University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids

Navigation Aids

University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids
Search Finding Aids
 

Sidebar

hide/display content
Information and Contacts
hide/display content
Contents for this Finding Aid
Expand all
Collapse all
Expand all
Collapse all
Expand all
Collapse all
Expand all
Collapse all
Expand all
Collapse all
Expand all
Collapse all

Main Content

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Biddle family.
Title:
Biddle family papers
Date:
1709-2017 (bulk: 1776-1952)
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1351
Extent:
14.5 linear feet (32 boxes)
Language:
English
Language Note:
The bulk of this collection is in English; there are, however, a few documents in French.
Abstract:
The Biddle family has a long history on American land with Quaker ancestors emigrating in 1681 and settling in Philadelphia around 1725. This collection documents the family relationships, and to a lesser extent, the work and military service of six generations of one branch of that family, starting with Clement Biddle (1740-1814), and following the descendants of two of his sons: Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857) and Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855). These papers tell the stories, to varying degrees, of more than 30 individual Biddle family members through correspondence, financial records, professional papers, diaries, scrapbooks, and photographs.
Cite as:
Biddle family papers, 1709-2017 (bulk: 1776-1952), Ms. Coll. 1351, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Jackson, Joseph, 1867-1946
Title:
Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson scrapbook on theatrical subjects
Date:
1857, 1886-1902
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1323
Extent:
0.5 linear feet (2 boxes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson (1867-1946) was a historian, lecturer, artist, journalist, and writer active in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This scrapbook contains newspaper clippings on theatrical subjects, dating from 1886 to 1902, and includes reviews, interviews, short biographies, and articles relating to the history of American theater.
Cite as:
Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson scrapbook on theatrical subjects, 1857, 1886-1902, Ms. Coll. 1323, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Monument Lab (Art Studio).
Title:
Monument Lab records
Date [inclusive]:
2015-2017
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1400
Extent:
3 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language:
English
Language Note:
The bulk of the material is in English, however a few of the proposals and descriptions of projects are in Spanish.
Abstract:
Founded in 2012, the Monument Lab is an independent public art and history studio based in Philadelphia. Founded and led by Paul Farber and Ken Lum, Monument Lab works with artists, students, activists, municipal agencies, and cultural institutions on creative avenues for public engagement and collective memory. This collection documents the Monument Lab project, undertaken in partnership with Mural Arts Philadelphia, from 2015 to 2017, addressing the question, "what is an appropriate monument for the current city of Philadelphia?" The project collected 4,500 monument proposals, of which twenty were selected for temporary exhibit at a variety of public sites across the city
Cite as:
Monument Lab records, 2015-2017, Ms. Coll. 1400, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
McCredy, Richard Wilson, 1854-1924
Title:
Richard Wilson McCredy scrapbook of Philadelphia and New York City playbills
Date [bulk]:
1869-1905
Date [inclusive]:
1869-1906
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1322
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
The son of Thomas McCredy and Emma Dolores Wilson, Richard Wilson McCredy (1854-1924) was an iron merchant and alumnus of the University of Pennsylvania (Class of 1874). A gift by McCredy, this scrapbook consists of a collection of about 750 playbills and programs from Philadelphia and New York City, arranged in chronological order and pasted onto a volume of more than 200 pages.
Cite as:
Richard Wilson McCredy scrapbook of Philadelphia and New York City playbills, 1869-1906, MS. Coll. 1322, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Durang, Charles
Creator:
Westcott, Thompson
Title:
Thompson Westcott scrapbooks of Charles Durang's history of Philadelphia theater between the years 1749 and 1855
Date:
1868
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1316
Extent:
2 linear feet (6 volumes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
A native of Philadelphia, Thompson Westcott (1820-1888) was one of the city’s leading journalists and historians of his generation. Westcott's scrapbooks consist of the complete series of the 267 chapters of Charles Durang’s history of theater in Philadelphia between the years 1749 and 1855, published as weekly installments in the Sunday Dispatch from 1854 to 1863. Including page numbers, indexes, and lists of illustrations, the six volumes are interleaved with images of theaters and portraits of famous actors and artists, as well as with personal correspondence, playbills, and additional clippings on theatrical subject.
Cite as:
Thompson Westcott scrapbooks of Charles Durang's history of Philadelphia theater between the years 1749 and 1855, Ms. Coll. 1316, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Harrison, W. R.
Title:
W.R. Harrison private journal
Date [inclusive]:
1841-1886
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 497
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Physical Facet note:
Title and attribution from front cover. Front flyleaf and first 3 leaves of journal have been cut out. Bookplate of Wolcott R. Harrison glued inside back cover. Three engraved colored maps tipped in: "Plan of Baltimore," unsigned; "City of New York" by David H. Burr; and "Morrison's North River Traveller's Companion" of the Hudson River Valley by Thomas Morrison of Philadelphia.
Language:
English
Abstract:
W.R. Harrison was a publisher's representative for A. S. Barnes & Co. and Mather, Case, Tiffany, & Burnham, who sold maps and textbooks to public and private schools and booksellers. This collection consists of a journal kept from October 14, 1841, to February 20, 1844, by W. R. Harrison as well as several items originally laid into the volume, including bills and receipts, a letter, and the lyrics to a few songs.
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

The Biddle family has a long history on American land with Quaker ancestors emigrating in 1681 and settling in Philadelphia around 1725. This collection documents six generations of one branch of that family, starting with Clement Biddle (1740-1814), who served as a Revolutionary War soldier, the first U.S. Marshall for Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1793, a notary, scrivener, and a broker. He and his wife, Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831), were the ancestors of both Julia Biddle (1858-1952) and Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), who appear to be the center of this particular collection's content.

The collection best documents the descendants of two of Clement Biddle's sons: Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857) and Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855). Thomas Alexander Biddle married Christine Williams (1780-1861), daughter of General Jonathan Williams (1751-1815) in 1806. They had five children, including a son, Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888), who married Julia Cox (1819-1896) in 1845 and together, they were the parents of seven children. Their daughter, Julia Biddle (1858-1952), married her cousin, Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), grandson of Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855).

Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855) married Mary Searle Barclay (1785-1872), daughter of John Barclay (1749-1816), Revolutionary War soldier and mayor of Philadelphia, in 1814. They were the parents of four children including George Washington Biddle (1818-1897), a Philadelphia lawyer who married Maria Cox McMurtrie (1818-1901). They had three children including Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), a Philadelphia lawyer, who married his cousin, Julia Biddle (1858-1952), granddaughter of Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857).

Julia and Arthur Biddle had three children: Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938); Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967) who married Gertrude Heckscher (1894-1942); and Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917). While the collection documents all three of Julia and Arthur's children, the bulk documents Alfred A. and Gertrude Biddle, and their children: Constance Monica Biddle (1923-2005) who married her cousin Sydney Francis Biddle (1918-2004) and was the mother of the donor's wife, Alexandra (1949-2008); Anne Gertrude Biddle (1925-2006); Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008); and Edith Sheila Biddle (born 1931).

The Biddle family was prosperous and influential; thus they interacted socially with (and indeed married) a number of equally prosperous and influential people. Families attached to this line of Biddles include Barclay, Blair, Cadwalader, Cox, Lyman, Meigs, Rush, and Williams. John Barclay (father-in-law of Clement Cornell Biddle) corresponded with Aaron Burr and Alexander J. Dallas. Military service appears to have been engrained in the family, with individuals serving in the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Civil War, World War I and World War II. Despite their power, prestige, and influence, however; the family was first and foremost, a family. Their papers document their work (largely in finance and law), their relationships, their patriotism, and their pride in their heritage.

Biography/History

Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson (1867-1946) was a historian, artist, journalist, and writer active in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At age twelve, he began working as an office boy at the Philadelphia Public Ledger, where his father was also employed as a printer. He continued in the  Ledger employ until 1921, after having progressed to writing, reviewing, and editorial work. During his career, Jackson’s articles on Philadelphia history and architecture were published in numerous magazines and newspapers, including the  Ledger itself. He also wrote popular books such as  Market Street, Philadelphia: The Most Historic Highway in America: Its Merchants and Its Story (1918),  Encyclopedia of Philadelphia (1931),   Early Philadelphia Architects and Engineers (1923), and  Literary Landmarks of Philadelphia (1939). Many of these books first appeared as series in publications such as the  Ledger or the trade publication  Building, for which he also served as editor. Jackson is the author of two bibliographies on local writers George Lippard and Charles Godfrey Leland. He wrote articles about the connections of several literary figures to Philadelphia, including Alfred Tennyson, Charles Dickens, Edgar Allan Poe, and William Thackeray, and collected material about some of these authors – especially Poe and Dickens –, as well as on Lewis Carroll, American fiction and drama, and music.

Biography/History

Founded in 2012, the Monument Lab is an independent public art and history studio based in Philadelphia. Founded and led by Paul Farber and Ken Lum, Monument Lab works with artists, students, activists, municipal agencies, and cultural institutions on creative avenues for public engagement and collective memory. Monument Lab focuses on building collaborative projects and facilitating conversations around city monuments across time. The studio and its curatorial team initiates art exhibitions, commissions, research projects, a national fellows program, a web bulletin, and a podcast. The Monument Lab began with classroom conversations between Farber, Lum, and their students.

In 2015, the Monument Lab began an initial experimental project wherein students and educators gathered hundreds of monument proposals. This collection focuses on the second phase of this project: a 2017 citywide exhibition in partnership with Mural Arts Philadelphia. The 2017 project took place over nine weeks, during which 20 temporary monuments were installed in 10 different sites: City Hall, Franklin Square, Washington Square, Logan Square, Rittenhouse Square, Penn Treaty Park, Vernon Park, Norris Square, Malcom X Park, and Marconi Plaza. The project also included “special project sites” at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA), West Philadelphia, and Kensington, as well as a field research office at the Barnes Foundation on 20th Street. Alongside the temporary installations were shipping container “labs” staffed by research teams comprised of youth researchers, artists, and community members. The project was organized around a central question posed to collaborators and the public: What is an appropriate monument for the current city of Philadelphia?

Research teams conducted 250,000 in-person engagements and gathered 4,500 monument proposals which were subsequently scanned and uploaded to OpenDataPhilly ( https://www.opendataphilly.org/showcase/monument-lab-map) and http://proposals.monumentlab.com (some are also available on Monument Lab's website). The research teams recorded interactions with the public in research logs, transferred some proposals on display at PAFA, and analyzed the project in a final  Report to the City (2018). It was also described in book edited by co-founders Paul M. Farber and Ken Lum ns2:titled,  Monument Lab: Creative Speculations for Philadelphia (Temple University Press, 2019).

The proposals include perspectives and imaginations from a wide range of ages, ideas, and locations. Beyond providing a snapshot of the diversity of public spaces and parks, this project examines the nature of public engagement with monuments and the various ways we pull meaning from them. It gives a sense of how the public impacts and is impacted by monuments, public space, and civic infrastructure more broadly. It also gives a sense of the cultural, artistic, civic, and educational networks in Philadelphia, including the City of Philadelphia; Philadelphia Parks & Recreation; Office of Arts, Culture, and the Creative Economy; Historic Philadelphia; Independence National Historical Park; Penn Institute for Urban Research; Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; Price Lab for Digital Humanities; and the University of Pennsylvania.

Sources Consulted:

http://monumentlab.com/research

https://www.muralarts.org/artworks/monumentlab/

http://monumentlab.com/monument-lab-project-2017

http://monumentlab.com/about-monument-lab

Biography/History

The son of Thomas McCredy (1826-1856), and Emma Dolores Wilson (1826-1911), Richard Wilson McCredy (1854-1924) was an iron merchant and alumnus of the University of Pennsylvania (Class of 1874). Born in Philadelphia, McCredy lived in the city for most of his life, residing in the Rittenhouse Square area. He enrolled as a student in the Arts department in 1870, but did not complete his degree and left college at the end of his freshman year, in 1871. Over the the following decades, however, he remained involved with many organizations connected with the University of Pennsylvania including the Delta Sigma fraternity (Delta chapter), for which he served as secretary. In the 1890s, he was a board member of the Penn Athletic Association, and was affiliated with the University Barge and Corinthians Yacht Clubs. He married Frances Hart Ruckman (b. 1868) on January 16, 1909. The couple had no children, and divided their time between their residence in Philadelphia and their summer home in Cape May, New Jersey. Richard Wilson and Frances Ruckman McCredy are buried in the Doylestown Cemetery (Doylestown, Pennsylvania).

McCredy donated this scrapbook to Penn in March 1917. It includes a collection of playbills dated from 1869 to 1905, and mostly from Philadelphia and New York City. The authorship of the volume is uncertain. However, a comparison between the handwritten notes in the scrapbook and the hand who filled out McCredy’s alumnus form – currently held by the University of Pennsylvania Records Center, and possibly compiled by McCredy himself – shows some similarities, and indicates that McCredy may have assembled the volume himself.

Biography/History

A native of Philadelphia, Thompson Westcott (1820-1888) was one of the city’s leading journalists and historians of his generation. He studied English at the University of Pennsylvania, and later completed the study of law under Henry M. Phillips, until he was admitted to the bar in 1841. Westcott began his writing career with humorous pieces published under the name "Joe Miller Jr." in newspapers such as St. Louis Reveille,  New York Mirror, and  Knickerbocker Magazine. In 1841, he officially entered journalism and became law reporter for the  Public Ledger. A few years later, in 1848, John Lawlor, Robert Everett, and Edward J. Hincken, founders of the  Sunday Dispatch, offered Westcott a position as main editor of their newspaper. Westcott worked for the  Dispatch for thirty-six years, until his retirement in 1884. In the meantime, he collaborated as a writer or editor with a number of other city papers and publications, including  The Philadelphia Inquirer (1863-1871),  Commercial List, the  Old Franklin Almanac, and the  Public Ledger Almanac.

In addition to his career as a journalist, Westcott established himself as a local historian, primarily through his series on the history of Philadelphia, which he published weekly in the Sunday Dispatch between 1867 and 1884. In 1884, he published the three-volume book  History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884, which he co-edited with another prolific historian of the time, John Thomas Scharf (1843-1898). Westcott was the author of several other works, including  Life of John Fitch the Inventor of the Steam-Boat (1857),  Taxpayer’s Guide (1864),  Names of persons who took the oath of allegiance to the State of Pennsylvania, Between the Years 1777 and 1789, with a History of the "Test laws" of Pennsylvania (1865),  Chronicles of the Great Rebellion Against the United States of America (1867),  Centennial Portfolio (1876), and  The Historic Mansions and Buildings of Philadelphia: with some notice of their owners and occupants (1877).

Thomas Westcott compiled a set of scrapbooks which includes the complete series of the 267 chapters of Charles Durang's history of theater in Philadelphia between the years 1749 and 1855. These chapters appeared in three different series in the weekly newspaper Sunday Dispatch from May 7, 1854 (Vol. VII, No. 1) to April 19, 1863 (Vol. XV, No. 52). Primarily active as a dancer, actor, and ballet master, Charles Durang (1794-1870) drew upon his life-long experience with the Philadelphia theatrical scene to write a historical work after his retirement from the stage in 1853. Partly based upon the notes of his father John Durang (1768-1822), America’s first professional dancer; and integrating notes of the editors of the  Dispatch (including, probably, Westcott himself), Durang’s history was never published in book form. In 1868, Westcott arranged the clippings from the  Dispatch in a six-volume set of scrapbooks titled "History of the Philadelphia Stage, Between the Years 1749 and 1855." The scrapbooks, which include page numbers, indexes, and lists of illustrations, are interleaved with hundreds of images of theaters and portraits of famous actors and artists, as well as with personal correspondence, playbills, and additional clippings on theatrical subject.

Upon Westcott’s death in 1888, historian John Thomas Scharf, who had co-edited with Westcott the History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884 (1884), acquired a large portion of Westcott’s papers and collections. In 1891, Scharf gave them to Johns Hopkins University, as part of a larger donation of archival material mostly relating to the history of the southern states. Westcott’s set of scrapbooks was probably part of that donation, as “Durang’s History of the Philadelphia Stage” was explicitly mentioned by Scharf in the accompanying letter. However, in June 1915, the scrapbooks were sold in Philadelphia by auctioneer S.V. Henkel. At the beginning of the following year, Westcott’s scrapbooks joined the University of Pennsylvania special collections, as a gift of one of the university trustees, businessman Morris Lewis Clothier (1869-1947). Especially after their conversion to microfilm in 1956, Westcott’s six scrapbooks have been widely consulted and referenced by theater, music and cultural historians, not only for their textual context, but also for their extremely rich iconographic and documentary apparatus. A volume VII, microfilmed with the six Durang/Westcott scrapbooks, contained playbills and other material post-dating and not related to Durang - it is not covered here.

Biography/History

W.R. Harrison was a publisher's representative for A. S. Barnes & Co. and Mather, Case, Tiffany, & Burnham, who sold maps and textbooks to public and private schools and booksellers.

Scope and Contents

This collection documents the family relationships, and to a lesser extent, the work and military service of six generations of the prominent Biddle family of Philadelphia. These papers tell the stories, to varying degrees, of more than 30 individual Biddle family members. The correspondence in the collection occasionaly describes world events such as politics and government in the United states, the Quasi War with France in 1800, Native Americans, the Panic of 1837, slavery, the American Civil War, World War I, and to a limited degree, World War II; business and financial matters, including canal and railroad companies, the coal industry, the effect of the Panic of 1837 on the Biddle businesses, the stock market, and banking issues; and family matters, including news of births, deaths, health, education, travel, etc., as well as advice. As is typical with family correspondence, there are constant requests for more letters and more news.

The lineage of the family is complex, primarily because Julia Biddle (1858-1952) and Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), who married in 1880, were cousins. Their grandfathers (Thomas Alexander Biddle and Clement Cornell Biddle) were brothers and their descendants (including Julia, Arthur, their children, and their grandchildren) generated the bulk of the material in this collection.

The collection is arranged in seven series: Series I. "Julia and Arthur Biddle and descendants;" Series II. "Julia Biddle's siblings and ancestors;" Series III. "Arthur Biddle's sibling and ancestors;" Series IV. "Julia and Arthur Biddle's ancestors;" Series V. "Images;" Series VI. "Wills, trusts, and legacies;" and Series VII. "Research on family history and genealogy." Information regarding the family members and the contents of material in each series can be found at the series level.

Prior to donation, John Basinski (donor and family member) identified many of the senders and recipients of letters and created document summaries of a large majority of the documents in the collection. Copies of his summaries remain throughout the collection with the relevant documents.

Researchers interested in Philadelphia families, life in Philadelphia from the late 18th to mid-20th century, early national period finances (via John Barclay, largely), and responses to events in American history over a period of more than 200 years will likely find this collection to be of value.

Scope and Contents

The Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson scrapbook on theatrical subjects was assembled by Jackson beginning in January 1887, as indicated on the first page of the volume. A stamp with Jackson’s first initial and last name is also found at the beginning of the volume. The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings on theatrical topics, from 1886 to 1902. The majority of the clippings, covering the years from 1886 to 1891 – with a final article from 1894 – were pasted in chronological order on the pages of the scrapbook, which was in turn derived from original issues of the New York Journal of Romance, General Literature and Art, (previously  Frank Leslie's New York Journal), published between 1855 and 1857.

Although the scrapbook contains a few articles from London papers (especially The Pall Mall Gazette), most of the clippings were excerpted from newspapers published in New York City and Philadelphia, such as  The New York Times,  New York World,   New-York Tribune,  Harper’s Weekly,  Philadelphia Evening Telegraph,  Public Ledger, and  The Philadelphia Press. Because of that, the scrapbook tends to focus on the theatrical happenings of these two cities. However, the volume also includes interviews, short biographies, and articles on the history of American theater, which makes this scrapbook a useful resource to anybody interested in the history of theater in the United States at large.

The scrapbook includes several reviews of shows which appeared in Philadelphia and New York City, along with a few clippings on London productions. Notable articles include those about the performances of actor Henry Irving in Philadelphia; a festival in honor of Lester Wallack at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City; and reviews of Edwin Booth’s performances in Broadway shows. A few articles focus more specifically on theatrical life and events in Philadelphia, including the opening of new theaters such as the Empire Theatre and the Girard Avenue Theatre. Another clipping offers statistics on the number of attendees of Philadelphia shows in the early 1890s. The loose clippings, originally laid into the volume, offer additional reviews, such as those of comedian Joseph Jefferson at the Broad Street Theatre (Philadelphia), and of other productions in London, Paris, and New York City. Nonprofessional productions of classical or ancient plays are also featured. An article on the performance of ancient Greek plays at the Academy of Music of Philadelphia by University of Pennsylvania undergraduates is included in the scrapbook (box 1), while reviews of old English plays revived in New Haven, CT, by Yale university students, can be found in box 2.

The list of interviewed artists and personalities include actors Clara Morris, Lotta Crabtree, Lydia Thompson, Henry Irving, Stuart Robson, Louise Beaudet, the minstrel Billy Birch, and the impresarios John McCaull and Edmund Stanton. In other articles, actors Wilson Barrett, William J. “Billy” Florence, Georgie Drew Barrymore, and Marie Halton tell about their own experience with the stage. The loose clippings include more interviews, such as one granted by actress Fanny Janauschek at the end of her career, as well as reminiscences of other theatrical figures, including comedian Digby Bell. In the volume, researchers will find biographical sketches on actors Louisa Eldridge, Edwin Booth, and Madame Ponisi (Elizabeth Ponisi Wallis), as well as Agnes Robertson Boucicault’s memories of her husband, actor and playwright Dion Boucicault. Additional articles on Joseph Jefferson, Tony Pastor, Richard Mansfield, Charles Hale Hoyt, and other theatrical figures can be found in the folders accompanying the scrapbook (box 2).

A number of clippings offer researchers a glimpse of gender and race relationships in the theatrical world at the end of the 19th century. The scrapbook contains articles on women theater managers and on women playwrights of American birth (including Martha Morton, Anne Dickinson, Kate Field, and others), while another article discusses the respectability of acting as a possible career for women. Other clippings in the volume focus on the career of several African-American actors (including Ira Aldridge, A. J. Arneaux, Henrietta Vinton Davis, and Alice Franklin) and the plans to open a new "theater for the colored people" in Philadelphia, at the initiative of black actor R. Henri Strange. The scrapbook also includes an article by journalist and folklorist Joel Chandler Harris on minstrel shows, and a piece on the history and aesthetics of Japanese theatre. Articles in box 2 include an article on Chinese actress Yut Gum, “the Chinese Bernhardt”, as well as a review of a Japanese play performed at the Berkeley Lyceum Theatre in New York City, and an article on the popularity of Italian opera.

The collection also includes a few articles on aspects relating to staging, makeup, costume design, and, more generally, to the history of American drama. The scrapbook includes articles on theatrical slang, stage mechanics, and electricity. Another article discusses the history of the stage costume for the character of Hamlet, with portraits of famous actors who impersonated him (among others, Richard Burrage, Thomas Betterton, David Garrick, Edmund Kean, John Philip Kemble, Junius Brutus Booth, Charles Kean, Edwin Forrest, William Charles Macready, Edwin Booth, Lawrence Barrett, Henry Irving, and Jean Mounet-Sully). Researchers will find another article on the art of makeup in box 2, along with an essay by Frédéric Febvre on the state of dramatic art. Finally, a series on "Forgotten Actors," originally published in The New York Times between 1886 and 1887, and pasted in the scrapbook, includes articles on individuals, institutions, and events connected with the history of early American theater.

Most of the pages of the original New York Journal were used as a support for clippings from other sources. However, a few of them were left free in order to preserve some relevant materials on theater subjects published in the 1850s. Among such materials are a series on theatrical "costumes of all nations," and a few plays (including the comedy  Love in Humble Life, by John Howard Payne, the interlude  Mischief-Making, the farce  The Spoiled Child, by Prince Hoare, and  Shylock, or the Merchant of Venice Preserved, by Francis Talfourd). A handwritten note by Jackson listing the board of managers of the Edwin Forrest Home (Philadelphia), was pasted on the last page of the volume.

Scope and Contents

This collection documents the Monument Lab project, undertaken in partnership with Mural Arts Philadelphia, from 2015 to 2017, addressing the questions, "what is an appropriate monument for the current city of Philadelphia?" The project collected 4,500 monument proposals, of which twenty were selected for temporary exhibit at a variety of public sites across the city. This collection contains some of the 4,500 public proposals, information about the 20 projects which were installed in each of the "laboratory" sites, a small number of general oversight files as well as promotional material for the project.

Material is organized in three series: (I) The Monument Lab’s administrative files, (II) public engagement materials, including proposals, and (III) promotional materials. The first series includes administrative files dating from 2015 to 2017, featuring a map of the 20 temporary monuments erected in 2017, a hard drive containing data from monument proposals circa 2015 to 2017, a lab managers and staff handbook for the Mural Arts Philadelphia September 2017 projects, and policy files from Logan Square's Lab in 2017.

The bulk of the collection is found in series II which includes original copies of proposals gathered at different sites around the city and field notebooks from volunteers describing the nature of interactions in parks. Participants were given blank proposal sheets which asked for name of monument, location for the monument, zip code and age of proposer, and a description or sketch of the proposed monument. The proposers, representing a wide range in ages (from 2 to at least 73) and ethnicities, took their task in degrees of seriousness, from proposing statues of themselves to reflections of Philadelphia's political and cultural past to the hopes of peace, love, equality, and environmental progressivism for city's future. Sketches range from rough to very skilled and for the most part are extremely thoughtful presentations and reflections of what makes Philadelphia unique as well as areas which citizens clearly see as needing improvement. Lab logs for each location include a record of the number of interactions and the number of proposals for given days; sometimes including descriptions of interactions.

Series III includes a limited amount of promotional and public-facing materials, including a flyer and poster advertising the project, posters describing a few of the selected projects, a coloring book, and newsletters about the project generally and the projects selected.

Scope and Contents

This scrapbook of playbills consists of a collection of about 750 playbills and programs from Philadelphia and New York City, pasted into or laid in a volume of more than 200 unnumbered pages. The playbills are mostly arranged in chronological order, from 1869 to 1905, although a small number of loose playbills are enclosed as single documents in a pocket created between two pages at the end of the volume. Given the extensive range of theatrical genres documented by the playbills, and the consistency in which this material is presented, the scrapbook works as a useful resource to better understand the evolution of the theatrical scene of two important cultural centers on the East Coast.

The repertoire covered by the playbills includes almost every form of theatrical entertainment—comedies, Shakespeare plays, melodramas, vaudeville shows, tragedies, opera bouffe, operetta, French, Italian, and German opera, dime theaters, amateur performances, minstrel shows, and early cinema. However, the majority of playbills is devoted to comedy, operettas, and opera bouffe, and features some among the most celebrated artists of the time: Lydia Thompson, John Sleeper Clarke, Frank Maguire Mayo, Marie Aimée, Edward Askew Sothern, Joseph Jefferson, Joseph K. Emmett, and Lotta Crabtree. Other prominent personalities mentioned in the playbills include, among others, actors Henry Irving, Louisa Lane Drew, Robert Bruce Mantell, Helena Modjeska, Richard Mansfield, Julia Marlowe, Ellen Terry, Sarah Bernhardt, Clara Morris, Olga Nethersole, Maurice Barrymore, Caroline Louise Dudley (Mrs. Leslie Carter), Ada Rehan, Fanny Janauschek, Edward Loomis Davenport, Fanny Davenport, Tommaso Salvini, Lillie Langtry, and Minnie Maddern Fiske, and singers Christina Nilsson, Italo Campanini, Luigi Ravelli, Adelina Patti, Nellie Melba, Sofia Scalchi, Emma Calvé, Lillian Nordica, Emma Earnes, Marcella Sembrich, Emilio De Marchi, and Johanna Gadski.

The wide number of institutions represented in the volume testifies of the thriving theatrical life of Philadelphia and New York City in those decades. The list of Philadelphia theaters includes the Arch Street Theatre, the Chestnut Street Theatre, the Walnut Street Theatre, Fox’s American Theatre (later known as Central Theatre and Grand Central Variety Theatre), the Seventh Street Theatre, the Academy of Music, the Arch Street Opera House, the Eleventh Street Opera House, the Horticultural Hall, the New National Theatre (later named Mortimer’s Varieties), the New Philadelphia Varieties, the Broad Street Theatre (later known as Lyceum Theatre, Haverly’s Theatre, and McCaull Opera House), the Haydn and Handel Hall, the Alhambra Theatre, the North Broad Street Theatre, the International Comique, the Temple Theatre, B. F. Keith’s Bijou Theatre, the Girard Avenue Theatre, the Garrick Theatre, the Arcade Garden, Dougherty’s Alhambra Palace, the Olympic Theatre, the Grand Sultan Divan, and Enoch’s Varieties. The scrapbooks also contains a smaller number of playbills from theaters in New York City, such as the Metropolitan Opera House, Booth’s Theatre, Wallack’s Theatre, Daly’s Theatre, Union Square Theatre, The Casino, and Belasco Theatre. A few dime museum playbills (especially the New American Museum and Menagerie on the northwest corner of Arch and 9th Street, later also known as Simpson’s Museum and Menagerie, and as Philadelphia Museum) can also be found in the volume, providing precious information on this form of popular entertainment from the late 1800s. Another playbill from 1897 announces an early exhibition of Lumière’s cinematograph at the B. F. Keith’s Bijou Theatre, the first Philadelphia theater to show motion pictures. Finally, the scrapbooks contains programs and playbills of amateur performances organized by the Mask and Wig Club, and by other associations affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania.

Scope and Contents

Durang's history of Philadelphia theater was published in the Sunday Dispatch in three series, each bearing a different title:  The Philadelphia Stage: From 1749 to 1821 (first series, 75 installments published from May 7, 1854 to October 7, 1855);  The Philadelphia Stage From 1749 to 1855 (second series, 56 installments published from June 29, 1856 to August 2, 1857); and  The Philadelphia Stage From the Year 1749 to the Year 1855 (third series, 136 installments published from July 8, 1860 to April 19, 1863). The three series were distributed by Westcott among the six volumes so that each volume contains a similar number of pages. Volume I covers the years from 1749 to 1817-18; volume II from 1817-18 to 1826-27; volume III from 1826-27 to 1831-32; volume IV from 1831-32 to 1841-42; volume V from 1841-42 to 1849-1850; and volume VI from 1849-50 to 1855. All the scrapbooks include page numbers, a handwritten index, and a list of portraits. Westcott inserted portraits and other images, as well as personal correspondence, playbills, and additional clippings relating to Durang's chapters, resulting in a remarkably thorough representation of the history of Philadelphia's theater history. The chronological order in which Durang presents the historical events, combined with the author’s limited use of narrative flashbacks and flash-forwards, makes the indexes useful to locate any mention or image of a given figure or institution active or relevant in a specific period of time. Please see the container list for more detailed information on each volume.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of a journal kept from October 14, 1841, to February 20, 1844, by W. R. Harrison. Entries from 1841 to April 1842 describe events and social pastimes in Philadelphia, including his visits to the Navy Yard and Water Works; several trips to Blockley Hospital, including one to view Dr. Pancoast operate on a patient with cancer of the jaw; services, sermons, and lectures at a number of churches (Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish) and halls; and plays and operas at Philadelphia theatres.

Beginning on April 23, 1842, Harrison travels to Utica, New York, on business, and he keeps accounts of his sales and orders, specifying the maps and books he is promoting. He describes business travel and excursions to Boston, New Bedford, and Nantucket, Massachusetts; Rhode Island; New Haven, Connecticut; New York City; Baltimore, Maryland; Richmond, Roanoke and other locations in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina by horse, train, steamship and sailing ships. He spends periods of time in Philadelphia, where he worked closely with Apollos W. Harrison and worked for Mr. Thomas and Mr. Cowperthwait of Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.

There are detailed observations of militia drills; firemen's parades; holiday celebrations; Tom Thumb's visit to Philadelphia on February 24, 1843; architecture; mining; travel; occasional descriptions of African Americans in the North and the South, including the August 1, 1842, black celebration of "Emancipation Day" on freeing the slaves in Jamaica, which culminated in a two-day riot in Philadelphia; and a record of the words to the song "Ole Dan Tucker," as sung by slaves in the South.

Items laid in the journal include lyrics to "Jock o' Hazeldean," "The Lass o' Gowrie," and "My heart's in the highlands;" five receipts for payment of Miss Hamilton's tuition and board at Mount Saint Joseph, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, 1862-1863; and a letter from Lizzie G. Lesher of Lansing, Michigan to her aunt Anne E. Harrison in Philadelphia, dated December 14, 1886.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 May 22

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 September 19

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2019 April 18

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  September 7, 2017

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 August 25

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 April 9

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Holly Mengel

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Siel Agugliaro

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Cassidy Holahan, David Buchanan, Audrey Jaquiss, and Evan Curtis Charles Hall

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Siel Agugliaro

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Siel Agugliaro

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

The bulk of this collection is open to research use, however, access to media on which original computer files are housed is restricted. The Kislak Center will provide access to the information on these materials from duplicate master files. If the original does not already have a copy, it will be sent to an outside vendor for copying. Patrons are financially responsible for the cost. The turnaround time from request to delivery of digital items is about two weeks for up to five items and three to seven weeks for more than five items. Please contact Reprographic Services (reprogr@upenn.edu) for cost estimates and ordering.

Once digital items are received, researchers will have access to the files on a dedicated computer in the Van Pelt-Dietrich Library

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of John Basinski, 2017.

Source of Acquisition

Purchased through the 1894 College Memorial Fund on January 21, 1922.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Monument Lab, 2018.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Richard Wilson McCredy, March 20, 1917

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Morris L. Clothier, January 21, 1916

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Carmen D. Valentino, 2003.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 812H J135.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 812 P54D.

Return to Top »

Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At Dickinson College:

Alexander Biddle Family Papers, 1793-1926

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Biddle Family Papers, 1683-1954 (bulk 1776-1920), Collection 1792

Primarily overlapping in content for Clement Biddle (1740-1814), Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857), Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), and Alexander W. Biddle (1819-1900).

Biddle and Heckscher Families Papers, Collection Number: 3906

Primarily overlapping in content for Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), Julia Biddle (1858-1952), Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967), Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), and Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917).

Clement Biddle papers, Collection Number: 0049

Primarily overlapping in content for Clement Biddle (1740-1814).

Thomas A. Biddle records, Collection Number: 0050

At Swarthmore College, Friends Historical Library:

Biddle Family Papers, 1793-1951, RG 5/ 177

At the University of Delaware:

Biddle Family Papers, 1766-1943 (bulk dates 1870-1927), Manuscript Collection Number: 327

Primarily overlapping in content for Clement Biddle (1740-1814), Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857), Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855), Clement Biddle (1810-1879), Alexander W. Biddle (1819-1900), Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), George Washington Biddle (1818-1897), and Algernon Sydney Biddle (1847-1891).

Related Archival Materials note

At the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania: Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson manuscripts and notes, 1906, undated, Ms. Coll. 1220.

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania: Joseph Jackson manuscripts, 1863-1930.

At the Philadelphia History Museum: Joseph F. A. Jackson Papers, circa 1800-1945.

Related Archival Materials note

At Maryland Historical Society:

J. Thomas Scharf Collection, 1730s-1892, MS 1999, including a portion of Thompson Westcott's papers.

Other similar but less inclusive scrapbooks of Durang's history can be found at the Library Company of Philadelphia, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Harvard Theater Collection, the University of Texas at Austin, the Columbia University Library, and at the Washington State University Library (Robert Cushman Butler Collection).

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Thos. A. Biddle & Co.
  • University of Pennsylvania.
  • Yale University.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Business records
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Estate records
  • Family papers
  • Financial records
  • Military records
  • Photographs
  • School records
  • Scrapbooks
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--History
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
  • United States--History--1783-1865
  • United States--History--1865-1921
  • United States--History--20th century
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Personal Name(s)
  • Barclay, John, 1749-1816
  • Biddle, Alfred Alexander, 1885-1967
  • Biddle, Arthur, 1852-1897
  • Biddle, Christine Williams, -1861
  • Biddle, Edith F.
  • Biddle, George W. (George Washington), 1818-1897
  • Biddle, Gertrude Heckscher, 1894-1942
  • Biddle, Julia, 1819-1896
  • Biddle, Julia, 1858-1952
  • Biddle, Julian Cornell, 1890-1917
  • Biddle, Maria Cox McMurtrie, 1818-1901
  • Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857
  • Biddle, Thomas, 1814-1888
  • Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836
Subject(s)
  • Banks and banking--United States
  • Families
  • Lawyers--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
  • Military
  • Women
  • World War, 1914-1918

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • 1894 College Memorial Fund.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Interviews
  • Plays (performed works)
  • Reviews (documents)
  • Scrapbooks
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • Actors
  • Actresses
  • Gender, racism, ethnicity
  • Performing arts
  • Theater
  • Theater--United States--19th century

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Mural Arts Program (Philadelphia, Pa.).
Form/Genre(s)
  • Machine-readable artifacts
  • Maps
  • Posters
  • Promotional materials
  • Proposals
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--History--21st century
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • Art
  • Art and society
  • Monuments--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
  • Public art
  • Public opinion

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.).
  • Arch Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.).
  • Chestnut Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • Mask and Wig Club.
  • Walnut Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Form/Genre(s)
  • Scrapbooks
  • Theater programs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Personal Name(s)
  • McCredy, Richard Wilson, 1854-1924
Subject(s)
  • Minstrel shows
  • Opera
  • Performing arts
  • Playbills
  • Theater
  • Theater--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--19th century
  • Theater--United States

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Arch Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.).
  • Chestnut Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • Walnut Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Form/Genre(s)
  • Autographs (manuscripts)
  • Correspondence
  • Engravings (prints)
  • Scrapbooks
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--History
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Personal Name(s)
  • Clothier, Morris L. (Morris Lewis), 1868-
Subject(s)
  • Actors
  • Actors--Portraits
  • Circus--History
  • Drama--History and criticism
  • Performing arts
  • Theater
  • Theater--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--19th century
  • Theater--United States--History--19th century

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • A.S. Barnes & Co..
  • Mather, Case, Tiffany & Burnham.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Accounts
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Maps (documents)
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • African Americans--History
  • Booksellers and bookselling
  • Business
  • Songs--Texts

Return to Top »

Bibliography

Cohen, Charles J. Memoir of Rev. John Wiley Faires: Founder and Principal of the Classical Institute of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: John C. Winston Company, 1926

Jordan, John W. Colonial and Revolutionary Families of Pennsylvania. Baltimore: Clearfield Company, 1911.

The Pennocks of Primitive Hill (http://www.pennock.ws//surnames/names13.html#Biddle), accessed 2018 June 18.

Collection Inventory

Series I. Julia and Arthur Biddle and descendants.

Scope and Contents note

Series I. "Julia and Arthur Biddle and descendants" includes papers of Arthur Biddle (1852-1897); his wife Julia Biddle (1858-1952); their children, Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967), and Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917); their daughter-in-law, Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), who was married to Alfred; and their grandchildren, the children of Alfred and Gertrude: Constance Monica Biddle (1923-2005), Anne Gertrude Biddle (1925-2006), Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008), and Edith Sheila Biddle (born 1931). There are also a few documents from Gertrude Heckscher Biddle's family documenting her parents, Maurice and Constance Spencer Heckscher, and her sisters Constance (1893-1909) and Eleanor (1895-1897). This series is arranged into seven subseries, one for each of the main groups documented in the collection. Within the series (and the collection as a whole) letters have been arranged by recipient in order to reassemble what a family member might have had in his or her possession. All members of the family represented in this series are also represented in Series V. Images.

Arthur Biddle was born on September 23, 1852, the son of George Washington Biddle (1818-1897) and Maria Cox McMurtrie (1818-1901). He was educated at Faires Classical Institute and Yale University. Following his graduation from Yale, he studied and traveled in Europe for two years before beginning to work in his father's law office. In addition to working in two law firms, Biddle and Jayne and Biddle and Ward, Arthur authored several papers/books on legal subjects, including Treatise on the Law of Warranties in the Sale of Chattels, which was used as a text book by Harvard Law School;  The Law of Stockbrokers, which he co-authored with his brother George; and  The Law of Insurance. He was active in his community, serving as a member of the American Philosophical Society, on the school board, and as the 1896 Democratic candidate for city solicitor. He married his cousin Julia on November 18, 1880 and they were the parents of Edith, Alfred, and Julian. He died March 8, 1897, after a severe attack of influenza." [pages 71-73, Faires Classical Institute] There is only a small amount of material directly related to Arthur in this collection--a few letters, his marriage certificate, a few documents from his time at Yale, and his writings. There are also a number of memorials created following his unexpected death in 1897 at age 45. Researchers will find letters from Arthur in I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)," C. "Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938)," and D. "Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967);" and III. B. "George Washington Biddle (1818-1897)" and C. "Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901)."

Julia Biddle was (1858-1952) married her cousin Arthur in 1880. She was the daughter of Thomas Alexander (1814-1888) and Julia Cox (1819-1896) Biddle. At the time of her husband's death, her children were aged 16, 12, and 7. Her papers document her role as a single parent, with financial records; letters from a large group of family and friends (including some from Arthur prior to his death as well as an impressive number from her son, Alfred); some travel documentation largely related to a trip to Japan, probably with her son Julian, circa 1912; scrapbooks documenting her family history and her life with Arthur and her children; and a limited amount of collected ephemera. Letters are largely personal and provide a researcher with a clear picture of the Biddle family lifestyle and Julia's own life at The Crossways in Gwynned Valley and at 1812 Delancey Street in Philadelphia. Of particular interest may be the letters written to Julia following the death of her daughter Edith in 1938. Letters from Julia can be found in I. E. "Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917)," II. D. Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)," and III. C. "Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901)."

Edith Frances Biddle was the oldest child of Arthur and Julia Biddle. She was born in 1881 and during World War I, worked at the Galsworthy House in London, a hospital for wounded Belgian soldiers. According to obituaries (box 8, folder 8), she was decorated by the Belgian Government for her efforts. Later, she attended the Inter-Allied Conference which was called to address methodologies of rehabilitating the wounded. On her return to the United States, Edith served as manager and/or director of the Orphan Society of Philadelphia near Media. She lived at the Crossways, her home in Gwynned Valley, and died of pneumonia on June 10, 1938 at the age of 55. The bulk of Edith's material consists of letters from family and friends; but there are also a few financial documents. her passport; and a small number of documents relating to her World War I service. Letters from Edith can be found in I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)," D. "Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967)," E. "Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917)," and G. "Children of Alfred A. and Gertrude Heckscher Biddle;" II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896);" and III. C. "Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901)."

Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967) was the second child of Arthur and Julia Biddle. He was educated at Saint Mark's School and graduated from Yale University in 1909. He also studied at Balliol College, Oxford University. During World War I, he attended Officer Training Camp in Fort Meyer, Virginia from May 8 to August 15, 1917, from which he graduated as Captain and was assigned to the 4th Company 2nd Battery. From September 1 to March 1, 1918, he was at Camp Lee, Virginia; and from March 1 to September, 1918, he served as Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Biddle, Commanding General, Base Section No. 2, AEF. From September to December, 1918, he was at the Saumur Artillery School, AEF, and from December 1918 until June 1919, he served with the Ammunition Train, 88th Division and as Assistant G-1, 88th Division, AEF. He worked as a stockbroker for Biddle, Whelan and Co. until the company was dissolved in 1953. He married Gertrude Heckscher in 1922 and they were the parents of Constance, Anne, Julian, and Edith. He died on August 25, 1967 at the age of 81. His records include financial records, information regarding horses and horse breeding (one of his greatest interests), letters from family and friends (particularly from Balliol College, Oxford), records and letters from his World War I service (including many references to General Pershing, writings and talks relating to education and the economy, a poem and short story, and records related to his time at Yale University. Letters from Alfred can be found in I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)," C. "Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938)," E. "Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917)," and G. "Children of Alfred A. and Gertrude Heckscher Biddle;" and II. A. "Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932) and Andrew Blair (1849-1932)," B. "John Cox Biddle (1846-1865); Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923); and William Lyman Biddle (1852-1920)," and D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)."

Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), the youngest of Arthur and Julia's children, was born April 19, 1890. He was educated at St. Mark's School in Southboro, Massachusetts, and graduated from Yale in 1912. He served as a secretary at the American Embassy in Tokyo, Japan, for six months following his graduation from Yale. When he returned to Philadelphia, he began working for the banking house Montgomery, Clothier & Tyler. In 1916, he earned his pilot's license; and by 1917, he was enlisted in the Foreign Legion, sent to the French Military Aviation School at Avord, sent to Pau for training; and assigned as a battle pilot to Escadrille No. 73, Groupe de Combat No. 12. On August 18, on a practice flight, his plane went down and once his body washed to shore 8 days later, it appeared that he had been shot down. He appears to have been the first American who volunteered after the United States entered the war to be killed at the front. Documents related to Julian C. Biddle include letters from family and friends and a small amount of information from his time at both St. Mark's and Yale University. Letters from Julian can be found in I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)," C. "Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938)," and F. "Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942)."

Gertrude Heckscher (1894-1942) married Alfred Alexander Biddle in 1922. She was the daughter of Maurice and Constance Heckscher. Her father died at age 39, and her sisters died at age 15 and 1; as a result, she and her mother appear to have traveled together to Europe and lived together at Box Mead Farm. Prior to her engagement to Alfred, Gertrude appears to have enjoyed an active social life. She corresponded with several World War I soldiers (her letters are not present, only the letters addressed to her). She and Alfred married in 1922 and children quickly followed: Constance was born in 1923, Anne in 1925, Julian in 1929, and Edith in 1931. The family lived at Box Mead Farm. She died in 1942 at age 52. Her papers include journals from a trip to Europe, some family material including Bibles and financial material, and letters, mostly from friends and soldiers in World War I. Letters from her can be found in B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)" and D. "Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967)."

The final subseries in this series contains limited information regarding three of Alfred and Gertrude's four children, Anne, Constance, and Julian. Constance M. Biddle, the oldest of the children is best documented with academic records and a letter, but there is also a newspaper clipping regarding Anne and Julian's baby book. Their letters can e found in I.B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)" and C. "Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938)."

A. Arthur Biddle (1852-1897).

Box Folder

Letter from Arthur Biddle to his doctor (unsent) and Hamilton Disston, Esq., 1873, 1887.

1 1

Letters to Arthur Biddle from John Baird, Alfred G. Baker, Edwin N. Beasley, Maria McMurtrie Biddle (his mother), G.E. Burnham, and [S.M.] Da Costa, 1877, 1887.

1 1

Marriage certificate, 1888 November 18.

30 1

Memorials, letters, and obituary for Arthur Biddle (includes numerous newspaper clippings, memorial addresses given at the American Philosophical Society and the Bar of Philadelphia, and letters reflecting upon his life), 1898.

1 2

Travel memorabilia: saloon passenger list and luggage tag for trip on board S.S. Westernland, sailing from New York, 1896 July.

1 3

Writings: Published articles on law and reviews of A Treatise on the Law of Warranties in the Sale of Chattels, by Arthur Biddle (1884), 1879-1884.

1 4

Yale student essay: "Benedick and Beatrice", 1871 February 25.

30 1

B. Julia Biddle (1858-1952).

Box Folder

Address book, undated.

1 5

Cards (calling cards, mourning cards, and business cards), undated.

1 6

Clippings (miscellaneous topics including family history, household tips, gardening, recipes, and the weather), circa 1880s-1950s.

1 7

Financial records: Account book, 1918-1935.

22 1

Financial records: Account book, 1935-1941.

1 8

Financial records: Account book, 1941-1947.

2 1

Financial records: Gasoline accounts, 1940-1941.

2 2

Financial records: Ledger of Bar Harbor expenses, 1893.

25 1

Financial records: Tax documents, 1932.

2 3

Financial records: Tax return (federal income), 1930.

30 2

Financial records: Trust account, 1878-1882.

2 4

Letters from Adeline (last name unknown), 1922, undated.

2 5

Letters from Anne Biddle (1925-2006), granddaughter, 1931-1945.

2 6

Letter from Constance Elizabeth Biddle, 1922.

2 6

Letters from Constance Monica Biddle (1923-2005), granddaughter, 1931-1944.

2 6

Letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), son, 1899-1910.

2 7-9

Letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), son, 1912-1945, undated.

3 1-5

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), husband, 1880-1881, 1891, 1893, 1895.

3 6-8

Letters from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), daughter, 1895, 1900, undated.

3 9

Letters regarding the death of daughter Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), 1938 June 10-July.

4 1-3

Letter from Frances Biddle (possibly Frances Robinson Biddle), 1902 October 6.

4 4

Letter from Francis Biddle (1853-1920), brother, 1871 October 1.

4 4

Letter from Georgina Biddle, niece, 1947 October 14.

4 4

Letter from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, circa 1858.

4 4

Letter from Julian C. Biddle (1929-2008), grandson, 1942.

4 4

Letters from Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (daughter-in-law), 1923-1932, 1940, undated.

4 5

Letters from Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), son, 1905, 1911-1912, undated.

4 6

Letters from Katherine, probably wife of Francis Beverly Biddle (Julia's nephew), 1922-1923, 1933, undated.

4 7

Letters from Moncure Biddle (1882-1956), nephew, 1897, 1923, 1950.

5 1

Letters from M.H. Biddle, circa 1900-1902.

5 2

Letter from Oliver Caldwell Biddle, 1951 August 29.

5 2

Letters from Sheila Biddle (born 1931), granddaughter, 1937-1944.

5 2

Letter from Andrew Blair, brother-in-law, 1902 June 2.

5 2

Letters from Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932), sister, 1900, 1902.

5 3

Letters from Frank Blair, nephew, 1938-1941.

5 4

Letter from Johnny Blair, nephew, 1940 July 9.

5 4

Letter from A.H. Borie, undated.

5 4

Letter from Natasha Boyer (includes Lord Kitchener's Message to the Troops), 1918 July 31.

5 5

Letter from Margaret Cadwalader, 1941 February 21.

5 5

Letter from Eugenia Cassatt, 1922 October 4.

5 5

Letters from Reverend Joseph Cook, 1867 September-October.

5 5

Letter from V. Desaeyer (in French), 1919 February 7.

5 5

Letter from Henrietta Fredericka, nanny, 1895 April.

5 5

Letter from F.J. Harris, 1914 April 15.

5 5

Letter from Hotel des Thermes director, 1913 June 25.

5 6

Letter from Jane Hunt, 1940 August 31.

5 6

Letter from Josephine Ingersoll, undated.

5 6

Letters from Agnes Irwin, 1894, 1909, 1912, undated.

5 6

Letters from H. LaBarre Jayne, law firm partner of her husband, Arthur, 1897, 1902.

5 6

Letter from Clement Jones, 1935 September 25.

5 6

Letters from Laura Loyson, 1946 November-December.

5 6

Letter from J.F. Alexander & Co., 1950 August 1.

5 7

Letter from Mary Lyman, undated.

5 7

Letter from George McCall, cousin, 1922 September 27.

5 7

Letter from S. Weir Mitchell, undated.

5 7

Letter from W.H. Reeves, before 1880.

5 7

Letter from Lillie Rhoads, 1938 May 18.

5 7

Letter from Mona Robinson, undated.

5 7

Letter from Caroline Sinkler, before 1922.

5 7

Letter from [Elizabeth Sinkler], undated.

5 7

Letter from Ann Ingersoll Smith, 1922 September 23.

5 7

Letters from William G. Thayer, 1901, 1924.

5 7

Letter from Angela Toland, 1925.

5 7

Letters from Lilian B.T., 1896, 19236.

5 7

Letter from K.J. Wharton, 1922 September 27.

5 7

Letter from S.B. Wister, undated.

5 7

Letters to and from unidentified, 1914-1938, undated.

5 8

Passport, 1929.

5 9

Poems, collected, undated.

5 10

Prayers, undated.

5 11

Recipe book and loose recipes, 1938, undated.

5 12

Scrapbook on family history, circa 1880s-1910s.

23 1

Scrapbook documenting Arthur Biddle, his death, and family, circa 1870s-1907.

24 1

Scrapbook containing clippings on World War I, etc., circa 1917-1919.

5 13

Travel diary, Yokohama, Japan, circa 1912.

5 14

Travel memorabilia, Asian dagger, circa 1912.

26 1

Travel memorabilia: Japan Advertiser, 1912 September 10.

30 1

C. Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938).

Box Folder

Clippings (miscellaneous topics including estates, Ezra Pound, and recipes), 1934, undated.

8 8

Financial records: Receipts, 1937-1938.

8 9

Obituaries, 1938.

8 8

Poem, "My Brother Julian", 1890.

8 9

Letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), brother, 1900-1901, 1937.

8 10

Letters from Anne Biddle (1925-2006), niece, 1937, undated.

8 10

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), father, 1895 April.

8 10

Letters from Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), brother, 1903-1904.

8 10

Letter from William Lyman Biddle (1852-1884), uncle, 1899 November 24.

8 11

Letter from S.C. Brent, 1911 April 20.

8 11

Letters from Nadine de Wahl, 1899, 1901.

8 11

Letters from Horace Howard Furness, 1908 December.

8 11

Letter from Katherine Hutchinson, 1894 July 12.

8 11

Letter from [illegible] Klock (in French), 1917 November 6.

8 11

Letter from Malcolm MacLeod, 1900 January 29.

8 11

Letter from [G.]S. Spalding, 1917 May 12.

8 11

Letters from unidentified, 1899, 1926, undated.

8 12

Passport, 1931.

8 13

World War I: Identity card and work of her students who were studying English, 1916-1917.

9 1

D. Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967).

Box Folder

Childhood magazines: The Bubble and The Contemporary, 1891, 1896.

6 1

Financial records: Account records for National Bank of Petersburg, 1917-1918.

6 2

Financial records: Bank statements for Girard Trust Company, Philadelphia-Girard National Bank, Philadelphia National Bank, and Philadelphia Trust Company, 1924-1939.

6 3-4

Financial records: Brokerage and tax records, 1920-1924.

6 5

Financial records: Brokerage statements, 1929.

30 3

Financial records: Federal tax returns, 1921-1932.

30 4-6

Financial records: Ledger (five pages only), 1918 December 31.

30 7

Financial records: Letters and documents regarding family estates, 1919.

6 6

Financial records: Passbook for Messrs. Brown, Shipley, & Co., London, 1917-1919.

6 7

Financial records: Pennsylvania Securities License, 1966-1967.

30 3

Financial records: Receipts, 1914-1918-1919.

6 8

Financial records: Thomas A. Biddle & Co. account statements, 1928.

30 3

Holiday card from Alfred Biddle and family, undated.

6 15

Horses, information regarding (includes some photographs), circa 1955-1959.

6 9

Legal records: Lawsuit against Magee, 1918 March-May.

6 10

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), father, 1895 April 11-21.

6 13

Letters from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), sister, 1899, 1904.

6 13

Letter from Gertrude Biddle, wife, 1904 May 9.

6 13

Letters from Juliet and Mildred Biddle (probably his nieces), 1882.

6 14

Letter from William Lyman Biddle (1852-1884), uncle, 1869 March 2.

6 13

Letter from Helen Cadwalader, cousin, 1922 October 2.

6 15

Letters from Charles Goodwin, 1947, 1951.

6 15

Letters from family and friends congratulating him on his engagement to Gertrude, 1922.

7 1

Letters from family and friends on the occasion of Gertrude's death and information regarding her funeral, 1942.

7 2-3

Letters from friends from Balliol College, Oxford, 1912-1917.

6 11

Letters to "Cousin Tom", 1901 April 18.

7 4

Letters to teachers regarding his children's education (Constance, Anne, and Julian), 1937-1940.

6 12

Membership cards, 1963-1966.

7 5

Obituary and memorial tribute, 1967.

7 6

World War I: Official documents and letters, 1917-1919.

7 7-8

World War I: Memorabilia and clippings (including a printed bulletin from St. Paul's Cathedral's "A Solemn Service to Almighty God on the Occasion of the Entry of The United States of America into the Great War for Freedom" on April 20, 1917), 1916-1917.

7 9

Writings and talks: RadioTalk regarding the New Deal, 1934 February 20.

7 10

Writings and talks: Education, 1938-1967.

7 11

Writings and talks: Poem and short story, undated.

7 12

Yale University fraternity paddle, 1909.

25 2

Yale University newspaper: Yale News, Volume XXXI, No. 46, 1907 November 16.

31 1

Unidentified notes and miscellaneous clippings, undated.

7 13

E. Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917).

Box Folder

Letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), brother, 1900, 1909, undated.

9 2

Letters from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), sister, 1904-1905.

9 2

Letters from Julia Biddle (1858-1952), mother, 1900, 1904, 1912.

9 3

Letters from Felton B. Elkins, 1905 March-April.

9 4

Letter from Clarence Fisher, 1902 October 2.

9 4

Letters from Elizabeth [Sherman] Hoyt, 1910.

9 4

Letter from Mrs. Hamilton Fish Kean and Miss Catherine Livingston Hammersley, circa 1910-1911.

9 4

Letter from Shaw McKean, circa 1910-1911.

9 4

Letters from Lily Sears, 1909 September.

9 4

Letter from Woodrow Wilson, president of Princeton University, 1909 January 4.

9 4

Letters from Leta C. Wright, 1910.

9 4

Letters from unidentified, 1904, 1910-1911, 1916.

9 5

Letter to Mr. Jayne, 1912 May 4.

9 6

Obituary, 1917 August 18.

9 7

Photographs of friends (found with correspondence), undated.

9 8

St. Mark's School, bill and football schedule, 1904.

9 9

Yale University senior class questionnaire and gymnasium measurements, 1908-1912.

9 10

F. Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942).

Box Folder

Clippings about Gertrude, 1916-1923.

7 14

European journal, 1905 December-1906 May.

7 15

Family Bibles (belonging to Maurice Heckscher, Constance L. Heckscher, and Gertrude S. Hesckscher), circa 1860s-1940s.

21 1

Family material: Maurice Heckscher diploma from Harvard, 1887 June 29.

30 9

Financial records: Bank book, 1918.

7 16

Financial records: Box Mead Farm documents (including deed from 1709), 1709, 1917.

30 8

Letter from Julian C. Biddle (1890-1917), 1917 May 24.

7 17

Letter from George Brooke, 1918 November 2.

7 17

Letter from Amory Hare Cook, 1921 April 27.

7 17

Letter from I.I.R. Henry, 1919 October 23.

7 17

Letters from Dr. William Pinkney Herbert, 1916 April-May, 1919 March 23.

7 17

Letters from L. Scott Landreth, 1918-1921.

7 17

Letter from Sally Scull, 1917 August 27.

7 17

Letters from Josephine Stewart, 1921-1922.

7 17

Letters from Sheila Biddle (born 1931), daughter, undated.

8 1

Letters from family and friends congratulating her on her engagement to Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), 1922.

8 2-4

Letters from family and friends while she was in the hospital, 1942 April, undated.

8 5

Letters from unidentified, 1914-1923.

8 6

Marriage announcements (in newspapers), 1922.

30 8

Wedding invitation, 1922 December 30.

8 7

G. Children of Alfred A. Alexander and Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (Constance M., Anne, Julian, and Sheila).

Box Folder

Anne Biddle (1925-2006), newspaper clipping, 1943.

9 11

Constance M. Biddle (1925-2005), academic records (mostly photocopies) for Bryn Mawr College, University of Pennsylvania, University College of London, Yale University, and University of Alberta, 1945-1965.

9 12

Constance M. Biddle (1925-2005), letter from Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967), father, 1945 July 7.

9 13

Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008), baby book, circa 1929.

9 14

Series II. Julia Biddle's siblings and ancestors.

Scope and Contents note

Series II. "Julia Biddle's siblings and ancestors" documents Julia's siblings Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932), John Cox Biddle (1846-1865), Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923), and William Lyman Biddle (1853-1920); her uncle Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862) and his wife Mary D. Baird Biddle (1829-1900); her uncle Clement Biddle (1810-1879); her mother Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), her father Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888); her grandmother Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), her grandfather Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857); and her great-grandfathers General Jonathan Williams (1751-1815) and William Lyman (1755-1811). This series is arranged into ten subseries, one for each of the main individuals or family groups documented in the series. Within the series (and the collection as a whole) letters have been arranged by recipient in order to reassemble what a family member might have had in his or her possession. Many of the members of the family represented in this series are also represented in Series V. "Images."

Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair was born in 1850 and was Julia Biddle's only sister. In 1872, she married Andrew Blair (1849-1932), the son of Major General Francis "Frank" Blair (1821-1875) and Appoline Agatha Alexander (1828-1908). She was the mother of two adopted sons, Frank and John. Before and after her marriage to Andrew Blair, she received many letters from her mother, Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896). In fact, with the exception of a few letters from her cousin, Florence, and a few empty envelopes addressed to her husband from her nephew Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), all letters in this subseries were sent by Anna's mother. Letters from Anna can be found in Series I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)" and Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)."

Julia had five brothers, three of whom are represented in this collection: John Cox Biddle, Henry Williams Biddle, and William Lyman Biddle. John Cox Biddle, the son of Thomas Alexander and Julia Biddle, was born on April 21, 1846, and was educated at Faires Classical Institute and the University of Pennsylvania. During the Civil War, he enlisted in Landis' Battery and "behaved with great gallantry in the Battle of Carlisle, where he had charge of the caisson commanded by Mr. C. Stuart Patterson (Cohen, page 86). According to Charles J. Cohen, "he was generally called 'Little Johnny,' as he was small and did not look strong." His health suffered in the army and he was sent home after only a few months. It appears that he returned to the University of Pennsylvania, but left after his junior year. He began working for Thomas A. Biddle Co., but died on January 29, 1865, at the age of eighteen. Documents relating to John Cox Biddle include a few academic records from Faires Classical Institute and the University of Pennsylvania, a few financial records, a few items documenting his Civil War Service, and letters and resolution written and made at the time of his death. Letters from John Cox Biddle can be found in Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)" and E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)." Henry Williams Biddle, brother of John Cox and Julia Biddle, was born on April 7, 1848. He, too, was educated at Faires Classical Institute and the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1866 at age 18. Following his graduation from the University of Pennsylvania, Henry worked at Thomas A. Biddle Co., becoming a partner in this brokerage/banking business. He married Jessie Duncan Turner and they were the parents of two daughters. He died on July 2, 1923, at the age of 75. There are a few compositions from one of his schools, a letter from his nephew, Alfred Alexander Biddle, and his obituary. Letters from Henry Williams Biddle can be found in Series II. G. "Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861)." William Lyman Biddle, was born on October 8, 1853. He was educated at Faires Classical Institute, St. Paul's in Concord, New Hampshire, and Princeton University, graduating in 1874. Following graduation, he traveled through Europe; and on his return, he began working first for F.W. Gilley, Jr. and Company in New York, and then for Thomas A. Biddle Co. where he remained until the time of his death on July 5, 1920. There are only a few letters relating to William Lyman Biddle, from Dr. Henry A. Cort and his nephew, Alfred Alexander Biddle.

Henry Jonathan Biddle, Julia's uncle, was born on May 16, 1817 and was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1834. Prior to the Civil War, he worked as a stockbroker, probably for Thomas A. Biddle Co. On August 3, 1861, he enlisted in the United States Volunteers, became a captain, and died on July 20, 1862 at the Battle of Glendale, Richmond City, Virginia. In 1854, he had married Mary D. Baird (1829-1900) and they were the parents of at least five children: Lydia Biddle (who married Moncure Robinson), Jonathan William Biddle, Spencer Biddle, Christine Williams Biddle, and Henry Jonathan Biddle. Letters from Henry Jonathan Biddle can be also be found in Series II. E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)" and H. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857)." Letters from Mary Baird can also be found in Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)."

Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), Julia's mother, was the daughter of John and Martha Cox and the granddaughter of William Lyman. She was born in 1819 and married Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888) in 1845. They were the parents of John Cox Biddle, Henry Williams Biddle, Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair, Alfred Biddle, William Lyman Biddle, Francis Biddle, and Julia Biddle. She appears to have maintained close relationship with her children and extended family--the bulk of the material in her subseries is correspondence. There are also annual diaries for intermittent years during the 1860s through the early 1880s which contain short, concise descriptions of daily activities. Letters from Julia Cox Biddle can be found in Series I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)" and Series II. A. "Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932) and Andrew Blair (1849-1932)," E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)," and G. "Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861)."

Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888), the son of Thomas Alexander (1776-1857) and Christine Williams (1780-1861) Biddle, was born on August 22, 1814. According to John W. Jordan, he was a broker and established the Thomas A. Biddle Co. firm (although records at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania indicate that the business may have been formed by his father, Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857)). His marriage to Julia Cox Biddle occurred on July 1, 1845, and they were the parents of seven children who lived into adulthood. He died on February 1, 1888. His papers consist largely of correspondence from family and friends. There are many letters written from the Hankey family (Appoline Alexander, Barnard, George, John Alexander, Philip F., Thomson, Sr. and Thomson, Jr.). While Appoline's letters are largely social and full of news, the letters of Thomas, Jr., a British banker and politician, are almost entirely business and financial in nature. It appears that Thomas traveled to Europe in 1836 and 1856 and there are numerous letters of introduction written on his behalf for his trip to Paris in 1836. Letters from Thomas Alexander Biddle can be found in Series II. B. "John Cox Biddle (1846-1865); Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923); and William Lyman Biddle (1852-1920)" and G. "Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861)."

Clement Biddle (1810-1879) was Julia's uncle (brother to her father Thomas Alexander Biddle). He was born on September 14, 1810 and was considered a prominent Philadelphia lawyer, although his obituary states that "having inherited wealth, he had not practiced his profession for many years" before his death ( Philadelphia Press, March 18, 1879, page 6). At the outbreak of the Civil War, he volunteered as a private in Landis' Battery, Pennsylvania Militia Light Artillery, serving first from September 15 to September 26, 1862, and again from June 27 to July 30, 1863. His obituary states that he was artistic in nature, and was skilled both as a painter and as an author. He died, never having married, on March 11, 1879. His material includes a few letters as well as a published version of his poems,  Airdrie and other poems. Letters from Clement can be found in Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)" and E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)."

Julia's grandmother, Christine Williams Biddle, was born in 1780 and was the daughter of General Jonathan Williams (1751-1815). She married Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857) in 1806 and they were the parents of five sons: Clement, Thomas Alexander, Henry J., Alexander W., and Jonathan W. Biddle. The bulk of the letters addressed to her were written from Julia Cox Biddle, her daughter-in-law, indicating a warm relationship between the two. Letters from Christine can be found in Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)" and E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)."

Thomas Alexander Biddle, Julia's grandfather, was born on June 4, 1776. He was the son of Clement (1740-1814) and Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831) Biddle and was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1791. He worked as a broker and banker, and it is unclear if he or his son, Thomas A. Biddle, established the firm, Thomas A. Biddle Co. He died in 1857. There are only two letters in the collection that were addressed to him, one from his niece and one from a son. Letters from him can be found in Series II. E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)" and Series III. D. "Clement Biddle (1784-1855)."

Jonathan Williams, Julia's great-grandfather, was the father of Christine Williams. He was born on May 20, 1751, in Massachusetts and was a nephew of Benjamin Franklin. During the Revolutionary War, he served as an agent to the United States Commission in France. Following the war, he served as the first Superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point. He also served in the New York State Militia, and was elected to Congress, but died on May 18, 1815, before taking office. This collection contains two letters from him, one to his father and one to his mother.

William Lyman, Julia's great-grandfather and Julia Cox Biddle's grandfather, was born on December 7, 1755 in Northampton, Massachusetts, the son of William and Jemima Lyman. He was educated at Yale University, graduating in 1776, and served in the militia during the American Revolution and as an aide to General William Shepherd during Shay's Rebellion. He served as a representative for the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1787, as a senator in the Massachusetts Senate in 1789, and as a representative for Massachusetts in the United States Congress from 1793 to 1797. He also served as United States Consul in London from 1804 until his death. He married Jerusha Welles and they were the parents of ten children, including William Lyman Jr. and Jerusha Lyman, both of whom appear to have died the same year he did, 1811. Material relating to Lyman includes a bond/loan agreement; letter to Jerusha Lyman, Jr., his daughter; letter from James Madison, serving as Secretary of State under Jefferson; appointment of William Lyman, Captain in Regiment of Light Artillery, signed by James Monroe, President and J.C. Calhoun, Secretary of War; and letters to his son, William Lyman, Jr.

A. Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932) and Andrew Blair (1849-1932).

Box Folder

Anna Blair, letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, 1869-1870.

9 15-16

Anna Blair, letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, 1871-1874.

10 1-6

Anna Blair, letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, 1874-1891.

11 1-7

Anna Blair, letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, 1892-1896.

12 1-2

Anna Blair, letters from Florence, cousin, 1929.

12 3

Andrew Blair (husband of Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair), empty envelopes from Alfred A. Biddle, 1917.

12 4

B. John Cox Biddle (1846-1865); Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923); and William Lyman Biddle (1852-1920).

Box Folder

John Cox Biddle, Civil War service records, including enrollment documents, notes, sketch, photograph, and clipping, 1863-1964.

12 5

John Cox Biddle, compositions for the University of Pennsylvania, 1861, 1963, undated.

31 2

John Cox Biddle, diploma from Faires Classical Institute, 1861.

12 6

John Cox Biddle, financial records, including expenses and promissory note, undated.

12 7

John Cox Biddle, financial records, letter from his father, Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1888), 1856 April 14.

12 8

John Cox Biddle, letters and resolutions on the occasion of his death, 1865.

12 9

Henry Williams Biddle, compositions, 1858.

20 8

Henry Williams Biddle, letter from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), his nephew and calling card, 1916, undated.

12 10

Henry Williams Biddle, obituary, 1923.

20 8

William Lyman Biddle, letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), his nephew, 1896, 1917, 1919.

12 11

William Lyman Biddle, letter from Dr. Henry A. Cort, 1876 July 4.

12 11

C. Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862) and Mary D. Baird Biddle (1829-1900).

Box Folder

Henry Jonathan Biddle, letter to Thomas Biddle Co., 1858 August 6.

12 12

Mary D. Baird Biddle, "Mollie," wife of Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), letter to Ellen, undated.

12 12

D. Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896).

Box Folder

Annual diaries, 1860-1861, 1866-1867.

12 13-15

Annual diaries, 1874, 1879, 1881-1882.

13 1-3

Hair clippings, calling cards, and wedding invitations, 1850s, 1862.

13 4

Letter from Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother-in-law, 1854 July 15.

31 3

Letter from Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother-in-law, 1866 January 5.

13 5

Letters from Alfred Biddle (1851-1884), son, 1878-1879.

13 5

Letters from Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967), grandson, 1896.

13 6

Letters from Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), mother-in-law, 1854.

31 3

Letters from Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), mother-in-law, 1854-1855.

13 6

Letter from Clement Biddle (1810-1879), brother-in-law, 1878 October 10.

13 6

Letter from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), granddaughter, 1892 June 24.

13 7

Letters from Francis "Frank" Biddle (1853-1920), son, 1871, 1873, 1877, 1883.

13 7

Letter from John Cox Biddle (1846-1865), son, 1863 July 10.

13 7

Letters from Julia Biddle (1858-1952), daughter, 1892, 1896, undated.

13 8

Letter from Lydia McFunn Biddle, niece, 1880 April 2.

13 9

Letters from Mary "Mollie" D. Baird Biddle (1829-1900), sister-in-law, 1862, 1880.

13 9

Letters from Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1862), husband, 1855-1856.

31 3

Letters from Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1862), husband, 1866-1879.

14 1

Letter from Christine Biddle Cadwalader, niece, 1875 July 8.

14 2

Letter from Sarah C. Case, 1867 October 10.

14 2

Letter from E.B. Coxe, 1876 May 31.

14 2

Letters from James Cox, 1862, 1866, 1880.

14 2

Letters from John Cox, 1856, 1862.

14 2

Letters from Samuel "Uncle Sam" Cox, 1866-1867.

14 3

Letters from Sarah Cox, 1867.

14 3

Letters from Mrs. Greene, 1854-1855.

14 3

Letters from Appoline Agatha Alexander Hankey, 1861, 1878.

14 3

Letter from Anna Sitgreaves, 1854 July 26.

14 3

Letters to Helen Cox (cousin), 1939-1941.

31 4

Letters to Frances Cox Henderson (sister), 1940-1941.

31 4

Souvenir drawing from Mathilde, Countess [Wartenslibin], 1841.

14 3

Writing: "History of the Loss of My Velvet Cloak", 1954 November 29.

14 4

E. Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888).

Box Folder

Certificate of arrival in the Port of Dover from Calais, 1856 May 31.

28 5

Letter from Bethia Alexander, 1836 September 11.

28 7

Letter from Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother, 1856 April.

28 7

Letter to Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother, 1856 March 12.

31 5

Letter from Annie E. Biddle, cousin, 1856 June 2.

14 5

Letter from C. Biddle, 1837 March 14.

28 7

Letters from Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), mother, 1836, 1839-1840, 1846, 1856.

28 7

Letter from Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), mother, 1856 October 31.

14 5

Letters from Clement Biddle (1810-1879), brother, 1836-1837.

28 7

Letter from Edward R. Biddle, uncle, 1840 January 11.

28 8

Letter to Edward R. Biddle, uncle, 1837 April.

31 5

Letters from Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), brother, 1837-1838, 1856 .

28 8

Letter from Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), brother, 1862 April 1.

14 5

Letter from James Cornell Biddle, uncle, 1837 June 11.

28 8

Letter from John Cox Biddle (1846-1865), son, 1856 May 1.

28 8

Letter from John Cox Biddle (1846-1865), son, 1863 June 26.

14 5

Letter from J[onathan W.] Biddle (1821-1856), brother, undated.

28 7

Letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), wife, 1856 January-March.

28 8

Letter from Thomas A. (1776-1857) and Christine Williams (1780-1861) Biddle, parents, 1839 July 8.

28 7

Letters from Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1856), father, 1936-1939, 1855.

28 8

Letters from Horace Binney, 1837, 1867.

14 5

Letters from Henry Wollaston Blake, 1837-1839.

28 9

Letters from Joseph Bonaparte, Comte de Survilliers, 1837, undated.

14 5

Letters from L.B., 1839 July 16.

14 5

Letters from R.B. Chapman regarding Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), 1862 July 22.

14 5

Letter from George Emlen, 1837 March 14.

28 9

Letter from Mr. Greene, 1836 December 20.

28 9

Letters from Appoline Agatha Alexander Hankey, 1836-1839.

28 9

Letters from Appoline Agatha Alexander Hankey, 1858, 1860.

14 6

Letter from Barnard Hankey, 1837 April 18.

14 6

Letter from George Hankey, 1837 September 18.

28 10

Letters from John Alexander Hankey, 1837.

28 10

Letter from Philip F. Hankey, undated.

14 6

Letter from Thomas Hankey, 1861 October 10.

14 6

Letter from Thomson Hankey, Sr. and T. Alexander Hankey, 1837 April 29.

28 10

Letter from Thomson Hankey, Jr., 1831 June 20.

14 6

Letters from Thomson Hankey, Jr., 1835-1840.

28 10

Letter from W.B. Reed, 1858 July 14.

14 6

Letter from Moncure Robinson, 1865 July 1.

14 6

Letter from M. Robinson, undated.

28 5

Letter to unidentified, 1861 December 10.

14 6

Letters of introduction on his behalf, 1836.

28 6

F. Clement Biddle (1810-1879).

Box Folder

Airdrie and other poems, by Clement Biddle (Anna Blair's copy), 1872.

14 7

Letter from Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother, 1866 March 18.

14 8

Letter from Sarah Peter, 1853 April 27.

14 8

Letter from William Makepeace Thackeray, 1853 January 23.

14 8

G. Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861).

Box Folder

Letters from Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923), grandson, 1861.

14 9

Letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), daughter-in-law, 1846, 1855.

31 5

Letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), daughter-in-law, 1855, 1860.

14 9

Letter from Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1888), son, announcing the birth of Francis "Frank" Biddle (1853-1920), 1853 October 30.

Box Folder

Letters from M. Craig, 1804-1806.

14 9

H. Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857).

Box Folder

Letter from Ann Elizabeth Biddle (born 1822), niece, 1854 December 27.

28 12

Letter from Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), son, 1839 May 13.

28 12

I. Jonathan Williams (1751-1815), General.

Box Folder

Letter to Grace Williams, mother, 1780, 1783.

28 12

Letter to Jonathan Williams, Sr., father, 1779 November 4.

28 12

J. William Lyman (1755-1811) and William Lyman, Jr.

Box Folder

William Lyman (1755-1811), bond/loan agreement; letter to Jerusha Lyman, Jr., his daughter; letter from James Madison, serving as Secretary of State under Jefferson; and appointment of William Lyman, Captain in Regiment of Light Artillery, signed by James Monroe, President and J.C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, 1794, 1805, 1819-1820.

28 11

William Lyman, Jr. letters from William Lyman (1755-1811), father, 1802-1803.

28 11

Series III. Arthur Biddle's sibling and ancestors.

Biographical/Historical note

Series III. "Arthur Biddle's sibling and ancestors" documents Arthur's brother, Algernon Sidney Biddle (1847-1891); his father, George Washington Biddle (1818-1897); his mother, Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901); his grandfather, Clement Biddle (1784-1855); and his great-grandfather, John Barclay (1749-1816). This series is arranged into five subseries, one for each of the main individuals documented in the series. Within the series (and the collection as a whole) letters have been arranged by recipient in order to reassemble what a family member might have had in his or her possession. Many members of the family represented in this series are also represented in Series V. Images.

Arthur had two brothers, but only Algernon Sidney Biddle is represented in this collection. Algernon was born October 11, 1847, and received his education at Dr. Faires Classical Institute and Yale University, graduating in 1868. He continued his studies for two years at the University of Berlin in Germany. After his return to the United States, he was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar in 1872. He served as the president of the Law Academy, as Secretary of the Law Association of Philadelphia, and "at various times ... as editor of the Weekly Notes of Cases,  The Law and Equity Reporter, and  The American Law Register," (http://www.pennock.ws/surnames/nti/nti62975.html). As a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, he taught "practice, pleading, evidence at law and crime ... torts, [and] evidence and practice at law" (Cohen, page 76). He married Frances Robinson in 1879 and died on April 8,1891. The University of Pennsylvania's law library, the George and Algernon Sydney Biddle Law Library, is named after him and his father. Very limited material is contained within the collection relating to him; but researchers will find his obituary, as well as two letters.

Arthur and Algernon Sydney Biddle's father, George Washington Biddle was, according to his obituary in the Philadelphia Inquirer on April 20, 1897, "a well-known lawyer and public spirited citizen." He was born on January 11, 1818 and earned his education at St. Mary's College in Baltimore, Maryland. He was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar in 1939 and went on to become a prominent member of the law firm Biddle and Ward. He served as chancellor of the Law Association for six years and earned an honorary LLD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1882. In addition to his legal career, he was also active in politics and his community. He married Maria Cox McMurtrie (1818-1901), daughter of William McMurtrie, and they were the parents of George Washington Biddle (1834-1886), Algernon Sydney Biddle (1847-1891), and Arthur Biddle (1852-1897). He died in 1897. In this collection, there are five letters addressed to him. Letters from him can be found in Series III. D. "Clement Biddle (1784-1855)."

Clement Cornell Biddle, father of George Washington Biddle and grandfather of Arthur, was born on October 24, 1784, the son of Clement (1740-1814) and Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831) Biddle. In 1799, he joined the United States Navy as midshipman, serving until 1804 when he returned to Philadelphia to study law. He was admitted to the bar and practiced law. Around 1807, however, he joined the United States Army and served as a captain of a company in the Regiment of the Light Dragoons for about six months from May to September 1809. He returned to the practice of law until the outbreak of the War of 1812 when he first served as captain of the "State Fencibles," a company he raised, and later as colonel of the First Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. He was one of the founders of the Philadelphia Savings Fund Society in 1816 and served as its first president. Clement C. Biddle married Mary Searle Barclay (1785-1872) in 1814. He died in 1855. With the exception of a few military records related to the First Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry and several letters related to the Bank of Columbia, the bulk of the letters addressed to Clement Cornell Biddle are family letters, from his father and mother, brothers and sister, and two cousins. Many of the letters to him were written while he was serving in the Navy, particularly in 1800 and appear to be responding to news in Clement's letters to the family.

John Barclay, Arthur's great-grandfather, was born in 1749. He served as a soldier in the American Revolutionary War, first as an ensign in Captain John Lacey's company (1776) and later promoted to the rank of lieutenant, retiring in 1782 as a captain. After the war, he served as Justice of the Peace, President Judge of the Courts of Bucks County, a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1790, the mayor of Philadelphia in 1791, and president of the Bank of Northern Liberties of Philadelphia. On December 11, 1781, he married Mary Searle and they were the parents of Mary Searle Barclay, Arthur's grandmother. He died in September of 1816. There are a few records relating to the New Geneva Sand Company and letters from James Biddle; T.B. Alston; Aaron Burr (politician and vice president under Thomas Jefferson); Alexander J. Dallas (the secretary of the treasury under James Madison); and John Fine (politician from New York).

A. Algernon Sidney Biddle (1847-1891).

Box Folder

Letter from George Sharswood and to unidentified, 1873, undated.

14 10

Obituary, 1891.

14 10

B. George Washington Biddle (1818-1897).

Box Folder

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), son, 1873-1875, 1886, 1889.

14 11

Letter from John W. Biddle, 1877 November 5.

14 12

Letter from John A. Clark, 1897 March 12.

14 12

Letter from John Wylie Faires, 1897 March 12.

14 12

Letter from William Ashman, 1897 March 11.

14 12

Letter from Theodore von Bunsen, 1874 October 29.

14 12

C. Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901).

Box Folder

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), son, 1873-1874, 1880-1897.

14 13

Letter from Caroline Biddle, sister, 1897 March 14.

14 14

Letter from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), granddaughter, and Julia Biddle (1858-1952), daughter-in-law, 1897 July 3-4.

14 14

Letters from Julia Biddle (1858-1952), daughter-in-law, 1893, 1897, 1900, undated.

15 1

Letter from W.J. and F.[R.] Stockton, 1897 June 3.

14 14

Letters from unidentified, circa 1897.

14 14

D. Clement Biddle (1784-1855).

Box Folder

First Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, estimate of pay and payroll and expense ledger, 1814-1815.

31 6

Letters from Clement Biddle (1740-1814), father, 1800 August-December.

31 6

Letters from Clement Biddle (1740-1814) and Rebekah Cornell Biddle (1755-1831), parents, 1800 May-November.

31 6

Letters from George Washington Biddle (1779-1812), brother, 1800, 1807.

31 6

Letter from Lydia, Sarah, and Ann Biddle (sisters), 1800 October 19.

31 6

Letter from Nicholas Biddle (1786-1884), cousin, 1800 November 5.

31 6

Letters from Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857), brother, 1800 July-November.

31 6

Letters from John E. Hall, 1800 October 1.

31 6

Letters from Joseph Biddle Wilkerson, cousin, 1800 October 15.

31 6

Letters to John Mason, president of the Bank of Columbia, 1803.

15 2

Letters to William Whann, cashier of the Bank of Columbia, 1803.

15 2

E. John Barclay (1749-1816).

Box Folder

Letters from James Biddle, 1785 September-October.

15 3

Letter from T.B. Alston, 1807 February 8.

28 1

Letters from Aaron Burr, 1797-1798, 1804-1807.

28 1

Letters from Alexander J. Dallas, largely relating to financial matters, 1795-1796.

28 2

Letter from John Fine, 1843 January 5.

28 2

Records relating to the New Geneva Sand Company, 1795.

28 2

Series IV. Julia and Arthur Biddle's ancestors.

Biographical/Historical note

Series IV. "Julia and Arthur Biddle's ancestors" documents Julia and Arthur's shared ancestors, in particular their shared great-grandparents, Clement (1740-1814) and Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831) Biddle. There is also one letter from their shared great-uncle James Cornell Biddle (brother to Arthur's grandfather Clement Cornell Biddle and Julia's grandfather Thomas Alexander Biddle), as well as all the documents where a creator or recipient could not be identified. Within the series (and the collection as a whole) letters have been arranged by recipient in order to reassemble what a family member might have had in his or her possession. Clement and Rebekah Biddle are also represented in Series V. "Images."

Clement Biddle (1740-1814) was born on May 10, 1740 in Philadelphia, son of John (1707-1789) and Sarah Owen (1711-1773) Biddle. He worked with his father and his brother Owen (1737-1799) in the shipping and importing business. He was among the first Philadelphians to sign the non-importation agreement in October 1765. From the outset of the Revolution, Biddle was a patriot and "he gave practically his whole time to the service of his country," (Jordan, page 740). He served as an officer in the Quaker Light Infantry, was appointed quartermaster-general of the Flying Camp, fought in the Battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine, and Germantown, as well as participating in the crossing the Delaware River on Christmas 1776. He served with General Nathanael Greene in New Jersey. He was appointed United States Marshal of the Court of Admiralty in 1780 and the Supreme Executive Council appointed him as quartermaster-general of Pennsylvania in 1781. Following the American Revolution, he was made Prothonotary (1788) and Judge (1791) of the Common Pleas Court in Philadelphia County. He first married Mary Richardson in 1764. After she died in 1773, he married Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831) on August 8, 1814. They were the parents of eight children who lived into adulthood. There are a few official documents relating to his service as notary public as well as a few letters to William Whann. Letters from Clement can be found in Series III. D. "Clement Biddle (1784-1855)."

Very little is known of Rebekah Cornell Biddle. She was the daughter of Rhode Island Chief Justice Gideon Cornell. In her 1831 obituary (box 31, folder 7), she is described as "exercising benevolence without parade, and piety without affectation, and endearing herself to her immediate connexions [sic] by a cheerful and exemplary performance of her domestic duties, and to a large circle of friends, by the uniform excellence of her disposition, the vivacity of her intellect, and the active kindness of her character." Her obituary is included in this series; but letters from her can be found in Series III. D. "Clement Biddle (1784-1855)."

The material with no identifiable creator or recipient includes a few letters, prayers, newspaper clippings, religious cards, collected publications relating to World War I, and writings.

Box Folder

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), letter to William Whann and to an unidentified person to whom he introduced Thomas Paine, 1776, 1803.

28 3

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), power of attorney document notarized by Biddle, 1791 December 31.

28 3

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), official document authorizing him as Notary Public, 1796.

28 3

James Cornell Biddle (1793-1826), letter to unidentified, undated.

28 4

Rebekah Cornell Biddle, obituary in National Gazette and Literary Register, 1831 November 26.

31 7

Unknown family member(s): "A. Biddle (Private) Personal Matters," black metal box, circa 19th century.

32

Unknown family member(s): "Account with Mr. Biddle of Family Expenses", 1835-1847.

15 4

Unknown family member(s): Household inventory of 1821 Delancey Place, 1905.

15 5

Unknown family member(s): Italian newspaper, Il Papagallo, Anno. III, N. 52, 1875 December 26.

31 1

Unknown family member(s): Letters, to and from unidentified, and lists, 1878-1939.

15 6

Unknown family member(s): Letters, neither to nor from Biddle family members, 1819-1836-1837, 1904.

15 7

Unknown family member(s): Newspaper clippings (not related to Biddle family members), circa 1860s-1880s.

15 8

Unknown family member(s): Newspaper clippings related to the World War I Armistice, 1919 August 17.

15 9

Unknown family member(s): Prayers, undated.

15 10

Unknown family member(s): Publication of "Entretiens d' Été de Pontigny", 1927.

15 11

Unknown family member(s): Religious cards (in French), undated.

15 12

Unknown family member(s): Sketch with illegible pencil notes in French, undated.

15 13

Unknown family member(s): World War I commemorative souvenir celebrating the Great Peace Celebration in London, 1919 July 19.

31 1

Unknown family member(s): Writings (including "Rex," poem/letter about a dog; "A Bird's Tale," composition; and poem, 1927, 1937, undated.

15 14

Series V. Images.

Scope and Contents note

Series V. "Images" in arranged in three subseries: A. "Photographs," B. "Prints," and C. "Other." Researchers will find a significant number of family photographs which are arranged alphabetically by subject. There are also a number of photographs where the subjects are unknown--no labeling on the photographs was present and the processor was unwilling to make guesses as to the identity of the subjects. If a researcher is looking for a particular individual who is not in the alphabetical listing, he or she should consult the unidentified photographs.

B. "Prints" consists of formal portraits that appear to have been printed in volumes. The subjects of these prints predate photographs and appear to have been collected intentionally in order to document the family's history. Some of the connections to the Biddle family is unknown. These prints are arranged alphabetically by subject. There are a few prints which were not labeled and the identity of the subject is unknown.

C. "Other" contains only two items: an original painting of Eleanor Heckscher, sister of Gertrude Heckscher Biddle, who died at only one year old (she is also represented in A. "Photographs"); and a lithograph of Gertrude Heckscher Biddle.

A. Photographs.

Box Folder

Alexandra Biddle (1949-2008), candid photographs, circa 1949-1953.

15 15

Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), portraits and candid photographs, 1887-1960.

15 16

Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), Oxford University, Balliol College, group portrait, 1912.

31 8

Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), Oxford University, Balliol College, photograph album, circa 1912.

27 1

Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), St. Mark's School, 1901, 1904, 1906-1907.

29 1

Alfred and Gertrude Biddle's children, portraits of Constance, Anna, and Julian C. Biddle, circa 1923-1931.

15 17

[Alfred and Gertrude Biddle's children], portraits and candid photographs, circa 1930s-1950s.

15 18

[Alfred and Gertrude Biddle's children], album, circa 1920s-1930s.

21 5

Anna G. Biddle (1925-2006), portrait, circa 1925-1927.

15 19

Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), portraits, circa 1860s-1890s.

15 20

Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), portraits, 1870s-1897.

31 9

[Bar Harbor] vacation, photograph album, possibly 1893.

21 6

Boxmead Farm, circa 1950s.

16 15

Constance M. Biddle (1923-2005), portraits, circa 1923-1930.

15 21

Constance M. Biddle (1923-2005), portraits, circa 1930s-1940s.

29 2

Constance M. Biddle (1923-2005) and Sydney Francis Biddle (1918-2004) wedding photographs, circa 1940s-1950s.

15 22

Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), portraits and photographs of World War I service, circa 1887-1930s.

16 1

Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), portrait with Kate Hutchinson, undated.

29 3

Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), photograph album of trip to Santa Barbara, 1912.

21 7

Edith Sheila Biddle (generally referred to as Sheila) (born 1931), 1937, circa 1940.

16 2

Family photograph album, inscribed to Edith from Uncle Lyman, 1894.

26 2

Family photograph album, undated.

26 3

George Washington Biddle (1818-1897), circa 1880s-1890s.

16 3

Georgina Biddle, Bryn Mawr college portrait, circa 1910.

16 4

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), portraits, candid photographs, wedding portrait, and portraits with her children, 1918-circa 1932.

16 5

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), portraits, portraits with her children, and wedding portrait, circa 1920s-1930s.

29 4

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), wedding party portrait, 1922 December 30.

31 10

Gwynedd Valley home, undated.

29 6

John Biddle, General, portrait in military uniform, 1919 July.

16 6

Julia and Geoffrey Biddle (children of Owen and Anne Biddle), 1951.

16 7

Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), portraits with Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888) and child and portrait with children, circa 1860s.

16 8

Julia Biddle (1858-1952), portraits, circa 1880s.

16 9

Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008), portraits and candid photographs, circa 1930s-1950s.

16 10

Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008), portrait, circa 1930-1932.

29 5

Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), 1902, 1917.

16 11

Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), Yale University group, circa 1912.

31 10

Sydney Biddle (possibly 1889-1954), undated.

16 12

Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1888), portrait, circa 1870s-1880s.

16 13

Heckscher family photographs (Maurice, Gertrude, Constance, and Eleanor), portraits, circa 1880s-1890s.

16 14

Heckscher family photographs (Gertrude, Constance, and Eleanor), portraits, circa 1896-1897.

29 7

Holiday cards (photo cards) from non-Biddles, circa 1950s.

16 18

Horses, undated.

17 1

Non-Biddle portraits (frequently gifts to Biddles), circa 1890s-1930s.

29 8

Unidentified children and women with children, circa 1870s-1950s.

16 16

Unidentified homes and properties, undated.

16 17

Unidentified groups, portraits and candid photographs, circa 1880s-1930s.

17 2

Unidentified group at Yale, portrait, circa 1900-1912.

31 10

Unidentified men, portraits and candid photographs, circa 1890s-1950s.

17 3

Unidentified men, portraits, circa 1880s.

29 9

Unidentified travel (slides and prints), undated.

17 4

Unidentified women, candid photographs, 1890s, undated.

17 5

Unidentified women, portraits, circa 1880s-1930s.

17 6

Unidentified women, portraits, circa 1880s-1920s.

29 9

B. Prints.

Box Folder

William Alexander (Lord Chief Baron of the Court of Exchequer, England, 1824-1831), portrait, undated.

17 8

James Barclay (1749-1816), portrait, undated.

17 8

Alexander William Biddle (1819-1899), portrait, undated.

17 9

Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), portrait, undated.

17 9

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), portraits (including as Colonel and Deputy Quartermaster of the Army of the Revolution), undated.

17 10

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), framed miniature portrait, undated.

26 5

Rebekah Cornell Biddle (1755-1831), portraits, undated.

17 10

Rebekah Cornell Biddle (1755-1831), framed miniature portrait, undated.

26 4

Mary Searle Barclay Biddle (1785-18725), portrait, undated.

17 11

Craig Biddle (Judge of Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia County), portrait, undated.

17 11

Edward Biddle (General), portrait, undated.

17 11

George Washington Biddle (died 1812), portrait, undated.

17 11

George Washington Biddle (1818-1897), portrait, undated.

17 11

Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901), portrait, undated.

17 11

James Cornell Biddle (died 1838), portrait, undated.

17 11

James Biddle (1731-1797), (Deputy Commissary of the Court of Admiralty), portrait, undated.

17 11

John Biddle, portrait, undated.

17 11

John Barclay Biddle (1815-1879), portrait, undated.

17 11

Nicholas Biddle (1750-1775), (Captain), portrait, undated.

17 11

Jane Margaret Craig Biddle, wife of Nicholas Biddle (1786-1844), portrait, undated.

17 11

Thomas Alexander Biddle, portrait, undated.

17 12

Mrs. Thomas Alexander Biddle, portrait (either Christine Williams Biddle or Julia Cox Biddle), undated.

17 12

Thomas Biddle, portrait, undated.

17 12

John Cadwalader, portrait, undated.

17 12

Mary Biddle Cadwalader (1781-1850), portrait, wife of Thomas Cadwalader, undated.

17 12

Daniel Coxe, portrait (Colonel), undated.

17 12

John Cox, portrait, undated.

17 12

Mrs. John Cox, portraits, undated.

17 12

Tench Coxe, portrait, undated.

17 13

William Coxe, portrait, undated.

17 13

Mrs. William Coxe, née Smith, portrait, undated.

17 13

Sir Philip Francis, portrait, undated.

17 13

Tench Francis, portrait, undated.

17 13

Benjamin Franklin, portraits, undated.

17 13

Jane Gordon, portrait, undated.

17 13

Sarah, Countess of Kinnoull, portrait, undated.

17 13

William Lyman (Lieutenant), portrait, undated.

18 1

William Lyman (General), portrait, undated.

18 1

Mrs. William McMurtrie, née Coxe, portrait, undated.

18 1

Clement B. Penrose, portrait, undated.

18 1

William Tilghman, portrait, undated.

18 1

Jonathan Williams (1781-1815), portrait, undated.

18 1

Unidentified, undated.

18 2
C. Other.
Box Folder

Eleanor Heckscher (1895-1897), original painting, circa 1897-1900.

17 7

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), lithograph, circa 1920s.

29 10

Series VI. Wills, trusts, and legacies.

Scope and Contents note

Series VI. Wills, trusts, and legacies document the long and complicated financial legacies of the Biddle family. Although, these documents were initiated by individuals whose papers are found throughout the collection, they were intentionally kept separate because changes were made to documents and correspondence regarding the finances resulting from the documents were created long after an individual's death. These records are arranged in alphabetical order, and dates hopefully reflect the iterations and long legacy resulting from these wills, trusts, mortgage bonds, accounts, and other legal and estate records contain herein.

Box Folder

Alfred Alexander Biddle (1852-1967), Balliol College Alumni Fund, 1946-1960.

18 3-5

Alfred Alexander Biddle (1852-1897), will and legal trust issues, 1945-1975.

18 6

Arthur (1852-1897) and Julia (1585-1952) Biddle, mortgage bond and warrant, 1893 July 31.

18 7

Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), trust documents, 1879-1929.

18 8

Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), will, 1937-1938.

18 9

George W. Biddle (1818-1897), will and petition, 1897.

18 10

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), letters testamentary and mortgage documents, 1926, 1942.

18 11

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), trust accounts, correspondence, and tax documents, 1944-1960.

18 12

Henry W. Biddle (1848-1923), will, 1923.

19 1

Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), wills and trusts, 1933, 1942-1945, 1964.

19 2

Julia Biddle (1858-1952), will, deeds of trust, and estate records, 1941-1949.

19 3

Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901), will, 1901.

19 4

Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1888), will (copies), 1929-1930, 1937.

19 5

William Lyman Biddle (1852-1884), wills (copies), 1916, 1956.

19 6

William Lyman Biddle (1852-1884), deed (trust of William Lyman Biddle), 1922.

30 2

Andrew Alexander Blair, will, 1930-1931.

19 7

Anna Biddle Blair (1850-1932), correspondence regarding trusts and wills, 1932-1943, 1974.

19 8-9

Lucretia Ledyard Heckscher, will schedule, undated.

19 10

Series VII. Research on family history and genealogy.

Scope and Contents note

Series VII. "Research on family history and genealogy" is indicative of the family's pride in the Biddle name and history, as well as the other families connected to the Biddle family including the Barclay, Blair, Cadwalader, Cox, Lyman, Meigs, Robinson, Rush, and Williams families to name only a few. This series is arranged into two subseries: A. "Genealogical research and notes" and B. "John Basinski research and notes." A. "Genealogical research and notes" contains some professionally created reports on Biddle family genealogy, genealogies of specific branches of the family, copies of family documents, newspaper clippings about the family history, notes and memories of a few members of the family as well as a couple of published books on the more influential members of the family.

B. "John Basinski research and notes" contains the immense work performed by the donor of the collection (and a member of the family). John Basinski was married to Alexandra Biddle (1949-2008), great-great-great-great granddaughter of Clement and Rebekah Cornell Biddle. Prior to donation, Mr. Basinski identified many of the senders and recipients of letters and created document summaries of a large majority of the documents in the collection. Copies of his summaries remain throughout the collection with the relevant documents, but there are several folders of the complete group of summaries in this subseries. He also did research of individual family members and his copies of biographies, obituaries, and notes can be found here.

A. Genealogical research and notes.

Box Folder

Reports on Biddle family genealogy (some professionally compiled), 1984, undated.

19 11

Reports on the Biddle family in America, undated.

19 12

Genealogies and histories of William Alexander, George Washington Biddle, Henry Jonathan Biddle, Henry Williams Biddle, Owen Biddle, Rebekah Biddle, Symon Biddle, and William Biddle, undated.

19 13

Genealogies of Biddle family from 1681 through Owen and Clement Biddle (copied from Clement C. Biddle's Bible), after 1831.

31 7

Copies of historical family documents, largely from England, undated.

19 14

Copy of letter confirming that Sarah Kempe was 40 years old when she married William Biddle in 1665, 1877 November 28.

31 7

Newspaper clippings and notes, circa 1930s-1980s.

19 15

Notes by Constance and Sheila Biddle, circa 1980s.

19 16

Letters to and from Sidney Geoffrey Biddle (1889-1954), obituary and photograph, 1954.

19 17

Information regarding Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967), 1966-1967.

19 18

Letters and notes regarding burial places of Biddles, 1950.

19 19

Research on family furniture and antiques, circa 1990s.

19 20

Research on the Williams family, undated.

19 21

Historical Catalogue of the St. Andrews Society of Philadelphia, 1907.

21 2

Lyman family, 1872.

21 3

Owen Biddle and His Descendants, by Henry Biddle, 1927.

21 4

B. John Basinski research and notes.

Box Folder

John Barclay (1749-1816), notes, circa 2012-2017.

19 22

Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), notes, circa 2012-2017.

19 22

Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855), notes, circa 2012-2017.

19 22

Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), notes, circa 2012-2017.

20 1

Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), notes, circa 2012-2017.

20 1

Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), biographical note, circa 2012-2017.

20 1

Sydney Francis Biddle (1918-2004), obituary, circa 2012-2017.

20 1

Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857), notes, circa 2012-2017.

20 1

Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1888), notes, circa 2012-2017.

20 1

Henry Wollaston Blake (1815-1899), obituary, circa 2012-2017.

20 2

Aaron Burr (1756-1824), biographical sketches and articles, circa 2012-2017.

20 2

Tench Coxe (1755-1824), notes, circa 2012-2017.

20 2

Alexander James Dallas (1759-1817), biographical sketches, circa 2012-2017.

20 2

George Emlen (1814-1853), biographical sketch, circa 2012-2017.

20 3

John Elihu Hall (1783-1829), notes, circa 2012-2017.

20 3

Thomson Hankey (1805-1893), biographical sketch, circa 2012-2017.

20 3

William Lyman (1755-1811), biographical sketch and notes, circa 2012-2017.

20 3

Moncure Robinson (1802-1891), biographical sketch and notes, circa 2012-2017.

20 3

Jonathan Williams (1751-1815), biographical sketch and notes, circa 2012-2017.

20 3

Related archival collections, circa 2012-2017.

20 4

Document abstracts (arranged chronologically), circa 2012-2017.

20 5-7

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Scrapbook, 1857, 1886-1894.

1

Loose clippings (originally laid into scrapbook), 1886-1894.

2 1

Loose clippings (originally laid into scrapbook), 1895-1899.

2 2

Loose clippings (originally laid into scrapbook), 1900-1902.

2 3

Collection Inventory

Series I. Administrative Files from Monument Lab.

Box Folder

Philadelphia city map with projects marked, 2015-2017.

1 1

Hard drive (RESTRICTED), 2015-2017.

1 1

Lab managers and staff handbook and policies and procedures for working in labs, 2017.

1 2

Signage at labs and "stoop tallies", 2017.

3 12

Series II. Monument Lab proposals and public engagement.

Box Folder

Proposals, 2015.

1 3-5

City Hall proposals: log books, 2017.

1 6

City Hall proposals, 2017.

1 7-12

City Hall ephemera, 2017.

1 13

Penn Treaty Park log book and proposals, 2017.

2 1

Penn Treaty Park log book, 2017.

2 2-3

Penn Treaty Park ephemera, 2017.

2 4

Rittenhouse Square log books, 2017.

2 5

Rittenhouse Square proposals, 2017.

2 6-7

Franklin Square log books, 2017.

2 8

Franklin Square proposals, 2017.

2 9-10

Malcolm X Park log books, 2017.

2 11

Malcolm X Park proposals, 2017.

2 12-13

Washington Square log books, 2017.

2 14

Washington Square proposals, 2017.

2 15

Logan Square log book and proposals, 2017.

3 1

Logan Square proposals 2/2, 2017.

3 2

Marconi Plaza proposals, 2017.

3 3-4

Norris Square log book and proposals, 2017.

3 5

Vernon Park proposals, 2017.

3 6

Light Labs: PAFA proposals, 2017.

3 7-8

Light Labs: Other Sites, 2017.

3 9-11

Blank proposals, 2015-2017.

3 13

Series III. Promotional material.

Box Folder

Flyer for project, 2017.

3 15

Monument and artist descriptions for "On the Threshold," by Kaitlin Pomerantz; "for everyone a garden VIII," by David Hartt; and "Sweet Chariot," by Marisa Williamson, 2015-2017.

3 14
Drawer Folder

Monument and artist descriptions for "Sweet Chariot," by Marisa Williamson, 2017.

107
Box Folder

Monument Lab coloring book and selected images for coloring book, 2015-2017.

3 16
Drawer Folder

Newsletters, 2015, 2017.

107

Posters, "Change the way we write the history of our city together" and "Propose your monument", 2015-2017.

107

Collection Inventory

Volume

Scrapbook of Philadelphia and New York City playbills, 1869-1906.

1

Collection Inventory

Volume
"History of the Philadelphia Stage, Between the Years 1749 and 1855. By Charles Durang. Volume 1. 1749 to 1818. Arranged and illustrated by Thompson Westcott, 1868", 1868.
Scope and Contents note

Volume I includes the first 55 chapters (I to LV) of the first series, published in the Sunday Dispatch from May 7, 1854 (Vol. VII, No. 1) to May 20, 1855 (Vol. VIII, No. 3), for a total of 118 pages of text. Because Charles Durang was born in 1794, he could not rely on personal recollections for the description of most of the events that took place in this period. Possibly also for this reason, this scrapbook is the one that covers the widest chronological span, from 1749 to 1818, with only 61 pages of text devoted to the years up to 1800.

The portion of Durang’s history included in the scrapbook mentions the first instances of theatrical performances in Philadelphia (including those of the Hallam Company – later renamed American Company), and discusses the vicissitudes of the theaters that were opened in the city during those decades, including the Society Hill Theatre, the Southwark Theatre, the Northern Liberty Theatre, the Chestnut Street Theatre, the Apollo Street Theatre, and the Olympic Theatre (later renamed Walnut Street Theatre). Theatrical seasons are described in full detail by Durang, especially after the mid 1790s, following the opening of the Chestnut Street Theatre. A whole chapter (XXV) provides a history of the circus in Philadelphia, and the next chapters also include references to theatrical performances, concerts, and other forms of live entertainment that took place in circuses and outdoor locations, including Ricketts Circus and the Vauxhall Gardens. References to the contemporary theatrical life in England and in other American cities (New York City, Boston, Baltimore, and Annapolis, among others) can also be found in the text.

The volume contains engravings and drawings of theatrical institutions such as the Southwark Theatre, the Chestnut Street Theatre (destroyed by fire in 1820), the Ricketts Amphitheatre, the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden (London), the Richmond Theatre (Richmond, VA), and the Old Federal Street Theatre (Boston). The scrapbook is also embellished with a conspicuous number of portraits of actresses, actors, and other theatrical figures, such as William Shakespeare, Daniel Terry, Anna Marcella Lydall , Sarah Siddons, Charles Macklin, Henry Mossop, Spranger Barry, Thomas Sheridan, Thomas King, James William Dodd, Elizabeth Singer Rowe, John Bannister, William Parsons, John Moody, Susannah Maria Cibber, Ann Street, Robert Bensley, Isabella Mattocks, Charles Macklin, John Philip Kemble, Robert Bensley, Jane Powell, John Henderson, Elizabeth Yates, Thomas Holcroft, Charlotte Melmoth, Elizabeth Barry, Frances Abbington, Mary Ann Wrighten, Maria Theresa Bland, Colley Cibber, William Dimond, Fanny Fleming, Thomas Hull, Thomas Cooke, Maria Duncan, John Bernard, Samuel Phelps, and Edmund Kean, among others. A few autographs letters, some written by Charles Durang himself, are also included. Finally, a small collection of playbills, mostly from the 1820s, was inserted in the final part of the scrapbook. Most notably, the collection features the playbill of the play Douglas; or, The Noble Shepherd (performed at the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, on November 27th, 1820), which saw the first appearance on stage of actor Edwin Forrest.

A list of the portraits included in the volume is located at the beginning of the scrapbook, while a general index is placed at the end. The source and date of acquisition of the entire set (“g[ift] Morris L. Clothier, 1-21-[19]16”) are penciled on the first page of the list of portraits.

1
"History of the Philadelphia Stage, Between the Years 1749 and 1855. By Charles Durang. Volume 2. Arranged and illustrated by Thompson Westcott, 1868", 1868.
Scope and Contents note

Volume II contains 118 pages of text, including the remaining 20 chapters of the first series (LVI to LXXV) and the first 33 chapters (I to XXXIII) of the second series. The chapters of the first series were published in the Sunday Dispatch between May 27, 1855 (Vol. VIII, No. 4) and October 7, 1855 (Vol. VIII, No. 23), while those belonging to the second series appeared between June 29, 1856 (Vol. IX, No. 9) and February 8, 1857 (Vol. IX, No. 41).

In the final part of the first series, Durang comments upon the last years of the old Chestnut Street Theatre, up to the fire which caused its closure in 1820. The first appearances on stage of Edwin Forrest, as well as the Philadelphia debut of British actor Edmund Kean, are discussed at length. In this portion of the series Durang also describes the new Chestnut Street Theatre (opened in 1822), and provides a long list of all the American plays produced in Philadelphia before 1822.

In the first chapters of the second series, Durang discusses the activities of the new Chestnut Street Theatre, as well as that of other institutions such as the Walnut Street Theatre, the Prune Street Theatre, the Tivoli Garden Theatre, and the Olympic Circus. As in the final part of the preceding series, every season is described in full detail. Additional anecdotes and biographical descriptions of famous actors, such as Junius Brutus Booth, Charles William Macready, and Charles Mathews, are also included.

The collection of portraits and engravings added by Westcott to the volume features a wide number of figures quoted by Durang in the text and variously connected with the Philadelphia theatrical scene – among them, Louisa Cranstoun Nisbett, Joseph George Holman, Robert William Elliston, Anna Maria Crouch, Charles Incledon, Ann Catley, Sarah Bartley, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, James William Wallack, Susanna Centlivre, Elizabeth Inchbald, John Philip Kemble, Alexander Rae, William West, Edwin Forrest, Edmund Kean, Sarah Siddons, Joseph Jefferson, Maria Gibbs, Dorothea Jordan, Ann Street Barry, Elizabeth Billington, Junius Brutus Booth, Charlotte Goodall, Thomas Potter Cooke, Julia Dean, Elizabeth Hopkins, John Fawcett, Maria Theresa Bland, John Henderson, Elizabeth Hartley, François-Joseph Talma, Mademoiselle Mars, John Bannister, Charles Mathews, Elizabeth Farren, William Farren, Eliza Logan Wood, Anna Thillon, Sarah Egerton, Maria Foote, Mary Ann Davenport, Sam Cowell, Maria Theresa Kemble, Fanny Maria Kelly, and Charles William Macready. The volume also includes several engravings of American and European theaters, opera houses, and other performance venues, such as the Prune Street Theatre, the new Chestnut Street Theatre, and the New Adelphi Theatre of Philadelphia, the Holliday Street Theatre (Baltimore), the Bowery Theatre (New York), the Tremont Theatre (Boston), the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, the Surrey Theatre, Sadler’s Wells Theatre, and Astley’s Royal Amphitheatre (London), the Queen’s Theatre and Opera House (Edinburgh), the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin and the Théâtre de l’Opéra-Comique (Paris), the Schauspielhaus (Cologne). Autographs include a handwritten payment receipt, penned by actor William Warren, and a signed portrait of actor Robert Dempster.

2
"History of the Philadelphia Stage, Between the Years 1749 and 1855. By Charles Durang. Volume 3. Arranged and illustrated by Thompson Westcott, 1868", 1868.
Scope and Contents note

Volume III includes the last 23 chapters (XXXIV to LVI) of the second series, and the first 22 installments (I to XXII) of the third and last series, for a total of 118 pages of text. The chapters belonging to the second series were published in the Dispatch between February 15, 1857 (Vol. IX, No. 42) and August 2, 1857 (Vol. X, No. 14), while those included in the third series came out between July 8, 1860 (Vol. XIII, No. 2) and December 2, 1860 (Vol. XIII, No. 32).

In this portion of his history, Durang chronicles the seasons of Philadelphia theaters from 1826-27 to 1831-32. The author presents a cast list for the most important performances, and in some cases even quotes contemporary playbills and reviews. Special events include the Philadelphia debut of actor Charles Kean and the performances of Metamora; or, The Last of the Wampanoags, a tremendously successful play produced at the Arch Street Theatre at the beginning of 1830, and featuring Edwin Forrest in the main part. Opera singer Maria Malibran, who toured the United States from 1825 to 1827 and performed in Philadelphia during these same years, is the focus of a whole chapter discussing her life and career (series III, chapter XIII). A new theater, the Arch Street Theatre, was inaugurated in 1828 and soon became one of the most important institutions in the city along with the Chestnut Street Theatre and the Walnut Street Theatre.

A great deal of information is given on the managerial aspects regulating the life of these artistic centers, and on the actors, singers, writers, and other figures who were involved during those years. Many such figures appear in the rich iconographic portion of the volume, which includes portraits of Emma Albertazzi, Geneviève-Aimé-Zoë Prévost, Marie Taglioni, Antonio Guerra, Sarah Egerton, Charles William Macready, Marie Caroline Félix-Miolan, John Liston, Laure Cinti-Damoreau, William Dowton, James Henry Hackett, William Henry West Betty, Margaret Somerville, Madame Céleste, Charles Edward Horn, William Rufus Blake, Henriette Sontag, Giovanna Baccelli, Joseph Grimaldi, Armand Vestris, Lucia Elizabeth Vestris, John Philip Kemble, Giuditta Pasta, Rachel Félix, Margaret Martyr, John Vanbrugh, Edwin Forrest, Luigia Caldarini, Sam Cowell, Dorothea Jordan, Rebecca Davison, Caius Gabriel Cibber, John Pritt Harley, Carlotta Grisi, Stephen Kemble, Sarah Siddons, Thomas Sheridan, James Edward Murdoch, Elizabeth Rainforth, Charles William Macready, Calvin Edson, Thomas Apthorpe Cooper, Jane Stephens, Elizabeth Sharp, Edwin Booth, Charles Kean, Charlotte Cushman, Herr Driesbach, David Garrick, Harriet Waylett, Frances Abington, General Tom Thumb, Samuel Phelps, John Quick, Thomas Hilson, Samuel Reddish, Maria Malibran, Elena D’Angri, John Reeve, George Washington Dixon, Oliver Goldsmith, Julia Fortescue, and many others. The volume also contains engravings of the three main Philadelphia theaters (Chestnut Street Theatre, Walnut Street Theatre, and Arch Street Theatre) and of other international venues such as the Théâtre de l’Académie Royale de Musique (Salle Le Peletier) of Paris, and the Teatro Principal of Havana, Cuba. An autograph letter by Herr Driesbach, the famous lion tamer, is attached to the volume, along with an autographed portrait of actor George Handel Hill.

3
"History of the Philadelphia Stage, Between the Years 1749 and 1855. By Charles Durang. Volume 4. Arranged and illustrated by Thompson Westcott, 1868", 1868.
Scope and Contents note

Volume IV contains the next 40 chapters (XXIII to LXII) of the third and last series of Durang’s history, consisting of 120 pages of text. Those chapters appeared in the Dispatch between December 9, 1860 (Vol. XIII, No. 33) and September 15, 1861(Vol. XIV, No. 21).

The clippings contained in the volume offer a detailed account of the management and the most notable shows performed in the Philadelphia theaters – especially the Chestnut Street Theatre, the Walnut Street Theatre, and the Arch Street Theatre – between the 1830-1831 and 1840-1841 seasons. Salient events include the rivalry between Edwin Forrest, based at the Arch Street Theater, and the members of the Kemble family, based at the Chestnut Street Theatre, in the early 1830s; the arrival in Philadelphia of the Montresor opera troupe and the first production of Italian operas at the Chestnut Street Theatre in 1833; and a detailed report of the successes and failures of several troupes and individual actors and singers who performed in Philadelphia during the decade.

For most of those artists, Westcott provided at least one portrait as part of the rich collection of drawings and engravings inserted in the volume. Notable figures include, among others, William Francis Brough, Fanny Tacchinardi Persiani, Pauline Garcia (Viardot), Henry Betty, Gabriel Ravel, Sarah Siddons, Charles Kemble, Fanny Kemble, Anne Maria Tree, William Smith, Lester Wallack, Henry Placide, Thomas Placide, William Warren, Charles Kean, Elizabeth Brunton (Yates), Walter Scott, Sarah Ward, John Sinclair, Tate Wilkinson, Anaïde Castellan Giampietro, James Edward Murdoch, Edwin Booth, Charles William Macready, Andrew Ducrow, James S. Wallace, Henry Erskine Johnston, Joseph Wood, Mary Giovanna Cawse, Mary Ann Paton, Tyrone Power, Ralph Sherwin, William Evans Burton, John Howard Payne, Madame Celeste, Samuel Phelps, John Reeve, Thomas D. Rice, Tryphosa Jane Wallis, Edwin Forrest, Mary Anne Goward, Robert Keeley, Margarita Graddon, Victoria Balfe, Francis Courtney Wemyss, Robert Hamilton, Robert Campbell Maywood, Charlotte Elizabeth Vanderhoff, John M. Vandenhoff, David Garrick, Robert William Elliston, Lucia Elizabeth Vestris, Elizabeth Kemble, Samuel S. Sanford, Edward Fitzwilliam, Fanny Fitzwilliam, Fanny Elssler, Mary Anne Stirling, Charlotte Cushman, Susan Cushman, John Braham, Peter Richings, Ira Aldridge, Giuseppe De Begnis, and Giuseppina Ronzi De Begnis. Included in the volume are also a few pictures of Philadelphia and other national and international theaters, such as the Arch Street Theatre, the Academy of Music, the Northern Exchange Theatre, the Coates Street Theatre, and Sanford’s Opera House (Philadelphia), the State Street Theatre (Columbus, OH), Niblo’s Opera House (New York City), the St. Charles Theatre and the American Theatre and Arcade Baths (New Orleans), East London Theatre (formerly Royalty Theatre, London), and the Paris Opera House (Palais Garnier, Paris). The scrapbook also includes a playbill of the show "Venitian [sic] Carnival, or Punch in Good Humour," arranged by French vaudeville artist Gabriel Ravel, and an original letter by playwright, publisher, and theater manager William Evans Burton.

4
"History of the Philadelphia Stage, Between the Years 1749 and 1855. By Charles Durang. Volume 5. Arranged and illustrated by Thompson Westcott, 1868", 1868.
Scope and Contents note

Volume V includes the following 36 chapters (LXIII to XCVIII) of Charles Durang’s history, for a total of 119 pages of text. These chapters were originally published in the Dispatch between September 22, 1861 (Vol. XIV, No. 22) and June 8, 1862 (Vol. XV, No. 7).

In this part of his work, Durang offers an extensive description of the management and life of the most important Philadelphia theaters between the 1841-1842 and 1849-1850 seasons. The author comments upon the vicissitudes of several actors, impresarios and artists active in the city in those years, most notably William Evans Burton, Charlotte Cushman, Edward Loomis Davenport, Charles William Macready, and Edwin Forrest. In particular, the escalating rivalry between Macready and Forrest is documented by numerous chapters, from its early stages in 1844 – when both actors were cast in the same role in the same play by two different theaters, the Arch Street and the Walnut Street – to further altercation in England in 1846 and the final lawsuit announced by Macready in November 1848. A copy of the announcement in which the British actor proclaims his intention to sue Forrest is included in the volume. These chapters also discuss the growing importance of Italian opera in the city, which was visited by travelling companies such as the Havana Opera Company (1847) and the Max Maretzek Italian Opera Company (1848).

Westcott offers numerous portraits of all these figures, along with a considerable number of engravings depicting numerous artists and impresarios such as Fanny Cerrito, James Rogers, Susan Cushman, William Evans Burton, Elizabeth Yates, Edward Fitzwilliam, Fanny Fitzwilliam, James William Wallack, George H. Hill, Charles Kemble, John Brougham, Lucia Elizabeth Vestris, Isabella Glyn, William Wheatley, Henry Woodward, William Dowton, William Creswick, William Maybury Fleming, Joshua Silsbee, Phineas Taylor Barnum, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Maria Gibbs, John Liston, Harriet Waylett, George Jamieson, Henri Vieuxtemps, George H. Barrett, Gustavus Vaughan Brooke, Charles Bass, Mary Ann Povey, Anna Cora Mowatt, Charles Kean, Lucille Western, John Sinclair, Eliza Logan, Ira Aldridge, Laura Keene, Mary Taylor, Arabella Goddard, Julia Dean, Henry Compton, George John Bennett, Fanny Cooper, Hanry Marston, Robert Keeley, Barney Williams, Ann Bishop, Federico Beneventano, John Edward Owens, Junius Brutus Booth, Edwin Booth, Amalia Patti, Carlotta Patti, Elena D’Angri, Maurice Strakosch, Caroline Richings, Julia Dean, Hector Berlioz, Alexina F. Baker, James Hudson, Charles Walter Couldock, McKean Buchanan, Francis Marion Brower, Teresa Rolla, and many others. Images of Philadelphia theaters such as the Arch Street Theatre and the Walnut Street Theatre are also present, as well as another engraving depicting the Continental Theatre fire of 1861— a famous accident in which seven performers lost their lives. The scrapbooks also contains a few manuscript documents, including a note by actor Edward Loomis Davenport, and two additional letters from actors and managers Francis Courtney Wemyss and Louisa Lane Drew.

5
"History of the Philadelphia Stage, Between the Years 1749 and 1855. By Charles Durang. Volume 6. Arranged and illustrated by Thompson Westcott, 1868", 1868.
Scope and Contents note

Volume VI includes the final 38 chapters (XCIX to CXXXVI) of the third series of Durang’s history, for a total of 110 pages of text. These installments appeared in the Dispatch between June 15, 1862 (Vol. XV, No. 8) and April 19, 1863 (Vol. XV, No. 52).

Here Durang discusses the theatrical seasons of several city institutions, such as the Chestnut Street Theatre, the Walnut Street Theatre, the Arch Street Theatre, the Musical Fund Hall, and Welch’s National Circus, Theatre, and Hippodrome, up to the closure of the second Chestnut Street Theatre in 1855. Prominent events include the Italian opera season at the Chestnut Street Theatre, under the management of impresario Max Maretzek, and the parallel programming of Jenny Lind’s performances at the Musical Fund Hall. A biographical sketch of Jenny Lind, complete with a description of her career in the United States, is provided. The volume also includes other clippings concerning the closing of the second Chestnut Street Theatre in 1855, the opening of the third Chestnut Street Theatre in 1862, and the renovation of the Arch Street Theatre in 1861, after Louisa Lane Drew assumed the management of the theater. A brief article by L. G. Thomas, originally published in the Sunday Dispatch and titled "Reminiscences of Private Dramatic Associations," is also found in the final part of the scrapbook.

A wide number of artists, impresarios, and theatrical figures are portrayed in the images added by Westcott to the volume. Among them are Philip Rohr, William Warren, Harriet Waylett, Joseph Jefferson, Ephraim Horn, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, William F. Wallet, Giovanni Battista Belletti, Marie Taglioni, George John Bennett, Virginia Howard, John Brougham, John Henderson, Junius Brutus Booth, Edwin Booth, John Philip Kemble, Phineas Taylor Barnum, Jenny Lind, Teresa Parodi, John Gilbert, Mary Amelia Warner, James Edward Murdoch, Laura Keene, William Henry Don, John Drew, Gustavus Vaughan Brooke, Lola Montez, Julia Bennett Barrow, Edwin Forrest, Laura Addison, Jean Margaret Davenport (Mrs. Lander), Peter Richings, Max Maretzek, Mary Anne Stirling, Lizzie Weston, Louis Moreau Gottschalk, George E. Locke, Lester Wallack, Gabriel Ravel, Henriette Sontag, Cora De Wilhorst, Charles William Macready, Thomas Potter Cooke, Isabella Glyn, William Dowton, John Edward Owens, Kate Josephine Bateman, William Farren, John Liston, Louisa Pyne, Giulia Grisi, McKean Buchanan, Adeliaide Phillipps, Susanna Centlivre, Charlotte Thompson, Edwin Pearce Christy, Charles Walter Couldock, Marietta Alboni, and George Frederick Cooke. A list of “maiden and married names of actresses” is located at the beginning of the volume, and offers researchers a useful research tool as they reconstruct the career of famous female performers. The scrapbook also contains images of numerous theaters and cultural institutions, both in Philadelphia and in other U.S. cities, such as the Philadelphia Academy of Music, the Walnut Street Theatre, the City Museum of Callowhill Street, and Welch's National Circus (at the National Theatre) in Philadelphia, Astor Place Opera House, Castle Garden Theatre, Pike's Opera House, Booth’s New Theatre, and Brougham’s Theatre in New York City, and the New National Theatre and the People’s Theatre in Cincinnati, OH. Finally, the volume comprises a small number of autograph letters, including one by theater manager John Sefton, and another one by actor and theater manager John Drew.

6

Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Private journal, volume II and III, 1841 October 14-1844 February 20.

1 1

Items laid in (bills and receipts for the education of Harrison's daughter at the St. Joseph's Academy in Chestnut Hill; letter to Anne E. Harrison from her neice, Lizzie Lesher; and lyrics to songs), 1862-1863, 1886, undated.

1 2

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

Biddle family papers

Ms. Coll. 1351

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Biddle family.
Title:
Biddle family papers
Date:
1709-2017 (bulk: 1776-1952)
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1351
Extent:
14.5 linear feet (32 boxes)
Language:
English
Language Note:
The bulk of this collection is in English; there are, however, a few documents in French.
Abstract:
The Biddle family has a long history on American land with Quaker ancestors emigrating in 1681 and settling in Philadelphia around 1725. This collection documents the family relationships, and to a lesser extent, the work and military service of six generations of one branch of that family, starting with Clement Biddle (1740-1814), and following the descendants of two of his sons: Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857) and Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855). These papers tell the stories, to varying degrees, of more than 30 individual Biddle family members through correspondence, financial records, professional papers, diaries, scrapbooks, and photographs.
Cite as:
Biddle family papers, 1709-2017 (bulk: 1776-1952), Ms. Coll. 1351, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Jackson, Joseph, 1867-1946
Title:
Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson scrapbook on theatrical subjects
Date:
1857, 1886-1902
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1323
Extent:
0.5 linear feet (2 boxes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson (1867-1946) was a historian, lecturer, artist, journalist, and writer active in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This scrapbook contains newspaper clippings on theatrical subjects, dating from 1886 to 1902, and includes reviews, interviews, short biographies, and articles relating to the history of American theater.
Cite as:
Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson scrapbook on theatrical subjects, 1857, 1886-1902, Ms. Coll. 1323, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Monument Lab (Art Studio).
Title:
Monument Lab records
Date [inclusive]:
2015-2017
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1400
Extent:
3 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language:
English
Language Note:
The bulk of the material is in English, however a few of the proposals and descriptions of projects are in Spanish.
Abstract:
Founded in 2012, the Monument Lab is an independent public art and history studio based in Philadelphia. Founded and led by Paul Farber and Ken Lum, Monument Lab works with artists, students, activists, municipal agencies, and cultural institutions on creative avenues for public engagement and collective memory. This collection documents the Monument Lab project, undertaken in partnership with Mural Arts Philadelphia, from 2015 to 2017, addressing the question, "what is an appropriate monument for the current city of Philadelphia?" The project collected 4,500 monument proposals, of which twenty were selected for temporary exhibit at a variety of public sites across the city
Cite as:
Monument Lab records, 2015-2017, Ms. Coll. 1400, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
McCredy, Richard Wilson, 1854-1924
Title:
Richard Wilson McCredy scrapbook of Philadelphia and New York City playbills
Date [bulk]:
1869-1905
Date [inclusive]:
1869-1906
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1322
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 volume)
Language:
English
Abstract:
The son of Thomas McCredy and Emma Dolores Wilson, Richard Wilson McCredy (1854-1924) was an iron merchant and alumnus of the University of Pennsylvania (Class of 1874). A gift by McCredy, this scrapbook consists of a collection of about 750 playbills and programs from Philadelphia and New York City, arranged in chronological order and pasted onto a volume of more than 200 pages.
Cite as:
Richard Wilson McCredy scrapbook of Philadelphia and New York City playbills, 1869-1906, MS. Coll. 1322, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Durang, Charles
Creator:
Westcott, Thompson
Title:
Thompson Westcott scrapbooks of Charles Durang's history of Philadelphia theater between the years 1749 and 1855
Date:
1868
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1316
Extent:
2 linear feet (6 volumes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
A native of Philadelphia, Thompson Westcott (1820-1888) was one of the city’s leading journalists and historians of his generation. Westcott's scrapbooks consist of the complete series of the 267 chapters of Charles Durang’s history of theater in Philadelphia between the years 1749 and 1855, published as weekly installments in the Sunday Dispatch from 1854 to 1863. Including page numbers, indexes, and lists of illustrations, the six volumes are interleaved with images of theaters and portraits of famous actors and artists, as well as with personal correspondence, playbills, and additional clippings on theatrical subject.
Cite as:
Thompson Westcott scrapbooks of Charles Durang's history of Philadelphia theater between the years 1749 and 1855, Ms. Coll. 1316, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Harrison, W. R.
Title:
W.R. Harrison private journal
Date [inclusive]:
1841-1886
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 497
Extent:
0.2 linear foot (1 box)
Physical Facet note:
Title and attribution from front cover. Front flyleaf and first 3 leaves of journal have been cut out. Bookplate of Wolcott R. Harrison glued inside back cover. Three engraved colored maps tipped in: "Plan of Baltimore," unsigned; "City of New York" by David H. Burr; and "Morrison's North River Traveller's Companion" of the Hudson River Valley by Thomas Morrison of Philadelphia.
Language:
English
Abstract:
W.R. Harrison was a publisher's representative for A. S. Barnes & Co. and Mather, Case, Tiffany, & Burnham, who sold maps and textbooks to public and private schools and booksellers. This collection consists of a journal kept from October 14, 1841, to February 20, 1844, by W. R. Harrison as well as several items originally laid into the volume, including bills and receipts, a letter, and the lyrics to a few songs.
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

The Biddle family has a long history on American land with Quaker ancestors emigrating in 1681 and settling in Philadelphia around 1725. This collection documents six generations of one branch of that family, starting with Clement Biddle (1740-1814), who served as a Revolutionary War soldier, the first U.S. Marshall for Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1793, a notary, scrivener, and a broker. He and his wife, Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831), were the ancestors of both Julia Biddle (1858-1952) and Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), who appear to be the center of this particular collection's content.

The collection best documents the descendants of two of Clement Biddle's sons: Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857) and Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855). Thomas Alexander Biddle married Christine Williams (1780-1861), daughter of General Jonathan Williams (1751-1815) in 1806. They had five children, including a son, Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888), who married Julia Cox (1819-1896) in 1845 and together, they were the parents of seven children. Their daughter, Julia Biddle (1858-1952), married her cousin, Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), grandson of Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855).

Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855) married Mary Searle Barclay (1785-1872), daughter of John Barclay (1749-1816), Revolutionary War soldier and mayor of Philadelphia, in 1814. They were the parents of four children including George Washington Biddle (1818-1897), a Philadelphia lawyer who married Maria Cox McMurtrie (1818-1901). They had three children including Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), a Philadelphia lawyer, who married his cousin, Julia Biddle (1858-1952), granddaughter of Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857).

Julia and Arthur Biddle had three children: Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938); Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967) who married Gertrude Heckscher (1894-1942); and Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917). While the collection documents all three of Julia and Arthur's children, the bulk documents Alfred A. and Gertrude Biddle, and their children: Constance Monica Biddle (1923-2005) who married her cousin Sydney Francis Biddle (1918-2004) and was the mother of the donor's wife, Alexandra (1949-2008); Anne Gertrude Biddle (1925-2006); Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008); and Edith Sheila Biddle (born 1931).

The Biddle family was prosperous and influential; thus they interacted socially with (and indeed married) a number of equally prosperous and influential people. Families attached to this line of Biddles include Barclay, Blair, Cadwalader, Cox, Lyman, Meigs, Rush, and Williams. John Barclay (father-in-law of Clement Cornell Biddle) corresponded with Aaron Burr and Alexander J. Dallas. Military service appears to have been engrained in the family, with individuals serving in the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Civil War, World War I and World War II. Despite their power, prestige, and influence, however; the family was first and foremost, a family. Their papers document their work (largely in finance and law), their relationships, their patriotism, and their pride in their heritage.

Biography/History

Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson (1867-1946) was a historian, artist, journalist, and writer active in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At age twelve, he began working as an office boy at the Philadelphia Public Ledger, where his father was also employed as a printer. He continued in the  Ledger employ until 1921, after having progressed to writing, reviewing, and editorial work. During his career, Jackson’s articles on Philadelphia history and architecture were published in numerous magazines and newspapers, including the  Ledger itself. He also wrote popular books such as  Market Street, Philadelphia: The Most Historic Highway in America: Its Merchants and Its Story (1918),  Encyclopedia of Philadelphia (1931),   Early Philadelphia Architects and Engineers (1923), and  Literary Landmarks of Philadelphia (1939). Many of these books first appeared as series in publications such as the  Ledger or the trade publication  Building, for which he also served as editor. Jackson is the author of two bibliographies on local writers George Lippard and Charles Godfrey Leland. He wrote articles about the connections of several literary figures to Philadelphia, including Alfred Tennyson, Charles Dickens, Edgar Allan Poe, and William Thackeray, and collected material about some of these authors – especially Poe and Dickens –, as well as on Lewis Carroll, American fiction and drama, and music.

Biography/History

Founded in 2012, the Monument Lab is an independent public art and history studio based in Philadelphia. Founded and led by Paul Farber and Ken Lum, Monument Lab works with artists, students, activists, municipal agencies, and cultural institutions on creative avenues for public engagement and collective memory. Monument Lab focuses on building collaborative projects and facilitating conversations around city monuments across time. The studio and its curatorial team initiates art exhibitions, commissions, research projects, a national fellows program, a web bulletin, and a podcast. The Monument Lab began with classroom conversations between Farber, Lum, and their students.

In 2015, the Monument Lab began an initial experimental project wherein students and educators gathered hundreds of monument proposals. This collection focuses on the second phase of this project: a 2017 citywide exhibition in partnership with Mural Arts Philadelphia. The 2017 project took place over nine weeks, during which 20 temporary monuments were installed in 10 different sites: City Hall, Franklin Square, Washington Square, Logan Square, Rittenhouse Square, Penn Treaty Park, Vernon Park, Norris Square, Malcom X Park, and Marconi Plaza. The project also included “special project sites” at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA), West Philadelphia, and Kensington, as well as a field research office at the Barnes Foundation on 20th Street. Alongside the temporary installations were shipping container “labs” staffed by research teams comprised of youth researchers, artists, and community members. The project was organized around a central question posed to collaborators and the public: What is an appropriate monument for the current city of Philadelphia?

Research teams conducted 250,000 in-person engagements and gathered 4,500 monument proposals which were subsequently scanned and uploaded to OpenDataPhilly ( https://www.opendataphilly.org/showcase/monument-lab-map) and http://proposals.monumentlab.com (some are also available on Monument Lab's website). The research teams recorded interactions with the public in research logs, transferred some proposals on display at PAFA, and analyzed the project in a final  Report to the City (2018). It was also described in book edited by co-founders Paul M. Farber and Ken Lum ns2:titled,  Monument Lab: Creative Speculations for Philadelphia (Temple University Press, 2019).

The proposals include perspectives and imaginations from a wide range of ages, ideas, and locations. Beyond providing a snapshot of the diversity of public spaces and parks, this project examines the nature of public engagement with monuments and the various ways we pull meaning from them. It gives a sense of how the public impacts and is impacted by monuments, public space, and civic infrastructure more broadly. It also gives a sense of the cultural, artistic, civic, and educational networks in Philadelphia, including the City of Philadelphia; Philadelphia Parks & Recreation; Office of Arts, Culture, and the Creative Economy; Historic Philadelphia; Independence National Historical Park; Penn Institute for Urban Research; Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; Price Lab for Digital Humanities; and the University of Pennsylvania.

Sources Consulted:

http://monumentlab.com/research

https://www.muralarts.org/artworks/monumentlab/

http://monumentlab.com/monument-lab-project-2017

http://monumentlab.com/about-monument-lab

Biography/History

The son of Thomas McCredy (1826-1856), and Emma Dolores Wilson (1826-1911), Richard Wilson McCredy (1854-1924) was an iron merchant and alumnus of the University of Pennsylvania (Class of 1874). Born in Philadelphia, McCredy lived in the city for most of his life, residing in the Rittenhouse Square area. He enrolled as a student in the Arts department in 1870, but did not complete his degree and left college at the end of his freshman year, in 1871. Over the the following decades, however, he remained involved with many organizations connected with the University of Pennsylvania including the Delta Sigma fraternity (Delta chapter), for which he served as secretary. In the 1890s, he was a board member of the Penn Athletic Association, and was affiliated with the University Barge and Corinthians Yacht Clubs. He married Frances Hart Ruckman (b. 1868) on January 16, 1909. The couple had no children, and divided their time between their residence in Philadelphia and their summer home in Cape May, New Jersey. Richard Wilson and Frances Ruckman McCredy are buried in the Doylestown Cemetery (Doylestown, Pennsylvania).

McCredy donated this scrapbook to Penn in March 1917. It includes a collection of playbills dated from 1869 to 1905, and mostly from Philadelphia and New York City. The authorship of the volume is uncertain. However, a comparison between the handwritten notes in the scrapbook and the hand who filled out McCredy’s alumnus form – currently held by the University of Pennsylvania Records Center, and possibly compiled by McCredy himself – shows some similarities, and indicates that McCredy may have assembled the volume himself.

Biography/History

A native of Philadelphia, Thompson Westcott (1820-1888) was one of the city’s leading journalists and historians of his generation. He studied English at the University of Pennsylvania, and later completed the study of law under Henry M. Phillips, until he was admitted to the bar in 1841. Westcott began his writing career with humorous pieces published under the name "Joe Miller Jr." in newspapers such as St. Louis Reveille,  New York Mirror, and  Knickerbocker Magazine. In 1841, he officially entered journalism and became law reporter for the  Public Ledger. A few years later, in 1848, John Lawlor, Robert Everett, and Edward J. Hincken, founders of the  Sunday Dispatch, offered Westcott a position as main editor of their newspaper. Westcott worked for the  Dispatch for thirty-six years, until his retirement in 1884. In the meantime, he collaborated as a writer or editor with a number of other city papers and publications, including  The Philadelphia Inquirer (1863-1871),  Commercial List, the  Old Franklin Almanac, and the  Public Ledger Almanac.

In addition to his career as a journalist, Westcott established himself as a local historian, primarily through his series on the history of Philadelphia, which he published weekly in the Sunday Dispatch between 1867 and 1884. In 1884, he published the three-volume book  History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884, which he co-edited with another prolific historian of the time, John Thomas Scharf (1843-1898). Westcott was the author of several other works, including  Life of John Fitch the Inventor of the Steam-Boat (1857),  Taxpayer’s Guide (1864),  Names of persons who took the oath of allegiance to the State of Pennsylvania, Between the Years 1777 and 1789, with a History of the "Test laws" of Pennsylvania (1865),  Chronicles of the Great Rebellion Against the United States of America (1867),  Centennial Portfolio (1876), and  The Historic Mansions and Buildings of Philadelphia: with some notice of their owners and occupants (1877).

Thomas Westcott compiled a set of scrapbooks which includes the complete series of the 267 chapters of Charles Durang's history of theater in Philadelphia between the years 1749 and 1855. These chapters appeared in three different series in the weekly newspaper Sunday Dispatch from May 7, 1854 (Vol. VII, No. 1) to April 19, 1863 (Vol. XV, No. 52). Primarily active as a dancer, actor, and ballet master, Charles Durang (1794-1870) drew upon his life-long experience with the Philadelphia theatrical scene to write a historical work after his retirement from the stage in 1853. Partly based upon the notes of his father John Durang (1768-1822), America’s first professional dancer; and integrating notes of the editors of the  Dispatch (including, probably, Westcott himself), Durang’s history was never published in book form. In 1868, Westcott arranged the clippings from the  Dispatch in a six-volume set of scrapbooks titled "History of the Philadelphia Stage, Between the Years 1749 and 1855." The scrapbooks, which include page numbers, indexes, and lists of illustrations, are interleaved with hundreds of images of theaters and portraits of famous actors and artists, as well as with personal correspondence, playbills, and additional clippings on theatrical subject.

Upon Westcott’s death in 1888, historian John Thomas Scharf, who had co-edited with Westcott the History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884 (1884), acquired a large portion of Westcott’s papers and collections. In 1891, Scharf gave them to Johns Hopkins University, as part of a larger donation of archival material mostly relating to the history of the southern states. Westcott’s set of scrapbooks was probably part of that donation, as “Durang’s History of the Philadelphia Stage” was explicitly mentioned by Scharf in the accompanying letter. However, in June 1915, the scrapbooks were sold in Philadelphia by auctioneer S.V. Henkel. At the beginning of the following year, Westcott’s scrapbooks joined the University of Pennsylvania special collections, as a gift of one of the university trustees, businessman Morris Lewis Clothier (1869-1947). Especially after their conversion to microfilm in 1956, Westcott’s six scrapbooks have been widely consulted and referenced by theater, music and cultural historians, not only for their textual context, but also for their extremely rich iconographic and documentary apparatus. A volume VII, microfilmed with the six Durang/Westcott scrapbooks, contained playbills and other material post-dating and not related to Durang - it is not covered here.

Biography/History

W.R. Harrison was a publisher's representative for A. S. Barnes & Co. and Mather, Case, Tiffany, & Burnham, who sold maps and textbooks to public and private schools and booksellers.

Scope and Contents

This collection documents the family relationships, and to a lesser extent, the work and military service of six generations of the prominent Biddle family of Philadelphia. These papers tell the stories, to varying degrees, of more than 30 individual Biddle family members. The correspondence in the collection occasionaly describes world events such as politics and government in the United states, the Quasi War with France in 1800, Native Americans, the Panic of 1837, slavery, the American Civil War, World War I, and to a limited degree, World War II; business and financial matters, including canal and railroad companies, the coal industry, the effect of the Panic of 1837 on the Biddle businesses, the stock market, and banking issues; and family matters, including news of births, deaths, health, education, travel, etc., as well as advice. As is typical with family correspondence, there are constant requests for more letters and more news.

The lineage of the family is complex, primarily because Julia Biddle (1858-1952) and Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), who married in 1880, were cousins. Their grandfathers (Thomas Alexander Biddle and Clement Cornell Biddle) were brothers and their descendants (including Julia, Arthur, their children, and their grandchildren) generated the bulk of the material in this collection.

The collection is arranged in seven series: Series I. "Julia and Arthur Biddle and descendants;" Series II. "Julia Biddle's siblings and ancestors;" Series III. "Arthur Biddle's sibling and ancestors;" Series IV. "Julia and Arthur Biddle's ancestors;" Series V. "Images;" Series VI. "Wills, trusts, and legacies;" and Series VII. "Research on family history and genealogy." Information regarding the family members and the contents of material in each series can be found at the series level.

Prior to donation, John Basinski (donor and family member) identified many of the senders and recipients of letters and created document summaries of a large majority of the documents in the collection. Copies of his summaries remain throughout the collection with the relevant documents.

Researchers interested in Philadelphia families, life in Philadelphia from the late 18th to mid-20th century, early national period finances (via John Barclay, largely), and responses to events in American history over a period of more than 200 years will likely find this collection to be of value.

Scope and Contents

The Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson scrapbook on theatrical subjects was assembled by Jackson beginning in January 1887, as indicated on the first page of the volume. A stamp with Jackson’s first initial and last name is also found at the beginning of the volume. The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings on theatrical topics, from 1886 to 1902. The majority of the clippings, covering the years from 1886 to 1891 – with a final article from 1894 – were pasted in chronological order on the pages of the scrapbook, which was in turn derived from original issues of the New York Journal of Romance, General Literature and Art, (previously  Frank Leslie's New York Journal), published between 1855 and 1857.

Although the scrapbook contains a few articles from London papers (especially The Pall Mall Gazette), most of the clippings were excerpted from newspapers published in New York City and Philadelphia, such as  The New York Times,  New York World,   New-York Tribune,  Harper’s Weekly,  Philadelphia Evening Telegraph,  Public Ledger, and  The Philadelphia Press. Because of that, the scrapbook tends to focus on the theatrical happenings of these two cities. However, the volume also includes interviews, short biographies, and articles on the history of American theater, which makes this scrapbook a useful resource to anybody interested in the history of theater in the United States at large.

The scrapbook includes several reviews of shows which appeared in Philadelphia and New York City, along with a few clippings on London productions. Notable articles include those about the performances of actor Henry Irving in Philadelphia; a festival in honor of Lester Wallack at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City; and reviews of Edwin Booth’s performances in Broadway shows. A few articles focus more specifically on theatrical life and events in Philadelphia, including the opening of new theaters such as the Empire Theatre and the Girard Avenue Theatre. Another clipping offers statistics on the number of attendees of Philadelphia shows in the early 1890s. The loose clippings, originally laid into the volume, offer additional reviews, such as those of comedian Joseph Jefferson at the Broad Street Theatre (Philadelphia), and of other productions in London, Paris, and New York City. Nonprofessional productions of classical or ancient plays are also featured. An article on the performance of ancient Greek plays at the Academy of Music of Philadelphia by University of Pennsylvania undergraduates is included in the scrapbook (box 1), while reviews of old English plays revived in New Haven, CT, by Yale university students, can be found in box 2.

The list of interviewed artists and personalities include actors Clara Morris, Lotta Crabtree, Lydia Thompson, Henry Irving, Stuart Robson, Louise Beaudet, the minstrel Billy Birch, and the impresarios John McCaull and Edmund Stanton. In other articles, actors Wilson Barrett, William J. “Billy” Florence, Georgie Drew Barrymore, and Marie Halton tell about their own experience with the stage. The loose clippings include more interviews, such as one granted by actress Fanny Janauschek at the end of her career, as well as reminiscences of other theatrical figures, including comedian Digby Bell. In the volume, researchers will find biographical sketches on actors Louisa Eldridge, Edwin Booth, and Madame Ponisi (Elizabeth Ponisi Wallis), as well as Agnes Robertson Boucicault’s memories of her husband, actor and playwright Dion Boucicault. Additional articles on Joseph Jefferson, Tony Pastor, Richard Mansfield, Charles Hale Hoyt, and other theatrical figures can be found in the folders accompanying the scrapbook (box 2).

A number of clippings offer researchers a glimpse of gender and race relationships in the theatrical world at the end of the 19th century. The scrapbook contains articles on women theater managers and on women playwrights of American birth (including Martha Morton, Anne Dickinson, Kate Field, and others), while another article discusses the respectability of acting as a possible career for women. Other clippings in the volume focus on the career of several African-American actors (including Ira Aldridge, A. J. Arneaux, Henrietta Vinton Davis, and Alice Franklin) and the plans to open a new "theater for the colored people" in Philadelphia, at the initiative of black actor R. Henri Strange. The scrapbook also includes an article by journalist and folklorist Joel Chandler Harris on minstrel shows, and a piece on the history and aesthetics of Japanese theatre. Articles in box 2 include an article on Chinese actress Yut Gum, “the Chinese Bernhardt”, as well as a review of a Japanese play performed at the Berkeley Lyceum Theatre in New York City, and an article on the popularity of Italian opera.

The collection also includes a few articles on aspects relating to staging, makeup, costume design, and, more generally, to the history of American drama. The scrapbook includes articles on theatrical slang, stage mechanics, and electricity. Another article discusses the history of the stage costume for the character of Hamlet, with portraits of famous actors who impersonated him (among others, Richard Burrage, Thomas Betterton, David Garrick, Edmund Kean, John Philip Kemble, Junius Brutus Booth, Charles Kean, Edwin Forrest, William Charles Macready, Edwin Booth, Lawrence Barrett, Henry Irving, and Jean Mounet-Sully). Researchers will find another article on the art of makeup in box 2, along with an essay by Frédéric Febvre on the state of dramatic art. Finally, a series on "Forgotten Actors," originally published in The New York Times between 1886 and 1887, and pasted in the scrapbook, includes articles on individuals, institutions, and events connected with the history of early American theater.

Most of the pages of the original New York Journal were used as a support for clippings from other sources. However, a few of them were left free in order to preserve some relevant materials on theater subjects published in the 1850s. Among such materials are a series on theatrical "costumes of all nations," and a few plays (including the comedy  Love in Humble Life, by John Howard Payne, the interlude  Mischief-Making, the farce  The Spoiled Child, by Prince Hoare, and  Shylock, or the Merchant of Venice Preserved, by Francis Talfourd). A handwritten note by Jackson listing the board of managers of the Edwin Forrest Home (Philadelphia), was pasted on the last page of the volume.

Scope and Contents

This collection documents the Monument Lab project, undertaken in partnership with Mural Arts Philadelphia, from 2015 to 2017, addressing the questions, "what is an appropriate monument for the current city of Philadelphia?" The project collected 4,500 monument proposals, of which twenty were selected for temporary exhibit at a variety of public sites across the city. This collection contains some of the 4,500 public proposals, information about the 20 projects which were installed in each of the "laboratory" sites, a small number of general oversight files as well as promotional material for the project.

Material is organized in three series: (I) The Monument Lab’s administrative files, (II) public engagement materials, including proposals, and (III) promotional materials. The first series includes administrative files dating from 2015 to 2017, featuring a map of the 20 temporary monuments erected in 2017, a hard drive containing data from monument proposals circa 2015 to 2017, a lab managers and staff handbook for the Mural Arts Philadelphia September 2017 projects, and policy files from Logan Square's Lab in 2017.

The bulk of the collection is found in series II which includes original copies of proposals gathered at different sites around the city and field notebooks from volunteers describing the nature of interactions in parks. Participants were given blank proposal sheets which asked for name of monument, location for the monument, zip code and age of proposer, and a description or sketch of the proposed monument. The proposers, representing a wide range in ages (from 2 to at least 73) and ethnicities, took their task in degrees of seriousness, from proposing statues of themselves to reflections of Philadelphia's political and cultural past to the hopes of peace, love, equality, and environmental progressivism for city's future. Sketches range from rough to very skilled and for the most part are extremely thoughtful presentations and reflections of what makes Philadelphia unique as well as areas which citizens clearly see as needing improvement. Lab logs for each location include a record of the number of interactions and the number of proposals for given days; sometimes including descriptions of interactions.

Series III includes a limited amount of promotional and public-facing materials, including a flyer and poster advertising the project, posters describing a few of the selected projects, a coloring book, and newsletters about the project generally and the projects selected.

Scope and Contents

This scrapbook of playbills consists of a collection of about 750 playbills and programs from Philadelphia and New York City, pasted into or laid in a volume of more than 200 unnumbered pages. The playbills are mostly arranged in chronological order, from 1869 to 1905, although a small number of loose playbills are enclosed as single documents in a pocket created between two pages at the end of the volume. Given the extensive range of theatrical genres documented by the playbills, and the consistency in which this material is presented, the scrapbook works as a useful resource to better understand the evolution of the theatrical scene of two important cultural centers on the East Coast.

The repertoire covered by the playbills includes almost every form of theatrical entertainment—comedies, Shakespeare plays, melodramas, vaudeville shows, tragedies, opera bouffe, operetta, French, Italian, and German opera, dime theaters, amateur performances, minstrel shows, and early cinema. However, the majority of playbills is devoted to comedy, operettas, and opera bouffe, and features some among the most celebrated artists of the time: Lydia Thompson, John Sleeper Clarke, Frank Maguire Mayo, Marie Aimée, Edward Askew Sothern, Joseph Jefferson, Joseph K. Emmett, and Lotta Crabtree. Other prominent personalities mentioned in the playbills include, among others, actors Henry Irving, Louisa Lane Drew, Robert Bruce Mantell, Helena Modjeska, Richard Mansfield, Julia Marlowe, Ellen Terry, Sarah Bernhardt, Clara Morris, Olga Nethersole, Maurice Barrymore, Caroline Louise Dudley (Mrs. Leslie Carter), Ada Rehan, Fanny Janauschek, Edward Loomis Davenport, Fanny Davenport, Tommaso Salvini, Lillie Langtry, and Minnie Maddern Fiske, and singers Christina Nilsson, Italo Campanini, Luigi Ravelli, Adelina Patti, Nellie Melba, Sofia Scalchi, Emma Calvé, Lillian Nordica, Emma Earnes, Marcella Sembrich, Emilio De Marchi, and Johanna Gadski.

The wide number of institutions represented in the volume testifies of the thriving theatrical life of Philadelphia and New York City in those decades. The list of Philadelphia theaters includes the Arch Street Theatre, the Chestnut Street Theatre, the Walnut Street Theatre, Fox’s American Theatre (later known as Central Theatre and Grand Central Variety Theatre), the Seventh Street Theatre, the Academy of Music, the Arch Street Opera House, the Eleventh Street Opera House, the Horticultural Hall, the New National Theatre (later named Mortimer’s Varieties), the New Philadelphia Varieties, the Broad Street Theatre (later known as Lyceum Theatre, Haverly’s Theatre, and McCaull Opera House), the Haydn and Handel Hall, the Alhambra Theatre, the North Broad Street Theatre, the International Comique, the Temple Theatre, B. F. Keith’s Bijou Theatre, the Girard Avenue Theatre, the Garrick Theatre, the Arcade Garden, Dougherty’s Alhambra Palace, the Olympic Theatre, the Grand Sultan Divan, and Enoch’s Varieties. The scrapbooks also contains a smaller number of playbills from theaters in New York City, such as the Metropolitan Opera House, Booth’s Theatre, Wallack’s Theatre, Daly’s Theatre, Union Square Theatre, The Casino, and Belasco Theatre. A few dime museum playbills (especially the New American Museum and Menagerie on the northwest corner of Arch and 9th Street, later also known as Simpson’s Museum and Menagerie, and as Philadelphia Museum) can also be found in the volume, providing precious information on this form of popular entertainment from the late 1800s. Another playbill from 1897 announces an early exhibition of Lumière’s cinematograph at the B. F. Keith’s Bijou Theatre, the first Philadelphia theater to show motion pictures. Finally, the scrapbooks contains programs and playbills of amateur performances organized by the Mask and Wig Club, and by other associations affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania.

Scope and Contents

Durang's history of Philadelphia theater was published in the Sunday Dispatch in three series, each bearing a different title:  The Philadelphia Stage: From 1749 to 1821 (first series, 75 installments published from May 7, 1854 to October 7, 1855);  The Philadelphia Stage From 1749 to 1855 (second series, 56 installments published from June 29, 1856 to August 2, 1857); and  The Philadelphia Stage From the Year 1749 to the Year 1855 (third series, 136 installments published from July 8, 1860 to April 19, 1863). The three series were distributed by Westcott among the six volumes so that each volume contains a similar number of pages. Volume I covers the years from 1749 to 1817-18; volume II from 1817-18 to 1826-27; volume III from 1826-27 to 1831-32; volume IV from 1831-32 to 1841-42; volume V from 1841-42 to 1849-1850; and volume VI from 1849-50 to 1855. All the scrapbooks include page numbers, a handwritten index, and a list of portraits. Westcott inserted portraits and other images, as well as personal correspondence, playbills, and additional clippings relating to Durang's chapters, resulting in a remarkably thorough representation of the history of Philadelphia's theater history. The chronological order in which Durang presents the historical events, combined with the author’s limited use of narrative flashbacks and flash-forwards, makes the indexes useful to locate any mention or image of a given figure or institution active or relevant in a specific period of time. Please see the container list for more detailed information on each volume.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of a journal kept from October 14, 1841, to February 20, 1844, by W. R. Harrison. Entries from 1841 to April 1842 describe events and social pastimes in Philadelphia, including his visits to the Navy Yard and Water Works; several trips to Blockley Hospital, including one to view Dr. Pancoast operate on a patient with cancer of the jaw; services, sermons, and lectures at a number of churches (Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish) and halls; and plays and operas at Philadelphia theatres.

Beginning on April 23, 1842, Harrison travels to Utica, New York, on business, and he keeps accounts of his sales and orders, specifying the maps and books he is promoting. He describes business travel and excursions to Boston, New Bedford, and Nantucket, Massachusetts; Rhode Island; New Haven, Connecticut; New York City; Baltimore, Maryland; Richmond, Roanoke and other locations in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina by horse, train, steamship and sailing ships. He spends periods of time in Philadelphia, where he worked closely with Apollos W. Harrison and worked for Mr. Thomas and Mr. Cowperthwait of Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.

There are detailed observations of militia drills; firemen's parades; holiday celebrations; Tom Thumb's visit to Philadelphia on February 24, 1843; architecture; mining; travel; occasional descriptions of African Americans in the North and the South, including the August 1, 1842, black celebration of "Emancipation Day" on freeing the slaves in Jamaica, which culminated in a two-day riot in Philadelphia; and a record of the words to the song "Ole Dan Tucker," as sung by slaves in the South.

Items laid in the journal include lyrics to "Jock o' Hazeldean," "The Lass o' Gowrie," and "My heart's in the highlands;" five receipts for payment of Miss Hamilton's tuition and board at Mount Saint Joseph, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, 1862-1863; and a letter from Lizzie G. Lesher of Lansing, Michigan to her aunt Anne E. Harrison in Philadelphia, dated December 14, 1886.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 May 22

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 September 19

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2019 April 18

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  September 7, 2017

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 August 25

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2018 April 9

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Holly Mengel

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Siel Agugliaro

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Cassidy Holahan, David Buchanan, Audrey Jaquiss, and Evan Curtis Charles Hall

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Siel Agugliaro

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Siel Agugliaro

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

The bulk of this collection is open to research use, however, access to media on which original computer files are housed is restricted. The Kislak Center will provide access to the information on these materials from duplicate master files. If the original does not already have a copy, it will be sent to an outside vendor for copying. Patrons are financially responsible for the cost. The turnaround time from request to delivery of digital items is about two weeks for up to five items and three to seven weeks for more than five items. Please contact Reprographic Services (reprogr@upenn.edu) for cost estimates and ordering.

Once digital items are received, researchers will have access to the files on a dedicated computer in the Van Pelt-Dietrich Library

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of John Basinski, 2017.

Source of Acquisition

Purchased through the 1894 College Memorial Fund on January 21, 1922.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Monument Lab, 2018.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Richard Wilson McCredy, March 20, 1917

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Morris L. Clothier, January 21, 1916

Source of Acquisition

Sold by Carmen D. Valentino, 2003.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 812H J135.

Processing Information note

Formerly Dewey 812 P54D.

Return to Top »

Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At Dickinson College:

Alexander Biddle Family Papers, 1793-1926

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Biddle Family Papers, 1683-1954 (bulk 1776-1920), Collection 1792

Primarily overlapping in content for Clement Biddle (1740-1814), Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857), Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), and Alexander W. Biddle (1819-1900).

Biddle and Heckscher Families Papers, Collection Number: 3906

Primarily overlapping in content for Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), Julia Biddle (1858-1952), Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967), Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), and Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917).

Clement Biddle papers, Collection Number: 0049

Primarily overlapping in content for Clement Biddle (1740-1814).

Thomas A. Biddle records, Collection Number: 0050

At Swarthmore College, Friends Historical Library:

Biddle Family Papers, 1793-1951, RG 5/ 177

At the University of Delaware:

Biddle Family Papers, 1766-1943 (bulk dates 1870-1927), Manuscript Collection Number: 327

Primarily overlapping in content for Clement Biddle (1740-1814), Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857), Clement Cornell Biddle (1784-1855), Clement Biddle (1810-1879), Alexander W. Biddle (1819-1900), Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), George Washington Biddle (1818-1897), and Algernon Sydney Biddle (1847-1891).

Related Archival Materials note

At the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania: Joseph Francis Ambrose Jackson manuscripts and notes, 1906, undated, Ms. Coll. 1220.

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania: Joseph Jackson manuscripts, 1863-1930.

At the Philadelphia History Museum: Joseph F. A. Jackson Papers, circa 1800-1945.

Related Archival Materials note

At Maryland Historical Society:

J. Thomas Scharf Collection, 1730s-1892, MS 1999, including a portion of Thompson Westcott's papers.

Other similar but less inclusive scrapbooks of Durang's history can be found at the Library Company of Philadelphia, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Harvard Theater Collection, the University of Texas at Austin, the Columbia University Library, and at the Washington State University Library (Robert Cushman Butler Collection).

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Thos. A. Biddle & Co.
  • University of Pennsylvania.
  • Yale University.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Business records
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Estate records
  • Family papers
  • Financial records
  • Military records
  • Photographs
  • School records
  • Scrapbooks
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--History
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
  • United States--History--1783-1865
  • United States--History--1865-1921
  • United States--History--20th century
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Personal Name(s)
  • Barclay, John, 1749-1816
  • Biddle, Alfred Alexander, 1885-1967
  • Biddle, Arthur, 1852-1897
  • Biddle, Christine Williams, -1861
  • Biddle, Edith F.
  • Biddle, George W. (George Washington), 1818-1897
  • Biddle, Gertrude Heckscher, 1894-1942
  • Biddle, Julia, 1819-1896
  • Biddle, Julia, 1858-1952
  • Biddle, Julian Cornell, 1890-1917
  • Biddle, Maria Cox McMurtrie, 1818-1901
  • Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857
  • Biddle, Thomas, 1814-1888
  • Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836
Subject(s)
  • Banks and banking--United States
  • Families
  • Lawyers--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
  • Military
  • Women
  • World War, 1914-1918

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • 1894 College Memorial Fund.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Interviews
  • Plays (performed works)
  • Reviews (documents)
  • Scrapbooks
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • Actors
  • Actresses
  • Gender, racism, ethnicity
  • Performing arts
  • Theater
  • Theater--United States--19th century

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Mural Arts Program (Philadelphia, Pa.).
Form/Genre(s)
  • Machine-readable artifacts
  • Maps
  • Posters
  • Promotional materials
  • Proposals
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--History--21st century
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • Art
  • Art and society
  • Monuments--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
  • Public art
  • Public opinion

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.).
  • Arch Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.).
  • Chestnut Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • Mask and Wig Club.
  • Walnut Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Form/Genre(s)
  • Scrapbooks
  • Theater programs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Personal Name(s)
  • McCredy, Richard Wilson, 1854-1924
Subject(s)
  • Minstrel shows
  • Opera
  • Performing arts
  • Playbills
  • Theater
  • Theater--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--19th century
  • Theater--United States

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Arch Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.).
  • Chestnut Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • Walnut Street Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Form/Genre(s)
  • Autographs (manuscripts)
  • Correspondence
  • Engravings (prints)
  • Scrapbooks
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--History
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Personal Name(s)
  • Clothier, Morris L. (Morris Lewis), 1868-
Subject(s)
  • Actors
  • Actors--Portraits
  • Circus--History
  • Drama--History and criticism
  • Performing arts
  • Theater
  • Theater--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--19th century
  • Theater--United States--History--19th century

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • A.S. Barnes & Co..
  • Mather, Case, Tiffany & Burnham.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Accounts
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Maps (documents)
Geographic Name(s)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs
Subject(s)
  • African Americans--History
  • Booksellers and bookselling
  • Business
  • Songs--Texts

Return to Top »

Bibliography

Cohen, Charles J. Memoir of Rev. John Wiley Faires: Founder and Principal of the Classical Institute of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: John C. Winston Company, 1926

Jordan, John W. Colonial and Revolutionary Families of Pennsylvania. Baltimore: Clearfield Company, 1911.

The Pennocks of Primitive Hill (http://www.pennock.ws//surnames/names13.html#Biddle), accessed 2018 June 18.

Collection Inventory

Series I. Julia and Arthur Biddle and descendants.

Scope and Contents note

Series I. "Julia and Arthur Biddle and descendants" includes papers of Arthur Biddle (1852-1897); his wife Julia Biddle (1858-1952); their children, Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967), and Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917); their daughter-in-law, Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), who was married to Alfred; and their grandchildren, the children of Alfred and Gertrude: Constance Monica Biddle (1923-2005), Anne Gertrude Biddle (1925-2006), Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008), and Edith Sheila Biddle (born 1931). There are also a few documents from Gertrude Heckscher Biddle's family documenting her parents, Maurice and Constance Spencer Heckscher, and her sisters Constance (1893-1909) and Eleanor (1895-1897). This series is arranged into seven subseries, one for each of the main groups documented in the collection. Within the series (and the collection as a whole) letters have been arranged by recipient in order to reassemble what a family member might have had in his or her possession. All members of the family represented in this series are also represented in Series V. Images.

Arthur Biddle was born on September 23, 1852, the son of George Washington Biddle (1818-1897) and Maria Cox McMurtrie (1818-1901). He was educated at Faires Classical Institute and Yale University. Following his graduation from Yale, he studied and traveled in Europe for two years before beginning to work in his father's law office. In addition to working in two law firms, Biddle and Jayne and Biddle and Ward, Arthur authored several papers/books on legal subjects, including Treatise on the Law of Warranties in the Sale of Chattels, which was used as a text book by Harvard Law School;  The Law of Stockbrokers, which he co-authored with his brother George; and  The Law of Insurance. He was active in his community, serving as a member of the American Philosophical Society, on the school board, and as the 1896 Democratic candidate for city solicitor. He married his cousin Julia on November 18, 1880 and they were the parents of Edith, Alfred, and Julian. He died March 8, 1897, after a severe attack of influenza." [pages 71-73, Faires Classical Institute] There is only a small amount of material directly related to Arthur in this collection--a few letters, his marriage certificate, a few documents from his time at Yale, and his writings. There are also a number of memorials created following his unexpected death in 1897 at age 45. Researchers will find letters from Arthur in I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)," C. "Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938)," and D. "Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967);" and III. B. "George Washington Biddle (1818-1897)" and C. "Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901)."

Julia Biddle was (1858-1952) married her cousin Arthur in 1880. She was the daughter of Thomas Alexander (1814-1888) and Julia Cox (1819-1896) Biddle. At the time of her husband's death, her children were aged 16, 12, and 7. Her papers document her role as a single parent, with financial records; letters from a large group of family and friends (including some from Arthur prior to his death as well as an impressive number from her son, Alfred); some travel documentation largely related to a trip to Japan, probably with her son Julian, circa 1912; scrapbooks documenting her family history and her life with Arthur and her children; and a limited amount of collected ephemera. Letters are largely personal and provide a researcher with a clear picture of the Biddle family lifestyle and Julia's own life at The Crossways in Gwynned Valley and at 1812 Delancey Street in Philadelphia. Of particular interest may be the letters written to Julia following the death of her daughter Edith in 1938. Letters from Julia can be found in I. E. "Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917)," II. D. Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)," and III. C. "Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901)."

Edith Frances Biddle was the oldest child of Arthur and Julia Biddle. She was born in 1881 and during World War I, worked at the Galsworthy House in London, a hospital for wounded Belgian soldiers. According to obituaries (box 8, folder 8), she was decorated by the Belgian Government for her efforts. Later, she attended the Inter-Allied Conference which was called to address methodologies of rehabilitating the wounded. On her return to the United States, Edith served as manager and/or director of the Orphan Society of Philadelphia near Media. She lived at the Crossways, her home in Gwynned Valley, and died of pneumonia on June 10, 1938 at the age of 55. The bulk of Edith's material consists of letters from family and friends; but there are also a few financial documents. her passport; and a small number of documents relating to her World War I service. Letters from Edith can be found in I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)," D. "Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967)," E. "Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917)," and G. "Children of Alfred A. and Gertrude Heckscher Biddle;" II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896);" and III. C. "Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901)."

Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967) was the second child of Arthur and Julia Biddle. He was educated at Saint Mark's School and graduated from Yale University in 1909. He also studied at Balliol College, Oxford University. During World War I, he attended Officer Training Camp in Fort Meyer, Virginia from May 8 to August 15, 1917, from which he graduated as Captain and was assigned to the 4th Company 2nd Battery. From September 1 to March 1, 1918, he was at Camp Lee, Virginia; and from March 1 to September, 1918, he served as Aide-de-Camp to Major-General Biddle, Commanding General, Base Section No. 2, AEF. From September to December, 1918, he was at the Saumur Artillery School, AEF, and from December 1918 until June 1919, he served with the Ammunition Train, 88th Division and as Assistant G-1, 88th Division, AEF. He worked as a stockbroker for Biddle, Whelan and Co. until the company was dissolved in 1953. He married Gertrude Heckscher in 1922 and they were the parents of Constance, Anne, Julian, and Edith. He died on August 25, 1967 at the age of 81. His records include financial records, information regarding horses and horse breeding (one of his greatest interests), letters from family and friends (particularly from Balliol College, Oxford), records and letters from his World War I service (including many references to General Pershing, writings and talks relating to education and the economy, a poem and short story, and records related to his time at Yale University. Letters from Alfred can be found in I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)," C. "Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938)," E. "Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917)," and G. "Children of Alfred A. and Gertrude Heckscher Biddle;" and II. A. "Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932) and Andrew Blair (1849-1932)," B. "John Cox Biddle (1846-1865); Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923); and William Lyman Biddle (1852-1920)," and D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)."

Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), the youngest of Arthur and Julia's children, was born April 19, 1890. He was educated at St. Mark's School in Southboro, Massachusetts, and graduated from Yale in 1912. He served as a secretary at the American Embassy in Tokyo, Japan, for six months following his graduation from Yale. When he returned to Philadelphia, he began working for the banking house Montgomery, Clothier & Tyler. In 1916, he earned his pilot's license; and by 1917, he was enlisted in the Foreign Legion, sent to the French Military Aviation School at Avord, sent to Pau for training; and assigned as a battle pilot to Escadrille No. 73, Groupe de Combat No. 12. On August 18, on a practice flight, his plane went down and once his body washed to shore 8 days later, it appeared that he had been shot down. He appears to have been the first American who volunteered after the United States entered the war to be killed at the front. Documents related to Julian C. Biddle include letters from family and friends and a small amount of information from his time at both St. Mark's and Yale University. Letters from Julian can be found in I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)," C. "Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938)," and F. "Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942)."

Gertrude Heckscher (1894-1942) married Alfred Alexander Biddle in 1922. She was the daughter of Maurice and Constance Heckscher. Her father died at age 39, and her sisters died at age 15 and 1; as a result, she and her mother appear to have traveled together to Europe and lived together at Box Mead Farm. Prior to her engagement to Alfred, Gertrude appears to have enjoyed an active social life. She corresponded with several World War I soldiers (her letters are not present, only the letters addressed to her). She and Alfred married in 1922 and children quickly followed: Constance was born in 1923, Anne in 1925, Julian in 1929, and Edith in 1931. The family lived at Box Mead Farm. She died in 1942 at age 52. Her papers include journals from a trip to Europe, some family material including Bibles and financial material, and letters, mostly from friends and soldiers in World War I. Letters from her can be found in B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)" and D. "Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967)."

The final subseries in this series contains limited information regarding three of Alfred and Gertrude's four children, Anne, Constance, and Julian. Constance M. Biddle, the oldest of the children is best documented with academic records and a letter, but there is also a newspaper clipping regarding Anne and Julian's baby book. Their letters can e found in I.B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)" and C. "Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938)."

A. Arthur Biddle (1852-1897).

Box Folder

Letter from Arthur Biddle to his doctor (unsent) and Hamilton Disston, Esq., 1873, 1887.

1 1

Letters to Arthur Biddle from John Baird, Alfred G. Baker, Edwin N. Beasley, Maria McMurtrie Biddle (his mother), G.E. Burnham, and [S.M.] Da Costa, 1877, 1887.

1 1

Marriage certificate, 1888 November 18.

30 1

Memorials, letters, and obituary for Arthur Biddle (includes numerous newspaper clippings, memorial addresses given at the American Philosophical Society and the Bar of Philadelphia, and letters reflecting upon his life), 1898.

1 2

Travel memorabilia: saloon passenger list and luggage tag for trip on board S.S. Westernland, sailing from New York, 1896 July.

1 3

Writings: Published articles on law and reviews of A Treatise on the Law of Warranties in the Sale of Chattels, by Arthur Biddle (1884), 1879-1884.

1 4

Yale student essay: "Benedick and Beatrice", 1871 February 25.

30 1

B. Julia Biddle (1858-1952).

Box Folder

Address book, undated.

1 5

Cards (calling cards, mourning cards, and business cards), undated.

1 6

Clippings (miscellaneous topics including family history, household tips, gardening, recipes, and the weather), circa 1880s-1950s.

1 7

Financial records: Account book, 1918-1935.

22 1

Financial records: Account book, 1935-1941.

1 8

Financial records: Account book, 1941-1947.

2 1

Financial records: Gasoline accounts, 1940-1941.

2 2

Financial records: Ledger of Bar Harbor expenses, 1893.

25 1

Financial records: Tax documents, 1932.

2 3

Financial records: Tax return (federal income), 1930.

30 2

Financial records: Trust account, 1878-1882.

2 4

Letters from Adeline (last name unknown), 1922, undated.

2 5

Letters from Anne Biddle (1925-2006), granddaughter, 1931-1945.

2 6

Letter from Constance Elizabeth Biddle, 1922.

2 6

Letters from Constance Monica Biddle (1923-2005), granddaughter, 1931-1944.

2 6

Letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), son, 1899-1910.

2 7-9

Letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), son, 1912-1945, undated.

3 1-5

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), husband, 1880-1881, 1891, 1893, 1895.

3 6-8

Letters from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), daughter, 1895, 1900, undated.

3 9

Letters regarding the death of daughter Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), 1938 June 10-July.

4 1-3

Letter from Frances Biddle (possibly Frances Robinson Biddle), 1902 October 6.

4 4

Letter from Francis Biddle (1853-1920), brother, 1871 October 1.

4 4

Letter from Georgina Biddle, niece, 1947 October 14.

4 4

Letter from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, circa 1858.

4 4

Letter from Julian C. Biddle (1929-2008), grandson, 1942.

4 4

Letters from Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (daughter-in-law), 1923-1932, 1940, undated.

4 5

Letters from Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), son, 1905, 1911-1912, undated.

4 6

Letters from Katherine, probably wife of Francis Beverly Biddle (Julia's nephew), 1922-1923, 1933, undated.

4 7

Letters from Moncure Biddle (1882-1956), nephew, 1897, 1923, 1950.

5 1

Letters from M.H. Biddle, circa 1900-1902.

5 2

Letter from Oliver Caldwell Biddle, 1951 August 29.

5 2

Letters from Sheila Biddle (born 1931), granddaughter, 1937-1944.

5 2

Letter from Andrew Blair, brother-in-law, 1902 June 2.

5 2

Letters from Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932), sister, 1900, 1902.

5 3

Letters from Frank Blair, nephew, 1938-1941.

5 4

Letter from Johnny Blair, nephew, 1940 July 9.

5 4

Letter from A.H. Borie, undated.

5 4

Letter from Natasha Boyer (includes Lord Kitchener's Message to the Troops), 1918 July 31.

5 5

Letter from Margaret Cadwalader, 1941 February 21.

5 5

Letter from Eugenia Cassatt, 1922 October 4.

5 5

Letters from Reverend Joseph Cook, 1867 September-October.

5 5

Letter from V. Desaeyer (in French), 1919 February 7.

5 5

Letter from Henrietta Fredericka, nanny, 1895 April.

5 5

Letter from F.J. Harris, 1914 April 15.

5 5

Letter from Hotel des Thermes director, 1913 June 25.

5 6

Letter from Jane Hunt, 1940 August 31.

5 6

Letter from Josephine Ingersoll, undated.

5 6

Letters from Agnes Irwin, 1894, 1909, 1912, undated.

5 6

Letters from H. LaBarre Jayne, law firm partner of her husband, Arthur, 1897, 1902.

5 6

Letter from Clement Jones, 1935 September 25.

5 6

Letters from Laura Loyson, 1946 November-December.

5 6

Letter from J.F. Alexander & Co., 1950 August 1.

5 7

Letter from Mary Lyman, undated.

5 7

Letter from George McCall, cousin, 1922 September 27.

5 7

Letter from S. Weir Mitchell, undated.

5 7

Letter from W.H. Reeves, before 1880.

5 7

Letter from Lillie Rhoads, 1938 May 18.

5 7

Letter from Mona Robinson, undated.

5 7

Letter from Caroline Sinkler, before 1922.

5 7

Letter from [Elizabeth Sinkler], undated.

5 7

Letter from Ann Ingersoll Smith, 1922 September 23.

5 7

Letters from William G. Thayer, 1901, 1924.

5 7

Letter from Angela Toland, 1925.

5 7

Letters from Lilian B.T., 1896, 19236.

5 7

Letter from K.J. Wharton, 1922 September 27.

5 7

Letter from S.B. Wister, undated.

5 7

Letters to and from unidentified, 1914-1938, undated.

5 8

Passport, 1929.

5 9

Poems, collected, undated.

5 10

Prayers, undated.

5 11

Recipe book and loose recipes, 1938, undated.

5 12

Scrapbook on family history, circa 1880s-1910s.

23 1

Scrapbook documenting Arthur Biddle, his death, and family, circa 1870s-1907.

24 1

Scrapbook containing clippings on World War I, etc., circa 1917-1919.

5 13

Travel diary, Yokohama, Japan, circa 1912.

5 14

Travel memorabilia, Asian dagger, circa 1912.

26 1

Travel memorabilia: Japan Advertiser, 1912 September 10.

30 1

C. Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938).

Box Folder

Clippings (miscellaneous topics including estates, Ezra Pound, and recipes), 1934, undated.

8 8

Financial records: Receipts, 1937-1938.

8 9

Obituaries, 1938.

8 8

Poem, "My Brother Julian", 1890.

8 9

Letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), brother, 1900-1901, 1937.

8 10

Letters from Anne Biddle (1925-2006), niece, 1937, undated.

8 10

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), father, 1895 April.

8 10

Letters from Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), brother, 1903-1904.

8 10

Letter from William Lyman Biddle (1852-1884), uncle, 1899 November 24.

8 11

Letter from S.C. Brent, 1911 April 20.

8 11

Letters from Nadine de Wahl, 1899, 1901.

8 11

Letters from Horace Howard Furness, 1908 December.

8 11

Letter from Katherine Hutchinson, 1894 July 12.

8 11

Letter from [illegible] Klock (in French), 1917 November 6.

8 11

Letter from Malcolm MacLeod, 1900 January 29.

8 11

Letter from [G.]S. Spalding, 1917 May 12.

8 11

Letters from unidentified, 1899, 1926, undated.

8 12

Passport, 1931.

8 13

World War I: Identity card and work of her students who were studying English, 1916-1917.

9 1

D. Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967).

Box Folder

Childhood magazines: The Bubble and The Contemporary, 1891, 1896.

6 1

Financial records: Account records for National Bank of Petersburg, 1917-1918.

6 2

Financial records: Bank statements for Girard Trust Company, Philadelphia-Girard National Bank, Philadelphia National Bank, and Philadelphia Trust Company, 1924-1939.

6 3-4

Financial records: Brokerage and tax records, 1920-1924.

6 5

Financial records: Brokerage statements, 1929.

30 3

Financial records: Federal tax returns, 1921-1932.

30 4-6

Financial records: Ledger (five pages only), 1918 December 31.

30 7

Financial records: Letters and documents regarding family estates, 1919.

6 6

Financial records: Passbook for Messrs. Brown, Shipley, & Co., London, 1917-1919.

6 7

Financial records: Pennsylvania Securities License, 1966-1967.

30 3

Financial records: Receipts, 1914-1918-1919.

6 8

Financial records: Thomas A. Biddle & Co. account statements, 1928.

30 3

Holiday card from Alfred Biddle and family, undated.

6 15

Horses, information regarding (includes some photographs), circa 1955-1959.

6 9

Legal records: Lawsuit against Magee, 1918 March-May.

6 10

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), father, 1895 April 11-21.

6 13

Letters from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), sister, 1899, 1904.

6 13

Letter from Gertrude Biddle, wife, 1904 May 9.

6 13

Letters from Juliet and Mildred Biddle (probably his nieces), 1882.

6 14

Letter from William Lyman Biddle (1852-1884), uncle, 1869 March 2.

6 13

Letter from Helen Cadwalader, cousin, 1922 October 2.

6 15

Letters from Charles Goodwin, 1947, 1951.

6 15

Letters from family and friends congratulating him on his engagement to Gertrude, 1922.

7 1

Letters from family and friends on the occasion of Gertrude's death and information regarding her funeral, 1942.

7 2-3

Letters from friends from Balliol College, Oxford, 1912-1917.

6 11

Letters to "Cousin Tom", 1901 April 18.

7 4

Letters to teachers regarding his children's education (Constance, Anne, and Julian), 1937-1940.

6 12

Membership cards, 1963-1966.

7 5

Obituary and memorial tribute, 1967.

7 6

World War I: Official documents and letters, 1917-1919.

7 7-8

World War I: Memorabilia and clippings (including a printed bulletin from St. Paul's Cathedral's "A Solemn Service to Almighty God on the Occasion of the Entry of The United States of America into the Great War for Freedom" on April 20, 1917), 1916-1917.

7 9

Writings and talks: RadioTalk regarding the New Deal, 1934 February 20.

7 10

Writings and talks: Education, 1938-1967.

7 11

Writings and talks: Poem and short story, undated.

7 12

Yale University fraternity paddle, 1909.

25 2

Yale University newspaper: Yale News, Volume XXXI, No. 46, 1907 November 16.

31 1

Unidentified notes and miscellaneous clippings, undated.

7 13

E. Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917).

Box Folder

Letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), brother, 1900, 1909, undated.

9 2

Letters from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), sister, 1904-1905.

9 2

Letters from Julia Biddle (1858-1952), mother, 1900, 1904, 1912.

9 3

Letters from Felton B. Elkins, 1905 March-April.

9 4

Letter from Clarence Fisher, 1902 October 2.

9 4

Letters from Elizabeth [Sherman] Hoyt, 1910.

9 4

Letter from Mrs. Hamilton Fish Kean and Miss Catherine Livingston Hammersley, circa 1910-1911.

9 4

Letter from Shaw McKean, circa 1910-1911.

9 4

Letters from Lily Sears, 1909 September.

9 4

Letter from Woodrow Wilson, president of Princeton University, 1909 January 4.

9 4

Letters from Leta C. Wright, 1910.

9 4

Letters from unidentified, 1904, 1910-1911, 1916.

9 5

Letter to Mr. Jayne, 1912 May 4.

9 6

Obituary, 1917 August 18.

9 7

Photographs of friends (found with correspondence), undated.

9 8

St. Mark's School, bill and football schedule, 1904.

9 9

Yale University senior class questionnaire and gymnasium measurements, 1908-1912.

9 10

F. Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942).

Box Folder

Clippings about Gertrude, 1916-1923.

7 14

European journal, 1905 December-1906 May.

7 15

Family Bibles (belonging to Maurice Heckscher, Constance L. Heckscher, and Gertrude S. Hesckscher), circa 1860s-1940s.

21 1

Family material: Maurice Heckscher diploma from Harvard, 1887 June 29.

30 9

Financial records: Bank book, 1918.

7 16

Financial records: Box Mead Farm documents (including deed from 1709), 1709, 1917.

30 8

Letter from Julian C. Biddle (1890-1917), 1917 May 24.

7 17

Letter from George Brooke, 1918 November 2.

7 17

Letter from Amory Hare Cook, 1921 April 27.

7 17

Letter from I.I.R. Henry, 1919 October 23.

7 17

Letters from Dr. William Pinkney Herbert, 1916 April-May, 1919 March 23.

7 17

Letters from L. Scott Landreth, 1918-1921.

7 17

Letter from Sally Scull, 1917 August 27.

7 17

Letters from Josephine Stewart, 1921-1922.

7 17

Letters from Sheila Biddle (born 1931), daughter, undated.

8 1

Letters from family and friends congratulating her on her engagement to Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), 1922.

8 2-4

Letters from family and friends while she was in the hospital, 1942 April, undated.

8 5

Letters from unidentified, 1914-1923.

8 6

Marriage announcements (in newspapers), 1922.

30 8

Wedding invitation, 1922 December 30.

8 7

G. Children of Alfred A. Alexander and Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (Constance M., Anne, Julian, and Sheila).

Box Folder

Anne Biddle (1925-2006), newspaper clipping, 1943.

9 11

Constance M. Biddle (1925-2005), academic records (mostly photocopies) for Bryn Mawr College, University of Pennsylvania, University College of London, Yale University, and University of Alberta, 1945-1965.

9 12

Constance M. Biddle (1925-2005), letter from Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967), father, 1945 July 7.

9 13

Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008), baby book, circa 1929.

9 14

Series II. Julia Biddle's siblings and ancestors.

Scope and Contents note

Series II. "Julia Biddle's siblings and ancestors" documents Julia's siblings Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932), John Cox Biddle (1846-1865), Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923), and William Lyman Biddle (1853-1920); her uncle Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862) and his wife Mary D. Baird Biddle (1829-1900); her uncle Clement Biddle (1810-1879); her mother Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), her father Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888); her grandmother Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), her grandfather Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857); and her great-grandfathers General Jonathan Williams (1751-1815) and William Lyman (1755-1811). This series is arranged into ten subseries, one for each of the main individuals or family groups documented in the series. Within the series (and the collection as a whole) letters have been arranged by recipient in order to reassemble what a family member might have had in his or her possession. Many of the members of the family represented in this series are also represented in Series V. "Images."

Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair was born in 1850 and was Julia Biddle's only sister. In 1872, she married Andrew Blair (1849-1932), the son of Major General Francis "Frank" Blair (1821-1875) and Appoline Agatha Alexander (1828-1908). She was the mother of two adopted sons, Frank and John. Before and after her marriage to Andrew Blair, she received many letters from her mother, Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896). In fact, with the exception of a few letters from her cousin, Florence, and a few empty envelopes addressed to her husband from her nephew Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), all letters in this subseries were sent by Anna's mother. Letters from Anna can be found in Series I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)" and Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)."

Julia had five brothers, three of whom are represented in this collection: John Cox Biddle, Henry Williams Biddle, and William Lyman Biddle. John Cox Biddle, the son of Thomas Alexander and Julia Biddle, was born on April 21, 1846, and was educated at Faires Classical Institute and the University of Pennsylvania. During the Civil War, he enlisted in Landis' Battery and "behaved with great gallantry in the Battle of Carlisle, where he had charge of the caisson commanded by Mr. C. Stuart Patterson (Cohen, page 86). According to Charles J. Cohen, "he was generally called 'Little Johnny,' as he was small and did not look strong." His health suffered in the army and he was sent home after only a few months. It appears that he returned to the University of Pennsylvania, but left after his junior year. He began working for Thomas A. Biddle Co., but died on January 29, 1865, at the age of eighteen. Documents relating to John Cox Biddle include a few academic records from Faires Classical Institute and the University of Pennsylvania, a few financial records, a few items documenting his Civil War Service, and letters and resolution written and made at the time of his death. Letters from John Cox Biddle can be found in Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)" and E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)." Henry Williams Biddle, brother of John Cox and Julia Biddle, was born on April 7, 1848. He, too, was educated at Faires Classical Institute and the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1866 at age 18. Following his graduation from the University of Pennsylvania, Henry worked at Thomas A. Biddle Co., becoming a partner in this brokerage/banking business. He married Jessie Duncan Turner and they were the parents of two daughters. He died on July 2, 1923, at the age of 75. There are a few compositions from one of his schools, a letter from his nephew, Alfred Alexander Biddle, and his obituary. Letters from Henry Williams Biddle can be found in Series II. G. "Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861)." William Lyman Biddle, was born on October 8, 1853. He was educated at Faires Classical Institute, St. Paul's in Concord, New Hampshire, and Princeton University, graduating in 1874. Following graduation, he traveled through Europe; and on his return, he began working first for F.W. Gilley, Jr. and Company in New York, and then for Thomas A. Biddle Co. where he remained until the time of his death on July 5, 1920. There are only a few letters relating to William Lyman Biddle, from Dr. Henry A. Cort and his nephew, Alfred Alexander Biddle.

Henry Jonathan Biddle, Julia's uncle, was born on May 16, 1817 and was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1834. Prior to the Civil War, he worked as a stockbroker, probably for Thomas A. Biddle Co. On August 3, 1861, he enlisted in the United States Volunteers, became a captain, and died on July 20, 1862 at the Battle of Glendale, Richmond City, Virginia. In 1854, he had married Mary D. Baird (1829-1900) and they were the parents of at least five children: Lydia Biddle (who married Moncure Robinson), Jonathan William Biddle, Spencer Biddle, Christine Williams Biddle, and Henry Jonathan Biddle. Letters from Henry Jonathan Biddle can be also be found in Series II. E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)" and H. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857)." Letters from Mary Baird can also be found in Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)."

Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), Julia's mother, was the daughter of John and Martha Cox and the granddaughter of William Lyman. She was born in 1819 and married Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888) in 1845. They were the parents of John Cox Biddle, Henry Williams Biddle, Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair, Alfred Biddle, William Lyman Biddle, Francis Biddle, and Julia Biddle. She appears to have maintained close relationship with her children and extended family--the bulk of the material in her subseries is correspondence. There are also annual diaries for intermittent years during the 1860s through the early 1880s which contain short, concise descriptions of daily activities. Letters from Julia Cox Biddle can be found in Series I. B. "Julia Biddle (1858-1952)" and Series II. A. "Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932) and Andrew Blair (1849-1932)," E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)," and G. "Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861)."

Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888), the son of Thomas Alexander (1776-1857) and Christine Williams (1780-1861) Biddle, was born on August 22, 1814. According to John W. Jordan, he was a broker and established the Thomas A. Biddle Co. firm (although records at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania indicate that the business may have been formed by his father, Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857)). His marriage to Julia Cox Biddle occurred on July 1, 1845, and they were the parents of seven children who lived into adulthood. He died on February 1, 1888. His papers consist largely of correspondence from family and friends. There are many letters written from the Hankey family (Appoline Alexander, Barnard, George, John Alexander, Philip F., Thomson, Sr. and Thomson, Jr.). While Appoline's letters are largely social and full of news, the letters of Thomas, Jr., a British banker and politician, are almost entirely business and financial in nature. It appears that Thomas traveled to Europe in 1836 and 1856 and there are numerous letters of introduction written on his behalf for his trip to Paris in 1836. Letters from Thomas Alexander Biddle can be found in Series II. B. "John Cox Biddle (1846-1865); Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923); and William Lyman Biddle (1852-1920)" and G. "Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861)."

Clement Biddle (1810-1879) was Julia's uncle (brother to her father Thomas Alexander Biddle). He was born on September 14, 1810 and was considered a prominent Philadelphia lawyer, although his obituary states that "having inherited wealth, he had not practiced his profession for many years" before his death ( Philadelphia Press, March 18, 1879, page 6). At the outbreak of the Civil War, he volunteered as a private in Landis' Battery, Pennsylvania Militia Light Artillery, serving first from September 15 to September 26, 1862, and again from June 27 to July 30, 1863. His obituary states that he was artistic in nature, and was skilled both as a painter and as an author. He died, never having married, on March 11, 1879. His material includes a few letters as well as a published version of his poems,  Airdrie and other poems. Letters from Clement can be found in Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)" and E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)."

Julia's grandmother, Christine Williams Biddle, was born in 1780 and was the daughter of General Jonathan Williams (1751-1815). She married Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857) in 1806 and they were the parents of five sons: Clement, Thomas Alexander, Henry J., Alexander W., and Jonathan W. Biddle. The bulk of the letters addressed to her were written from Julia Cox Biddle, her daughter-in-law, indicating a warm relationship between the two. Letters from Christine can be found in Series II. D. "Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896)" and E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)."

Thomas Alexander Biddle, Julia's grandfather, was born on June 4, 1776. He was the son of Clement (1740-1814) and Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831) Biddle and was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1791. He worked as a broker and banker, and it is unclear if he or his son, Thomas A. Biddle, established the firm, Thomas A. Biddle Co. He died in 1857. There are only two letters in the collection that were addressed to him, one from his niece and one from a son. Letters from him can be found in Series II. E. "Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888)" and Series III. D. "Clement Biddle (1784-1855)."

Jonathan Williams, Julia's great-grandfather, was the father of Christine Williams. He was born on May 20, 1751, in Massachusetts and was a nephew of Benjamin Franklin. During the Revolutionary War, he served as an agent to the United States Commission in France. Following the war, he served as the first Superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point. He also served in the New York State Militia, and was elected to Congress, but died on May 18, 1815, before taking office. This collection contains two letters from him, one to his father and one to his mother.

William Lyman, Julia's great-grandfather and Julia Cox Biddle's grandfather, was born on December 7, 1755 in Northampton, Massachusetts, the son of William and Jemima Lyman. He was educated at Yale University, graduating in 1776, and served in the militia during the American Revolution and as an aide to General William Shepherd during Shay's Rebellion. He served as a representative for the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1787, as a senator in the Massachusetts Senate in 1789, and as a representative for Massachusetts in the United States Congress from 1793 to 1797. He also served as United States Consul in London from 1804 until his death. He married Jerusha Welles and they were the parents of ten children, including William Lyman Jr. and Jerusha Lyman, both of whom appear to have died the same year he did, 1811. Material relating to Lyman includes a bond/loan agreement; letter to Jerusha Lyman, Jr., his daughter; letter from James Madison, serving as Secretary of State under Jefferson; appointment of William Lyman, Captain in Regiment of Light Artillery, signed by James Monroe, President and J.C. Calhoun, Secretary of War; and letters to his son, William Lyman, Jr.

A. Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair (1850-1932) and Andrew Blair (1849-1932).

Box Folder

Anna Blair, letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, 1869-1870.

9 15-16

Anna Blair, letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, 1871-1874.

10 1-6

Anna Blair, letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, 1874-1891.

11 1-7

Anna Blair, letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), mother, 1892-1896.

12 1-2

Anna Blair, letters from Florence, cousin, 1929.

12 3

Andrew Blair (husband of Anna Sitgreaves Biddle Blair), empty envelopes from Alfred A. Biddle, 1917.

12 4

B. John Cox Biddle (1846-1865); Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923); and William Lyman Biddle (1852-1920).

Box Folder

John Cox Biddle, Civil War service records, including enrollment documents, notes, sketch, photograph, and clipping, 1863-1964.

12 5

John Cox Biddle, compositions for the University of Pennsylvania, 1861, 1963, undated.

31 2

John Cox Biddle, diploma from Faires Classical Institute, 1861.

12 6

John Cox Biddle, financial records, including expenses and promissory note, undated.

12 7

John Cox Biddle, financial records, letter from his father, Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1888), 1856 April 14.

12 8

John Cox Biddle, letters and resolutions on the occasion of his death, 1865.

12 9

Henry Williams Biddle, compositions, 1858.

20 8

Henry Williams Biddle, letter from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), his nephew and calling card, 1916, undated.

12 10

Henry Williams Biddle, obituary, 1923.

20 8

William Lyman Biddle, letters from Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), his nephew, 1896, 1917, 1919.

12 11

William Lyman Biddle, letter from Dr. Henry A. Cort, 1876 July 4.

12 11

C. Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862) and Mary D. Baird Biddle (1829-1900).

Box Folder

Henry Jonathan Biddle, letter to Thomas Biddle Co., 1858 August 6.

12 12

Mary D. Baird Biddle, "Mollie," wife of Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), letter to Ellen, undated.

12 12

D. Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896).

Box Folder

Annual diaries, 1860-1861, 1866-1867.

12 13-15

Annual diaries, 1874, 1879, 1881-1882.

13 1-3

Hair clippings, calling cards, and wedding invitations, 1850s, 1862.

13 4

Letter from Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother-in-law, 1854 July 15.

31 3

Letter from Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother-in-law, 1866 January 5.

13 5

Letters from Alfred Biddle (1851-1884), son, 1878-1879.

13 5

Letters from Alfred Alexander Biddle (1885-1967), grandson, 1896.

13 6

Letters from Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), mother-in-law, 1854.

31 3

Letters from Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), mother-in-law, 1854-1855.

13 6

Letter from Clement Biddle (1810-1879), brother-in-law, 1878 October 10.

13 6

Letter from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), granddaughter, 1892 June 24.

13 7

Letters from Francis "Frank" Biddle (1853-1920), son, 1871, 1873, 1877, 1883.

13 7

Letter from John Cox Biddle (1846-1865), son, 1863 July 10.

13 7

Letters from Julia Biddle (1858-1952), daughter, 1892, 1896, undated.

13 8

Letter from Lydia McFunn Biddle, niece, 1880 April 2.

13 9

Letters from Mary "Mollie" D. Baird Biddle (1829-1900), sister-in-law, 1862, 1880.

13 9

Letters from Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1862), husband, 1855-1856.

31 3

Letters from Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1862), husband, 1866-1879.

14 1

Letter from Christine Biddle Cadwalader, niece, 1875 July 8.

14 2

Letter from Sarah C. Case, 1867 October 10.

14 2

Letter from E.B. Coxe, 1876 May 31.

14 2

Letters from James Cox, 1862, 1866, 1880.

14 2

Letters from John Cox, 1856, 1862.

14 2

Letters from Samuel "Uncle Sam" Cox, 1866-1867.

14 3

Letters from Sarah Cox, 1867.

14 3

Letters from Mrs. Greene, 1854-1855.

14 3

Letters from Appoline Agatha Alexander Hankey, 1861, 1878.

14 3

Letter from Anna Sitgreaves, 1854 July 26.

14 3

Letters to Helen Cox (cousin), 1939-1941.

31 4

Letters to Frances Cox Henderson (sister), 1940-1941.

31 4

Souvenir drawing from Mathilde, Countess [Wartenslibin], 1841.

14 3

Writing: "History of the Loss of My Velvet Cloak", 1954 November 29.

14 4

E. Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888).

Box Folder

Certificate of arrival in the Port of Dover from Calais, 1856 May 31.

28 5

Letter from Bethia Alexander, 1836 September 11.

28 7

Letter from Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother, 1856 April.

28 7

Letter to Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother, 1856 March 12.

31 5

Letter from Annie E. Biddle, cousin, 1856 June 2.

14 5

Letter from C. Biddle, 1837 March 14.

28 7

Letters from Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), mother, 1836, 1839-1840, 1846, 1856.

28 7

Letter from Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), mother, 1856 October 31.

14 5

Letters from Clement Biddle (1810-1879), brother, 1836-1837.

28 7

Letter from Edward R. Biddle, uncle, 1840 January 11.

28 8

Letter to Edward R. Biddle, uncle, 1837 April.

31 5

Letters from Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), brother, 1837-1838, 1856 .

28 8

Letter from Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), brother, 1862 April 1.

14 5

Letter from James Cornell Biddle, uncle, 1837 June 11.

28 8

Letter from John Cox Biddle (1846-1865), son, 1856 May 1.

28 8

Letter from John Cox Biddle (1846-1865), son, 1863 June 26.

14 5

Letter from J[onathan W.] Biddle (1821-1856), brother, undated.

28 7

Letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), wife, 1856 January-March.

28 8

Letter from Thomas A. (1776-1857) and Christine Williams (1780-1861) Biddle, parents, 1839 July 8.

28 7

Letters from Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1856), father, 1936-1939, 1855.

28 8

Letters from Horace Binney, 1837, 1867.

14 5

Letters from Henry Wollaston Blake, 1837-1839.

28 9

Letters from Joseph Bonaparte, Comte de Survilliers, 1837, undated.

14 5

Letters from L.B., 1839 July 16.

14 5

Letters from R.B. Chapman regarding Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), 1862 July 22.

14 5

Letter from George Emlen, 1837 March 14.

28 9

Letter from Mr. Greene, 1836 December 20.

28 9

Letters from Appoline Agatha Alexander Hankey, 1836-1839.

28 9

Letters from Appoline Agatha Alexander Hankey, 1858, 1860.

14 6

Letter from Barnard Hankey, 1837 April 18.

14 6

Letter from George Hankey, 1837 September 18.

28 10

Letters from John Alexander Hankey, 1837.

28 10

Letter from Philip F. Hankey, undated.

14 6

Letter from Thomas Hankey, 1861 October 10.

14 6

Letter from Thomson Hankey, Sr. and T. Alexander Hankey, 1837 April 29.

28 10

Letter from Thomson Hankey, Jr., 1831 June 20.

14 6

Letters from Thomson Hankey, Jr., 1835-1840.

28 10

Letter from W.B. Reed, 1858 July 14.

14 6

Letter from Moncure Robinson, 1865 July 1.

14 6

Letter from M. Robinson, undated.

28 5

Letter to unidentified, 1861 December 10.

14 6

Letters of introduction on his behalf, 1836.

28 6

F. Clement Biddle (1810-1879).

Box Folder

Airdrie and other poems, by Clement Biddle (Anna Blair's copy), 1872.

14 7

Letter from Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), brother, 1866 March 18.

14 8

Letter from Sarah Peter, 1853 April 27.

14 8

Letter from William Makepeace Thackeray, 1853 January 23.

14 8

G. Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861).

Box Folder

Letters from Henry Williams Biddle (1848-1923), grandson, 1861.

14 9

Letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), daughter-in-law, 1846, 1855.

31 5

Letters from Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), daughter-in-law, 1855, 1860.

14 9

Letter from Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1888), son, announcing the birth of Francis "Frank" Biddle (1853-1920), 1853 October 30.

Box Folder

Letters from M. Craig, 1804-1806.

14 9

H. Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857).

Box Folder

Letter from Ann Elizabeth Biddle (born 1822), niece, 1854 December 27.

28 12

Letter from Henry Jonathan Biddle (1817-1862), son, 1839 May 13.

28 12

I. Jonathan Williams (1751-1815), General.

Box Folder

Letter to Grace Williams, mother, 1780, 1783.

28 12

Letter to Jonathan Williams, Sr., father, 1779 November 4.

28 12

J. William Lyman (1755-1811) and William Lyman, Jr.

Box Folder

William Lyman (1755-1811), bond/loan agreement; letter to Jerusha Lyman, Jr., his daughter; letter from James Madison, serving as Secretary of State under Jefferson; and appointment of William Lyman, Captain in Regiment of Light Artillery, signed by James Monroe, President and J.C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, 1794, 1805, 1819-1820.

28 11

William Lyman, Jr. letters from William Lyman (1755-1811), father, 1802-1803.

28 11

Series III. Arthur Biddle's sibling and ancestors.

Biographical/Historical note

Series III. "Arthur Biddle's sibling and ancestors" documents Arthur's brother, Algernon Sidney Biddle (1847-1891); his father, George Washington Biddle (1818-1897); his mother, Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901); his grandfather, Clement Biddle (1784-1855); and his great-grandfather, John Barclay (1749-1816). This series is arranged into five subseries, one for each of the main individuals documented in the series. Within the series (and the collection as a whole) letters have been arranged by recipient in order to reassemble what a family member might have had in his or her possession. Many members of the family represented in this series are also represented in Series V. Images.

Arthur had two brothers, but only Algernon Sidney Biddle is represented in this collection. Algernon was born October 11, 1847, and received his education at Dr. Faires Classical Institute and Yale University, graduating in 1868. He continued his studies for two years at the University of Berlin in Germany. After his return to the United States, he was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar in 1872. He served as the president of the Law Academy, as Secretary of the Law Association of Philadelphia, and "at various times ... as editor of the Weekly Notes of Cases,  The Law and Equity Reporter, and  The American Law Register," (http://www.pennock.ws/surnames/nti/nti62975.html). As a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, he taught "practice, pleading, evidence at law and crime ... torts, [and] evidence and practice at law" (Cohen, page 76). He married Frances Robinson in 1879 and died on April 8,1891. The University of Pennsylvania's law library, the George and Algernon Sydney Biddle Law Library, is named after him and his father. Very limited material is contained within the collection relating to him; but researchers will find his obituary, as well as two letters.

Arthur and Algernon Sydney Biddle's father, George Washington Biddle was, according to his obituary in the Philadelphia Inquirer on April 20, 1897, "a well-known lawyer and public spirited citizen." He was born on January 11, 1818 and earned his education at St. Mary's College in Baltimore, Maryland. He was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar in 1939 and went on to become a prominent member of the law firm Biddle and Ward. He served as chancellor of the Law Association for six years and earned an honorary LLD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1882. In addition to his legal career, he was also active in politics and his community. He married Maria Cox McMurtrie (1818-1901), daughter of William McMurtrie, and they were the parents of George Washington Biddle (1834-1886), Algernon Sydney Biddle (1847-1891), and Arthur Biddle (1852-1897). He died in 1897. In this collection, there are five letters addressed to him. Letters from him can be found in Series III. D. "Clement Biddle (1784-1855)."

Clement Cornell Biddle, father of George Washington Biddle and grandfather of Arthur, was born on October 24, 1784, the son of Clement (1740-1814) and Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831) Biddle. In 1799, he joined the United States Navy as midshipman, serving until 1804 when he returned to Philadelphia to study law. He was admitted to the bar and practiced law. Around 1807, however, he joined the United States Army and served as a captain of a company in the Regiment of the Light Dragoons for about six months from May to September 1809. He returned to the practice of law until the outbreak of the War of 1812 when he first served as captain of the "State Fencibles," a company he raised, and later as colonel of the First Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. He was one of the founders of the Philadelphia Savings Fund Society in 1816 and served as its first president. Clement C. Biddle married Mary Searle Barclay (1785-1872) in 1814. He died in 1855. With the exception of a few military records related to the First Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry and several letters related to the Bank of Columbia, the bulk of the letters addressed to Clement Cornell Biddle are family letters, from his father and mother, brothers and sister, and two cousins. Many of the letters to him were written while he was serving in the Navy, particularly in 1800 and appear to be responding to news in Clement's letters to the family.

John Barclay, Arthur's great-grandfather, was born in 1749. He served as a soldier in the American Revolutionary War, first as an ensign in Captain John Lacey's company (1776) and later promoted to the rank of lieutenant, retiring in 1782 as a captain. After the war, he served as Justice of the Peace, President Judge of the Courts of Bucks County, a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1790, the mayor of Philadelphia in 1791, and president of the Bank of Northern Liberties of Philadelphia. On December 11, 1781, he married Mary Searle and they were the parents of Mary Searle Barclay, Arthur's grandmother. He died in September of 1816. There are a few records relating to the New Geneva Sand Company and letters from James Biddle; T.B. Alston; Aaron Burr (politician and vice president under Thomas Jefferson); Alexander J. Dallas (the secretary of the treasury under James Madison); and John Fine (politician from New York).

A. Algernon Sidney Biddle (1847-1891).

Box Folder

Letter from George Sharswood and to unidentified, 1873, undated.

14 10

Obituary, 1891.

14 10

B. George Washington Biddle (1818-1897).

Box Folder

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), son, 1873-1875, 1886, 1889.

14 11

Letter from John W. Biddle, 1877 November 5.

14 12

Letter from John A. Clark, 1897 March 12.

14 12

Letter from John Wylie Faires, 1897 March 12.

14 12

Letter from William Ashman, 1897 March 11.

14 12

Letter from Theodore von Bunsen, 1874 October 29.

14 12

C. Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901).

Box Folder

Letters from Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), son, 1873-1874, 1880-1897.

14 13

Letter from Caroline Biddle, sister, 1897 March 14.

14 14

Letter from Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), granddaughter, and Julia Biddle (1858-1952), daughter-in-law, 1897 July 3-4.

14 14

Letters from Julia Biddle (1858-1952), daughter-in-law, 1893, 1897, 1900, undated.

15 1

Letter from W.J. and F.[R.] Stockton, 1897 June 3.

14 14

Letters from unidentified, circa 1897.

14 14

D. Clement Biddle (1784-1855).

Box Folder

First Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, estimate of pay and payroll and expense ledger, 1814-1815.

31 6

Letters from Clement Biddle (1740-1814), father, 1800 August-December.

31 6

Letters from Clement Biddle (1740-1814) and Rebekah Cornell Biddle (1755-1831), parents, 1800 May-November.

31 6

Letters from George Washington Biddle (1779-1812), brother, 1800, 1807.

31 6

Letter from Lydia, Sarah, and Ann Biddle (sisters), 1800 October 19.

31 6

Letter from Nicholas Biddle (1786-1884), cousin, 1800 November 5.

31 6

Letters from Thomas Alexander Biddle (1776-1857), brother, 1800 July-November.

31 6

Letters from John E. Hall, 1800 October 1.

31 6

Letters from Joseph Biddle Wilkerson, cousin, 1800 October 15.

31 6

Letters to John Mason, president of the Bank of Columbia, 1803.

15 2

Letters to William Whann, cashier of the Bank of Columbia, 1803.

15 2

E. John Barclay (1749-1816).

Box Folder

Letters from James Biddle, 1785 September-October.

15 3

Letter from T.B. Alston, 1807 February 8.

28 1

Letters from Aaron Burr, 1797-1798, 1804-1807.

28 1

Letters from Alexander J. Dallas, largely relating to financial matters, 1795-1796.

28 2

Letter from John Fine, 1843 January 5.

28 2

Records relating to the New Geneva Sand Company, 1795.

28 2

Series IV. Julia and Arthur Biddle's ancestors.

Biographical/Historical note

Series IV. "Julia and Arthur Biddle's ancestors" documents Julia and Arthur's shared ancestors, in particular their shared great-grandparents, Clement (1740-1814) and Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831) Biddle. There is also one letter from their shared great-uncle James Cornell Biddle (brother to Arthur's grandfather Clement Cornell Biddle and Julia's grandfather Thomas Alexander Biddle), as well as all the documents where a creator or recipient could not be identified. Within the series (and the collection as a whole) letters have been arranged by recipient in order to reassemble what a family member might have had in his or her possession. Clement and Rebekah Biddle are also represented in Series V. "Images."

Clement Biddle (1740-1814) was born on May 10, 1740 in Philadelphia, son of John (1707-1789) and Sarah Owen (1711-1773) Biddle. He worked with his father and his brother Owen (1737-1799) in the shipping and importing business. He was among the first Philadelphians to sign the non-importation agreement in October 1765. From the outset of the Revolution, Biddle was a patriot and "he gave practically his whole time to the service of his country," (Jordan, page 740). He served as an officer in the Quaker Light Infantry, was appointed quartermaster-general of the Flying Camp, fought in the Battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine, and Germantown, as well as participating in the crossing the Delaware River on Christmas 1776. He served with General Nathanael Greene in New Jersey. He was appointed United States Marshal of the Court of Admiralty in 1780 and the Supreme Executive Council appointed him as quartermaster-general of Pennsylvania in 1781. Following the American Revolution, he was made Prothonotary (1788) and Judge (1791) of the Common Pleas Court in Philadelphia County. He first married Mary Richardson in 1764. After she died in 1773, he married Rebekah Cornell (1755-1831) on August 8, 1814. They were the parents of eight children who lived into adulthood. There are a few official documents relating to his service as notary public as well as a few letters to William Whann. Letters from Clement can be found in Series III. D. "Clement Biddle (1784-1855)."

Very little is known of Rebekah Cornell Biddle. She was the daughter of Rhode Island Chief Justice Gideon Cornell. In her 1831 obituary (box 31, folder 7), she is described as "exercising benevolence without parade, and piety without affectation, and endearing herself to her immediate connexions [sic] by a cheerful and exemplary performance of her domestic duties, and to a large circle of friends, by the uniform excellence of her disposition, the vivacity of her intellect, and the active kindness of her character." Her obituary is included in this series; but letters from her can be found in Series III. D. "Clement Biddle (1784-1855)."

The material with no identifiable creator or recipient includes a few letters, prayers, newspaper clippings, religious cards, collected publications relating to World War I, and writings.

Box Folder

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), letter to William Whann and to an unidentified person to whom he introduced Thomas Paine, 1776, 1803.

28 3

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), power of attorney document notarized by Biddle, 1791 December 31.

28 3

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), official document authorizing him as Notary Public, 1796.

28 3

James Cornell Biddle (1793-1826), letter to unidentified, undated.

28 4

Rebekah Cornell Biddle, obituary in National Gazette and Literary Register, 1831 November 26.

31 7

Unknown family member(s): "A. Biddle (Private) Personal Matters," black metal box, circa 19th century.

32

Unknown family member(s): "Account with Mr. Biddle of Family Expenses", 1835-1847.

15 4

Unknown family member(s): Household inventory of 1821 Delancey Place, 1905.

15 5

Unknown family member(s): Italian newspaper, Il Papagallo, Anno. III, N. 52, 1875 December 26.

31 1

Unknown family member(s): Letters, to and from unidentified, and lists, 1878-1939.

15 6

Unknown family member(s): Letters, neither to nor from Biddle family members, 1819-1836-1837, 1904.

15 7

Unknown family member(s): Newspaper clippings (not related to Biddle family members), circa 1860s-1880s.

15 8

Unknown family member(s): Newspaper clippings related to the World War I Armistice, 1919 August 17.

15 9

Unknown family member(s): Prayers, undated.

15 10

Unknown family member(s): Publication of "Entretiens d' Été de Pontigny", 1927.

15 11

Unknown family member(s): Religious cards (in French), undated.

15 12

Unknown family member(s): Sketch with illegible pencil notes in French, undated.

15 13

Unknown family member(s): World War I commemorative souvenir celebrating the Great Peace Celebration in London, 1919 July 19.

31 1

Unknown family member(s): Writings (including "Rex," poem/letter about a dog; "A Bird's Tale," composition; and poem, 1927, 1937, undated.

15 14

Series V. Images.

Scope and Contents note

Series V. "Images" in arranged in three subseries: A. "Photographs," B. "Prints," and C. "Other." Researchers will find a significant number of family photographs which are arranged alphabetically by subject. There are also a number of photographs where the subjects are unknown--no labeling on the photographs was present and the processor was unwilling to make guesses as to the identity of the subjects. If a researcher is looking for a particular individual who is not in the alphabetical listing, he or she should consult the unidentified photographs.

B. "Prints" consists of formal portraits that appear to have been printed in volumes. The subjects of these prints predate photographs and appear to have been collected intentionally in order to document the family's history. Some of the connections to the Biddle family is unknown. These prints are arranged alphabetically by subject. There are a few prints which were not labeled and the identity of the subject is unknown.

C. "Other" contains only two items: an original painting of Eleanor Heckscher, sister of Gertrude Heckscher Biddle, who died at only one year old (she is also represented in A. "Photographs"); and a lithograph of Gertrude Heckscher Biddle.

A. Photographs.

Box Folder

Alexandra Biddle (1949-2008), candid photographs, circa 1949-1953.

15 15

Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), portraits and candid photographs, 1887-1960.

15 16

Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), Oxford University, Balliol College, group portrait, 1912.

31 8

Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), Oxford University, Balliol College, photograph album, circa 1912.

27 1

Alfred A. Biddle (1885-1967), St. Mark's School, 1901, 1904, 1906-1907.

29 1

Alfred and Gertrude Biddle's children, portraits of Constance, Anna, and Julian C. Biddle, circa 1923-1931.

15 17

[Alfred and Gertrude Biddle's children], portraits and candid photographs, circa 1930s-1950s.

15 18

[Alfred and Gertrude Biddle's children], album, circa 1920s-1930s.

21 5

Anna G. Biddle (1925-2006), portrait, circa 1925-1927.

15 19

Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), portraits, circa 1860s-1890s.

15 20

Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), portraits, 1870s-1897.

31 9

[Bar Harbor] vacation, photograph album, possibly 1893.

21 6

Boxmead Farm, circa 1950s.

16 15

Constance M. Biddle (1923-2005), portraits, circa 1923-1930.

15 21

Constance M. Biddle (1923-2005), portraits, circa 1930s-1940s.

29 2

Constance M. Biddle (1923-2005) and Sydney Francis Biddle (1918-2004) wedding photographs, circa 1940s-1950s.

15 22

Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), portraits and photographs of World War I service, circa 1887-1930s.

16 1

Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), portrait with Kate Hutchinson, undated.

29 3

Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), photograph album of trip to Santa Barbara, 1912.

21 7

Edith Sheila Biddle (generally referred to as Sheila) (born 1931), 1937, circa 1940.

16 2

Family photograph album, inscribed to Edith from Uncle Lyman, 1894.

26 2

Family photograph album, undated.

26 3

George Washington Biddle (1818-1897), circa 1880s-1890s.

16 3

Georgina Biddle, Bryn Mawr college portrait, circa 1910.

16 4

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), portraits, candid photographs, wedding portrait, and portraits with her children, 1918-circa 1932.

16 5

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), portraits, portraits with her children, and wedding portrait, circa 1920s-1930s.

29 4

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), wedding party portrait, 1922 December 30.

31 10

Gwynedd Valley home, undated.

29 6

John Biddle, General, portrait in military uniform, 1919 July.

16 6

Julia and Geoffrey Biddle (children of Owen and Anne Biddle), 1951.

16 7

Julia Cox Biddle (1819-1896), portraits with Thomas Alexander Biddle (1814-1888) and child and portrait with children, circa 1860s.

16 8

Julia Biddle (1858-1952), portraits, circa 1880s.

16 9

Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008), portraits and candid photographs, circa 1930s-1950s.

16 10

Julian Cornell Biddle (1929-2008), portrait, circa 1930-1932.

29 5

Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), 1902, 1917.

16 11

Julian Cornell Biddle (1890-1917), Yale University group, circa 1912.

31 10

Sydney Biddle (possibly 1889-1954), undated.

16 12

Thomas A. Biddle (1814-1888), portrait, circa 1870s-1880s.

16 13

Heckscher family photographs (Maurice, Gertrude, Constance, and Eleanor), portraits, circa 1880s-1890s.

16 14

Heckscher family photographs (Gertrude, Constance, and Eleanor), portraits, circa 1896-1897.

29 7

Holiday cards (photo cards) from non-Biddles, circa 1950s.

16 18

Horses, undated.

17 1

Non-Biddle portraits (frequently gifts to Biddles), circa 1890s-1930s.

29 8

Unidentified children and women with children, circa 1870s-1950s.

16 16

Unidentified homes and properties, undated.

16 17

Unidentified groups, portraits and candid photographs, circa 1880s-1930s.

17 2

Unidentified group at Yale, portrait, circa 1900-1912.

31 10

Unidentified men, portraits and candid photographs, circa 1890s-1950s.

17 3

Unidentified men, portraits, circa 1880s.

29 9

Unidentified travel (slides and prints), undated.

17 4

Unidentified women, candid photographs, 1890s, undated.

17 5

Unidentified women, portraits, circa 1880s-1930s.

17 6

Unidentified women, portraits, circa 1880s-1920s.

29 9

B. Prints.

Box Folder

William Alexander (Lord Chief Baron of the Court of Exchequer, England, 1824-1831), portrait, undated.

17 8

James Barclay (1749-1816), portrait, undated.

17 8

Alexander William Biddle (1819-1899), portrait, undated.

17 9

Arthur Biddle (1852-1897), portrait, undated.

17 9

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), portraits (including as Colonel and Deputy Quartermaster of the Army of the Revolution), undated.

17 10

Clement Biddle (1740-1814), framed miniature portrait, undated.

26 5

Rebekah Cornell Biddle (1755-1831), portraits, undated.

17 10

Rebekah Cornell Biddle (1755-1831), framed miniature portrait, undated.

26 4

Mary Searle Barclay Biddle (1785-18725), portrait, undated.

17 11

Craig Biddle (Judge of Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia County), portrait, undated.

17 11

Edward Biddle (General), portrait, undated.

17 11

George Washington Biddle (died 1812), portrait, undated.

17 11

George Washington Biddle (1818-1897), portrait, undated.

17 11

Maria Cox McMurtrie Biddle (1818-1901), portrait, undated.

17 11

James Cornell Biddle (died 1838), portrait, undated.

17 11

James Biddle (1731-1797), (Deputy Commissary of the Court of Admiralty), portrait, undated.

17 11

John Biddle, portrait, undated.

17 11

John Barclay Biddle (1815-1879), portrait, undated.

17 11

Nicholas Biddle (1750-1775), (Captain), portrait, undated.

17 11

Jane Margaret Craig Biddle, wife of Nicholas Biddle (1786-1844), portrait, undated.

17 11

Thomas Alexander Biddle, portrait, undated.

17 12

Mrs. Thomas Alexander Biddle, portrait (either Christine Williams Biddle or Julia Cox Biddle), undated.

17 12

Thomas Biddle, portrait, undated.

17 12

John Cadwalader, portrait, undated.

17 12

Mary Biddle Cadwalader (1781-1850), portrait, wife of Thomas Cadwalader, undated.

17 12

Daniel Coxe, portrait (Colonel), undated.

17 12

John Cox, portrait, undated.

17 12

Mrs. John Cox, portraits, undated.

17 12

Tench Coxe, portrait, undated.

17 13

William Coxe, portrait, undated.

17 13

Mrs. William Coxe, née Smith, portrait, undated.

17 13

Sir Philip Francis, portrait, undated.

17 13

Tench Francis, portrait, undated.

17 13

Benjamin Franklin, portraits, undated.

17 13

Jane Gordon, portrait, undated.

17 13

Sarah, Countess of Kinnoull, portrait, undated.

17 13

William Lyman (Lieutenant), portrait, undated.

18 1

William Lyman (General), portrait, undated.

18 1

Mrs. William McMurtrie, née Coxe, portrait, undated.

18 1

Clement B. Penrose, portrait, undated.

18 1

William Tilghman, portrait, undated.

18 1

Jonathan Williams (1781-1815), portrait, undated.

18 1

Unidentified, undated.

18 2
C. Other.
Box Folder

Eleanor Heckscher (1895-1897), original painting, circa 1897-1900.

17 7

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), lithograph, circa 1920s.

29 10

Series VI. Wills, trusts, and legacies.

Scope and Contents note

Series VI. Wills, trusts, and legacies document the long and complicated financial legacies of the Biddle family. Although, these documents were initiated by individuals whose papers are found throughout the collection, they were intentionally kept separate because changes were made to documents and correspondence regarding the finances resulting from the documents were created long after an individual's death. These records are arranged in alphabetical order, and dates hopefully reflect the iterations and long legacy resulting from these wills, trusts, mortgage bonds, accounts, and other legal and estate records contain herein.

Box Folder

Alfred Alexander Biddle (1852-1967), Balliol College Alumni Fund, 1946-1960.

18 3-5

Alfred Alexander Biddle (1852-1897), will and legal trust issues, 1945-1975.

18 6

Arthur (1852-1897) and Julia (1585-1952) Biddle, mortgage bond and warrant, 1893 July 31.

18 7

Christine Williams Biddle (1780-1861), trust documents, 1879-1929.

18 8

Edith Frances Biddle (1881-1938), will, 1937-1938.

18 9

George W. Biddle (1818-1897), will and petition, 1897.

18 10

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), letters testamentary and mortgage documents, 1926, 1942.

18 11

Gertrude Heckscher Biddle (1894-1942), trust accounts, correspondence, and