University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids

Navigation Aids

University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids
Search Finding Aids

Main Content

Henry Charles Lea Papers


Ms. Coll. 111

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

University of Pennsylvania: Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Lea, Henry Charles, 1825-1909
Henry Charles Lea Papers
circa 1830-1935
Call Number:
Ms. Coll. 111
203 boxes
Henry Charles Lea, a historian of medieval Europe, wrote extensively on the institutional and legal history of the Catholic Church. The Papers comprise: General Correspondence; Henry Charles Lea Library Correspondence; Henry Charles Lea Library History, Inventories, and Catalogues; Historical Writings: Books; Historical Writings: Articles and Miscellaneous; Reviews; Political Writings; Newspaper Clippings; Writings: Poetry and Translations; Scientific Work; Juvenilia; Memorabilia and Family Papers; and Oversize.
Cite as:
Henry Charles Lea Papers, Rare Book & Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
PDF Version:

Return to Top »


Henry Charles Lea (1825-1909), a historian of medieval Europe, wrote extensively on the institutional and legal history of the Catholic Church. His active writing career on historical subjects spanned more than fifty years, during which he published t en books and numerous articles. He wrote a series of books on the Inquisition, beginning with A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (1888) and continuing with  A History of the Inquisition of Spain (1906-1907) and  The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies (1908). He collected materials related to witchcraft beliefs, the prosecution of witches by the Inquisition, and contemporary reports of witchcraft. These notes and drafts, which Lea was working on at the time he died, were published posthumously. In order to conduct his research using primary sources in European and Latin American archives, Lea arranged to have documents in those archives copied and sent to him. Through purchases, Henry Charles Lea acquired a major library of primary and secondary source materials relating to medieval European history, all of which were donated to the University of Pennsylvania upon his death.

Henry Charles Lea's father, Isaac Lea (1792-1886) was a distinguished naturalist and member of the American Philosophical Society. Descended from a Philadelphia Quaker family, Isaac Lea was born in Wilmington, Delaware. From 1807 to 1814 he was a wholesale importer in Philadelphia in business with his brother John. Because of his military service in the War of 1812, Isaac Lea lost his birthright membership in the Society of Friends. On March 8, 1821, he married Frances Anne Carey (1799-1873), daughter of Mathew Carey, the Philadelphia publisher. Mathew Carey, born in Ireland in 1760, came to the United States in 1784, escaping prosecution by the British government for his outspoken criticism of Britain's Irish policy. During a period of exile in Paris, Carey had met Benjamin Franklin, for whose print shop he worked at Passy. When Carey arrived in Philadelphia, Lafayette provided him with financial assistance to publish a periodical, The Pennsylvania Evening Herald. From this beginning Carey went on to develop Philadelphia's most successful publishing house, which printed the works of Thomas Jefferson, Parson Weems, Walter Scott, James Fenimore Cooper, and the first quarto Bible of American manufacture, in both the Douay version and the Authorized version (see Rowe's study of Mathew Carey (1933) and Kaplan's study of Mathew's son Henry Charles Carey (1931); also Bradley's biography of Lea (1931), pp. 22-35). Upon his marriage in 1821, Isaac Lea entered this firm, then called Mathew Carey and Sons. (The names and dates of this firm are: Carey, Stewart & Co., 1792-1817; M. Carey & Sons, 1817-1822; H. C. Carey & I. Lea, 1822-1827; Carey, Lea, & Carey, 1827-1833; Carey, Lea & Blanchard, 1833-1838; Lea & Blanchard, 1838-1850; Blanchard & Lea, 1851-1865; Henry C. Lea, 1865-1885; Lea Brothers & Co., 1885-1908; Lea & Febiger, 1908-1995.) Henry Charles Lea entered the firm in 1843 and became a partner in 1851. From 1865 to 1880 he carried on the business alone; he then retired to devote his time to academic studies, leaving the management of the firm to his sons.

Henry Charles Lea, the second surviving son of four children was born in Philadelphia on 19 September 1825. The first child, Matthew Carey Lea (1st) died in 1822, the year of his birth. The surviving children are Matthew Carey Lea (2nd) (1823-1897), Henry Charles Lea (1825-1909), and Frances Lea (1834-1894) (see Bradley 1931, page 16). Educated at home, Lea's tutor was Eugenius Nulty, a native of Ireland, who taught Henry Lea and his older brother, Matthew Carey Lea (called Carey) lessons in Latin, Greek, the major European languages, mathematics, chemistry, botany, and celestial navigation. From the start Henry Charles Lea was encouraged to master much more difficult lessons than would be expected for a boy his age; he had a ready facility for languages and analytical thought (Bradley 1931, 42). Henry and Carey worked in the chemical laboratory of Booth & Boyé; this experience led to Henry's first published paper—at age 13—on the topic of the salts of manganese. Carey went on to pursue a career as a private researcher in chemistry, pioneering in the field of photographic chemistry. Henry followed his father's interest in natural history and wrote several papers on descriptive conchology. From his father Henry Charles Lea also learned to appreciate and collect art. During a trip to Italy in 1852, Isaac Lea acquired and brought back to the United States one of the finest collections of Italia n art in America at that time. Henry had a talent for drawing. He illustrated his own early articles on the fossil shells that he had collected. His drawings were used for the engravings illustrating his father's revision of the Synopsis of the Naïades in 1838. Through his mother's influence, Henry Charles Lea developed an interest in poetry. He translated works from the Greek poets and composed verse himself. As he grew older, he delighted in writing satirical parodies of popular songs on political subjects.

In 1847, when he was twenty-two years old and had been working in the family publishing firm for four years, Lea suffered a nervous breakdown which caused him to abandon his intellectual and scientific work for some time (Bradley 1931, 77). During his period of convalescence Lea began reading French memoirs of the medieval period. They kindled his interest in medieval history and changed his career course from scientist to historian. Lea suffered from recurring bouts of nervous exhaustion throughout his life, often brought on by his tendency to overwork. In a letter to Dr. Edouard Montet, dated 22 December 1893, Lea describes his illness as neurasthenia and relates how he undertook sea voyages in his yacht Vega to aid in his recovery. He was treated by his friend Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, one of the country's most prominent doctors in the field of nervous disorders. Lea's highly disciplined habits of work enabled him to continue to write even as he suffered from headaches and problems with his eyes. He was extraordinarily productive during the final twenty-five years of his life.

On 27 May 1850, Henry Charles Lea married Anna Caroline Jaudon (1824-19?), his first cousin. Anna Jaudon's younger sister, Elizabeth Lea Jaudon, married Henry C. Lea's brother, Matthew Carey Lea, two years later. Henry Charles Lea's first child, Francis Henry Lea (1851-1902), was known as Frank. The second child was Charlie (Charles Matthew, 1853-1927). Anna Lea (1855-1927) was known as Nina, and the youngest child, Arthur Henry Lea (1859-1938), became his father's literary executor and literary heir: he is the Lea family member (besides Henry C. Lea) most often represented as a correspondent in these papers.

By the time of Arthur's birth the family had moved (in 1857) from 1427 Spruce Street in Philadelphia, where the three older children were born, to 3903 Spruce Street. In 1869 Lea moved to 2000 Walnut Street where he had built a large double house with a library for his growing acquisitions of books. Also in 1869 Henry Charles Lea built a home at 9 Grant Street in Cape May, New Jersey, where he then spent his summers writing. Towards the end of his life, he spent as much time as possible in Cape May, writing prolifically, and taking walks to collect and study botanical specimens—a pursuit that he began in childhood and enjoyed throughout his life.

The Civil War Years

During the American Civil War Lea was a member of the Union League of Philadelphia and head of its publication committee. He authored a number of the pamphlets published by the League. He founded the Union League of the Twenty-fourth Ward, where he lived in West Philadelphia, in order to ensure the home defense of his area of the city. In 1863 he was appointed one of the Bounty Commissioners under the Enrolment Act and served until 1865, working closely with Provost Marshal General James B. Fry (1827-1894) and members of his office with the accounting for the quotas of men from the city of Philadelphia. In this capacity he became involved with the efforts to recruit African American regiments to fight in the Union army. Lea compiled a number of scrapbooks to preserve clippings of maps of battles fought during the Civil War; he was particularly interested in the defense of harbors. During 1863 he sent his wife and family to New Hampshire for their safety and wrote frequent letters to his wife which describe the reports from the Battle of Gettysburg (copies of some of these letters are preserved in the collection).

Civic Affairs and Politics

Henry Charles Lea was outspoken on issues involving public projects and public health in Philadelphia. He vigorously opposed the building of City Hall at the Penn Square location at the intersection of Broad Street and Market Street (then known as High Street) where it now stands, preferring instead that it be built in Washington Square, near Independence Hall. The project cost too much, and Lea was angered by the political corruption involved in the contracts and building materials for the project. Lea planned and held a large public meeting at the Academy of Music to recruit support for his alternative to the Penn Square project. Along with other concerned citizens he filed a lawsuit in 1884 opposing the building of a large slaughterhouse on the Schuylkill River at Thirtieth and Spruce streets on land owned by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, citing the pollution of the river, the stench, and devaluation of properties near the plant. He opposed the construction of the Market Street elevated train, over properties he owned on Market Street. He also opposed building the "boulevard" from City Hall northwest to Fairmount Park, where the Philadelphia Museum of Art was later built.

In 1871 Lea became a founding member of the Citizens' Municipal Reform Association of Philadelphia, organized to oppose patronage, ballot fraud, and corruption in the city-owned Gas Works. Lea was chairman of the Executive Committee and served as vice-president and president. In 1872 Lea founded the Reform Club, a private club men of social standing who would act to effect political reform in the city. Lea served as president of the Reform Club and was honored at a special dinner at the Club in 1874.

Lea had a great sense of humor about politics, writing parodies of popular songs, such as this one on the subject of vote fraud in Philadelphia:

Come, all ye jolly rounders;

Come, all ye bummers bold;

For we have got a job to do,

As we have done of old.

Come, Gopher Bill, and Rummy Dick,

And Educated Hog,

Six months you've loafed at our expense--

You now must earn your grog.

Ten thousand bogus voters

Are registered all right,

And you must vote them every one

By six o'clock to-night.

Each captain take his gallant squad

And march them round the town.

Here are the names for every man--

Mistake not Smith for Brown!

from "Songs for the Politicians," 1872

These he printed up as pamphlets and published in a newspaper called The Right Way, printed by Lea in 1872 and illustrated with cartoons depicting the  "Educated Hogs" and the bosses who were running Philadelphia's city government.

In 1873 Lea sailed to Europe on a voyage to benefit his health. Shortly after his arrival there he received news of the death of his mother and returned to the United States after only three days in London. He returned to England in 1879, again under doctor's orders to rest, particularly to rest his eyes, because his sight appeared to be failing. In the spring of 1880 Lea's "overworked nervous system" as he describes it in a letter to his friend W. E. H. Lecky (15 February 1882) again collapsed, just as Henry C. Lea was retiring from running the publishing business and anticipating devoting all his time to historical research and writing (Bradley 1931, 158-164). In December of 1880 he purchased the schooner Stephen D. Barnes and renamed her Vega, setting sail in January for Bermuda and the West Indies. Returning to Philadelphia in April, Lea spent the summer months cruising to Maine and to Halifax, Nova Scotia: both voyages greatly improved his health. The logbook of the Vega has been preserved in Lea's papers.

Historical Writing

From 1870 to 1873 Lea wrote scores of letters to archives and libraries in Europe to obtain documents or copies of documents related to the Inquisition. He established lasting relationships with many European scholars, corresponding with some of them up until the time of his death. For the revisions of his book, Superstition and Force (first published in 1866), Lea made extensive notes on the religious beliefs of peoples throughout the world, from Islam and Hinduism, Norse mythology, to classical Greek and Roman mythology. In the Inquisition documents that he was now receiving from Europe, he noted the persecution of Jews by Christians and made an in-depth study of the subject, as well writing extensive notes on the beliefs and ritual practices of Jews. This work earned Lea recognition in the Jewish scholarly community, evidenced in his correspondence with prominent Jewish historians including Cyrus Adler (1863-1940) of Johns Hopkins, the American Jewish Historical Society, and the Smithsonian; Elkan Nathan Adler (1861-1946) of London; Felix Adler (1851-1943) of Cornell University; Moses A. Dropsie (1821-1905); Max J. Kohler (1871-1934); and others.

Lea's health improved. He revised his Studies in Church History (1869) and in 1884 completed a revision of his An Historical Sketch of Sacerdotal Celibacy (1867), a book which brought Lea much attention from Protestant historians and from some Catholics who were struggling with Church law on the subject of celibacy. Lea began to write drafts for his three-volume work on A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, published in 1888. Lea's final drafts are dated, and it is clear that he worked steadily and with great energy to complete the book.

In 1886 Mandell Creighton, later Bishop of London and editor of the English Historical Review, initiated a correspondence with Lea and visited him in Philadelphia. Lea published a number of articles in the Review, and his association with Creighton and other scholars at Cambridge led to an invitation from Lord Acton asking Lea to write a chapter on the Eve of the Reformation for the Cambridge Modern History, a chapter which later evoked some controversy around the issue of Lea's anti-Catholic bias. This controversy was aired in a series of letters published in the English periodical, The Tablet, in 1906.

Lea became a member of the newly-formed American Historical Society and contributed a number of articles to its publication, American Historical Review. Lea was elected president of the American Historical Society in 1903. When the second annual meeting of the newly-formed American Folklore Society was held in Philadelphia in 1889, Lea met with some of the founders, sent an article for publication in the Society's journal, and became the first life-member of the organization. Lea was active in the American Society of Church History, which merged with the American Historical Society for a time and was a member of the American Oriental Society through his friendship with Morris Jastrow, librarian of the University of Pennsylvania. Among a number of other historical and scholarly organizations Lea was also a member of the Massachusetts Historical Society and the American Antiquarian Society. Henry C. Lea was presented with honorary doctorates from Princeton University, Harvard University, and the University of Pennsylvania.

Republican Party Politics

Lea also found renewed energy to continue his involvement in reform politics. He was especially interested in civil service reform as a way of ending patronage jobs and belonged to the National Civil Service Reform League from 1882 to 1908. In Philadelphia Lea maintained close relations with Herbert Welsh on the issue of civil service reform. Welsh also headed the Indian Rights Association in Philadelphia to which Lea made contributions. Lea's efforts to reform municipal government involved him in efforts to reform the Republican Party. Always independent in his political views, he sought to work with coalitions of other independent Republicans to fight corruption within the Party.

He was chosen president of the National Republican League in 1880 and was president of the Association of Republicans and Independents in 1885. In 1891 he helped found "The Reform Political League of Pennsylvania," with Herbert Welsh as president, Henry C. Lea and Justus C. Strawbridge as vice-presidents, and Charles E. Richardson, secretary.

Lea's opposition to Republican senator Matthew S. Quay of Pennsylvania in 1890 led him to be labeled a "mugwump Democrat" by the press. Lea's efforts to reform Republican politics and get rid of party bosses of whom Quay was seen as the leader (he was referred to as the  "Beaver boss" ), caused him not only to denounce Quay repeatedly in the press but also to denounce Quay's Republican candidate for governor of Pennsylvania in 1890, George Wallace Delamater. Pennsylvania's independent Republicans supported Robert E. Pattison for governor, whom Lea had persuaded to run. The successful campaign for Pattison was managed by Wharton Barker, who later made an independent run for President of the United States. Lea opposed President Benjamin Harrison's appointment of prominent Philadelphia merchant John Wanamaker to the position of Postmaster General of the United States, because Wanamaker was another of  "Quay's men." In an article for the Independent in 1892, Lea proudly defends his positions as an  "original mugwump."

Through his connections with editors at the New York World and the  New York Evening Post, Lea had considerable influence with the press. In Philadelphia George William Childs of the  Public Ledger published Lea's letters and announcements. Lea and his political allies were opposed by the Philadelphia Inquirer, which kept up a stream of negative commentary on Lea during 1890, including a satirical piece suggesting a  "Barkerite Torchlight Parade," referring to Lea's friend Wharton Barker. It reads in part:

We suggest that Mr. Barker hire the Academy of Music and give the parade on the stage. Mr. Barker might march ahead carrying a banner, inscribed: ‘The Barkerite, the Barkerite; It barks and barks, but doesn't bite.’ Mr. Mapes could follow, pulling one of L. Emery, Jr., & Co.'s toy wagons, bearing a representation of his Petrolia feed store,… Mr. Henry Charles Lea would follow with a large assortment of samples of instruments of torture used by the Spanish Inquisition. These would be intended to show without need of explanation their immediate bearing upon the present campaign.… The reporters of the New York World and Evening Post would, of course, be present as spectators. By marching across the stage to dead march time and then running back behind the scenes the head of the parade could catch the tail before the latter had passed out of the New York reporters' sight,… It would not be expected of the Barkerites that they should keep step.

(  Philadelphia Inquirer, 17 September 1890)

Lea's name was constantly in the press: his clippings files for the years 1890 and 1891 occupy the most space in the newspaper clippings series. He continued to fight against corruption in the Republican Party and in municipal politics, but after 1902 he began to turn down requests from political organizations and concentrated his remaining energy on the completion of his four-volume A History of the Inquisition of Spain.


Although he did not wish any publicity for the many philanthropic projects he supported, Henry Charles Lea was a major contributor to a number of Philadelphia institutions. Chief among these was the University of Pennsylvania. He contributed $50,000 to construct the building for the Institute of Hygiene, a laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania devoted to the developing study of bacteriology. At Lea's suggestion to Dr. William Pepper, Dr. John S. Billings was appointed dean of the new department, which was the first of its kind to award a degree in this specialty as part of the Medical School at Penn. Lea made a number of donations between 1900 and his death in 1909 to the University Library to acquire special collections as can be found in his correspondence with Morris Jastrow, Librarian. Lea also supported the work of the University Museum of Archeology and Anthropology, donating funds to support both local excavations and the far-reaching Babylonian expedition to Iraq to unearth thousands of Sumerian clay tablets from the ancient city of Nippur.

Henry Charles Lea contributed to many local hospitals and health organizations, including the American Oncologic Hospital in Philadelphia, the Associate Society of the Red Cross, the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, the Free Hospital for Poor Consumptives, and Pennsylvania Hospital. He made substantial donations to Jefferson Medical College through his friend Dr. H. A. Hare, who attended Lea on his deathbed, and to the Pennsylvania Epileptic Hospital and Colony Farm at the request of Dr. Wharton Sinkler.

Lea donated $50,000 in 1888 to the Library Company of Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin, for a new building in the hope that it would become Philadelphia's main library. Lea also contributed substantially to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, both for its building fund and for the Greenland Exploration fund for Lieutenant Peary.

Final Years

Lea continued to work on his project of a history of witchcraft until a few days before his death on October 24, 1909. In the drafts of his later work, his distinctive handwriting is as firm and sure as it was when he was a young man. Lea contracted pneumonia and died at his home at 2000 Walnut Street in Philadelphia. He was attended by Dr. Hobart A. Hare, whose own father was dying in Atlantic City during the night that Lea died. Dr. Hare's loyalty to his long-time friend kept him from his father's bedside. The story of Lea's funeral and memorials are well-documented in the scrapbooks that contain his obituaries. His youngest son, Arthur H. Lea, was named Lea's literary executor, and Arthur supervised the completion of translations of many of Henry C. Lea's books into European languages, oversaw the transfer of his father's library to the University of Pennsylvania in 1925, and made sure that his father's work on a study of witchcraft was published.


A definitive biography of Henry Charles Lea reassessing his contributions to historical scholarship and nineteenth-century politics remains to be written. There are many materials in his papers of interest to historians of United States politics in the nineteenth century. Many of the issues in those political battles were grounded in beliefs and conflicts about religion. Lea shared in a widespread concern over the power and influence that the Roman Catholic Pope might wield in American politics as the populations of Philadelphia, New York, and other cities were swelled by hundreds of thousands of Irish, German, and Italian Catholics. Lea collected newspaper clippings about the Pope, and wrote about the separation of church and state and the issues of parochial versus public education in the United States.

Lea's personal beliefs regarding religion are difficult to discern beneath the objective scientific stance he assumed when writing his histories. He repeatedly claimed that he was impartial in dealing with religious issues "which for centuries have been the object of acrimonious debate," due to his strict adherence to facts and his reliance on primary (manuscript) sources rather than secondary sources of information. (See Lea's "Preliminary memoirs," Folder 2372.) He contributed financially to the First Unitarian Church in Philadelphia, and that church's emeritus pastor, Joseph May, officiated at Lea's funeral, which took place at his home, not in a church. Lea corresponded with many prominent Unitarians in New England, including Edward Everett Hale (1822-1909). Lea maintained close associations with Philadelphia Quaker businessmen and with members of the clergy from many Protestant denominations. In Lea's many contacts with Protestant organizations and individuals that were actively anti-Catholic, the researcher will find much material that undermines Lea's claims to objectivity. A number of letters and pamphlets in these papers show the polarization between Protestants and Catholics during the second half of the nineteenth century, including journals promoting Protestant "Americanizing" plans, and efforts to convert the immigrant Catholic population to Protestantism. There are letters to Lea from Catholics who converted, some at least partly in response to Lea's writings.

And yet, Lea's grandfather, Mathew Carey, and mother, Frances, were Roman Catholics. Mathew Carey was involved in a major dispute within his own parish in Philadelphia, St. Mary's, known as the "Hogan schism." Henry C. Lea witnessed the anti-Catholic riots in Philadelphia in 1844, when two churches and many Catholic businesses were burned to the ground. In one letter Lea describes taking part in the citizen groups who defended Catholic property during the tense weeks following the riots. He contributed small amounts of money to Catholic orphanages and missions, but made much larger contributions to Protestant organizations.

Henry Charles Lea's consuming interest in religion and belief, not only that of the Catholic Church but also the religions of cultures both ancient and modern, has its roots in the circumstances of his family history, both Catholic and Protestant. The value of his papers for researchers in religion and politics lies not only in the historical materials he collected, but also in his correspondence with major scholars, clerics, publishers, and political figures who shaped American attitudes toward religion in the last half of the nineteenth century.

Henry Charles Lea's library, donated to the University of Pennsylvania upon his death, was formally opened by the University on 28 May 1925. After several years of discussions--originally between Morris Jastrow, librarian of the University of Pennsylvania, and Arthur H. Lea--it was decided that Lea's library should be reproduced as far as possible within the University Library, and this wish was respected down to the minutest detail, complete with shelving and furnishings, in an addition to the Frank Furness-designed library building at Thirty-fourth and Walnut Streets. Mr. and Mrs. Arthur H. Lea and Miss Nina Lea donated funds to the Library of the University of Pennsylvania to make this transfer/re-creation possible. When the main University Library was moved in 1962 into a new building, the Van Pelt-Dietrich Library, the Lea library was again moved intact to become part of the Department of Special Collections.

Speakers at the opening dedication in 1925 included Professor George Lincoln Burr of Cornell University, who worked to complete the manuscript of Lea's Materials for a Study of Witchcraft; Professor Dana C. Munro of Princeton University, vice president of the American Historical Association, who had used Lea's collections as a young scholar; and Hampton L. Carson, Philadelphia historian and former attorney general of Pennsylvania.

Scope and Contents

According to the Lea's biographer, Sculley Bradley, Lea destroyed his early correspondence (prior to 1860). There is some significant correspondence during the Civil War, but the bulk of correspondence in these files dates from 1868 to 1909. Very little material in these papers is revealing of Lea's personal life or family relations. One very early letter (undated, ca. 1837) was written by Lea to his parents while he and his brother Carey were staying with relatives; there also is a single page from a letter that appears to be from his mother, Frances Anne Carey Lea, to Lea in 1853. An interesting group of ten items from his father, Isaac, to Henry C. Lea were written while Henry was sailing on his yacht through New England waters during the summer of 1881; these letters describe the assassination of President Garfield.

For the most part the correspondence consists of Henry C. Lea's academic, political, and philanthropic correspondence from 1860 until his death in 1909. Most of Lea's personal wealth was in real estate in Philadelphia. There are a few scattered items related to Lea's ownership of properties in Philadelphia and Cape May, New Jersey, but no business or accounting records. Lea worked in his family's publishing firm, later managing the business by himself. During this period he shifted the firm away from general and literary publishing into the field of medical publishing, which is still the major focus of the publishing business in Philadelphia. Related collections in the Department of Special Collections include Ms. Coll. 11—Henry Charles Lea Family Letters—which comprises correspondence between Henry, his wife Anna, their daughter Nina, and a few other family members. There are a few previously catalogued items of Lea correspondence in "Miscellaneous Manuscripts" and in the papers of individuals who corresponded with Lea, for example, Horace Howard Furness. The business records of the Mathew Carey publishing house and its descendants, dating from its founding by Mathew Carey, are at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Presidents Rutherford B. Hayes, James Garfield, and Theodore Roosevelt were among Lea's correspondents, and there is a letter from Woodrow Wilson addressed to Arthur H. Lea, written when Wilson was president of Princeton University. Other United States officials to whom Lea wrote include James M. Beck (1861-1936), solicitor general of the United States; Dorman B. Eaton (1823-1899) of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, who drafted the Pendleton Act of 1883; and Noah H. Swayne of the United States Supreme Court.

Henry C. Lea corresponded with many United States senators and representatives, including Robert Adams (1849-1906); William Bourke Cockran (1854-1923); Alexander G. Cattell (1816-1894); Eugene Hale (1836-1918); Anthony Higgins (1840-1912); Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924); Charles Brown Lore (1831-1911); George Perkins Marsh (1801-1882); John Insoho Mitchell (1838-1907); Charles O'Neill (1821-1893); William Walter Phelps (1839-1894); Matthew Stanley Quay (1833-1904); Samuel J. Randall (1828-1890); John Ed gar Reyburn (1845-1914); John Scott (1824-1896); William Joyce Sewall (1835-1901); William Edgar Simonds (1841?-1903); William M. Springer (1836-1903); and Richard Vaux (1816-1895). On the issue of copyright legislation Lea carried on correspondence with William Dorsheimer (1832-1888) and Orville Hitchcock Platt (1827-1905). Lea's extensive correspondence with Senator Jonathan Chace (1829-1917) of Rhode Island shows that Chace's 1891 copyright bill was drafted by Lea.

Lea corresponded with the following who were or later became mayors of Philadelphia: Rudolph Blankenburg (1843-1918); Edwin H. Fitler; Daniel M. Fox; Alexander Henry (1823-1883); W. S. Stokely, and John Weaver. Other prominent Philadelphians among hi s correspondents are: John J. Ridgway, Jr.; Joseph Wharton (1826-1909); William Sellers (1824-1905); Horace Howard Furness (1833-1912); and his father, the Rev. William H. Furness (1802-1896). Lea's papers are a source of information about the Wistar Association, open only to members of the American Philosophical Society, and the Wistar Party, of which Lea was dean for many years.

John G. Johnson (1841-1917), a major correspondent on political matters, was Henry Charles Lea's attorney and drew up wills for Lea and his wife. Lea's long-term friend in politics and scholarly pursuits was J. G. Rosengarten (1835-1921).

Henry Charles Lea's European correspondents on historical research are numerous and are listed at the conclusion of this guide. Lea often used diplomatic connections to establish contacts in European libraries. Among these individuals were: William H enry Bishop (1847-1928), American consul at Genoa and Palermo, Italy; Porter Cornelius Bliss (1838-1885), United States legation in Mexico; Viscount James Bryce (1838-1922), England's ambassador to the United States; J. L. M. Curry (1825-1903) of the Legation of the United States in Madrid, and Edward H. Strobel (1855-1908). European scholars Paul Frédéricq (1850-1920), Salomon Reinach (1858-1932), and W. E. H. Lecky (1838-1903) each corresponded with Lea over a period of many years. American scholars w ith whom Lea corresponded include: George Lincoln Burr (1857-1938); Edward Potts Cheyney (1861-1947); Charles William Eliot (1834-1926), president of Harvard University; Daniel Coit Gilman (1831-1908), president of Johns Hopkins University and president of the National Civil Service Reform League; Charles Homer Haskins (1870-1937) of Harvard University and the American Historical Association; and Charles Eliot Norton (1827-1908) of Harvard.

Lea had many friends among editors, publishers, and journalists. The most important of these were George William Curtis (1824-1892), editor of Harper's Weekly; George William Childs (1829-1894) of the Philadelphia  Public Ledger; George Haven Putnam (1844-1930) of the American Publishers' Copyright League, who corresponded with Lea regarding copyright legislation; Joseph W. Harper, Jr. of Harper Brothers; Walter H. Page of the  Forum and  Atlantic Monthly; and H.O. Houghton (1823-1895) of Houghton Mifflin. Lea's extensive correspondence with Wendell Phillips Garrison (1840-1907), editor of  The Nation, is of particular interest.

There are very few women numbered among Lea's correspondents. Those who merit special mention are Mary Francis Cusack (1829-1899) who, like Lea, published articles on the Catholic church in the Independent; the author Margaret Wade Campbell Deland (1857-1945); and Catharine Ann Janvier (1841-1923) who sent Lea her bibliography on Mexican history.

Most of Lea's drafts and revisions of his historical writings have been preserved. In most cases Lea's procedure was to take extensive notes on his readings from published and manuscript sources. He then composed his draft from these notes, crossing out items as he used them. Finally, he wrote out the final copy for the printer by hand. There are typescripts of Lea's work on witchcraft, which was edited and published posthumously.

A large number of pamphlets, political tracts, newspapers, memorials, and petitions form part of the Henry Charles Lea Papers beginning with the pamphlets Lea wrote for the Union League of Philadelphia during the Civil War.

One of the best examples of Lea's habitual and careful preservation of newspaper clippings can be found in his scrapbooks of clippings related to the Civil War. Lea compiled one scrapbook consisting of Civil War maps of strategic harbors, battlefields, and battle plans. Lea also clipped all items from the papers relating to his political reform interests. At times he even clipped items (usually quotations) from his clippings to use in his own writing of political tracts and memorials. Lea frequently wrote letters to the press, both signed and unsigned, and copies of these items are among the extensive clipping files. Lea also clipped items that were related to his interest in celibacy in the Catholic church; on parochial schools; the Pope; faith healing; contemporary accounts of witchcraft and unorthodox religious beliefs and movements; and a number of other topics related to religion and belief.

The clipping services employed by Lea sent him copies of all the reviews of his published works, as well as all clippings in which Lea's name was mentioned--many of these document his political activities regarding municipal reform, civil service reform, and his efforts to change the copyright laws. The family of Henry Charles Lea continued the use of clipping services after his death--there are a large number of clippings related to the obituary and memorials for Henry Charles Lea.

Items from Lea's childhood and young adulthood include a sketchbook (1831); four boxes of notebooks, most containing school-work exercises (1832-1845); his work on fossil shells (1842-1843); translations of poetry (1840-1845); and later sketches and drawings. The youthful diary written by Lea between the ages of fourteen and eighteen, mentioned by Lea's biographer Sculley Bradley, is not among these papers and may have been reclaimed years ago by a family member. Two of Lea's earlier journals are included in these Papers. There are multiple copies of one photographic portrait made of Lea, plus material related to erecting monuments in his honor after his death. A complete list of the photographs in the collection can be found at the end of this register.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Rare Book & Manuscript Library,  1995

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Margaret Kruesi


The processing of the Henry Charles Lea Papers and the preparation of this register were made possible by a PACSCL grant from the Pew Charitable Trust.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of the estate of Henry Charles Lea, 1925-1938. Additional correspondence and scrapbooks donated by Henry Lea Hudson, Lea's great-grandson, were received 1970 April 23.

Return to Top »

Subject Lists of Lea's Correspondents

On the Civil War, Home Guard, and Bounty Commission
  1. Altemus, Samuel
  2. American Union Commission
  3. Biddle, Charles J.
  4. Browne, N.B. (Nathaniel Borodaille), 1819-1875.
  5. Duryea, Joseph T.
  6. Dana, Charles A.
  7. Patrick, Marsena Rudolph
  8. Rosengarten, J. G.
On Politics and Reform
  1. Ashmead, Lehman P.
  2. Barker, Wharton
  3. Bailey, Joshua L.
  4. Carson, Hampton L.
  5. Cavan, Joseph L.
  6. Curtis, George William
  7. Dickson, Samuel
  8. Earle, George H.
  9. Eaton, Dorman B.
  10. Eyre, Lincoln L.
  11. Frazer, Persifor
  12. Godkin, E. L. ( Evening Post)
  13. Houghton, Henry O.
  14. Hunt, William L.
  15. Lockwood, E. Dunbar
  16. MacVeagh, Wayne
  17. Miller, E. Spencer
  18. Nation (New York, N.Y.). Garrison, Wendell P.
  19. Norton, Charles Eliot
  20. Pattison, Robert E.
  21. Pennypacker, Samuel W.
  22. Pettit, Silas W.
  23. Ridgway, John J., Jr.
  24. Reeves, Francis B.
  25. Rosengarten, J. G.
  26. Schurz, Carl
  27. Sellers, William
  28. Tatham, Henry B.
  29. Welsh, John
  30. Wharton, Joseph
  31. Wheeler, Charles
  32. Woodruff, Clinton Rogers
On the Gas Works and Gas Industry
  1. Albany Gas Light Company. Albany, N.Y.
  2. American Meter Company
  3. Ashhurst, R. L.
  4. Bartol, B. H.
  5. Bemis, Edward Webster
  6. Boston. City Assessors Office.
  7. Boston Gas Light Company. Charles Smith.
  8. Budd, Henry
  9. Cavan, Joseph L.
  10. Clay, Henry
  11. Chase & Higginson, New York, N.Y.
  12. Cope, E.
  13. Cresson, Charles M.
  14. Dallam, D. E.
  15. Eaton, Dorman B.
  16. Hayes, Charles P.
  17. Hunter, John
  18. Jones, Charles Thompson
  19. Lea, M. Carey
  20. Leaming, Thomas
  21. Lockwood, E. Dunbar
  22. McLaughlin, John
  23. Manhattan Gas Light Company. New York, N.Y.
  24. Merrick, I. Vaughan
  25. The Nation (New York, N.Y.). W. P. Garrison.
  26. New York. City. Comptroller's Office.
  27. Newbold, John S.
  28. Olcott, George M.
  29. Pennsylvania. State. Auditor General.
  30. St. Louis, Mo. City Gas Inspector.
  31. San Francisco Gas Light Company. Ca.
  32. Sedalia Gas Light Company. Sedalia, Mo.
  33. Sellers, William
  34. Steinmetz, Daniel
  35. Stephens, Lemuel
  36. Stokley, W. S. Mayor of Philadelphia, Pa.
  37. Turnbull Brothers. Baltimore, Md.
  38. Verree, John P.
  39. Wood, William H. S.
On Copyright Legislation
  1. American (Authors') Copyright League, New York, N.Y.
  2. American Copyright League. Green, George Walton
  3. American Publishers' Copyright League, New York, N.Y. Putnam, George Haven.
  4. Baird, Henry Carey
  5. Bigelow, John
  6. Bingham, H. H.
  7. Chace, Jonathan
  8. D. Appleton & Co., New York, N.Y.
  9. Doran, Joseph I.
  10. Dorsheimer, William
  11. Eggleston, Edward
  12. Foord, John
  13. Harper & Brothers, New York, N.Y.
  14. Houghton, Mifflin & Company, Boston, Mass. Houghton, H.O.
  15. James, Bushrod W.
  16. Morwitz, Dr.
  17. Publishers Weekly (New York, N.Y.). Bowker, R.R.
  18. Putnam, George Haven
  19. Randall, Samuel J.
  20. Simonds, W. E.
  21. Tourgée, Albion Winegar
  22. Welsh, James. Typographical Union No. 2, Philadelphia, Pa.
Lea's correspondence re: Trip to West Indies in the Vega:
  1. Log book in Box 200
  2. Brooks, Paul
  3. D. U. Wetzlar & Co.
  4. Dayton, S. T.
  5. Hoff, Henry K.
  6. Hunt, Benjamin P.
  7. Manning's Yacht Agency, New York
  8. Thomas Wattson & Sons
  9. W. B. Ferguson & Son
  10. Welsh, John
HCL's correspondents for copying manuscripts in European and Latin American archives, particularly for materials related to the Inquisition:
  1. Academia nazionale dei Lincei
  2. Amador de los Rios, José
  3. Archivio di Stato di Roma. Levi, Guido; Briginti, Romolo
  4. Archivio di Stato di Napoli. Minieri-Riccio, Camillo
  5. Archivio di Stato di Venezia. Cechetti, A.
  6. Archivio Generale di Venezia. Toderini, Teodoro
  7. Archivo General Central en Alcalá de Henares. Santa Maria, Ramón
  8. Archivo General de la Corona de Aragón. Bofarull y Sans, Francisco de Asís de
  9. Balzani, Ugo
  10. Bancroft, Hubert Howe
  11. Barilla, Felice
  12. Barreda, F. L.
  13. Barreya, Candido
  14. Beijers, J. L.
  15. Bethencourt, Cardozo de
  16. Bibliothèque nationale (France). Omont, Henri Auguste
  17. Bigelow, John
  18. Bishop, William Henry
  19. Blake, W. W.
  20. Bliss, Porter C.
  21. Bodleian Library. Coxe, H. O.; Nicholson, Edward B.
  22. Boehmer, Ed.
  23. Bonghi, Ruggiero
  24. Borton, Francis S.
  25. Bowman, M. H.
  26. Briginti, Romolo
  27. British Museum
  28. Brunel, Clovis
  29. Comba, Emilio
  30. Curry, J. L. M.
  31. Du Bus, Charles
  32. Dura, Giuseppe
  33. Fergusson, David
  34. Figueroa Hernandez, Ignacio
  35. Flores, Antonio
  36. Fraikin, J. Abate
  37. Frédéricq, Paul
  38. Harris, E. M., Mrs.
  39. Harris, I. Rendel
  40. Hartwig, Otto
  41. Holtzendorff, Franz von
  42. Horstmann, G. Henry
  43. Horton, S. D.
  44. Irish Association for Promoting the Training and Employment of Women
  45. Kongelige Bibliotek (Denmark), Bruun, Christian
  46. Konigliche Bibliothek zu Berlin
  47. Konigliche Universitats-Bibliothek zu Halle
  48. Lagrèze, G. B. de
  49. Langdon, William Chauncy
  50. Lecky, W. E. H.
  51. Lefroy, J. H.
  52. Levi, Guido
  53. Malet, John A.
  54. Molinier, Charles
  55. Monaci, Ernesto
  56. Monjeau, G.
  57. Monroe, E. Cornell
  58. Montet, Edouard Louis
  59. Moses, Bernard
  60. Nardoni, Vincenzo
  61. Nijhoff, Martinus
  62. Nippold, Friedrich
  63. Odriozola, M.
  64. Olschki, Leonis S.
  65. Óváry, Leopoldo
  66. Palomares, Francisco
  67. Paz Soldán, Mariano Felipe
  68. Perugia (Italy). Biblioteca comunale.
  69. Piccolomini, Paolo
  70. Ponce de Léon, Néstor
  71. Preger, Wilhelm
  72. Potestad, Luis de
  73. Privat, Edouard
  74. Probasco, Henry (Bodleian Library)
  75. Proost
  76. Prota-Guirleo, L.
  77. Rahlenbeck, Charles
  78. Riva Palacio, Vincente
  79. Sanchez, Ramon Leon
  80. Sandret, L.
  81. Silbernagl, Dr.
  82. Sims, Richard (British Museum)
  83. Smith, Goldwin
  84. Smithsonian Institution
  85. Starr, Frederick
  86. Stokes, Margaret (Trinity College, Dublin)
  87. Strobel, Edward H.
  88. Stubbs, William
  89. United States. Legation (Germany)
  90. United States. Legation (Spain)
  91. United States Consulate (Naples, Italy)
  92. Waring, George
Index to photographs
  1. Balzani, Ugo, Conte, Folder 108
  2. Bouguereau, William Adolph, 1825-1905, Folder 90
  3. Du Bus, Charles, Folder 360
  4. Lea, Henry Charles, Box 202
  5. Frédéricq, Paul, Folder 460
  6. Hubert, Eugène, Folder 618
  7. Montet, Edouard Louis, 2 photographs, Folder 871
  8. Reinach, Salomon, 1858-1932, Folder 1055
  9. Robinson, James Harvey, 1863-1936, Folder 1085
  10. Bust of HCL by sculptor Charles Grafly for the Henry Charles Lea Public School.
  11. 2 copies of photograph. Folder 2407.


The following is a list of published sources about Lea. Thanks to Professor Edward Peters for additions to this guide and bibliography.

* Bradley, Edward Sculley. 1931. Henry Charles Lea. A Biography. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

* Bussy, R. Kenneth. 1985. Two Hundred Years of Publishing: a history of the oldest publishing company in the United States, Lea & Febiger 1785-1985. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.

* Kaplan, A. D. H. 1931. Henry Charles Carey: A Study in American Economic Thought. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.

* O'Brien, John M. 1967. "Henry Charles Lea: The Historian as Reformer."  American Quarterly 19: 104-113.

* Peters, Edward. 1995. "Henry Charles Lea (1825-1904)." In  Medieval Scholarship, Biographical Studies on the Formation of a Discipline, edited by Helen Damico and Joseph B. Zavadil, 89-99. Volume 1. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc.

* Peters, Edward. 1987. "Henry Charles Lea and the 'Abode of Monsters' ."" In  The Spanish Inquisition and the Inquisitorial Mind, edited by Angel Alcalá, 577-608. Highland Lakes, N.J.: Atlantic Research Publications.

* Peters, Edward. forthcoming. "Ecclesiastical History in Nineteenth-Century Perspective: Henry Charles Lea's Studies in Church History." Introduction to reprint of Lea,  Studies in Church History. New York: AMS.

* Rowe, Kenneth Wyer. 1933. Mathew Carey: A Study in American Economic Development. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.

Collection Inventory

I.  Correspondence. 22 boxes.

Series Description

Letters written to and by Henry Charles Lea, this series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. With three exceptions, materials date from 1860 to the 1920s. (Two earlier items are family correspondence, one is a copy of an original letter at the American Philosophical Society). Within each correspondence file, letters are arranged chronologically with incoming and outgoing correspondence interfiled. A few items of unidentified correspondence are housed immediately after the alphabetical corr espondence files.

Henry Charles Lea made many philanthropic contributions to various groups and institutions, this correspondence is filed under the heading for the institution rather than the individual correspondent; for example, the letter Lea received from Booker T. Washington thanking Lea for a donation for the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute is filed under the institution.

Lea corresponded with a large number of scholars and diplomats in Europe. These letters took from one to three weeks to cross the Atlantic and reach their destination; in many instances, letters did cross in the mail. This is particularly true of Lea's extensive correspondence with Ignacio Figueroa Hernandez regarding copies made for Lea of Inquisition materials in archives in Spain. Most of the correspondence from Lea consists of handwritten drafts of his letters which he kept for his own reference , rather than the actual letters sent by Lea. Lea was fluent in French and read Spanish and Italian (among other languages); later in life he taught himself German and Dutch. Correspondence in these files is in English, French, Italian, Spanish, and Ger man, with Lea writing in French and English. After Henry Charles Lea's death in 1909, his son and literary executor Arthur H. Lea wrote to many of Lea's prominent correspondents requesting the return of Lea's letters. Some correspondents did send the originals or copies back to Arthur. Arthur H. Lea then made typescripts and/or translations of this correspondence; these copies are filed separately in a folder following the original correspondence. Arthur H. Lea's correspondence with his father's liter ary, political, and business associates is filed with H. C. Lea's in this series, with the exception of correspondence concerning the Lea Library which is filed in the next series.

Lists of Henry Charles Lea's individual correspondents grouped according to his spheres of activity (e.g., historical research) can be found at the end of this register. A complete index to Lea's major correspondents is available electronically. For a listing of correspondents, do the following title search in Eureka: Henry Charles Lea Papers, ca. 1830-1935.

Box Folder

A. Armstrong and Company—American Publishers' Copyright League.

1 1-53

American School of Classical Studies at Athens—Beach, Frank Cuyler.

2 54-122

Beck, James M.—Burnham, George.

3 123-206

Burr, George Lincoln—City Parks Association of Philadelphia.

4 207-259

The City Party—Dante Society (U.S.).

5 260-330

David Nutt. London—Fergusson, A. W.

6 331-402

Fergusson, David—Figueroa Hernandez, Ignacio (1896).

7 403-426

Figueroa Hernandez, Ignacio (1897)—Fritz & La Rue, Philadelphia.

8 427-472

Frothingham, Arthur L.—Gutiérrez, Juan María.

9 473-534

H. Sothern & Co., London-Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

10 535-592

Hodder, Frank H.—Jayne, Horace.

11 593-659

Jefferson Medical College—Lea, Nannie.

12 660-737

Lea & Febiger—Lutheran Observer.

13 738-795

Macalester, Charles—Molinier, Charles (1886).

14 796-856

Molinier, Charles (1887)—Munro, Dana C.

15 857-895

Nardoni, Vincenzo—Parkman, Francis.

16 896-954

Parrish, Joseph—Putnam, George Haven.

17 955-1032

Quaritch, Bernard—Rush Hospital for Consumption.

18 1033-1103

Sabatier, Paul—Springer, William M.

19 1104-1174

Staake, William H.—Tuskegee Institute.

20 1175-1244

Union League—Wergeland, Agnes.

21 1245-1310

Westergaard, Lars-Unidentified.

22 1311-1374

II.  Henry Charles Lea Library Correspondence. 1 box.

Series Description

This series, with materials dating from 1913 to 1947, consists of correspondence related to the donation, plans, and construction of the Henry Charles Lea library at the University of Pennsylvania, dedicated in 1925. Most of the 1913 correspondence is from Mary Farr, the librarian employed by Nina Lea to inventory and maintain H. C. Lea's library at the Lea residence before it was moved to the University of Pennsylvania. The other principal correspondents are Asa Don Dickinson, Librarian of the University of Pennsylvania, who corresponded with Arthur H. Lea, and University of Pennsylvania professors, E. P. Cheyney, A. C. Howland, and provost J. H. Penniman about the acquisition and arrangements for the library.

Box Folder

Henry C. Lea Library Correspondence (Arthur H. Lea, Nina Lea, University of Pennsylvania), 1913-1947.

23 1375-1416

III.  Henry Charles Lea Library History: Inventories And Catalogues. 5 boxes.

Series Description

This series begins with one box of folders divided into two sections. The first is material related to the history of the Lea Library, including the formal dedication and opening of the library in May 1925, arranged chronologically. The second section of folders consists of inventories of Lea's books and manuscripts as they were compiled over the years through the 1960s. The next two boxes contain Lea's own catalogues of his library arranged alphabetically, an early catalogue is dated 1849, the later catalogue is not dated, but contains entries up until a few years before Lea's death. Lea dated his acquisitions on endpapers. The remaining two volumes are a 1931 catalogue compiled by the University of Pennsylvania Library and a catalogue of materia ls purchased for the Lea Library.

Box Folder

Excerpt from the will of Henry C. Lea, bequest to the University of Pennsylvania.

24 1417
Plans for Henry Charles Lea Memorial Library. Furness, Evans & Co., architects, 1918.

Photographs of the drawings, mounted on board.

24 1418

Lea Library. Floor plan. Early drawing, undated.

24 1419

Meeting re: plans and bids for Lea Library, October 19, 1923.

24 1420

Draft agreement between Nina Lea, Arthur H. Lea, Caroline Tyler Lea and the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania, December 1923.

24 1421

Report of librarian, Asa Don Dickinson to J. H. Penniman, Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, September 30, 1924.

24 1422
Opening and dedication of the Henry Charles Lea Library and Reading Room, May 28, 1925.

Including addresses delivered by Hampton L. Carson, George L. Burr, and Dana Carleton Munro.

24 1423-1429

Handbook of the Library of the University of Pennsylvania. Asa Don Dickinson, 1927.

24 1430

Lea Library Funds, January 1928.

24 1431

Re: estate of Nina Lea, 1928.

24 1432

Cheyney, Edward P. "The Henry C. Lea Library,"  Library Chronicle, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 1933.

24 1433

Cheyney, Edward P. "The Henry C. Lea Library" ,  Pennsylvania Gazette 33, No. 9, February 1, 1935.

24 1434

Lea, Arthur H. Excerpts from will, 1938.

24 1435

Howland, Arthur C. "Report of curator of the Lea Library" , 1945.

24 1436

Clapp, C. B. "Report on cataloguing" , 1947.

24 1437

Hartwell, Edith. "Chronological history of donation of Lea Library and maintenance funds" , 1947.

24 1438

Howland, Arthur C. Memoir of association with Lea Library, 1947.

24 1439

Lea Library bookplates.

24 1440

Lea Library inventories, 1911 and undated.

24 1441-1445

Lea Library arrangement of books, undated.

24 1446

Lea Library items transferred to the Library Company of Philadelphia.

24 1447

Lea, Henry Charles. Biography and inventory, ca. 1931.

24 1448

Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania. Vault receipt for items stored during World War II, February 1942.

24 1449

Lea Library inventory. Transcripts from European archives, ca. 1942.

24 1450

Lea Library inventory, 1956.

24 1451

Lea Library inventory, 1960s.

24 1452-1454

Miscellaneous, undated.

24 1455-1457

Notes and inventory of manuscript copies of archival documents, undated.

24 1458

Library catalogue in H. C. Lea's hand, "Catalogue H. C. L. 1849" on title page.


Library catalogue in H. C. Lea's hand, undated.


Standard accession book for Henry Charles Lea's Library, April 23, 1931-April 14, 1932.

Catalogue of Printed Books. Bibliotheca Historiae Pontificalis.

List of books purchased for the Lea Library from B. H. Blackwell in February 1964.


IV.  Historical Writings: Books. 125 boxes.

Series Description

The manuscripts for Lea's books and articles are arranged chronologically, with a separate series for articles following the series for notes and drafts for book-length manuscripts. This series begins with one early manuscript that was not published, Lea's "Origin of the Capetians," commenced in 1857. This is followed by a box of  "Notes on European Medieval History," arranged chronologically. There is a group of notes and drafts labeled by Lea's early editors  "Dualism and Magic" and  "Magic and Superstition." The remainder of the manuscripts in this series are related to the publication of Lea's books beginning with  Superstition and Force in 1866. In this series the manuscripts are arranged chronologically by the date of the first publication of the book. Lea made extensive revisions for later publications of some of his works, writing corrections and extended passages on any available space on the pages of the previous editions. Lea's notes and drafts were reorganized by his editors in the 1920s and 1930s to compile the materials for the publication of  Materials toward a Study of Witchcraft and the reprint in combined volumes of  The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages and  The History of the Inquisition in Spain. For the most part the present order of these manuscripts reflects this previous reorganization of Lea's drafts.

Page numbers given in the register and marked on the folders are usually Lea's; in some instances the pages were numbered by the printer or a later editor. These page numbers do not constitute an exact page or leaf count and in some folders pages from different manuscripts appear to have been filed together. Headings on the folders are also Lea's headings, including spellings.

The following list of Henry Charles Lea's published books serves as a chronological guide for the order of the manuscripts in this series. For a more complete (although not definitive) bibliography, see Bradley.

  • Superstition and Force. Philadelphia, 1866, 1870, 1878, 1892.

  • An Historical Sketch of Sacerdotal Celibacy. Philadelphia, 1867 , 1884, 1907.

  • Studies in Church History. Philadelphia, 1869, 1883.

  • A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages. 3 volumes. New York, 1888, 1906, 1922.

  • Chapters from the Religious History of Spain Connected with the Inquisition. Philadelphia, 1890.

  • A Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary in the Thirteenth Century. Philadelphia, 1892.

  • A History of Auricular Confession and Indulgences in the Latin Church. Philadelphia, 1896.

  • The Moriscos of Spain. Philadelphia, 1901.

  • A History of the Inquisition of Spain. 4 volumes. New York, 1906-1907.

  • The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies. New York, 1908.

  • A History of the Inquisition. 8 volumes. Complete and uniform edition of  The Inquisition of the Middle Ages, 3 volumes;  The Inquisition of Spain, 4 volumes; and  The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies, 1 volume. New York and London, Macmillan Company, 1922. </ bibref>

  • Materials toward a History of Witchcraft. Arranged and edited by Arthur C. Howland, with an introduction by George Lincoln Burr. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1939.

  • Minor Historical Writings and Other Essays. Edited by Arthur C. Howland. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1942.

A.  Early Notes and Drafts.

1.  Historical writings.

Box Folder

"Origin of the Capetians." Note inside cover, Commenced, July 1857. Bound Volume, 401 pp.


Lea's notes found in the cover of "Origin of the Capetians" .

29 1459

Notes on European medieval history.

30 1460

Notes on European medieval history. pp. 1-257.

30 1461
Draft begins, "In 814 the scepter of Charlemagne passed" . pp. 1-39.

Plus notes on slavery, domestic relations, justice, revenue and taxation, etc.

30 1462

2.  Series of Notes on Dualism and Magic; Magic and Superstition.

Box Folder

Dualism and Magic. Chaldeans, Assyria, Avesta, the Dinkard.

31 1463

Chaldea, dualism. Drafts pp. 1-18; pp 1-22.

31 1464

Chaldea, magic. Drafts pp. 1-28; pp. 1-28.

31 1465

Egypt, dualism. Drafts pp. 1-11; pp. 1-16.

31 1466

Egypt, magic. Drafts pp. 1-30; pp. 1-22.

31 1467

Judaism, commenced June 1878. pp. 1-68.

32 1468

Judaism, cont. pp. 69-144.

32 1469

Judaism, magic, commenced August 5, 1878. pp. 1-68.

32 1470

Judaism, magic, cont., finished October 5, 1878. pp. 69-150.

32 1471

Rome, dualism. pp. 1-68.

33 1472

Rome, magic. pp. 1-101.

33 1473

Greece, dualism. pp. 1-101.

33 1474

Greece, magic. pp. 1-101.

33 1475


34 1476

Brahmanism, magic. pp. 1-123.

34 1477

Brahmanism, dualism. pp. 1-132.

34 1478

Hinduism, magic.

34 1479

Hinduism, rewrite, July 2 1878.

35 1480

Hinduism, magic. pp. 1-20.

35 1481

Hindu dualism. pp. 1-32.

35 1482

Buddhism, dualism. pp. 1-42.

35 1483

Buddhism, magic. pp. 1-66.

35 1484

Buddhism, notes, influence on Islam, Christianity.

35 1485

Mazdaism, dualism; magic. pp. 1-40; pp. 1-22.

36 1486

Arabs, Islam.

36 1487

The Asa-Faith, magic; dualism. pp. 1-28; pp. 1-28.

36 1488

Norse mythology and magic. pp. 1-50; pp. 1-15.

36 1489

Judaism, magic and superstition. Dreams, divination, sacred magic; future life, the dead. pp. 1-42; pp. 1-76.

37 1490

Judaism, cont. Angels; oaths and imprecations; Jahveh. pp. 1-42; pp. 1-23; pp. 1-34.

37 1491

Judaism, cont. Ethics; Prophets; Samaritans; clippings, the Hebrew Leader; Messiah, 1877. pp. 1-26; pp. 1-44.

37 1492

Judaism, cont. Evil; anthropomorphism. pp. 1-44; pp. 1-16.

38 1493

Judaism, cont. Kabbala; clippings; Nazarites, nature worship, priests.

38 1494

Judaism, cont.Prayer; Nazarei, lustration and expiation; evil magic; formalism - oral tradition. pp. 1-25; pp. 1-31.

38 1495

Greece, magic and superstition. Future life; magic, neoplatonism, fetishism; prophecy, divination. pp. 1-34; pp. 1-64.

39 1496

Greece, cont. Worship and sacrifice; imprecations, fate, furies; metamorphoses; purification; cosmogony. pp. 1-20; pp. 1-34; pp. 1-10; pp. 1-16.

39 1497

Greece, cont. Propitiation; interposition, euhemerism; pantheon. pp. 1-26; pp. 1-12.

39 1498

Greece, cont. Ancestor worship; nature worship, anthropomorphism; medicine, origin of evil. pp. 1-30; pp. 1-14; pp. 1-42.

39 1499

Rome, magic and superstition. Pantheon; nature worship, divination, sacrifice, priesthood; belief, ancestor worship. pp. 1-64; pp. 1-20; pp. 1-40.

40 1500

Rome, cont. Character of faith; future life, fate, evil, imprecations. pp. 1-12.

40 1501

Rome, cont. Divination, magic, witchcraft. pp. 1-83; pp. 1-60.

40 1502

B.  Books.

1.  Superstition and Force. Philadelphia, 1866, 1870, 1878, 1892.

Box Folder

Ordeal, March, 1859.

41 1503

The Wager of Law.

41 1504

Judicial Ordeals, printed July 1859.

41 1505


41 1506


41 1507


41 1508

Superstition and Force, second edition.


Superstition and Force, fourth edition.


Fourth edition revisions.

43 1509

2.  An Historical Sketch of Sacerdotal Celibacy in the Christian Church. Philadelphia, revised and enlarged, Boston, revised, 2 vols. New York, 1867; 1884; 1907.

Box Folder
Celibacy, 1862 April 23.

pp. 1-99.

44 1510-1512

Celibacy, printers copy, contents.

45 1513-1515

Celibacy, chapter 21,  "Results" .

46 1516-1518

Celibacy,  "Index" .

47 1519


47 1520

"Mem. book" .

47 1521

Clippings and Lea's notes, 1861-1867.

47 1522

Clippings and Lea's notes, 1866-1882.

47 1523

Notes on Council of Trent.

47 1524

Notes on Spain.

47 1525


47 1526

Celibacy, typed exceprts.

48 1527


48 1528

Solicitation, inserts.

48 1529

Celibacy, second edition, printer's copy.

49 1530-1534

3.  Studies in Church History. Philadelphia, 1869, revised 1883.

Box Folder

Studies in Church History, ms.

50 1535-1539

Studies in Church History, notes and drafts.

51 1540-1543

Studies in Church History, second edition, printer's copy.

52 1544-1547

4.  A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages. .

General note

New York, 1888; revised 1906; uniform edition and reprint, 1922. The order of the notes and drafts in Boxes 53-61 does not conform to the order of chapters in the final printing. Boxes 62-67 are the final drafts for the printer. Boxes 68-74 are a ty pescript final draft for the 1906 revision.

Box Folder

Inquisition of the Middle Ages. The Church. pp. 1-120.

53 1548

Languedoc, Albigensis. pp. 1-166.

53 1549

Albigensis, B. Delicieux. pp. 167-188, pp. 1-60.

53 1550

Albigenses. pp. 1-84.

53 1551


53 1552

Inquisition of the Middle Ages. Confiscation, The Stake, index.

54 1553

Organization/Procedure. pp. 1-202.

54 1554

Organization/Procedure. pp. 203-445.

54 1555


54 1556

Inquisition of the Middle Ages. Fraticelli. pp. 1-100.

55 1557

Fraticelli. pp. 101-176.

55 1558

Fraticelli, Beguines. pp. 177-294.

55 1559

Lib. Sent. Inq. Tholosan., Beguines. pp. 1-64.

55 1560

Germany, Switzerland. pp. 5-104.

55 1561

Heresies. pp. 105-282.

55 1562

Spain, Albigenses, Aragon. pp. 1-44.

55 1563

Inquisition of the Middle Ages. Heresy, Italy.

56 1564

St. Francis, St. Dominic.

56 1565

Hussites. pp. 1-176.

56 1566

Hussites. pp. 177-315.

56 1567

Inquisition of the Middle Ages. Heresy, Cathari. pp. 5-138.

57 1568

Heresy, south of France, Waldenses. pp. 1-92.

57 1569

Italy. pp. 1-196.

57 1570

Savonarola. pp. 1-44.

57 1571

Inquisition of the Middle Ages. Italy, Molinos.

58 1572

Italy. Prattica del Modo da procedersi nele cause del S. offitio, Cod. Ital. 598, Royal Library of Munich; Paul IV.

58 1573

Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Hungary, Jews.

58 1574

Inquisition of the Middle Ages. France, Templars. pp. 1-102.

59 1575

Templars. pp. 103-268.

59 1576

Intellect and Faith, heresies.

59 1577

Condition of the Church.

59 1578

Inquisition of the Middle Ages.

60 1579

Italy, Savonarola.

60 1580


60 1581

Inquisition of the Middle Ages. New Inquisition.

61 1582
Inquisition of the Middle Ages.

Appendix. Example of Interrogatory with respect to Jewish customs.

61 1583

Bernaldez and notes on Jews.

61 1584

Index, topics.

61 1585

Inquisition of the Middle Ages. Final draft, Preface, contents, chapters 1-6 (Book 1), June 26-August 18, 1884.

62 1586-1591

Final draft, chapters 7-14 (Book 1), December 26, 1884-February 21, 1885.

63 1592-1597

Final draft, chapters 15-17 (Book 2, Chapters 1-3), June 29, 1885-August 4, 1885.

64 1598-1600

Final draft, chapters 18-22 (Book 2, Chapters 4-8), August 31, 1885-January 4, 1886.

65 1601-1604

Final draft, chapters 23-27 (Book 3, Chapters 1-5), March 27-July 8, 1886.

66 1605-1608
Final draft, chapters 28-31 (Book 3, Chapters 6-9), September 1, 1886-January 18, 1887.

Drafts, plus 1 folder notes "added in typewritten copy" .

67 1609-1613

Inquisition of the Middle Ages, book 1, preface, contents, chapters 1-5. Typescript, printer's copy.

68 1614-1618

Inquisition of the Middle Ages, book 1, chapters 6-14. Typescript, cont., appendices.

69 1619-1624

Typescript, book 2, chapters 1-5.

70 1625-1629

Typescript, book 2, chapters 6-7. Appendices.

71 1630-1634

Typescript, book 3, chapters 1-4.

72 1635-1638

Typescript, book 3, chapters 5-6.

73 1639-1641

Typescript, book 3, chapters 7-9. Conclusion, appendices.

74 1642-1644

5.  Chapters from the Religious History of Spain. Philadelphia, 1890.

Box Folder

Chapters from the Religious History of Spain, 1889 April 26. pp. 1-118.

75 1645

Chapters from the Religious History of Spain, printer's copy.

76 1646-1650

6.  A Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary in the Thirteenth Century. Philadelphia, 1892.

Box Folder

Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary.

77 1651-1654

7.  A History of Auricular Confession and Indulgences in the Latin Church. Philadelphia, 1896.

Box Folder

Confession and Indulgences notes. pp. 1-476.

78 1655-1657

Notes, cont.  pp. 477-1522.

79 1658-1660

Notes, cont. pp. 1523-1886.

80 1661-1662

Confession and Indulgences, Indulgences. pp. 1-502.

81 1663-1665

Indulgences, cont. pp. 503-1060.

82 1666-1668

Confession and Indulgences, chapter drafts.

83 1669-1670

Chapter drafts, cont.

84 1671-1672

Confession and Indulgences, chapter drafts, indulgences.

85 1673-1675

Chapter drafts, indulgences.

86 1676-1678

Confession and Indulgences, printer's copy, part 1, Confession, preface, Chapters 1-10.

87 1679-1680

Printer's copy, Part 1, Confession. chapters 11-15.

88 1681-1684

Printer's copy, Part 1, Confession. chapters 16-22.

89 1686-1687

Printer's copy, Part 2, Indulgences. Chapters 1-5.

90 1688-1689

Printer's copy, Part 2, Indulgences, Appendices. Chapters 6-15.

91 1690-1692

8.  The Moriscos of Spain: Their Conversion and Expulsion. Philadelphia, 1901.

Box Folder

Moriscos of Spain, ms. copy for printer, bound.


Moriscos of Spain, notes and drafts. pp. 1-482.

93 1693-1695

Moriscos of Spain, notes and drafts. pp. 483-818 and unnumbered.

93 1696-1698

9.  A History of the Inquisition of Spain. New York and London, 1906-1907.


Boxes 94-101 are notes, some of which were filed with Lea's manuscript copies of archival documents from Spain. Boxes 111-122 are Lea's final manuscript drafts, he dated each chapter as he began it. Boxes 123-132 are the final drafts for the printer.

Box Folder

Inquisition of Spain, notes. pp. 1-402.

94 1699-1701
Notes, cont. pp. 403-820.

Clippings in folders 1705-1706.

95 1702-1706

Notes, propositions, inquisition of Toledo, Alumbrados.

96 1707-1709

Notes, Carranza; censorship; visitas de navios. pp. 1-238; pp. 1-125; pp. 127-226.

97 1710-1714

Notes, Jews and Moors.

98 1715-1717

Notes, procedure and organization; Jews in Portugal; Lutheranism; Protestantism. pp. 1-206; pp. 209-228.

99 1718-1723

Inquisition of Spain, notes, freemasonry; witchcraft (clippings); statistics on the inquisition.

100 1724-1727

Inquisition of Spain, notes, trial of Antonio Perez.

101 1728

Notes, mystics, Alumbrados.

101 1729-1731

Notes, Inquisition of Toledo from mss. at University of Halle and Bodleian Library.

102 1732-1735

Lea's drawings/tracings from Bodleian mss.

102 1736

Inquisition of Spain, Notes in numbered (by Lea's editors) series. pp. 1-500.

103 1737-1740

Notes, cont. pp. 504-1000.

104 1741-1744

Notes, cont. pp. 1001-1500.

105 1745-1748

Notes, cont., appendix. pp. 1501-1968.

106 1749-1751

Notes, cont. pp. 2001-2498.

107 1752-1755

Notes, cont. pp. 2499-2996.

108 1756-1759

Notes, cont. pp. 2997-3500.

109 1760-1763

Notes, cont. pp. 3501-3921.

110 1764-1765

Inquisition of Spain, Drafts. Vol. 1, Book 1, Chapters 1-3, 1888 August 18.

111 1766-1770

Drafts, dated, Vol. 1, Book 1, Chapters 4-5, 1888 September 25, undated.

112 1771-1773

Drafts, Appendix. Vol. 1, Book 2, Chapters 1-5.

113 1774-1778

Inquisition of Spain, Drafts. Vol. 2, Book 3, Chapters 1-5, Book 4, Chapters 1-4, 1901 July 11-September 29.

114 1779-1785

Drafts, Vol. 2, Book 5, Chapters 1-5, 1901 September 30-December 5.

115 1786-1789

Drafts, Vol. 2, Book 6, Chapters 1-8, 1902 April 19-June 12.

116 1790-1792

Drafts, Vol. 3, Book 6, Chapters 7-8, Book 7, Chapters 1-5, 1902 July 29-August 20.

117 1793-1797

Drafts, Vol. 3, Book 8, Chapters 1-4, 1902 September 3-1903 June 21.

118 1798-1801

Drafts, Vol. 4, Book 8 cont., Chapter 5, two drafts.

119 1802-1803

Drafts, Vol. 4, book 8, Chapters 6-10, 1903 May 22-August 9.

120 1804-1806

Drafts, Vol. 4, Book 8, Chapters 11-16, 1903 August, 1904 June 30.

121 1807-1809

Drafts, Vol. 4, Book 9, Chapters 1-2, 1904 July 3.

122 1810-1811

Inquisition of Spain. Printer's copy, Vol. 1, Book 1, preface, Chapters 1-5.

123 1812-1816

Printer's copy, Vol. 1, Book 2, Chapters 1-5.

124 1817-1821

Printer's copy, Appendix. Vol. 2, Book 3, Chapters 1-5; Book 4, Chapters 1-4.

125 1822-1826

Printer's copy, Appendix. Vol. 2, Book 5, Chapters 1-5; Book 6, Chapters 1-7.

126 1827-1831

Inquisition of Spain, Printer's copy, Vol. 3, Book 6, Chapters 7-8; Book 7, Chapters 1-3.

127 1832-1835

Printer's copy, Vol. 3, Book 7, Chapters 4-5; Book 8, Chapters 1-2.

128 1836-1838

Printer's copy, Appendix. Vol. 3, Book 8, Chapters 3-4.

129 1839-1841

Printer's copy, Vol. 4, Book 8, Chapters 5-9.

130 1842-1845

Inquisition of Spain, Printer's copy, Vol. 4, Book 8, Chapters 10-16.

131 1846-1848

Printer's copy, Appendix. Vol. 4, Book 9, Chapters 1-2.

132 1849-1851

Inquisition of Spain, Page proofs. Vol. 1.


Vol. 2, Page proofs.


Vol. 3, Page proofs.


Vol. 4, Page proofs.


10.  The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies. New York, 1908.

Box Folder

Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies, Notes, Peru, pp. 1-247; Cartagena, New Granada, pp. 1-126; Sicily, Milan, Naples; first draft, The Italian possessions of Spain.

137 1852-1855

Notes, cont. Canaries, Mexico, Philippines, Guatemala, 1858.

138 1856-1859

Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies, Printer's copy. Chapters 1-5, Chapter 6, part 1.

139 1860-1865

Printer's copy. Chapter 6, cont., Appendix. Chapters 7-8.

140 1866-1870

Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies, Page proofs, 1908.


Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies, Page proofs. 2nd copy, 1908.


11.  Materials toward a History of Witchcraft. Edited by Arthur C. Howland. Philadelphia, 1939.

Box Folder

Witchcraft, Notes. pp. 1-585.

143 1871-1875

Notes. pp. 586-1243.

144 1876-1881

Notes. pp. 1268-1541.

145 1882-1883

Notes. pp. 1542-1903.

146 1884-1887

Witchcraft, Sorcery, draft. pp. 1-260.

147 1888-1889

Miscellaneous notes on witchcraft.

147 1890-1891

"Witchcraft in Europe" to be used hereafter by H. C. Lea. pp. 49-90.

148 1892

Notes on "Witchcraft in Europe" by George L. Burr.

148 1893

"Witchcraft in Europe" , Typescript, edited with notes by George L. Burr.

148 1894-1895

Arthur C. Howland's notes on witchcraft and the church. Talk on witchcraft at the University Club, 1941 December 2.

149 1896-1898

George Lincoln Burr's notes on witchcraft.

149 1899-1900

Typescript. pp. 1-339.

150 1901-1905

Typescript. pp. 340-760.

151 1906-1911

Typescript. pp. 761-1399.

152 1912-1917

Typescript. pp. 1400-1906.

153 1918-1924

V.  Historical Writings: Articles and Miscellaneous. 4 boxes.

Series Description

This series includes essays and book reviews that Lea wrote for various publications. His earliest historical articles, often book reviews that developed into substantial essays, were published in North American Review. Lea gathered the earliest of these, along with many of his political pamphlets, into a bound volume labeled "Miscellanies" dated 1869 (Box 154). Lea's articles in the following two boxes are arranged chronologically by date of publication; in the case of some of the undated reviews, the date of publication of the reviewed book is used. Publication data was based on Sculley Bradley's bibliography, although Bradley acknowledged that his list is incomplete. This series contains a few articles that Bradley did not include. One box of miscellaneous materials includes some of Lea's notes, which were found in boxes of newspaper clippings and some pamphlets not authored by Lea but which he used as sources in his writing.

Box Folder
Miscellanies, bound volume of reviews, pamphlets. Inscribed Henry C. Lea, 1869.

* Review, The History of Normandy and of England, by Sir Francis Palgrave, 1851, 1857,  American Review, April 1858, pp. 26-329.

*  "The First Duty of the Citizen," June 1862, pp. 1-8.

*  "A Few Words for Honest Pennsylvania Democrats," June 1863, pp. 1-16.  "Bible View of Polygamy," June 1863, pp. 1-4.

*  "Democratic Opinions on Slavery! 1776-1863," July 1863, pp. 1-8. The Planter's Almanac for 1864.

*  "Abraham Lincoln," No. 17, January 1864, pp. 1-12.

*  "The Will of the People," No. 18, January 1864, pp. 1-8.  "A Democratic Peace offered for the Acceptance of Pennsylvania Voters," 1864, pp. 1-14.

*  "The Soldiers of the Union," August 1864, pp. 1-14.

*  "The Democratic Times," September 1864, pp. 1-4.

*  "The Great Northern Conspiracy of the 'O. S. L.,'" October 1864, pp. 1-15.

*  "Memorial to the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States [Congress]," (re: Bounty Commission) December 1864, pp. 1-6.

*  "Report of the City Bounty Fund Commission, Philadelphia," December 1864, pp. 1-16.  "The Record of the Democratic Party, 1860-1865," June 1865, pp. 1-39.

*  "Address of the Union League of Philadelphia to the Citizens of Pennsylvania," September 6, 1866, pp. 1-23.

*  "The Crisis," June 1867, pp. 1- 4.  "Democratic Frauds. How the Democrats carried Pennsylvania in 1867," No. 178, June 1868, pp. 1-11.

*  "Repudiation," No. 180, June 1868, pp. 1-4.

*  "The Religious Reform Movement in Italy," July 1868,  North American Review , pp. 51-76.

*  "The New Rebellion," No. 186, August 1868, pp. 1-16.

*  "Address of the Union League of Philadelphia to the Citizens of Pennsylvania‥August 26th, 1868," No. 189, pp. 1-8.

* Review of  Histoire du Droit dan les Pyrénées, by M. G. B. de Lagrèze,  North American Review, October 1868, pp. 644-648

Review. History of Latin Christianity, by Henry Hart Milman, London, ., 1857.

Ms. draft.

155 1925
Review. Études historiques sur les devellopments de la société humaine, by Louis J. Koenigswarter, 1859.


155 1926

A.  HCL Writings: Articles.

Box Folder
"Compurgation and the Wager of Battle,"  North American Review, January 1859.

Bound, published copy with extensive revisions by HCL.

155 1927
"Temporal Power of the Church,"  North American Review, ., January-April 1861.

Bound, published copy with extensive revisions by HCL.

155 1928

"Temporal Power of the Church," cont. HCL's revisions.

155 1928
Review. Ecclesiastical and Historical View of Slavery, by John Henry Hopkins, 1864.

Ms. draft of review and HCL's notes on slavery.

155 1930
Gilles de Rais, by Bossard et Maulde, Paris, 1866.

H. C. Lea's notes.

155 1931
Review. Histoire du Droit dans les Pyrénées, by M. G. B. Lagrèze, 1867.

Ms. draft. Published in North American Review.

155 1932
Review, titled "Religious Reform Movements in Italy," published in  North American Review, 1868. pp. 51-76.


155 1933
"Monks and Nuns in France," published in  Putnam's Magazine, 4 N.S, 1869. pp. 265-274.

Ms. draft and typescript.

155 1934

H. C. Lea's response to review of Sacerdotal Celibacy in the  Nation, November 25, 1869.

155 1935
"The Martyrdom of San Pedro Arbues," Paper read at the American Historical Association meeting, Washington, D. C., December 26-28, 1888.

Ms. draft and typescript.

155 1936
"El Santo Niño de la Guardia," published in  English Historical Review, 4, 1889. pp. 229-250.

Ms. draft dated by Lea, February 26, 1889. Final draft for publisher. Clippings.

155 1937

"Indulgences in Spain," Two ms. drafts, one dated by Lea, December 14, 1888.

155 1938
"Indulgences in Spain," Published in  American Church History.

Vol. 1. Pamphlet. 2 copies, one with annotations.

155 1938
"Is There a Roman Catholic Church?"  The Independent, November 20 and 27, 1890.


155 1940

Review of "Loyola and the Jesuits," by Stewart Rose, in the  Independent, Not written by Lea?, October 29, 1891.

155 1941
"The Taxes of the Papal Penitentiary" .

Two ms. drafts.

155 1942

"The Taxes of the Papal Penitentiary."  English Historical Review, ., July 1893.

155 1943
"Absolution among the Templars," Paper read at the annual meeting of the American Society of Church History, December 1892.

Ms. draft.

155 1944
"The Absolution Formula of the Templars."  Papers of the American Church History Society, 5, 1893.


155 1945
"The Spanish Inquisition as an Alienist."  Popular Science Monthly, July 1893.

Reprint, pamphlet.

155 1946
"The Ecclesiastical Treatment of Usury."  Yale Review, ., February 1894.

Ms. draft.

155 1947
"The Ecclesiastical Treatment of Usury."  Yale Review, February 1894.

Reprint, pamphlet.

155 1948
"Occult Compensation,"  International Journal of Ethics, April 1894.

Ms. drafts.

156 1949
"Occult Compensation,"  International Journal of Ethics, April 1894.

Reprint, pamphlet.

156 1950
Review. Schuld oder unschuld des Temple ordens, by Julius Gmelin. In  English Historical Review, 10, 1894. pp. 365-368.

Ms. draft.

156 1951
"Philosophical Sin,"  International Journal of Ethics,, April 1895. pp. 324-339.

Ms. draft.

156 1952
"Philosophical Sin,"  International Journal of Ethics, April 1895. pp. 324-339.

Reprint, pamphlet.

156 1953
"Ferrand Martínez and the Massacres of ."  American Historical Review, 1, 1391, 1896. pp. 209-225.

Ms. draft.

156 1954
"Lucero the Inquisitor,"  American Historical Review, 2, 1897. pp. 611-625.

Ms. draft.

156 1955
"Spanish Experiments in Coinage," and  "Coinage," published in  Popular Science Monthly, 51, 1897. pp. 577-593.

Ms. drafts.

156 1956
"Spanish Experiments in Coinage,"  Popular Science Monthly, 51, 1897. pp. 577-593.

Reprint, pamphlet.

156 1957
"Hidalgo and Morales,"  American Historical Review, 4, 1889. pp. 636-650.

Ms. draft.

156 1958
"The Indian Policy of Spain,"  Yale Review, August 1889.

Ms. draft.

156 1959
"The Indian Policy of Spain,"  Yale Review, August 1889.

Reprint, pamphlet.

156 1960
"The Dead Hand, a brief sketch of the relations between Church and State" , 1990.

Ms. draft.

156 1961
"The Dead Hand, a brief sketch of the relations between Church and State" , 1900.


156 1962
"An Anti-masonic Mystification."  Lippincott's Magazine, 60, 1900.

Notes, ms. draft.

156 1963
"The Eve of the Reformation," chapter in the  Cambridge Modern History. pp. 653-692.

Vol. 1, ms. draft.

156 1964
"The Eve of the Reformation," chapter in the  Cambridge Modern History. pp. 653-692.

Vol. 1, final ms. draft.

156 1965
"Ethical Values in History," Presidential address read before the American Historical Association, December 29, 1903.

Ms. draft.

156 1966
"Ethical Values in History," published in  American Historical Review, January 1904.

Reprint, pamphlet.

156 1967
Review or notes on Forum Turolü, Regnanto in Aragonia Adefonso Rege‥ by Fransico Aznar y Navarro, 1905.

Ms. draft.

156 1968
"Molinos and the Italian Mystics,"  American Historical Review, January 1906.

Ms. draft.

156 1969
"Molinos and the Italian Mystics,"  American Historical Review, January 1906.

Reprint, pamphlet.

156 1970

Issues of The Tablet, re: Lord Acton and Lea's essay for the  Cambridge Modern History, September-October 1906.

156 1971-1972

Lea's notes on "Agnus Dei," wax images and candles.

157 1973

Lea's notes on the Catholic church, ca. 1889.

157 1974

Lea's notes filed with newspaper clippings on religion.

157 1975

Lea's notes re: reviews of his books.

157 1976
Moldenhawer, Daniel. "On the origin and progress of the Spanish Inquisition" .

Ms. copy.

157 1977

B.  HCL Writings: Articles and Miscellaneous.

Box Folder

"The Book of Mormon,"  American Bookseller, December 15, 1877.

157 1978

Cheyney, Edward P. "What is History," Alumni Register, November 1907.

157 1979

Piccolomini, Paolo. "Documenti Senesi Sull'Inquisizione", 1908.

157 1980

Haupt, Herman. "Ketzer und Sekten des Mittelalters".

157 1981

Lenormant, Francois. "Les Dieux de Babylone et de L'Assyrie".

157 1982

Gibbons, Cardinal. "Pastoral letter of Cardinal Gibbons on the Celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Establishment of the Catholic Hierarchy in the United States." Baltimore, 1889.

157 1983

Pope Leo XIII. "Sanctissimi Domini Nostri Leonis Papae XIII." ", 1890.

157 1984
Dohan, E. H. "Four Vases from the Henry C. Lea collection" .

(In the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania).

157 1985

Bossin, (Paris, France). Seed catalogue.

157 1986

Detached book leaves with H. C. Lea's autograph, acquired 1989. 11 items.

157 1987

VI.  Reviews of Henry Charles Lea's Historical Writings. 5 boxes.

Series Description

Reviews are filed according to the title of the publication being reviewed, and arranged chronologically by the first date of publication. Most reviews are newspaper and magazine clippings provided by the clipping services which Lea employed. The final box in this series contains individual full-length reviews, arranged chronologically.

Box Folder

Reviews of Superstition and Force.

158 1988-1991

Reviews of A History of Sacerdotal Celibacy in the Christian Church.

158 1992-1993

Reviews of Studies in Church History.

158 1994

Reviews of A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages.

158 1995-2001

Italian reviews of Inquisition of the Middle Ages, by Emilio Comba, Felice Tocco, and Ugo Balzani.

158 2002

German and Dutch reviews of Inquisition of the Middle Ages.

159 2003

French reviews of Inquisition of the Middle Ages.

159 2004-2006

Reviews of Chapters from the Religious History of Spain.

159 2007-2010

Reviews of A Formulary of the Papal Penitentiary in the 13th Century.

159 2011-2012

Reviews of A History of Auricular Confession and Indulgences in the Latin Church.

159 2013-2016

German reviews of A History of Auricular Confession.

159 2017

French reviews of A History of Auricular Confession.

159 2018-2019

Reviews of A History of the Inquisition in Spain.

160 2020-2031

German and Italian reviews of A History of the Inquisition in Spain.

160 2032

Reviews of "The Dead Hand" .

161 2033

Reviews of The Moriscos of Spain.

161 2034-2036

Reviews of the Cambridge Modern History.

161 2037

Reviews of other articles by Lea.

161 2038

Reviews of A History of the Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies.

161 2039-2040

Lea Brothers & Company, Philadelphia.

161 2041

Macmillan Company, New York.

161 2042

Comba, Emilio. Review of Inquisition of the Middle Ages, 1888.

162 2043

Rosengarten, J. G. Review of Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in Philadelphia  Press, April 22, 1888.

162 2044

Keane, John J. Review of Lea's "Key-Notes from Rome,"  American Catholic Quarterly Review, July 15, 1890. 1 item.

162 2045

Masi, Ernesto. "Uno Storico Americano dell'inquisizione,"  Nuova Antologia, 39, 1892. 1 item.

162 2046

Moeller, Charles. Review of Histoire de l'inquisition au moyen âge, translated by Salomon Reinach. In  Revue bibliographique Belge, No. 1, January 31, 1901. 1 item.

162 2047

Baumgarten, Paul Maria. Review of Lea's works in a series of articles in Theologische Revue, 6, Nos. 13/14, 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19, 9 September 1907—4 December 1907.

162 2048

Baumgarten, Paul Maria. Die Werke von Henry Charles Lea und verwandte Bücher, Münster, 1908.

162 2049

Adler, E. N. Review of A History of the Inquisition of Spain in  Jewish Quarterly Review, April 1908.

162 2050

Adler, E. N. Proof sheets for the above article.

162 2051

Reinach, Salomon. Reviews/announcements of Lea's work in Revue critique d'histoire et de littérature in various volumes, 1906-1908. 5 items.

162 2052

Reinach, Salomon. Review of The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies in  Revue critique, No. 5, February 1909. 1 item.

162 2053
Battaini, D. Review of The History of the Inquisition of Spain in  La cultura contemporanea, 1, No. 1, January 1909. 1 item.


162 2054

Neilson, George. Reviews of The History of the Inquisition of Spain and  The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies, in  Scottish Historical Review, 7, No. 27, April 1910. 1 item.

162 2055

Fredericq, Paul. "Les récents historiens catholiques de l'inquisition en France," in Revue historique, 109, 1912.

162 2056

Coulton, G.G. "The Inquisition Once More."  Edinburgh Review, April 1927.

162 2057

VII.  Political Writings. 5 boxes.

Series Description

Lea's political writings consist of pamphlets, tracts, memorials, and letters to the press on various topics. The series is arranged by topic with materials within each box arranged chronologically as much as possible (a number of items are not dated). The first box contains Lea's writings and notes on the Civil War, on the Bounty Commission regarding recruitment of soldiers, including African American regiments to fight in the war, and his formation of a home guard to protect Philadelphia during the Civil War. Lea was a founding member of the Union League of Philadelphia and wrote a number of pamphlets that were published by the League. The next two boxes consist of Lea's involvement with the reform of municipal government in Philadelphia and his interest in the reform of state and national Republican politics. The fourth box consists of Lea's writings on the municipal Gas Works, for which he had gathered comparative data from around the country. The final box in this series contains materials related to Lea's efforts to write and influence national legislation on the international copyright laws. Additional materials related to Lea's political activities can be found in Oversize, , in his scrapbooks, and in the series of clippings immediately following. The material in these boxes includes items that were not written by Lea but used by him in relation to political issues, including congressional reports, studies on municipal infrastructure, etc. An index to selected correspondents that follows the container list directs readers to specific individuals to whom Lea wrote on political issues. Directly related to this material are boxes 197-199 in Oversize.

A.  HCL Political Writings: Civil War.

Box Folder
Supervisory Committee for recruiting colored regiments, 1861-1865. 15 leaves.

Lea's notes and printed announcements.

163 2058
"A Letter to the Honorable John Bell of Tennessee" , 1861. 1 item (4 leaves plus newspaper clippings).

Handwritten draft by H. C. Lea. John Bell, 1797-1869, was Senator from Tennessee, U. S. Secretary of War under President Harrison, and Constitutional Union Candidate for U.S. President, 1860.

163 2059

"To his excellency Abraham Lincoln, President." Handwritten draft by H. C. Lea representing the Citizens of the 24th Ward in Philadelphia. List of resolutions re: formation of a home guard militia to defend Philadelphia, 1862 September 12. 1 item (2 leaves).

163 2060

United States Congress. House of Representatives Report No. 23, February 10, 1862, "Harbor Defenses on Great Lakes and Rivers." . 1 item.

163 2061

Lea's notes on canals. 1 item.

163 2062

Lea's notes on the army. 1 item (1 leaf).

163 2063
Citizens' Bounty Fund for Volunteers. Henry C. Lea, chairman. 5 items (+ clippings).

1 small ledger book listing contributions to the fund, August 1862. Receipts for Lea's contributions to the fund, 4 leaves, August 1862.

163 2064

Home Guard of the Twenty-fourth Ward. Announcements, "Provisions of an Act legalizing the Home Guard of Philadelphia" . 12 leaves (+ 3 clippings).

163 2065
National Union Party of the Twenty-fourth Ward. Henry C. Lea, chairman of the Finance Committee, 1863-1864. 1 item.

1 ledger book of contributions, plus report of contributions addressed to Theo. M. Willberger, October 10, 1864.

163 2066
United States Sanitary Commission [for sick and wounded soldiers]. Great Central Fair held in Philadelphia, 1864 June. 2 items (2 leaves).

Announcements, plus newspaper clipping.

163 2067
Bounty Commission. "List of Warrants not called for, & handed over by the Bounty Commission appointed under Ordinance of ‥", 1863 December 12. 1 item (3 leaves).

Receipt signed by J. G. Rosengarten.

163 2068

Philadelphia. Select Council. Appendix No. 67 to the journal of the Select Council. Re: Provost-Marshal General Fry, and Philadelphia's quotas of men, 1865. 1 item.

163 2069

Draft of an affidavit re: recruitments signed by Cyrus S. Detre, in H. C. Lea's hand, 1865 January 20.

163 2070

To: Hon. F. W. Seward, assistant Secretary of State, signed Samuel Dutton, . Re: General Charles H. T. Collis; Lieut. Col. F. F. Cavada, U. S. Consul at Trinidad; Major General David B. Birney; the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, 1866 January 29. 1 item (1 leaf).

163 2071

"The Record of the Democratic Party " , 1860-1865.

163 2072

"Democratic Frauds. How the Democrats Carried Pennsylvania in 1867." No. 178. 1 item.

163 2073

"Repudiation," No. 180. 1 item (1 leaf).

163 2074

"The New Rebellion," No. 186. 1 item.

163 2075

"Is This What We Fought For," illustrated broadsheet re: Ulysses S. Grant. 1 item.

163 2076
"The Lives and Public Services of General U. S. Grant." No. 182. Union League pamphlet. 1 item.

Also includes, "Life of Schuyler Colfax" .

163 2077
"Expenditures on Capital Extension at Washington" , 1851. 1 item (7 leaves).

Lea's handwritten notes, copy of U.S. Senate Ex. Doc. No. 52, 1st session, 32nd Congress.

164 2078

Ohio. Hamilton County. Report of the Investigating Committee to the Board of County Commissioners. Re: new court house building, 1855. 1 item.

164 2079
Pennsylvania. Supreme Court. Macalester et al. vs. Thompson et al. "Bill in equity" and  "Supplemental Bill" , 1860. 2 items.

Complaint of Charles Macalester and Isaac Lea against the city of Philadelphia re: contracts for erecting public buildings. pamphlets.

164 2080

Pennsylvania. Supreme Court. Ketcham vs. City of Philadelphia and Macalester, et al. vs. Thompson, et. al., 1860. 2 items.

164 2081

Pennsylvania. Supreme Court. City of Philadelphia vs. Hon. Alexander Henry, et al. relative to Commission for the Erection of Public Buildings. "Bill in equity and argument on behalf of the City" , undated. 1 item.

164 2082

Philadelphia. Common Council Documents. New City Buildings. Annotated by HCL, 1860. 1 item.

164 2083

Specifications and Contract for the New Public Buildings‥as signed by John McArthur, Jr., John Rice, William Struthers, Elijah Jones, 1860 September 24.

164 2084

"To the taxpayers and other citizens of the City of Philadelphia" re: public buildings draft written by HCL, undated. 1 item (5 leaves).

164 2085

Philadelphia. Common Council File No. 8, . Select Council File No. 5. Pennsylvania. File of the Senate No. 633, re: public buildings, 1860-1861.

164 2086

B.  HCL Political Writings: Reform.

Box Folder
Instructions for R. S. Randall from HCL. 1 item (8 leaves).

Detailed list of materials Lea is sending to Randall re: public buildings. See also Randall correspondence.

164 2087

Miscellaneous items, clipping re: public buildings.

164 2088
Minority Report of Committee Appointed to examine the condition and policy of the Pennsylvania Rail Road Company, 1861 February 4.

Ms. draft by HCL.

164 2089
A Letter to the Shareholders of the Pennsylvania Rail Road Company, undated.

Ms. draft by HCL.

164 2090
Association of the Twenty-seventh Ward, H. C. Lea, secretary, 1866, undated.

Minutes, flyers.

164 2091

Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Addressed to Israel H. Johnson from "Minority." Nos. 1-6.

164 2092

"Conversation with Horatio Seymour, on the National Debt and Taxes" by William D. Kelley, 1868 September 8. 1 item.

164 2093

HCL notes on municipal taxation, circa 1870-1873.

164 2094

Pennsylvania. Senate File No. 1270, Re: municipal taxation, 1871 April 13.

164 2095
Pennsylvania. Senate, 1871, undated.

Member lists and voting records kept by HCL.

164 2096

"Comments on the Water Supply of Philadelphia," and  "In the matter of the investigation of abuses in the Water Department," by James Haworth, 1871. 2 items.

164 2097

"Mass Meeting to Abolish the Public Buildings Commission." pamphlet, 2 copies; and  "Proceedings of a Mass Meeting of the Citizens of Philadelphia held at the Academy of Music" , 1871 March 24. 7 items.

164 2098

"To the Honorable the House of Representatives of the Legislature of Pennsylvania" HCL draft.  "The Public Buildings. Fifty Reasons for Abolishing the Building Commission" , undated. 3 items.

164 2099

Binney, Horace. "Address," re: Citizen's Reform Ticket.

164 2100
West, William Russell. Broad Street, Penn Square, and the Park. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Jno. Penington & Son, 1871.

Argues against the erection of public buildings in Penn Square at Broad and Market streets. Illustrated with colored maps. Contains manuscript notes on the flyleaves written by Thomas Webster in 1875 regarding how the book came to be written and prin ted and the part played by Henry C. Lea, Matthew Baird, and Charles Wheeler in its printing and distribution. In an additional note by Thomas Webster dated August 14, 1890, he gives the book to Henry C. Lea.

164 2101
Material found in covers of William Russell West's book.

Four manuscript maps of Philadelphia streets with drawings by HCL, one of these is a sketch of proposed fountains and a monument in Penn Square, another a hand-colored map (watercolor sketch) of the section of Philadelphia bounded by Broad Street, High Street (Market Street), Girard Avenue and the Schuylkill River. The fifth leaf is a copy of a petition to protest the "The Commission Bills," addressed to the state legislature of Pennsylvania, dated March 16, 1871. 5 l.

164 2102

Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas. Commonwealth vs. Allen et al. . Suit brought against Philadelphia city councilmen William S. Allen, Henry Huhn, and Nicholas Shane for malfeasance, 1871. 1 item.

164 2103

Pennsylvania Supreme Court. Commonwealth vs. Allen, et al., 1872 January. 1 item.

164 2104

"The Enforcement Acts" , 1870 May 31. 1 item.

164 2105

"Songs for the Politicians," and  "A Man's a Man for a'that" (parody). HCL political verse, 1872. 2 items (1 pamphlet and 4 leaves).

164 2106

Open letter from A. K. McClure, Republican Reform candidate for Senate.

164 2107

Industrial League. Agreement re: services of Wm. H. Formosa.

164 2108
Citizens' Municipal Reform Association. H. C. Lea, chairman of executive committee, 1871-1873.

Reform tracts, memorials, etc.

165 2109

Citizens' Municipal Reform Association, cont., 1874-1877.

165 2110

"Training Schools for Nurses in America," by Charles P. Putnam, read at the annual meeting of the American Social Science Association, 1874 October 14. 1 item.

165 2111

"The Duty of the Voter" , 1874 October. 1 item ((1 leaf)).

165 2112

Harris, Elisha. "General Health Laws and Local Ordinances." Proposed act for establishing a State Board of Health in New York. American Public Health Association, 1874. 2 items.

165 2113
"To the Stockholders of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company." .

Letter 1, Letter 2. Ms. drafts by HCL.

165 2114

"Letter from a Committee of Citizens to the Pennsylvania Railroad Company on the proposed Schuylkill Drove-Yard and Abattoir." , 1874. 3 items (2 copies plus 1 leaf).

165 2115

"Letter to a Committee of Citizens on the Proposed Schuylkill Drove-Yard and Abattoir," by John H. Rauch, M.D., 1874.

165 2116

Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas. Sellers et al. vs. the Pennsylvania Railroad. re: slaughterhouse.

165 2117-2119

Philadelphia Stock Yards and Abattoir. Testimony in favor, 1875.

165 2120
Reform Club of Philadelphia.

Constitution, annual reports.

165 2121

Celebration of the Anniversary of the Declaration of American Independence, 1876.

165 2122

"Report on the Hart Creek Sewer," by Henry B. Tatham to the executive committee of the Citizens' Municipal Reform Association, 1877. 1 item.

165 2123

Resolutions, 1877 January 20. 1 item ((1 leaf)).

165 2124
Republican Party (U.S.) Materials re: anti-Grant campaign. 9 items (7 leaves plus 2 pamphlets).

Including "Official Proceedings of the Anti-Third Term Republican Convention, St. Louis, Mo., May 6, 1880."

165 2125

National Republican League. Philadelphia. "Republican Doctrine as to a Third Presidential Term," by HCL.

165 2126
Proposed introductory resolution.

Ms. draft by HCL. Re: Republican Party.

165 2127
Philadelphia Social Science Association. H. C. Lea, president, 1881-1883.

11th annual report; 13th annual report.

165 2128

"To Independent Republicans," by HCL, 1883 October . 1 item (1 leaf).

165 2129
"Alcohol," by A. C. Rembaugh.

Paper read at a meeting of the Philadelphia Social Science Association.

165 2130

Association of Republicans and Independents. Henry C. Lea, president, 1885, undated. 2 items (2 leaves).

165 2131
Harris, J. Andrews. Civil Service Reform, undated.

The Pendleton and Willis Bills.

165 2132

"The Future of Civil Service Reform," and  "The Duty of Independents." by HCL, 1888.

165 2133

Committee of One Hundred. Boston, Mass. Copy of memorial to U. S. Congress re: separation of church and state. 1 item (2 leaves).

165 2134

United States. Senate Bill S. 2191. To incorporate the Philadelphia and Camden Bridge Company, introduced by Senator Matthew S. Quay, 1890 January 21. 1 item.

165 2135

"An Open Letter to President Harrison," by HCL, 1890 April 8. 1 item (1 leaf).

165 2136
"Public Duty in Pennsylvania,"  Harper's Weekly, by HCL, 1890 July 26.

Proof sheet

165 2137
"The Bill for Local Taxation" , 1891 April 6. 1 item (1 leaf).

Printed letter addressed to Boies Penrose from HCL

165 2138

Municipal League of Philadelphia. Copy of article, "Municipal Reform in Philadelphia," by Clinton Rogers Woodruff,  Harper's Weekly, 1891 October 27.

165 2139
Opening Exercises of the Institute of Hygiene of the University of Pennsylvania, 1892 February 22.

Bound volume of addresses, plus clippings

165 2140

"A Mugwump's View of the Situation," by HCL,  Harper's Weekly, 1894 February 24. 2 items (1 original clipping, 1 reprint).

165 2141

"To the Taxpayers of Philadelphia," by HCL. 1 item (1 leaf).

165 2142

"The Duty of Political Independents," by HCL, in  The Independent, 1892 October 20.

165 2143

"To Loyal Democrats" , undated. 1 item (1 leaf).

165 2144
"Assessments. 13th to 15th and Market to Filbert Sts." , undated. 1 item (1 leaf).

Ms. list of properties.

165 2145

HCL's ms. notes on City Council Meetings from the Bulletin., undated.

165 2146
Newspaper clippings, circa 1860-1182.

HCL's letters to the press, articles.

165 2147
Newspaper clippings, circa 1884-1905.

HCL's letters to the press, articles.

165 2148

C.  HCL Political Writings: Gas Works.

Box Folder

HCL ms. notes on gas trust, circa 1873-1874. 1 item (40 leaves).

166 2149

HCL ms. notes on public lighting, ca. 1874. 1 item (6 leaves).

166 2150

To: John Bardsley, Esq., Chairman of the Finance Committee, re: Philadelphia Gas Works.

166 2151

Philadelphia Gas Works. 24th Annual report, 1859.

166 2152

Third Report on the Philadelphia Gas Trust by Henry Charles Lea, for the Citizens' Municipal Reform Association, June 1874.

166 2153

Philadelphia Gas Works. 40th Annual report, 1875.

166 2154

Philadelphia Gas Works. 42nd Annual report, 1877.

166 2155

D.  HCL Political Writings: International Copyright.

Box Folder
"Tariffs on Culture," and  "The Tariff on Books" , 1867 March . 2 items (2 leaves).

Letters to The Nation.

167 2156

HCL ms. notes and drafts of letters to editor of the Evening Post, New York, undated.

167 2157

The Dorsheimer International Copyright Bill, undated. 1 item (1 leaf).

167 2158
Proposed amendments to the Dorsheimer International Copyright Bill.

HCL ms. notes

167 2159

International Copyright Association. "Address to the American Public and [Congress]." . 1 item (1 leaf).

167 2160
United States Senate. S. 191 and S. 554, 1885-1887.

Copyright Bills

167 2161
Unites States Senate and House of Representatives. S. 2498. and HR 2493, 1885-1886.

Copyright bills.

167 2162

United States Senate Report No. 1188. Submitted by Jonathan Chace, 1886 May 21.

167 2163

United States Senate Report No. 622, part 1 and part 2 submitted by Jonathan Chace, 1888 March 19.

167 2164

United States. 50th Congress. Congressional Record, Vol. 19. No. 102-103.

167 2165

United States. 50th Congress. Congressional Record, Vol 19, No. 108, No. 116.

167 2166

What American Authors Think About International Copyright. New York: American Copyright League, 1888, Memorial to the Department of State from American Authors, 1880 August.

167 2167

Memorial to Congress from the Typographic Unions. Copy of The Craftsman, 3, no. 3, Washington, D.C., 1885 December 26.

167 2168

An Act to Amend Title LX, Chapter III of the Revised Statutes of the United States.

167 2169

An Act to Amend Title LX, Chapter III of the Revised Statutes of the United States, circa 1886. 7 items.

167 2170

A letter from Mr. Samuel E. Dawson, showing the conditions under which copyright may be obtained in Canada. . Canada. House of Common Debates. Ottawa, "Speech of Mr. Edgar, M.P. on the laws relating to copyright." Conference on the Copyright Question, House of Commons, Chapter 62, An Act Respecting Copyright. Chapter 34, An act to amend the copyright act, 1886-1895. 5 items.

167 2171

Miscellaneous printed statements, pamphlets, re: copyright bills.

167 2172
Publisher's Weekly, No. 633, 1884 March 15.

Lea's letters re: the Dorsheimer bill

167 2173
Publisher's Weekly, No. 634, 1884 March 22.

Dorsheimer's reply to Lea

167 2174

Publisher's Weekly, No. 834. Copyright Number, 1888 January 21.

167 2175

Newspaper clippings re: copyright including HCL's letters to the press.

167 2176

Newspaper clippings re: copyright including HCL's letters to the press.

167 2177

VIII.  Newspaper Clippings. 4 boxes.

Series Description

Lea was careful and methodical about clipping items from the local and national papers that related to his political and literary interests. He customarily dated the clippings and often used pencil markings in the margin to highlight passages of inter est to him. In order to keep the existing order of Lea's materials intact, there has been no attempt to gather all of the clippings in the Lea papers into a single series. There are some newspaper clippings in virtually every series in these papers, e.g ., clippings sent by individuals as part of their correspondence have been kept with the correspondence. There are also clippings on witchcraft, on the inquisition, and on the Catholic church between the pages of Lea's manuscripts. These have been left in place, using archival paper to protect the manuscripts from acid damage. Lea's own essays and letters to the press have been separated where possible and filed with his political writings.

H. C. Lea and his family used clipping services based in New York, Philadelphia, and Paris, and therefore had national and international coverage of the release of his books and commentary on his political activity. Three boxes, arranged roughly chron ologically, relate primarily to Lea's interest in politics, municipal reform, public buildings, the gas works, Republican politics, and also the public announcements of his philanthropic gifts. One box consists of items Lea clipped relating to religious issues, beliefs in witchcraft, anomalous events, the Catholic church, faith healing, and other beliefs. In general, many of these clippings, especially those dated after 1888, have deteriorated and should be handled with the utmost care. Some of the cli ppings on acidic paper which were folded have been retained with the collection but cannot be unfolded without damaging the clippings. Other clippings can be found in Lea's scrapbooks.

Box Folder

Political reforms, 1857-1871.

168 2178-2195

Political reforms, 1873-1890.

169 2196-2214

Political reforms, misc., 1890-1905, undated.

170 2215-2230

Clippings, Arthur H. Lea, re: biography of HCL, 1910-1927.

170 2231

Miscellaneous clippings from The Nation.

170 2232

Miscellaneous clippings from the Independent.

170 2233
Religion, belief, witchcraft.

Arranged alphabetically by general topic, not chronologically, e.g., clippings related to witchcraft are in the "W" folder. Many of these clippings had been stored in envelopes marked, "Church, religion, superstitions."

171 2234-2248

Supplement to the Baltimore Sun,, on the Catholic Congress held in Baltimore, 1889 November 12.

171 2249

Catholic Home Almanac. Seventh year. New York, Benziger Brothers, 1890.

171 2250

Miscellaneous clippings and issues from Le Citoyen Frano-Américáin. Springfield, Mass.

171 2251

Miscellaneous clippings and issues from Converted Catholic.

171 2252

Page from El Imparcial, Madrid, with advertisements asking for prayers for the dead, 1892 August 3.

171 2253

IX.  Writings: Poetry and Translations. 2 boxes.

Series Description

Translating poetry from the Greek was an exercise young Henry Charles Lea undertook as part of his lessons in classical studies, which he continued to pursue as a young man after his formal schooling had ended. Lea also composed his own verse, creating a handmade volume titled, "The Student's Tale and Other Poems by H. Carter Layton." He later published some of his original poetry along with translations in a privately-printed volume titled  Translations and Other Rhymes (1872).

Box Folder

"Compositions for tutor" .

172 2254

Youthful poems, circa 1841-1849.

172 2255

Poems, drafts.

172 2256-2259

"Occasional Pieces," poetry, circa 1842.

172 2260

Translations from the Greek, circa 1841-1842.

172 2261

Translations from the Greek, 1842. 10 items.

172 2262

Translations from the Greek, proof sheets.

172 2263

"A Translation from the Odes of Anacreon" , 1843.

172 2264-2270

"The Student's Tale and Other Poems by H. Carter Layton" [Henry Charles Lea], 1845.

172 2271

"Desultory Thoughts by a Scribbler" .

172 2272

Early published reviews by HCL, circa 1843.

172 2273

"Ménage" , 1845 September 24.

172 2274

Copy of Broadway Journal. New York, N.Y., 1845.

172 2275

Poetry, circa 1861-1862.

172 2276

Translations and Other Rhymes. Privately printed, 1872. 2 item ((copies)).


X.  Writings: Scientific Work. 2 boxes.

Series Description

Some early lists of collections of specimens made by HCL and the notes and drafts for his paper read before the American Philosophical Society when he was eighteen. Notebooks for The Synopsis of the Family Naïades appear to be Isaac Lea's and show how closely Henry Charles Lea modeled his scientific work on his father's.

Box Folder

Conchological and scientific memoranda, undated.

174 2277

"List of shells" , 1842 July.

174 2278

"List of shells sent to Mrs. Dunlap" .

174 2279

Diary entries re: coal mining, circa 1842. 1 item (3 leaves).

174 2280

Description of eight species of marine shells.

174 2281


174 2282

"A Description of Some New Fossil Shells from the Tertiary of Petersburg, Va." , 1843 May 29.

174 2283-2288
Synopsis of the Family Naïades, by Isaac Lea.

Henry Charles Lea assisted with drawing illustrations for the second edition of Isaac Lea's book, published in 1838. 3 Notebooks in Isaac Lea's hand and page proofs. See Box 201 for illustrations and page proofs of engravings.

174 2289-2292
American Philosophical Society. Celebration of the Hundredth Anniversary, Vol. 3, No. 27, 1843 May 25.

Proceedings include H. C. Lea's "Some New Fossil Shells from the Tertiary of Virginia." Bound copy, one cover missing.


XI.  Juvenilia, 1830-1845. 5 boxes.

Series Description

Early journals, notebooks, sketchbooks. Notebooks were employed mostly for school exercises. Lea was educated at home by private tutors and never attended school. Workbooks are arranged chronologically by the earliest date found in the notebook. Many notebooks were used from back to front as well as front to back. The cover with the date on it (or the cover with the earliest date) has been taken as the "front." The short descriptions following the dates in the container list are intended only to distinguish one item from the next, by quoting from the cover or the first few words on the first page: they are not full descriptions of the contents of the notebooks, which may have more than one subject in them or which may have been reused at a later date (as scrapbooks, for example.) Undated notebooks follow the chronological series.

Henry C. Lea's Drawing Book, 1831.

Sketchbook, about 1/3 used, drawings in pencil. Purchased 3/25/88 from The Americanist, Pottstown, Pennsylvania.


A.  HCL Schoolbooks.

Box Folder

Notebook, 1830 March 25.

177 2293

"Journal" , 1832 March 29.

177 2294

"Journal" , 1834 March 21.

177 2295

"Chemistry" , 1834 February 15.

177 2296

French, 1838 January 25.

177 2297

[on cover, 3 June 1836, inside cover] Stories from the Bible [translations?], 1838 February 21.

177 2298

"H. C. Lea" and  "H. Lea [on cover] French exercises" , 1838 September 25.

177 2299

"Analytical Geometry" [on cover], 1838 December 1838.

177 2300

"Cash Account of H. C. Lea" [on cover], 1839 January 1.

177 2301

"N" [on front cover],  "Translation of Greek" ,  "T" [on back cover],  "Greek exercises" , 1839 March 11-1840 March 19.

177 2302

"Problem LI" , 1839 March 11.

177 2303

"Question XVI" , 1839 April 17.

177 2304

"The Inclined Plane" , 1839 May 17.

177 2305

"Problem XI" , 1839 June 28.

177 2306

"Theorem XII" , 1839 August 14.

177 2307

[Chemistry experiments, analysis of metals, coal, and ores], 1839 October 15.

177 2308

"F" [on cover]  "French exercises" , 1839 October 15.

177 2309

Allowance, 1839 October 19-1842 January 21.

177 2310

"B" [on cover]  "Algebra" , 1839 November 29.

177 2311

"French exercises,"  "Latin exercises" , 1840 January 15.

177 2312

B.  HCL Schoolbooks.

Box Folder

"I " [on cover]  "Italian exercises,"  "Translation of Ceasar" , 1840 February 3.

178 2313

"A"  "Analytical Geometry; B" [on back cover]  "Analitical Plane Trigonometry" , 1840 February 13-April 7.

178 2314

"F" [on cover]  "French exercises; G" [on back cover]  "Irregular Greek verbs" , 1840 March 24.

178 2315

"E" [on cover]  "Latin Translation; V" [on back cover]  "Algebra" , 1840 March 31-April 1.

178 2316

"Greek" [on cover]  "Greek translation" , 1840 April 2.

178 2317

"D" [on cover]  "Differential Calculus;"  "H" [on back cover]  "Problems in Analytical Geometry" , 1840 April 14-1841 June 3.

178 2318

"A" [on cover]  "Analytical Geometry" , 1840 May 29.

178 2319

"E" [on cover]  "Latin Translation;"  "A" [on back cover],  "Algebra" , 1840 July 17-22.

178 2320

"Analytical Geometry" , 1840 July 21.

178 2321

"Problems in Analytical Geometry" , 1840 August 26.

178 2322

"T" [on cover]  "Questions in Analytical Plane Trigonometry;"  "G" [on back cover], 1840 September 1.

178 2323

"Problems in Analytical Geometry" , 1840 September 1.

178 2324

"O" [on cover]  "Translation of Greek exercises;"  "T" [on back cover], 1840 September 8.

178 2325

"A" [on cover]  "Review of Algebra" , 1840 October 9.

178 2326

"E" [on cover]  "Latin exercises;"  "F" [on back cover]  "French exercises" , 1840 October 13.

178 2327

"I" [on cover]  "Italian exercises;"  "C" [on back cover], 1840 December 4.

178 2328

C.  HCL Schoolbooks.

Box Folder

"T" [on cover]  "Greek translations; N" [on back cover.], 1841 January 1.

179 2329

"Conchological scraps" with drawings, 1841 January 3.

179 2330

"Review of Algebra" , 1841 March 18.

179 2331

"Sallust" [on cover]  "Translation of C. C. Sallust" , 1841 April 7.

179 2332

"Trigonometry" [on cover] "Spherical Trigonometry.", 1841 April 22.

179 2333

"Italian exercises" [on cover], 1841 April 28.

179 2334

"Latin exercises" [on cover], 1841 May 4.

179 2335

"Trigonometry" [on cover]  "Trigonometry. Principles of Navigation" , 1841 June 3.

179 2336

"Trigonometry" [on cover]  "Nautical Astronomy" , 1841 July 7.

179 2337

"Greek" , 1841 August 10.

179 2338

"Maires Syntax" [on cover]  "Latin translation" , 1841 August 11.

179 2339

"Sallustii"  "Bellum Catalinarium, C. Crispi Sallustii" , 1841 August 12.

179 2340

"French exercises" , 1841 August 17.

179 2341

"Algebra" , 1841 September 1.

179 2342

"Trigonometry" [on cover]  "Nautical Astronomy" , 1841 September 2.

179 2343

"English Exercises from the No. 610" , 1841 October 21.

179 2344

"Italian Exercises;"  "French Exercises" , 1841 October 26.

179 2345

"An Epitome of Ancient History from the Creation of Man to the Birth of Christ," In Latin, 1841 November 11.

179 2346

"Greek E" , 1841 November 11.

179 2347

"Greek T" Translation from Greek, 1841 November 11.

179 2348

"Cicero" , 1841 November 12.

179 2349

"German" , 1841 December 7.

179 2350

"Latin" , 1843 February 10.

179 2351

"Commonplace book" , 1845.

179 2352

D.  HCL Schoolbooks.

Box Folder

"Natural Philosophy" .

180 2353

"Siliquaria..." .

180 2354

"Gaul is divided" .

180 2355

"Analytical Geometry" .

180 2356

"Commonplace book" .

180 2357


180 2358


180 2359

French and Latin translations.

180 2360


180 2361-2363

Botanical specimens.

180 2364

Notes "Book II" [botanical terms with illustrations by Lea].

180 2365

"A Table of the Tertiary Fossils of Europe".

180 2366

"Excerpta ex Ovidio. Chaos and the creation".

180 2367

"T" [on cover] Translations of Ceasr; "A" [on back cover].

180 2368


180 2369


180 2370

XII.  Memorabilia and Family Papers. 12 boxes.

Series Description

The first box in this series contains an autobiographical sketch that Lea wrote a few years before his death. Most information gathered for Lea's biographies came from family and friends, many of whom wrote tributes to Lea after his death. There are two boxes of items related to the construction of the home of Henry C. Lea's son Charles M. Lea in Devon, Pennsylvania.

A.  HCL Biography, Obituary, Memorials.

Box Folder

HCL biographies, including HCL's notes for his own biographies in publications such as the National Cyclopedia of Biography.

181 2371-2378

Revues des Questions Historiques, October 1, 1909.

181 2379

List of honorary pallbearers for HCL's funeral, October, 1909.

181 2380

Lea, Arthur H. and Caroline. List of sympathy cards, 1909.

181 2381

Preliminary memoir of HCL. Mailing list.

181 2382

"Henry Charles Lea," tribute by J. G. Rosengarten to the editor of  The Nation, October 24, 1909. 2 copies.

181 2383

Balzani, Ugo. Announcement of the death of HCL, October 1909.

181 2384

Haskins, Charles Homer, "Tribute to Henry Charles Lea," Massachusetts Historical Society, December 1909.

181 2385

Reinach, Salomon. Tributes to HCL, 1910.

181 2386

Battaini, Domenico. Enrico Carlo Lea, 1910.

181 2387

Tribute in American Historical Review, January 1910.

181 2388

"Henry Charles Lea," in  Cultura Moderna, January 1910.

181 2389

McGrath, Owen A. "Dr. Lea as a Historian," in  Outlook, January [1910 or 1911].

181 2390

"A Great Historical Writer, Henry Charles Lea," in  Het Volksbelang, February 5, 1910.

181 2391

"Henry Charles Lea," in  Revue d'Histoire des Religions by Paul Alphandery, January-February 1910.

181 2392

"Henry Charles Lea," in  Kölnische Zeitung, 1910.

181 2393

"Benefactors of the University," H. C. Lea , 1825-1909 in  Old Penn, May 14, 1910.

181 2394

Memorial meeting in honor of Henry Charles Lea held at the American Philosophical Society, January 20, 1911.

181 2395-2403

Remarks on HCL by William U. Sloane for the American Academy of Arts and Letters, 1912.

181 2404

"Henry C. Lea" in  Gooch's History and Historians of the Nineteenth Century, 1913.

181 2405

Dedication of the Henry Charles Lea Public School and Address by William E. Lingelbach before the Home and School association of the Henry C. Lea school, May 31, 1917, March 15, 1915.

181 2406-2407

"Henry Charles Lea, Scholar, Historian, and Philadelphian."  Philadelphia Forum Magazine, 1928.

181 2408

HCL Bibliography.

181 2409-2411

Scrapbook, unbound. Clippings, obituary and tributes to Henry Charles Lea.


Scrapbook, unbound. Newspaper tributes to the memory of Henry Charles Lea.


Clippings, obituary and memorials, 1909-1911.

184 2412-2417

B.  Lea Family Memorabilia.

Box Folder
R. M. Hobart to Katharine Christine Lea (granddaughter of Henry C. Lea).

Family letters written from Woodstock (N.Y.?) illustrated with the cartoons, satirical drawings and stories from R. M. Hobart.

185 2418-2420
Associate Society of Women of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania.

Memorial minute on the death of Nina Lea, August 26, 1927. Engrossed. Signed by Charles Penrose Keith (1854-1939) president, officers, and members of the associate committee of women. See Wharton, Anne Hollingsworth, 1845-1928, in correspondence files for letter to Arthur H. Lea.


Construction accounts of the Devon property of Charles M. Lea, esq., 1911-circa 1917.


Building agreements and specifications for the Devon residence of Charles M. Lea, esq., 1913.


C.  Memorabilla. Artifacts and Scrapbooks.


Membership card, Congrès d'Historie Diplomatique, Medal from the Congrès International d'Histoire, Paris, Memorial Medal of Guido Levi, dated from the R. Societa Romana di Storia Patria, Sculptor, Speranza, 1893-1900.

"Moulages de sceaux." Receipt, 1962 September 17. 26 items.

Copies of medieval seals in red clay, glazed. From the Societé des amis des Archives de France, Paris. With black and white film negatives of the items. Fragile, packed in wooden box.


Covers in which Lea stored his notes and manuscripts.


HCL Scrapbook, 1857-1865.


XIII.  Oversize. 11 boxes.

Series Description

Oversize items include Lea's Civil War Scrapbooks; memorabilia, including his membership certificates and diplomas; and political materials. Box 197 contains memorials to the United States Congress, to the Pennsylvania State legislature, and to Philadelphia City Council on political problems, many of which are signed by prominent Philadelphians who were supporters of Lea's.

A.  Civil War Scrapbooks.

Excerpts on the War [on cover], 1861-1866.

Newspaper clippings beginning with 1864. Bound, mounted on acid paper.

Excerpts on the War [on cover], 1861-1866.

Newspaper clippings beginning with 1861, 1862. Bound, mounted on acid paper.

War Records [on cover], 1861-1865.

Newspaper clippings. Maps of ports, battles and fortifications drawn to explain the progress of the Civil War. Bound, mounted on acid paper, fragile.

Excerpts on the War [on cover], 1862-1866.

Newspaper clippings beginning with 1862. Bound, mounted on acid paper. Fragile.


B.  Political Reform Oversize.

Box Folder

HCL notes and materials on public buildings.


To: Hon. S. J. Randall, et al. re: Civil Service Bill, with signatures, 1869.

197 2421-2422

To the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Pennsylvania, 1870.

197 2423

Memorial for Constitutional Convention for the State of Pennsylvania, 1871.

197 2424

To the Honorable [United States Congress]. Protesting the income tax, 1871-1878.

197 2425

To the Honorable [Philadelphia City Councils] on behalf of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, re: slaughterhouse.

197 2426

C.  Political Reform Oversize, Memorials and Petitions.

Box Folder

Mass Meeting re: Attorney General Lear and Continental Passanger Railway Company.

197 2427-2428

To the Honorable [United States Congress]. Re: presidential election, 1876.

197 2429
To the Honorable [United States Congress]. Memorial to Congress on the Compromise Bill.

See: Cavan, Joseph L. correspondence, 1877.

197 2430

To the Select and Common Councils [Philadelphia]. Re: Philadelphia & Reading Terminal Company, Market Street elevated train, 1888.

197 2431

To [United States Congress]. Memorial re: forming a militia, undated [186?].

197 2432

To the taxpayers and other Citizens of the City of Philadelphia. Re: public buildings, undated [ca. 1860].

197 2433

To the citizens of the Eighth Ward, undated.

197 2434

To the Commissioners for the Erection of Public Buildings, undated.

197 2435

To the Select and Common Councils of [Philadelphia]. re: Market St. elevated train, undated.

197 2436

To the Delegates to the Republican State Convention of Pennsylvania, undated.

197 2437
The Right Way. Weekly. Vol. 1, No. 1-7, and some duplicate copies, 1872.

Published by Henry C. Lea to attack municipal corruption and the gas ring. Illustrated with satirical cartoons.

Political newspapers, broadsides, Philadelphia tax assessments. Philadelphia.

Appropriations and Expenses, oversize charts, with annotations by Henry Charles Lea. Used by Lea to write tracts for the Citizens' Municipal Reform Association on municipal taxation. Lea's notes, newspaper clippings.

New England Loyal Publication Society. No. 248, December 28, 1864.

Includes a memorial to the U.S. Congress sent under the auspices of the Union League of Philadelphia re: the bounty system, signed by H. C. Lea and others. Also, new series No. 16, No. 17, No. 18, No. 19, No. 21, No. 23, No. 24, No. 25, No. 26, No. 27, No. 28, August-October 1868.


D.  Personal Memorabilia Oversize.

Personal memorabilia. Log Book. Voyages of the Yacht Vega of Philadelphia commanded by S. T. Dayton, January 7, 1881-October 8, 1881.

From New York to Bermuda, St. Thomas, Trinidad, Barbados, etc. Second voyage from Philadelphia to Boston, Mt. Desert (Maine), New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Bar Harbor, Portland, Portsmouth, Marblehead, Newport, etc. Binding broken, paper is brittle.


Invoice or price list for fittings for the Vega. W. B. Ferguson & Son, New York.

200 2438
Bill of Sale of Enrolled Vessel, 26 December 1883.

Draft of bill of sale of the Yacht Vega to Edmund M. Ferguson.

200 2439

Memo about steamers from Havana.

200 2440
Delaware and Bound Brook Railroad Co., August 15, 1876.

Photostats of stock certificates held by HCL.

200 2441
Unidentified copy of a page dated, 1779?.

With the name Arthur Lee on the bottom entry. Genealological material?

200 2442

HCL drawings and sketches including illustrations for scientific publications in conchology.

HCL photographs.

Portrait photographs of Henry Charles Lea. Photograph of HCL's grave site.

Charles Grafly's sketches for bust and memorial at the Henry Charles Lea Public School, and for a memorial designed for the First Unitarian Church, ca. 1916.

2 watercolor sketches.


Folder of oversize clippings re: HCL funeral and memorials from a scrapbook donated by Henry Lea Hudson, 1970.

203 2443

E.  Oversize Diplomas and Membership Certificates.

Description and Arrangement

HCL honorary degrees, memberships. Legal size and smaller are filed with correspondence, under the name of the institution.


Academia Letterarum et Scientiarum Regia Boica, 1889 November 15.


American Academy of Political and Social Science, circa 1910.


American Historical Association. Life member, 1898 June 14.


American Philosophical Society. Election to membership, 1867 October 18.


Deutsche Comenius-Gesellschaft, 1891 October 10.


Franklin Institute. Life Member, 1849 January 18.


Massachusetts Historical Society. Election to membership, 1875 October 14.


Northern Dispensary of Philadelphia. Life member, 1868 June 18.


Pennsylvania Hospital. Contributor. Thirty dollars, 1858 March 13.


Pennsylvania Hospital. Contributor, 1865 September 30.


Pennsylvania Forestry Association. Life member, 1897 April 30.


Pennsylvania Humane Society. Life member, 1888 April 20.


Princeton University. Doctor of Laws, 1896.


Regia Lynceorum Academia. Election to membership, 1901 August 29.


Società Nazionale Emancipatrice di mutuo soccrso del Sacerdozio Italiano, 1869 March 9.


United States. Army. War Department. Official acknowledgement of patriotism and public spirit, re: John Seif, representative recruit, 1864 July 27.


United States. Army. War Department. Official acknowledgement of patriotism and public spirit, re: Joseph Coyle, representative recruit, 1864 August 25.


Universitat Giessen. Doctor of Theology, 1907.