Penn in Hand: Selected Manuscripts

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Ms. Codex 198 - A Myrour to lewde men and wymmen
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Title:
A Myrour to lewde men and wymmen [manuscript].
Origin:
[England, between 1400 and 1450]
Physical description:
167 leaves : parchment, col. ill. ; 261 x 183 (177 x 95) bound to 270 x 200 mm.
Summary:
Prose version of the Speculum vitae, related to B. L. MS Harley 45 (according to E. V. Stover).
Notes:
Ms. codex.
Title is taken from folio 1v, "...and may be cleped a myrour to lewed men and wymen in whiche þei may see God." Note regarding the title on [ii]v is in a later hand.
Foliation: Parchment, iii (modern paper) + 167 + iii (modern paper); [1-167]; modern foliation in pencil, upper right recto; leaf between f. 136 and f. 137 has been cut out.
Layout: Written in 30 long lines; ruled in ink.
Script: Written in an Anglicana script, in a single hand. Some additional marginal notes are in 17th- to 19th-century hands.
Decoration: Illuminated border on f. 1r in blue, magenta, green, and gold; with 91 illuminated initials in blue, gold, and magenta throughout text; also illustrated with 11 delicate pen-and-ink drawings in the margin, depicting seven eyes opposite the seven "cleer sightes" for attaining the virtue of equity (f. 48r-v), a moneybag for avarice (f. 62r), a fish being hooked (f. 95r), and a worm (f. 113r), among others. Latin words within the text and Latin marginal notations are in red.
Binding: 18th-century calf, with paper endleaves contemporary with the binding, three in front and three in back. Spine has been rebacked and boards reattached.
Origin: Written in England in the first half of the 15th century (Stover); date 1544 appears in a marginal note, f. 167v.
Manuscript is fragile, with evidence of earlier repairs, in some places the ink has faded somewhat.
Cite as:
UPenn Ms. Codex 198
Manuscript location:
Rare Book & Manuscript Library University of Pennsylvania Ms. Codex 198

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Collection: Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts
Collection: Penn Collection
Facsimile: Yes
Illuminated: Yes
Illustrated: Yes
Notated: No
Language: English, Middle (1100-1500)
Century: 15th century
Date: 1400
Genre: Codices
Genre: Illuminations
Genre: Manuscripts, English (Middle) - 15th century
Genre: Manuscripts, Medieval
Genre: Manuscripts, Renaissance
Subject: Christian ethics
Subject: History
Subject: Lord's prayer
Subject: Vices
Subject: Virtues
Related names: Betham, William, Sir, 1779-1853, former owner
Related names: Newcastle, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham Clinton, Duke of, 1785-1851, former owner
Related names: Newcastle, Henry Pelham-Clinton, Duke of, 1864-1928, former owner
Page material: Parchment