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Benjamin Franklin papers

Ms. Coll. 900

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790
Title:
Benjamin Franklin papers
Date [inclusive]:
1705-1788
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 900
Extent:
872 items
Language:
English
Language Note:
In English and French.
Abstract:
Correspondence and documents, 1705-1788, primarily relating to Franklin's stay in France during the American Revolution and his role in the negotiations between France and the Continental Congress.
Cite as:
Benjamin Franklin papers, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Benjamin Franklin was appointed by the Continental Congress as a Commissioner to France in 1776, along with Silas Deane and Arthur Lee, to negotiate an alliance with France. He set sail with his grandsons, Temple Franklin and Benjamin Bache, and settled in the village of Passy, where he was offered rent-free lodging from American sympthazer and merchant, Jacques-Donatien Leray de Chaumont. Franklin was highly regarded in France due to his electrical experiments and quickly established a following of intellects, courtiers, and female admirers.

Franklin's popularity helped to bolster the American cause among the French people, but the French foreign minister, Comte de Vergennes, was non-committal. France's support was also hindered due to the Bourbon family pact of 1761, in which France and Spain pledged mutual support to each other in perpetuity. Without Spain's support coupled with Washington's defeats in New York, the French government was only willing to provide a secret loan and allow the use of French ports by American merchant ships. It was not until Washington's victory at Saratoga that France finally agree to support publicly the American cause for independence. A Treaty of Alliance and a Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed an 6 February 1778 but did not became official until 20 March 1778, when King Louis XVI received the three commissioners at Versailles.

Despite the Commission's success, the commissioners were finding it increasingly difficult to agree on policies. This was compounded by the arrival of John Adams in April 1778 to replace Silas Deane, who had been recalled due to allegations of financial mismanagement. In addition, the French had appointed a minister plenipotentiary to America, and protocal demanded that the new nation reciprocate with an appointee of similar rank. By the summer it was clear to Franklin, Adams, and Lee that only one person should be in charge of the negotiations. Congress appointed Franklin sole minister plenipotentiary in September 1778.

While Franklin continue his official work of securing additional loans, procuring supplies for the Continental Army and negotiating the exchange of prisoners, he did take time to pursue his other interests. In the summer of 1783, he witnessed the world's first unmanned hydrogen balloon flight in Paris and then the first manned flight in November. Franklin chronicled the events for the Royal Society in letters to Joseph Banks.

In 1781, Franklin was assigned the additonal role of handling the peace negotiations with Britain. Four others were assigned to the commission and included John Adams, John Jay, Henry Laurens, and Thomas Jefferson, who declined the assignment citing personal reasons. Negotiations with Britain began in 1782 and finally concluded with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

Scope and Contents

The Benjamin Franklin papers primarily contains correspondence during Franklin's tenure in France. Divided into three series, letter to Franklin, letters from Franklin and miscellaneous. The material is arranged chronologically within each series.

Franklin's papers include correspondence, social in nature but also contains official correspondence especially with his grand nephew Jonathan Williams, Jr., who was the U.S. commercial agent at Nantes. Other correspondents detailing Franklin's work as a U.S. Commissioner include France's foreign minister Comte de Vergennes; Marquis de la Fayette; and John Paul Jones. The latter details John Paul Jones’s dispute with French Captain Pierre Landais.

While securing financial and military assistance from France was Franklin's primary responsibility, he was also expected to procure supplies for George Washington, negotiate the exchange of prisoners of war and solve the problems of Americans in Paris. His papers are also filled letters from Europeans who sought commissions to serve as officers in the American army as well as those simply requesting money.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Purchased by Friends of the University, 1903.

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts, American--18th century
  • Manuscripts, French--18th century
Geographic Name(s)
  • France--Relations--United States--18th century
  • United States--Relations--France--18th century

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Other Finding Aids

The bulk of Benjamin Franklin's papers are housed at the American Philosophical Society.

Table of Abbreviations

A. = Autograph

D. = Document

Diss. = Dissertation

Dr. = Draft

E. = Endorsement

F.R.S. = Fellow of the Royal Society of London

L. = Letter

M.A.P.S. = Member of the American Philosophical Society

M.C.C. = Member of the Continental Congress

Mem. = Memorandum

Ms. = Manuscript

N. = Note

P. = Person

p. = Page

S. = Signed

[?] = Doubtful reading or information

Collection Inventory

I.  Letters to Benjamin Franklin.

Volume Page
Mrs. Deane, circa 1758 March 1.
Description

London. Acknowledging the copy of Poor Richard's Maxims, which are so excellent that they ought to be framed and hung up in every house. A.L. in 3d P. 1 p.

I 1
The Society for the Encouragement of Arts, 1761 July 24.
Description

London. Notice of Committee meeting to consider further the subject of Ship's Blocks. Printed N. S. Peter Templeman, Secretary. 1 p.

I 2
Miss Ralph, 1761 December 31.
Description

London. Her father James Ralph out of danger, but still very weak. Compliments to Mrs. Margaret Stevenson. A.N. in 3d P. 1p.

I 3
Mr. Mead, 1762 February 25.
Description

London. Account of the good effects of electricity, sent by a curate of Dr. Douglass, which Lord Bath wished he might see; desires to know if Dr. Franklin has anything to add to it before publication. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 4
Hannah Walker, 1764 December 18.
Description

Westbury. Glad to hear of his safe arrival in London. A.L.S. 1p.

I 5
Anthony Todd, 1764 December 24.
Description

London. Desiring an interview to show him the proposed clauses for the intended Act of Parliament. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 6
William Neale, 1765 June 27.
Description

St. Maryhill. Promising to send his carriage to convey him and Mrs. [Margaret] Stevenson to Richmond. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 7
Robert Charles, 1765 July 17.
Description

London. Desiring his company at the "Letter Feast," at the King's Arms Tavern, Cornhill. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 8a
Anthony Todd, 1765 July 18.
Description

London. Announcing that Lord Bessborough and Lord Grantham will meet at the General Post Office at noon to open their patent. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 8b
Colonel Denny, circa 1765.
Description

Invitation to dinner at the Star and Garter, Pall Mall, at a crown a head. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 9
John Michell, circa 1767 January 27.
Description

London. Invitation to dinner. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 8c
Joseph Sherwood, 1767 July 21.
Description

London. Concerning apparently a land claim which he is attending to for Dr. Franklin. L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 10
Messrs. Hope, circa 1767.
Description

Amsterdam. Invitation to dinner A.L.S. 1p.

I 11
George Whitefield, 1768 January 21.
Description

London. Desiring another interview. The College affair lies dormant. Prophesies the destruction of the world; hopes they will be among the happy few saved. A.L.S. 2p.

I 12
Thomas Pownall, circa 1769.
Description

London. Invitation to dinner. A.N. in 3d P. 1p.

I 8 d
Dr. Richard Huck Saunders, circa 1769.
Description

Invitation to dinner. A.l. in 3d P. 1p.

I 8e
Joseph Galloway, 1770 October 12.
Description

Philadelphia. Introducing Jacob Rush, brother of Dr. Benjamin Rush, who desires to complete his law studies at the Temple. A.L.S. 1p.

I 13
Benjamin Rush, 1770 October 14.
Description

Philadelphia. Introducing his brother Jacob Rush who intends to study for two years in the Temple, London, in order to finish his studies in the law. A.L.S. 2p.

I 14
Joseph Sherwood, 1771 February 12.
Description

London. Desiring dates and particulars in the boundary dispute between the Penns and Lord Baltimore. L.S. 1p.

I 15
Miss Jennings, 1771 March 20.
Description

London. Sending him a catalogue of the articles desired by herself and M. Conway. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 16
Richard Jackson, 1771 May 20.
Description

London, General Post Office. Sending him a piece of elastic gum. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 8 f
George Montagu, circa 1771.
Description

Duke of Manchester. Invitation to dinner. L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 17
John Walsh, circa 1771.
Description

London. Desiring Mr. Edward Bancroft's address; wishes to make inquiries concerning the "torporifick eel." A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 18
Mr. and Mrs. William Hewson, circa 1772 March 22.
Description

Reminding him of his promise to dine with them. N. in 3d P. 1p.

I 19a
The Associates of the late Dr. Bray for Founding Libraries and Instructing the Negroes in the British Plantations, 1772 May.
Description

London. Invitation to dinner at the King's Head Tavern, Holborn, on May 21. Engraved N. 1p.

I 19b
Jonathan Shipley, Bishop of St. Asaph., circa 1772.
Scope and Contents note

Will wait upon him the following evening with his family and Lord and Lady Spencer. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

I 20
Dr. William Heberden, 1774 June.
Description

London. Invitation to dinner on June 10. Engraved N. 1p.

I 19c
Peter Collinson, circa 1775.
Description

Enjoyed his "Vindication and offer from Congress to Parliament" very much; it must mortify Chief Justice William Allen, for it cuts him to the quick; wishe a copy sent to David Barclay, Jr. A.L.S. 1p.

I 21
King of Portugal, 1776 July 5.
Description

Lisbon. An edict prohibiting all intercourse between his dominions and the Rebel American Colonies. D.S. Count de Azambuja, President. 2p. Copy translated into English.

XII 1
Noble Wimberly Jones, 1776 July 11.
Description

Savannah. Prevented by his father's death and his own illness, from sitting in the Continental Congress. The South not as well prepared for defense as the North; Georgia's need of assistance. Indian massacres. A.L.S. 2p.

I 22
Anthony Wayne, 1776 October 3.
Description

Ticonderoga. Pleased to hear of the unanimity prevailing in Congress and of the settlement of the boundaries of the various States; glad the Convention is engaged in founding a new Government; surprised at the evacuation of Long Island. Situation of the Americans on Lake Champlain; strength of the British; condition of his brigade. Question of enlistments. A.L.S. 4p.

I 23
J. de Sparre, 1776 October 28.
Description

Strasbourg. Offering to come to Paris if he can be of any use. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

I 24
Continental Congress, 1776 December 23.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolved that the American Commissioners to France, furnish exact information as to Portugal's attitude towards America; orders to fit out vessels to prey upon British property; concerning a loan of 2,000,000 sterling. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary, John Hancock, President. 2p. Printed in Journals of Continental Congress, VI, 1035, Washington, 1906.

I 25
Continental Congress, Committee of Secret Correspondence, 1777 January 1.
Description

Baltimore. Announcing his appointment by Congress, as their Commissioner to negotiate a Treaty of Friendship and Commerce with the Court of Spain. L.S. Benjamin Harrison, Richard Henry Lee, Jno. Witherspoon, William Hooper. 1p.

I 26
Baron de Rullecour, 1777 January 18.
Description

Paris. Offers for his use a vessel of 64 guns which can be ready to sail in a fortnight; makes a similar offer for the month of May. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

I 27
Baron de Rullecour, 1777 January 20.
Description

Paris. Concerning the offer of a vessel to transport goods to America. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

I 28
J. Gruel, 1777 January.
Description

Account of monies paid by him. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

I 29
J. de Sparre, 1777 February 28.
Description

Strasbourg. Concerning the raising of troops in Hesse; can secure surgeons for the American army, if desired. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

I 30
Arthur Lee, 1777 May 12.
Description

Giving Dr. Franklin power of attorney to transact all business...him in Paris. D.S. 2p. In French.

I 31
Madame Carroll d'Auzouer, 1777 July 4.
Description

Desires a personal interview. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

I 32
Pillet, 1777 May 1-August 6.
Description

Bills of household expenses, receipted 48p. In French. See also Volume XII, page 2-7.

I 33-38
1777 August 25.
Description

St. Eustache. Evacuation of Ticonderoga; Gen. Arthur St. Clair and Gen. Mathieu Alexis de Rochefermoy blamed. Howe's probable destination. Gen. Robert Prescott replace in Rhode Island by Gen. Sir Robert Pigot. L. 2p. In French.

Volume Page
Marquis Alexandre d'Hanache, 1777 October 27.
Description

Paris. Enclosing a letter for the Comte de Stirling xxxxxxx. A.L.S. 3p.

I 40
J.Ingen Housz, 1777 December 14.
Description

Delft. Has leave of absence to go to Holland and England; desires some political news which may serve to keep his Royal Mistress in good humor. Reflections on the American revolt and England's probable attitude. A.L.S. 3p.

I 41
Silas Deane, 1777 December 29.
Description

Passy. Does not fully understand the enclosed; has gone to consult Conrad Alexandre Gérard de Reyneval about it. A.L.S. 1p.

I 42
Mercier, 1777.
Description

Desiring payment for his work of repairing arms. L. in 3d. P. 1p. In French.

I 43
Mercier, 1777.
Description

Begs for a reply to the two petitions he has had the honor of presenting. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

I 44
Mercier to the American Commissioners, 1777.
Description

Appeal for payment for the work of repairing muskets. L.S. 2p. In French.

I 45
1777.
Description

Defending Mr. William Hodge and requesting his release; Capt. Gustavus Conyngham alone to blames. L. 1p. In French.

I 46
circa 1777.
Description

Desires employment in America as military engineer; need of secrecy in his case. L. 2p. In French.

I 48
James Hutton, 1778 January 3.
Description

Passy. Begging him as a humane man to write his friends in Pennsylvania to use their influence to prevent unauthorized attacks upon Bethlehem; account of an attack made on the village which was repulsed by convalescent soldiers who were in the military hospitals, and of another in which they dragged a man at a horse's tail from Bethlehem to Easton. A.L.S. 2p.

II 1
Richard Bache, 1778 January 3.
Description

Manheim. Account of their flight before the British advance at the time of the battle of Brandywine. His wife gave birth to a daughter. Franklin's printing press sold to the State of Virginia. Acknowledges the receipt of the engraver's and potter's performances. The engraver he thinks has paid more attention to the fur cap than to the lines of the face. Theft of a package addressed by Franklin to Congress. Concerning the newspapers then being published. Family affairs. A.L.S. 5p.

II 2
Jno. Paul Jones, 1778 February 9.
Description

Nantes. News from America; situation of General Washington's and Sir William Howe's armies; Jersey militia sent to protect their own country; General Burgoyne at Winter Hill; reinforcements for Washington; fall of Howe determined; American army in fine spirits; Continental money appreciating; many prizes brought in; Generals Horatio Gates and Israel Putnam in command at King's Bridge; General Sir Henry Clinton in possession of no post beyond that point. A.L.S. 2p.

II 3
Andrew Christian Knoepffelius, 1778 March 4.
Description

Nordshausen. Desiring the position of Pastor at the German Reformed Church in Philadelphia; offers to come to Paris to see Dr. Franklin. A.L.S. 3p. In Latin.

II 4
Chevalier O'Gorman, 1778 March 10.
Description

Stating the amount of Dr. Franklin's debt for the rental of a carriage, and for wine used on the journey. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 5
De Bescheloche, 1778 March 12.
Description

Saint-Aubin. Bill of duties paid on wine. Printed D. 1p. In French.

II 6
Moreau, 1778 March 13.
Description

Receipt for duties paid on wine. Printed D. 1p. In French.

II 7
D'Espagne, 1778 March 18.
Description

Paris. Lost his fortune in a law-suit; sends Dr. Franklin a boook he has writte; if he can be of use to the young American Republic, offers to emmigrate there with his son and daughter. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 8
Mechia Caph. de Hari, 1778 March 24.
Description

Bienne. In spite of his parents' objections desires to enter the American army; desires Dr. Franklin's adi. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 9
Thomas Wren, 1778 March 25.
Description

Portsmouth. Writes on behalf of the prisoners, who desire a certain sum per week granted them for food; extortionate charges made by the person who furnishes their meals. A.L.S. 2p.

II 10
Gautier fils, 1778 April 2.
Description

Au Cap François. Concerning a claim by a man called Stephen Ceronio, to be an Agent of Congress; if true, his inability to pay certain debt reflects upon his Government. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 11
Madame L'Allemand, 1778 April 9.
Description

Sending a letter for him, committed to her care. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 12
D'Espagne, 1778 April 9.
Description

Paris. Desiring the position of French Consul in America. A.L.S. 4p. In French.

II 13
Edme Jacques Genet, 1778 April 10.
Description

Versailles. Sends the pretended reply of Great Britain to the Declaration of Independence; too long and erroneous to print; glad to publish any refutation Dr. Franklin may care to prepare. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 14
Courtney Melmoth, 1778 April 18.
Description

Paris. Prevented by sudden business from waiting on him wih Mrs. Melmoth. A.L.S. 1p.

II 15
Madame de Laumoy, 1778 April 21.
Description

Orleans. Asking for news of her son, who entered the American service in June 1776. L. in 3d P. 1p.

II 16
John D. Schweighauser, 1778 April 23.
Description

Nantes. Introducing his son-in-law M. Dobrée. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 17
John Williams, 1778 May 1.
Description

Has been shamefully and designedly deceived; refers Dr. Franklin, for details, to the bearer, Dr. James Smith, well-known for his loyalty to America. His own imminent departure. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 18
de Lugny, 1778 May 5.
Description

Bordeaux. As an experienced military engineer, desires to go to America and serve in the army. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 19
Martin fils to the American Commissioners, 1778 May 6.
Description

Marseilles. Desiring recommendations to merchants in the principal American ports, where he expects to sell his cargoes. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 20
Glèyo La Chesnaÿe, 1778 May 8.
Description

L'Orient. About to sail for America; offers his services. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 21
Aimé Ambroise Joseph Feutry, 1778 May 9.
Description

Sending a work of his which is out of print; expects to meet him at M. Le Ray de Chaumont's dinner; begs for a recommendation to Madame de Thélusson; desires her support for a certain petition. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 22
Edme Jacques Genet, 1778 May 9.
Description

Versailles. Promising to use the Resolution of Congress of December 19th. Sends a list of eleven ships, ordered by the British to watch the movements of the French. Arrival of important dispatches at St. James Palace from France on May 3d, which were immediately sent to the King at Portsmouth. A.L.S. 4p.

II 23
Comtesse de Broglie de Lameth, 1778 May 13.
Description

Dourier. Writes on behalf of the Chevalier de Bazantin, who was captured by the English on his way to join the American troops; asks that he may be exchanged and given a position worthy of his talents. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 24
Thomas Cushing, 1778 May 13.
Description

Boston. Rejoices with him over the consummation of the two treaties with France; while still ignorant of this alliance, Congress passed resolutions which did them much honor. Acknowledging his kindness to the writer's son, Thomas Cushing Jr., now in France. A.L.S. 2p. In duplicate.

II 25-26
Samuel Cooper, 1778 May 13.
Description

Boston. Congratulates him upon the consummation of the French treaties; gave public thanks from his pulpit; before this alliance was known, Congress had done itself much honor by its spirited rejection of Lord Howe's peace proposals. A.L.S. 2p.

II 27
Samuel Cooper, 14 May 1778.
Description

Boston. Joy in America over the news of the French treaties. Glowing prophesies of what a French fleet in the Delaware could accomplish. A.L.S. 2p.

II 28
William Carmichael, 1778 May 14.
Description

Boston. Arrival of the "Deane" on May 1st, also the two ships loaded by Mr. John Ross on account of Congress; the country rejoiced over the French Alliance; expense incurred through the late arrival of the clothing. Distress caused by the depreciation of paper money. Incidents of his voyage; difficulties and expense of travelling. Size of American army. High esteem in which Marquis de la Fayette, Count Pulaski, Chevalier de Bertail and Gen. Thomas Conway are held. A.L.S. 3p.

II 29
James Lovell, 1778 May 15.
Description

York. His letter concerning Mr. Silas Deane read in Congress; reasons why Congress regarded Deane's recall as imperative; his services not underestimated; believes he may return with honor on a mission to Holland. A.L.S. 3p.

II 30
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1778 May 18.
Description

Brest. Promising, as far as possible, to avoid any dispute with Mr. William Lee's deputy. Encloses a letter from Lieut. Thomas Simpson, who is under arrest and wished to be sent to America for trial. A.L.S. 2p.

II 31
Pahin Champlain de la Blancherie, 1778 May 19.
Description

Paris. Soliciting his support for the plan he intends presenting to the Academy on the morrow. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 32
Anisson Duperon, 1778 May 22.
Description

Paris. Reminding him of his promise to dine with him and visit the Royal Printing Office. L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

II 33
Peter Allaire, 1778 May 22.
Description

Calais. Just arrived from England; all the fleet in the Downs under way; the twelve ships of the line at St. Helen's have probably sailed too. A.L.S. 1p.

II 34
Lowendal, Comtesse de Brancas, 1778 May 23.
Description

Paris. Desires to enlist his interest in behalf of the Chevalier d'Abezac, a young French Corporal who wishes to serve in the American army. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 35
Charles Grant, Le Vicom te de Vaux, 1778 May 25.
Description

Paris. Desiring to know if the two vessels the "Lion" and "de Vaux" are among the number taken by the English. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 36
Etienne Francois, Marquis Turgot, 1778 May 26.
Description

Desiring letters of introduction to prominent people in Charleston, for M. Roulhac who intends to establish a commercial house in that city; withdrawing his previous request for letters for M. Menedrieu de Barcis. L.in ed P. 2p. In French.

II 37
Barbeu Dubourg, 1778 May 26.
Description

Paris. Enclosing a letter from M. Thomas Francois Busson, recommended to Dr. Franklin by M. Dalibard. Question whether hernia, especially umbilical hernia, is as common in America as it is in Europe; advisability of sending samples of bandages or trusses. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 38
Jerome Cazeneuve, 1778 May 27.
Description

Bordeaux. Account of a projected meeting on board the "Boston," to betray the frigate; with the consent of the Captain, he acted as a spy upon the conspirators. L.S. 5p.

II 39
Pahin Champlain de la Blancherie, 1778 May 27.
Description

College of Bayeux. Entreats Dr. Franklin to be present at the meeting of the Académie des Sciences, as he fears some hostile action on the part of his enemies, which would destroy the work of years. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 40
L. Duran, 1778 May 29.
Description

St. Affrique. Desiring information for the use of several young Frenchmen, who intend going into business in America. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 41
Jean Baptiste Le Roy, 1778 May.
Description

Requesting a letter of recommendation for a rich and worthy merchant of Bretagne, M. Lalande Robinot, who is ready to send a vessel to America. A.L. 2p. In French.

II 42
A. Borel, 1778 June 1.
Description

Desiring him to appoint a time when he may make his portrait. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 43
Samuel Cooper, 1778 June 1.
Description

Boston. Public honors paid to France. Conciliatory proposals by the British; at the same time theymade a barbarous attack upon Bristol; rumored that the British are to leave Philadelphia. Spirit in the American army. Burgoyne tried by court-martial; a favor he did not deserve. The proposed Constitution rejected; reasons for this. Mr. John Adams sailed for France in February; the ship reported captured. A.L.S. 4p. A. Copy.

II 44
Chevalier de Brétigney, 1778 June 1.
Description

Cap Francois. Free again after six months in British prison; expects to serve in the Georgia troops under the command of one of his friends. Glad to learn of the Franco-American Alliance. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 45
de Rochefermoy, 1778 June 2.
Description

Nancy. Report circulated by the Gazette of Leyden that the American officers at Ticonderoga were bribed by the British; as this reflects severely on his father, Mathieu-Alexis de Rochefermoy, Brigadier-General at Ticonderoga, begs Dr. Franklin to deny the report. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 46
Edme Jacques Genet, 1778 June 5.
Description

Versailles. Hears that he has received a bundle of newspapers from America; will be glad to translate and print any extracts he may deem desirable. A.L.S. 1p.

II 47
de St. Montant, 1778 June 8.
Description

Paris. Requesting an interview. A.L.S. 1p.

II 48
Desnos, 1778 June 10.
Description

Desires to enter the American army; asks for a free passage. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 49
Mesny, 1778 June 14.
Description

Roquancourt. Supporting a petition of Madame de Pulinet de Besancon; particular interest taken by M. e la Faye in the lady. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 50
Rudolph Ernest Hartmann, 1778 June 15.
Description

Amsterdam. Requesting information about Baron Hermann de Zedewitz, who stole a quantity of gems from the writer, in London, and then fled to America; Zedwitz's subsequent career in the American army; since May, 1777, has heard nothing of him. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 51
Edme Jacques Genet, 1778 June 17.
Description

Versailles. Desiring him to reply to an English attack on the Declaration of Independence; if he is too busy, will write it himself. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 52
Pahin Champlain de la Blancherie, 1778 June 17.
Description

College de Bayeux. Desiring his prescence at the Academy to see the model of a piece of sculpture relating to North America. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 53
Lainneville, 1778 June 17.
Description

Brest. Sends a package and letters received for him at Boston; refers him to them for American news. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 54
Delos, 1778 June 19.
Description

Strasbourg. The Government unable to co-operate with Capt. Jacques Le Maire, purchasing agent for the United States, without a letter from the Minister of War. Recommending a young officer, M. Marcellin, for a position in the American army. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 55
P. Huerne, 1778 June 20.
Description

Paris. Desiring to go to America, under his patronage. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 56
John Hyacinth de Magellan, 1778 June 20.
Description

Paris. About to leave for London; good wishes for Dr. Franklin's welfare and for the glorious cause. Praise for the President de Saron and all his family. A.L.S. 3p.

II 57
A. Bouget, 1778 June 24.
Description

Morat. Lost all his fortune in a Colonial indigo plantation; applies for assistance. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 58
Edme Jacques Genet, 1778 June 24.
Description

Versailles. Has made extracts for his paper and has then sent the letters to Comte de Vergennes. A.L.S. 2p. in French.

II 59
Missa, 1778 June 24.
Description

Paris. Inviting him and his grandson to dinner. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 60
Madame Dauber de Peyrelongue, 1778 June 25.
Description

Marmande. Begging him to secure the release of her son who is held prisoner by the British at St. Augustine. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 61
Rudolphe Ernest Hartmann, 1778 June 25.
Description

Amsterdam. Distressing situation of himself and family; begs him to secure the payment of the debt mentioned in a former letter. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 62
Benjamin Bristow, 1778 June 26.
Description

Paris. Asking for the address of Mr. Samuel Adams. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

II 63
Le Roux, 1778 June 27.
Description

Paris. Requesting his presence at a meeting of the College of Bayeux; will read a poem, addressed to the King, on the hostilities of the English. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 64
Pierre Jean Etienne Mauduit de la Varenne, 1778 June 28.
Description

Annoucing a postpnement of the public meeting of the Royal Society of Medicine. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 65
Antoine Court de Gebelin, 1778 June 29.
Description

Paris. Inviting him and his family to be guests of honor at a banquet to be given at Passy La Loge des Neuf Soeurs. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 66
George Adam Junker, 1778 July 2.
Description

Paris. Desires to communicate something concerning the United States. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 67
Pahin Champlain de la Blancherie, 1778 July 2.
Description

College of Bayeux. Feels assured that the establishment for which he solicits aid will be a success, and that its income will always exceed its expenses. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 68
Richard, 1778 July 2.
Description

Paris. Asking for news of M. Lebon. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 68
Claude Caeloman de Ruthiere, 1778 July 3.
Description

Reasons why he desires the immediate return of his History of Anarchy in Poland. A.L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

II 70
Claude Caeloman de Ruthiere, 1778 July 4.
Description

Desiring the return of his Mss., History of Anarchy, sent for Dr. Franklin's inspection. A.L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

II 71
De Bout, 1778 July 4.
Description

Paris. Desiring the return of a letter from the Chevalier de Bazantin, together with one from the Comtesse de Lameth. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 72
Marc François Gauthier, 1778 July 5.
Description

Brest. Accused of passing counterfeit money and sentenced to the galleys for life; declares his innocence; begs Dr. Franklin to procure his release and allow him to enter the United States navy. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 73
Edme Jacques Genet, 1778 July 10.
Description

Versailles. News from America; rumors of the evacuation of Philadelphia; announcement in the Courier de l'Europe of a Committee appointed by Congress to treat witht he English for peace; desires authority to stigmatize this report as a lie. A.L.S. 4p.

II 74
De Bout, 1778 July 12.
Description

Paris. Returning the Chevalier de Bazantin's letter; forwarded Dr. Franklin's letter to Madame de Broglie, Comtesse de Lameth. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 75
Madame Herbaut de Marcenay, circa 1778 July 12.
Description

Epinay. Expressing Mme. de Breget's acknowledgements and her regret at being unable to accept his invitation to dinner. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 76
Martin, 1778 July 14.
Description

Dunkirk. Desiring news of his son who left Nantes on March 12th for America. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 77
M. Faure, Donneau & Co., 1778 July 15.
Description

Marseilles. Desiring to know the truth of the report of the capture of the "Elégante" by the English ship "Emerald," and the decision of the Congress of Williamsburg to repay Capt. Colllineau of the "Elégante," owing to treachery having been used in the capture. A.L.S. Le Fort. 2p. In French.

II 78
Marquis Alexandre d'Hanache, 1778 July 18.
Description

Paris. Expressing a desire for a personal meeting; sent letters to be forwarded to his relative, Count Sterling William Alexander, Earl of Stirling; thinks by this time the answers should have arrived. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 79
Plombard & Legris, 1778 July 28.
Description

Nantes. Sends a bill of Henry Laurens for acceptance; M. Plombard going to America on business; offers his services. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 80
Comte de Conwaiy, 1778 August 3.
Description

Wishes to call on Dr. Franklin and Mr. John Adams and present M. de Brion and the Chevalier Alexandre d'Hanache; M. de Brion about to start for San Domingo. A.L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

II 81
Pahin Champlain de la Blancherie, 1778 August 5.
Description

Paris. Urging his presence at an approaching meeting of that establishment which he has so generously patronized. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 82
Pahin Champlain de la Blancherie, 1778 August 17.
Description

Inviting him to a meeting on the following day. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 83
Henry, 1778 August 23.
Description

Madrid. Ardent desire to enter the American service as engineer; account of his previous work; begs Dr. Franklin to help him. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

A.E. by Dr. Franklin. "The Commissioners have no orders to send more engineers; when they have, his application will be considered."

II 84
Droüet, 1778 August 24.
Description

Paris. Desires an interview. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 85
Odolant Desnos, 1778 August 28.
Description

Alençon. His only son has disappeared with the money given him to take his degree in medicine at the University of Paris; has probably assumed a false name; begs Dr. Franklin to find him. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

II 86
De La Faye, 1778 August 30.
Description

Paris. Requesting an answer to M. Ponteney's proposal to furnish supplies for America.

A.E. by Dr. Franklin. Orders for America all filled; recommends M. Ponteney to correspond with Mr. Jonathan Williams, Jr. at Nantes. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

II 87
Joseph Ruault Duplacy, 1778 September 21.
Description

Saint Brieuc. Has had thirteen years' experience on board British vessels; wishes to secure a position on one of the ships at Nantes. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

XII 9
L. Laffittee, Laurens & François Mongin and Jacques Fraissignea, 1778 October 2.
Description

Alresford, Hampshire. Captured at sea in October 1777; endured cruel treatment in a British prison until released on parole; desire to be exchanged. L.S. 2p. In French.

II 88
Daniel Hopkins, 1778 October 23.
Description

Boston. Begging his influence to secure the release of the writer's brother-in-law, John Palmer, who has been a prisoner in England for eighteen months. A.L.S. 1p.

II 89
Edme Jacques Genet, 1778 December 4.
Description

Versailles. The King of England's speech, with an abstract of the debates in both Houses, will appear on the morrow; has treated the lie about Gen. Washington as it deserved. A.L.S. 1p.

II 90
The Navy Board, Eastern Department, 1778 December 21.
Description

Boston. Orders for Capt. Pierre Landais, of the "Alliance," relative to his passenger, the Marquis de la Fayette; instructions covering his movements during the voyage to France and upon his arrival there. A.L.S. William Vernon, President John Deshon. 3p.

II 91
Deinet, circa 1778.
Description

Frankfort-on-Main. Sends a book of which other copies may be ordered, if so desired. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 92
Emmanuel Pierre De La Plaigne, circa 1778.
Description

Introducing Messrs. Charles Armand and de Guäy, two Captains of artillery whom he has enlisted in the service of Georgia; well pleased with his recruits. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

II 93
Jean Baptiste Dubois, circa 1778.
Description

His service in the French army; desires to be a Second Lieutenant in the United States army. L. in 3d P. 2p. In French.

II 94
Ferdinand Grand, circa 1778.
Description

Paris. Concerning Dr. Franklin's indebtness for books and for a sum sent to Mr. William Hodgson on behalf of the American prisoners. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

II 95
Keay, circa 1778.
Description

Paris. Enclosing an account of an accident in Philadelphia; the lightning-rods upon the house were certainly put up subsequent to the accident. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

II 96
W. Wildrik, 1778.
Description

Namur. Begging him once again to reply to his letters. A.L.S. 1p. in French.

II 97
Arthur Lee, 1779 January 24.
Description

Chaillot. M. Ferdinand Grand probably has the public papers he desires. Encloses Mr. Silas Deane's remarks. A.L.S. 1p.

III 1
B. B__d Thomas Digges, 1779 January 31.
Description

Hails with delight the disputes and discussions in America; opportunity to accelerate the subjugation of the revolted Colonies. Sorry to report successes by the French privateers. Sketches Lord Shelburne's future policy with respect to America; his own ability to aid him. Concerning the offers made by the Administration in England to purchase French neutrality in the present contest. A.L.S. 2p.

III 2
Mrs. Gibbes and Miss Stevens, 1779 February 2.
Description

Calais. Prevented from paying their respects by the indisposition of Mrs. Gibbes; compliments to Mr. John Adams. L. in 3d P. 1p.

III 3
Stephen Hills and five other Officers of the "Alliance", 1779 February 2.
Description

Brest Harbor. Desiring to be furnished with clothing and money; their monthly pay wholly inadequate. L.S. 3p.

III 4
Thomas Digges, 1779 February 7.
Description

Bristol. News from England; a fleet ready to sail from the West Indies. A regiment to be sent to Quebec to keep patriotic Canadians quiet. The British Ministry steering between peace and war; rumored changes in the Ministry. Stocks affected by reports of disunion in America; Americans expected to propose terms short of independence. No indication that Arthur Lee now has improper communications with Lord Shelburne. Exorbitant prices in America; suggestions for relief. A.L.S. 3p.

III 5
Silas Deane, 1779 February 7.
Description

Philadelphia. Introducing Major Montford, who served with distinction in America under Count Pulaski. A.L.S. 1p.

III 6
Stephen Hills and six other Officers of the "Alliance", 1779 February 7.
Description

Brest. Desiring the money promised them for their necessary expenses when they should reach France. L.S. 1p.

XII 10
Pierre Landais, 1779 February 8.
Description

Asking that the French authorities may have everything ready in the harbor for repairing the ship. A.L.S. 1p.

III 7
Aquila Johns, 1779 February 10.
Description

On board the "Buckskin." Certifying to his capture of the English privateer "Spy;" gives the parole of the "Spy's" officers and crew. A.L.S.

XII 11
Nathan Blodget, 1779 February 27.
Description

Brest. A list of articles ordered for transportation to America on board the "Alliance." A.L.S. 2p.

XII 12
Ferdinand Grand, 1779 March 2.
Description

Passy. The return of bills from Congress would be more of a blow to the United States than the loss of Georgia. Question of the American Commissioners being allowed to draw upon French banks. A.L. 2p. In French.

III 8
Benjamin Pierce and twelve other Petty Officers of the "Alliance", 1779 March 3.
Description

Brest. Complaining that Capt. Pierre Landais has not paid them their wages and has not furnished sufficient provisions; the petitioners in great need of clothing. L.S. 2p.

III 9
Arthur Lee, 1779 March 26.
Description

Paris. Enclosing an account of Mr. John D. Schweighauser, which he has found among his papers. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

III 10
Jacques Faynard, 1779 March 29.
Description

Paris. Has invented a powder for stopping hemorrhages both internal and external; invites him to be present at a trial of it, to be made before some members of the Academy of Surgery. L.S. 1p. In French.

III 11
Mathieu Tillet, 1779 April 7.
Description

Paris. Invitation to dine with M. Amelot, President of the Académie des Sciences, on the day of the public meeting with Dr. Franklin will read one of the papers. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

III 12
Boule, 1779 April 8.
Description

Paris. Has taken money with which he was entrusted; begs Dr. Franklin to keep this confession secret; promises to repay the money in six months and to show his repentenance by his future conduct. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

III 13
Chevalier de Keralio, 1779 April 17.
Description

Invtiting him and his grandson to dinner on the 22d. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

III 14
James Lovell, 1779 April 20.
Description

Philadelphia. Hopes that he has received his appointment as Minister Plenipotentiary to France. Silas Deane's recall necessary. Arthur Lee's destruction determined upon by a party in America. Urges him to write frequently to Congress in order to show that there is more than one man, Deane, in the universe who can please the Court of France. In the bitter discussions in America, Franklin has not escaped censure. A.L.S. 3p. (A. Copy.)

III 15
Thomas Digges, 1779 May 18.
Description

Gen. Sir William Howe's evidence yet before the House; likelihood of the Ministry abandoning the idea of America's subjugation. A.L.S. 1p.

III 16
Comte de Vergennes, 1779 June 1.
Description

Versailles. Questions which must be answered before a passport can be issued for Messrs. Sir William Jones and John Paradise. A.L. 1p. In French.

III 17
Stephen Hills and Joseph Adams, 1779 June 8.
Description

On board the "Alliance," L'Orient. Capt. John Paul Jones has tried in vain to influence Capt. Pierre Landais to do right; obliged to resign their position as officers, owing to the manner in which Captain Landais governs the ship. L.S. 2p.

III 18
Continental Congress, 1779 June.
Description

Philadelphia. Enclosing Acts of Congress of June 5th and 10th by which Dr. Franklin is directed to pay certain sums to M. Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais for supplies purchased and sent to America. L.S. John Jay, President. 2p.

III 19
Peter Vessey et al., 1779 July 8.
Description

Boling. Released from an English prison, only to be recaptured and imprisoned by the French; beg to be sent home to their families in America. L.S. 3p.

III 20
Continental Congress Committee of Foreign Affairs, 1779.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution of Congress, calling upon the Commissioners for information of their proceedings with M. Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais; sends journals and gazettes. Query whether no American privateer will retaliate on the coast of England for outrages committed by Great Britain on the American coast. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln's militia did well in attack on Gen. Augustine Prevost. A.L.S. James Lovell. 4p. In quadruplicate.

III 21
Continental Congress Commercial Committee, 1779 July 21.
Description

Philadelphia. Requesting Dr. Franklin not to permit bills from Oliver Pollock, Continental Agent at New Orleans to be protested. L.S. Francis Lewis. 2p. In duplicate.

III 22
James Lovell, 1779.
Description

Philadelphia. Complaints of the few letters received from him. Silas Deane's publication of December 5th, full of lies; believes he has ruined his chance of public usefulness. No longer any distinction in America between the Ministry and the people of England; from King to soot-boy they wish to say "Our Colonies." A.L.S. 4p. In triplicate.

III 23
Continental Congress, 1779 September 28.
Description

Philadelphia. Announcing the election of Samuel Huntington as President of Congress. A.L.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 1p.

III 24
Continental Congress, 1779.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolutions relative to the American Commissioners' Accounts. L.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 1p. Printed in Journals of Congress, Philadelphia, 1782, V, 308, 309, 373.

III 25
Vines and other Officers of the "Vengeance", 1779 October 26.
Description

On board the Vegeance. Certifying to Capt. Pierre Landais's refusal to obey orders. D.S. 1p. In French.

III 26
Philippe Nicolas Ricot, 1779 October 28.
Description

Texel. Certifying to insubordination on the part of Capt. Pierre Landais on several specified occasions. D.S. 2p. In French. Copy.

III 27
Officers of the American Squadron, 1779 October 30.
Description

Texel. Testimony of officers on the "Alliance," "Pallas" and "Bon Homme Richard," supporting the charges made by John Paul Jones against Pierre Landais. D.S. 7p. Copy.

III 28
Henry Laurence and others, 1779 November 2.
Description

Mill Prison, Plymouth. Complain of having been cruelly confined for over two years; appeal to him for relief. L.S. 2p.

III 29
Ladixmerie and other Officers of the Loge des Neuf Soeurs, 1779 November 10.
Description

Paris. Urging him to be present at their public fête; nothing else could give the meeting such éclat. L.S. 1p. In French.

III 30
Thomas Digges, 1779 November 15.
Descriptions

London. Introducing M. Fabroni and M. Fontana, two learned young Italian travellers. A.L.S. 1p.

III 31
la Hune, 1779 November 15.
Description

Passy. Tailor's bill receipted. Mem. 2p. In French.

III 32
Denis-Nicolas Cottineau de Kloguene, 1779 November 24.
Description

Complaining of the conditions on board the "Serapis;" equipments, food and irons for the prisoners lacking; the ship unseaworthy. L.S. 4p. In French. Copy.

III 33
Donald Forbes [Thomas Digges], 1779 December 3.
Description

Stepney. Moneys paid out for Dr. Franklin; cool attitude of Messrs. John Jay and Arthur Lee. American news in England; position of the British troops. Less talk of vigorously prosecuting the American war, in spite of Lord North's speech; report that "through the wicked machinations of Dr. Franklin, a very good understanding exists between Ireland and the Rebel Congress." A.L.S. 3p.

III 34
Baron d'Arendt, 1779.
Description

Wishes to be paid the 25 louis d'or promised him by Mr. William Lee, as per enclosed letter (copy, 1p.) for purchasing supplies; has overstaid his furlough from his regiment in Virginia, in order to discharge this commission; begs Dr. Franklin to give him a line explaining the delay. A.L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

III 35-36
Le Ray de Chaumont, 1778-1779.
Description

A statement of the receipts and expenditures on account of the United States in France. A.N. 1p. In French.

XII 13
Chaumont, Secretaire General des Hussards, circa 1779.
Description

Sends a petition from a German Prince, who wishes his name withheld until an answer is received. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

III 37
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 January 1.
Description

Nantes. Description of the hats, shoes and hose to be purchased for Congress; desires to know what the uniform is to be. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 1
The Continental Congress, 1780 January 4.
Description

Philadelphia. Directing him to apply to the French Court for aid in securing the exchange of Henry Laurens. Similar directions sent to John Jay. A.L.S. Samuel Huntington, President. 1p.

XII 14
Admiralty Court of France, 1780 January 5.
Description

Morlaix. Official report of the character and cargo of the prize "James and Thomas" taken by the American ship, "Black Prince" and brought to Morlaix. D.S. Ringuin, Griffin. 3p. In French.

IV 2
Admiralty Court of France, 1780 January 5.
Description

Morlaix. Testimony of François Fick concerning the capture of the prize "James and Thomas" by the "Black Prince;" extract from the reports. D.S. Ringuin and others. 2p. In French.

IV 3
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 January 10.
Description

Nantes. Desiring information about the clothing for 15,000 men, which he is getting ready in accordance with the plan of Dr. Franklin and M. de Chaumont. A.L.S. 3p.

IV 4
Admiralty Court of France, 1780 January 11-12.
Description

Morlaix. Official report of invoicing and sealing the cargo of the British prize, "Camden," taken by the American ship, "Black Princess." Extract from the minutes. A.D.S. Le Ridelle. 4p. In French.

IV 5
Admiralty Court of France, 1780 January 13.
Description

Morlaix. Testimony of Robert Storey concerning the capture of the English vessel, "Camden," by the "Black Princess." Extract from the Court Record. A.D.S. Le Ridelle. 3p. In French.

IV 6
Admiralty Court of France, 1780 January 13.
Description

Morlaix. Testimony of Thomas Borch, a British prisoner, concerning the capture of the "Camden" by the "Black Princess." Extract from the Minutes. A.D.S. Le Ridelle. 3p. In French.

IV 7
Admiralty Court of France, 1780 January 13.
Description

Morlaix. Testimony of Abraham Needam concerning the capture of the "Camden" by the "Black Princess." D.S. Le Ridelle 4p. In French.

IV 8
Admiralty Court of France, 1780 January 18.
Description

Morlaix. Concerning a protection from imprisonment of nine men and one cabin boy on board the "Camden." D.S. Le Bitter, Interpreter. 3p. In French.

IV 9
Admiralty Court of France, 1780 January 19.
Description

Morlaix. Testimony of John Hunt concerning the prize "James and Thomas" taken by the "Black Prince." Extract from the Minutes. D.S. Ringuin, Griffin. 3p. In French.

IV 10
Ringuin, 1780 January 21.
Description

Morlaix. Sends the testimony concerning the capture of the "James and Thomas" by the "Black Prince." A.L.S. 1p. In French.

IV 11
Chaumont, 1780 January 27.
Description

Paris. Concerning the proposal of a German Prince to furnish a regiment of soldiers for the American service. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

IV 12
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 February 1.
Description

Nantes. Enclosing a letter from Capt. John Manley, now in Mill Prison. Has drawn on M. Le Ray de Chaumont for money. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 13
Ringuin, 1780 February 2.
Description

Morlaix. Sends the testimony concerning the capture of the English ship, "Camden," by the "Black Princess." A.L.S. 1p. In French.

IV 14
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 February 19.
Description

Nantes. Business of shipping goods to America; orders of Congress concerning the clothing, conflict with the orders given by Marquis de la Fayette. A.L.S. 4p.

IV 15
John Williams, 1780 February 26.
Description

Nantes. Indignantly denies that he was in communication with the British Government, while in England; wishes to go to America and share the fate of his countrymen. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 16
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 February 26.
Description

Nantes. Begs Dr. Franklin to deny the report that his Uncle John Williams was in communication with the British Government while in London. Reported capture of six British transports bound from New york, with provisions for the garrison at Penobscot. A.L.S. 4p.

IV 17
Materre, 1780 February 29.
Description

Requesting news of Jacques Materre who sailed from Bordeaux on March 22, 1777, for the United States in order to enter the army. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

IV 18
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 March 5.
Description

Nantes. Introducing Mr. George Mason, Jr. of Virginia. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 19
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 March 7.
Description

Nantes. Concerning the shipment of clothing to Rochelle. Requests a passage to America for this Uncle John Williams and for Mr. Joseph Gridley, whose health requires his return. Asks for the receipt for Crown Soap. A.L.S. 3p.

IV 20
William Alexander, 1780 March 19.
Description

Paris. Certifying to being present at a conversation between Mr. William Pulteney and Dr. Franklin, when the former made proposals for a reconciliation with America. A.D.S. 2p. Copy.

IV 21
Jean Rosseau, 1780 March 25.
Description

Geneva. Writes on behalf of a person who wishes employment as Secretary. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

IV 22
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 March 27.
Description

Nantes. Concerning the terms agreed upon with M. Le Ray de Chaumont for shipping freight to America. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 23
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 March 30.
Description

Nantes. Question of duties on goods sent to America. Desires a letter of recommendation to the President of the Congress for his Uncle John Williams, who is about to sail, stating that he has not been employed by the English King since his commission in America, ten years ago; that he has been in France eighteen months and that Dr. Franklin wishes him to be received by his countrymen. A.L.S. 3p.

IV 24
Comte de Sarsfield, 1780 March 31.
Description

Paris. Desiring to know the whereabouts of a M. d'Orbrais, who went to America on a mission for Dr. Franklin; gave him a commission also, but has heard nothing from him. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

IV 25
Robert Morris, 1780 March 31.
Description

Philadelphia. The high esteem in which he holds both Silas Deane and Dr. Franklin; considers the former a martyr to the cause of America; his own embittering experience as a public officer. A.L.S. 4p.

IV 26
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 April 6.
Description

Nantes. Concerning the shipment of supplies at Brest. Report that the State of Maryland had taken some notice of him, as regards the mangement of their funds in England; desires further particulars. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 27
James Arthur Degge, et a. of the "Alliance", 1780 April 12.
Description

On board the "Alliance," L'Orient. Stating their destitute condition; have receive neither wages nor prize-money; their debts unpaid, and the ship almost ready to sail. L.S. 2p.

IV 28
Jacob Nuter, et al. of the crew of the "Alliance", 1780 April 14.
Description

L'Orient. Petition to have their wages and prize-money paid in France, rather than in America. L.S. 3p.

IV 29
John Paul Jones, 1780 April 18.
Description

Passy. Stating what rights the two privateers, the "Monsieur" and "La Grandville" have in the distribution of prizes. L.S. 2p.

IV 30
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 April 18.
Description

Nantes. Forwards a list of articles sent to Brest for shipment. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 31
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 April 22.
Description

Nantes. News from America; Gen. Sir Henry Clinton has at last appeared in South Carolina. Fears for the fate of the "Mercury" which bore Dr. Franklin's despatches. The Farmers-General to make an arrangement with the writer concerning duties. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 32
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 May 6.
Description

Nantes. Useless to send any more clothing to Brest, until transportation to America can be secured. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 33
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 May 10.
Description

Nantes. Asking him to procure the exchange of a solitary English prisoner who was left out of the cartels. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 34
Jean Rousseau, 1780 May 16.
Description

Desires a reply to his former letter, enclosing a memorial on the suject of American Indpendence. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

IV 35
Continental Congress, 1780 May 19.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution concerning drafts on Dr. Franklin and John Jay. Extract from the Minutes. L.S. James Lovell and William Churchill Houston. 1p.

IV 36
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 May 20.
Description

Nantes. Discusses ways and means of shipping the supplies for the American army; poor quality of French shoes. Report from Philadelphia tht up to March 18th, General Sir Henry Clinton had done nothing; the American force opposed to him numbered 7,000. A.L.S. 4p.

IV 37
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 May 26.
Description

Nantes. Objecting to the order of the French Government to pay export duties; desires such explanations made as will free him from payment. Capt. Kendrick, a prisoner, wishes his board paid so that he may return to America. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 38
James Warren, et al., of the "Alliance", 1780 May 31.
Description

L'Orient. Asking for their wages and prize-money and requesting to have their ship sent back to America; begs to know the answer to Dr. Franklin's memorial to the Court of Denmark, concerning the prize-vessels. Regretting that Capt. Pierre Landais is deprived of his command as his offense, as charged, reflects seriously upon his officers. L.S. 3p.

XII 15
J. Watkins, et al., of the crew of the "Alliance", 1780 June 1.
Description

L'Orient. Sending an impudent paper, signed by 115 men of the "Alliance," in which they demand their prize-money and Capt. Pierre Landais's restoration to his command. L. 3p.

XII 16
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 June 5.
Description

Nantes. Advising the purchase of a ship to carry the stores to America. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 39
James Arthur Degge, et al., of the "Alliance", 1780 June 7.
Description

L'Orient. Asking to have Capt. Pierre Landais restored to the command of the "Alliance." L.S. 2p.

IV 40
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 June 9.
Description

Nantes. Enclosing a petition from some French merchants who are charged with giving an erroneous estimate on tobacco shipped to them; desires him to sanction the petition and send it to M. Jacques Necker. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 41
Destouches, 1780 June 14.
Description

Dunkirk. Transmits a copy of the Admiralty Proceedings upon the prizes "Le Pierre" and "L'Amité" taken by the American corsair, the "Black Prince." A.L.S. 2p.

IV 42
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 June 14.
Description

Nantes. Capt. John Paul Jones gone to Paris with news of the revolution on board the "Alliance." The "Serapis" to be sold; question of the French Government buying it and permitting it to be used to send supplies to America. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 43
Pierre Landais, 1780 June 16.
Description

L'Orient. Has resumed command of the "Alliance;" sends a copy of his commission to show that he is within his rights; asks for orders concerning the arms on board the "Alliance;" offers to execute any commissions for Dr. Franklin in America. L.S. 2p.

IV 44
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 June 19.
Description

L'Orient. Introducing Dr. John Foulke and Mr. George Fox of Philadelphia. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 45
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 June 21.
Description

L'Orient. Captain John Paul Jones can regain the "Alliance" only by capture; question of transporting the 4,000 suits of clothes. Arrival of Marquis de la Fayette in Boston. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 46
Comte de Vergennes, 1780 July 31.
Description

Versailles. Concering the correspondence between himself and Mr. John Adams; desires it transmitted to Congress in order that they may judge of Mr. Adams's fitness for his present delicate mission. L.S. 1p. In French. Copy.

IV 47
Denis-Nicolas Cottineau de Kloguene, circa 1780 June-July.
Description

Concerning certain observations of John Paul Jones, printed in the Gazette of Amsterdam and Leyden, relative to the encounter between the American ships and th English frigates, the "Serapis" and the "Countess of Scarborough;" contradicts many of Jones's statements; condemns his plan of battle and his treatment of the wounded. A.L. 5p. In French.

IV 48
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 August 3.
Description

Nantes. No word from Le Ray de Chaumont concerning the purchase of the ship at Bordeaux. Promises to delay drawing bills as much as possible. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 49
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 August 28.
Description

Nantes. Introducing Jeremiah Allen, of Boston. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 50
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 August 29.
Description

Nantes. Introducing Mrs. William Blake of South Carolina, and her children; asking for passports to England for them. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 51
Fournier le jeune, 1780 September 4.
Description

Asking him to appoint a convenient time to go and hear the organ. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

IV 52
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 September 26.
Description

Nantes. Detailed account of loading a ship at l'Orient with a cargo, including saltpetre, destined for America. A.L.S. 3p.

IV 53
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 September 28.
Descripton

Nantes. Requesting a passport for George Moore, son of Philip Moore, of Philadelphia, who wishes to visit his grandfather in the Isle of Man. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 54
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 September 30.
Description

Nantes. Question of how to transfer the saltpetre from St. Malo to l'Orient, for shipment on the "Breton." Capt. Samson returned without doing anything. Extravagant ideas about the money to be borrowed in Europe. A.L.S. 3p.

IV 55
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 October 7.
Description

Ship being loaded as quickly as possible. Desires the return of papers relative to the Spanish snow being recaptured by the "Hercules," Capt. John Carey. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 56
Ezra Stiles, 1780 October 10.
Description

Newport, R.I. Sends drawings and description of a new wheel for a grist mill, invented by Mr. Kelsy, of Connecticut. Spirited account of Gen. Benedict Arnold's treason. A.L.S.

IV 57
John Paul Jones, 1780 October 13.
Description

L'Orient. Description of a tremendous storm; his vessels unable to proceed to America for some time; the supplies for the United States to be carefully preserved; great courage displayed by the crew; enclosing an account of the storm, by the officers of the "Ariel," 2p. A.L.S. 2p.

Volume Page
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 October 14.
Description

Nantes. Introducing Mr. French of Bordeaux. Anxious to hear of the great ship's arrival at l'Orient. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 58
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 October 17.
Description

Nantes. Introducing M. Zollicoffre, a Swiss, who has been for some time in America. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 59
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 October 17.
Description

Nantes. Plan for utilizing the Massachusetts State ship, "Mars," now at Nantes. Desires advice concerning the Portuguese Captain who was taken by Capt. Simon Samson. News of John Paul Jones's disaster; this make more goods to be shipped. A.L.S. 6p.

IV 60
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 October 19.
Description

Nantes. Question of shipping the saltpetre. News of the check Gen. Horatio Gates has received. A.L.S. 2p.

IV 61
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 October 24.
Description

Nantes. M. Le Ray de Chaumont's failure to pay his bills imminent; the writer's own credit must be maintained at whatever cost; begs Dr. Franklin to see that all of his notes are promptly honored. A.L.S. 3p.

IV 62
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 October 31.
Description

Nantes. Sorry that Dr. Franklin has the gout. The "Mars" soon to be loaded. All difficulties concerning the saltpetre to be removed. Promises to send accounts in a day or two. A.L.S. 3p.

IV 63
unidentified, 1780 November 21.
Description

Question of the genuineness of certain bills. The heads of the British apparently turned by their sucess in South Carolina and by their acquisition of Gen. Benedict Arnold; seven-eighths of them in favor of continuing the war; belief that the Americans will quarrel with their allies. Trial of an American, named John Trumball for treason; belief that he will be convicted merely because he is of the same rank as the late Major John André. A.L. 2p.

IV 64
John Bondfield, 1780 December 9.
Description

Bordeaux. Invoice of fifty-six pieces of artillery shipped from Bordeaux to l'Orient on Dr. Franklin's order. L.S. 1p.

IV 65
Continental Congress, 1780 December 21.
Description

Philadelphia. Orders concerning the release and exchange of Henry Laurens. L.S. Samuel Huntington, President. 1p.

IV 66
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1780 December 30.
Description

Nantes. Annoucing the birth of a daughter. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 67
Le Ray de Chaumont, 1780.
Description

Computation of the cost of clothing 15,000 men. A.N. 1p. In French.

IV 68
Laurent Josselin, circa 1780.
Description

Has lost his position in the Royal Arsenal at Marseilles; anxious to secure work with the army in America. L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

IV 69
Marquis de la Fayette, circa 1780.
Description

Paris. Sending him an "arrét" just received for their free ports. A.L.S. 1p.

IV 70
Jean Baptiste Le Roy, circa 1780.
Description

Asking his influence on behalf o fLieurenant-Colonel Antoine Felix Wuibert, of the American army, who has suffered imprisonment and hardship; his appointments never paid him. A.L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

IV 71
L'Abbé Jean Louis Giraud Soulavie, circa 1780.
Description

Has an unpublished work on the American Revolution, which has been praised by Comte de Vergennes. He sends Dr. Franklin a list of questions, and desires permission to publish his answers. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

IV 72
Continental Congress, 1781 January 4.
Description

Philadelphia. Enclosing an order of Congress for the release and exchange of henry Laurens. L.S. Samuel Huntington, President. 1p. Copy.

V 1
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 January 16.
Description

Nantes. Concerning a draft drawn by him on Le Ray de Chaumont and protested; money needed by him in case M. de Chaumont did not resume payment; his reputation as a merchant involved; enclosing list of his bills drawn on Dr. Franklin, 1p. A.L.S. 1p.

V 2-3
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 January 18.
Description

Nantes. Concerning a draft on Dr. Franklin given by him to M. Carier to replace certain drafts on Le Ray de Chaumont. A.L.S. 2p.

V 4
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 January 25.
Description

Nantes. Le Ray de Chaumont approaching bankruptcy; before this occurs advises the purchase from him of a lot of goods ready for America. The ship at Bordeaux to be forced to go to l'Orient. A.L.S. 4p.

V 5
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 January 27.
Description

Nantes. Information received in a letter from Joseph Wharton, that Col. John Laurens is appointed Envoy Extraordinary to Paris, on particular business only; Mr. William Palfrey coming as Consul-General of France. Prisoners captured by the Americans. A.L.S. 3p.

V 6
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 February 1.
Description

Desiring to know what answer to make the prisoners who are continually begging to be exchanged. Encloses a letter for M. Jacques Necker. A.L.S. 2p.

V 7
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 February 4.
Description

Nantes. The ship, "Marquis de la Fayette," not yet at l'Orient. The "Aurora" illegally detained at l'Orient for freight charges. Glad Le Ray de Chaumont has resumed payment. A.L.S. 3p.

V 8
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 February 9.
Description

Nantes. Concerning the arrest of Mark Anthony, the writer's black servant; encloses certificate of emancipation and asks that application be made to the French Ministers to secure his release. A.L.S. 3p.

V 9
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 February 9.
Description

Nantes. Enclosing a letter just received by the brig "Sally;" the English fleet still in Gardiner's Bay, New York and the French in Rhode Island. A.L.S. 1p.

V 10
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 February 14.
Description

Nantes. Concerning a convoy for the vessel "Marquis de la Fayette," which will soon be freighted for America. A consul much needed at Nantes, in order to enlist American seamen in the American service. A.L.S. 2p.

V 11
Continental Congress, 1781 February 27.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolutions complimentary to John Paul Jones. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 2p.

V 12
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 February 29.
Description

Nantes. Concerning his protest against freight duty charged on the cargo of the "Aurora." Has his servant Mark Anthony back but is under bonds to send him away in six months; complains bitterly of the Procureur's attitude in this affair. A.L.S. 2p.

V 13
Continental Congress, 1781 March 1.
Description

Philadelphia. Accession of Maryland to the Confederation of States. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 1p.

V 14
Continental Congress, 1781 March 2.
Description

Philadelphia. Enclosing extracts from the minutes of Congress, February 27, 1781, and instructing Dr. Franklin to communicate them to the King of France. L.S. Samuel Huntington, President. 1p. In duplicate.

XII 19
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 March 6.
Description

Nantes. Sends a copy of an account received from l'Orient, contradicting the reported mutiny of the Pennsylvania troops, as published by the English. L.S. 1p.

V 15
Matthew Parke, 1781 March 13.
Description

L'Orient. On behalf of the officers and men of the "Alliance," urges the payment of the prize-money due them; the present Commander of the "Alliance," Capt. John Barry, much liked. A.L.S. 2p.

V 16
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 March 20.
Description

Nantes. The ship, "Marquis de la Fayette," ready to sail for America after the equinox; awaits Dr. Franklin's final orders as to her destination. A.L.S. 3p.

V 17
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 April 2.
Description

L'Orient. The "Marquis de la Fayette" and the "Alliance" have just sailed; the despatches to be sent by the "Aurora." A.L.S. 2p.

V 18
Silas Deane, 15 April 1781.
Description

Paris. Encloses a letter from Mr. Arthur Lee; has promised that his board-bill shall be paid; would not trouble Dr. Franklin with this matter if his own circumstances were different. A.L.S. 1p.

V 19
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 April 18.
Description

Nantes. Is coming to Passy. Recently travelled with Thomas Paine, the author of "Common Sense;" Paine's opinion of Silas Deane and Arthur Lee. Advantage of sending cloth to America to be made up into uniforms. A.L.S. 4p.

V 20
William Temple Franklin, 1781 May 18.
Description

Concerning an action which took place on May 2nd between the French squadron and an English fleet, from St. Eustatius, of thirty-four merchant vessels, escorted by the "Vengeance" and other ships; twenty-two merchant vessels and two corsairs taken. A.L.S. 2p. In French and English.

V 21
Robert Morris, 1781 June 6.
Description

Philadelphia. Announcing his appointment as Minister of Finance; undertakes the work at a great sacrifice of his domestic happiness; Dr. Franklin's support will be highly esteemed; aware that anyone in a high station must be subject to bitter attacks. L.S. 3p.

V 22
Robert Morris, S.J. of Finances, 1781 June 8.
Description

Philadelphia. Concerning the choice of a firm to receive the money granted by France to the United States; in favor of selecting Messrs. Couteulx & Co. L.S. 3p. In duplicate.

V 23-24
Continental Congress, 1781 June 14.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution empowering Dr. Franklin to offer Lieut.-Gen. John Burgoyne in exchange for the Honorable Henry Laurens. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 1p. Copy.

V 25
Gabriel Tardy, 1781 June 19.
Description

Nantes. News received of the escape of Capt. Gustavus Cunningham and others from Mill Prison. On June 4th, twenty-four Americans entered the British Service. A.L.S. 1p.

V 26
Continental Congress, 1781 July 5.
Description

Philadelphia. Empowering Dr. Franklin to offer Lieut.-Gen. John Burgoyne in exchange for the Honorable Henry Laurens. L.S. Samuel Huntington, President. 2p.

V 27
Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, 1781 July 6.
Description

Philadelphia. Asking that the enclosed letter from mr. Lowndes to his son, be forwarded to London. Dr. Franklin unanimously chosen Peace Commissioner; appointment of Henry Laurens unnecessary. A.L.S. 2p. In duplicate.

V 28
Mrs. Sarah Bache, 1781 July 12.
Description

Philadelphia. Introducing the bearer, Major David Salisbury Franks, of the American Army, to Dr. Franklin's notice and friendship. A.L.S. 1p.

V 29
Robert Morris, 1781 July 14.
Description

Philadelphia. Desiring Dr. Franklin to sounds some of the eminent bankers in Paris, as to the credit they are willing to give to a United States bank founded upon the enclosed plan. A.L.S. 2p.

V 30
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 July 21.
Description

Nantes. A plan by which British prisoners may be procured and exchanged for Americans. A.L.S. 3p.

V 31
Robert Morris, S.J. of Finances, 1781 July 13-21.
Description

Philadelphia. Deplorable state of the country's finances due to the use of paper money. Money needed to start a bank and a Mint. Mr. John Jay instructed to negotiate a large loan at Madrid. Unfair to ask France for more money. Desiring Dr. Franklin to confer with leading bankers in Paris as to organizing a Natinal Bank in America. Advising that the money loaned by France should remain in that country. Attempts made by Congress to raise the value of paper money. L.S. 13p. In duplicate.

V 32
Jonathan Trumbull, 1781 August 2.
Description

Hartford. Sends money for the use of his son, Col. John Trumbull, then a prisoner in London. A.L.S. 1p.

V 33
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 August 4.
Description

Nantes. Sends letters for Dr. Franklin which arrived on the brig "Sally," from Rhode Island. A.L.S. 1p.

V 34
John Bondfield, 1781 August 10.
Description

Bordeaux. Purchase of cannon. Capture of a cutter in the Bay of Biscay, by two American privateers. An American vessel from Port-au-Prince chased on shore by a British vessel and totally wrecked. A.L.S. 3p.

V 35
Continental Congress, 1781 August 10.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution appointing Robert R. Livingston Secretary for Foreign Affairs. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 1p. In duplicate.

V 36-37
Edmund Burke, 1781 August 15.
Description

Charles Street, London. Feels the calamities of the war and among them the discontinuance of his intercourse with Dr. Franklin; has desired his friendship for a long time. Concerning the reported application of Congress for the return of his friend, Gen. John Burgoyne, to captivity in America; appeals to Dr. Franklin not to suffer this injustices to take place. A.L.S. 3p. Printed in Burke's Speeches, II, p. 468.

V
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 August 17.
Description

Nantes. Submits a proposal for the sale of arms; if he accepts the offer, asks to be appointed Agent. A.L.S. 1p.

V 39
Mauger et Companie, 1781 August 20.
Description

Metz. Ready to ship a large amount of goods to the United States; beg that the French importation laws may be waived, in order to facilitate the shipment. Letter from Estris de Cornie endorsing this request. L.S. 3p. In French. Copy. A.E. urging that this request be granted. S. Benjamin Franklin.

V 40
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 September 1.
Description

Nantes. Desires a recommendation to M. de Fleury. Has tried to repay Dr. Franklin's favors by turning over business to Mr. Richard Bache's House. A.L.S. 2p.

V 41
J. Cottin & fils Jauge, 1781 September 4.
Description

Paris. Threatened with the loss of an American bill; appeal to secure its payment. L.S. 3p. In French.

V 42
Jacques Besse, 1781 September 5.
Description

Kehl. Technical letter from a young printer. Enthusiastic over a perpetual motion machine, which he is planning. A.L.S. 4p. In French.

V 43
Comte de Montfort, 1781 September 10.
Description

Noyon. Recommending Gourlet Duplessis; account of the good services he has rendered the United States; certificates from army officers, enclosed. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

V 44
Mallet, 1781 September 13.
Description

Havre. On his recommendation, trusted William Williams and Augustin Morice; both have departed without paying their room-rent; sends the bill to him for payment. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

V 45
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 September 13.
Description

Nantes. Introducing Wanton Casey, son of Silas Casey, of Rhode Island. A.L.S. 1p.

V 46
Robert Morris, 1781 September 14.
Description

Philadelphia. Commission to procure him certain books on the public account. L.S. 1p.

V 47
Palteau, Chevalier de Veimerange, 1781 September 23.
Description

Paris. Question of sending supplies to the Agent of Congress in Boston. L.S. 1p. In French.

V 48
Continental Congress et al., 1781 September 24.
Description

Major Lomagne, of Col. Charles Armand's Legion, given an honorable discharge on account of illness. Testimony of Gen. Edward Hand, Baron von Steuben and Gen. John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg to Major Lomagne's zeal and activity. Mem. 2p. Copy.

V 49
Etienne François, Marquis Turgot, 1781 September 25.
Descriptions

Chateau de Bous. Begging Dr. Franklin to secure from John Hancock an order for the shipment of certain seeds promised the wrtier by a Frenchman in Pennsylvania. L.S. 2p. In French.

V 50
Silas Deane, 1781 October 2.
Description

Paris. Explaining the matter of his expenses; wishes to demonstrate the rectitude of his conduct, and the justice of his demands on Congress; meets some of the accusations made. A.L.S. 3p.

V 51
Perregaux, 1781 October 3.
Description

Paris. Sending him a letter, entrusted to his care. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

V 52
O'Donnoghue, 1781 October 8.
Description

Bruges. Desires information concerning a certain O'Donnoghue, born in Philadelphia; said to be a Catholic; question concerning the social and political standing of the American O'Donnoghues. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

V 53
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 October 10.
Description

Nantes. Introducing Foster March Penny and requesting a pass to London for him. A.L.S. 1p.

V 54
Petry, 1781 October 15.
Description

Expressing his belief that his brother, who has gone to fight in America, will be worthy of Dr. Franklin's letters of recommendation. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

V 55
Francis Coffyn, 1781 October 16.
Description

Dunkirk. Money furnished American prisoners; letter from John Adams stating that no more prisoners must be sent to Amsterdam; question of where to send them. Enclosing a letter from Thomas Beer who is destitute and wishes to emigrate to America. A.L.S. 2p.

V 56
John Adams, 1781 October 19.
Description

Amsterdam. Thinks it is a mistake for America prisoners who have escaped from the British, to come to Holland; cites case of Mr. Thomas Beer. L.S. 2p. Copy.

V 57
Gourlade & Moylan, 1781 October 22.
Description

L'Orient. Questions of drawing on Dr. Franklin for the payment of certain bills. L.S. 2p. In French.

V 58
Madame Virth, 1781 October 26.
Description

Hesdin. Her husband embarks for America, under the orders of Commodore Alexander Gillon; the Commodore's promise to send her 60 livres per month; no money has been received; appeals to Dr. Franklin for aid. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

V 59
John Hancock, 1781 October 27.
Description

Boston. Introducing Mr. William Knox, brother of General Henry Knox. A.L.S. 1p.

V 60
Le Grand de Castelle, 1781 November 2.
Description

St. Omer. Desiring Dr. Franklin's advice as to removing his friend, Col. George Mercer of America, who is ill in a French inn; supposes that an order from Congress in necessay. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

V 61
Madier, 1781 November 4.
Description

Beaucaire. Offering to send goods to the United States, to be sold at the same price as in France; encloses a memoir on the subject, 3p. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

V 62-63
Charles Le Guen, 1781 November 7.
Description

Morlaix. Appointed the agent of L'Heritier, Huigen & Co., to colelct damages from the United States for the sale of the cargo of the Swedish ship "Victory," captured by the "Alliance;" encloses copy of his appointment, 2p. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

V 64-65
Continental Congress, 1781 November 7.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution, directing the Secretary of Foreign Affairs to prepare a sketch of emblems of the United States; French Alliance to be inscribed upon the marble column at Yorktown. Attested copy S. Lewis R. Morris, Secretary. 1p.

V 66
Madame Myron Amelunxen?, 1781 November 9.
Description

Herzebrock. Begs him to forward the enclosed letter to her brother, who is fighting under Gen. Washington; if he is dead, wishes to know it in order to settle affairs of importance. L.S. 1p. In French.

V 67
Le Chevalier de la Chambre, 1781 November 11.
Description

Caen. Acknowledging his letter of October 29 confirming the writer's good opinion of M. Stephen Gregory, Lieutenant of the United States Marines. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

V 68
John Adams, 1781 November 12.
Description

Amsterdam. Departure of the "South Carolina" from Corunna on October 17; Capt. William Jackson and Mr. John Trumbull gone to America. The goods for the American army still at Amsterdam; desires to know if a part had better be sold to pay the freight on the remainder; the soldiers will need them during winter. L.S. 2p.

V 69
William Knox, 1781 November 19.
Description

William Knox. On board "L'Engageante," Groia. Sends a letter from George Hancock and one from John Temple, also American newspapers with account of Lord Cornwallis's surrender. A.L.S. 1p.

V 70
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 November 22.
Description

Nantes. Introducing Mr. Thomas Barclay. Congratulations on the late glorious news. A.L.S. 1p.

V 71
Continental Congress, 1781 November 23.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolutions concerning the Marquis de la Fayette's visit to France. D. 2p. Copy.

V 72
Robert R. Livingston, 1781 November 26.
Description

Philadelphia. Recommending a further loan from France and the maintaining of a French fleet on the American coast. Desiring to know if any of Mr. Silas Deane's letters to persons in America have been intercepted and published in Europe. L.S. 11p. In quadruplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 4.

V 73
Robert Morris, 1781 November 27.
Description

Philadelphia. Instructions to Capt. John Barry, of the frigate "Alliance," concerning his future movements. L.S. 2p.

XII 20
Continental Congress, 1781 November 27.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolutions empowering Mr. Robert Morris to take into his hands all monies belonging to the United States. A.L.S. George Bond, Deputy Secretary. 1p.

V 74
Continental Congress, 1781 November 23, 27, December 3.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolutions allowing Marquis de la Fayette to return to France, appointing him American Agent there, and placing the European loan under the direction of Mr. Robert Morris. D.S. Peter S. Du Ponceau, Secretary. 3p.

V 75
Continental Congress, 1781 December 3.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution empowering Mr. Robert Morris to dispose of all monies according to the Acts and Resolutions of Congress. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 1p.

V 76
Richard Bache, 1781 December 4.
Description

Philadelphia. Mr. Silas Deane's letters have ruined him in the opinion of his countrymen; some suspicion cast upon Dr. Edward Bancroft. A.L.S. 1p.

V 77
Robert Morris, 1781 December 4.
Description

Office of Finance. Mr. John Ross's bills should be paid, not sent back protested. Payments made to M. Ferdinand Grand and to Mr. William Bingham. L.S. 2p. In duplicate.

V 78
Madame de Wesselow Cramer, 1781 December 10.
Description

Congratulating him upon the success of the American arms in Virginia. News of his grandson Benjamin Franklin Bache; question of his studies; gives him the same degree of care accorded to her own children. Concerning a position for Madame Dorcas Montgomery. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

V 79
Continental Congress, 1781 December 10.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution directing the States to fill their quotas in troops by a certain date. Extract from the Minutes. S. George Bond, Deputy Secretary. Copy attested by Lewis R. Morris, Secretary. 3p.

V 80
Robert R. Livingston, 1781 December 16.
Description

Philadelphia. Wilmington, a center of Toryism, evacuated, leaving the North Carolina tories to the mercy of resentment of their countrymen. Desiring a sketch for a memorial pillar to be erected at Yorktown. Encloses an ordinance of Congress prohibiting the importation of all British goods not captured. L.S. 3p. In duplicate and triplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 53.

V 81-82
Chevalier de Bres, 1781 December 22.
Description

Nice. Soliciting his aid for four young men who wish to enter the American Army; unknown to Dr. Franklin; gives references. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

V 83
Guillaume Jaume, 1781 December 23.
Description

Lyons. Desires him to send his grandsom Benjamin Franklin Bache to a Catholic Academy in which he is interested; describes the curriculum; Protestants frequently plac etheir children in this school. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

V 84
Madame Bouroyan de Preuille, 1781 December 24.
Description

St. Martin. Begging that the enclosed letters may be forwarded to her grandson at Boston. L.S. 1p. In French.

V 85
Barbeu Dubourg, circa 1781.
Description

Affair of M. Coder. Purchase of canvas. A consulship in Normandy without pay for M. Grégoire. Exchange of the writer's nephew, taken prisoner by the English. Encloses a note for Mr. John Adams and a letter for M. Mottin de la Balme. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

V 86
Antoine Court de Gebelin, circa 1781.
Description

Thanking him for accepting an invitation to a meeting of the Lodge des Neuf Soeurs. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

V 87
Ferdinand Grand, circa 1781.
Description

Sending an extract from a letter from Mr. Jonathan Williams, Jr., of Nantes, concerning 6 per cent. Congressional Bonds payable in 1781, and desposited with him. A.L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

V 88
Abbé Morellet, circa 1781.
Description

Sending him a part of his work upon the American Colonies. Leaves it to Dr. Franklin to say whether or not it shall be published. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

V 89
Sir Edward Newenham, circa 1781.
Description

Paris. Encloses speeches of Mr. Charles James Fox. The London paper honored the writer by recording that he breakfasted with Mr. Henry Laurens. Enclosing resolutions of the Volunteer Corps, showing their contempt for the treachery of Mr. Francis Dobbs. A.L.S. 1p.

V 90
François Félix Nogaret, circa 1781.
Description

Paris. Regretting that he missed his visit; accepts his invitation for Thursday. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

V 91
Madame Oster, circa 1781.
Description

Desires his aid in finding and rejoining her husband. L.S. 3p. In French.

V 92
Secretary to the King, circa 1781.
Description

Paris. Annoucement that the King will not see the Ambassadors on the day appointed. Printed N.S. De Séqueville. 1p. In French.

V 93
Secretary to the King, circa 1781.
Description

Paris. Notice to meet Comte de Vergennes, in order to discuss affairs. Printed N.S. De Séqueville. 1p. In French.

V 94
Silas Deane, 1782 February 1.
Description

Ghent. A history of his past and present situation; question of his private letters being intercepted, in which he had criticized America's policy; defends his own statements; accuses Dr. Franklin o fhaving used greater freedom in his political writings; question of his accounts. A.L.S. 23p.

VI 1
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 March 9.
Description

Philadelphia. Enclosing a letter, in cipher, from Robert Morris. L.S. 1p. In triplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 232.

VI 2
William Jackson, 1782 March 21.
Description

Calais. His attacment to the United States has cost him his fortune; formerly conductor of the Public Ledger; in 1777, communicated to Mr. William Carmichael intelligence of the secret correspondence between Comte de Maurepas and Lord Mansfield. Is now visiting the the Duchess of Kingston, Elizabeth Chudleigh, and may accompnay her to the Court of St. Petersburg; desires to be of service to the United States. A.L.S. 3p.

VI 3
Jean Rousseaux, 1782 March 29.
Description

Brest. Refers to his two former letters and begs that his petition may be answered, and if possible, granted. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VI 4
Robert Morris, 1782 April 8.
Description

Office of Finance. Money needed for purchasing supplies for the States; a further sum will have to be drawn on France; if necessary all French advances could be repaid at the end of the year; for this he pledges his personal honor. L.S. 8p. In cipher, with translation.

VI 5
Hilliard d'Auberteuil, 1782 April 13.
Description

Paris. Forwarding proof sheets and requesting the return of those previously sent. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 6
Marquis de la Fayette, 1782 April 13.
Description

Versailles. Announcing the date of his departure. L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

VI 7
Robert Morris, 1782 April 17.
Description

Philadelphia. Two million livres will need to be drawn on France; the Dutch loan will provide in part for the payment. L.S. 4p. In cipher, untranslated.

VI 8
John Wright, 1782 April 19.
Description

London. Introducing William Rawle, son of the late Francis Rawle, of Philadelphia. Failure of their friends Brown, Collinson and Tritton; hopes Dr. Franklin loses nothing thereby. The new Ministry apparently determined to proceed on true Constitutional principles. A.L.S. 2p.

VI 9
Baron de Thun, 1782 April 22.
Description

Paris. Announcing the embezzlement, followed by the flight of the Ducal Cashier of Wurtemberg; reported as intending to secure Dr. Franklin's aid in passing to America; encloses a description of the offender, with a request for his apprehension; a similar letter sent to the Chief of Police at Paris. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VI 10-11
Mrs. Mary Hewson, 1782 May 1.
Description

Kensington. News of her son; her girl greatly pleased with Dr. Franklin's denunciation of stays. Her loss by the failure of Sollinson's house. Description of a travelling coach fitted with Thomas Viny's wheels, if he wishes to buy one. A.L.S. 4p.

VI 12
Imbault, 1782 May 4.
Description

Orléans. Desiring information as to the best method of reaching America; has determined to emigrate there with his family. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VI 13
Le Roux, 1782 May 7.
Description

Versailles. Sends a book written by a man who saved his wife's life; he will find it full of valuable knowledge. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VI 14
Continental Congress, 1782 May 7.
Description

Philadelphia. Orders concerning the exchange of prisoners. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 1p. Copy.

VI 15
John Jay, 1782 May 8.
Description

Madrid. Dr. Franklin's letters of the 22d and 23d ult. have determined him to come to Paris; the French Ambassador not averse to the step; the Count de Florida Blanca will refer the instructions intended for M. Del Campo to the Count d'Aranda at Paris. A.L.S. 1p.

VI 16
Hilliard d'Auberteuil, 1782 May 10.
Description

Paris. Sending the proof of his new work, Essais historiques et politques sur les Anglo-Américains; his poor health has retarded the printing and prevented him paying his respects to Dr. Franklin. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 17
John Paul Jones, 1782 May 10.
Description

Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Concerning the Dutch ship "Berkenbosch;" explains his actions regarding her. Prize-money still due the crew of the "Bon Homme Richard." 6p. Copy.

VI 18
Hilliard d'Auberteuil, 1782 May 11.
Description

Paris. Sends proof-sheets; hopes that the third part of his work will be completed the following week. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 19
John Foulke, 1782 May 12.
Description

Paris. Encloses Dr. Franklin's letter upon the insect Ephemera; copied it for Miss Bethia Alexander. A.L.S. 1p.

VI 20
John Bondfield, 1782 May 14.
Description

Bordeaux. Report that America has declared war against Portugal, that six rich Brazil ships have been captured and that Capt. John Paul Jones is the hero; all Portuguese Captains at Bordeaux ordered to await instructions at Lisbon; the insurance of Portugal vessels raised. A.L.S. 1p.

VI 21
Francis Coffyn, 1782 May 16.
Description

Dunkirk. Paid for the passage to America of William Stevenson and George Cabot, who had been prisoners in England. L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 22
Hilliard d'Auberteuil, 1782 May 16.
Description

Paris. Asking the immediate return of the proof-sheets; sends more. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 24
Hilliard d'Auberteuil, 1782 May 20.
Description

Paris. Sending proof-sheets. Returning copy of the Acts of Congress. Much talk of peace; desires it greatly. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 24
Richard Price, 1782 May 20.
Description

Newington-Green. Introducing Messrs. Milford and Brown. Rejoices over the change of Ministry in England; thinks the prospect of peace improved thereby. A.L.S. 1p.

VI 25
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 May 22.
Description

Philadelphia. Joy in America over the birth of the Dauphin. Firmness of the United States unshaken by England's conciliatory attitude. The people disappointed at the French fleet's departure the year before at a time when a month's stay would have relieved either New York or Charleston. Question of an exchange of prisoners. L.S. 3p. In triplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 434.

VI 26
Robert Morris, 1782 May 23.
Description

Office of Finance. Gives his reasons for requesting that none of the six millions appropriated by the French for the use of the United States, be applied to the payment of M. Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais's claim. L.S. 3p.

VI 27
François Félix Nogaret, 1782 May 24.
Description

Compiègne. Concerning his wife's desire to have painted a medallion of Dr. Franklin, with permission to wear it as a pendant from her collar. A.L.S. 4p. In French.

VI 27
David Barclay, 1782 May 27.
Description

London. Sending by Baron Dimsdale two attempts on the character of their late valuable friend, Dr. John Fothergill. A.L.S. 1p.

VI 29
Continental Congress, 1782 May 27.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution relative to settling the accounts of the public servants of the United States in Europe. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 2p. Copy.

VI 30
A. Merville, 1782 May 30.
Description

Abbeville. Sends a sample of his wonderful curative powder; heals wounds readily and keeps the ranks of an army from being depleted. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VI 31
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 May 30.
Description

Philadelphia. Question of the prize-money due Capt. John Paul Jones and his men. Powers injured by America should never appeal to France. The hanging of Catp. Huddy by the British and retaliation by Gen. Washington. High opinion of the Marquis de la Fayette. A.L.S. 9p. In triplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 461.

VI 32-34
François Félix Nogaret, 1782 May.
Description

Desiring Dr. Franklin to support his application for the position of reader to the Duc de Berry; enclosing a copy of a letter from M. Amelot to the Marquis de Sérent endorsing his request. 1p. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VI 35-36
Jaubert fils, 1782 June 4.
Description

Dunkirk. Asking for a letter of marque against Portugal. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 37
Fizeaux, Grand & Co., 1782 June 6.
Description

Amsterdam. Have drawn on him for money owed by Mr. John Adams, crediting the same to the account of the United States. L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 38
Miss Bethia Alexander, 1782 June 9.
Description

St. Germain. Owing to the plague all the plans of the Philosophical Society of Toulouse are abandoned; Dr. Franklin therefore relieved from his part in the ceremonies. Reminds him of his promise to call on the Comtesse de la Marck. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VI 39
Hilliard d'Auberteuil, 1782 June 9.
Description

Paris. Acknowledging his corrections of American Geographical names; thanking him for information concerning Chadd's Ford. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VI 40
Alard Du Perier, 1782 June 12.
Description

Grenoble. Desires to emigrate to America, with his eight children; believes the absence of luxury there would enable him to live more cheaply than in France; asks for letters of introduction. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VI 41
Favi, 1782 June 15.
Description

Paris. Sends a book and a letter from M. Ingen Housz; will take charge of any reply. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 42
Hilliard d'Auberteuil, 1782 June 17.
Description

Paris. Sends proof-sheets; desires their return as soon as possible. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 43
Van den Yver & Co., 1782 June 18.
Description

Paris. Desiring letters of recommendation for Henri van Eupen, merchant at Antwerp, who is about to send a vessel to Philadelphia, under the Imperial flag. L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 44
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, 1782 June 21.
Description

Concerning a letter received from Le Ray de Chaumont relative to Mr. Morice. L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

VI 45
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1782 June 22.
Description

Nantes. Introducing Mr. Tardy, of his counting house, who can give Dr. Franklin full information of affairs at Nantes. A.L.S. 1p.

VI 46
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 June 23.
Description

Philadelphia. The people determined to make no peace in which their alliance with France is not included. Concerning the pension of Lieut. Col. Louis Tousard. Case of the brigantine, "Ersten." Question of Dr. Franklin's expenses. L.S. 3p. In duplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 501.

VI 47-48
Joseph Priestley, 1782 June 24.
Description

Birmingham. Having at last got sunshine, is prosecuting his experiments; these are inconsistent with M. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier's supposition that there is no such thing as phlogiston. Is sorry that peace is so long delayed and hopes soon to see Dr. Franklin in England. A.L.S. 3p. Facsimile by American Photo-Lithographic Co., N.Y., in duplicate.

VI 49
Hilliard d'Aubeurteuil, 1782 June 25.
Description

Paris. Delighted with his approbation of his Remarks on the Treaties between the United States and France; these same observations severely condemned by the Department of Foreign Affairs. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VI 50
B. Gannan & Zoon, 1782 June 25.
Description

Ostend. Offering to carry to Philadelphia, despatches, goods or other effects. L.S. 3p. A.E. by Dr. Franklin. "Refused."

VI 51
Poreau & Compagnie, 1782 June 27.
Description

Dunkirk. Reminding him of his promise to secure the exchange of Capt. Christopher Codner, an American, who had suffered much in English prisons. L.S. 2p. In French.

VI 52
L'Abbé de Klinglin, 1782 June 29.
Description

Paris. Desiring a letter of recommendation for a merchant named La Coste, who is going to Philadelphia. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VI 53
Miss Bethia Alexander, circa 1782 July 3.
Description

St. Germain. Annoucing a party of people who will wait upon him at Passy. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VI 54
Madame de La Coste, 1782 July 4.
Description

Paris. Thanking Dr. Franklin for the letter he wrote in her husband's behalf. L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 1
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 July 5.
Description

Philadelphia. Transmitting a letter from Congress to the King of France, and a resolution, 1p., on the subject of Mr. William Lee's demands. L.S. 1p. In triplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 595.

VII 2
Pierre Bũyck, 1782 July 7.
Description

Gand. Enclosing a letter for Mr. Henry Laurens. Has a number of bills on Thomas Barclay and Commodore Alexander Gillon, for goods furnished in Holland for the United States; question of their payment. L.S. 3p. In French.

VII 3
Benjamin Vaughan, 1782 July 9.
Description

London. Introducing Mr. Benjamin Savage, a young Jewish Tory from South Carolina; lacks nothing except conversion by Franklin. A.L.S. 3p.

VII 4
Joseph Priestly, 1782 July 10.
Description

Birmingham. Introducing an English traveller. Late experiments interrupted by cloudy weather; the political sky also overcast. A.L.S. 2p.

VII 5
Madame Carroll d'Auzouer, circa 1782 12.
Description

Paris. Sending a letter to be forwarded to Mr. Charles Carroll. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 6
Sir William Jones and Mr. John Paradise, 1782 July 15.
Description

Paris. Reminding him of the letter he promised them; hope to pay their respects to him upon their return from America. L. in 3d P. 1p.

VII 7
De Beauquesne, 1782 July 17.
Description

Paris. Account of his imprisonment by the English, and subsequent shipwreck; has in his care a fifteen year old daughter; begs for aid. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 8
Mrs. Mary Hewson, 1782 July 19.
Description

Kensington. Introducing Dr. John Shuttleworth. Account of the struggle to support herself made by Mrs. Wilkes; chance of an opening for her to teach English in France. Acknowledging the book he sent her; praises Madame de Genlis but detests her sophistry, especially with regard to suckling and stays; delighted with Madame de Forbach's little piece. A.L.S. 4p.

VII 9
Jean Durival, 1782 July 21.
Descrption

Versailles. Desiring his seal in order to affix it to the Convention agreed upon between him and Comte de Vergennes on July 16th. L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 10
Hullmandel, 1782 July 22.
Description

Paris. Requesting Dr. Franklin to grant an interview to a friend of his, who has made an important discovery in physics. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 11
Mrs. Margaret Stevenson, 1782 July 24.
Description

London. News of mutual friends. Desires to see him once again before she dies. A.L.S. A.E. by Dr. Franklin. Noting her death on Jan. 1, 1783.

VII 12
James Hunter, 1782 July 29.
Description

Richmond, Va. Enclosing a letter for Mrs. Isabella Strange, and apologizing profusely for troubling him. A.L.S. 1p.

VII 13
Félix Nogaret, 1782 July.
Description

Acknowledging with every mark of gratitude and pleasure his gift of his medallion portrait. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 14
George Chaimleÿ, 1782 August 7.
Description

Brest. Escaped from a British prison; asks for money to enable him to return to Boston; his uncle, Dr. Chaimleÿ, will repay it. A.L.S. 2p.

VII 15
Bassi, 1782 August 8.
Description

Paris. Two years before sent him his work entitled "Observations sur les Poêtes Italiens;" has been ill since then and unable to work; applies to him as a patron of literature, for pecuniary assistance. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VII 16
Sir Joseph Banks, 1782 August 9.
Description

London. Introducing Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet. Has never entered the doors of the House of Commons; congratulates himself on escaping many weary hours. Hopes for peace on such terms as will be advantageous to both parties. A.L.S. 3p.

VII 17
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 August 9.
Description

Philadelphia. Concerning the negotiations for peace. Importance of the fisheries. Spanish claims. Transmitting money for salaries of Franklin, Jay, Adams, Carmichael, Dana and Dumas. A.L.S. 6p. In triplicate; partly in cipher. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 652.

VII 18-20
Destouches, 1782 August 10.
Description

Dunkirk. Asking that Captain Bennet Negus be released from Mill Prison and given the command of the "Franklin." A.L.S. 4p. In French.

VII 21
Theodorick Bland, 1782 August 11.
Description

Philadelphia. At the request of James Hunter, begs him to deliver the enclosed letter to Mrs. Isabella Strange. A.L.S. 1p.

VII 22
Vicomte de Lomagne-Tarride, 1782 August 12.
Description

Bereux. Account of his five campaigns in America, his capture by the English and his subsequent shipwreck; desires a loan of money and a position in the French army. A.L.S. 5p. In French.

VII 23-24
Puchelberg, 1782 August 17.
Description

Versailles. Informed by M. John D. Schweighauser that his account against the "Alliance" has been allowed by Congress; desires to know when it will be paid. L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 25
John Shuttleworth, 1782 August 17.
Description

Paris. His servant will wait for the promised papers, and for any letters Franklin may commit to his care. A.L.S. 1p.

VII 26
De Ferrière, 1782 August 26.
Description

L'Orient. Concerning the capture of a vessel, containing his household goods, first by the English and then by the French; only able to reclaim his goods after paying an exhorbitant sum; appleals to Dr. Franklin for redress. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VII 27
Charles Grant, Vicomte de Vaux, 1782 September 2.
Description

Complains bitterly of receiving no reply to his petition; asks for an interview; lost a fortune supporting the American cause. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 28
Continental Congress, 1782 September 3.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution to give the ship "America" to the King of France to replace the "Magnifique," lost in the harbor of Boston. D. 1p. Copy.

VII 29
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 September 5.
Description

Philadelphia. Censuring all the American Agents for their remissness in writing. Possible evacuation of Chrleston. Loss of the French ship, "Magnifique." Matters to be rememebered when negotiating peace with Great Britain. Loan from France necessary. L.S. 3p. In triplicate; partly in cipher. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 696.

VII 30-32
Jean Charles Pierre Lenoir, 1782 September 6.
Description

Paris. Enclosing passports for Mr. Harford and his son, for London and for Mr. Hill, for Spain. L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 33
Mesny, 1782 September 6.
Description

Paris. Concerning Dr. Franklin's promise to pay for one hundred copies of M. de la Faye's work, after they should have been sold in America; begs for information of their sale. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 34
Continental Congress, 1782 September 9.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolve not to issue any more interest bills. D.S. Chalres Thomson, Secretary. 1p.

XII 21
Lamarque, Fabre & Co., 1782 September 10.
Description

Paris. M. Alexander Gillon's departure for America, without repaying the money advanced him by their firm; this omission has seriously embarrassed them; apply to Dr. Franklin for assistance. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VII 35
Lamarque, Fabre & Co., 1782 September 10.
Description

Paris. Transmitting a statement of their receipts an disbursements on account of the United States. Copy of a one page letter from Commodore Alexander Gillon relative to the payment of their debt by South Carolina. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 36
La Veuve Dubois and Mesdames Laneorlon, 1782 September 12.
Description

L'Orient. Money due them for supplies furnished the officers and seamen of the "Bon Homme Richard," the "Pallas" and the "Alliance;" ask him to see that the bill is paid. L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 37
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 September 13.
Description

Philadelphia. Safe arrival of two vessels from Holland bringing the goods left by Commodore Alexander Gillon. Desperate need of money. Mr. Thomas Paine's work addressed to Abbé Raynal. Resolutions of Congress. A.L.S. 4p. In quadruplicate. Duplicate copy has a postscript. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 726.

VII 38-41
Continental Congress, 1782 September 14.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolutions concerning the proposed loan. S. Charles Tomson, Secretary. 1p. Copy.

VII 42
Alphonse Leroy, 1782 September 16.
Description

Paris. Begging him to forward a letter to Boston. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 43
Marquis de la Fayette, 1782 September 17.
Description

Paris. Annoucing the birth of a seven months' daughter-a new American citizen; likens this premature delivery to the premature outbreak of the Revolution; thinks of naming the child Virginia. A.L.S. 2p.

VII 44
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 September 18.
Description

Philadelphia. Refusal of Congress to accept Mr. Henry Lauren's resignation; alterations made in Dr. Franklin's powers. Need of money. L.S. 2p. In quadruplicate; partly in cipher. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 743.

VII 45-48
Continental Congress, 1781-1782.
Description

Resolutions concerning Mr. Robert Morris's powers as Superintendent of Finance. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 1p. In duplicate.

XII 22-23
Continental Congress, 1782 September 14, 23.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolves relative to proposed European loans. D.S. Charles Thomson, Secretary. 1p.

XII 24
University of Dartmouth, 1782 September 24.
Description

Introducing Mr. John Wheelock, President of the University, and Mr. James Wheelock, and begging him to further the cause of their trip to Europe. A.L.S. Besa Woodward, Secretary. 4p.

VII 49
Marcel, 1782 September 29.
Description

Application for work by a surgeon, who had been made prisoner and thereby lost everything. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 50
Rolland frères, 1782 October 2.
Description

Marseilles. Concerning the arrival of an American vessel with a cargo of tobacco; their efforts to obtain a good sale for it. Possible that their large woolen manufactory in Languedoc may furnish some goods useful to the Americans. L.S. 3p. In French.

VII 51
Félix Vicq d'Azyr, 1782 October 5.
Description

Introducing Mr. Laurent Josselin, who wishes to go to America. A.L.S. 2p.

VII 52
Mrs. Jane Mecom, 1782 October 9.
Description

Warwick, R.I. Has not heard from him for two years and a half; sorry if the politeness of the French ladies has lessened his old American acquaintances in his esteem. Death of her granddaughter; other family news. A.L.S. 2p.

XII 25
Williams, Moore & Co., 1782 October 9.
Description

L'Orient. Arrival of the American vessel "Sicero" with two prizes; thirty French prisoners on one of the prizes set free without an order from Dr. Franklin. L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 53
Coulougnac, 1782 October 11.
Description

Paris. Desiring a letter of recommendation to the Governor of Virginia, that he may obtain his assistance in collecting a debt. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VII 54
Camusar et C. Lerouge, 1782 October 12.
Description

Troyes. Desiring to know the commercial standing of Jean André Stockolm, recently established in Nantes, and reported to be known to him. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VII 55
De Castella, 1782 October 12.
Description

Requesting a private interview and asking that his name be kept secret. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 56
Gerard van de Brantsen, 1782 October 15.
Description

Paris. Sending a letter from Prof. Ingen Housz, and offering to deliver th reply. A.L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

VII 57
L'Abbé Jean Louis Giraud Soulavie, 1782 October 21.
Description

Acknowledging the "Observations" which will appear in his next volume. Desires Dr. Franklin to recommend him for the vacancy in the Académie des Sciences. L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 58
Williams, Moore & Co., 1782 October 21.
Description

L'Orient. Transmitting a receipt from the Commandant of l'Orient for prisoners of war delivered to him. L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 59
Camusar & C. Lerouge, 1782 October 23.
Description

Troyes. Desiring his opinion as to the amount of credit that can safely be accorded to Mr. Jean André Stockolm. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 60
John Davies and David Gavin, 1782 October 26.
Description

Bordeaux. Were private passengers on board an English ship; captured and brought to a French prison; wish either to be released or exchanged; have with them an orphan child of three years, George Lewis, whose father died in prison. A.L.S. 2p.

VII 61
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1782 November 1.
Description

St. Germain. Mrs. Williams not well enought for him to leave at once for Passy; hopes to see Dr. Franklin in a few days. A.L.S. 1p.

VII 62
Bayard, 1782 November 6.
Description

Requesting his signature to a claim against the State of Georgia. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 63
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 November 9.
Description

Philadelphia. America's European policy. Concerning the exchange of prisoners. Affair of Mr. Henry Laurens. Execution of Captain Huddy of New Jersey; retaliation only prevented by the interference of their Majesties. Election of Mr. Elias Boudinot as President of the Congress. L.S. 5p. In triplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, V, 871.

VII 64-66
Lewis R. Morris, 1782 November 11.
Description

Office for Foreign Affairs. Sends Dr. Franklin's salary; desires to know what allowance he made his Private Secretary. A.L.S. 2p.

VII 67
Baron d'Arendt, 1782 November 15.
Description

Frankfort. Concerning his claims on Mr. Robert Morris; asks that they may be paid to the Prussian Minister at Paris. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 68
Destouches frères, 1782 November 15.
Description

Roubaix. Enclosing a letter to be forwarded to Mr. Matthew Ridley of Baltimore; sends samples of goods and request a recommendation. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 69
Baron d' Espagnac, 1782 November 19.
Description

Paris. Obliged, owing to illness, to decline his invitation to dinner. L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

VII 70
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 November 21.
Description

Philadelphia. Mr. Thomas Jefferson added to the Peace Commission; England's attitude towards peace. Necessity of retaining the logwood trade in Jamaica. Mr. Joel Barlow proposes having his own poems printed. L.S. 4p. In triplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, VI, 66.

VII 71-73
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 November 27.
Description

Philadelphia. Concerning the relations of Lamarque & Fabre with Mr. Alexander Gillon. Opportunity for Dr. Franklin's grandson to open a correspondence with the Office of Finance. L.S. 2p. In duplicate. Printed in Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, VI, 85.

VII 74
Jacques-Christophe Valmont de Bomare, 1782 November 29.
Description

Paris. Regrets having been prevented from calling during Dr. Franklin's recent illness; begs him to be present at the opening lecture of his course. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 75
Robert R. Livingston, 1782 December 3.
Description

Philadelphia. The British on the point of leaving Charleston, and the French troops soon to embark. A.L. 1p. In cipher; in triplicate. Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, VI, 102.

VII 76-78
L. Lanoix, 1782 December 10.
Description

Bordeaux. Offers to give one half the capacity of his ship, for the tranportation of goods to America. Asks for a passport and letters to American commercial houses. L.S. 3p. In French.

VII 79
Baron de Thun, 1782 December 14.
Description

Paris. Concerning the payment of a sum of money to Richard Bache by Mr. Christian Schneider of Germantown; appeal of Mr. Auer to have this sum transmitted to the widow Hoecklerin in Ebingen. A.L.S. 2p.

VII 80
Pierre, 1782 December 14.
Description

Paris. Recommending M. Saudot to Dr. Franklin's generosity. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 81
Parent de Bellehache, 1782 December 18.
Description

Paris. Reminds him of his friendship for the writer's father, and asks for aid. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VII 82
P. Penet, 1782 December 21.
Description

Regrets that his creditors have been annoying Dr. Franklin; has assured them that Dr. Franklin has nothing to do with his engagements. L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 83
David Barclay, 1782 December 27.
Description

Youngsbury. Dr. John Fothergill's biography being written by Dr. John Coakley Lettsom, a physician of London; desires in his advice as to inserting in the work, the paper entitled, "Basis of a Plan of Reconciliation, etc." Religious scruples of Friends in Pensylvania. A.L.S. 4p.

VII 84
Enore, 1782 December 28.
Description

Paris. Concerning the payment of certain bills. L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 85
Henry Laurens, 1782 December 30.
Description

Paris. Inviting Dr. Franklin to dine with him on January 2d. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

VII 86
Continental Congress, 1782 December 31.
Description

Philadelphia. Instructions for negotiating peace. L. 2p. In untranslated cipher.

VII 87
Favier, circa 1782.
Description

Begs for a written statement which will give the lie to the calumnies against him circulated by his enemies. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 88
Ferdinand Grand?, circa 1782.
Description

If England's offer of peace is refused, means of continuing the war must be found; a fleet is needed; impossible for America to build one; France must do nothing which is not to her true interest; the approaching campaign would require twenty-four millon of French money. Terrible consquences of a union of the savages with the English. A. Mem. 1p. In French. A.E. by Dr. Franklin. "M. Grand. Points for conversation."

VII 89
Jean Baptiste de Loose, 1782.
Description

Ghent, Flanders. His intention to ship supplies to America; desires letters which will give him free access to certain American ports. L.S. 3p. In French.

XII 26
Williams, Moore & Co., 1782.
Description

Enclosing papers relative to the capture of a prize-ship by an American vessel. L.S. 1p. In French.

VII 90
de Thurn, circa 1783.
Description

Metz. Comes of an old and respectable family in Alsace; his trade as vintner; has decided to emigrate with his only child to America; encloses a project for trading in wine which will enrich any American firm. L. in 3d. P. 4p. In French.

VII 91
Sarah Bache, 1783 January 1.
Description

Philadelpia. Recounting in detail the doings of the little Baches. A.L.S. 3p.

VIII 1
Robert R. Livingston, 1783 January 2.
Description

Philadelphia. Departure of the French army. Thomas Jefferson about to sail for France. Encloses Resolutions of Congress; finances still in great distress. L.S. 3p. In triplicate. Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, VI, 192.

VIII 2-4
Jean-Baptiste Le Roy, 1783 January 3.
Description

Paris. Introducing a man from Dunkirk and congratulating him on the bright prospects for America. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VIII 5
Madame Melin Dutartre, 1783 January 4.
Description

Begs him not to forget her in 1783, as he did in 1782; prevented seeing him in Passy owing to his being engaged at the time; urges him to dine with her. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VIII 6
Robert R. Livingston, 1783 January 6.
Description

Philadelphia. Mr. Thomas Barclay's objection to the Convention relative to Consuls. Question of a further French loan, and of restoring confiscated property. Importance of retaining the fisheries. Question of salaries. Important happenings in America. L.S. 7p. In duplicate. Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, VI, 198.

VIII 7-8
Samuel Cooper Johonnot, 1783 January 29.
Description

Geneva. Thanking him for past favors and congratulating him upon the conclusionof peace. A.L.S. 1p.

VIII 9
N. Reboul, 1783 February 4.
Description

La Ciatot. Application for the position of American Consul in his native town. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VIII 10
Ferdinand Grand, 1783 February 12.
Description

Paris. Comte de Vergennes's disregard of Dr. Franklin's request for an increase, and his adherence to the six million already granted for the current year; terms of the contract; willing to use his personal credit, but that would not suffice; possibility of aid from Holland; Comte de Vergennes's appreciation of the importance of supporting American credit. L.S. 3p. In French.

VIII 11
John Bourne, 1783 March 9.
Description

London. Advice for the new American Nation. A.L.S. 2p.

VIII 12
Robert R. Livingston, 1783 March 9.
Description

Philadelphia. HIs opinion of the terms of peace. Trouble with the army. Question of salaries. Dr. Franklin's desire to be relieved from office. Acknowledging the receipt of his journal. L.S. 7p. In duplicate. Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, VI, 343.

VIII 13-14
Royal Society of Medicine, 1783 March 26.
Description

Paris. Announcement of a public meeting of the Society. Printed N. 1p. In French.

VIII 15
Marquis de la Fayette, 1783 April 7.
Description

Paris. Arranging an interview between Dr. Franklin and the Comte de Vergennes. Message for Arthur Young. A.L.S. 1p.

VIII 16
Robert R. Livingston, 1783 May 9.
Description

Philadelphia. Anxious for the treaty of peace. Finances still greatly embarrassed; question of a loan. As yet no estimate of the losses sustained by the States from Great Britain. All prisoners will soon be delivered at New York. United States ports swamped with foreign goods. L.S. 3p. Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, VI, 418.

VIII 17
Vidau, 1783 May 12.
Description

Civita Vecchia. Congratulating him upon the birth of a new republic; asking that his son be appointed American consul in the town where he holds the French Consulship. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VIII 18
Henry Laurens, 1783 May 19.
Description

Acknowledging the American newspapers. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

VIII 19
Sir Joseph Banks, 1783 May 28.
Description

London. Introducing Dr. Sir Charles Blagden, a noted physician, who is in a position to tell Franklin all the latest doings in science. Congratulating him on the return of peace. A.L.S. 4p.

VIII 20
Robert R. Livingston, 1783 May 31.
Description

Philadelphia. Nothing has been done as to the acceptance of this resignation. Decision in the case of the Portuguese ship "Nostra Signora." The affairs of the "Alliance" and "Bon Homme Richard" not yet settled. Desirability of an increase in the French loan. L.S. 2p. Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Wharton, VI, 459.

VIII 21
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1783 May 31.
Description

Nantes. Endorsing Alexander Hegnye's petition to the Marquis de Castries for a captain's certificate. A.L.S. 2p.

VIII 22
Lewis R. Morris, 1783 June 5.
Description

Office of Foreign Affairs. Notifying him of the transmission of his account with the United States. L.S. 2p.

VIII 23
Dr. Edward Bancroft, 1783 June 19.
Description

Paris. Sorry that another engagement prevents his dining at Passy. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

VIII 24
Silas Deane, 1783 July 20.
Description

London. Has heard that Comte de Vergennes and others at Versailles have the strongest resentment against him; desired to be assured of his personal safety, if he comes to Paris to settle his accounts. A.L.S. 2p.

VIII 25
The Academy of Sciences of Turin, 1783 July 28.
Description

Turin. Inviting him to become an honorary member of their Society. A.L.S. J.F. Cinga, Secretary. 2p. In French.

VIII 26
Sir Joseph Banks, 1783 August 25.
Description

London. Sorry that his copy of the Transactions of the Royal Society has been delayed; the Society anxious to hear of the balloon experiments of M. Joseph Michel Montgolfier and his competitor. Gen. Washington compare to Cincinnatus. Hopes that Dr. Franklin can soon leave politics for philosophy. A.L.S. 3p.

VIII 27
Mme. d'Enneville, Comtesse de Choiseul and M. du Buc, 1783 August.
Description

Announcing the marriage of M. du Buc-Saint-Olympe and Mme. De Longpré. Printed N. 1p. In French.

VIII 28
Ferdinand Grand, 1783 September 29.
Description

Paris. Acknowledging a sum of money to be placed to Dr. Franklin's credit. L.S. 2p. In parallel, French and English.

VIII 29
Maximilian-Marie Isidore de Robespierre, 1783 October 1.
Description

Arras. His successful plea for the repeal of a sentence abolishing lightning rods; his speech upon that occasion printed; sends a copy ot the illustrious inventor of the lightning rod. A.L.S. 2p.

VIII 30
Ducarne De Blaugy, 1783 October 3.
Description

Hirson. Incensed at Dr. Franklin daring to call his balloon an infant just coming to birth; certain that if the balloon had veen invented earlier, Gibraltar would have been taken; several trips made from Calais to Dover. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VIII 31
Ducarne De Blaugy, 1783 October 7.
Description

Hirson. Experiments in aerial navigation; practical value of balloons; questions of height and distance. Observations on bees. A.L.S. 10p. In French.

VIII 32
Horace Bénédict de Saussure, 1783 October 10.
Description

Geneva. Acknowledging a copy of the Consititutions of the United States. Sends essay on hygrometry. Landriani, Professor of Physics at Milan, deputed by the Austrian Government to have lightning rods erected on all public buildings in Austrian Lombardy; also to write such an essay as shall show the people the utility of the rods; desires data as to the use of lightning rods in America. A.L.S. 3p. In French.

VIII 33
Silas Deane, 1783 October 19.
Description

London. Defends himself against the charges of intimacy with Benedict Arnold, and of furnishing Lord Sheffield with most of the facts and principles in his recent work on the Commerce of the United States. A.L.S. 5p.

VIII 34
Sir Joseph Banks, 1783 November 7.
Description

London. At a meeting of the Royal Society, he read Dr. Franklin's two recent letters on balloon experiments in Paris; the Society hailed with delight his return to philosophical pursuits; desires to know whether he would choose to have these letters printed in the Philosophical Transactions. A.L.S. 3p.

VIII 35
Silas Deane, 1783 November 7.
Description

London. Endeavoring to get the restrictions on American trade with the West Indies modified or removed. Has written long letters to Mr. Thomas Barclay and to Col. Jeremiah Wadsworth concerning the settlement of his accounts. A.L.S. 2p. Printed in Collections of New York Historical Society, 1890. Deane Papers, V, 232.

VIII 36
de Thurn, 1783 November 19.
Description

Fontainebleau. His appointment by the King of France, as Secret Agent in England. D.S. 3p. In French. Copy.

VIII 37
William Lee Perkins, 1783 December 7.
Description

Kingston-upon-Thames. The diploma electing his father a corresponding member of the Royal Society of Medicine at Paris, arrived after his decease; hopes that this honor may be transferred to him. Enclosing a printed treatise, in Latin, on Influenza, 16p. L.D. 3p. Copy.

VIII 38
unidentified, 1783.
Description

Poem addressed to Dr. Franklin on the occasionof his receiving from the Comtesse de Deux-Ponts, a bâton of thorn-wood, surmounted by an apple of gold and representing a liberty-cap. 1p. In French. Printed by Didot l'aîné.

Jean Baptiste Le Roy, circa 1783.
Description

Read with great pleasure Franklin's hypothesis concerning the extraordinary motions of the earth; comments thereon. A.L.S. 2p.

VIII 40
Baron de Savagnac, circa 1783.
Description

Paris. Preparing for publication a list of the Ministers and Ambassadors of all Nations; desires a complete list of those accredited by the United States. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VIII 41
De Lafreté, 1784 January 13.
Description

Paris. Has scarcely ventured out since his great bereavement but will come to Passy for a few days; desires a recommendation for M. Philippe Aribert, who wishes the American Consulship in Languedoc. L.S. 2p. In French

VIII 42
Jacques Finck, 1783-1784.
Description

Account of Dr. Franklin's family expenses. 1 vol. Call number Ms. Codex 641.

Volume Page
Sir Joseph Banks, 1784 March 23.
Description

London. Movements of meteors; Dr. Sir Charles Blagden's general thoughts thereon. Sir William Herschel's observations on the planet Mars. Dearth of aerostatic experiments. A history of the construction of Eddystone Lighthouse soon to be published. A.L.S. 4p.

VIII 43
Jacques Le Maire, 1784 March 30.
Description

Paris. Account of his twenty-eight years of military service in France and America; desires Dr. Franklin's assistance in obtaining a position in the Island of San Domingo. A.E. recommending M. Le Maire warmly. S. Benjamin Franklin. L.S. 3p. In French.

VIII 43
George Washington, 1784 May 6.
Description

Philadelphia. Introducing Mr. Nathaniel Tracy of Massachusetts Bay. A.L.S. 1p.

VIII 44
Le Ray de Chaumont, 1784 May 28.
Description

Passy. Bill for house rent. S. Le Ray de Chaumont, Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Barclay. 1p.

VIII 45
Joseph Ange Comte De Saluces De Menusiglio, 1784 July 1.
Description

Turin. Application of keys to the harmonicas, by the Abbé Perno Piémontois; desires information on this point. The Academy soon to publish the first volume of his new works; begs Dr. Franklin to contribute. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VIII 46
John Paul Jones, 1784 August 2.
Description

Paris. Accepting his invitation to dinner on August 4. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

VIII 47
Sir Joseph Banks, 1784 August 13.
Description

London. Presenting him with the gold medal struck by the Royal Society in honor of Capt. James Cook; acknowledging his gracious reception of Capt. Cook's Voyage, which was sent him by the King's direction. Experiments with balloons in England. A.L.S. 4p.

VIII 48
Angenend, 1784 August 19.
Description

Paris. Receipted tailor's bill. Mem. S. 1p. In French.

VIII 49
M. le Curé and Madame Le Veillard, 1784 August.
Description

Passy. A notification of a meeting at which a collection for the poor will be taken. Printed N. 1p. In French and Latin.

VIII 50
William Lee Perkins, 1784 November 17.
Description

Kingston. Desiring to know if he never received a letter from him, as well as a paper on influenza. A.L.S. 2p.

VIII 51
John Adams, 1784 November 28.
Description

Auteuil. Inviting him to dinner. A.L. in 3 P. 1p.

VIII 52
Mrs. John Adams, 1784 December 3.
Description

Auteuil. Thanking him for the oil. Recommends a sedan chair instead of a carriage. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

VIII 53
Messrs. Jackson, Tracy, Donnaldson and Temple, 1784 December 17.
Description

Paris. Requesting passports for themselves and their servants. L. in 3d P. 1p.

VIII 54
Angenend, 1784 August 19-December 22.
Description

Paris. Bills for tailoring. Mem. S. 9p. In French.

VIII 55-58
De Pachelbel de Gehag fils, 1784.
Description

Annoucing the death of the Duke de Deux-Ponts on October 5, 1784. Printed N. 1p. In French.

VIII 59
Ann Ourry, 1785 January 27.
Description

Kinsale. Asking his help to recover some land in New York, lost in a lawsuit by her father. A.L.S. 4p.

VIII 60
La Marquise De Bouille, 1785 March 23.
Description

Paris. Begging his influence on behalf of the unfortunate Mlle. Ann Ourry. A.L.s. 2p. In french.

VIII 61
Jacques Finck, 1785 February.
Description

Bill for household expenses. Mem. 8p. In French.

VIII 62
Jacques Finck, 1785 March.
Description

Bill for household expenses. Mem. 8p. In French.

XII 28
La Société Royale de Physique, d'Historie Naturelle des Arts d'Orleans, 1785 April 5.
Description

Orléans. Framed certificate of his election as honorary member. Diploma S. Huet de Froberville. 1p. In French.

Volume Page
Huet de Froberville, Secretaire Perpetuel, 1785 April 7.
Description

Orléans. Annoucing Dr. Franklin's election as Honorary Member of the Société Royale de Physique, d'Historie Naturelle et des Arts d'Orleans. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

VIII 63
La Loge des Bons Amis, 1785 May 18.
Description

Rouen. Expressing their gratification at his consenting to become a member of their Lodge. L.S. Anquetin de Beaulieu, Premier Surveillant, et al. 2p.

VIII 64
La Loge des Bons Amis, 1785 May 18.
Description

Rouen. List of the officers of the Lodge. L.S. Le Bourgeois de Belleville, Secretary. 4p. In French.

XII 29
Collignon, 1785 May 21.
Description

Dieuze, Lorraine. Sends him a copy of his book on the clearing of waste lands; desires the other copies forwarded to the United States, for sale. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VIII 65
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1785 July 12.
Description

London. His intention to join Dr. Franklin at Cowes, and go with him to America. A.L.S. 2p.

VIII 66
John Paul Jones, 1785 July 15.
Description

Paris. Desiring a certificate of the indemnity offered Denmark for certain prizes restored to the British. A.L.S. 1p.

VIII 67
Thomas Jefferson, 1785 July 18.
Description

Paris. Glad to hear that he has reached Rouen, without being much fatigued; precautions he has taken to protect his baggage. A.M. Duplessis wishes a long memoir on some animals of South America copied for Dr. Franklin; does he care to have it? A.L.S. 1p.

VIII 68
La "Maison Philantropique", 1786 December 6.
Description

Paris. Announcing a meeting of their Society; list of candidates for membership. Printed N.S. Colson, Agent. 1p. In French.

VIII 69
Francis Hopkinson, 1787 September 18.
Description

Petition against the abolishment of his salary as Judge of Admiralty; begs Dr. Franklin to favor his petition when it comes before the Council. A.L.S.

VIII 70
Madame Bastide, undated.
Description

Passy. Asking for money. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

VIII 71
M. and Mme. N. Baussan, ? April 29.
Description

Paris. Invitation to dinner on May 6th. A.L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

VIII 72
Boux, undated.
Description

Concerning money due M. Boux, who entered the United States service with the understanding that his passage money and certain other specified expenses should be paid in addition to his salary. L. in 3d P. 2p. In French.

VIII 73
undated.
Description

Warning him against two renegade Americans, Jameson, of Charlestown and Robert Tuitten. A.L. 1p. In French.

VIII 74
Cochran, ? January 1.
Description

A New Year's greeting. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

XII 30
Madame Marie Noelporion, undated.
Description

Application for assistance from a poor widow with several children. L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

XII 31
undated.
Description

Bill for work done in the wine cellar. 1p. In French.

VIII 75

Return to Top »

II.  Letters from Benjamin Franklin.

Volume Page
American Commissioners, 1777 February 2.
Description

Paris. Resolution concerning the attitude of the United States towards France or Spain, in case either of these nations should conclude a Treaty of Amity and Commerce with the United States, and in consequence enter into a war with Great Britain. D.S. Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane and Arthur Lee. 1p.

IX 1
American Commissioners, 1777 February 2, 5.
Description

Paris. Resolved to defend and support the public cause at all hazards and for such purpose to plege their persons or hazard the censure of the Congress by exceeding their instructions, and to cheerfully risk their liberty or life. D.S. Benjamin Franklin, Silas Dean and Arthur Lee. 2p.

IX 2
Mercier, 1777 June 23.
Description

Paris. Agreement for the repair of arms. D.S. Silas Deane for the Commissioners. 2p. In French. Copy.

IX 3
Council of Massachusetts, 1777 December 21.
Description

Paris. Acknowledging their favor of October 29th with news of Burgoyne's defeat and surrender. A. Dr. of L. 2p.

IX 4
Le Ray de Chaumont, circa 1777.
Description

Arrangement by which he and his grandsom had their dinners at M. de Chaumont's house. A. Dr. of N. 1p. In French.

IX 5
Comte de Vergennes, 1777.
Description

The American Commissioners denying complicity in the conduct of Capt. Gustavus Conyngham. Dr. by Ferdinand Grand of L. 1p. In French.

XII 8
Henry Laurens, 1778 March 31.
Description

Passy. Testifying to the worth of Silas Deane and expressing a belief that his recall was due to misrepresentations. L.S. 1p. Copy.

IX 6a
Arthur Lee, 1778 April 6.
Description

Passy. Asserting his belief that orders given by any two of the Commissioners are sufficient; reasons why Lee was not consulted in this particular instance. L.S. 1p. Copy.

IX 6b
James Lovell, 1778 July 22.
Description

Passy. Glad to learn that Mr. Silas Deane is likely to return, with honor, on a mission to Holland. L.S. 1p. Copy.

IX 6c
Expense Account, 1778 December 29-31.
Description

Mem. 1p.

IX 7
Simeon Deane, 1778.
Description

The American Commissioners's explicit instructions covering his secret commission to Congress. L.S. Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane, Arthur Lee. 2p. Copy.

IX 8
Expense Account, 1776 December 7 and 1779 February 23.
Description

Dr. Franklin's expenses, public and private. Mem. 14p.

IX 9-15
Horneca, Fizeaux & Co., 1779 April 20.
Description

Passy. An order to replace certain goods sent by mistake from Nantes to the United States; enclosing copy of the invoice. 2p. In French. Dr. of L.S. 1p.

IX 16
Comtesse de Forbach, 1779 June.
Description

Acknowledging her gift of a pair of scissors; constant reminders of her at every turn; she has impressed him as one of the best, wisest and most amiable of women. A. Dr. of L. 1p.

IX 17
Mrs. Elizabeth Partridge, 1779 October 11.
Description

Passy. An amusing account of French politeness and the agreeable manners of the French ladies. Bad print of the Boston newspapers. Sends her his miniature on china. A. Dr. of L. 2p.

IX 18
James Lovell, 1779 October 17.
Description

Passy. Has never meddled int he quarrel between Silas Deane and Arthur Lee; still believes Silas Deane to be innocent of embezzlement and peculation. L.S. 1p. copy.

IX 6 d
To Whom it May Concern, 1780 March 29.
Description

Passy. Certifying to the genuineness of the signatures of Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry. A. Dr. of D. 1p.

IX 19
To Whom it May Concern, 1780 April 14.
Description

Passy. Certifying the genuineness of the signature of Lombart de Laneuville. A. Dr. of D. 1p.

IX 20
Captain Pierre Landais, L'Orient, 1780 June 7.
Description

Passy. Leaves the propriety of Landais's conduct to other judges; waives any further dispute, but charges him not to meddle with the command of the "Alliance" or to create any disturbance on board of her. L.S. 2p. E. Setting forth Landais's refusal to receive Dr. Franklin's letter. S. James Moylan, 1780 July 7, l'Orient.

IX 21
1780.
Description

Offence given to the French Court by Mr. John Adams's letters to the Comte de Vergennes; difficulties due to having more than one Agent at one time in one place; unwise remarks made lately by certain Americans in Paris; believes America would gain by a courteous attitude towards France.

XII 32
1780.
Description

Passy. Form to be issued by Dr. Franklin as a passport to American travellers. Printed D. 1p. In French.

XII 33
Memorandum, 1780.
Description

List of papers relating to the frigate "Alliance." A. Mem. 2p.

IX 22
Etienne-François, Marquis de Turgot, 1781 May 1.
Description

Passy. Technical description of a new stove, accompanied by a diagram. A. Dr. of L. 1p.

IX 23
Memorandum, 1781 September 31 and 1782 January 8.
Description

List of Dr. Franklin's books moved from his chambers to his office. Mem. 3p. In French.

IX 24
Baron de Thun, 1782 April 24.
Description

Passy. Promising to have arrested on sight any person answering the Baron's description. A.L.S. 1p.

IX 25
Leopold M.A. Caldani, President of the Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Padua, 1782 April 26.
Description

Passy. Accepting his election as honorary memeber of the Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Padua; promising to send them natural history specimens, on his return to America. A. Dr. of L. 1p.

IX 26
Marquis de la Fayette, 1782 September 17.
Description

Passy. Pleased to learn that Madame de la Fayette has another daughter; recommends naming his children after the States, beginning with the oldest and running through the thirteen; hopes that such States as Massachusetts and Connecticut will change their names before they are needed; advantages of giving birth to seven months' babies. A.L. 2p. Press copy.

IX 27
Memorandum, 1782 September.
Description

The British ships "Luxford" and "Will" declared lawful prizes of the "St. James," Capt. Alexander Cain, "Lady Washington," Capt. James Josiah, "Queen fo France," Capt. Richard Dale. A. Mem. 1p.

IX 28
Le Ray de Chaumont, circa 1782.
Description

Question of M. de Chaumont's account against the United States; most of the doubtful items to be left to Mr. Ferdinand Grand to decide. Mem. 3p.

IX 29
George Fox, 1783 March.
Description

Passy. Invitation to dinner. Printed N. 1p.

IX 30
Sir Joseph Banks, 1783 Augsut 30.
Description

Passy. Account of balloon experiments in France; M. Joseph Michael Montgolfier's invention; pleasantries concernign the future utility of balloons. A. Dr. of L. 5p.

IX 31
Sir Joseph Banks, 1783 October 8.
Description

Passy. Sending an account of two ballon ascensions; Messrs. Jacques Alexandre César Charles and Robert soon to make important experiments. A. Dr. of L. 2p.

IX 32
Sir Joseph Banks, 1783 November 21.
Description

Passy. Animated account of a balloon ascension which had recently taken place near the residence of the Dauphin; the balloon inflated with hot air produced by burning straw. A. Dr. of L. 4p.

IX 33
Sir Joseph Banks, 1783 December 15.
Description

Passy. Sends him, as President of the Royal Society, M. Jacques Alexandre César Charles's account of his balloon ascension. A.L.S. 1p.

IX 34
Farmers-General, circa 1783.
Description

Advising them to present their accounts to Mr. Robert Morris, Superintendent of Finance; suggestion that tobacco be sent to France in part payment. A.L. 1p. Press copy.

Ix 35
Count de Salmes, 1785 July 5.
Description

Passy. Mentioning other attempts to apply keys to the harmonica; none very successful. A. Dr. of L. 2p.

IX 36
undated.
Description

Explaining Mr. Merckle's position with regard to his contracts with Congress. Release of duties, by the Court of France, on these goods. A. Dr. of L. 1p.

IX 37
Madame ?.
Description

Introducing lAbbé de la Roche, Chaplain to the Comte d'Artois. A. Dr. of L. 2p. In French.

IX 38
undated.
Description

Answers to hypothetical questions regarding a citizen's duty, should the chief of a Civil Society resolve the ruin of a part of that Society. A. Mem. 1p.

IX 39
Box Folder
"Elegy on my Sister Franklin", undated.
Description

Three photostat pages. Laminated.

XIII 1
Monsieur Dumas, 1779 September 7.
Description

Passy. Transmitting "a letter for Captain Jones, which you are desired to deliver to him yourself as soon as possible after his arrival. I will be well to keep secret that you expect him there." A.N.S. 1 leaf.

XIII 2
as Minister Plenipotentiary, 1782 November 27.
Description

Passy. Granting the discharge of Captain Dundas from parole. A.D.S. 1p. folded in half.

XIII 3
William Strahan, London, 1744 July 31.
Description

Philadelphia. Thanking him for his "Care and Pains in procuring me the Founding Tools," etc. 2p. A.L.S.

XIII 4
William Strahan?, 1745 November 16.
Description

Philadelphia. Enclosing bills for books ordered and received. A.N.S. 2p.

XIII 5
Miscellaneous.
Description

XIII 6
William Strahan?, 1746 April 26.
Description

Philadelphia. Business letter transmitting list of books desired. A.L.S. 1p. mounted onto second, backing page.

XIII 7
Peter Collinson, 1756 June 15.
Description

Philadelphia. Thanking him for parcels of books and sending payment of 20 pounds sterling. A.L.S. 2p.

XIII 8
William Strahan, 1763 March 28.
Description

Philadelphia. Concerning Franklin's visit with his son; also concerning reports of Franklin's extravagance while minister to France. A.L.S. One large leaf folded in half.

XIII 9
William Strahan, 1764 March 30.
Description

Transmitting "one of our last Gazettes." A.N.S. 1 leaf folder in half.

XIII 10
William Bartram, 1765 February 14.
Description

London. Informing him that "our friend Peter is not dead, as you apprehended..." A.N.S. 1p. mounted onto a second, framing page.

XIII 11
unidentified, 1766 February 27.
Description

London. Concerning abuses heaped upon Franklin by his enemies; also notes optimism about repeal of Stamp Act. A.L.S. 1p. now separated along fold.

XIII 12
Mr. Pennington, 1767 August 5.
Description

London. Regarding the Penn family; sympathizing with Pennington over his ill use by the latter, etc. A.L.S. 1p. mounted onto second, framing page.

XIII 14
Dr. Ebenezer Kinnersley, 1771 July 17.
Description

London. Reporting on others' experiments with electricity; includes Franklin's sketched diagram of an electrometer, designed by an ingenious friend. A.L.S. 1 leaf.

XIII 15
Mr. Grand, 1785 October 20.
Description

Philadelphia. Requesting that the latter credit Franklin's account for bills previously sent. References to several letters received from Patsy; passing reference to General Washington. A.L.S.

XIII 16
Dr. John Morgan, 1772 February 5.
Description

London. Franklin reports on late visit to Ireland and Scotland for health and change of air; notes with pleasure growing reputation of "our college," ..."equal to that of Edinburgh;" photographic negative and facsimile of same. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 17
Dr. Benjamin Rush, 1773 February 14.
Description

London. Informing the latter to expect "a bundle of ephemerides" and "one of Dr. Priestly's Pamphlets..." A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 18
Robert Morris, 1775 August 20.
Description

Brunswick. Concerning forty-four tons of gunpowder bound for New York. A.L.S. 1p. folded in half, now separated.

XIII 19
Benjamin Franklin Bache, 1779 August 19.
Description

Passy. Urging good behavior. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 20
Benjamin Franklin Bache, 1783 June 23.
Description

Passy. Praising the latter's progress in writing and drawing and urging him to visit at Passy, if his health permits. A.L.S. 1p. Portrait of Franklin, mounted onto second backing page.

XIII 21
Duke de Rochefoucault, 1788 December 10.
Description

Philadelphia. Introducing Governeur Morris. A.L.S. 1p. mounted onto a second backing page.

XIII 22
Mr. Grand, 1788 October 24.
Description

Philadelphia. Asking that his account be charged for a sum received from a Mr. Rose. A.L.S. 1p. mounted onto a second backing page.

XIII 23
1788.
Description

London. Fragment of 18th century "copy" of letter. 1p. mounted onto second, backing page. Letter explaining source of fragment. 1p.

XIII 24
Miscellaneous.
Description

* Photocopies of Franklin imprints; including four photographs of A.L.S. from Franklin in London to Mr. Strahan, February 5, 1779.

* Thirty-one miniature photocopies of Franklin imprints, loosely bound.

* Twenty-four photocopies including twelve pages from  Poor Richard's Almanack (1739); "An Ode in Imitation of Alcaeus," printed by B.F. Bache in Passy, 1783; and ten photocopied pages of Franklin imprints of title pages from "Laws and Statutes of Pennsylvania Colony," 1757 and 1759.

XIII 25
Miscellaneous.
Description

* Portrait of Franklin

* Small envelope addressed to Mr. Duane, with inscription, "These were handed to me by Mr. Butler for you - he says that they are all he has but will get one more."

XIII 26
B. Brussel-Smith.
Description

Portrait of Franklin.

XIII 27
Joseph Galloway, 1767 April 14.
Description

London. Concerning advocacy of pending bill to create Pennsylvania circuit court, various public works projects, taxation, etc. A.L.S. 5p.

XIII 28
Joseph Galloway, 1767 May 20.
Description

London. Concerning paper money and ministry affairs. A.L.S. 1p. Photocopy.

XIII 29
Joseph Galloway, 1766 October 11.
Description

London. Concerning anticipated political developments in Pennsylvania and in England, and remarks on a proposed American paper currency. A.L.S. 4p. Photocopy.

XIII 30
Joseph Galloway, 1766 November 8.
Description

London. Concerned with scurrilous essay identifying Franklin as author of the Stamp Act. Commiserates with Galloway over false accusations. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 31
Joseph Galloway, 1766 December 13.
Description

London. Congratulating the latter on his selection as Speaker os Assembly; noting new head of Board of Trade. A.L.S. 2p.

XIII 32

Return to Top »

III.  Miscellaneous letters.

Volume Page
David Lloyd to William Penn, 1705 May 19.
Description

Philadelphia. Denies the justice and truth of his complaints; accuses him of breaking his promises and of neglecting the rights of the Friends; the Colony's wish that he should remain its Proprietor and that he should continue to furnish a Lieutenant to rule in his stead, but that this Lieutenant should not have power to prorogue or dissolve the Assembly; defends the Pennsylvania Assembly against Penn's attacks. A.L.S. 13p.

X 1
James Logan to Horace Walpole, 1732.
Description

A memorial of the state of the British plantations in America; compares them with those of France. Trade with the Indians. D. 14p. Copy by Benjamin Franklin.

XII 34
Thomas Penn to T. Jackson, 1740.
Description

Quarrel between the Governor George Thomas and the Assembly; machinations of the Friens. The French threatening to make a setlement within fifty miles of the western boundary. Praises the actions of the Governor. L. 3p. Copy.

X 2
Quarterly Meeting of Friends to "Our Friends and Brethren at the Meeting for Sufferings in London", 1755 May 5.
Description

Philadelphia. Accusing the present Proprietors of a disposition to deprive them of Charter privileges; they appear to forget that the first settlers of Pennsylvania were neither criminals nor paupers, but men who came to America for conscience sake. Power of the Friends in the Legislature. The Friends in England asked to have a personal conference with the Proprietors of Pennsylvania; difficulties of the Province recently set forth in an address to the King. L.S. John Armitt, Samuel Powel, Thomas Rose, John Reynell, Samuel Preston Moore, Israel Pemberton, Anthony Morris, Hugh Roberts. 4p. Copy.

XII 35
A Remonstrance Obadiah Honesty, 1757.
Description

Defending Rev. William Smith against the charge of evasion or equivocation. Printed L. 4p. 2d Edition.

XII 36
to the Author of The Chronicle, 1758.
Description

Poem entitled, "Labour in Vain, or An Attempt ot Wash the Black Moor White." Printed broadside. Illustrated. 1p.

XII 37
Coyendahi tribe to, 1762 August 8.
Description

Lancaster. Refusing to grant the white men's petition for a road through their country, because it would mean the driving away of all game, and their own extinction. L. 1p. Copy.

X 4
Joseph Galloway to The Public, 1764 September 29.
Description

Philadelphia. Defending himself against Mr. John Dickinson's charge of having obtruded on the public a pretended speech. Printed broadside. 1p.

X 4
David James Dove, 1764.
Description

The addition to the epitaph, without the copper-plate. A prayer to Satan. Printed broadside. 1p. See C.R. Hildehem, Issues of the Press in Pennsylvania, II, 3, No. 1938.

XII 38
John Penn to Philip Syng, 1765 January 17.
Description

Philadelphia. Wish of the Proprietaries that their located, uncultivated lands in Pennsylvania shall not be taxed at any higher rate than any other similar land in the Province. L.S. 1p. Copy.

X 5
James Wilkinson to George Wilkinson, 1765 August 6.
Description

London. Advising him not to return to England until his time is out; his wife and child well. A.L.S. 1p.

X 6
Six Arguments Against Choosing Joseph Galloway an Assemblyman, circa 1766.
Description

Addressed to himself by one heretofore his friend. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 39
William Semple, Alexander Bartram, James Stuart and Robert Wilson to The Public, 1770 June 30.
Description

Philadelphia. Confessing to having violated the non-importation agreement. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 40
A Pennsylvanian to the Inhabitants of Philadelphia, 1770 July 14.
Description

Philadelphia. A vigorous condemnation of New York's desertion of the Colonial cause; urgent appeal to be firm and united. Printed broadside. 1p.

X 7
Benjamin Towne to The Public, 1770 July 30.
Description

Detailed account of the trouble between himself and William Goddard, joint owners and publishers of the Pennsylvania Chronicle. Printed sheet. 2p.

XII 41
William Goddard to The Public, 1770 August 1.
Description

Philadelphia. A most abusive arraignment of his former partners in the Pennsylvania Chronicle, Joseph Galloway and Thomas Wharton, Sr.; begs the public to suspend judgement until he can lay his case before them. Printed broadside. 1p.

X 8
Francis Hopkinson to Mrs. Deborah Franklin, 1770 September 4.
Description

Philaelphia. Bill for goods from him. A. Bill. Written on back of engraved advertisement of Francis Hopkinson, dealer in Cloths and Suitable Trimmings.

X 9
A Tradesman to "The Tradesmen, Farmers and other inhabitants of PHiladelphia", 1770 September 4.
Description

Northern-Liberties, Philadelphia. Appeal to them not to permit a few men to repeal the non-importation agreement of Pennsylvania. Printed broadside. 1p.

X 10
Isaac Elizer to Whom it May Concern, 1772 November 19.
Description

Newport, R.I. Certifying to the integrity and ability of Capt. Richard Grinnel, of Newport. D.S. 1p.

X 11
Lewis Johnston and Thirty-one Others to Governor William Franklin, circa 1772.
Description

Petition to the Council and Legislature to forbid the practice of "Physick and Surgery" except by such persons as should pass an examination. L.S. 1p.

XI 78
A Philadelphian to The Freemen, Citizens of Philadelphia, 1773 June 16.
Description

Warning them against the City Council's arrogation of certain powers not given them by the Charter. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 42
Committee for Tarring and Feathering to the Delaware Pilots and Capt. Ayres, 1773 November 27.
Description

Philadelphia. Warning the Delaware Pilots not to permit Capt. Ayres, of the ship "Polly" to reach Philadelphia with his cargo of tea from London; warning Capt. Ayres not to land his cargo. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 43
Civis to The Inhabitants of Pennsylvania, circa 1773.
Description

Answer to Publicus who has written in favor of the Excise Law. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 79
Civis to The Public, 1773.
Description

Unjustly reviled by Titus Ironicus and Publicus in a controversy over the Excise; challenges his defamers to make known their identity. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 44
Jacob Rush, Secretary pro tem, 1774 December 6.
Description

Committee Chamber, Philadelphia. Resolves concerning the auction of imported goods. Printed broadside. 1p.

X 12
Antoine Raymond Jean Gualbert Gabriel de Sartine to D'Esparre, 1775 April 24.
Description

Versailles. Acknowledging his proposal of the 8th inst. for taking advantage of the present situation of the British Colonies; rejects it however, owing to the good feeling between France and Great Britain. L.S. 1p. In French.

X 13
Francis Dashwood, Baron Le Despencer and H.F. Thynne, His Majesty's Postmaster-General, 1776 January 5.
Description

London. A table of the reates of postage. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 45
Committee of Inspection and Observation of the City of Philadelphia, 1776 February 5.
Description

Philadelphia. Declaring John Drinker, Thomas and Samuel Fisher enemies to their country and precluded from all trade or intercourse with the inhabitants of these Colonies, owing to their refusal to receive bills of credit emitted by Congress. Peter Zachary Lloyd, Secretary. Printed broadside. 1p.

X 14
Respecting the Hiring of German Troops, 1776 December.
Description

Memoir. 4p. In French.

X 15
Respecting the Hiring of German Troops, 1776 December.
Description

Memoir. 4p. In French.

XII 46
Continental Congress, Marine Committee, 1777 February 6.
Description

Philadelphia. Appointing Robert Robinson an officer on board the sloop "Hornet." D. S. John Hancock, President. 1p. A.E. This warrant shall serve instead of a commission and authorizes him to act as Lieutenant under his command. S. John Paul Jones, On board the "Bon Homme Richard," 1779 June 10.

X 16
High Court of Admiralty of England, 1777 March 27.
Description

Court of St. James. Instructions given to Letter of Marque Ships, commissioned to seize the vessels belonging to the inhabitants of the rebellious Colonies. D.S. George Germain, Godfrey Lee Farrant, Registrar. 12p. Copy. E. "Taken in ye 'Martha.'"

X 17
Thomas Hood to Whom it May Concern, 1777 March 29.
Description

Paris. Deposition, made before Silas Deane, of the unjustifiable treatment meted out to an American prisoner by the English. A.L.S. 3p. Attested by Silas Deane.

X 18
Richard Swift, 1777 April 1.
Description

A humorous imitation of a Muster-roll. Printed broadside. 2p.

XII 47
Continental Congress, 1777April 11-12.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolution relative to saving the stores in Philadelphia from being captured by the British. Printed broadside. 1p.

X 19
Robert Morris to Silas Deane, 1777 June 29.
Description

Philadelphia. Expressing the greatest indignation at the conduct of the Commissioners in giving public letters to Congress, containing damaging accounts of his brother Thomas Morris's actions as an American Agent in France; does not deny the charges but resents the unnecessary publicity given the affair. Report that Dr. Franklin was willing to dismiss Morris in order to make a place for a nephew and a partner Jonathan Williams, Jr. L. 4p. Copy.

X 20
Jonathan Williams, Jr. to Capt. Lawrence, of the prize snow, "Nancy", 1777 July 11.
Description

Nantes. Orders concerning the snow's cargo. L.S. 1p. Copy.

X 21a
Jonathan Williams, Jr. to Odea, 1777 July 11.
Description

Nantes. Orders to captain of all prizes to address themselves to the writer. L.S. 1p. Copy.

X 21b
Jonathan Williams, Jr. to Augustin Guichard, 1777 July 12.
Description

Nantes. Orders concerning the "Sally's" cargo. L.S. 1p. In French. Copy.

X 21c
State of Massachusetts Bay, 1777 July 14.
Description

Boston. Appointing William Addiscott master of the Continental schooner "Lee." L.S. Artemas Ward, President. 1p. Copy.

X 22a
The Pennsylvania Journal, 1777 June 25-July 30.
Description

Letters between General Washington and General Sir William Howe, concerning the exchange of prisoners; capture of Major-General Richard Prescott; question of exchanging him for General Charles Lee. L. 4p. In French.

X 23
Sir William Howe to the People of Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland, 1777 August 27.
Description

Headquarters of the British Army. Declaration. Promising amnesty to all who should return to their allegiance. Printed broadside. 1p.

X 24
Israel Pemberton, John Hunt and Samuel Pleasants to The President and Council of Pennsylvania, 1777 September 4.
Description

Philadelphia. A remonstrance against their unjust imprionment. Printed L. 1p.

XII 48
Israel Pemberton, James Pemberton, John Pemberton, Thomas Wharton, Sr. Henry Drinker, Thomas Fisher, Samuel Pleasants and Samuel R. Risher to the Congress., 1777 September 5.
Description

Philadelphia. Protesting against being sent to prison without a trial. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 49
Montieu and de Francy to Pierre Landais, 1777 September 18.
Description

Marseilles. Concerning the cargo of the "Flamand;" orders to receive no army officers on board. L.S. 3p. In French.

X 25-27
Mercier to Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1777 October 21.
Description

Nantes. Expenses incurred for arms and repairs paid from money of the United States entrusted to him by Jonathan Williams, Jr. Mem. 1p. In French. Copy.

X 28
The Number of Foreign Troops Engaged by Great Britain for the Campaign of 1777 in America, 1777.
Description

As agreed to in the treaty, signed December 11, 1776.

X 29
Officer in New York to his friend in Dominica, circa 1777.
Description

Concerning the trouble between the British and Hessian troops. L.S. 3p. Copy.

X 30
Memorandum, 1777.
Description

Minutes of the last dispatch; battle between Generals Howe and Washington; treachery on the part of the Quakers; Howe's entry into Philadelphia. 1p. In French. A.N. by Dr. Franklin. Applications to go to America; sale of vessels in Holland; prizes; complaints of Spain and Holland; financial matters.

X 31
Mercier to Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1777.
Description

Itemized account of expenditures on behalf of the United States. 1p. In French. Copy.

X 32
Jonathan Williams, Jr. to Mercier, 1777.
Description

Accusing him of leaving his work unfinished and breaking his contract; referring him to Dr. Franklin for a settlement of his account. A. Dr. of L. 2p. In French.

XII 50
Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1777.
Description

Philadelphia. A stirring call to arms to defend the City of Philadelphia from the imminent attack of the British army. S. Thomas Wharton, Jr., President. Printed proclamation. 1p. In duplicate.

XII 51-52
Boux to his Uncle, circa 1777.
Description

Complaining of the insulting treatment offered him on board the "Lion;" given a passage on this ship by Jonathan Williams, Jr.; rails against the manners of American seamen. L. 2p. Copy translated into English.

XII 53
William Alexander, circa 1777.
Description

Observations on tobacco. A. Mem. 3p.

X 33
Jonathan Williams, Jr. to Mercier, 1778 February 5.
Description

Nantes. Concerning his debt to Mercier. 1p. In French. Copy.

X 34
Navy Board, Eastern Department to Samuel Tucker, 1778 February 10.
Description

Boston. Instructions concerning Captain Tucker's passenger, John Adams. S. William Vernon and James Warren. 2p. Copy.

X 35
Arthur Lee to James Moylan, 1778 February 17.
Description

Chaillot. Advising him not to settle in l'Orient in order to transact public business for the American Commissioners, because it had been reported that his purpose was to promote the private interests of said Commissioners. L.S. 1p. Copy.

X 36a
James Moylan to Arthur Lee, 1778 February 23.
Description

L'Orient. Stigmatizes as false the report mentioned in is letter of the 17th instance; thinks the source of his information should be divulged. L. 2p. Copy.

X 36b
William Temple Franklin, 1778 March 3.
Description

A list of letters and papers sent to Arhtur Lee. A. Mem. 1p.

X 37
Perrin to Moreau, 1778 March 13.
Description

Receipt for duties paid on wine. Mem. 1p. In French.

X 38
Navy Board, Eastern Department to Abraham Whipple, 1778 March.
Description

Instructions to Captain Whipple relative to his voyage to France. L.S. William Vernon. 2p. Copy attested by George Richards, Secretary.

X 39
Navy Board, Eastern Department to Abraham Whipple, Commander of the ship "Providence", 1778 April 25.
Description

Providence. Instructions concerning the treatment of prizes and prisoners. L.S. William Vernon. 2p. Copy attested by George Richards, Secretary.

X 40
John Paul Jones to Thomas Simpson, 1778 April 23.
Description

On board the "Ranger." Appointing him Commander of the prize-ship of war "Dranke" and giving him his instructions. L.S. 1p. Copy.

XII 54
de Chantereyne, 1778 April 30.
Description

Cherbourg. Acknowledging his debt to William Adiscott. L.S. 1p. In French. Copy.

X 22b
Continental Congress to the People of the United States, 1778 May 9.
Description

Recounting the cruelty with which Great Britain has waged the war; adjuring them not to accept their offers of peace and urging them to be firm. Printed proclamation. 1p. Yorktown, printed by Hall and Sellers. In duplicate.

XII 55-56
Chevalier du Buisson to Barbeu Dubourg, Paris, 1778 May 16.
Description

La Flèche. Desiring a letter of recommendation for his nephew who goes to join the army in America; begs him to obtain permission from Dr. Franklin for his nephew to go on board the "Boston." A.L.S. 2p. In French.

X 41
Courtney Melmoth to Loyal, Paris, 1778 May 19.
Description

Flanders. Obliged to go to England; promises to pay him what he owes. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

X 42
Chevalier de Beauteville, 1778 May 24.
Description

Paris. Accepts his offer of letters of recommendation from Dr. Franklin for the Chevalier d'Abezac. A.L. S. 1p. In French.

X 43
Chevalier de Beauteville, 1778 May.
Description

Asking for letters of recommendation from Dr. Franklin and others for M. d'Abezac. L. 1p.

X 44
Navy Board, Eastern Department to Captain Corbin Barnes, 1778 June 8.
Description

Boston. Ordering him to prepare the "Despatch" for sea, and then report to the Council. L.S. James Warren, John Deshon. 1p.

X 45a
State of Massachusetts Bay to Captain Corbin Barnes, 1778 June 9.
Description

Council Chamber, Watertown. Entrusting him with letters for the American Commissioners at Paris. Minute orders as to his future procedure; secrecy enjoined. L.S. Jeremiah Powell, President. 2p.

X 45b
Andrew Fallon, 1778 June 11.
Description

On board the "Drake," Brest. His parole as a British prisoner of war. D.S. 1p.

X 46
Leconte to Peltier Du Doyer, 1778 June 15.
Description

Nantes. Official notice to produce certificates of discharge for certain vessels within a given time. D.S. 1p. In French. Partly printed.

X 47
Continental Congress, 1777 March 1; 1778 May 9, June 19.
Description

Resolutions pertaining to the appointment of Captain. Pierre Landais, to command certain vessels. D.S. 3p. Copy.

X 48
de Montieu, 1778 June 26.
Description

Paris. Unjust and illegal duties levied by the Farmers-General on goods sent by him to America; desires to obtain Dr. Franklin's influence with the Comte de Maurepas to have these abolished; enclosing a memoir on the subject, 3p. L.S. 2p. In French.

X 49-50
Boudet to Ferdinand Grand, Paris, 1778 July 1.
Description

Paris. Sending one of the five installments of notes promised to Dr. Franklin. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

X 51
Brisbois to Whom it May Concern, 1778 July 10.
Description

Dunkirk. Certificate by the Mayor and Alderman of Dunkirk as to François Jean Coffyn's honesty and trustworthiness. L.S. 1p. In French.

X 52
Thomas Hutchinson to Dr. James Lloyd, 1778 August 10.
Description

London. Sending him a power of attorney to collect the rent on his sister's estate on Slocum's Island; confers power of attorney for his own estates at Milton and Dorchester. L.S. 3p. Copy attested by Jonathan Loring Austin.

X 53
Dr. James Smith to William Temple Franklin, 1778 August 14.
Description

Paris. Reminding him of his Grandfather's promise to secure passage through France for the writer and his baggage; the latter detained at Calais for three months; demands that his goods be released at once. L. in 3d P. 3p. Copy.

X 54
William Temple Franklin to Dr. James Smith, 1778 August 16.
Description

Passy. Takes exception to the tone of his letter; points out the formalities needed before his baggage can be released. A.L.S. 2p. Copy.

X 55
1778 September 4.
Description

Newburyport. Account of an incursion into Rhode Island by the American troops, supported by the French fleet. L. 2p. Copy.

X 56
1778 October 1.
Description

Nantes. Annoucing the retreat of the Royalists from Rhode Island to Long Island; Comte d'Estaing's position off Sandy Hook. L. 1p. In French. Copy.

X 57
Jonathan Williams, Jr. to de Montieu, 1778 December 23.
Description

Passy. Acknowledging the receipt of a quantity of clothing and military stores. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

X 58
Jacques Necker to Louis XVI, 1778.
Description

Paris. Suggesting a plan for improving the French Provincial Administration. Diss. 25p. In French. Copy.

X 59
unidentified to William Carmichael, circa 1778.
Description

Paris. Proposal to meet him at an appointed time near the statue in the Rue Vendome; a signal is described and secrecy is enjoined. L. in 3d P. 1p.

X 60
Pierre Landais, President, 1779 February 2-3.
Description

On board the "Alliance." Proceedings of a Board of Inquiry, held to investigate a conspiracy to take the "Alliance" by force and carry her into England or Ireland. Mem. 8p.

X 61
John D. Schweighauser to John Paul Jones, 1779 February 19.
Description

Nantes. Pursuant to Dr. Franklin's orders, he will deliver the Countess of Selkirk's plate deposited in the King's warehouse; asks him to bring a silversmith that the plate may be valued according to law A.L. in 3d P. 2p.

X 62
Louis Guillouet, Comte d'Orvilliers to John Paul Jones, 1779 March 3.
Description

Brest. Offers his services and those of the Commandant at Brest. Question of the transference of Lieut. Thomas Simpson from the prison ship to a prison on land. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

X 63
Edward Lloyd to Richard Bennett Lloyd, 1779 March 5.
Description

Annapolis. Proposed shipment of tobacco delayed by the presence of the enemy's privateers. Question of sending him bills of exchange. Peace expected soon. L.S. 2p. copy.

X 64
1779 March 6.
Description

Eustache. Account of the arrival of various ships escorted by French frigates; positions of Comte d'Estaing and Comte de Grasse. L. 2p. In French. Copy.

X 65
Richard Lloyd to His Nephew, 1779 March 30.
Description

Farley. Upon the advice of Gen. John Cadwalader, J.H. Hallyday and James Tilghman, he agrees to let his nephew draw upon him for funds. L.S. 2p. Copy.

X 66
Louis Sazerac l'ainé & fils to John Bondfield, 1779 August 5.
Description

Bordeaux. Bill for cannon bought for the United States. Mem. S. 1p. E. by John Bondfield. By order of Capt. John Paul Jones the above cannon were forwarded to the l'Orient.

X 67
John Paul Jones to the Court-Martial on board the "Bon Homme Richard", 1779 August 8.
Description

The decision of the Court-Martial for the trial of Lieutenant Robert Robinson returned for consideration; recommends that disqualification be added to the sentence. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

XII 57
1779 August 11.
Description

Rotterdam. News of the defeat of the British army near Charlestown; losses of the Americans and English; Pulaski's Cavalry made 180 prisoners. L. 1p.

X 68
J. Craig to John Ross, Paris, 1779 August 11.
Description

News of American victory at Charlestown; congratulations; British surrender to Gen. Benjamin Lincoln and Gen. William Moultrie; Gen. Sir Henry Clinton did nothing at Stony Point. A.L.S. 1p.

X 69
Taillot and othe Officers of the "Vengeance" to John Paul Jones, 1779 August 12.
Description

Groa. Desertion so rife that the remaining crew are unable to execute military manoeuvres; nineteen raw recruits; beg that this state of things may be remedied. L.S. 1p. In French. Copy attested by John Paul Jones.

XII 58
Minutes of a Court-Martial held for the Trial of Lieutenant Robert Robinson, 1779 July-August.
Description

On board the "Bon Homme Richard," L'Orient. Sentenced to discharge from the service and disqualification for future official position in the navy of the United States. A. Mem. S. Denis Nicolas Cottineau de Kloguene, President, et. al. 15p.

XII 59
Chamber of Commerce of Dunkirk to the Farmers-General, 1779 August.
Description

Objections to the proposed duty on tobacco from prize cargoes entering Dunkirk from French ports. Diss. 22p. In French.

X 70
John Paul Jones to Captain Pierre Landais, 1779 September 2,5.
Description

On board the "Bon Homme Richard." Desiring his immediate presence on board the "Bon Homme Richard." L.S. 1p. each. Copy.

X 71a,c
Pierre Landais to John Paul Jones, 1779 September 2,5.
Description

On board the "Alliance." Declining to obey Captain Jones's orders. L.S. 1p. each. Copy.

X 71b, d
George III to John Langley and William Denham, 1779 September 21.
Description

London. Letter of Marque, permitting them to fit out the vessel "Chambers" as a man-of-war and to go forth as a privateer. D. 1 sheet. On parchment. Framed.

Volume Page
Officers of the "Alliance" to Captain Pierre Landais, 1779 September 23.
Description

Defending the action of the "Alliance" during the fight with the "Serapis." L.S. Matthew Parke, Captain of Marines, et al. 3p. A Copy attested by William Temple Franklin.

X 72
William Alexander, Lord Stirling to Marquis Alexandre d'Hanache, Paris, 1779 September 23.
Description

On the Heights of Spitsberg. His position as commander in the United States army; Marquid de la Fayette served under him, and was wounded at the battle of Brandywine; glad of the American-French Alliance. A.L.S. 2p.

X 73
Lieutenant-Colonel Antoine Félix Wuibert to John Paul Jones, 1779 October 10.
Description

On board the "Serapis." Desiring to return to America in him former capacity as engineer. A.L.S. 4p. In French. A.E. by John Paul Jones begging Dr. Franklin to grant the above request.

X 74
Lieutnant-Colonel Antoine Félix Wuibert, 1779 October 22.
Description

On board the "Serapis." Formal charges against Captain Pierre Landais of insubordination to his superior, Commodore John Paul Jones. A.L.S. 4p. In French. Copy.

X 75
Captain Pierre Landais, 1779 October 30.
Description

Texel. Defense in the proceedings of a court-martial for his trial. D.S. Matthew Parke, Captain of Marines, et al. 16p.

X 76
John Paul Jones to Richard Pearson, 1779 October 31.
Description

On board the "Pallas." Agreement entered into by Captain Jones and Captain Pearson, late Commander of the British Baltic fleet, relative to the disposition of the English prisoners. D.S. 2p. Copy attested by John Paul Jones.

XII 60
John Paul Jones to Lieutenant-Colonel Wuibert, 1779 November 1.
Description

On board the "Serapis." Permission having been given the Americans to use one of the Dutch forts for the purpose of guarding and caring for the wounded British prisoners, Col. Wuibert is ordered to convey the same to the fort and to guard them there. L.S. 2p. Copy attested by John Paul Jones.

XII 61
Admiralty Court of Great Britain and Ireland, 1779 November 17.
Description

An official order not to impress nine men and boys belonging to the "Camden" of Lynn. Printed form. S. Lord Sandwich, et al. 2p.

X 77
Minutes of an Inquiry into the Conduct of Captain Pierre Landais, 1779 November 15-24.
Description

Setting forth the charges against him, and the evidence presented by the defendant. D. 9p. Interlined by Dr. Franklin.

X 78-79
Denis Nicolas Cottineau de Kloguene to Le Ray de Chaumont, 1779 December 15.
Description

Amsterdam. Quarrel between himself and Captain John Paul Jones; criticizes Jones for abandoning the wounded on the "Bon Homme Richard." Number of men and prisoners to feed on the "Serapis." A.L.S. 4p. In French.

X 80
General Assembly of Maryland, 1779 December 30.
Description

Annapolis. An Act for calling out of circulation certain bills of credit emitted by Act of Assembly. A trustee to be appointed to go to England and sell the shares in the Bank of England owned by the State of Maryland. D. 6p. Copy.

X 81-82
Marc François Gauthier, 1779.
Description

Brest. Begging to be released from imprisonment and given work; wishes this petition presented to Dr. Franklin. A.L.S. 4p. In French.

X 83
Lieutenant James Lynd, et al., 1779.
Description

Certifying that certain articles have been taken out of the prize ship "Serapis" and brought on board the "Alliance." 2p.

XII 62
Robert Robinson to John Paul Jones, 1779.
Description

On board the "Bon Homme Richard." Asking for his warrent, his discharge fromteh ship, and an order for the wages due him. A.L.S. 1p.

X 84
Arÿ de Neef, 1780 January 9.
Description

On board the "Alliance," off Cape Finisterre. Certifying to his cargo being British property. D.S. 1p. copy attested by John Paul Jones.

XI 1
Mar to Le Ray de Chaumont, Passy, 1780 January 20.
Description

Annoucing his approaching departure for America; offers to carry any letters or packets for M. Le Ray de Chaumont or Dr. Franklin. A.L.S. 1p. A.E. by Le Ray de Chaumont. "Neglected purposely to apprize Dr. Franklin of this offer." In French.

XI 2
Sir Henry Clinton to Lord George Germain, 1780 January 30.
Description

Savannah, GA. Account of affairs in America; danger of New York being taken by the Colonists; harm done by the French fleet the year before; negroes enlisted by South Carolina; Charlestown strongly entrenched; mistaken idea that the Colonists are bankrupt; failure to destroy their paper money. L.S. 24p. Copy of an intercepted letter translated into French.

Xi 3
Madame Verdelin, 1780 April 1.
Description

Paris. Asking her to obtain from Dr. Franklin letters of recommendation for the Vicomte de Veneur, who is about to join Comte de Rochambeau. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

XI 4
Monplaisir to John Paul Jones, 1780 April 5.
Description

L'Orient. Concerning the wages due the crews of the "Alliance" and the "Bon Homme Richard." L.S. 2p. In French. Copy.

XI 5
Joseph James to Shore, 1780 April 21.
Description

Philadelphia. Introducing Mr. George Fox. A.L.S. 1p.

XI 6
George III, 1780 April 27.
Description

London. Letter of Marque against Spain issued to William Abrams, Commander of the "Friendship." 1p. Copy by Robert Jenner, Proctor at Doctors' Commons.

XII 63
John Paul Jones to Antoine Jean Marie Thevenard, 1780 June 13.
Description

L'Orient. His authority as Commander of the squadron denied by Captain Pierre Landais, who has seized the ship "Alliance;" desires to be restored to his rightful position; insubordination among the crews imminent. L. 1p. In French. copy.

XI 7
Monplaisir to Le Ray de Chaumont, 1780 June 14.
Description

L'Orient. Resumption by Captain Pierre Landais of the command of the "Alliance," after being deprived of that position by Dr. Franklin's orders; the crew on his side. L.S. 4p. In French.

XI 7
1780 June 18.
Description

L'Orient. Certifying to having received from James Moylan, a letter addressed to Capt. Pierre Landais. Mem. 1p.

XI 9
James Arthur Degge, 1780 June 18.
Description

Certifying to having received from James Moylan a letter addressed to himself and other officers of the "Alliance." Mem. S. 1p.

XI 10
1780 June 20.
Description

L'Orient. Account of the measures adopted to prevent the departure of the ship "Alliance" from l'Orient. L. 2p. In French.

XII 64
Pierre Landais to John Paul Jones, 1780 June.
Description

Will deliver his baggage; refuses his other requests. A.L. 2p.

XI 11
circa 1780 June.
Description

Account of the quarrel between John Paul Jones and Captain Pierre Landais; favorable to the latter. L. 4p. In French.

XI 12
British House of Commons, 1780 July 8.
Description

Resolutions concerning the health of the prisoners confined in the King's House, Winchester, and the measures for relief taken by the doctor and other officials of the prison. Printed D. 4p.

XI 13
John Adams to Comte de Vergennes, 1780 July 27.
Description

Paris. Advises constant communication between the French Ministry and the American Commissioners; suggests sending French reinforcements to America. Hopes of inducing Spain to keep the West Indies open to France and the United States. Corrects Comte de Vergenne's statement that the measures taken by the King of France to help the Americans had been unsolicited. L.S. 5p. Copy.

XI 14
Comte de Vergennes to John Adams, 1780 July 29.
Description

Versailles. Stating that all his offical communications must be made privately to Mr. Benjamin Franklin who alone is accredited to France for that purpose by the United States. Explains the passage in his letter criticized by Mr. Adams. L. 2p. In French. Copy.

XI 15
John Paul Jones, 1780 September 23.
Description

List of officers and men belonging to the "Ariel," under his command. Mem. S. 1p.

XII 65
1780 September.
Description

List of officers and men belonging to the "Ariel" under Captain John Paul Jones's command. Mem. 2p.

XII 66
John Bondfield, 1780 December 5.
Description

Bordeaux. Bill for cannon bought from Louis Sazerac l'ainé & fils, and shipped on the "Marquis de la Fayette." A. Bill S. 1p. In French.

XI 16
Le Ray de Chaumont?, circa 1780.
Description

When one of two nations at war loses its credit, the domination of the other is assured; if America loses her credit she must accept peace. A.N. 1p. In French.

XI 18
Le Ray de Chaumont?, circa 1780.
Description

Project for sinking the paper money. Mem. 2p. In French.

XI 18
Pierre Landais?, 1780.
Description

Denies having received instructions from M. Le Ray de Cahumont to put himself under the command of Capt. John Paul Jones, or to fulfil Benjamin Franklin's orders of July 28, 1779. Mem. 1p.

XI 19
1780.
Description

List of petty officers on board the "Alliance." Mem. 1p.

XI 20
1780.
Description

List of officers and men on board the "Alliance" under the command of Pierre Landais. Mem. 10p.

XI 21
1780.
Description

List of dates under the headings "to M. Pierre Landais" and "to officers of the 'Alliance,'" and to "to M. Alexander Gillon." Mem. 2p. In French.

XI 22
1780.
Description

List of fourteen despatches sent by the "Mercury" packet, Captain Simon Samson. Mem. 1p.

XI 23
Silas Deane, 1781 January 13.
Description

Paris. Certifying that he has not sold any of the certificates which Mr. John Shee gave him power of attorney to sell, and that he has deposited the power of attorney with Dr. Franklin. D.S. 1p. Copy.

XI 24
Jonathan Williams, Jr. to Marquis de Castries, 1781 February 13.
Description

Nantes. The Marquis de la Fayette preparing to carry munitions of war and supplies to America; asks for orders to the officers at l'Orient to assist these preparations; asks for a convoy to Rhode Island. L.S. 2p. In French.

XI 25
Silas Deane to the Continental Congress, 1781 April 20.
Description

Paris. Itemized account against Congress. Mem. 6p.

XII 68-69
Horneca, Fizeaux & Co. to Ferdinand Grand, circa 1781 May 14.
Description

Amsterdam. Concerning the Dutch loan. L. 2p. In French.

XI 26
Robert Morris to the Public, 1781 May 28.
Description

Philadelphia. Plan for the establishment of a National Bank for the United States of North America. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 70
Alexander Gillon to Morel fils, 1781 June 1.
Description

Dunkirk. An order to pay sixty livres a month to Madame Virth, whose husband is a volunteer in the service of South Carolina. D.S. 1p. In French.

XI 27
Baulny?, 1781 June 29.
Description

Newtown. Order of the Treasurer of War to pay a certain sum to Messrs. Wadsworth & Carter for supplies furnished to the army of Comte de Rochambeau. Engraved L.S. 2p. In French and English. E. by Wadsworth & Carter and by Jonathan Trumbull.

XI 28
Jonathan Williams, Jr., 1781 August 16.
Description

Nantes. Proposal to furnish arms for the use of the United States. L.S. 2p. In French.

XI 29
Continental Congress, 1781 September 12.
Description

Philadelphia. Resolved that Mr. Silas Deane's accounts be examined by a Vice-Consul and that Mr. Deane be informed of teh appointment of said Vice-Consul. D.S. George Bond, Deputy Secretary. 1p. Copy.

XI 30
Thomas Beer to Franics Coffyn, Dunkirk, 1781 October.
Description

Needs a letter of recommendation in order to transport himself and family to America. Could not get work in town because rope-making was slack and he was regarded as a spy. A.L.S. 2p.

XI 31
Jeremiah Wadsworth to Silas Deane, 1781 November.
Description

Williamsburg. Silas Deane mistaken in his gloomy picture of American affairs; explains what he believes to be Spain's attitude. L.S. 4p. Press copy.

XI 32a
Major Benjamin Tallmadge to Silas Deane, 1781 December 27.
Description

Withersfield. Concerning the interception and publication of a letter said to be addressed to him by Mr. Silas Deane, in which union with Great Britian is advocated; shows how groundless are the arguments used; believes in ultimate independence. L.S. 7p. Press copy. Printed in Collections of New York Historical Society, 1889. "Deane Papers," IV 557.

XI 32b
John Adams to George Fox, 1781 December 28.
Description

Amsterdam. Passport for Mr. Fox to be used in France. D.S. 1p. In French. Signed also by John Thaxter, Secretary.

XII 71
Colonel Jeremiah Wadsworth to Brentano, 1782 January 29.
Description

Williamsburg. Pained at parting with him. Sends him two letters to Mr. Silas Deane, one from Major Benjmain Tallmadge, the other from himself.

XI 32c
Brentano to William Temple Franklin, circa 1782 February.
Description

Paris. Desires to know what he shall do with the letters delivered to him by Colonel Jeremiah Wadsworth, just returned from Germany, and is to go back to the army in Virginia. L. in 3d P. 1p. Press copy.

XI 32 d
Robert Morris to Messrs. Jean de Neufville & Sons, 1782 March 9.
Description

Amsterdam. Office of Finance, Philadelphia. Advising them to follow Dr. Franklin's orders as regards to the goods belonging to the United States in their possession. L.S. 1p.

XI 33
Sir Guy Carleton to Gen. George Washington, 1782 May 7.
Description

New York. Annoucing his appointment as Commander of the British forces on the Atlantic; deputed to act with Admirial Robert Digby on the Peace Commission; transmits papers to show that the British desire peace. L.S. 2p. Copy.

XI 34
General George Washington to Sir Guy Carleton, 1782 May 10.
Description

Headquarters. Concerning his request for a passport for Mr. Morgan. British flags of truce will be received only at Dobb's Ferry, so long as the armies occupy their present position. L.S. 1p. Copy.

XI 35
Continental Congress to Louis XVI, 1782 May 20.
Description

Philadelphia. Congratulatory letter upon the birth of the Dauphin. L. 3p. Copy.

XI 36
Bonnefoux to Miss Bethia Alexander, 1782 June.
Description

Paris. She kindly undertook to induce Dr. Franklin to accept the dedication which was presented to him by one of their Professors of Philosophy, and he realizes that this act of condescension of this illustrious man is due to her. Begs her to communicate to Dr. Franklin that it will be necessary for him to write to the Academy of Sciences of Toulouse, requresting it to represent him in this public act and enclosing a form for such a request. A.L.S. 2p.

XI 37-38
Thomas Allan and others, 1782 July 23.
Description

London. Certificate for the vessel the "Lyon of Bristol" that gives bond to return to Great Britain only. Printed D.S. Thomas Allan, et al. 1p.

XI 39
Sir Guy Carleton and Admiral Robert Digby to Gen. George Washington, 1782 August 12.
Description

New York. Lord Grenville has gone to Paris with full powers to treat for peace; offer of independence to America; probable concessions to the American loyalists. Mr. Henry Lauren's release; question of the exchange of prisoners. L.S. 2p. Copy.

XI 40
G.S. Mumford to William Temple Franklin, 1782 August 12.
Description

Nantes. Introducing M. Le Grand Cannon and his companion, Mr. Russell. Concerning a letter from Dr. Franklin to Dr. David Hartley, containing a dialogue between some wreckers and a captain of a ship. A.L.S. 2p.

XI 41
Lamarque to Lair De Lamotte, Passy, 1782 September 11.
Description

Paris. Account of the use he has made of the money advanced to him by M. Alexander Gillon; begs him to call Dr. Franklin's attention to the matter. A.L.S. 2p. In French.

XI 42
Vernet to Madame Brillon?, 1782 September 25.
Description

Paris. Asking her influence with Dr. Franklin to procure a passage to America for M. Laurent Josselin, a civil and military engineer. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

XI 43
Henry Wyld to Ferdinand Grand, 1782 October 8.
Description

Londonberry. Desiring to secure a passage to Philadelphia, on a French vessel. A.L.S. 1p.

XII 72
Continental Congress, 1781-1782.
Description

Thomas Barclay's commission as Consul to France; the King's Exequatur. Copies. 3p. In English and French.

XII 73
Charles Grant, Vicomte de Vaux to Marquis de la Fayette, 1782.
Description

His fortune lost in aiding the American cause; desires as a sort of indemnity, a tract of land on some navigable river in America. A.L. in 3d P. 3p. In French.

XI 44
Sir Edward Newenham to Governor William Franklin, circa 1782.
Description

Glad to learn of the Governor's safe arrival in England; offers to carry to Dr. Franklin, in Paris, any messages not political. A.L. in 3d P. 2p.

XI 45
Baron de Thun, 1782.
Description

Copy of a receipt signed by Richard Bache, Administrator of the estate of Frederick Hoecklerin, for £200 received from Christian Schneider. A.D. 1p. In French and German.

XI 46
Explanation of a Medal Struck by the Americans in Honor of the Capitulations of Saratoga and Yorktown, 1782.
Description

Shows France guarding the infant Republic from Great Britain. Printed Mem. 2p. In French and English in parallel columns.

XI 47
William Petty, Earl of Shelburne, 1783 February 17.
Description

London. Speech in the House of Lords, on the King's address on behalf of peace. See Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, XXIII, 407-420. 17 p. In French.

XI 48
William Temple Franklin, Gustavus H. Temple and Samuel Vaughan le jeune to Hoffman, 1783 April 10.
Description

Paris. Thanking him for his courtesy in permitting them to see his important invention of the "polytype." L.S. 1p. In French.

XI 49
Samuel White to William Temple Franklin, 1783 April 13.
Description

London. Mr. Charles James Fox's proposal to admit American vessels on the basis of 1763, until a Commercial Treaty can be concluded. Desires to know if his grandfather can give American papers for a ship bought in England by an American. Family affairs. A.L.S. 2p.

XI 50
Jonathan Williams, Jr. to William Temple Franklin, Passy., 1783 June 18.
Description

Nantes. Desiring Dr. Franklin's assistance in securing a Captain's license for M. de la Ville. A.L.S. 2p.

XI 51
M. Lavoisier, Desmaret, L'Abbé Bossut et moi, 1783 July 3.
Description

Annonay. Description of an ascension made in the aerostatic machine invented by the brothers Joseph Michel and Jacques Etienne Montgolfier. Mem. 3p. In French.

XII 74
Benjamin Vaughan to William Temple Franklin, Passy., 1783 August 8.
Description

London. Concerning a note received from Jonathan Williams, which did not prove good. A.L.S. 2p.

XI 52
Jean Jacques Caffieri to William Temple Franklin, Passy., 1783 Septemer 16.
Description

Paris. Dr. Franklin's bust packed and ready for shipment; only the name of its destination is needed. A.L.S. 1p. In French.

XI 53
Duc de Polignac, Duc de Guines, Comte de Polastron, Comte Vaudreuil, d'Hunaud, Benjamin Franklin, Faujas de Saint Fond, Delisle, Jean Baptiste Le Roy, 1783 November 21.
Description

Chateau de la Muette. Enthusiastic description of an ascension made in M. Montgolfier's aerostatic machine; it carried two passengers, the Marquis d'Orlandes and M. Pilâtre de Rozier. Mem. 3p. In French. Copy.

XI 54
Silas Deane to the Continental Congress, circa 1783.
Description

His bill against Congress; three charges cited as having been wrongfully made; reimbursement sought. A.L. 1p.

XI 55
"An Ode in Imitation of Alcæus", 1783.
Description

Printed by Benjamin Franklin Bache. Passy, 1783. Printed broadside. 1p.

XI 56
Madame Devillier Pechigny to William Temple Franklin, Passy, circa 1783.
Description

Terms upon which his protégé may be received into the writer's school. L.S. 1p. In French.

XI 57
Hoffman, 1784 August 2.
Description

Page with ornamental heading, showing the new art of polytype invented by Mr. Hoffman. 1p. In French.

XI 58
unidentified to Bejamin Franklin Bache, 1784 October 14 and 1785 July 2.
Description

Tailor's bill. Mem. 1p. Latter part torn off.

XI 59
circa 1787.
Description

List of boys in his Excellency's, Dr. Franklin's, Charity School. Mem. 1p.

XI 60
1788 July 4.
Description

Ode in honor of the day. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 75
unidentified, undated.
Description

Project for the formation of two picked companies under the title, "Volunteers of Franklin." L. 3p. In French. In duplicate.

XI 61
unidentified, undated.
Description

Project for the formation of two picked companies under the title, "Volunteers of Franklin." L. 3p. In French. In duplicate.

XII 76
unidentified, undated.
Description

An essay on the evils of paper currency. Diss. 4p.

XI 62
unidentified, undated.
Description

Plan to carry on all commerce of the United States by ships of war; advantages of this method. Diss. 16 p. In French.

XI 63
unidentified, undated.
Description

A scheme to pay four hundred millions of American indebtness by the sale of American timber. Mem. 1p. In French.

XI 64
unidentified, undated.
Description

Note recording the titles of two books, L'historie des Finances by M. François Véron de Forbonnais and Tariff Schedules in the Different States of Europe by M. Beaumont. Mem. 1p. In French.

XI 65
unidentified, undated.
Description

Instructions to Postmasters of France as to the method of keeping their records. Printed broadside. 2p. In French.

XII 77
unidentified, undated.
Description

List of eighteen American toasts given at a dinner in honor of Major-General Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. Printed broadside. 1p.

XII 78
unidentified, undated.
Description

List of English vessels of war with their guns, captains and crews. Mem. 3p. In French.

XI 66
unidentified, undated.
Description

List of the names and addresses of several titled French officers. Mem. 1p. In French.

XI 67
Finck, undated.
Description

Expense account. Mem. 1p. In French.

XI 75
unidentified, undated.
Description

Bill for expenses incurred in capturing and confining seven sailor. Mem. 1p. In French.

XI 68
unidentified, undated.
Description

Pictorial plan of an air ship. 1p. In French.

XI 69
unidentified, undated.
Description

Water-color drawing of a blunderbuss. 1p. In French. E. "At Mr. Cassan's at Charleville, to be sent to Mr. Clonitz."

XI 70
unidentified to ? de St. Marc, Paris, undated.
Description

An order to pay M. Ferdinand Grand a certain sum due on a cargo of tobacco from Virginia. L. in 3d P. 1p. In French.

XI 71
unidentified, undated.
Description

Description of engraving of Marquis de la Fayette at Yorktown, dedicated to General Washington, by M. Noël Le Mire. Printed Mem. 1p. In French.

XI 72
unidentified, undated.
Description

Directions for using a medicinal powder, guaranteed to cure all wounds, and to prevent gangrene. Mem. 2p. In French.

XI 73
Baron Behr, undated.
Description

Visiting card.

XI 74a
William Temple Franklin?, undated.
Description

Quality of gun barrels purchased for use in America, so poor that it is useless to ship them. Mem. 2p.

XI 76
Marguerite Guevelin, undated.
Description

Bill of expenses. Mem. S. 1p. In French.

XI 77
Mr. Hammet, undated.
Description

Visiting card.

XI 75b
John Paul Jones, undated.
Description

List of men from St. Malo. Mem. S. 1p.

XI 79
Mr. Lee, undated.
Description

Visiting card.

XI 75c
Bishop of St. Asaph, undated.
Description

Visiting card.

XI 75 d
Swayne & Clifford, undated.
Description

List of articles sold at their warehouse. Printed circular. 2p.

XII 80
Benjamin Vaughan to William Temple Franklin, undated.
Description

Enclosing a letter to be forwarded to America. A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

XI 80
Williams (Limner), undated.
Description

Engraved card.

XI 75e

"Elegy on my Sister Franklin", undated.

XIII 1
Monsieur Dumas, 1779 September 7.
Description

Passy. Letter from Franklin transmitting a letter for Captain Jones. A.N.S. 1p.

XIII 2
Captain Dundas, 1782 November 27.
Description

Passy. Letter from Franklin as Minister Plenipotentiary granting the discharge of the Captain from parole. A.D.S. 1p.

XIII 3
William Strahan, 1744 July 31.
Description

Philadelphia. Letter thanking Strahan for his "Care and Pains in procuring me the Founding Tools." A.L.S. 2p.

XIII 4
William Strahan, 1745 November 16.
Description

Philadelphia. Letter probably to Strahan enclosing bills for books ordered and received. A.N.S. 1p.

XIII 5
William Strahan, 1746 January 4.
Description

Philadelphia. Letter requesting that additional books be added to previous order.

XIII 6
William Strahan, 1746 April 26.
Description

Philadelphia. Letter possibly to William Strahan transmitting a list of books desired. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 7
Peter Collinson, 1756 June 15.
Description

Philaelphia. Thanking him for the parcels of books and sending payment of 20 pounds sterling. A.L.S. 2p.

XIII 8
William Strahan, 1763 March 28.
Description

Philadelphia. Letter concerning Franklin's visit with his son and also concerns reports of Franklin's extravagance while minister to France. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 9
William Strahan, 1764 March 30.
Description

Letter transmitting one of his last Gazettes. A.N.S. 1p.

XIII 10
William Bartram, 1765 February 14.
Description

London. Letter informing the latter that "our friend Peter is not dead, as you apprehended..." A.N.S. 1p.

XIII 11
unidentified, 1766 February 27.
Description

London. Letter concerning abuses heaped upon Franklin by his enemies; also notes optimism about repeal of the Stamp Act. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 12

No Folder.

XIII 13
Mr. Pennington, 1767 August 5.
Description

London. Letter regarding the Penn family's sympathizing with Pennington over his ill use by the latter, etc. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 14
Dr. Ebenezer Kinnersley, 1771 July 17.
Description

London. Letter reporting on others' experiments with electricity; includes Franklin's sketched diagram of an electrometer, desinged by an "ingenious friend." A.L.S.

XIII 15
Mr. Grand, 1785 October 20.
Description

Philadelphia. Letter requesting that the latter credit Franklin's account for bills previously sent. References to several letters received from "Patsy" with passing references to General Washington. A.L.S.

XIII 16
Dr. John Morgan, 1772 February 5.
Description

London. Letter reporting on a visit to Ireland and Scotland for health and change of air; notes with pleasure growing reputation of "our college...equal to that of Edinburgh." A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 17
Dr. Benjamin Rush, 1773 February 14.
Description

London. Letter informing Dr. Rush to expect "a bundle of ephemerides" and "one of Dr. Priestly's Pamphlets..." A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 18
Robert Morris, 1775 August 20.
Description

Brunswick. Letter concerning forty-four tons of gunpowder bound for New York. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 19
Benjamin Franklin Bache, 1779 August 19.
Description

Passy. Letter urging good behavior. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 20
Benjamin Franklin Bache, 1783 June 23.
Description

Passy. Letter praising his grandson's progress in writing and drawing, and urging him to visit. A.L.S. 1p. Includes a protrait of Franklin.

XIII 21
Duke de Rochefoucault, 1788 December 10.
Description

Philadelphia. Letter introducing Mr. Governeur Morris. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 22
Mr. Grand, 1788 October 24.
Description

Philadelphia. Letter asking that his account be charged for a sum received from a Mr. Rose. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 23

unidentified, 1788.

XIII 24

Franklin Imprints, 1739-1779.

XIII 25
Portrait of Franklin, undated.
Description

Also includes a small envelope addressed to Mr. Duane with the inscription, "These were handed to me by Mr. Butler for you-He says that they are all he has-but will get you more."

XIII 26

Portrait of Franklin, undated.

XIII 27
Joseph Galloway, 1767 April 14.
Description

London. Letter concerning the advocacy of pending bill to create Pennsylvania circuit court, various public works projects, taxation, etc. A.L.S. 5p.

XIII 28
Joseph Galloway, 1767 May 20.
Description

London. Letter concerning paper money and ministry affairs. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 29
Joseph Galloway, 1766 October 11.
Description

London. Letter concerning anticipated political developments in Pennsylvania and in England, and remarks on a proposed American paper currency. A.L.S. 4p.

XIII 30
Joseph Galloway, 1766 November 8.
Description

London. Letter concerned with scurrilous essay idenitfying Franklin as author of the Stamp Act. Commiserates with Galloway over false accusations. A.L.S. 1p.

XIII 31
Joseph Galloway, 1766 December 13.
Description

London. Letter congratulating the latter on his selection as Speaker of the Assembly; noting new head of Board of Trade. A.L.S. 2p.

XIII 32

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