Penn in Hand: Selected Manuscripts

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Ms. Codex 201 - New Testament in the translation of John Wycliffe
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Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts Collection: Ms. Codex 201 - New Testament in the translation of John Wycliffe
Bible. N.T. English (Middle English). Wycliffe.
New Testament in the translation of John Wycliffe [manuscript].
[England, late 14th to early 15th century]
Physical description:
239 leaves : parchment ; 185 x 113 (146 x 85) mm. bound to 193 x 120 mm.
Also includes poems and other scriptural, liturgical and devotional works.
Ms. codex.
Collation: I², II-XXVIII⁴, XXIX⁴ (-1), XXX⁵, XXXI¹.
Pagination: Parchment, i (near contemporary parchment) + 239 + i (near contemporary parchment) leaves; [i-viii], 1-54, [55-470]. Individual books of the New Testament paginated independently in a later hand.
Layout: Written in two columns of 37 lines; frame-ruled in ink.
Script: The text of the New Testament is written in a single hand. Many of the other portions are written in different hands, all varieties of Anglicana script.
Decoration: Extensive use of red for headings and filigree; blue for initials.
Binding: 16th-century calf, with a gilded design.
Origin: Written in England; late 14th to early 15th century.
Description taken from Josephine A. Koster's master's thesis on this manuscript (copy on file in the Library).
Marginal glosses in Old English and Latin on ff. 42v, 46v. and 212r.
The Middle English poem on f. 4r observes poetic lineation; T. Edward Ross erroneously concluded that it was "written in prose," possibly because of cropping that destroyed some line endings (A Catalogue of the T. Edward Ross Collection, pp. 27-28).
The traditional prologue to the Epistle of James has been transferred to the Epistles of Peter. Ross mistakenly concludes that this prologue "is not found in any of the manuscripts examined by Forshall and Madden" (A Catalogue of the T. Edward Ross Collection, p. 28).
The autograph of Gilbert, Bishop of Bath and Wells, appears on f. 1r. This office was held by two men named Gilbert: Gilbert Bourne, in office 1554-1560; and Gilbert Berkeley, in office 1560-1581.
Thirteenth folio before the end has been partly cut out; final four folios are badly torn with loss of text.
Cite as:
UPenn Ms. Codex 201
Manuscript location:
Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts University of Pennsylvania Ms. Codex 201
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