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LJS 267 - De ludo schacchorum seu de moribus hominum et officiis nobilium ... [etc.]
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Title:
De ludo schacchorum seu de moribus hominum et officiis nobilium ... [etc.] [manuscript].
Origin:
[Italy], 1409.
Physical description:
175 leaves : parchment, ill. ; 190 x 122 (130 x 75-80) mm. bound to 200 x 135 mm.
Language(s):
Latin, with a few poems in Italian (f. 106r-108v).
Biographical / Organizational History:
Vicar of the Inquisition attached to the Convent of Saint Dominic in Genoa.
Summary:
Compilation, mostly in Latin, of religious, literary, historical, and natural-historical works, including classical and contemporary selections, as well as letters by humanist writers Francesco Petrarca and Donatus Albanzani. Over a quarter of the manuscript is devoted to the De ludo scachorum of Jacobus de Cessolis, a collection of sermons about the proper relationships between a king and various classes of subjects, compared to the rules of chess (f. 1r-56r). Other moderately substantial texts include descriptions of various geographic regions from Honorius of Autun's De imagine mundi (f. 61r-71r); a brief history of the Roman civil wars (f. 71v-92r); and the Computus of Bono da Lucca, which deals with the calendar, lunar cycles, and calculations for determining the date of Easter (f. 109r-124v). The manuscript is a palimpsest, with the lower text from the 14th century, probably legal.
Contents:
1. f.1r-56r: De ludo scacchorum seu de moribus hominum et officiis nobilium / Jacobus de Cesulis.
2. f.56v-60v: De remediis fortuitorum ad Gallionem / Seneca.
3. f.61r-71r: Ymago mundi / Ysidorus [misattributed; Honorius of Autun]
4. f.71v-92r: Cronica gestorum a Cesare et Pompeio.
5. f.92v-94v: De nominibus dignitatum et officiorum.
6. f.95r-103r: [Letter to Boniface IX] / Cassius Pauli Pollastre de civitate Narniense.
7. f.103v-104v: [Correspondence between Giangaleazzo Visconti and Bologna, 1390]
8. f. 104v: Gregorius in moralibus vel super Ezechiele.
9. f.106r: Locchi di cui parlay di caldamente ... [Rime, 292] / Petraccha.
10. f.106r-107v: Si tosto come aven che llarcho scocchi ... [Rime, 87 / Francesco Petrarca]
11. f.106v: Quando dal proprio sito si rimove ... [Rime, 41 / Francesco Petrarca]
12. f.106v: El tempo vago e prati novelli ... [unattributed sonnet]
13. f.107r-108v: Pulchre orationes beate Marie Virginis [Rime, 366 / Francesco Petrarca]
14. f.108v: De virtutibus et gratiis [Prayer, Initia carminum ac versum medii aevi..., 2058]
15. f.109r-124v: Computus / editus a magistro Bono [da Lucca]
16. f.125r-130r: Tragedia quedam de casu Cesene / composita per ser Colutium de Stignano [misattributed; Ludovico Romani da Fabriano]
17. f.130v-138v: Magistro Donato Cassintinensi gramatice preceptori, de consolatione filii sui defuncti / Petracca [Epistolae senile, X.4]
18. f.138v-145v: Fratri Gerardo Petracco, germano suo monacho Carthusiensi, exortans ipsum in vera religione / Petracca [Epistolae familiares, X.3]
19. f.146r-151r: [Excerpts from the Etymologiae / Isidore of Seville]
20. f.151r-153v: Sermo / Donati Cassitinensis quem recitavit publica in plebe [Donato Albanzani]
21. f.153v-156r: [Letter to Pasquino Capelli / Giangaleazzo Visconti]
22. f.156r-156v: [Letter to the chancellor of Florence] / Donatus Cassintinensis [Donato Albanzani]
23. f.156v-157r: [Letter to Pietro da Moglio] / Idem Donatus [Donato Albanzani]
24. f.157v: [Letter to Antonio, chancellor of Perugia] / Idem Donatus.
25. f.157v-158r: Epistola Pilati ad Tyberium.
25. f.158r-158v: Suprascriptus Donatus universitati studii Florentini, respondens electioni sibi transmisse, ut legert gramaticam, rethoricam, et poetas / [Donato Albanzani]
26. f.159r-168v: Successus Medee querentis de deceptione Iasonis.
27. f.169r-171v: De verborum copia [Alphabetical list of aphorisms, Initia carminum latinorum saeculo undecimo antiquiorum, 39]
28. f.173r-174r: [Votive prayers for various categories of persons and the dead]
29. f.174v-175r: Adsit principio sancta Maria meo [Prayer]
Provenance:
Inscriptions by early readers: Paulus de Mantua (16th-century, f. 145v) and initials of an Augustinian (18th-century, f. 175r).
Sold by Payne and Foss (London) to Sir Thomas Phillipps (ms. 4570, stamp on front flyleaf, paper label on spine).
Sold by H. P. Kraus (cat. 153, 1979, no. 51 and plate 127) to Irene and Peter Ludwig (Aachen, Germany; bookplates by Hans Erni on verso of front endpaper; ms. XV.16).
Purchased by the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu, Calif.), 1983.
Appears in Jörn Günther's catalog Recent Acquisitions (Autumn 1997), p. 11; also in his display in Maastricht, 1998.
Sold by Sam Fogg Ltd. (London) to Lawrence J. Schoenberg, June 1998.
Deposit by Lawrence J. Schoenberg and Barbara Brizdle, 2011.
Related names:
Gennay, Franciscus, compiler.
Ludwig, Peter, 1925-1996, former owner.
Ludwig, Irene, former owner.
Jacobus, de Cessolis, active 1288-1322. De ludo scachorum.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, approximately 4 B.C.-65 A.D. De remediis fortuitorum.
Giangaleazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan, 1351-1402.
Honorius, of Autun, ca. 1080-ca. 1156. De imagine mundi. Selections.
Pollastre, Cassius Pauli.
Boniface IX, Pope, ca. 1355-1404, recipient.
Petrarca, Francesco, 1304-1374. Rime. Selections.
Petrarca, Francesco, 1304-1374. Epistolae. Selections.
Petrarca, Gerardo, recipient.
Bono, da Lucca, d. 1279 or 80. Computus lunaris.
Ludovico, da Fabriano.
Albanzani, Donato, ca. 1326-ca. 1411.
Isidore, of Seville, Saint, d. 636. Etymologiae. Selections.
Capelli, Pasquino, recipient.
Pietro, da Moglio, recipient.
J. Paul Getty Museum, former owner.
Subject:
Catholic Church - Liturgy - Calendar - Early works to 1800.
Chess - Early works to 1800.
Kings and rulers - Duties - Early works to 1800.
Astronomy - Early works to 1800.
Medea (Greek mythology)
Rome - History - Civil War, 43-31 B.C.
Cesena (Italy) - History.
Form / Genre:
Codices.
Palimpsests.
Poems.
Prayers.
Sermons.
Treatises.
Manuscripts, Latin - 15th century.
Manuscripts, Italian - 15th century.
Manuscripts, Renaissance.
Notes:
Ms. codex.
Title for manuscript from closing rubric for predominant work (f. 56r).
Collation: Parchment, ii (18th-century paper) + 175 + ii (18th-century paper); 1¹⁰(-1) 2-3¹⁰ 4⁸(+1) 5-17¹⁰ 18⁸(-1); [1-175]; modern foliation in pencil, lower left recto. Catchwords lower center on the last verso of gatherings 1-15 except for gathering 11 (f. 108v).
Layout: Written in 26-42 long lines; ruled in lead and faint ink.
Script: Written in Italian Gothic script, mostly in the hand of Franciscus Gennay (f. 56r, 71r, 92r, 124v).
Decoration: 11 ink drawings illustrating the De ludo scachorum: the author in monastic habit at his desk (f. 1r); king and king chess-piece (f. 4r); judge and bishop chess-piece (f. 10r); knight and knight chess-piece (f. 12v); carpenter and pawn chess-piece (f. 24v); builder and pawn chess-piece (f. 27r); scribe and pawn chess-piece (f. 28v); merchant (f. 32v); innkeeper (f. 38r); city guard (?) with key and pawn chess-piece (f. 40v); and wasteful rogue with dice and perhaps coins (f. 43r). 5-line initial in red with infilling and ground of penwork in ink (f. 109r); 3-line initial in blue (f. 117r); rubrics and 2-line initials in red throughout; paragraph marks in red in De ludo scachorum and Computus (f. 1r-56r, 109r-124v); capitals touched with yellow throughout; occasional manicules added by later readers (for example, f.46v-47r).
Binding: 18th-century leather over pasteboards, spine and board edges gilt, marbled endpapers.
Origin: Written in northern Italy in 1409 (f. 71r).
Indexed / Referenced in:
Described in Transformation of knowledge: early manuscripts from the collection of Lawrence J. Schoenberg (London: Paul Holberton, 2006), p. 145 (LJS 267).
Other Titles:
De moribus hominum et officiis nobilium.
Cronica gestorum a Cesare et Pompeio.
De nominibus dignitatum et officiorum.
Epistola Pilati ad Tiberium.
Successus Medee querentis de deceptione Iasonis.
De verborum copia.
Cite as:
LJS 267
Manuscript location:
Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts University of Pennsylvania LJS 267

Find Related Items:

Collection: Lawrence J. Schoenberg Collection
Collection: Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts
Facsimile: Yes
Illuminated: No
Illustrated: Yes
Notated: No
Language: Latin
Century: 15th century
Date: 1409
Genre: Codices
Genre: Manuscripts, Italian - 15th century
Genre: Manuscripts, Latin - 15th century
Genre: Manuscripts, Renaissance
Genre: Palimpsests
Subject: Astronomy
Subject: Catholic Church
Subject: Chess
Subject: Duties
Subject: Kings and rulers
Geography: Cesena (Italy)
Geography: Rome
Related names: Albanzani, Donato, ca. 1326-ca. 1411
Related names: Boniface IX, Pope, ca. 1355-1404, recipient
Related names: Bono, da Lucca, d. 1279 or 80. Computus lunaris
Related names: Capelli, Pasquino, recipient
Related names: Gennay, Franciscus, compiler
Page material: Parchment