Penn in Hand: Selected Manuscripts

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Ms. Codex 198 - A Myrour to lewde men and wymmen
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A Myrour to lewde men and wymmen [manuscript].
[England, between 1400 and 1450]
Physical description:
167 leaves : parchment, col. ill. ; 261 x 183 (177 x 95) bound to 270 x 200 mm.
Prose version of the Speculum vitae, related to B. L. MS Harley 45 (according to E. V. Stover).
Ms. codex.
Title is taken from folio 1v, "...and may be cleped a myrour to lewed men and wymen in whiche þei may see God." Note regarding the title on [ii]v is in a later hand.
Foliation: Parchment, iii (modern paper) + 167 + iii (modern paper); [1-167]; modern foliation in pencil, upper right recto; leaf between f. 136 and f. 137 has been cut out.
Layout: Written in 30 long lines; ruled in ink.
Script: Written in an Anglicana script, in a single hand. Some additional marginal notes are in 17th- to 19th-century hands.
Decoration: Illuminated border on f. 1r in blue, magenta, green, and gold; with 91 illuminated initials in blue, gold, and magenta throughout text; also illustrated with 11 delicate pen-and-ink drawings in the margin, depicting seven eyes opposite the seven "cleer sightes" for attaining the virtue of equity (f. 48r-v), a moneybag for avarice (f. 62r), a fish being hooked (f. 95r), and a worm (f. 113r), among others. Latin words within the text and Latin marginal notations are in red.
Binding: 18th-century calf, with paper endleaves contemporary with the binding, three in front and three in back. Spine has been rebacked and boards reattached.
Origin: Written in England in the first half of the 15th century (Stover); date 1544 appears in a marginal note, f. 167v.
Manuscript is fragile, with evidence of earlier repairs, in some places the ink has faded somewhat.
Cite as:
UPenn Ms. Codex 198
Manuscript location:
Rare Book & Manuscript Library University of Pennsylvania Ms. Codex 198

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Collection: Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts
Collection: Penn Collection
Facsimile: Yes
Illuminated: Yes
Illustrated: Yes
Notated: No
Language: English, Middle (1100-1500)
Century: 15th century
Date: 1400
Genre: Codices
Genre: Illuminations
Genre: Manuscripts, English (Middle) - 15th century
Genre: Manuscripts, Medieval
Genre: Manuscripts, Renaissance
Subject: Christian ethics
Subject: History
Subject: Lord's prayer
Subject: Vices
Subject: Virtues
Related names: Betham, William, Sir, 1779-1853, former owner
Related names: Newcastle, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham Clinton, Duke of, 1785-1851, former owner
Related names: Newcastle, Henry Pelham-Clinton, Duke of, 1864-1928, former owner
Page material: Parchment