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Biddle Law Library: National Bankruptcy Archives [Contact Us]
1984-1994
Creator:
Kronish, Lieb, Weiner, and Hellman LLP
Extent: 4.5 linear feet (about 930 items)
On July 11, 1984, William Foley, Legislative Affairs Officer of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts ("Administrative Office"), issued a memorandum stating that the Administrative Office would not pay bankruptcy judges because, in its opinion, Congress had acted unlawfully by awarding retroactive terms of office to the normally presidentially-appointed bankruptcy judges. In response, on July 13, 1984, four bankruptcy judges sued Foley and the Administrative Office for abuse of power. The case became commonly known as Lundin v. Foley. The law firm of Kronish, Lieb, Shainswit, Weiner and Hellman (later, Kronish, Lieb, Weiner and Hellman) represented the bankruptcy judges. Richard Lieb served as the primary attorney on the case. In 1988 the court issued a summary judgment on the grounds that the explicit reason for the suit (i.e. the refusal of Foley to pay the judges) had been resolved. However, when Foley issued his original memorandum, parties with an interest in other bankruptcy cases called for a dismissal of their cases or rulings on the grounds that the judges were not lawfully appointed. The bankruptcy judges in the original suit intervened in these cases on behalf of the presiding bankruptcy judges and, more importantly, the constituionality of the bankruptcy judge system as a whole. In each case, all of the motions were denied, thereby securing the bankruptcy judges a clear, unqualified victory. Following the court's decision, the judges sought reimbursement for its attorney fees under the Equal Access to Justice Act, which allows for plaintiffs who win a case against the government to be compensated for court costs. The Administrative Office refused to reimburse the judges, arguing that the Equal Access to Justice Act only covers suits against the Executive Branch, an argument which was upheld by the courts in the original ruling. The judges appealed and in 1992, the court ruled in favor of them for Lundin v. Foley. However, the judges were denied their request to recover fees for the related cases. The collection, 1984-1994, includes correspondence, clippings, photocopies of cases compiled in the course of research, notes, court documents, and other materials regarding the cases for which Kronish, Lieb represented bankruptcy judges in their lawsuit against the Administrative Office of the United States Courts.
title
Kronish, Lieb, Weiner, and Hellman LLP Bankruptcy Judges Lawsuit Files
creator
Kronish, Lieb, Weiner, and Hellman LLP
id
PU-L.NBA.027
repository
University of Pennsylvania Biddle Law Library
extent
4.5 linear feet (about 930 items)
inclusive date
1984-1994
bulk date
abstract/scope/contents
On July 11, 1984, William Foley, Legislative Affairs Officer of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts ("Administrative Office"), issued a memorandum stating that the Administrative Office would not pay bankruptcy judges because, in its opinion, Congress had acted unlawfully by awarding retroactive terms of office to the normally presidentially-appointed bankruptcy judges. In response, on July 13, 1984, four bankruptcy judges sued Foley and the Administrative Office for abuse of power. The case became commonly known as Lundin v. Foley. The law firm of Kronish, Lieb, Shainswit, Weiner and Hellman (later, Kronish, Lieb, Weiner and Hellman) represented the bankruptcy judges. Richard Lieb served as the primary attorney on the case. In 1988 the court issued a summary judgment on the grounds that the explicit reason for the suit (i.e. the refusal of Foley to pay the judges) had been resolved. However, when Foley issued his original memorandum, parties with an interest in other bankruptcy cases called for a dismissal of their cases or rulings on the grounds that the judges were not lawfully appointed. The bankruptcy judges in the original suit intervened in these cases on behalf of the presiding bankruptcy judges and, more importantly, the constituionality of the bankruptcy judge system as a whole. In each case, all of the motions were denied, thereby securing the bankruptcy judges a clear, unqualified victory. Following the court's decision, the judges sought reimbursement for its attorney fees under the Equal Access to Justice Act, which allows for plaintiffs who win a case against the government to be compensated for court costs. The Administrative Office refused to reimburse the judges, arguing that the Equal Access to Justice Act only covers suits against the Executive Branch, an argument which was upheld by the courts in the original ruling. The judges appealed and in 1992, the court ruled in favor of them for Lundin v. Foley. However, the judges were denied their request to recover fees for the related cases. The collection, 1984-1994, includes correspondence, clippings, photocopies of cases compiled in the course of research, notes, court documents, and other materials regarding the cases for which Kronish, Lieb represented bankruptcy judges in their lawsuit against the Administrative Office of the United States Courts.
date_facet
1980s 1990s
bulk_date_facet
language_facet
English
name_facet
Kronish, Lieb, Weiner, and Hellman LLP Lundin, Keith M. Norton, William L. Paine, George C., II United States. Administrative Office of the United States Courts
name_with_roles_facet
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topical_subject_facet
genre_form_facet
Legal files
Biddle Law Library: National Bankruptcy Archives [Contact Us]
1973-1994
Creator:
Morton, Robert B. (Robert Ball), 1912-2005
Extent: 3 linear feet (about 3,000 items)
Robert B. Morton (1912-2005) earned his law degree from the University of Kansas in 1935. In 1962, Morton became a judge in the United States Bankruptcy Court, a position he held until 1986. Upon his retirement from the court, Morton worked for Morris, Laing, Evans, Brock and Kennedy, a law firm located in Wichita, Kan. Morton was an active member in a number of bankruptcy and legal organizations, most notably the National Conference of Bankruptcy Judges, where he served as President from 1975 to 1976 and as Treasurer from 1980 to 1982. The collection, 1973-1994, includes correspondence, memoranda, handwritten notes, and related material regarding Morton's activities as a member of the National Conference of Bankruptcy Judges; as counsel to the bankruptcy department of Morris, Laing, Evans, Brock and Kennedy; and as an advocate for improved benefits for bankruptcy judges.
title
Robert B. Morton Papers
creator
Morton, Robert B. (Robert Ball), 1912-2005
id
PU-L.NBA.018
repository
University of Pennsylvania Biddle Law Library
extent
3 linear feet (about 3,000 items)
inclusive date
1973-1994
bulk date
abstract/scope/contents
Robert B. Morton (1912-2005) earned his law degree from the University of Kansas in 1935. In 1962, Morton became a judge in the United States Bankruptcy Court, a position he held until 1986. Upon his retirement from the court, Morton worked for Morris, Laing, Evans, Brock and Kennedy, a law firm located in Wichita, Kan. Morton was an active member in a number of bankruptcy and legal organizations, most notably the National Conference of Bankruptcy Judges, where he served as President from 1975 to 1976 and as Treasurer from 1980 to 1982. The collection, 1973-1994, includes correspondence, memoranda, handwritten notes, and related material regarding Morton's activities as a member of the National Conference of Bankruptcy Judges; as counsel to the bankruptcy department of Morris, Laing, Evans, Brock and Kennedy; and as an advocate for improved benefits for bankruptcy judges.
date_facet
1970s 1980s 1990s
bulk_date_facet
language_facet
English
name_facet
Morton, Robert B. (Robert Ball), 1912-2005 National Conference of Bankruptcy Judges (U.S.) Norton, William L.
name_with_roles_facet
geographical_subject_facet
topical_subject_facet
genre_form_facet