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Christopher Atwood and Mikael Thompson collection of Mongolian election materials

Print. Coll. 35

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Atwood, Christopher Pratt, 1964-
Thompson, Mikael
Christopher Atwood and Mikael Thompson collection of Mongolian election materials
Date [inclusive]:
Call Number:
Print. Coll. 35
0.2 linear feet (1 box)
Language Note:
All materials are in Mongolian
This collection contains material relating primarily to the "Democratic Forces" of the 1992 and 2012 parliamentary elections in Mongolia, and to the 2013 presidential election in Mongolia. There are events lists, candidate descriptions, brochures, “know-how” sheets, election posters, and newspapers concerning the elections and candidates.
Cite as:
Christopher Atwood and Mikael Thompson collection of Mongolian election materials, 1992-2017, Print Collection 35, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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The unicameral parliament of Mongolia, also called the State Great Khural, was first called to session in 1924. It has 76 seats, most of which are historically filled by members of the Mongolian People’s Party. In 1960, a new constitution was adopted, and in 1990 the first free, democratic, multi-party election in Mongolia was held. At this time, the constitution was changed again and established the State Baga Hural as the highest legislative body.

The president of Mongolia is elected by the citizens after becoming a candidate by being nominated by a political party with representation in the State Great Khural. The title "President of Mongolia" was not adopted until 1990.

Scope and Contents

The 1992 Mongolian parliamentary election material includes candidate descriptions, events lists, "know-how" sheets, posters and typed documents.

The 2012 Mongolian parliamentary election materials include printed material on several of the candidates elected to parliament in 2012, including several items concerning Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal of the Democratic Party (Ринчиннямын Амаржаргал) and Luvsannyamyn Gantömör of the democratic party (Лувсаннямын Гантөмөр), in addition to Sodnomzunduin Erdene (Содномзундуйн Эрдэнэ) and Luvsangiin Erdenechimeg (Лувсангийн Эрдэнэчимэг). There is one brochure with a map containing the names and pictures of all 76 people elected to parliament in 2012. Finally, there is printed material on several other candidates who do not seem to have been elected. In addition to the printed election materials are several newspapers concerning the election.

The 2013 presidential election brochures include a brochure for both Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj (Цахиагийн Элбэгдорж), the Democratic Party candidate who was elected president, and Badmaanyambuugiin Bat-Erdene (Бадмаанямбуугийн БАТ-ЭРДЭНЭ) the Mongolian People’s Party candidate who was runner up.

This collection primarily documents "the Democratic forces," that is, the range of parties and factions opposed to the Mongolian People's (Revolutionary) Party, which was the ruling Communist-type party from 1924 on, and has generally been dominant in Mongolian electoral politics since 1992.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 March 2

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kelin Baldridge

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Christopher Atwood, 2016 and 2017.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Mongolia. Eronkhiilogchiin Tamgyn Gazar.
  • Mongolia. Ikh Khural.
  • Brochures
  • Fliers (printed matter)
  • Leaflets (printed works)
  • Newspapers
  • Posters
Geographic Name(s)
  • Mongolia--Politics and government--20th century
  • Mongolia--Politics and government--21st century
  • Elections
  • Political campaigns
  • Political science

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Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Parliamentary election candidate descriptions, 1992.

1 1

Parliamentary election events lists, 1992.

1 2

Parliamentary election "know-how" sheets, 1992.

1 3

Parliamentary election materials, 1992.

1 4
Drawer Folder

Parliamentary election posters, 1992.

Box Folder

Parliamentary election typed document, 1992.

1 5

Parliamentary election materials, 2012.

1 6
Drawer Folder

Parliamentary election newspapers, 2012.

Box Folder

Presidential election brochures, 2013.

1 7

Congressional election brochure, 2016.

1 8

Presidential election brochures and articles, 2017.

1 9