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Fara, Iraq expedition records

1020

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Creator:
Schmidt, Erich Friedrich, 1897-1964
Title:
Fara, Iraq expedition records
Date [bulk]:
1930-1931
Date [inclusive]:
1930-1972
Call Number:
1020
Extent:
1.95 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
Excavation at Fara, initiated by German excavators between 1902 and 1903, was resumed in 1931 by Erich Schmidt, an archaeologist working under the aegis of the University Museum. Since the Museum’s participation was limited to one season which took place between February 15 and May 19, the records pertaining to this excavation are not numerous. The textual records at Fara include general correspondence, field notes, indexes and catalogues, and publications. Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the records.
Cite as:
[Item name]. Box [Box number]. Fara, Iraq expediton records. Penn Museum Archives. Accessed [Date accessed].
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Excavation at Fara, initiated by German excavators between 1902 and 1903, was resumed in 1931 by Erich Schmidt, an archaeologist working under the aegis of the University Museum. Since the Museum’s participation was limited to one season which took place between February 15 and May 19, the records pertaining to this excavation are not numerous. It is a fortunate circumstance that Schmidt listed (letter of May 25, 1931 to H. Jayne) exactly what types of records were generated. A confusing aspect of this collection is that Fara was excavated with funds appropriated by the Joint Persian Expedition for the proposed excavation in Iran (Tepe Hissar) also headed by Schmidt. Most Fara records are contained here, although some may be with the records for the Citadel at Damghan (Tureng Tepe), and Tepe Hissar. However, the excavation at Fara occurred before those at these other sites, and therefore the records were already, for the most part, separate.

Scope and Contents

The correspondence includes several letters to H. Jayne, the Museum Director, which served as the first and second field report, subsequently, the second (May 1, 1931) was published in The Museum Journal. Fara Report III (July, 1931) is an account of the trip undertaken by Schmidt and the rest of the staff of the Joint Persian Expedition from Fara to Damghan via Baghdad. It actually pertains more to Tepe Hissar and has been placed with those records. Also, some correspondence relates to the acquisition of excavation rights from one of the original German excavators (W. Andrae) and the Antiquities Department in Iraq (S. Smith).

The order of the field notes was not disturbed as the material appeared to be already grouped into broad categories; for example, architectural descriptions were found together, as were the burial sheets. The photographic catalogue was placed with the other records of the Joint Persian Expedition as it is a smaller part of the photographic catalogue for Tepe Hissar and Damghan. In addition, there is an excavation journal and road diary documenting the journey from Fara to Damghan via Baghdad. Together with the photographs which were taken concurrently, it represents information concerning archaeological sites in Iraq, local monuments and daily life in Iraq in the 1930’s. An appointment book, Daily Reminder 1931, is placed within this series as it makes brief mention of the progression of the excavation, as does the field Note Book, 1931.

Where possible, a chronological order was imposed on the records. Photographs were retained with the documents when they directly referred to content. Otherwise, the photographic collections hold material relating to excavations, objects and travel photographs. Large maps and drawings are kept in the Oversize Section, and watercolors are in the Print Cabinet.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by K. Moreau

Use Restrictions

Although many items from the archives are in the public domain, copyright may be retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. The user is fully responsible for compliance with relevant copyright law.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Card catalogs
  • Correspondence
  • Dissertations
  • Field notes
  • Inventories
Geographic Name(s)
  • Fara (archaeological site)
  • Fara (Iraq)
Personal Name(s)
  • Schmidt, Erich Friedrich, 1897-1964
Subject(s)
  • Antiquities
  • Archaeological expeditions
  • Excavations (Archaeology)

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Collection Inventory

General Correspondence, 1930-1931. 05 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

Reports from the field, financial statements, telegrams and letters to the director. Correspondence and records relating to other archaeologists, with the Antiquities Department and with other officials in Iran. For the most part, materials are arranged chronologically within each folder, although some items which are related are grouped together regardless of date.

Box

Fara, 1930.

1

Erich Schmidt - correspondence, 1930-1931.

1

Correspondence, [financial, administrative correspondence, does not directly pertain to archaeology], 1931.

1

Miscellaneous correspondence [Shipping invoices and correspondence].

1

[Minutes of conference of the Directors of Expeditions, [Iraq]: 2nd (1931) and 3rd (1932) conferences], 1931-1932.

1

Financial Ledger, 1930-1931.

1

Field Notes, 1931. 0.4 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

Box

[Schmidt, excavation journal and road diary, 1931], 1931.

1

Daily Reminder, 1931.

1

[Field notebook, 1931], Schmidt, 1931.

1

[Field Journal ca. Feb 1931], 1931.

1

Field Catalog, F1-1171.

2

Fara, Architectural descriptions.

2

[Burial sheets].

2

Skeletal descriptions.

2

[Drawings of artifacts, pottery profiles].

2

Catalogue of tablets.

2

Indexes and Catalogues, 1931. 1 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

Descriptive catalogues of tablets arranged by field number; Artifact Cards arranged by field number F1-1171, a set of incomplete photographic negative cards arranged by field number, the rough drafts of the negative cards arranged by type, photo album.

Box

Inventory; pottery; groundstone; tablets; seal cylinders and impressions and figurines.

2

E. F. Schmidt, Near East-Fara-Pot descriptions.

2

[Draft of cards for the photographic index].

2

[Artifact Cards, F1-1171, arranged by number].

3

[Artifact Cards, arranged by subject].

3A

[Negative Cards, arranged by number].

4

[Negative Cards, arranged by subject].

5

Publications, 1931-1972. 0.5 Linear feet.

Scope and Contents note

Duplicates of first and second field reports, report on test excavations at Fara, Appendix: Discussion of S. N. Kramer regarding cuneiform tablets, a cuneiform report, and a University of Chicago Ph.D. thesis (1972) on Fara. Arranged topically.

Box

Fara Report #1, 1931 March 1.

6

Fara, Report II.

6

Report on the Test Excavations pursued by the Expedition of the University Museum... Feb. 17-May, 1931.

6

Appendix, Discussion of Dr. S. N. Kramer, Dating of the Tablets, translit. and trans of type specimens.

6

Cuneform Report.

6

H.P. Martin, University of Chicago Dissertation, 1972.

6