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Lewis Mumford papers

Ms. Coll. 2

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990
Lewis Mumford papers
circa 1905-1987
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 2
197 boxes
Comprising nineteen series, the Mumford papers provide extensive documentation of Mumford's professional life over a period of approximately seventy years. Predominant are correspondence and drafts of and notes for Mumford's writings, which include publications of over forty books and pamphlets and approximately one thousand articles and book reviews.
Cite as:
Lewis Mumford papers, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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Lewis Mumford (b. 1895) is one of the foremost American intellectuals of the twentieth century. He has described himself as a "generalist," and in his distinguished career as a writer he has covered a vast territory with both depth and insight. Believing that knowledge had become too fragmentary in the modern age, he sought to build bridges across academic disciplines and to synthesize information from various specialties. Mumford's audience was the educated layman, and in his numerous writings, which included over two dozen books and nearly one thousand articles and book reviews, he challenged his public to think in new ways. As a critic of American literature, art, and architecture, Mumford informed his readership about new developments in Europe, while at the same time he uncovered buried riches from the nation's past. The city in all of its historical, sociological, and technological aspects occupied a special place in his vision of man's past and future potential. While he is primarily remembered for his writings in these areas, the extraordinary catholicity of Mumford's intellectual interests also included the history of religious and philosophical thought, the pre- and post-World War II political scene, and the state of American education.

Mumford was born in 1895 in Flushing, New York. He was raised by his mother Elvina on the Upper West Side of New York, and with the absence of his father, his stepgrandfather Charles Graessel played a major role in the boy's early development. Mumford and Graessel took long walks around the city together, and these excursions proved to be a major stimulus of his interest in the built environment. A model elementary school student, Mumford went on to attend New York's prestigious Stuyvesant High School, where he was graduated in the spring of 1912. He began his undergraduate studies in the evening session of the City College of New York the following autumn, but upon transferring to the day session, he became increasingly frustrated with the rigid requirements. Mumford felt that his intellectual curiosity was being stifled, and he quickly dropped out of the program. Although he would subsequently take courses at Columbia University, New York University, the New School for Social Research, and again at the City College evening session, Mumford never acquired an undergraduate degree. Mumford was disturbed by his perception that academia had become too specialized, and during his later teaching career, he sought to break down these barriers. He has taught at Dartmouth College (1929-1935), Stanford University (1942-1944), and the University of Pennsylvania (1951-1956 and 1959-1961), among other schools. Although he has been besieged with offers of honorary degrees, Mumford has accepted only two: an L.L.D. from the University of Edinburgh in 1965 and a Dr. Arch. from the University of Rome in 1967.

While studying biology at City College, Mumford first came across the writings of the Scottish biologist, sociologist, and town planner Sir Patrick Geddes (1854-1932). The two met only twice, but they corresponded for over a dozen years until the elder man's death. Mumford found an intellectual role model in Geddes, who managed to integrate his multitudinous interests into an academic and consulting career that carried him from the United Kingdom to France, Palestine, Cyprus, India, and the United States. Geddes prescribed an interdisciplinary method of study that was loosely based upon his evolutionary studies in biology. According to this method, which he called "regional survey," it is only by studying a region's history, topography, economy, and sociology that a viable plan for its future could be determined. Mumford immediately set out exploring his local environment in and around the New York region, which awakened his latent interest in architecture and city planning. In addition, he began to submit articles to various periodicals in which he expounded the Scotsman's methodology and point of view. Mumford's intellectual debt to Geddes is most apparent in his first book,  The Story of Utopias (New York, 1922). This broad survey of utopian thought that ranged from Plato to H.G. Wells concluded with a call for the renewal of communities on a regional basis. He would expand upon many of these themes in the four-volume  "Renewal of Life" series, which he began writing in the 1930s.

Mumford's persistence in trying to enter the extremely competitive New York publishing community eventually paid off in the form of his first literary post, that of associate editor at the fortnightly Dial. Unfortunately for the young journalist, the position was terminated upon the magazine's reorganization seven months later. He was not unemployed for long, however, since through Geddes, Mumford had been put in touch with Victor Branford, president of the London-based Sociological Society. Hearing of the aspiring writer's predicament, Branford invited Mumford to England to become acting editor of the Society's organ,  The Sociological Review. Although Mumford stayed in the position for only a few months, it lent credence to his already fast-growing list of publishing accomplishments. At the same time, it brought him into contact with the leading sociological thinkers and town planners of the post-war generation, including S.D. Adshead and Raymond Unwin. Mumford returned to the United States in the fall of 1920, and the following year he married one of his former  Dial colleagues, Sophia Wittenberg. Their first-born child, a son, was named Geddes in honor of Mumford's mentor. The Mumfords' daughter, Alison, was born in 1935.

During the 1920s, Mumford wrote for numerous journals; he contributed articles and reviewed books on a vast array of topics, including the literary and visual arts, sociology, politics, and philosophy. For a few of the same journals Mumford assumed the post of critic-at-large, reviewing plays, art exhibitions, and architecture with equal facility. Mumford's byline was associated most frequently with The Freeman,   The New Republic,   The American Mercury, and the  Journal of the American Institute of Architects, but after 1931 he became most closely identified as a journalist with  The New Yorker. His witty and often irreverent writing style found immediate favor with the magazine's editor Harold Ross, and he was soon assigned to regular departments. From 1931 to 1963, Mumford was  The New Yorker's architectural critic, writing under the heading "The Sky Line." The column reached a sophisticated, general audience in addition to architects and planners, and Mumford consistently used it as a forum to promote humanistic values over the purely technological in modern design. From 1932 to 1937 he held the additional post of art critic for  The New Yorker, for which he wrote reviews of museum exhibitions and gallery shows on an almost weekly basis. In addition, two of Mumford's earliest and most successful attempts at autobiography first appeared in the magazine under the titles of  "A New York Childhood" and  "A New York Adolescence."

Mumford's literary career was quickly established through an early string of publishing successes following The Story of Utopias. His next four books were thematically related to the rediscovery of the American past, an historical inquiry which he shared with his literary colleagues Van Wyck Brooks and Waldo Frank. Brooks had initiated this process of rediscovery, which he called the  "usable past," and he exerted a particularly strong influence on Mumford at this stage of his writing career.  Sticks and Stones (New York, 1924) was a history of American architecture presented from a cultural rather than a purely stylistic standpoint. Mumford used much the same historiographic approach in his complementary study of American literature titled  The Golden Day (New York, 1926). He particularly praised the writers of the mid-nineteenth centuryMelville, Hawthorne, Emerson, Whitman, and Thoreaufor their ability to break free from the confines of their European heritage and to create something wholly original and American. Out of this study developed his fourth book and first biography,  Herman Melville (New York, 1929). Mumford's fascination with Melville's troubled and enigmatic personality coincided with a particularly bleak period of his own personal life, and the experience of writing the book was as cathartic to him as it was self-illuminating.

Mumford pushed the literary analysis he had begun in The Golden Day into the latter half of the nineteenth century and synthesized it with parallel studies of art, architecture, landscape architecture, and engineering in his book  The Brown Decades (New York, 1931). He expanded the literary  "pantheon" he had created in  The Golden Day to include leading figures from the other arts, such as John and Washington Roebling, Frederick Law Olmsted, H.H. Richardson, and Albert Pinkham Ryder. In identifying these nineteenth-century figures, Mumford thought that he had discovered the true origins of American culture, and he hoped that his revelation would spur his contemporaries on to greater creative heights in the twentieth century.

"The Renewal of Life" series was Mumford's attempt to chronicle the history of western civilization and to chart a course for its future survival. The writing of the series occupied Mumford for almost twenty years, beginning with the first volume,  Technics and Civilization (New York, 1934). This survey of the history of technology was the most comprehensive analysis of the subject in English to date. In the book Mumford concluded that only man's complete mastery over the machine and a reorientation of the capitalist system that fueled it could arrest the destructive proclivities of modern technology.  The Culture of Cities (New York, 1938), volume two of the series, applied the same analysis to urban history, from the medieval synthesis to the contemporary state of disintegration on the eve of World War II. Although Mumford's ideas on cities had been initially influenced by Geddes, he had been a member of the Regional Planning Association of America (RPAA) since the 1920s and promoted the progressive views of this group of architects in print. In the book's conclusion, he reiterated his call for regional cities first expressed in  The Story of Utopias, but by this time it had been answered in part by such RPAA-influenced communities as Sunnyside, Queens and Radburn, New Jersey. The book catapulted Mumford into prominence as an international authority on city planning.

Crossing over from the physical world to the world of ideas, Mumford examined the parallel histories of religion, philosophy, and politics in volume three of "The Renewal of Life" series, The Condition of Man (New York, 1944). The intervening catastrophe of World War II increased the urgency of Mumford's appeal for a more organic way of life, in which man was in harmony with his neighbors and his environment. Mumford actively lobbied for America's involvement in the war and wrote two political tracts in this vein:  Men Must Act (New York, 1939) and  Faith for Living (New York, 1940). His son, however, was killed during the conflict, and this event depleted much of Mumford's optimism for the future of civilization. A memoir of his son Geddes's life,  Green Memories (New York, 1947), is as much an autobiographical work as it is a universal story of a troubled adolescent's coming-of-age. Mumford concluded the  "Renewal of Life Series" with  The Conduct of Life (New York, 1951), a title chosen for its deliberate references to two of his favorite philosophers: Ralph Waldo Emerson and Benedetto Croce. While essentially a summary of the previous volumes, the book was Mumford's expansive, if somewhat rigid, prescription for the ills of modern society. His  "renewal" involved a transformation at the individual level, and its ultimate goal was the attainment of a physically, mentally, and spiritually  "balanced" personality.

The 1950s were a time of reflection and renewal for Mumford himself. With the development and deployment of the atomic bomb at the end of World War II, Mumford saw his worst fears about technology realized. One of the earliest proponents of a nuclear freeze, he came out strongly against atomic weapons in numerous articles and in his book, In the Name of Sanity (New York, 1954). The decline of the environment, both built and natural, was another cause for Mumford's concern. His  "Sky Line" columns for  The New Yorker during this period addressed the increasing congestion, pollution, and disintegration of the world's cities in general and New York City in particular. While he saw reason for optimism in the series of British  "New Towns" built after the war, he was increasingly pessimistic about the ability of modern architecture and planning to provide workable solutions. He maintained his interest in architectural history and education as well: he edited  Roots of Contemporary American Architecture (New York, 1952), a collection of writings that established native origins for the modern movement. The book has become a standard textbook in architectural schools. During this period Mumford taught in the city planning department at the University of Pennsylvania, where he infused the curriculum with his humanistic view of architecture and history. At the same time, he began to rethink his earlier views on urban history.

The City in History (New York, 1961) was Mumford's  magnum opus, for which he was given the National Book Award (1962). While essentially an updating of  The Culture of Cities, the book expanded his analysis of urban history to the very dawn of civilization. Mumford made extensive use of archaeological data in this study to argue that it was the female-oriented container rather than the male-oriented tool that was responsible for civilization's advancement. As in the earlier book, Mumford saw the medieval period as a time of great synthesis and harmony that had gradually been lost. Although he believed in the enduring structure of the city, the intervening decades had created vastly more complex problems for modern man to solve, including pollution, overpopulation, and the threat of nuclear annihilation. The two-volume  Myth of the Machine (Technics and Human Development, New York, 1967, and  The Pentagon of Power, New York, 1970) dealt with many of the same issues from a technological viewpoint, but it was far more ominous in its conclusions. Mumford argued that the ancient, human-powered megamachine had its modern counterpart in the technologically oriented economy of the post-war United States. Furthermore, he viewed scientists and politicians as co-conspirators in this quest for power, and unless stopped in their mission, they would render life meaningless. Once again, Mumford called for inner transformation, although by this time, he was almost certain that no one was listening.

Mumford's final works were largely autobiographical in nature, as he came to terms with his own place in history. Interpretations and Forecasts (New York, 1973),  Findings and Keepings (New York, 1975),  Architecture as a Home for Man (New York 1975), and  My Works and Days (New York, 1979) excerpted Mumford's varied literary output of over a half-century. For more than twenty years he labored over the manuscript of his autobiography, which proved to be the most difficult, if not the most ambitious, of his many books.  Sketches from Life (New York, 1982) covers only the first half of Mumford's life, but it provides a multi-faceted insight into the worlds of American letters, architecture, and politics, in addition to his tumultuous personal relationships. Retired from active writing, Mumford currently lives with his wife Sophia in Leedsville, New York, near Amenia.

Scope and Contents

The Lewis Mumford papers primarily document Mumford's professional life as writer, critic, and teacher over a period of approximately seventy years, while at the same time, they offer a rare and intimate glimpse of this extremely private man. Mumford's prolific literary output and extensive correspondence predominate in the 197 boxes that comprise the Papers. As such, the collection offers not only a unique but also a remarkably comprehensive approach to scholarship on Lewis Mumford, his fields of interest, and his times.

Lewis and Sophia Mumford began to deposit their papers at the University of Pennsylvania in 1966, when Robert E. Spiller, a Penn faculty member, was editing The Van Wyck Brooks-Lewis Mumford Letters. The University of Pennsylvania would have seemed an appropriate repository for the collection for other reasons: Mumford had spent many of the academic semesters between 1951 and 1961 as a visiting professor at Penn, and the University's Van Pelt Library had also acquired the papers of of Brooks and Waldo Frank, two of Mumford's intellectual peers.

In general, the Mumfords saved all letters that were written to them and all drafts and notes related to Lewis's writings. Throughout his adult life Lewis would even keep copies on a highly selective basis of letters that he wrote to others. Some exceptions and limitations do apply, however, regarding the extensive scope of the manuscript collection. The Mumfords did weed "seemingly unimportant" material during the twenty-two year period of transfer to the University. Lewis felt that modern scholarship depended too much upon interpretation of the flotsam and jetsam of a writer's life; there was also the practical consideration of the sheer bulk of the collection. In a conversation in June 1989, Sophia said that she has gradually come around to the view that seemingly insignificant items might have value for future research which we cannot anticipate now. Consequently, the papers sent to the University of Pennsylvania more recently reflect her changed attitude. Nonetheless, the Lewis Mumford Papers, in all their great quantity, do not contain relatively less significant research materials such as cancelled checks and receipts for household expenses: they represent an archive of philosophical and social investigation and commentary, not a record of the minutia of a family's daily life.

Some gaps in the collection, nevertheless, remain. In general, it is not possible to know whether certain materials were destroyed by the Mumfords in recent years, or if they were lost or destroyed in the past. Among the missing materials are drafts and notes for Men Must Act, Faith for Living, and  Green Memories. Many of the gaps, however, are partially compensated for in other parts of the collection. For example, there are no working materials for the  Lewis Mumford on the City film series in the Lewis Mumford Papers, but the extensive correspondence from the producers, the National Film Board of Canada, provides important information and background on the project. Given the size and complexity of the collection, the thorough researcher should examine the container list and the indexes to correspondents carefully.

Care was taken in processing the collection not to do violence to the Mumfords' own arrangement of the papers, while at the same time making the collection as accessible as possible. In sorting, priority was always given to Mumford's most recent use of materials. Because of the length and diversity of his writing career, he at times found it necessary to remove certain items, such as notes, partial typescripts, or articles, from their original files for use in later projects. For instance, the notes for a 1924-1925 New School lecture series are filed with materials for Sticks and Stones, for which they were later used.

Re-use of research materials is particularly evident in items from The Culture of Cities, which were used later for work on  The City in History. Many pieces of early writing were utilized in compiling  Interpretations and Forecasts (1973);  Findings and Keepings (1975);  My Works and Days (1979);  Sketches from Life (1982); and several uncompleted volumes of autobiography or miscellany begun in the 1970s. For some of these late works, no typescripts exist, only files of early writings. Fortunately, the Mumfords usually made notations, often in red ink, on items removed from their original files. Sometimes they refiled what had been moved: the notations identify such items. In some cases, Mumford mixed working materials for more than one project together in such a way that attempting to separate them would destroy some of their research value. Such cases are filed in the most logical possible fashion and are noted in the container list. Many materials are inscribed with dates, and while these are usually accurate, some inadvertant errors may have been made by the Mumfords.

The present arrangement of the papers depends heavily upon Mumford's own identification of the materials, generally in the form of notes on the items themselves or on the folders which originally housed them. At times, unfortunately, the notes are cryptic or incomplete. The segments of the collection that arrived at the Rare Book and Manuscript Library in the 1960s were processed in a way which did not always adequately document the sources of identifications. In the present container list quotation marks always indicate Mumford's own identifying words.

In the first two (and largest) series Correspondence: Letters to Lewis Mumford, and Correspondence: Letters from Lewis Mumford the files are arranged alphabetically by correspondent and then chronologically within the folders. Otherwise, the guiding principle for arranging the papers has been to establish a chronological order within the respective series. Materials relating to Mumford's books and pamphlets, for example, are arranged chronologically from project to project. Within any given work, however, proofs are filed first, followed by typescripts, then notes, research materials, and finally reviews. There are a few exceptions to chronological order, consisting mainly of small, logical groups of items which would have to be broken up to be interfiled chronologically within their series.

In processing the Lewis Mumford Papers and in preparing this register, it has been assumed that researchers will make use of Elmer S. Newman's 1971 Lewis Mumford: A Bibliography 1914-1970 and its update prepared by Jane Morley for the University of Pennsylvania Press. The additions to Newman's 1971 publication include Mumford's work after 1970; translations and reprints of articles; and a group of early articles in  The Dial and  The Freeman, which were apparently overlooked when Mumford made his personal files available to Newman. Morley's bibliography will provide an index by title of Mumford's books, pamphlets, and articles; the year of publication will be the guide to finding that piece within this container list. In other words, although book and pamphlet titles are clearly identified in the container list, there is no listing by title of all articles written by Mumford in the Papers: the articles were simply placed in folders and arranged and identified by year of publication or by year of composition, if unpublished.

Those who use the Mumford Papers should keep in mind the important role played by Sophia Wittenberg Mumford in her husband's career. She has been his only real assistant throughout their life together (they were married in 1921). She brought to this work her intellectual capabilities and her professional experience as an editor for The Dial. Sophia prepared typescripts from Lewis's drafts, proofread, and sometimes conducted correspondence on his behalf. Items in the collection may contain Sophia's notations, usually initialed  "SWM." She also actively shared many of her husband's civic and political interests. The collection contains letters to and from Sophia, concerning both Lewis's work and some of her own activities. Her letters are interfiled with those of Lewis, as they had been in the Mumfords' own files. There are also several folders of material from Sophia's work with the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies (1940-1941).

Mumford was a prolific and regular correspondent, for whom letters were the primary means of communicating with his friends and colleagues throughout his career. His personal letters and, to a certain extent, even his business correspondence contain many of his most candid and profound observations on current events, contemporary arts and literature, and his own works-in-progress. Mumford's correspondents, in turn, offered him a great deal of constructive criticism and moral support in his writing endeavors. They include well-known writers and publishers such as Van Wyck Brooks, Waldo Frank, and Harold Ross; modern artists and architects such as Naum Gabo, Clarence Stein, and Frank Lloyd Wright; and contemporary philosophers and intellectuals such as Sir Patrick Geddes, Erich Fromm, and Reinhold Niebuhr.

In working on various autobiographical projects, Mumford obtained some of his own letters back from a number of correspondents. He also received copies of his letters to Van Wyck Brooks and David Liebovitz when the correspondence was being prepared for publication in book form, as well as copies of his letters from Sir Patrick Geddes when he was writing his autobiography. The Rare Book and Manuscript Library has obtained some photocopies of other Mumford letters from various repositories and has received groups of original and photocopied letters as gifts from individuals. In the mid-1980s, under increasing financial strain, the Mumfords sold letters from their "Persons of Note" file through James Lowe Autographs, Ltd., of London. The Rare Book and Manuscript Library was able to photocopy these letters before they were sold. All photocopies of letters which were sold, or which were made from originals held elsewhere, are so marked. There are a very few photocopies of unknown origin in the correspondence series. When letters were found with other manuscript materials, they were replaced with photocopies and the originals filed with correspondence.

The Correspondence Series are rather strict files of letters and other items which were definitely correspondence. Other kinds of materialspublishers' Royalty Statements, , for exampleare filed elsewhere in the collection. A very high percentage of the correspondence is connected with Mumford's career. Although many of the letters are from friends, most relate in some way to Mumford's work and thought. There is very little family material, except for the Lewis/Sophia correspondence.

The better part of Lewis Mumford's art work, in terms of quality and quantity, is on extended loan to Monmouth College in West Long Branch, New Jersey. The Rare Book and Manuscript Library holds some eighty small works, which arrived as part of the Mumford Papers. Monmouth College has also arranged to purchase Mumford's personal library, although at this time the books have not actually been transferred to New Jersey.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  1989

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Ellen Slack

Access Restrictions

Material described in this finding aid is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Lewis and Sophia Mumford, 1966-1988.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the Kislak Center for Rare Books, Manuscripts and Special Collections, University of Pennsylvania:

Sophia Wittenberg Mumford papers, Ms. Coll. 958.

Evelyn Manuel Huber collection of Mumford and Huber family material, Ms. Coll. 1072.

At Monmouth University Library Special Collections:

A Catalog of Lewis Mumford Annotations

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Controlled Access Headings

  • Articles
  • Biographies
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Drawings (visual works)
  • Financial records
  • Manuscripts, American--20th century
  • Memorabilia
  • Pamphlets
  • Photographs
  • Plays (performed works)
  • Scripts
  • Writings (documents)
  • Architecture
  • Architecture--Study and teaching
  • Architecture--United States--History--20th century
  • Authors
  • Authors, American--20th century
  • College teachers
  • Education
  • Education, Higher
  • Families
  • Literature
  • Political science
  • Voyages and travels

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Other Finding Aids

For a complete listing of correspondents, do the following title search in Franklin: Lewis Mumford Papers.

Note on the Correspondence Series

Correspondence (94 boxes) comprises three series: Correspondence: Letters to Lewis Mumford, , Correspondence: Letters from Lewis Mumford, and Correspondence: Personal. The container list provides only the briefest description of box contents for the first two series. For a listing of principal correspondents, do the following title search in Franklin: Lewis Mumford Papers.

Collection Inventory

I.  Correspondence: Letters to Lewis Mumford.

Series Description

The first and most extensive series contains letters written to Lewis and Sophia Mumford. These items have been arranged alphabetically by correspondent, of which there are approximately 5,150.

Box Folder

A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust - American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky.

1 1-99

American Council Against Nazi Propaganda - Architecture.

2 100-199

Arendt, Hannah - Baller, Mike.

3 200-299

Balling, Jan - Berkeley, Arline.

4 300-399

Berkelman, Robert G. - Boni & Liveright.

5 400-488

Book of the Month Club - British Architectural Students Association.

6 489-565

British Broadcasting Corporation - Broome, Harvey.

7 566-610

Broughton, Philip Stephens - California Department of Education.

8 611-709

California Housing and Planning Association - Center Letter.

9 710-799

Central Methodist Church (Detroit) - Clark, Kenneth.

10 800-899

Clark, James Bayard - Community Church of Boston.

11 900-999

Community Church of New York - Cravotto, Mauricio.

12 1000-1099

Crawford, Andrew Wright - Dartmouth College. Library.

13 1100-1165

Dartmouth College. Department of Art and Archaeology - Diamond, Sidney.

14 1166-1256

Diamond, Stanley - Ebeling, Albert.

15 1257-1350

Ebeling, James A. - Evans, Anne E.

16 1351-1474

Evans, William R. - Feuchtinger, Max Erich.

17 1475-1549

Fichter, Donn - Foley, Grover.

18 1550-1622

Folin, Laura Grant - Franck, Carlludwig.

19 1623-1669

Franck, Louis R. - Frontier.

20 1670-1739

Frost, Corinne - Geddes, Patrick (1923).

21 1740-1807

Geddes, Patrick (1924)- Golany, Gideon.

22 1808-1875

Gold, Michael - Greenwood, Georgianna.

23 1876-1949

Greenwood Press - Harchik, Alan.

24 1950-2040

Harcourt, Alfred - Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

25 2041-2067

Harder, James Albert - Heathcote, Mary T.

26 2068-2149

Heating, Piping and Air Conditioning - Hodgson, John.

27 2150-2224

Hoffman, Calvin - Huber, Margot.

28 2225-2299

Huber, Theresa - International Labour Review.

29 2300-2399

International Literature - Jones, Emrys.

30 2400-2499

Jones, Howard Mumford - Kerr, Chester.

31 2500-2599

Kesseli, John Ernst - Kizer, Carolyn.

32 2600-2644

Klaber, Doretta - Lachenbruch, Jerome (1923).

33 2645-2725

Lachenbruch, Jerome (1924)- Lee, Gerald Stanley.

34 2726-2799

Lee, James E. - Lipkin, Mack.

35 2800-2899

Lippmann, Walter - Loomis, Battell.

36 2900-2949

Loomis, Mildred J. - MacKaye, Benton (1930).

37 2950-3032

MacKaye Benton (1931) - Mage, Lily.

38 3033-3080

Magonigle, Harold Van Buren - Martin Secker & Warburg Ltd (1954).

39 3081-3145

Martin Secker & Warburg Ltd (1955) - Mayer, Gladys (1921).

40 3146-3200

Mayer, Gladys (1922) - Melamed, Anshel.

41 3201-3238

Meland, Bernard Eugene - Miller, Donald H.

42 3239-3299

Miller, Donald L. - Morgan, George.

43 3300-3371

Morgan, Malcolm - Morse, Beryl (1912 October).

44 3372-3404

Morse, Beryl (1912 November) - Mosher, Jean H.

45 3405-3426

Mosk, Nancy E. - National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (U.S.). Greater New York Committee.

46 3427-3491

National Committee on Atomic Information - New Highways Conference.

47 3492-3545

New Leader - Newman, Elmer (1981).

48 3546-3596

Newman, Elmer (1982) - Nye, Rowland.

49 3597-3662

Oak Ridge Associated Universities - Osborn, Sir Frederic James & Margaret (1952).

50 3663-3725

Osborn, Sir Frederic James & Margaret (1953) - Otto, M. C.

51 3726-3749

Oud, J. J. P. - Pearson, Norman Holmes.

52 3750-3820

Pearson, Ralph M. - Pikianos, J.

53 3821-3899

Pilchik, Ely Emanuel - Progressive Education Association.

54 3900-3974

Project Prometheus - Regional Plan Association (New York, N.Y.).

55 3975-4053

Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs - Robinson, Forrest.

56 4054-4142

Robinson, Geroid Tanquary - Roxin, Charles L.

57 4143-4224

Royal College of Arts - Saur, Heinz.

58 4225-4324

Save the Children (U.S.) - Seidenberg, Roderick (1968).

59 4325-4415

Seidenberg, Roderick (1969) - Simonson, Lee & Carolyn.

60 4416-4499

Simpson, C. G. - Social Service: A Quarterly Survey.

61 4500-4574

Socialist America - Stanford University.

62 4575-4649

Star, Mark - Sunday Times (London, England).

63 4650-4749

Sunderman, K. H. - Thomas A. Edison Inc.

64 4750-4849

Thomas Y. Crowell, Publishers - Underwood, Lucas.

65 4850-4949

Union College (Schenectady, N.Y.) - University of Pennsylvania. General Alumni Society.

66 4950-5049

University of Pennsylvania. Graduate School of Fine Arts - Vital Statistics.

67 5050-5149

Vitelli, James R. - Weber, Brom.

68 5150-5249

Weber, Kem - Wijdeveld, Hendricus Theodorus.

69 5250-5345

Wijdeveld, Hendricus Theodorus - Wolff, Werner Y.

70 5346-5425

Wolfson, Jean - Yoshida, Kiyoko.

71 5426-5508

Young, Art - unidentified correspondents.

72 5509-5614

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II.  Correspondence: Letters from Lewis Mumford.

Series Description

The second series refers to the letters written by Lewis and Sophia to others and contains approximately 650 names. It has also been arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Box Folder

Aaron, Daniel - Breuer, Marcel.

73 5615-5679

British Museum (Natural History). Library - Diogene.

74 5680-5769

Dobereiner, David - The Freeman.

75 5770-5816

Friedrich, Carl Joachim - Harcourt Brace Jovanovich (1971).

76 5817-5861

Harcourt Brace Jovanovich (1972) - Kingsland, Susan.

77 5862-5927

Kizer, Benjamin H. - Liebovitz, David.

78 5928-5972

Life - Morse, Helen.

79 5973-6025

Morse, Stearns - Museum of Modern Art.

80 6026-6050

The Nation - Roosevelt, Franklin Delano.

81 6051-6119

Rosenblum, Sig - Stein, Clarence Samuel (1956).

82 6120-6179

Stein, Clarence Samuel (1957) - unidentified correspondents.

83 6180-6274

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III.  Correspondence: Personal.

Series Description

This series includes most family correspondence, in addition to certain letters from intimate friends, and they require the Mumfords' written permission to view. It comprises the correspondence between Lewis and Sophia (1919-1976), as well as a few items either to or from their children, Geddes and Alison; the correspondence between Lewis and Catherine Bauer (1930-1963), as well as a few items between Sophia and Catherine and between the Mumfords and Catherine's relatives; letters from Alice Decker to the Mumfords; the correspondence between Lewis and Josephine Strongin (1927-1966), as well as a few items between Sophia and Josephine and miscellaneous related letters to or from Strongin's relatives or friends.

Box Folder

Lewis and Sophia Mumford, 1919-1925.

84 6275-6296

Lewis and Sophia Mumford, 1926-1945.

85 6297-6314

Lewis and Sophia Mumford; Lewis and Sophia Mumford and Alison Mumford; Lewis and Sophia Mumford and Geddes Mumford, 1946-1976, undated.

86 6315-6334

Lewis Mumford and Catherine Bauer, 1930-1931 July.

87 6335-6350

Lewis Mumford and Catherine Bauer, 1931 July-1932.

88 6351-6368

Lewis Mumford and Catherine Bauer, 1933-1935.

89 6369-6388

Lewis Mumford and Catherine Bauer ; Sophia Mumford and Catherine Bauer; Lewis Mumford and Elizabeth Bauer; Lewis and Sophia Mumford and William W. Wurster; Lewis Mumford and Sarah L. Wurster; Helen Meiklejohn to Lewis and Sophia Mumford, 1936-1963.

90 6389-6410

Alice Decker to Lewis and Sophia Mumford; Lewis Mumford and Josephine Strongin, 1927-1938.

91 6411-6431

Lewis Mumford and Josephine Strongin, 1939-1940.

92 6432-6447

Lewis Mumford and Josephine Strongin, 1941-1943.

93 6448-6466

Lewis Mumford and Josephine Strongin ; Sophia Mumford and Josephine Strongin; Josephine Strongin to Alfred Leiserson; Josephine Strongin to Babette Deutsch; William Rixey to Lewis Mumford; Jill Leiserson to Lewis and Sophia Mumford, 1944-1966, undated.

94 6467-6481

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IV.  Writings: Books and pamphlets.

Series Description

Mumford was an extra-ordinarily efficient and organized writer. He read extensively in preparation for his subject, made copious notes on small sheets of paper about his research materials and ideas, and put his ideas to paper with relatively few revisions and changes to his completed typescript.

This series contains typescripts, manuscripts, notes, proofs, complete pamphlets, review clippings, and many varieties of research materials. All titles in this series represent completed works, and all but one, The Passage Back: Letters to Germany, were published. Elmer Newman's  Lewis Mumford: A Bibliography was used as a guide to which pamphlets should be classified with books and which as articles. There are copies of most of Mumford's pamphlets in the Papers.

The Lewis Mumford Papers do not contain working materials for all of his books: the Mumfords discarded some materials before sending the collection to Philadelphia; other items were probably discarded at various times in the past. A typescript for The Golden Day can be found at Dartmouth College; otherwise, we must assume that book materials not in this collection no longer exist.

The quantity of material for any given work in the series ranges from a single review clipping to several boxes of proofs, typescripts, notes, research materials, etc. The book and pamphlet titles are arranged chronologically by publication date and not alphabetically by title. The filing order within a particular project, however, strictly maintains the following order: proofs, typescripts, notes, research materials, review clippings, and publicity materials.

Box Folder

The Story of Utopias: first draft.

95-101 6482-6499

The Story of Utopias: second and unidentified partial drafts.

95-101 6500-6506

The Story of Utopias: synopses and outlines.

95-101 6507

The Story of Utopias: notes.

95-101 6508-6510

The Story of Utopias: review clippings.

95-101 6511

Sticks and Stones: various draft chapters and fragments.

95-101 6512-6517

Sticks and Stones: notes.

95-101 6518

Sticks and Stones: visual research materials.

95-101 6519-6520

Sticks and Stones: New School architecture lectures, 1924-1925.

95-101 6521

Sticks and Stones: review clippings.

95-101 6522

The Golden Day (originally titled  The American Essence): first draft.

95-101 6523-6525

The Golden Day: second (?) draft chapters 1-2.

95-101 6526

The Golden Day: second (?) and unidentified draft chapters and fragments.

95-101 6527-6530

The Golden Day: proofs for magazine articles which are also chapters 1 and 2 of book.

95-101 6531

The Golden Day: final draft, chapters 1-5.

95-101 6532-6536

The Golden Day: final draft, chapters 6-71.

95-101 6537-6538

The Golden Day, "Envoi".

95-101 6539

The Golden Day: notes.

95-101 6540-6541

The Golden Day: review clippings.

95-101 6542

The American Caravan (all volumes): review clippings.

95-101 6543

American Taste: review clippings.

95-101 6544

Herman Melville: first draft, preface and chapters 1-11.

95-101 6545-6555

Herman Melville: second draft, prologue and chapters 1-7.

95-101 6556-6561

Herman Melville: second draft, chapters 8-12.

102-108 6562-6566

Herman Melville: second draft, epilogue.

102-108 6567

Herman Melville: dust jacket and review clippings.

102-108 6568

Herman Melville: review clippings.

102-108 6569-6570

The Brown Decades: draft chapter titled  "Art in America Since 1900" .

102-108 651

The Brown Decades: notes and research materials.

102-108 6572-6573
The Brown Decades: notes.

Mixed as they came from Mumford, for: (1.) abandoned book on "Arts in America" which became The Brown Decades; (2.) "Form and Personality" sketch which became the "Renewal of Life" series; and (3.) outline for a 1929 Dartmouth lecture.

102-108 6574

The Brown Decades: preface to 1969 reprint edition, proof.

102-108 6575

The Brown Decades: review clippings.

102-108 6576
Technics and Civilization(originally titled  Form and Personality, then  Form and Civilization).

Only the photocopies (housed in Box 105) of these fragile materials should be used.

102-108 6577-6588
Technics and Civilization.

Photocopies of the materials in Box 104.

102-108 6589-6599

Technics and Civilization: draft chapters, with some ms. comments by James Henderson and Geroid T. Robinson.

102-108 6600-6608

Technics and Civilization: partial draft of another version.

102-108 6609

Technics and Civilization: first draft under T and C title; carbon copy through p. 306 but lacking chapter 1.

102-108 6610-6620

Technics and Civilization: first draft, chapter 1.

102-108 6621-6622

Technics and Civilization: first draft, chapters 2-8.

102-108 6623-6635

Technics and Civilization: draft fragment; undated lists of text and plate corrections; 1946 special preface.

109-110, 112-114 6636

Technics and Civilization: notes.

109-110, 112-114 6637

Technics and Civilization: review clippings and advertising materials.

109-110, 112-114 6638-6640

America and Alfred Stieglitz: draft for  "The Metropolitan Milieu" and unused draft preface.

109-110, 112-114 6641

The Culture of Cities: unused draft of chapter 1.

109-110, 112-114 6642

The Culture of Cities: notes.

109-110, 112-114 6643-6644

The Culture of Cities: notes.

109-110, 112-114 6645-6647

The Culture of Cities: 1949 preface to German edition; 1959 preface to Japanese edition; circa 1970 preface to Harbinger edition.

109-110, 112-114 6448

The Culture of Cities: review clippings and corrected typescript.

109-110, 112-114 6649-6651

Whither Honolulu?.

111 6652

Men Must Act: review clippings.

111 6653

Regional Planning in the Pacific Northwest.

111 6654

Faith for Living: dust jacket.

111 6655

Faith for Living: preface to English edition.

111 6656

Faith for Living: review clippings.

111 6657

Faith for Living: review by James T. Farrell, proof.

111 6658

Faith for Living: review clippings.

111 6659

The South in Architecture: review clippings.

111 6660

The City of Man.

111 6661

The City of Man: review clipping.

111 6662

The School of Humanities: A Description.

109-110, 112-114 6663

The Social Foundations of Post-War Building: first draft.

109-110, 112-114 6664

The Social Foundations of Post-War Building: review clippings.

109-110, 112-114 6665

The Condition of Man: first draft.

109-110, 112-114 6666-6670

The Condition of Man: second draft, chapters 1-3 (partial).

109-110, 112-114 6671-6675

The Condition of Man: second draft, chapters 3(partial)-6.

109-110, 112-114 6676-6681

The Condition of Man: draft fragments.

109-110, 112-114 6682

The Condition of Man: draft fragments and notes.

109-110, 112-114 6683

The Condition of Man: notes.

109-110, 112-114 6684-6685

The Condition of Man: notes.

109-110, 112-114 6686-6690

The Condition of Man: notes.

115-120 6691-6695

The Condition of Man: bibliographical notes.

115-120 6696

The Condition of Man: general and bibliographical notes mixed with notes for  The Conduct of Life.

115-120 6697

The Condition of Man: additional bibliographical notes.

115-120 6698

The Condition of Man: introduction to Japanese translation; preface to 1962 edition, revised proof.

115-120 6699

The Condition of Man: review clippings.

115-120 6700-6702

The Plan of London County: draft.

115-120 6703

City Development: preface to German edition; preface to Italian edition.

115-120 6704

City Development: review clippings.

115-120 6705

The Passage Back: Letters to Germany, 1945.

115-120 6706-6707

The Passage Back: notes.

115-120 6708
Values for Survival (originally titled  Dear Son: A Letter to Those Who Came Back).

Notes "abandoned for Values for Survival," but which "foreshadow later writing."

115-120 6709

Values for Survival: draft.

115-120 6710

Values for Survival(?): unused preface.

115-120 6711

Values for Survival: review clippings.

115-120 6712

Green Memories: review clippings.

115-120 6713

Man as Interpreter: galley proofs.

115-120 6713a

The Conduct of Life: typescript fragments (includes some material originally used for  The Condition of Man.

115-120 6714-6715

The Conduct of Life: typescript fragments.

115-120 6716

The Conduct of Life: typescript fragments and notes (includes some material from earlier projects).

115-120 6717-6718

The Conduct of Life: notes and research materials.

115-120 6719-6723

The Conduct of Life: notes.

115-120 6724-6728

The Conduct of Life: ts. title page with ms. notes; preface to Japanese edition; revised preface to paperback edition.

115-120 6729

The Conduct of Life: review clippings.

115-120 6730-6731

Toward a Free World: Long-Range Planning Under Democratic Control.

115-120 6732

Toward a Free World: Long-Range Planning Under Democratic Control: carbon of Dutch translation.

115-120 6732a

The Roots of Contemporary American Architecture: galley proofs of biographies; review clipping.

115-120 6733

Art and Technics: review clippings.

115-120 6734

In the Name of Sanity: preliminary (?) material; dust jacket.

115-120 6735

In the Name of Sanity: review clippings.

115-120 6736

The Human Prospect and  From the Ground Up: review clippings.

115-120 6737

The Transformations of Man (originally titled  The Masks of Man): early draft, introduction through chapter 4.

115-120 6738-6741

The Transformations of Man: early, unused draft.

121-125 6742

The Transformations of Man: notes.

121-125 6743

The Transformations of Man: draft fragments, notes, and research materials.

121-125 6744

The Transformations of Man: review clippings; advertising materials; preface to Japanese edition.

121-125 6745

The City in History: proofs (?) for graphic section.

121-125 6746

The City in History: corrected ts. of text for graphic section.

121-125 6747

The City in History: corrected ts. for bibliography.

121-125 6748

The City in History: corrected ts. setting copy, chapters 1-6.

121-125 6749

The City in History: corrected ts. setting copy, chapters 7-12.

121-125 6750

The City in History: corrected ts. setting copy: chapters 13-end.

121-125 6751

The City in History: two early draft introductions.

126 6752

The City in History: draft chapters.

126 6753-6761

The City in History: draft fragments.

126 6762

The City in History: corrections.

126 6763

The City in History: used notes.

126 6764-6767

The City in History: used notes.

127 6768-6769

The City in History: notes and revisions.

127 6770-6773

The City in History: notes and revisions for bibliography.

127 6774

The City in History: notes on origins.

127 6775-6777

The City in History: notes (some originally for  The Culture of Cities); and research materials.

128 6778

The City in History: research materials.

128 6779-6686

The City in History: visual research materials.

128 6787-6790

The City in History: visual research materials.

129 6791-6802

The City in History: visual research materials.

130 6803-6810

The City in History: review clippings.

130 6811-6813

Social Responsibilities of the Business Community: pamphlet.

130 6814

The Highway and the City: review clippings.

130 6815

The Urban Prospect: review clippings.

130 6816

Ralph Waldo Emerson: Essays and Journals: page proof for title page; notes; brochure.

130 6817

The Myth of the Machine: complete draft.

131-132 6818

The Myth of the Machine: revisions and rejected fragments, all with extensive ms. notes.

131-132 6819

The Myth of the Machine: revisions and fragments, many with ms. notes.

133 6820

The Myth of the Machine: fragments.

134 6821

The Myth of the Machine: abandoned preface, proof with ms. revisions.

134 6822

The Myth of the Machine: used notes.

134 6823-6830

The Myth of the Machine: early notes.

134 6831

The Myth of the Machine: research materials.

135 6832-6834

The Myth of the Machine: review clippings.

135 6835-6839

The Myth of the Machine: review clippings (German).

135 6840

The Pentagon of Power: notes; research materials; typescript fragments.

135 6841

The Pentagon of Power: notes.

135 6842-6844

The Pentagon of Power: notes.

136 6845-6846

The Pentagon of Power: research materials, some visual.

136 6847-6849

The Pentagon of Power: visual research materials.

136 6850

The Pentagon of Power: Mumford's memo on the book; and review clippings.

136 6851

The Pentagon of Power: review clippings.

136 6852

The Van Wyck Brooks-Lewis Mumford Letters: Mumford's introduction (two tss., one with extensive ms. revisions).

137-138 6853

The Van Wyck Brooks-Lewis Mumford Letters: typescript with ms. notes by Mumford and others, Chapters I-IV (Gift of R. Spiller).

137-138 6854

The Van Wyck Brooks-Lewis Mumford Letters: typescript with ms. notes by Mumford and Gladys Brooks, Chapters V-VI (Gift of R. Spiller).

137-138 6855

The Letters of Lewis Mumford and Frederic J. Osborn: review clippings.

139 6856

Interpretations and Forecasts: dust jacket; a few proof pages; miscellaneous materials related to publication process.

139 6857

Architecture as a Home for Man: review clippings and advertising materials.

139 6858

Findings and Keepings: source materials, tss., mss., and clippings.

139 6859

Findings and Keepings: photocopy of corrected galleys for "The Builders of the Bridge".

139 6860

Findings and Keepings: unbound page proofs for "The Builders of the Bridge".

139 6861

Findings and Keepings: rejected ts. fragments (the reason for some post-1975 dates on this material is unknown).

139 6862-6863

Findings and Keepings: source materials.

139 6864-6868

Findings and Keepings: review clippings; list of copies sent out by Mumford.

139 6869

My Works and Days: preliminary fragmentary material (primarily photocopies with ms. revisions).

139 6870

My Works and Days: source materials and ts. fragments.

139 6871

My Works and Days: dust jackets; jacket text; advertising dummies.

140 6872

My Works and Days: review clippings.

140 6873

Sketches from Life: corrected page proofs, incomplete.

140 6874

Sketches from Life: ts. setting copy, Chapters 1-30.

141 6875-6889

Sketches from Life: ts. setting copy, Chapters 31-34.

142 6890-6891

Sketches from Life: draft chapters and fragments, including some additions and deletions.

142 6892-6903

Sketches from Life: rejected chapter, "Professor der allerei Wissenschaften," 2 drafts.

143 6904

Sketches from Life: rejected passage on Melville, proof with ms. revisions.

143 6905

Sketches from Life?: rejected chapter, "The Geddesian Gambit".

143 6906

Sketches from Life: rejected fragments.

143 6907

Sketches from Life: rejected scattered sheets, "Important biography".

143 6908

Sketches from Life?: source materials and ts. fragments.

143 6909-6910

Sketches from Life: research materials for deleted chapter, "The Gathering Clouds".

143 6911

Sketches from Life: notes and source materials.

143 6912

Sketches from Life: lists of recipients for bound galleys, etc.

143 6913

Sketches from Life: review clippings.

143 6914

The Lewis Mumford/David Liebovitz Letters: lists of recipients of copies; brochure.

143 6915

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V.  Writings: Articles, lectures, prefaces, introductions, and book reviews.

Series Description

In addition to producing over forty books and pamphlets in the course of his career, Mumford the journalist wrote approximately 1,000 articles and book reviews. He clipped and saved most of these pieces, and as a group, they form the most complete set of his writings for periodicals, including many from other countries not readily available here.

The arrangement of this series reflects the Mumfords' chronological filing of such materials together; it includes clippings, proofs, typescripts, manuscripts, notes, research materials, complete periodicals, and pamphlets not included in Section A of Newman's Bibliography. Entries from Sections B, C, D, E, F, and part of H in Newman's  Bibliography have been combined in this series. Not all of the pieces have been published; there are rejected articles (particularly from Mumford's early journalistic work), and short book reviews (most dating from the 1960s and 1970s) written for internal or advertising use by publishing houses. Although many of Mumford's lectures and addresses were published, this series contains a significant number which were not. Notes for classroom lectures are found in  "Series XI: Higher Education Activities."

Of the roughly 1,000 published periodical pieces, many were reprinted in other periodicals, sometimes in translation or in pamphlet form. To some extent the same is true of lecture and address texts. For these reasons filing decisions had to be made on a case-by-case basis. Generally, the various forms of an article or lecture were filed together. No attempt was made to file items chronologically within each year.

Box Folder

undated, 1912-1918.

144 6916-6966


145 6967-6998


146 6999-7029


147 7030-7094


148 7095-7166


149 7167-7220

circa 1931-1936.

150 7221-7278

undated, 1937-1939.

151 7279-7322


152 7323-7380


153 7381-7436

circa 1948-1950.

154 7437-7475


155 7476-7545


156 7546-7578


157 7579-7629


158 7630-7669


159 7670-7704


160 7705-7742


161 7743-7784

1974-1983, undated.

162 7785-7818

"Sky Lines" , 1931-1954.


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VI.  Writings: Plays, screenplays, short fiction, and poems.

Series Description

These files of typescripts, manuscripts, notes, and clippings represent one of the least-known aspects of Mumford's multifaceted career. As a young man, Mumford had great aspirations as a playwright and writer of fiction, and his lack of success in these areas was a source of frustration to him throughout his career. A few of his poems were published in The New Yorker and  The Saturday Review of Literature, but for the most part, his literary output diminished to an occasional birthday poem in his later years. Screenplays have been filed with plays written for the stage, because Mumford worked on both during the same period in his life and brought the same concerns and motivations to both. His work for documentary films belongs to later phases of his development.

While still in his teens, Mumford and his friend Beryl Morse collaborated in writing screenplays for silent films. In this collection, Morse's contributions can sometimes be detected through Mumford's notes or by her handwriting, but such clarity in identification is rare. Unfortunately, the only film script that was produced no longer exists on paper, and the film itself has not survived. The Bells, based on Poe's work of the same name, was produced by the Edison Studios in 1913 but undoubtedly met the same fate as many other silent films.

Box Folder

Plays and screenplays, before 1920.

163 7819-7833

Plays and screenplays, fragments and unidentified items.

163 7834-7836

Short fiction, various early works and fragments.

163 7837-7838a

Asters and Goldenrod

(  Sumach and Goldenrod).

163 7839

The Bridge, 1973.

163 7840-7842

Very early poems, including some mss., and high school publications.

164 7843-7845

"The Little Testament of Bernard Martin" .

164 7846-7849

"The Little Testament of Bernard Martin" .

164 7850-7851

"The Little Testament of Bernard Martin" .

164 7852

"Fantasia on Time" .

164 7853

Poems, 1925 and after.

164 7854-7855

Poems for Sophia Mumford's birthdays.

164 7856

Poems related to death of Geddes Mumford.

164 7857-7858

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VII.  Writings: Film and television documentaries.

Series Description

With two major exceptions, Mumford never used the media of film or television to communicate his philosophy to a larger public unfamiliar with his books and articles. In 1939, he was asked to write the narrative for The City (1939), a film produced under the aegis of the American Institute of Planners and shown at the 1939 World's Fair. Loosely inspired by  The Culture of Cities, the film was directed by Willard Van Dyke and Ralph Steiner, and the score was written by Aaron Copeland.  The City has achieved classic status among architects and planners.  Lewis Mumford on the City (1963) was a six-part television series produced by the National Film Board of Canada and based on  The City in History. The script for the series was primarily written by Mumford, who also appeared as the on-camera narrator.

Materials in this box include typescripts, brochures, and clippings. While the collection contains substantial script material for The City, there is no working material for  Lewis Mumford on the City beyond what is contained in the National Film Board of Canada correspondence file.

Although Mumford was interviewed for television at various times, the collection includes only some edited interview transcripts, which were published as magazine articles and are, therefore, filed accordingly. There is one brief proposal for a television series which was never produced, but it lacks explanatory notes. The collection contains no audiovisual materials, but Mumford gave the University of Pennsylvania's Graduate School of Fine Arts a set of the Lewis Mumford on the City series. This can be found in the Fine Arts Library.

Box Folder

The City: detailed script outline.

165 7859

The City: script sections for  "New England;"  "Industry;"  "Metropolis;"  "Highway and Greenbelt." .

165 7860-7863

The City: various scipt fragments.

165 7864

The City: unidentified script fragment.

165 7865

The City: review clippings.

165 7866

Lewis Mumford on the City: review clippings and advertising materials.

165 7867

Television series proposal by Mumford for WQED, Pittsburgh; never produced, undated.

165 7868

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VIII.  Writings: Uncompleted book projects.

Series Description

Mumford worked on numerous writing projects during his career that never came to fruition. These typescripts, carbons, notes, and research materials reflect the diversity of his literary pursuits. In some of these unfinished projects, Mumford's intentions were not clear, and they have been identified as best as was possible. The series includes work from the 1920s through the last working materials left on his desk. The beginnings for revisions of a number of published works can also be found here.

Mumford attempted several times to compile a monograph of autobiographical materials and miscellany, none of which was ever completed. Some of these files contain the only copies of early writings by Mumford, and they should not be overlooked by any serious researcher. These files have been left intact, because they represent Mumford's most recent use of the items which they contain.

Box Folder

Writing project identified only as "Housing" , 1924.

166 7869-7871

Unwritten book entitled "Experience and Culture in England" , circa 1929.

166 7872

Unwritten revision of Herman Melville, 1929 and after.

166 7873-7875

Unwritten revision of Herman Melville: research material, 1929 and after.

166 7876-7877

Writing project titled "Memories and Anticipations" , 1930.

166 7878-7884

Collection of essays identified only as "Houses, Machines, Cities" , 1931.

166 7885

Unwritten revision of Technics and Civilization: notes, 1934 and after.

167 7886-7889

Unwritten revision of Technics and Civilization: ts. fragments and research materials, 1934 and after.

167 7890-7892

Unwritten pamphlet entitled "Reflections on Modern Architecture" , 1939.

167 7893

"Notes for a book never written" , 1939.

167 7894

Unwritten revision of The Culture of Cities (?), 1938 and after.

167 7895-7897

Unwritten, untitled book project which developed from The Conduct of Life, circa 1950.

167 7898

Uncompleted, untitled autobiographical work, 1957.

167 7899

Unwritten revision of The Transformations of Man, undated.

168-169 7900

Unwritten revision of The City in History(?), undated.

168-169 7901

Writing project identified only as "Art, Culture, Technics" , 1970s.

170 7902-7912
Research materials, most 1970s.

original folders marked "re Technics and Civilization"

171 7913-7919

Uncompleted second volume of Interpretations and Forecasts, post-1973.

172 7920-7930

Uncompleted, untitled volume of miscellany, mid-1970s.

172 7931-7932

Uncompleted second volume of Findings and Keepings, post-1975.

173 7933-7935

Uncompleted second volume of autobiography.

173 7936

Unidentified volume of autobiography or miscellany.

173 7937-7944

Unidentified volume of autobiography or miscellany.

174 7945-7956

Unidentified volume of autobiography or miscellany.

174 7957

Unidentified volume of autobiography or miscellany.

175 7958

Unidentified autobiographical project, 1920-1930.

175 7959-7960

Unidentified autobiographical project, 1920.

175 7961

Unidentified autobiographical project.

175 7962-7966

Unidentified autobiographical project, 1938-1946.

175 7967

Unidentified autobiographical project.

175 7968-7970

Unidentified autobiographical project.

175 7971-7975

Last materials left on Mumford's desk, mid-1980s.

176 7976-7980

Mumford's last research materials, mid-1980s.

177 7981-7987

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IX.  Royalty statements.

Series Description

Mumford began his writing career with Boni and Liveright, a small but intellectually lively publishing house. In 1929, with the publication of Herman Melville, he switched to Harcourt, Brace and Company, with whom he would be associated for the next fifty years. One box contains statements from Harcourt from 1922 through 1981; the second concerns other publishers. These had all been separated from correspondence by the Mumfords.

Box Folder

Harcourt, 1922-1981.

178 7988-8013

All non-Harcourt royalty statements, 1923-1979.

179 8014-8026

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X.  Architecture and planning activitites.

Series Description

To many, Mumford is primarily remembered as America's foremost architectural critic of the twentieth century. While most of Mumford's criticism was published in book or article form, many of his observations remained buried in his notes, particularly those made early in his career.

This series consists primarily of typescripts, notes, reports, minutes and memoranda, and research materials. It was created to house important items in the collection that are not correspondence and not directly related to specific writing projects. Included are notes from Mumford's early surveys of the New York City area, organizational materials from the Regional Planning Association of America, and various materials from Mumford's occasional work as a planning consultant. Some files of research materials could not be identified with any particular project.

Box Folder

Notes on New York City, 1916.

180 8027

Notes on Greater New York, 1917.

180 8028

Notes on New York City , marked "INPS", undated.

180 8029

Ts. fragments ; and unidentified early plan sketches, 1917-1919.

180 8030

Sketches for a house design, 1918.

180 8031

Mohegan Colony Survey, 1923.

180 832

Regional Planning Association of America: minutes, 1923-1933.

180 8033

Regional Planning Association of America: miscellaneous items.

180 8034-8035

American Union for Architecture: minutes, 1932 January.

180 8036

Report to Honolulu Park Commission, 1939.

180 8037

Hawaii : miscellaneous writing, 1939.

180 8038

Hawaii : clippings and memorabilia, 1939.

180 8039

Hawaii : miscellaneous research materials, 1939.

180 8040

Regional Development Council of America : organizational materials, 1949.

180 8041-8042

Pittsburgh consultancy, 1950.

180 8043

Christ Church Meadow (Oxford, England) controversy, 1965.

180 8044

Christ Church Meadow (Oxford, England) controversy, 1965.

180 8045

Christ Church Meadow (Oxford, England) controversy, 1965.

180 8046

Memorandum on the Plan for Jerusalem, 1970.

180 8047

Miscellaneous ts. fragments and clippings.

180 8048

Miscellaneous research materials, notes, and memorabilia.

181 8049-8061

Miscellaneous research materials.

182 8062-8065

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XI.  Higher education activities.

Series Description

Despite his distrust of the academic world, Mumford had a long and distinguished teaching career that he pursued intermittently between his book projects. The lecture notes, administrative and class materials, student papers, and clippings contained in these boxes reflect Mumford's commitment to educational theory and practice. In addition to his many appointments as a visiting professor, he was a member of the New York City Board of Higher Education in the 1930s, and head of the humanities program at Stanford in the early 1940s. The bulk of the material in this series is from Stanford and the University of Pennsylvania, with smaller amounts from other institutions and activities. For unknown reasons, Mumford's work at the North Carolina State College School of Design is represented by only a few lecture notes, although a copy of the catalog that he prepared for the school is filed with articles, and there is pertinent correspondence as well.

Box Folder

"Manhattan and Its Region," lecture course, 1917-1918.

182 8066

New School for Social Research, 1923-1924.

182 8067

Geneva lectures, 1925.

182 8068

Architecture lectures, circa 1920s.

182 8069
Lecture notes, 1930s.

* Melville, Smith College (1930?)

*  "Modern spirit," n.p.

* architecture, n.p.

* Van Gogh,  "architecture of humanism," Dartmouth

182 8070

Stanford University: School of Humanities, 1942-1943.

182 8071-8073

Stanford University lecture notes, 1942-1943.

182 8074-8075

Stanford University: Humanities course materials, 1942-1943.

182 8076-8077

Stanford University: Humanities lecture notes, 1942-1943.

182 8078

Stanford University: Humanities lecture notes(?), 1942-1943.

183 8079-8080

Stanford University: Student papers, 1942-1943.

183 8081-8086

North Carolina State College School of Design, 1951.

183 8087

University of Pennsylvania: lecutre notes, 1950s.

183 8088-8090

University of Pennsylvania: lecture notes for a religion course, 1950s.

184 8091

University of Pennsylvania: bibliography for religion course, 1950s.

184 8092

University of Pennsylvania: lecture notes for "American Forms and Values" course, 1950s.

184 8093-8097

University of Pennsylvania: miscellaneous course and administrative materials, 1950s.

184 8098

Brandeis University, 1955-1956.

184 8099

Collège d'Europe (Bruges), 1957 April.

184 8100

MIT, circa 1957-1958.

184 8101-8102

Unidentified institution, 1961 March 22.

184 8103

University of California at Berkeley, 1961-1962.

184 8104

Harvard University, 1975 and undated.

184 8104

Miscellaneous items.

184 8106

Clippings and memorabilia.

184 8107

Miscellaneous research materials.

184 8108

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XII.  Political activities.

Series Description

Mumford did not shrink from political controversy and activism, and he attempted on numerous occasions to use his influence as a writer to shape public opinion on these issues. The material filed here provides a closer look at three areas of his political involvement: pro-intervention activities before World War II, including Sophia's involvement with the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies; opposition to the atomic bomb in the late 1940s and early 1950s; and Mumford's stance against the Vietnamese War in the 1960s. This series contains minutes and memoranda, typescripts, notes, reprints, clippings, miscellaneous research materials, and memorabilia. The items in this series do not reflect the whole range of his interests and involvements, which can be seen better in the Correspondence Series ( Correspondence: Letters to Lewis Mumford, and Correspondence: Letters from Lewis Mumford).

Box Folder

Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies: minutes, 1940-1941.

185 8109-8110

Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies: organizational materials, 1940-1941.

185 8111

Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies: speech texts, 1940-1941.

185 8112-8113

World War II.

185 8114-8115

World War II.

185 8116

Atomic bomb petition, 1946.

185 8117

Atomic bomb and related issues.

185 8118

Atomic bomb and related issues.

185 8119-8123

Vietnamese War.

186 8124-8126

Vietnamese War, 1965.

186 8127

Miscellaneous items.

186 8128

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XIII.  Biographical and autobiographical materials.

Series Description

Mumford had an uncanny sense of what information would be useful to a biographer, and in addition to committing his most intimate thoughts to paper, he painstakingly kept track of key dates, addresses, and other facts about his life. This series comprises typescripts, notes, and documents. It contains short autobiographical pieces of uncertain purpose; chronologies; and miscellaneous information regarding health, literary estate and will, and Mumford's relationship with the Harcourt publishing house. In addition, there is an unpublished interview transcript and an unpublished biographical sketch of Mumford by Van Wyck Brooks.

Box Folder


186 8129

"The Growing Age: The Fiction of Time" , 1915.

186 8130

Untitled autobiographical sketch, 1935-early 1950s.

186 8131

Untitled autobiographical sketch, 1961.

186 8132

Autobiographical notes and miscellaneous materials, before 1920s.

186 8133

Miscellaneous biographical materials.

186 8134-8135

Interview with Mumford, 1978.

186 8136

Van Wyck Brooks' biographical sketch of Mumford, undated.

186 8137

Health records and notes.

186 8138

Wills and literary estate.

186 8139

Mumford and the Harcourt publishing house.

186 8140

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XIV.  Personal memorabilia.

Series Description

Although the majority of the Mumfords' personal papers remain at their house, they have donated some items to the collection. These can be grouped in essentially two categories. One pertains to folders of items that relate to a personal interest or phase of his life, such as garden diagrams and college memorabilia. The other group contains single miscellaneous items that have been placed in folders by decade. This series is probably strongest in items from Mumford's high school career.

Box Folder

Various family members (early).

186 8141

Grammar school and childhood.

186 8142

High school: small items.

186 8143-8144

High school: notebooks.

187 8145

High School: miscellaneous.

187 8146-8148


187 8149

U.S. Naval Radio School, 1918.

187 8150-8151

Early married life, birth of Geddes.

187 8152

LePlay House, Institute of Sociology, Civic Education League, etc.

187 8153

National Institute of Arts and Letters, 1929-1941.

187 8154

Vegetable garden diagrams, 1939-1954.

187 8155

Alison Mumford Morss and her family.

187 8156

American Academy of Arts and Letters, 1964-1965.

187 8157

Prix mondial Cino del Duca, 1976 June.

187 8158

Miscellaneous, pre-1930.

187 8159

Miscellaneous, 1930s.

187 8160-8161

Miscellaneous, 1940s.

187 8162

Miscellaneous, 1950s.

188 8163

Miscellaneous, 1960s.

188 8164

Miscellaneous, 1970s.

188 8165

Miscellaneous, undated.

188 8166

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XV.  Travel notes and memorabilia.

Series Description

Lewis and Sophia Mumford have traveled extensively in Europe and the United States during their lives. Most of these trips were conducted with Lewis's research and writing as the primary purpose. The series is organized according to the Mumfords' filing of such materials. It consists of notes, itineraries, bills, receipts, passports, and miscellaneous small items. They represent only overseas travel; no such files for domestic travel were kept by the Mumfords. With the exception of one folder containing passports, items are grouped by trip and then filed chronologically. It appears that almost every bill and receipt from later travel abroad was saved, thus giving a detailed record of accomodations and purchases.

If Mumford took many photographs while travelling, few of them found their way into this collection. The only exceptions are a small group of snapshots from his 1938 stay in Hawaii, housed with "Series XIX. Photographs and Art Works," and small photographs of early Mediterranean architecture (probably by Mumford), which are filed as he left them in the research materials for The City in History. There are snapshots of European architecture: again,  probably by Mumford, from his European travels in the early 1930s. They remain among the restricted materials, however, since they were associated with the Mumford-Bauer correspondence.

Box Folder

Mumford passports.

188 8167

Europe and the British Isles, 1920-1922.

188 8168

Europe, 1925-1932.

188 8169

Europe, 1930.

188 8170

England, 1946.

188 8171

Europe and the British Isles, 1953.

188 8172

Europe and the British Isles, 1957.

188 8173

Europe and the British Isles:, 1960.

188 8174-8175

England, 1961.

188 8176

Europe and the British Isles, 1965, 1967, undated.

188 8177

Europe and the British Isles.

188 8178-8179

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XVI.  Materials about friends and associates.

Series Description

Mumford was associated with some of the leading architects, planners, and writers of the twentieth century. Containing mostly typescripts, notes, clippings, and pamphlets, this series was created to house an assortment of items related to people whom Mumford knew, and it is an invaluable complement to the the correspondence series ( Correspondence: Letters to Lewis Mumford, and Correspondence: Letters from Lewis Mumford). There are materials relating to Sir Patrick Geddes, Frank Lloyd Wright, Clarence Stein, and Joel Spingarn, among others. The series includes some fragmentary typescripts, as well as notes by Mumford. All of the pamphlets are works by others, and many of them are inscribed or of interest simply in their own right. Researchers seeking information about Walter Curt Behrendt should not overlook Mumford's unfinished work on Behrendt in "Series VIII. Uncompleted Book Projects."

Box Folder

Van Wyck Brooks.

189 8180

Patrick Geddes and related organizations.

189 8181-8183

Christiana Morgan and Henry Murray

Benjamin and Carolyn Kizer.

189 8184

Frederic J. Osborn.

189 8185

Joel E. Spingarn.

189 8186

Clarence S. Stein.

189 8187

Raymond Unwin.

189 8188-8189

Charles Harris Whitaker.

189 8190

Clough Williams-Ellis.

189 8191

Frank Lloyd Wright.

189 8192

William Wurster, 1957.

189 8193

Various persons: miscellaneous materials.

189 8194-8198

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XVII.  Clippings about Mumford.

Series Description

Mumford's name has appeared (and continues to appear) in the press with some frequency, and in the course of his career, he clipped many of these pieces. All mention Mumford in some way, but none is a book review (reviews being filed with other book materials). They come from serials ranging from daily newspapers to scholarly journals, and they are arranged and placed in folders by decade. Clippings about Mumford's activities in particular areas, such as politics and education, and filed with the appropriate series, should not be overlooked.

Box Folder


190 8199


190 8200-8201


190 8202-8203


190 8204-8207


190 8208-8213


190 8214-8217


191 8218


191 8219-8220

Material by and about Mumford collected by Catherine Bauer Wurster.

191 8221-8222

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XVIII.  "Random Notes" and "Personalia".

Series Description

This series of typescripts and notes contains Mumford's most intimate and revealing writings. "Random Notes" and "Personalia" were terms used by Mumford to describe notes which he made throughout his adult life. He almost always identified such notes with "RN" or "Personalia" at the top of the page. It is not always clear how Mumford differentiated between the two categories, so in many cases they are filed together and placed in folders by decade. These notes are a valuable source of information about Mumford's off-the-record thoughts. "Random Notes" and "Personalia" concerning his marriage and extra-marital relationships are restricted and filed separately.

Box Folder


191 8223-8226


191 8227-8232


192 8233-8234


192 8235-8236


192 8237-8241


192 8242-8244


192 8245-8248


192 8249


192 8250

Miscellaneous research materials of unknown purpose.

192 8251

Materials from the Mumford-Bauer correspondence.

193 8252-8254

Materials from the Mumford-Decker correspondence.

193 8255

Materials from the Lewis-Sophia Mumford correspondence.

193 8256

Sophia Mumford notes and personalia.

193 8257-8260

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XIX.  Photographs and art work.

Series Description

The Mumfords were not avid photographers, and the two boxes of general photographs consist primarily of snapshots given to the Mumfords by friends and associates. The few small portraits (of others) are for the most part the earlier items in the collection; most of the photographs are relatively recent. There are just a few family and travel snapshots, probably taken by Mumford. Researchers seeking publishable photographs of Mumford should investigate other sources. In particular, Monmouth College has recent portrait photographs of good quality, as well as some older photographs.

All photographs which Mumford filed with book research materials have been left in place. Most of those items were obtained from archives and commercial sources. However, there are snapshots of American architecture, apparently by Mumford, filed with Sticks and Stones and photographs of Mediterranean structures with  The City in History.

Lewis Mumford's output as a visual artist ran somewhat parallel to his work in creative writing. In both cases, he was most productive as a young man, and the work dwindled to almost nothing in his later years. His art work was done as part of his note-taking and/or simply for his own pleasure. He never studied formally or pursued the idea of a career as a painter, but obviously possessed a natural talent.

There are eighty-three works of art by Mumford in the collection, contained in one box. Almost all are on paper, and the various media include watercolor, pastel, crayon, ink, and graphite. The content is primarily architecture, landscapes, portraits, and cartoons. None of the pieces is larger than approximately 8x10 inches, a fact that is also true for the collection of Mumford's art work held by Monmouth College. Many of the drawings at Monmouth College have been exhibited there as well as in several other locations, including the University of Pennsylvania. Some of the same drawings were published in Sketches from Life.

The items at the University of Pennsylvania arrived as part of Mumford's papers. In many of the series containing notes by Mumford, there are note sheets which include very small drawings. In these cases it was decided that the written notes were of primary importance. The fourth box of photographs and art work is restricted; it contains items from the Bauer, Decker, Strongin, and Lewis-Sophia correspondence.

Box Box


195-196 194

Art work.


Photographs and drawings from the Bauer, Decker, and Strongin correspondence.

Illustrations used in LM's books.

See also oversize drawer 86.


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