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Dr. Daniel and Eleanor Albert collection of ophthalmology material

Ms. Coll. 1320

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Albert, Daniel
Title:
Dr. Daniel and Eleanor Albert collection of ophthalmology material
Date:
1596-2000, undated (bulk: 1785-1925)
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 1320
Extent:
5 linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Dr. Daniel and Eleanor Albert collection of ophthalmology material (1596-2000, undated) presents the historical transformations of eye care and ocular medicine, with a particular emphasis on the field in the nineteenth century. While the majority of materials in this collection relate to ophthalmology, some pertain more broadly to medicine or to American history. In addition to the historical medical documents, this collection includes dozens of pairs of antique spectacles and over one hundred ophthalmoscopes.
Cite as:
Dr. Daniel and Eleanor Albert collection of ophthalmology material, 1596-2000, undated (bulk: 1785-1925), Ms. Coll. 1320, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania.
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Dr. Daniel M. Albert is a preeminent ophthalmologist and collector of historical medical documents and artifacts. Born in Newark, NJ, Albert graduated from Franklin and Marshall College in 1958, and from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1962. Albert completed his residency at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania under Dr. Harold Scheie and, after engaging in two fellowships, returned to the University to teach. Dr. Daniel Albert spent much of his career (1976-1992) as the David G. Cogan Professor of Ophthalmology at Harvard Medical School, and then went on the serve as the Frederick A. Davis Professor and chair of the Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Wisconsin Medical School until 2016. Albert is the founding director of the McPherson Eye Research Institute and served for twenty years as the editor of the American Medical Association’s Archives of Ophthalmology (now JAMA  Ophthalmology) starting in 1994. Currently, Dr. Albert is Professor of Ophthalmology at the Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University. He has been recognized with multiple professional awards and has published extensively, including on the topic of the history of medicine.

The following articles provide additional information on the history of the field of ophthalmology:

Wheeler, J. R. “History of Ophthalmology through the Ages.” The British Journal of Ophthalmology 30.5 (1946): 264–275.

Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. “History of Ophthalmology.” Accessed August 30, 2017. http://www.uphs.upenn.edu/ophthalmology/about/history.htm

Scope and Contents

The Dr. Daniel and Eleanor Albert collection of ophthalmology material (1596-2000, undated) presents some historical developments in eye care and ocular medicine, particularly over the course of the nineteenth century. While the majority of materials in this collection relate to ophthalmology, some pertain more broadly to medicine or to American history. Many documents are accompanied by descriptions or transcriptions provided by the seller, or additional background research conducted by the donor of the collection. In addition to correspondence, printed booklets and pamphlets, broadsides and advertisements, receipts, stock certificates, and some photographs and prints, the collection includes dozens of mostly eighteenth and nineteenth century spectacles and ophthalmoscopes.

The correspondence in this collection, arranged chronologically, dates from 1792 to 1950, with a few undated materials. Most of the letters were either written by or addressed to physicians, or relate to medical matters. Other letters speak to the experiences (both in matters of health and everyday life) of nineteenth century settlers, especially those to the state of Wisconsin. Several letters relate, either directly or tangentially, to the highly publicized murder in 1849 of George Parkman by John White Webster, a Harvard chemistry professor. This series contains four applications for positions as assistant surgeon in the Union Navy (submitted to the New York Naval Hospital in 1861), each of which consists of a cover letter and handwritten answers to a list of questions to demonstrate professional aptitude. Other notable documents include several letters written by Civil War surgeon William H. Githens during his service; a letter from Helen Keller to Ione Kurtz, composed in the wake of the death of Keller's friend and teacher Anne Sullivan; and the results of a phrenological analysis conducted by Orson S. Fowler. Aside from a short letter by German physician Hermann von Helmholtz, all letters are in English.

The education materials in this collection consist mainly of nineteenth and early twentieth century medical school brochures, which provide some combination of lists of faculty, students, alumni, lectures, courses and institutional policies. This series also includes three apprenticeship indentures to British surgeons and a certificate for a prize in theoretical chemistry granted to Michael McGrath. This series is arranged in chronological order.

The papers pertaining to organizations, institutions and governments include edicts; certifications; a few eighteenth century American legal documents; and a number of printed booklets presenting the meeting minutes and annual reports of various boards, societies, and associations. While some such pamphlets describe the administration of educational institutions, they have been included in this, rather than the prior series, because of their organizational emphasis. A noteworthy file in this series is "Boston Medical Police," an 1808 booklet often considered the first American code of medical ethics. This series is arranged in chronological order.

The series of publicity materials contains advertisements, broadsides, catalogs, and circulars, mostly for medical treatments and services. Some of these documents succinctly promote a particular product while others dispense medical advice and health information, or include testimonials. This series is arranged in chronological order.

The eighteenth century bills of exchange in the following series include war bonds and pay tables issued by the state of Connecticut (or "State of Hartford") to Dr. Amos Mead, Ralph Pomeroy, [Gilbert] Belcher, and "the Selectmen of Norfolk." The files in this series bearing a later date are mostly receipts for eyeglasses and medications. This series is arranged in chronological order.

With a few exceptions, the stock certificates in the sixth series do not pertain to medicine; most represent shares in railroad or transportation companies. This series is arranged in chronological order.

All of the written works in the Series VII. Articles, treatises, and written works are of a medical nature, whether they address particular conditions or the history of the field. This series is arranged in chronological order.

The images in this collection primarily consist of either nineteenth century photographs or colorful, comical prints by British caricaturists (circa 1800-1825). This series is arranged in chronological order.

The spectacles in this collection date mostly from the nineteenth century. Their item-level descriptions, based on notes provided by Dr. Albert, include the type of eye instrument (spectacles, if unspecified), the material of the frame, the shape and color of the lenses, qualities of the sides or temples, presence or absence of a case, and any markings including the name of the manufacturer. The ophthalmoscopes (bulk: 1860-1895) are described with their place of origin, manufacturer and type, to the extent that all of this information is available. For both these series, Dr. Albert's original order has been maintained. Selected spectacles and ophthalmoscopes are currently on exhibit in both the Scheie Eye Institute and the Kislak Center. Researchers interested in viewing items in either the spectacles and or the ophthalmoscopes collections should contact the Kislak Center before their visit in order to obtain a list of exhibited items.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2017 September 5

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Rive Cadwallader

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Dr. Daniel and Eleanor Albert.

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Advertisements
  • Correspondence
  • Eyeglasses
  • Medical equipment
  • Ophthalmoscopes
  • Photographs
  • Publications (documents)
  • Receipts (financial records)
  • Stock certificates
Subject(s)
  • Advertising--Medicine
  • Medical education--United States
  • Medicine
  • Medicine--History
  • Medicine--Study and teaching
  • Ophthalmology

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Collection Inventory

I. Correspondence, 1792-1950, undated.

Box Folder

From G. [Hitchcock?] to Dr. John Hyde [also 'Hide'] (2 letters), 1792 August 10, 1793 February 23.

1 1

From William Eustis, 1814 December 25.

1 1

From James Thacher to Nathan Larell, 1825 May 25.

1 1

From George Parkman to the Selectman of Charleston, 1828 August 13.

1 1

From Sam Breeze to S. Sidney [Breeze?], 1837 May 23.

1 1

From W. R. Smith to Gen. R. Jones, 1840 October 10.

1 1

From Orson S. Fowler (phrenological analysis written to an unspecified individual), 1845 March 29.

1 1

From M. B. Edson to Joshua Hathaway, 1846 April 3.

1 1

From Samuel Gridley Howe to Rev. Mr. Packard, 1846 May 29.

1 1

From Cornelius Davis to Thomas Nayes, 1846 July 28.

1 1

From F. B. Hamlin to John K. Williams (3 letters), 1846 December 21, 1847 March 5, 1847 October 9.

1 1

From W. A. Williams to John K. Williams, 1847 January 9.

1 1

From William M. Dennis to Joshua Hathaway, 1847 June 15.

1 1

To Christopher Latham Sholes, 1848 January 15.

1 1

From John White Webster to Rev. John Woach (2 short newspaper clippings included), 1850 April 5.

1 1

From John L. Atlee to Dr. Thomas Wood, 1852 April 8.

1 1

From Samuel Gridley Howe to [Mr. Kirkland?], 1855 May 18.

1 1

From E. B. Dickerman to W. & C. Dickerman (2 letters), 1856 June 25, 1856 July 5.

1 1

From "Lottie" to Philinda Hubbard, 1857 March 28.

1 1

From Dr. Underwood to the Proprietor of the Cottage House (originally enclosed with "Eye and Ear!," box 2, folder 1), 1861 June 8.

1 2

Letter of application and written examination of Arthur Mathewson for a position as an Assistant Surgeon in the U. S. Navy, 1861 May 5.

1 2

Letter of application and written examination of Daniel Moore Skinner for a position as an Assistant Surgeon in the U. S. Navy, 1861 September 10.

1 2

Letter of application and written examination of David Mackay for a medical position in the U. S. Navy, 1861 October 21.

1 2

Letter of application and written examination of C. J. Stewart Wells for a position as an Assistant Surgeon in the U. S. Navy, 1861 October 22.

1 2

From William G. Whipple to Mrs. Calvin W. Philleo, 1861 October 28.

1 2

From A. W. Haney to Mary Godshalk, 1863 March 30.

1 2

From William H. Githens to his wife (4 letters) and daughter (1 letter), 1863 May 31-1864 December 28.

1 2

From Lionel Smith Beale to Mr. Dann, 1864 June 6.

1 2

From Charles Squire Wood to a friend, 1865 April 18.

1 2

From William P. Fleming to Dr. A. Graham, 1873 October 4.

1 2

From George G. S. to Samuel E. Stephens, 1874 November 8.

1 2

From Lyman C. Draper to John E. Hunt, 1876 November 28.

1 2

From Dwight Kinney to Jennie D. Sheldon, 1880 January 20.

1 2

From James E. Spencer to his brother (possibly John S. Spencer), 1884 January 23.

1 2

From William F. Vilas to General W. R. Rowley, 1885 March 19.

1 2

To Emma L. Pratt, 1885 August 3.

1 2

From Hermann von Helmholtz, 1888 January 19.

1 2

From G. O. Goetchius to "Master Willie", 1890 August 28.

1 2

From J. T. Little to the Pennsylvania Reform School (relates to receipts in box 2, folder 3), 1895 December 18.

1 2

To John Winans (3 addressed envelopes), 1896-1898.

1 2

From the Illinois State Board of Health to Dr. John B. Kinne (printed information on medical education and state boards of registration also included), 1906 December 7.

1 3

From Robert M. LaFollette to H. Stuart Watts, 1911 March 9.

1 3

From J. R. Kingston to Howard C. Doane, 1914 November 24.

1 3

From Charles E. White to Thomas J. Hammond, 1927 August 22.

1 3

From Walter Kohler to Louis Schwartz, 1930 January 16.

1 3

From Helen Keller to Ione Kurtz, 1936 November 24.

1 3

From Helen Bayne to Flora Brettschneider, 1945 July 9.

1 3

From Flora Brettschneider to Helen Bayne (relates to textbook advertisement, box 2, folder 2, and photograph, box 1, folder 7), 1950 November 28.

1 3

5 empty envelopes, 1864, 1932, undated.

1 3

3 postcards, 1873, 1874, undated.

1 3

II. Education, 1823-1982.

Box Folder

"Berkshire Medical Institution," booklet of policies with original envelope addressed to William Crawford, 1823.

1 4

"Some Account of the Medical School in Boston, and of the Massachusetts General Hospital", 1824.

1 4

"Annual Curricular of the Massachusetts Medical College, with a History of the Medical Department of Harvard University, A Catalogue of Graduates, &c", 1846.

1 4

Certification of an academic prize granted to Michael McGrath at the Original School of Anatomy Medicine and Surgery, Dublin, 1851.

1 4

"Catalogue of the Trustees, Officers and Students, of the University of Pennsylvania", 1855.

1 4
Drawer Folder

3 Apprenticeship indentures for surgeons, 1856-1860.

99
Box Folder

"Introductory Address Delivered at the Opening of the Course on Physiology... in the Medical Department of the University of the Pacific," by Dr. L. C. Lane, 1861.

1 4

"College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York. Medical Department of Columbia College. Seventy-Second Annual Catalogue and Announcement", 1879.

1 4

"University of the City of New York. Medical Department. Forty-Eighth Annual Announcement of Lectures and Catalogue", 1888.

1 4

List of lectures offered at the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital, 1906.

1 4

"Curriculum of the New York Institute of Optometry", 1910.

1 4

"The University of the State of New York, Handbook 28. Higher Education: Optometry and Ophthalmic Dispensing: Law, Rules and Information", 1948.

1 4

Reprint of an announcement of anatomical and surgical lectures offered by Dr. E. S. Cooper in 1856, with a short introduction by Albert Shumate, 1982.

1 4

III. Organizations, institutions, and governments, 1644-1912.

Box Folder

Reprint of 1579 papal bull of Gregory XIII concerning the profession of surgery, 1644.

1 5

"An Act for making the Surgeons of London and the Barbers of London Two Separate and Distinct Corporations," by King George II (2 copies), 1745.

1 5

Legal testimony given by John Webster before Josiah Bartlett, 1767 August 1.

1 5

Form letter for recommending patients to St. George's Hospital, London, 1770s.

1 5

Note granting medical discharge to Revolutionary War soldier Otis Ensign, 1782 November 30.

1 5

Legal charge filed against Joseph Woodard by Peter Nimm for auto-inoculation, 1786 September 6.

1 5

"Boston Medical Police", 1808.

1 5

Tickets for State of New York Medical Science Lottery (2), and New York State Lottery, 1815-1820.

1 5

"Acts of the Legislature of Massachusetts for Regulating the Practice of Physick and Surgery, with the Regulations Adopted by the Massachusetts Medical Society for Carrying these Acts into Operation, and a List of the Books Required and Recommended by the Society", 1819.

1 5

"Report of a Committee of the Connecticut Medical Society, Respecting an Asylum for Inebriates, with the Resolutions of the Society Adopted at their Annual Meeting", 1830.

1 5

"The Law Incorporating Medical Societies: and the By-Laws, Rules and Regulations; with the Table of Fees and Rates for Chargeing [sic] of the Medical Society of New-Jersey", 1830.

1 5
Drawer Folder

"Notificazione: il Pro-Legato della Citta' e Provincia di Ravenna", 1832.

99
Box Folder

"Tenth Annual Report of the Managers of the New-York Institution for the Blind", 1846.

1 5

"Fifth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Indiana Institute for the Education of the Blind to the General Assembly", 1851.

1 6

"Twenty-Second Annual Report of the Managers of the New-York Institution for the Blind", 1858.

1 6

"Plan for a Free City Hospital with Suggestions as to Its Location, Structure, Organization and Support," by Dr. Henry G. Clark, for the City of Boston, 1860.

1 6

"Eighteenth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Massachusetts School for Idiotic and Feeble-Minded Youth", 1865.

1 6

"Preliminary Programme of the Congress of American Physicians and Surgeons, to be Held in Washington, D.C.", 1888.

1 6

Certification of a student's vaccination addressed to school superintendent, 1894.

1 6

"Ninth Annual Report of the Maine Eye and Ear Infirmary with Adjunct Clinics for Other Diseases", 1895.

1 6

Permit issued by Rawlins County, Kansas, for the purchase of alcohol for exclusively medical purposes, 1906.

1 6

Certificate granting membership in the Society for the Prevention of Contagion to Charles A. Beveridge, 1912.

1 6

IV. Publicity, 1822-1935, undated.

Box Folder

"Philadelphia Museum, in the State House," informative flier for the Peale Museum, 1822.

2 1

"For Subscription to the American Journal of the Medical Sciences," circular by Blanchard & Lea, 1855.

2 1

"Eye and Ear!," brochure advertising the services of Dr. Underwood (originally enclosed with correspondence, box 1, folder 2), 1861.

2 1

"Prospectus of the American Journal of Ophthalmology," flyer advertising subscriptions, 1864.

2 1

"Smith, Beck, and Beck's Improved Liebreich's Ophthalmoscope," illustrated informative brochure, 1865.

2 1

"Improved Spectacles, by Prof. N. W. Cass, Practical Optician," informative broadside advertisement, 1871.

2 1

"Our Eyes in Health and Disease," informative booklet on ocular health with advertisements and testimonials for Aqua-Crystal Spectacles, 1888.

2 1

"Andrew J. Lloyd & Co., Opticians," prescription card and envelope, 1901.

2 1

"Hartman Magazine of Health, Vol. 2, No. 1," with advertisements, testimonials and short articles, by Dr. S. B. Hartman, 1904.

2 1

"Books on Medicine, Dentistry, Chemistry, Pharmacology, Biology, Physics and General Science," brochure by P. Blakiston's Son & Co., Publishers, 1910.

2 1

"Complete Catalog with Illustrations and Lowest Wholesale Prices," by Dr. Haux Spectacle Co., 1910.

2 1

"Optometry: What it is Doing for Human Vision," brochure promoting state optometry laws, published by the American Optical Association, 1914.

2 1

"Comfort with Genuine Wellsworth Crookes Glass," advertising brochure by American Optical Company, 1920.

2 1

"Rawleigh's Good Health Guide: Almanac - Catalog," by the W. T. Rawleigh Company, 1935.

2 1

"Dr. Jonathan Moore's Essence of Life," advertisement for medication, circa 1840.

2 2

"Dr. Ward's Vegetable Asthmatic Pills," advertisement by Thomas Hollis, Druggist & Chemist, circa 1840.

2 2

"Apothecary's Store...," advertisement by John Bixby, circa 1845.

2 2

"A New and Elegant Set of Medical Labels...," advertisement by Thomas Smith, engraver and printer, circa 1850.

2 2

"Fail Not to Read the Following Statement about Dr. Hartshorn's Jaundice and Dyspeptic Bitters," advertisement by Dr. E. Hartshorn & Sons, circa 1850.

2 2
Drawer Folder

"Dr. Kennedy's Rheumatic Dissolvent," double-sided broadside advertisement, circa 1862.

99
Box Folder

"Buy Your Medical Books...," advertisement by J. V. Standish for supplies needed by students at Bellevue Hospital Medical College, circa 1870.

2 2

"Phrenology: The Proper Study of Mankind is Man," advertisement for phrenological examinations, classes and books by Fowlers and Wells, & Co., circa 1870.

2 2

"Pettit's Eye-Salve. A Reliable Remedy for Diseases of the Eye!," advertisement (text reprinted in 7 languages on opposite side), circa 1875.

2 2

"Style Card" for spectacles, circa 1880.

2 2

"The Mitchell, this Justly Celebrated Wagon," advertisement by Mitchell & Lewis Co., circa 1880.

2 2

"A Treatise on Diseases of the Skin, Blood, Liver & Kidneys, and How to Cure Them," color brochure advertising medications sold by Dr. David Kennedy, circa 1890.

2 2

"Our Eyes," advertisement for spectacles and eye exams by C. Thomas Saul, circa 1890.

2 2

"At Last I See What's Wrong with Me...," double-sided broadside by Duplex Spectacle Co., advertising Health and Disease and  Plain Home Talk, medical books for popular audiences, circa 1890.

2 2

"Standard Types for Fitting Spectacles," reading test card in English and German by Jos. Friedlander & Bro., Wholesale Opticians (2 copies), circa 1890.

2 2

"Eye Strain: Cause & Correction," informative advertising brochure by A. Martin, Inc., Eyesight Specialist, circa 1905.

2 2

"How to Make Photographs with the No. 2 A Buster Brown," instruction booklet by Ansco Company, circa 1910-1920.

2 2

"Kodak Duaflex IV Camera," instruction booklet, circa 1950.

2 2

"The Karpeles Manuscript Library Museums," brochure and 5 informative pamphlets on collections and exhibitions, circa 2000.

2 2

V. Receipts and bills of exchange, 1764-1928.

Box Folder

Charged by Josiah Bartlett, on behalf of Josiah Judkins, to Nathan Sweat for fencing material, 1764 November 30.

2 3

Charged by Benjamin Church to Christopher Stover for medical treatment, 1765 March 7.

2 3

3 bills of payment and 1 bond promised to servicemen by the State of Connecticut, 1778-1783.

2 3

Promised by Eliphalet Dyer to Benjamin Dyer, 1783 December 4.

2 3

Promised by Benjamin Smith Barton to Mordecai Lewis, Treasurer of the Pennsylvania Hospital, 1798 January 8.

2 3

Promised by Greenwich, New York to the Vermont Academy of Medicine, 1824 September 2.

2 3

Promised by Jacob Werstler to [Jesse?] Wiedermuth for medical treatment, 1842 March 9.

2 3

Promised by W. A. Akeroyd to J. C. Ayer & Co. for balance of unsold medicines, 1859 October 1.

2 3

Charged by George W. Weyman, Pharmaceutist and Analytical Chemist, to House of Refuge for medical supplies, 1860 September 12.

2 3

Charged by W.S. Haven to Directors of House of Refuge for stationary supplies, 1860 November 6.

2 3

Promised by S. M. Golden to Arthur Christie for medical treatment, 1871 December 8.

2 3

Charged by J. D. Chase and Son for spectacles, 1874 September 2.

2 3

13 receipts charged to the Pennsylvania Reform School by several companies for medications, books, and other supplies, 1881-1902.

2 3

Promised by George W. Benson, Commissioner of Health for the City of Baltimore, to J. W. Frey, 1882 May 22.

2 3

Charged by A. L. Bancroft & Company to Carson City Savings Bank, 1882 October 2.

2 3

Charged by Ketcham & McDougall to A. E. Phillips, 1884 November 10.

2 3

Charged by F. A. Davis to J. D. Young for medical books, 1886 May 21.

2 3

Charged by Julius King Optical Co. to R. Spencer for eyeglasses and spectacles, 1891 April 28.

2 3

Charged by William T. Gregg to the New York City Board of Education for a lecture, 1892 February 25.

2 3

Charged by Miller & Lambert to [D. S. Boyer?], 1895 April 25.

2 3

Charged by L. M. Prince to the Bonnot Company, 1896 March 1.

2 3

Charged by Elliott P. Joslin to Francis B. Sears, Jr., 1906 November 6.

2 3

Charged by W. Richard Upson, 1910 July 6.

2 3

Charged by Wm. R. Warner & Co. to James H. Smellie for antiseptic, 1913 May 28.

2 3

Charged by Reed, Robb & Breiding, Wholesale Druggists, to J. S. White, 1921 December 9.

2 3

Charged by J. H. Steward, Official Opticians, 1928 May 15.

2 3

VI. Stock certificates, 1868-1981, undated.

Box Folder

Milwaukee and Prairie du Chien Railway Company, 1868 August 21.

2 4
Drawer Folder

La Crosse, Iowa and Southwestern Railway Company, 1883 October 1.

99
Box Folder

The American-Medicine Publishing Company, 1901 April 1.

2 4

Independent Pharmaceutical Company, 1902 January 16.

2 4

Kansas City Hahnemann Medical College, 1904 April 14.

2 4

Maryland Medical College of Baltimore City, 1905 October 18.

2 4

Consolidated Ginseng Company of America, 1908 June 25.

2 4
Drawer Folder

Wisconsin Interurban System, 1917 July 3.

99
Box Folder

The Four Wheel Drive Auto Company, 1925 March 20.

2 4

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, 1952 June 16.

2 4

Green Bay and Western Railroad Company, 1952 November 7.

2 4

Grolier Incorporated, 1977 November 21.

2 4

General Motors Corporation, 1981 August 25.

2 4
Drawer Folder

Chicago, Portage and Superior Railway Company, 1800s.

99

Chicago, Lake Geneva and Pacific Railway Company, 1880s.

99
Box Folder

Ringling Bros.- Barnum and Bailey Combined Shows, Inc., circa 1965.

2 4

Reprographic copies of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company stock certificate signed by Johns Hopkins, with one-page biographies of Hopkins and Russell Sage, undated.

2 4

Four small bills of money, circa 1981-1993.

2 4

VII. Articles, treatises, and written works, 1596-2000.

Box Folder

"Theses Medicae, de Ophthalmia," by Paulus Weinhart, 1596.

2 5

"Dissertation sur le Delirium Tremens," by Victor Stoeber, 1824.

2 5

"The "Laws of Sobriety" and "The Temperance Reform:" An Address Delivered Before the Young Men's Temperance Society in Lowell," by Elisha Bartlett, published by the Young Men's Temperance Society, 1835.

2 5

"To The Medical Profession," by E. S. Cooper, with short explanatory essay by Francis T. Gardner published by the Book Club of California in 1952, 1858.

2 5

"Distortions of the Visual Fields in Cases of Brain Tumor- Binasal Hemianopsia," by Harvey Cushing and Clifford B. Walker, reprinted from the Archives of Ophthalmology, Vol. XLI, No. 6, 1912.

2 5

Ophthalmoscopic Diagnosis for General Practitioners and Students, by George W. Jean, published by E. B. Meyrowitz, Inc., 1915.

2 6

"In Memoriam- Sir William Osler, Bart. To the First Anniversary of His Death," by S. Adolphus Knopf in American Medicine, 1921 January.

2 5

"Vignettes in California Medicine," a series of 10 short essays published by the Book Club of California, 1976-1977.

2 5

Eye Making: A Brief History of Artificial Eyes Made in Virginia, Washington, D.C., and Surrounding Areas, by Michael O. Hughes, 2000.

2 5

VIII. Photographs and Prints, 1801-1875, undated.

Box Folder

"Physiognomy," by Thomas Rowlandson, 1801.

1 7

"Making a Wet-Nurse," by T. Williamson, 1802.

1 7

"The Imposter, or, Obstetric Dispute," probably by Cruikshank, 1814.

1 7

"Jerry "beat to a stand still"!," by Cruikshank, 1821.

1 7

"Male Quintette. Born at Watertown, Wis. Feb. 15 1875," by W. K. Hosken, 1875.

1 7

"A Sure and Convenient Machine for Drawing Silhouettes," by T. Holloway Direxit, circa 1800.

1 7

"A Going! A Going!," by Thomas Rowlandson, circa 1810.

1 7

"A Consultation of Doctors on the case of Sr. Toby Bumper," by Cruikshank, circa 1810.

1 7

Bellvue Hospital ambulance corps, including J. V. Standish (relates to Flora Brettschneider correspondence, box 1, folder 3), circa 1870.

1 7

Portrait of Dr. Benjamin Joy Jeffries, by Black & Batchelder, Boston, circa 1910.

1 7

Reprographic copy of trade card of London bookseller John Saywell (circa 1650), circa 2010.

1 7

14 stereo photo cards (complete set) on the anatomy of the eye and orbit - adapted from Prof. Arthur Thomson (1858-1935), see "Anatomy of the Eye," Clarendon Press, 1912, 1912.

2 7

IX. Spectacles, circa 1750-1975, bulk 1800s.

Scope and Contents note

Selected spectacles and ophthalmoscopes are currently on exhibit in both the Scheie Eye Institute and the Kislak Center. Researchers interested in viewing items in either the spectacles and or the ophthalmoscopes collections should contact the Kislak Center before their visit in order to obtain a list of exhibited items.

Box Item

Cased trial set; 6 pairs, circa 1800s.

17 1

Cased trial set; 6 pairs, circa 1800s.

17 2

Cased trial set; "Convex 8-13", circa 1800s.

On exhibit 3

Quizzing glass; gold rim, circular lenses - Ross & Co. (in case), circa 1800.

On exhibit 4

Monocular; ivory and tortoise, single tube, sliding temples (with case), circa 1750.

On exhibit 5

Magnifier; horn (no case), circa 1800.

On exhibit 6

Shooting glasses; amber (no case), circa 1800s.

On exhibit 7

White metal, oval lenses, sliding temples marked (no case), circa 1810.

17 8

Brass, oval lenses, sliding sides and loops (with case), circa 1850.

17 9

Heavy steel, oval lenses, sliding temples marked 30 (no case), circa 1800.

17 10

Brass, oval lenses, open temples (with case), circa 1820.

17 11

White metal, oval lenses, sliding temples - marked C. & Co. (no case), circa 1810.

17 12

White metal, oval lenses (no case), circa 1850.

17 13

Brass, oval lenses, open temples (no case), circa 1820.

On exhibit 14

Turpin shell, rare double-folds with silver repair, circa 1800.

On exhibit 15

Case; black lacquered papier mache, white metal inlay, frog-mouthed fins, circa 1800.

17 16

Double-D shot-proof pebble spectacles - possibly railroad (no case), circa 1820.

On exhibit 17

White metal, oval lenses, sliding, temples stamped (no case), circa 1810.

17 18

Heavy brass, oval lenses, unusual sliding slides (no case), circa 1860.

On exhibit 19

Silver, double-fold loop (with case), circa 1790.

17 20

Blue-steeled (no case), circa 1880.

17 21

White metal, round lenses (no case), circa 1900.

17 22

Pince-nez; gold (with case), circa 1890.

On exhibit 23

White metal, double-fold loop (with case), circa 1820.

17 24

White metal, round lenses (no case), circa 1900.

17 25

White metal, round lenses (no case), circa 1900.

17 26

Heavy sterling silver, round lenses, double-hinged folding sides marked 1818 (no case), 1818.

On exhibit 27

Dark red tortoise shell, oval lenses, straight, tapered and silver joints (with case), circa 1830.

On exhibit 28

Protective; metal temples, folding screens - possibly early railroad glasses (no case), circa 1750.

On exhibit 29

Tortoise shell, green lenses (with case), circa 1825.

On exhibit 30

Shell and silver double-fold (with case), circa 1820.

17 31

Tortoise shell, oval lenses, round "drop loop" (with tortoise shell case), circa 1840.

17 32

White metal, oval lenses, scroll bridge, flat section eye wire (with case), circa 1880.

17 33

Tortoise shell, oval lenses, tapered straight sides, bumped bridge (with case), circa 1840.

17 34

Tortoise shell, green lenses (with case), circa 1825.

17 35

Brass, oval lenses, sliding sides, unusual joints (with case), circa 1810.

17 36

Protective; Deye turpin 4-lens (with case), circa 1750.

On exhibit 37

Lorgnette; tortoise handle, yellow metal frames, folding rectangular lenses (with case), circa 1825.

17 38

White metal, oval lenses, brass bridge, wire temples (no case), circa 1900.

17 39

Recumbent; with prisms and high power lenses (no case), 1935.

17 40

Steel frame, Martin's margins, high C-shaped nasal bridge, wide temporal pieces ending in extra-large oval (1.25 inch) loops, unusual light horn inserts with outer diameter of 1.25 inches (no case), 1750.

On exhibit 41

"Victorian;" dark metal, oval lenses, temples end in loops, (with case), circa 1860.

17 42

"Victorian sunglasses;" steel, oval gray lenses (with case), circa 1860.

On exhibit 43

Coin silver, wide extendable temples ending in large loops - marked 'McAllister, Phila & MI' on one temple and '27' on the other (with case), circa 1796.

18 44

Pince-nez; Yellow metal, with chain and additional lens- Charles & Co., London (with case), circa 1900.

18 45

Heavy steel, oval lenses, sliding temples ending in loops - marked 'Phila' and '16' (no case), circa 1800.

18 46

White metal, oval lenses (with case), circa 1860.

18 47

14 karat gold, oval lenses, narrow temporal pieces ending in loops - marked 'AL & CO NOEL'S PAT JANY 11, 1859' (no case), circa 1859.

On exhibit 48

Brass, oval lenses, yellow braided wire temples (no case), circa 1880.

18 49

Case; ornate paper mache with mosaic embedded border and embedded silver emblem, circa 1800.

18 50

Lorgnette; spring mechanism, medium handle, ornate embedded color glass and stones (no case), circa 1840.

18 51

Lorgnette; brass spectacle frame, round lenses, rigid tortoise handle (no case), circa 1825.

18 52

Pince-nez; steel (with case), circa 1900.

18 53

Pince-nez; rimless Wilson type (with case stamped 'Dean W. Myers, M.D. Ann Arbor, Mich.'), circa 1900.

18 54

White metal, oval lenses, flattened wire temples (with metal case), circa 1880.

18 55

Pince-nez; tortoise, circa 1890.

18 56

Brass, octagonal lenses, sliding temples ending in open loop (with case), circa 1820.

18 57

Scissors-glasses; dark metal, pivoted for folding (no case), circa 1840.

18 58

Folding spectacles; horn - Chinese (with fish skin case), circa 1700s.

18 59

Folding spectacles; horn, brass nose piece - Chinese (with fish-skin covered wooden case), circa 1700s.

18 60

Folding spectacles; tortoise, brass hinged nose piece - Chinese (no case), circa 1700s.

18 61

Case; sterling silver inlayed paper-mache, circa 1850.

18 62

Lorgnette; yellow metal, round blue lenses, manually opened (no case), circa 1850.

18 63

Silver, octagonal lenses, sliding temples, open loops, stamped "34" (no case), circa 1810.

18 64

Gold, rectangular lenses, sliding temples, open loops - stamped "Jared L. Moore," spectacle maker, NYC, 1825-1840 (with leather case), circa 1825.

On exhibit 65

Silver, oval lenses, open loop on temples (with inlaid case), circa 1825.

On exhibit 66

Coin-silver, rectangular lenses, open loops on temples (no case), circa 1850.

18 67

Coin-silver, octagonal green lenses, double hinged turnpin type temporal pieces with open oval loops, frames marked "25." (later case), circa 1860.

18 68

10 karat gold, octagonal lenses, open loops on temples (no case), circa 1800.

18 69

Lorgnette; flip spectacles (no case), undated.

18 70

Monocular aphakic glasses; yellow metal (no case), circa 1940.

18 71

White metal, round cobalt blue lenses, x-type bridge, closed loops on temple (no case), circa 1890.

18 72

Gold, octagonal lenses, extendable temples ending in open loops - stamped 'McAllister' with symbols, circa 1790.

On exhibit 73

Brass, 4 lenses, front oval lenses clear, hinged posterior lenses green, sliding temples ending in loops, circa 1850.

On exhibit 74

Quizzer; white metal, round lens, patterned handle rigid (no case), circa 1800.

19 75

Quizzer; white metal, rectangular lens, looped handle swivels (no case), circa 1800.

19 76

Brass frame, large round lenses, possibly glass, temple stringer - Chinese (with ornate carved tortoise shell case), circa 1800.

19 77

Replica by Peter Butler of spectacles excavated at Trig Lane, London, in 1974; metacarpal bone from forelimb of a bull, riveted, after 1974.

On exhibit

2

7

14 assorted cases, 1800s-1900s.

19 79

7 assorted cases, 1800s.

19 80

Set of 18 oval lenses, "guaranteed first quality, accurately ground, centered and perfectly interchangeable," ranging from 4.0 to 6.0 diopters, circa 1890.

19 81

Artifical eye; hand painted (case marked "F. Davidson and Co., 61 Portland St., London, and at Cairo"), circa 1930.

19 82

Artifical eye; hand painted (no case), circa 1930.

19 83

Eye bath; consisting of glass eye cup with rubber squeeze ball - manufactured by F. Davidson and Co., surgical and electrical instruments, London, (in original box), circa 1890.

19 84

X. Ophthalmoscopes, circa 1854-1967, bulk 1860-1895.

Scope and Contents note

Selected spectacles and ophthalmoscopes are currently on exhibit in both the Scheie Eye Institute and the Kislak Center. Researchers interested in viewing items in either the spectacles and or the ophthalmoscopes collections should contact the Kislak Center before their visit in order to obtain a list of exhibited items.

Box Item

Item 1: France; Anagnostakis (no case), circa 1855.

12 1

Item 2: France; Badal, circa 1876.

3 1

Item 3: Berlin; Baumeister, 1877.

3 2

Item 4: Berlin; Baumeister, 1877.

3 3

Item 5: Rochester, New York; Bausch & Lomb (luminous), circa 1950.

12 2

Item 6: Vienna; Bayer (no case), circa 1880.

3 4

Item 7: London; Beale (oil-lamp illuminated), 1869.

15 1

Item 8: Britain; Brailey, circa 1890.

3 5

Item 9: Paxton & Curry; Couper (no case), circa 1885.

12 3

Item 10: France; Dewecker, circa 1873.

3 6

Item 11: Germany; Eversbusch, circa 1885.

3 7

Item 12: Germany; Eversbusch, circa 1885.

3 8

Item 13: Germany; Eversbusch, circa 1885.

On exhibit

Item 14: France; Follin (no rotating disc), circa 1860.

4 1

Item 15: Collin Acic; Follin (4 lens, rotating disc), circa 1865.

4 2

Item 16: France, possibly by Nachet; Follin (4 lens, rotating disc), circa 1865.

4 3

Item 17: United States, Tiemann; Follin, circa 1865.

4 4

Item 18: Charriere; Galezowski (tubulor, no case), 1862.

12 4

Item 19: P. Roulet; Galezowski, after 1882.

4 5

Item 20: Berlin, P. Darftel; Haab, 1889.

4 6

Item 21: Berlin, P. Darftel; Haab, 1889.

4 7

Item 22: London; Hamblin (Morton type, luminous), circa 1924.

12 5

Item 23: London; Hamblin (Morton type, luminous, no case), circa 1924.

12 6

Item 24: Custom made facsimile of Helmholtz (no case), 1967.

12 7

Item 25: Berlin, P. Darftel; Hirschberg (Dorffel), 1877.

4 8

Item 26: Queen & Co. or Brown-Phila; Jackson, 1896.

4 9

Item 27: Vienna, E. Kraft; Jaeger (missing 3 lenses), 1854.

13 2

Item 28: London, Arnold & Sons; Jessop, 1887.

4 10

Item 29: Britain; Jessop, circa 1887.

4 11

Item 30: France (?); Landoldt, circa 1876.

4 12

Item 31: Netherlands; Landoldt, circa 1876.

5 1

Item 32: Paris, V. Kern; Landoldt, circa 1880.

5 2

Item 33: London, F. Walters & Co.; Lawford, circa 1900.

5 3

Item 34: Germany; Liebreich (small), circa 1860.

5 4

Item 35: Germany, Albert Klein/Gand; Liebreich (small), circa 1860.

5 5

Item 36: Germany; Liebreich (small), circa 1860.

5 6

Item 37: Germany; Liebreich (small, indirect lens missing, no case), circa 1860.

5 7

Item 38: Germany; Liebreich (small, long handle), circa 1860.

On exhibit

Item 39: Germany; Liebreich (large), circa 1860.

5 9

Item 40: Germany, Chr. Erbe; Liebreich (large), circa 1860.

5 10

Item 41: Germany (?); Liebreich (large, tortoise shell lenses), circa 1860.

5 11

Item 42: Britain; George Lindsay Johnson (no case), circa 1885.

6 42

Item 43: United States; Loring (3 discs), 1869.

6 2

Item 44: United States; Loring (4 + 16 lenses), 1878.

6 3

Item 45: Kansas City, Merry Optical Co.; Loring (indirect lens concealed in case), circa 1878.

6 4

Item 46: United States; Loring (5 + 10 lenses, "early loring" per R. Keeler), circa 1871.

On exhibit

Item 47: Philadelphia, Chas. Lentz; Loring, circa 1876.

6 6

Item 48: United States (?); Loring (2 removable mirrors), circa 1878.

6 7

Item 49: United States (?); Loring (6 + 32 lenses), circa 1878.

6 8

Item 50: Britain (?); Loring (5 + 32 lenses), circa 1890.

6 9

Item 51: Chicago, Chas. Truax; Loring (8 lenses, 2 lenses missing), circa 1869.

6 10

Item 52: United States; Loring (5 + 24 lenses), circa 1874.

7 1

Item 53: Chicago, F. A. Hardy; Loring (5 + 32 lenses, engraved Dr. Leavitt, no case), circa 1874.

7 2

Item 54: United States; Loring (16 lenses, no case), circa 1878.

7 3

Item 55: New York City, Ernest Goldbacker, opticon; Loring (24 lenses), circa 1800s.

7 4

Item 56: Philadelphia, Reid; May (no case, luminous-electric), circa 1914.

7 5

Item 57: London, Curry & Paxton / A. W. Harvey; Morton, circa 1883.

7 6

Item 58: London, Curry & Paxton; Morton, circa 1883.

7 7

Item 59: London, Curry & Paxton; Morton, circa 1883.

7 8

Item 60: Pickard & Curry; Morton, circa 1883.

8 1

Item 61: Leicester, Richardson; Morton, circa 1893.

8 2

Item 62: Vienna, F. Fritsch; Morton (no case), circa 1893.

8 3

Item 63: London, Evans Wormull; Morton (lacking 4.5 centimeter diameter unframed inverting lens), circa 1893.

8 4

Item 64: Britain; Morton (cracked mirror, inverting lens missing), circa 1893.

8 5

Item 65: London, Curry & Paxton; Morton (missing large inverting lens), circa 1893.

8 6

Item 66: London, Weiss; Morton (missing large inverting lens), circa 1893.

13 2

Item 67: London, Curry & Paxton; Morton, circa 1893.

8 7

Item 68: Rochester, New York; Morton electric, circa 1950.

13 3

Item 69: Britain, Raphael; Morton electric, circa 1939.

13 4

Item 70: London, Pillischer; Nettleship, circa 1880.

8 8

Item 71: Edinburgh, J. Gardener & Son; Paxton, circa 1885.

8 9

Item 72: London, Curry & Paxton; Paxton, circa 1885.

8 10

Item 73: France; Parent, circa 1880.

8 11

Item 74: Paris, G. Guilbert; Parent, circa 1880.

9 1

Item 75: Paris, Giroux; Parent, circa 1880.

9 2

Item 76: France; Parent (no case), circa 1880.

9 3

Item 77: Vienna, F. Fritsch; Schnabel, circa 1877.

9 4

Item 78: Vienna; Schnabel, circa 1885.

9 5

Item 79: Berlin; Schweigger (small model), circa 1875.

9 6

Item 80: Dublin, G. Prescott; Swanzy, circa 1895.

9 7

Item 81: Zurich, J. Felder; Vogt, circa 1895.

9 8

Item 82: Zurich, Hausmann A-G; Vogt, circa 1895.

On exhibit

Item 83: New York City, Tiemann & Co.; Zehender (Schett/ fig. 10), circa 1859.

10 1

Item 84: East Germany; Zeiss Jena (luminous, Keller p. 83), circa 1950.

13 5

Item 85: Camden, New Jersey; Dezeng (luminous, pat. 1903), after 1903.

13 6

Item 86: Augenspiegel ("Augenspiegel" stencil painted on wooded box), undated.

10 2

Item 87: Topeka, Kansas; Cassity's Mediascope (luminous, pat. 1938), 1938.

14 1

Item 88: United States; May (no case), circa 1900.

10 3

Item 89: London (manufactured by Pickard & Curry), undated.

10 4

Item 90: Russia; reflecting ophthalmoscope (catch on case sticks), undated.

10 5

Item 91: "simple" ophthalmoscope (no case), undated.

10 6

Item 92: "unusual prototype" (illuminated ophthalmoscope, examined by Richard Keeler, no case), undated.

14 2

Item 93: London, Bateman; Bateman retinoscope, circa 1920.

10 7

Item 94: Germany; Double retinoscope set, circa 1920.

10 8

Item 95: Britain; Retinoscope with lens, circa 1930.

11 1

Item 96: Britian; Folding retinoscope (damaged), undated.

11 2

Item 97: United States; Retinoscope, circa 1930.

11 3

Item 98: France; Retinoscope (ivory handle, no case), circa 1900.

11 4

Item 99: Britain; Ellis Optical Co. (self-luminous retinoscope, belonged to F. Grover, FBOA), 1930.

14 3

Item 100: Britain; Reid's streak retinoscope (no case), 1930.

11 5

Item 101: Britain; Handheld simple microscope (no case), circa 1800.

14 4

Item 102: Britain; Jackson cross cylinder, circa 1930.

11 6

Item 103: United States; optometer (no case), circa 1920.

16 1

Item 104: Gressen, Germany, Liebrichs Nachf; Von Hippel spring-wound trephine, circa 1900.

14 5

Item 105: Oslo; Hjaimar Schiotz tonometer, circa 1900.

14 6

Item 106: Britain; small eye magnet (re: Ballantyne, A. J. “‘WHITE RINGS’ IN THE CORNEA.” The British Journal of Ophthalmology 17.6 (1933): 336–342), 1933.

14 7

Item 107: United States; Prof. Dr. Cords Electric Eye Warmer, circa 1920.

14 8

Item 108: Britain; Allen & Hanbury Electric (with otoscope), circa 1930.

15 2

Item 109: France, Charriere; Desmarres (without lenses, no case), 1856.

On exhibit

Item 110: Paxton & Curry; Juler, 1882.

11 8

Item 111: Freiberg, F. L. Fischer; Loring Freiberg Unn (not in Schett), circa 1875-1885.

11 9

Item 112: London, A. Fleming & Co.; 1930, circa 1930.

15 3

Item 113: Keeler; Senior wide angle Morton electric, 1946.

15 4