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Crawford Williamson Long Collection

UPT 50 L848

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center
Creator:
Long, Crawford W., (Crawford Williamson), 1815-1878
Title:
Crawford Williamson Long Collection
Date [inclusive]:
1842-1907
Call Number:
UPT 50 L848
Extent:
1 Item
Language:
English
ABSTRACT:
Crawford Williamson Long was a member of the Medical Class of 1839, and the first in surgeon in American to use ether as an anesthetic in a surgical operation in 1842. The Crawford Williamson Long Collection contains photographs of documents attesting to his use of ether as an anesthetic.
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Crawford Williamson Long was born on November 1, 1815 in Danielsville, GA to a prosperous family. He was a member of the Medical Class of 1839, and was the first in surgeon in American to use ether as an anesthetic in a surgical operation in 1842. Long's rural location and busy practice delayed his reporting of his findings until 1849. In 1846 Henry Jacob Bigelow of Boston reported the use of esther in Massachusetts General Hospital by John C. Warren and William T. G. Morton. This resulted in a dispute between Long and Morton over who's claim was correct. Both petitioned Congress for redress, but the events of the time precluded any action.

Long was also known for his skill and dedication as a physician. Long died on June 16, 1878.

Scope and Contents

The Crawford Williamson Long Collection contains photographs of documents attesting to his use of esther as an anesthetic. The source of the letters is not indicated.

Additional biographical material on Long can be found in his Alumni Record File. Crawford Williamson Long's papers are at the Library of Congress and the University of Georgia Library in Athens.

ARRANGEMENT

This collection consist of a single item.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center,  June 2010

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Joseph-James Ahern

Access Restrictions

Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Centers.

PROVENANCE

From the collection of George E. Nitzche.

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Affidavits.
Subject(s)
  • Ether--History--19th century.

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Collection Inventory

Affidavit Scrapbook.

Box

Photographs of Letters, 1842-1907.