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Hermann Ranke Egyptian Section records

0082

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Ranke, Hermann, 1878-1953
Title:
Hermann Ranke Egyptian Section records
Date [inclusive]:
1934-1949
Call Number:
0082
Extent:
0.3 linear foot
Language:
English
Abstract:
Ranke attained his Ph.D. in Egyptology in Munich. He joined his friend H.V. Hilprecht at the University Museum in 1904 as an assistant. Ranke returned to the University Museum, in 1948 as visiting professor and curator. The Hermann Ranke Egyptian section records fill one half of an archival box. Correspondence comprises almost all of the records with the exception of one file of section reports.
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Hermann Ranke completed his Ph.D. in Assyriology in Munich then joined H.V. Hilprecht at the Museum of the University of Pennsylvania as his assistant in the Department of Mesopotamia in 1904. Succeeding years took him back to Germany to assist the Berlin Museum in the Department of Egyptology. In 1910, Ranke was appointed Professor of Egyptology at Heidelberg University. He attained full professorship in 1922.

In 1937, Ranke was forced by the Nazi regime to reliquish his professorship due to "un-German activities." He found asylum with his friends at the Penn Museum as curator of the Egyptian Section. He remained here until the United States entered WWII, then returned to Germany where his wife and three youngest children resided. He lost his oldest son in the war.

Following the war Ranke was reinstated as Professor Emeritus at Heidelberg.

Ranke returned to the University Museum, in 1948 as visiting professor and curator. During his tenure, the section experienced several important changes. Ranke prepared the first guide to the Egyptian collection and rearranged the mummy room. He began the publication of the excavation at Dendereh conducted by Clarence S. Fisher. His acquisitions included a painted stela, a kneeling statue from the time of the Persian conquest of Egypt and a Hathor statue from the last century B.C..

Ranke translated James H. Breasted's History of Egypt and prepared a new edition of Adolf Erman's primary text, Aegypten und aegyprisches Leben in Altertum. Ranke completed his major work a few months before his death in 1953; Die asgyptischen Personennamen.

Scope and Contents

Hermann Ranke completed his Ph.D. in Assyriology in Munich then joined H.V. Hilprecht at the Museum of the University of Pennsylvania as his Assistant in the Department of Mesopotamia in 1904. Succeeding years took him back to Germany to assist the Berlin Museum in the Department of Egyptology. In 1910, Ranke was appointed Professor of Egyptology at Heidelberg University. He attained full professorship in 1922.

Ranke returned to the University Museum, in 1948 as visiting professor and curator.

The Hermann Ranke Egyptian section records fill one half of an archival box of material. Correspondence comprises almost all of the records with the exception of one file of section reports.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives,  6/1/2016

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Jody Rodgers

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Correspondence
Geographic Name(s)
  • Egypt
Personal Name(s)
  • Ranke, Hermann, 1878-1953
  • Shadwell, Gilbert C.
Subject(s)
  • Hieroglyphics--Egyptian

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Collection Inventory

Correspondence, 1935-1955.

Box

1935-1936 Curatorial.

1

1937-1949 Curatorial with museums.

1

1937-1946 Curatorial.

1

1947-1948 Curatorial.

1

1942-1951 Re: hieroglyphics (Shadwell).

1

1943-1945 Re: photographs.

1

1938-1941 Ranke with museums.

1

Section Reports 1941-1948.