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Ku Klux Klan material from Maine, New York

Ms. Coll. 1338

Ku Klux Klan material from Maine, New York

Ms. Coll. 1338

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Ingalls, Fred Ward, 1892-1969
Title:
Ku Klux Klan material from Maine, New York
Date [inclusive]:
1925-1928
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1338
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Maine, New York, chapter of the Ku Klux Klan appears to have been guided by Charles B. Lewis, whose titles included "Imperial Representative" and "State Director Reclamation and Extension," and who operated out of Syracuse New York. This collection contains bulletins, newsletters, and correspondence relating to the "Realm of New York," specific records of the Maine, New York, chapter of the Ku Klux Klan, and Pro-Klan literature relating to the Ku Klux Klan, generally.
Cite as:
Ku Klux Klan material from Maine, New York, 1925-1928, Ms. Coll. 1338, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Gere, Robert H., 1859-1928
Title:
Robert H. Gere papers
Date [bulk]:
1856-1883
Date [inclusive]:
1752-1883
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1250
Extent:
0.2 linear feet (1 box)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Robert H. Gere (1859-1928) was a senior partner at Gere & Church law firm and an active member of the First Presbyterian Church of Syracuse, NY. He graduated from Syracuse University in 1883 with a Bachelor's degree in Philosophy and from Syracuse University Law School in 1898. Before beginning his law career, Gere spent thirteen years working as a news reporter. He married Harriet Sexsmith Gere in 1893 and together they had a daughter, Katharine. This collection contains materials dating between 1752 and 1883 and includes two diaries belonging to Robert H. Gere; a book entitled "Genealogy of the Geer Family," in which the lines of George and Thomas Geer are traced from 1621 to 1856; a single leaf from a math copybook that includes a note in pencil dating it to 1752; an oversize copy of The Luzerne Federalist; and the Susquehanna Intelligencer (a local periodical); and an unused travel accounts book.
Cite as:
Robert H. Gere papers, 1752-1883 (bulk: 1856-1883), Ms. Coll. 1250, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

As in many states in the United States, the Ku Klux Klan's popularity in New York increased dramatically during the 1920s; although "with the exceptions of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, very little Klan activity [was] reported in the northeastern states," (McVeigh, page 13). In fact, the Klan's activity was discouraged by New York's State Assembly via the "Walker Law [which] denied the Klan the right of the mask, the mails, a role in politics, and the secrecy of its membership lists," (Chalmers, page 255). Despite this, the Klan's center in upstate New York was in Binghamton, roughly 15 miles from Maine, New York, and was led by Major E.D. Smith, the King Kleagle for New York.

According to Chalmers, "in almost every state, the Klan was a champion of the 'noble experiment' of Prohibition, and in areas, such as New Jersey and upstate New York, this was its greatest rallying cry," (Chalmers, page 114). The Klan in New York also exhibited anti-Catholic sentiment, and devoted resources and rhetoric against Al Smith, the Catholic presidential candidate in 1928. Their records show that they were also explicitly racist. On May 30, 1927, the Klan in New York planned to march in the Memorial Day parade in Jamaica, New York; however the Knights of Columbus and the Boy Scouts withdrew from the parade in protest. New York Police encouraged the Klan to withdraw, but they refused. They marched to "Onward Christian Soldiers" and claimed that they were "clubbed and vilified by the police," (Official Document #9, Box 1, Folder 8). By 1930, the popularity and the influence of the Ku Klux Klan had diminished significantly in New York, as well in the United States more generally.

The Maine, New York, chapter of the Ku Klux Klan appears to have been guided by Charles B. Lewis, whose titles included "Imperial Representative" and "State Director Reclamation and Extension," and who operated out of Syracuse New York. The papers in this collection were probably kept by Fred Ingalls, the Kligrapp (or secretary). Ingalls (1892-1969) worked as a machinist for the IBM Corporation in Maine, New York. Other leaders in Klan No. 13 in Maine, New York, were Lawrence Pitcher (E.C. [probably Exalted Cyclops], or chief officer of the Klan) and Lester Hills (Klabee, or treasurer).

Works cited:

Chalmers, David M. Hooded Americanism: The First Century of the Ku Klux Klan, 1865-1965. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 19565.

McVeigh, Rory. The Rise of the Ku Klux Klan: Right-Wing Movements and National Politics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009.

Biography/History

Robert H. Gere was born in South Granby, New York on June 4, 1859 and died in Syracuse, New York on October 7, 1928. He graduated from Syracuse University in 1883 with a Bachelor's degree in Philosophy and went on to work with both the Syracuse Standard and the  Syracuse Herald as a reporter for thirteen years. In 1893, Gere married Harriet Sexsmith Gere (1869- 1910) and together they had a daughter, Katharine (1894-1979.) He graduated from the College of Law at Syracuse University in 1898 and was a senior partner of Gere & Church law firm, one of the oldest law firms in Syracuse. He was the clerk of session and a ruling elder of the First Presbyterian Church and the treasurer of the Onondaga County Sunday School Association for 25 years. He was also one of few laymen to serve as moderator of the Syracuse Presbytery.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains bulletins, newsletters, and correspondence relating to the "Realm of New York," specific records of the Maine, New York, chapter of the Ku Klux Klan, and Pro-Klan literature relating to the Ku Klux Klan, generally.

The bulk of the material in the collection appears to have been issued by Charles B. Lewis, the "Imperial Representative" and the "State Director Reclamation and Extension," and who operated out of Syracuse New York. He issued a number of state-wide newsletters including "American Crusaders of the State of New York," with S.R. Frampton and "Fiery Summons." He also issued bulletins relating to Klan Haven in Mannsville, New York (a Klan-owned home for full or half-orphaned children of Klansmen to receive a "Protestant, Christian home" and education; lectures; qualifications required for K-Duo degree; the "alien foreign press;" and Prohibition laws. The "Official documents" were structured similarly to the bulletins and generally provided "news and interest," event information, administrative information required for members (codes, application information, and due notices), rejections of applicants, and "banishments." These official documents also appear to outline Klan policy for the general membership and discuss at large anti-Catholic sentiment, especially in regards to Al Smith, presidential candidate in 1928; the Memorial Day Parade in Jamaica, New York (held on May 30, 1927); political parties and leaders; a response to a questions about the Klan "selling hate;" interracial marriage; secrecy; and the value and needs of Klan Haven. There is a document sent from Major E.D. Smith, the King Kleagle of the Realm of New York, warning local chapters of banished members.

The papers in this collection were probably kept by Fred Ingalls the Kligrapp (or secretary) of the Maine, New York, chapter. Ingalls (1892-1969) worked as a machinist for the IBM Corporation in Maine, New York. The papers directly related to Klan No. 13 in Maine, New York are largely financial and include a mostly empty cash book, a receipt for the chapter's Klan Seal, a bond, and a partially completed Kligrapp's Quarterly Report. There are also membership applications (one blank and one completed), a blank petition form, and a transfer form (completed).

The collection also contains a few Pro-Klan publications including a brochure ("Ku Klux Klan Exposed by a Klansman"), manuscript ("Tolerance," almost certainly a response to a Chicago-based magazine Tolerance issued by the National Unity League, which published Klan membership lists), and publications ("Ideals of the Ku Klux Klan" and "Outline of Principles and Teachings," by the Women of the Ku Klux Klan, Incorporated).

Scope and Contents

This collection contains materials dating between 1752 and 1883. There are two diaries belonging to Robert H. Gere, one from 1879 primarily concerning his time teaching elementary school, learning German, reading Virgil, and attending Syracuse University. The second diary, dating to 1883, contains details from a survey trip in New York. In this volume, there are several sketches of the land and topography, including Cedar Lake, Middle Stink Lake, Huckleberry Mountain, Jersey Field and Pine Hill. Both diaries include sketches and brief accounts. There is also a book entitled "Genealogy of the Geer Family," in which the lines of George and Thomas Geer are traced from 1621 to 1856. In the portion detailing George Geer’s lineage, there are several newspaper clippings of death announcements and obituaries corresponding to the family members listed. There is a single leaf from a math copybook that includes a note in pencil dating it to 1752. An oversize copy of The Luzerne Federalist; and the Susquehanna Intelligencer, a local periodical, is addressed to Robert Gere and dated to February 18, 1804. This publication seems to be primarily locally focused, including for-sale announcements, notes about debts, job openings, and general "communications" from the community. In addition to this, the periodical also includes updates on Congress and brief news from England of the happenings in Europe. Finally, there is an unused travel accounts book.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 December 6

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 December 15

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Book Mark, 2017.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of David J. Liebman, 2016

Return to Top »

Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania:

Ku Klux Klan material from Altoona, Pennsylvania, 1924-1929, Ms. Coll. 1244

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Ku Klux Klan (1915-).
Form/Genre(s)
  • Brochures
  • Correspondence
  • Financial records
  • Newsletters
  • Publications (documents)
Geographic Name(s)
  • New York (State)--Politics and government--1865-1950
  • New York (State)--Social life and customs
  • United States--History--20th century
Personal Name(s)
  • Lewis, Charles B.
  • Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944
Subject(s)
  • Anti-Catholicism
  • Ethnic relations
  • Race relations
  • Racism
  • Secret societies--United States
  • White supremacy movements--Religious aspects
  • White supremacy movements--United States

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Diaries
  • Genealogies (histories)
Geographic Name(s)
  • New York (State)--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • Education
  • Families

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

"American Crusaders of the State of New York," newsletter, 1927 May.

1 1

Bulletins (Special, Special K-Duo, and Official), 1927-1928, undated.

1 2

Event information (ceremonies, meetings, and state dinners and receptions), 1927-1928.

1 3

"Fiery Summons," newsletter, 1927 June 10.

1 4

Financial documents (bonds, Kligrapp's cashbook, quarterly reports, receipts, and requests for donations), 1925-1927, undated.

1 5

"Klan Haven," documents regarding supporting and furnishing, undated.

1 6

Membership documents (applications, general memorial, petitions, status, and transfers), circa 1925-1927.

1 7

"Official documents," numbers 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14 (page 2 only), 16, 17, and 18, 1927 May-December.

1 8

Pro-Klan literature, including brochure ("Ku Klux Klan Exposed by a Klansman"), manuscript ("Tolerance," almost certainly a response to a Chicago-based magazine Tolerance issued by the National Unity League, which published Klan membership lists), and publications ("Ideals of the Ku Klux Klan" and "Outline of Principles and Teachings," by the Women of the Ku Klux Klan, Incorporated), undated.

1 9

Reclamation program, letter and notice regarding, 1927 March, July.

1 10

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Robert H. Gere diary, 1879.

1 1

Robert H. Gere diary, 1883.

1 2

Genealogy of the Geer Family, 1856.

1 3

Leaf from math copybook, 1752.

1 4
Drawer Folder

The Luzerne Federalist; and the Susquehanna Intelligencer , 1804.

106 1
Box Folder

Travel account book, undated.

1 5

Ku Klux Klan material from Maine, New York

Ms. Coll. 1338

Ku Klux Klan material from Maine, New York

Ms. Coll. 1338

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Ingalls, Fred Ward, 1892-1969
Title:
Ku Klux Klan material from Maine, New York
Date [inclusive]:
1925-1928
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1338
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Maine, New York, chapter of the Ku Klux Klan appears to have been guided by Charles B. Lewis, whose titles included "Imperial Representative" and "State Director Reclamation and Extension," and who operated out of Syracuse New York. This collection contains bulletins, newsletters, and correspondence relating to the "Realm of New York," specific records of the Maine, New York, chapter of the Ku Klux Klan, and Pro-Klan literature relating to the Ku Klux Klan, generally.
Cite as:
Ku Klux Klan material from Maine, New York, 1925-1928, Ms. Coll. 1338, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Gere, Robert H., 1859-1928
Title:
Robert H. Gere papers
Date [bulk]:
1856-1883
Date [inclusive]:
1752-1883
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1250
Extent:
0.2 linear feet (1 box)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Robert H. Gere (1859-1928) was a senior partner at Gere & Church law firm and an active member of the First Presbyterian Church of Syracuse, NY. He graduated from Syracuse University in 1883 with a Bachelor's degree in Philosophy and from Syracuse University Law School in 1898. Before beginning his law career, Gere spent thirteen years working as a news reporter. He married Harriet Sexsmith Gere in 1893 and together they had a daughter, Katharine. This collection contains materials dating between 1752 and 1883 and includes two diaries belonging to Robert H. Gere; a book entitled "Genealogy of the Geer Family," in which the lines of George and Thomas Geer are traced from 1621 to 1856; a single leaf from a math copybook that includes a note in pencil dating it to 1752; an oversize copy of The Luzerne Federalist; and the Susquehanna Intelligencer (a local periodical); and an unused travel accounts book.
Cite as:
Robert H. Gere papers, 1752-1883 (bulk: 1856-1883), Ms. Coll. 1250, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

As in many states in the United States, the Ku Klux Klan's popularity in New York increased dramatically during the 1920s; although "with the exceptions of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, very little Klan activity [was] reported in the northeastern states," (McVeigh, page 13). In fact, the Klan's activity was discouraged by New York's State Assembly via the "Walker Law [which] denied the Klan the right of the mask, the mails, a role in politics, and the secrecy of its membership lists," (Chalmers, page 255). Despite this, the Klan's center in upstate New York was in Binghamton, roughly 15 miles from Maine, New York, and was led by Major E.D. Smith, the King Kleagle for New York.

According to Chalmers, "in almost every state, the Klan was a champion of the 'noble experiment' of Prohibition, and in areas, such as New Jersey and upstate New York, this was its greatest rallying cry," (Chalmers, page 114). The Klan in New York also exhibited anti-Catholic sentiment, and devoted resources and rhetoric against Al Smith, the Catholic presidential candidate in 1928. Their records show that they were also explicitly racist. On May 30, 1927, the Klan in New York planned to march in the Memorial Day parade in Jamaica, New York; however the Knights of Columbus and the Boy Scouts withdrew from the parade in protest. New York Police encouraged the Klan to withdraw, but they refused. They marched to "Onward Christian Soldiers" and claimed that they were "clubbed and vilified by the police," (Official Document #9, Box 1, Folder 8). By 1930, the popularity and the influence of the Ku Klux Klan had diminished significantly in New York, as well in the United States more generally.

The Maine, New York, chapter of the Ku Klux Klan appears to have been guided by Charles B. Lewis, whose titles included "Imperial Representative" and "State Director Reclamation and Extension," and who operated out of Syracuse New York. The papers in this collection were probably kept by Fred Ingalls, the Kligrapp (or secretary). Ingalls (1892-1969) worked as a machinist for the IBM Corporation in Maine, New York. Other leaders in Klan No. 13 in Maine, New York, were Lawrence Pitcher (E.C. [probably Exalted Cyclops], or chief officer of the Klan) and Lester Hills (Klabee, or treasurer).

Works cited:

Chalmers, David M. Hooded Americanism: The First Century of the Ku Klux Klan, 1865-1965. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 19565.

McVeigh, Rory. The Rise of the Ku Klux Klan: Right-Wing Movements and National Politics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009.

Biography/History

Robert H. Gere was born in South Granby, New York on June 4, 1859 and died in Syracuse, New York on October 7, 1928. He graduated from Syracuse University in 1883 with a Bachelor's degree in Philosophy and went on to work with both the Syracuse Standard and the  Syracuse Herald as a reporter for thirteen years. In 1893, Gere married Harriet Sexsmith Gere (1869- 1910) and together they had a daughter, Katharine (1894-1979.) He graduated from the College of Law at Syracuse University in 1898 and was a senior partner of Gere & Church law firm, one of the oldest law firms in Syracuse. He was the clerk of session and a ruling elder of the First Presbyterian Church and the treasurer of the Onondaga County Sunday School Association for 25 years. He was also one of few laymen to serve as moderator of the Syracuse Presbytery.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains bulletins, newsletters, and correspondence relating to the "Realm of New York," specific records of the Maine, New York, chapter of the Ku Klux Klan, and Pro-Klan literature relating to the Ku Klux Klan, generally.

The bulk of the material in the collection appears to have been issued by Charles B. Lewis, the "Imperial Representative" and the "State Director Reclamation and Extension," and who operated out of Syracuse New York. He issued a number of state-wide newsletters including "American Crusaders of the State of New York," with S.R. Frampton and "Fiery Summons." He also issued bulletins relating to Klan Haven in Mannsville, New York (a Klan-owned home for full or half-orphaned children of Klansmen to receive a "Protestant, Christian home" and education; lectures; qualifications required for K-Duo degree; the "alien foreign press;" and Prohibition laws. The "Official documents" were structured similarly to the bulletins and generally provided "news and interest," event information, administrative information required for members (codes, application information, and due notices), rejections of applicants, and "banishments." These official documents also appear to outline Klan policy for the general membership and discuss at large anti-Catholic sentiment, especially in regards to Al Smith, presidential candidate in 1928; the Memorial Day Parade in Jamaica, New York (held on May 30, 1927); political parties and leaders; a response to a questions about the Klan "selling hate;" interracial marriage; secrecy; and the value and needs of Klan Haven. There is a document sent from Major E.D. Smith, the King Kleagle of the Realm of New York, warning local chapters of banished members.

The papers in this collection were probably kept by Fred Ingalls the Kligrapp (or secretary) of the Maine, New York, chapter. Ingalls (1892-1969) worked as a machinist for the IBM Corporation in Maine, New York. The papers directly related to Klan No. 13 in Maine, New York are largely financial and include a mostly empty cash book, a receipt for the chapter's Klan Seal, a bond, and a partially completed Kligrapp's Quarterly Report. There are also membership applications (one blank and one completed), a blank petition form, and a transfer form (completed).

The collection also contains a few Pro-Klan publications including a brochure ("Ku Klux Klan Exposed by a Klansman"), manuscript ("Tolerance," almost certainly a response to a Chicago-based magazine Tolerance issued by the National Unity League, which published Klan membership lists), and publications ("Ideals of the Ku Klux Klan" and "Outline of Principles and Teachings," by the Women of the Ku Klux Klan, Incorporated).

Scope and Contents

This collection contains materials dating between 1752 and 1883. There are two diaries belonging to Robert H. Gere, one from 1879 primarily concerning his time teaching elementary school, learning German, reading Virgil, and attending Syracuse University. The second diary, dating to 1883, contains details from a survey trip in New York. In this volume, there are several sketches of the land and topography, including Cedar Lake, Middle Stink Lake, Huckleberry Mountain, Jersey Field and Pine Hill. Both diaries include sketches and brief accounts. There is also a book entitled "Genealogy of the Geer Family," in which the lines of George and Thomas Geer are traced from 1621 to 1856. In the portion detailing George Geer’s lineage, there are several newspaper clippings of death announcements and obituaries corresponding to the family members listed. There is a single leaf from a math copybook that includes a note in pencil dating it to 1752. An oversize copy of The Luzerne Federalist; and the Susquehanna Intelligencer, a local periodical, is addressed to Robert Gere and dated to February 18, 1804. This publication seems to be primarily locally focused, including for-sale announcements, notes about debts, job openings, and general "communications" from the community. In addition to this, the periodical also includes updates on Congress and brief news from England of the happenings in Europe. Finally, there is an unused travel accounts book.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 December 6

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2016 December 15

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Book Mark, 2017.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of David J. Liebman, 2016

Return to Top »

Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania:

Ku Klux Klan material from Altoona, Pennsylvania, 1924-1929, Ms. Coll. 1244

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Ku Klux Klan (1915-).
Form/Genre(s)
  • Brochures
  • Correspondence
  • Financial records
  • Newsletters
  • Publications (documents)
Geographic Name(s)
  • New York (State)--Politics and government--1865-1950
  • New York (State)--Social life and customs
  • United States--History--20th century
Personal Name(s)
  • Lewis, Charles B.
  • Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944
Subject(s)
  • Anti-Catholicism
  • Ethnic relations
  • Race relations
  • Racism
  • Secret societies--United States
  • White supremacy movements--Religious aspects
  • White supremacy movements--United States

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Diaries
  • Genealogies (histories)
Geographic Name(s)
  • New York (State)--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • Education
  • Families

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

"American Crusaders of the State of New York," newsletter, 1927 May.

1 1

Bulletins (Special, Special K-Duo, and Official), 1927-1928, undated.

1 2

Event information (ceremonies, meetings, and state dinners and receptions), 1927-1928.

1 3

"Fiery Summons," newsletter, 1927 June 10.

1 4

Financial documents (bonds, Kligrapp's cashbook, quarterly reports, receipts, and requests for donations), 1925-1927, undated.

1 5

"Klan Haven," documents regarding supporting and furnishing, undated.

1 6

Membership documents (applications, general memorial, petitions, status, and transfers), circa 1925-1927.

1 7

"Official documents," numbers 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14 (page 2 only), 16, 17, and 18, 1927 May-December.

1 8

Pro-Klan literature, including brochure ("Ku Klux Klan Exposed by a Klansman"), manuscript ("Tolerance," almost certainly a response to a Chicago-based magazine Tolerance issued by the National Unity League, which published Klan membership lists), and publications ("Ideals of the Ku Klux Klan" and "Outline of Principles and Teachings," by the Women of the Ku Klux Klan, Incorporated), undated.

1 9

Reclamation program, letter and notice regarding, 1927 March, July.

1 10

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Robert H. Gere diary, 1879.

1 1

Robert H. Gere diary, 1883.

1 2

Genealogy of the Geer Family, 1856.

1 3

Leaf from math copybook, 1752.

1 4
Drawer Folder

The Luzerne Federalist; and the Susquehanna Intelligencer , 1804.

106 1
Box Folder

Travel account book, undated.

1 5