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John W. Mauchly papers

Ms. Coll. 925

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Mauchly, John W. (John William), 1907-1980
Title:
John W. Mauchly papers
Date [inclusive]:
1908-1980
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 925
Extent:
37 linear feet (37 boxes)
Language:
English
Abstract:
John W. Mauchly (1907-1980) was a physicist, teacher, and a leader in the development of computers. With J. Presper Eckert, he invented the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), the Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC), the Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), and the Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC). This first installment of Mauchly's papers documents Mauchly's youth, education, early career at Ursinus College, his work at the University of Pennsylvania Moore School of Electrical Engineering, his partnership with J. Presper Eckert, with whom he formed two companies, the Electronic Control Company (ECC) and the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC), and his work through 1959 with Remington Rand/Sperry Rand after its purchase of EMCC in 1950. Early work in programming, coding, compilers, routines and subroutines, and most importantly, the application of electronic computers in government, business, and industry, as well as the history of the computer, is well documented. Moreover, this collection provides a glimpse into the personal life of the remarkable man behind this work through his interactions with family, friends, and colleagues.
Cite as:
John W. Mauchly papers, 1908-1980, Ms. Coll. 925, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

John W. Mauchly was born on August 30, 1907, to Sebastian and Rachel (Scheidermantel) Mauchly in Cincinnati, Ohio. He moved with his parents and sister, Helen Elizabeth (Betty), at an early age to Chevy Chase, Maryland, when Sebastian Mauchly obtained a position at the Carnegie Institute of Washington as head of its Section of Terrestrial Electricity. As a youth, Mauchly was interested in science, and in particular with electricity, and was known to fix neighbors' electric systems at the age of 13 or 14. Mauchly attended E.V. Brown Elementary School in Chevy Chase and McKinley Technical High School in Washington, DC. At McKinley, Mauchly was extremely active in the debate team, was a member of the national honor society, and became editor-in-chief of the school's newspaper, Tech Life. After graduating from high school in 1925, he earned a scholarship to study engineering at Johns Hopkins University. He subsequently transferred to the Physics Department, and without completing his undergraduate degree, instead earned a Ph.D. in physics in 1932.

From 1932 to 1933, Mauchly served as a research assistant at Johns Hopkins University where he concentrated on calculating energy levels of the formaldehyde spectrum. Mauchly's teaching career truly began in 1933 at Ursinus College where he was appointed head of the physics department, where he was, in fact, the only staff member. According to John Costello, Mauchly "became a campus celebrity--if not a faculty favorite--for the irreverent Professor Ho-Hum lectures he used to deliver on the last day of class before Christmas," (Costello, page 50). In addition to his teaching duties, Mauchly sought automated ways to manipulate weather data. After some experimentation on his own, he visited John V. Atanasoff, an Iowa State University professor and inventor of the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC) which used vacuum tubes. Because the ABC machine was not fully electronic, Mauchly decided to continue his own research and experimentation.

In the summer of 1941, Mauchly took a Defense Training Course for Electronics at the University of Pennsylvania Moore School of Electrical Engineering. There he met the lab instructor, J. Presper Eckert (1919-1995), with whom he would form a long-standing working partnership. Following the course, Mauchly was hired as an instructor of electrical engineering and in 1943, he was promoted to assistant professor of electrical engineering. Following the outbreak of World War II, the United States Army Ordnance Department contracted the Moore School to build an electronic computer which, as proposed by Mauchly and Eckert, would accelerate the recomputation of artillery firing tables. In 1943, Mauchly and Eckert began building the ENIAC, Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, "an electronic machine to replace mechanical devices" (Costello, page 45). Mauchly has been described as the visionary and Eckert the engineering mastermind of Project PX, the name of the ENIAC during development. ENIAC was not completed until 1946, one year after the end of the war, and was first used by the U.S. Army at Aberdeen Proving Grounds in Maryland for ballistics testing in 1947.

While still at Penn's Moore School, and even during the construction of ENIAC, Eckert and Mauchly were also working on the "next computer," the Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC), which Mauchly describes as "the outcome of lengthy planning in which Eckert and [he] deliberately tried to overcome many problems of storage and control which were evident in the hasty 'state-of-the-art' ENIAC System," (Mauchly, Datamation). However, in 1946, Eckert and Mauchly resigned from Penn as a result of a patent dispute over "changes in the way in which ... contracts were administered at the University and changes which the University wished to make in the terms of [their] employment" (Mauchly, Resume). Together, they immediately formed the Electronic Control Company (ECC) which was later renamed the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) when it was incorporated on December 22, 1947. During this period of Mauchly's career, he was denied security clearance which made his work difficult and resulted in his frequently working from home. Although the reasons for Mauchly's security clearance problems were never disclosed, Kay Mauchly suspected, based upon Mauchly's FBI file that it was because he subscribed to  Consumer Reports which was declared communist-oriented, or because some members of his staff were considered security risks. Despite this challenge, Eckert and Mauchly introduced, in 1949, the Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), which used magnetic tape rather than punched cards and stored computer programs internally. By 1950, the Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC) had been developed.

In February 1950, EMCC was purchased by Remington Rand, and EMCC became a division of Rand. The UNIVAC went on the market in 1951 and is considered the first widely used commercial computer able to handle both numerical and alphabetical data. The first order for a UNIVAC came from the United States Bureau of the Census. In 1955, Remington Rand merged with Sperry Corporation and Mauchly became the head of the UNIVAC Applications Research Center (UARC), the UNIVAC division of the Sperry Rand Corporation. Applications research was a field for which Mauchly had long campaigned, and while heading UARC, Mauchly, along with his colleagues, developed C-10 programming code as well as many other "component parts for a commercially useful data processing device of high speed and general scope," (Mauchly, Resume). UNIVAC II was introduced in 1957. Documents within the John W. Mauchly papers indicate that Mauchly and Remington Rand/Sperry Rand did not always agree on the direction in which the company was headed, although productive work appears to have been achieved.

In 1959, Mauchly left Sperry Rand and started Mauchly Associates, Inc. One of Mauchly Associates' notable achievements was the development of the Critical Path Method (CPM) which provided for automated construction scheduling. Mauchly also set up a consulting organization, Dynatrend, in 1967 and worked as a consultant to Sperry UNIVAC from 1973 until his death in 1980.

During the early 1970s, Sperry Rand and Honeywell underwent litigation regarding the invention of the electronic computer. According to Kay Mauchly, "Sperry was suing to collect royalties, charging infringement of the ENIAC patent [and] Honeywell wished to avoid paying royalties by claiming that the ENIAC patent was invalid because of prior art (among other things) and charging Sperry with restraint of trade," (Mauchly, Kathleen R., page 117). The court eventually ruled that Mauchly and Eckert had not invented the electronic digital computer, but that instead, John V. Atanasoff was the inventor. Many critics of this ruling say that there are very few similarities between Atanasoff’s ABC and the ENIAC; and Kay Mauchly states that papers and "physical components of the electronic computer that Mauchly was building during the time he was teaching at Ursinus College ... alone are evidence that Mauchly's concept of an electronic 'computer-calculator' predated any association with John V. Atanasoff and led directly to the design of the ENIAC," (Mauchly, Kathleen R., page 117).

John Mauchly died on January 8, 1980, in Abington, Pennsylvania, during heart surgery and following a long illness. His first wife, Mary Augusta Walzl, a mathematician, whom he married on December 30, 1930, drowned in 1946. John and Mary Mauchly had two children, James (Jimmy) and Sidney. In 1948, Mauchly married Kathleen Kay McNulty (1921-2006), one of the six original ENIAC programmers; they had five children Sara (Sallie), Kathleen (Kathy), John, Virginia (Gini), and Eva.

Works cited:

Costello, John. "As the Twig is Bent: The Early Life of John Mauchly," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, Volume 18, No. 1, 1996, pages 45-50.

Mauchly, John W. "Amending the ENIAC Story," Datamation, Volume 25, No. 11, 1970

Mauchly, John W. "Resume: Education and Experience of John W. Mauchly," (unpublished).

Mauchly, Kathleen R. "John Mauchly's Early Years," Annals of the History of Computing, Volume 6, Number 2, April 1984, pages 116-138.

Scope and Contents

John W. Mauchly (1907-1980) was a physicist, teacher, and a leader in the development of computers. With J. Presper Eckert, he invented the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), the Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC), the Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), and the Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC). This first installment of Mauchly's papers documents Mauchly's youth, education, early career at Ursinus College, his work at the University of Pennsylvania Moore School of Electrical Engineering, his partnership with J. Presper Eckert, with whom he formed two companies, the Electronic Control Company (ECC) and the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC), and his work through 1959 with Remington Rand/Sperry Rand after its purchase of EMCC in 1950. Processing of the remainder of the collection is ongoing and this finding aid will be updated as additional material becomes available.

This portion of the collection is divided into three series: I. Youth, education, and early career; II. Moore School of Engineering, University of Pennsylvania; and III. Eckert-Mauchly partnership. For detailed information on each series, please see the finding aid. Researchers should be aware that there is limited material on the development of the ENIAC which was a classified War Department project.

Whenever possible, John Mauchly's original order has been maintained. As a result, researchers may find articles, writings, and other material in multiple folders within the collection. Arrangement of correspondence has been maintained as it was organized either by Mauchly in his early years or by his secretaries during the Eckert-Mauchly partnership period. When acronyms or abbreviations have not been fully described, it is because the full name is not known.

This collection will be of value to scholars studying the development of computers, in particular the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), the Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC), the Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), and the Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC). Early work in programming, coding, compilers, routines and subroutines, and most importantly, the application of electronic computers in government, business, and industry, as well as the history of the computer, is well documented. Moreover, this collection provides a glimpse into the personal life of the remarkable man behind this work through his interactions with family, friends, and colleagues.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts,  2015 September 9

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Holly Mengel

Access Restrictions

The bulk of this collection is open for research use. However, a few files containing personally identifiable information and student records are restricted from access. These files, housed in box 9, folders 13-16, 19, and 20-24; box 15, folders 1 and 34, and box 34, folder 50, are clearly marked in the finding aid. For information about gaining access to portions of restricted items, researchers should email rbml@pobox.upenn.edu.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gifts of John W. and Kay Mauchly, 1981 and Kay Mauchly, 1986.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the Archives Center, National Museum of American History: Guide to the Computer Oral History Collection, which includes electronic versions of oral history interviews with John W. Mauchly.

At Computer History Museum: many artifacts (some of which are digitized) relating to John W. Mauchly, J. Presper Eckert, the ENIAC, women programmers, and colleagues of Eckert and Mauchly. In particular, oral histories with Jean Bartik, Grace Hopper, Harry Huskey; photographs, lectures, videos, etc.

At the Hagley Museum and Archives: Sperry Rand Corporation, UNIVAC Division records, 1935-1985, 1825.I (see related materials in this finding aid) and Simon E. Gluck collection of photographs of EDVAC and MSAC computers, 1948-1951, 1990.232.

At Iowa State University: Henry L. Hanson Papers, MS 267.

At University of Minnesota, electronic versions of: Oral history interview with J. Presper Eckert and Oral history interview with J. Presper Eckert, Kathleen Mauchly, William Cleaver, and James McNulty.

At University of Pennsylvania Archives and Records Center: ENIAC Patent Trial Collection, 1864-1973 (bulk: 1938-1971) UPD 8.10; Herman Lukoff Papers, 1940-1980, UPT 50 L694 and Moore School of Electrical Engineering Office of the Director Records, 1931-1948, UPD 8.4.

At the University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books, and Manuscripts: Library exhibition, John W. Mauchly and the Development of the ENIAC Computer.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (Philadelphia, Pa.).
  • Johns Hopkins University. Department of Physics.
  • Moore School of Electrical Engineering.
  • Remington Rand, Inc.
  • Sperry Rand Corporation. Univac Division.
  • United States. Army. Ordnance Corps.
  • Univac Applications Research Center.
  • University of Pennsylvania.
  • Ursinus College.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Business records
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Correspondence
  • Family papers
  • Financial records
  • Lectures
  • Notes
  • Patents
  • Publications (document genre)
  • Research notes
  • School records
  • Writings (document genre)
Personal Name(s)
  • Eckert, J. Presper (John Presper), 1919-1995
Subject(s)
  • Computer industry--United States--History
  • Computers--History
  • EDVAC (Computer)
  • Electronic digital computers--History
  • ENIAC (Computer)
  • Inventors--United States
  • Physics--Study and teaching
  • Univac computer
  • World War, 1939-1945

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Collection Inventory

Series I. Youth, education, and early career.

Scope and Contents note

This series documents John W. Mauchly's life from 1908 to 1941 when he began working at the University of Pennsylvania Moore School of Electrical Engineering. The series is divided into four subseries: A. Life and education in Chevy Chase, Maryland, B. Life and education at Johns Hopkins University, C. Teaching career at Johns Hopkins University, and D. Head of Department of Physics, Ursinus College.

Subseries A. Life and education in Chevy Case, Maryland, includes material from Mauchly's very early childhood through his high school years. The earliest materials in the subseries consist of letters from family members and reveal a close-knit family. Included is a remarkable notebook of codes and ciphers dated 1918. The notebook also contains examples of Mauchly's early methodology for creating standardized data in the Girls' and Boys' "Quiz Book" in which his friends' likes and dislikes are recorded. The bulk of the material in this subseries, however, dates from 1920 to 1925. Documents include his financial accounts; correspondence, mainly with a sizable group of friends; his diaries; his school coursework, grades, and activities; and other memorabilia. Of note are Mauchly's diaries in which he records minute details about his daily life, including his sleep patterns, daily activities, and lists of friends, correspondents and people with whom he spent time. These diaries, along with his notebook, reveal his early interest in data of all types and document his methodology for collecting and organizing information; they provide a fascinating glimpse into his early life. One particular highlight is his record of the "Somerset Affair," compiled after his mother suggested that he spent too much time away from home. Using data he collected about his times of arrival and departure, he successfully defended himself against her accusations. Mauchly's personality, popularity, and sense of humor are apparent in this portion of the collection.

Subseries B. Life and education at Johns Hopkins University, documents Mauchly's undergraduate and doctoral work in the Baltimore, Maryland institution from 1925 to 1932. Because Mauchly saved so much of his own material, the subseries provides a clear picture of his life as a student. Researchers will find evidence of his hobbies, friendships, research, schoolwork, and writing. A large portion of this subseries consists of correspondence which, as in the first subseries, indicates a strong network of family and friends. Many of the same correspondents from his high school years appear in this group of materials. In 1930, Mauchly married Mary Walzl (died 1946), and this subseries includes materials relating to both John and Mary Mauchly. Materials that relate only to Mary are housed in a separate series (not yet available). In addition to Mauchly's schoolwork at Johns Hopkins (which is documented with class notes, lab records, official notices, and transcripts), Mauchly also taught a Physics I class and worked as a tutor. Researchers unfamiliar with Mauchly may be interested in his poetry, submissions to Black and Blue Jay, and "Ye Knews-Letter" which indicate a strong interest in the humanities and show his sense of humor and personality. Of particular interest is the document entitled "Girls to Whom I Have Given Special Attention," which includes a list of women, the reason he gave each one special attentions, and, presumably, the number of times the special attentions were bestowed.

Subseries C. Teaching career at Johns Hopkins University consists of only a small amount of material, dating from 1932 to 1933, the year after earning his Ph.D. at Johns Hopkins and before starting his career as a professor at Ursinus College. Oddly, there are no records of his actual teaching, but instead this group of materials contains his typical correspondence from family and friends; financial records; and letters from Mauchly to numerous institutions and individuals seeking permanent employment, which, as a result of the Depression, was difficult to obtain.

Subseries D. Head of Department of Physics, Ursinus College dates from 1933 to 1941 and documents Mauchly's career as a professor at Ursinus as well as his entrance, more largely, into the community of physicists and mathematicians. The material is further organized into Correspondence; Clippings; Notes and datasheets; Organizations, memberships, and conferences; Personal and family documents; Teaching; Writings by Mauchly; and Writings by others. The correspondence in this group of materials is largely professional and there is rarely a large group of letters to or from any one person, with the exception of correspondence with John DeWire, H. Helm Clayton, Dr. Irving, and S.S Wilks, to name the most prominent. Researchers will find Mauchly's correspondence with John V. Atanasoff in box 3, folders 28 and 32. As is documented in other subseries, his network of family and friends was extensive. The Notes and datasheets grouping shows many of Mauchly's interests and includes his notes, formulas, math problems, as well as data gathered from other sources. Many of these interests were life-long, in particular Mauchly's interest in weather and forecasting; therefore, researchers should consult the Notes and datasheets groupings in other series for later research on the same topics. As Mauchly became more involved in his profession, both as teacher and scientist, he increasingly joined societies and attended conferences for his continuing education, which in this subseries are arranged alphabetically by organization name. There are fewer personal and family documents in this subseries, but his correspondence with his mother, sister, wife and friends still provides substantial information about his personal life. Mauchly's teaching career, which according to documentaries and published articles, was exciting, fun, and innovative, is documented through course material, petitions by students for Mauchly's pre-Christmas lecture, and trips for physics classes. Finally, this subseries contains writings by Mauchly and others.

This first series provides an excellent foundation for research for those interested in who Mauchly was and how he thought, learned, educated, and problem-solved.

A. Life and education in Chevy Chase, Maryland, 1908-1924.

Box Folder

Accounts, 1923-1925.

1 1

Correspondence: copies of letters from Mauchly to Eleanor Allen, the editor-in-chief of "Daily Stuff," Dorothy Clark, Molly Greely, Pauline Sickler, and Elinor Strom, 1922-1924.

1 2

Correspondence: letters from Mauchly to Eleanor Allen; Sarah, Polly, and Evelyn Baylis; Ring Lardner; Martha Louise Roberts; George Stone; Wells & Richardson Co.; and Augustine Winnemore, 1919-1925.

1 3

Correspondence: letters to Mauchly from Eleanor Allen, Evelyn Baylis, Dorothy Clark, and Cynthia Crocker, 1923-1925.

1 4

Correspondence: letters to Mauchly from R.N. Dempster (Johns Hopkins University), [Darmis and Ford], Eda B. Frost, Malcom B. Gerry, Molly Greely, Connie Hay, Mrs. Hutchins, and Dorothy and Hubert Johnson, 1908-1925.

1 5

Correspondence: letters to Mauchly from John W. Knowlton, Ruth Laudick, Lillian McColm, Betty Mauchly (his sister), and Etta C. Mauchly, 1923-1925.

1 6

Correspondence: letters to Mauchly from Lydia Mauchly, Rachel Mauchly (his mother), Rachel Mauchly (his aunt), and Sebastian Mauchly (his father), 1915-1925.

1 7

Correspondence: letters to Mauchly from Ruth Miller, Edythe Mitchell, Peggy Mitchell, C.W. Park, Martha Roberts, and Mary, Emma, and Naomi Scheidermantel, 1921-1925.

1 8

Correspondence: letters to Mauchly from Pauline Sickler, Fay Smead, Gerard Snell, G.F. Snyder, Claire Stone, George W. Stone, Philip J. Stone, Elinor Storm, Laurance Stuntz, Raymond Walters, Keech Wilson, Frank Winant, and Augustine Winnemore, 1919-1925.

1 9

Correspondence: letters neither to nor from Mauchly; to and from friends including Mrs. Blum, Molly Greely, Martha Roberts, George W. Stone, Elinor Strom, and Jane H. Wylie, 1924-1925.

1 10

Diary, 1923 August-1925 February.

1 11

Diary, 1925 April-July.

1 12

McKinley Technical High School, commencement invitation and program, 1925 June 16.

1 13

McKinley Technical High School, coursework, 1920-1925.

1 14

McKinley Technical High School, mechanical drawings, 1921-1923.

1 15

McKinley Technical High School, report cards, circa 1917-1924.

1 16

McKinley Technical High School, "Tech Life," notes, and business cards, 1923-1924.

1 17

Notebook of codes and ciphers and Girls and Boys' "Quiz Books", 1918.

1 18

Physics Club Program, lectures 1-14, 1924 October-November.

1 19

Physics Club Program, lectures 15-24, 1924 November-December.

1 20

Research on radio and radio telegraphy, 1923-1924.

1 21

Theater programs, 1922-1923.

1 22

Miscellaneous notes and memorabilia, circa 1923-1925.

1 23

B. Life and education at Johns Hopkins University.

Box Folder

Artwork and poetry, circa 1925-1932.

1 24

Bach Club, 1930-1932.

1 25

Christmas and Valentine's Day cards, unsent, circa 1925-1932.

1 26

Conference publications: American Geophysical Union, Minutes of the General Assembly of the Union and of its Sections, 1927 April 28-29.

1 27

Conference publications: International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, meeting, Prague, 1927 September.

1 28

Financial records including accounts, bills, fines, insurance, and receipts, 1926-1932.

2 5

Johns Hopkins University: Coursework including Anatomy, Combining practice and theory in the Engineering College, Descriptive Geometry, and Electrical engineering, 1925-1928.

1 30

Johns Hopkins University: Coursework including Electricity and magnetism, English composition, and German, 1925-1929.

1 31

Johns Hopkins University: Coursework including Mathematics and mechanics, Theoretical chemistry, and "random lecture notes", 1927-1931.

2 1

Johns Hopkins University: Coursework, math notes, 1928-1929.

2 2

Johns Hopkins University: Coursework, thermodynamics notes, 1928-1929.

2 3

Johns Hopkins University: Coursework, lab record notebook, 1930 December-1932 May.

2 4

Johns Hopkins University: Official notices, matriculations, schedules, and grades, 1925-1932.

1 29

Johns Hopkins University: Transcripts, 1932.

3 18

Letters from Mauchly to Herbert W. Alrich (Johns Hopkins University), J.S. Ames (Johns Hopkins University), Hewlett B. Cox, Frank J. Goodnow, G.H. Hoddinatt, Senator Jones, Martha Roberts, Charles G. Ritter, Lee Rittenhouse, Charlotte Wheeler, R.F. Wood, and Jane Wylie, 1926-1929.

2 6

Letters from Mauchly to his parents and sister (Sebastian J., Rachel, and Betty Mauchly), 1926-1927.

2 7

Letters from Mauchly to his parents and sister (Sebastian J., Rachel, and Betty Mauchly), 1928-1930.

2 8

Letters from Mauchly requesting employment, 1932 March-May.

2 9

Letters neither to nor from Mauchly, friends, including Charles Ritter, Martha Roberts, and Charlotte Wheeler, 1925-1929.

2 10

Letters, A-B, to Mauchly (from Eleanor Allen, D. Clinton Alrich, Herbert W. Alrich, Joseph S. Ames (Johns Hopkins University), Harden Anderson, Anna Baker, W Blum, H. Lee Bown, H.A. Brooks, Harriet S. Browne, and Jane Randolph Butler), 1925-1932.

2 11

Letters, C-E, to Mauchly (from G.H. Cartlidge, Dorothy Clarke, Tulio Cordero, Cynthia Crocker, J.G. Daneker, George H. Davis, R.N. Dempster (Johns Hopkins University), G.H. Dicke, Edwin Dutton, Grace Dutton, and S. Ellender), 1925-1932.

2 12

Letters, F-G, to Mauchly (from Scott E. Forbush, Francis Fort, John C. French, Eda B. Frost, Janet Frost, L. Gerry, Frank J. Goodman (Johns Hopkins University), and Molly Greely), 1925-1932.

2 13

Letters, G-I, to Mauchly (from Ruth Griggs, Isobel Hancock, Reno S. Harp, Becky Hathaway, Connie Hay, H. Hayman, C. Hite, Hillman Hollister, Evelyn Hoyt, Charles W. Hyde, and Anna H. Isanogle), 1925-1928.

2 14

Letters, J-K, to Mauchly (from D. Johnson, Mrs. F.A. Johnson, Herbert Rex Johnson, Louise Johnson, Richard Johnson, William Johnson, Margaret Karr, and Lillian Kirsch), 1925-1930.

2 15

Letters, K-M, to Mauchly (from John Knowlton, J.C. Koons, Louise Laudick, Ruth Laudick, Emma Lehman, Reed Lewis, and John McRae), 1925-1928.

2 16

Letters, M, to Mauchly (from Betty Mauchly, E. Clarke Mauchly, Etta Mauchly, and Mary Mauchly), 1925-1931.

2 17

Letters, M, to Mauchly (from his mother Rachel S. Mauchly), 1925-1932.

2 18-20

Letters, M, to Mauchly (from his aunt Rachel Mauchly, his father Sebastian Jacob Mauchly, Ruth Miller, and Margaret Phelps Mitchell), 1925-1929.

2 21

Letters, M-R, to Mauchly (from Victorine Mumma, S. Page Nelson (Johns Hopkins University), Marion North, Helen S. Palmer (his aunt), C.W. Park, C.B. Penney, Jr., William J. Peters, J.W. Phillips, Kitty Rankine, and Lee Rittenhouse), 1925-1932.

2 22

Letters, R, to Mauchly (from Charles Ritter and Curtis Ritter), 1925-1932.

2 23

Letters, R, to Mauchly (from Martha Roberts), 1925-1929.

2 24

Letters, R-S, to Mauchly (from Ralph E. Root, Clyde B. Sargent, Hazel Scaife, C.L. Schaeffer, Naomi Scheidermantel (his grandmother), Gertrude Schultz, R.C. Shamberger, Pauline Sickler, Fay Smead, Albert Smith, F. Howard Smith, and Mildred Smith), 1925-1932.

2 25

Letters, S, to Mauchly (from Gerard Snell, Edward Stafford, Claire W. Stone, George W. Stone, Elinor Strom, and Laurance Stuntz), 1925-1927.

2 26

Letters, T-W, to Mauchly (from Teefy-Seltz Company, Lazare Teper, Mrs. Wilbur Thing, Edith Totten, G.T. Twyford, Winona von Ammon, Stockton Voorhees, Charles E. Waters, and Charlotte Wheeler), 1925-1930.

2 27

Letters, W, to Mauchly (from Margaret E. White, Robert White, and Augustine Winnemore), 1925-1930.

3 1

Letters, W-Z, to Mauchly (from Augustine Winnemore, Julien Winnemore, Jane H. Wylie, Thornton Zeigler, and Mary Zollner), 1926-1932.

3 2

Notes and datasheets: Boole's method of Integration, Brook's formula, Compensation formula, Cubic network, and E-W spots, circa 1925-1932.

3 3

Notes and datasheets: Finite differences, focus (record of), and miscellaneous formulas and tables, circa 1925-1932.

3 4

Notes and datasheets: Temperature control, circa 1932.

3 5

Notes and datasheets: Tensor analysis, 1929-1930.

3 6

Notes and datasheets: Miscellaneous, circa 1925-1932.

3 7

Notes and datasheets: Unidentified, 1931.

3 8

Official personal documents, including marriage certificate, insurance medical report, and driver's license, 1926-1932.

3 9

Personal notes: Data collected on Christmas cards and gifts, acquaintances, "girls to whom I have given special attentions," record of snapshot distribution, dances, stamp language, and endings of letters, 1925-1930.

3 10

Personal notes: Puzzles and trick problems, reading lists, and recipes, 1926-1929.

3 11

Personal notes: Schedules and calendars (hand-drawn), 1926-1928.

3 12

Personal notes: Miscellaneous, circa 1925-1932.

3 13

Teaching work: Physics I, lectures and exams, 1930-1932.

3 14

Teaching work: Physics I, manual, parts I and II, by J.C. Hubbard, circa 1930-1932.

3 15

Theater programs, 1926-1932.

3 16

Tutoring, advertisements for and accounts, circa 1926-1932.

3 17

Writings by Mauchly, articles in Johns Hopkins Newsletter, Volume XXX, 1925 October-December.

3 19

Writings by Mauchly, dissertation, "The Structure of the Third Positive Group of Carbon Monoxide", 1932.

3 20

Writings by Mauchly, "The International Point of View in Education," essay submitted to contest for the S.S. Ryndam Scholarship, 1927 May.

3 21

Writings by Mauchly, submissions to Black and Blue Jay, the  Judge, and possible others, 1927-1931.

3 22

Writings by Mauchly, "Ye Knews-Letter" files, circa 1925-1932.

3 23

Writings by others, articles regarding polarization, radio-telegraphy, frequency distribution, atmospheric disturbances, and waves, 1926-1929.

3 24

C. Teaching career at Johns Hopkins University.

Box Folder

Financial records including accounts, bills, and receipts, 1932-1933.

3 25

Letters from Mauchly regarding employment, 1933 March-September.

3 27

Letters to Mauchly from J.B. Blum, Betty L. [Chuier], R.M. Cowells, Jack Highlands, J. Hillman Hollister, Rachel Mauchly (his mother), Charles Ritter, Gerta and William Urry, Edward Walzl (his brother-in-law), John Wheeler, and Augustine Winnemore, 1932-1933.

3 26

D. Head of Department of Physics, Ursinus College, 1933-1941.

i. Correspondence.
Box Folder

Abbot-Higgins (letters from Mauchly to Dr. C.G. Abbot, Herbert L. Alkire, Richard L. Anderson, Dr. J.V. Atanasoff, George W. Bailey, Dr. Lyman J. Briggs, Dr. C.F. Brooks, Clarostat Manufacturing Company, H. Helm Clayton, Dr. W.G. Cochran, William S. Cramer, Dr. Wheeler P. Davey, Dr. W.E. Demig, John DeWire, Dr. G.H. Dicke, E.L. Dodd, Dr. C. Duncan, Dr. A.L. Durkee, Dr. C. Harrison Dwight, Edward S. Ellis, Dr. W.C. Elmore, Dr. John W. Fertig, Dr. John A. Fleming, Mr. and Mrs. William Frank, Charles W. George, Dr. S.L. Gerhard, Dr. Meyer A. Girshick, O.H. Gish, and Edgar Higgins), 1934-1941.

3 28

Inter-County Hospitalization Plan, Inc.-Ritter (letters from Mauchly to Inter-County Hospitalization Plan, Inc., J. Leonard Halderman, W.R. Ham, Teru "Tay" Hayashi, D.L. Helfferich, Dr. Harold Hotelling, Dr. J.C. Hubbard, Herschel C. Ice, Mr. Waldemar Kaempffert, E.L. Keller, J.B. Kincer, Lila F. Knudsen, Dr. Irving Krick, Mr. Gabriel Kron, Dr. D.H. Lehmer, Alma Ludwig, James Lyons, William A. Luby, William G. Madow, Rachel Mauchly (his mother), N.E. McClure, Knox McIlwain (Moore School of Electrical Engineering), Mrs. George S. Monk, J.H. Mowrey, New York Times editor, Dr. Omwake, Larry Page, R. Parkinson, Dr. C.L. Pekeris, Dr. J.A. Peoples, F.D. Richey, and Charles and Curtis Ritter), 1936-1941.

3 29

Rossby-Zeleny (letters from Mauchly to Dr. C.G. Rossby, Walter C. Russell, Dr. Charles F. Sarle, T.R. Schellenberg, Thomas Schonfeld, "Computer" Schultz, Dr. Raymond Seeger, W.L. Severinghaus, F. Howard Smith, C. Richard Snyder, A.B. Soble, Armand, N. Sptiz, Laurance Stuntz, Dr. W.F.G. Swann, Lazare Teper, Dorothy Thomas, Dr. G.R. Wait, George A. Walton, Edward Walzl (his brother-in-law), R.H. Weightman, Dr. H. Wexler, Dr. S.S. Wilks, Dr. H.C. Willet, T. Carrol Willson, George Winchester, J. Wolfowitz, John Zeleny, and unidentified), 1933-1941.

3 30

Family (letters from Mauchly to his wife and children: Mary Walzl, Jimmy, and Sidney Mauchly), 1933-1941.

3 31

Atanasoff-Dwight (letters to Mauchly from John V. Atanasoff, J. Bartels, E.H. Bowie, Nicholas Brentin, Carl C. Chambers, Joe Chapline, H. Helm Clayton, Allen T. Craig, William S. Cramer, B.T. Darlin, W. Edwards Deming, John DeWire, Edward L. Dodd, and C. Harrison Dwight), 1934-1941.

3 32

Eckert-Krick (letters to Mauchly from Ruth Eckert, Edward S. Ellis, John W. Fertig, Jno. A. Fleming, Max Folger, Sue Frank, Howard M. Fry, Charles W. George, M.A. Girshick, O.H. Gish, Margaret Goldsmith, José C. Gomez, W.B. Goldman, R.W. Gray, P.M. Hamer, Reginald H. Helfferich, Edgar Higgins, Harold Hotelling, Teru "Tay" Hayashi, Herschel C. Ice, Waldemar Kaempffert, E.L. Keller, James H. Kimball, W.A. Kline, Lila F. Knudsen, and Irving P. Krick), 1934-1941.

3 33

Laudenslager-Russell (letters to Mauchly from E.B. Laudenslager, L.H. Lehmer, Bela A. Lengyel, [J.M.] Levitt, Elias A. Lucyk, Alma Ludwig, James Lyons, R.B. McCafferty, N.E. McClure, Harold Pender (dean of Moore School of Electrical Engineering), G. Robert Mezger, Ardis T. Monk, John B. Morgan, Brian O'Brien, George L. Omwake, Larry Page, Royal Parkinson, J. Patterson, Philadelphia Electric Company, David B. Pugh, Charles and Curtis Ritter, and Walter C. Russell), 1933-1941.

3 34

Sanderson-Wilson (letters to Mauchly from John Sanderson, Charles F. Sarle, Thomas Schonfeld, Raymond J. Seeger, Miguel Selga, John H. Sencenbach, Walter A. Shewhart, John C. Slater, C. Richard Snyder, Willard Snyder, A.B. Soble, Armand N. Spitz, Laurance F. Stuntz, Lloyd W. Taylor, Lazare Teper, Dorothy Thomas, G.R. Wait, R.R. Weaver, Robert Weidenhammer, S.S. Wilks, H.C. Willett, George Winchester, Herb Wilson, and unidentified), 1935-1941.

3 35

Family (letters to Mauchly from his wife and children: Mary Walzl, Jimmy and Sidney Mauchly), 1940.

4 1

Alumni and former students of Johns Hopkins University, letters to, 1934-1940.

4 2

Scientific equipment and books (letters to and from Mauchly regarding orders), 1933-1940.

4 3-5

Student recommendations, fellowships, and scholarships (letters to and from Mauchly regarding), 1933-1941.

4 6

Mary Mauchly (letters to and from Mary Mauchly--not to or from John Mauchly), 1934, 1940-1941.

4 7
ii. Clippings.
Box Folder

Astrology and the "Brotherhood of Light", 1937-1939.

4 8

Extrasensory perception (ESP) and humorous physics, 1933-1941.

4 9

Weather forecasts, 1937-1939.

4 10

Weather-related, circa 1936-1940.

4 11

Wheat and grain prices and trading, circa 1938-1939.

4 12
iii. Notes and datasheets.
Box Folder

Academic testing (particularly in physics), 1935-1938.

4 13

Acoustics, circa 1934.

4 14

Allison Magneto-Optic Effect, 1937.

4 15

Altender & Sons, patent and instrument information (includes some correspondence), 1938.

4 16

Alternating current, circa 1933-1941.

4 17

"Applications", circa 1933-1941.

4 18

Auto-correlation, 1938-1941.

4 21

Automatic devices to aid in educational testing, 1936-1941.

4 22

Ciphers, 1940.

4 23

Classical T-values, circa 1933-1941.

4 24

Cosmic rays, 1937-1939.

4 25

Correlation, 1937-1940.

4 26

Correlations: Solar-meteorological, 1937-1939.

4 27

Diurnal variation in magnetism, 1938.

4 28

Ebro faculae, circa 1935.

4 32

Electro-magnetic waves through ionized gas, 1934.

4 29

Electrometer tube, 1933-1934.

4 30

Ellipticity and sphericity (includes correspondence and drafts), 1937-1940.

4 31

Error theory, circa 1933-1941.

4 33

e x by binomial expansion, circa 1933-1941.

4 34

East and west solar eruptions selections, circa 1939.

4 35

Faculae areas, circa 1939.

4 36

Faculae vs. NOMPO, circa 1933-1941.

4 37

Fadeouts, circa 1936.

4 38

Flocculi, 1937.

4 39

Geophysical cycles (based upon works of Dr. Julius Bartels), 1935-1939.

4 40

Geophysikalisches Instituts Potsdam, Potsdamer Erdmagnetische Kennziffern, K(1)K(2), circa 1940.

5 1

Harmonic coefficients and analysis, 1937-1940.

5 2

Hotelling method, 1937.

5 3

Hot wire equations, circa 1933-1941.

5 4

"Ideas and inventions", 1934-1938.

5 5

Inductance, circa 1933-1941.

5 6

Interdiurnal variability, circa 1933.

5 7

k cot µ=m solution, circa 1933-1941.

5 8

Knudsen, Lisa, Mauchly's notes on her research, 1936-1940.

5 9

KPO Daily (maybe Pohang Airport, Korea), circa 1941.

5 10

Labrouste smoothing and other economy-related topics (Debt deflation theory of the Great Depression, the Business cycle theory, and Econometrica), 1937.

4 19

Lagrange's method of undetermined multipliers, 1937.

5 11

Latitude ratio and longitude distribution, circa 1933-1941.

5 12

Magnetic character, 1938-1941.

5 13

Metals (permalloy, perminvar, and steel), circa 1938.

5 14

"Miscellaneous calculations sheets", circa 1933-1941.

5 44

Moment calculations, circa 1933-1941.

5 15

Multiple factor analysis, 1937.

5 16

Network theorem, circa 1943.

5 17

Nomographs, 1937.

5 18

Orthogonal regression, 1937.

5 19

Phonograph, circa 1933-1941.

5 20

Physics and weather statistics projects (includes some correspondence and drafts), 1938-1941.

5 21

Planetary suntides, circa 1933-1941.

5 22

Potential gradient data, 1933-1937.

5 23

Notebook with problems and solutions, 1934-1936, 1940.

5 24

Pulsations, circa 1939.

5 25

Quantum mechanics, circa 1933-1941.

5 26

Quotations by Jeffreys, W. Edward Deming, Karl Pearson, and von Karman, circa 1938-1940.

5 27

S 2 variance, Manila, 1938.

5 28

Sampling distribution of statistics obtained from non-linear equations, certain determinant equations, and least squares, 1939.

4 20

Self-correlated series, 1937-1940.

5 29

Serial correlation, circa 1940.

5 30

Slide rule information, circa 1933-1941.

5 31

Statistical tests, circa 1939.

5 32

Statistics of the two-dimensional vectors, 1937-1939.

5 33

Surface correlation or association, 1939-1940.

5 34

Syphilis (humorous), circa 1933-1941.

5 35

Tensor analysis, circa 1929.

5 36

Thermostatic devices and control circuits, 1935-1938.

5 37

Tides, circa 1933.

5 38

Time series, circa 1933-1941.

5 39

Tintner selection, 1939.

5 45

Variance, analysis of (also called K-samples), circa 1939.

5 40

Vector correlation, 1937-1939.

5 41

Weather-related notes and data, circa 1933-1941.

5 42

X-theory, circa 1933-1941.

5 43

Unidentified, circa 1933-1941.

5 46-47

Wilks, 1937.

6 1

Zonal pressure index, 1938-1939.

6 2
iv. Organizations, memberships, and conferences.
Box Folder

American Association for the Advancement of Sciences and Associated Societies, general meeting program, Pittsburgh, PA, 1934 December 7-1935 January 2.

6 3

American Association of Physics Teachers, programs, 1934-1935.

6 4

American Meteorological Society, meeting announcement, preliminary program, and notes, 1939-1940.

6 5

American Geophysical Union, statutes and by-laws, membership lists, and meeting announcements, 1934-1939.

6 6

Comité météorologique International, list of resolutions adopted (in French), 1937.

6 7

Pennsylvania Conference of College Physics Teachers, programs, directories and photograph, 1935-1941.

6 8

International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1936.

6 9

International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Seventh General Assembly, Washington, DC, agendas and publications, 1939 September 4-15.

6 10-13

Mathematical Association of America and Institute of Mathematical Statistics, programs and lecture, 1938-1940.

6 14
v. Personal and family documents.
Box Folder

Cards: car registration, Selective Service, and voter registration, 1934-1940.

6 15

Christmas gift/card list, 1937-1938.

6 16

Insurance records: car, fire, life, theft, 1933-1941.

6 17

Job applications, 1935-1938.

6 18

"Journal", 1938 July-September.

6 19

Leases and mortgages, 1934.

6 20

Mary Walzl Mauchly, income statements and financial correspondence, 1933-1937.

6 21

Newspaper clippings on Back, science, student peace movements, and World War II, 1934-1941.

6 22

Political literature for Roosevelt, 1936.

6 23

Receipts for household expenses and accounts, 1933-1941.

6 24

Stock market information, 1934-1936.

6 25

Theater programs, the bulk promoting performances of the Curtain Club of Ursinus College, 1934-1935.

6 26
vi. Teaching.
Box Folder

EE 14A, Machinery Laboratory experiments, 1941 January-February.

6 27

Example coursework and exams from MIT, 1938-1939.

6 25

Exams, electrical engineering and physics, 1937-1941.

6 26

Introduction to science and other course information, 1934-1938.

6 27

NYA Program, 1939.

6 28

Petitions by students for Mauchly to lecture and comic lectures and poems, 1936-1940.

6 32

Physics I, notes and problems to be solved, 1937.

6 33

Receipts for books and inventory of journals that Mauchly owned, 1933-1938.

6 34

Receipts for memberships to organizations and societies, 1933-1941.

6 35

Receipts for scientific equipment, 1933-1936.

6 36

Trips for physics classes, 1938.

6 37
vii. Writings by Mauchly.
Box Folder

Drafts, circa 1933-1941.

6 38

Schwenksville commencement address, 1941 May-June.

6 39

"Structure of the Third Positive Group of CO Bands," co-authored with G.H. Dieke; "A New Approach to the Study of Terrestrial-Solar Relationships;" "Some Applications of Recent Statistical Tools;" and "World Wide Changes in Potential Gradient," coauthored with G.R. Wait, 1933, 1937.

6 40

"Meteorological Effects of Solar Variations," "A Significance Test for Ellipticity in the Harmonic Dial," and "Significance Test for Sphericity of a Normal n-Variate Distribution", 1939-1940.

6 41

"Depressions of Mid-day Ion-densities in the F 2-Region of the Ionosphere related to the Diurnal Variation in H" and "Voice of America Broadcast", circa 1933-1941.

6 42
viii. Writings by others.
Box Folder

Abbot, C.G. (includes correspondence), 1936-1941.

6 43

Bartels, J., notes on "Survey of the Physics of the High (Upper) Atmosphere," by unknown note taker, undated.

6 44

Eisenhart, C and Frieda M. Swed, "On Certain Criteria for Testing the Homogeneity of k Estimates of Variance", 1939.

6 45

Pender, Harold, notes on complex numbers, matrices, and vectors, 1939.

6 46

Seely, Burton D., "An Approach to Problems Involving Disproportionate Frequencies", 1939.

7 1

Miscellaneous, 1937-1939.

7 2

Series II. Moore School of Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania.

Scope and Contents note

From 1941 to 1946, Dr. John W. Mauchly attended courses at, was employed as an instructor by, and built (with J. Presper Eckert) the first electronic general-purpose computer at the University of Pennsylvania Moore School of Electrical Engineering. His work during this time is documented in Series II. Moore School of Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania. The series is further divided into A. Clippings; B. Correspondence; C. Moore School records; D. Notes and datasheets; E. Organizations, memberships, and conferences; F. Patents (not Eckert or Mauchly); G. Personal and family documents; H. United States Government records; and I. Writings by others.

Researchers should be aware that there is very little material regarding the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC). Because this computer was constructed under the auspices of the United States Army, Ordnance Corps, Research and Development Command during World War II, material related to ENIAC’s development would have been classified and Mauchly would not have been able to keep his records. Instead, these records are probably retained by the National Archives. Likewise, there are no records about the women programmers of ENIAC in this collection and there are very few records by or about J. Presper Eckert's work with Mauchly on the development of ENIAC in this series. Researchers interested in ENIAC should consult the ENIAC Patent Trial Collection, 1864-1973 (bulk: 1938-1971), UPD 8.10 and the Moore School of Electrical Engineering Office of the Director Records, 1931-1948, UPD 8.4 at the University of Pennsylvania Archives and Records Center.

Subseries A. Clippings contains newspaper and magazine clippings about a few items in which Mauchly was interested or involved. Of particular note are the clippings about the ENIAC after it was unveiled to the public. As is the case throughout the collection, a significant portion of material relates to weather and weather-forecasting.

Subseries B. Correspondence, includes both personal and professional letters. The professional correspondence is not particularly rich and, generally speaking, there is not a significant number of letters to or from any one particular correspondent. Researchers should be aware that correspondence from colleagues at the Moore School will be found in C. Moore School records.

Subseries C. Moore School records contains the bulk of materials in this series. While there is little information on the ENIAC, this subseries documents the workings of an institution during war-time and the teaching of engineers under the auspices of the Armed Forces Training Program. In particular, the bureaucracy resulting from working both for an academic institution and for the military is evident in many documents. Researchers will find work-related financial records; coursework from the classes Mauchly took during the summer of 1941; information about the Moore School lectures delivered in 1946; publications by the Moore School, including those relating to the Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC), reports on the ENIAC, and published versions of the Moore School lectures; and coursework from the classes that Mauchly taught during his tenure at the University of Pennsylvania. Researchers should be aware that the student work and exams (located in box 9, folders 13-16, 19, and 20-24) are restricted due to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. Researchers will also find intramural correspondence, most of which relates to requirements of the United States Army and/or the University for reporting attendance, grades, or other administrative matters. Of importance, however, are both Mauchly's resignation letter which includes his reasons for leaving the University of Pennsylvania and the dean Harold Pender's acceptance of Mauchly's resignation (found in box 7, folder 29).

Subseries D. Notes and datasheets shows many of Mauchly's interests and includes his notes, formulas, math problems, as well as data gathered from other sources. Many of these interests were life-long, in particular Mauchly's interest in weather and forecasting; and therefore, researchers should consult the Notes and datasheets groupings in other series for later research on the same topics. In this group of notes and datasheets, Mauchly's interest in and work with the development of the computer industry is well documented.

Subseries E. Organizations, memberships, and conferences demonstrates that as Mauchly became more involved in his profession, as a teacher, a scientist, and an expert in the field of computers, he increasingly joined societies and attended conferences for his continuing education. Researchers will find that he continued to associate with these organizations throughout his career, and should therefore, consult the subseries titled Organizations, memberships, and conferences in other series for later records.

Subseries F. Patents (not Eckert or Mauchly) contains collected information regarding other patents.

Subseries G. Personal and family documents includes records about Mauchly’s home life, including financial records, medical records, insurance records, poems and humorous stories, puzzles, and voter registration cards. Of interest may be the documents which record life during World War II, including both the Selective Service registration cards and the ration books.

Subseries H. United States Government records contains records from an elementary course in cryptanalysis offered by the United States Navy; memos and passes from the Naval Ordinance Laboratory in Maryland, and reports for the Mathematical Computing Advisory Panel of the Office of Research and Inventions, as well as a few other publications. During World War II, Mauchly was associated with the United States Government (for the most part the United States Navy) through his work with the Moore School.

Subseries I. Writings by others includes papers, articles and reports which Mauchly read and kept. These writings are frequently not in published form, but appear to be items sent specifically to Mauchly. In this group, there are several writings related to the ENIAC, including those by J.G. Brainerd, Morris Freedman, and L.E. Levick.

A. Clippings.

Box Folder

Defense and World War II, circa 1942-1946.

7 3

Electronic devices, circa 1941-1946.

7 4

ENIAC, 1946.

7 5

Railways, circa 1941-1946.

7 6

Weather related, circa 1941-1946.

7 7

Miscellaneous, circa 1941-1946.

7 8

B. Correspondence.

Box Folder

Books, letters and ads regarding scientific books to purchase, circa 1941-1946.

7 9

Civil Air Patrol, letters to Mauchly regarding reports, supplies, and training, 1945.

7 10

Employment with the Naval Ordinance Laboratory, 1944-1946.

7 11

Letters of recommendation and related material regarding Mauchly's former or potential students, 1941-1946.

7 12

Letters to Mauchly and lists regarding books borrowed from the Moore School Library, 1943.

7 13

Letters to Mary Mauchly from Ruth and Harvey Carter, L.A. Crowell, and Edward and Florence Walzl, 1940-1943.

7 14

Letters from Mauchly to George W. Bailey, D.W. Bishop, C.F. Brooks, H. Helm Clayton, William Cramer, John DeWire, Sherwood T. Ericson, J.E. Hawkins, Teru "Tay" Hayashi, Everett Kimball, Jr., Reverend R. Edwin Kutz, Robert Luginbuhl, Dr. H. Rademacher, R.W. Reichelderfer, Sally Rexon, Otto Schneider, S.J. Sindeband, Lazare Teper, William F. Tomlinson, Edward Walzl (his brother-in-law), Christian Westphalen, T.B. Whitson, Charlotte Witmer, 1941-1946.

7 15

Letters to Mauchly from G. Edoard Aghib, Herbert S. Bennett, Harold A. Beyer, Charles F. Brooks, V. Norma Braker, Harvey L. Carter, Lloyd A. Carver, C. West Churchman, H. Helm Clayton, C.H. Haskell, John DeWire, Mary DiMedio, Sherwood T. Eriksson, Jno. A. Fleming, Irwin L. Hand, H.O. Hartley, Teru "Tay" Hayashi, Ralph S. Hayes, Edgar Higgins, J. Robert James, Anna C. Kauffman, Everett Kimball, Jr., R. Edwin Kutz, Vivian Lewis, Robert Luginbuhl, John McElinney, Michael Melnick, F.W. Reichelderfer, Sally Rexon, Mary E. Rosciola, L.F. Safford, Ernest Schultz, Dorothy T. Shelley, Dorothy Shisler, Lazare Teper, William F. Tomlinson, John W. Tukey, Stephen E. Walkley, J. Stroud Weber, Christian Westphalen, Harold A. Wheeler, T. Barclay Whitson, and Charlotte Whitmer, 1941-1946.

7 16

C. Moore School records.

Box Folder

Announcements for evening graduate work in electrical engineering, 1941-1946.

7 17

Announcements for the accelerated academic program, 1942.

7 18

Application for federal employment (Mauchly's application), 1945 July.

7 19

Armed Forces Training Program, instructions and notices for reporting absences and grades and course descriptions, 1943-1944.

7 20

Bank statements and cancelled checks, 1942-1946.

7 21-24

Banking records and receipts related to Moore School purchases (books and scientific equipment), 1941-1944.

7 25

Bills, particularly phone bills relating to Moore School, 1942-1945.

7 26

Correspondence (University Intramural): Burks, Arthur W., Air Warden, 1941-1943.

7 27

Correspondence (University Intramural): Graduate School, 1941-1943.

7 28

Correspondence (University Intramural): Pender, Harold, dean of Moore School (includes a copy of Mauchly's resignation and Pender's acceptance of resignation), 1941-1946.

7 29

E.C. Meeting, minutes, 1945 November 9.

7 30

Coursework: Summer school work, 1941 summer.

7 31

Coursework: Assignment 2, circa 1941.

7 32

Coursework: Course 101 (Pender), circa 1941.

7 33

Coursework: Math 147 (Higher Mathematics for Engineers), lectures, 1941-1942.

7 34-35

Coursework: Problems in Electricity and Magnetism, problems and notes, 1941.

7 36

Identification card, library stack permit, and Houston Hall discount card, 1943-1944.

7 37

Moore School Lectures: Theory and Techniques for Design of Electrical Digital Computers (lecture 3), 1946 July 8.

7 38-39

Moore School Lectures: Use of Function Tables with Computing Machines (lecture 9), draft, 1945 July 12.

7 40

Moore School Lectures: Conversion between Binary and Decimal Number Systems (lecture 25), 1946 July 29.

7 41

Moore School Lectures: Machine Design and Instruction Codes (lecture 37), 1946 August 9.

7 41

Moore School Lectures: Round Off Errors and the Propagation of Error (lecture 48), 1946 August 30.

7 41

Moore School publications: Bibliography of Literature on Calculating Machines, by Irven Travis, 1938.

7 42

Moore School publications: Report on EDVAC, by John Von Neumann (first draft), 1945 June 30.

7 43

Moore School publications: Automatic High-Speed Computing: A Progress Report on the EDVAC, 1945 September 30.

7 44

Moore School publications: Progress Report on the EDVAC, Volume 1, 1946 June 30.

7 45

Moore School publications: Progress Report on the EDVAC, Volume II, 1946 June 30.

8 1

Moore School publications: The EDVAC: Preliminary Report on Logic and Design, by G.W. Patterson, etc., 1948 February 16.

8 2-3

Moore School publications: Functional Description of the EDVAC, Volume 1, 1949 November 1.

8 4

Moore School publications: Functional Description of the EDVAC, Volume II, 1949 November 1.

8 5

Moore School publications: Errata for Functional Description of the EDVAC, Volumes I and II, 1949 November 1.

8 6

Moore School publications: Electricity and Electromagnetism for Engineers, by Harold Pender and S. Reid Warren, Jr., 1940-1941.

8 7-8

Moore School publications: Report on the ENIAC, Part I: Technical Description of the ENIAC, by Adele G. Goldstein, circa 1945-1946.

8 9-10

Moore School publications: Report on the ENIAC, Part II: Technical Description of the ENIAC, by Harry D. Huskey, circa 1945-1946.

8 11

Moore School publications: The Moore School Record, 1941.

8 12

Moore School publications: Outline of Results of Computations, 1943 March 16.

8 13

Moore School publications: PY (EDVAC) report, summary, draft, and stock list, 1941-1946.

8 14-15

Moore School publications: Record Book, 1942.

8 16

Moore School publications: Report on Project, Case 1 (handwritten draft), 1942 May.

8 17

Moore School publications: Theory and Techniques for Design of Electronic Digital Computers, Volume I (Lectures 1-10), 1947 September 10.

8 18

Moore School publications: Theory and Techniques for Design of Electronic Digital Computers, Volume I (Lectures 1-10), 1947 September 10.

9 1-2

Moore School publications: Theory and Techniques for Design of Electronic Digital Computers, Volume II (Lectures 11-21), 1947 November1.

9 3-5

Moore School publications: Theory and Techniques for Design of Electronic Digital Computers, Volume III (Lectures 22-33), 1948 June 30.

9 6-8

Moore School publications: Theory and Techniques for Design of Electronic Digital Computers, Volume IV (Lectures 34-48), 1948 June 30.

9 9-10

Moore School publications: Theory of Electronic Machines, Volume II, Alternating Currents, 1939.

9 11

Teaching: Term teaching records and staff rosters, 1941-1946.

9 12

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 6A (Direct Current Machinery), exams and grades (RESTRICTED), 1942.

9 13

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 7A (Direct Current Machinery Laboratory), exams and grades (RESTRICTED), 1941-1942.

9 14

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 14WB and 14WC (Electronics), graded (RESTRICTED), 1943 June 1.

9 15

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 9A (Alternating Current Circuit), exams and grades (RESTRICTED), 1943.

9 16

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 14 (Laboratory Experiments), problems, solutions, and sample calculations, 1944.

9 17

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 103 (Engineering Physics), problems, solutions, and 1936-1938 correspondence, circa 1941-1946.

9 18

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 117 (Acoustics), exams and grades (RESTRICTED), 1942.

9 19

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 403 (Electrical Measurements), course information, exams, and grades (RESTRICTED), 1943-1944.

9 20-22

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 417 (Distributed Constants), exams and grades (RESTRICTED), 1944.

9 23

Teaching: Electrical Engineering 617 (Acoustics), problems, notes, exams, and grades (RESTRICTED), 1945-1946.

9 24

Teaching: Math 647, lectures on Van der Pol's equation and Dr. J. A. Shohat's method of solving the equation, circa 1944.

9 25

Teaching: Sample courses in statistics from the University of North Carolina and Columbia University, 1944-1946.

9 26

Time sheets and notes about personnel hours worked, 1942-1943, 1945.

10 1-2

War Production Board, preference rating application for Model Act-10M Marchant Electric Calculating Machine, 1942.

10 3

D. Notes and datasheets.

Box Folder

155 MM Howitzer, 1943.

10 4

500 volt D.C. (open circuit), 1942 March.

10 5

Alternating current stability, 1942 February 25.

10 6

Atomic energy, 1945.

10 7

Atmospheric radiation, circa 1941-1946.

10 8

Battery-powered portable insulation testing devices, circa 1942.

10 9

B-series evaluation, circa 1941-1946.

10 10

Calculating machines, circa 1941-1946.

10 11

Census Bureau and computers, 1945.

10 12

Circle diagrams, circa 1943.

10 13

Computer claims 10 and 12, circa 1941-1946.

10 14

Cosmic data from Science Services, 1941 June-December.

10 15

Cryptanalysis and sorting problems, 1945.

10 16

Cryptography, 1941, 1944.

10 17

Cubic equations, circa 1941-1946.

10 18

D.C. machines: IIIc problems, circa 1941-1946.

10 19

Diurnal temperature ranges, circa 1944.

10 20

Doolittle's solution, circa 1941-1946.

10 21

Duovent, circa 1943.

10 22

ENIAC functions compared to other computers, 1944-1945.

10 23

Experiments (in bound notebook), circa 1943.

10 24

Exponential differential integration/Runge adaptation and method, circa 1941-1946.

10 25

Fluorescent lamp power units, 1941-1942.

10 26

G-Table, circa 1941-1946.

10 27

Geological data, undated.

10 28

Graph paper samples, circa 1941-1946.

10 29

Groups of basic networks, circa 1943.

10 30

Interpolation, circa 1941-1946.

10 31

Interpolation and iterative methods, circa 1941-1946.

10 32

Laplacian transforms, circa 1942.

10 33

MacIlwain and Brainerd electricity problems, circa 1941-1946.

10 34

Magnetic calculating machine, disclosure of (disks or drums), 1944 January 29.

10 35

Magneto striction, circa 1941-1946.

10 36

Mathematical error theory or problem for electrical measurements, circa 1941-1946.

10 37

Matrices, circa 1941-1946.

10 38

Matrices: Inverse by sub matrix method, circa 1941-1946.

10 39

Matrices: Symmetric and non-symmetric, circa 1941-1946.

10 40

"Megger", 1942.

10 41

Naval Ordinance Laboratory problem, circa 1944.

10 42

Orbits, circa 1941-1946.

10 43

Ordinate harmonic analysis, circa 1941-1946.

10 44

P 20 U.S. harmonic coefficients, circa 1942.

10 45

Power system stability, circa 1942.

10 46

Problems: Absolute value, ladder-box, and mechanical, circa 1941-1946.

10 47

Radiation and cloudiness, circa 1941-1946.

10 48

Radiation resistance, 1943 January-April.

10 49

Rayleigh, Robert John Strutt (notes by Mauchly), circa 1941-1946.

10 50

RCA constant voltage supply, circa 1941-1946.

10 51

SCR-602-T3 (Camp Evans Signal Laboratory), 1943 April-May.

10 52

Solar influence on Earth's weather, circa 1942.

10 53

"Standard Megohmer" of Herman H. Stricht Co., Inc., circa 1942.

10 54

Symmetric smoothing formula and experiments, 1942.

10 55

Temperatures for Texas, North Dakota, Utah, New Mexico, and Oregon, circa 1945.

10 56

Theory of dimensions, 1941 July.

10 57

Transmission disturbance, circa 1946.

10 58

Transmission line cable calculations, ultra high frequencies (UHF), circa 1943-1944.

10 59

Truncation errors, circa 1941-1946.

10 60

United States Census Bureau, William Madow discussion, 1944 October 9.

10 61

Vector analysis, appendix: introductory notes on vector analysis, circa 1941-1946.

10 62

"Vibrotest," insulation testing instrument, 1942.

10 63

Weather-related notes, circa 1941-1946.

10 64

Wwedensky and Maizels/Fraunhofer diffraction equation, 1941-1942.

10 65

Unidentified, 1940-1944.

10 66-67

E. Organizations, memberships, and conferences.

Box Folder

American Association of Scientific Workers, Philadelphia branch, meeting announcements, programs, and newsletters, 1940-1942.

10 68

American Association of Physics Teachers, meeting announcements, programs, and reports, 1940-1943.

10 69

American Geophysical Union, membership information, meeting announcements, constitution and by-laws, and programs, 1941-1944.

10 70

American Mathematical Society, programs and notes, 1943-1944.

10 71

American Meteorological Society, meeting announcements, programs, constitution and bylaws, and dues information, 1941-1946.

11 1

American Physical Society, meeting announcements and dues information, 1941.

11 2

American Statistical Association, membership information, 1945.

11 3

Engineers Club of Philadelphia, meeting announcements, correspondence, and biographical information supplied by Mauchly, 1942.

11 4

Institute of Aeronautical Sciences, membership information, 1942.

11 5

Institute of Mathematical Statistics, meeting announcements, programs, and by-laws, 1941-1946.

11 6

Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE), meeting announcements, programs, constitution and by-laws, and membership information, 1942-1944.

11 7

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, draft of talk, "Design Considerations for High Speed Computing Machines", 1945 October 30.

11 8

Pennsylvania Conference of College Physics Teachers, meeting announcements, circa 1941-1945.

11 9

F. Patents (not Eckert or Mauchly).

Box Folder

Patent 2,328,340 to Patent 2,351,0036, 1943-1944.

11 10

Patent 2,353,083 to Patent 2,394,924, 1943-1946.

11 11

G. Personal and family documents.

Box Folder

Accounts, bills, and receipts, 1941-1946.

11 12

Bank statements and cancelled checks, 1941-1943.

11 13-15

Book notices and receipts for books purchased, 1941-1946.

11 16

Driver's licenses, 1942-1945.

11 17

Income tax documents, 1941-1946.

11 18

Life insurance information, 1941-1946.

11 19

Medical and insurance information, 1941-1946.

11 20

Insurance records: Travellers, 1942.

11 21

Pay stubs.

11 22

Poems and humorous stories (some authored by Harvey L. Carter; other authors unknown), circa 1941-1946.

11 23

"Puzzles" (largely mathematical), circa 1941-1946.

11 24

Railway time tables, 1941-1946.

11 25

Selective Service registration cards, 1940-1945.

11 26

Stocks and business projections, 1941-1946.

11 27

Voter registration card, 1943.

11 28

War ration book, circa 1941.

11 29

H. United States Government records.

Box Folder

Engineering Defense Training Programs (University of Pennsylvania, Ohio State University, and Ursinus College), 1941-1942.

11 30

Guide for Preparation of a Standard Practice Procedure for Safe Guarding Classified Information, Office of Industrial Security, undated.

11 31

United States Navy, elementary course in cryptanalysis, 1941.

11 32

United States Navy, Naval Ordinance Laboratory memos, 1944-1946.

11 33

United States Navy, Naval Ordinance Laboratory pass and travel records, 1945.

11 34

United States Navy, Office of Research and Inventions, Mathematical Computing Advisory Panel, report and outline form of instructions, circa 1946.

11 35

I. Writings by others.

Box Folder

American Institute of Electrical Engineers, technical papers, 1941, 1943.

11 36

Blewett and Paulhus, "Type Catalog", circa 1943.

11 37

Brainerd, J.G., "Applied Mathematics Panel (AMP) Report on ENIAC", 1944-1945.

11 38

Cochran, W.G., "Some Theoretical Aspects of the Use of Transformations in the Statistical Analysis of Replicated Experiments", circa 1941-1946.

11 39

Freedman, Morris, "Problem Solver" (about ENIAC), includes edits probably provided by Mauchly, 1946.

11 40

Levick, L.E., questions about ENIAC with answers by Mauchly, 1946.

11 41

Stibitz, George, "Digital Computers by A.A. Directors", 1942.

11 42

Willet, H.C., editor, "A Statistical Analysis of Certain Problems of Extended Weather Forecasting", 1944 July 31.

11 43

Williams, S.B. (Bell Telephone Laboratories), "Draft of General Description and Description of Routine Code for Computer X-66744", 1945 April 11.

11 44

Young, Wilson, T., "A Layman's Viewpoint", circa 1941-1946.

11 45

Unknown author, Chapter 4 of "Amplitude Variations", undated.

11 46

Cox, Gertrude M., "Combinatorial problems in the design of experiments", circa 1941-1946.

11 39

Emmons, H.W. and J.G. Brainerd, "Temperature Effects in a Laminar Compressible-Fluid Boundary-Layer Along a Flat Plate", circa 1941-1946.

11 39

Fawcett, C.D., "Produce or Perish", circa 1941-1946.

11 39

Series III. Eckert-Mauchly partnership.

Scope and Contents note

Series III. Eckert-Mauchly partnership dates from 1946 to 1959 and is the most extensive group of materials in John Mauchly's papers. During this time, Eckert and Mauchly created two companies, the Electronic Control Company (ECC) which was in existence from 1946 to 1947 and the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) which was in existence from 1947 to 1950. In 1950, the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation was purchased by Remington Rand (which merged with Sperry Corporation in 1955), the company for which Mauchly continued to work until 1959.

This series is divided into A. Electronic Control Company (ECC) records; B. Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) records; C. Remington Rand/Sperry Rand records; D. Notes and datasheets, E. Organizations, conferences, and memberships; F. Personal and family documents; G. Talks by Mauchly; H. Teaching: "Mathematics for Digital Computers" at Temple University; I. Writings by Mauchly; and J. Writings by others.

Subseries A. Electronic Control Company (ECC) records contains material from that business venture. Researchers will find company information such as agreements, policies, personnel records, financial information, and publicity. The subseries also contains information on computers, including the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) and the Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC). Files on potential projects and contracts generally include correspondence and sometimes include proposals. It is frequently unclear when Electronic Control Company actually received a contract.

Subseries B. Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) records contain all existing material from that business venture. Researchers will find company records including board of directors material, business plans, bylaws, company histories, financial records, information about potential office space, patent applications, personnel records, and tax records. Of particular interest is the material relating to the Eckert-Mauchly Employee's Association and Roundtable. Agreements relating to a possible merger with American Totalisator Company, Inc. and the actual purchase of EMCC by Remington Rand can be found in this subseries. Files on the Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC) and Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC) and early files on the Uniprinter and Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC) include instruction codes, manuals, programming, reports, specifications, and training guides. The file on potential projects and contracts generally includes correspondence and sometimes includes proposals. It is frequently unclear when Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation actually received a contract. This subseries also documents the recognition John W. Mauchly, J. Presper Eckert, and EMCC received for their inventions and work, particularly in the press, and publicity associated with the above mentioned computers and the 1949 award of the Potts Medal to both Eckert and Mauchly.

Subseries C. Remington Rand/Sperry Rand records is further divided into: i. Company records, ii. Correspondence, iii. Patents, iv. Projects, v. Publicity, vi. Research and "Problems," vii. Research and writing by staff, and viii. Research on other computers and computer companies, and ix. Training. This subseries, housed in boxes 13 to 26, is large and complicated and is therefore described in further detail here.

Subseries D. Notes and datasheets shows many of Mauchly's interests and includes his notes, formulas, and math problems, as well as data gathered from other sources. Many of these interests were life-long, in particular Mauchly's interest in weather and forecasting; and therefore, researchers should consult the Notes and datasheets groupings in other series for earlier and later research on the same topics. In this subseries, the notes and datasheets are so extensive in relation to the weather, that they are grouped together under the term "weather-related."

Subseries E. Organizations, conferences, and memberships demonstrates that as Mauchly became more involved in his profession, and was considered an expert in the field of computers, he increasingly joined societies and attended conferences for his continuing education. Researchers will find that he continued to associate with some of these organizations throughout his career, and should, therefore, consult the subseries titled Organizations, memberships, and conferences in other series for earlier and later records. During this era of Mauchly's career, he was clearly a leader in the field--he served on committees, was asked to speak regularly, and was in communication with many others in business automation, computers, math and physics, programming, and other specialties.

Subseries F. Personal and family documents contains material that documents Mauchly's family and home life from 1946 to 1959. The bulk of these records are financial in nature, however Mauchly’s personality is apparent in letters to and from family and friends, information relating to his children's education, his poetry, prose, and humorous writings, hospital receipts from the births of three of his children, and a list of potential names for his newborn daughter. Sympathy letters sent to John, Jimmy, and Sidney Mauchly following the drowning of Mauchly's first wife Mary on September 8, 1946 are located in this subseries.

Subseries G. Talks by Mauchly includes interviews, presentations, speeches, and talks. These talks are arranged chronologically. Whenever possible, the title of the speech, the organization to which Mauchly was speaking, the city, and the date are noted. Researchers should be aware that in some cases, Mauchly's speech does not actually exist, however, whenever that is the case, it isw noted in the folder title.

Subseries H. Teaching: "Mathematics for Digital Computers" at Temple University includes correspondence to and from Mauchly and Temple University, his plans for the course which Mauchly taught from 1953 to 1954, and his students’ work. Researchers should be aware that the student work and exams are restricted due to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974.

Subseries I. Writings by Mauchly, articles and other writings. This subseries is arranged chronologically. Some writings were published but Mauchly appears never to have intended publishing others. Many of Mauchly’s unpublished documents on topics of interest to him may have been written for his personal use and reference. When the information exists, researchers will find the title of the article, the title, volume and number of the publication in which it appeared, and the name of the co-author. Researchers should also consult the Office files in Series III. Eckert-Mauchly partnership, Subseries C. Remington Rand/Sperry Rand, i. Company records for other writings about Mauchly and his beliefs.

Subseries J. Writings by others, includes articles written by other scientists, physicists, and leaders in the field of computers. These writings are organized alphabetically by author and many do not appear to have been ready for publication. Instead, many of these seem to have been sent to Mauchly for review or because he was interested in the topic or author. These writings are not by staff members of ECC, EMCC, or Remington Rand; writings by staff are included in Subseries A., B. and C. within this series. These are also not the published writings by others which will be found in the later series, John W. Mauchly library, as yet unprocessed.

A. Electronic Control Company (ECC).

Box Folder

Agreement, letterhead, and envelopes, 1946-1947.

12 1

Company policies, personnel, and notes, 1946-1947.

12 2

Computing applications and problems to be solved, 1947.

12 3

Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC): Proposed programing and correspondence and notes regarding logical design of the EDVAC, 1947.

12 4

EDVAC: Report, "A Complete EDVAC Computer System", circa 1947.

12 5

EDVAC II: Instruction Code C-2, 1947.

12 6

Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer(ENIAC): Patent and licensing information and security status, 1946-1947.

12 7

ENIAC: Press and publicity, 1947.

12 8

Financial information, 1946.

12 9

Notes on chronology of computer development, 1947.

12 10

Patents, correspondence regarding and procedures relating to inventions and patents, 1946-1947.

12 11

Potential projects and contracts: Aberdeen Proving Grounds, 1947.

12 12

Potential projects and contracts: Army Air Force Bureau of Standards, 1947 May.

12 13

Potential projects and contracts: Baird Associates, Inc., 1947.

12 14

Potential projects and contracts: Correspondence regarding, 1946 April-1947 July.

12 15

Potential projects and contracts: Electronic Tabulation Equipment, specifications, 1946 April.

12 16

Potential projects and contracts: Governments, including Australia and the United States (Navy), 1947.

12 17

Potential projects and contracts: Memos and notes about activities, conversations, and status, 1947.

12 18

Potential projects and contracts: National Bureau of Standards, 1946.

12 19

Potential projects and contracts: Northrup Aircraft, 1947 May.

12 20

Potential projects and contracts: Prudential Insurance Company, 1947 May-November.

12 21

Potential projects and contracts: Wright Field, 1947 February.

12 22

Publicity: Brochures and press releases relating to Electronic Control Company and EDVAC, 1946-1947.

12 23

B. Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC).

Box Folder

American Totalisator Company, Inc., agreement and correspondence, 1948-1949.

12 24

Applications Department, weekly job status sheet, 1950.

12 25

Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), notes and suggested changes, 1949.

13 12

Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), patent, 1950 August 16.

13 13

Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), press and publicity, 1949-1950.

13 14

Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), specifications, 1948.

13 15

Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), training memos, 1949.

13 16

Board of Directors, agenda, minutes, and reports; and President's report to the shareholders, 1948-1950.

12 26

Business plans, 1946.

12 27

Bylaws, circa 1948.

12 28

Company histories, 1949.

12 29

Decimal Adder demonstration, 1948.

13 17

Eckert-Mauchly Employee's Association and Round Table, 1949.

12 30

Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC), design report, 1948.

13 18

Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), Potts Medal, press and publicity, 1949.

13 19

Financial records and memos regarding finances, 1949-1950.

12 31

Memoranda relating to most aspects of company operation, projects, and personnel, 1948-1950.

12 32

Office space (1215 Walnut Street), including floor plans, correspondence, and specifications, 1946.

12 33

Notes and datasheets, 1947-1950.

12 34

Office files: Date books, 1945-1951.

12 35

Office files: Date books, 1947-1948.

12 36

Office files: Date books, 1949-1950.

12 37

Patents (not all EMCC), 1947-1950.

13 1

Patents, list of all pending and in-process patents, 1950.

13 2

Personnel policies, requirements, requirements, salary reviews, and lists of personnel, 1948-1950.

13 3

"Problems" (mathematical and engineering), 1948-1950.

13 4

Projects and prospective projects, correspondence and notes regarding, 1947-1951.

13 5

Remington Rand, agreement, 1950 February 15.

13 6

Report: "Application of Number Theory Proposed for High Speed Computers", 1949.

13 7

Report: Production Progress Report, 1949.

13 8

Reports and papers by EMCC staff (including J. Presper Eckert), 1947-1952.

13 9

Service Bureaus, reports, 1949, undated.

13 10

Tax records, 1947-1950.

13 11

Uniprinter, report: "A Uniprinter: Five-Ten Pulse Code", 1948.

13 20

Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC), assessment and recommendations, 1950.

13 21

UNIVAC, instruction codes, 1948-1950.

13 22

UNIVAC, manual, "An Introduction to the UNIVAC System", 1948-1950.

13 23

UNIVAC, press and publicity, 1948.

13 24

UNIVAC, problems and coding, 1948-1950.

13 25

UNIVAC, Programming for UNIVAC, chapters 1 and 2, circa 1948.

13 26

UNIVAC, Programming for UNIVAC, chapters 3 and 4, circa 1948.

13 27

UNIVAC, Report on the UNIVAC, chapters 1-2, 1948 May 17.

13 28

UNIVAC, training program, 1948.

13 29

C. Remington Rand/Sperry Rand.

Scope and Contents note

The Remington Rand/Sperry Rand records are divided into: i. Company records, ii. Correspondence, iii. Patents, iv. Projects, v. Publicity, vi. Research and "Problems," vii. Research and writing by staff, viii. Research on other computers and computer companies, and ix. Training. This group of records documents a complicated time frame in Mauchly's work history, during which Eckert and Mauchly's positions and roles in the larger company are frequently difficult to ascertain. Of particular interest for researchers should be the information about the UNIVAC Applications Research Center (UARC) which Mauchly headed from 1955 to 1959. His campaign for such an applications research group began much earlier.

i. Company records, lists departments, divisions, and other groups created by Remington Rand/Sperry Rand. For the most part, this group of records houses memos to and from management, departments, and Remington Rand/Sperry Rand colleagues. Some of these documents are on steno disks or on printouts from steno disks. This group provides a glimpse into the complexity of this large company and its departments’ working relationships. Of particular interest are the office files, from which researchers can piece together Mauchly's day-to-day activities and most importantly, read his personal and confidential notes (box 14, folder 2), in which his core beliefs about the company, the future and needs of the computer industry and Remington Rand's place in the industry can be found. Similar material will be found in other folders within Subseries C. Researchers should be aware that some personnel records (contained in box 15, folders 1 and 34) are restricted due to personally identifiable information. This group of material also documents the history of the UNIVAC Applications Research Center (UARC), a department which was headed by Mauchly. Almost like a company itself, the UARC appears to have been vitally important to Mauchly; his records of its operation are thorough and extensive.

ii. Correspondence, the second group of materials within Remington Rand/Sperry Rand records is largely professional correspondence, but does not contain intra-company memos (which are housed in the first group of records within this subseries). Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by correspondent (Mauchly's or his secretary's original order was maintained). In general, Mauchly's correspondence is not deep and frequently consists only of one or two letters per correspondent. Researchers will, however, find some prominent scientists among the correspondents.

iii. Patents contains correspondence regarding patent interference, but there are, in fact, several patents for Eckert and Mauchly inventions, including the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator (ENIAC). There are also several guides to protecting inventions, particularly electronic computers, via patents.

iv. Projects, consists of Remington Rand's delivery of services to other organizations, including the U.S. military, retail organizations, churches, publishing companies, telephone companies and universities. One of the most notable projects was "Project 'Election Return'" in which the UNIVAC predicted the outcome of the presidential election in 1952. Materials in this group of records are arranged alphabetically by name of the organization hiring Remington Rand. Similar material will be found in the UNIVAC Application Research Center (UARC) files contained within i. Company records.

v. Publicity contains the extensive press and publicity about Eckert, Mauchly, the ENIAC and the UNIVAC. This group includes brochures published by Remington Rand, information regarding exhibits held at the Franklin Institute, and newspaper and magazine articles about the inventors and their inventions. Of interest is an article about Grace Hopper, an early programmer and inventor of the compiler, who was an employee of Remington Rand and a close colleague of John Mauchly.

vi. Research and "Problems," is a large group of materials in which topics needing investigation were attacked by Mauchly and his colleagues. In this case, and throughout Mauchly's papers, the term "problem" should be interpreted as a mathematical problem, rather than a business concern. Arranged alphabetically by topic, the material includes correspondence, manuals, minutes, notes, instructions, reports, and outside research, all of which appear to have served as the raw materials used by Mauchly and his colleagues to develop coding, programming methodology, routines and subroutines, storage devices, etc. Researchers should pay close attention to the files on programming, which include seminal documents such as "What is Generalized Programming?" Much of this material is closely related to the UNIVAC Applications Research Center (UARC) files. Programs and products related to the UNIVAC System are arranged alphabetically under UNIVAC.

vii. Research and writing by staff is arranged alphabetically by staff member. Mauchly and his colleagues were pioneers in the fields of computer development and programming and wrote prolifically on topics related to their research and discoveries. Some of this writing does not appear to have been intended for publication--in some cases, it may have been meant only for in-house use to communicate progress and new ideas. Mauchly’s original arrangement of this material has been maintained as much as possible; researchers may therefore find copies of his colleagues’ articles filed in multiple locations within the collection including, almost always, under the topic of the article. Mauchly's own writings are found in Subseries I. Writings by Mauchly.

viii. Research on other computers and computer companies contains brochures, comparisons, notes, and writings about individual companies and specific computers. As the computer industry expanded, Mauchly and his colleagues kept a close eye on competitors’ companies and products. This group of material is arranged alphabetically by company name.

ix. Training contains computer training materials compiled by Mauchly for his engineers and other staff, including an extensive training course for EMCC engineers. There are also seminar courses for corporations and organizations using the UNIVAC as well as training courses for programming the UNIVAC.

i. Company records.
Box Folder

Accounting and Accounting-Tabulating Department, memos, 1950-1955, 1957.

13 30

Advanced Programming Division, meeting agenda and proposed organization chart, 1955.

13 31

Advertising Department, memos and publicity story on utilization of electrical computers, 1953-1957.

13 32

"APTS" Division, memos and factory and transfer order, 1951-1952.

13 33

Competitive Design and Competitive Products groups, 1950, 1957-1958.

13 34

Component Research and Development Department (includes information on amplifiers, arithmetic register header, circuits, clutches, drum head, one word registers, scaling circuits for counters, switches, transistors, and verifiers), 1951-1959.

13 35

Computer Development Division (probably also called the Electronic Computing Center and Electronic Computer Department), memos, 1954-1958.

13 36

Control Systems Department, 1956.

13 37

Electronic Computer Systems Board, minutes, 1957 February 12.

13 38

Electronic Product Development-Sales Committee, correspondence, minutes, and notes, 1953 March-November.

14 1

Engineering Department, memos and minutes, 1953-1955.

14 2

Information Science Division, description and memo, 1956.

14 3

Intelectron, Inc., considerations on purchasing the company, 1952.

14 4

International Tabulating Department, memos, 1956.

14 5

Legal Department, correspondence and memos (largely relating to patents), 1950-1958.

14 6

Legal Department, correspondence, 1954-1958.

14 7

Library, memos, purchase requests, and recent acquisitions, 1951-1958.

14 8

Logical Design Department, memo, 1956.

14 9

Management Services Department, memos, 1958.

14 10

Military Division, memos on weather systems, 1958-1959.

14 11

Office files: Calendars, 1953-1956.

14 12

Office files: Calendar notes, 1951, 1955, 1957-1958.

14 13

Office files: Date books, 1951-1952.

14 14

Office files: Date books, 1953-1954, 1958.

14 15

Office files: Diaries, 1957 June-1958 January.

14 16

Office files: File cabinet contents and inventory of office, 1955-1957, undated.

14 17

Office files: Messages and notes for Mauchly, 1952-1959, undated.

14 18

Office files: Notes on meetings, projects, and work to be done, 1950-1959.

14 19

Office files: Notes on meetings, projects, and work to be done, undated.

14 20

Office files: Office log, 1955 October-1956 April.

14 21

Office files: Personal and confidential notes by Mauchly, 1950-1958.

14 22

Office files: Steno disks and printouts of material on (disks 1-39), 1955.

14 23

Office files: Steno disks and printouts of material on (disks 40-204), 1955-1957.

14 24

Office files: Trip information and itineraries, 1950-1955.

14 25

Organization charts and changes in organization, 1955-1958.

14 26

Patent Department, correspondence with George Elgroth, 1951-1952.

14 27

Personnel Services Department, memos and policies, 1952-1958.

14 28

Personnel Services Department: Applications for employment (blank and completed) and resumes (RESTRICTED), 1952-1958.

15 1

Personnel Services Department: Aptitude tests, 1957-1958.

15 2

Personnel Services Department: Employee insurance and benefit information, records, and plans, 1951-1958.

15 3

Personnel Services Department: Employee lists and job descriptions, 1951-1958.

15 4

Personnel Services Department: Payroll, sick leave, and vacation correspondence, 1951-1959.

15 5

Personnel Services Department: Travel itineraries, arrangements, etc., 1956-1958.

15 6

Personnel Services Department: Traveling expense vouchers (completed by Mauchly), 1950, 1952-1955.

15 7

Personnel Services Department: Traveling expense vouchers (completed by Mauchly), 1956-1959.

15 8

Plant Engineering Department, memos, 1956-1957.

15 9

Product Planning Department and Product Design Department, 1956-1958.

15 10

Program Planning Department, memos, 1956-1957.

15 11

Programming research, memo, 1955.

15 12

Public relations and publicity, memos and brochures, 1952-1959.

15 13

Purchasing, budget, and appropriations: memos, receipts and invoices, 1952-1958.

15 14

Rem Rand News, 1952-1958.

15 15

Remington Rand World, 1956, 1957.

15 16

Research Division, agreement and memos, 1955-1957.

15 17

Sales and Sales Policy Departments, memos and sales promotion releases, 1951-1958.

15 18

Sales Bulletin, 1954-1958.

15 19

Sales Training Bulletin, 1955, 1958.

15 20

Security: Memos relating to clearance, classified information and presentation and publication of material, 1952-1958.

15 21

Scientific Studies Department, memo including copy of Mauchly's "Are Computers Newsworthy", 1955.

15 22

Special Materials, Products, and Sales Departments, memos, 1954, 1957.

15 23

Stockholders meetings, meeting notices and reports, 1952-1958.

15 24

Systems and Systems Studies Departments, memos, 1953-1957.

15 25

Tax Department, memos, 1955-1956, 1958.

15 26

Technical Information Department, memos and newsletter, 1955-1957.

15 27

UNIVAC Applications Research Center (UARC): Proposal for and progress report for UARC, drafts, and memos, 1952, 1955-1958.

15 28

UARC: Budget considerations, estimations, and requests, 1957-1958.

15 29

UARC: Memos regarding purchases, furniture, and problems with Unityper, 1955.

15 30

UARC: Monthly status reports, 1957 October-December.

15 31

UARC: "News Bulletin", 1958 August 28 and September 23.

15 32

UARC: Notes and comments (Mauchly's), 1954-1955.

15 33

UARC: Personnel (RESTRICTED), 1955-1959.

15 34

UARC: Policies and correspondence regarding policies, 1955-1956.

15 35

UARC: Progress reports, 1957-1958.

15 36

UARC: Projects, correspondence, description of projects, requests for appropriations, and project planning charts, 1955-1958.

15 37

UARC: Projects, Applying UNIVAC to Manufacturing Control, progress reports, 1955-1956.

16 1

UARC: Projects, Office of Naval Research, Contract Nonr-2297, NR 048-116, memos and progress reports, 1957-1958.

16 2

UARC: Projects, "Project Lightening," proposal, drafts, memos, notes, and seminar program, 1957-1958.

16 3

UARC: Projects, "Project LOVAM (Linear Operators, Vectors, and Matrices)" memos, proposal, and final report, 1958.

16 4

UARC: Projects, Weather/Solar projects, memos, progress reports, and working notes, 1957.

16 5

UARC: Publications, requests for and policies regarding, 1956-1958.

16 6

UARC: Scientific Applications, memos and progress reports, 1957-1958.

16 7

UARC: Service Bureaus, applications, projects, and estimating procedures, 1953-1955.

16 8

UARC: Song and weather report for Dr. Mauchly's birthday, 1957 August 30.

16 9

UARC: Staff correspondence regarding attending conferences, 1955-1958.

16 10

UARC: Staff correspondence regarding requests for information or publications, 1955-1958.

16 11

UARC: Tapes, catalogues, memos and reports, 1955.

16 12

UARC: Trip reports, 1955-1958.

16 13

UARC: Technical reports (numbers 1-5, 7-8, and 12), 1957.

16 14

UARC: Technical reports (numbers 17 and 18), 1957.

16 15

UARC: Testimonial letters ("fan mail"), 1955-1958.

16 16

UARC: Weekly Bulletins, 1957-1958.

16 17

UARC: Weekly Seminar, announcements, 1955, 1957-1958.

16 18

UARC: Work orders, 1956-1958.

16 19

UARC: Working notes, "Duration of Play," "Factoral Radix Notation and the Problem of Random Permutations," "Fermat Problems," "Fixed Charge Problem," and "Floating Decimal", 1957-1958.

16 20

UARC: Working notes, "Genealogical Problem," "Generalized Programming for UNIVAC [I and II]," and "Generation and Testing of Pseudo-Random Numbers,", 1957-1958.

16 21

UARC: Working notes, "Information Retrieval," "LARC (Livermore Automatic Research Computer)," and "Linear Programming and Game Theory", 1955-1957.

16 22

UARC: Working notes, "Minimal Trees, Chains, and Tours," and "Numerical Analysis", 1957.

16 23

UARC: Working notes, "Operations Research," Parametric Programming and the Primal-Dual Algorithm," and "Processing the Current List of Medical Literature by Computer: Discussion of the Stages by which the Processing would be Accomplished", 1956-1958.

16 24

UARC: Working notes, "School Bus Problem," "Simplex Method with Rounded Variables," and "Topics needing Investigation in the Field of Logical Instructions, Information Theory, and Coding Techniques", 1955, 1957.

16 25

UARC: Working notes, "Traveling Salesman Problem", 1956-1958.

16 26-28

UARC: Working notes, "Use of Orthogonal Variables in Correlation Analysis", 1957.

16 29

Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC) Division, memos, 1951-1958.

16 30

UNIVAC Management Services and Operations Research Reports, 1957-1958.

16 31

UNIVAC Product Development Committee, agendas, memos, and minutes, 1950-1953.

16 32

UNIVAC Sales Department, memos, 1952-1959.

16 33

UNIVAC users, lists and publicity, 1954-1958.

16 34

UNIVAC User's Conference, memos and questionnaires, 1958.

16 35

UNIVAC User Relations Department, memos, requisition form, and system routines, 1958.

16 36
ii. Correspondence.
Box Folder

Abbott-Avakian (correspondents include R.R. Abbot, Burton W. Adkinson, Mary H. Ahearn, S.B. Akin, William L. Alden, J. Hamilton Allen, William M. Allen, Franz L. Alt, Theo G. Alteneder, Paul Arthur, Jr., and Amik A. Avakian), 1949-1958.

17 1

Bakst-Barrows (correspondents include Aaron Bakst, Theodore Balieff, Charles E. Balleisen, Samuel Bardy, R. Bowling Barnes, and Zike Barrows, 1949-1958.

17 2

Bedford-Bitner (correspondents include Gwendolyn M. Bedford, William B. Bell, J. Belzer, R.W. Bemer, Kurt Benjamin, Donn Bennett, Bennington College, Bernard S. Benson, Frederic R. Benson, Edmund C. Berkeley, Charles L. Bernier, Sidney N. Berry, Joseph A. Berti, P.L. Betz, Dr. Reinhard H. Beutner, K. Beyerle, Dr. Ludwig Biermann, Bruce H. Billings, Cecil H. Birnkrant, and R. Frank Bitner).

17 3

Boehm-Butler (correspondents include George A.W. Boehm, E.W. Boehne, Lea M. Bohnert, Harry L. Bondy, C.P. Bourne, Glen Bowersox, Albert H. Bowker, Jacques Boyer, Frederick S. Brackett, James M. Brady, J.G. Brainerd, Martha C. Brice, Glenn W. Brier, British Information Services, Martha G. Bullard, McGeorge Bundy, Arthur W. Burks, Richard S. Burington, John S. Burlew, Frank E. Burton, Dr. Vannevar Bush, W.E. Bushor, and Sue Butler), 1950-1959.

17 4

Campbell-Chu (correspondents include Charles I. Campbell, John J. Carpenter, John W. Carr, III, Edith M. Cary, W.B. Chadwick, Carl C. Chambers, W.P. Champlain, Ned Chapin, J.D. Chapline, Charles Chapple, and J.C. Chu), 1949-1958.

17 5

Clark-Crutcher (correspondents include Louis P. Clark, R.F. Clippinger, Harold W. Cobb, J. Frank Coneybear, Marie E. Conklin, John D. Cooney, Council on Library Resources, Inc., Dr. Stephen H. Crandall, Lyndon Crawford, John J. Criscitiello, and Harold L. Crutcher), 1950-1957.

17 6

Dale-Dykman (correspondents include James T. Dale, Dr. Joseph F. Daly, R.W. Davenport, Norman Davids, James G. Davis, Watson Davis, E.G. Davy, Charles F. De Mey, M. Richard Denison, William Dey, F.L. Dobbins, Geoffrey Dolman, Alice Dondero, Harold F. Dorn, R.C. Douthitt, B.E. Downs, J.H. Drillick, and Milton Dykman), 1950-1959.

17 7

Eberly-Ezekiel (correspondents include John Eberly, J. Presper Eckert, Robert D. Eckhouse, Paul Dawson Eddy, Curt W. Eisenberg, Dr. Churchill Eisenhart, Dr. Stig Ekelof, Jackson P. English, Dr. Paul L. Erdos, S.H. Ericson, W.L. Eskridge, and Mordecai Ezekiel), 1950-1959.

17 8

Finelli-Furth (correspondents include John J. Finelli, Ed Fitzgerald, Nellie H. Fogleman, George S. Forde, Dr. Jay W. Forrester, Kenneth A. Foster, Dr. Stanley P. Frankel, T.F. Frawley, Sid Freeman, Raymond A. Frigon, Richard A. Fritz, Dr. Fry, and Albert L. Furth), 1950-1959.

17 9

Gallup-Gruenberg (correspondents include F.H. Gallup, Esther B. Garber, Eugene Garfield, E.E. Garrett, Carl L Gerberich, Dr. Gimpl, Harry E. Goheen, Roy Goldfinger, John Goldston, L. Gombos, Robert M. Goodman, Saul Gorn, Milton D. Graham, John C. Green, Robert E. Greenwood, H.R.J. Grosch, General L.R. Groves, and Elliot Gruenberg), 1949-1958.

17 10

Hackenyos-Hayashi (correspondents include C.W. Hackenyos, Paul M. Hahn, Frank L. Haley, Lloyd L. Hanes, E.L. Harder, Dr. Howard C. Hardy, Luther Harr, Susan B. Harley, Ernest Hartford, Douglas R. Hartree, Bevier Hasbrouck, Charles E. Hastings, Cecil Hastings, Jr., and Teru "Tay" Hayashi), 1950-1958.

17 11

Heller-Hyslop (correspondents include John H. Heller, Marika Hellstrom, John Power Hely, IV, Ken [Heoman], Dr. Paul Herget, Betty Holberton, John Holberton, Leith Holloway, Ralph Hopkins, Edward Hopkinson, Jr., Donald B. Houghton, E.L. Howard, John H. Hughes, Edward O. Hulbert, Donald F. Hunt, Dr. Harry D. Huskey, and Marjorie R. Hyslop), 1951-1958.

17 12

Iliff-Jupp (correspondents include J.W. Iluff, Marjorie Jack, Joseph Gray Jackson, Robert F. Jackson, William F. Jackson, L. Jacobs, Arvid W. Jacobson, Norman Jacobson, H.L. Johnson, C.E. Johnson, Reynold B. Johnson, Robert L. Johnson, James P. Junkin, and K. Elizabeth Jupp), 1949-1958.

17 13

Kaempffert-Kullbach (correspondents include Waldemar Kaempffert, Albert R. Kall, Arthur Katz, Everett Kimball, Jr., G.F. Kinmonth, B.W. Knollenberg, Richard K. Koegler, Calvin J. Kirchen, Tjalling Koopsman, Harold [Korkes], Irving P. Krick, Major C.D. Kuhn, and S. Kullback), 1949-1958.

17 14

Lamperti-Luke (correspondents include John W. Lamperti, Carl T. Leander, Frank Leary, Ben Leeper, Howard Levene, Library of Congress, John T. Lichtfield, Jr., Mrs. Link, Arthur D. Little, Inc., Joyce Logan, William N. Loucks, Robert T. Luginbuhl, and Yudell L. Luke), 1951-1957.

17 15

MacDougal-Myers (correspondents include R.E. MacDougall, John W. Mack, Donald M. MacKay, Don Macoy, Lillian Madow, Richard H. Magaziner, F.J. Maginniss, Joseph Mahler, Lorraine M. Maier, Saburo Makinouchi, Clifford J. Maloney, Martin Mann, Dr. Alan S. Manne, A.F. Martin, Carl N. Martin, Jr., Marjory L. Martin, Martin Matheson, Adolph Matz, G.O. Mauchle, E.C. Mauchly, J.P. Mayberry, Joan M. McCarte, E.A. McCormick, James McGarvey, J.P. McMorrow, Dr. J.C. McPherson, Milton H. Medenbach, Stanley Metalitz, Nicholas Metropolis, Herbert A. Meyer, June Meyer, Barry Miller, J.L. Miller, Herbert Mitchell, Monroe Calculating Machine Company, Inc., T. Ewing Montgomery, Moore and Hall (regarding Sperry Rand v. Bell Labs), Frederick Mosteller, M.C. Mulcahy, Thomas Mulhern, Albert G. Mumma, Converse Murdoch, Dewitt O. Myatt, Edna F. Myers, and Mandas Myers), 1949-1958.

17 16

Namias-Nyquist (correspondents include Jerome Namias, National Applied Mathematics Laboratory, Reginald B. Naugle, Allen Newell, A.C. Nielson, Waldo J. Nielson, Edith Norris, North Carolina State College, John DeWitt Norton, and H. Nyquist), 1949-1958.

17 17

Oakley-Pullen (correspondents include Gladney Oakley, C.O. Oakley, Dr. Charles W. Oliphant, R.L. Olsen, William O. Olsen, Ascher Opler, Alex Orden, Orga-Ratio, Elizabeth R. Orr, Morris Ostrofsky, Clarence E. Palmer, J.L.H. Paulhus, E.S. Pearson, Roy V. Peel, Harold Pender, Alan J. Perlis, J.W. Perry, John Pfeffer, Charles Phillips, John Phillips, Robert Dunn Phillips, Dr. E.R. Piore, J.W. Pontius, Lynne Poole, Pauline Poster, Virginia S. Powell, and Keats A. Pullen), 1950-1958.

17 18

Rahill-Ryder (correspondents include William Allen Rahill, Henry Rahmel, James H. Rand, Marcel N. Rand, J.A. Ratcliffe, R.E. Rawlins, Ida Rhodes, Walter P., Rhodes, Donald Rich, Dr. Walter Orr Roberts, Russell G. Rogers, R.A. Roggenbuck, A.M. Ross, C.D. Ross, Dan C. Ross, Floyd H. Rowland, D.M. Rubel, Dr. Morris Rubinoff, Paul E. Ruch, George H. Rule, Dr. H. Rutishauser, Joanne M. Ryan, F.C. Ryder, and J.D. Ryder, 1949-1957.

17 19

Salati-Suckle (correspondents include O.M. Salati, William Schmidt, Claire Schultz, Beverly R. Scott, Warren Semon, Roberta Shaw, Seymour Sherman, Walter F. Shenton, Julius Shiskin, Dorothy Shisler, George W. Shoemaker, R. Siberg, Arthur I. Siegel, Shirleigh Silverman, Herbert A. Simon, Omar I. Sinclair, S.F. Singer, Charles V.L. Smith, Danny Sloan, Theodore B. Smith, R.L. Snyder, Thomas H. Southard, John W. Sparkman, Robert J. Stahl, Leonard Starr, V.A. Stenberg, Mary E. Stevens, James Steward, John Q. Steward, Gunther Stieneke, W.W. Stifler, Jr., Charles B. Stoll, Walker G. Stone, H.L. Strauss, Lewis L. Strauss, Oliver H. Straus, John W. Streeter, Laurance Stuntz, and William V. Suckle), 1949-1958.

17 20

Taube-Tukey (correspondents include Mortimer Taube, Lazare Teper, Graydon A. Thayer, Herbert Thom, Dr. Andrew Thomson, Harald H. Thormahlen, Raymond Toledo, C.B. Tompkins, Howard E. Tompkins, Dr. Leonard Tornheim, Mark A. Townsend, and John W. Tukey, 1950-1958.

17 21

Ubell-Votaw (correspondents include Earl Ubell, Dr. Steven G. Vandenberg, Marjorie Van de Water, E.H. Vestine, Harry F. Vickers, G.I. Vincent, and D.F. Votaw, Jr.), 1949-1958.

17 22

Weathercasts of America-Wexler (correspondents include Weathercasts of America, Tommy Weber, Nicholas H. Wenger, Peter Wegner, Fred Weiland, William Turanski, Dr. Alexander Weinstein, Barbara H. Weiss, Walter R. Welch, Henry S. Wells, Jr., and Harry Wexler), 1949-1958.

17 23

White-Wyatt (correspondents include Robert M. White, D.D. Whyte, H.R. Wickenden, Warren Wightman, Dr. Maurice V. Wilkes, S.S. Wilks, Alfred H. Williams, Fred C. Williams, W.P. Williams, Hurd C. Willet, G.H. Willits, William Mintzer Wills, Louis D. Wilson, V.M. Wolontis, S.Y. Wong, Dr. Max Woodbury, John E. Woolston, Robert Worthing, Theon Wright, Dewitt O. Wyatt, 1949-1958.

17 24

Young-Zemlin (correspondents include David M. Young, Jr., Marshall C. Yovits, Robert Y. Zachary, Harry C. Zeisig, Jr., and R.A. Zemlin), 1953-1958.

17 25

Unidentified authors or recipients, 1949-1959.

17 26

Unidentified authors or recipients, incomplete, 1953-1958.

17 27

Letters neither to nor from Mauchly [includes intervention letter from Edmund Berkeley to Grace Hopper (copied to John Mauchly)], 1952-1959.

17 28

Letters regarding Electronic Control Company annual royalty obligation, 1952-1955.

17 29

Letters requesting publication (many of which relate to weather publications), 1946-1958.

17 30-31
iii. Patents.
Box Folder

Basic patent protection on electronic computers, correspondence, memos, and notes, 1954-1955.

17 33

Eckert-Mauchly patents, 1954.

18 1

Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator (ENIAC), 1951, 1954.

17 34

ENIAC, patent interference, correspondence and documents relating to, 1954.

18 2

Non-Eckert-Mauchly patents, 1954.

18 3

Patents and patent interference, correspondence and documents relating to, 1955-1956.

18 5-6

Printed guides and documents regarding patents, 1954-1957.

18 4

Report on trip to Patent Office, 1957 July 23.

18 7
iv. Projects.
Box Folder

Correspondence relating to possible contracts, 1951-1958.

18 8

Air Force computers, memos, 1955-1956.

18 9

Associated Merchandising Corporation, memos, reports, and requirements, 1952-1953.

18 10

Bureau of Census, correspondence, instructions, memos, minutes, research material, and reports, 1946-1956.

18 11-12

Church of Latter Day Saints (Mormon), genealogical research problem, memo, notes, and suggestions, 1957.

18 13

Curtis Publishing Company, data, memo, and notes, 1954.

18 14

Du Pont, memos, proposal "A Plan for Electronic Digital Equipment for E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company," and reports, 1956-1958.

18 15

First National Bank, Chicago, Illinois, memo and report on punch card check service, 1952.

18 16

New York Telephone Company, route table lookup problem, correspondence, data, and progress report, 1956.

18 17

Office of Naval Research, proposal on information retrieval, correspondence, study, and technical report, 1956 September.

18 18

Project "Election Return," memo and press, 1952-1956.

18 19

Signal Corps, memorandum of agreement and proposal for automatic programming study, 1958.

18 20

United States Navy, David Taylor Model Basin, memo on high speed printer, 1954.

18 21

UNIVAC and the Weather, correspondence and project reports 1-15, 1951-1952.

18 22

University of Pennsylvania, Meteorological Statistics Project, notes, correspondence, and reports, 1958.

18 23

Veterans Administration, Reading Machines for the Blind, announcement and agenda for meeting and reports, 1958.

18 24
v. Publicity.
Box Folder

Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), articles, newspaper clippings, and a description in Aberdeen Proving Ground's Computing Laboratory publication, 1950-1956.

18 25

Franklin Institute, UNIVAC Exhibit, correspondence, notes, plans, and promotional material, 1956-1957.

18 26-27

Grace Hopper and programming, articles and newspaper clippings, 1956-1958.

18 28

Jupiter's eighth moon re-discovery (by UNIVAC), correspondence, newspaper clipping, and press releases, 1955.

18 29

"Large Scale Digital Computers and the Weather," article regarding John Mauchly the UNIVAC in Almanack, Volume 2, Number 9, 1958 May.

18 30

Remington Rand, newspaper clippings and ads, 1950-1958.

18 31

UNIVAC and the weather, correspondence, newspapers clippings, and press releases, 1952, 1955.

18 32

UNIVAC Systems, brochures and printed material, circa 1951-1958.

18 33

UNIVAC Systems, ads, articles, newspaper clippings, and press releases, 1951-1958.

18 34

UNIVAC II, brochure and memo regarding formal opening of UNIVAC II installation, circa 1958.

18 35

UNIVAC 1105, introductory brochure, 1959.

18 36

UNIVAC Applications Research Center (UARC), open houses, attendee lists and programs, 1956.

18 37
vi. Research and "Problems".
Box Folder

A-2 Compiler System, manual, 1955.

19 1

Air Weather Service applications, notes and report, 1952 April.

19 2

Application of the central difference table to the method of least squares, data, notes, and report, 1958.

19 3

Approximations in numerical analysis from the Rand Corporation, 1951-1953.

19 4

Automatic coding, memos, notes, and reports, 1953-1958.

19 5

Automatic file activity, minutes, recommendations, reports, and summary, 1953.

19 6

Autocorrelation coefficients, notes, 1952 December 10.

19 7

B-Box, C-Box, D-Box, and variable command computers, memos and suggestions, 1955-1956.

19 8

Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), article, correspondence, instructions, memo, and program for demonstration, 1952-1955.

19 9

Block diagram standardization, bibliography and symbol list from the National Bureau of Standards, circa 1950.

19 10

B-0 Compiler, correspondence, manual, memos, and specifications, 1956.

19 11

Business automation, correspondence, data, description of problem, and memos, 1957, undated.

19 12

Card-to-Magnetic Tape Converter, manual, 1955.

19 13

Census, research and printed materials, 1950.

19 14

Charactron Printing (CONVAIR), correspondence and memos, 1950-1955.

19 15

Coding (63-character pulse, C-10, nuclear, pseudo, short, transportation, and transcendental functions), data, instructions, and memos, 1950-1958.

19 16

Coding (Zatocoding), correspondence [especially with Calvin Moers], data, memos, and notes, 1950-1952.

19 17

Computer characteristics, components, comparisons, and potential markets, notes and reports, 1956.

19 18

Constant squeeze, operating instructions, 1956.

19 19

Contour plotting on UNIVAC, draft and notes, 1957.

19 20

Critical Path Method, correspondence, memos, and notes, 1956-1959.

19 21

Desk calculators, description and memos, 1954-1955.

19 22

DS 63 and 66, memo, preliminary specifications, revised specifications, and systems configuration, 1954-1955.

19 23

Digit Rearranger and Extractor, description and operating instructions, circa 1958.

19 24

Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors, 1955, 1957-1958.

19 25

Election predictions, correspondence, memos, methods report, and publicity, 1952-1957.

19 26

Engineering Research Associates (ERA) 1101 Binary Computer, brochures, comparisons, correspondence, introduction to programming, memos, and reports, 1951-1953.

19 27-28

ERA 1103, brochures, comparisons, correspondence, functional specifications, memos, and reports.

19 29-30

Flow charts, memos, paper and symbols, 1956.

20 1

Information retrieval, correspondence, data, memos, notes, and reports, 1952-1958.

20 2-3

Information Retrieval by UNIVAC and UNIVAC Produced Non-Mechanized Systems, Part I, technical report, 1958.

20 4

Input-Output, characteristics, memos, and notes, 1955-1956.

20 5

Interlock problem (Interpolation), memos, notes, and reports, 1948-1958.

20 6

Language systems, report, circa 1957.

20 7

Large computers, memos and reports, 1956, 1958.

20 8

Livermore Advanced Research Computer (LARC), correspondence, instructions, memos, minutes, and reports, 1955-1959.

20 9-10

Magnetic computers, memos, 1954-1956.

20 11

Magnetic tape converters (card-to-tape, high speed magnetic tape printer, magnetic tape to punched card, and input-output verification), memos and progress reports, 1951-1952.

20 12

Memory systems, memo, notes, survey of existing memory systems, 1954, 1958, undated.

20 13

Numerical analysis, report, 1957.

20 14

Operations research, memos, notes, and reports, 1955-1958.

20 15

Printed circuits and wiring, memos, questions, and report, 1955-1956.

20 16

Programming conventions and terms, 1952-1958.

20 17

Programming: Automatic programming, memos, notes, and reports, 1955-1959.

20 18

Programming: Generalized programming (GP), advantages and limitations, conventions, correspondence, memos, notes, reports, and seminar information (includes the document: "What is generalized programming), 1954-1958, undated.

20 19-21

Programming: Generalized programming (GP), manual (incomplete), 1955.

20 22

Programming: Generalized programming (GP), Seminar, attendee list, memos, and notecards, 1955.

20 23

Programming: Generalized programming extended (GPX), correspondence, memos, notes, and reports, 1957-1958, undated.

20 24-25

Programming: Linear programming, bibliography, correspondence, and notes, 1954-1958.

21 1

Programming: Quadratic programming, notes, 1956.

21 2

Punch card method, correspondence, memos, and publicity, 1952-1957.

21 3

Recording systems, memo, 1955.

21 4

Reproductions (copying, printing, and varityper), memos, report, and tests, 1952-1957.

21 5

Routines and subroutines (9.: 2RT, ADDN, ATF, BLOK, CBT, CLR, CMA, CMS, CP3, CPL, CRT, CSR, CWS, DOL, EPS, EXP, FDA, FDC, FIFL, FNEQ, FSC, GMO, GMOC, GMOK, INDX, LEQS, LG2, LOG, LP2, MAIN, MDI, MEW, NRM, POLY, QFD, RND, RNF, SC, SEXC, SICOSORT, SQF, STAB, T2X, TAN, TDF, UDIA, WORD; P; TULS; and Y), 1957-1958, undated.

21 6-16

Small computers, memos, 1955-1956.

21 17

Sorting (automatic, electronic, fast one-word, and one-word), correspondence, memos, notes, and publicity, 1954-1958.

21 18

Sorting (high speed collation), memos, notes, and reports, 1952-1958.

21 19

Standard practice instructions, memos and report, 1950.

21 20

Stock market indices, data and memos, 1955.

21 21

Storage devices (core, magnetic, and photographic), articles, memos, and report, 1952-1957.

21 22

Supervisory control operations, manual and notes, 1950.

21 23

Tapes (amplifier, translator, and unit error rate), memos, 1953-1957.

21 24

UCT, instructions, memos, operations schedule, and X-2 Assembly System, 1957-1958.

21 25

Uniprinter, specifications, undated.

22 1

Unityper, memos, keyboard schematics, and proposed changes, 1957.

22 2

Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC) Acceptance Test, conditions for and reports of, circa 1951.

22 3

UNIVAC Air Material Command Programming System (AIMACO), background, memo, and schematics, circa 1958.

22 4

UNIVAC assessments, recommendations, and alternations, memos and notes, 1947-1948.

22 5

UNIVAC compared to ERA 1101, memos, reports, and summaries, 1952-1953.

22 6

UNIVAC compared to ERA 1103, correspondence, memos, and reports, 1953, 1957.

22 7

UNIVAC compared to IBM computers, memos and reports, 1952, 1956-1957.

22 8

UNIVAC compared to MARK III (Harvard, memos, reports, and summaries, 1950.

22 9

UNIVAC Data Automation Systems, technical reports, 1958.

22 10

UNIVAC costs and prices, correspondence, memo, and price list, 1948.

22 11

UNIVAC Data Automation Systems, UARC -Air Force Simplex System, technical report, 1958.

22 12

UNIVAC Engineering Calculator (UEC), memo and specifications, 1956.

22 13

UNIVAC Fac-tronic System, application, correspondence, memos, programming manual, and specifications, 1951-1953.

22 14-15

UNIVAC File Computer, correspondence, memo, operating principles, and preliminary specifications, 1954-1956.

22 16-17

UNIVAC Flo-Matic Compiling System, preliminary manual and other documentation, 1957.

22 18

UNIVAC gates and flops, preliminary list of, 1950 May 16.

22 19

UNIVAC high speed printer, memos and printing examples, circa 1958.

22 20

UNIVAC instruction code, 1949-1950.

22 21

UNIVAC technical manuals, list of, circa 1953 January-February.

22 22

UNIVAC logical instructions, 1952.

22 23

UNIVAC Math-Matic and Arith-Matic Systems, memo, notes, and preliminary manual, 1957-1958.

22 24

UNIVAC modifications, memos and schematics, 1953-1957.

22 25

UNIVAC Omniflex, manual, undated.

22 26

UNIVAC operating instructions, instructions, memos, and notes, 1952-1957.

22 27

UNIVAC Operator's Manual, written by John L. Jones, 1952.

22 28

UNIVAC problems, roster of, undated.

22 29

UNIVAC programming routines, memos, notes, and reports, 1956-1957.

22 30

UNIVAC progress and status reports, 1950 June-1951 April.

23 1

UNIVAC Punched-Card Accounting Machines for Use by the U.S. Government, schedule of, 1958.

23 2

UNIVAC service routines, index, manual memos, and memo, circa 1953-1958.

23 3

UNIVAC short code, addenda, memos, and reports, 1952-1954.

23 4-5

UNIVAC specifications, 1947-1948, 1958.

23 6

UNIVAC System, "An Introduction to the UNIVAC System," brochures, comparisons, memos, and reports, 1950-1958.

23 7

UNIVAC System, Application of the UNIVAC System to invoicing, undated.

23 8

UNIVAC System, programming manual, part 1, 1951.

23 9-10

UNIVAC System, Sorting Methods for UNIVAC System, 1954.

23 11

UNIVAC System routines, manual and manual memos, 1955.

23 12

UNIVAC Tabulating Calculator (UTC), memos, notes, programming, purpose, and Specifications (also known as the 409-3), 1951-1958.

23 13-15

UNIVAC tape sorter, memos, 1954-1955.

23 16

UNIVAC Tube Program, description, circa 1954.

23 17

UNIVAC II, committee meeting minutes, memos, reports, and specifications, 1955-1958.

23 18-19

UNIVAC II, Data Automation System: Advanced Programming, manual, 1958.

23 22

UNIVAC II, GPX: Generalized Programing Extended for UNIVAC II, 1957.

23 20

UNIVAC II, Preliminary manual, 1955.

23 21

UNIVAC II-R, memos, improvements, and modifications, 1955-1956.

23 23

UNIVAC 1101, discussion of characteristics, undated.

23 24

UNIVAC weather forecasting, correspondence, data, memo, and notes, 1953-1958.

23 25
vii. Research and writing by staff.
Box Folder

Ashcraft, J.R., 1956.

24 1

Cohen, Leo J., 1958.

24 2

Dantzig, G.B., 1956.

24 3

Eckert, J. Presper, 1956.

24 4

Foguel, Shaul R., 1956.

24 5

Ford, L.R., Jr. and D.R. Fulkerson, 1956.

24 6

Freeman, Sid, 1957.

24 7

Gerstenhaber, Murray, 1958.

24 8

Goetz, Martin, 1958.

24 9

Holt, Anatol, 1956-1957, undated.

24 10

Hopper, Grace Murray, 1951-1952.

24 11

Hyman, Morton A., 195, 1957.

24 12

Kelley, J.E., 1956-1959.

24 13

Kuttner, Peter, 1957-1958.

24 14

Lavine, Louis, 1956-1957.

24 15

Liniger, Werner, undated.

24 16

Mamelak, Joseph S., 1957.

24 17

Mitchell, Herbert F., Jr., 1958.

24 18

Mitchell, Herbert F. and Max A. Woodbury, 1952.

24 19

O'Connor, John J., 1957-1958.

24 20

Robacker, J.T., 1956.

24 21

Seares, Al N., undated.

24 22

Shapiro, Arnold, 1958.

24 23

Strain, C.R., 1958.

24 24

Turanski, Bill, 1954, undated.

24 25

Van de Lindt, William J., 1958.

24 26

Wadey, W.G., 1957-1958.

24 27

White, John, 1956.

24 28

Weintraub, Saul, 1958.

24 29

Unidentified Remington Rand staff member, 1953-1956.

24 30
viii. Research on other computers and computer companies.
Box Folder

Addressograph, ALWAC Corporation, and AMPEX, 1949-1957.

24 31

Barclay Industries and Bell Telephone Company, 1952-1953, 1958.

24 32

Bendix Computer Corporation, 1954-1955.

24 33

Bull Company Laboratory, 1958.

24 34

Burroughs Adding Machine Company, 1953-1957.

24 35

Business Electronics, Inc., 1956.

24 36

Circle Computer, Computer Research Corporation, DuMont, du Pont, ElectroData, and Electronic Computer Corporation, 1952-1955.

24 37

Frankel Computers, General Electric, General Railway Signal Company, Gilbert, Gulf Research Laboratory, Huebner Laboratories, and Inductive Inference, Inc., 1947-1959.

24 38

IBM (101 and 102), 1952-1958.

24 39

IBM (602, 604, 607, and 650), 1953-1956.

24 40

IBM (Electronic Data Processing Machine, type 701), 1952-1956.

24 41

IBM (702, 703, 704, and 705), 1953-1957.

25 1

IBM (709, 719-730, 750, 774, and 777), 1955-1957.

25 2

IBM (general information), 1953-1958.

25 3

International companies (British, French, German, Greek, Japanese, and Russian), 1946-1948.

25 4

J.L. Hudson Company, Leo Computer, Magnefile, Marchant Calculators, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Whirlwind I), Miller-Trojan Company, Monroe, Parametron, and Potter Instrument Company), 1952-1958.

25 5

Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation, RCA, Stevens-Arnold, Inc., Tresco, and Typatape, 1949-1958.

25 6

Underwood Corporation and University of California (MANIAC), 1951-1959.

25 7

Vari-Typer and Zator Company, 1948-1956.

25 8

Newspaper clippings regarding other computer companies and their applications, 1950-1958.

25 9
ix. Training.
Box Folder

Programming course for EMCC Engineers (A-010 to A-940), 1949-1950.

25 10

Programming course for EMCC Engineers (DS-8 to U-350), 1950.

25 12

Programming course for EMCC Engineers (A-CC, A-TC, and A-X), 1949-1950.

25 11

Programming course, correspondence relating to problems with the program, 1950 November.

25 13

Programming course for EMCC Engineers, conducted by Mauchly, 1950-1955.

25 14

Remington Rand training program, brochures and catalogues of courses, 1953-1957.

25 15

Corporate seminars and sessions with unspecified course numbers, 1951-1957.

25 16

Seminar course 000, 1954-1956.

25 17

Seminar course 001, 1954.

25 18

Seminar courses 002 and 020, 1954-1957.

26 1

Seminar course 1103-41, 1954-1955.

26 2

UNIVAC Programmer's Conference, 1955-1957.

26 3

D. Notes and datasheets.

Box Folder

[5 point pattern], undated.

26 4

Asymmetric top, circa 1951-1958.

26 5

Basic data analysis, 1952 May.

26 6

CAL and WDE compiled, 1958.

26 7

Card to magnetic tape converter, circa 1946-1959.

26 8

Collation, 1950, 1952.

26 9

Comets, circa 1951-1955.

26 10

Computer market and new advances, 1957-1963.

26 11

Conelette receiver, circa 1957.

26 12

Cube equation, iterative methods for the solution of, 1952 October.

26 13

[Date selection], 1953 April.

26 14

"Devices", 1951 November 30.

26 15

Duo-Vent (includes Jesnig's patent), 1948-1953.

26 16

Eigenvalues, circa 1946-1958.

26 17

Error detection, 1948.

26 18

ESP records, 1952-1954.

26 19

Factor experiments, circa 1946-1958.

26 20

Factor stencil, circa 1946-1958.

26 21

Floating-point arithmetic with error, circa 1946-1958.

26 22

[F/S = MET], circa 1952.

26 23

KP oppositions, circa 1953-1954.

26 24

Kron, circa 1954.

26 25

Litton's problem, 1958.

26 26

Logic of dispersion, 1958.

26 27

Machine translation of language by computer, 1953-1958.

26 28

Magnetic character figure data, circa 1951.

26 29

Matrices, 1949-1953.

26 30

Matrix roots, 1949-1952.

26 31

New block locator, 1956.

26 32

Numerov's method, 1952.

26 33

Octal-decimal conversions, 1949.

26 34

Optics and prisms, circa 1946.

26 35

Orbital velocity of planets, 1950-1957.

26 36

Organization, storage, and retrieval of information in libraries, 1957.

26 37

PBC plugboard, 1952.

26 38

Polynomial equations, circa 1952.

26 39

Printed circuits, 1946 February.

26 40

Project Vanguard program, 1956.

26 41

Pseudo-random numbers, circa 1949.

27 1

Random numbers, 1948-1949.

27 2

Rectangular distribution, circa 1946-1958.

27 3

Reproductions (printing, photocopying, etc.), 1946-1954.

27 4

Roots of polynomial equations, 1949-1952.

27 5-6

Rivlin's "Rubber problem", circa 1946-1958.

27 7

"Smoothing" (includes letter to Lyle Langdon), 1958.

27 8

1949.

27 9

Table of indices based on lease primitive roots, circa 1946-1958.

27 10

Table of Q, circa 1946-1958.

27 11

Table of X, circa 1946-1958.

27 12

TD games, 1956.

27 13

t-Distribution and test, 1952.

27 14

Theory of numbers, circa 1948.

27 15

Weather-related, 700 mb calculations, circa 1952.

27 16

Weather-related, ACW analysis, 1953.

27 17

Weather-related, Air-Weather Service records, value of, 1951-1952.

27 18

Weather-related, Area excess selection, circa 1952.

27 19

Weather-related, atmospheric oscillation and potential gradient, circa 1946-1958.

27 20

Weather-related, Astronomical methods of weather forecasting, 1953.

27 21

Weather-related, block locator weather tape information, 1957.

27 22

Weather-related, calendar month means, circa 1946-1958.

27 23

Weather-related, climate, circa 1946-1958.

27 24-25

Weather-related, codes (map and weather bureau), circa 1946-1958.

27 26

Weather-related, comet catalog, circa 1946-1958.

27 27

Weather-related, coronal emissions, circa 1950s.

27 28

Weather-related, cosmic ray constraints and variations, circa 1953.

27 29

Weather-related, differences of zero, circa 1946-1958.

27 30

Weather-related, diurnal ranges and inter-diurnal variability, circa 1946-1958.

27 31

Weather-related, (E/A)5d, 1954-1955.

27 32

Weather-related, EBRO spot areas and calculations, circa 1956.

27 33

Weather-related, E s, circa 1951.

27 34

Weather-related, E-W analysis, distribution of faculae and sunspots, circa 1952.

27 35

Weather-related, E-W sunspot data, circa 1946-1953.

27 36

Weather-related, F 2 fluctuations, 1952.

27 37

Weather-related, faculae, circa 1946-1958.

27 38

Weather-related, faculae, extreme distance of, 1954.

27 39

Weather-related, faculae, spot relations, 1951.

27 40

Weather-related, fadeout, Philadelphia temperature departures, 1946.

27 41

Weather-related, forecasts: commercial, medium, and long-range (includes correspondence with Irving B. Krick), 1952-1953.

27 42

Weather-related, Ganymede moon, Toronto, circa 1955.

27 43

Weather-related, Greenwich photoheliographic results, circa 1952.

27 44-45

Weather-related, harmonic and b-harmonic equations, 1954.

28 1

Weather-related, Huancayo magnetograms and microdisturbances, circa 1946-1958.

28 2

Weather-related, ideas and notes for papers and articles (specifically related to weather and computing), 1952.

28 3

Weather-related, international daily magnetic character-figures c from 1905 to 1942, circa 1949.

28 4

Weather-related, ionosphere, circa 1950.

28 5

Weather-related, KPO daily values and tables, circa 1951.

28 6

Weather-related, Langmuir, Irving, research by, 1950.

28 7

Weather-related, Low F and high F, table for determining, 1954.

28 8

Weather-related, lunar dates, circa 1949-1953.

28 9-10

Weather-related, lunar geomagnetic tides, circa 1958.

28 11

Weather-related, lunar influence on date of birth, circa 1954.

28 12

Weather-related, map calculations, 1956.

28 13

Weather-related, Mercury-Earth conjunction, circa 1953.

28 14

Weather-related, Mercury-Mars conjunction, circa 1953.

28 15

Weather-related, Mercury-Venus conjunction, circa 1953.

28 16

Weather-related, meridional indices, circa 1959.

28 17

Weather-related, minor planets, 1953-1957.

28 18

Weather-related, monthly departures by S.F. indices, 1952.

28 19

Weather-related, new moon dates, circa 1952.

28 20

Weather-related, new moon, circa 1953.

28 21

Weather-related, [opposition ephemerides], circa 1955.

28 22

Weather-related, [planets countermass], 1953.

28 23

Weather-related, Number of Minor Planet Oppositions (NOMPO) each day, 1953-1956.

28 24

Weather-related, polar zonal pressure index, 1952-1953.

28 25

Weather-related, precipitation in North America, South America, and the United Kingdom, circa 1946-1958.

28 26

Weather-related, precipitation, Q selections, 1952.

28 27

Weather-related, precipitation rates for Toronto from 1861 to 1955, circa 1955.

28 28

Weather-related, pressure-latitude maximum, circa 1953.

28 29

Weather-related, [Smoothed PPT], New Mexico, Utah, Ohio, Florida, and West Virginia, circa 1952.

29 1

Weather-related, solar asymmetry, 1950s.

29 2

Weather-related, solar indices, circa 1953.

29 3

Weather-related, solar wave radiation, 1947-1956.

29 4

Weather-related, solar-weather relationship, 1957.

29 5

Weather-related, solar weather research (includes some drafts of reports), 1951-1954.

29 6

Weather-related, space and the weather, notes on articles, 1952.

29 7

Weather-related, space, weather, and other natural sciences applications for computers, clippings and articles, 1946-1957.

29 8

Weather-related, spectra, analysis of, circa 1946-1959.

29 9-10

Weather-related, subtropical easterlies, 1953.

29 11

Weather related, sunspots, relative numbers, circa 1952.

29 12

Weather-related, sunspots, variations, circa 1953.

29 13

Weather-related, temperatures for 48 states, circa 1952.

29 14

Weather-related, "T, P vs. U, S, F (Daily)", 1953.

29 15

Weather-related, umbrae/spot ratios, 1952-1957.

29 16

Weather-related, V's factor 1 PNP US winter, 1957.

29 17

Weather-related, Valentia Observatory, circa 1946-1949.

29 18

Weather-related, Venus-Jupiter conjunction, circa 1946-1959.

29 19

Weather-related, weather and computers, circa 1946-1959.

29 20-21

Weather-related, "Weather data", 1952, 1956.

29 22-23

Weather-related, unidentified notes and data, circa 1946-1959.

29 24

Weinstein problem, 1955.

29 25

Unidentified, 1950-1955.

29 26-29

Unidentified, 1956-1959.

30 1-5

Unidentified, circa 1946-1959.

30 6-10

E. Organizations, conferences, and memberships.

Box Folder

Abington School District, Science and Mathematics Seminar, 1959.

30 11

Air Force Office of Scientific Research, working papers, 1958.

30 12

American Association for the Advancement of Science, announcement and program, 1955-1956.

30 13

American Astronomical Society, correspondence and programs, 1951-1955.

30 14

American Chemical Society, correspondence, lecture by Mauchly, and programs, 1957-1958.

30 15

American Chemical Society, Punched card indexing and classifying and coding, drafts, notes, and reports, 1948-1952.

30 16

American Documentation Institute, constitution and bylaws, correspondence, event information, and programs, 1953-1957.

30 17

American Geophysical Union, correspondence and programs, 1951-1955.

30 18

American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Committee on Computing Devices, agendas, correspondence, minutes, and programs, 1950-1954.

30 19

American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Committee on Computing Devices, agendas, correspondence, minutes, and programs, 1955-1959.

31 1-3

American Management Association, correspondence and conference synopsis, 1955-1958.

31 4

American Mathematical Society, catalog of publications and programs, 1947-1959.

31 5

American Meteorological Society, annual meeting programs, 1948-1957.

31 6

American Nuclear Society, minutes, 1958.

31 7

American Physical Society, announcements and programs, 1947-1950.

31 8

American Society for Engineering Education, meeting announcements, 1955-1956.

31 9

American Society of Mechanical Engineers, correspondence, logistics regarding talks by Mauchly, and copy of speech by Mauchly, 1957-1958.

31 10

American Society for Quality Control, correspondence and meeting announcement, 1955, 1959.

31 11

American Statistical Association, correspondence and programs, 1949-1957.

31 12

Argonne National Library, proceedings and program, 1953-1954.

31 13

Armed Services Technical Information Agency, correspondence and technical reports, 1952-1953, 1957.

31 14

Association for Computing Machinery, correspondence, notes, and programs, 1949-1958.

31 15-16

Behavioral Science Computing Newsletter, correspondence and submissions, 1958.

31 17

Case Institute of Technology, Case Industry Conferences on Applications of Computing Machines and Studies in Operations Research, programs, 1954, 1956.

31 18

Automatic Coding Symposium, badge, 1957 January 24-25.

31 19

Cheltenham Township School District, Math Club, correspondence, research on math clubs, syllabus, and talk by Mauchly, 1957-1959.

31 20

Colloque de l'Institut Blaise PASCAL, abstracts of talks, 1951 January 8-13.

31 21

Conference on Communication of Scientific Information, programs, 1958.

31 22

Eastern Association for Computing Machinery, notice and programs for meetings, 1947 June-December.

31 23

Eastern Joint Computer Conference, correspondence, programs, and talk by Mauchly, 1953-1958.

31 27

Franklin Institute, abstract of and comments on a talk by Mauchly, correspondence, and publications (also includes information on Medal Day in 1949 when Eckert and Mauchly received the Potts Medal), 1949-1959.

31 28

Franklin Institute, Delaware Valley Science Fair, catalogues of entries, clippings, correspondence and judging information, 1950-1958.

32 1

Harvard University, program for symposium on large scale digital calculating machinery and course descriptions, 1946-1957.

32 2

Haverford College, announcements for lectures by Ludwig Biermann, 1955.

32 3

Industrial Mathematics Society, newsletters, 1956, 1958.

32 4

Institute of Aeronautical Sciences, programs, 1947, 1949.

32 5

Institute of Management Sciences, correspondence and program, 1955, 1959.

32 6

Institute of Mathematical Statistics, announcements, correspondence, and programs, 1946-1958.

32 7

Institute of Radio Engineers, correspondence, newsletters, notes, papers, programs, and talks (includes a talk by J. Presper Eckert), 1947-1958.

32 8

Instrument Society of America, announcements for meetings and correspondence, 1955.

32 9

International Conference on Information Processing, circulars, correspondence, invitations, programs, and proposals, 1956, 1959.

32 10

International Conference on Scientific Information, correspondence, plans, and papers (not authored by Mauchly), 1957-1958.

32 11

Louisiana State University, High Speed Computer Conference, notes, program, and talk by Mauchly, 1957.

32 12

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, correspondence, list of attendees, and proposals (for multiple programs and conferences), 1952-1956.

32 13

National Conference of Gas and Electric Utility Accountants, correspondence, program, and talk by Mauchly, 1953.

32 14

National Industrial Conference Board, press release and publication, 1954 May 20-21.

32 15

National Instrument Conference and Exhibit, invitation and tentative program, 1949.

32 16

National Science Foundation, announcements for meetings, correspondence, program planning information, and talks (not by Mauchly), 1954-1959.

32 17-19

National Science Teachers Association, correspondence and "Principles of Physics", 1953-1954.

32 20

National Tabulation Management Society, program, 1948.

32 21

New York City Council of Administrators and Supervisors of Vocational and Practical Arts Education, correspondence regarding and program for "Preparation for Careers Unlimited", 1956.

32 22

New York University, correspondence and flyers regarding the Institute of Mathematical Sciences colloquium and symposium, 1954-1958.

32 23

Operations Research Society of America, correspondence and newsletters, 1953, 1958-1959.

32 24

Pennsylvania State University, Mathematical Methods in Management seminars, correspondence, programs, and registrants list, 1955-1957.

32 25

Philadelphia Science Council, correspondence and historical sketch of the Council, 1953-1954.

32 26

Purdue University, correspondence, program, and talk by Mauchly, 1956-1958.

32 27

Research Institute of America, Inc., correspondence, membership information, and reports, 1955.

32 28

Rutgers University, Conference on Automatic Computing Machinery, correspondence and list of registrants, 1950.

32 29

Science Information Council, proposal and report, 1959.

32 30

Science Information Officers, meeting announcements, 1958.

32 31

Scientific Research Society of America, correspondence and lecture announcements, 1953-1954.

32 32

Society for Advancement of Management, correspondence, programs, and talk by [Herbert] Mitchell, 1954-1955.

32 33

Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, correspondence, financial information, historical sketch of the Society, and minutes for the Nominating Committee, 1953-1958.

32 34-35

Southwest Research Institute, annual report, article, and correspondence, 1953-1958.

32 36

Special Libraries Association, correspondence and summary of talk by Mauchly, 1957 May.

32 37

Stanford University Research Institute, annual report, correspondence, and meeting announcements, 1955-1956.

32 38

Symposium on Recent Developments in Research Methods and Instrumentation, correspondence and logistics for talk Mauchly, 1958.

32 39

Systems and Procedures Association, correspondence and meeting announcements, 1955-1956.

32 40

Toronto Meteorological Conference, correspondence regarding a 1953 photograph, 1954.

33 1

UBEA-NOMA Joint Committee on Tests, information brochure and registration form, 1955.

33 2

United States Department of Commerce, interdepartmental lecture announcements, 1946-1957.

33 3

United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, correspondence, 1956.

33 4

United States Department of the Navy, correspondence regarding and programs for symposiums, 1954-1958.

33 5

University of Alabama, Second Annual Electronic Data Processing Conference, certificate of appreciation and correspondence, 1956-1958.

33 6

University of California, correspondence and programs for symposia, lectures, and courses, 1947-1949, 1954-1955.

33 7

University of Connecticut, Summer Statistical Seminar, correspondence and tentative programs, 1953-1954.

33 8

University of Michigan, brochure for courses and correspondence, 1955, 1959.

33 9

University of Minnesota, Joint Meeting of the International Association for Hydraulic Research and Hydraulics Division of the American Society of Civil Engineering, preliminary program, 1953.

33 10

University of Pennsylvania, correspondence, course offerings and programs for conferences, colloquium, symposium, and programs, 1946, 1955-1959.

33 11

University of Washington, Department of Oceanography, conference announcements and correspondence, 1956.

33 12

University of Wisconsin, program for computing conference, 1955.

33 13

Upper Dublin Civil Defense meeting, 1951 January.

33 14

Valley Forge Military Academy, Ninth Annual Executive Industrial Relations Conference, summary of talk given by Mauchly, 1955.

33 15

Veterans Administration, correspondence and reports on developments in the program on reading machines for the blind, 1954-1958.

33 16

Wayne University Computer Laboratory, conference announcements, correspondence, programs, and talk by Mauchly, 1951-1957.

33 17

WESCON, Western Electronic Show and Convention, programs, 1955, 1958.

33 18

Western Reserve University, articles, correspondence, meeting announcements, and publicity, 1955-1957.

33 19

Zurich Conference on Algorithmic Language, preliminary report, 1958.

33 20

F. Personal and family documents.

Box Folder

Addresses (in books), circa 1946-1959.

33 21

Addresses (loose), circa 1946-1959.

33 22

Automobile insurance, driver's licenses, and vehicle registrations, 1947-1951.

33 23

Biographical material regarding Mauchly, 1953-1958.

33 24

Certificates for Boys Town and Britannica Library Research Service, 1946, 1949.

33 25

Christmas cards, circa 1946-1959.

33 26

Education of the Mauchly children (Jimmy and Sidney), 1946-1950, 1956, undated.

33 27

Financial records, personal bank statements and cancelled checks, 1946 August-1947 December.

33 28

Financial records, personal bank statements and cancelled checks, 1948.

33 29

Financial records, personal bank statements and cancelled checks, 1949 January-September.

33 30

Financial records, estates of Mary Mauchly and Sidney E. Walzl, 1942, 1949-1950.

33 31

Financial records, income tax correspondence, 1954, 1959-1964.

33 32

Financial records, receipts and household accounts, circa 1946-1959.

33 33

Financial records, receipts from the hospital for the births of Sally and Kathy Mauchly, 1949, 1951.

33 34

Financial records, receipt from the hospital for Baby Mauchly, 1939.

33 35

Financial records, stock bulletins, 1957.

33 36

Johns Hopkins University, reunion information, 1954-1956.

33 37

Letters from John T. Lichtfield to John W. Mauchly, 1946-1947.

33 38

Letters from Jimmy Mauchly (son) to John W. Mauchly, 1958-1959.

33 39

Letter from Kathleen McNaulty (wife) to John W. Mauchly, 1947.

33 40

Letters from "Mother" (mother of John W. Mauchly) to Kay, John, and children, 1953-1959.

33 41

Letters to and from Mauchly family members (including Mauchly children; Mauchly's mother and step-father; and Edward M. Walzl, brother of Mary Mauchly), 1946, 1949-1960.

34 1

Letters to John W., Jimmy, and Sidney Mauchly following the death of Mary Mauchly, 1946 September 9-22.

34 2

Letters to and from booksellers, 1951-1952.

34 3

Poetry, prose, and humorous documents, circa 1946-1959.

34 4

Real estate records, 1950-1955.

34 5

Speedwriting lessons, 1955.

34 6

Theater programs, 1948-1954.

34 7

"Suggested baby names for 8 lb Baby Mauchly born April 30, 1951", 1951 May.

34 8

Miscellaneous personal documents, 1947-1957.

34 9

G. Talks by Mauchly.

Box Folder

Letters asking Mauchly to speak and/or thanking him for his talk, 1952-1958.

34 10

"The UNIVAC," at the Institute of Radio Engineers, 1948 March 25.

34 11

Interview on "Frontiers of Science" with Quincy Howe on CBS, regarding the UNIVAC, 1948 March 30.

34 12

Untitled talk, American Chemical Society, Atlantic City, NJ, 1949 September 21.

34 13

"Statistical Application of the UNIVAC System," American Statistical Association, New York, NY, 1949 December 30.

34 14

"Remarks on the problem of approximating the roots of polynomial equations with approximate coefficients," unknown venue, 1950 January 15.

34 15

History and background of the electronic computer development work, Remington Rand meeting, New York, NY, 1950 April 6.

34 16

Commencement address, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA (program ONLY), 1950 June 5.

34 17

"The Design of Experiments in Solar Physics and Meteorological Research, unknown venue, 1951 October 4.

34 18

Untitled talk, Engineering Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (notecards ONLY), 1952 February 21.

34 19

"Significant Temperature and Precipitation Departure Associated with Solar Activity," American Meteorological Society, Washington, DC, abstract, synopsis, and research, 1952 May 8.

34 20

"Can Machines Think?" Johns Hopkins Science Review, WAAM Dumont Network, correspondence and transcript, 1952 October 27.

34 21

Interview on "The Big Idea," Dumont Television Network, correspondence and transcript, 1953 April 6.

34 22

"Electronic Accounting," National Conference of Electric and Gas Utility Accountants, jointly sponsored by the American Gas Association and the Edison Electric Institute, Chicago, IL, 1953 April 22.

34 23

"Evidence for Effects of Day-to-Day Solar Variations on Weather," American Meteorological Society, Washington, DC, 1953 April 30.

34 24

Interview on "Thrill of a Lifetime" with Quentin Reynolds regarding weather, correspondence and script, 1953 May 4.

34 25

"Computing the Weather," Argonne National Laboratory Computer Symposium, Chicago, IL, 1953 August 4.

34 26

"Indexing for Retrieval: Basic Considerations and Mechanization," American Documentation Institute (abstract ONLY), 1953 November 6.

34 27

"Advantages of Built-in Checking," Eastern Joint Computer Conference, 1953 December 10.

34 28

"The Significance and Possibilities of Hi-Speed Computers for Research in Geo-Physics," National Science Foundation Conference, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1954 May 15.

34 29

"Automation in Business and Industry, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Lecture Series, correspondence, research, and talk, 1955 April 4-6.

34 30

"The Need for Automatic Computers in the Statistical Analysis of Solar Observations," Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, PA, draft, research, and talk, 1955 April 22.

34 31

Interview on the Dunninger Show, NBC regarding the UNIVAC, correspondence, press, and transcript, 1955 August 13.

34 32

"Future Effects of Electronics in Industry, Ninth Annual Executives' Industrial Relations Conference, Valley Forge Military Academy, Valley Forge, PA, correspondence, program, and talk, 1955 September 24.

34 33

Appearance on "Bandwagon '56," on WCAU, regarding the UNIVAC (humorous fan letters ONLY), 1956 July 22.

34 34

Untitled talk, Special Libraries Association, Boston, MA, 1957 May 30.

34 35

Interview on "Eye on New York" on WCBS-TV regarding the UNIVAC, correspondence and script, 1957 July 7.

34 36

"From ENIAC to LARC," unknown venue, addressed to Army visitors, 1957 July 25.

34 37

Interview on "Dimension" on WRCV-TV regarding automation, correspondence and typed notes, 1957 October 27.

34 38

Untitled talk, Parent-Teacher Association, Shoemaker School, Elkins Park, PA, 1958 January 14.

34 39

"General Purpose Compilers," Louisiana State University, High Speed Computer Conference, Baton Rouge, LA, correspondence, program, and talk, 1958 February 12.

34 40

"Information Retrieval," National Institute of Health, Washington, DC, 1958 May 15.

34 42

Untitled talk, Virginia Engineering Section Society, Newport News, VA, 1958 June 13.

34 43

"Mathematics and Computers: Prologue to Automation," American Chemical Society Golden Anniversary Lectures, Chicago, IL, 1958 July 10.

34 44

Untitled talk, American University Course for Armed Services Technical Information Agency (ASTIA) (summary ONLY), 1959 April 29.

34 41

Untitled talk, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Syracuse, NY, undated.

34 45

"Computing is Fun," unknown venue, undated.

34 46

Voice of America broadcast, undated.

34 47

Accomplishments of Remington Rand, unknown venue, undated.

34 48

H. Teaching: "Mathematics for Digital Computers" at Temple University.

Box Folder

Correspondence regarding and planning for course, 1952-1953.

34 49

Coursework, 1952-1953.

34 50
Student work and exams (RESTRICTED), 1952-1953.
Conditions Governing Access note

The material in these folders is restricted until 2028 per the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974.

34 51-53

I. Writings by Mauchly.

Box Folder

"The UNIVAC", 1948.

35 1

"A Method for the Numerical Integration of First-Order Differential Equations", 1949.

35 2

"'Error Matrices' and the Convergence of Iterative Matrix Processes", 1949.

35 3

"Pseudo-Random Numbers", 1949.

35 4

"Problem of approximating the roots of polynomial equations with approximate coefficients", 1950.

35 5

"Printing", 1950.

35 6

"Critical Design of Snap Action Caps", 1951.

35 7

"Faculae and Solar Activities", 1951.

35 8

"Analog Computer for Medium or Long Range Weather Prediction", 1952.

35 9

"A Probability Distribution Occurring in an Information Retrieval System, and also having other Applications," co-authored by John W. Lamperti, 1952.

35 10

"Efficiency of Scientific Method", 1952.

35 11

"Exploratory Research in the Field of Solar-Terrestrial Relationships", 1952.

35 12

"Notes on Efficient Methods of Information Retrieval Using Card Sorting", 1952.

35 13

"Planetary Influences on Sun and Weather", 1952.

35 14

"Weather Forecasts Can Be Improved", 1952.

35 15

"ACW Notes and Reports" regarding weather investigations, 1953-1955.

35 16

"Advantages of Built-In Checking," Proceedings of the Eastern Joint Computer Conference, 1953.

35 17

"Attacking the Weather with a UNIVAC", 1953.

35 18

"Electronic Accounting," The Hopper, 1953.

35 19

"Evidence for Effects of Day-to-Day Solar Variations on Weather", 1953.

35 20

"Influence of Programming Techniques on the Design of Computers," co-authored with Grace M. Hopper, Proceedings of the I.R.E., Volume 41, Number 10, 1953.

35 21

"Notes on Planetary Configurations and Weather", 1953.

35 22

"Progress Report on Astronomical Methods of Weather Forecasting", 1956.

35 23

"Weather Predictions and Astronomy: An Account of 16 Years of Research", 1953.

35 24

"Consideration of Methods for Integration of Vorticity Equation on Large Automatic Computers", 1954.

35 25

"How A Big Computer Takes Over," possibly published in Business Week, 1954.

35 26

"Lunar Influence on Date of Birth", 1954.

35 27

"Lunar Influence on Precipitation," (also presented orally to the Conference on Solar-Weather Relationships, Boulder, CO in 1956), 1954.

35 28

"Numerical Solution of Linear Networks and Related Difference Equations", 1954.

35 29

"Are Computers Newsworthy" (written first in 1951, revised in 1955), 1955.

35 30

"Automatic Computation," includes notes and correspondence with Frank Bittner of Prentice Hall, 1955.

35 31

"Notes on Methods of Keeping Programs as Trade Secrets", 1955.

35 32

"Topics in Statistical Meteorology," co-authored with Leith Holloway, Anatol W. Holt, and Max A. Woodbury, final report of the Meteorological Statistics Project of the Institute for Cooperative Research of the University of Pennsylvania, 1955.

35 33

"Comments and Recommendations regarding Applications Research," prepared for L.F. Stutzman, 1956.

35 34

"Papers of Dr. W. Mauchly (unpublished), list, 1956.

35 35

Review of an Introduction to Automatic Digital Computers, by R.K. Livesly, 1957.

35 36

ENIAC and EDVAC "Biographies," Computer Journal, 1958.

35 37

"Minimal Trees, Chains, and Tours," originally written in 1957 with 1958 notes, 1958.

35 38

"Organization and Function of a Computer Systems Design Group", 1958.

35 39

"Calculations of Atmospheric Oscillations to Investigate Variations in Amplitude", undated.

35 40

"History of Development of Computing Devices", undated.

35 41

"Scientific and Engineering Applications to the UNIVAC System", undated.

35 42

Drafts and incomplete drafts, 1950-1958, undated.

35 43-44

J. Writings by Others.

Box Folder

A (J.R. Anderson and Geirmunder 'Arnason), 1952, 1957.

35 45

B (Ledolph Baer, W.J. Bartik, Franz Bauer, Stafford Beer, R.W. Berner, and E.W. Boehne), 1954-1956.

35 46

B (Lea H. Bohnert, includes correspondence), 1956-1958.

35 47

C (J.M. Cameron, R.D. Campbell, Ferdinand Cap, Uttam Chand, Ernest J. Christie, J.C. Chu, John S. Coleman, Robert R. Coles, and E.U. Condon), 1950-1951.

35 48

C (Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, Harold L. Crutcher, and Leola Cutler), 1956-1958.

35 49

D (Dr. George B. Dantzig, J.L. Davidson, "Mr. Davis," Ray Deland, Louis Depian, V.L. Dzwonczyk, and Paul S. Dwyer), 1950-1959.

36 1

E (Donald E. Eckdahl, Arnt Eliassen, M.A. Estoque, and C.F. Evert), 1950-1957.

36 2

F (Louis Fein, George F. Forbes, Jay W. Forrester, Stan Frankel, John C. Freeman, Jr., and François N. Frenkiel), 1949-1955.

36 3

G (C.D. Galloway, J.J. Gano, Gerlough, George Washington University Logistics Research Project, and G. Glinski), 1954-1958.

36 4

G (Goldstine, H.H., draft of "History of the Electronic Computer"), circa 1946-1959.

36 5-6

G (E.M. Grabbe, Milton D. Graham, Harry J. Gray, Elliot J. Gruenberg, and A.E. Guile), 1953-1957, undated.

36 7

H (Glenn E. Hagan; Ferguson Hall; Harary, Frank, and Ian Ross; and B. Haurwitz), 1949-1957.

36 8

H (I. Heller, J.P. Hely, IV, Norman E. Hile, Dr. Robert C. Hockett, G.L. Hollander, G. Hollman, and Leith Holloway), 1946-1957.

36 9

J (Arvid W. Jacobson, T.A. Jeeves, and S.M. Johnson), 1952-1956.

36 10

K (George Karriman, Allen Keller, Calvin J. Kirchen, Martin L. Klein, Leslie E. Knutson, Gerard P. Kuiper, and A. Kusko), 1954-1957.

36 11

L (Cornelius Lanczos, D.A. Linden, J. Robert Logan, and H.P. Luhn), 1952-1958.

36 12

M (F.J. Maginniss and W.H. Marlow), 1954, 1956.

36 13

M (Thomas Marshall, Jr., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dr. Harlan D. Mills, Edward F. Moore, and William C. Morton, III), 1951-1958.

36 14

N (National Bureau of Standards, "Notes for Course on 'Introduction to Automatic Data Processing Systems'"), 1955 November.

36 15

O (John O'Connor and Office of Naval Research), 1953, undated.

37 1

O (S.J. O'Neil, William Orchard-Hays, Alex Orden, and Theron D. Oxley, Jr.), 1953-1956.

37 2

P (H.A. Panofsky, Robert G. Paquette, Robert P. Patterson, Pennsylvania State College Mineral Industries Experiment Station, Harold Pfeffer, and Turza Pflug), 1952-1957.

37 3

R (Floyd Raasch, Lt. A.W. Revay, R.P. Rich, H.W. Ritchey, and J.D. Ryder), 1952-1958.

37 4

S (R.M. Saunders and I.I. Shapiro), 1954, 1957.

37 5

S (Paul C. Sherertz, Isadore Silberman, Harry R. Skallerup, Jerome Spar, Donald P. Squier, Robert E. Stephenson, James Stokely, and George W. Swenson), circa 1949-1957.

37 6

T (Lt. Colonel Philip Duncan Thompson), 1954-1957.

37 7

T (Dorothy E. Trotter), 1952-1959.

37 8-9

T (John W. Tukey), undated.

37 10

U-V (United States Army Signal Supply Agency, A.C. Vanselow, and F.M. Verzuh), 1953-1957.

37 11

W (J. Waite, Leslie T. Wilkins, Hurd C. Willet, F.C. Williams, Philip Wolfe, Max A. Woodbury, and Joseph Wylen, 1948-1958.

37 12

Unknown authors, Bibliographies on computing devices and electronic computers and data storage and recording (includes correspondence), 1950-1956.

37 13-14