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Antigua, Guatemala expedition records

1134

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Reina, Ruben E., 1924-
Title:
Antigua, Guatemala expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1969-1970
Date [inclusive]:
1968-1973
Call Number:
1134
Extent:
4 Linear feet (The collection consists of twenty-five folders in three archival boxes, two boxes of five-by-eight inch catalogue cards, and a three-by-five file box of photograph catalogue cards)
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Antiguas Guatemala expeditions were conducted in 1969 and 1970 by Dr. Ruben Reina. Originally from Argentina, Dr. Reina received his B.A. at the University of Michigan and his M.A. at Michigan State University. He completed his Ph.D. at the University of North Carolina followed by a Research Assistantship at the Institute for Research in the Social Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Dr. Reina began his career at the University of Pennsylvania after teaching at the University of Puerto Rico. He became a Professor in the Anthropology Department in 1967 and assumed the position of Curator of Latin American Ethnology, American Section of the Penn Museum. Dr. Reina spent 34 years at the University, becoming Professor Emeritus in 1990. The expeditions to Guatemala yielded three boxes of field notes and drawings, a catalogue of findings, extensive information on native ceramic pottery, and photographs. In addition, Dr. Reina's trips produced a file of five-by-eight catalogue and excavation unit cards and an additional photograph catalogue file of three-by-five cards. Both of the card files are housed separately in smaller archival boxes.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Antigua, Guatemala expedition records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Dr. Ruben E. Reina, born in Argentina in 1924, received his B.A. at the University of Michigan and his M.A. at Michigan State University. He was awarded his Ph.D. by the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of North Carolina and served as a Research Assistant at the Institute for Research in the Social Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill from 1952 until 1954. His first appointment was as an Instructor of Anthropology and Sociology at Women's College at the University of North Carolina. Dr. Reina followed this teaching experience with an Assistant Professorship in Anthropology at the University of Puerto Rico for the academic year 1956-1957 and then assumed an Assistant Professorship in the Anthropology Department of the University of Pennsylvania.

During his tenure as Assistant Professor, Dr. Reina was also Assistant Curator, American Section, at the Penn Museum and Chairman of the Undergraduate Program in Anthropology at the University. He became a Professor in the Anthropology Department in 1967 and assumed the position of Curator of Latin American Ethnology, American Section of the Penn Museum.

Dr. Reina's fieldwork began while he was an undergraduate with work in the Guatemalan Highlands, Mexico, and a mountain community in North Carolina. Subsequent trips took him to Puerto Rico; Peten, Guatemala; British Honduras; the Yucatan; Argentina; Spain; Brazil; British Guiana; Turkey; Iran(Hasanlu expedition); and Antigua, Zunil, and Coban, Guatemala. Dr. Reina also did extensive ethnohistoric research at the Archivas de Indios in Seville Spain.

The Antigua Guatemala expeditions were conducted in 1969 and 1970. The expeditions visited the sites of Las Capuchinas, Santo Domingo, San Francisco, Farington, La Colonia, El Manchen, Instituto Nacional de la Vivienda, Centro de la Iglesia, and others, producing artifacts, photographs, and extensive information about pottery creation, production and marketing in the area. Dr. Reina explored the pottery works of the Monteil family, a pottery making dynasty in Antigua.

Reina began publishing his work in 1954. His books include, The Law of the Saints: A Pokomam Pueblo and Its Community Culture, published by Bobbs-Merrill and, with Robert M. Hill, III, The Traditional Pottery of Guatemala, published by the University of Texas Press. Dr. Reina has received numerous grants to continue his research, most notably from the DiNella Foundation, the Natural Science Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and the American Philosophical Society.

Dr. Reina was named Curator Emeritus of Ethnology in the American Section of the Penn Museum in 1990, following 34 years as a Curator and Professor. He directed several exhibitions for the Museum including, The Gift of Birds: Featherwork of Native South American Peoples, in 1991. This exhibition explored "featherwork as a medium through which to examine the aesthetic, religious, and social values of the native South American peoples."

During his retirement, Dr. Reina accepted a post as Acting Curator for the North American Collections from 1993 to 1994.

Dr. Reina is also an artist, working in oils, watercolor, acrylic, and ink media. His work has been shown at the Darlington Fine Arts Center.

Scope and Contents

The Antigua Guatemala expeditions were conducted in 1969 and 1970 by Dr. Ruben Reina, then a Professor in the Anthropology Department at the University of Pennsylvania and Curator of Latin American Ethnology, American Section of the Penn Museum. The fieldwork was conducted at Santo Domingo, Las Capuchinas, San Francisco, El Manchen, La Colonia, and Farington sites. The excavations produced artifacts of pottery, stone, and ceramics. In addition, Dr. Reina conducted interviews with the Montiel family and photographed the facility where the family produced pottery for several generations.

The collection consists of twenty-five folders of records, photographs, and some negatives in three archival boxes, two file boxes of five-by-eight catalogue and excavation cards, and a file box of three-by-five photo catalogue cards. There are a few lists, excavation notes, and interviews written in Spanish.

Box one is composed of sixteen folders including background information on Guatemala and notes from most of the individual sites of the expedition. Folder one contains copies of historic maps of the area. These include maps of the Valley of Guatemala and the 1968 Pictomapa of Antigua Guatemala(circa 1760)from the Instituto Geografico Nacional. This map is in fragile condition. There are two copies of a map of Santa Isobel(between 1750 and 1800)and a map that depicts the site between the years 1543 and 1773. Folder two has the laboratory and administrative keys to the data recovered on the expedition. This includes information from the summer of 1969 and the code to identify the Antiguas site excavations from the summer of 1970. There is also a list of the 1970 sites and a record of work from June 10 to July 30, 1970. Annette Weiner's "Lab system for Antigua" for both sessions is in this folder.

Folder three is devoted to the Las Capuchinas site known as RC1. Information includes a history, a diary of work from 6/25/69 to 7/15/69, and drawings and plans. The drawings depict RC1-1, RC1-6, RC11, north, south and west wall, and RC1-5.

Folders four and five relate to the Santo Domingo site, Rc2. Folder four houses drawings from the site. Folder five contains notes and sketches from 6/27/69 to 7/15/69 and notes from 1970 for the sites RC2-4, and RC2-6.

Materials from Farington, RC3, are in folder six and date from 7/1/69 to 7/10/69. There is some historical and ethnological information on this site and plans and diagrams from the RC3-1, RC3-2, RC3-3, and RC3-5 areas.

The plans from the San Francisco site(Convent of the Church of San Francisco), known as RC4 are in folder seven. The plans for San Francisco date mostly from July 1969. The San Francisco diagrams include site 4-1, east, north, and south walls, RC4-1 overlap, RC4-2, RC4-3, and RC4-5. The Don Miguel(RC6)site materials are found in folder eight. There are notes and section drawings labeled C-C, A-A, and B-B.

Folder nine is devoted to site RC7-1, La Colonia. This work dates from 6/22/70 to 6/26/70. There are soil and section drawings as well as drawings of the southeast, southwest, northwest, and northeast walls.

Folder ten contains notes from site RC7-2, the Instituto Nacional de la Vivienda. These date from the 1970 portion of the expedition. There are notes in both English and Spanish.

El Manchen(RC7-3)notes are in folder eleven. There are plans from the south, north, east, and west walls dating from excavations between 6/22/70 and 6/24/70.

Folder twelve contains information relating to sites RC7-4 and RC7-X, Centro de la Iglesia. There are notes and sketches from two time periods in the summer of 1970, 6/25/70 to 7/3/70 and 7/4/70 to 7/13/70. There is a four part drawing of the site that is taped together and may need conservation assessment. Plans relate to RC7-4, RC7-X, and RC7-4,Bu.2.

Folder thirteen houses notes and a sketch of site RC7-5, Planta Iglesia, from 6/23/70.

Folder fourteen contains photocopies of Miscellaneous Fieldnotes from July of 1970. Most of the notes deal with the various levels of site RC2-4 but there is some data on site RC6-1, RC6-2, and RC2-6. The notes are accompanied by small drawings.

Folder fifteen houses photocopies of the Sections and Plans. Plans represent the RC 2-6, RC2-7, Rc7-4, and RC7-X sites.

Folder sixteen contains a hardback field notebook compiled by Rudy Lerio(Carlos Rudy Larios Villalta) during the 1970 expedition. The notes relate to the El Manchen site with diagrams and data. The chart headings and diagram labels are in Spanish. A letter to Dr. Ruben Reina from Carlos Rudy Larios Villalta was folded in the notebook and was maintained with it in this folder.

Box two contains ten folders. The Catalogue from the expedition fills folder one. The catalogue of objects is hand-written, organized by site and then by number. The items are numbered from 33 to 1566 on 82 pages. Another list, on seven typed pages, organizes the objects by composition or type of object. There is a listing of "Objects Catalogued but left behind." Notes from the "Pottery sorting in the Lab" are also in folder one.

Folder two contains correspondence dated from 3/12/69 to 5/11/73. The earliest communication is with Dr. Hector Samoyoa Guerara of the Instituto de Anthropologia y Historia in Antigua and Lic. Luis Lujan also of the Instituto de Anthropologia y Historia. Dr. Reina also corresponded with Dr. Carlos Tejadas of the Instituto Nutricional de Centroamerica y Panama. Several letters relate to freight issues and are directed to Senor Horacio Caniz of Caniz Van Lines. Reina also communicated with Edwin M. Shook, Christopher Hamlin, Mrs. Marion Popence Hatch, and Vivian de Morales.

Folder three is dedicated to Reports and Papers. These date from 1968 to 1971. Among them are "Memorandum on Discussion of 3/11/1968", "Colonial Archaeology: Progress Report Summer 1969", "Summary of the Points for Discussion of Hispanic American Research Project", "Seminar at Annette Weiner's Home", "Report of Summer 1970" with a "Financial Report", "Relation of Summer Research to Ethnohistorical Project", "Age Assessments for three infants from Guatemala for Dr. Reina", and "Report on Visit to Antigua, Guatemala, January 10 to January 29, 1972." There are also three papers that may be student reports. The authors are identified on two of the three reports. The titles include, "La Experiencia de Guatemala en la formacion de un Anthropologo", "Hispanic Guatemala-Transplantation of the Spanish Culture", and "Buried at Antigua-Clues to Cultural Changes."

The Antigua Project Survey of Christopher L. Hamlin is in folder four. This document is 87 pages in length, the first 21 pages are original and the remainder carbon copies. There are also four letters in this folder related to the contribution of Christopher Hamlin. The letters date from 1971.

The fifth folder in Box two holds Maya Language Terms for Ceramics, 1965. These hand-written charts translate terms from Castellano into languages such as Lengua Pokoman, Quiche, Kekchi, Itza, Tuchtecan, Chorti, Man, Pokomchi, and Cakchiquel.

The sixth folder, Ceramic Pottery Groups, contains typed information identifying the major ceramic groups found by the expedition. Included are eight recognized groups, described in seventeen pages, plus "trade and special types" enumerated on nine pages.

Folders seven and eight contain Ceramics Identification and Composition data. The first group of sheets are in rough form and list the characteristics of different ceramic groups accompanied by a tally sheet for examples found during the expedition. There are listings for twelve types of ceramic composition including alotenango, yepocapa, ruyalguit, sanguayaba, patzaj, chinautla, and others. "Special examples" are listed in twenty-two pages of handwritten data. These ceramics can be "special" because of coloring, type of glaze, or modeling. Some hand-written notes on "Proposed Glazed Typology" also relate to the ceramics. Partially completed data sheets from RC2-1 are present which list the type of ceramic, where found, and in what numbers. Additional data sheets with 1973 dates list "pre-revision" or "pre-additions" ceramics and comprise four sheets. Finally, loose sheets detail ceramic group characteristics and "Ceramic Type Descriptive Formats."

The Report of Annette B. Weiner is contained in folder nine. The 65 page report with appendix, is dated 3/1/71, and titled, "Preliminary Ceramic Analysis of Site RC24, Santo Domingo Monastery, Antigua, Guatemala."

The tenth folder in Box two holds Antigua Ceramics Papers. The first is "The Pottery of Antigua, Guatemala: A Report of the Collections Recovered by the Hispanic American Project 1969-1970" by Robert J. Sharer. This is accompanied by the Appendix, written by Wendy A. Ashmore and Robert M. Hill II and Figures one to sixteen.

Box three holds nine folders of infomation. The first folder holds Excavation reports and interviews related to site RC81, the Montiel Pottery site. The site has operated for more than four generations by the Montiel family. The notes from 7/7/70 to 7/15/70 are a record of the excavation findings which include the type of pottery, technique used, drawings of the output, worker observations, and inventory of the drying merchandise on site. There are also sherd count sheets with an explanation of "terms/categories", and sherd counts from levels "A through L", plus levels "A-1, B-1, and C-1." A six page listing of the range of Montiel pottery types is present. In addition, the folder contains possible interview questions written by Annette Weiner. Two family interviews are represented, an "Interview of Montiel, Senior by Dr. Reina, 1969." and a "Conversacion con Montiel" from 1970 in Spanish.

Folders two and three contain photographs from the Montiel Pottery site(RC81). Folder three holds thirteen eight-by-ten photographs of individual pottery and the drying process and one picture of a worker. Folder four contains eight-by-ten as well as smaller photographs and contact prints of 35mm and slide films. Some of these show the compound itself and workers. There are a few photos of sherds from the excavation at the compound.

The fourth folder begins with original rough drafts of photograph lists on legal size paper. A total of 803 of Annette Weiner's photographs and slides are identified by number, subject, and site. Two additional sheets list rolls one through ten withoutattribution. Another sheet lists pictures by date taken and roll number. The dates include 6/15, 6/16, 6/17, and 7/8. Photographs from the summer 1970, a list of eight pages, also has additional hand-written pages for "roll W" and "roll X". There are other lists, both hand-written and typed, compiled by the name of the photographer or the roll and shot number.

Folder five contains a photograph list of black and white pictures sorted by site name. They are numbered from 69-1 to 69-181 and shot in June and July of 1969. The sites include Santo Domingo, Santa Rosa, Farington, San Francisco, and Las Capuchinas. Negative contact sheets are present for some of the photographs and there is a small envelope with excavation prints from El Manchen. A group of nineteen negatives are enclosed in a mylar sleeve. These are numbered from one to eighteen.

Eight-by-ten photographs of a group of objects recovered are in folder six. Originally in envelopes labeled "Photo Packets,1969", these items were kept together. The twenty-seven photographs are identified by site number. There are several copies of each print.

Photographs and negatives from the 1969 portion of the expedition are housed in folder seven. The black and white photographs are eight-by-ten in size and depict sites, people, and objects. There are some duplicates. Twenty-three negatives are in individual small envelopes. There are views of workers, the Antigua sites from different perspectives, Las Capuchinas church, objects, and RC2-1, RC3-5 and RC2-2.

Folder eight contains negatives for 35mm and slide photographs. The pictures appear to be from the Montiel pottery site.

Additional photographs are in folder ten along with a group of twenty-three negatives. The negative depict pottery, excavation sites, the Montiel family work site, staff, and a few views of Antigua.

Folder nine contains material for publication including illustrations and negatives for a "contemporary pottery book." The illustrations depict the natural resources of Guatemala, Guatemala republics, pottery production centers, and regional markets. Additional charts relate to types of pottery produced in specific regions and the levels of marketing involved in the sale of pottery. There are ten sixteen-by-twenty print negatives of these charts placed in envelopes in this folder.

The card catalogues are contained in smaller boxes numbered four, five, and six. Boxes four and five house the catalogue and excavation unit cards. The cards are designated either "Rim", "H&B", or "Body" and are filed according to site number. The original order is maintained with the exception of the records from 1969, which are located at the beginning of Box four. The remainder of the cards in box four date from 1970 and represent information on RC23, RC26, RC41, and RC42.

The catalogue and excavation unit cards from 1970 continue in Box five. The sites represented in this box include, RC43, RC51, RC61, RC71, RC72, RC73, RC74, RC75, RC76, RC77, RC78, and RC79.

Box six holds the photograph catalogue cards. These are filed consecutively by location. The divisions used by the expedition staff are maintained. The first group of photographs, from 1969, are divided into, General, Santo Domingo, Farington, Las Capuchinas, and San Francisco. The 1970 photographs are grouped by El Manchen, Santo Domingo, San Francisco, Popenoe House, and Instituto. Many of the 1970 photographs from the Santo Domingo site indicate "Shook's site."

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  1/7/10

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Drawings (visual works)
  • Maps
  • Photographs
  • Site plans
Geographic Name(s)
  • Guatemala
Personal Name(s)
  • Hamlin, Christopher L., 1943-
  • Reina, Ruben E., 1924-
  • Shook, Edwin M., 1911-2000
  • Weiner, Annette B., 1933-1997
Subject(s)
  • Guatemala--Antiquities

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Collection Inventory

Maps, plans and drawings, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 1.4 linear foot (The maps, plans and drawings are housed in one archival box with sixteen folders).

Box

Antigua maps, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Project lab and administration, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC1 Las Capuchinas, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Drawings RC2 Santo Domingo, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC2 Santo Domingo, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC3 Farington, 1969 (Bulk, 1969) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC4 San Francisco, 1969 (Bulk, 1969) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC6 Don Miguel, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC71 La Colonia, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC72 Instituto Nacional, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC73 El Manchen, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC74, RC7X Centro de la Iglesia, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Notes RC75 Planta Iglesia, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Miscellaneous field notes, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Sections and plans, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Field notebook Rudy Lerio, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box one

Catalogue and ceramics data, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 1.4 linear foot (The catalogue and ceramics data fill ten folders in one archival box).

Box

Catalogue, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.2 linear foot (The catalogue fills one folder in an archival box).

box two

Correspondence, 1969-1971 (Bulk, 1969-1971) . 0.1 linear foot (The Correspondence fills one folder in an archival box).

box two

Reports, Papers, 1968-1971 (Bulk, 1968-1971) . 0.1 linear foot (Reports and papers are housed in one folder in an archival box).

box two

Antigua survey report (Christopher C. Hamlin), 1969-1971 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot (Compiled by Christopher L. Hamlin, the Antigua Survey report fills one folder in an archival box).

box two

Maya language pottery terms, 1965 (Bulk, 1965) . 0.1 linear foot (The Maya pottery terms fill one folder in an archival box).

box two

Ceramic pottery groups, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot (The Ceramic pottery groups are housed in one folder in an archival box. ).

box two

Ceramic identification and composition (1 of 2), 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot (Ceramic identification and composition data are housed in two folders in an archival box).

box two

Ceramic identification and composition (2 of 2), 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot (Ceramic identification and composition data are housed in two folders in an archival box).

box two

Weiner ceramic analysis report, 1971 (Bulk, 1971) . 0.1 linear foot (The Weiner ceramic analysis report from the Santo Domingo site is contained in one folder in an archival box).

box two

Antigua ceramics paper, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot (The Antigua ceramics paper is housed in one folder in an archival box).

box two

Montiel pottery site RC81, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.5 linear foot (The Montiel site materials are in three folders in an archival box).

Box

Reports, interviews, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot (There is one folder with reports and interviews with the Montiel family housed in an archival box).

box three

Montiel pottery photographs (1 of 2), 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot (The Montiel site photographs are in two folders in an archival box).

box three

Montiel pottery photographs (2 of 2), 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot (The Montiel site photographs are in two folders in an archival box).

box three

Photographs, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.5 linear foot (The photographs and negatives are in five folders in an archival box).

Box

Rough photograph lists, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box three

Excavation site photographs, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box three

Photograph packets, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box three

1969 photographs, negatives, 1969 (Bulk, 1969) . 0.1 linear foot.

box three

Negatives 35mm, slide, 1969 (Bulk, 1969) . 0.1 linear foot.

box three

Contemporary pottery book illustrations, negatives, 1970 (Bulk, 1970) . 0.1 linear foot.

box three

Catalogue and excavation unit cards, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 1 linear foot (The catalogue and excavation unit cards are held in two five-by-eight card file boxes numbered boxes four and five. The cards are filed by excavation site number and name. There are a few cards from 1969 which are placed at the beginning of box four. The original order of the remainder is maintained with the original dividers).

Photograph catalogue cards, 1969-1970 (Bulk, 1969-1970) . 1 linear foot (The photograph catalogue cards are held in one three-by-five card file box, numbered box six. The cards are filed by year, then by location and number. The original order and dividers are maintained).