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Minturnae, Italy Expedition records

1041

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Johnson, Jotham, 1905-1967
Title:
Minturnae, Italy Expedition records
Date [inclusive]:
1931-1934
Call Number:
1041
Extent:
1 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
In August of 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum began excavations at the pre-Roman to Byzantine site of Minturnae, in cooperation with Italy's International Society for Mediterranean Research. Jotham Johnson led the expedition. Philanthropist Gustav Oberlaender, a partner in the Berkshire Hosiery Firm of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania was a generous cooperative backer. The Minturnae, Italy Expedition records consist of two boxes of paper records, two boxes of photographs, bound volumes and drawings and plans.
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Biography/History

The site of Minturnae is located about 50 miles from Naples toward Rome, and in Roman times was transected by the Appian Way. Excavations (1931-33) revealed an immense Roman colony, founded in 295 B.C. and laid out according to the Hippodamean grid plan. A smaller pre-Roman town (4th century B.C.) was discovered to have preceded the Roman city. In the Roman period, several temples, a large forum, a theatre, a fountain and other structures were surrounded by a city wall, while a large aqueduct supplied the city's water. A great quantity of fine Roman sculpture was excavated, along with pottery, coins, inscriptions, and other artifacts from all periods of habitation. Several examples of the sculpture excavated are displayed in the Penn Museum's Roman gallery, along with material in the Mediterranean study collection.

In August of 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum began excavations at the pre-Roman to Byzantine site of Minturnae, in cooperation with Italy's International Society for Mediterranean Research. Jotham Johnson led the expedition. Philanthropist Gustav Oberlaender, a partner in the Berkshire Hosiery Firm of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania was a generous cooperative backer.

Jotham Johnson was born in Newark, New Jersey in 1905 and completed his A.B. at Princeton University in 1926. His Ph.D. was awarded by the University of Pennsylvania in 1931. Johnson taught at the University of Pittsburgh as well as New York University where he rose to Chairman of the Classical Department a position he held until the time of his death in 1967.

Johnson participated in archaeological field work at Dura Europos, Syria in addition to Minturnae, Italy.

Minturnae excavations were carried out for the University of Pennsylvania Museum from August 1931 to August 1933. The following year became only a study season when the Italian government and Department of Antiquities, began restricting foreign sponsorship and suspended the Museum's concession to excavate.

During the 1960s, Johnson served as President of the Archaeological Institute of America presiding over the first issue of their publication "Archaeology."

Scope and Contents

In August of 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum began excavations at the pre-Roman to Byzantine site of Minturnae, in cooperation with Italy's International Society for Mediterranean Research. Jotham Johnson led the expedition. Philanthropist Gustav Oberlaender, a partner in the Berkshire Hosiery Firm of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania was a generous cooperative backer.

In August of 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum began excavations at the pre-Roman to Byzantine site of Minturnae, in cooperation with Italy's International Society for Mediterranean Research. Jotham Johnson led the expedition. Philanthropist Gustav Oberlaender, a partner in the Berkshire Hosiery Firm of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania was a generous cooperative backer.

The Minturnae, Italy Expedition records consist of two boxes of paper records, two boxes of photographs, bound volumes and drawings and plans.

Processing revealled some loose pages in the bound volumes. Most of the records are in chronological order and many official papers and some correspondence is in Italian. Correspondence with the Italian government is arranged chronologically and then in original topical order for clarity. No changes were made in the organization of the Accounts.

The photographs are arranged according to the numbering system devised by the creators. Many of the prints are 5 by 7 inch size, placed in envelopes for protection. In addition to the excavation pictures are seventeen files of photos from the Italian government.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  February 2017

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Kathleen T. Baxter Jody Rodgers

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)
  • Jayne, Horace H.F., 1898-1975
  • Oberlaender, Gustav, 1867-1936

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Collection Inventory

Jotham Johnson Correspondence.

Box

1931-1932.

1

1932.

1

1933.

1

1934.

1

1936-1939.

1

Count David A. Costantini Correspondence.

Box

1931.

1

1932.

1

1933-1936.

1

Jayne Italian Expedition Correspondence.

Box

Jayne, Johnson, Costantini, Oberlaender 1931-1933.

1

Superintendent of Antiquities (A. Maiuri) 1931-1934.

1

International Mediterranean Research Association (Costantini, Calza, Sergio) 1931-1935.

1

Direction-General[sic]of Antiquities and Fine Arts: Paribeni, Orazi, Pellati 1932-1933.

1

Pietro Fedele 1932-1934, 1936.

1

Miscellaneous and Unclassified 1932-1936.

1

Staff and Applicants [Ben Dor, A.K. Lake, Landsman, Others 1933-1936.

1

Negotiations.

Box

"Laws Applicable to Antiquities and Fine Arts" Rome, 1931.

2

1933-1936.

2

1936-1938.

2

Oberlaender Collection.

Box

Leinbach Correspondence 1939.

1

Field Records, 1931-1932.

Box

Official Inventory, Season 1931-2, A. Adriani (2 volumes).

2

Object Register 1933.

stored separately

Accounts, 1931-1934.

Box

Receipts, Invoices, Records 1931-1934.

1

Publications, 1934-1935.

Box

Bollettino, Number 4.5, 1934-35.

2

1935.

2

Johnson/Young, 1950.

2

Marble Head of a God “presented to G. Oberlaender by the Italian Government” (leather-bound portfolio).

2

Photographs, 1931-1934.

Box

Staff Photos.

MS-16

21-25 Theater.

MS-16

26-35 Imperial Forum.

MS-16

36-45 Temple B.

MS-16

46-55 L St. and L.

MS-16

71-75 Amphitheater, aqueduct, etc.

MS-16

01-107 Sculpture.

MS-16
Drawer

Individually sleeved 5x7 photographs.

MS-17

Coins.

MS-19

Inscriptions.

MS-19

Pottery.

MS-19

Sculpture/Stone.

MS-19

Terracotta.

MS-19

Miscellaneous.

MS-19

Archivio Fotografico E.N.I.T. (Ente Nazionale Italiano per il Turismo)-Views 17 folders.

MS-20

Publication Prints (22).

MS-20

Plans and Drawings, 1931-1934.

Drawer

Property map and preliminary site plan-Ink on linen/permatrace, 2 sheets From: Jotham Johnson Correspondence 12/25/31.

M-49-1

Diagrams of site surveying system-Pencil on paper/permatrace 2 sheets.

M-49-2

Plans of site -Pen and ink on paper 6 sheets.

M-49-3

Drawing of architectural frieze motif- Pencil on permatrace 1 sheet.

M-49-4