Ms. Codex 1531 - Catholic Church - [Hybrid book of hours : use of Rome]
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[Hybrid book of hours : use of Rome].
[France, ca. 1507]
120 leaves : parchment, ill. ; 245 x 160 mm. bound to 258 x 170 mm.
Latin and French.
Book of hours, use of Rome, printed ca. 1507 in Paris by Guillaume Anabat for Gilles and Germain Hardouyn, followed by a few manuscript pages containing an alternate set of lessons, responsories, and versicles for Matins in the Hours of the Virgin; a prayer to Jesus (also known as the Fifteen Oes) often attributed to Saint Bernard; prayers to Saint Nicholas, Saint Eustace, and Saint Roman; and the Seven Verses of Saint Bernard. The printed book of hours, titled Heures a lusaige de Romme tout au long sans riens requerir, avec les figures de la vie de lhomme, et la destruction de Hierusalem, is extensively illustrated by Jean Pichore and his workshop with a series of full-page metal cuts (two fully illuminated with color and gold) and borders (printed from a combination of woodcuts and metal cuts) on every text page. Illuminated initials and line-fillers appear throughout both the printed and manuscript pages.
1. f.1r-8r: [Title, Anatomical man, Calendar 1507-1520]
2. f.8v-16r: [Saint John metal cut, Gospel lessons, metal cut of Jesus seized in Gethsemane, and Passion according to John]
3. f.16v-55r: [Metal cuts of the four virtues and the Annunciation, Hours of the Virgin, with mixed Hours of the Holy Cross and Holy Spirit]
4. f.55v-64r: [Metal cuts of King David and death of Uriah, Penitential psalms, and Litany]
5. f.64v-80v: [Metal cuts of Lazarus and Office of the Dead]
6. f.81r-92v: [Suffrages and prayers in Latin, including Obsecro te, O intemerata, and Stabat mater]
7. f.93r-99v: [Prayers in Latin and French]
8. f.100r-103r: [Metal cut of the Virgin with emblems and Hours of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception]
9. f.103r-105r: [Five prayers of Saint John the Evangelist and Seven prayers of Saint Gregory]
10. f.105r-108v: [Office of Our Lady of Pity, in French]
11. f.108v-115r: [Suffrages and prayers in Latin and French]
12. f.115v-116v: [List of contents and colophon]
13. f.117r-119r: [Alternate readings for Matins of the Hours of the Virgin and accessory texts in Latin (manuscript)]
Formerly owned by the Marquesses of Lothian, holders of the title Earl of Ancram (armorial bookplate with angel and unicorn as supporters and mottos Nemo me impune lacessit and Sero sed serio, inside upper cover; armorial booklabel with angel and unicorn as supporters and motto Sero sed serio, inside lower cover; 18th-century signature Ancram in shield of title device and on occasional leaves), the last owner in that family being Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian (1882-1940).
Sold at auction in the Lothian sale at Anderson Galleries (New York), 27 Jan. 1932, lot 66, to Philadelphia book dealer Charles Sessler (1854-1935).
Formerly owned by Mary S. Collins (Philadelphia, bookplate by Philadelphia artist James Horsey Fincken dated 1938, inside upper cover), wife of Curtis Publishing executive and manuscript collector Philip S. Collins.
Formerly held in the stock and reference library of H. P. Kraus (New York, label inside upper cover).
Sold by Les Enluminures (Paris and Chicago), 2009.
Pichore, Jean, fl. 1502-1520, illustrator.
Anabat, Guillaume, fl. 1505-1510, printer.
Hardouyn, Gilles, fl. 1491-1521, publisher.
Hardouyn, Germain, fl. 1500-1541, publisher.
Lothian, Philip Henry Kerr, Marquis of, 1882-1940, former owner.
Collins, Mary Schell, 1864-1948, former owner.
Catholic Church. Book of hours.
Catholic Church - Prayers and devotions - Early works to 1800.
Illumination of books and manuscripts - Specimens.
|Form / Genre:||
Books of hours.
Manuscripts, Latin - 16th century.
Title supplied by cataloger.
Collation: Parchment, 120; 1-13⁸ 14⁴ (with printed signatures A-P) 15⁴ (manuscript leaves); modern foliation in pencil, upper right recto, 1-120.
Layout: Manuscript leaves written in 32 long lines.
Script: Manuscript leaves written in a French semi-Gothic hand (Les Enluminures), with antiphons, responsories, and versicles written slightly smaller than lessons and prayers.
Decoration: 19 full-page metal cuts (one duplicate), three large and without borders, of which two (Saint John boiled in oil, f. 8v, and Jesus seized in Gethsemane, f. 11v) are fully illuminated with gold highlights, and 16 with architectural borders; historiated woodcut and metal cut borders with biblical, folk, historical, and ornamental images, captions in French and Latin, and a Dance of Death series on recto sides (f. 18r-48r); portraits of evangelists (f. 9v-11r) and the Trinity, saints, and Mary (f. 81r-97r) set in text block; 1- and 2-line initials and line-fillers in gold on red, blue, or brown throughout; occasional 3- and 4-line initials in grey on gold (f. 29r, 100r, 104v, 105v); yellow capital strokes and ruling in red ink throughout; rubrication in red on manuscript pages (f. 117r-119r).
Binding: 16th-century velvet with remains of two later fore-edge clasps (Les Enluminures) over blind-stamped leather over wooden boards.
For more detailed information on the printed portion of this item, see the record under the title Heures a lusaige de Romme tout au long sans riens requerir.
Heures a lusaige de Ro[m]me tout au long sans rie[n]s requerir, avec les figures de la vie de lho[m]me, [et] la destructio[n] de Hierusale[m].
UPenn Ms. Codex 1531
Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts University of Pennsylvania Ms. Codex 1531