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British soldier's photograph album of India

Ms. Coll. 1195

British soldier's photograph album of India

Ms. Coll. 1195

British soldier's photograph album of India

Ms. Coll. 1195

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
British soldier's photograph album of India
Date [inclusive]:
1930-1934
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1195
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection consists of about 170 photographs, placed in an album, taken in India between 1930 and 1934 by an unidentified British soldier. Though the soldier is unknown, it is almost certain that he served in the Royal Fusiliers. The photographs in the album largely depict the every day life of British soldiers and their social activities, as well as providing evidence of British interest in Indian life and customs.
Cite as:
British soldier's photograph album of India, 1930-1934, Ms. Coll. 1195, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Photograph album, Sri Lanka
Date [inclusive]:
1919-1932
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1198
Extent:
1 box (1 album, 5 folders)
Language:
English
Abstract:
An album containing photographs taken by an unknown person in Sri Lanka working at a British preparatory school during the years 1919 to 1932. There are two letters and some copied poems laid in the volume.
Cite as:
Photograph album, Sri Lanka, 1919-1932, Ms. Coll. 1198, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Second Lancers photograph album
Date [inclusive]:
1909-1913
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1303
Extent:
0.1 linear feet (1 box)
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Second Lancers, established in 1809 by William Linnaeus Gardner (1770-1835), was a cavalry regiment in the British Indian Army. It is probable that the creator of this album was a British or Indian officer who served with the Second Lancers between 1909 and 1913. For the most part, military life is not documented--instead the volume consists of formal portraits of British and Indian soldiers; candid photographs of soldiers; portraits of horses; and photographs of a trip to England, equine sports in India (including racing and polo), and a trip to Delhi for the Delhi Durbar held in December 1911 to commemorate the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India.
Cite as:
Second Lancers photograph album, 1909-1913, Ms. Coll. 1303, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

Though the British soldier who put together this album of photographs from 1930 to 1934 in India is unknown, his first name may be "Ted," as that is the name signed to a message on the back of a military portrait postcard included in the album. The message and signature has been crossed out. Insignia on the soldier's hat indicates that he served in the Royal Fusiliers, but his rank is unclear-- in some photographs his uniform has no insignia; but in others, there is a lance corporal stripe. It is possible that this soldier played the drums in his regiment's band.

Biography/History

The Second Lancers, established in 1809 by William Linnaeus Gardner (1770-1835), was a cavalry regiment in the British Indian Army. It is probable that the creator of this album was a British or Indian officer who served with the Second Lancers between 1909 and 1913. There is no identifying information in the album and both Indian and British soldiers are depicted. The majority of the photographs were taken in Poona (now Pune), India and several were signed by photographers Stewart & Son in 1911.

It seems likely that the creator of this volume traveled to England during his service, possibly for training purposes at the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. It is unclear if the creator was taking photographs of grand homes (generally in the Suffolk region) during his travels or if he was visiting family or friends. The creator appears to have been a horseman, taking advantage of sporting events in India during his service there, particularly in Poona, Mhow, and Delhi. He also attended the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India, which took place in Delhi in 1911.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of about 170 photographs, placed in an album, taken in India between 1930 and 1934 by an unidentified British soldier, who served with the Royal Fusiliers. Most of the photographs are affixed to the album pages with photo corners, with the photographs towards the back of the album glued into the pages. Most of the photos have descriptive writing on the back, though not all of them are dated. There are a number of blank pages, as well as photo corners that are missing photos.

The photographs in the album depict such scenes as riots in 1932 Bombay-- with soldiers, dead bodies, and trash and furniture piles in the street-- as well as scenes of daily life for the British soldiers and the Indian villagers they encounter. Scenes depicting daily life for the British soldiers include: team sports, fishing, hunting, platoon demonstrations, weddings, a Christmas day dinner, Indian tours of such sites as the Taj Mahal and the Agra Temple, as well as many group portraits. Scenes depicting Indian villagers include: a milkman, a female "snake charmer," and portraits of children and adults. There are numerous photographs of animals in the villages and in the countryside.

While most of the photographs show a soldier's off-duty life in India, there are photographs showing soldiers marching in formation, the band, traveling in convoy to the "Frontier of India" (including the entrance to the Razmak Brigade), soldiers in camps (sleeping tents and mess), and reading mail on "mail day." There are a few photographs of prominent British army officers including a reprint of a portrait of Field Marshal William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood (1865-1951), who served as General Officer Commanding the Northern Army in India in 1920 and Commander-in-Chief, India, in 1925 and Field Marshal Philip Walhouse Chetwode, 1st Baron Chetwode, 7th Baronet of Oakley (1869-1950), who became Chief of the General Staff in India in 1928 and Commander-in-Chief, India, in November 1930. As Chetwode returned to Britain from India in May 1934, he would have been in command during most of the period depicted in the album. There are also several photographs of the headstone of Percy Norton Waitestone Wilson, lieutenant colonel in the Royal Fusiliers who died on March 4, 1933, at the age of 47.

In the album, there are two double-exposure portrait photographs, which are the only photographs showing experimentation with the form, other than one colorized photograph of a fishing scene.

Scope and Contents

A brown oblong album containing photographs taken by an unknown person in Sri Lanka working at a British preparatory school. The photographs and items in the album span the years from 1919 to 1932. The album has "Snap shots" stamped in gold on the cover and "Braemar series" photo scrap album printed on the inside front cover. The volume contains fifty-three black-and-white photographs pasted on the first ten leaves in various sizes measuring from 1 1/2 x 2 1/2 inches to 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 inches. On the verso of some photographs are dates, locations, and names written in black ink. Laid in the album are seventy-seven photographs that are now housed in five folders. Also laid in the album, are nineteen leaves consisting of two letters, copied poems, and a few clippings of verse. The letters are unsigned. A majority of the photographs appear to have been taken at a preparatory school, possibly in Colombo, Sri Lanka with images of students and staff. In addition are photographs of excursions to Kandy, Nuwara Eliya, Kitugala, and Adam's Peak in Sri Lanka. There are also images taken from trips to Penang and Agra in India. Two sets of photographs can be identified. These are snapshots and portraits taken in England. One set is of the Arnold family in England with images of Faith and Grace Arnold and their parents. The other set of photographs is of the Jones family. Comprising images of Herbert Gresford Jones (1870-1958) who was Bishop of Suffragan of Kampala, Uganda from 1920 to 1923 and Bishop of Warrington from 1927 to 1945 among other positions held in the Church of England. Photographs of Jones' wife Elizabeth Howard Fox Hodgkin (1873-1972) and his son Edward Michael Gresford Jones (1901-1982), who was Bishop of St. Albans in England are included.

Scope and Contents

This photograph album documents the experiences of a soldier, probably a British or Indian cavalry officer, serving in the Second Lancers in India from 1911 to 1913. For the most part, military life is not documented--instead the volume consists of formal portraits of British and Indian soldiers; candid photographs of soldiers; portraits of horses; and photographs of a trip to England, equine sports in India (including racing and polo), and a trip to Delhi for the Delhi Durbar held in December 1911 to commemorate the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India.

Formal and candid photographs of officers are nearly always captioned, but rarely with a full name. Instead, initials or last names are usually present, with the exception of a formal photograph of Indian officers which includes full names. Researchers interested in the history of the Second Lancers will find these officer photographs as well as one documenting the Second Lancers Centenary Week to be valuable.

The trip to England includes photographs of Stowlangtoft Hall, Stowlangtoft Church, Langham Hall, and Badwell, all in the Suffolk region of England. There are also photographs of the Royal Military College at Sandhurst as well as Farnborough Court, which may have had connections to the Army as a result of its geographic proximity to Sandhurst.

The creator's affinity to horses and horse-related sporting events is well documented in this volume. Researchers will find photographs of the Club at Mhow, Mhow from the Station Hospital, and the Mhow Tent Club (in preparation for hunting boars); the Grand Stand, the betting ring, and the paddock in Poona (now Pune); owners and trainers v. jockeys events held in Poona; and a polo match held at the University of Delhi (probably taken during the Durbar events in 1911). There are also numerous portraits of horses, including "The Rat," "Soapsuds," and "Caractacus," as well as the Mhow hounds.

The Delhi Durbar in 1911 includes photographs of landmarks, spectators, veterans, the garden party, and "chiefs doing homage at Durbar." There is a loose photograph probably of the Durbar, documenting the tents and event location.

These photographs are mounted on heavy card stock and bound in an album with no cover. Most of the photographs are not signed, but a few are signed by photographers Stewart & Son and Ramchandrarao & Prataprao. Two photographs of the Mhow Tent Club preparing for a boar hunt in 1911 were taken by Ramchandrarao & Prataprao and were published in The Times of India Illustrated Weekly Supplement on July 19, 1911.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 February 16

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  April 2016

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 May 18

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Alexandra M. Wilder

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Donna Brandolisio

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Purchased with assistance from the Anne and Joseph Trachtman Memorial Book Fund, 2013.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Kevin Jackson (Turkey), 2016

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Design Books, 2005.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Great Britain. Army.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • India--20th century--Photographs
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • India--Photographs
  • India--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • Military
  • Voyages and travels

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts, English--20th century
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
  • Poems
  • Snapshots
Geographic Name(s)
  • India--20th century--Photographs
  • Sri Lanka--20th century--Photographs
  • Sri Lanka--Description and travel--20th century--Photographs

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • India. Army. Lancers, 2nd.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Great Britain--Photographs
  • India--20th century--Photographs
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • India--Photographs
Subject(s)
  • Coronations--Great Britain--History--20th century
  • Durbars--India--Delhi
  • Horse racing
  • Military

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Photograph album, 1930-1934.

1 1

Collection Inventory

Box

Photograph album, Sri Lanka, 1919-1932.

1

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Photograph album, 1909-1913.

1 1

British soldier's photograph album of India

Ms. Coll. 1195

British soldier's photograph album of India

Ms. Coll. 1195

British soldier's photograph album of India

Ms. Coll. 1195

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
British soldier's photograph album of India
Date [inclusive]:
1930-1934
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1195
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection consists of about 170 photographs, placed in an album, taken in India between 1930 and 1934 by an unidentified British soldier. Though the soldier is unknown, it is almost certain that he served in the Royal Fusiliers. The photographs in the album largely depict the every day life of British soldiers and their social activities, as well as providing evidence of British interest in Indian life and customs.
Cite as:
British soldier's photograph album of India, 1930-1934, Ms. Coll. 1195, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Photograph album, Sri Lanka
Date [inclusive]:
1919-1932
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1198
Extent:
1 box (1 album, 5 folders)
Language:
English
Abstract:
An album containing photographs taken by an unknown person in Sri Lanka working at a British preparatory school during the years 1919 to 1932. There are two letters and some copied poems laid in the volume.
Cite as:
Photograph album, Sri Lanka, 1919-1932, Ms. Coll. 1198, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Second Lancers photograph album
Date [inclusive]:
1909-1913
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1303
Extent:
0.1 linear feet (1 box)
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Second Lancers, established in 1809 by William Linnaeus Gardner (1770-1835), was a cavalry regiment in the British Indian Army. It is probable that the creator of this album was a British or Indian officer who served with the Second Lancers between 1909 and 1913. For the most part, military life is not documented--instead the volume consists of formal portraits of British and Indian soldiers; candid photographs of soldiers; portraits of horses; and photographs of a trip to England, equine sports in India (including racing and polo), and a trip to Delhi for the Delhi Durbar held in December 1911 to commemorate the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India.
Cite as:
Second Lancers photograph album, 1909-1913, Ms. Coll. 1303, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

Though the British soldier who put together this album of photographs from 1930 to 1934 in India is unknown, his first name may be "Ted," as that is the name signed to a message on the back of a military portrait postcard included in the album. The message and signature has been crossed out. Insignia on the soldier's hat indicates that he served in the Royal Fusiliers, but his rank is unclear-- in some photographs his uniform has no insignia; but in others, there is a lance corporal stripe. It is possible that this soldier played the drums in his regiment's band.

Biography/History

The Second Lancers, established in 1809 by William Linnaeus Gardner (1770-1835), was a cavalry regiment in the British Indian Army. It is probable that the creator of this album was a British or Indian officer who served with the Second Lancers between 1909 and 1913. There is no identifying information in the album and both Indian and British soldiers are depicted. The majority of the photographs were taken in Poona (now Pune), India and several were signed by photographers Stewart & Son in 1911.

It seems likely that the creator of this volume traveled to England during his service, possibly for training purposes at the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. It is unclear if the creator was taking photographs of grand homes (generally in the Suffolk region) during his travels or if he was visiting family or friends. The creator appears to have been a horseman, taking advantage of sporting events in India during his service there, particularly in Poona, Mhow, and Delhi. He also attended the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India, which took place in Delhi in 1911.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of about 170 photographs, placed in an album, taken in India between 1930 and 1934 by an unidentified British soldier, who served with the Royal Fusiliers. Most of the photographs are affixed to the album pages with photo corners, with the photographs towards the back of the album glued into the pages. Most of the photos have descriptive writing on the back, though not all of them are dated. There are a number of blank pages, as well as photo corners that are missing photos.

The photographs in the album depict such scenes as riots in 1932 Bombay-- with soldiers, dead bodies, and trash and furniture piles in the street-- as well as scenes of daily life for the British soldiers and the Indian villagers they encounter. Scenes depicting daily life for the British soldiers include: team sports, fishing, hunting, platoon demonstrations, weddings, a Christmas day dinner, Indian tours of such sites as the Taj Mahal and the Agra Temple, as well as many group portraits. Scenes depicting Indian villagers include: a milkman, a female "snake charmer," and portraits of children and adults. There are numerous photographs of animals in the villages and in the countryside.

While most of the photographs show a soldier's off-duty life in India, there are photographs showing soldiers marching in formation, the band, traveling in convoy to the "Frontier of India" (including the entrance to the Razmak Brigade), soldiers in camps (sleeping tents and mess), and reading mail on "mail day." There are a few photographs of prominent British army officers including a reprint of a portrait of Field Marshal William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood (1865-1951), who served as General Officer Commanding the Northern Army in India in 1920 and Commander-in-Chief, India, in 1925 and Field Marshal Philip Walhouse Chetwode, 1st Baron Chetwode, 7th Baronet of Oakley (1869-1950), who became Chief of the General Staff in India in 1928 and Commander-in-Chief, India, in November 1930. As Chetwode returned to Britain from India in May 1934, he would have been in command during most of the period depicted in the album. There are also several photographs of the headstone of Percy Norton Waitestone Wilson, lieutenant colonel in the Royal Fusiliers who died on March 4, 1933, at the age of 47.

In the album, there are two double-exposure portrait photographs, which are the only photographs showing experimentation with the form, other than one colorized photograph of a fishing scene.

Scope and Contents

A brown oblong album containing photographs taken by an unknown person in Sri Lanka working at a British preparatory school. The photographs and items in the album span the years from 1919 to 1932. The album has "Snap shots" stamped in gold on the cover and "Braemar series" photo scrap album printed on the inside front cover. The volume contains fifty-three black-and-white photographs pasted on the first ten leaves in various sizes measuring from 1 1/2 x 2 1/2 inches to 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 inches. On the verso of some photographs are dates, locations, and names written in black ink. Laid in the album are seventy-seven photographs that are now housed in five folders. Also laid in the album, are nineteen leaves consisting of two letters, copied poems, and a few clippings of verse. The letters are unsigned. A majority of the photographs appear to have been taken at a preparatory school, possibly in Colombo, Sri Lanka with images of students and staff. In addition are photographs of excursions to Kandy, Nuwara Eliya, Kitugala, and Adam's Peak in Sri Lanka. There are also images taken from trips to Penang and Agra in India. Two sets of photographs can be identified. These are snapshots and portraits taken in England. One set is of the Arnold family in England with images of Faith and Grace Arnold and their parents. The other set of photographs is of the Jones family. Comprising images of Herbert Gresford Jones (1870-1958) who was Bishop of Suffragan of Kampala, Uganda from 1920 to 1923 and Bishop of Warrington from 1927 to 1945 among other positions held in the Church of England. Photographs of Jones' wife Elizabeth Howard Fox Hodgkin (1873-1972) and his son Edward Michael Gresford Jones (1901-1982), who was Bishop of St. Albans in England are included.

Scope and Contents

This photograph album documents the experiences of a soldier, probably a British or Indian cavalry officer, serving in the Second Lancers in India from 1911 to 1913. For the most part, military life is not documented--instead the volume consists of formal portraits of British and Indian soldiers; candid photographs of soldiers; portraits of horses; and photographs of a trip to England, equine sports in India (including racing and polo), and a trip to Delhi for the Delhi Durbar held in December 1911 to commemorate the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India.

Formal and candid photographs of officers are nearly always captioned, but rarely with a full name. Instead, initials or last names are usually present, with the exception of a formal photograph of Indian officers which includes full names. Researchers interested in the history of the Second Lancers will find these officer photographs as well as one documenting the Second Lancers Centenary Week to be valuable.

The trip to England includes photographs of Stowlangtoft Hall, Stowlangtoft Church, Langham Hall, and Badwell, all in the Suffolk region of England. There are also photographs of the Royal Military College at Sandhurst as well as Farnborough Court, which may have had connections to the Army as a result of its geographic proximity to Sandhurst.

The creator's affinity to horses and horse-related sporting events is well documented in this volume. Researchers will find photographs of the Club at Mhow, Mhow from the Station Hospital, and the Mhow Tent Club (in preparation for hunting boars); the Grand Stand, the betting ring, and the paddock in Poona (now Pune); owners and trainers v. jockeys events held in Poona; and a polo match held at the University of Delhi (probably taken during the Durbar events in 1911). There are also numerous portraits of horses, including "The Rat," "Soapsuds," and "Caractacus," as well as the Mhow hounds.

The Delhi Durbar in 1911 includes photographs of landmarks, spectators, veterans, the garden party, and "chiefs doing homage at Durbar." There is a loose photograph probably of the Durbar, documenting the tents and event location.

These photographs are mounted on heavy card stock and bound in an album with no cover. Most of the photographs are not signed, but a few are signed by photographers Stewart & Son and Ramchandrarao & Prataprao. Two photographs of the Mhow Tent Club preparing for a boar hunt in 1911 were taken by Ramchandrarao & Prataprao and were published in The Times of India Illustrated Weekly Supplement on July 19, 1911.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 February 16

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  April 2016

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 May 18

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Alexandra M. Wilder

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Donna Brandolisio

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Purchased with assistance from the Anne and Joseph Trachtman Memorial Book Fund, 2013.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Kevin Jackson (Turkey), 2016

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Design Books, 2005.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Great Britain. Army.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • India--20th century--Photographs
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • India--Photographs
  • India--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • Military
  • Voyages and travels

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts, English--20th century
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
  • Poems
  • Snapshots
Geographic Name(s)
  • India--20th century--Photographs
  • Sri Lanka--20th century--Photographs
  • Sri Lanka--Description and travel--20th century--Photographs

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • India. Army. Lancers, 2nd.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Great Britain--Photographs
  • India--20th century--Photographs
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • India--Photographs
Subject(s)
  • Coronations--Great Britain--History--20th century
  • Durbars--India--Delhi
  • Horse racing
  • Military

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Photograph album, 1930-1934.

1 1

Collection Inventory

Box

Photograph album, Sri Lanka, 1919-1932.

1

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Photograph album, 1909-1913.

1 1

British soldier's photograph album of India

Ms. Coll. 1195

British soldier's photograph album of India

Ms. Coll. 1195

British soldier's photograph album of India

Ms. Coll. 1195

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
British soldier's photograph album of India
Date [inclusive]:
1930-1934
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1195
Extent:
0.1 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection consists of about 170 photographs, placed in an album, taken in India between 1930 and 1934 by an unidentified British soldier. Though the soldier is unknown, it is almost certain that he served in the Royal Fusiliers. The photographs in the album largely depict the every day life of British soldiers and their social activities, as well as providing evidence of British interest in Indian life and customs.
Cite as:
British soldier's photograph album of India, 1930-1934, Ms. Coll. 1195, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Photograph album, Sri Lanka
Date [inclusive]:
1919-1932
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1198
Extent:
1 box (1 album, 5 folders)
Language:
English
Abstract:
An album containing photographs taken by an unknown person in Sri Lanka working at a British preparatory school during the years 1919 to 1932. There are two letters and some copied poems laid in the volume.
Cite as:
Photograph album, Sri Lanka, 1919-1932, Ms. Coll. 1198, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Title:
Second Lancers photograph album
Date [inclusive]:
1909-1913
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1303
Extent:
0.1 linear feet (1 box)
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Second Lancers, established in 1809 by William Linnaeus Gardner (1770-1835), was a cavalry regiment in the British Indian Army. It is probable that the creator of this album was a British or Indian officer who served with the Second Lancers between 1909 and 1913. For the most part, military life is not documented--instead the volume consists of formal portraits of British and Indian soldiers; candid photographs of soldiers; portraits of horses; and photographs of a trip to England, equine sports in India (including racing and polo), and a trip to Delhi for the Delhi Durbar held in December 1911 to commemorate the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India.
Cite as:
Second Lancers photograph album, 1909-1913, Ms. Coll. 1303, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Though the British soldier who put together this album of photographs from 1930 to 1934 in India is unknown, his first name may be "Ted," as that is the name signed to a message on the back of a military portrait postcard included in the album. The message and signature has been crossed out. Insignia on the soldier's hat indicates that he served in the Royal Fusiliers, but his rank is unclear-- in some photographs his uniform has no insignia; but in others, there is a lance corporal stripe. It is possible that this soldier played the drums in his regiment's band.

Biography/History

The Second Lancers, established in 1809 by William Linnaeus Gardner (1770-1835), was a cavalry regiment in the British Indian Army. It is probable that the creator of this album was a British or Indian officer who served with the Second Lancers between 1909 and 1913. There is no identifying information in the album and both Indian and British soldiers are depicted. The majority of the photographs were taken in Poona (now Pune), India and several were signed by photographers Stewart & Son in 1911.

It seems likely that the creator of this volume traveled to England during his service, possibly for training purposes at the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. It is unclear if the creator was taking photographs of grand homes (generally in the Suffolk region) during his travels or if he was visiting family or friends. The creator appears to have been a horseman, taking advantage of sporting events in India during his service there, particularly in Poona, Mhow, and Delhi. He also attended the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India, which took place in Delhi in 1911.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of about 170 photographs, placed in an album, taken in India between 1930 and 1934 by an unidentified British soldier, who served with the Royal Fusiliers. Most of the photographs are affixed to the album pages with photo corners, with the photographs towards the back of the album glued into the pages. Most of the photos have descriptive writing on the back, though not all of them are dated. There are a number of blank pages, as well as photo corners that are missing photos.

The photographs in the album depict such scenes as riots in 1932 Bombay-- with soldiers, dead bodies, and trash and furniture piles in the street-- as well as scenes of daily life for the British soldiers and the Indian villagers they encounter. Scenes depicting daily life for the British soldiers include: team sports, fishing, hunting, platoon demonstrations, weddings, a Christmas day dinner, Indian tours of such sites as the Taj Mahal and the Agra Temple, as well as many group portraits. Scenes depicting Indian villagers include: a milkman, a female "snake charmer," and portraits of children and adults. There are numerous photographs of animals in the villages and in the countryside.

While most of the photographs show a soldier's off-duty life in India, there are photographs showing soldiers marching in formation, the band, traveling in convoy to the "Frontier of India" (including the entrance to the Razmak Brigade), soldiers in camps (sleeping tents and mess), and reading mail on "mail day." There are a few photographs of prominent British army officers including a reprint of a portrait of Field Marshal William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood (1865-1951), who served as General Officer Commanding the Northern Army in India in 1920 and Commander-in-Chief, India, in 1925 and Field Marshal Philip Walhouse Chetwode, 1st Baron Chetwode, 7th Baronet of Oakley (1869-1950), who became Chief of the General Staff in India in 1928 and Commander-in-Chief, India, in November 1930. As Chetwode returned to Britain from India in May 1934, he would have been in command during most of the period depicted in the album. There are also several photographs of the headstone of Percy Norton Waitestone Wilson, lieutenant colonel in the Royal Fusiliers who died on March 4, 1933, at the age of 47.

In the album, there are two double-exposure portrait photographs, which are the only photographs showing experimentation with the form, other than one colorized photograph of a fishing scene.

Scope and Contents

A brown oblong album containing photographs taken by an unknown person in Sri Lanka working at a British preparatory school. The photographs and items in the album span the years from 1919 to 1932. The album has "Snap shots" stamped in gold on the cover and "Braemar series" photo scrap album printed on the inside front cover. The volume contains fifty-three black-and-white photographs pasted on the first ten leaves in various sizes measuring from 1 1/2 x 2 1/2 inches to 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 inches. On the verso of some photographs are dates, locations, and names written in black ink. Laid in the album are seventy-seven photographs that are now housed in five folders. Also laid in the album, are nineteen leaves consisting of two letters, copied poems, and a few clippings of verse. The letters are unsigned. A majority of the photographs appear to have been taken at a preparatory school, possibly in Colombo, Sri Lanka with images of students and staff. In addition are photographs of excursions to Kandy, Nuwara Eliya, Kitugala, and Adam's Peak in Sri Lanka. There are also images taken from trips to Penang and Agra in India. Two sets of photographs can be identified. These are snapshots and portraits taken in England. One set is of the Arnold family in England with images of Faith and Grace Arnold and their parents. The other set of photographs is of the Jones family. Comprising images of Herbert Gresford Jones (1870-1958) who was Bishop of Suffragan of Kampala, Uganda from 1920 to 1923 and Bishop of Warrington from 1927 to 1945 among other positions held in the Church of England. Photographs of Jones' wife Elizabeth Howard Fox Hodgkin (1873-1972) and his son Edward Michael Gresford Jones (1901-1982), who was Bishop of St. Albans in England are included.

Scope and Contents

This photograph album documents the experiences of a soldier, probably a British or Indian cavalry officer, serving in the Second Lancers in India from 1911 to 1913. For the most part, military life is not documented--instead the volume consists of formal portraits of British and Indian soldiers; candid photographs of soldiers; portraits of horses; and photographs of a trip to England, equine sports in India (including racing and polo), and a trip to Delhi for the Delhi Durbar held in December 1911 to commemorate the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India.

Formal and candid photographs of officers are nearly always captioned, but rarely with a full name. Instead, initials or last names are usually present, with the exception of a formal photograph of Indian officers which includes full names. Researchers interested in the history of the Second Lancers will find these officer photographs as well as one documenting the Second Lancers Centenary Week to be valuable.

The trip to England includes photographs of Stowlangtoft Hall, Stowlangtoft Church, Langham Hall, and Badwell, all in the Suffolk region of England. There are also photographs of the Royal Military College at Sandhurst as well as Farnborough Court, which may have had connections to the Army as a result of its geographic proximity to Sandhurst.

The creator's affinity to horses and horse-related sporting events is well documented in this volume. Researchers will find photographs of the Club at Mhow, Mhow from the Station Hospital, and the Mhow Tent Club (in preparation for hunting boars); the Grand Stand, the betting ring, and the paddock in Poona (now Pune); owners and trainers v. jockeys events held in Poona; and a polo match held at the University of Delhi (probably taken during the Durbar events in 1911). There are also numerous portraits of horses, including "The Rat," "Soapsuds," and "Caractacus," as well as the Mhow hounds.

The Delhi Durbar in 1911 includes photographs of landmarks, spectators, veterans, the garden party, and "chiefs doing homage at Durbar." There is a loose photograph probably of the Durbar, documenting the tents and event location.

These photographs are mounted on heavy card stock and bound in an album with no cover. Most of the photographs are not signed, but a few are signed by photographers Stewart & Son and Ramchandrarao & Prataprao. Two photographs of the Mhow Tent Club preparing for a boar hunt in 1911 were taken by Ramchandrarao & Prataprao and were published in The Times of India Illustrated Weekly Supplement on July 19, 1911.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 February 16

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  April 2016

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 May 18

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Alexandra M. Wilder

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Donna Brandolisio

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Purchased with assistance from the Anne and Joseph Trachtman Memorial Book Fund, 2013.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Kevin Jackson (Turkey), 2016

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Design Books, 2005.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Great Britain. Army.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • India--20th century--Photographs
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • India--Photographs
  • India--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • Military
  • Voyages and travels

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts, English--20th century
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
  • Poems
  • Snapshots
Geographic Name(s)
  • India--20th century--Photographs
  • Sri Lanka--20th century--Photographs
  • Sri Lanka--Description and travel--20th century--Photographs

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • India. Army. Lancers, 2nd.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Photograph albums
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Great Britain--Photographs
  • India--20th century--Photographs
  • India--History--British occupation, 1765-1947--Photographs
  • India--Photographs
Subject(s)
  • Coronations--Great Britain--History--20th century
  • Durbars--India--Delhi
  • Horse racing
  • Military

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Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Photograph album, 1930-1934.

1 1

Collection Inventory

Box

Photograph album, Sri Lanka, 1919-1932.

1

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Photograph album, 1909-1913.

1 1