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LJS 194 - Sylvester II, Pope, ca. 945-1003 - Geometria
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Sylvester II, Pope, ca. 945-1003.
Geometria [manuscript] / Geberti.
[Austria?, between 1125 and 1175]
Physical description:
56 leaves : parchment, ill. ; 155 x 106 (121 x 78) mm. bound to 163 x 113 mm.
Biographical / Organizational History:
Mathematician and educator known as Gerbert of Auvergne (or Alvernia or Aurillac), elected Pope Sylvester II in 999.
Collection of geometrical texts, including material from four chapters of the Isagoge geometriae; correspondence with Adelbaldus (also known as Adelbold or Albaldus, of Utrecht) about the area of isosceles triangles; and a treatise on the construction of astrolabes. Annotated in the 12th century and also by an unknown late 15th- or early 16th-century humanist who collated the text with other manuscripts and noted the classical sources in the text.
1. f.1r-48v: [Sections from the first four chapters of Isagoge geometriae]
2. f.49r-51v: [Letter from Gebert to Adelbaldus on the area of triangles, lacking beginning]
3. f.51v-52v: [Response from Adelbaldus to Gebert]
4. f.52v-53v: [Geometrical treatise]
5. f.53v-56r: [Treatise on construction of astrolabe]
6. f.56r-56v: [Additions in other hands, including a repetition of text on f. 22v-23r and a passage on measurement of distance]
Formerly owned by M. Haimmiller (inscription, f. 1r).
Formerly owned by Hieronymus Wilhelm Ebner von Eschenbach, sold at auction in Nuremberg as part of his library, 2 Aug. 1813, lot 311.
Formerly owned by John Bohn and then Sir Thomas Phillipps (Ms. 4437, label on spine).
Probably sold by Robinson Brothers (London), 1945.
Formerly owned by Harrison D. Horblit (Ridgefield, Conn.).
Appeared in H. P. Kraus' cat. 155 (1979), no. 18; also handled by book and manuscript dealer Bruce Ferrini (Akron, Ohio); also appeared in Sam Fogg Ltd. cat. 14 (1991), no. 1.
Formerly owned by John D. Stanitz (Cleveland, Ohio), Ms. 25.
Acquired by Lawrence J. Schoenberg with other Stanitz manuscripts, Sept. 1997.
Deposit by Lawrence J. Schoenberg and Barbara Brizdle, 2011.
Related names:
Adelboldus, Bishop of Utrecht, ca. 970-1027.
Haimmiller, M., former owner.
Ebner von Eschenbach, Hieronymus Wilhelm, 1673-1752, former owner.
Bohn, John, 1757-1843, former owner.
Phillipps, Thomas, Sir, 1792-1872, former owner.
Horblit, Harrison D., former owner.
Stanitz, John D., former owner.
Geometry - Early works to 1800.
Astrolabes - Early works to 1800.
Form / Genre:
Manuscripts, Latin - 12th century.
Manuscripts, Medieval.
Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloger.
Foliation: Parchment, i (18th-century paper) + 56 leaves + i (18th-century paper); 1-7⁸; one gathering lacking after gathering 6 and perhaps some material at end also lacking; modern foliation in pencil, [1-56], upper right recto.
Layout: Written in 24-25 long lines; ruled in drypoint.
Script: Written in romanesque book script by two hands.
Decoration: Geometric diagrams throughout; 4 large (3-line to 10-line) white-vine initials in red ink (f. 1r, 2r, 5r, 8r), 1 zoomorphic 5-line initial formed from a winged dragon (f. 7r), and 1 5-line initial drawn in brown ink (f. 22v); 1-, 3-, and 4-line painted initials in red throughout; some capitals touched in red; rubrics in red; a few manicules early in the manuscript (f. 2r-5v).
Binding: 18th-century blind-stamped calf; rebacked with spine laid on; GEOMETRIA written on head edge. Some loss to marginal notes and diagrams due to trimming.
Origin: Written in Bavaria, probably in modern northern Austria, in the mid-12th century.
Indexed / Referenced in:
Described in Transformation of knowledge: early manuscripts from the collection of Lawrence J. Schoenberg (London: Paul Holberton, 2006), p. 36 (LJS 194).
Other Titles:
Isagoge geometriae.
Cite as:
LJS 194
Manuscript location:
Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts University of Pennsylvania LJS 194

Find Related Items:

Collection: Lawrence J. Schoenberg Collection
Collection: Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts
Facsimile: Yes
Illuminated: No
Illustrated: Yes
Notated: No
Language: Latin
Century: 12th century
Date: 1125
Genre: Annotations
Genre: Codices
Genre: Diagrams
Genre: Manuscripts, Latin - 12th century
Genre: Manuscripts, Medieval
Subject: Astrolabes
Subject: Geometry
Author: Sylvester II, Pope, ca. 945-1003
Related names: Adelboldus, Bishop of Utrecht, ca. 970-1027
Related names: Bohn, John, 1757-1843, former owner
Related names: Ebner von Eschenbach, Hieronymus Wilhelm, 1673-1752, former owner
Related names: Haimmiller, M., former owner
Related names: Horblit, Harrison D., former owner
Page material: Parchment