-parasitic medicines). There is also an opening chapter on milk, which mainly discusses lactation in humans and the properties of milk, and a short final section titled "Materia Nutrentia," which relates to diet, nutrition and the component elements of food (acid, sugar, oil, etc.). The main chapters or sections of the text consist of a passage discussing the general characteristics, properties and applications of this type of medicine, followed by a list of "particular" drugs within the category. The great majority of “particulars” are medicinal plants, though some sections are subdivided into "metallic," "mineral" or "animal" substances (and in some instances, medicinal plants are arranged based on their indigeneity to the United States).

The medicinal substances are usually listed by their Latin names, and discussed in a few paragraphs. For botanical medicines, these descriptions provide the plant’s common and Latin names, native region, pharmaceutical preparation, effects upon the body, therapeutic applications, and sometimes one or two brief case studies indicating its efficacy or inefficacy in treating particular conditions. The three drugs described at greatest length are opium, "Cortex Peruvianus" (Peruvian bark or cinchona) and mercury; the discussion of each of these medicines is organized by the specific diseases they can be used to combat.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains lecture notes on pathology, diagnosis, and treatments, including prescriptions, taken at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School from 1824 to 1826 in courses taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson. The lecture notes include frequent references to Dr. Nathaniel Chapman, a professor to whom Jackson was made assistant in 1827.

A portion of the volume is in question and answer format. For example, under the condition "Asthma," questions such as "What is asthma?," "What are the causes?," etc. are asked and followed by the answers. By page 36, this format changes to a more standard narrative of the lectures.

Lectures addressed bilious pleurisy, peripneumonia rotha, asthma, angina pectoris, pertussis, phthisis pulmonalis, cynanche trachialis, dropsy, atonic dropsy, ascitis, hydrothorax, scrophula, marasmus, hydrocephalus, cynanche laryngea, cynanche tonsillaris, cynanche parotidea (mumps), scarlet fever, measles, variola or small pox, gout, rheumatism, hematuria, hemorrhoides or piles, diseases of the digestive system, drunkenness, exanthemata, diseases of the cutaneous system, erysipelas, diseases of the cerebral system, epilepsy, chronic laryngitis, and hepatitis. All spelling and terms are replicated exactly. Several pages were removed, it appears with a knife. A small number of remedies follow, including a recipe for "Dr. Jackson's cough mixture." A few notes, originally laid into the volume, include a recipe for "sirip de cusineaux."

Scope and Contents

This collection contains Dr. William S. Huber’s lecture notes from his time at the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. There are seven volumes that begin in February of 1885 and end in March of 1888. Several of the volumes overlap in time and seem to have been used for separate classes. The notes themselves include several hand-drawn diagrams. Lectures address Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics, pharmaceuticals, bone fractures, concussions, ulcers, pain and inflammation, and cells, as well as diseases of the blood, the liver, the heart, and the lungs. There seem to be a number of descriptions of plant based remedies in the first, second, and fifth volumes in the collection. Professors include anatomist and surgeon David Hayes Agnew; professor of clinical medicine William Osler; professor of dental pathology, therapeutics, and Materia Medica James Truman; and professor of clinical medicine H.C. Wood.

Most of the volumes are written from front to back; then turned over and written back to front. On one occasion, a quiz is included, but it is unclear if the notes are documenting Huber's studying or the actual quiz. The volume dated October 1887 to January 1888 appears to contain notes from actual medical cases, describing the gender and age of patient, their vocation, their medical condition, history of condition, and, sometimes, recommendations. It is possible that this class was taught by Osler.

Huber's handwriting is fairly difficult to read and it is frequently unclear if the headings of pages are different classes or simply different lectures within classes. None of the volumes have clear titles of courses with the possible exception of the first, dating February of 1885, which seems to be Truman's class on Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics. Folder titles were crafted from the most prominent information on the first few pages of each notebook. It is often unclear who taught the courses. Despite the challenges of reading Huber's handwriting and determining courses or teachers, these volumes provide a glimpse into the type of education a student in medicine and dentistry would have received at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1880s.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 12

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 2

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 November 16

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 9

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 April 10

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 11

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Mrs. W. P. Durfee of Geneva, New York.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of William Pepper.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Dr. William Pepper, 1903

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Benjamin S. Paschell, 1903.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Carmen D. Valentino, 2003.

Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, 2015.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.04 K954.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey MS 610.4 R89.5

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 610.7 C367.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.1 B283.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the American Philoslphical Society:

Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton collection, 1783-1817, Mss.B.B284d

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Benjamin Smith Barton papers, Collection 0034

At the Library Company of Philadelphia:

Rush family papers, 1748-1876

At the University of Pennsylvania, Archives and Records Center

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Benjamin Rush lecture notes, 1783-1810, undated, Ms. Coll. 225

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810-1823, Ms. Coll. 669

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865

Related Archival Materials note

At the Historical Medical Library of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia:

John Kearsley Mitchell correspondence, 1892-1914, MSS 2/263

Nathaniel Chapman papers, circa 1810-1853, collection 10a

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Charles Sellers notes on Nathaniel Chapman lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, Am.13596

John Josiah White notes from Nathaniel Chapman lectures, Am.1880

At the National Library of Medicine:

Notes taken from the lectures of Nathaniel Chapman in the University of Pennsylvania / by Robert M. Tute, 1828, MS B 199

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Student notes on lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1813-1833, Ms. Coll. 226

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Cutbush, Edward, 1772-1843
  • Kuhn, Adam, 1741-1817
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Materia medica--Early works to 1800
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
  • Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Daland, Judson
  • Mitchell, John Kearsley, 1793-1858
Subject(s)
  • Education
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Jackson, Samuel, 1787-1872
Subject(s)
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Formulas, recipes, etc.
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Dental Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Subject(s)
  • Dental students
  • Dentistry
  • Dentistry--Study and teaching
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Collection Inventory

Volume

"Notes taken from Doctor Adam Kuhn's Lectures on Materia Medica, by David Greenman", 1785.

1

Collection Inventory

Volume

Notebook, 1797-1798.

1

Collection Inventory

Notebook, 1832, 1894-1895.

Collection Inventory

Volume

"A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor Materia Medica, Natural History, and Botany in the University of Pennsylvania", 1801.

1

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lecture notes (bound volume).

1 1

Items laid in (recipe for "Sirup de Cusineaux' and other notes), 1825, undated.

1 2

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lectures of James Truman, including "Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics", 1885 February.

1 1

"H.C. Wood", 1886 October-1887 January.

1 2

"Agnew", 1886 November-1887 January.

1 3

"Dr. [Illegible]'s Quiz. Cells", 1886 October-1887 February.

1 4

Plant-based remedies, 1887 February-March.

1 5

"Osler" (case studies), 1887 October-1888 January.

1 6

"Cardiac Stimulants", 1887 November-1888 March.

1 7

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Greenman, David
Title:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1785
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1866
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The notebook is briefly inscribed by Dr. Edward Cutbush (1772-1843) an officer and surgeon in the United States Navy.
Cite as:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1785, Ms. Codex 1866, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Gillasspy, George, d. 1832
Title:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1797-1798
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1861
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook, kept by George Gillasspy (also "Gillaspy"), records the content of lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1797 and 1798. These lectures touch upon a wide range of topics within materia medica, physiology, pathology and therapeutics, and represent the foundations of late eighteenth century medical education.
Cite as:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1797-1798, Ms. Codex 1861, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Mason, Wellington Smith
Creator:
Muhlenberg, H. H. (Hiester Henry), 1812-1886
Title:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1832, 1894-1895
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1873
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman on hemorrhages, fevers, cardiac disease and nervous disorders. The notes taken by Mason, decades later, document Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on physical diagnosis and Dr. J.K. Mitchell's lectures on symptomatology.
Cite as:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1832, 1894-1895, Ms. Codex 1873, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Murduck, Jonathan
Title:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1802
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1865
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled “A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] at the University of Pennsylvania,” was kept by medical student Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States.
Cite as:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Trevor, Joseph
Title:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1824-1826
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 498
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Physical Facet note:
Written in one hand, attribution from front cover and 1 item laid in. Two leaves laid in. Foliation: [ii], ff. 1-113, pp. 114-119, 15 leaves cut out, 5 ff.
Language:
English
Abstract:
Joseph Trevor was a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. This volume of lecture notes documents a series of lectures taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson (1787-1872) between 1824 and 1826.
Cite as:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1824-1826, Ms. Coll. 498, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Huber, William S., 1865-1909
Title:
William S. Huber student lecture notes
Date [inclusive]:
1885-1888
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1306
Extent:
0.5 linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Dr. William S. Huber (1865-1909) was a dentist in Lebanon, Pennsylvania who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. This collection contains Huber's student lecture notes recorded between February 1885 and March 1888.
Cite as:
William S. Huber student lecture notes, 1885-1888, Ms. Coll. 1306, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Little information about David Greenman is readily available; he attended lectures at the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1785 but did not graduate. Dr. Edward Cutbush, who inscribed this volume, graduated from the University in 1794 and pursued a successful career as an officer and surgeon in the U.S. Navy. An eminent scientist of eighteenth century Philadelphia, Dr. Adam Kuhn (1741-1817) was a professor first of Botany and Materia Medica, and then the Theory and Practice of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania between 1768 and 1797.

Biography/History

George Gillasspy (elsewhere spelled “Gillaspy”) was a medical student, military doctor, and apothecary. Gillasspy served as a surgeon with the Second U.S. Infantry Regiment and on the Frigate U.S.S. United States during the Revolutionary War, at or around the same time that he kept his book of notes on medical lectures. (Indeed, Gillasspy signs his name along with “Surgeon 2d U.S. Regt [illeg] & act.g Surgn Frigate” at the beginning of the second section of the lecture notes, referring to his role as surgeon of the Second Regiment and on the frigate  United States.) Gillasspy also served as a surgeon with the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry from 1806 to 1808, and operated an apothecary shop in Philadelphia with his partner Dr. Joseph Strong. In 1803, Gillasspy and Strong outfitted Meriwether Lewis with $90.69 in medicines for his expedition west. Gillaspy died in 1832 and is buried in Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia. Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and Benjamin Rush (1746-1813) was one of Philadelphia’s foremost physicians in late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Both taught at the University of Pennsylvania for much of their careers.

Sources:

History of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry: From Its Organization, November 17th, 1774 to Its Centennial Anniversary, November 17th, 1874. (Princeton: 1875). URL: https://books.google.com/books?id=va8-AAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Kris Fresonke and Mark David Spence. Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

Biography/History

Hiester H. Muhlenberg (1812-1886) graduated from the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1832, and practiced medicine in Reading, Pennsylvania, before switching his career to finance in 1837. Nathaniel Chapman (1780-1853) was a prominent physician and educator in Philadelphia, who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1801 and began his teaching career at the same institution in 1810. He taught Materia Medica and the theory and practice of medicine. Throughout his career, he remained an influential member of the medical community in Philadelphia until his death in 1853. In addition to his teaching, he founded the Medical Institute of Philadelphia in 1817; founded the Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences (today the  American Journal of Medical Sciences) in 1820; and served as president of the Philadelphia Medical Society, as president of the American Philosophical Society, as fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia (elected in 1807), and as the first president of the American Medical Association (elected in 1848).

Wellington Smith Mason (1865- 1900) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1898. He appears to have practiced medicine in Williamstown, Pennsylvania, but his career was cut short by his death on September 30, 1900, at age 35, from complications from a surgery for appendicitis. Dr. Judson Daland (1860-circa 1937) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1882. Following his graduation, he practiced medicine in Philadelphia. He was a demonstrator and an instructor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania from 1882 until at least 1897. He was also a professor of diseases of the chest at the Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates in Medicine from 1896 to 1897 and a professor of clinical medicine at the same institution from 1897. J.K. (John Kearsley) Mitchell (1859-1917), the son of S. Weir Mitchell, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1883. He began teaching at the University of Pennsylvania in 1886, serving as assistant demonstrator in clinical medicine until 1894, and as lecturer on general symptomatology from 1894 to 1899.

Biography/History

Jonathan Murduck (born circa 1782) was a student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1802, but did not receive his degree until 1811. Between 1803 and 1805, Murduck practiced medicine in Port-au-Prince. Murduck’s financial records, patient records, and memoranda from these voyages are held in the Manuscripts Division of the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan.

Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1813.

Sources: Jonathan Murduck Account Book and Memoranda, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/clementsmss/umich-wcl-M-1890mur?byte=14434455;focusrgn=frontmatter;subview=standard;view=reslist

Biography/History

Joseph Trevor received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1826. He wrote an essay on foreign bodies in the esophagus and test-phagotomy.

Samuel Jackson was born in Philadelphia, March 22, 1787, son of pharmacist David Jackson and Susan Kemper. Although Jackson attended the College of the University of Pennsylvania, he did not complete the courses required to receive a degree but instead began his study of medicine under Dr. James Hutchinson. After Hutchinson’s death, he continued at the offices of Dr. Casper Wistar. Jackson received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1808. After graduation, he briefly took up the drug business left by his father and older brother.

When the War of 1812 broke out, Jackson joined the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry and served with them in operations in the Chesapeake Bay through the war. Jackson sold his pharmaceutical business upon his return in 1815 and began a private medical practice. In 1820, he became president of the Philadelphia Board of Health, and directed its management of the yellow fever epidemic. In 1821, Jackson helped found the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and was appointed its first Professor of Materia Medica. He also served as attending physician at the Philadelphia Almshouse and as instructor of medical chemistry and materia medica at the Medical Institute of Philadelphia, founded by Nathaniel Chapman.

In 1827, Jackson was made assistant to Professor Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania, a post in which Jackson was responsible for teaching physiology. When Chapman's health declined in 1835, Jackson took over as Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and remained in that chair until his retirement in 1863. He would also teach on the wards of Philadelphia Hospital from 1842 to 1845. His medical publications included The Principles of Medicine Founded on the Structure and Functions of the Animal Organism.

Jackson's professional and scholarly memberships included the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and the American Philosophical Society. While in Montreal, Canada, in 1832 investigating an outbreak of Asian cholera on behalf of the Sanitary Board of Councils for Philadelphia, he married the daughter of a British officer. Jackson died in Philadelphia, April 4, 1872.

Information regarding Dr. Samuel Jackson taken in its entirety from Penn Biographies.

Biography/History

Dr. William S. Huber was born in July, 1865, to Dr. William A. (a prominent Lebanon, Pennsylvania, dentist) and Juliana Huber. He was educated at public schools in Lebanon, Pennsylvania and graduated from Lebanon High School. From there, he began his education at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, completing first the course of medicine, and then continuing on to take a full course in dentistry. According to the University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements from the 1886 to 1887 academic year, Huber was a successful student and was among several students "selected for their proficiency in Anatomy to act as Assistant Demonstrators of Anatomy," (page 66).

Following the completion of his studies, he succeeded his father in his dental practice and "built up a large and lucrative practice," (Kirk, page 1019). In 1895, he married A. May Kaler (1866-1901) and they were the parents of William K. (1896-1951) and Charles G. (born in 1898).

In addition to his career as a dentist, Huber served as a member of the board of public schools, as presiding officer of the city council and the select council, and as member of the board of elders of the Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church. He also participated in the Mt. Lebanon Lodge, Weidle Chapter, and Hermit Commandery of the Masons; the Lu Lu Temple in Reading, Pennsylvania; and the Harrisburg Consistory. Huber died of apoplexy on May 25, 1909.

Works cited:

Kirk, Edward C., editor. The Dental Cosmos, Volume 51, 1909 (page 1019).

University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements, 1886-1887, page 66.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The first pages of the volume include some curious annotations by Dr. Edward Cutbush in 1814. Cutbush claims, "These notes have been taken incorrectly from my friends' lectures- I purchased the volume at a public auction. Washington" and a few pages later, "orthography very incorrect." David Greenman’s signature on the title page of the notebook has been scribbled over in ink but is still legible. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The organization of the material in the book is somewhat disjointed, and begins with a brief history of medicine, overview of physiology, discussion of digestion and the qualities of various foods (salt, sugar, milk, etc.), and the means of treating diseases, especially scurvy, by regulation or alteration of the diet. Subsequent sections focus more specifically on medicines and their classifications, especially into the categories of astringents (including “metallic astringents” like iron, lead and zinc), stimulants (including “bitters” like cinchona bark) and sedatives (among which opium is discussed at greatest length). A fairly detailed description of types of tumors, particularly those characteristic of breast cancer, begins on page 128, and a discussion of hysteria follows from page 139 to 148. The medical properties and applications of alkaline substances, soap, errhines (drugs that produce a runny nose) and mercury are subsequently explained, followed by the therapeutic uses of purgatives and blisters. The penultimate section of the book touches upon the topics of plethora (a systemic excess of blood in the body) and complications relating to menstruation, and the final chapter relates to anthelmintics (anti-parasitic medications). At the very end of this book is an alphabetized index of the contents of the notebook, which lists a combination of the names of drugs and medicinal plants, and the medical conditions discussed.

Scope and Contents

This volume of notes is organized into three sections, corresponding to three courses of lectures. The first is titled by Gillasspy, “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Barton, professor in the University of Pennsylvania with Remarks thereon &c,” and dated 1797. These lectures first address classes of medicines, namely astringents, vegetable tonics, metallic tonics, stimulants (seven consecutive lectures discuss the therapeutic properties of opium), emetics, cathartics, “salivating medicines,” and diuretics. Later lectures describe particular medicines, almost all of which are plant based. These profiles typically provide a medicinal plant’s Latin name, common name, native region, effects upon the human body and pharmacological applications.

The next section of the notebook (1797) contains both handwritten notes and printed material. The first page of this portion of the document is a printed cover of a booklet titled “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Institutes of Medicine by Benjamin Rush, M.D.. Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and Clinical Practice in the University of Pennsylvania.” The subsequent handwritten notes on these lectures are interspersed with excerpts of the printed syllabus to which they correspond. These lectures address physiology, pathology and therapeutics, in this order. Within the first topic, Rush briefly presents some basic features and functions of the human body (such as respiration, circulation, sensation, and cognition), before discussing nutrition, digestion and “the secretions and excretions,” and finally outlining the physical differences between men and women, some information about obstetric and gynecological medicine, and what he terms “the stages of life.” The portion of the lecture series on pathology outlines what Rush regards as the four causes of disease -remote, predisposing, occasional and proximate- along with some of the signs of disease. The third and final section of this syllabus, “Therapeutics, OR, of the method of curing diseases,” describes the actions of various types of medicines.

The final section of the book contains notes on “the practice of physic” from lectures delivered by Benjamin Rush in 1798. The first of these lectures relate to the topics of prognosis and diagnosis, “transient symptoms,” and depleting, stimulating and sedative medicines. The rest of the lectures in the volume relate to fevers and their extensive classifications. Along with descriptions of the various febrile “states,” Rush presents the most effective treatments for each. (There is also a short discourse, at the end of this section, on “diseases of the mind”).

The presence of press-printed material in section two, and the closeness of the handwritten text to the spine of the book, suggests that the volume was bound after the notes were taken.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. An inscription provided by William Pepper explains that "this old notebook was found in the basement of Medical Hall, Jan. 1903. It had probably been given to Mr. Wm. H. Salvador [clerk of the Medical Department] in 97 or 98." The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman. This material reviews diseases that fall into four classes--diseases of the heart, diseases of the nervous system, exanthemata or "eruptive fevers," and hemorrhages--providing a description, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and list of causes for each condition. There is a brief, final section on asthma, and there are a few loose sheets of letter paper enclosed in the book, which describe some other diseases, like dropsy. The section on exanthemata includes some information on inoculation and vaccination.

The notes taken by Mason from 1894 to 1895 correspond to two courses. The first, Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on Physical Diagnosis, primarily discusses cardiopulmonary diseases, reviewed through a number of case studies. Lectures seven through fourteen describe the signs and symptoms of various conditions, particularly tuberculosis. The remainder of the lectures, which feature some ink illustrations, address the anatomy of the blood and heart "with reference to diagnosis." The notes on blood mainly address the preparation and examination of microscope slides.

The second set of notes on Symptomatology lectures, given by Dr. J. K. Mitchell, focuses on how to collect and analyze information about a patient's experience of disease. In particular, these lectures address the physiological (sometimes physiognomic) indications of illness and the interpretation of these signs, the sorts of people most susceptible to pulmonary disease, different types of pain and their relationships to particular diseases, and the most effective methods of collecting relevant medical information from patients. By and large, Mason’s lectures lean heavily on illustrative case studies and patient examinations (both clinical and post-mortem), which are typically presented in a fairly detailed, standardized format.

Scope and Contents

This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled "A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] in the University of Pennsylvania," was kept by Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States. The detailed table of contents at the beginning of the notebook lists a number of broad categories into which various medicines are sorted. The primary classes of drugs and medicinal substances noted are astringents, tonics, "Alimentary Matter," stimulants, evacuants (including errhines and sialogogues, drugs that produce a runny nose and salivation, respectively), diuretics, emetics, cathartics, and antithelmintics (anti-parasitic medicines). There is also an opening chapter on milk, which mainly discusses lactation in humans and the properties of milk, and a short final section titled "Materia Nutrentia," which relates to diet, nutrition and the component elements of food (acid, sugar, oil, etc.). The main chapters or sections of the text consist of a passage discussing the general characteristics, properties and applications of this type of medicine, followed by a list of "particular" drugs within the category. The great majority of “particulars” are medicinal plants, though some sections are subdivided into "metallic," "mineral" or "animal" substances (and in some instances, medicinal plants are arranged based on their indigeneity to the United States).

The medicinal substances are usually listed by their Latin names, and discussed in a few paragraphs. For botanical medicines, these descriptions provide the plant’s common and Latin names, native region, pharmaceutical preparation, effects upon the body, therapeutic applications, and sometimes one or two brief case studies indicating its efficacy or inefficacy in treating particular conditions. The three drugs described at greatest length are opium, "Cortex Peruvianus" (Peruvian bark or cinchona) and mercury; the discussion of each of these medicines is organized by the specific diseases they can be used to combat.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains lecture notes on pathology, diagnosis, and treatments, including prescriptions, taken at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School from 1824 to 1826 in courses taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson. The lecture notes include frequent references to Dr. Nathaniel Chapman, a professor to whom Jackson was made assistant in 1827.

A portion of the volume is in question and answer format. For example, under the condition "Asthma," questions such as "What is asthma?," "What are the causes?," etc. are asked and followed by the answers. By page 36, this format changes to a more standard narrative of the lectures.

Lectures addressed bilious pleurisy, peripneumonia rotha, asthma, angina pectoris, pertussis, phthisis pulmonalis, cynanche trachialis, dropsy, atonic dropsy, ascitis, hydrothorax, scrophula, marasmus, hydrocephalus, cynanche laryngea, cynanche tonsillaris, cynanche parotidea (mumps), scarlet fever, measles, variola or small pox, gout, rheumatism, hematuria, hemorrhoides or piles, diseases of the digestive system, drunkenness, exanthemata, diseases of the cutaneous system, erysipelas, diseases of the cerebral system, epilepsy, chronic laryngitis, and hepatitis. All spelling and terms are replicated exactly. Several pages were removed, it appears with a knife. A small number of remedies follow, including a recipe for "Dr. Jackson's cough mixture." A few notes, originally laid into the volume, include a recipe for "sirip de cusineaux."

Scope and Contents

This collection contains Dr. William S. Huber’s lecture notes from his time at the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. There are seven volumes that begin in February of 1885 and end in March of 1888. Several of the volumes overlap in time and seem to have been used for separate classes. The notes themselves include several hand-drawn diagrams. Lectures address Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics, pharmaceuticals, bone fractures, concussions, ulcers, pain and inflammation, and cells, as well as diseases of the blood, the liver, the heart, and the lungs. There seem to be a number of descriptions of plant based remedies in the first, second, and fifth volumes in the collection. Professors include anatomist and surgeon David Hayes Agnew; professor of clinical medicine William Osler; professor of dental pathology, therapeutics, and Materia Medica James Truman; and professor of clinical medicine H.C. Wood.

Most of the volumes are written from front to back; then turned over and written back to front. On one occasion, a quiz is included, but it is unclear if the notes are documenting Huber's studying or the actual quiz. The volume dated October 1887 to January 1888 appears to contain notes from actual medical cases, describing the gender and age of patient, their vocation, their medical condition, history of condition, and, sometimes, recommendations. It is possible that this class was taught by Osler.

Huber's handwriting is fairly difficult to read and it is frequently unclear if the headings of pages are different classes or simply different lectures within classes. None of the volumes have clear titles of courses with the possible exception of the first, dating February of 1885, which seems to be Truman's class on Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics. Folder titles were crafted from the most prominent information on the first few pages of each notebook. It is often unclear who taught the courses. Despite the challenges of reading Huber's handwriting and determining courses or teachers, these volumes provide a glimpse into the type of education a student in medicine and dentistry would have received at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1880s.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 12

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 2

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 November 16

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 9

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 April 10

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 11

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Mrs. W. P. Durfee of Geneva, New York.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of William Pepper.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Dr. William Pepper, 1903

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Benjamin S. Paschell, 1903.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Carmen D. Valentino, 2003.

Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, 2015.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.04 K954.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey MS 610.4 R89.5

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 610.7 C367.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.1 B283.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the American Philoslphical Society:

Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton collection, 1783-1817, Mss.B.B284d

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Benjamin Smith Barton papers, Collection 0034

At the Library Company of Philadelphia:

Rush family papers, 1748-1876

At the University of Pennsylvania, Archives and Records Center

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Benjamin Rush lecture notes, 1783-1810, undated, Ms. Coll. 225

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810-1823, Ms. Coll. 669

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865

Related Archival Materials note

At the Historical Medical Library of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia:

John Kearsley Mitchell correspondence, 1892-1914, MSS 2/263

Nathaniel Chapman papers, circa 1810-1853, collection 10a

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Charles Sellers notes on Nathaniel Chapman lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, Am.13596

John Josiah White notes from Nathaniel Chapman lectures, Am.1880

At the National Library of Medicine:

Notes taken from the lectures of Nathaniel Chapman in the University of Pennsylvania / by Robert M. Tute, 1828, MS B 199

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Student notes on lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1813-1833, Ms. Coll. 226

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Cutbush, Edward, 1772-1843
  • Kuhn, Adam, 1741-1817
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Materia medica--Early works to 1800
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
  • Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Daland, Judson
  • Mitchell, John Kearsley, 1793-1858
Subject(s)
  • Education
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Jackson, Samuel, 1787-1872
Subject(s)
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Formulas, recipes, etc.
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Dental Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Subject(s)
  • Dental students
  • Dentistry
  • Dentistry--Study and teaching
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Collection Inventory

Volume

"Notes taken from Doctor Adam Kuhn's Lectures on Materia Medica, by David Greenman", 1785.

1

Collection Inventory

Volume

Notebook, 1797-1798.

1

Collection Inventory

Notebook, 1832, 1894-1895.

Collection Inventory

Volume

"A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor Materia Medica, Natural History, and Botany in the University of Pennsylvania", 1801.

1

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lecture notes (bound volume).

1 1

Items laid in (recipe for "Sirup de Cusineaux' and other notes), 1825, undated.

1 2

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lectures of James Truman, including "Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics", 1885 February.

1 1

"H.C. Wood", 1886 October-1887 January.

1 2

"Agnew", 1886 November-1887 January.

1 3

"Dr. [Illegible]'s Quiz. Cells", 1886 October-1887 February.

1 4

Plant-based remedies, 1887 February-March.

1 5

"Osler" (case studies), 1887 October-1888 January.

1 6

"Cardiac Stimulants", 1887 November-1888 March.

1 7

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School

Ms. Codex 1866

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Greenman, David
Title:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1785
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1866
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The notebook is briefly inscribed by Dr. Edward Cutbush (1772-1843) an officer and surgeon in the United States Navy.
Cite as:
David Greenman notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1785, Ms. Codex 1866, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Gillasspy, George, d. 1832
Title:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1797-1798
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1861
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook, kept by George Gillasspy (also "Gillaspy"), records the content of lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1797 and 1798. These lectures touch upon a wide range of topics within materia medica, physiology, pathology and therapeutics, and represent the foundations of late eighteenth century medical education.
Cite as:
George Gillasspy notes on lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton and Benjamin Rush at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1797-1798, Ms. Codex 1861, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Mason, Wellington Smith
Creator:
Muhlenberg, H. H. (Hiester Henry), 1812-1886
Title:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1832, 1894-1895
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1873
Extent:
1 volume
Language:
English
Abstract:
This notebook contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman on hemorrhages, fevers, cardiac disease and nervous disorders. The notes taken by Mason, decades later, document Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on physical diagnosis and Dr. J.K. Mitchell's lectures on symptomatology.
Cite as:
Hiester H. Muhlenberg and Wellington Smith Mason notes on lectures delivered by Drs. Nathaniel Chapman, Judson Daland, and J.K. Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1832, 1894-1895, Ms. Codex 1873, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Murduck, Jonathan
Title:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date:
1802
Call Number:
Ms. Codex 1865
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled “A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] at the University of Pennsylvania,” was kept by medical student Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States.
Cite as:
Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Trevor, Joseph
Title:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School
Date [inclusive]:
1824-1826
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 498
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Physical Facet note:
Written in one hand, attribution from front cover and 1 item laid in. Two leaves laid in. Foliation: [ii], ff. 1-113, pp. 114-119, 15 leaves cut out, 5 ff.
Language:
English
Abstract:
Joseph Trevor was a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. This volume of lecture notes documents a series of lectures taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson (1787-1872) between 1824 and 1826.
Cite as:
Joseph Trevor notes on medical lectures delivered by Dr. Samuel Jackson at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1824-1826, Ms. Coll. 498, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Huber, William S., 1865-1909
Title:
William S. Huber student lecture notes
Date [inclusive]:
1885-1888
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1306
Extent:
0.5 linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Dr. William S. Huber (1865-1909) was a dentist in Lebanon, Pennsylvania who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. This collection contains Huber's student lecture notes recorded between February 1885 and March 1888.
Cite as:
William S. Huber student lecture notes, 1885-1888, Ms. Coll. 1306, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Biography/History

Little information about David Greenman is readily available; he attended lectures at the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1785 but did not graduate. Dr. Edward Cutbush, who inscribed this volume, graduated from the University in 1794 and pursued a successful career as an officer and surgeon in the U.S. Navy. An eminent scientist of eighteenth century Philadelphia, Dr. Adam Kuhn (1741-1817) was a professor first of Botany and Materia Medica, and then the Theory and Practice of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania between 1768 and 1797.

Biography/History

George Gillasspy (elsewhere spelled “Gillaspy”) was a medical student, military doctor, and apothecary. Gillasspy served as a surgeon with the Second U.S. Infantry Regiment and on the Frigate U.S.S. United States during the Revolutionary War, at or around the same time that he kept his book of notes on medical lectures. (Indeed, Gillasspy signs his name along with “Surgeon 2d U.S. Regt [illeg] & act.g Surgn Frigate” at the beginning of the second section of the lecture notes, referring to his role as surgeon of the Second Regiment and on the frigate  United States.) Gillasspy also served as a surgeon with the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry from 1806 to 1808, and operated an apothecary shop in Philadelphia with his partner Dr. Joseph Strong. In 1803, Gillasspy and Strong outfitted Meriwether Lewis with $90.69 in medicines for his expedition west. Gillaspy died in 1832 and is buried in Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia. Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and Benjamin Rush (1746-1813) was one of Philadelphia’s foremost physicians in late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Both taught at the University of Pennsylvania for much of their careers.

Sources:

History of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry: From Its Organization, November 17th, 1774 to Its Centennial Anniversary, November 17th, 1874. (Princeton: 1875). URL: https://books.google.com/books?id=va8-AAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Kris Fresonke and Mark David Spence. Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

Biography/History

Hiester H. Muhlenberg (1812-1886) graduated from the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1832, and practiced medicine in Reading, Pennsylvania, before switching his career to finance in 1837. Nathaniel Chapman (1780-1853) was a prominent physician and educator in Philadelphia, who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1801 and began his teaching career at the same institution in 1810. He taught Materia Medica and the theory and practice of medicine. Throughout his career, he remained an influential member of the medical community in Philadelphia until his death in 1853. In addition to his teaching, he founded the Medical Institute of Philadelphia in 1817; founded the Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences (today the  American Journal of Medical Sciences) in 1820; and served as president of the Philadelphia Medical Society, as president of the American Philosophical Society, as fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia (elected in 1807), and as the first president of the American Medical Association (elected in 1848).

Wellington Smith Mason (1865- 1900) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1898. He appears to have practiced medicine in Williamstown, Pennsylvania, but his career was cut short by his death on September 30, 1900, at age 35, from complications from a surgery for appendicitis. Dr. Judson Daland (1860-circa 1937) graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1882. Following his graduation, he practiced medicine in Philadelphia. He was a demonstrator and an instructor of clinical medicine at the University of Pennsylvania from 1882 until at least 1897. He was also a professor of diseases of the chest at the Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates in Medicine from 1896 to 1897 and a professor of clinical medicine at the same institution from 1897. J.K. (John Kearsley) Mitchell (1859-1917), the son of S. Weir Mitchell, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1883. He began teaching at the University of Pennsylvania in 1886, serving as assistant demonstrator in clinical medicine until 1894, and as lecturer on general symptomatology from 1894 to 1899.

Biography/History

Jonathan Murduck (born circa 1782) was a student at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1802, but did not receive his degree until 1811. Between 1803 and 1805, Murduck practiced medicine in Port-au-Prince. Murduck’s financial records, patient records, and memoranda from these voyages are held in the Manuscripts Division of the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan.

Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was a leading botanist and naturalist of his day, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1813.

Sources: Jonathan Murduck Account Book and Memoranda, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/clementsmss/umich-wcl-M-1890mur?byte=14434455;focusrgn=frontmatter;subview=standard;view=reslist

Biography/History

Joseph Trevor received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1826. He wrote an essay on foreign bodies in the esophagus and test-phagotomy.

Samuel Jackson was born in Philadelphia, March 22, 1787, son of pharmacist David Jackson and Susan Kemper. Although Jackson attended the College of the University of Pennsylvania, he did not complete the courses required to receive a degree but instead began his study of medicine under Dr. James Hutchinson. After Hutchinson’s death, he continued at the offices of Dr. Casper Wistar. Jackson received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1808. After graduation, he briefly took up the drug business left by his father and older brother.

When the War of 1812 broke out, Jackson joined the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry and served with them in operations in the Chesapeake Bay through the war. Jackson sold his pharmaceutical business upon his return in 1815 and began a private medical practice. In 1820, he became president of the Philadelphia Board of Health, and directed its management of the yellow fever epidemic. In 1821, Jackson helped found the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and was appointed its first Professor of Materia Medica. He also served as attending physician at the Philadelphia Almshouse and as instructor of medical chemistry and materia medica at the Medical Institute of Philadelphia, founded by Nathaniel Chapman.

In 1827, Jackson was made assistant to Professor Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania, a post in which Jackson was responsible for teaching physiology. When Chapman's health declined in 1835, Jackson took over as Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and remained in that chair until his retirement in 1863. He would also teach on the wards of Philadelphia Hospital from 1842 to 1845. His medical publications included The Principles of Medicine Founded on the Structure and Functions of the Animal Organism.

Jackson's professional and scholarly memberships included the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and the American Philosophical Society. While in Montreal, Canada, in 1832 investigating an outbreak of Asian cholera on behalf of the Sanitary Board of Councils for Philadelphia, he married the daughter of a British officer. Jackson died in Philadelphia, April 4, 1872.

Information regarding Dr. Samuel Jackson taken in its entirety from Penn Biographies.

Biography/History

Dr. William S. Huber was born in July, 1865, to Dr. William A. (a prominent Lebanon, Pennsylvania, dentist) and Juliana Huber. He was educated at public schools in Lebanon, Pennsylvania and graduated from Lebanon High School. From there, he began his education at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, completing first the course of medicine, and then continuing on to take a full course in dentistry. According to the University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements from the 1886 to 1887 academic year, Huber was a successful student and was among several students "selected for their proficiency in Anatomy to act as Assistant Demonstrators of Anatomy," (page 66).

Following the completion of his studies, he succeeded his father in his dental practice and "built up a large and lucrative practice," (Kirk, page 1019). In 1895, he married A. May Kaler (1866-1901) and they were the parents of William K. (1896-1951) and Charles G. (born in 1898).

In addition to his career as a dentist, Huber served as a member of the board of public schools, as presiding officer of the city council and the select council, and as member of the board of elders of the Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church. He also participated in the Mt. Lebanon Lodge, Weidle Chapter, and Hermit Commandery of the Masons; the Lu Lu Temple in Reading, Pennsylvania; and the Harrisburg Consistory. Huber died of apoplexy on May 25, 1909.

Works cited:

Kirk, Edward C., editor. The Dental Cosmos, Volume 51, 1909 (page 1019).

University of Pennsylvania Catalogue and Announcements, 1886-1887, page 66.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes was kept by David Greenman during a course of Materia Medica lectures delivered by Dr. Adam Kuhn at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1785. The first pages of the volume include some curious annotations by Dr. Edward Cutbush in 1814. Cutbush claims, "These notes have been taken incorrectly from my friends' lectures- I purchased the volume at a public auction. Washington" and a few pages later, "orthography very incorrect." David Greenman’s signature on the title page of the notebook has been scribbled over in ink but is still legible. The lecture notes themselves are not limited to Materia Medica in the strictest sense, in that they also include some information about physiology, pathology and therapeutics. The organization of the material in the book is somewhat disjointed, and begins with a brief history of medicine, overview of physiology, discussion of digestion and the qualities of various foods (salt, sugar, milk, etc.), and the means of treating diseases, especially scurvy, by regulation or alteration of the diet. Subsequent sections focus more specifically on medicines and their classifications, especially into the categories of astringents (including “metallic astringents” like iron, lead and zinc), stimulants (including “bitters” like cinchona bark) and sedatives (among which opium is discussed at greatest length). A fairly detailed description of types of tumors, particularly those characteristic of breast cancer, begins on page 128, and a discussion of hysteria follows from page 139 to 148. The medical properties and applications of alkaline substances, soap, errhines (drugs that produce a runny nose) and mercury are subsequently explained, followed by the therapeutic uses of purgatives and blisters. The penultimate section of the book touches upon the topics of plethora (a systemic excess of blood in the body) and complications relating to menstruation, and the final chapter relates to anthelmintics (anti-parasitic medications). At the very end of this book is an alphabetized index of the contents of the notebook, which lists a combination of the names of drugs and medicinal plants, and the medical conditions discussed.

Scope and Contents

This volume of notes is organized into three sections, corresponding to three courses of lectures. The first is titled by Gillasspy, “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Barton, professor in the University of Pennsylvania with Remarks thereon &c,” and dated 1797. These lectures first address classes of medicines, namely astringents, vegetable tonics, metallic tonics, stimulants (seven consecutive lectures discuss the therapeutic properties of opium), emetics, cathartics, “salivating medicines,” and diuretics. Later lectures describe particular medicines, almost all of which are plant based. These profiles typically provide a medicinal plant’s Latin name, common name, native region, effects upon the human body and pharmacological applications.

The next section of the notebook (1797) contains both handwritten notes and printed material. The first page of this portion of the document is a printed cover of a booklet titled “A Syllabus of a Course of Lectures on the Institutes of Medicine by Benjamin Rush, M.D.. Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and Clinical Practice in the University of Pennsylvania.” The subsequent handwritten notes on these lectures are interspersed with excerpts of the printed syllabus to which they correspond. These lectures address physiology, pathology and therapeutics, in this order. Within the first topic, Rush briefly presents some basic features and functions of the human body (such as respiration, circulation, sensation, and cognition), before discussing nutrition, digestion and “the secretions and excretions,” and finally outlining the physical differences between men and women, some information about obstetric and gynecological medicine, and what he terms “the stages of life.” The portion of the lecture series on pathology outlines what Rush regards as the four causes of disease -remote, predisposing, occasional and proximate- along with some of the signs of disease. The third and final section of this syllabus, “Therapeutics, OR, of the method of curing diseases,” describes the actions of various types of medicines.

The final section of the book contains notes on “the practice of physic” from lectures delivered by Benjamin Rush in 1798. The first of these lectures relate to the topics of prognosis and diagnosis, “transient symptoms,” and depleting, stimulating and sedative medicines. The rest of the lectures in the volume relate to fevers and their extensive classifications. Along with descriptions of the various febrile “states,” Rush presents the most effective treatments for each. (There is also a short discourse, at the end of this section, on “diseases of the mind”).

The presence of press-printed material in section two, and the closeness of the handwritten text to the spine of the book, suggests that the volume was bound after the notes were taken.

Scope and Contents

This book of notes contains lecture material transcribed by two different students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. One portion of the volume contains notes taken by Hiester H. Muhlenberg in 1832; the later material was written by Wellington Smith Mason during two separate courses of lectures between 1894 and 1895. An inscription provided by William Pepper explains that "this old notebook was found in the basement of Medical Hall, Jan. 1903. It had probably been given to Mr. Wm. H. Salvador [clerk of the Medical Department] in 97 or 98." The notes taken by Muhlenberg record a series of lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman. This material reviews diseases that fall into four classes--diseases of the heart, diseases of the nervous system, exanthemata or "eruptive fevers," and hemorrhages--providing a description, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and list of causes for each condition. There is a brief, final section on asthma, and there are a few loose sheets of letter paper enclosed in the book, which describe some other diseases, like dropsy. The section on exanthemata includes some information on inoculation and vaccination.

The notes taken by Mason from 1894 to 1895 correspond to two courses. The first, Dr. Judson Daland’s lectures on Physical Diagnosis, primarily discusses cardiopulmonary diseases, reviewed through a number of case studies. Lectures seven through fourteen describe the signs and symptoms of various conditions, particularly tuberculosis. The remainder of the lectures, which feature some ink illustrations, address the anatomy of the blood and heart "with reference to diagnosis." The notes on blood mainly address the preparation and examination of microscope slides.

The second set of notes on Symptomatology lectures, given by Dr. J. K. Mitchell, focuses on how to collect and analyze information about a patient's experience of disease. In particular, these lectures address the physiological (sometimes physiognomic) indications of illness and the interpretation of these signs, the sorts of people most susceptible to pulmonary disease, different types of pain and their relationships to particular diseases, and the most effective methods of collecting relevant medical information from patients. By and large, Mason’s lectures lean heavily on illustrative case studies and patient examinations (both clinical and post-mortem), which are typically presented in a fairly detailed, standardized format.

Scope and Contents

This volume of handwritten lecture notes, titled "A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor […] in the University of Pennsylvania," was kept by Jonathan Murduck in 1802, and provides a fairly comprehensive survey of the medicinal substances commonly in use in the early nineteenth century United States. The detailed table of contents at the beginning of the notebook lists a number of broad categories into which various medicines are sorted. The primary classes of drugs and medicinal substances noted are astringents, tonics, "Alimentary Matter," stimulants, evacuants (including errhines and sialogogues, drugs that produce a runny nose and salivation, respectively), diuretics, emetics, cathartics, and antithelmintics (anti-parasitic medicines). There is also an opening chapter on milk, which mainly discusses lactation in humans and the properties of milk, and a short final section titled "Materia Nutrentia," which relates to diet, nutrition and the component elements of food (acid, sugar, oil, etc.). The main chapters or sections of the text consist of a passage discussing the general characteristics, properties and applications of this type of medicine, followed by a list of "particular" drugs within the category. The great majority of “particulars” are medicinal plants, though some sections are subdivided into "metallic," "mineral" or "animal" substances (and in some instances, medicinal plants are arranged based on their indigeneity to the United States).

The medicinal substances are usually listed by their Latin names, and discussed in a few paragraphs. For botanical medicines, these descriptions provide the plant’s common and Latin names, native region, pharmaceutical preparation, effects upon the body, therapeutic applications, and sometimes one or two brief case studies indicating its efficacy or inefficacy in treating particular conditions. The three drugs described at greatest length are opium, "Cortex Peruvianus" (Peruvian bark or cinchona) and mercury; the discussion of each of these medicines is organized by the specific diseases they can be used to combat.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains lecture notes on pathology, diagnosis, and treatments, including prescriptions, taken at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School from 1824 to 1826 in courses taught by Dr. Samuel Jackson. The lecture notes include frequent references to Dr. Nathaniel Chapman, a professor to whom Jackson was made assistant in 1827.

A portion of the volume is in question and answer format. For example, under the condition "Asthma," questions such as "What is asthma?," "What are the causes?," etc. are asked and followed by the answers. By page 36, this format changes to a more standard narrative of the lectures.

Lectures addressed bilious pleurisy, peripneumonia rotha, asthma, angina pectoris, pertussis, phthisis pulmonalis, cynanche trachialis, dropsy, atonic dropsy, ascitis, hydrothorax, scrophula, marasmus, hydrocephalus, cynanche laryngea, cynanche tonsillaris, cynanche parotidea (mumps), scarlet fever, measles, variola or small pox, gout, rheumatism, hematuria, hemorrhoides or piles, diseases of the digestive system, drunkenness, exanthemata, diseases of the cutaneous system, erysipelas, diseases of the cerebral system, epilepsy, chronic laryngitis, and hepatitis. All spelling and terms are replicated exactly. Several pages were removed, it appears with a knife. A small number of remedies follow, including a recipe for "Dr. Jackson's cough mixture." A few notes, originally laid into the volume, include a recipe for "sirip de cusineaux."

Scope and Contents

This collection contains Dr. William S. Huber’s lecture notes from his time at the University of Pennsylvania Medical and Dental Schools. There are seven volumes that begin in February of 1885 and end in March of 1888. Several of the volumes overlap in time and seem to have been used for separate classes. The notes themselves include several hand-drawn diagrams. Lectures address Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics, pharmaceuticals, bone fractures, concussions, ulcers, pain and inflammation, and cells, as well as diseases of the blood, the liver, the heart, and the lungs. There seem to be a number of descriptions of plant based remedies in the first, second, and fifth volumes in the collection. Professors include anatomist and surgeon David Hayes Agnew; professor of clinical medicine William Osler; professor of dental pathology, therapeutics, and Materia Medica James Truman; and professor of clinical medicine H.C. Wood.

Most of the volumes are written from front to back; then turned over and written back to front. On one occasion, a quiz is included, but it is unclear if the notes are documenting Huber's studying or the actual quiz. The volume dated October 1887 to January 1888 appears to contain notes from actual medical cases, describing the gender and age of patient, their vocation, their medical condition, history of condition, and, sometimes, recommendations. It is possible that this class was taught by Osler.

Huber's handwriting is fairly difficult to read and it is frequently unclear if the headings of pages are different classes or simply different lectures within classes. None of the volumes have clear titles of courses with the possible exception of the first, dating February of 1885, which seems to be Truman's class on Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics. Folder titles were crafted from the most prominent information on the first few pages of each notebook. It is often unclear who taught the courses. Despite the challenges of reading Huber's handwriting and determining courses or teachers, these volumes provide a glimpse into the type of education a student in medicine and dentistry would have received at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1880s.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 12

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 2

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 November 16

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 October 9

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 April 10

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 May 11

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Mrs. W. P. Durfee of Geneva, New York.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of William Pepper.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Dr. William Pepper, 1903

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Benjamin S. Paschell, 1903.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Carmen D. Valentino, 2003.

Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, 2015.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.04 K954.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey MS 610.4 R89.5

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 610.7 C367.

Processing Information note

Formerly: Dewey MS 615.1 B283.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the American Philoslphical Society:

Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton collection, 1783-1817, Mss.B.B284d

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Benjamin Smith Barton papers, Collection 0034

At the Library Company of Philadelphia:

Rush family papers, 1748-1876

At the University of Pennsylvania, Archives and Records Center

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Benjamin Rush lecture notes, 1783-1810, undated, Ms. Coll. 225

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810-1823, Ms. Coll. 669

Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810, UPW1a-13

Jonathan Murduck notes on Materia Medica lectures delivered by Benjamin Smith Barton at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1802, Ms. Codex 1865

Related Archival Materials note

At the Historical Medical Library of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia:

John Kearsley Mitchell correspondence, 1892-1914, MSS 2/263

Nathaniel Chapman papers, circa 1810-1853, collection 10a

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Charles Sellers notes on Nathaniel Chapman lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, Am.13596

John Josiah White notes from Nathaniel Chapman lectures, Am.1880

At the National Library of Medicine:

Notes taken from the lectures of Nathaniel Chapman in the University of Pennsylvania / by Robert M. Tute, 1828, MS B 199

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts:

Student notes on lectures delivered by Dr. Nathaniel Chapman at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1813-1833, Ms. Coll. 226

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Cutbush, Edward, 1772-1843
  • Kuhn, Adam, 1741-1817
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Materia medica--Early works to 1800
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
  • Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Daland, Judson
  • Mitchell, John Kearsley, 1793-1858
Subject(s)
  • Education
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
Subject(s)
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Personal Name(s)
  • Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853
  • Jackson, Samuel, 1787-1872
Subject(s)
  • Medical education--United States--19th century
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Formulas, recipes, etc.
  • Medicine--Study and teaching

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Dental Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
  • University of Pennsylvania.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Lecture notes
Subject(s)
  • Dental students
  • Dentistry
  • Dentistry--Study and teaching
  • Medical students
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century

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Collection Inventory

Volume

"Notes taken from Doctor Adam Kuhn's Lectures on Materia Medica, by David Greenman", 1785.

1

Collection Inventory

Volume

Notebook, 1797-1798.

1

Collection Inventory

Notebook, 1832, 1894-1895.

Collection Inventory

Volume

"A Course of Lectures on the Materia Medica by Benjamin Smith Barton M.D., Professor Materia Medica, Natural History, and Botany in the University of Pennsylvania", 1801.

1

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lecture notes (bound volume).

1 1

Items laid in (recipe for "Sirup de Cusineaux' and other notes), 1825, undated.

1 2

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Lectures of James Truman, including "Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics", 1885 February.

1 1

"H.C. Wood", 1886 October-1887 January.

1 2

"Agnew", 1886 November-1887 January.

1 3

"Dr. [Illegible]'s Quiz. Cells", 1886 October-1887 February.

1 4

Plant-based remedies, 1887 February-March.

1 5

"Osler" (case studies), 1887 October-1888 January.

1 6

"Cardiac Stimulants", 1887 November-1888 March.

1 7