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Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records

1023

Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records

1023

Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records

1023

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Bache, Charles, 1902-1942
Creator:
Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Creator:
Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965
Title:
Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records
Date [inclusive]:
1936-1938
Call Number:
1023
Extent:
0.32 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Excavation at Khafajah was initially directed by Henry Frankfurt and Pinhas Delougaz of the Oriental Institute; the Joint American Expedition, under the field direction of E. A. Speiser, continued excavation in conjunction with the work in progress since 1931 at Tepe Gawra (700 miles north of Khafajah). During the second season, 1937-1938, P. Delougaz was the field director. Excavation did not occur at Khafajah in 1938 because of political conditions. Karatepe is mentioned only briefly in the General Correspondence. The Penn Museum was involved with this site during the 1930s.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Title:
Nuzi, Iraq expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1929-1940
Date [inclusive]:
1925-1942
Call Number:
1019
Extent:
0.28 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Harvard-Baghdad School Expedition (American Schools of Oriental Research, A.S.O.R) was sent to Excavate Nuzi near Kirkuk in Iraq. The expedition members consisted of staff from the Fogg Museum of Art, the Harvard Semitic Museum, and A.S.O.R., Baghad. Excavations commenced in 1927-1928. From 1929 to 1931, the University Museum extended financial aid and the services of a helper, C.Bache, in return for his field training. Very few records pertaining to this excavation are available in the Museum’s Archives, probably reflecting the Museum’s limited participation. Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the Near East records.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Nuzi, Iraq expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Title:
Tell Billa, Iraq expedition records
Date [inclusive]:
1930-1933
Call Number:
1022
Extent:
2.31 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Tell Billa is located eight miles east of Tepe Gawra and was excavated by the same staff. Because Tell Billa and Tepe Gawra were excavated simultaneosly, records from the excavations are somewhat mixed and should be used together. Although it is difficult to determine amounts of time spent at Tell Billa, emphasis shifted after the third season to the prehistoric layers at Tepe Gawra. When other order is lacking, a chronological order was imposed on the general correspondence according to field season. Related material may be found in correspondence from the Directors Office, Jayne (1929-1940) in the files for Dorothy Cross, George A. Barton, A.S.O.R., and Paul Beidler.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Tell Billa, Iraq expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

Excavation at Khafajah, a site located fifty miles northeast of Baghdad, was initially directed by Henry Frankfurt and Pinhas Delougaz of the Oriental Institute in Chicago between 1930 and 1937. In the same year, the Joint American Expedition, under the field direction of E. A. Speiser, continued excavation in conjunction with the work in progress since 1931 at Tepe Gawra (700 miles north of Khafajah). In theory, excavation was to take place between December and February when the weather was favorable. The excavation at Tepe Gawra would continue during October and November and in the spring. During the second season, 1937-1938, P. Delougaz was the field director and C. Bache, field director at Tepe Gawra, assisted him. Excavation did not occur at Khafajah in 1938 because of political conditions.

Karatepe, located ten miles from Tepe Gawra in northern Iraq, is mentioned only briefly in the general correspondence (C. Bache) for the Tepe Gawra and Tell Billa excavations. Penn Museum involvement with this site was during the 1930s. At present, the Near Eastern collections at the museum contain sixty-seven objects (accession numbers 36-7-1 to 36-7-67) from Karatepe (1934-1935). Records are limited to a small group of photographs depicting excavations with captions, and an oversized plan. Other material relating to this site may still be located with the records of other joint Assyrian Excavation ventures. Records for Tepe Gawra, Tell Billa, Karatepe, and Khafajah overlap because excavations were carried out by the Joint Assyrian Expedition which consisted of staff from the Penn Museum and the American School of Oriental Research (A.S.O.R.), Baghdad. The two major excavations were Tepe Gawra (1931-1938), and Tell Billa (1930-1938), although at Tell Billa the most intensive season occurred before 1933.

Biography/History

The Harvard-Baghdad School Expedition (American Schools of Oriental Research, A.S.O.R) was sent to Excavate Nuzi near Kirkuk in Iraq. The expedition members consisted of staff from the Fogg Museum of Art, the Harvard Semitic Museum, and A.S.O.R., Baghad. Excavations commenced in 1927-1928, and were directed that season by E. Chiera (Professor of Assriology at the University of Pennsylvania and Field Director at A.S.O.R., Baghdad) who, in 1925, had excavated portions of the small mounds there (c.f. the Photograph Album Nuzi, 1925: Fieldnotes). Pfeiffer (Harvard University) resumed the work for the next season, 1928-1929. For the following two seasons, 1929 to 1931, R.F.S. Starr (Fogg Museum of Art) continued excavation as director. During this period, the University Museum extented financial aid and the services of a helper, C. Bache, in return for his field training.

Biography/History

Tell Billa is located eight miles east of Tepe Gawra and was excavated by the same staff. Because Tell Billa and Tepe Gawra were excavated simultaneosly, records from the excavations are somewhat mixed and should be used together. Although it is difficult to determine amounts of time spent at Tell Billa, emphasis shifted after the third season to the prehistoric layers at Tepe Gawra.

Scope and Contents

Documentation of these excavations is not extensive. For Khafajah, field records include many photographs of the twenty-four alabaster and limestone statuettes and their fragments which were found in the course of the 1937 excavation. Also from the 1937 excavation are object cards with a very brief description. The records of Tepe Gawra and Tell Billa must also be consulted, especially the general correspondence. The Directors’ correspondence (Jayne, 1929-1940, under Khafajah, P. Delougaz) should be checked.

Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the Near East records. Photographs were retained with the documents when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects, and travel photographs. Large maps and drawings are kept in the oversize map cases, when available, and smaller watercolors, drawings and maps are in the Print Cabinet.

Scope and Contents

Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the Near East records. Photographs were retained with the documents when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects, and travel photographs (see inventory). Large maps and drawings, when available are kept in the Oversize collections, and watercolors, small prints and drawings are in the Print Cabinet (see inventories).

Scope and Contents

Photographs were retained with the document when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects, and travel photographs (see standard size prints) The oversize map cabinets should be consulted for the object registers for 1930-1931, 1931-1932, 1932-1933, the architect’s notebook, and plans and drawings. The Print Cabinet should be consulted for pen and ink sketches and watercolors of ceramics.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  July 2009

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  July 2009

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  July 2009

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kathy Moreau

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by K. Moreau

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by K. Moreau

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad.
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Correspondence
Geographic Name(s)
  • Diyālā (Iraq)
  • Karatepe (deserted settlement)
  • Khafajah (deserted settlement)
Personal Name(s)
  • Bache, Charles, 1902-1942
  • Delougaz, Pinhas
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
  • Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad.
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Field notes
  • Photographic prints
Geographic Name(s)
  • Kirkūk (Iraq)
Personal Name(s)
  • Bache, Charles, 1902-1942
  • Chiera, Edward, 1885-1933
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Subject(s)
  • Antiquities
  • Excavations (Archaeology)

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad.
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Correspondence
  • Field notes
Geographic Name(s)
  • Tepe Gawra (deserted settlement)
Personal Name(s)
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
  • Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1936-1938.

Series Description

Letter, telegram, financial statements and shipping notices to the Director of the University Museum and the American School for Oriental Research. Publicity notice. Arranged chronologically.

Box

[Tepe Gawra and Khafajah correspondence, 1936-1938].

1

P. Delougaz/Jayne correspondence w/ 25 picture [missing nos. 8, 10, 14, 19, 20, 21, 10177182].

1

Indexes and Catalogues, [ca. 1936-1938].

Series Description

Locus Cards, some with drawings. Cards with sketches. Arranged chronologically.

Box

[Object Cards] ca. 1936-1938.

1

Kara I, Karatepe and Khafajah [only Karatepe] pictures.

1

Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1927-1931.

Scope and Contents note

Guidelines for Nuzi excavations, 1927 and 1929; reports from the field, some with sketches of the ezcavation, from Starr to D.G. Lyon and other Harvard scholars, and to H .Jayne; letters, reports and financial statements from C. Bache to H. Jayne, news releases, a note (1930) on the exhibition of the Harvard Mesopotamian Expedition and an epigraphical report fromT.J. Meek to D. Lyon. Arranged chronologically.

Box

Harvard Baghdad School Expedition, general correspondence, 1929-1931.

1

Field Notes, 1929-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Notes from field by Charles Bache. Original notebook aka. Containes material from excavations at Beech Bottom, W. VA. It is filed under Noerth America/Mid. Atlantic and other small expeditions, 1911-1969/Beech Bottom/Box 16. (L-1-5). Notebook labelled “Beech Bottom” and “Charles Bache”.

Box

Charles Bache Field Notebook, Kirkuk, Dec.-Mar.

1

Photographs, 1925-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Photographic catalogue; two sets of photographs, one from Chiera’s 1925 excavation and the other from 1929-1930 season. Arranged by season.

Box

Photograph catalogue of survey and excavation.

1

Publications, 1928-1942.

Scope and Contents note

Preliminary report (1928); notes, annotated draft and final dissertation manuscript. Arranged topically.

Box

Kirkuk, Preliminary Report, 1928.

1

Real Estate Transactions-Tablet translations, 1942.

1

Real Estate Transactions-Tablet translations, 1942.

1

Real Estate Transactions-Tablet translations.

1

Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1930-1937.

Scope and Contents note

Reports from the field, financial statements, telegrams and letters to the director, correspondence between the Museum and American Schools of Oriental Research regarding the Joint Assyrian Expedition. Folders are arranged in chronological order. Notes and comments on Billa material by other researchers.

Box

Agreement between American School of Oriental Research and Museum, related correspondence 1930.

1

E.A. Speiser correspondence, financial statements 1930-1931.

1

Tell Billa Reports: 1-10th 1930-1932.

1

Correspondence, financial statements and notes 1931-1932.

1

George A. Barton and Horace H.F. Jayne correspondence 1932.

1

Bache correpondence and financial statements 1932-1933.

1

Monthly Reports from Tell Billa 1932-1933.

1

General Summary 1932-1933.

1

Monthly Report Photographs Feb.1933.

1

Monthly Report Photographs Mar.1933.

1

Documents and Correspondence 1932-1934.

1

Tepe Gawra/Tell Billa accounts 1932-1935.

1

Expedition correspondence with the Antiquities Dept. and Documents regarding: EW Antiquities Law 1933-1938.

1

Correspondence, telegrams and financial reports.

1

Expedition Photograph Catalogue 1934-1935.

1

Expedition, Bache correspondence, some sketches, financial statements 1935.

1

Correspondence C. Bache and financial summary 1935-1936.

1

Bache- correspondence, telegrams and expence accounts 1937.

1

Notes and comments on Tell Billa records.

1

Field Notes, 1930-1938.

Scope and Contents note

Field notes, sketches of levels, burial locus cards, field notes and catalogues, burial cards and plans, object registers, architect’s notebook and survey notes,, book and photographic catalogues. Notes are arranged by type and thereunder chronologically where possible.

Box

Survey notebook 1932-1935.

1

Tell Billa, Tepe Gawra and surrounding area survey notes 1933-1937.

1

Photographic catalogues.

1

Field notes, Burial notes and sketches 1932-1933.

1

Burial catalogue- burial sheets 1932-1938.

1

Burial cards 1932-1933.

3

Locus Cards- 1-40.

3

Publications, 1933-1938.

Scope and Contents note

List of publications of the staff, epigraphic report, drafts for Speiser and Bache articles. Arrangedd by subject.

Box

Publications of the Staff 1935.

2

E.A. Speiser Pottery of Tell Billa, Photographs.

2

C. Bache- The First Assyrian Level, Stratum I and Room Catalogue.

2

E.A. Speiser, Epigraphical Report 1934-1935.

2

Indexes and Catalogues, 1931-1938.

Scope and Contents note

Object cards, some with sketches and/or photographs, Museum inventory cards, tombb cards, burial charts, locus catalogue, chit sheets, storeroom inventory notes, tracings and drawings of pottery types and classification and sketches of ceramics. Arranged by type and thereunder numerically or by area.

Box

[Chit sheets: c. December-February, year unknown], no. 4001-4100.

4

[Storeroom inventory notes].

4

Locus catalogues, object register, c. 1932-1933, and drawings.

4

Burial charts and lists of all objects other than those from burials SQ V6-V5 and W6 and W7.

4

Catalogue of Tell Billa and Tepe Gawra, 1931-1932 excavator’s copy.

4

Classification of ceramics at Tepe Gawra and Tell Billa with sketches.

4

[Artifact Cards, c. 1933].

5

[Artifact Cards, some arranged by area, some by tomb].

6

[Artifact Cards of cylinder seals with tissue drawings and Museum inventory cards].

6

[Artifact Cards], arranged by area, one group arranged numerically 1932-1933.

7

[Tomb and Artifact Cards].

8

Billa Pottery types (tracings).

9

Pottery drawings [most are from tombs].

9

Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records

1023

Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records

1023

Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records

1023

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Bache, Charles, 1902-1942
Creator:
Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Creator:
Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965
Title:
Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records
Date [inclusive]:
1936-1938
Call Number:
1023
Extent:
0.32 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Excavation at Khafajah was initially directed by Henry Frankfurt and Pinhas Delougaz of the Oriental Institute; the Joint American Expedition, under the field direction of E. A. Speiser, continued excavation in conjunction with the work in progress since 1931 at Tepe Gawra (700 miles north of Khafajah). During the second season, 1937-1938, P. Delougaz was the field director. Excavation did not occur at Khafajah in 1938 because of political conditions. Karatepe is mentioned only briefly in the General Correspondence. The Penn Museum was involved with this site during the 1930s.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Title:
Nuzi, Iraq expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1929-1940
Date [inclusive]:
1925-1942
Call Number:
1019
Extent:
0.28 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Harvard-Baghdad School Expedition (American Schools of Oriental Research, A.S.O.R) was sent to Excavate Nuzi near Kirkuk in Iraq. The expedition members consisted of staff from the Fogg Museum of Art, the Harvard Semitic Museum, and A.S.O.R., Baghad. Excavations commenced in 1927-1928. From 1929 to 1931, the University Museum extended financial aid and the services of a helper, C.Bache, in return for his field training. Very few records pertaining to this excavation are available in the Museum’s Archives, probably reflecting the Museum’s limited participation. Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the Near East records.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Nuzi, Iraq expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Title:
Tell Billa, Iraq expedition records
Date [inclusive]:
1930-1933
Call Number:
1022
Extent:
2.31 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Tell Billa is located eight miles east of Tepe Gawra and was excavated by the same staff. Because Tell Billa and Tepe Gawra were excavated simultaneosly, records from the excavations are somewhat mixed and should be used together. Although it is difficult to determine amounts of time spent at Tell Billa, emphasis shifted after the third season to the prehistoric layers at Tepe Gawra. When other order is lacking, a chronological order was imposed on the general correspondence according to field season. Related material may be found in correspondence from the Directors Office, Jayne (1929-1940) in the files for Dorothy Cross, George A. Barton, A.S.O.R., and Paul Beidler.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Tell Billa, Iraq expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

Excavation at Khafajah, a site located fifty miles northeast of Baghdad, was initially directed by Henry Frankfurt and Pinhas Delougaz of the Oriental Institute in Chicago between 1930 and 1937. In the same year, the Joint American Expedition, under the field direction of E. A. Speiser, continued excavation in conjunction with the work in progress since 1931 at Tepe Gawra (700 miles north of Khafajah). In theory, excavation was to take place between December and February when the weather was favorable. The excavation at Tepe Gawra would continue during October and November and in the spring. During the second season, 1937-1938, P. Delougaz was the field director and C. Bache, field director at Tepe Gawra, assisted him. Excavation did not occur at Khafajah in 1938 because of political conditions.

Karatepe, located ten miles from Tepe Gawra in northern Iraq, is mentioned only briefly in the general correspondence (C. Bache) for the Tepe Gawra and Tell Billa excavations. Penn Museum involvement with this site was during the 1930s. At present, the Near Eastern collections at the museum contain sixty-seven objects (accession numbers 36-7-1 to 36-7-67) from Karatepe (1934-1935). Records are limited to a small group of photographs depicting excavations with captions, and an oversized plan. Other material relating to this site may still be located with the records of other joint Assyrian Excavation ventures. Records for Tepe Gawra, Tell Billa, Karatepe, and Khafajah overlap because excavations were carried out by the Joint Assyrian Expedition which consisted of staff from the Penn Museum and the American School of Oriental Research (A.S.O.R.), Baghdad. The two major excavations were Tepe Gawra (1931-1938), and Tell Billa (1930-1938), although at Tell Billa the most intensive season occurred before 1933.

Biography/History

The Harvard-Baghdad School Expedition (American Schools of Oriental Research, A.S.O.R) was sent to Excavate Nuzi near Kirkuk in Iraq. The expedition members consisted of staff from the Fogg Museum of Art, the Harvard Semitic Museum, and A.S.O.R., Baghad. Excavations commenced in 1927-1928, and were directed that season by E. Chiera (Professor of Assriology at the University of Pennsylvania and Field Director at A.S.O.R., Baghdad) who, in 1925, had excavated portions of the small mounds there (c.f. the Photograph Album Nuzi, 1925: Fieldnotes). Pfeiffer (Harvard University) resumed the work for the next season, 1928-1929. For the following two seasons, 1929 to 1931, R.F.S. Starr (Fogg Museum of Art) continued excavation as director. During this period, the University Museum extented financial aid and the services of a helper, C. Bache, in return for his field training.

Biography/History

Tell Billa is located eight miles east of Tepe Gawra and was excavated by the same staff. Because Tell Billa and Tepe Gawra were excavated simultaneosly, records from the excavations are somewhat mixed and should be used together. Although it is difficult to determine amounts of time spent at Tell Billa, emphasis shifted after the third season to the prehistoric layers at Tepe Gawra.

Scope and Contents

Documentation of these excavations is not extensive. For Khafajah, field records include many photographs of the twenty-four alabaster and limestone statuettes and their fragments which were found in the course of the 1937 excavation. Also from the 1937 excavation are object cards with a very brief description. The records of Tepe Gawra and Tell Billa must also be consulted, especially the general correspondence. The Directors’ correspondence (Jayne, 1929-1940, under Khafajah, P. Delougaz) should be checked.

Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the Near East records. Photographs were retained with the documents when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects, and travel photographs. Large maps and drawings are kept in the oversize map cases, when available, and smaller watercolors, drawings and maps are in the Print Cabinet.

Scope and Contents

Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the Near East records. Photographs were retained with the documents when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects, and travel photographs (see inventory). Large maps and drawings, when available are kept in the Oversize collections, and watercolors, small prints and drawings are in the Print Cabinet (see inventories).

Scope and Contents

Photographs were retained with the document when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects, and travel photographs (see standard size prints) The oversize map cabinets should be consulted for the object registers for 1930-1931, 1931-1932, 1932-1933, the architect’s notebook, and plans and drawings. The Print Cabinet should be consulted for pen and ink sketches and watercolors of ceramics.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  July 2009

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  July 2009

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  July 2009

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kathy Moreau

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by K. Moreau

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by K. Moreau

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad.
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Correspondence
Geographic Name(s)
  • Diyālā (Iraq)
  • Karatepe (deserted settlement)
  • Khafajah (deserted settlement)
Personal Name(s)
  • Bache, Charles, 1902-1942
  • Delougaz, Pinhas
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
  • Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad.
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Field notes
  • Photographic prints
Geographic Name(s)
  • Kirkūk (Iraq)
Personal Name(s)
  • Bache, Charles, 1902-1942
  • Chiera, Edward, 1885-1933
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Subject(s)
  • Antiquities
  • Excavations (Archaeology)

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad.
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Correspondence
  • Field notes
Geographic Name(s)
  • Tepe Gawra (deserted settlement)
Personal Name(s)
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
  • Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1936-1938.

Series Description

Letter, telegram, financial statements and shipping notices to the Director of the University Museum and the American School for Oriental Research. Publicity notice. Arranged chronologically.

Box

[Tepe Gawra and Khafajah correspondence, 1936-1938].

1

P. Delougaz/Jayne correspondence w/ 25 picture [missing nos. 8, 10, 14, 19, 20, 21, 10177182].

1

Indexes and Catalogues, [ca. 1936-1938].

Series Description

Locus Cards, some with drawings. Cards with sketches. Arranged chronologically.

Box

[Object Cards] ca. 1936-1938.

1

Kara I, Karatepe and Khafajah [only Karatepe] pictures.

1

Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1927-1931.

Scope and Contents note

Guidelines for Nuzi excavations, 1927 and 1929; reports from the field, some with sketches of the ezcavation, from Starr to D.G. Lyon and other Harvard scholars, and to H .Jayne; letters, reports and financial statements from C. Bache to H. Jayne, news releases, a note (1930) on the exhibition of the Harvard Mesopotamian Expedition and an epigraphical report fromT.J. Meek to D. Lyon. Arranged chronologically.

Box

Harvard Baghdad School Expedition, general correspondence, 1929-1931.

1

Field Notes, 1929-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Notes from field by Charles Bache. Original notebook aka. Containes material from excavations at Beech Bottom, W. VA. It is filed under Noerth America/Mid. Atlantic and other small expeditions, 1911-1969/Beech Bottom/Box 16. (L-1-5). Notebook labelled “Beech Bottom” and “Charles Bache”.

Box

Charles Bache Field Notebook, Kirkuk, Dec.-Mar.

1

Photographs, 1925-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Photographic catalogue; two sets of photographs, one from Chiera’s 1925 excavation and the other from 1929-1930 season. Arranged by season.

Box

Photograph catalogue of survey and excavation.

1

Publications, 1928-1942.

Scope and Contents note

Preliminary report (1928); notes, annotated draft and final dissertation manuscript. Arranged topically.

Box

Kirkuk, Preliminary Report, 1928.

1

Real Estate Transactions-Tablet translations, 1942.

1

Real Estate Transactions-Tablet translations, 1942.

1

Real Estate Transactions-Tablet translations.

1

Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1930-1937.

Scope and Contents note

Reports from the field, financial statements, telegrams and letters to the director, correspondence between the Museum and American Schools of Oriental Research regarding the Joint Assyrian Expedition. Folders are arranged in chronological order. Notes and comments on Billa material by other researchers.

Box

Agreement between American School of Oriental Research and Museum, related correspondence 1930.

1

E.A. Speiser correspondence, financial statements 1930-1931.

1

Tell Billa Reports: 1-10th 1930-1932.

1

Correspondence, financial statements and notes 1931-1932.

1

George A. Barton and Horace H.F. Jayne correspondence 1932.

1

Bache correpondence and financial statements 1932-1933.

1

Monthly Reports from Tell Billa 1932-1933.

1

General Summary 1932-1933.

1

Monthly Report Photographs Feb.1933.

1

Monthly Report Photographs Mar.1933.

1

Documents and Correspondence 1932-1934.

1

Tepe Gawra/Tell Billa accounts 1932-1935.

1

Expedition correspondence with the Antiquities Dept. and Documents regarding: EW Antiquities Law 1933-1938.

1

Correspondence, telegrams and financial reports.

1

Expedition Photograph Catalogue 1934-1935.

1

Expedition, Bache correspondence, some sketches, financial statements 1935.

1

Correspondence C. Bache and financial summary 1935-1936.

1

Bache- correspondence, telegrams and expence accounts 1937.

1

Notes and comments on Tell Billa records.

1

Field Notes, 1930-1938.

Scope and Contents note

Field notes, sketches of levels, burial locus cards, field notes and catalogues, burial cards and plans, object registers, architect’s notebook and survey notes,, book and photographic catalogues. Notes are arranged by type and thereunder chronologically where possible.

Box

Survey notebook 1932-1935.

1

Tell Billa, Tepe Gawra and surrounding area survey notes 1933-1937.

1

Photographic catalogues.

1

Field notes, Burial notes and sketches 1932-1933.

1

Burial catalogue- burial sheets 1932-1938.

1

Burial cards 1932-1933.

3

Locus Cards- 1-40.

3

Publications, 1933-1938.

Scope and Contents note

List of publications of the staff, epigraphic report, drafts for Speiser and Bache articles. Arrangedd by subject.

Box

Publications of the Staff 1935.

2

E.A. Speiser Pottery of Tell Billa, Photographs.

2

C. Bache- The First Assyrian Level, Stratum I and Room Catalogue.

2

E.A. Speiser, Epigraphical Report 1934-1935.

2

Indexes and Catalogues, 1931-1938.

Scope and Contents note

Object cards, some with sketches and/or photographs, Museum inventory cards, tombb cards, burial charts, locus catalogue, chit sheets, storeroom inventory notes, tracings and drawings of pottery types and classification and sketches of ceramics. Arranged by type and thereunder numerically or by area.

Box

[Chit sheets: c. December-February, year unknown], no. 4001-4100.

4

[Storeroom inventory notes].

4

Locus catalogues, object register, c. 1932-1933, and drawings.

4

Burial charts and lists of all objects other than those from burials SQ V6-V5 and W6 and W7.

4

Catalogue of Tell Billa and Tepe Gawra, 1931-1932 excavator’s copy.

4

Classification of ceramics at Tepe Gawra and Tell Billa with sketches.

4

[Artifact Cards, c. 1933].

5

[Artifact Cards, some arranged by area, some by tomb].

6

[Artifact Cards of cylinder seals with tissue drawings and Museum inventory cards].

6

[Artifact Cards], arranged by area, one group arranged numerically 1932-1933.

7

[Tomb and Artifact Cards].

8

Billa Pottery types (tracings).

9

Pottery drawings [most are from tombs].

9

Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records

1023

Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records

1023

Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records

1023

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Bache, Charles, 1902-1942
Creator:
Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Creator:
Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965
Title:
Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records
Date [inclusive]:
1936-1938
Call Number:
1023
Extent:
0.32 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Excavation at Khafajah was initially directed by Henry Frankfurt and Pinhas Delougaz of the Oriental Institute; the Joint American Expedition, under the field direction of E. A. Speiser, continued excavation in conjunction with the work in progress since 1931 at Tepe Gawra (700 miles north of Khafajah). During the second season, 1937-1938, P. Delougaz was the field director. Excavation did not occur at Khafajah in 1938 because of political conditions. Karatepe is mentioned only briefly in the General Correspondence. The Penn Museum was involved with this site during the 1930s.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Khafajah and Kara Tepe, Iraq expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Title:
Nuzi, Iraq expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1929-1940
Date [inclusive]:
1925-1942
Call Number:
1019
Extent:
0.28 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Harvard-Baghdad School Expedition (American Schools of Oriental Research, A.S.O.R) was sent to Excavate Nuzi near Kirkuk in Iraq. The expedition members consisted of staff from the Fogg Museum of Art, the Harvard Semitic Museum, and A.S.O.R., Baghad. Excavations commenced in 1927-1928. From 1929 to 1931, the University Museum extended financial aid and the services of a helper, C.Bache, in return for his field training. Very few records pertaining to this excavation are available in the Museum’s Archives, probably reflecting the Museum’s limited participation. Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the Near East records.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Nuzi, Iraq expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Title:
Tell Billa, Iraq expedition records
Date [inclusive]:
1930-1933
Call Number:
1022
Extent:
2.31 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Tell Billa is located eight miles east of Tepe Gawra and was excavated by the same staff. Because Tell Billa and Tepe Gawra were excavated simultaneosly, records from the excavations are somewhat mixed and should be used together. Although it is difficult to determine amounts of time spent at Tell Billa, emphasis shifted after the third season to the prehistoric layers at Tepe Gawra. When other order is lacking, a chronological order was imposed on the general correspondence according to field season. Related material may be found in correspondence from the Directors Office, Jayne (1929-1940) in the files for Dorothy Cross, George A. Barton, A.S.O.R., and Paul Beidler.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Tell Billa, Iraq expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Biography/History

Excavation at Khafajah, a site located fifty miles northeast of Baghdad, was initially directed by Henry Frankfurt and Pinhas Delougaz of the Oriental Institute in Chicago between 1930 and 1937. In the same year, the Joint American Expedition, under the field direction of E. A. Speiser, continued excavation in conjunction with the work in progress since 1931 at Tepe Gawra (700 miles north of Khafajah). In theory, excavation was to take place between December and February when the weather was favorable. The excavation at Tepe Gawra would continue during October and November and in the spring. During the second season, 1937-1938, P. Delougaz was the field director and C. Bache, field director at Tepe Gawra, assisted him. Excavation did not occur at Khafajah in 1938 because of political conditions.

Karatepe, located ten miles from Tepe Gawra in northern Iraq, is mentioned only briefly in the general correspondence (C. Bache) for the Tepe Gawra and Tell Billa excavations. Penn Museum involvement with this site was during the 1930s. At present, the Near Eastern collections at the museum contain sixty-seven objects (accession numbers 36-7-1 to 36-7-67) from Karatepe (1934-1935). Records are limited to a small group of photographs depicting excavations with captions, and an oversized plan. Other material relating to this site may still be located with the records of other joint Assyrian Excavation ventures. Records for Tepe Gawra, Tell Billa, Karatepe, and Khafajah overlap because excavations were carried out by the Joint Assyrian Expedition which consisted of staff from the Penn Museum and the American School of Oriental Research (A.S.O.R.), Baghdad. The two major excavations were Tepe Gawra (1931-1938), and Tell Billa (1930-1938), although at Tell Billa the most intensive season occurred before 1933.

Biography/History

The Harvard-Baghdad School Expedition (American Schools of Oriental Research, A.S.O.R) was sent to Excavate Nuzi near Kirkuk in Iraq. The expedition members consisted of staff from the Fogg Museum of Art, the Harvard Semitic Museum, and A.S.O.R., Baghad. Excavations commenced in 1927-1928, and were directed that season by E. Chiera (Professor of Assriology at the University of Pennsylvania and Field Director at A.S.O.R., Baghdad) who, in 1925, had excavated portions of the small mounds there (c.f. the Photograph Album Nuzi, 1925: Fieldnotes). Pfeiffer (Harvard University) resumed the work for the next season, 1928-1929. For the following two seasons, 1929 to 1931, R.F.S. Starr (Fogg Museum of Art) continued excavation as director. During this period, the University Museum extented financial aid and the services of a helper, C. Bache, in return for his field training.

Biography/History

Tell Billa is located eight miles east of Tepe Gawra and was excavated by the same staff. Because Tell Billa and Tepe Gawra were excavated simultaneosly, records from the excavations are somewhat mixed and should be used together. Although it is difficult to determine amounts of time spent at Tell Billa, emphasis shifted after the third season to the prehistoric layers at Tepe Gawra.

Scope and Contents

Documentation of these excavations is not extensive. For Khafajah, field records include many photographs of the twenty-four alabaster and limestone statuettes and their fragments which were found in the course of the 1937 excavation. Also from the 1937 excavation are object cards with a very brief description. The records of Tepe Gawra and Tell Billa must also be consulted, especially the general correspondence. The Directors’ correspondence (Jayne, 1929-1940, under Khafajah, P. Delougaz) should be checked.

Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the Near East records. Photographs were retained with the documents when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects, and travel photographs. Large maps and drawings are kept in the oversize map cases, when available, and smaller watercolors, drawings and maps are in the Print Cabinet.

Scope and Contents

Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the Near East records. Photographs were retained with the documents when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects, and travel photographs (see inventory). Large maps and drawings, when available are kept in the Oversize collections, and watercolors, small prints and drawings are in the Print Cabinet (see inventories).

Scope and Contents

Photographs were retained with the document when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects, and travel photographs (see standard size prints) The oversize map cabinets should be consulted for the object registers for 1930-1931, 1931-1932, 1932-1933, the architect’s notebook, and plans and drawings. The Print Cabinet should be consulted for pen and ink sketches and watercolors of ceramics.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  July 2009

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  July 2009

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  July 2009

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kathy Moreau

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by K. Moreau

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by K. Moreau

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad.
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Correspondence
Geographic Name(s)
  • Diyālā (Iraq)
  • Karatepe (deserted settlement)
  • Khafajah (deserted settlement)
Personal Name(s)
  • Bache, Charles, 1902-1942
  • Delougaz, Pinhas
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
  • Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad.
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Field notes
  • Photographic prints
Geographic Name(s)
  • Kirkūk (Iraq)
Personal Name(s)
  • Bache, Charles, 1902-1942
  • Chiera, Edward, 1885-1933
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
Subject(s)
  • Antiquities
  • Excavations (Archaeology)

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad.
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Correspondence
  • Field notes
Geographic Name(s)
  • Tepe Gawra (deserted settlement)
Personal Name(s)
  • Jayne, Horace Howard Furness, 1898-1975
  • Speiser, E. A. (Ephraim Avigdor), 1902-1965

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Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1936-1938.

Series Description

Letter, telegram, financial statements and shipping notices to the Director of the University Museum and the American School for Oriental Research. Publicity notice. Arranged chronologically.

Box

[Tepe Gawra and Khafajah correspondence, 1936-1938].

1

P. Delougaz/Jayne correspondence w/ 25 picture [missing nos. 8, 10, 14, 19, 20, 21, 10177182].

1

Indexes and Catalogues, [ca. 1936-1938].

Series Description

Locus Cards, some with drawings. Cards with sketches. Arranged chronologically.

Box

[Object Cards] ca. 1936-1938.

1

Kara I, Karatepe and Khafajah [only Karatepe] pictures.

1

Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1927-1931.

Scope and Contents note

Guidelines for Nuzi excavations, 1927 and 1929; reports from the field, some with sketches of the ezcavation, from Starr to D.G. Lyon and other Harvard scholars, and to H .Jayne; letters, reports and financial statements from C. Bache to H. Jayne, news releases, a note (1930) on the exhibition of the Harvard Mesopotamian Expedition and an epigraphical report fromT.J. Meek to D. Lyon. Arranged chronologically.

Box

Harvard Baghdad School Expedition, general correspondence, 1929-1931.

1

Field Notes, 1929-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Notes from field by Charles Bache. Original notebook aka. Containes material from excavations at Beech Bottom, W. VA. It is filed under Noerth America/Mid. Atlantic and other small expeditions, 1911-1969/Beech Bottom/Box 16. (L-1-5). Notebook labelled “Beech Bottom” and “Charles Bache”.

Box

Charles Bache Field Notebook, Kirkuk, Dec.-Mar.

1

Photographs, 1925-1930.

Scope and Contents note

Photographic catalogue; two sets of photographs, one from Chiera’s 1925 excavation and the other from 1929-1930 season. Arranged by season.

Box

Photograph catalogue of survey and excavation.

1

Publications, 1928-1942.

Scope and Contents note

Preliminary report (1928); notes, annotated draft and final dissertation manuscript. Arranged topically.

Box

Kirkuk, Preliminary Report, 1928.

1

Real Estate Transactions-Tablet translations, 1942.

1

Real Estate Transactions-Tablet translations, 1942.

1

Real Estate Transactions-Tablet translations.

1

Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1930-1937.

Scope and Contents note

Reports from the field, financial statements, telegrams and letters to the director, correspondence between the Museum and American Schools of Oriental Research regarding the Joint Assyrian Expedition. Folders are arranged in chronological order. Notes and comments on Billa material by other researchers.

Box

Agreement between American School of Oriental Research and Museum, related correspondence 1930.

1

E.A. Speiser correspondence, financial statements 1930-1931.

1

Tell Billa Reports: 1-10th 1930-1932.

1

Correspondence, financial statements and notes 1931-1932.

1

George A. Barton and Horace H.F. Jayne correspondence 1932.

1

Bache correpondence and financial statements 1932-1933.

1

Monthly Reports from Tell Billa 1932-1933.

1

General Summary 1932-1933.

1

Monthly Report Photographs Feb.1933.

1

Monthly Report Photographs Mar.1933.

1

Documents and Correspondence 1932-1934.

1

Tepe Gawra/Tell Billa accounts 1932-1935.

1

Expedition correspondence with the Antiquities Dept. and Documents regarding: EW Antiquities Law 1933-1938.

1

Correspondence, telegrams and financial reports.

1

Expedition Photograph Catalogue 1934-1935.

1

Expedition, Bache correspondence, some sketches, financial statements 1935.

1

Correspondence C. Bache and financial summary 1935-1936.

1

Bache- correspondence, telegrams and expence accounts 1937.

1

Notes and comments on Tell Billa records.

1

Field Notes, 1930-1938.

Scope and Contents note

Field notes, sketches of levels, burial locus cards, field notes and catalogues, burial cards and plans, object registers, architect’s notebook and survey notes,, book and photographic catalogues. Notes are arranged by type and thereunder chronologically where possible.

Box

Survey notebook 1932-1935.

1

Tell Billa, Tepe Gawra and surrounding area survey notes 1933-1937.

1

Photographic catalogues.

1

Field notes, Burial notes and sketches 1932-1933.

1

Burial catalogue- burial sheets 1932-1938.

1

Burial cards 1932-1933.

3

Locus Cards- 1-40.

3

Publications, 1933-1938.

Scope and Contents note

List of publications of the staff, epigraphic report, drafts for Speiser and Bache articles. Arrangedd by subject.

Box

Publications of the Staff 1935.

2

E.A. Speiser Pottery of Tell Billa, Photographs.

2

C. Bache- The First Assyrian Level, Stratum I and Room Catalogue.

2

E.A. Speiser, Epigraphical Report 1934-1935.

2

Indexes and Catalogues, 1931-1938.

Scope and Contents note

Object cards, some with sketches and/or photographs, Museum inventory cards, tombb cards, burial charts, locus catalogue, chit sheets, storeroom inventory notes, tracings and drawings of pottery types and classification and sketches of ceramics. Arranged by type and thereunder numerically or by area.

Box

[Chit sheets: c. December-February, year unknown], no. 4001-4100.

4

[Storeroom inventory notes].

4

Locus catalogues, object register, c. 1932-1933, and drawings.

4

Burial charts and lists of all objects other than those from burials SQ V6-V5 and W6 and W7.

4

Catalogue of Tell Billa and Tepe Gawra, 1931-1932 excavator’s copy.

4

Classification of ceramics at Tepe Gawra and Tell Billa with sketches.

4

[Artifact Cards, c. 1933].

5

[Artifact Cards, some arranged by area, some by tomb].

6

[Artifact Cards of cylinder seals with tissue drawings and Museum inventory cards].

6

[Artifact Cards], arranged by area, one group arranged numerically 1932-1933.

7

[Tomb and Artifact Cards].

8

Billa Pottery types (tracings).

9

Pottery drawings [most are from tombs].

9