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Uniform Commercial Code Records

ALI.04.004

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Biddle Law Library: American Law Institute Archives
Creator:
American Law Institute
Creator:
National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws
Title:
Uniform Commercial Code Records
Date [inclusive]:
1935-2003
Call Number:
ALI.04.004
Extent:
53.5 linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) was the result of a joint project between the American Law Institute (ALI) and the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Law (NCCUSL). Work on the UCC began in 1945 in response to a perceived need by members of both ALI and NCCUSL to consolidate a number of uniform laws, previously enacted by NCCUSL, related to commercial transactions. NCCUSL was established in 1891 for the purpose of codifying state law by creating uniform laws and model acts. ALI was founded in 1923 in response to a perceived uncertainty and complexity in American Law. The Institute had previously developed a codification of particular areas of the law, known as the Restatement of the Law. Thus, cooperation between ALI and NCCUSL on the UCC presented a likely partnership. The first version of the UCC was approved in 1951. Over the next few years, the states responded to, analyzed, and amended the UCC. In 1961, the Permanent Editorial Board was established to review and help revise the UCC on a continual basis in accordance with the evolving culture of commercial transactions. As a result, the revision of the Uniform Commercial is an ongoing cooperative project between ALI and NCCUSL. The collection, 1935-2003, include historical records, drafts, comments, correspondence, and other materials related to the creation of the Uniform Commercial Code, which consolidated and codified previous uniform laws related to commercial transaction.
Cite as:
[Identification of item], in the Uniform Commercial Code Records, American Law Institute Archives, ALI.04.004, Biddle Law Library, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Philadelphia, PA.
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

The Uniform Commercial Code ( UCC) was the result of a joint project between the American Law Institute ( ALI) and the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Law ( NCCUSL). Work on the UCC began in 1945 in response to a perceived need by members of both ALI and NCCUSL to consolidate a number of uniform laws, previously enacted by NCCUSL, related to commercial transactions. NCCUSL was established in 1891 for the purpose of codifying state law by creating uniform laws and model acts. ALI was founded in 1923 in response to a perceived uncertainty and complexity in American law. The Institute had previously developed a codification of particular areas of the law, known as the Restatement of the Law. Thus, cooperation between ALI and NCCUSL on the UCC presented a likely partnership.

The first version of the UCC was approved in 1952. Over the next few years, the states responded to, analyzed, and amended the UCC. In 1961, the Permanent Editorial Board was established to review and help revise the UCC on a continual basis in accordance with the evolving culture of commercial transactions. As a result, the revision of the Uniform Commercial is an ongoing cooperative project between ALI and NCCUSL. Revisions to the UCC began in 1967. Over the next 40 years, NCCUSL and ALI studied and revised various articles. UCC revision is an ongoing project that continues to this day.

Scope and Contents

The Uniform Commercial Code Records, 1935-2003, include historical records, drafts, comments, correspondence, and other materials related to the creation of the Uniform Commercial Code, which consolidated and codified previous uniform laws related to commercial transaction.

Arrangement note

Arrangement
  1. Background Materials
  2. Administrative Records
  3. Meeting Records
  4. Correspondence
  5. Revised Uniform Sales Act Records
  6. Uniform Commercial Code Drafting Records
  7. Revised Article 9 Records
  8. Revised Article 8 Records
  9. Uniform New Payments Code Records
  10. [New] Article 2A Record
  11. Current Payment Methods Records
  12. Repealer of Article 6 and Revised Article 6 Records
  13. Article 2 Study Group Records
  14. Article 9 Study Group Records
  15. Amendments to Article 2A Records
  16. Permanent Editorial Board Commentaries
  17. Revised Article 5 Records
  18. Revised Article 2 Records
  19. Revised Article 8 Records
  20. Article 7 Task Force
  21. Revised Article 9 Records
  22. [New] Article 2B Records
  23. Revised Article 1 Records
  24. Revised Article 2A Records
  25. Proposed Amendments to Articles 2 and 2A
  26. Proposed Revisions to Articles 3 and 4
  27. Amendments to Article 7
  28. Comments
  29. New York State Law Revision Commission Materials
  30. State Responses
  31. Permanent Editorial Board Records
  32. Case Excerpts
  33. Subject Files
  34. Annotations
  35. Publications

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Biddle Law Library: American Law Institute Archives,  2008

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jordon Steele

Access Restrictions

None.

Use Restrictions

The archives reserves the right to restrict access to materials of sensitive nature. Please contact the department for further information.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

First shipment received from the American Law Institute in 1995.

Processing Information note

Preliminary container list prepared by Melissa Backes, 1995-2005.

Reprocessed by Jordon Steele, April 2008.

Encoded by Jordon Steele, April 2008.

As of April 2008, the Uniform Commercial Code is an ongoing project. Records will be processed as they become available.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Permanent Editorial Board for the Uniform Commercial Code
Personal Name(s)
  • Lewis, William Draper, 1867-1949
  • Schnader, William A. (William Abraham), 1886-1968
Subject(s)
  • Uniform commercial code

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Other Finding Aids note

An item-level container list is available offline in spreadsheet form.

Collection Inventory

Background Materials, 1935-1975. About 55 items.

Scope and Contents note

Articles, reports, letters, memoranda, agreements, and related materials regarding the circumstances under which the American Law Institute and the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Law agreed to work together on drafting the Uniform Commercial Code. Included is discussion among Karl Llewellyn, William Draper Lewis, William A. Schnader, and others regarding the creation of a Uniform Commercial Code.

Box
1
Folder
1-55

Administrative Records, 1939-1990.

Scope and Contents note

Committee and member rosters, correspondence, and related materials regarding fundraising, revision, translation, licensing, and other activities of the Uniform Commercial Code Project, submitted to and created by the central administrative body of the American Law Institute.

Fundraising Records, 1939-1970.

Box
1
2
Folder
56-66
1-16

Biographical Sketches and Rosters, 1942-1963.

Box
2
Folder
17-27

Correspondence, 1943-1988.

Box Folder

General, 1943-1979.

2

3

1-24

28-39

1950 Edition, 1950.

3 25

1952 Edition Errors, 1952.

3 26

1951 Revision, 1951.

3 27

1957 Edition, 1958 March.

3

4

1

28-29

American Bankers Association, 1949.

4 2

Article 2 Amendments, 1971-1980.

4 3

Article 3 and 4, 1972-1980.

4 4-5

Article 8, 1978-1979.

4 6

Article 9, 1972-1979.

4 7

Article 9 Revision Enactment, 1973.

4 8

Code Commentary, 1950-1951.

4 9-10

Committees, 1948-1959.

4 11

Corrections, 1963-1966.

4 15

Council Members, 1950.

4 16

Distribution of Codes at Institutes, 1950.

4 17

Editorial Board and Committee Member Correspondence, 1954-1958.

4 18-25

Final Editing and Printing, 1946-1952.

4

5

1-2

26-27

"Financing the Chattel Leases" , 1957.

5 3

Funk, Carl and Martin Aronstein, 1977-1978.

5 4

Inquiries from the District of Columbia, 1965.

5 5

Joint Editorial Board, 1947-1948.

5 6-7

Legislative Action, 1953-1957.

5 8-9

New York State Law Revision Commission, 1951-1957.

5 10-12

Pennsylvania Cases, 1966.

5 13

Permanent Editorial Board, 1952-1988.

5

6

1-7

14-25

Portland Case, 1966.

6 18-19

Possible Publications, 1971.

6 20

Requests, 1948-1960.

6

7

1-3

21

Resignations, 1952.

7 4

Rhode Island Cases, 1966.

7 5

Shipment of 1958 Printing, 1958.

7 6

West Publishing Company, 1953-1973.

7 7-11

Wolkin, Paul, 1954-1957.

7 12

State Adoption Records, 1959-1984.

Box Folder

Bulletins and Legislative Progress Reports, 1959-1965.

7 13

Lists of states adopting the Uniform Commercial Code, 1964-1965.

7 14

Lists of states adopting Articles 8 and 9, 1967-1984.

7 15

Enactment of 1972 Official Text of Article 9, 1972 July 11.

7 16

Correspondence Regarding Adoption of Articles 8 and 9, 1977-1979.

7 17

Translations, 1967-1990.

Box
7
Folder
18-20

Other Administrative Records, 1948-1949, 1976, 1988-1997. About 30 items.

Scope and Contents note

Summary of money received from purchases of the Uniform Commercial Code, dates of submission for articles, and application for Taiwan Edition rights. Also included is a general file with letters sent to the Deputy Director's office, clippings, and other records.

Box
7
Folder
22-23

Meeting Records, 1941-1984.

Scope and Contents note

Minutes, correspondence, and related records regarding the various meetings that contributed to the creation of parts of the Uniform Commercial Code.

3-4-8 Committee Records, 1975-1980.

Box
9
Folder
10-13

Advisor Meeting Records, 1946-1948.

Box
9
Folder
14-17

American Bar Association Corporate Section Committee, 1984.

Box
9
Folder
18

Committee on the Uniform Commercial Code, 1955.

Box
9
Folder
19

Article 2 Committee Records, 1955-1956.

Box
9
Folder
20-21

Article 3 Committee Records, 1954-1955.

Box
9
Folder
22-27

Article 4 Committee Records, 1953-1955.

Box
9
10
Folder
28
1-4

Article 5 Committee Records, 1954.

Box
10
Folder
5

Article 6 Committee Records, 1948.

Box
10
Folder
6

Article 7 Committee Records, 1948.

Box
10
Folder
7

Article 8 Committee Records, 1955.

Box
10
Folder
8-9

Article 9 Committee Records, 1955.

Box
10
Folder
10-12

Banking and Commercial Law Committee Records, 1962.

Box
10
Folder
13

Committee of the Whole Records, 1950-1982.

Box
10
Folder
14-17

Editorial Board Records, 1944-1954.

Box
10
Folder
18-48

Enlarged Editorial Board Records, 1951-1958.

Box
10
11
12
Folder
49-50
1-31
1-3

Joint Advisory Committee for Sale Act Records, 1945.

Box
12
Folder
4-5

Joint Commercial Law-Sales Group Records, 1942-1944.

Box
12
Folder
6-14

Joint Editorial Board Records, 1944-1951.

Box
12
Folder
15-39

Joint Session Records, 1947-1984.

Box
12
Folder
40-44

Joint Subcommittee Records, 1951.

Box
12
Folder
45

Joint Committee Records, 1955.

Box
13
Folder
1

49th Annual Conference Records, 1940.

Box
13
Folder
2

51st Annual Conference Records, 1941.

Box
13
Folder
3

53rd Annual Conference Records, 1943.

Box
13
Folder
4

54th Annual Conference Records, 1944.

Box
13
Folder
5

Pennsylvania Bar Association Records, 1954.

Box
13
Folder
6

Reportorial Group Meeting Records, 1945-1951.

Box
13
Folder
7-28

Reporters and Members of the Federal Reserve Bank--Records, 1950.

Box
13
Folder
29

Small Editorial Board Records, 1952.

Box
13
Folder
30-32

Unidentified Meeting Records, 1944.

Box
14
Folder
1-3

Correspondence, 1941-1967.

Scope and Contents note

Letters and related materials, sent to and received from board and committee members, including Herbert F. Goodrich, William Draper Lewis, and William A. Schnader.

Box
34
35
36
37
40
Folder
43-47
1-62
1-52
1-7
8-9

Revised Uniform Sales Act Records, 1940-1955.

Scope and Contents note

Minutes, drafts, comments, correspondence, and related material regarding the drafting of the Revised Uniform Sales Act, enacted in 1944. The act served as a precursor to the Uniform Commercial Code.

Meeting Minutes, 1942-1954.

Box
7
8
9
Folder
24-28
28-32
1-9

Drafts, 1940-1948.

Box
7
Folder
29-38

Comments, 1940-1955.

Box
7
8
Folder
39-41
1-20

Correspondence, 1942-1945.

Box
8
Folder
21-27

Uniform Commercial Code Drafting Records, 1945-1954 and undated.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts and related materials regarding the drafting of the articles of the Uniform Commercial Code.

Article 3 Records, 1946-1951.

Box
14
15
Folder
16-26
1-5

Article 4 Records, 1947-1952.

Box
15
Folder
6-17

Article 5 Records, 1945-1951.

Box
15
Folder
20-38

Article 6 Records, 1946-1949.

Box
15
Folder
37-45

Article 7 Records, 1948-1951.

Box
15
16
Folder
46-50
1-6

Article 8 Records, 1951.

Box
16
Folder
8

Article 9 Records, 1950-1954 and undated.

Box
16
Folder
23-29

Article 10 Records, undated.

Box
17
Folder
27

Revised Article 9 Records, 1962-1972, 1978.

Scope and Contents note

In 1962, the Permanent Editorial Board was formed to continually review and revise articles in the Uniform Commercial Code. The Board's first revision project was concerned with Article 9, Secured Transactions. The project was also considered part of the 1972 Amendments. Work on the project continued through 1972. The project included an assessment of Article 11, also called Effective Date and Transition Provisions. This series includes review committee records, drafts, comments, and other records related to the Article 9 Revision project.

Box
16
17
Folder
30-41
1-23

Revised Article 8 Records, 1972-1979.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, comments, correspondence, and other records related to the Revision of Article 8, Investment Securities.

Box
16
Folder
9-22

Uniform New Payments Code Records, 1972-1984.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, committee reports, correspondence, and other records related to the drafting of the Uniform New Payments Code project, which attempted to revise aspects of Articles 3, 4, and 8. Drafted under the supervision of the 3-4-8 Committee of the Permanent Editorial Board, this project was eventually withdrawn and discontinued. It was alternately known as the New Payments Code and New Uniform Payments Code.

Related Archival Materials note

See also the "Current Payment Methods" series.

Box
15
23
24
25
Folder
18
3-18
1-34
1-5

[New] Article 2A Records, 1986-1987.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts and other records related to the drafting of Article 2A, Leases.

Box
14
40
Folder
4-5
11

Current Payment Methods Records, 1987-1990.

Related Archival Materials note

See also the "Uniform New Payments Code" series.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts related to the creation of the Current Payment Methods project, which created Article 4A ( Funds Transfers), revised Article 3 ( Negotiable Instruments--formerly Commercial Paper), and revised Article 4 ( Bank Deposits and Collections).

Box
15
40
Folder
5, 18
14-15

Repealer of Article 6 and Revised Article 6 Records, 1988-1989. 6 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts related to the subjects of Bulk Transfers and Bulk Sales.

Box
41
Folder
1

Article 2 Study Group Records, 1987-1991. About 150 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, comments, correspondence, notes, minutes and other records related to the work of the Article 2 Study Group, a project undertaken by the Permanent Editorial Board to suggest revisions to Article 2.

Box
41
Folder
2-3

Article 9 Study Group Records, 1989-1993.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, correspondence, and other records related to a Permanent Editorial Board Study of Article 9, Secured Transactions. The study provided recommendations for revision.

Box
17
41
42
Folder
24
4-14
1-13

Amendments to Article 2A Records, 1990. 4 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts related to the drafts of amendments to Article 2A, Leases.

Box
42
Folder
14

Permanent Editorial Board Commentaries, 1987-1996. About 25 items.

Box
40
Folder
12-13

Revised Article 5 Records, 1991-1995. About 100 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, correspondence, and other records related to the revision of Article 5, Letters of Credit.

Box
43
Folder
1-4

Revised Article 2 Records, 1992-1999. About 250 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, correspondence, Article 2 Ad Hoc Committee records, and other records related to the revision of Article 2, Sales. This project was based on recommendations provided by the Article 2 Study Group.

Related Archival Materials note

See also "Article 2 Study Group" series.

Box
43
44
45
Folder
5-15
1-15
1-9

Revised Article 8 Records, Bulk, 1992-1994 1987-1994. About 20 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts and other records related to the revision of Article 8, Investment Securities.

Box
45
46
Folder
10-14
1-2

Article 7 Task Force, 1993-1994. About 10 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence and other records related to a task force assigned to study Article 7, Documents of Title, which provided recommendations for the article's revision.

Related Archival Materials note

See also the "Amendments to Article 7" series.

Box
53
Folder
9

Revised Article 9 Records, 1993-1999. About 1,000 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, correspondence, Article 9 Ad Hoc Committee records, and other records related to the revision to Article 9, Secured Transactions. The project was based on recommendations from the Article 9 Study Group.

Box
46
Folder
3-15

[New] Article 2B Records, 1995-1999. About 1300 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, correspondence, minutes, and other records related to the drafting of Article 2B, Software Contracts and Licenses of Information. The article was eventually not incorporated into the Uniform Commercial Code. It was adopted by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform States Law as the .

Box
49
50
51
52
Folder
1-9
1-9
1-9
1-8

Revised Article 1 Records, 1996-2001. About 20 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts and other records related to the revision of Article 1, which details the general provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code.

Box
52
Folder
9

Revised Article 2A, 1996-1999. About 20 items.

Related Archival Materials note

See also the "[New] Article 2A" series.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts and other records related to the revision of Article 2A, Leases.

Box
52
Folder
10-11

Proposed Amendments to Articles 2 and 2A, 1999-2003. About 150 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, correspondence, and other records related to amendments proposed for Articles 2 and 2A, Sales and Leases. This project was formerly known as [New] Revised Articles 2 and 2A.

Related Archival Materials note

See also the "Revised Article 2A" series.

Box
52
53
Folder
12
1-6

Proposed Revisions to Articles 3 and 4, 2000-2002.

Box
53
Folder
7

Amendments to Article 7, 2000-2003. 3 items.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts related to the drafting of amendments to Article 7, Documents of Title.

Related Archival Materials note

See also the "Article 7 Task Force" series.

Box
53
Folder
8

Comments, 1941-1990.

Scope and Contents note

Letters, reports, and related materials regarding external response to the Uniform Commercial Code.

General, 1951-1952.

Box
40
Folder
10

Article 1, 1954-1956, 1976.

Box
25
31
Folder
6-13
11

Article 2, 1949-1956, 1973.

Box
25
31
Folder
14-30
12-14

Article 3, 1946-1974.

Box
25
26
27
31
Folder
33-36
1-36
1-7
15-18

Article 4, 1949-1956.

Box
27
28
Folder
8-53
1-11

Article 5, 1949-1978.

Box
28
31
Folder
12-27
19-20

Article 6, 1948-1956, 1976.

Box
28
Folder
28-34

Article 7, 1947-1956.

Box
28
31
Folder
35-50
23-24

Article 8, 1945-1960.

Box
28
29
31
34
Folder
51-53
1-10
27-31
42

Article 9, 1949-1957, 1963.

Box
29
30
31
Folder
20-42
1-12
32-38

Article 10, 1951, 1964.

Box
32
Folder
1-2

Revised Article 9, 1962-1980.

Box
30
31
Folder
13-22
1-10

Revised Article 8, 1972-1979.

Box
29
31
Folder
10-19
25-26

[New] Article 2A, 1986-1988.

Box
25
Folder
31-32

Current Payment Methods, 1988.

Box
27
Folder
7

Article 2 Study Group, 1988.

Box
31
Folder
14

Committee on the Code as a Whole, 1950.

Box
32
Folder
3

Joint Session, 1950.

Box
32
Folder
4-9

State Comments, Bulk, 1953-1969 1941-1979.

Box
32
33
Folder
10-35
1-26

Other Comments, 1942-1990.

Box
33
34
40
Folder
27-37
1-41
10

New York State Law Revision Commission Materials, 1948-1959.

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, comments, correspondence, and related materials regarding the study undertaken in 1953 by the New York State Law Revision Commission to analyze and suggest revisions to the first incarnation of the Uniform Commercial Code. The UCC Editorial Board closely followed the reports of the Commission.

Box
17
19
20
Folder
28-32
1-17
1-14

State Responses, 1953-1972. 21 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, reports, and related materials regarding comments and responses by states to the Uniform Commercial Code. Despite their efforts to bring uniformity to commercial law, ALI and NCCUSL found that states preferred to amend and adjust the code to suit their individual purposes.

Box
23
Folder
1-2

Permanent Editorial Board Records, 1946-1995.

Scope and Contents note

Minutes, drafts, reports, recommendations, correspondence, and related material regarding the activities of the Permanent Editorial Board, an organization established in 1961 by ALI and NCCUSL to analyze, revise, and update the Uniform Commercial Code on a continual basis.

Related Archival Materials note

See also the "Permanent Editorial Board Commentaries" series.

Box
20
21
22
Folder
15-26
1-21
1-34

Case Excerpts, 1967-1985.

Scope and Contents note

Case excerpts used as reference in the analysis and revision of the Uniform Commercial Code.

Box
37
Folder
9-26

Subject Files, 1947-1978 and undated.

Scope and Contents note

Miscellaneous documents related to the Uniform Commercial Code, grouped by file.

Box
38
Folder
1-23

Annotations, 1952-1961. 4 items.

Scope and Contents note

Published Massachusetts, New York, and Pennsylvania annotations to the Uniform Commercial Code.

Box
40
Folder
4-7

Publications, 1948-1995.

Scope and Contents note

Published copies of various final versions of the Uniform Commercial Code and assorted published drafts.

Box
38
39
40
Folder
24
1-17
1-7