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Kourion, Cyprus Expedition records

1050

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Hill, B.H. (Bert Hodge), b. 1874-d.1958
Creator:
McFadden, George H., b. 1907-d.1953
Title:
Kourion, Cyprus Expedition records
Date [inclusive]:
1933-1985
Call Number:
1050
Extent:
15.5 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Penn Museum began excavating in Cyprus during the 1930-31 season foloowing up at Kourion beginning in 1934. Interrupted by World War II, (1941-1945) it continued until 1954. The expedition revealed an extensive area of settlement containing sites inhabited variously from the Neolithic through Byzantine periods. The Kourion, Cyprus Expedition Records consist of 34 boxes of correspondence, accounts books, field notebooks, drawings, plans, photographs, reports and manuscripts. The collection also contains object cards and object catalogues.
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Biography/History

After digging at Lapithos in 1930-1931, the Penn Museum, under B. H. Hill, resumed excavations in Cyprus in the spring of 1934 at Curium (Kourion), near Episkopi. Hill was assisted by George H. McFadden, a University of Pennsylvania Museum research associate and generous backer of the Cypriot program. The excavations, conducted from 1934-1954 (interrupted by World War II, 1941-1945) revealed an extensive area of settlement containing sites inhabited variously from the Neolithic through Byzantine periods. The main sites were: Sotira (Neolithic) excavated by the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the Cyprus Department of Antiquities (P. Dikaios) in 1951, Bamboula (Late Bronze Age) and Kaloriziki Necropolis (Geometric) excavated by J. F. Daniel in 1937, 1939, and 1948, and Kourion (Classical through Roman) with the extensive Sanctuary of Apollo excavated by G. McFadden. Numerous other individuals participated periodically in the excavations, including Virginia Grace and DeCoursey Fales. When George McFadden died in a boating accident in 1953, the excavations were near completion, and so after a study season and the settling of administrative matters by G. Roger Edwards for the Museum, the excavations were closed. Research continues today on the Cypriot finds in the University of Pennsylvania Museum, and excavations at the site have been resumed in recent times by other institutions. The Penn Museum archives also house the records of Diana Buitron-Oliver, who excavated at Kourion in the early 1980s.

The excavations were led by B.H. Hill and George H. McFadden. Hill, a graduate of the University of Vermont received his M.A. from Columbia University. It was at Columbia that he participated in classes in classical studies and he eventually became a Fellow at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. Hill was an accomplished epigrapher in addition to his knowledge of architecture, sculpture and topography and the recipient of numerous honorary degress and memberships. He participated in excavations at Lapithos and Kourion for the Penn Museum.

George H. McFadden was a graduate of Princeton University who led the excavation at Kourion for the Penn Museum. He worked at the site off and on for twenty years and paved the way for further excavations by the Cypriot Department of Antiquities. Mc Fadden was killed in a sailing accident in 1953 near the end of the Kourion excavation.

Scope and Contents

After digging at Lapithos in 1930-1931, the Penn Museum, under B. H. Hill, resumed excavations in Cyprus in the spring of 1934 at Curium (Kourion), near Episkopi. Hill was assisted by George H. McFadden, a University of Pennsylvania Museum research associate and generous backer of the Cypriot program. The excavations, conducted from 1934-1954 (interrupted by World War II, 1941-1945) revealed an extensive area of settlement containing sites inhabited variously from the Neolithic through Byzantine periods. The main sites were: Sotira (Neolithic) excavated by the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the Cyprus Department of Antiquities (P. Dikaios) in 1951, Bamboula (Late Bronze Age) and Kaloriziki Necropolis (Geometric) excavated by J. F. Daniel in 1937, 1939, and 1948, and Kourion (Classical through Roman) with the extensive Sanctuary of Apollo excavated by G. McFadden. Numerous other individuals participated periodically in the excavations, including Virginia Grace and DeCoursey Fales. When George McFadden died in a boating accident in 1953, the excavations were near completion, and so after a study season and the settling of administrative matters by G. Roger Edwards for the Museum, the excavations were closed. Research continues today on the Cypriot finds in the University of Pennsylvania Museum, and excavations at the site have been resumed in recent times by other institutions. The Penn Museum archives also house the records of Diana Buitron-Oliver, who excavated at Kourion in the early 1980s.

A large segment of the Kourion records consist of correspondence and reports regarding financial and administrative matters, as well as the progress of the excavations. Correspondents include B. H. Hill, G. H. McFadden, J. F. Daniel, V. Grace, H. H. F. Jayne, M. A. Godfrey, and F. Rainey. Much of the 1953-55 correspondence concerns the settlement of McFadden's affairs, especially in relation to the excavation.

The numerous publications on Cyprus are listed in the May 1978 bibliography, including J. L. Benson's 1972 Museum Monograph, Bamboula at Kourion. See also "Publications of The University Museum–Mediterranean" (1973).

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  3/25/2014

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kathleen T. Baxter, L. Rosen, L. Zych

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Faculty papers
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Kourion (Extinct city)
Personal Name(s)
  • Edwards, G. Roger, 1914-2009
  • Fales, DeCoursey, b.1918-d.2000
  • Grace, Virginia R., b.1901-d.1994
  • Hill, B.H. (Bert Hodge), b. 1874-d.1958
  • McFadden, George H., b. 1907-d.1953
Subject(s)
  • Archaeology--Burials
  • Excavations (Archaeology)
  • Plans and drawings

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Collection Inventory

Correspondence, 1933-1985.

Box

Undated.

1

December 1933-June 1934.

1

July-December 1934.

1

January-July 1935.

1

July-December 1935.

1

January-June 1936.

1

July-December 1936.

1

1937.

1

1938.

1

1939.

1

1940.

1

1941-1945.

1

1946.

1

January-June 1947.

1

July-December 1947.

1

1948.

2

1949.

2

1949-1951 Coins.

2

1950.

2

1951.

2

1952-April 1953.

2

1953 McFadden's death (1 of 2).

2

1953 McFadden's death (2 of 2).

2

1954 to 1968 Re: J.S. Last.

2

January-April 1954.

2

May-December 1954.

2

1955.

2

1956-1957.

2

1957 Apollo terracotta objects.

2

1958-1961.

2

1974-1975 J.S. Last monograph ("Water supply...").

2

1972-1977.

2

1978-1980.

3

1981-1983.

3

1984-1985.

3

Accounts, 1948-1984.

Box

Account Book, 1948.

3

Monthly expenses statements, 1949-1954.

3

G. McFadden personal account, 1953.

3

Excavation receipts, 1953-1954.

3

Account books, 1953-1954.

3

Publications budget, 1978-1984.

3

Reports and Manuscripts, 1938-1980.

Box

Bamboula (..."Seal impressions...") Benson 1955.

3

Bamboula Report to the Department of Antiquities, 1938.

3

Bamboula "A Tomb of the Early Classical Period" Benson (photos).

3

Kourion Complex (Apollo) pre 1945.

3

Kourion Complex (Apollo) post 1945 (1 of 2).

3

Kourion Complex (Apollo) post 1945 (2 of 2).

3

Kourion Complex Palace.

3

Kourion Complex Palace (Mosaics) Fales, c. 1955 (1 of 2).

3

Kourion Complex Palace (Mosaics) Fales, c. 1955 (2 of 2).

4

Kourion Complex Palace (Stadium) 1947 (photos and drawings).

4

Kourion Complex (Stadium) "Fluted Columns in Cypress" Benson c. 1955.

4

Kourion Complex (Stadium), terracotta objects 1948.

4

St. Hermogenes, Discovery of Trench 43, V. Grace 1941.

4

Sotira, P. Dikaios, 1951.

4

Excavation Reports 1949-1951.

4

Hellenistic Portraits, McFadden 1951.

4

"New Ideas about the Destruction of Paphos," D. Soren and E. Lane 1980.

4

"The Seals of Curium," c. 1950.

4

Bibliography.

4

Field notes/notebooks, 1934-1954.

Box

Bamboula: Index of J.F.Daniel notebooks.

4

Bamboula: Stratigraphic concordances.

4

Bamboula: Trench number and house number concordances.

4

Bamboula: Area A Circuit Wall (extracted from McFadden's notebooks).

4

Bamboula: Area A Strats A-G.

4

Bamboula: Area C-D.

4

Bamboula: Area E-F.

4

Bamboula: Tombs (extracted from McFadden's notebooks).

4

Bamboula: Trenches 1-21.

4

Bamboula: Finds by strata.

4

Bamboula: Pottery classification.

4

Bamboula: Pottery percentages.

4

Bamboula: Miscellaneous.

4

Kaloriziki: Tombs (extracted from McFadden's notebooks).

4

Kaloriziki: Trenches (extracted from McFadden's notebooks).

4

Kourion Complex Apollo (extracted from McFadden's notebooks) (1 of 2).

5

Kourion Complex Apollo (extracted from McFadden's notebooks) (2 of 2).

5

Kourion Complex Apollo (extracted from McFadden's notebooks).

5

Kourion Complex Basilica (extracted from McFadden's notebooks).

5

Kourion Complex Basilica? Survey calcuations (Oct.-Nov.1938).

5

Kourion Complex Palace Sherds (1949-1950).

5

Kourion Complex Trenches.

5

Kourion Complex Miscellaneous.

5

Mersinoudhia 1935.

5

St. Hermogenes Bags of objects 1949.

5

Miscellaneous.

5

Cox, D.H.: Kourion Complex, The Mint 1954.

6

Daniel, J.F. Kourion/Kaloriziki 1934.

6

Daniel, J.F. Kourion (Palace and Theater)II Mar.-May, 1935.

6

Daniel, J.F. Mersinoudhia/Kaloriziki (Tombs) IIIa Nov.-Dec. 1935.

6

Daniel, J.F. Bambouli/Erimi tomb IIIb Mar. 1937-1938.

6

Daniel, J.F. Bamboula IV Mar.1937-May 1938.

6

Daniel, J.F. Bamboula V May 1937-Mar. 1938.

6

Daniel, J.F. Bamboula VI April-June 1938.

6

Daniel, J.F. Bamboula VII Mar.-May 1939.

6

Daniel, J.F. Bamboula VIII May-June 1939.

6

Daniel, J.F. Bamboula IX 1948.

6

Edwards, G. Roger 1954.

6

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace) I Oct.-Nov.1938.

6

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace) II Nov.-Dec. 1938.

6

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace) III Mar. 1948- April (sic)1949.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace) IV April 1949.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace/Theater) V May-June 1949.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace/Theater) VI July 1949.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace/Theater) VII July 1949.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace) VIII Sep.-Oct. 1949.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace) IX Oct.-Nov. 1949.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace) X Nov. 1949.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Theater) XI Mar.-Apr. 1950.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Theater) XII Apr.-May 1950.

7

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Theater) XIII May 1950.

8

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace) XIV 1950.

8

Grace, V. St. Hermogenes I May 1940-Apr.1941.

8

Grace, V. St. Hermogenes II Nov. 1941-Mar. 1942.

8

Hill, B.H. I Site levels June 1934-Dec. 1935.

8

Hill, B.H. II Surveys 1936-1937.

8

Last, J.S. I Kourion Complex (Apollo, St. Herm. Stadium, Yerakara)Sept.-Nov. 1946.

8

Last, J.S. I Architecture Objects Spring 1949.

8

McFadden, G.H. Kaloriziki 1952 + Benson 1954.

8

McFadden, G.H. Apollo I Nov. 1935-Apr.1936+ Mar. 1937.

8

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) II Mar.-May 1937.

8

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) III 1937?-1939.

8

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) IV May-June 1939; Oct.-Nov. 1947.

8

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) V Nov. 1947-May 1948.

8

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) VI May 1948-Apr. 1949.

8

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) VII Apr.-May 1949.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) VIII May-June 1949.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) IX May-June 1950.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) X May 1950.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) XI May-June 1950.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) XII May-Dec. 1950.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) XIII Dec. 1950-Mar. 1951.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) XIV Mar.-May 1951.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) XV May 1951-Jan. 1952.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex (Apollo) XVI Jan.-July 1952.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex & Kaloriziki 1934.

9

McFadden, G.H. Kourion Complex II 1935.

9

McFadden, G.H. St. Hermogenes I 1940.

9

McFadden, G.H. St. Hermogenes II May-Jul. 1940.

9

McFadden, G.H. St. Hermogenes III Jul. 1940-Apr. 1941.

9

McFadden, G.H. St. Hermogenes IV Apr.-May 1941.

10

McFadden, G.H. St. Hermogenes V May-Jul. 1941.

10

McFadden, G.H. St. Hermogenes VI Jul.-Nov. 1941.

10

McFadden, G.H. St. Hermogenes VII Nov. 1941-Mar. 1949.

10

McFadden, G.H. St. Hermogenes VIII Mar.-Apr. 1949.

10

McFadden, G.H. Photo Records I Rolls 118-145 Apr. 1949-Nov. 1950.

10

McFadden, G.H. Photo Records II Rolls 145-176 Nov. 1950-1952.

10

Stillwell, R. Kourion (Theater) 1954.

10

Young, J.H. Apollo, Altar II Apotheke Record (Ayia Anna) 1938, 1947.

10

Young, J.H. II Atmeidan 1939, 1947.

10

Young, J.H. III Kourion Complex 1946-1947.

10

Drawings and Plans, 1935-1954.

Box

Bamboula Graffito squeezes.

5

Pottery drawings Benson publications (1 of 3).

5

Pottery drawings Benson publications (2 of 3).

5

Pottery drawings Benson publications (3 of 3).

5

Kourion Complex (Apollo) Object drawings.

5

Kourion Complex (Apollo) Site drawings (1 of 2).

5

Kourion Complex (Apollo) Site drawings (2 of 2).

5

Object cards.

Box

Bamboula: All catagories except pottery and sherds.

11

Bamboula: Pottery.

12

Bamboula Other Objects.

34

Bamboula: Sherds.

13

Bamboula: Sherd bags by excavation unit.

14

Kaloriziki: Bone to pottery (to #878).

15

Kaloriziki: Pottery (from 879 to tomb).

16

Kourion Complex Arch. to Glass.

17

Kourion Complex Grafitti to Lamp (to #780).

18

Kourion Complex Lamp (from #781),Mitford cards, Metal (to #124).

19

Kourion Complex Metal (from #135a) to Mosaic.

20

Kourion Complex Pottery to Sherds (to #1264).

21

Kourion Complex Sherds (From #1268)to Terracotta; Bibliography.

22

St. Hermogenes All categories.

23

Catalogues, 1939-1948.

Box

Recording and numbering system for object cards.

24

Bamboula: Tombs and settlements.

24

Bamboula: Miscellaneous lists.

24

Bamboula and Kaloriziki: Miscellaneous lists.

24

Bamboula and Kourion Complex (trenches, palace): Sherds.

24

Kaloriziki: Miscellaneous lists.

24

Kaloriziki and Paleokastro: Objects (Aug. 1939).

24

Kourion Complex (Apollo): Finds (abstracted from McFadden's notebooks) (1 of 2).

24

Kourion Complex (Apollo): Finds (abstracted from McFadden's notebooks) (2 of 2).

24

Kourion Complex (Apollo and St. Anne): Objects Dec. 1939.

24

Kourion Complex (Basilica and Stadium): Objects.

24

Kourion Complex (Palace): Objects Dec. 1948.

24

Kourion Complex Coins (C1-C2760).

24

Kourion Complex Coins (C2761-C4534).

24

Kourion Complex Coins Miscellaneous.

24

St. Hermogenes Objects.

24

Objects to be treated.

24

Stamped Amphorae handles (SH).

24

Division and packing lists; Cyprus Museum.

24

Division and packing lists: University Museum.

24

Miscellaneous.

24

Photographs.

Box

Daniel, J.F.: Numbering system and inventory.

25

Daniel, J.F.: Rolls V-XXX (1934-1935).

25

Daniel, J.F.: Rolls Alphabetical (1938-1948).

25

Daniel, J.F.: Bamboula Numbered lists (1937-1939).

25

Daniel, J.F.: Missing negatives 1938.

25

Edwards, Cox et al: Color 1-10; B&W 1-78; A-B 1953-1954.

25

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace/Theater) Object Rolls 1-41.

25

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace/Theater) Excavation view Rolls 1-37.

25

Fales, D. Kourion Complex (Palace/Theater) Excavation view Rolls 38-76.

25

Grace, V.: Bamboula 1938-1941.

25

Grace, V.: Films 1-46 1940-1942.

25

McFadden, G.: Rolls III-VI, 1-48 1934.

25

McFadden, G.: Rolls 48-127 1940-1949.

25

McFadden, G.: Rolls 128-176 1950-1953.

25

Kaloriziki.

25

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 22-40.

25

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 41-44.

25

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 63-81.

25

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 96-100.

25

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 101-106.

25

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 107-111.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 112-116.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 117-122.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 123-125.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 130-132.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 133-138.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 139-143.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 143a-147.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 148-152.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 153-159.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 160-164.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 165-169.

26

McFadden, G.: Contact prints Rolls 170-176.

26

McFadden, G.: Print Rolls 21-71*.

28

McFadden, G.: Print Rolls 74-123*.

29

McFadden, G.: Print Rolls 124-161*.

30

McFadden, G.: Print Rolls 132; 176*.

31

McFadden, G.: Kaloriziki Rolls II and III*.

31

McFadden, G.: Prints unnumbered*.

31

McFadden, G.: Prints unidentified*.

31

Daniel, A.F. Prints A-N.

31

Daniel, A.F. Prints V-XXX.

31

Daniel, A.F. Prints Kourion Complex (Palace/Theater).

31

Daniel, A.F. Prints: Bamboula 1938 1-139.

32

Daniel, A.F. Prints: Bamboula 1939 1-290.

32

Daniel, A.F. Prints: Bamboula 1948 B-I.

32

Daniel, A.F. Prints: Bamboula Object Rolls, A,B,Y,Z,AA-MM 1939.

32

Weinberg S. Prints Bamboula, Excavation Rolls I-II 1951.

32

Unidentified Prints Bamboula, Excavations Unnumbered.

32

Grace, V.R. Prints Bamboula, Object Rolls 1-43 1938-1941.

32

Grace, V.R. Prints several sites, Objects and excavations Rolls 1-56 1940-1941.

33

Cox, D.H. Drawings. Box 34 contains oversize prints..

34

McFadden, G.H. Oversize Prints (1 of 2).

34

McFadden, G.H. Oversize Prints (2 of 2).

34

Bamboula Excavations.

34

Bamboula Grafitti.

34

Bamboula Pottery.

34

Kaloriziki Excavations.

34

Kaloriziki Objects.

34

Kourion Complex Apollo Excavations.

34

Kourion Complex Palace/Baths Excavations.

34

Kourion Complex Excavations.

34

Kourion Complex Apollo Objects.

34

Kourion Complex Mosaics.

35

Kourion Complex Water system (J.S. Last publication).

35

St. Anne/St. Hermogenes.

35

Sotira.

35

Unknown Sites Excavations (1 of 2).

35

Unknown Sites Excavations (2 of 2).

35

Unknown Sites: Objects (1 of 2).

35

Unknown Sites: Objects (2 of 2).

35

Aerial photos.

35

Plans.

35

Miscellaneous.

35