Access, holdings & availability
- Catholic Church.
- Standardized title:
- Gradual (Diocese of Bressanone)
- [Bressanone, Italy, between 1300 and 1325]
195 leaves : parchment, music ; 215 x 153 (173 x 112) mm. bound to 215 x 155 mm.
Catholic Church -- Liturgy -- Texts.
Gregorian chants -- Manuscripts.
Graduals (Liturgical books) -- Specimens.
Manuscripts, Latin -- 14th century.
- Complete portable gradual with chants for the Mass according to the Use of Brixen (now Bressanone), possibly from a Benedictine monastic foundation. The temporal and sanctoral cycles are combined (including references to Masses for the feasts of Saint Thomas à Becket, f. 19r; Saints Albuinus and Ingenuinus, both bishops of Brixen, f. 32v; Saint Benedict, f.36r; translation of Saint Albuinus, f. 99r, translation of Saint Benedict, f. 110r; and Saint Cassian, legendary founder of the diocese of Brixen under the name of Säben, f. 112v), followed by texts and music for the Common of Saints; various settings of the Kyrie, Gloria, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei; and sequences for major feasts, beginning with Christmas and including the feast of Saints Albuinus and Ingenuinus (f. 153r). The final 2 leaves (one reused as a front flyleaf) have a number of additional chants, including one for the Marian text Flos de spina and two for texts from the Song of Solomon. Many signs of use over time, including textual and musical marginal notes, additions or alterations of rubrics, erasures, and repairs to the vellum leaves. The front pastedown has the Credo, Gloria, and Da pacem Domine written on it, ca. 1400; the back pastedown has a Marian text on a fragment from a 13th-century Italian missal or gradual.
- 1. f. i recto-i verso: [Contemporary added chants]
1. f.1r-133v: [Temporal and sanctoral Masses]
2. f.133v-137r: [Common of Saints]
3. f.137r-146v: [Settings of Kyrie, Gloria, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei]
4. f.146v-194r: [Sequences for major feasts]
5. f.194r-194v: [Contemporary added chants]
- Ms. codex.
Title from rubric (f. 1r).
Collation: Parchment, 195; 1-5¹⁰ 6-8¹² 9¹² (-1) 10-16¹² 17¹⁴ (with leaf 14 used to make flyleaf before f. 1); [i], i-xxx, xxx-cxxxii, [134-194]; medieval foliation in roman numerals in ink, upper center recto; modern foliation in pencil throughout, lower right recto. Gatherings are numbered i-xvii, lower center of first recto. References in this record are to modern foliation.
Layout: Written in 12 4-line staves with text below; frame-ruled in faint ink; pricking visible throughout.
Script: Written by at least 4 hands (Scribe 1, square notation and Italian Gothic script, f. 1r-50v; Scribe 2, Hufnagelschrift notation and mixed Italian/south German Gothic script, f. 51r-86v; Scribe 3, Hufnagelschrift notation and mixed Italian/south German Gothic script, f. 87r-183r; Scribe 4, Hufnagelschrift notation and mixed Italian/south German Gothic script, f. 183v-194r; additions, f. 194r-194v and f. i recto-i verso).
Decoration: 4-line opening initial in red, green, black, and yellow (f. 1r); 3 anthropomorphic and zoomorphic initials (2-line initial with face of Christ, f. 20r; 2-line initial with winged dragon and 1-line initial with grotesque man, f. 146v); 9 2-line initials in red, yellow, green, black, and brown (f. 12v, 13v, 14v, 18v, 31v, 32v, 89v, 100r, 101v); 3 1-line initials in red with infilling and flourishing in brown (f. 106r, 115v, 119v); 8 simpler decorated initials, 1- to 3-line (f. 2r, 6v, 11r, 19v, 21r, 36r, 44v, 167v); red initials (mostly 1-line) and black and red initials (1-line, some with cross-hatched infilling) throughout.
Music: Contains square notation at the beginning (f. 1r-50v), followed by Hufnagelschrift notation for the rest of the manuscript, on 4-line staves in red ink; neumes appear over some text passages (for example, f. 74v, 86r, 86v, 101r)
Binding: 15th-century chamois over beveled wooden boards; little leather remains over covers, none over spine; boards split, upper cover detached; 7 bosses, 2 strap-tacks and a strap-hook for a lost strap; front pastedown, leaf with prayers, southern Germany, ca. 1400; back pastedown, fragment from 13th-century Italian missal or gradual.
Origin: Written in the diocese of Brixen in the south Tyrol (now Bressanone, in Italy), between 1300 and 1325 (King Alfred's Notebook).
- Local notes:
- Acquired for the Penn Libraries with assistance from the Rosengarten Family Fund.
Acquired for the Penn Libraries with assistance from the Max C. and Zipora E. Baylinson Music Fund.
- Formerly owned by Frederick Arthur Heygate Lambert of Garratts Hall, Banstead, Surrey (armorial bookplate, inside upper cover; inscription dated 1880, f. i recto).
Exhibited at a Church Congress Exhibition (no. 36), in England, possibly between 1880 and 1930 (label inside upper cover).
Sold by King Alfred's Notebook (Cayce, S.C.), 2010.
- Cite as:
- UPenn Ms. Codex 1572
- Lambert, Frederick Arthur Heygate, 1857-1929, former owner.
- Web link:
The Rosengarten Family Fund Home Page
The Max C. and Zipora E. Baylinson Music Fund Home Page