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Jo Ann Ashley papers

MC 115

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Ashley, Jo Ann, 1942-1980
Jo Ann Ashley papers
Date [inclusive]:
Call Number:
MC 115
10.4 Linear feet
Jo Ann Ashley was a nationally recognized nurse educator and author, best known for her book Hospitals, Paternalism, and the Role of the Nurse. She spoke and wrote prolifically on nursing, health care, and sexism and gender relations. This collection of papers and multimedia items documents Ashley's professional career. It includes correspondence, articles and speeches, and research materials. Also included are some of Ashley's personal papers, including a complete set of her poetry.
Cite as:
Jo Ann Ashley papers, Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania
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Jo Ann Ashley (1939-1980), nurse, author, and educator, was born and raised in Kentucky. She obtained a nursing diploma from Kentucky Baptist College in 1961, a B.S. degree from Catherine Spaulding College (Louisville, KY) in 1964, and a doctorate from Teachers College, Columbia University in New York in 1972. A highly regarded teacher and sought-after speaker, Ashley achieved national recognition with the publication of her book, Hospitals, Paternalism, and the Role of the Nurse (New York: Teachers College Press, 1976). This book, published at the height of the women's movement in the 1970s, created (and still engenders) controversy with its pointed condemnation of sexism towards and exploitation of nurses by hospital administrators and physicians. Ashley remained, almost to her death, a prolific writer, public speaker, and lecturer on a variety of topics germane to nursing, but she was particularly interested in the role of nursing within the health field, power in nursing, and nursing's historical perspective. A woman of almost boundless energy, Ashley also composed nearly three hundred poems. Much of Ashley's poetry reflected her interest in social thought and ideas on woman's role in society. Cancer tragically brought an abrupt end to her exceptionally productive career.

Scope and Contents

This collection spans Ashley’s professional life, documenting both her educational and academic experiences. Also included is an extensive collection of her speeches, articles, and research files documenting her association with various institutions. Included as well are correspondence, photographs, audio-cassette tapes of Ashley’s participation in talk shows, addresses, and class discussions which reflected her interest in the role of nursing within the health field, power in nursing, and nursing’s historical perspective.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers


The Ashley family

Access Restrictions

Portions of this collection (in Series 2 and Series 4) are restricted.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Jewell Ashley and Edith Ashley Shinbach, 1996.

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Controlled Access Headings

  • Audiocassettes
  • Faculty papers
  • Personal papers
  • Nurse
  • Nursing schools--Faculty
Personal Name(s)
  • Ashley, Jewell
  • Ashley, Jo Ann, 1942-1980
  • Shinbach, Edith Ashley

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Collection Inventory

Series 1.  Personal, 1972(?)-1980.

Scope and Contents note

This series contains curriculum vitae and “Steppingstones of Life” which outlines Ashley’s activities from birth (1939) to 1976, as well as personal correspondence relating to faculty positions, cards and letters from friends and family, and letters in which Ashley expresses her thoughts and feelings about health, life, and death to a friend. Also included is a complete set of Ashley’s personal poetry.

Box Folder

Curriculum vita, 1961-1978 and "Steppingstones in life of Jo Ann Ashley," 1977, 1977-1978.

1 1

Certificates, registered professional nursing license and membership cards to professional organizations, 1972-1973.

1 2

Correspondence, incoming and outgoing.

Box Folder

Availability of dean and faculty positions at colleges and universities, 1972-1980.

1 3

Barbara Curtis, "Sharing her thoughts and feeling about health, life and death", 1979.

1 4

Dental consultation report, A. B. Hoskins, DDS, 1992.

1 5

Letters and cards from family and friends, 1980.

1 6
Box Folder

Inspirational quotes and references, undated.

1 7

Office of Placement, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, professional file and personal references, 1972.

1 8

Recipes, handwritten, from Edith and Jane, undated.

1 9

Reprints, "Spiritual awakening: the mystical prayer of Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross," book review, undated.

1 10


Box Folder

Lives of Contemporary Womin, outgrowth of oral history project, 1976.

1.5 11

Poems from selected speech folders (noted on each poem), 1976-1977.

1.5 12

Writings of Childhood and Youth, undated.

1.5 13

Initial Steppingstones: the Shaping and Making of a Human Soul, 1977-1980.

1.5 14

A Time to be Free.

1.5 15

Life in Transition: Windblown Years.

1.5 16

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Series 2.  Academic and professional association affiliation, 1966-1980.

Scope and Contents note

This series is of papers accumulated in the period when Ashley studied or worked at Columbia University, New York and finally, at West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. Included are class notes, teaching notes, masters thesis and dissertation. Some folders are restricted and closed to research.

Box Folder

Handwritten notes from Kentucky Baptist Hospital, 1959-1962.

1.5 0a

Handwritten notes from Kentucky Baptist Hospital, 1959-1962.

1.5 0b

Columbia University Teacher's College, 1966-1972.

Correspondence, incoming/outgoing.
Box Folder

Notification granting doctoral degree, 1972.

1 1

Nursing archives, 1970-1971.

1 2

Form, Final Placement Survey for 1971-72 (blank).

1 3
Courses, Teachers College.
Box Folder

TF 3602, paper: "Views of Mary Adelaide Nutting on apprenticeship in nursing education", January 13, 1969.

1 4

TN 5010, paper on selected problems, December 16, 1969.

1 5

TN 5013, Practice Oriented Nursing Theory, undated.

1 6

TY 5500, "A Review of the Literature on Concept of Apprenticeship", 1969.

1 7

TY 5570, reports, reference materials and bibliography, 1969.

1 8
Box Folder

Writing outline, chapters I-VII and abstract, undated.

1 9

Chapter II "Aspects of Local Influence" (rough draft) and oral examination reading list, undated.

1 10

Chapters IV and V (rough draft with handwritten notations), undated.

1 11

"Departmental Bibliography for Curriculum Teaching and Administration in Nursing Education," Department of Nursing, and course outline for research design, 1967.

2 12

Statement of appointment of trainee, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, and transcripts, 1966-1969.

2 13

Student identification card, undated.

2 14

Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1972-1973.

Correspondence incoming, references for faculty position, 1972.
Box Folder

References for faculty position, 1972.

2 15

Inter-office correspondence to nursing faculty re: psychiatric-mental health concept integration, October 12, 1973.

2 16

Northern Illinois University, 1974-1977.

Correspondence incoming/outgoing.
Box Folder

Appointment to University, Press Board, 1976.

2 17

Medical treatment and patient's concern, Rose-Jean Art, North Hollywood, CA, 1976-1977.

2 18

Recognition by Board of Regents for contribution to the nursing profession, 1977.

2 19

Requesting reference material for dissertation, Connie Tiffany, 1975.

2 20

Research and consulting policy, to faculty from assistant provost - personnel, 1976.

2 21

Resignation from faculty position, including memo to other faculty, staff and response from students, 1977.

2 22

Vitae to Holy Cross Hospital, Alberta, Canada, 1976.

2 23

Criteria for evaluating term paper", course 501, Summer 1974.

2 24
Dissertation, "The Development of Nursing Curriculum Design for Health Promotion and Maintenance," Beverly M. LaBelle, 1973.
Box Folder

Pages 1-104.

2 25

Pages 105-224.

2 26

Pages 225-354.

2 27
Box Folder

Experiential preface and preliminary proposal for dissertation, "A nursing ethics," Rod Yarling, Michael Reese Medical Center, Chicago, IL, 1977.

2 28

Nursing 303, Guest lecturer, J.A. Ashley, "Historical prospectives in nursing", April 11, 1975.

2 29

Research seminar, reading references and research needs, undated.

2 30

Responses of 402 Rockford to: "The way of power", February 1975.

2 31

Transpersonal Psychology and Education, Spring 1977, includes memos and reference materials, 1976-1977.

2 32

Texas Woman's University, College of Nursing, Denton, TX, 1977-1978.

Box Folder

Administration faculty and curriculum changes and administration problems, 1977.

3 33

Faculty position proposal with reference and tentative agenda for meeting with members of Texas Woman's University College of Nursing, 1977.

3 34

General changes in policy, including news paper clippings, 1977.

3 35

Resignation, November 21, 1977.

3 36

Schedule for activities of opening fall semester, August 28 to September 30, 1977 and newspaper clipping "Denton, meet Jo Ann Ashley," August 28, 1977, 1977.

3 37
Box Folder

Syllabus, Historical perspectives in nursing, summer session, 1977.

3 38
Box Folder

"Nursing and the Public: Images and Opinions of the Profession, 1896-1976," Linda Carol Hughes, BSN, August 1978.

3 39

"The Relationship Between Locus of Perceived Control and Assertiveness Levels of Nurses," Paula J. Christensen, RN, BSN, August 1978.

3 40

Wright State University, School of Nursing, Dayton OH, 1978-1979.

Box Folder

Chronology, placement of School of Nursing within the Wright State University, 1978-1980.

3 41

Committee, nursing promotion and tenure, tenure document and correspondence, 1979.

3 42
Box Folder

Appointment to faculty position with correspondence, 1977.

3 43

Renewal of contract, 1980.

3 44
Correspondence incoming/outgoing.
Box Folder

Brochures, pamphlets and booklets in reference to personnel policies and fringe benefits, 1976-1977.

3 45

Grant of tenure, Dr. Jo Ann Ashley, fall quarter, 1979.

4 46

Proposal - To place School of Nursing under the auspices of the Division of Health Affairs.

4 48

Proposal - To place School of Nursing under the auspices of the Division of Health Affairs.

4 47

Nursing educational program, clinical experiences, 1977-1979.

4 49

Reference for Elsie L. Bandman for promotion, Hunter College, New York, NY, 1979.

4 50

Thesis committee memorandums and "Defense of Thesis Proposal", 1979-1980.

4 51
Box Folder

Curriculum- School of Nursing, Chapter 4, pp.134-204, 1970s.

4 52
Files - Peggy L. Chinn, RN, PhD, 1979-1980.
Box Folder

"The game of parenthood: You play mommy and I'll play daddy," free lecture series, school of nursing, April 21, 1979.

4 53

School of Nursing Faculty Views of "The issues to begin new nursing programs under the vice-president for affairs", 1980.

4 54

Historical Research: Guidelines to Methodology, Dorothy Fiorino, spring 1979.

4 55

Faculty research, proposed guidelines, 1978.

4 56
Box Folder

An epidemiological survey of the presence of children with men and women, undated.

4 57

Attachment behaviors in early triadic encounters of new infants and parents, and anticipated child care arrangement, reprint, 1979.

4 58
Box Folder

Newspaper clippings re: conflict of establishing a new nursing education program under the University Health Division which includes School of Medicine, 1980.

5 59
Nursing Program.
Box Folder

NUR 304, Foundation of Nursing Research, 1980.

5 60

NUR 414, Nursing and politics of social thought and action, 1979-1980.

5 61

NUR 701, Professional issues in nursing, 1979.

5 62

NUR 702, clinical seminar - Problems and field work associated with people having maximum health potential, 1979.

5 63

NUR 703, Problems and fieldwork associated with maximum health potential for people experiencing impaired health, 1980.

5 64

NUR 704, clinical seminar - Problems and fieldwork associated with maximum health potential for people experiencing depleted health (includes student papers), fall 1979.

5 65

NUR 707, Introduction to Research Design and Methodology, 1978.

5 66

NUR 708, Theoretical basis of nursing process, 1977.

5 67

NUR 781, thesis seminar, 1980.

5 68
Students - Theses and Proposed Studies.
Proposed Studies.
Box Folder

"An historical survey examining the treatment and images of nurses in pornography, 1950-1978".

5 69

"The role of misogyny in patterns of homicide: a historical survey examining the killing of women by men in city of Dayton, Ohio, 1973-1978".

5 70
Theses - Proposal.
Box Folder

"An historical study of the development of the medical profession as a business: impact on nursing and society, 1896-1950".

5 71

"Under the authority of the superintendent: an autonomous nursing school Cincinnati, 1888-1896".

5 72
Box Folder

"Acceptance of responsibility for treatment-related behavior in hypertensive clients in an outpatient setting", 1980.

5 73

"An historical study of the development of the medical profession as a business: impact on nursing and society, 1896-1979", 1980.

6 74

"An historical study of the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates/Practitioners (NAPNAP), 1973-1978", 1980.

6 75

"Contradiction between nursing's ideology of professionalism and nursing practice: a historical examination, 1965-1979", 1980.

6 76

"Determination of locus of control and assertiveness of nurses in a hospital setting", 1980.

7 77

"Economic and general welfare program of the Ohio Nurses Association, 1956-1979", 1980.

7 78

"Male supremacy, gender arrangements and their implication for sexual inequality in health field", 1980.

7 79

"Measurement of assertion levels in women in nursing majors and women in non-nursing majors", 1979.

7 80

"Nurses and pornography: An historical survey examining the images and treatment of nurses in pornography, 1950-1978", 1980.

7 81

Relationship between early triadic attachment and plans for participation in child care, 1980.

7 82
Box Folder

Cooperative Seminar: Miami Valley Hospital and School of Nursing Wright State University, re: ‘Self-growth on changing professional attitudes and productivity of practicing nurse.".

8 83

"Power, polictics and nursing", June 25, 1978.

8 84

West Virginia University, School of Nursing, Morgantown, WV, 1979-1980.

Box Folder

Appointment offer and acceptance, May 1980.

8 85

Availability of faculty positions and agenda for faculty candidate, May 1-2, 1980.

8 86

Committee member, Women's Studies Program, 1980.

8 87

Course planning with West Virginia Department of Welfare including newspaper article "Who killed the ERA? Women did", 1980.

8 88

Meeting, graduate academic unit, memos, agenda and photograph of class of 1983, 1980-1983.

8 89

School programs includes handwritten notations, 1980.

8 90
Box Folder

Jo Ann Ashley, office hours and schedule, winter quarter, 1980, blank form, 1980.

8 91

Other associations or educational institutions.

Box Folder

Committee on the Function of Nursing, handwritten notes (no indication where meeting was held, no date), undated.

8 92

Dissertation, "Autonomy: an institutional Study: Yale University School of Nursing, 1923-1934," Marcia Curtis, 1969.

8 93

"Dysfunctional parenting of a profession," Martha J. Welch, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, accepted for publication, Nursing Outlook, 1980.

8 94

Nursing, 805, Ohio State University, School of Nursing, "An analysis of an organization and a change model", undated.

8 95

Report of major curriculum revision, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, May 3, 1977.

8 96

Workshop, Georgetown University School of Nursing, continuing education,"Nursing practice, politics, power," Washington D.C., June 13, 1979.

8 97

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Series 3.  Addresses and publications, 1972-1980.

Scope and Contents note

Included in this series are the large number of addresses Ashley presented on various occasions, journal articles, and her bibliographical notes on specific subjects (spanning the years 1896-1979) relating to her major field. Also, found here is correspondence referring to the publication of Ashley’s book Hospitals, Paternalism and the Role of the Nurse, and comments to Ashley on her published articles and book.

Box Folder

"Methodological problems in historical research," seminar for graduate students at New York University, Division of Nursing Education, October 31, 1972.

8 1

"Historical consideration of pertinent issues in nursing," presented at the fall conference of Affiliating Community Agency Personnel, Department of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, November 6, 1973.

8 2

"Power in nursing practice: problems of the past and future possibilities," presented to Northern Illinois Association of Industrial Nurses, Chicago, IL, September 10, 1974.

8 3

"Progress in nursing: social climate ripe for change," speech presented to District 3, Illinois State Nurses Association, Rockford, IL, September 12, 1974.

8 4

"N-Cap: a force for social reforms in health care", paper presented to Nursing Forum, sponsored by the Department of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, January 31, 1975.

8 5

"Power, politics and progress in nursing practice," Illinois State Nurses Association, district 2, Joliet, IL, January 14, 1975.

8 6

"Historical analysis of economic factors influencing nursing's development," Nursing Research Symposium, School of Nursing, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, February 5, 1975.

8 7

"The strategic role of nursing care delivery: old and new perspectives," Illinois State Nurses' Association, district 19, Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, IL, February 6, 1975.

8 8

"Myths and realities of apprenticeship in nursing: paternalism in practice," 13th Annual Stewart Research Conference in Nursing, sponsored by the Department of Nursing Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, March 7, 1975.

8 9

"Women and the political process: their social influence yesterday, today and tomorrow," Zonta International Aurora Area Zonta club, Aurora, IL, April 17, 1975.

8 10

"Reflections on myths and symbols pinning nursing down," pinning ceremony, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb IL, April 20, 1975.

8 11

"Social and political reforms in health care: implications for organized nursing," Illinois State Nurses Association, district 18, Chicago, IL, May 8, 1975.

9 12

"The economic abuse and political repression of nurses: a need for new consciousness," open Forum presentation, NLN Convention, New Orleans, LA, May 21, 1975.

9 13

"Mobilization of nursing energies for constructive action on national and local levels," First Annual Dialogue with the Leaders, Columbia Hospital, Nursing Staff Development, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, September 11, 1975.

9 14

"Team Effectiveness in health care: myth or reality", Nurses Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (NAACOG) district 8, annual conference, Salt Lake City, UT, September 25, 1975.

9 15

"Nursing is powerful energy for rehumanizing health care," Nebraska Nurses' Association, annual convention, Omaha, NE, September 29, 1975.

9 16

"Action today for better tomorrow: Nurses can transform health care" 72nd Annual Convention, Iowa Nurses' Association, Council Bluff, IA, October 13, 1975.

9 17

"Nursing in pursuit of excellence: a new image of the feminine," New Jersey State Nurses' Annual Convention, Cherry Hill, NJ, October 16, 1975.

9 18

"Nursing power and health care reforms: the spirit of ‘76," United Nurses' Association, annual convention, San Diego, CA, October 18, 1975.

9 19

"Nursing and the Challenge of Change," Illinois State Nurses, October 22, 1975.

9 20

"Nursing and the achievement of excellence in health care," Mount St. Mary College, Newburgh, NY, December 11, 1975.

9 21

"Women in white: comments on historical role in health care", Evanston Hospital School of Nursing, Evanston, IL, February 12, 1976.

9 22

"Nursing and the need for revolutionary change in health care," cosponsorship - Pennsylvania Nurses Association, Pennsylvania League for Nursing and Nurses Now, Pittsburgh, PA, March 11, 1976.

9 23

"Political action: involvement for organized effectiveness," legislative workshop, "Nurses Involved in Political Action," Northern Illinois University, School of Nursing, and Illinois Nurses Association, March 18, 1976.

9 24

"Nursing power: viable, vital, visible," keynote address, Texas Nurses Association, annual convention, San Antonio, TX, April 7, 1976.

9 25

"The lethal game of nursings' devaluation" 12th Annual Clinical Psychiatric Nursing Conference, Veterans Administration Hospital, Brecksville Division, Cleveland, OH, April 23, 1976.

10 26

"Nursing today and in the future," Howard Young Medical Center, Woodruff, WI, June 16, 1976.

10 27

"American style health care: helter skelter par excellence," Connecticut Nurses Association, annual convention, Windsor Locks, CT, October 7, 1976.

10 28

"Freeing nurse power from harness: asserting personhood," lecture and dialogue session, Wright State University, Department of Continuing Education, Dayton, OH, October 29, 1976.

10 29

"Components of power: identification, acquisition, usage," keynote address, South Carolina Nurses Association, annual convention, Columbia, SC, November 11, 1976.

10 30

"Research to enliven the art and science of nursing: the necessity of historical thinking," College of Nursing, Distinguished Scholar Series, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, December 10, 1976.

10 31

Introductory comments for workshop "Woman's health and well-being: Life is more than coping," Woman Space Center, Rockford School of Medicine, Rockford, IL, November 22 1977.

10 32

"Professionalism and the law," Festival of Life and Learning Program, School of Nursing University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, February 4, 1977.

10 33

"Consumer's rights - nurses' rights," Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Illinois Nurses Week, Chicago, IL, March 15, 1977.

10 34

"Foundation for scholarship in the art and science of nursing: the value of historical research," College of Nursing, Texas Woman's University, Houston and Dallas, TX, April 14-15 1977.

10 35

"The experience of change and expansion in nursing: a time for growth," College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, graduation ceremony, Lexington, KY, May 8, 1977.

10 36

"The death of paternalism: nursing's renewal," New York University, Upsilon chapter, Sigma Theta Tau, New York, NY, May 25, 1977.

10 37

"The emergence of new horizons in nursing: a timely commencement," School of Nursing, University of Oregon Health Sciences Center, graduation ceremony, Portland, OR, June 11, 1977.

10 38

"The Image of nursing: pride in power," keynote address, Massachusetts Nurses Association Convention, Worcester, MA, October 12, 1977.

10 39

"Nursing reborn: new horizons, new attitudes, new life," New Jersey State Nurses Association, Tinton Falls, NJ, October 17, 1977.

10 40

"Nursing and marks of paternalism," Fifth annual combined scientific assembly of the American College of Emergency Physicians and Emergency Department Nurses Association (ACEP-EDNA), San Francisco, CA, November 10, 1977.

10 41

"Health care problems: the search for solutions," Mississippi University for Women, Interdisciplinary Conference on Social Issues in Health Care, Columbus, MI, April 5, 1978.

10 42

"Nursing roots: impact on role change," workshop, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, April 20, 1978.

11 43

"Alienation and medical hierarchy: a humanistic response," Hunter College, Bellevue School of Nursing, New York, NY, May 10, 1978.

11 44

"Management of conflict in life: nursing's opportunity," University of Louisville, Division of Nursing, Louisville, KY, May 18, 1978.

11 45

"Nursing in the future: choosing conflicts wisely," Wright University, May 31, 1978.

11 46

"Historical evolvement of the nursing role," workshop, Sinclair Community College, Dayton, OH, June 1, 1978.

11 47

"Deception and conflict in health field: alternatives for the future," comments for panel discussion, Pediatric Nurse Association and Practitioners of Ohio, September 30, 1978.

11 48

"Overcoming deception: an ethical and practical proposition," keynote address, State NAACOG Conference, Dayton, OH, November 1, 1978.

11 49

"Power in structured misogyny: implications for nursing, politics and practice," Georgetown University School of Nursing, Washington DC, June 13, 1979.

11 50

Others, Abstract and papers.

Box Folder

Abstract, "Hospital sponsorship of nursing schools: influence of apprenticeship and paternalism on nursing education in America, 1893-1948, E.A. Ashley, undated.

11 51

"Breakthrough to ideas: education for freeing minds," J.A. Ashley and B. LaBelle, undated.

11 52

"Historical overview of selected development in nursing practice implications for quality in clinical care", undated.

11 53

"Power in nursing, its use, misuse and abuse", undated.

11 54

"This I believe about power in nursing," J. A. Ashley, Nursing Outlook, 21:10:10/73, 1973.

11 55


Box Folder

"Health care and oppression of a women's profession," J.A. Ashley, submitted for publication by the Committee on Publications of the Department of Nursing Education, Teachers College, 2/74, 1974.

11 56

"Power, freedom and professional practice in nursing," editorial, "The love hate syndrome," Supervisor Nurse, 6:1:1/75, 1975.

11 57

"Reforms in nursing and health care: Industrial nurses can lead the way," J.A. Ashley, Occupational Health Nursing, 23:6:11-14:6/75, 1975.

11 58

"Nurses and the meaning of law and order," submitted for publication, Imprint, Journal of National Student Nurses Association, 8/76, 1976.

11 59

"A conversation with Jo Ann Ashley," Oregon Nurse, Oregon Nurses Association, 42:5:77, 1977.

11 60

"Power of structured misogyny: implications for the politics of care," Advances in Nursing Science, 2:3:10/79, 1979.

11 61

"Power in nursing: some historical perspectives on current conflicts," submitted to Nursing Outlook, 1973.

11 62


Bibliographical notes, education, medical, nursing, social and economic, research reference from 1896-1979.

E-1-7, 1896-1928.


E-8-19, 1896-1979.


E-20-32, 1900-1940.


Card index file.


Apprenticeship, Scrimshaw, notes on Chapters I-III, VI-XI and XIII.

16 63

Apprenticeship, handwritten notes.

16 64

American Apprenticeship and Industrial Education, P.H. Douglas (Thoughts and ideas related to comparisons with nursing).

16 65

"American social thought since 1865," Prof. Kershner, undated.

16 66

By and about Mary Adelaide Nutting.

16 67

Cooperative nursing and cooperative plans in nursing education.

16 68

Doctors and nurses prior to 1900.

16 69

Economics, handwritten mostly from John K. Galbraith's books.

16 70

Economic and Social History of Medieval Europe, 1939, Henri Pirenne, handwritten notes, 1939.

16 71

Economic status of nurses and facts on nursing, 1940s.

16 72

Educational index, began 1929.

16 73

Efforts to establish relationships with colleges and universities (reprints).

16 74

Hospital sources on nursing questions, 1921-1930.

16 75

Medical reports on nursing and nursing education.

16 76

Medical sources and opinions on nursing, 1940's.

16 77

Miscellaneous ideas and papers (handwritten notes).

16 78

National League for Nursing, Annual Reports 1894-1939; Adelaide Nutting Historical Nursing, Collection, 1929, 1894-1929.

16 79

Nursing question, 1900-1910; and medical sources, 1898-1919, 1898-1919.

17 80


17 81

Physicians views on nursing.

17 82

Selected quotes from the works of Ranier Maria Rilke, and Civilization in Transition, translated by Carl Jung.

17 83

The Give and Take in Hospitals, T. Burling, E.M. Lentz, R.N. Wilson, handwritten notes, 1956.

17 84

Transpersonal psychology in education, 1975.

17 85

"System of vocational Education," Minnesota Report; Smith-Hughes Act and Nursing Education, handwritten notes, 1937-1938.

17 86

Reprints, Articles, books, etc.

Box Folder

Academic Women on the Move, Chapter Six, "From sugar and spice to professor," p. 125.

17 87

"Accountability for Professional Standards," Journal N.Y.S.N.A., 7:3:8/76, 1976.

17 88

Apprenticeship as a Method of Vocational Education, Isabel M. Stewart, (booklet), 1911.

17 89

"American Nurses' Association's first position on education for nursing", 1965.

17 90

Battered women; anorexia nervosa, female psychology, politics, and women's movement, 1973-1980.

17 91

Chronicle of Higher Education, re: issues of nursing education, 1980.

17 92

Comment to "Nursing power: viable, vital, visible," Texas Nursing, 11/76, 1976.

17 93

Committee on Nursing education report, Rockefeller Foundation grant, early 1900's.

17 94

"Contraceptive tied to cancer," Bob Wyrich, Newsday, June 8, 1979.

17 95

"Creative individuals: paradoxical personages," W.E. McMullan, The Journal Creative Behavior, 10:4, fourth quarter, undated.

17 96

"Disgruntled interns prove how bad a "good" program can be," J.B. Wilder, M.D., Hospital Physician, 1/72, 1972.

17 97

"Economic status of nursing; working conditions of public health, private duty and staff nurses, 1947.

17 98

"Education for health services administration," American Journal of Public Health, June 1970, and "The Delivery of Medical Care," Scientific American, 222:4:4/70, 1970.

17 99

Florence Nightingale, Health Heroes Series, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, 1959.

17 100

"Historical information concerning problems in function and education," Kentucky Occupational Health Nurses Association Seminar, moderator, Edith D. Ashley, undated.

17 101

Hospital conference of city of New York, "Nursing situations in hospitals", 1912.

17 102

"The case for historical research," Mildred E. Newton, Nursing Research, 14:1:1965, 1965.

17 103

Homemakers, Pittsburgh, PA, brochures and agency information, 1976.

17 104

"A Marxist critique of humanistic psychology," Walter Nord, Journal Humanistic Psychology, 17:1:'77; and "Medical Malpractice," Scientific American, 235:2:8/76, 1976.

17 105

Nursing education and practice in New York state, 1934, handwritten notes by J.A. Ashley, 1970.

17 106

"Nursing profession and physicians," Sacramento Bee, July 22, 1979.

17 107

"Nurses see more bad than good," The Mavi News, February 14, 1979.

17 108

Physician's view on nursing situation, Robert Elliott, MD, The Journal of Medical Education, 4/69 and "Medicine and Nursing, J.A.M.A., 213:11:9/14/70, 1969-1970.

17 109

Political, economy of health care, 1975.

17 110

Policies and procedures of accreditation of nursing education programs, National League for Nursing, includes NLN position statement on the education of nurse practitioners, 1980.

17 111

Problems of nursing education, The Nursing Education Bulletin 1:2:8/1928, 1928.

17 112

"Dr. Jo Ann Ashley: Protagonist for power, freedom and commitment in a suffering profession," Sharon L. Sterner, undated.

17 113

Radicalism in nursing "sexist" - reprints and newspaper clippings, 1976-1977.

18 114

"Repression of nurses," Texas, reprints from newspaper articles and manual, 1977.

18 115

Research, re: theories: components, development and evaluation, 1968-1974.

18 116

Research, "Nursing research: key to a locked-in profession," Susan J. Misner, Supervisor Nurse, 8:8:4/77, 1977.

18 117

"Research grant application, what they are not and should be," S.R. Gortner, Nursing Research, July-August, 1971.

18 118

The American Nurse, July and Sept., ‘78, 1978.

18 119

"The development of intense positive counter transference feelings in the therapist toward a patient," C. Vidoni, American Journal of Nursing, 75:3:3/75, 1975.

18 120

The Educational Frontier, Chapter II and III, Kilpatrick, undated.

18 121

"The female patient, heeded? Hustled? Healed?," S. Schiefelbain, Saturday Review, 1980.

18 122

"The false promise: professionalism in nursing," Boston Nurses' Group, Science for the People", July-August, 1978.

18 123

"The leadership crisis in nursing: A critical problem and challenge," M. Leininger, Journal of Nursing Administration, March-April, 1974.

18 124

"The liberation of women," The Center Magazine V:3, May-June, 1972.

18 125

"The medicalization of society: the sickness unto death," Denise Donnell Connnors, 6/76, 1976.

18 126

"The sick aged, the nursing profession, and the larger society," R.J. Yarling, Journal of Gerontological, March-April, 1977.

18 127

"The significance of movement," Main Currents, September-October, no year listed.

18 128

"The teacher as environmental victim and how to overcome such pollution," James J. Van Patten, Kappa Delta Pi Record, April, 1977.

18 129

"Strikes in nursing, reprints, 1976-1977.

18 130

"Value-laden technologies and politics of nursing," Sandra Harding, 1979.

18 131

"Women and health care: a comparison of theories", E. Fee, International Journal of Health Services, 5:3:1975, 1975.

18 132

Women workers in health care, reprints from professional journals, 1975-1976.

18 133

Correspondence - Incoming and Outgoing.

Professional Associations.
Box Folder

Advances in Nursing Science, editorial board member, 1978-1980.

18 134

Nurses' Coalition for Political Action, (N-CAP), board of trustee member, 1974-1978.

18 135

Nursing and Women's Archives Associates, membership, 1972-1960.

19 136

Nursing Consultation, Inc., re: nursing research involvement, 1977.

19 137

Nursing Research, member, manuscript review panel, 1978.

19 138
Box Folder

Articles, re: publishing articles in professional nursing journals, 1973-1977.

19 139
Box Folder

Agreement with C.V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, MO to contribute first volume of Current Perspectives in Nursing: The Changing Educational Scene, 1974-1977.

19 140
Hospitals, Paternalism and the Role of the Nurse, Teachers College Press, New York, NY, re: publication.
Box Folder


19 141


19 142


19 143
Request to contribute to forthcoming books.
Box Folder

Current Issues in Nursing, 1979-1980.

19 144

Nursing and the Health Needs of Americans: Issues and Alternatives, 1974.

19 145

Women's Issues in Nursing, 1980.

19 146
Comments to Ashley's published articles, 1973-1978.
Box Folder


19 147


19 148


19 149
Box Folder

Comments to Ashley's presentations, 1973-1978.

19 150

Health Services Research and Development, Blue Cross Association, Chicago, IL, re: health care systems and reimbursement, 1976-1977.

19 151

Historical research, critique of research proposals for Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, 1976.

19 152

"Letters to the editor," re: "Health care, American style: helter skelter par excellence," J.A. Ashley, 1977.

20 153

Letters and notes from students and former associates (handwritten), 1975-1978.

20 154

Vincente Navarro, MD, re: health care services, (includes reprint articles), 1976.

20 155

"New Image for Nurses," Woman produced by PBS by WNED-TV, appearance on program, 9/2/76, and Transcript of "Talk Show" Part I and II, 1976-1977.

20 156

Requests of Ashley.

Participation with conferences, convention, seminars and workshops.
Box Folder


20 157


20 158


20 159
Box Folder

Letters of reference or position recommendations, 1976-1980.

20 160

Permission to quote from books and journal articles, (form letter, blank), undated.

20 161
Copies of articles, reference resources and review student's project.
Box Folder


20 162


20 163
Box Folder

Reviews and comments to Hospitals, Paternalism and Role of the Nurse, 1975-1977.

20 164

Roundtable Film Company, Cambridge MA, re: documentary film, "Role of the Nurse in U.S. Health Care System", 1976-1977.

20 165

Edith Ashley, re: nursing problems and concerns, including newspaper clippings (incoming), 1976-1979.

20 166

Television and radio talk show appearances, 1975-1978.

20 167

Abigal Van Buren (Dear Abby) re: nursing, 1975.

20 168
Hospitals, Paternalism and Role of the Nurse.
Box Folder

Book promotion, journals and brochures, 1976.

20 169

Book reviews in professional journals, 1975-1977.

20 170
Box Folder

Newspaper clippings, nursing and health care system, 1975-1977.

20 171

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Series 4.  Research Projects, 1979-1981.

Conditions Governing Access note

Some folders are restricted and closed to research.

Scope and Contents note

This is a small series which includes Ashley’s projects, “Lives of Contemporary Nurses: An Oral History Project,” which is comprised of audio cassette tapes and typed transcripts of the interviews done by Ashley.


"Lives of Contemporary Nurses: An Oral History Project.

Box Folder

Proposal, undated.

21 1

Handwritten notes guidelines for oral history interview, purpose of study, and release form.

21 2

Non-medical human subjects review committee, meeting minutes, May 1, 1979.

21 3
Oral history participants, 1979.
Conditions Governing Access note

This file is restricted.

21 4
Permission and release forms.
Conditions Governing Access note

This file is restricted.

Box Folder
Participants signed permission and release forms, 1979.
Conditions Governing Access note

This file is restricted.

21 5
Participants agreement with E.A. Shinbach for project completion and placement of data in archives (restricted), 1981.
Conditions Governing Access note

This file is restricted.

21 6
Box Folder
Correspondence, outgoing from E.A. Shinbach to participate re: release and consent to use content of interview with Jo Ann Ashley (restricted), 1981.
Conditions Governing Access note

This file is restricted.

21 7
Interviews, Tapes and Transcript.


Box Folder

Original transcript and tape, May 30, 1980.

21 8

Re-typed transcript, May 30, 1980.

21 9
Box Folder

Esther Schooleg, June 27, 1979.

21 10

Velma Morton, June 29, 1979.

22 11

Anonymous (no tapes), July 2, 1979.

22 12

Anonymous, July 16, 1979.

22 13

Anonymous (no tapes), July 17, 1979.

22 14

Anonymous (no tapes), July 18, 1979.

22 15

Anonymous, July 23, 1979.

22 16

Anonymous, July 25, 1979.

23 17

Anonymous, July 30, 1979.

23 18

Anonymous, July 31, 1979.

23 19

Anonymous, August 6, 1979.

23 20

Restricted (cannot use) no permission (Package E), August 8, 1979.

23 21

Anonymous, August 12, 1979.

23 22

Myrtle Kesling (Package A), August 14, 1979.

24 23

Betty Shondel, August 15, 1979.

24 24

Anonymous, August 16, 1979.

24 25

Anonymous (no tapes), August 21, 1979.

24 26

Patsy O'Kolish, August 29, 1979.

24 27

Anonymous (no tapes), August 30, 1979.

24 28

Other proposed projects.

Box Folder

Correspondence re: "Theoretical Constructs for Nursing Practice," by Beverly M. LaBelle, School of Nursing, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, from Department of Health Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, 1975.

24 29

"Health as a focus of nursing practice: An historical analysis of factors influencing its development and implementation in community settings, 1900-1970", undated.

24 30

Audio cassette tapes, "Lives of contemporary nurses," restrictions requested by five participants, (Package D) 9 cassettes, 1981.


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Series 5.  Audio cassette tapes, 1974-1976.

Scope and Contents note

Included in this series are addresses, interviews, class discussions led by Ashley, and one audio cassette tape purchased by Ashley from the Analytic Psychology Club of Chicago.

Addresses, interviews, dialogue, class discussions, J.A. Ashley, 1974-1976.

Box Tape

WNED TV (PBS) Part I, "A New Image for Nurses," 1976 (side 1), WNED TV (PBS) Part II, "A New Image for Nurses" (side 2), 1976.

26 1

"The economic abuse and political repression of nurses: a need for a new consciousness," J.A.. Ashley, Open Forum 18: Changing Role of Women in Society: Implications for Nursing Education, National League for Nursing Convention, New Orleans, LA, (tape 1), 1975.

26 2

Open Forum 18: "Changing Role of Women in Society: Implications for Nursing Education, National League for Nursing Convention, New Orleans, LA, dialogue (tape 2), 1975.

26 3

"Team effectiveness in health care: myth or reality", J.A. Ashley, District VIII Annual Conference of the Nurses Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (NAACOG), Salt Lake City, UT, Tape I.

26 4

"Team concept in the provision of health care of women," J. Marshall, M.D. reacts to J.A. Ashley's speech, Tape II (side 1) "Women and health: an anthropological approach," P. Albers, PhD, District VIII Conference of the Nurses Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (NAACOG), Salt Lake City, UT, 9/25/75, Tape II (Side 2), 1975.

26 5

"Women and health: an anthropological approach," continued, followed by panel discussion, Jo Ann Ashley, John Marshall, Patricia Albers, District VIII Conference of the Nurses Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (NAACOG), Salt Lake City, UT, 9/25/75, Tape III, 1975.

26 6

"Power in nursing practice: problems of the past and future possibilities," J.A. Ashley, Northern Illinois Association of Industrial Nurses, Chicago, IL, 9/10/74, 1974.

26 7

"Political action: involvement for organized effectiveness," J.A. Ashley, Nurses Involved in Political Action, presented at legislative workshop, Co-sponsored by Northern Illinois University, School of Nursing and the Illinois Nurses Association, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, 3/18/76, 1976.

26 8

"Professionalism and the law," J.A. Ashley, Festival of Life and Learning Program, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada, 2/4/77 (first part of this tape is audible, but the last part is taped over by another speaker), 1977.

26 9

"Professionalism and the Law," J.A. Ashley, Festival of Life and Learning Program, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada, 2/4/77 (beginning of this tape is inaudible, the last part is cut off before session completed, but has more of the dialogue than other tape), 1977.

26 10

Betty Lindwall Group, APHASIA (side 1), Sharon Szypulski, Legal prob. (side 2), Ashley's voice is heard in this discussion.

26 11

J.A. Ashley, class discussion (possibly City University of New York, City College School of Nursing) Ashley states "Last year nursing was 100 years old", if determined by that statement, the year would be 1972), 1972.

26 12

"Research to Enliven the Art and Science of Nursing," J.A. Ashley, Distinguished Scholar Series, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, 12/10/76, 1976.

26 13

Information written on tape says: Penn State, 1973; but on tape Ashley states, "Progress in nursing: social climate ripe for change," this would be speech presented to District 3, Illinois State Nurses Association, Rockford, IL, 9/12/74, 1974.

26 14

J.A. Ashley, film interview with Roundtable Co., Cambridge, MA, 11/22/76, for documentary film: Nursing: The Politics of Caring, two tapes, 1976.

26 15

"The Analytic Psychology Club" of Chicago, tapes purchased by Ashley, 1976-1977.

Box Tape

"Energy and imagination," S. Keen, 2/6/76, 1976.

27 1

"Energy and childhood," E. Sullwold, 2/7/76, 1976.

27 2

"Of archetypes and exetypes," J. Houston, 2/7/76, 1976.

27 3

"On maturing and maturity," T. Kapacinskas, 2/7/77, 1977.

27 4

"Energy of beginning," L. Roloff, 2/8/76, 1976.

27 5

"Archetypal energy constellations in analysis, M. Stein, 2/8/76, 1976.

27 6

"The energies of enactment," E. Irwin, 2/8/76, 1976.

27 7

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Series 6.  Photographs, 1942-1980.

Scope and Contents note

This series includes photographs from Ashley’s childhood and teenager years, senior class pictures from her school of nursing, and a portrait for promotional purposes for her book. It also includes an Ashley family portrait.

Jo Ann Ashley.

Box Photo

Age 3, 1942.

28 1

Age 6, 1945.

28 2

Teenage years.

28 3

Teenage years sitting in home front yard in Kentucky, 195?.

28 4

Teenage years sitting on tree stump.

28 5

Teenage years sitting in rocking chair.

28 6

Student nurse uniform, junior class, Kentucky Baptist Hospital School of Nursing, 1960.

28 7

Senior class picture, Kentucky Baptist Hospital School of Nursing, 1961.

28 8

Ashley family photograph, 1972.

28 9

Washington DC, 1975.

28 10

Portrait, promotional purpose for book, Hospitals, paternalism, and the role of the nurse.

28 11a

Sitting on logs at home in Kentucky, 1980.

28 12

Jo Ann Ashley and two employees, Veteran's Administration Hospital, Brecksville, OH, 1976.

28 13

Jo Ann Ashley standing at podium, presenting paper, Medical Center, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, School of Nursing, Lexington, KY, May 8, 1977.

28 14abc

Negative, photo #6.

28 1

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