The University of Pennsylvania Museum
The Museum holds a highly significant collection of photographs of the Eastern Mediterranean, including over 1,000 original prints from the Maison Bonfils printing house, based in Beirut Lebanon. The Museum's assemblage of Bonfils prints, of which a few are represented in the Fine Arts Library Image Collection, is one of the three largest in the world.
There are also thousands of additional photographs taken during Penn Museum archaeological expeditions to the region. Finding aids for the archival materials related to a a number of these expeditions can be found online, e.g.:
The Library at the Katz Center
In addition to the Lenkin Family Collection of Photography, the Library at the Katz Center holds an important collection of early photographs of the Holy Land, whose provenance is from the Library of the Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning. It includes original Francis Bedford prints and a complete set of David Roberts' The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia (London 1842-49, in 6 volumes), as well as original and digitized copies of the British Ordnance Survey of Jerusalem, made in 1864-65.