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Henry Vaux photograph albums of India

Ms. Coll. 1134

Henry Vaux photograph albums of India

Ms. Coll. 1134

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Vaux, Henry, 1883-1957
Title:
Henry Vaux photograph albums of India
Date [inclusive]:
1911-1929
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1134
Extent:
1 linear feet (1 box)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Major Henry George Vaux (1883-1957) was a military secretary in the British Army, posted in India. He served as Aide de Camp to Lord Carmichael who served as Governor of Victoria from 1908 to 1911, Governor of Madras from 1911 to 1912, and Governor of Bengal from 1912 to 1914. Major Vaux also served under Lord Ronaldshay, Lord Lytton and Lord Sykes. He was named Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1921 by King George the V. Major Vaux ended his career as a Lieutenant Colonel. The five volumes of photographs capture the luxurious style and activities present in the lives of the highest ranking British military posted to India, and their families, in the early part of the 20th century. The subject of many photographs are the leisure activities enjoyed by this group – horse races, polo, hunting, tennis – as well as ceremonial events such as visits of kings, queens and dignitaries of all kind. Some family life is included as well through wedding photos, photos of pets, and of the many residences in which this all took place.
Cite as:
Henry Vaux photograph albums of India, 1911-1929, Ms. Coll. 1134, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Moona Lal & Sons, Photographers.
Title:
Sir Malcolm Hailey photograph album of Sarda Canal
Date:
1928
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1146
Extent:
08 Linear feet (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This album is a presentation photograph album given to Sir Malcolm Hailey, later 1st Baron Hailey, by Moona Lal and Sons, photographers. Hailey was governor of the Punjab from 1924 to 1928 and of the United Provinces from 1928 to 1930. The twenty-six photographs in the volume document the completion of the first stages of the works on the Sarda Canal, United Provinces (now Uttar Preadesh).
Cite as:
Sir Malcolm Hailey photograph album of Sarda Canal, 1928, Ms Coll. 1146, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

Major Henry George Vaux (1883-1957) was a military secretary in the British Army, posted in India. He served as Aide de Camp to Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael (Lord Carmichael) who served as Governor of Victoria from 1908 to 1911, as Governor of Madras from 1911 to 1912, and as Governor of Bengal from 1912 to 1914. Major Vaux also served under Lord Ronaldshay, Lord Lytton and Lord Sykes. He was named Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1921, by King George the V. Prior to his time in India, Vaux served as Lieutenant in the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry around from at least 1909 to 1915. Vaux ended his career as a Lieutenant Colonel. Vaux married Edna Bensen von Stockhausen in 1915.

The five volumes of photographs capture the luxurious style and activities present in the lives of the highest ranking British military posted to India, and their families, in the early part of the 20th century. The subject of many photographs are the leisure activities enjoyed by this group – horse races, polo, hunting, tennis – as well as ceremonial events such as visits of kings, queens and dignitaries of all kind. Some family life is included as well through wedding photos, photos of pets and of the many residences in which this all took place.

Biography/History

This album is a presentation photograph album given to Sir Malcolm Hailey, later 1st Baron Hailey, by Moona Lal and Sons, photographers. Hailey was governor of the Punjab from 1924 to 1928 and of the United Provinces from 1928 to 1930.

The album commemorates the completion of the first stages of the works on the Sarda Canal, United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) which was formally opened on December 11, 1928, by Sir Malcolm Hailey, Governor of the United Provinces. The Sarda Canal system linked over 4,000 miles of canals and distributaries, commanding an area of over 7,000,000 acres, the largest capital works in the British Empire at that date. At the time, it was anticipated that the project would yield to the state a net annual return of 7% on an outlay of £7.5 million. The importance of this scheme is clearly set out by Philip Woodruff, who was an Assistant Magistrate in the U.P. at the time of the project.

"The canals in the North-West or United Provinces secured an area that had previously been uncertain, but men lived and ploughed there for thousands of years. In the Punjab, irrigation between the rivers meant that a desert suddenly blossomed, that where a few nomad tribes had grazed their goats and camels towns and villages sprang up and good wheat was grown... The water-level was eighty feet below the surface, so that irrigation from wells was out of the question, but for canal irrigation the country was ideal. There was a slight fall from North-East to South-West and between every pair of rivers ran a water-shed, invisible to the eye which dictated the alignment of the main canal. It is an idea to stir the dullest - a desert ready to be peopled, a Utopia waiting for its architect. And there is something staggering about its success." [Mason, page 112]

On the other hand, belief in the benefit of canals was not unanimous. "The Sarda Canal also epitomized the weakness of many of the projects [under British supervision]. As many landlords argued when the project was in the planning state in 1872, the Sarda Canal was not only unnecessary, but it would harm existing cultivation. They noted that there was no history of famine in in Awadh, that irrigation needs were met by the existing wells, and that it would lead to disease because of waterlogging. The landlords concluded by claiming that not only would the canal system add to their financial burden, but it would not make money. The government, as expected, ignored local knowledge. And yet, in the end, the landlords' predictions all came true." [Hill, page 131]

Works cited:

Hill, Christopher V., South Asia: An Environmental History. Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, 2008.

Woodruff, Philip. The men who ruled India, Volume 2: The guardians. London : Cape, 1954.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains five photo albums, mostly containing photographs of India but also some of Italy and France in the second decade of the 20th century. There are five volumes, each labeled by place and year.

Volume 1 contains photographs of India from 1911 to 1913. These photographs show government houses and their grounds as well as various sights in Madras, Guindy, including locals, servants, a car, and buggy. A government house and garden in Dacca, Calcutta is also featured, as is a trip to Barrackpore. There are many group photographs, including a group photo of Legislative Council Members, and a photo including Miss Hamilton, Ena, Lady Alice Shaw Stewart, Baron & Baroness Nugent, Sir Hugh, Miss Moffet, Audrey, Mrs. & Mr. Schuster, Her Excellency Annesley, Miss Hamilton, Miss Maxwell Stuart, Fitz Roy, Major Gilbert, Lady Hammick, and “Pep,” child of His & Her Excellency. This album also contains photographs from the King and Queen’s visit to Delhi Durbar, the royal parade and extraordinary photos of the Madras Camp. In addition to the posed photos, there are many candids of a range of people and pets, and the Viceroy Cup Day (races).

Volume 2, India, 1917-1918 and 1921, contains group photos including a wedding photo with W.R. Gourlay, Capt Derry, Maj. Sandis, Lt.Col Smith, H. Maffey, Lt. Col. Verney, Capt. Ocock, Capt. Finch Knightly, Sir William Duke, Lord Donoughmore, Mr. Montagu, Lady Ronaldshay, Lord Chelmsford, Lady Chelmsford, Lord Ronaldshay, and Mr. Roberts. There is also a group photo in Aninman Islamia, Darjeeling, on the eve of the departure of His Excellency The Earl of Ronaldshay on October 17, 1921, which includes: M. A. Begg, Aziz Sha, H. Wazir Md., Mr. Chainuddin, Capt. C.B. Lyon, W.R. Gourlay, H.G. Vaux, M. Ramzan, A.Hamid, Md. G. Rabbani, Md. Idris, Y. Ahmed, M.L.C., M. Ahmed, Inspector of Schools, K. Ahmed, Shamshululema, A. Majid, Dr. F.A. Azziz, President, Hou’ble S. Nawabali, Minister, H.E. Gov. of Bengal, S.W. Goode, Dpty Commissioner, A. Momen, A.M. Ahmed, District Judge, A. Zaman, Erfan Ali, A. Rahaman, M. Haque, and K. Shamsuddin. As in other volumes, there are photos of the house, races, weddings, safaris, horses, palaces, polo players, tennis, and a period car. The Second Indian War Loan fundraiser is also captured here along with a photo of a tank from 1918, among other military and official events.

The third volume, Italy, France, England, India, 1923 to 1925, contains many photos of government houses, specifically one in Ganeshkind, as well as the official opening of The Electric Railway in 1925. Unlike the other albums, this one captures a trip to Europe, with photos of Rome, Pompeii and Naples. Leisure photos of races and a polo tournament are also in this album, along with various shots of Miss Warren, Miss Harmon, Alastair Cameron, Sir Leslie Wilson, Previté, Lady Wilson, Miss Goldney, Lt. Col. Pottinger, Mrs & Miss Pottinger, Capt. Pert, Mr. Adam, HH Maharajah of Kholapur, Mr. Ker, Maj. Trisidder, Capt. Sword, and Ris. Taj Mohamed.

The fourth volume, Bombay, 1928-1929, chronicles the King of Afghanistan’s visit and arrival and more photos of Ganeshkhind and its grounds. Group photos include: Major H.G. Vaux, Captain K.E. Previté, Captiain G. Bunbury, Lt.-Col. A.G. Tresidder, Captain J.O. Horne, Captain R. Neville, Captain C.L. Mould, Risaldar-Major Lakhpat Singh, Lt.-Col. R.B. Butler, Mr. J. C. Ker, Mr. H. Graham, Miss M. Smith, Major H. deN. Lucas, Captain E.D. Holder, His Excellency Sir Stanley Jackson, Lady Wilson, and His Excellency Sir Leslie Wilson. Additional photos include Risaldar Natha Singh, Jemadar Shadil Khan, Mrs. Vaux, Mrs. Tresidder, Mrs. Lucas and son; H.H. the Maharao of Cutch, Mrs. Martin, H.E. Gov of Madras, Lady Sykes, H.E. the Viceroy, H.E. Lady Erwin, H.E. Gov of Bombay, Viscountesse Goschen, H.H the Nawab of Bhopal, the Hon. Mrs. Portal and Master Simon Portal (her son), Ris. Nathasingh, Sir Manubhai Mehta, Mr. Martin, The Hon. Sir Charles Watson, H.H. the Chief of Sangli, H.H. the Maharana of Porbandar, H.H. the Maharaja of Bikaner, H.H. the Maharaja Rana of Dholpur, Mr. Cunningham, Mir Maqbool Mahmood, Mr. Maxwell, Maj. Johnstone, Lt.-Col. Thorburn, Capt. Portal, Dr. Rushbrook Williams, Co. Haksaar, Capt. Cawley-Way, Capt. Bootle-Wilbraham, Capt. Crichton, Staff Officer to H.H. the Maharana o Porbandar, Capt. The Lord Ashley, and 2nd Lieut. A.B. Barton. The Government House Calcutta Christmas party is featured as well as the vice-regal lodge in Simla and other government houses and a royal bungalow. People of note in this album include Princess Alice, the King of Greece, Lord Wellingdon in Bombay, Lord Irwin arriving and leaving Bombay, and a photo of the Simon Commission. As in other volumes, leisure activities such as a trip to the races, a wedding, a photo of period car (Rolls Royce), top up and down, a police parade and government party are included. This is the only album with an impressive group photo of government house staff (200 people) and with some loose photos.

The final volume, India, is not dated and does not have captions. There are photos of homes, individuals, horses, a cricket match, tennis and weddings.

Scope and Contents

This collection is composed of one album containing twenty-six original mounted photographs, twenty-one of them measuring 9" x 11;" five of them folding panoramas, approximately double-sized. A few of the images are slightly faded, but in general very good. The album itself is in the original full grey leather with the title of the album embedded in silver to the upper board, together with presentation plate and engraved silver corners, a little rubbed at the extremities, but with attractive engravings. None of the photographs are captioned.

The images record the Sarda Canal as the work was being completed. Most images feature the physical infrastructure of the canal and Indian workers, performing manual labor. Some images include train cars and boats which may have made the work somewhat less arduous. In many photographs, the engineering, the stonework and the piping is shown in detail. One image shows an Englishman (possibly Sir Malcolm Hailey) sitting with two English women and three Indian men.

Overall, the photographs show the enormous scale of the project in both geography and human resources.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2015 November 6

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2015 November 12

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Clémence Scouten

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Clémence Scouten

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Custodial History note

Sold by Glenn Mitchell, 2002.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Great Britain--Colonies--History--20th century
  • Great Britain--Colonies--Social life and customs
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • India--Photographs
  • India--Politics and government--1857-1919
  • India--Politics and government--1919-1947
Subject(s)
  • Leisure
  • Voyages and travels

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Great Britain--Colonies--History--20th century
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • Sarda Canal
Personal Name(s)
  • Hailey, William Malcolm Hailey, Baron, 1872-1969
Subject(s)
  • Canals--India--Uttar Pradesh
  • Irrigation canals and flumes
  • Water resources development--India--Uttar Pradesh

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

India, 1911-1913.

1 1

India, 1917-1921.

1 2

Italy, France, England, India, 1923-1925.

1 3

Bombay, 1928-1929.

1 4

India, undated.

1 5

Collection Inventory

Photograph album of the Sarda Canal construction, 1928.

Henry Vaux photograph albums of India

Ms. Coll. 1134

Henry Vaux photograph albums of India

Ms. Coll. 1134

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Vaux, Henry, 1883-1957
Title:
Henry Vaux photograph albums of India
Date [inclusive]:
1911-1929
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1134
Extent:
1 linear feet (1 box)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Major Henry George Vaux (1883-1957) was a military secretary in the British Army, posted in India. He served as Aide de Camp to Lord Carmichael who served as Governor of Victoria from 1908 to 1911, Governor of Madras from 1911 to 1912, and Governor of Bengal from 1912 to 1914. Major Vaux also served under Lord Ronaldshay, Lord Lytton and Lord Sykes. He was named Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1921 by King George the V. Major Vaux ended his career as a Lieutenant Colonel. The five volumes of photographs capture the luxurious style and activities present in the lives of the highest ranking British military posted to India, and their families, in the early part of the 20th century. The subject of many photographs are the leisure activities enjoyed by this group – horse races, polo, hunting, tennis – as well as ceremonial events such as visits of kings, queens and dignitaries of all kind. Some family life is included as well through wedding photos, photos of pets, and of the many residences in which this all took place.
Cite as:
Henry Vaux photograph albums of India, 1911-1929, Ms. Coll. 1134, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Moona Lal & Sons, Photographers.
Title:
Sir Malcolm Hailey photograph album of Sarda Canal
Date:
1928
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1146
Extent:
08 Linear feet (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This album is a presentation photograph album given to Sir Malcolm Hailey, later 1st Baron Hailey, by Moona Lal and Sons, photographers. Hailey was governor of the Punjab from 1924 to 1928 and of the United Provinces from 1928 to 1930. The twenty-six photographs in the volume document the completion of the first stages of the works on the Sarda Canal, United Provinces (now Uttar Preadesh).
Cite as:
Sir Malcolm Hailey photograph album of Sarda Canal, 1928, Ms Coll. 1146, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

Major Henry George Vaux (1883-1957) was a military secretary in the British Army, posted in India. He served as Aide de Camp to Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael (Lord Carmichael) who served as Governor of Victoria from 1908 to 1911, as Governor of Madras from 1911 to 1912, and as Governor of Bengal from 1912 to 1914. Major Vaux also served under Lord Ronaldshay, Lord Lytton and Lord Sykes. He was named Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1921, by King George the V. Prior to his time in India, Vaux served as Lieutenant in the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry around from at least 1909 to 1915. Vaux ended his career as a Lieutenant Colonel. Vaux married Edna Bensen von Stockhausen in 1915.

The five volumes of photographs capture the luxurious style and activities present in the lives of the highest ranking British military posted to India, and their families, in the early part of the 20th century. The subject of many photographs are the leisure activities enjoyed by this group – horse races, polo, hunting, tennis – as well as ceremonial events such as visits of kings, queens and dignitaries of all kind. Some family life is included as well through wedding photos, photos of pets and of the many residences in which this all took place.

Biography/History

This album is a presentation photograph album given to Sir Malcolm Hailey, later 1st Baron Hailey, by Moona Lal and Sons, photographers. Hailey was governor of the Punjab from 1924 to 1928 and of the United Provinces from 1928 to 1930.

The album commemorates the completion of the first stages of the works on the Sarda Canal, United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) which was formally opened on December 11, 1928, by Sir Malcolm Hailey, Governor of the United Provinces. The Sarda Canal system linked over 4,000 miles of canals and distributaries, commanding an area of over 7,000,000 acres, the largest capital works in the British Empire at that date. At the time, it was anticipated that the project would yield to the state a net annual return of 7% on an outlay of £7.5 million. The importance of this scheme is clearly set out by Philip Woodruff, who was an Assistant Magistrate in the U.P. at the time of the project.

"The canals in the North-West or United Provinces secured an area that had previously been uncertain, but men lived and ploughed there for thousands of years. In the Punjab, irrigation between the rivers meant that a desert suddenly blossomed, that where a few nomad tribes had grazed their goats and camels towns and villages sprang up and good wheat was grown... The water-level was eighty feet below the surface, so that irrigation from wells was out of the question, but for canal irrigation the country was ideal. There was a slight fall from North-East to South-West and between every pair of rivers ran a water-shed, invisible to the eye which dictated the alignment of the main canal. It is an idea to stir the dullest - a desert ready to be peopled, a Utopia waiting for its architect. And there is something staggering about its success." [Mason, page 112]

On the other hand, belief in the benefit of canals was not unanimous. "The Sarda Canal also epitomized the weakness of many of the projects [under British supervision]. As many landlords argued when the project was in the planning state in 1872, the Sarda Canal was not only unnecessary, but it would harm existing cultivation. They noted that there was no history of famine in in Awadh, that irrigation needs were met by the existing wells, and that it would lead to disease because of waterlogging. The landlords concluded by claiming that not only would the canal system add to their financial burden, but it would not make money. The government, as expected, ignored local knowledge. And yet, in the end, the landlords' predictions all came true." [Hill, page 131]

Works cited:

Hill, Christopher V., South Asia: An Environmental History. Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, 2008.

Woodruff, Philip. The men who ruled India, Volume 2: The guardians. London : Cape, 1954.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains five photo albums, mostly containing photographs of India but also some of Italy and France in the second decade of the 20th century. There are five volumes, each labeled by place and year.

Volume 1 contains photographs of India from 1911 to 1913. These photographs show government houses and their grounds as well as various sights in Madras, Guindy, including locals, servants, a car, and buggy. A government house and garden in Dacca, Calcutta is also featured, as is a trip to Barrackpore. There are many group photographs, including a group photo of Legislative Council Members, and a photo including Miss Hamilton, Ena, Lady Alice Shaw Stewart, Baron & Baroness Nugent, Sir Hugh, Miss Moffet, Audrey, Mrs. & Mr. Schuster, Her Excellency Annesley, Miss Hamilton, Miss Maxwell Stuart, Fitz Roy, Major Gilbert, Lady Hammick, and “Pep,” child of His & Her Excellency. This album also contains photographs from the King and Queen’s visit to Delhi Durbar, the royal parade and extraordinary photos of the Madras Camp. In addition to the posed photos, there are many candids of a range of people and pets, and the Viceroy Cup Day (races).

Volume 2, India, 1917-1918 and 1921, contains group photos including a wedding photo with W.R. Gourlay, Capt Derry, Maj. Sandis, Lt.Col Smith, H. Maffey, Lt. Col. Verney, Capt. Ocock, Capt. Finch Knightly, Sir William Duke, Lord Donoughmore, Mr. Montagu, Lady Ronaldshay, Lord Chelmsford, Lady Chelmsford, Lord Ronaldshay, and Mr. Roberts. There is also a group photo in Aninman Islamia, Darjeeling, on the eve of the departure of His Excellency The Earl of Ronaldshay on October 17, 1921, which includes: M. A. Begg, Aziz Sha, H. Wazir Md., Mr. Chainuddin, Capt. C.B. Lyon, W.R. Gourlay, H.G. Vaux, M. Ramzan, A.Hamid, Md. G. Rabbani, Md. Idris, Y. Ahmed, M.L.C., M. Ahmed, Inspector of Schools, K. Ahmed, Shamshululema, A. Majid, Dr. F.A. Azziz, President, Hou’ble S. Nawabali, Minister, H.E. Gov. of Bengal, S.W. Goode, Dpty Commissioner, A. Momen, A.M. Ahmed, District Judge, A. Zaman, Erfan Ali, A. Rahaman, M. Haque, and K. Shamsuddin. As in other volumes, there are photos of the house, races, weddings, safaris, horses, palaces, polo players, tennis, and a period car. The Second Indian War Loan fundraiser is also captured here along with a photo of a tank from 1918, among other military and official events.

The third volume, Italy, France, England, India, 1923 to 1925, contains many photos of government houses, specifically one in Ganeshkind, as well as the official opening of The Electric Railway in 1925. Unlike the other albums, this one captures a trip to Europe, with photos of Rome, Pompeii and Naples. Leisure photos of races and a polo tournament are also in this album, along with various shots of Miss Warren, Miss Harmon, Alastair Cameron, Sir Leslie Wilson, Previté, Lady Wilson, Miss Goldney, Lt. Col. Pottinger, Mrs & Miss Pottinger, Capt. Pert, Mr. Adam, HH Maharajah of Kholapur, Mr. Ker, Maj. Trisidder, Capt. Sword, and Ris. Taj Mohamed.

The fourth volume, Bombay, 1928-1929, chronicles the King of Afghanistan’s visit and arrival and more photos of Ganeshkhind and its grounds. Group photos include: Major H.G. Vaux, Captain K.E. Previté, Captiain G. Bunbury, Lt.-Col. A.G. Tresidder, Captain J.O. Horne, Captain R. Neville, Captain C.L. Mould, Risaldar-Major Lakhpat Singh, Lt.-Col. R.B. Butler, Mr. J. C. Ker, Mr. H. Graham, Miss M. Smith, Major H. deN. Lucas, Captain E.D. Holder, His Excellency Sir Stanley Jackson, Lady Wilson, and His Excellency Sir Leslie Wilson. Additional photos include Risaldar Natha Singh, Jemadar Shadil Khan, Mrs. Vaux, Mrs. Tresidder, Mrs. Lucas and son; H.H. the Maharao of Cutch, Mrs. Martin, H.E. Gov of Madras, Lady Sykes, H.E. the Viceroy, H.E. Lady Erwin, H.E. Gov of Bombay, Viscountesse Goschen, H.H the Nawab of Bhopal, the Hon. Mrs. Portal and Master Simon Portal (her son), Ris. Nathasingh, Sir Manubhai Mehta, Mr. Martin, The Hon. Sir Charles Watson, H.H. the Chief of Sangli, H.H. the Maharana of Porbandar, H.H. the Maharaja of Bikaner, H.H. the Maharaja Rana of Dholpur, Mr. Cunningham, Mir Maqbool Mahmood, Mr. Maxwell, Maj. Johnstone, Lt.-Col. Thorburn, Capt. Portal, Dr. Rushbrook Williams, Co. Haksaar, Capt. Cawley-Way, Capt. Bootle-Wilbraham, Capt. Crichton, Staff Officer to H.H. the Maharana o Porbandar, Capt. The Lord Ashley, and 2nd Lieut. A.B. Barton. The Government House Calcutta Christmas party is featured as well as the vice-regal lodge in Simla and other government houses and a royal bungalow. People of note in this album include Princess Alice, the King of Greece, Lord Wellingdon in Bombay, Lord Irwin arriving and leaving Bombay, and a photo of the Simon Commission. As in other volumes, leisure activities such as a trip to the races, a wedding, a photo of period car (Rolls Royce), top up and down, a police parade and government party are included. This is the only album with an impressive group photo of government house staff (200 people) and with some loose photos.

The final volume, India, is not dated and does not have captions. There are photos of homes, individuals, horses, a cricket match, tennis and weddings.

Scope and Contents

This collection is composed of one album containing twenty-six original mounted photographs, twenty-one of them measuring 9" x 11;" five of them folding panoramas, approximately double-sized. A few of the images are slightly faded, but in general very good. The album itself is in the original full grey leather with the title of the album embedded in silver to the upper board, together with presentation plate and engraved silver corners, a little rubbed at the extremities, but with attractive engravings. None of the photographs are captioned.

The images record the Sarda Canal as the work was being completed. Most images feature the physical infrastructure of the canal and Indian workers, performing manual labor. Some images include train cars and boats which may have made the work somewhat less arduous. In many photographs, the engineering, the stonework and the piping is shown in detail. One image shows an Englishman (possibly Sir Malcolm Hailey) sitting with two English women and three Indian men.

Overall, the photographs show the enormous scale of the project in both geography and human resources.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2015 November 6

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2015 November 12

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Clémence Scouten

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Clémence Scouten

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Custodial History note

Sold by Glenn Mitchell, 2002.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Great Britain--Colonies--History--20th century
  • Great Britain--Colonies--Social life and customs
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • India--Photographs
  • India--Politics and government--1857-1919
  • India--Politics and government--1919-1947
Subject(s)
  • Leisure
  • Voyages and travels

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Great Britain--Colonies--History--20th century
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • Sarda Canal
Personal Name(s)
  • Hailey, William Malcolm Hailey, Baron, 1872-1969
Subject(s)
  • Canals--India--Uttar Pradesh
  • Irrigation canals and flumes
  • Water resources development--India--Uttar Pradesh

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

India, 1911-1913.

1 1

India, 1917-1921.

1 2

Italy, France, England, India, 1923-1925.

1 3

Bombay, 1928-1929.

1 4

India, undated.

1 5

Collection Inventory

Photograph album of the Sarda Canal construction, 1928.