Ms. Codex 1199 - Chronica perpetua, darinnen alle und jede Malefiz-Persohnen, aus vielen alten Büchern mit müsamen Fleiss zusam[m]en getragen, anzutreffen sind
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Chronica perpetua, darinnen alle und jede Malefiz-Persohnen, aus vielen alten Büchern mit müsamen Fleiss zusam[m]en getragen, anzutreffen sind [manuscript].
Nuremberg, [ca. 1709]
72 leaves : paper ; 341 x 217 (280 x 165-170) mm. bound to 345 x 225 mm.
Chronicle of persons sentenced by the criminal court (Halssgericht) in Nuremberg, from 1298 to March 1709, compiled by an unknown author from mostly unidentified sources. The chronicle is prefaced by two documents: an undated edict, entitled Ordnung des Halssgerichts allhier zu Nürnberg (f. 2r-v), specifying procedures to be followed by the court, which acted in the name of the Holy Roman Empire; and a poem, entitled Loch Ordnung zu Nürnberg (f. 3r-v), which seems to evoke the experience of a person held in custody in the remand prison (Loch) and eventually executed. Under the subheading Urtheil (judgment), the edict lists methods of execution and gives formulations to be used in the court proceedings, as spoken by or to the judge (Pann Richter), jurors (Schöpffen), court clerk (Gerichtschreiber), and executioner (Nachrichter), as well as alternative formulations to be used when a forced confession (Urgicht) is obtained from a person who refuses to confess. Prefacing the poem is a statement that, until the time of writing , 1159 persons had been executed in Nuremberg, as found in an old book (Vor dieser Zeit Anfang sind in Nürnberg 1159 Persohnen gerichtet worden, welches man in einem alten Buch gefunden hat; f. 3r). The chronicle reports cases under headings by year, beginning in 1298 with a general reference to many Jews being burned not only in Nürnberg but also in Würzburg, Rothenburg ob der Tauber, and other places, on account of careless dealings (von wegen allerleij leichtfertigen Händeln; f. 4r). After that it jumps to 1337 and the reports become more specific. Headings are given for 9 different years in the 14th century, for 18 in the 15th century, and for most of the years in the 16th and 17th centuries. From 1653 to 1709 there is a heading for every single year. Crimes include murder, robbery, witchcraft (Hexerij, Zauberij; f. 42r), forgery (falschen Brieff; f. 6v), and sexual crimes (sodomitische Unzucht, f. 26r; Hurereij, f. 49v). Sentences include executions (burning, beheading, hanging), floggings, and expulsions from the city. Individuals are usually identified by name; other details may include their profession, or status as noblemen (Edelmänner) or Jews; city of birth; and the names and/or professions of their parents, spouse, or employer. Many reports narrate the circumstances of the case in detail. Four reports include what appear to be transcriptions of official documents (Sentenz, 52v; Decretum in senatu, f. 57v, 58v), in the cases of Hanss Rüdter and Barthel Rauschbock in 1699 (f. 52v); of Helena Sussanna Wiedlin in 1708 (f. 57r-v); of Georg Spörl and Jacob König in 1708 (f. 57v-58v); and of Christina Sorgerin in 1709 (f. 58v). The name of Johann Michael Wiedmann (or Wiedtmann) appears on all 4 documents as executioner (executio facta per carnificem; f. 52v, 57v, 58v). Wiedmann is first mentioned under the year 1666, where it is noted that he had assumed the office of Nachrichter in September 1665 (f. 43v). Two other names appear on the 1699 document: Johann Sigmund Löffelholz, as Obrist-Wachtmeister; and Johann Cuno, as Auditor (f. 52v). A note under the year 1707 (f. 56v) indicates that the following 2 reports are on cases that actually do not belong in the Nuremberg chronicle: one concerns the famous case of General Johann Reinhold Patkul (f. 56v), who was executed in Kazimierz, Poland, for treason to Sweden; and the other, the case of Christoph Heinrich Stechau (f. 56v-57r), who was charged with the murder of a Nuremberg citizen, Georg Rössler, but under the jurisdiction of the office of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. The latter report includes a transcription of a notice about the execution posted in the marketplace of Fürth (f. 57r). Included also are transcriptions of 2 poetic works composed by people who were executed in 1691 and 1702, respectively: a prayer by Maria Magdalena Wölffin (f. 48r) and a song by Ambrosius Wolff Christoph Dörr, to be sung to the tune of Aus der Tieffe ruff ich (f. 54v).
1. f.2r-v: Ordnung des Halssgerichts allhier zu Nürnberg.
2. f.3r-v: Loch Ordnung zu Nürnberg (poem).
3. f.4r-58v: [Chronicle of persons sentenced by the criminal court in Nuremberg from 1298 to 1709].
Formerly owned by the prince of Liechtenstein (bookplate, with coat of arms, pasted inside upper cover: Ex libris Liechtenstanianis).
Sold by H.P. Kraus (New York), 1956.
Wiedmann, Johann Michael.
Löffelholz, Johann Sigmund.
Wöfflin, Maria Magdalena, d. 1691.
Dörr, Ambrosius Wolff Christoph, d. 1702.
Rüdter, Hanss, d. 1699.
Wiedlin, Helena Sussanna, d. 1708.
Rössler, Georg, . 1707.
Spörl, Georg, d. 1708.
König, Jacob, d. 1708.
Sorgerin, Christina, d. 1709.
Patkul, Johann Reinhold, 1660-1707.
Stechau, Christoph Heinrich, d. 1707.
Crime - Germany - Nuremberg - History.
Criminal procedure - Germany - History.
Nuremberg (Germany) - History - Sources.
Nuremberg (Germany) - Social conditions.
|Form / Genre:||
Manuscripts, German - 18th century.
Title from title page (f. 1r).
Foliation: Paper, iii (newer paper) + 66 + iii (newer paper); [1-66]; modern foliation in pencil, lower right recto (f. 59-66 are blank).
Layout: Written in 48-71 long lines, except for poetic texts in 2, 3, or 4 columns (f. 3r-v, 48r, 54v); frame-ruled in pencil.
Script: Written in a German cursive hand.
Decoration: Title page (f. 1r) and rubric of first document (f. 2r) written in a formal calligraphic book script, with decorated initials and pen flourishes.
Binding: Modern boards.
Origin: Written in Nuremberg, Germany, around 1709.
|Indexed / Referenced in:||
Described in Zacour, Norman P. and Hirsch, Rudolf. Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Libraries of the University of Pennsylvania to 1800 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1965), p. 172-173 (Ms. Lea 123).
UPenn Ms. Codex 1199
Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts University of Pennsylvania Ms. Codex 1199