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Caracol, Belize expedition records

1109

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
Title:
Caracol, Belize expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1950-1953
Date [inclusive]:
1948-1973
Call Number:
1109
Extent:
8 Linear feet (The records are contained in sixteen archival boxes, six of which contain photographs, three small file boxes of card records, and some oversized drawings)
Language:
English
Abstract:
Linton Satterthwaite, a professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania and Curator of the American Section of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, conducted three trips to Caracol, Belize in the 1950s to investigate a previously unknown site of Maya culture. While his primary interest was in Maya inscriptions and chronology, his journeys to Caracol yielded artifacts for the Museum, including twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3. The Caracol expedition collection consists of 16 boxes of correspondence, field notes and notes on individual stela, altars, and stones, glyph decipherment and chronology data, information for publication, and photographs and drawings including contact sheets and photographs from Caracol, Benque Viejo, and Cayo X. Satterthwaite organized and catalogued the photographs according to the type of film used, field numbers, and monument number. The collection also contains three file boxes of card notes to the photographs and a few pieces of oversized material. Satterthwaite's "The Monuments and Inscriptions of Caracol, Belize" with co-author Carl Beetz, was published after his death. The publication materials relate to his instructions and notes for publication and Beetz' collection of Satterthwaite's monument notes for the book.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Caracol, Belize expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
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Biography/History

Linton Satterthwaite, Jr., associated with the University Museum for more than 30 years, was born in Trenton, New Jersey and educated in the public schools. After graduation from Trenton High School, Satterthwaite flew in World War I as a cadet and flying officer for the Royal Air Force. His education continued after the War and he attained his BA from Yale University in 1920. Satterthwaite supported himself as a reporter from 1920 to 1923 while attending law school. He practiced law briefly but enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania in 1929 to study Anthropology. Satterthwaite participated in expeditions in the Texas Panhandle, West Virginia, and Guatemala as an archaeological assistant from 1929 to 1931.

In 1932, Satterthwaite was named Assistant Director for the expedition in Piedras Negras Guatemala, becoming Field Director in 1933. He continued as Director until 1939. Satterthwaite was awarded his Ph.D.in Anthropology in 1943 then continued to pursue his area of major interest, Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. He served as project epigrapher in Tikal, Guatemala which investigated the carved inscriptions on Maya monuments.

Investigation into a possible expedition to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize) began in 1949 with a proposal submitted in 1950. Satterthwaite headed three sessions in Caracol from 1950 to 1958. While concentrating on hieroglyphics and chronology in this previously unknown center of Maya culture, Satterthwaite's expedition also produced twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3 for the Museum's collection.

In 1955, Satterthwaite became Curator of the American Section of the Penn Museum and a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania. As Curator, Satterthwaite accomplished a systematic locational guide and inventory of the collections from the new world.

Satterthwaite published his findings from 1930 to 1962 in the Museum Bulletin as well as American Anthropologist, Science, American Antiquity, Scientific American, and Archaeology. In 1947, his work titled, "Concepts and Structures of Maya Calendrical Arithmetics" was published by the Museum and the Philadelphia Anthropological Society. He presented papers at scholarly meetings including "Moon Ages and the Maya Inscriptions: the Problem of their Seven-day Range of Deviation from Calculated Mean Ages" at the Proceedings of the 29th International Congress of Americanists in 1951.

Satterthwaite retired from the Museum as Curator and Professor Emeritus in 1969. He died on March 11, 1978 having made significant contributions to the intricate study of Maya hieroglyphics and chronology. His volume on the Caracol expedition, co-authored by Carl Beetz, was published after his death.

Scope and Contents

The collection records the findings of Linton Satterthwaite, Jr. from three trips to Caracol, British Honduras (Belize) during the 1950s. Satterthwaite's expedition investigated a formerly unknown site of Maya culture in Central America and provided him with many Maya inscriptions to transcribe and study, his major area of interest. While not the main purpose of the expedition, the trip produced artifacts for the Museum, including twenty-six vessels of the early classic period, nine vessels of the late period, Stela 11, a new "giant glyph" altar, and the bottom portion of Stela 3. Satterthwaite was accompanied on the trip by architect Paul Beidler and Horace Willcox, a graduate student in Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania.

Linton Satterthwaite worked and re-worked his data painstakingly. The collection reflects this in the numerous notes and changes suggested in his hand on different copies of similar documents. The data that Dr. Satterthwaite reviewed for publication purposes bear his notes for textual, artistic and graphic excellence. Satterthwaite's notes for publication were compiled by Carl Beetz who co-authored "The Monuments and Description of Caracol, Belize", published after Linton Satterthwaite's death.

The collection consists of 10 archival boxes of administrative and financial records and correspondence, field notes and drawings, six archival boxes of photographs, contact sheets, and photographic catalogues (including photographs by Reuben Goldberg), three file boxes of card indexes to the photographs, and some oversized drawings. Satterthwaite organized and catalogued the photographs according to the type of film used, field numbers, and monument number.

The first two archival boxes contain administrative and financial records and correspondence filed alphabetically. The first box,(A to H), includes ten folders of financial statements, accounts, and freight information along with correspondence with the Government of Belize concerning the expedition. Satterthwaite's correspondence with District Commissioner A. Hamilton Anderson, Paul Beidler, and Leocadio E. Hopun, the Commission Agent for the expedition, are in this box. Box two of this group has nineteen folders(K to W) and contain communication with Museum personnel including Froelich Rainey, J. Alden Mason, and Alfred Kidder,II. Miscellaneous correspondence related to business matters, memos and reports, and personnel data are with this group along with Satterthwaite's handmade personal directory to the agents, businesses, government offices, hotels. laborers, and monuments of Caracol. Two folders hold Horace Willcox' letters to his mother and his own expedition notes. The Willcox notes contain master photolists, a list of photographs by stela/altar, and a catalogue for color prints. In addition to photographs from Caracol, Willcox lists photographs from Uxmal; Southwest; Valley of Mexico, City of Merida; Jungle trip; Labria Sayil; Maine; Chichen Itza; Palenque trip; and Tulum. Folders seventeen, eighteen, and nineteen in Box two contain "Equipment, Packing and Financial" records. The first of these folders is occupied by receipts, canceled checks, adding machine tapes and a checkbook. Two small notebooks of expenses and the "Key to the Breakdown of accounts" are present. A hand-written journal by Satterthwaite dates from January 27 to May 4 (no year provided). A proposal for the "Final Season in British Honduras, Spring 1953", completes this folder. The second portion of the Equipment, Packing and Financial records are budget data. Included are travel expenses, memos on the budget, budget estimates, bills payable and expenditures. Bills related to "Jeremiah", Epstein, and local merchants are here. The third folder is material from 1953, including statements of cash accounts, voucher lists, men's accounts, and men's time sheets.

Box three has nine folders. The "Caracol object catalogue, 1953" containing "pottery only" starts this group. There are several lists and worksheets from 1959 and 1966, some by Satterthwaite, and others from Mary Ricketson in this first folder. The Ricketson list is titled, "Classic Maya Pottery". There are six drawings of "Pot B". An additional list of pottery from 1972 is also in this folder. The second and third folders contain the object catalogues. They are preceded by a checklist of "operation numbers". Items in the catalogue are grouped by location. The pages are not numbered but are dated from 1950 and 1951. Objects are listed from the Cayo district, vicinity of Stela 18, Altar 12 and 13, Stela 17, Altar 10, Stone group 46, Stela 20, Altars 2,3,5,8,14,and 17. "Bag and study sheets" are present in folder 4, some in fragile condition. A few pieces from 1953 concern Ca 24, 36, and 41. A 1955 letter from A.E. Parkinson assesses the composition of a piece of metal from the expedition.

Folder five, labeled "Ca 20, Ca 36, 1953, Bur's 1 and 2" contains copies of Caracol site drawings from 10/5/1966, skeletal material from William Krogman of the University of Chicago, and two letters from the Archaeological Commissioner of Belize, A.H. Anderson, concerning B2 and B3, dated October, 1966. Three pages of handwritten notes on B1 skeletal remains and a checklist of nine lettered pottery vessels from Bur 1 accompanied by captions with photo references are present. Small photos and drawings by L. Satterthwaite dated from 1958 are part of this folder. In addition, a plan of the interior of Bur. 2, bag and study sheets, a listing of "finds", and sixteen pages of drawings of the pots located with this group complete this folder.

In folder six are copies of the Field Catalogues with museum numbers and a checklist of field catalogue numbers from 1950 and 1951. A list of operation numbers is typed and contains hand-written notes by Satterthwaite. The copy of the Caracol Object Field Catalogue (pp.1-35) in this folder has notes and dividers made by Linton Satterthwaite in 1955, distinguishing it from the original.

The catalogue is continued in folder seven(pp.36-75). There is also an original copy of "Special Lists" divided into "Materials for Identification" and "Scheme for Grouping".

Folder eight, "Bur. 2 and 3, Final Text", contains a typewritten paper titled "Tombs and Burials 2 and 3, Platforms A-1A, and Related Monuments." Along with the text are handwritten notes by Satterthwaite apparently related to the final text and possibly written in 1966. Drawings related to the paper are present.

Folder nine, "Obsolete Material, BK A1, Bur.2" contains a checklist of "skeletal remains" with "identifications by W.R.C." A publication text from May 1954 deals with the relationships of stelae 20, 12, Stone 58, and 61, and tombs and burials 2/1-4. There are handwritten notes from Satterthwaite related to this. A December 1954 note comments on the "tombs and monuments on the E Side of the Court of 2 Ahau". Some drawings are present labeled "Figs. 9-11".

Nine folders comprise Box 4 with much of this material related to the Temple of the Wooden Lintel and the "Cluster Monuments". The first folder, "B-1, Bur.1, Bur.2" has drawings for publication, typed descriptions, radiocarbon dating results, maps, and papers including "Orientation of Monuments, Court of 2 Ahau and Vicinity" and "Monuments Cluster, Temple of the Wooden Lintel, Stela 9/Altar 4: Spatial and Chronological Relationship". Several oversized drawings of this area that have been folded may need conservation. Folder two is labeled "B-1, Bur 2" and has two checklists related to this burial area; a checklist of 26 numbered vessels, and a checklist of skeletal material. Photographs of burials one and two are present. Folders three and four contain "Map Data" and drawings of mostly Groups A and B, but also Group H and the Ahau Plaza. A mapping checklist is undated but most of the maps date from 1951. Much of this material is oversized and has been folded and sometimes stapled together and may need conservation assessment. The 1951 data on the "Heights Measured by Aneroid" by Major C.V.C. Herbert is present. Folder five labeled "Map Tracings" contains many maps and plans of Groups "A" and "B" that may need conservation attention. One map is dated June 1972 and a group of notes are labeled "Table A" and relate to "Dedicatory Dates of stelae/stela/altar associations; notes on post-dedicatory disturbance". Other notes relate to Checklist II Group A, Caracol geography of monuments, Group A and Group B, and a plan for the "Mons cluster: St. 13 and 14" which is folded into smaller dimensions.

Folders 6 and 7 relate to the "Epstein Map Notes" and "1953 Epstein Map Notes" respectively. Folder six houses Epstein's notebooks with charts on distance and bearings. This material deals with Group A and Group B, the 2 Ahau Court and Temple, the South complex, and East complex. Drawings depict small mounds on the southern perimeter, the Temple of the Wooden Lintel, and the South plaza. The latter drawing is labeled "Nuddle, 1951".

The last two folders in this box refer to "Bk. 2 Altars, Notes for G.G. Alt", relating to the giant glyph altars at Caracol. A list of the "Caracol Monuments and their Corresponding Designations" is marked as taken from 1950 photographs, roll 9-V-6. A table also relates to this material and is titled, "Dedicatory dates of Stelae/Altar Associates; Notes on post-dedicatory disturbance". An "introductory" paper is contained in this folder dealing with the "Giant Ahau Glyphs as Contemporaneous Short Count Katun Names". Notes deal with the "Katun naming hypothesis" and a table deals with "Current Katun Names with half period DDs". Additional materials include tables and charts related to the altars along with mounted photographs of scale drawings and field sketches, negative numbers included. A three page paper deals with the "Reconstructed Inscription of Stela 6".

Box five is composed of fifteen folders. The first two were labeled by Satterthwaite as "F-1, Lists, Map data, original notes", and contain material related to fragments and dates recovered at the site. Satterthwaite's original divisions within the folders were kept in both folders. The first folder division assignments are: List of Monuments and fragments of monuments designations; stone and stone-group lists; observation lists, map; 1950 lists, notes on maps; 1953 molds; and 1953 divisions. The second folder is grouped by Satterthwaite as: Structures; Ball Court,Group A; Wooden Lintel Temples; Wooden Lintel Complex, 2 Ahau Court; Group A, Aguada. The third folder holds "Data on Various Stelae", including Stela 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21. Satterthwaite follows a similar format in describing each stela: Notes, General remarks, and Commentary on inscriptions. Material on stela 12 contains notes dated 1965. A paper from 1964 is titled, "Examination of Glyph blocks; Notes on Particular Glyph Blocks". A set of backup photographic prints, Set X, is part of folder four labeled "Stela, Altar Drawings, Set"X". Prints are included of drawings for publication as well as front and back drawings of stelae by Roberta Ehman and Virginia Greene with negative numbers. The data is marked as "checked in 1972".

The next two folders, five and six, are entitled "Data on Readings 5" and contain Cache Lists and original data on Altars 2 to 9 with bag lists. Additionally, there is information on Altar 11 including a sketch and notes from 1951 and 1953. A paper is included, "The two 11 Ahau Altars" mostly edited, with the word "out". A photograph and sketches of Altar 12 are present. The second folder on "Data and Readings 5" relates to Altars 13 to 18. There is original data, sketches by "L.S.", worksheets, lists of photographs and drawings, and papers on glyph classification and restoration of Altar 17.

Folders seven, eight, and nine contain the "Contact sheets from 1950". The two inch by three inch photographs are mounted six to a page. The pages have rippled from the weight of the photographs and storage issues. Some conservation may be needed. The first group contains photographs from rolls 6V, 8V, 9V, 14V, and 15V. The second group is 16V, 19V, 20V, 24V, and 25V. Included in group three are photographs 31V, 32V, 33V, 34V, and 36V. Folder ten is devoted to Unclassified Stones from 1950. Group A stones include 12, 25, 27, and 28 and Group B stones 35, 38, and 39. Notes and drawings of this group along with a list of fragments and fragment drawings are present here. Additional data from group 46 and group 50 includes a rubbing of Stone 56. Titled "Photos of stelae, etc, 1950, 1951", folder eleven contains copies of the Corresponding Designations list and the Checklist of Caracol Monuments, 1950. Photographs from the Philadelphia Inquirer depict workmen unloading artifacts to the Gallery Collection, followed by drawings of Stela 13. "Stelae descriptions and Goldberg photolists" comprise the material in folder twelve. Stelae 5, 6, and 8 are featured in this material with a memo and drawing of Stela 6. The Goldberg photograph list contains negative numbers.

The remaining three folders contain seven notebooks which are guides to the photographs in this collection. Three photo notebooks from 1950 are in folder thirteen, two photograph catalogues are in folder fourteen, and the fifteenth folder contains two additional notebooks, one of 1953 "X" series photographs and the other the 1953 "K" series photographs. Five kinds of film are used and distinguished as follows: S(mall), L(arge), V(erachrome), K(odachrome), P(antachrome). Several checklists of photographs, hand-written by Dr. Satterthwaite are inlcuded with this folder.

Box six is arranged into 12 folders. Folder one is devoted to "Field Photo Enlargements-Stelae 16, 17, Altar 10, Stela 18". Goldberg materials and negative lists are also present for many stelae. A note is present related to Stela 16. Additional material related to the altars includes readings, checklists, style analyses, pedestal elements, sketches, and two papers; the first titled "Altars" and the second, "Long Count Dates". Communications with Tatiana Proskouriakoff, an expert in classical Maya sculpture from the Peabody Museum, Harvard University are dated 10/18/1951 and 3/21/1973. Folders two and three, "Data on Readings, etc.", contain information related to Stelae 3,5,6,13,and 15, with data on Stela 3 predominating. Satterthwaite's divider indicates that some of the data is "applicable to several monuments". A letter from December 17, 1956 to "Eric" may have been sent to J. Eric Thompson, who is known for his work on the correlation of the Mayan and European calendar. These folders contain numerous thermofax correspondences which required copying on acid-free paper.

The next two folders, four and five, contain Drawings(Lists, Negative Numbers)of many stelae, a carved monument list, a 1966 checklist and a list of drawings of the altars. A guide to photography is present with "line and stipple" elements for publishing. The fifth folder reveals a list for a Caracol drawing "project done by William Berman, School of Fine Arts" along with lists labeled "old", prior to 1964, and notes related to monuments 13, 14, and 15. Satterthwaite's divider separates the "Coe negatives, Stela 14, 1966" from the rest of the data.

"Field Folder enlargement records" are in folder six in box six. Included are an April 1956 list of the "Order of prints for Thompson", a list of enlargements, and three envelopes with instructions but no negatives or prints.

Chronology tables and drawings compose folder seven. Two checklists refer to dedicatory dates and the location of monuments. Other lists, with negative numbers, deal with drawings of carved monuments and drawings of Caracol altars. A checklist refers to "TP Style Dates". An oversized drawing of Caracol altar A1 is present. Chronology data on "Stelae and scene altars" and "Grouped Monuments" are charted along with a(working)"DD chart" from 1965. Three additional checklists include: Checklist IV-Dedicatory and Proskouriakoff Style Dates, Checklist IVx, and Checklist V. An "Addendum to Summary of Chronology of Stela 3" as well as a photocopy of the letter from Tatiana Proskouriakoff(3/21/1973)complete this folder.

Folder eight, "Control Notes, 1972" contains charts of stelae and altars, a drawing of Stela 19, and a checklist of Caracol monuments from 1950 with locations and "remarks". Folders nine and ten contain "Data on Stelae, Altars, Mss on Monuments". This includes Recalculations, Notes on the slate Stela (Stone 22), a list of dates recovered, and remarks on Glyphs. Altar 12 data is in this folder, including glyph classification and decipherment, catalogue readings, drawings, "Preliminary readings of blocks", and a 1964 worksheet related to this material. Folder ten begins with data labeled "Nuddle M series" which lists monument location points, lists of drawings (Epstein, Willcox plan, transverse sheets), notes on "Group B" monuments and notes on tracings of maps by "L.S.". The remaining data in folder ten relates to the "Wooden Lintel" monument, a C-14 date memo; "Table 1: Christian year equivalents of Kotun ends according to three alternative correlation theories"; a typed paper, "Labels for structures: Stratigraphy" with additional hand-written pages; and material labeled "from L.S. book" which includes data on readings, Caracol non-dedicatory Moon ages, and a typed manuscript "Dates on the Monuments at Caracol, British Honduras" with a letter indicating this was sent to Adrian Digby, Esq. of the British Museum on 7/17/1952.

The data in folder eleven, "Drawings, Monuments, Pottery, etc.", is divided by Satterthwaite into "monuments and fragments" and "Altar and Stelae Drawings,'B' set". Bag lists are present from Stela 15 and other slate monuments, dated from March, 1954. Pottery drawings and drawings of stucco fragments and a greenstone chisel from the Wooden Lintel monument are included. The fragment drawings are often in two pieces meant to be fitted together to make the whole. Altar drawings are accompanied by a key and guide to their designs.

Folder twelve is reserved for "Bulletins and Articles". Included is a review of Linton Satterthwaite's "Sculptured Monuments from Caracol, British Honduras" by Robert L. Rands, University of Mississippi and three copies of the Museum Bulletin which were stapled together and contain articles about the expedition. In addition, two newspaper articles, an undated one from the Denver Post titled, "Mystical Museum Stone Erected at Museum", and one which appeared in Natural History, 1952, "An Architect in Mayaland" by Paul Beidler complete the folder.

Box seven has sixteen folders, some with drawings that have been folded and creased and whose edges are ripped and flaking. These have been marked for possible conservation. Folder one data relates to glyph classification and chronology on Stelae 1,3,5,6,8,13,15,17,19,21, and altars 10 and 12. A "Summary of Chronology" table is accompanied by an Addendum to same. Folder two, "1971 Check-Miscellaneous from Folders", contains lists, charts and notes, most in Linton Satterthwaite's hand, including a list of prints with concordance dates. Three pages of "Dimension Tables" are present along with worksheets that may be preparatory material for publication. These worksheets relate to dimension and shape, Danet proportions, class, size and text, pottery and fragment lists, the Caracol lunar series with readings and deviations, and 1966 charts. Seymour Nuddle's Survey books are contained in folder three. These two books are dated 1951 and contain tables, text, and drawings. A note indicates that some material was "superceded in 1953" with the exception of "traverse from Group A to Caracol Water Hole".

The fourth folder is labeled "Pencil drawings" some of which may have conservation needs. Drawings include "Monuments by Anderson" dated 1956 and a large drawing of the Temple of the Wooden Lintel on heavy paper that has been folded tight. "Maps (Xeroxes)" compose the fifth folder. These figures are hand-drawn and show portions of Group A, the Plaza A-1, Court A1 and A2, and the Temple of the Wooden Lintel based on "field notes by L.S.", and completed by Epstein.

The sixth folder is labeled "Copies, Xeroxes of Materials and drawings, 1972". This material is typewritten and relates to the hand-written checklists by Linton Satterthwaite in other folders, namely folder seven. Other data relate to individual stelae with Summary of Chronology, Glyph Classification and Decipherment notations.

Folder seven contains an unpublished paper, "Date of Altar L, Quirigua". Dated 1973, a note indicates that the original was mailed to "W.R.C.".

A paper is contained in folder eight on which is noted, "L.S. copy received with letter of May 6, 1972". Entitled "Narajo-Caracol Relations", the text is hand-written by Admiral J. Ranneft. The folder also has a drawing of a Caracol "emblem", with reference to the Ranneft paper. A letter of thanks from Satterthwaite to Admiral Ranneft is also in the folder.

"Working sets of Copies and Drawings" comprise folder nine. Much of the original information is on thermofax and is recopied on acid-free paper. The drawings contain negative numbers when photgraphs have been made. Text records are also in this folder and relate to Stela 21. Some of these are new notes, "after checking drawings", while others are pages which have appeared before in the collection but now have additional hand-written notes in the margins, possibly for publication purposes.

The "Extra Copies and drawings" in folder ten have conservation assessment needs. Many are oversized and have been folded. The folds and edges are deteriorating and there is evidence of taping. Drawings include Stela 13, "fitted by L.S." and "traced in part by L.S. in pencil", Stela 6 which is taped to a board, and 2 Ahau Plaza which is rolled and extremely dirty.

The data in folder eleven provided "Miscellaneous Data for Museum" from 1950, 1951, and 1953. There are bag and percentage lists and lists of sherds, metal and stucco objects found. A 1950 Cache list and a list of volunteers on the 1953 expedition rounds out this group.

Two folders, twelve and thirteen, contain "Weight Calculation and Shipping Data" from 1951. The material consists of drawings with calculations related to size, separate calculation sheets, and lists of size and weight data with shipping estimates. A list of 43 items shipped and a list of the contents of crates and boxes shipped on 1/10/1952 are present. A memo to Mr. Wiley regarding disposition of the shipment from Satterthwaite is with this group. Some handwritten pages are deteriorating and may need to be assessed for conservation.

Folder fourteen contains "Control Sheets for Catalogue"(50-31,1950). These hand-written lists detail the objects brought back to the museum from the expedition. Satterthwaite lists where the piece was located, cache number, and some dimensions. Most objects listed are fragments or sherds.

Folder fifteen, "Location lists, object lists, catalogue 1951(51-54)" contains both type-written and hand-written data. Satterthwaite provides two keys for deciphering the information. The first is a "Key to locations at site by Field Numbers", and the second, "Sheets for use in making up museum catalogue cards". Caracol Objects, 1952 are listed on three type-written pages. Hand-written lists of objects from the 1951 portion of the expedition are labeled by field number, museum number, and dimensions of the objects. This list has fourteen pages. Several other hand-written lists detail the stone monuments, as well as objects made of shell, flint, jade, metal, and molded clay, pottery, and sherds.

Folder sixteen, the last in this box, contains diagrams and chronology data. Satterthwaite's own divisions are as follows: Caracol chronology; individual monuments; "X" and "Y" tables; Caracol Stelae, Altars (drawings); Caracol "scene" altars(drawings); Caracol Giant Glyph altars(drawings); and Checklists of bag numbers. A large drawing of a map of Group A has been folded and placed in an envelope and may need to be assessed for conservation. Other data is on thermofax paper and is reproduced on acid-free paper. Many of the drawings have negative numbers attached. Original notations from Linton Satterthwaite, apparently related to publication, are visible on the drawings. One original list of "Caracol Monuments: Checklist of Field Negatives (excluding color slides)" is represented here. It has been taped together and is ripping but most of the data is not affected.

Nine folders comprise Box eight. Folder one contains "Altar Drawings" of altars 2,4,5,7,11,15, and 18. They bear hand-written notes, "inked in 1955, copied 1965". An envelope was retained with this group as it contains notes and instructions from "L.S.". The "Drawings of Monuments" in folder two appear to be from the same work period, bearing the note "1964 check". Again, the envelope that housed these drawings has been retained. Folder three houses the "Pencil Drawings of Altars,'C' Drawings". In this group are drawings of Stelae 18, 15, and Altars 3,4,5,6,7,11,14,15,16,17, and 18. Satterthwaite's notes indicate, "these have been photographed and published" and "to be inked and published". The drawings of Stela 16 in folder four, "Miscellaneous Drawings", include "obsolete front drawing" of the stela. The remaining five folders relate to the Satterthwaite Monument Notes compiled by Carl Beetz in preparation for publishing. Folder five is the first of three folders from Notebook One and contains original notes, data sheets, draft texts, tables, and working outlines. The material relates to Stelae 1 to 5. Folder six materials from Notebook One relates almost entirely to Stela 3. It includes date reconstruction, glyph classification and chronology decipherment, and letters to and from Tatiana Proskouriakoff dated 11/2/1964 and 11/5/1964. A note from "L.S." on "drawing from cast" is dated 1964. Folder seven contains Notebook data for stelae 4 and 5. These include general remarks, comments on the inscription and date reconstruction. There is a "first possible labor-saving hypothesis" and a hand-written note labeled "first attempt". A paper on Stela 5 concerning style dating is in this folder along with a fragment list and field notes dated 4/9/1951. Folder eight begins Notebook two of the collaboration, dealing with stelae 6 to 14. The data is similar to what is included in the previous folder. Of note, are a paper "Justification of Summary of Chronology", dated February, 1959 and "The Truncated Initial Series" dated 5/8/1968. There is also a report on fragments by "Horace" from 7/27/1953. Original data sheets from 1951 and drawings by "Nuddle", also from 1951, are present. Folder nine contains Notebook data on Stelae 8 to 11 continuing the pattern of General Remarks, Comments on the Inscription and Dedicatory Dates. Original data sheets on each stela from 1951 along with a letter from Tatiana Proskouriakoff, dated 9/23/60, complete the second folder of Notebook Two.

Box nine is made up of six folders beginning with the third folder of Satterthwaite's monument notes compiled by Carl Beetz from Notebook Two. Folder one continues the pattern of analysis with Stelae 11 through 15. There is a tab for Stela 12, but no data. A typed paper is in this folder, "Departure from Symmetry: Glyph Block Count" from 1967 relating to Stela 14. Notes on "finds located on spot plan", notes on "7 Ahau Altar Caches", and "Notes on Lower Circle Below Altar 7" along with original data sheets are in this group of records. An oversized stone tracing is folded and contained in an envelope. This has caused creasing and a need for possible conservation assessment. Folder two in Box nine begins the third Notebook of the Satterthaite monument notes used by Carl Beetz. The data reviewed is on Stelae 15, 16, and 17. In addition to the usual information on glyph classification and decipherment, this folder has information on "Individual reads of blocks of initial and lunar series in relation to Stela 15" and "Eliminations via Goodman's tun-ending table", and a paper, "The Initial Series of St.15, Caracol as Example of 'Deciphering' Damaged Inscriptions". A chart deals with "Tzolkin dates and year position numbers". Drawings are present on Stelae 15, 16, and 17, many with notes from 1951. A three-panel sketch of Stela 17 is in fragile condition and may need conservation assessment. Work sheets from 1951 are with the material on Stela 17.

Folder three completes Notebook three of the Beetz collaboration. Data on Stelae 18 to 21 is included. Original worksheets from 1951 and 1953 are present along with work notes from 1953. Drawings are signed by "L.S.", Nuddle, Willcox, and Michael Stewart. There is communication from G.H.S. Bushnell of the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge, England concerning Stela 21. Some photos are present taken by A.H. Anderson and used for sketches by "L.S.".

Folders four, five, and six contain the Satterthwaite and Beetz manuscript, "The Monuments and Description of Caracol, Belize." Folder four has pages one through 83 plus pages iii to viii, and a list, dated 3/16/1978 titled, "Things remaining to be done in order to prepare Caracol volume for publication." The second group of pages, numbered from 84 to 183 make up folder five. Folder six contains pages 184 to 235 of the manuscript.

Box ten contains eighteen folders of Publication Data. Fifteen folders are related to individual stela or altars and contain notes and drawings. Many folded drawings are with this group and have been marked for conservation assessment. The monuments included, in Satterthwaite's order, are: Stelae 15 and 21; Stela 4; Stone group 46; Stone 2 and 11; Altar 13 and Stela 6 (glyphs); Altar 12; Altar 10; Stela 8; Stela 19; Stela 3; Stela 4; Stela 6; Stela 9 and 10; Stela 14 (drawing connections); and the front of Stela 16. The last three folders, numbers sixteen, seventeen, and eighteen, contain "Drawings for Publication"; "Miscellaneous Publication Notes"; and "Giant Glyph Altar Papers" respectively.

The photographic portion of the expedition records begin with Box eleven which is composed of fourteen folders of photographs of Stelae 1 to 6. Folder one contains a small envelope of A.H.Anderson photographs of Stela 1 from 1955. The remaining photographs in the folder are eight by ten from the "S" series and "V" series and contain roll numbers and some negative numbers. The edges of some of the photographs bear the marks of tape. Large photographs of Stela 2 are contained in folder 2. The next four folders relate to Stela 3, folder three holds pictures of the front of the stela, folders four and five, the back of the stela, and the sixth, the top/cast of the stela. The photographs of the front of Stela 3 are eight by ten in size and several are taped together as though they were displayed or published this way. Two groups of four photographs and one group of seven photographs are also taped together and have been marked for conservation assessment.

Folders four and five are devoted to the photographs of the back of Stela 3. In folder four are two envelopes of small photographs, some eight by ten photographs with stapled and creased edges, seven smaller strip photographs, and four photographs of drawings made of the back of Stela 3. Folder five has two large, folded drawings and three drawings taped together, both with condition issues and another five drawings are taped together marked "first series", and bear the negative numbers 51541 to 51545. The sixth folder contains photographs of the top/cast of Stela 3. An envelope of 7 photographs and an additional two photographs of two by two size are present. Some of this group are labeled "Museum Bulletin 16,(1950)p.1.XV". Photographs of the Government house stone installation completes this folder.

Folder seven has front and back views of stela 4 in eight by ten size. There are also five smaller photos and seven photographs of drawings of the stela. Six pages of contact sheets are in this folder. The photographs of Stela 5 are in the next five folders (eight to twelve). Folders eight and nine are "Details", folder ten is "Fragment" photographs, folder eleven devoted to "Overall views", and folder twelve to "Recreation". Most photographs in folders eight and nine are marked "from the Goldberg negatives" with the negative number. Some of these photographs are fragile, damaged, or have marks from tape. Several large, folded drawings, "from Goldberg", have condition issues.

Folder ten contains eight by ten photographs of the fragments of Stela 5. The overall view photographs of Stela 5 in folder eleven are also eight by ten and there are three photographs of drawings of this view. "Recreation of Stela 5" in folder twelve relates to photographs of monument repair, erection, and the supervision of these activities. There are some negative numbers on these photographs.

Folders thirteen and fourteen show Stela 6, back view. Many of these photographs have tape marks or are taped together. Negative numbers are on some of the photographs. Included are photographs of Stela 6 on display in the Lower Fitler Gallery and the Corridor Gallery of the Museum. There are five photographs of artist drawings of the back of Stela 6.

Box twelve consists of sixteen folders of photographs related to Stelae 15 to 21 and Altars 1, 2, and 3. The pictures of Stela 15 include two small photographs in an envelope and three photographs of drawings of Stela 15. Thirty six additional eight by ten photographs are present, only one with a negative number. Stela 16 photographs comprise folders two through six. Folders two and three have back views, four, five, and six have views of the front of Stela 16. Many of these photographs have tape marks on the edges. There is one photograph of the drawing of Stela 16 with a negative number and a note indicating, "drawn by A.K. Stimson, February, 1954".

Folders seven, eight, and nine have photographs of Stela 17. Folders seven and eight picture fragments while folder nine has an overall view. This group has duplicates and many of the prints are curling from storage. Some are taped together and others remain sticky as a result of previous taping. There is one drawing of Stela 17, "showing fracture lines" in folder nine along with two photographs of the drawing with negative numbers. Photographs related to Stela 19 are in folder ten. Most are eight by ten in size but there are smaller views in an envelope. Five photographs of drawings of the stela with negative numbers are present. Stela 18 views are in folder eleven. Nine photographs of various sizes are present along with two photographs of a drawing of the stela. Folder twelve contains a "scale control drawing" of Stela 20 plus five photographs from negatives # 51192 and 51193. Three small photographs and a picture of a drawing of this stela complete the folder.

Stela 21 photographs are in folder 13, some of which are marked "Anderson photos". The stela is pictured "in situ" and "moved". Ten large photographs have negative numbers on them. There are three photographs of drawings of the stela. Folder fourteen contains photographs of Altar 1. Altar 2 photographs are in folder fifteen including a small photograph "accurate by compass" by "Anderson, 1956". Eighteen photographs of Altar 3 are contained in folder sixteen.

Box thirteen contains 26 folders of photographs mostly of altars and stones from the expedition. Most of these photographs have roll numbers or negative numbers and there are contact sheets for some. The largest group of photographs are of Altar 12 and these fill two folders, the sixth and seventh in this box. Following the altar and stone groups are photographs of Structure A6, Temple of the Wooden Lintel in folder eighteen and structure C4 in folder 19. Miscellaneous prints marked "Anderson?" are found in folder twenty along with negative contact sheets. Folder twenty-one relates to photographs of removal of the stones. Some of these have negative numbers or an indication that they have been published. Folder twenty-two has photographs of the Caracol Camp and Personnel with negative numbers and titles.

"Plans and Drawings" fill folder twenty-three with six small, unlabeled photographs in an envelope. Eight by ten drawing photographs depict the slate stela fragments for Stela 4 and Stone Group 46 and 50. The plans show the area and placement of bones and fragments. A composite longitudinal section of the approximate position of tomb 2 is included with the plans. Another drawing, enlarged, shows the location of Stela 20 in relation to Stone 61 and Stela 2. A large diagram of the site has been marked for possible conservation assessment due to surface cracking and ripped edges.

Folders twenty four through twenty six contain contact sheets from the 1951 "L" series. There is a hand-written list of the photographs as they relate to individual monuments and a note refers the researcher to the "S" series also. Two photographs are mounted on each side of eight by ten paper. Pages one to thirty three are contained in folder 24, pages 34 to 67 in folder 25, and pages 67 to 87 complete the group in folder 26. A note in folder 25 indicates that "films and parts missing, all are frags of Altar 13(13.L.3-10)"

Box fourteen contains twelve folders. The first four continue the contact sheets from the expedition with the "S" series. There is a list of the photographs from 1951 with a note that they were checked again in 1964. Smaller in size, these photographs are mounted six to a page. The pages have rippled and do not lie flat but the photographs are in good condition. Folder one contains photographs 5.S.1 to 13.S.12. Folder two has 14.S.1 through 21.S.12. The third and fourth folders house photographs 22.S.1 to 44.S.6 and 44.S.7 to 60.S.12 respectively.

Folders five, six and seven house the "L" series photographs, rolls one to thirteen. These photographs are eight by ten in size. Following these are additional "S" series photographs in eight by ten size. Folder eight has photographs from rolls seven to 24, folder nine, rolls 29 to 38, and folder ten, rolls 44 to 60. "V" series photographs, rolls eight to nineteen, are contained in folders eleven and twelve.

Box 15 has seventeen folders of photographs. Some of the photographs in this group have taped edges or remnants of tape that cause sticking of one photograph to another. Folders one and two are photographs of the front of Stela 6. Some of the prints have roll numbers, series numbers, and frame numbers but there are no negative numbers in folder one, some negative numbers in folder two. Most photographs are eight by ten in size. Fragments of Stela 6 are pictured in folder three. Folders four, five, and six contain photographs of Stelae seven, eight, and nine respectively.

Folders seven and eight have the photographs of Stela 10. This group of photographs are size eight by ten or four by ten strips. Stela 11 is pictured in folders nine and ten. These photographs have negative numbers and series numbers. Pictures of the cast from the rubber mold of Stela 11 are included.

Folders eleven and twelve contain numerous photographs of Stela 13. Negative numbers and series numbers are with this group. Some of these pictures have been taped together. The remaining five folders, thirteen through seventeen, relate to Stela 14. Overall views of the monument with negative numbers are in folder fourteen. Views of the details are in folders fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen. Some of the photographs have negative numbers. The pictures of the cast of the stela have numbers from the "WRC negatives".

Box sixteen contains eighteen folders. Folders one to four are the "X" series photographs from 1953. These small photographs are mounted six to a page. They contain notes from Satterthwaite including comments from "August,1966." The photographs in folder one are numbered X-1-1 to X-15-6. The second folder's photographs are numbered X-15-7 to X-28-11. Folder three has one print labeled "Anderson,1953" while the smaller contact prints are numbered X-28-12 to C37. The fourth folder has some larger, mounted photographs numbered C38 to Ca142, by "Anderson", with notes by Satterthwaite. Some contact prints from 1958 are also in folder four with a print of burial 5, dish 2 labeled "not for publication."

Folders five through eighteen contain small numbers of photographs and drawings from Benque Viejo, 1950. Folder 5 has Benque Viejo drawings and folder six contains site photographs from series "P". Series "V" site photographs, Roll one are in folder seven. Pictures of the "V" series, Roll 21 are in folder eight. Folders nine through sixteen contain photographs from various other rolls of this series of Benque Viejo site photographs. Folder seventeen photographs are labeled "Miscellaneous Site Photographs". Folder eighteen contains photographs of Cayo X.

Linton Satterthwaite's card catalogues are housed in three file boxes. The three by five cards contain valuable details to locate pictures from the series. The cards contain notes about the shot, people, and events, for example, "first use of new lumber", the placement of lighting, and the time of day that the photograph was taken. All the cards are dated and have the roll number and print number on them. Satterthwaite also lists blank and "spoiled" shots by number. File Box one catalogues photographs of Stelae 1 to 9. File Box two has material related to Stelae 11 to 20, Stones 46, 13, 30, 55, Stone group 50, and Altars 1 through 17. While there are labels for stones 34 to 47, no cards are placed behind the tabs. The cards in File Box three are divided as follows: Aguada 5; Benque Viejo; Technics, 1951; People; and Miscellaneous. The dividers for "Country" and "Moving monuments" do not have cards corresponding to these titles.

Oversized materials, stored separately, include an original 1967 drawing by Virginia Greene of the front of Stela 5 which has been folded and is ripped. A note from "L.S." indicates that the drawing has been "inked and photo'd" in September 1967. Additional oversized material includes three drawings of Stela 4, front, with the negative number 51242 and Stela 4, reconstructed view, negative numbers 51243 and 51244. Four drawings of Stela 14, front view, are present with negative number 85573. Three drawings of Stela 5 have negative number 85572.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  10/30/09

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
  • Field notes
  • Photographs
Geographic Name(s)
  • Belize
  • Caracol site (Belize)
Personal Name(s)
  • Goldberg, Reuben, 1937-1960
  • Proskouriakoff, Tatiana, 1909-1985
  • Satterthwaite, Linton, 1897-1978
Subject(s)
  • Archaeological expeditions
  • Belize antiquities

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Collection Inventory

Administrative and financial records and correspondence, 1948-1973 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.8 linear foot (The administrative records and correspondence are in two archival boxes and are filed in alphabetcal order by type of administrative paperwork or name of the person corresponded with. There are ten folders in Box one and nineteen folders in Box two. Box one has records from A to H; Box two from K to W plus additional Equipment, Packing and Financial records. ).

Box

Accounts (1949-1950), 1949-1950 (Bulk, 1949-1950) . 0.1 linear foot.

1

Anderson, A. Hamilton (1 of 2), 1951-1956 (Bulk, 1951-1956) . 0.2 linear foot.

1

Anderson, A. Hamilton (2 of 2), 1956-1967 (Bulk, 1956-1967) . 05 linear foot.

1

Beidler, Paul, 1950-1952 (Bulk, 1950-1952) . 05 linear foot.

1

Belize Estate and Produce Co., 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 05 linear foot.

1

Caracol-Anderson visit 1938, 1948 (Bulk, 1948) . 05 linear foot.

1

Financial statements, 1950-1951 (Bulk, 1950-1951) . 05 linear foot.

1

Freight, 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.

1

Government, 1949-1953 (Bulk, 1949-1953) . 05 linear foot.

1

Hopun, Leocadio E., 1950-1958 (Bulk, 1950-1958) . 05 linear foot.

1

Kidder II, Alfred, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 05 linear foot.

2

Madeira, Percy C., 1951-1952 (Bulk, 1951-1952) . 05 linear foot.

2

Mason, J. Alden, 1950-1951 (Bulk, 1950-1951) . 05 linear foot.

2

Melhado, Henry, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 05 linear foot.

2

Miscellaneous-Business (1 of 3), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

2

Miscellaneous-Correspondence (2 of 3), 1950-1956 (Bulk, 1950-1956) . 0.1 linear foot.

2

Miscellaneous-Memos, Reports (3 of 3), 1950-1951 (Bulk, 1950-1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

2

Opinions and Advice, 1949-1951 (Bulk, 1949-1951) . 05 linear foot.

2

Palacio, J.O., 1972-1973 (Bulk, 1972-1973) . 05 linear foot.

2

Personnel, 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot.

2

Schmidt, Peter J., 1970-1973 (Bulk, 1970-1973) . 05 linear foot.

2

Sylvestre, Louis M., 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 05 linear foot.

2

Who's Who-People, 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.

2

Willcox, Horace (1 of 2), 1947-1951 (Bulk, 1947-1951) . 05 linear foot.

2

Willcox, Horace-Field Notes (2 of 2), 1951-1952 (Bulk, 1951-1952) . 0.1 linear foot.

2

Equipment, Packing and Financial (1 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

2

Equipment, Packing and Financial (2 of 3), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

2

Equipment, Packing and Financial (3 of 3), 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

2

1109.  Field Notes and notebooks, 1950-1972 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 2 linear foot (The field notes and notebooks are contained in five archival boxes with a total of 61 folders of data. ).

Box

Object Catalogue-Pottery only, 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 05 linear foot.

3

Caracol Object catalogue (1 of 2), 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

3

Caracol object catalogue (2 of 2), 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

3

Bag and study sheets, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

3

Ca20, Ca36, Bur.1 and 2, 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

3

Field catalogue (1 of 2), 1950-1951 (Bulk, 1950-1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

3

Field catalogue (2 of 2), 1950-1951 (Bulk, 1950-1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

3

Bur. 2 and 3, Final Text, 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.

3

Obsolete material, 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.

3
B-1, Bur.2, 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.
4
Box

B-1, Bur.1 Bur. 2, 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.

4
Map data (1 of 2), 1951-1954 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.
4
Box

Map data (2 of 2), 1951-1954 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.

4

Map tracings/plans Group A and B, 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

4

Epstein Notebooks (1 of 2), 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

4

Epstein Map notes (2 of 2), 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

4

Book 2, Notes for G.G. altars (1 of 2), 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

4

Book 2, Notes for G.G. altars (2 of 2), 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

4

F-1, lists, data on readings (1 of 2), 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

5

F-1 lists, data on readings (2 of 2), 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

5

Data on various stelae, 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.

5

Stela, Altar drawings, set "X", 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

5

Data on readings 5 (1 of 2), 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

5

Data on readings 5 (2 of 2), 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

5

Contact sheets 1950 (1 of 3), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 0.2 linear foot.

5

Contact sheets 1950 (2 of 3), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 0.2 linear foot.

5

Contact sheets 1950 (3 of 3), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 0.2 linear foot.

5

Unclassified stones, 1951-1953 (Bulk, 1951-1953) . 05 linear foot.

5

Photograph lists Stelae, 1950-1951 (Bulk, 1950-1951) . 05 linear foot.

5

Stelae Inscriptions/ Goldberg photograph lists, 1950-1951 (Bulk, 1950-1951) . 05 linear foot.

5

Photo books 1 to 3, 1950, 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot.

5

Photo catalogues 1 and 2, 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

5

Photo notebooks "K" and "X" series, 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 05 linear foot.

5

Photo enlargements Stelae 16,17,18, Altar 10, 1953-1954 (Bulk, 1953-1954) . 05 linear foot.

6

Data on readings (1 of 2), 1952-1955 (Bulk, 1952-1955) . 0.1 linear foot.

6

Data on readings (2 of 2), 1952-1955 (Bulk, 1952-1955) . 0.1 linear foot.

6

Drawings, lists stelae and altars (1 of 2), 1964-1967 (Bulk, 1964-1967) . 0.1 linear foot.

6

Drawings, lists stelae and altars (2 of 2), 1964-1967 (Bulk, 1964-1967) . 0.1 linear foot.

6

Field photo enlargement lists, 1955 (Bulk, 1955) . 05 .

6

Chronology tables, 1964-1972 (Bulk, 1964-1972) . 05 linear foot.

6

Control notes, 1972 (Bulk, 1972) . 05 linear foot.

6

Data on Stelae, Altars (1 of 2), 1951-1955 (Bulk, 1951-1955) . 0.1 linear foot.

6

Data on Stelae, Altars (2 of 2), 1952-1956 (Bulk, 1952-1956) . 0.1 linear foot.

6

Drawings, monuments and pottery, 1951-1954 (Bulk, 1951-1954) . 05 linear foot.

6
Bulletins and articles, 1951-1967 (Bulk, 1951-1967) . 05 linear foot.

.

Notes for publication, 1950-1972 (Bulk, 1950-1972) . 0.4 linear foot.

Box

Stelae 15 and 21.

10

Stela 4, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) .

10

Stone group 46, 46-50, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) .

10

Stela 2 and 11, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Altar 13 and Stela 6-Glyphs, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Altar 12, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Altar 10, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Stela 8, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Stela 19, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Stela 3, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Stela 4, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Stela 6, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Stelae 9 and 10, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Stela 14, drawing connections, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Stela 16, front, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot (Half-tone reproduction guide).

10

Drawings for photocopying, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Miscellaneous publication notes, 1966 (Bulk, 1966) . 05 linear foot.

10

Giant glyph altar papers, 1971 (Bulk, 1971) . 05 linear foot.

10

Photographs, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 2.4 Linear feet (The photographs are contained in six archival boxes with a total of 103 folders).

Box

Stela 1, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 05 linear foot.

11

Stela 2, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 05 linear foot.

11

Stela 3 front (1 of 4), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 3 back (2 of 4), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 3 back (3 of 4), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 3 top/cast (4 of 4), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 4, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 5 details (1 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 5 details (2 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 5 fragments (3 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 5 overall view (4 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 5 recreation (5 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 6 (1 of 2), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 6 (2 of 2), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

11

Stela 15, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 16 back (1 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 16 back (2 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 16 front (3 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 16 front (4 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 16 front (5 of 5), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 17 fragments (1 of 3), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 17 fragments (2 of 3), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 17 overall view (3 of 3), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 19, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 18, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 20, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Stela 21, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Altar 1, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Altar 2, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Altar 3, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

12

Altar 4, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 5, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 6, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 7, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 10, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 12 (1 of 2), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 12 (2 of 2), 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 13, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 14, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 15, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 17, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Altar 19, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Stone 8, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Stone 28, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Stone group 46, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Stone 56, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Stone 60, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Structure A-6, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Structure C-4, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Miscellaneous prints, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Removal of stones, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Caracol camp and personnel, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

Plans and drawings, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot.

13

"L" series contacts (1 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (pages 1 to 33).

13

"L" series contacts (2 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (pages 34 to 67).

13

"L" series contacts (3 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (pages 67 to 87).

13

"S" series contacts (1 of 4), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (5.S.1 to 13.S.12).

14

"S" series contacts (2 of 4), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (14.S.1 to 21.S.12).

14

"S" series contacts (3 of 4), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (22.S.1 to 44.S.6).

14

"S" series contacts (4 of 4), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (44.S.7 to 60.S.12).

14

"L" series prints (1 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Rolls 1 to 5).

14

"L" series prints (2 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Rolls 6 to 10).

14

"L" series prints (3 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Rolls 11 to 13).

14

"S" series prints (1 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Rolls 7 to 24).

14

"S" series prints (2 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Rolls 29 to 38).

14

"S" series prints (3 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Rolls 44 to 60).

14

"V" series prints (1 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Rolls 8 to 19).

14

"V" series prints (2 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Rolls 8 to 19).

14

Stela 6 front (1 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 6 front (2 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 7, 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15
Stela 8, 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.
15
Box

Stela 6 fragments, 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 9, 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 10 (1 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 10 (2 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 11 (1 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 11 (2 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 13 (1 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 13 (2 of 2), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 14 overall view, 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 14 details (1 of 4), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 14 details (2 of 4), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Stela 14 (3 of 4), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

Steal 14 details (4 of 4), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot.

15

"X" series prints (1 of 4), 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot (X.1.1 to X.15.6).

16

"X" series prints (2 of 4), 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot (X.15.7 to X.28.11).

16

"X" series prints (3 of 4), 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot (X.28.12 to C 37).

16

"X" series prints (4 of 4), 1953 (Bulk, 1953) . 0.1 linear foot (C38 to CU142).

16

Benque Viejo drawings, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 05 linear foot (Structure A6).

16

Benque Viejo prints (1 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "P" roll 3).

16

Benque Viejo prints (2 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot ("V"12 roll 1).

16

Benque Viejo prints (3 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "V" roll 21).

16

Benque Viejo prints (4 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "V" roll 24).

16

Benque Viejo prints (5 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "V" roll 32).

16

Benque Viejo prints (6 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "V" roll 35).

16

Benque Viejo prints (7 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "V" rolls 37 and 38).

16

Benque Viejo prints (8 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "V" roll 39).

16

Benque Viejo prints (9 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "V" roll 40).

16

Benque Viejo prints (10 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "V" roll 42).

16

Benque Viejo prints (11 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (No roll numbers).

16

Benque Viejo prints (12 of 12), 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Miscellaneous site photographs).

16

Cayo X prints, 1950 (Bulk, 1950) . 05 linear foot (Series "V" roll 28).

16

Photographic file catalogue, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 0.1 linear foot (The catalogue is contained in three file boxes of three by five cards).

Box

Photo catalogue cards (box 1 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Stelae 1 to 9).

File box 1

Photo catalogue cards (box 2 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Stelae, Altar, Stone photo lists).

File box 2

Photo catalogue cards (box 3 of 3), 1951 (Bulk, 1951) . 0.1 linear foot (Aguada 5, Benque Viejo, People).

File box 3

Oversized materials, 1950-1953 (Bulk, 1950-1953) . 05 linear foot (One large original drawing by Virginia Greene from 1967 along with several drawings of Stela 4, front and reconstructed views, Stela 14, front view, and Stela 5 comprise the oversized material stored elsewhere).