Penn in Hand: Selected Manuscripts

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LJS 462 - Alexander, de Villa Dei - Algorismus ... [etc.]
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Lawrence J. Schoenberg Collection: LJS 462 - Alexander, de Villa Dei - Algorismus ... [etc.]
Alexander, de Villa Dei.
Algorismus ... [etc.] [manuscript].
[Spain, between 1300 and 1350]
Physical description:
14 leaves : parchment ; 230 x 149 (158 x 93) mm. bound to 236 x 159 mm.
Didactic poem in 284 lines of hexameter concerning integers (including, for the first time in Latin, zero) and their operations. Followed by an anonymous treatise in verse on the calendar, focusing on establishing feast and fast days, including discussion of solar and lunar movement. Later astronomical notes on star clusters added at the end of the manuscript (f. 14v).
Ms. codex.
Title for manuscript from incipit (f. 1r) and closing rubric (f. 8r) of predominant work.
Foliation: Parchment, iii (17th- or 18th-century paper and card) + 14 + iii (17th- or 18th-century paper and card); [1-14], modern foliation in ink, upper right recto.
Layout: Written in 20 long lines; ruled in faint ink with vertical bounding lines. Prickings visible on most leaves.
Script: Written in Iberian Gothic script, with notes added at the end in a later English hand, ca. 1500.
Decoration: 16 2-line initials, alternating between red with purple flourishing and blue with red flourishing; paragraph marks alternating between red and blue; rubrication in red; first initial of each line touched in red.
Binding: 18th-century English parchment spine and marbled paper over boards; spine title in ink, Algorithm & memorial verses MS.
Origin: Written in Spain in the first half of the 14th century.
Cite as:
LJS 462
Manuscript location:
Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts University of Pennsylvania LJS 462
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