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Herbert R. Northrup collection of Boulwarism research materials

Ms. Coll. 532

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Creator:
Northrup, Herbert Roof, 1918-2007
Title:
Herbert R. Northrup collection of Boulwarism research materials
Date [inclusive]:
1904-1990
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 532
Extent:
22 boxes
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection primarily contains material relating to contract negotiations between General Electric (GE) and the International Union of Electrical Workers (IUE) and the United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers of America (UE), and the resulting case before the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB). Northrup used this material to examine GE's employee relations policies and the implications of Boulwarism for two articles and a subsequent book. Also included in the collection is a box of personal and financial correspondence belonging to Lemuel R. Boulware and Northrup's business correspondence when he worked in the private sector as a consultant, as well as his time at GE.
Cite as:
Herbert R. Northrup collection of Boulwarism research materials, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Herbert Roof Northrup was born on March 6, 1918 in Irvington, New Jersey. A graduate of Newark Academy, Northrup went on to receive his B.A. in economics from Duke University in 1939, where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa. Northrup was one of two scholar-athletes on Duke's championship baseball team. He earned his Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University in 1942, where he studied under noted economist Sumner H. Slichter. His dissertation examined black employment and the impact of unions and was entitled, Negro Labor and Union Policies in the South. Roof’s dissertation was expanded and published in 1944 under the title, O  rganized Labor and the Negro.

Northrup began his professional career as an instructor at Cornell University but left after one year due to a lack of students. Unable to serve in the armed forces due to a knee injury, Northrup went to work for the War Labor Board's Tool and Die Commission in Detroit. During this time, Northrup met Eleanor Pearson, a statistician, whom he married in 1944. His position in Detroit was eliminated and Northrup was reassigned to the New York Regional Board as a senior hearing officer.

After the war, Northrup began a three year teaching stint at Columbia University and was elected to the National Board of the ACLU, serving as chairman of the Board’s Committee on Civil Rights in Unions and Collective Bargaining. After parting ways with Columbia, he took the unusual step of leaving academia and taking a position with the Conference Board as a research economist in 1949. Northrup used his position at the Conference Board as a stepping stone from academia to industry, and later joined the consulting firm Ebasco as a senior consultant. Positions at Penn-Texas Corporation and General Electric soon followed.

Northrup left the corporate world in 1961 for a tenured professorship in the Department of Industry (now the Department of Management) at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He succeeded George Taylor as chairman of the department in 1964, where he remained until his retirement in 1988.

Throughout his career, Northrup was a prolific writer publishing over 30 books and numerous articles. His textbook he co-authored with Gordon Bloom, Economics of Labor Relations, went through nine editions. His works analyzed many aspects of employment practices and he was proud of the influence his works on collective bargaining had on public policy. Northrup’s expertise was sought after by government officials as he served as an advisor to the secretaries of labor in the Nixon and Reagan administrations.

Northrup passed away on October 22, 2007, leaving behind his wife, five children and seven grandchildren.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Herbert R. Northrup

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • General Electric Company.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Contracts
  • Correspondence
  • Financial records
  • Manuscripts, American--20th century
  • Reports
Personal Name(s)
  • Boulware, Lemuel R., 1895-
Subject(s)
  • Industrial relations--United States--20th century
  • Labor unions--United States--Case studies

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Collection Inventory

I.  Personal and Financial Records of Lemuel R. Boulware.

A.  Financial.

Box Folder

Curricula vitae, 1919-1985.

1 1

Financial records, 1921-1965.

1 2-21

B.  Miscellaneous.

Box Folder

Publications, 1972-1974.

1 22

Speeches, 1953-1973.

1 23

Private notes on Carey, 1955.

1 24

Personal photographs, 1939-1988.

1 25

Bohemian Grove photographs, 1970-1979.

1 26

Photographs of Boulware, 1950-circa 1970s.

1 27

Retirement, 1957-1960.

1 28

Obituary, 1990.

1 29

Miscellaneous, 1893-1990.

1 30

C.  Correspondence.

Box Folder

Syracuse Washing Machine Corporation, 1925.

1 31

Carrier Corporation, 1935.

1 32

Celotex Corporation, 1940.

1 33

Baruch, Bernard M., 1953.

1 34

Bassett, Robert C., 1973.

1 35

Bethke, William, 1925.

1 36

Blough, Roger M., 1972.

1 37

Boulware, Judson A., 1904.

1 38

Boulware, Martha Ricketts and Boulware, Judson A., 1919-1932.

1 39

Cordiner, Gwen, undated.

1 40

Cordiner, Ralph, 1944.

1 41

Craig, Donald E., 1990.

1 42

Denise, Malcolm, 1960.

1 43

Donald, W.J., 1935.

1 44

Ducky, 1927.

1 45

Farwell, Don and Masterpool, Mike, 1969.

1 46

Fishel, Leslie H. Jr., 1969.

1 47

Forrestal, James, 1944-1947.

1 48

Gilman, S.W., 1925.

1 49

Johnson, Henry G., 1925.

1 50

Jones, Reginald H., 1973, 1988.

1 51

Murphy, William Beverly, 1972.

1 52

Lampton, Dinwiddie Jr., 1985.

1 53

McCarthy, John J., 1990.

1 54

Mack, Connie, 1990.

1 55

Matles, James J., 1974.

1 56

Moore, Philip D., 1963.

1 57

Nelson, J.C., 1925.

1 58

Post, John, 1973-1974.

1 59

Reagan, Ronald, 1985.

1 60

Reed, W.K., 1959.

1 61

Ricketts, J.S., undated.

1 62

Rogers, Paul, 1977.

1 63

Ruge, Fred, 1974.

1 64

Rumsfeld, Donald, 1972.

1 65

Seaton, Louise G., 1960.

1 66

Sherman, H.B., 1925.

1 67

Swope, Gerard, 1952.

1 68

Walker, Coleman C., 1980.

1 69

Wilson, Charles E., 1951-1959.

1 70

Day, Virgil B., 1960-1990.

1 71-80

Boulware, Judson A. Business correspondence, 1918.

1 81

Boulware, Norma. Personal correspondence, undated.

1 82

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II.  Papers of Herbert R. Northrup.

Box Folder

American Steele & Pump Corporation, 1958.

1 83

The Bank of Salem, 1955.

1 84

The Bank of Virginia, 1954-1958.

2 85-88

King-Seely Thermos Corporation, 1960-1961.

2 89

Literature on Boulwarism by Northrup, 1956-1966.

2 90

Mallard Industries, Inc., 1951-1952.

2 91

North & Judd Manufacturing Company, 1959-1962.

2 92

Penn-Texas Corporation Personnel Conference, 1956.

2 93

People's National Bank and Trust Company, 1957-1958.

2 94

"A Summary of Various Industrial Relations Systems", 1967.

2 95

Wisconsin State Nurses Association, 1952.

2 96

General Electric, 1959.

3

General Electric, 1960.

4

General Electric, 1961.

5

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III.  General Electric Contract Negotiations and Strikes, 1955-1970.

A.  General.

Box Folder

Negotiations with the IUE. Correspondence, 1952.

6 97

Negotiations with the IUE. Correspondence, 1955.

6 98

Negotiations with the IUE. Correspondence, 1958.

6 99

Negotiations with the UE, 1958.

6 100

Presentations on the negotiations, 1958.

6 101

Carey, James B. Speeches, 1960.

6 102
Photographs of strike in Bucyrus, Ohio, 1960.
Note

See also box 26.

6 103

Arbitration papers, 1962.

6 104

Arbitration papers, 1962.

6 105

Negotiations with the IUE. Correspondence, 1963.

6 106

Contract negotiations. Reports to the executive office, 1963.

6 107

Contract negotiations. Information sent employees, 1963.

6 108

Contract negotiations. Newspaper and radio releases, 1963.

6 109-110

Negotiation News.

6 111

Arbitration papers, 1963.

6 112

Negotiations with the IUE. Chronological summary, 1966.

6 113

Negotiations with the IUE. Correspondence, 1966.

6 114

Negotiations with the IUE. Notices.

6 115

Negotiations with the IUE. Presentations, 1966.

6 116

Negotiations with the IUE. Reports to the executive office, 1966.

6 117

Contract negotiations. Chronological summary, 1969-1970.

6 118

Contract negotiations. Correspondence, 1969-1970.

6 119

Contract negotiations. Planning, 1969-1970.

6 120

Contract negotiations. Strike information, 1969.

6 121

B.  Negotiation Transcripts.

Box Folder

Negotiations with the UE, 1958.

7 122-129

Negotiations with the IUE, 1958.

7 130-146

Public Employee Relations Services Review, 1957.

7 147

Negotiations with the IUE, 1960 July 19-August 9.

8

Negotiations with the IUE, 1960 August 10-September 8.

9 148-162

Negotiations with the IUE, 1960 September 20-October 18.

10

Negotiations with the UE, 1960 August 16-September 29.

11

Negotiations with the UE, 1960 October 4-27.

12

C.  Strike Related Material.

Box Folder

"Employee Communications in Connection with 1960 General Electric-Union Negotiations", 1961.

13 163

"The Story of General Electric's 1960 Negotiations with the IUE".

13 164

"General Electric's 1960 Negotiations with the IUE...As Report in the Negotiations News", 1961.

13 165

Strike Preparation Seminar, 1963.

13 166-177

"The Intent of Propaganda," written by James B. Carey, 1962.

13 178

Photographs of strike at Lynn, Massachusetts, 1960.

13 179

D.  National Labor Relations Board.

Box Folder

Report of proceedings, 1963.

14 180-181

General Counsel's Brief to Trial Examiner.

14 182-203

General Electric and International Union of Electrical Workers. Intermediate Report.

14 204

General Electric and International Union of Electrical Workers. Decision and order.

14 205

Philip Carey Manufacturing Company and the United Automobile Workers. Decision and order.

15 206

Bethlehem Steel and the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers. Decision and order, 1961.

15 207-208

Bethlehem Steel Company. Decisions of the National Labor Relations Board, 1961.

15 209

General Electric and International Union of Electrical Workers. Respondent's briefs.

15 210-213

Injunction, 1960.

15 214

General Electric and International Union of Electrical Workers. Decision and order.

15 215

"National Labor Relations Board find General Electric failed to bargain in good faith".

15 216

"Communications--a Neglected Key to Competitive Progress" by Virgil B. Day.

15 217

"A Lawyer Looks at Employee Communication," by David L. Benetar.

15 218

"The Case for Boulwarism," by Herbert R. Northrup.

15 219

Statement by Virgil B. Day, 1964.

15 220

Background summary--evaluation of the National Labor Relation Board's decision.

15 221

"Freedom in Company Communications".

15 222

"Truth in Bargaining and Free Speech".

15 223

Vital Speeches of the Day, "Collective Bargaining and the 'Suffocating Blanket'".

15 224

"Behind the GE-NLRB Ruling".

15 225

"Statement of General Electric to the Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare Concerning the NLRB Decision in the Matter of General Electric Company".

15 226

United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Brief of General Electric Company.

15 227

General Electric and International Union of Electrical Workers. Brief for the IUE.

16 228-239

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IV.  General Electric Employee Relations.

Box Folder

General Electric Agreements, 1956-1963.

17

Study of General Electric's approach to employee relations, 1967.

18

Employee Relations Policy Book, 1945-1947.

19 240-283

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V.  General Electric Papers.

Box Folder

Labor law reform effort, 1954-1971.

19 284-294

List of strike and union finances, 1961-1965.

20 295

Management training courses.

20 296

Meeting of the Chamber of Commerce, 1953.

20 297

Philadelphia shipping classifications, 1963.

20 298

Plant and employee community relations services, 1953-1955.

20 299-301

Presentation at Hot Springs, Virginia, 1948.

20 302

Price-fixing scandal at General Electric, 1959.

20 303

Program from presentation of the Henry Laurence Gantt Memorial Medal, 1966.

20 304

Public and employee relations services, 1956-1957.

20 305-306

Relations with the automobile industry.

20 307

Schenectady plant relations, 1964.

20 308

Seminars to prevent union organization, 1964.

20 309

Speech by Virgil B. Day at the Bell System Executive Conference.

20 310

Steel strike, 1959.

20 311

Writings about General Electric, 1996.

20 312

Analysis of the "3916" strike, 1965.

21 313-320

Annual report, 1965.

21 321

At Work in Industry Today.

21 322

Correspondence. Virgil B. Day, 1960-1973.

21 323

Cowdrick Group.

21 324

General Electric relations with the government.

21 325

General Electric relations with the UE.

21 327

Interim organization chart, employee relations policy division, 1950.

21 328

Negotiations, 1960.

21 329

Negotiations over contract with the United Steelworkers of America, 1963.

21 330

Notices to all employees relations and communications.

21 331

Public and employee relations merger, 1956.

21 332

Public relations program, 1955.

21 333

Reaction to ruling in General Electric vs. the International Union of Electrical Workers, 1969-1970.

21 334

Reports to General Electric managers from Philip D. Moore, 1969-1970.

21 335

Scoreboard on union representation elections in General Electric, 1959-1966.

21 336

Union between the International Union of Electric Workers, 1963.

21 337

Wage Stabilization Board.

21 338-339

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VI.  Clippings.

Box Folder

1937-1996.

22 340-372

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VII.  Research Material.

Box Folder

Business Week.

23 373

Chamber of Commerce of the United States.

23 374

Collective Bargaining in Transition.

23 375

Collective Bargaining Newsletter;  Collective Bargaining Today.

23 376

Corporate industrial relations.

23 377

Current subjects for possible class discussions.

23 378

Daily Headliner.

23 379

Daily labor reports, 1953-1992.

23 380-381

Employee relations bulletin.

23 382

Employee relations news.

23 383

Employee relations newsletter.

23 384

For Tour Information, 1962.

23 385

General Electric Commentator.

23 386

General Electric Forum.

23 387

"General Electric keeps trying to make jobs better".

23 388

General Electric News.

23 389

General Electric relations newsletter.

23 390

General Electric Scrapbook HIstory with commentary.

23 391

Information: Employee Relations.

24 392

Information: Union Relations.

24 393

IUE News.

24 394

IUE Puts the Spotlight on GE.

24 395

John Herling's labor letter.

24 396

Labor.

24 397

Labor Law Newsletter.

24 398

Labor Trends.

24 399

Modern Union Policy...Co-ordinate.

24 400

National Association of Manufacturers publications.

24 401

"Negotiations Developments," Philip D. Moore, 1969-1970.

24 402-407

Negotiation News, 1963-1970.

24 408-411

PR Reporter.

24 412

Public & Employee Relations News.

24 413

Public Relations Newsletter.

24 414

Relations Reviews.

24 415

UE News.

24 416

Union News.

24 417

Unity.

24 418

U.S.A. Volume XII.

24 419

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VIII.  Miscellaneous and Oversized.

Box Folder

Frigidaire retail supervisor's handbook; Brief for the NLRB in Bethlehem Steel v. NLRB; Boulware's personal diary.

25

Oversized photograph of 1960 strike in Bucyrus, Ohio; clipping, 1956-1960.

26

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