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American Section Early Man Project

1089

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Howard, Edgar Billings, 1887-1943
Title:
American Section Early Man Project
Date [inclusive]:
1930-1950
Call Number:
1089
Extent:
0.3 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
From 1929 to 1936, Howard conducted field expeditions in Texas and New Mexico in the quest of finding links to early man. His investigations included Burnet cave in the Guadelupe Mountains and sites along the Blackwater Draw between Clovis and Portales in eastern New Mexico. His discoveries added to the knowledge of the "Folsom Complex" and included the Folsom flints, mammoth and sloth bones and early fauna. The Early Man Project records consist of five folders of correspondence, some financial records and the original research proposal.
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Biography/History

Edgar Billings Howard, geologist and archaeologist, was born in New Orleans, Louisiana but attended St. Paul's School in Philadelphia before enrolling at Yale University. There, he completed a Ph.D. in paleontology from the Sheffield Scientific School in 1909. He served as a Captain in the infantry in World War I. Following his return from the war, Howard worked in business until his retirement in 1928. He turned his interests to what he called the "Earth Sciences" enrolling at the University of Pennsylvania. Howard completed his Ph.D. in geology in 1930.

From 1929 to 1936, Howard conducted field expeditions in Texas and New Mexico in the quest of finding links to early man. His investigations included Burnet cave in the Guadelupe Mountains and sites along the Blackwater Draw between Clovis and Portales in eastern New Mexico. His discoveries added to the knowledge of the "Folsom Complex" and included the Folsom flints, mammoth and sloth bones and other early fauna.

As a part of his investigation into similarities among the tools of early man, Howard traveled to Russia in 1935 to examine collections from eastern Siberia. He collected data on the relationship between Old and New World forms of implements.

In March 1937, Howard sponsored the International Symposium on Early Man conducted at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia.

With the outbreak of World War II, Howard attempted to enlist but was rejected due to a heart condition. He began to make a contribution to the war effort through employment in the engineering department at the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation in LaJolla, California.

Edgar Billings Howard died in 1943. The Early Man project, incomplete at the time, was assumed by Dr. Loren Eiseley of the Penn Museum.

Howard's publications include the books, Evidence of Early Man in North America, The Fauna of Burnet Cave, Guadelupe Mountains, New Mexico, and The Antiquity of Man in America.

Howard belonged to many scientific organizations and served as President of the Society for American Archaeology from 1938 to 1939.

Howard's Clovis, New Mexico field notes are a part of the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia.

Scope and Contents

Edgar Billings Howard, geologist and archaeologist, was born in New Orleans, Louisiana but attended St. Paul's School in Philadelphia before enrolling at Yale University. There, he completed a Ph.D. in paleontology from the Sheffield Scientific School in 1909. He served as a Captain in the infantry in World War I. Following his return from the war, Howard worked in business until his retirement in 1928. He turned his interests to what he called the "Earth Sciences" enrolling at the University of Pennsylvania. Howard completed his Ph.D. in geology in 1930.

From 1929 to 1936, Howard conducted field expeditions in Texas and New Mexico in the quest of finding links to early man. His investigations included Burnet cave in the Guadelupe Mountains and sites along the Blackwater Draw between Clovis and Portales in eastern New Mexico. His discoveries added to the knowledge of the "Folsom Complex" and included the Folsom flints, mammoth and sloth bones and early fauna.

The Early Man Project records consist of five folders of correspondence plus the original research proposal of Edgar B. Howard and some financial records. Howard's correspondence fills one folder. The remainder of the letters reflect what the program became following Howard's involvement(1940 to 1950).

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  6/30/2015

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Howard's Clovis, New Mexico field notes are a part of the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia.

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Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)
  • New Mexico
Personal Name(s)
  • Cotter, John L., 1911-1999
  • Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977
  • Howard, Edgar Billings, 1887-1943
  • Jepsen, Glenn L., 1904-1974
  • Rainey, Froelich, Director of the University Museum
  • Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
Subject(s)
  • Ethnology--Indigenous peoples
  • Folsom culture
  • North American Indians
  • Paleontology

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Collection Inventory

Howard Correspondence 1930-1936.

Box
1

Howard Research Proposal 1932.

Box
1

Howard Financial Records 1931-1936.

Box
1

General Correspondence.

Box
1
Box

1940-1941.

1

1942-1944.

1

1948.

1

1950.

1